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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 28, 1888)
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CHEWING UP IRON.
Big Machine That Cot Scrap so That
They Can Be I'aed Agala.
How is scrap iron utilized? In a city
where there are ho many foundries and
manufacturing works as in Pittsburgh
an immense quantity of it is sold. But
what do the dealers do witli it?
Doubtless this question has puzzled
others besides the reporter who under
took its solution the other day. In his
wanderings about the city the nev.s
patwjr man spied a sign on a building
indicating thai the latter was occupied
by "dealers in iron and steel." and at
once sought an interview with the pro-
What do we do with scrap? Cut it
lup and sell it to furnaces and millH.
Come out into the works and I'll show
in ho' lis done."
m the gentleman led the wav from
the ollicc into a yard in which was
piled tons upon tons of old iron and
steel. There were all sorts of utensils.
or pieces of them, from wagon springs
to engine boilers. Old axes, rdiovels.
hoes, cooking stoves, piles of stove
pipe, pots and kettles, and a thousand
and one other articles made up the
"The IIrt thing to bo done with the
scrap after it is received is to sort it.
separating the iron from the steel.
("i!tnig that are too big to handle in
the bulk are broken up by a big ma
chine called the 'drop,' and then the
whole is cut into convenient shape
for iiso in crucibles. For cutting there
are powerful machine- which I will
A workman was seated on a bench
with a big pile of wagon nprjnjfs near
him. Tin he was feeding, one by
one, to a big machine which kpt a
hug" jaw working up and down, biting
oil a pici of .steel with each move
ment. Xar by was a larger machine,
which inu-t have been many tons in
weight. The knife that did thecut'ing
was attached to and apparently a part
of a huge iron beam, which worked up
and down propelled by ht-:ini power.
This beam resembled in simp the
head and snout of a big black hog. and
this appearance was heightened by the
steady opening and shutting of the
ugly iron jaw. which was chewing up
the plates fif what had once been a
strong engine boiler, into pieces three
or four iucher, square. When the iron
or steel has been cut or broken into
this shape it i.s ready for sale in lots of
"Where do you got your material?"
"From many source-. Some of it
'oiiiiis from cities as distant as Mil
lei. and Detroit, and some has been
ricked up here at home. It come-, to
us in hoil-loads, car-loads and wagon
buds. The v.vs men of the city gather
up iron on their rounds and whe-i the
junk dealers have accumulated several
tons of it they sell it to u-:. 'I hen the
trading boats that ascend theAllcg'nain
and Alonong-ihela bring us large tiuunti-
U-y take out glas-ware. tin-
'ar ami owicr goo. is, whk-ii i.iutr
-l . 1 - X.Z 1. 1.T
,-ners exchange with farmers and
others for old iron, and come hack
loaded with that material. It comes
to u-. in every conceivable form from
every quarter."- I'dtshnrgh Di.pdc.'i.
ABOUT SHOP LIFTING.
"llow u l-triit 3terrlinut Treats IVrsmis
C:tiiKlit at I'ilfiTlnj; IliniiU.
"I'o you have much trouble with
shop-lifters?" asked a reporter of a
Hclroil dry goods merchant.
"Very little." he answered. "I have
been in busine-s a great manv years
and .have probably had as good a
mow as--fnJv oho in le-
1iad verv little stolen
low do vou account for that?"
In several ways. One is that wo
do not leave our goods lying 'round at
loose ends or thrown promiscuously
upon the counter. Then if some one
is caught stealing a pair of gloves or a
yard of lace or a pocket-handkerchief.
wo first assure ourselves of the fact
that it is a theft, and then ask for a
return of the goods and let the parties
off with" a reprimand. I have no time
to attend police courts and ean not
make myself set the necessity of ar
resting people for trivial offenses. 1
have faith enough in human nature to
believe that the parlies themselves will
do better by me. with such treatment."
Yes." said one of the partners,
"that has always been our firm's policy
and I think it is a good one. I remem
ber a stranger who was pa-sing our
old store, nablioil a man and brought
him in by the collar. ! caught this
man stealing." ho said. He had taken
some trivial thing from outside. My
brother looked at him a moment, then
ho asked sternly:
"What did you do that for?"
The man shivered and shook and ex
pected to be sent to jail, but my part
ner just looked him over and said:
"Get out of this! Don't let me ever
hear of your stealing again."
How about the rich kleptomaniacs
who purloin flue goods which you
charge in your bills?"
"All nonsense. There are no such
people, or if there are. they do not
patronize me. All this talk about
systematic stealing and shoplifting is
nonsense. There are professional shop
lifters we should probably know them
at a glance. At all events I would
rather lose a few dollars in that way
than to expend it in convicting some
poor wretch in the courts." Detroit
The Combination Was Safe.
