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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 11, 1889)
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k. -mfk wrsjtu
e to the:
A ftettefectorx Flnaaelal CeuuUn Weeds
aw Growth T the atata sUdlrea
UKUattM-AMMHiMt MMI Tax
ation Klgid feesear Urged.
ivcraor Thayer In his message to the Leg
ate gives a review of the financial condi
tion of the Bute, which be finds very satlsfac-
lory. The balance In the treasury In Novem
ber. 18-0, was tM4.Stt.7G; receipts in two years,
C4.S3i.M8l St: disbursements in two years.
H,244.-iW, and balance ta the
treasury November 39. 1688, &9&g&.72.
The assessed valuation of the taxable prop
erty cr the State in 18H7 was C.,5(K.acc.i5,
teiBS an increase of tJG,S73,G! 74 as compiaaVI
tue assessment of lfHG. Tlic akscssmiBapi
cavc tUe valu-5 of the property ofthe Suae
lor th6 purpoE.es of taxation at SI70.01 .820.43,
giving a total .increase for two years of '31,'tKl.--MU
i. The rate of taxation fcr Stale purifies
for the j cir 1HS7 was 8 J mills, and for the year
Ib-'W, "54 mills on each dollar valuation, and
there has been collected during that time the
sum of li.28ym.ffl.
Appropriations asked for the operating ex
penses of the State Government to March 31,
IfcSl, and for additional improvements as esti
mated by heads of respective iieiurtmcnts or
the State Auditor, and by the heads of public
Institutions, arc estimated at a total of te.KM.
ifi.r,7. This, us compared with the estimates
or two years ago. Is an increase of WG.7-.55 8l.
This 'increase is easily acrountcd for when we
consider the growth of the State, new Institu
tions, etc These estimates cover the furnish
ing and the running expenses for the next two
jean of the new Institutions created by the
Legislature of two years ago and for the new
buildings now asked for.
THE UNION PACIFIC.
Coemor Thayer refers to the report of the
Attorney General, wherein the latter advises
that the pending Union Pacific bill be opposed in
Congress, saying: "The only fair method of
solving this great Union Pacific problem is to
declare the road insolvent and to order the same
sold for cash, and the Stale could control it."
The Governor says he is not equal to the
task of adjudicating this great question,
and sajs: "I submit this matter to your honor
able body without making the recommendation
proposed, for the reason that I am not clear
that the extreme measures advocated by him
are the ones to afford the necessary relief, but
on the contrary I fear more disastrous conse
quences to the Government ir they should Iwj
adopted. Myonnjud ment I adverse to such
a rt common lation. Furthermore, CongrcHi
has the supreme and only control of the whole
subject, and at this very time that body has it
The Governor refers to a United States Su
preme Court decision which alllnns tii.it a cor
poration like the Union l'aclllr. although it tn.iy
be a creature of the National Government,
jet it is still subject to taxation and
the laws of the State through which
it mjy pass. "Sustained by this deci-duti, I
am utterly averse to any attion'of ours which
t-h.ill concede the absence of jurisdiction on the
part of the State. That policy should be adopted
and vigorously pursued In connection with this
road which will lcst promote and protect tho
rights and Interests of the Government and the
people. Tho kind or settlement which the
Union Pacific makes with the Government doe
not interest the people of Nebraska nearly as
much as tho question of lower and reasonable
Iti regard to this he says: "Thl principle,
this righr. must Im asserted and maintained
namely, that no higher schedule of rates t-hall
eist in Nebraska than prevails in Kansas or
loua. crmlicr Stales. The l!o ird or Transpor
tation now posses-eh full power. If. however,
anv thing is wanting, it should be given th'-m."
Ho favors the adoption of a Constitution il
amendment providing for the election of the
Hoard of Transportation by the people.
A well regulated mlltiia system is advocated
In order to preserve order.
The ninth annual reiKirtof tho Hoard of Uc
jrcnts of the University presents a concise
ttlulcmcnl of the affairs of tills institution,
which appear to Iks in a prosjcrous condition.
It nas made rapid growth in ev-ry department,
wive in the medical branch, which was sus
pended in 1M7. The number ot students has
been Increasing regular y. The enrol
the term just closed shows li
v.,- L . Ldr 2Ssats in different nor-
Tawand arXTte. froa
c ... ..fc-r'n . . ..
to8TTtnreKUlarstandln In thcLn
Wam,rurther cxatnln.uioii. npnn t
M without "" im Tli rein
J T" tlion or int:r , - ........,..
