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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (May 24, 1889)
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rl FARMER JOHN'S SOLILOQUY.
I moat as well acknowledge. Hain't no use o'
bcatm' roue J,
I've done a heap o' tiilnlcin', plowin up this
An'suthia'sbccna-painln'an' achin' me like
1 reckoned 'twas dyspepsy or malaria creepla'
Jltlast I sot my dander up, an' to myself scz I:
The biggest rool in natur's him that tells his-
Xvebccalcttia' on 'tis tnalary, an' my stum-
mick, when I know ,
"It's my conscience that's a-hurtia' an' wor-jln'
I've been a-shirkia' this here thin" lor thirty
year or more,
Atf I had orto had this shakin' tip an' scttia
I've been honest, fur as payin' kocs; not a
- penny do I owe.
But the kind o' chcatin' that I done was the
kind that didn't show.
My mind rocs back to Hanner when I fetched
her here a bride
No apple bloom was sweeter, an' she nussled
to my side
X.lke she thought she had a right to, an' could
trUSt mo Vitliont fnnr
Tor the love I never hinted at for mor'n thirty
There was churnin', bakin', bilin', there was
nussin' an' the rest.
From long afore the sun riz till he slumbered
in the West,
An' when the rest of us was dono an' lollin'
'round on cheers,
Tlanncr was recuperatin' with her needle an
But when the life was ebbin' from that faith
ful, patient heart,
I had to faco the music I hadn't done my
An' I couldn't help a thinkin'. watchia' out
that weary life.
That ther's other ways' o' kiliin' 'xcept a pistol
or a knife.
It sounds like sacnligion, but I know just what
As I whispered: "Fly to meet mo when my
airthly life is spent"
"I'm tired, John, so tired, but I've alius dono
An' I may feel more like flyin when I've had a
spell o' rest."
Amy Hamilton, in N. Y. Mercury.
Or, T&3 Peril of tlie Penroys.
A Thrilling and Romantic Story
of Love and Adventure.
By James :r. MEnniLu, Author of "Bogus
Bill," 'TisiiEit Joe" jlsd
CouyrlQhl, HiO, by the A. X. Kelloqg Seas
"Don't put yourself out, doctor," said tho
Captain, with an assumption of coolness he
did not feel. 'I care nothinjr for this yarn
of yours, and can not wait to-hear it."
He camo to his feet.
Sit down," ordered Lura, emphasizing
the order by covering1 hiin with her cocked
revolver. Ho sank back into his chair with
a muttered imprecation against the 4-tiger
"It was in California about two years
apo that my first scene opens," proceeded
the doctor. "Two men anions? the gold
hills of that State became bosom friends
Lawrence Brandon and Karl Vandible.
They first met m San Francisco and went
to the mountains together. Karl Vandible
was an eccentric man past tho meridian of
life, one who had seen better days, he as
serted, and Brandon believed him. In time
Vandible made a confidant of his young
friend, Brandon, and told him a strange
story of the past.
"Karl had been the black sheep in the
family of four boys. Two were dead, aud
Karl, the youngest, had drifted to Cali
fornia in search of adventure even at tho
age of fifty-six. He assured Brandon
that it was not really necessary for him to
fight hand to hand with tho world, since
he had a brother who was a millionaire in
one of the States beyond the Mississippi.
'That brother,' said Karl, 'always sympa
thized with me, and defended me against
the assaults of others. I was proud, how
ever, and wouldn't accept his bounty. I
haven't seen Morgan for ten years, but I
know he must be a very old man now.'
"Then Karl Vandible took from his
pocket a letter which had lately como from
his ased brother beyond the mountains. I
will read a part of it."
The nonchalant expression on the Cap
tain's face changed to nervous agitation
as Dr. Coiton drew forth a wrinkled en
velope, stained and frayed at tho edges
from apparent rough usage.
" This is nothing tome,' growled the Cap
tain, again attempting to rise.
Again Starbrisht looked into the muzzlo
of Lura's revolver aud subsided without
Opening the letter. Dr. Coiton proceeded:
"Come home, Karl. I am intending to
pass the remainder of my days at Lone
Hollow, the old stone house where you once
staid for a day and liked the huntingso well.
