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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 22, 1889)
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twideaceof xxxest:onai matin-
THE SONGS' MY MOTHER SUNG.
Xhesrflie Ktai they sin to-day.
But never one is sweet
At those my mother sang to me
When sitting at her feet.
My thoucbUKO back to chllhood years
When hope and I were young.
And as of old I hear to-day
The songs my mother sun;.
At twilight's hour I often dream
I am a child ace more :
I seek the house where I was born,
I I Ps tbe open door.
'There mother rocks beside the hearth,
) Her little ones amoug.
And life forgets its cares to bear
The songs ay mother sung.
O, low the grass has grown abovo
That loving mother' face.
But still in faithful hearts she keeps
Her old, her dear old place.
No other songs can be so sweet
As those we heard when yo-jn.
When sitting at our mother's knee
The songs our mother sung
Eben E. Uexford. in Detroit Free Press.
SLEEPING ALL WINTER.
Problem of Hibernation in the
BnbsUtlns for Months Without Food or
Air Curious Instances of Suspen-
Slon of Nature's Kunctloas The
We arc apt to forget how large a
part of tho animal creation goes to
sleep for the whole winter. Tho dead
season of the year is obviously an ap
propriate narao so far as regards the
trees and plants, but it is just as cor
rect a term for numerous species of
living creatures. Nearly all tho in
sects, crustaceans, worms, snails and
the like, go into winter quarters; frogs,
and all tho reptile kind, bury them
selves in the mud, or under stones,
and even a few animals of man's own
class spend soveral months of the year
in a state of unbroken sleep. This is
tho problem of hibernation a great
deal more debatod in former times
than now. Aristotle began the specu
lations about it, and extended his in
quiry to certain of tho fishes of the
Aegean Sea. Hardly any naturalist of
note missed writing about it towards
the end of tho last century, or iu the
early part of tho present one. Alio
curiosity has always boon greatest in
reference to those few of the h'jher
animals who harothe faculty of coiling
themselves up in a hole in the ground,
and going to sleep for months together.
The water vole is one of these:
"Down into his burrow he cozily creeps.
And quietly' through tho long winter time
Gilbert White was told by a farmer
in the parish of Selborne that his plow
had turned up a vole's winter nest in a
field'Somo hundred yards from the
water, with a gallon of potatoes stored
at one end of it. Our other common
winter sleepers are tho hedgehog, tho
dormouse and tho bat. Otters, badgers
and squirrels seem to have the faculty
of lying perdu for days at a time in a
VQryJianl seat-on; but they do not count
among the winter-sleepers proper. In
Alpine-yountrica the various species of
marmots are well-known hibernalorts;
iu Russia, and Siberia thcro are several
such species, and all over North Ger
many' the most fanuliarjnstanceis a
curious'1' animal, eallod the hamster,
something between :i largo rat and a
rabbit. In Canada an interesting ob
servation w:u-j raado by General Davies
on tho profound winter sloop of the
jumping mouse, and published, with a
picture in the "Linmean Transactions"
for 17U7. TIhj littlo animal, which was
a curiosity in tho summer time for its
flyingHenps through the long grass,
was lost sight of altout the month of
October, and-was not scon again until
tho month of May. General Davies
solved tho problem of what became of
it all these months. A laborer, digging
the foundations of a garden -house near
Quebec in the spring, turned up with
his spado a lump of clay like a cricket
ball; on breaking the clod he found a
nicely-molded round space inside, with
in which lay a jumping-raouse. with its
long bind legs folded against its breast
and its head sunk deeply between
hem. It was placed in a chip box iu
a warm room until it should awake;
but tho chango of atmosphere was too
abrupt for it. and it never awoke. The
The jumping mouse cozily sleeping in
a smooth nest of clay two feet below
tho ground brings us face to faco with
tho whole problem of winter sleep.
Tho animal had neither food nor air
for somo six months of the year, and
yet it was alivo. and would resume all
its old agility wit the -warmth of sum
mer. It is cloartkat winter-sleepers sub
sist for months without food, but it is
not so easy to understand how they can
do without air. There is. however.
ao doubt about the fact; their breath
ing becomes gradually slower during
tbe first week or two of their hiberna
tion, and so?a ceases altogether.
Nearly all their manifold functions
come to rest. Taking no food, they
have nothing to digest; their senses are
lost for tho time, and they are insensi
ble to pricks or pinching of the skin.
A sleeping mar-sot has been trundled
along tbe' ground like an inanimate
ball. .The only organ that keeps
working all the time without a mo
ment's rest is the heart, and even the
heart is brought down to less thau half
Af it usual-waking force. All these
ftu hare been confirmed, it ir need
less to say. by tho most minute observ- j
alions. Maraea uermans. ttauans
gad others have kopt bats, hedgehogs,
-sjuu-mots aad hamsters ia their bed
rooms aad back kitchens, and have
ratched and investigated the creatures
ia all sarUof ways. There is no doubt
at all that, unless when they are un
ususllT dbtubed. they, do not breath.
sSaetfcelu.9 na 'exercise any otth
Trfifuiry fuBCtioa or their wakiag
Slvfekcopt the great and indispeasa
fUtiflaai the heart. Their ia
X2ZiW higher tba.