-- University ana mu imumic kwi -
lwecni i h wl ultlroaioly prove or great benellt
one ' and to our jwmg men and women
xo -"nrin" to them the opportunity of prepjr
f themselves for a full 1'niver-dty etiucation.
'riio University library contains about eleven
""" escai-im: taxation.
In rcc"1 to ,llt" ',,1,, r "Mintles to ecapc
jntioii the Governor thinks there Is just com
plaint and calls attention to the report of the
auditor whoso recommendations lie indorses.
Tho assessed valuation or all property in the
State for thcearl, vvai:o."12.tO.2S. while
if uroperty had been assessed at its true vului
this amount would havelven ten times as large.
Prafts have licen received from the treasury of
ihe United State, one for f 7.1'M 07. the other
Jfr.i.u'il Ti'.i, which wens paid over to the State
Treasurer. These funds were found to le due
liio St"te for the tire per cent, of the sales of
the public lands.
In rogard to the public lands of the State the
Governor say: The report ofthe Commissioner
or rublic I-ands and Ilulldings furnishes n large
nmoiiiit or valuable information in regard to
the different institution and iropcrtiesof the
State. esjecially in regard to the school lauds
und funds. The tabulated statement shows
that the number of acr, s granted and confirmed
to the Stato for educational purposes Is
2.NS4,:SH acres: 1C2.0 !. have been
deeded, leaving a balance of S.7X3tii3l
iicros, title which is yet vested In tho Stato
There are now under contract or sale G3!,M4.1fi
acres, nnd under lease contract, 1.47,iaMii
acres, ami CV..411 1'J acres that have not jet
been leased or sold. The increase in the per
manent school fund in the last two jearshas
been about 13 4-5 ikt cent. There is now in
Testcd in United States securities and regis
tered county bonds the sum of fM'tvC.li:. 3 . un
paid principal on sale t4.4.XUS .II. and cash on
band in the treasiny f-'ftVO- 1". making a grand
total or the crmanent fund of fri.S32.7tS.UV.
lursnant to an act of the Legislature approved
March 31. IR?. the board of educational lands
ordered a reappraiscment of the unsold educa
tional lands in about thirty counties. From
the return receivrd a marked increase in value
is shown, being more than double that of former
The reportof theStateSuperintendentof Pub
lic Instruction shows the school to be in a very
prosperous condition. The total amount con
tributed for public education for the jear just
closed reached the sum of 126.96.36.199G an in
crease of WW.-! over the amount of the pre
Mousyear. The value of chool property is re
ported at $3.1 A179 for lr f4.77 llK for
lss7, and H.Sfl.317 for lss Tho total attend
ance of t upil has increased from lVl.tSX in ls4V
toStSsiMnlS. In Ish. there were t graded
aud partially graded city and town schools. In
isv; 24-t such schools are regu
larly reported to the State Superintendent.
The condition of the permanent school fund
is as follows:
Cash on hand Novemb rSlS....8 ?.6St.79
United States bonds la.ftU.ro
County bonds l,i. UMM
State fuadii'g bonds H. 67.35
Claims in Attoniey-Generals hands 5.0.7j
lkila-.ce due on notes from tale of
school lands .!ST,.vt.4l
J' Tow a"1"' -
flv, public institution or the State is more de-
.. .. ... ,
insr nt the fostering care of th Li isJatrtre
hn th State Normal school located at lent.
r.....isi1ni it was found necessary to en
large materially the Normal school luiiUisg in j
.miortomcct a rapidly increasing Rttendancc
and to give such facilities for tho education ad
training of tho tca-hers. as were demanded by
the growing importance of our sciioots.
The ncgregate attendance for the last two
...,.,Cfti-. Thrre were graduated from tie
.elementary and advanced department 11 teaca
i'..u. nil nt whom are now engaged as in
Kroctors in the schools of the Slate. '
kThc attendance for 1ST was o-u iw iK
"XBcre are swkuuwuw u. . -.. ....
7 . i
. - i
am four in the school of nee cri-BBBBBKisa
Labor prewiU I of
la and per
.views of leboril
. strikes, arb4-
(ion. manual training.
farmers' oplnioas on
labor statistics, fra areas.
oferops. comparative val'
of aanafactunng establishmeal
ports, wages, farmers' reports
U to be hoped that theextei
aade by the deputy commls
various subjects, will prove of
so shaping legislation a to ad
teres t of the laboring classes
tion is needed.