You shall one day own the place and every
thing that I have. In fact, I have made a
will in your favor, leaving everything to
vou with the one condition that you allow,
my granddaughter. Grace Penroy, an an
nuity of twenty thousand a year after she
comes of age. " I make tho stipulation be
cause I love the girl, and she has been most
dutiful and kind to me. You are twenty
rears my junior, and will have ample time
to cnjoyiuv wealth after I am gone. Come,
Karl, I am becoming feeble; feeliug my
vears and infirmities more and more every
day, a:id I wish to enjoy your company a
little while before I pass to the other shore.
If j ou receive this I am sure you will not
refuse to grant the prayer of jonr last of
"That is the substance of the letter read
to Lawrence Brandou by Karl Vandible,"
said Dr. Coiton, "and it was that letter that
influenced Brandon to commit an awful
"What is this to mel"' dem-.wded Captain
Starbright, curtly. "lean not remain".
"But you must remaiu,' declared Lura,
-with hcomiug malicious satisfaction. And
"The reading of that letter set evil
thoughts at work in the brain of Lawrence
JBrandon," proceeded the doctor. "He
suddenly conceived tho idea of winning the
Vandible million for himself. Karl ex
pressed a determination to return to the
States, and Brandon expressed adesire to
accompany him. The two set out from the
mining camp together; but one of them
reached Sacramento Lawrence "Brandon.
Jn the night time he stole ip behind bis
1 conhion, dealt him a murderous blow
from behind, and then, after making sure
of his death, be hurled the body into a
gulch and hastened on his way. I will be
"brief for time is specdig. Brandon came
to the States and finally ensconced himself
at Lone Hollow. He told of his friendship
for Karl, Morgan's brother, and of bow he
had been with him when he died in a lonely
cave on the gold range. Morgan was deep
ly grieved. For Karl's sake ho befriended
Brandon, who now bore the assumed uauio
"This is false!-'
"Sit down!" commanded Lura, as the
villain attempted to rise. "I won't speak
again, either. A bullet will he the next
compliment you'll get!"
AVhitc now, with cold sweat standing out
in great drops, the pseudo Captain was
obliged to listen to the remainder of the
"Lawrence Brandon murdered his trust
ing friend and came East for the purpose of
stealing a fortune. Had his murderous
blow succeeded, all might even now be well
with this villain. Karl Vandible was not
killed, however. He lived and came East,
but the blow had affected his brain and he
"Instead of coming to Lone Hollow he
hid in a cave, once a counterfeiter's resort,
in Hangman's Gulch. Sometimes he had
moments of sanity, but they were of short
duration. He led a hermit life, and watched
to meet Lawrence Brandon. He did meet
him finally, and recognized him. He fired
with the intention of taking life. Somehow,
it seems that Brandon, alias Starbright,
lh'ed to concoctf urther schemes of villainy,
among them the poisoning of Grace Penroy,
that he might, through a forged will, seize
upon tho million loft by Morgan Vundible."
"That will is not a forgery."
"Keep quiet, ' ordered Lura.
"I have come near to the end of my
story," proceeded Dr. Coiton, with tho ut
most gravity. "Before you went to Cali
fornia you had sought to win the hand of
Miss Joyce. She read your character and
despised you. Afterward, when she learned
that you were at Lone Hollow, she re
solved to thwart your designs upon the
unsuspecting old man Vandible and upon
Grace, although at that time she knew noth
ing of the crime you had committed among
the gold hills of California.
"Disguised as Fingal, tho hunter, she has
been quite successful in thwarting your
villainy. Your attempt upon her life on
two occasions failed signally. She discov
ered your attempt to poison her cousin"
"By heaven! this is too much,'' grated
the Captain, white aud trembling, at the
same time coming to his feet. "This plot
arranged between you and this shameless
girl will not succeed. In good faith I came
here. I teas tho friend of Karl Vandible.
My name is Starbright, and"
" Do you deny that you attempted his
life!"' in terr upted tho doctor.