?"t .,-- of tkeair. It is far
A.-L-.A. VA-f-ammtii-mv-i-' -
woow the ordisMI -"-"V"" r1?! "
TZ!Z oa2h toprevint their batag
fcoseB JIaVr-. sad ereae blood h
both the voluntary and the involuntary,
are in a 6tate or rigid contraction all
except the heart, of course; and even
the Heart's aetionbecomes of the slow
and massive kind, as in the muscles of
a snail or of a cold-blooded vertebrate.
It is certainly a very marvelous adap
tation to the animal's circumstances.
Ail its fires burn lotver: there is a sur
prising economy of the living fuel, and,
consequently, little or no waste. Its
'establishment" is reduced, ilsscalc of
living contracted, its expenditure
made to suit its income, or rather its
want of income. The astonishing thing
is that an animal, with all the organs
and functions of man's own class, can
do this and still keep alive and ready
to begin its active summer existence,
none the worse for its long, death-like
The explanation is that the winter
sleepers have re.-ource.-. within them
selves. The stores that somo of them.
like the vole and tho hamster, lay up
in thoir holes underground are not in
tended as food during the winter; nor
is it probable that the honey stored by
bees is ordinarily so intended. In
those cases where an external store is
provided it seems rather to serve as a
supplv for the first days or weeks
1 after waking, when the creatures would
not have the strength, even if they had
the opportunity of going in search of
their food. The real winter store is
within them. A wintor-aleeper, such as
the bat, orthedormouso, or the marmot
feeds upon itself. The case is not the
same as in a sheep buried in a snow
drift, or as in the famous case of Mar
tell's fat pig. These animals also feed
upon themselves, but their life goes on
at full blast, their breathing and their
other functions being hardly less active
than usual. Tho hibernator makes
fewer calls upon its husbanded re
sources. The great and incessantly
active muscle of tho heart is the only
tissue that needs to bo supplied with
force-producing material, although all
tho muscles get a share of the musele
food that is in the blood, and are in a
peculiarly, overcharged or irritable
state in consequence of having nothing
to spend their force upon. The grind
resource of the winter-sleeper is its
store of fat. It accumulates a quite
unusual amount of fat iu the summer
and autumn, and disposes it mostly in
certain interior deMsits, which are
abundantly provided with blood ves
sels. Now, in ordinary circumstances,
fat is of no use for living force and
heat unless there be plenty of fresh
oxygen constantly carried to it by tho
blood to burn it; it is like tho combus
tion of a candle, which can not go on
except iu the presence of air. Hut tho
sleeper does not breathe; the blood
carries no fresh oxygon from tho air to
tho fat or to any other tissue. Wo
require another kind of process
to convert the fat into force, or
into muscle-food for the -heart. The
explanation of this is found iu the veg
etable kingdom. Many seeds, and in
a less degree, some bulbs and tubers,
have their winter store partly in the
form of oil or 'fat; when they begin to
sprout in spring, the first change in
order to make the fat available for the
materials of growth is to have it con
verted into sugar and starch. That is
done by means of a ferment-action, or
change of state, the ferments being va
rious. Tho same subtle transforma
tion takes place in the winter-sleeper's
store of fat; if it depended upon burn
ing its fat in tho usual way, by con
stant supplies of fresh oxygen, it
would bo in the fatal position of hav
ing abundant, assets, but no means of
realizing them, lho liquidation of its
resources is effected by a subtle fer
ment action, which not only requires
no oxygen, but is actually most effect
ive when oxygen is excluded.
Aha now comes the strangest thing
in tho whole problem of winter sleep.
The animal goes into winter quarters
witha great store of fat and comes out
with its fat tissues all wasted, shriveled
and used up. On the other hand it
comes out of its sleep having lost little
or nothing in weight, and wit an
abundant store of anothor kind, which
has accumulated entirely while it was
asleep. Tho new store h:is accumu
lated at tho expense of the fat. or the
store of the latter has been slowly
changed into another store of a sul
stauce specially suited to feed the heart
all through the winter and to feed the
organism generally in the first days
after its awaking. This store is the
so-called hibernating gland. It follows
the same main lines of disposition as
the fat store, being a store tissue in
the proper sense of the term. It is of
the color of liver and is mostly packed
upon the back, between the shoulder
blades, sending extensions under the
collar-bones, and down into the chest
around the heart and tho great vessels,
and among tbe muscles of the aeck and
shoulders. It is as closely in contact
with the blood-vessels as the fat store
itself: the blood takes up the liquidated
asset from the latter and deposits
them in the former, whence they are
carried as they are wanted to feed the
heart during tbe long winter, and the
organism generally in the first days of
bestirring itself. No one has yet
chemically examined that derived or
secondary store into whicn the fat is
changed. But there is no doubt that it
is animal starch or sugar, just as ia
seeds the oils change into vegetable
starch and sugar. Animal starch or
sugar is the proper food of muscle:
it is the food that the heart has re
quired the whole winter long to keep
it going as an unceasing muscular
force-Dumn. and what remains of th
store X large quantity) is quickly
used up by the other muscles when the
hibernator begin to be lively, aad in
producing the sudden increase of in
ternal heat which the wakiag state de
mands. All the hiberaators have that
peculiar gland or store of aaimal starch,
and some aairaals have it which are
not winter sleepers in the strict sease.
