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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 23, 1889)
1 i ..
RED CLOUD CHEF
A, C. HOSMER, Proprietor.
RF.PCI.On. --- XT.PKASKA
THE DREAM OF WOMANHOOD.
A little girl with auburn hair.
And eyes so blue.
Or heaven's own toe,
Asd features ill so woairous fair.
She sap in childhood's gleetal vena
Of staple toys
And peaceful joy;
The f Btare ''?" co thought of her,
A maiden fair,ist woman srowa,
"With eyes to bright.
Thro the dari mjht
Awaits her lover's welcome tone.
She sin?s in modest tones of glee :
"O. lover mine.
On ocean's bnne
Come back, ch. safely come to az."
Amcther's lore shiue in her eyes;
A mother's srrace
Beams in her &ice:
A mother's faith that never dies.
She sin? in soft, maternal strain:
M!y babe, my love.
My little dove.
Quick shall thy father come aain."
TTith frenzied fare and ahen ch:e!c
Upon her knee.
"With ye at sea.
She gazes on the waters bleak.
She rray. with heart so sad. yet brart:
From stress of ware
O. Father. s
My husband's bark: O, Father, sarer
"With furrowed brow aad silvered head
She sits alone.
Children all gone.
She sits and muses on the dead.
As fast the years of life now flee,
"With eyesirht dim
She sings that hymn.
"Nearer, my God. nearer to Thee.
W. A. Buxton, in Yankee Blad.
DAN DEXSTAN'S CLADL
Graphic Kelation of His Troubles
in Holding It Down.
It was generally conceded in the
Wolf Creek community that Daniel
Dunstan had no more sense than the
law allowed him and his liberty.
It wa no wonder, then, that when a
certain Mr. Lockyear, a "claim lo
cator.'' struck Wolf Creek in search of
recruits for the far West, one of the
suckers' that was caught was Dan.
It was a memorable da' for Wolf
Creek when Lockyear and Dan Dunstan
left it. for on that day one of the lard
tanks at the pork house exploded, kill
ing three men, thirteen hogs and a
Still more remarkable was Dan's re
turn. To the astonishment of every
one he came back, three years later,
with a -bushel of money," built the
Dunstan House at a cost of 120.000.
and married the daughter of the presi
dent of the bank.
Some said: "A fool for luck, any
how;" but the better-natured ex
"fcned: "Bully for Dan"
V few of the latter were invited to
one evening with Mr. and Mrs.
Pstaa. when the former gratified his
guests by telling them how he had
made his money.
"None of you fellows ever 'held
down a claim?" '' None of them had.
"Well, then," said Mr. Dunstan. 'take
advice that has cost me a few hundred
dollars, and don't."
But it seems to have panned out all
right in your case."' aid one.
"So it has. But I'll tell you; they
say. 'A fool for luck "
And a poor man for dogs," inter
"That's right- Well. I decided to
take up land "outside the limits;' so
when we got to Sage station 1 hired a
waon and team, and we drove about
thirty miles due south, where old Lock
year said there was a fine valley, -you
I somehow didn't think the old cuss
knew much about the country: but
still, after driving pretty nearly all
cay. we did eventually find a nice
looking valley and he appeared to
recognize it at once. After figuring a
little, he said we were in 'range' 61.
and about 'town' (township) 13: so we
hunted around for a government cor
ner: having at last found one. Lock-yea-
tied his handkerchief round the
front wheel of the wagon, and drove
while I counted the revolutions.
"We were pretty tired; the country
was sandy, and the sun pretty hot, so
before 1 had counted out two sections
j dropped off to sleep and fell out of the
wagon; that started the horses, and
away they went with Lockyear. They
must have run pretty straight, for is
-was the township corner that upset the
Mr. Dunstan paused to minister to
"his guests. Mrs. D. sensibly with
drew: which action being silently taken
as a signal for the cigar of peace, the
"I iocated in that valley, on a nice
little stream which old Lockyear as
sured me would never dry up you
betcher.' I remember the way he
shook his head as he said it- It had
"been an exceptional winter for snow,
or that little stream never would have
been on the surface it never has since:
it runs under.'