"I do, most emphatically."
" You did not strike him down in Cali
"You did not set hired assassins on his
track but a few weeks since, and sink his
body in a dark pool in the woods!"
AVhitc, stern, grim as fata was the face
of Dr. Arthur Coiton as he put these
questions swiftly to tho trembling man be
"X n o!" faltered Captain Starbright,
reeling aud cringing.
"Then, perhaps, ycu will dare deny these
things to another witness."'
Dr. Coiton turned swiftly and flung wide
the door. Two men crossed tho threshold.
Captain Starbright glared wildly into the
face of tho foremost man, then he uttered a
great cry of agony and terror. The dead
had indeed comeback to earth to stand as a
witne.ss against him.
" Karl Vandible alive!"
Then the shattered spirit sank weakly,
and Captain Starbright fell heavily into his
chair, covering liis face to shutout the view.
Before them stood the man we have
known as Don Benito, the maniac. Now
there was the light of reason glowing in his
eyes, yet he was thin and pale, and leaned
on the arm of his companion, on officer, for
"I am not dead, Lawronce Brandon,"
said tho wronged Californian, in a solemn
voice. "A blow from your hand clouded
my brain and sent me forth a demented
wanderer upon the earth. A weight of
years has whelmed me, yet I did not forget
nor forgive the man who struck that blow,
the man I trusted and confided in only to be
murdered, almost, by his treachery.
"Your last attempt upon my life proved
as futile as the first, thanks to this brave
doctor and his equally brave helper, Lura
Joyce. Both were on hand to rescue me
from tho watery grave into which your
mmions had cast me. Tho stone broke
loose at tho outset. 1 was unconscious for
sonic time, and these friends conveyed me
to Stoucneld in a light vehicle. Tho shock
to my system was terrible, but it served the
good turn to restore my reason.
From tho hour of my regaining conscious
ness I knew every thing. My head is yet
sore, and I am very weak, yet I managed
last night to astound you on the brink of
tho forest pool, where you had gone to con
template your latest villainy. I had been to
tho cavo after something left there by me,
and spying you moving toward the pool I
dogged your steps aud. executed a little
tableau that frightened you so that you
swooned. From your pocket I abstracted
ffi," holding up a delicate vial, "which the
good doctor informs me is a subtle and
deadly poison. You have used it. My
brother Morgan died from its effects before
he signed the will, to which you afterward
affixed his name. Your race is run, Law
rence Brandon. You have many murders
to answer for, all togarn a million that was
not for you."
As tho man paused Lura held aloft a fold
"The last will and testament of Morgan
Vandible, which leaves all his property to
KarJ, his beloved brother. This will has
been concealed, and is the only eenuinc
document in existence from the hand of
Morgan Vandible.- I congratulate vou, Mr.
Starbright dropped h hands and glared
at the paper in a hopeless, despairing way.
His face was like death'itsclf.
"And now," said Karl Vandible, "1 have
the satisfaction of turning you over to the
custody of an officer, Lawrence Brandon."
"Wait,"' cried the culprit, huskily, as
Vandible" s companion advanced, displaying
a pair of handcuffs. Then became to his
feet aud shrank back across "the floor
toward the window.
"Seize him!" cried Lura. "There's a
ladder at the window. Ho will escape."
"I will not be taken alive!"' hoarsely
uttered the haggard villain. On the instant
he presented a revolver, which he always
carried in caseof emergency.
This movement deterred his seizure, and
then, crouching quickly, he glided through
tho open window. Both the officer and Dr.
Coiton dashed forward and peered out. The
escaping villain made a misstep, slipped
and, with a wild cry, plunged headlong to
the ground below.
"I 1 feel that I am not long for this
The voice was faltering and low, and the
lips that uttered tho words blue ind
shrunken. Beside the couch sat two men.
Dr. Coiton and Karl Vandible. Outside the
first snow of the season was sifting softly
down upon the gray roof at Lone Hollow.
One would scarcely recognize in the emaci
ated man on the bed our old acquaintance,
Bodily and mental strfferVg had dono Its
work. The plunge from theuper story of
the great bouse on that night just a fort
night before had given the man a shock
from which he could not recover, end he
was slowly and surely dying.