Business man to new confidential
lerk "Here. Waggley. is the safe's
mbination be very careful that you
don't lose iu"
Business man next morning "Wha
haven't you opened the safe vet?
-Xo. sir. I couldn't."
"You haven't lost that slip. I hope?"
"Xo, sir: but I put it inside the safe
last night!" Detroit Free Prcs.
A Reasonable Voter.
Who'd you vote for for Congress.
Colonel?" asked or.e citizen of another.
"Jim? Thought you didn't believe
-Neither I do. That s why I voted
hiro. Got tired o'seeia' him hangin
juial home." Jiarptfs Magazine
CASSIUS M. CLAY.
A Visit to thr Vetera Politician' Rout
In Madteoa Ca.atr, Mr.
This county of Madison, from which
I write, is one of the old and rich Blue
Grass and former large slave-holding
counties of the State. It has a reputa
tion outside of the State as the home
of Ca-sius M. Clay, the famous anti
slavery agitator of the ante-bellum
dayn. I am sure your readers will be
interested in hearing something about
hira (for he still lives at seventy-eight
years of ago), especially those who re
member the speech he delivered at
Wheeling in 18-W and the excitement
that attended it.
-Cash" Clay, as he is familiarly
known, was born in thia county, of
Virginia parents, and inherited a large
fortune in land and negroes. But he
was educated at Yale College, and this
accounts for his anti-slavery ideas. He
imbibed them at the North during his
education sojourn, and never gave
them up afterward. He became an ad
vocate of emancipation in Kentucky,
and in this he had the sympathy and
to some extent the countenance of hi
great kinsman, Henry Clay. Ah far
back as 1815 he undertook to publish an
emancipation paper in Lexington, but
ho was mobbed and suppressed. Curi
ously enough, and apparently also in
consistently enough, ho at the outbreak
of the Mexican war, soon afterward,
volunteered his services and led a com
pany to the front, although the war
was notoriously a pro-slavery raid on
Mexico for Texas and other territory.
He confessed that ho enlisted in it as a
matter of expediency, to gain the mili
tary prestige that would give him an
influential following for emancipation
iu this Suite.
I had known Mr. Clay, and corre
sponded quite often with him ju5t be
fore the war, but I had not met him
since the war until this visit. First, I
went out with a friend, and paid him
a call, and since then have, at his invi
tation, Spent a couple of days with him
at his large country home the largest
and most unique country home in the
county and perhaps in the State. He
lives almost as a hermit in this big
house in the country, in the midst of
thirty-eight acres of forcsttrees planted
by his own hands inn 113' years ago. It
is seven miles to tho west of this place
by way of the Lexington pike. Just
where you turn to leave the pike and
go across the country to his home stands
the elm treo underneath which he and
Turner engaged in combat at a politi
cal discussion in 181!'. in which combat
both men were wounded unto death.
Clay was stabbed into the lungs and
Turner disemboweled. Clay barely re
covered and Turner died. The former
having acted in self-defense was never
indicted and, of course, never tried foi
the killing of Turner. This was his
second eiieounternt a political meeting
and it became apparent to his opponents
that he was a dangerous man to attack.
Xoue but such a man could have car
ried on the unequal contest with slavery
here. His knife and pistol woru m
spected, but his arguments were not.
Uichmond (Kg.) letter.
YELLOW FEVER MICROBES.
Tliey Arc Small 'Iliat lUllloim Can In
tialiit n Itrop of lllooil.
A yellow fever microbe has the ap
pearance of three joints of sugar-cane.
I got them from Washington in a glass
tube, that somewhat resembled a
gourd. The tiny microbes are placed
in the big end. but by looking at it
von could never tell that there was
any thing but air in it. The small end
is sealed up, and the microbes are in
there, though apparently dead. Some
microbes live in such places for twenty
We will suppose, now, that we want
to look at some of them under the
microscope. Upon the little glass slide
we put a drop of gelatine, of the con
sistency that will not run. We tike a
cambric needle, and after heating it to
destroy all microbes that may be in the
air, we quickly break tho seal of the
glass tube and insert tho needle, draw
ing it out quickly and reseating the
neck of the tube.
We insert the needle into tho drop
of gelatine on the slide, and quickly
put on the "little cover to shut Rich
germs or microbes tliat may be float
ing about in the air. Then wo place
the slide under the microscoiie. In
forty-five minutes the niicrolies have
fully aroused from their Kip Van
Winkle sleep, and now you see what
curious things they are. As I said be
fore, they resemble three joints of
sugar cane, but the joints are not
straight, but at opposite angles.