"Well, I filed on the northwest quar
ter of 10 as a 'homestead, " and the
northeast quarter as a -tree claim.' It
-was out of the question to grow trees
they wouldn't live; I never knew
Any one to prove up on a tret claim.'
The way they do is to hold on to it for
, two years and then sell the Tight'
&! " its worth any thing to some one
"It tvas four miles from a ranche.
and there 1 boarded with the granger
(the 'outfit' were away on the found,
up') until I got my house up and well
"He was a nice man ('Honest John'
they called him), and he promised to
help me out. When I got down with
the well so I couldn't throw the dirt
out any more overhead, he came down
and drew it up for me.
"It was on one of these occasions (I
was down the well) when a waterspout
burst about three miles north of us,
and came roaring down the valley. We
had just time to get into the shantee.
when over it went and us in it- The
door being on the south side, it had us
nicely cooped. You see, I had the
shantee up first, but couldn't live in it
till we struck water; this was another
simple trick: I should have dug the
well first, but then, you see. I had
reckoned on the stream and that went
back on me.
"It was while we were cooped up
there, and the rain driving through the
cracks in the floor (which now stood to
the north, of course.) that John said:
" 'Dan. didn't you say this was the
northwest quarter of 10?' (He was
sitting there on the side of the over
turned stove, despite the way the light
ning flashed, just as unconcerned as if
things were right side up.)
'yes, I said.
'Seems to me mighty strange,' said
John. Why our place is on 36, in the
next "town" west.'
"This set me to thinking, and sure
enough, when I got a land agent down
the next week to survey it out, he just
said that old Lockyear 'was a fool, and
had worked me for a sucker.' The
land that I had filed on' was over two
miles away. So I had to file on the
same piece over again as a 'pre-emption,
and lose my 'homestead right'
for nothing, and didn't get the money
"When we set the shantee up again
we put her down solid, you bet!
"I got John to 'break' two acres for
me (as required to -prove up'), and I
put in a patch of beans. Then the
drought set in. The beans came up
about four inches, and there they stood!
tncre in thunder was I to get sticks
from? That was a thing I hadn't
thought of: but it didn't appear as if
they would ever need any, anyhow.
I was out one day after antelope (I
rustled' all my meat, except a ham
now and then as a luxury), when I
happened to come across a large patch
of sunflowers, where an old sheep cor
ral had stood, and just happened to be
struck with the idea, why shouldn't
these sunflowers make the best kind of
bean sticks? So I came the next few
days and dug up young ones, about a
foot high, and set down one to every
hill of beans.
"There they stood. For a month
neither of 'em grew an inch, but the
beans just twisted round and took
hold. I could see that my scheme was
going to work like a charm!
"At the end of the month we had a
good storm, and I looked out with sat
isfaction on the crops. How they did
shoot up in that one day!
"But the next day was a scorcher. I
thought toward afternoon that those
beans looked sort o' sickly and sickly
they were! When I came to investi
gate the matter, the sunflowers had
grown at least two feet, and had taken
every kvst bean up with 'em by the
roots and their name was Dennis!"
Mr. Dunstan paused, and then went
"1 had to go thirty miles after my
mail. Sometimes I used to go up and
back in a day. and sometimes up one
day and back the next. Sage was a
pretty poor place to stay at, and what
few people there were there used to
say with a smile when they saw me:
'Hello, Dan! How's crops down
your way?" You see that bean racket
had got out on me. But they don't act
that way now.
"Although when I was at home at
the shantee no one would ever come in
sight except John, yet, somehow, when
I was away they could find the place
"One time when I returned from
Sage all that was left of my chickens
. (I had two hens and a rooster) was a
plateful of bones and the old rooster
I (he was a tough old cuss). The shantee
j was full of feathers, and the two heads
' and insides laid on the table but my
guests had gone.