"There is no help for you, Captain"
''Hush! Do not utter that title. It was
as false as my life has been. Where
where is Austin Wentword! Ho ought to
"He is still behind prison bars;" answered
"And for my crime. Yes, it icas mine. I
meant to get rid of them both when I fired
that shot. My aim was not good. I was
nervous, I suppose. Dropping the pistol I
fled, and making a swift detour, camo upon
Austin and Grace from the direction of tho
house. I hepe he may be set free. And
"She is improving."
"I-I am glad."
"And now," said Karl Vandible, 'tell us
about the others, the will, and'
"Every thing said against mo is true,
even to forging the name of your brother
to that will. He never would have changed
the 3rst one had he not supposed you dead
The dying man was breathing huskily.
Soon he opened his lips and told the story
of his villain-, confessing every thing.
"Now now, cau you ever forgivo me for
the wrongs I did, Karl Karl, you who
were once my friend !" faltered the dying
man at the last.
Karl thought of his own sufferings, of tho
dead brother hastened to his grave by
poison administered by the hand of the man
before him, aud remained silent.
"You can not!" groaned the dying man.
"A higher power may look there, not to
me," answered Vandible, in tones of sol
Then the sinking man gasped, attempted
to sicak, but failed. A. convulsive shudder
passed through his frame, a gasp and then
silence the man of evil was dead.
With his death conies the ending of our
story. Wo have no desire to prolong tho
narrative. Through the efforts of Lura
Joyce, assisted at the last by Dr. Coiton,
retribution had overtaken the man who had
staked his soul in the struggle for a fortune.
He had meditated tho destruction of tho
last Penroy in his eager desire to gain tho
wealth of Major Vandible. Caught, he had
fallen and died a miserable death.
Austin Wentword was at once released.
The forged will was cast aside and the gen
uine probated, which was satisfactory to
all, Mrs. Penroy having the promise of
ample pin money as well as a home while
she lived, and Grace the snug sum of twenty
thousand dollars a year. This was enough
to marry on, Wentword and Grace believed,
and they consequeutly acted upon it and
were united early the following spring.
Lawyer Gripes, fearing prosecution for
his part in tho transaction with Lawrence
Brandon, left Stonefield and was seen there
Mother Cabcraand her sous were arrested
on their reappearance at Lone Hollow and
were sent to prison for a term of years.
Yes, what of her who had proved the
guardian angel of the Penroys! She won
Dr. Arthur Coiton, certainly, and became
his happy wife a year after the death of the
wicked Brandon, alias Starbright.
On the wedding morn Karl Vandible as
tonished tho bride with a certificate of do
posit in the Stonefield Bank, in her name,
for the snug sum of twenty thousand dollars.
"I owo every thing to you, brave little
woman,"' be said, gravely, "and you must
accept this in slight recompense."
It proved the nestregg forafuture fortune.
SPEAKING IN- PUBLIC.
Suggestions FurnUlieil by a Well-Kaown
Scottish B witness Man.
The late William Denny, of Dumbarton,
Scotland, was a shipbuilder, and a literary
man as well as a business man. He wrote
much and delivered many addresses. Dis
covering that his "pace" in public speaking
was too rapid to hold his audience, he
trained himself in order to reduce his
A reporter was employed to report his
speeches verbatim. By his side sat a lad
with a chronograph, who told the reporter
at the end of every minute so that he might
mark it in his report. Mr. Denny, being
thus informed as to the number of words
he spoke each separate minute, was en
abled to reduce his space from a hundred
and fifty-one words per minute to a hundred
and twenty-four. To a company of theolog
ical students Mr. Denny said:
"Pace is a very difficult matter, especially
for young students. They almost all speak
much too fast. A pace of a hundred and
fifty words to tho minute is not at all un
common with young speakers, but it is too
fast to allow the speaker to form his sen
tences with any approach to correctness and
clearness, and it is much too fast to permit
his audience to grasp what he is saying to
them. The pace which you will find the
best is one varying from a hundred to a
hundred aud ten words to the minute."