The Governor suggests the estal
a board of arbitration as the
means of settling disputes betwee:
jt cnAmTAir.E issTrnmojra.
fhe soldlet's home was complex
reception of inmates on the first
and it now has fifty-two. The re
commandant presents the operations
home thus far. It is made a home is
where old soldiers can live in comfort ani
ouilltv. A liitcral appropriation is
mended for the enlargement of the bn
and the care of the large increase of it
which is expected.
The report of the superintendent of th
braska hosnitnl for the iusane will sno
there were present December 1, lbSC
tlents. S27 males and 147 females: that
have been admitted 4il during the two
ait males and 197 females; that there hav
discharged 401; recovered, OT males 71 f jirale,
total KM: improved, S3 males, 17 fi-malce, total
40; unlmproyed, t males, 8 females, to
tal 30; eloped, 6 males, o female, to
tal C; not Insane, 3 males, 3 females,
total ; died, 3 J males, 24 females,
total 56: transferred to Norfolk, 51 males, 43 fe
males; total 97; whole number under treatment,
first year 570, second year. 618; average number
daily under treatment for the two years. 3;i;
percentage of recoveries on the whole number
admitted in two years. 3.0; percentage of
d-ai lis on whole number under treatment, first
year, 5.3 second year. 4 04: for the two years,
4.71. highest number in hospital. 414; remaining
in the hospital November 3J. 1NW. 39-: males.
214. and females. 178; total expense for main
tenance per capita, IU13.11 annually, fttGG
The Norfolk asylum was completed Feb
ruary 5. lhSH, and the Lincoln and Norfolk
asjlums are now Mile t to their utmost capacity.
The two wings at Norfolk and the asylum for
the incurable at Hastings, which are Hearing
cotnpktlou. will relieve the pressure for the
present; but it must be borne in mind that after
these new buildings are filled there will still be
a large number of insane persons in poorhouses
and jails throughout the State not yet provided
The institute for the deaf and dumb located
at Omaha during the last two jears husmidc
good progress in the work for which it vvxsor
gani7cd and is sustained. Th re have be n 1M
children cared for and instructed during this
leriod. It is tho design of this institute to give
its pupils a good common school education:
also to instruct cacti in some handicraft, by
which they may be enabled to gain a livlihood
on leaving sell col.
There have been admitted to the Mind insti
tute (at Neliraska City) during the biennial
term ended November ;. JNvv. thirtv-onc blind
children, who for the first time have ctjojd
the advantages of the institution, and the total
enrollment has reached flfi y six. The number
presi nl at this dale is forty-one. The work in
tho several departments has progressed stead
ily aud In a satisfactory manner.
The report ol the superintendent of the in
stitution for feeble minded jouths exhibits the
condi ion and needs of the institution. It was
opened for tho reception of inmates Mav "".
lsKT, rapidly Idling up until the lull capacity or
the present building was readied. There ure
now 141 applications for admission.
The building jus. completed and rea.ly
to occupy will accommodate seventy
two boys. Tliis will not inc ease, the
capacity or the institution to that extent how
ever, as the lucreas-d number will require more
room in the present building for dining room,
school rooms, etc. Thus it will he seen
that the two buildings already erected will not
tc sufficient to accommodate those for whom
applications have been m ide up to thi time.
The number of inrmtes at present is seventy.
e school department hns been organized but
c mcro than a year.
TljC superintendent report that there are
over seven hundred feeble mlmled persons of
all aes in the State and now that the institu-
f tlofi Is ki successful operation, and its necessity
und utiiliy are demonstrated, he usks that a
reasonable appropriation be made in order that
th- Institution ran be thoroughly effectual and
The Slate industrial school at Kearney is In a
proserous nnd healthy condition It is opr-
ateil under the open or family system in contra-
dictiou from the congregation or prison svstcm.
No hl.'h wall or fences, no grated wim'otvs cr 1
doors to terrify tho loy or girl on hi or her
urrivaL Instead of these, the school room, the
tending room with its attraction", amusements
and an abundance of elevating reading, the
lighter foims of shop and out door work, the
plav ground, kind words and tlrm discipline, ull
Indicate a good home and wholesome restraint.
There are now in attendance CI girls and 1SI
bovs a total cnrollnit.nl of 245. The present
attendance shows a net increase of liOovcrthat
of two jears ago.
The report of the home for the friendless
shows what has been done by that Institution
for tho last two years. There are at present in
the institution lift inmates.