The aaunals that have it are those
that ltvia holes tndcrgrouad. with
little air, aad go abroad at night. A
j special provisioa suitad to their habits
has been turned to account by sotae of
them so as to enable thesa to pass the
whole winter ia profound staea. with-,
at food and without air. It is oae of
the strangest chapters ia the
ef nature. Oddly eagh tt
so ach disregarded by aatnraliste aad
years that hardly one modem text
book gives a dozen lines to it, and
even Ihirwin haa made hardly any use
of this general habit of the lower ani
mals, and of some of the higher, among
his charming illustration? of the ani
mal economy. London Standard.
HOME GOVERNMENT. I-
Some Rcffret !! Features of the Present
A few years ago Frank IS. Stockton
wrote an essay on "The Training of
Parents." which, although semi-satirical,
had in it a substratum of whole
some truth. Kriefly stated, his argu
ment was that a great change had
taken place in the constitution of the
family, especially in the United States;
that the child had usurped the former
prerogative of the parent, and, there
fore, that it was time for us to recog
nize the altered condition and to give
to the children of the present day as
sistance and counsel m the judicious
training of their parents.
Among the rules suggested for the
government of parents the primary
proposition was that filial control
should begin in the first years of
parental life, when the minds of the
parents would bo in a pliant and mold
ablo condition. If it should become
necessary to punish a parent the child
must not forget tho importance of
tempering severity with mercy; that
once having taken the reins of govern
ment in hand it must never resign
them, but const mtly keep a guiding
and controlling power over both the
father and tho mother. Iu fact, all the
old-fashioned rules that were supposed
to bo applicable to the training of chil
dren were u-ed as illustrations, the
sum of advice to children being: Train
up a parent in tho way ho should go.
and when you are old you will know
how to go that way yourself.
Allowing for the humorous exag
geration of Mr. Stockton, it can not bo
denied that tho deference paid to-day
by many parents to the wishes and
opinions of their children has often a
serious eiTcct upon their mental and
moral growth, anil is directly respon
sible not only for parental disappoint
ment but also for heavy sorrow. The
Puritan sternness at one time in vogue,
the loveless and repellant character of
the creed, the constant iteration of
duty and the curbing of every inno
cent and joyous emotion, simply in
cited a longing to break such irksome
bonds; and when the opportunity to do
so offered itself the other extremo was
renrh'd. .".'id Hens too!: the place of
repression. And yet it may be ques
tioned if this "keeji-otT-the-grass"
method of training was more hurtful
than that which either looks upon a
child as a delicate exotic, too refined
and tender to be brought into contact
with the lest favored mortals, or oNo
abandons all efforts at control, consol
ing itself with the well-worn reilection
that the child can take care of itself.
Of these two methods the latter
seems to be the most popular. Tho
feeling of independence and self
assertivencss that is characteristic of
the average American mind is too much
relied upon. It is presumed that tho
let-alone policy will stimulate this
spirit; whereas, on the contrary, the
natural result is to bring into existence
a foaling of disregard for the rights of
others and an ohtrusivencs and a
hardness which speedily degenerate
into the worst type of selfishness. Iu
the streets, iu stores and hotels, on
street and railroad cars and steam
boats, there can be daily seen the out
come of such pernicious training, tho
mo--t regrettable feature of the matter
being that the parents seem completely
indifferent, or else lend a tacit approval
to that which thoughtful people lck
upon with alarm. Pertness is consid
ered to be preciH-ity. rudeness is simply
youthful exuberance, while selfishness
is held to be nothing but an indication
of a progressive business spirit which
will hold its own and not allow itself
to le cheated out of its just due.
Never has the cultivation of the
graces of oledience, resect. rever
ence, manliness and womanliness been
more profoundly needed than now.
These graces lie at the root of all good
social intercourse. Like mercy, they
are twice blessed: wherever they radi
ate they illumine and beautify. Lot
us try to cultivate such virtue- in our
children. -Philadelphia Record.
. Iteteetlve Ment to a Penllentinry to
Worm m Secret Out of a Convict.
One of Piukerton's men told me of a
little experience in Ohio which has a
"I was called into the office aloiit a
month ago.' he said, "and told to re
port to Akron, where I would receive
instructions. No details were given. I
arrived at Akron and was told my
business, which was to bo sent to the
penitentiary, where I would be confined
in a cell with a man who was doing tea
vears. I was to find out the name of
the convict's accomplice. Though I
didn't half like the job. my hair was
cut and my mustache shaved off. and I
was put in a cell with the legend
Fouryears and a Half over the door.
The second day a keeper came aloag
and marched me out to the stone-breaking
pile, and I was given a hammer to
pound up rock. I was kept at work,
too. and treated just the same as the
others. This lasted two days, and
then another keeper watched me for a
a time, and at last broke out to one of
the guards. That awn is too big and
burly to work on that small rock. Take
him up where some of the big ones ara,'
I wanted to refuse, but I couldn't. I
bad to go up and wield a ten pound
breaker, and that night I was almost
fit for a hospital- I was at the. big
stones for five days, and was Nearly
dead. The man I was to pump was
almost dumb about himself, aad I ba
rn to believe that I would really have
to serve the four years aad a half or
confess myself beatea: but on the tenth
sight he gave me my iaformslisw Yaw
caa bet I was thankful aaa teniae
ifcaatiarr as iovful as If I had
real convict pardoned out. Being
aoved because I hadn't bee
tfcn nature of the iebvwaea I
theoSeellaiddwwa my report
aay rwigaatio. Ws it accsa.sar I err. -BM
WelL. Evary bedy thwaght tt was I ..Sciesrtisis agre the k is
isubsvbbM. asja i. s- was smsmsar i t - a ta
f. - . -. wv m 1 wsbb m w -
HAZING IN COLLEGES.