On the subject of "words ""his advice
was: "Dou'tuso uncommon words; don't
use classical words, if you can at all avoid
them; above all, don't use foreign words.
The words you use in public speaking
should he homely to you ; their history, their
pathos, and their full scope for use should
be of the experience of your daily life."
As to "matter," this shipbuilder said:
"In matter, bo very careful not to be en
cyclopaedic. An audience do not want to
.hear a dictionary, nor do they wish to lis tea
to a gazetteer. You can only speak about
one or two things well and clearly, and the
moment you try to extend your powers be
yond these limits you fail. Learn well the
limits of public speaking, and be content if
you have stimulated one fino impulse, and
conveyed the sharply-defined bits of truth."
Mr. Denny's custom was to write on a
slip of paper three or four principal head
ings, each with four or five subsidiary ones.
"To the extempore speaker," he said,
"the arrangement of his matter is one
half his work. It is his road through a
country which would otherwise be to him
cither a trackless expanse or & place of
pitfalls and quagmires." Christian Union.
lift Deserve! His Fate.
Old wine and old friends arc the best,
every time. I want no new people, nor
new ways in mj business."
He refused to advertise. His old friends
died. No new ones came. His old wines
were used. He had no money to buy more.
His business went to pieces.
"Milk is good for dyspepsia, George,
dear. Let me pour you a glass of pure Al
derney." "No, thank you, wifey. It is milk that
has upset my stomach so. I took too much
milk in the form of punches last night."
Law, Godolphin, Is a profession whose ob
ject is to demonstrate that there are as
many different ways of escaping punish
ment as there areof deserving punishment.
Evidence seems to show that age affects
the intensity of sleep More than the fre
quency of dreams.
THE RATTLER'S RATTLE.
X Cambridge Professor Says II10 Attach
ment Is Simply Mechanical.
Mr. S. Garman of the Museum of
Comparative Zoology, Cambridge,
Mass., has been investigating the rat
tle of tho rattlesnake. The habit of
sloughing is common to all serpents.
A short time before the removal of tho
old skin takes place, the new epiderm
makes its appearance beneath tho old.
The mode of growth of the new and tho
removal of the old is the same in nil
snakes, with tho exception that in
those with n rattlo that portion of tho
slough that covers tho tip of the tail is
retained to form one of the rings of
tho Kittle. The attachment is simply
mechanical: the rings are merely the
sloughs off the end of the tail. The
terminal bone of the tail is formed of
vertebr;o that have coalesced, and
changed in great measure their shape.
In the different species the nuinbor of
vertebne included in this bone varies
I considerably, and sometimes it varies
in individuals of tho same species.
With tho purpose of indicating the
manner of growth of tho rattle, and at
far as possible determine its origin,
Mr. Garman has followed up its aj
pearunee iu several species, full details
of which, with ligures, have been
lately published. In the very young
rattlesnake, while tho vertebra are
still separate, there is no rattle:
but about a week after birth
a well-marked button is seen.
With the first slough the first
ring is set free, tho button being pushed
forward, and a third button is grad
ually perfected. In time the traces ol
the vertebraj in the terminal bono are
almost obliterated. The bone becomes
thickened, pushed forward at its edges,
and otherwise enlarged. In a full
grown rattlesnake the hinder seven of
the rings belong to the period of the
snake's most rapid growth they form
the "tapering rattlo" formerly used in
classification of the species while four
ol the rings and the button are formed
while the gain in size was less rapid,
and form tho "parullelogrammic rat
tle" of the old classifiers. Many fecr
pents besides those possessed of a
"crepitaculum" are addicted to making
a rattling noise by vibratious of the end
of their tails. In illustration of the
extent to which the tail has been modi
fied in different cases, Mr. Garman
figures the tails of several species,
among others that of AnciUrodon co-v-corlrix,
Lin., the copperhead of tho
United States. The tip of its tail is di
rected downwards as well as a little
backwards. Most often the button has
one or two swellings in a degree re
sembling those on a ring of the rattle.