There have been reie.ved Into tho periten
tlary since it ha, been established. 1.45G con
vlcts. number ot those who have been dis
charged or pardoned, j, us, number ot deaths.
".. leaving In prison. November an. !. 3SH.
number in uow.Ss; showing an increase of ten
in two jears. Number received by committment
duiing this same two jears, ended November
31 l.sss 310. The number discharged in the
same time under the good time act, V63 1m
iwtnnt change and improvement have been
nude lrce the last biennial r iort A two story
brick building T-Jx.'Wi feet has been erected,
and ts now fully occupied by work si ops. laun
dry, bath nonis, etc. This bu Iding adds
largely to the capacity of the working depart
ments of the pnson. Other improvement have
been made which lmvo r suited in increasing
tho efficiency, comfort and secuntv Measures
should he taken to irive a better sjstcm ot
sewerage to the prison.
OTIIKIt STATK IXSTITfTIONS.
The work or the L.iv e-Stock Sanitary Commis
sion 1 cs been quietly and sttudily carried on
during the two jvars last past, and the results
thcretrom. as embodied in the report recently
submitted, show a reneht to the rarmers and
stock raisers of Nebraska not easily calculated.
T e law creating this tward has been proved an
excellent cu.c in its general purposes anil adapt
ability to pra-tical work Stringent asurcs
have been adopted ror the purpose or preventing
the introduction ot contagious pleuropneu
monia and Texas fever. The rep rt shows
that fonr outbreaks of the latter have occurred
during the last two years, but tn each ease ow a
ers had purchased native cattle which had been
xposed b'iore shipment into this State. There
hive been no v ioiaikm of the quarantine rules
during this period.
Kight hundred ana thirty horses and mules
have been destroyed by the live-stock commis
sion since November , l1. to December t.
Ink. The amount of Indemnity allowed
for the same was 'ttVTua averaging
fit per head. These animals were
destroyed in sixty-six counties show
ing an immense amount of labor, prose
cuted in all seasons ot the year: and it has only
been by the most energetic efforts upon tic
part or the board thai such a result can be
shown. The work is most satisfactory to the
roorie of toe State whose interest are directly
The report of the State Od Inspector coven a
period of seventeen months. The number of
barrels of oil and gsoltce inspected wa 1W.
2u total fees collected. H.au.tt. Salaries
and expenses of Inspector and deputies for
six mouths tn cd December 31. ISC.
S-T27: turned over to the State Treasurer
Januarj-1, ls&$. f :ci.3; salaries and expenses
of ir.s'ec'or and deputies from Januay I. IS8.
toDccvmNtrl. ivs, fcsSS.l: balance on hand
December 1. J SS, ,7iXSi The oXce.is entire y
Tee work of the flih commission o been car
co. The total numb r of young ah. three to
vJx aocth.. old. and fish t:y Troduced at the
Stto balclcnc : nrirg 1U: year eMe wcem
ber ti, is S, t, 17,7S-.T 5. agatast I.5 -U ta the
yer r7 All of thee rtsh have been plotted
inthe lakes road and strccai of, tie State.
Thonvjaberof each epecies of tea handled
during the yearly is as folkiwa:, Walleyed
pike fry. !CsiS.W i; lake krme; try. t,&0;brk
2 v - er
TO tf:S AA.
,yi . - "rev'c i s- v r...fsj&' 'ifjfM'".. .;...
IlHaiiB, eowaiUfsg r awa, iwk
gtk ajw. atlamaaatl Maaataaaa -a MmaasA
aalaV pVaW piVaVITl' VIvypMV 4Ha Rat
The report ofthe Beard of TiiMfiii Ultra
hows that at the taw ef the taklar eCeetef
the U ereattag (aa BaXf Traaeporatha
(Julyl, 1887), there were three eaaes heiflag
before the Board ef Railroad Ceaaitiloofra.
Sbaeethatdate thirty forael eoapteiat hare
bees tied with the heard, aakiag total ef
thirty-three considered siaee tte creatioa aal
nntUJuae XK 18A
naiLBJOAO rssanrr batik.
While railroad freight rates areaaeeewity
to the people, the people are a Becesslty to the
railroads. The relatioas they sastaia to each
oti er aust be mutual and should be so adjusted
that the interests of both would be promoted and
protected. Those o invest their means la
railroad property have a right to expect a fair
return on their investment. Those who labor
hare the same right to expect a fair re war J for
their labor, which is their capital Invested.