"Single blessedness didn t suit that
old rooster (I believe he had a deal
more sense than I had), for day by day
he wilted: until one morning, when he
could crow no more. I found him on his
back, dead, with his head turned up
" and his feet stretched out, one behind
the other, pointing to the east in an
j attitude of derision. Perhaps you don't
4 believe it, but I missed that old rooster
as if he had been something human.
'Then a skunk took up his abode
under the floor of the shantee.
'And the grasshoppers came, and,
take my word for it, gentlemen, they
would have eaten all the siding off the
house (there was a fine crop of sun
flowers, but thev didn't appear a?s-
! thetic), but, luckily, a strong wind got
up and took them farther west (to
perish, I hope!) before they had their
"Another time I rode up to Sage and
back the next day. As I got near home
I saw several ponies standing round
outside the shantee; when I got there
and looked in there sat four 'cow
' punchers as unconcerned as you please.
J round the table, playing 'seven up.'
( The fire was out, a pile of dirty cups.
plates ana uines siooa on ino siov
they were all chewing tobacco, and the
place was in a fine mess, I can tell you.
One of them saw me standing there
looking astonished, so he said:
'Come in. Don't stand knocking.
'Bovs.' I said, looking rotrad at the
there was, why don't you come
out here with the spade and go to
shovelling dirt in '
'Another interrupted me with:
"Is your name Dan?'
"When I said that it was, they got
up. One started the fire, another went
to the well to fill the kettle, the third
got a broom and went to sweeping up,
the other threw a cloth over his arm
and commenced to wash dishes.
"When the fire burnt up, one went to
the corner of the house, where an ante
lope hung, and began to cut steaks.
" I believe I'd a little sooner have
ham.' said I.
"They looked at one another, and
then one said: I reckon if he wants
ham' (he spoke as though addressing
the others, not me) 'he'll have to turn
cannibal,' and in corroboration another
produced the ham bone.
"However, they stayed the night,
and we put in a right sociable evening,
playing poker. When they left next
morning I was sorry to see them go,
for all my spare cash went with 'em
and in those times thirty odd dollars
was thirty odd hard iron dollars.
"But beans, skunks, grasshoppers
and cow punchers' were nothing.
There came, a few days later a poor
man from Missouri.
"He had come West to make a home
for his family, and 'rare 'em up with
the country;' the East was 'over
stocked.' He took up the north half
of the section cornering on mine, and
lived with me while he dug his well
and got his house up (of course I
"So the time passed, and I thought I
was glad to have a neighbor.
"He said that his family were on the
road with the furniture and stock, and
'he reckoned, since all was fixed (he
had put up a good deal bigger house
than mine, but 'reckoned he could fur
nish it,') he'd go East and meet 'em.'
"As I had advertised to prove up. I
persuaded him to stay a week longer
(you see, it would take the family a
matter of seven, weeks or more to drive
out from Missouri) and be one of my
"Well, I "proved up' (after consider
able trouble: but then, you see, I was
green,' and didn't 'catch on' that the
judge only made these obstacles to get
10 or $20 or so for himself). 'Honest
John' was my other witness.
"I looked up north from the shantee
one day. about noon, and here came a
cloud of dust. In it I could see a
'prairie schooner' and some cattle
"When they came up quite close I
was able to take in' the whole outfit.
Sitting on the front seat, and looking
out from under the wagon cover, was
the old man: next him was his wife
a youngster in each arm, and strung
along for two or three hundred yards
behind were cattle, horses and chil
dren of all sorts and sizes, till you
couldn't see out. To this day I don't
know how many there was in that
family, for I never took the trouble to
Tound 'em up.'
"It was about a week after they had
got fairly settled, when the old man
came over to me one morning with the
two biggest boys, one of them a fine
grown fellow about sixteen.
" 'Fine lad that,' I said, as I shook
hands with the boy; I suppose he's
" 'No, replied the lad smartly. 'Let
me see (he reckoned on his fingers),
there's five gals and two boys older n
me but I can lick 'em.