It la as Mfi in Frmale Cullex as OM
Could Well Itraclne.
Human natur is very much the same
in all institutions of learning, and tirt-
vear students who venture to be too
I presumptuous are usually disciplined
by their upper classmates. It makes
j no difference whether they are attend- ' nians who have never b.en in New
inga college for the development of Kngland would go wild with' delight
I foot-ball players and crack oartmeu. over the "Old Homestead." Hut to
or are cultivating the graces of danc- ' people who h:c visited and are farall
, ing, music and needlework in an insti- ' iur with that corner of the Uniunl
tution where the sterner sex is no: ad-
mttted. I he fresh girl is treated very
much the same as the freshman. hen
a young miss enters a board ir-ir-sehool
ahe generally thinks sho owns the half
of the world which does not belong to
her strapping brother who i- just ma
triculating at college. He sports a
high hat and carries a bag and cane,
and the same spirit prompts her to
climb into high-heeled shoes and don
a sealskin sacque and wear a bustle.
In such a case the yoath is put through
a course of sprouts by the maturing
sophomore, and the same thing must
be done to her of the bustle to mold
the giddy girl into something liUo
This is how it works. The young
lady of fifteen determine- to wear a
sealskin coat, although such articles
are prohibited by tho sophomore girls
of tho college. A sealskin fight fol-
i :... .,. ... ... .
s jusis naturaiiy as a c me ru-u.
It would not do to tear up ealtl:in
promiscuously, so when the young lady
wants to appear defiant she dons an
imitation seal-skin, sometimes made of
cheese-cloth, and parades before her
irate elders. Then the fun commences.
Half a hundred young Amazons pounce
on her, screaming and shouting, and
the way that imitation seal-s-'cin is
ripped and torn would sham1) a tloek
of vultures. Within two minutes tho
sacque has lost all resemblance to a
neat fitting garment, and the victorious
-ophomore girls go on parade, each
decked with a sort of imitation seal
High-heeled shoes meet with much
the same treatment. Hut the glory of
the female college shines brightest iu j
the bustle light. It's a bold, tirst-cla-s
girl that will wear a bustle before sho
has1 aged a year in college. Hut now
ind then some warlike Hoadicea de
termines to take to herself that article
which has been likened to 'nuumku:
tured to-back-her." Sho purchases
one of abnormal size, and once arrayd
in it, starts forth to onset. The bag
fight, the hat fight, the cane fight are
nothing to the slaughter that follows.
She's torn by finger nails, crushed,
scratched and pinched until the bu-tlo
yields and is made into a football. As
the girl draws off for a breathing spell,
theiegoes floating off in the breeo
tresses of hair shaded all the way from
Auburn to Schenectady. Hut the re
sult of this harsh treatment is that tho
fresh girl is no longer fresh. She gives
up her lien on a large section of tho
globe, and is not thereafter head and
shoulders abovo her mates. Some
times fresh girls receive a different
kind of treatment. One method is for
the sophomores to summon them to a
feast, the viand-of which arocooked bv
soptiomore hands. Imagine the misery
f such dining. Hut the eiviliition
of the nineteenth century is driving
out those middle ago horrors. Phila
Kiutnple Set to Ills Countrymen by
Time was when the life of lr. Frank
lin was considered a stock book to pre
sent, to young men starting out in life,
whatever their business. Hut of lato
years I suppose it has been considers!
as rather behind the age. Indeed,
many not very familar with the subject
are apt to think of him something in
the light of that public shaker, not
over friendly to Puritan traits, who
spoke of him as "the incarnation of the
New England character -hard, calcu
lating, angular, incapable of conceiv
ing of any higher object than the ac
cumulation of money."
So often, impulsive, gencrous-ln'arted
youth i- apt to look upon thrifty max
ims of close economy and steady in
dustry ius rather "old fogy" iu their
days, as something narrowing and
hardening to nature.
It is true that Franklin's teachings
in this line impressed thenwlves
deeply on the age in which he lived,
and they have come down to us in a
straight line these hundred years, and
become no unimportant part of the
warp and woof of tho nation's history.
No doubt the "pattern" would be
greatly marred, if not the very fabric
itself, if his influence, direct or in
direct, could ! wholly eliminated.