Hallways should to adjust their Unfit
of charges that fanners, grazers, manu-
turen, merchants and ail who ship
em caa do so and receive a
froa their business. The
atnrc to establish and en-
n the part or com
ly established by a
urt, and that power
where the people
:e charges. The
than that which
people create aid their power
thev speak through the Legis-
agencies which have been created
ting their will.
AS.SESSMEST AKO TAXATIOH
Your earnest attention is invited to the
necessity for a revision and amendment ot pre
ent laws regarding assessment and taxation.
That great Injustice and inequality prevail un
der our present system is too apparent tore-
quire argument to induce conviction. Farther
more, it gives rise to a false Impression and
does great injustice to the State. Upon the
face it is Biade to appear that Ne
braska sustains the highest taxation
of any State in the Union, save Ne
vada, which is utterly untrue. The statement
is thoroughly deceptive and pernicious, and it
results from our exceedingly low rate of assess
ment. Property in Nebraska is assessed at a
smaller valuation than ta any of the States. A
compariso is here made with assessments in
several other States.
The State census of 1885 showed onr popula
tlon to be 740,045. The amount of taxation for
the same year raised for State purposes was
I.037,uj8.-.). Taking the population for that
year aud the amount or tax raised as just
stated, the tax per capita was ?Lii'. Nebraska
has thus been made to suffer from the reputa
tion of being the highest taxed State, except
one. which reputation res ts on an entirely false
basis. This wrong must bt remedied. This
faUo impression must tie removed. The rate ot
assessment must be largely increas-d. It is a
well proven fact that a vast amount of prop
erty, both real estate and porson.il. escapes
taxation. Men who maintain an unquestioned
reputation for integrity whoc word and bonJ
an; good in all business circles, will deliberately
chejt the sccessors, and will regard it as an
evidence of shrewdness and smartness if they
succeed. They conceal tho possession ot nqtcs,
certificates of stocks and mortgages, while
tho property and little home of the toiler
is seen and known by all. nnd does
not escape the eyes of the vigilant assessor
The inequalities in the v duatlon of property
are too glaring not to be noticed, and tho evil
should be remedied The law should be equal
in all Its bearings alike upon the poor and the
rich. What is the objection to rating all prop
erty, real and Dcrsonal. nccordlng to a fair cash
value and requiring the owners to give a list
of their property under oath? The levy
would then be madt upon all alike and
would be a veaff low rate. All
pirtlcs, whether citizens or corpora
tions, must bear their equal proportion of the
expenses of the Government. Parties holding
mortgages, bonds, certificates of stock, etc.,
should nc taxeil Corporations of every de
scription, whether railroads, express com pa
nles. ear lompauies. common carriers of every
description, investment companies, loan com
panies or corporation of whatever designation,
must be governed by an J subject to the same
rules aud regulation ami requirements which
arc applied to private citizens. This rule should
bo inexorable in regard to them.
The Gov ernor rev lews the work of the Omaha
Police Commission, tall attention to the forth
coming icport of the State Hoard of Agricult
ure, the St.itc Historical Society, refers to the
organization of new counties and to the new
Stato buildings errcted the past two
jeurs. asks an upproniation to keep
Stato property insured, advises legisla
tion, if practicable, to suppress trusts,
recommends legislation prohibiting the intrduc
tion of I'mkertoii men to the State, favors a
deep water harbor In Texas ami closes a fol
lows: Klgld economy must be observed in all dis
bursements of th public funds, and appropria-
j tlons should lie made oily w ith a due regard to
lb-; public interest. In considering applica
tions for an increase of f.rce inthe different de
partments and the estimate for appro
priations for the nsulng two
jears. tho large Hcrease of business
must tic taken intohount It must be borne
in mind that the population of Nebraska has
doubled in six to eight year What was suf
ficient four year ago is not sufficient to-day.
The doubling up of population doubles the de
mands for tiencvolent, charitable, industrial
and reformatory institution. These must be
established. They belong to our advancing
The Association ta Re Kr (lured la Nunv
brr and to lt Otherwlsr Improved.