" You see.' said the father proudly,
Bill here is left-handed. That's it,
why he is such a right smart chanoe of
a lad. Yer see, we raised 'em up (such
raisin as they had) on hash; they had
it set out to 'em in a big bowl. All
the rest of 'em is right-handed. Waal,
they would all go for it. till round and
round went the hash in the bowl, so
as none of 'em could catch much be
side soup. Then Bill come in with his
left-handed sweeps, yer see, and caught
all the chunks. But," he went on, just
as I was going to speak. I come over
this morning ter see you on bisness.
Seems ter me it's about time this town
ship had a schoolhouse.
"The deuce, you say,' I exclaimed
(for you see we were the only two set
tlers, and half the expense would come
on me). 'But, I added. Tve got no
children to send to school, so I don't
see how it affects me.'
" 'More fool you. he replied and I
don't know now whether he meant for
having no children or for not seeing
how his having enough for both (or a
dozen, for the matter of that) affected
" 'You see.' he went on in an author
ative tone, the law provides that when
there is a certain number of children
in a township there must be a scotible
schoolhouse. 2fow you and me is the
only voters in fact, we're the school
board and the taxpayers. Sort o' rocky
on you. 'he broke off, 'but laws is laws!'
"Perhaps the old man saw a queer
kind of expression on my face, for he
" 'Maybe you don't think that Tve
got as many children as the law pro
vides " I don't doubt it one bit! I broke in
(you see. I was sort o hot), but there's
a pile of difference between the law
providing for 'era and Dan Dunstan do
"But I saw clearly that I was at fault
for having no family of my own; and, I
swore that that should be amended
just to get even with him.'
"So we went peaceably to work to
gether, and put up the school-house on
the "school section.'
"We had nearly finished tacking
down the floor one day the old man
was wedging up with a chisel while I
tacked down when he looked up and
"Dan, you ain't exactly fixed to
board a "schaolciaroi" (ha staxtisd
me, for, you see, I hadn't thought any j
thing about a school teacher), and I
ain't got room; how would it strike yer
if my eldest gal she's got her certifi
cate taught the kids?'
"I said, very agreeably, that 'it would
strike me where the wool was short' ,
for, you see. I thought that the girl
would be glad to teach her own brothers
and sisters, and any one else would want ,
pay. I thought he just asked for my con
sent, so .that the motion would be car
"'Waal,' he went on, Tve talked it
over, and, bein as things is as they
are, she's willin' to teach our school
(hanged if he didn't lay stress on our')
for $28 dollars a month; we couldn't
get any one else less'n $30.'
"This fairly knocked the breath out
of me. I can tell you. gentlemen. Was
I going to pay $14 a month for the
benefit of having his kids whooping
and howling around like Indians? Not
much. I wasn't! But I didn't let on.
"When I got home I shook the coal
oil can. There was about a gallon or
"Early in the morning (before day
break) I got up, caught my horse and
saddled him, rolled up the bedding
and tied it on behind ffte saddle, in a
pack, and slung my rifts under the
stirrup-leather. Then, whe"a all was
fixed. I sprinkled the coal-oil round
on the floor and took a match"
In the laughter of his guests at this
point Mr. Dunstan lost the thread of
his story. Presently he continued:
"I hadn't got more than ten miles or
so up the valley, when I was met by a
buggy load of men evidently headed
for our valley. The driver knew me
(he came from Sage). I saw that it
was a surrey party by their instru
ments. 'Hello. Dan!' exclaimed the driver,
these gentlemen were just coming
down to your place want to know
whether you can board em?'
' 'Can't board any thing,' 1 answered-
"They looked at me as though they
would have liked to ask, 'What kind
of a man are you?' before I added:
" Tm burnt out.'
" 'That's tough,' said one or two of
"Then they told me they were going
down to cross-section' the old railway
survey which ran through our valley,
and that the contractors were going to
commence work at once to extend the
M. & G. through to the coal fields.
They wanted to have used my shantee
for a time while at work in our valley,
for the survey ran across one corner of
my land (it was a 'claim' no longer,
for 1 had my 'patent.')
