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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (June 7, 1889)
FOOD FOE VULTUEE&
rrooo Described by am
A, iftfhoeBst Missionary Describe
a Strange) Burial Bit.
Nebraska State Firemen's Associ
ation, to be held at Red
First Day, Tuesday, July 16.
Reception of Firemen,
Meeting of Board of Control at 8 p, m.
Serenade in evening, Red Cloud Cornet band.
Second Day, Wednesday, July 17.
Grand parade at 10
company, Silk Banner. 1pm Green hos
t inn r i f
race, r irst prize. $0, za ou.
2 p m, Green hook and ladder
prize 75, 2d prize $50.
3 p m, Chief's race, prize fine 32 comb
Firemen's Helmet Hat, valued at $15.
4 p m- --Foremen!s race, prize, fine belt, val
ued At $5
Third Day, Thursday, July 18,
10 a m, Hose race, 39 class, first prize $100
2d prize $50.
11a m Hook and ladder race, 44 class, first
prize. $100, 2d prize $50.
1.30 p m, Ladder climbing contest, Firs
prize handsome tournament ladder, valued
at $50, 2d prize Silver Cup.
2.30 p m, Coupling contest, first prize, State
Championship Medal and $15, 2d prize $10
3d prize $5
p m, Champion wet run, 1st prize $75
2d prize $50
Fourth Day, Friday, July 19.
10 am Pompier corps, first prize $50. 2d
11a m Tug of war contest, first prize $10
and State Championship Trophy, 2d $5
1 :30 p m State Championship Hose Race
first prize, 150 dollars and State Cart, 2d
prize 75 dollars.
3 p m State Champion Hook and Ladder
Race, first prize 150 dollars, and Champion
belt, 2d prize 75 dollars
Reduced railroad fare, special ho
tel rates, Liberal premiums.
Forfull particulars, address A. J. TomKjason,
chm. ex. committee, Red cloud. ,
a. m. Best appearing
Cain At Cat
Catfcariae Wheels aad Otr
It would seem to many that the manufacW
tiro of flre-worio is a simple and easy mat
tcr, writes a correspondent of the Albany
ArgvM. Bat as no machinery of any kind is
used the manual work necessary makes it
much moro laborious than whero all the
process is performed by perfected machin
ery. A knowledge of the laws of chemistry
Is also essential. In order to Rive the
reader some idea of the process let us select
tho Roman candle as the most ordinary of
fire-works, and follow it in its journey from
room to room and from building to building'.
The first department wo enter is that
where the cases are made. This is done in
the following manner: Cartridge paper is
sot into the length and size required and
laid on a marble slab, where paste is sprain
erer one side, care being taken that the
paste does not get on the ski. toucaiag the
teller round which the paper is them
wrapped, for if the roller is wet itwflltear
the paper a drawing it eat This reUerie
ef brass or wood and the case comes esT it
lseldag as though it had been made frost
paper of one thickness, although every boy
wbe has dissected a Bomaa oandle knows
to the contrary. After this operation en.
end of the esse is dosed. An expert wsrh
nun can make nam arisen
to three th seised n day of
testae. After reJHng the
rieeM en shelree aad sentto the drying
to he that
be thoroughly dried, a this
meat Is maohlee far trhsming
rengh, ends so that the ponlbUity ef any ao
beside being nsei
fsrimnf here else tamos other pnrposes,
etc While the
eandleis progressing thus far on the Jour
ney let us peep in at the laboratory door.
where chemicals are being mixed. The
performance of the principal part of fire
works depends much on the composition
being very fine end well mixed; therefore
great caro is taken in this part of the work
and particularly for the composition of sky
rockets and also fa all fixed works from
which the fire plays regularly. Thechom
ieal mixtures are then distributed to the
workmen, who in turn tako them to tho
moulding room, where, with little manipula
tion.thcy are placed in moulds and made into
stars" or "balb"as they arc more common
lVtermcd. Theso are all colorcd.fcr the pale
whito lights have given place of late years
to thoso of beautiful tints. The color of the
stars seen in this department would deceive
one as to that which thoy display when fired.
The green produco a blue light and the blue
turn to green. Whito is made from red
Stars, red from gray, and so on until every
eolor of the rainbow is catalogued.