Chicago, Jan. C 1 h general managers'
committee of five on the re-organization
of Western Association met last evening
to consider propositions for bringing all
tho associations freight and passenger
and weight and inspection bureau un
der substantially the same rules and
have them governed by similar pro
vision. The proposition Is to have
only three associations Western,
Fieight, Western Passenger and Western
Hallway Weighing and Inspection which
shall be controlled by executive commit
tees and one general chairman who is to
Le president or general manager of one of
the road interested and who is to get no
alary. There W to be no salaried chair
man of the aso:iat on a at present but
instead here is to be appointed a secretary
or treasurer of each association who shall
hav e charge ot the office work under the
I direction of the general chairaan and the
executive committees. If the plan goes
through it is thought probable that Pres
ident Marvin Hughitt. of the Chicago At
North western, will be elected general
chairman. By the adoption ef the above
plan it is proposed to greatly facilitate the
work of the various association, curtail
expenses and avoid confiic: of aathority
between the officals in charge ef the aa-
Ottawa. Neb., Jam. &. At 8cay!er,
NeK, at aid night Thursday the ban of a
farmer named John Craig was burned and
forty-three horses, seven of which were
Kentucky thoroughbreds, seventy cattle,
twenty hogs and a large amount of farm
machinery, hay and grata were coasuaed.
The circumstances point to Craig's hired
man. who has disappeared, as the author
of the holocaust. He had quarreled with
Craig's brother, and is supposed to have
fired the Lara out of oite.
CrtKYissn. Wy. T., Jan. fc James
Hughes a telegraph operator froa Shelby -ville.
Mo., was killed yesterday morning,
and Engineer Notage and Brakeman Isaa
were slight y injured la a rear end colli
sion of two fre-ght trains on the Caioa
PaciSc railroad 100 ml lei wester this city.
The caboose and two cars of the forward
train were dttchd. Fire ensued and the
bridge and three cars' were consumed.
Hughe was frightfully mimed and died
in a few minute after being placed ia
care of a physician.
At Grand Forks, Dak., recently, Terkw!
Tallaksoa. was bitlea ea the head la a
fight with another Norwegiaa. aVeed poi
soning set in aad he was reported
point ol death, ha
i- r& .? 3t . a'X.'-
2 4. - BT w -v r -A. . "
j. .,- -x j j-. . j- , v . i ' r. J. ;. kJ. i --sr---Kwr "it .m jo. z
-t -- - w -, !V -is .". iSiT.ltf.M J 1 j aw .
last la Italy aat fftaaia
Bnum. Jaa. i.-Oravt aaxtety at faH
tar the coaditioa af rriaca
awltb. Much excitemeat is eriac! isi
taa city over the report that the Cheaeel
ler is worse. Fire thcawad telegraaa af
iaqairy aad sympathy hare beea reoeiTesl
at Fnidericasruhe. The attsadiag phy
sicians hare ordered iaplicit rari for eaeir
patieat. aad be will not come to Berlin far
sometime. Connt Herbert Bisaarck will
remain for the present with his father.
Lieutenant Wissaau. who is bow ea
ployed solely by the Goveraaeat. will or
ganize the colonial troop in East Africa,
St. Pctxksbcro, Jan. 4- At Salna
tichi. near Tiflis, in Georgia, a trala be
came blocked ia an imm ate saowJrift,
and before aid could be sent fourteen pas
sengers psrisbed from the intense cold and
many were badly frostbitten. The party
which started out to rescue the imperiled
passengers lost their way and died ia the
CAUSED A SK!CgA?XO!C
Qcebec, Jan. . The aahullng of the
election to the local bouse of Hon. James
M c8hane and disqualification for personal
bribery by the court of review have caused
a great sensation here, and especially
among the Irish Catholics, who recognized
him as their mouthpiece.
8a:c Juax Del Sub, Nicaragua. Jaa. 4
Ban Jose, Corta llica, was the scene oa the
aigbt of December 29 and the morning of
December 30 of a s-ries of earthquake
shocks of great severity. At Alajuela
eight persons were killed and many were
Madrid, Jan. 4. An explosion of fire
damp has occurred in a colliery in the
province of Ovieda. Twenty-seven per
sons were killed and many were injured.
Rome. Jan. 4. The floods have done
much damage. In one house, which col
lapsed, twelve persons were killed.
Less Activity Decline or New York Clear
ing the laat Year.
New Yor.K. Jan. ,V Bradstreet's, in its
review ot the week, says: Special tele
graphic reports this week show less
activity in tiade generally than in pre
ceding weeks. The movement of staple
good has been adversely affected by Ihe
New Year's holiday nnd the mild weather.