"This was something new to me and
I began to wish that 1 hadn't been
quite so hasty.
" We might fix you up in the school
house,' I suggested; that is, until I
can run up another shantee.' I began
to think that it might pay me after all
to stay and submit to that $14 a month.
" 'What in the world are you doing
with a school away down in here?1
asked the 'chief.'
"Well, to cut a long story short, it
was from that day my luck commenced.
"Before winter set in the -cars' were
running up the valley. They made a
station on the next section to mine.
The valley (and a good deal that
wasn't valley) was thickly settled and
well irrigated within a year. Our
town (White City, a well known place
now) had a boom. It was made the
capital of the county, as you know, and
we've got the finest court house in the
"I had to lay out my land in town
lots. I sold over $50,000 worth in six
months, and still she booms.
"So now you know how I made my
pile and became 'Mr. Dunstan' in place
of plain 'Dan.' " Cornhill Magazine.
Whjr They No Loafer Take Up Saaaaacr
Quarters la Franca.
If birds will only resort to practical
measures, and actually "boycott' those
countries which destroy them for their
plumage, there is yet hope that the
law will step in and protect them, fbr
economical reasons alone. It is a fact
that the swallows have taken this sen
sible precaution, as far as feather
loving France is concerned, and have
apparently decided not to take up any
longer their summer quarters there.
Hitherto the toughness of their flesh
has preserved them from the cook, and j
a popular superstition saves their
nests, but the milliners, who use their
feathers for trimming, some years ago
organized against them a new plan of
The department of the Bouches-du-Bhone
is one of the great landing places
of swallows coming from Africa, and
there deadly engines formed by wires
connected with electric batteries were
arranged to await them. The birds,
tired out by their flight over the Medi
terranean, perch on the wires, and are
instantly struck dead. Their bodies
are then prepared for the milliner, and
crates containing thousands of them
are sent to Paris every year.
This spring, however, with a strange
instinct for preservation, they have
not sought that coast, but have landed
either to the west or the east of it, and
have gone in much larger numbers than
was their wont to other parts of Europe.
The French Zoological Society, which
puts forth an earnest petition to the
government in their behalf, says that
places which were once thronged with
swallows are quite deserted by them,
though there has been no falling off in
the number of gnats and other insects
on which they live. Great injury would
be done to French agriculture by in
sects if the birds should avoid the
It is to be earnestly hoped that their
petition will be heeded, and the deadly
batteries and wires will be removed.
WHEN PEOPLE MARRY.
sb Valaabla tt!tlc la Rajcard to Ma
Thirteen per cant, of all the men
married in Pennsylvania last year
married women older than themselves.
Seven per cent, took wives of their
own ages, and the remaining 80 per
cent, married women younger than
themselves. The average age of the
men was 27 years and of the women 23
years. These interesting facts are
found in the annual report for 1SSS of
Secretary of Internal Affairs Thomas
J. Stewart, which contains much other
curious information about the matri
monial propensities of Pennsylvania.
Thus it appears that more men are
married at the age of 23 than at any
other, and that among women 21 is the
favorite age. The youngest wife of
1883 was only 13 years old, and the
oldest was aged 71. Two boys of 16
were married, and two old gray beards
of 86 ventured into matrimony, prob
ably not for the first time. Of 14.726
women married, and whose ages were
given, 4,065, or 27.5 per cent., were
less than 20 years old. Among the men
there were only 493 who were so young.
There were 23 girls of 14 years mar
ried. 105 of 15. 353 of 16, 816 of 17.
1.S33 of 18, 1.434 or 19, 1.322 of 20.
2.041 of 21. 1,517 of 22. and 1.140 of 23.
After the latter age the numbers of
those who found husbands rapidly de
cline. Those figures show that if a
Pennsylvania girl is not married by the
time she is 23 years old the chances are
that she will become an old maid.