It is at this point whero we meet the case
again reedy for the reception of the cheat
scale thus prepared. This is called the
charging department. Before the work
man ia a frame capablo of holding twelve
cases upright, which he places in position,
having first ascertained that tho insides are
entirely free by passing n rod through
them This precaution is necessary be
eause any obstruction would cause the piece
to miss fire. On one side of him, in sep
arate compartments, are clay, composition,
powder an.l stars of various colors, and on
the other a mallet of considerable weight
and several rammers of different lengths,
tho kn:.v.t bcingabout tho same size as tho
case he is to fill. Taking in his hand an in
strument consisting of twelve small scoop3,
connected in a line and exactly the same
distanco apart as are the cases on tho frame,
he fills them with clay and skillfully
empties them into these cases. The same
Is done with the powder, the composition
'(which is used as a wad) and tho stars. All
these he then packs down by means of the
longest ramrod. Repeating the same proc
ess again and again, except the day ie
omitted, he uses a shorter rod eaeh time
until the case is fuBy charged, and,pours in
at the end more clay, as this material gear.
nnteee safe handling and packing and pro
tects the explosives inside. The fuse Is
then inserted and lastly the outside eolored
paper is wrapped around for beautifying
the Roman candle thus made. The whole
operation described here also applies to
Fire-crackers come from China, where
the country people manufacture them as a
pastime, as the Germans do toys. They
are imported in boxes similar to tea chests.
thehierofflvnhicsonthem renresentinp ad.
.ertisements of different firms, and they
are used as ballast for the ships that bring
them over. An idea may bo obtained of the
utter impossibility of competition when one
wmxormedtbat it costs but two cents to
eke a pack of fire-crackers there. The
Chinese were acquainted, as we all know.
with the uses of gun-powder long before its
introduction into Europe in the thirteenth
century, and the peasants have been for so
many generations adept in toe art of male
tag nre-erackers that it has become, we
might say, second nature. Of course, in
the fire-works, where a thorough under
'standing of tho mysteries of chemical
action and artistic skill are required, those
manufactured in Brooklyn are a fair
.sample of the higner excellence of American
auctions. But when neither of these
ties is requisite we are entirely out of
Balloons of various sixes and shapes are
also made here. Passing through this de
partment a predominance of the fair sex
among the hands is noticeable, which is ao
counted for by their superior deftness,
quickness and accuracy in cutting and
pasting. The devices in use for balloons
are very amusing, often grotesque,
representing figures of almost every
animal, from the elephant to the frog,
aad also several fishes, some gigantic
in sine. It looks ludicrous to see a huce
whale or a mammoth pig rise in the air and
gmcenuiy noat away. But tho most strik
ing of all seen in this department are the
imported Japanese bomb-shells. What
, makes them still moro wonderful is their
insignificant appearance before being fired,
appearing to be about tho aizo of a base.
ball, but much lighter ia weight. When
thrown from the mortar, however, to a con
siderable height, they suddenly burst, and,
mid a shower of falling stars, a large,
beautiful figure, made of Japanese paper,
saDsfaraway. The effect is briHiant aad
vniene. Another interesting tiling of this
kind is bomb-shell upon which the com
puny prides itself. It consists of shells
made of different aises, so as to fit one m
aide the other and to contain colored stars
As the whole affair files upward, one after
another of these shells bursts and produces'
long train of variegated stars, whish, ia
Torn, shoot off and burst until the entire
Mtens is illuminated,
i Besides those already mentioned, there
(hremany other forms of fire-works, such
fee Catharine wheels, touroulions,
moles, pastiles and a variety of the
find ajcendjng kind that produce tea)
tea Parsees Dispose of the Bodies ef
Their Dead Flowers for the Earth aad
Bea.es tor the Air The Hobs, ef
Prayer aad the Priests.
There recently returned to this city a
tfetbodist missionary who twenty-three
years ago sailed from these shores ftfr
India, says the Philadelphia Proa. The
thcr day be visited Laurel Hill, and there,
amohz the monuments and graves, he toll
yfbout the sacred burial-place of thcParsco
Bead upon the heights of Malabar Hill, some
olstanca out of Bombay.
" I had heard so much about tho ' Towers
5f Silence,' " he said, " that my curiosity
was aroused to know what it was like. But
I scan found that it was impossible for one
not a follower- of the groat prophet Zo
proaster to ever gain admittance insido of
'This strange sect, the Parsees," he con
tinned, "are so scrupulous in their cere
monials and customs, and so strict in the
ebserraBce of their rites, that yon can
resdilyseehow reluctant theywouldbeto
outsMer, especially one woe was
the doctrines ef Christ, to observe)
ritual they practice.
T hxf Www flut nMnt nf rtntHmtinm m.
pvor to an intelligent and well-educated
gentleman living in Bombay, be-
whem and myself there sprang ap
suite n feeling ef friendship. When I
thought I conks safely make my request I
known to him my desire to visit the
Towers.' He, said h. would see
tecoujd obtain permUsionlerme
priests wbe guarded the sacred portals.
There the matter cropped. I did net hear
from him for seme weeks, until one day he
to me saying that permission had
been granted, sad that we must be reedy to
start the next morning.