The volume of bushiest ba, however,
been exceptionally large for the season,
and the feeling is very hopeful in all lines
Cotton receipts have been very heavy in
Louisiana, but lighter in Texas. Later
news tell of a heavy drop in cotton re
ceipts at intei tor towns. Groceries, diy
goods nnd drugi nre relatively the most
active, while lunibur, leather and hardware
are not in specially active request
8toc!c speculation at New York has been
dull and depressed on doubts of the nbl ity
or willingness' of Western railroad officials
to maintain rates. A slight difficulty
between the Rock Island and other com
panies regarding passenger rates increased
The Lank clearing at thirty-seven cities
for the twelve mouths of 188 aggregated
about sM!M91.00U,WW, a decline of nearly 4
per cent The decline is due solely to the
heavy decrease ia New Yora City's ag
gregate of bank clearing, inaflhuch as tho
total for the cities referredTo, exclusive
of New York, show a net increase over
1887 of '.' per cent.
Busines failures reported number Vl
in the United States this week, against &14
this week last year. Canada had 22 this
wee, agatast 't0 last week.
SUED FOR MILLIONS.
The Northern I'acinc Hied By the Govern
ment lr Illegal Timber Cuttla
St. PACf'Minn., Jan. 4. A suit was
filed in the United States District Court
last evening on behalf of. Jbe United States
Government against the Northern-Pacific
Railroad Company which involves be
tween five and six million dollais. It
is charged that ever since the road
has been built, about 1S(), it has been
trespassing on Government land along
its line ami denuding it of timber. In
Montana it 1 charged the road has cut
over fifty million feet of lumber worth
$1,000 O-'O; in Idaho ten million feet worth
$!HGUJ; In Washington Territory twenty
million worth 493,tM), nnd in Minnesota
over two hundred million feet worth
$3,000.0)0. The road which was slumping
the timber on the lands it owned under
the grant which was every alter
nate section ami which was not
yet surveyed, instead of coninlng
rtelf to such alternate sections, cat it
continuous along its lines. The Govern
ment asks that an injunction be imme
diately issued to stop the cutting and that
the company be compelled to appear In
court and respond to thirty-two questions
concerning the timber, where and wht n
cut. how and where it has been used and
so on ad infinitum. The petition is signed
by A. H. Garland, Attorney-General ot
the United States, George H. Baxter,
United States attorney for Minnesota, and
Henry W. Hobson, special United States
The ttfmund Panama Kesolatloa Hew
ported Hark favorably.
Washing. Jan. 4. Mr. Sheraan,
from the Committee on Foreign Relations,
reported bsck to the Senate to-day favor
ably Mr. Edmunds' joint resolution as to
the Panama canal a follows t
Jtuolr!. That the Government of the United
State w ill look with serious concern and dlsan
proval on any connection of any Kuropean Gov
ernment with the construction or control o?
any ship canal acro the isthmus of Darienf os
across Central America, and must regard any
such connection or control a Injurious to the
lutt rights and interest of the United Stales
aad as a menace to their welfare.
Kolrl, That the Preshteat be aathertsed
to communicate this expression of the views of
Congress to the Government ot the countries of
The resolution was placed ea the calen
dar ud Mr. Sherman gave aetlcetaatae
would to-morrow ask for Its ceasideratioa
aad he hoped it would receive the uaaal
aseas approval of the 8aate.
Macox, Ma, Jan. 5. Thursday a arga
amber of alaers froa Haatsville, Reaick
aad ether aialag towns ia this vicinity
visited Ike Bines ot the Kansas At Texaa
Coal Company at Mayiela. three ailea
wast ot Kxceilo, ia this county, where the
900 miners were working for aw cent a tea
aad aakiag from 8 to $3 a day. The
price paid was less than elsewhere. The
delegatioa was coapoeed ot aeabers of
the Miners' Federation, whose leaders
had determined that aea should not work
at Excello for Z0 cents a tea. A ceafereaea
was irtt held, at which the Excello alaers
expressed themselves as perfectly satiated
with the wages paid aad refused to quit
St. Loot, Jaa. 4. George McFaddea,
the partner of Prentice Tiller, the express
robber, ae before Judge Xoaaaa, to-day,
ia a city appeal case. He was feed S3s)
by Judge Cady. far drawing a revolver est
Detective McGrath aad Ceaaer
taey attesapted to arrest a crook
ReiUey la his sateea. Jadge Nooaaa die.
charged JfeFaddea. holding: that be aad
aet resists the Tiarsri w a ifwhaaj.s nf
ewty, esw ia a aarpatiea ef power, and
taatae wae jastiCed ia prefect ic HeiUey
treas ttnav The sal cars aid aet want
iben of the Blawraka&al
i ika Broavklva IaUtuti-
to Prot. H. Heaaoldt. who Uid
about Bftcteor aad wko ill
kbawbject aritk a double kaaa
aaoatias; stara, with aectioos of
aad witb parinjra from me-
that vara exhibited under the
pe. Amomg the sections vu
the three hundred pound
pecinasa found ia rayette County.