Men proceed more leisurely about
matrimony. Besides the two 16-year-old
husbands in 18S8 there were 38
aged 17. 128 18 years old. and 325 19
years old. The figures then take a
jump to 637 at 20 and reach the maxi
mum in 1.565 at 23. They decrease
slowly after that. There were 437
men married after they were 50 years
old, but only 171 women.
There was a remarkable disparity in
the ages of some of the couples. A
woman of 59 years married a man of
81, and an old man of 74 wedded a
maiden of 24. The youngest couple
were a 17-year-old husband and a 15-year-old
wife. The girl of 13 wedded
a man 19 years older than herself. A
man of 54 married a girl of 18, his age
being just three times hers, and a man
of 48 did nearly as well, taking a 17-year-old
In the marriages where the women
were older than the men the differences
in ages rarely exceeded five years.
There were eighty-three marriages
where one of the parties had previously
It is estimated that there were 6,000
marriages or couples from this State in
Camden alone, and. of course, there
must have been very many more in
cities and towns in other States bor
dering on Pennsylvania. Philadelphia
INFECTION IN BOOKS.
A 8 rca of Caatagioa Which Haa Hitherto
Since it has become pretty well
established that most, if not all, of our
so-called infectious and contagious
diseases, such as scarlet-fever, diph
theria, measles, and possibly typhoid
fever, are produced and conveyed from
one person to another by means of
minute vegetable germs, much patient
study has been devoted to the question
how these germs find their way into
the human body, and what precautions
should be taken to avoid, as far as pos
sible, the danger of infection.
The subject of the isolation of pa
tients suffering from contagious dis
eases has been discussed very thor
oughly in medical societies and jour
nals, and in some countries the most
stringent laws have been made in re
gard to the isolation of the sick and
the fumigation of houses and clothing.
One source of contagion which now
seems self-evident, but which for a
long time escaped attention, is that of
books from public libraries. When we
consider that the volume which we are
reading may have been last in the
hands of some one convalescent from
a dread disease, or that it may have
been lying for days or weeks in rooms
far from clean in a medical sense, then
the possibility of danger becomes at
Some physicians will not permit
their children to take books but of the
public libraries, thinking it wiser to
avoid all risks.
It is very possible, however, that the
danger is less than we should be led by
some to suppose, and that it is more
necessary to prohibit the reading of
books for whose cleanliness we can not
vouch, than it is to tell our children to
stop breathing, simply because they
undoubtedly take into their lungs at
every respiration some of the germs
which are known to be constantly
floating through the air.
Yet it is safe to caution those who
read books that have been through
many hands not to moisten the finger
in turning the leaves, for if that be
done, there is afforded a better oppor
tunity for the transfer into the body of
any germ that may be clinging to the
On the other hand, it is to be re
membered that we probably run no
greater risk in turning the Itaves of a
book, even though it has been in homes
of doubtful sanitary condition, than we
do in riding or walking beside people
about whose health we know nothing.
The stealing of an umbrella on a
clear day is held to be a theft by an
Omaha Judfe, but the stealing of the
same article on a rainy day is held to
be justifiable on the ground of self
defense. We presume this decision
was rendered in order to protect the
court. Buffalo Express,
FAMILY SCRAP BASKZT.
Am laterotinr CanallaUaa ef H'.aM
Fact aad Faacy. i
It is recommended to freshen salt fish'
by soaking them in sour mi'k.
A salt ham should be soaked over
night in plenty of soft water previous
to boiling. '
Eat only pure food, drink only pum
liquids, think only pure thoughts, and
keep your blood pure.
It is said that kerosene will soften.
boots and shoes that have been hard
ened by water, and make them pliabla
Corks may be made air and water
tight by keeping them for five minutes
under melted paraffine. They must be
kept down with a wire screen.
The best whitewash for a cellar is
made of lime and water only. The ad
dition of other things hinders the pur
pose of keeping the cellar pure and
In picking cucumbers for putting
down in brine, it is best to leave a
small portion of the stem adhering to
prevent withering and insure perfect
To set delicate colors in embroidered
handkerchiefs, soak them ten minutes
previous to washing in a pail of tepid
water, in which a desertspoonful of
turpentine has been well stirred.