A living specimen of this snake, kept
or a year or moro. would take to rat
tling on the floor whenever it was irri
tated. The sound was made by the
terminal inch of tho tail, this part
being swung from side to sido in the
segment of a circle, so that the tip
might strike downward. The result
was a tolerable imitation of tho sound
made by a small rattlesnake. Science.
WOMAN'S GREAT GLORY.
A Learned Hmlr-Dreatier Tell rattles How
to Care for Ihfir llnlr.
Very few ladies in this country
know how to take eare of tho hair.
Abroad it is part of a lady's education
to know how to keep her hair, her
hands, her feot, her tooth anil her com
plexion in perfect condition. Tho
American ladies who were educated
abroad, or who have maids to attend
them, are almost tho only ones who
give their hair the proper attention.
The rest let it go any way, and you
will see elegantly dressed women on
the street with hair broken oil at tho
back and sticking out in every direc
tion. Very few hair-dressers in this
country understand their business.
The only good ones are those who
have been brought up to it and
whose fathers were hair-dressers
before them. Tho art can not be
learned in this country; it must bo
learned abroad. It is not necessary to
wash tho head very often, if the hair is
carefully combed and dressed every
day. When a shampoo is needed,
braid tho hair, commencing about four
inches from the head and braiding to
the ends. Then wot the scalp and with
a sponge apply a lather made from the
best soap that can bo obtained. After
rubbing the scalp thoroughly with the1
lingers, wash the head with clean
water.' Now, let the' hair dry natur
ally. Do not sit by a fire or near a gas
burner, as heat will make the hair
brittle. It is best to not.-even use a
fan. but take plenty of time for the hair
to dry. It will be from an hour to an
hour and a half. Do not comb it or
put it up bsfore it is thoroughly dry.
A drop of hair oil may be used to give
it a gloss. Only the best oil should be
employed. The hair should be combed
with a tortoise shell comb, and
a brush made of horse hair should
be the only one used. These
brushes are mode expressly for the
purpose iu France and England, and
cost three dollars each. In dressing
the hair care should be taken to avoid
straining it by doing it up too tightly.
The late style of drawing it all up on
top of tho head was very injurious.
The tendency of the hair is to grow
downward, and fastening up breaks off
the hair at the back ofthe neck. The
styles of braiding and twisting into a
coil at the back, from which two small
curls are left banging, or of twisting
the hair into two strands and forming
what is called the chain-link, which
droop from the crown of the head to
the edge of the neck, are becoming to
the wearer, and do not interfere with
the growth of the hair. It is better for
ladies to wear a false front than to
curl their own hair with an iron
every morning and gradually burn it
up In front II. Guilmard, in Courier
RAVAGES OF INSECTS.
to Apply Insecticides) so as
cure Satisfactory Results.
Considerable interest has developed
lately on the subject of applying insec
ticides, and it is very opportune. The
pressing need of a better understand-
ing 01 metnoas ior successiuiiy resist-
ing the ravages of our insect enemies
crowds upon us with increased vigor
as the recurring seasons increase the
number and rapacity of tho foe. It
has been very evident (to close ob-
servers at least) that a great part of
tho work done, especially in the uso of
poisonous compounds, has proved of ac
tual damage; that is, the insects them
selves would not have dono more harm
if left alono than the misuse of poison
did. A treatment forinsects that may
do very well in a growing, productivo
season is liable to do great harm to the
crops in an unfavorable one. To apply
poisons effectively (without doing in
jury) and cheaply, is equally of impor
tance. After quite an extended experience
in using insecticides in nearly all
ways, I have decided that there is only
one way in which satisfactory results
can be reasonably expected every time,
and that is by spraying. Poisons should
be used in liquid form always, and in
applying to the foliage, to insure suc
cess, it must bo broken up into fine,
misty spray, liko fog or steam. To ac
complish this desired result, there is
nothing yet made to excel tho spraying
machine. It is built on simple, me
chanical principles, and the amount of
tho application can bo guaged per
fectly. By the aid of one horse (or
team) and man. this machine operates
on four rows of potatoes at a time, de
livering a fine, misty spray with force,
penetrating every part of tho plant and
thoroughly impregnating tho foliage
with poison (but not drenching), so
that if the larva.' feed on any portion
they must get tho poison. The danger
of burning the leaves is greatly les
sened. In fact, tho plant can hardly
be harmed if ordinary caro is taken. I
have sprayed eighty acres of potatoes
in three days, using only $3.50 worth
of London purple, and in thirty-six to
forty-eight hours after the poison was
put on hardly a slug could be found
alive. I he expedition aud economy
with which poisons can be applied in
this way enables the grower to use
weaker solutions often, and thus
obviates all danger from doing harm
to the growing crops.