Tex., oa the land of a Bohemian farm
er, who thought that it marked the
place where the fugitive General Sunt
Anna buried his treasure. Only four
hundred and thirty falls of meteors are
recorded, though on some of these oc
casions hundreds, perhaps thousand-,
of piece felL The earth gums ia
weight thousands of tons every year
through jhis meteoric accretion, but
most of the meteors plunge into the
uea and are lot- It is indeed po3;ible.
aid Prof. Hensoldt. thut the earth it
telf is merely an aggregation of
meteors, gathered upon a nucleus
of cosmic dust and .nmnesed in
countless ages as tho planet swept
around the sun and moved forward
with that luminary through cold and
pathless oceans of space toward some
goal that we can not know. Certain
it is that the center of tho earth U
formed of heavier materials than the
crust, the specific gravity of minerals
nd rocks that we are acquainted with
being insufficient to account, for the
weight of the whole earth, and that
this core or bulk is metallic is in
dicated in the fact that eruptive rocks
thrown up contain metal, the basalt of
Disko, off the coast of Greenland,
abounding in masses of pure iron. Tho
oldest known meteor i onu that was
found on a prehistoric altar erected by
Indians in the Little Miami valley.
The weight and size of the maes
rango from that of a sand gnun to
blocks of metal 800 pounds in weight.
One that fell in Africa tore up the soil
for a mile. Stone is seldom found in
meteorites, and out of all that hao
been discovered not more than twcr.ty
contain no iron. The fall through an in
creasingly dense atmosphere, that may
extend anywhere from four to four hun
dred miles around this earth, develop
a friction that hcnt the surface of the
meteor red hot, but this heat is devel
oied so quickly that tho interior is not
L nffocted. Some that wero broken open
directly after alighting were too hot to
touch externally, while at the center
they were ice cold with the external
night and chill of space. In one speci
men found in Germany there are in
closttres of quarts containing cells
partly filled with liquified carbonic acid,
with bubbles in them that ceaselessly
dart from side to side under the influ
ence of varying temperature. Meteors
have been n-cribed to volcanic erup
tions on tho moon by theorists who
held that they were tossed out of vol
canoes, but spac3 is too rich tn them
to make this probable, and it is more
likely that they are fragments of a
broken planet, or were ejected in vio
lent ruptures that hurled them beyond
the reach of gravitation. An Austrian
scientist gained temporary fame by
pretending to discover fossil remains
in a meteor'te, but. though his discov
eries came to nothing, it is barely pos
sible that such remains nay, that living
bacteria, may yet by found ip them.
Indeed, it is not wholly itnpossib'e
that the earth may have reeeivinl its
first seeu of life from a meteor. N. Y.
A Valuable Franchl etirl.
Tho franchise of tuy digestion one of the
mot valuable In the gtfiof mcdial science
can be iwcured by any person w ie enough
tv use Hostctter'ft 'Htotnach Hitter, cither
to suppress growing dypepia. or to uproot
it at maturity. Bihou. rheumatic and fever
and ague sufferers, person troubled with
nervouncs and the contip.itM, should
also secure the health franchise by the
Tats ia one of the queer things about
amateur: the more they practice a song
the worse tbey siug it. Dallas News.
TJsei one bottle of "Mother's Friend" be
fore my first confinement. It U n tnmitrfut
rrmmiu. Ioked und felt an well afterward
friends remarked it. Would not be without
"Mother's Friend" for any consideration
Mrs. Jo. B. A5iekaox, Orhoopro, Ga.
Write bradfield Keg. Co . Atlanta, Ga.. for
further particulars, bold by all druggists.
Trb manufacturer of newspaper philos
ophy mean a kind ot literary saw-milL
That tire!, languid fcclinc and dull head
ahce Is very dtsareahle. Take two of Car
ter's Little'Livcr Pill before retiring, and
you will find relief. Tbey never fall to do good.
Tan aaclent Peruvian hid whistling
lugs. The modern jugs sltnp.y curgle.
Schdex Changes of Weather cause throat
Disease. There is no more effectual rem
edy for Coughs, Colds, etc.. than Baow.v
Baoxraut. Taocaas. aUd eaiy (a lores.
Price 35 eta
THE GENERAL MARKETS.
KANSAS CITY. Jaa. .
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