Take this fellow, for instance, and
yon see a joint drops off. leaving them
with two joints. Preseutly another
joint joins onto the dropped joint, and
by this time a third joint appears on
No. 1. Now, look at No. 2 and there is
a third joint. Now a joint drops from
No. 1. and by the time it gains another
joint No. 2 drops a joint, and this, with
the joint from No. 2 join togethor and
there is microbe No. 4. Another joint
grows on Nos. 1 and 2, and ono drops
from No. 8. and these joining together
make microbe No. 4. and so they go.
until tho little drop of gelatine is a
working, seething mass of microbes.
Now. these microbes are in the blood
of a yellow fever patient, and there'
where they live. They get into a blood
corpuscle and eat out all the red part,
as a darkev eats out tho red meat of a
watermelon, and the blood is then a
drop of a clear fluid.
To give you an idea of how many
can crowd into a corpuscle of blood, let
mo say that it takes 3.200 corpuscles
strung together to make an inch. Well,
you can string just loO.OOO microbes
across the diameter of one corpuscle.
consequently you can guess billions
after billions of microbes iu a drop of
blood. The theory is that these mi
crobes eat up one's blood so rapidly as
to take it all away from him in a very
short time. Seme men can stand the
letting of more blood than others, and
consequently some men recover from
yellow fever. ilaeon (Gtu) Telegraph.
William Spears, a farmer living in
Walnut Bend. Cook County, Tex., sud
denly went mad. He attacked a large
dog, bit out its tongue and ate it. He
then attacked a neighbor and bit him
severely. He was finally overcome
Fraasu-tlsMss Mad for Wrk oa facte
fsaat' Arsnr and X)-.
Every year the machinery in tho
iron mills at Pittsburgh, Pa., U being
made mote onderous. The nece-sity
for this lies in the demand for immense
castings. Every thing Ik growing larger
than in former times. Ships are big
ger, locomotives are more powerful,
iron-front buildings are higher, and
agricultural implements are vastly
larger. The development of mill ap
paratus to meet thi increase has been
gradual, but within the last two years
a wonderful Impetus has been given
the forward movement by the building
of tho new war vessels for the United
Andrew Carnegie has just completed
the building of a mill at Brad dock, ono
of the suburbs of Pittsburgh, expressly
intended for the manufacture of this
government work- There is not a
single bit of apjaratus in it but what is
the largest of its kind in the world.
The shears, which snap a bar of iron
in two as though it were tiatie paper,
exceeds any thing in size that has ever
been known by the sons of Vulcan. The
lathes are greater, the rolls are longer
and heavier than any thing the remain
der of the country can show, and even
the steam boilers are the largest ever
made by the hand of man. In the Black
Diamond uteel works. Thirtieth street,
Pittsburgh, there is the largest steam
hammer iu tho United Suites. Tho
blow of fifty tons, which it strikes
every second of time that it is in ojera
tion, sh;tkes the earth for two squares
around the mill. Yet it is so ea-ily
controlled, and so nicely adjusted, that
the hammer-man has placed on tho
anvil block beneath it a delicate wine
glass containing an ,'" and. turning
on the steam full force, would let tho
ponderous weight above fall until at a '
certain distance, and then shut tho J
steam off. Iu this way the hammer
has been kept for several minutes
gently tapping the glass and egg with
out breaking them.
But now the Government itself ii
going to throw all these marvelous
achievements in the background by tho
improvements at tho navy yard iu
Washington City. They will transform
that quiet place into tile most power
ful workshop in the universe. For in
stance, there was not found in the mills
and foundries of the whole United
States "traveling cranes" big enough
to move about the immense eastings and
wrought iron parts of large cannons
which the war and navy departments
have projected. These cranes are very
familiar objects in the yards of iron
mills everywhere. They are simply a
block and tackle arrangement s0 li.xed
upon a steam-car that they will pick
up a heavy piece of metal and rush off
speedily to any part of the building
with it. The largest of these "travel
ers" in Pittsburgh will carry a burden
of thirty tons with safety to the ropes
and rigging. In the Midvale steel
works. I'ennslvvania, a lnur-H--1
,.,-ui.o of twenty-six tons capacity
has been erected to facilitate tho
handling of castings for the now
war ships. These are now tho two
largest apparatus of the kind in tho
country. But work will soon be com
mence:! on a traveling crane for tho
Washington navy yard which will have
a carrying capacity of 1 10 tons. This
is iutcuded for use in the manufacture
of a 110-ton gun. which, when finished,
will be the largest in the coast defenso
of the United States. To "turn" this
wonderful cannon a lathe is now being
made which will surpass all other
lathes in size. Tho machine will have
to be 120 feet long and will have a
"tread" of nine feet. The gun itself
will be fifty feet long and to turn and
born it the lathe will of course be re
quired to be double that length.