The Colorado bugs bado fair to givo
us tho most trouble we ever exper
ienced during the dry season of 1837,
yet by two timely applications of Lon
don purple by spraying, we succeeded
in almost totally destroying them,
without apparent damage to any part
of the crop, at a cost of less than 50
conts per acre, including labor and
poisons for the two jobs. , 1 saw a great
many fields of potatoes that were al
most ruined that season by applying
poisons in a careless manner, both in
liquid and powder lorm. When pota
toes bring 75 cents to $1 per bushel at
harvest time, it is poor policy to ruin a
crop by being short-sighted in any way.
Wetting or drenching the vines with
water alone during dry, hot weather is
a dangerous experiment, and when tne
water is incorporated with active
poisons and applied in a haphazard
manner, it is most sure to do harm.
Tho whole business of mixing and ap
plying insecticides should be done in a
systematic and methodical manner.
Guess work will not pay. As Prof. W.
B. Alwood has well said, in his station
report on Insects and Insecticides:
"Lack of exactness in the details often
defeats the purpose of work with in
secticides." Defeat is the price ol
carelessness or ignorance. Cor. Ohio
THE COMING FARMER.
Ha Will Be a If aa Competent
Forth New Ideas.
The coming farmer is on tho way. He
is the new-school farmer, the one who
is cutting loose from the ancestral ways
and stepping far in advance of his fel
lows; he is adopting and bringing forth
new ideas, putting into practice
methods which will eventually double
and treble the productive powers ol
the soil. The coming farmer will be a
man of thought as well as of brawn.
Specimens of him may bo occasionally
seen-in the retired merchant who takes
up farming as a aafy means of put
ting in his elMtaars. That force
of thought wh'icngave him success in
mercantile life he now applies 'to till
ing the soil and to the various depart
ments of agriculture, and thereby
proves that thought is as .profitable in
farming as in any othr.5usines8. One
ofthe leading characteristics of the
coming farmer is that he will be s
specialist He will devote his efforts,
his thoughts, his whole energies to one
line of agriculture as much as the mer
chant who twenty years ago kept a
general purpose store. The most suc
cessful farmers of the present time are
those who are pursuing special lines, I
-ww t ,r mwi.TnitL r t J
products, of draft horses, road horses,
special breeds of sheep, cattle or hogs.
The coming farmer will send forever tc
the block the scrub sire in all classes
of stock, which is now a greater curse
to Wisconsin than all the monopolies
which prey upon the people. The
coming farmer will provide his wife
all those modern appliances for doing
her work, which will make her life one
of comfort and happiness, and lighten
her labors as much as tho most modern
appliances lighten the labors ofthe
farmer. The coming farmer will make
the whole country smile under 'the
tillage of wisely-directed effort guided
by the intelligent thought of a well
cultivated mind, a thoroughly trained
brain. G. G. Gordon, at Wiaconsir
FARM AND FIRESIDE.
Using small potatoes for seed mayj
jot seriously affect the first crop, butl
if kept up will cause the seed to run.'
Tho farmer who wishes
properly must study His cows
, viduals, and learn how much each caarf
Do not use sprouted seed of any
kind. Potatoes that are kept at too"
1 hiirh a temnenituro will snwMit. which,
1 injuira iuciu w it certain extent.
The question is, not how little cant
I keep the cow going on. but how much
can I induce her to eat ami turn into
milk and butter, which is worth more
than the feed.