Coffee pounded in a mortar and
roasted on an iron plate, sugar burned
on hot coals, and vinegar boiled with
myrrh and sprinkled on the floor and
furniture of a sick room are excellent
To cleanse porcelain sauce-pans, fill
them half full of hot water and put in
the water a tablespoonful of powdered
borax and let it boil. If this does not
remove all the stains, scour well with
a cloth rubbed with soap and borax.
Stains of vegetable colors, fruit, red
wine and red ink may be removed from,
white goods by sulphur fumes or chlo
rine water. On colored cottons and
woolens, wash with lukewarm soap lye.
or ammonia. Silk the same, but mora
A hammock pillow is an addition
considered necessary to complete the
furniture of a garden in city or country
during the summer. Filled with down,
hair, or the odorous twigs of the pine,
it is covered with the gay striped tick
ing used by the manufacturers of awn
Canaries are often famished for fresh
cool water. You see bits of sugar, and
sponge cake and cracker tucked all
about the wires, while the drinking
cup will be empty, or filled with dirty,
water that no bird with respect for
itself will touch. Have a bath tub, too,
that is large enough to spread its wings
A formula for cream candy: Beat
the whites of four eggs to a stiff froth,
add one tablespoonful of cold water
and flavor to the taste. Stir together,
a little and then add confectionery-!
(pulverized) sugar till stiff enough to
knead like bread. Then moid in shape
and add your Buts, either on top or
A glue which will resist the actios'
of water is made by boiling a pound of
glue in a sufficiency of skimmed milk.
To make a strong glue for inlaying
and veneering, take the best light
brown glue, free from clouds or
streaks, dissolve it in water, and to
every pint add one-half gill of the best
vinegar and one-half ounce of isinglass.
A new source of intoxication has
been discovered. It is simply dry tea.
aten, of course, before it is steeped. It
produces an agreeable effect at first,
but indulgence finally causes sleepless
ness. disorderly impulses and delirium.
Not a few persons have already been
found to have contracted this deadly
form of the tea habit.
The following is recommended by
an English writer for cleaning zinc:
Clean off all old paint, and apply the
following mixture: In sixty parts of
water dissolve one part chloride of
copper, one part nitrate of copper, one
part sal-ammoniac and one part hydro-chloric
acid. Brush the zinc over
with this, which gives it a deep black j
leave it to dry until next day. and it is
then ready for painting. The best
paint to use is prepared varnish paint
which can not be surpassed for tenacity
and durability. Good Housekeeping.
WHY FLOWERS SLEEP.
Oaa af tha Xaat Carious Pheaoaieaea of
That flowers sleep is evident to tha
most casual observer. The beautiful
daisy opens at sunrise and closes at
sunset, whence its name "days eye."
The morning-glory opens its flower
with the day. The "John-go-to-bed-at-noon"
awakes at four in the morn
ing, but closes its eyes in the middle
of the day, and the dandelion is in full
bloom only during the hours of strong
light. This habit of some flowers is
certainly very curious, and furnishes
one of the many instances which prova
the singular adaptability of every
thing in nature. The reason is found
in the method by which this class of
flowers is fertilized. It is objvious,
says Sir John Lubbock, that flowers
which are fertilized by night-flying in
sects would derive no advantage by
being open by day; and, on the other
hand, that those which are fertilized
by bees would gain nothing bying
open at night. Nay, it would be a dis
advantage, because it would render
them liable to be robbed of their
honey and pollen by insects which are
incapable of fertilizing them. I would
venture to suggest, then, that the
closing of flowers may have reference
to the habits of insects, and it may be
observed, also, in support of this, that
wi ad-fertilized flowers never sleep.
Christian at Work.
The typewriting business nets from
$2,500 to $5,000 to many a vouuff
j woman in New York City.
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