Yet his careful "taking care of penee''
did not make him hard or unsympa
thir.ing. or deaf to appeal- on hi gen
erosity. Indeed, his very care of the
pence enabled him to dispense with a
generous hand to those who had a
claim upon him. It was not very mer
cenary in him to buy a hou-e in Bo-tos
for his poor old -ister Jane, and -end
in every fall enough money to lay in a
plentiful store of fuel and food. And
yet from the midst of the gay French
court he took time to write her such
funny, cheery letters that she aid the
pleasure they gave her "made, ever
his great precnts but a eondarj
joy." His thrift and economy had nof
soured his disposition; but, dpitehb
home-made blue stockings, his genial
spirit made for him a welcome In th
highest court circles. Indeed, his faith
fulness to a friend often exceeded whal
we should esteem a wie prudence,
giving even half of the year's incotiK
to help a poor fellow who was hi com
panion in London, whom he loved with
all his faults. It did not show a verj
mercenary spirit to give his thr
years salary of six rbou.-aad pounds t
works for the public good: nor would
a very stingy man have taken the In
terest he did ia his journeymen, ausj
of whom he setup labuaiaessv
Hi old priaciples f sturdy ecaaess
aad diligcx.ee ia basis emi are the bul
warks of the nation's prosperity still.
aad it will help say yeaC
make them a sbjct of fsithral stad j
aad careful thought. America Grs
THE OLD HOMESTEAD.
A Pleasant Pirture of Genuine V
glaail Country Life.
If people can appreciate and enjoy
the "Merchant of Venice" and the
"Gunmakerof Moscow" without having
-.. - --r.
j sojourned in Italy or Ku-sia. It is fair
to assume that the Itali'in and Kus-
, States, the nlav i- somothrbir not to bo
forgotten. The chief beauty of It is it
truenes. to life and character in New
KntrLind: sun! it l doubtful If the ec-
New Kuglauder cm look at It without j
becommg so enthusiastic that hL- ac
tions will batray tho pla "j of his birth.
We all have boon there. Wo remem
ber the old hogshead out of which wo
dipped water, and sometimes ice. in
tiie old tin hand-ba-in, and how we put
it on it lH'tieh. aad washed our hands
with convuon o.ip that too off tho
dirt, skin and all.
And we remember the long, sloping
meadow full of bobolinks -that filial
the air with a hay cent that thrilled
us with joy. and which many a perfume
manufacturer ha- tried iu vain to catch,
for you can't bottle the spirit of a New
Kngland meadow. Under the haystack
was a jug of iivkchel. that mi le mlnir
sweeter sveeter th m it would have
; ,.,. wjlhMt iu And. looking at old
J(v,hua Wliltcomb. we faucv we a,Min
J hwp thtf lllnjlor.horil. Jlll(l i r,..,,un,0
,u..ul f)p th u,(, f.vrm.hmiHO for a illu.
j ,Kr of mi;jt j u. ulCt. aml
lo , w.lsjUM, ,,ow, wIll tou lhal
i tasted as though painted green,
j Tho-e were dear old days that
Jo-hua Whitejiub brings back to us.
I when we tat and Watched our old
grandfather sharpen M r.uor on the
snmfe palm that hn used when perform
ing that office for the scythe. His
hand was so hard that ho could crush
walnuts by closing it on them, and he
could hold a red-hot pinto longer than
any woman iu the land. Wo remember
how he kept one eye on his faco when
j he shaved, and he us id the other to
see that the oxen itidn t wander into
the orchard opposite. It is a long
time since we have seen him: but ho
comes back to us with his peaceful old
smile, and we see him :i table wanting
a piece of pie. and fearing to take it on
account of his dy-popsin. yet wanting a
piece all the same.
We see tho old sitting-room, with
tho hair-covered sofa that no one would
dare fall asleep upon for fear of falling
off. It was so slipjwry that when you
burst into a hearty laugh ou had to
take a firm hold to keep from sliding
off on the floor. It would bo impos
sible to remain on it during a chill, un
The frames around this room con
tained pictures. Imt tho pictures wero
not works of art. either in spirit or ex
ecution. The chromo of the bald
headed infant sucking the muzzle of a
revolver, and "Washington at Home."
still hanir iu our motnorv. And tho
nights of eoni-popping before the upon
tiro! How we kept one hand over our
face to keep off the intense heat, and
held the old spider over the logs with
the other, i- a thing never to 1 for
gotten. Our hair almost -in god, mid
our knuckles popped like the corn, for
the corn actually popped.
Then there wero the hourly trips
out through the snow for an armful of
wood. The wood was always -y thickly
crusted with ice and snow that it al
most put the fire out. and froze our
fingers so still that we were afraid to
warm them at tho fire for fear they
would melt. ,
The rag carpet is -till on tho floor,
and every member of the famih can
wander b:u:k for years In it. bocau It
l- made up of wedding drew-. army
uniforms. Sunday clothe-, ovurco.tt
and shawls. It is a carpet of biogra
phies, and every -trip rvpreont a
memory. We -till s the old hob in it
near tho door, in which thy visitor
foot might catch and tos- him into tho
bo-om of the family head-fir-L
We again climb up the rickety old
stairs to the garret lodriKm with tho
green papor curtains, tho eorn-huk
h-sl. and the che-t of drawer, filial
w ith apple-. The nrn i -o cold that
we jump under the cnmfnrtnblo- with
our clothe- on. and undro-s in lod afWr
we have warmsl it. And when tloi
wind shake-the hou-o In the night, it i' ' , ..