Givo the boy a chance to get a good
business education by giving him a
piece of ground for his own exclusive
use, the proceeds of it to be used as
his educational fund. Western Plow
man. A heavy plank dragged over a
lawn-plot will serve to render it smoojh.
thus greatly aiding tho lawn-mower
after the grass is up. The lawn grass,
being very short, may bo cured and
stored away for the uso of poultry in
winter. When trees or plants aro received,
take pains to keep the roots moist. Ait
hour or two's exposure of the roots of
plants to either tho sun or the drying
wind, will often seriously impair the)
vitality of tho plants.
In raising any kind of young stock,
one should remember they are some
what like babes and need warmth
above all, and proper food to do well
Many a young bird or animal could bo
saved by early attention to their com
fort and warmth. Cold checks nutri
tion. Rico Layer Pudding: One-half of a
cupful of rice soaked in four cupfuls
of milk, two hours; add four table
spoonfuls of sugar, one-half of a tea
spoouful of salt, one tablespoonful of
melted butter. Put layers in pudding
dish, alternately with layers of jam,
and bake. Good Housekeeping.
At tho New York Agricultural
Station experiments made in growing;
tomatoes without transplanting proved
very successful. Plants grown entirely
in tho open ground matured fruit in
twenty-five days' shorter time than
those which wero cared -for in the hot
bed the first two or three months of
While with many it is not so con
sidered, yet counting what is used for
the family table, poultry pays as largo
a profit as any other class of stock kept
upon the farm. There is, too, the ad
ditional advantage that what is not
marketed at a price that will pay a
profit can nearly always be used to
good advantage at homo and will add
much to the variety and healthfulncss
of the food supply.
Spiced Beef: Get about three
pounds of beef off the round and boll
until very tender. Then take out of
the water, chop fine and season to
taste. Put in a tablespoonful each of
ground cloves, allspice and cinnamon.
Mix well and pack iu a square tin.
Take the water it has been trailed in
and let it boil down to about two
thirds of a cupful, salt and pepper a
little and pour over tho meat.
RANGE FOR POULTRY.
Haw to Keep Fowls of All Kinds
It is desirable, where it is possible,
to give fowls ample range. The care
is reduced to the minimum in such
cases, and tho expense of keeping is
much less. But range is not absolutely
indispensable. The number of fowls
which can be kept in health and made
to pay in very limited quarters is much
larger than many, perhaps the most
suppose. But to do this it is necessary
to supply what fowls upon a good range
obtain for themselves.
Fowls upon an extensive range ob
tain plenty of exercise, by which their
health is promoted. Fowls in narrow
quarters must be induced to take a con
responding amount of exercise if they
are to be kept equally healthy. To do
this various expedients like burying;
grain, hanging up articles of food just
within their reach, and a constant
turning up of the soil must be resorted
to. Fowls upon an extended range
obtain a variety of food, especially of
green food and insects. Fowls in nar
row quarters must be furnished with a
variety of food, especially of green and
animal food. This is not difficult, but
it is very ofteu neglected.
Fowls upon an extended range ob
tain clean ground, good dusting places
and the like. The first is obtainable
by constantly stirring the soil, using
disinfectants and the like, and the
second by furnishing a box provided
with road dust, sulphur, and so forth.
In brief, if quarters are kept clean.
variety of food furnished and exercise
promoted, fowls may be kept in close
"fl". ; 1 ,1 T u 1
confinement and their health will
main vigorous. Some of the finest
specimens have been raised in narrow
quarters. But much greater care is
necessary to produce the same results.
It remains exceedingly desirable,
where practicable, to furnish a good
range, but there are many men who are
deterred from keeping fowls simply
from the mistaken notion that what is
desirable is also indispensible. This
notion ought to be removed, because it
is wholly false. It is difficult to imag
ine any man, living out of the compact
parts of a city, who cannot keep a few
fowls if he is willing to take the neces
sary care. But if a man who has but
limited space desires to keep fowls, he
should understand that he must supply
the things necessary to health which
fowls having a free range are able to
btain for themselves. Poultry Worisaj
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