1 shaU never fetret, continued he, "the
pot, cloudless day that we drove m our
elosely curtained vehicle, or gharry, out of
the dusty, noisy streets of Bombay to the
pool and shaded and silent place of Malabar
Too whole place seemed a veritable
en of the dead. Here jasmine, crimson
ybiscus and beautiful roses were spread in
enng profusion about the walks
ig to the entrance. The heavy,
iguid air was filled with the most
;t odors and the sweetest per
fumes. I could hardly believe that I
was in a burying-ground. After alighting
from the gharry wo ascended tho low, stone
steps, which led to a closed iron gate. My
friend showed our permission to tho old and
renerablo Parsee, who throw open tho gate,
fund within a tew moments we were within
the sacred precincts. One of the first things
that I noticed as I gazed around was some
ive or six solid-looking circular buildings,
haps eighteen or twenty feet in height
e walls of these structures were built of
leavy blocks of stone and covered with a
kind of white cement or plaster. Tho build
togs themselves stood in a shallow moat,
surrounded by tall palm trees, heavy bushes
of various kinds, and herbage growing wild
una uncultivated. Tnese, then, were the
famous Towers of Silence.' Truly, they
were well named. Save for the clicking of
our shoes on the smooth stone, the fitful
swaying to and fro of the branches of the
tall palms, and the occasional flapping of
wings by crows and vultures on tho trees,
it asouna was neara in toe languid, breath-
air. The hot tropical sun beat heavily
iwn on tne Dare wmte wails, and every-
aerc suuness ana suenco reigned su
"How do the Parsees bury their dead!"
" When you reach tho.top of tho ' Tower '
rou will find that the entire circular surface
is divided into three smaller circles, and be
tween each circle is a narrow pathway. The
circles arc again divided into a great number
sf small, shallow sseces,,or receptacles, &3
my friend called ttbem, else separated by
narrow pathways for the bearers of the body
to pass. Tho top of the' 'Tower' is sur
rounded by a sort of parapet, which hides
the surface from outsido view. Now comes
the strange part of the Parsee burial cus
tom. It was tho teaching of our great
prophet and master,' said' my eompanioa,
that the dead should not defile the earth.
Accordingly, no dead Parsee is laid in the
earth, but bis body is exposed to all the
fowls of the sir, to more quickly return to
the dust and the elements from which it
came. Here in the center ef our 'Tower'
you see a deep well, down which we put to
gether the dry bones of all the dead men,
women and children, rich and poor, great
and small. For the dead there can only be
" We next went to what is known as the
House of Prayer a low, stone-archec? build
ing with cokmnadc3 all around. This is the
house where tho friends of the deceased re
main while the body is placed on tho ' Tow.
er.' Itishcre that tho sacred fire burns
day and night, year in and year out, always
watched by a faithful priest whose duty is
to feed the flames with precious woods. The
air in this House of Prayer is thus redolent
with tho pungent aroma of sandal wood.
The corpse-bearers live separate from the
outer residence, and after each funeral they
go to the bathing-house, change their gar
ments, and purify themselves f ram tho de
filement of having touched tho dead. Just
as we were on the point of taking our leave
I saw n small procession of white-robed fig
ures marching over the narrow stone bridge
to one of the ' Towers ' and disappear in tho
small square opening in the walL
"My companion must have seen the pro
cession, for I noticed that his wholo de
meanor perceptibly changed as with bowed
head he told mo that a burial would take
place only at sunrise or at sunset. Sudden
ly the place seemed to be astir with life
ind motion. The tall palms shook as under
a gust of wind. Tho black bodies on the
trees, hitherto motionless, raised their
teads, spread out their wings, and, with a
whir and a whiz, swooped down like aveng
ing furies on tho top of the 'Tower.' Al
though I could not see tho dreadful sicht. I
Lknew that these birds of prey were doing
,hwit guumiBu wore 01 piciong we nesn iron
mT tho skeleton. Instinctively I put up my
hands as if to shut out tho sicht, and. tak
I ng hold of my friend's arm, we quietly ro-
aracea our steps 10 tne iron gate turcuga
which we had made an entrance.
"Since that memorable visit to the
Tower of Silence ' I have often asked my
self whether my first feeling of partial
read and disgust was not one of sentiment
rather than one of reason. I am frank to
my that the impression of repulsion has
almost worn off, and I remember that the
birds only did quickly what decay docs so
slowly; when Iremcmber that every thing
was done with such care, tenderness and
reverence by the dean, white-robed priests,
mid the glorious garden of roses; when I
remember the saying of my Parsee eom
panion,that for the dead there can only be
"Bridget, said iha mistress to the new
hireu gUi, "you can go now and fa the,
maczerei ut boss." "oare. ma'am, airse
uHr asKea image
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E. ST. JOHN,
IPROMPT ATTENTION GIVi-N TO
ra ms &mL
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' Granite Works
A. H, BCOTO. lnor.
Rln St. rtd 4t.h Av.. Red Clond.
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