... . ,. , . ,i tbe r-lgn of (Jl-itmifto. t. i
comes in through tho broken pane and f. . u. t.. . lw.
plays weirrl raeb-die1 In the imnrhe ff
sago and reI jwpp-rs suspanded over
Again wo gohead-fir-tinto the,wim
ming hide and drift alxntt among the
lily pad in quest of pickerel. And In
the green and fragrant -pring woclirab
among the blos-oras to rob bird nt:
and we make wry faor a we gulp the
unpleasant mt-i. All th green field.
and old-fashioned flowers. ani rryiital
brooks, and shady orchards w? ever
knew come lu-k. and cera bnghtor
than ever with !unhinc. and loveiirr
with ong. a we watch tho-s -hiftlrf
sceneii of the "Old Ho-mestead;" and
the -quoakiag of tbe fiddle and thi
-latter of happy feet make as thiak
ar-elvc back In the hrart of New
England, and not in the hariy-bariy of
Oeorge'a Timely Interruption.
"No. tieorge." faltered the maid..
"I fear it caa not be Tmirn yon as
a gentleman. I rrrpet yeua a friend,
Laura." he oxclaiased. "beoseya
pass entesce hear me out. A reevat
luckr stroke ia basiecstr ha eaabjod
rae to bay baaatlfal beam est Pralri
aveane. which hall be ia jc-sr mat.
I will la-nj.-s- By lL'e for t.tO. aad
-George,"" calmly Interpo-i th
lorely giri. "jots isterrupted ac I
tM about to aaj thai tbe eatisacnU f
respect sad ealesm I fed for ye.
thoogh so stroag. are feeble ia b
parise with th lor. vakb
which I which J hr !x dva't.
For George had laasTTspttd her
agal. Caieag Trimta.
TW ilagblsst re at! Irs r steal
i rail ii Qml9
sasT ssj I
tstiaf s-jsafiiKi f
H-w (he tausurr ! Xtu UH-
ires !.su of Their AHuwnee-
"I have only an allou nice Of 10 a
u-ek for pocket mono;.," said tho
of a daughier millionaire In a confiden
tial moment the other day. "lnpn ha
s.:ch an id-w of money, you know, and
he thinks lam wtdly extravagant to
spend that stn.ill amount ott oandie.
tlowers. novels and theater llckeU.
Mamma order ail ray clothing, you
know, and so. of course, I do so: Imvo
to buv nav thing that 1 really need."
To many a jomig girl 10 a weok
would seem surt'etcient tor pevet
monev. and. indeed, how many hun
dnds of pretty and clexor (
there who can not earn more
amount even by working hard each
day of tho week' Hut tho averago
fa-hiouahlo ivlety girl ha- so many
demands on her purse that $10 docs not
I: Is said that Jay Gould very gener-ou-ly
allow- hi-daughter $"-V d with
this Mio not only -uppltes her own lit
tle wallet, but give to most of the
small ohm hies.
1 Cornelia- Vanderbllt and Klliot t.
Shepard allow t-ach of their -lv ohil-
dren a certain amount of pocket money
I each month, and they are all roqulrod
to keep oa-h account- and prr-nt
them to their jupa- the tirt of each
month Tne amount- arc not large,
and are given more to make tho littlo
millionaires undor-tand tho value of
money than aught elo.
Willie K Vandorhtll'- three childron
am allowed plenty ot money, but nro
lined heaxily for all misdemeanor.
They dine iu a pretty little nmm adja
cent to the great dining nloon, and if
a tmy drop of nn coffee, milk or w Ine
I- spiled on the -tiow cloth tho of
fender i lini'd '2't cent for each offoii-e.
A gia-s of water knocked or or a
dl-h lot fall on tho floor bring- a lino
of M cent- to the culprit, and all tho
fines go to tho Foreign and Humo Mis
sion "What do I do with my '- a Mivk""
asked an onh daughter of a Fifth
avenue millionaire, when nkd tho
que-lion. "Well, not alwa th -nine
thine- Iji-1 week I -pent ery cent
of it on a lovo new p.-iraol. lo carry
at a coaching parade, ami then nftor
alt my trouble It poured rain. I gen
erally purchase my flower- you Unow
I mu-t have a froh corao cluster of
violet- eery day and the rot a dol
lar a cluster.
"Then bonlMtii-. s i Kin, rhoco!atnnd
those little trille-eonio tonlMiut '. and
a couple of matinee Meketx. to; for my
old women at the Itotuo for lho Ai;vJ.
new musie and pjpnr- eat up the reu
I am fearfully short sometime, and I
draw in ndauM and forg t to pay
back, don't you know ' Papa u-ed to
allow in- so much o ry quarter for
my wrdroln and mnld. but I m nl
way-In deep water. Now lorderwlial
I want and have the bills nt to hi n."
"1 do nut think that the w-oilthlo-l
New Yorkers are more than llem' In
allow lag poe-'it mono to their dnujf liter-."
s'tbl tho principal of a faehto n
blo uptown -ehool "My pupi! ar.
mo-, of them, daughter of million,
aire-, and et thoy have -eldont enousb
for their many little waul-. It I- wi
dow, not meantios- on tho pari of th
pan nts. I think " N. Y. sn.
ST. JOHN AT PA TWOS
Hhrtq Hie rller of lite .lat.,n
timplle I III. I. real Wutk.
Commentator-aro at ariane with
is'trnnl to tho exiw t time of St .fohti'
exile at Pntmr-. An olM"Mn iret;
theolocian. with the iir to arranging
certain jwutit- of tb-tall In tho -.ok n
K'VeliiUon. -la'eil the thM-y thai St.
John was exiled in tho rotyn of Dotni
tian. 1j A. l.; but thl. b tho tNinxoi.
u- of tnislern opinion. In lx.si bold
to le impo'blo. and all commentator
nro now agrt that th writer of the
Itevelatlon was in xllo ami complied
hi work --twHi awl fK j ,
which l. of ooiirrt. mro oom(u1
with the probable - of the writer of
uieh a work. Tho rnarkabo aettvlty
of tho vidcano Thorn during tho flrt
Century of the I'hrl-tijin era l rolaled
to u by many oluteal writer. I'llny
tolls us that an Ulnhl. Phla. or lllru.
wa- fortni-:! by an eruptoi in li s. f .
under tho Vmi!hlp of Maree
Juniit Miami- and LmHi lUlhtJ
Several autlwir agroo In r4ali
.Um mmm.V,.. ...r.4M ,t- nlc.v. Im
IF. J4., VI, -. ..."-r-...- .lHf.n -
Victor and Kj.'iUi. whii another
larg- i-Iand was al form-!, nasi tht
an ev-lij- of th nnH Mrn,' ply-
the moment of tho csataciym Iekt-
galia. in hi- hl-tory of tho tftkm c"w" " '7 ve.l JI-v,.
of Santorfn. H . n ti auUtorttj ' rwcjfo4 rtvway fe4. down u. tK
of George f -yngoS$o. that $n an nj j "W. Ihth at J1 boar- f -Tr !
Hon la O) a. t . "Ud Karat UUnd wa nrve o-n i lriUL .'lan.llo
lncreawd by a ca;9 an which fow Vnew'e-j or wAlt-P In ti a-e
:aad the ChuroJi of .- Nbjnol J dr-i (nr ratb-r urrj awrtll
O! th tnrlon Uto omptioa w ht, in;rir ln, rtAtir womtrtt Jm)fifm
of rmr. roh tnor- rraphfe ao- rhvlV o t to a-J aftrrw,.
count, all of hs-h appear V, haTejdry hm io th- srrv-jJia? Wsh
)rn very-imlUrtcthrirm. Tho j Th- iado-tri wrfr5tr r Xhit
boxt on reonnl m In TJ a t.. la tho .,.. ,j, .irlklaa; plnr ri,
rlgn of . th f-.-Jran th- nt In ( fa trt a lt- strl. .-.T ar
1 MX. theti In U7i 1't 1707. aed 1-C$. mHr!ij W.a-ir ttmx. tuH
rr-jctlTely Ta- aorost. at thal lala .Jltht inmutl- Oy j$.
Utr emptioss r of o,r. nr- J J 3 aW tA be It t.
reliable. A UI r. wr jr-y. J yuA W ek ds-pr U,r
b-tter Uir cosjprlair with th- vwmJ lf 7f ral f J ..
in tbe Hereupon. Th -ru?l j rr-tfs m v U tferrJl ,j
ITW 4. t. which oir!Jjt o- ,a,. 5r jbr rmlm ,tir!r .
ctoxat w , givon by 3L IMda. tW WWrbM ii. pereia,, a rL
fcoxb-h Coaatar Agent at Mtra. I !r x3Um i IklmL
lasli for s-t y-r. with esoro or ti pth d iw or
W, lutssllv, white th- Uim fsyiUm f. j t Ut--. , UZL,
f l-wWeeo-RarSaaayfljr-lly sw asvwj C JL
b-e My ihi lik- ,-.,-, ansa-, J M tlgh eaxh w w f
of lit prede-K-a. hastsS Jar Untr j t-
tosu-s. Thx we stAy weij snsiwi.
frosc th evjilosce given ssbytJi ? e
sseatStT&ed athonix that Tbera m
iaa staio of art4I eajwt fuHg
tic greaV- jawt t lb rt msJary f
oar era. ts4 owtiietJy iiJ te a
eosvaicoea aaai o-iairiar awt
darisg the wLk perki at M.- Jba'a
etu la Pti. Ni;e'is Cvtatrjr.
Mr, AL TV& I tm smeig
Urrih!e&teUje-v. But ra y k-r
jileat abort OT Mrs. l'rk CaastW
I aaswre ye- am&Af - Imsts a
frs sua. Mra- fwr-f jr said m
a Mlim Naiisass.
M, aad 1 ssras'i rst
P.:tlsTypHty of '&V &"
er?t of prrerviajf oar bcau'y TV A
hired girl believe thU -rW.o (r-
Olive - -I do nofthlafc I am ptlt
raysetf thi- evening." , Joannette -"Allow
nut to cousratitlatcj you.
AnylHHly can tellyoti what totaki
tor a cough. Th man who ui om
one hat not ytt appearwd. - N. O.
An oxjvrlmonl ncently made Iu
Scotland proves th-u th tortoUo can
walk t naile t four hour- V henj
i:Irls are j pared with th boy who deUv'rmr
thau that ' evl from the store the tortols !
tlse on him. Datralt Jrar rrsss,
-She was decorating hr rvsun with
picture, and he perched her aw-
twad's picture on th topfftmi ai;
then 'iheaat dow to admlr" her work,
and remarked, quietly. "Now inory
thing l lovely, and lh .'WC hauii'
-luralcy (who-o credit Is not tlr-t-ebv)
"I -ay. Hrown, can you l'nd m
IU for a few day-?" Hrown .(rvhicl
cutly pulling out a roll of bllM "lr
'pot I'll hatnto.Ptimtoy." Iumloy
- -Thank. Von e'in to have nJtxtty
of monev. old fellow." Hrown "V. I
' ,sm ! hviuor money than brnlns "
j -N Y. Sun.
-I notice In tho paper." said Mr
j llarraok-. touring out Mr. H-irmoVo
ooffeo. "that a Hrookhn e!orgvm.n
alhnt women hould N jerintttotl
to whistle " "Yes." retorted Mr. Har
raeks. agreeably. "I In U right- Wo
should iMitvty not deny to woman a
privilege wo accord to lug b.t and
locomotives," ltnrM'r'j Hatnr
Whero L-irdoni Aro Full. -Young
Tramp "!.ot' break into th kitdou
j of that big houo lo-ttiiflit, and gU
Mimothtng to oat." Old Trump- "We
! wouldn't find muh there. Them folkn
put on Uh much -tylo (Sit Into the
Vitohen o steady.goln. old-fahlon-l
folk- of er want tor strike a banqtioU
-N. Y tVe'kly.
Tom "f dreamed at nltfhl that
I h.-ul died " Hcirry -"That wutr
talnly a itiifct horrible) droain." Toiu
"Hut there waatlil more horrible
experience eotoicM-Wsl rltblu" llnrry
"IndoesJ What wit trM Tom -"l
hal to road tho obituary jswotr) that
-onto well moaning IhiI unpooifon
friend w rol4 alwmt m"
- An Auguttn toro Genial and jo.
oo- pisiprlotor. Ktitor lady. "1 ,Mr.
A. in" "Ho ! imU mad'ain." "!
you know when ho will Ui tn?" "I do
not." "Will I fltid him at hU hou? U
I call t hero"" "Doot take tht for
an inlollloetico oftt-, miMlam? nk-t
the proprietor. "Not after I hnik at
your faeo. ilr." and lho dor "laninM-J
after a wllbo feminine form. - Ao-gu-ta
(Jfo. ) Journal
'Hiut dollotoiim and JuJoy fmit, tb-
oranee. 1- often refntln-d from In com
panj loauo "U ). mit hard ti oal It
graodiilly " In U itntlro haunt H I
iiinnagett thu- In Havana tho itronjfn
U MrriNt m hole on the table, pooled
low u to the juioy "meat of the frlt,"
a ttd yutt prtont th gMn lnll ii jttir
lip- on lho prong- of a fork. A lnrt)
ian fnhiin i- tootit tlT orBiigo Ih hW
aad las H Juloo til )Hilp to lho
ui'Hith with f teajrfti,
Mi !rah'n, nld Uto jvun-.'
man. "I have trae-l to ytm tho tury
that I have Iwwti dlrurc-t fiMtrUs-n
J t:no- and nrn td efiu-n for onw-4
j ty U my Klfo. ami I would Hko an n.
I'tnan.nir. -.or mhim. j aai inr
talnly oMotuide.) Tho iay ttr i
hao tW alniut ym aUAy 1 wt ytn
nfnnil mo Jat Ihtir-ltty Oiat yoi
ImoI Jh1 b"u xngacod " ".V I a,-k
you whro yri inoulioae. lial
"Why, oortalnty: It ri at lho Pf-fclajj?
aftertwn wlng oirolo. -Tlirio
(d. Iliineor (patrtiltlaaty')
"Ah. Ml 'iraon. oi handlo i,o rH,.
I'i wtiMlorfuily ijnlt-r a vmH af
or rny own bonri. I InhoHt a yr id
hor-.aod. j,m know My father th
GoooraJ. -,, .ip-rb Uidm drir-r
In M tim " ifj Gree (cabnfy)
' e. I haro io-ari! of tb ferrr,
mrir oort la driving" -Aht may
I - how you- ?' Ml Gr-.- .
Woll. yn . emijilmn UM mnv! It. '
5h" i often a paMn?f-r la l oil
li drawn t-y lio first Usvfrm lriir
bj wr Lithor."
mt-t tj4 m4 H'
llo lan4rj of Sl&mjua' oapL and
i hr" hr. UtrrtnUrtu f.,.iw)
A Uk- wtkmr; ratrisg b a
tram -sUeM of 11t i awrfrvfca 4
Sfty. e sasy saw n t-rjWe
tK-, hs 4t Xsrw twrk
Ui ciiVAiM cUr w4 tarn 'Ji hti
ad rxy. t . M Jj iftWtrf.
W Um l-y.4rl avrt.
Tbassgb 1h WkrU y--. -..
1 karsjara4 vm syutrsad UUim'U
! a4 IWU. 3r vJL
SwtS-ry mHad r-4UJ
a --ra JaSaswisat bava &
anaw asarar - - 4
bmhv ibs sssaw asarawaas-a
aaawaasaws. Mkaask. , .
asjysasjwa m ii ana . a. q - . .-
teL . -22
L .-- "" -S
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