All the tools and machinery to ninko
this big cannon are being made pur
posely for the job. so large and strong
must they be. Tho contract for do
livery of the necessary steel forging
has lieen concluded with the Bethlehem
steel works of eastern Pennsylvania.
But before that company could make
the forglngs they had to erect a new
plaut large enough for the big sizes.
The 110-ton gun will be of 1.1-inch
caliber, will require a charge of 1.000
pounds of powder, and will throw a
projectile weighing 2.000 pounds. To
even make these projectiles will neces
sitate larger machinery in that lino
than is now in existence. Thon, to
transport the gun finally over tho dif
ferent lines of a railroad (if the ocean
route is not taken), would require)
stronger iron bridges than are now in
use. So the work of enlargement goes
on almost indefinitely. Pittsburgh Cor.
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
The tfsaof AmmoaUMoiKITertlv Thaa
RubMar With Heap-Sail.
Put a pint of household ammonia in
the bottom of your tubs, having had
the blankets well beaten to remove all
clinging dust before you get the tubs
ouL Then lay the blanket lightly on
over the ammonia and pour upon it a
sufficient quantity of warm water to
cover the blanket entirely. Then with
a stick or the hand flop the blanket
about in the solution, pressing all tho
water that will come out of it against
the side of the tub without wringing,
as you remove to tho rinse water. You
will be anuized to see tho dissolved dirt
coming out through the fibers, as no
washing or rubbing with soap-suds will
bring it out. Kinse in the same way. in
the same moderately warm water (not
boiling water), and by simply pushing
the blanket about in tho tub. Press
through the wringer and hang out to
dry in a wiudy place, not in the sun.
As the blanket hangs there drying, a
little water will collect in the four cor
ners, which is rather an amusement to
squeeze out to help the drying process
If you do not care to put a second
blanket in the first ammoniated water,
which must bo done promptly, as tho
ammonia evaporates quickly, divide the
quantity, taking half a pint for each
one of the two tubs, and Wash two
blankets at once. Tho evaporating am
monia, released by the warmth of tha
water, can only escape through the
blanket, which is laid over it in the tub
before the water U applied. Hence yoa
get the value of every drop of it. In
ordinary cleaning with ammonia, for
paint, brasses, silver, eta, mix It with
cold water first, and then add a little
warm water to the paiL Public Lcdgtr.
share MUlora of the I14 tw4
at WlltalnglOT, IMrlavar.
The most interet!ng feature of Wil
mington, is the old Swede Church,
itanding on the outskirts of the city,
near theChristina. just nbovthe rock
where in old days Minnit planted hla
fort. I am of opinion that we have no
church quite so interesting, at regards
ag;e. origin and architecture- It Is
probably the oldest which remnin1 ex
actly as it left th hand of itsbjiidera;
"IG'J" is the date In iron letters on the
west gable. The building stands in a
wide place of graves, a little back from
("hrtina creek, and a mile wwt of the
Delaware. The church is built of gray
stone sixty feel long, thirty feet wide
and twenty feet high. The walN are
six feet thick at the b.ise and three feet
at tho window-. There are five of tha
latter, large and arched in the stylo of
the old Norman, as are the three heavy
doors. Then' are inscriptions on all
four sides in iron letters set into the
walls, the main in-criptiou being on
the west gable.
Within the church is as quaint and
old as when Dutch Peter, the battle
scarred sexton, hauled live coals from
the old caution stove upon the brick
floor to warm it. Tho old cedar roof.
fir pews and quaint pulpit, with its
high sounding board, are very iater-
cting specimens indeed of early church 1
The inscriptions recall the vry in
teresting eircum-tanccs under "which
tne church wa- buut. Alter the can-
ture bv the Dutch HMo. tho Swedes ,
were very much scattered, and found
it extremely ditlicult to secure pastors. ;
They were of the Lutheran faith of the ,
pure Au-burgt'onfession. and secured
now and then a minister from tho 1
churches at Xew York, their last one
from this source being the Ke ". Jaco
bus Fnbrltius, called in 1077. who be
came blind and incapacitated in lf32.
They made frequent but vain appeals
to the home church to send them "two
minister-, with Bible?, catechisms and
other goodly book- to protect them
from the false teach- rs and strange
sects." by whom they were surrounded.
At bust, in KM. tiny appealed to
Charles XL. of Sweden, an appeal very
interesting to us from a statement it
contains that there were then 1"5 Swe
dish families, comprising 912 persons,
living on the Delaware. Charles was
much interested by "the letters, but the
death of his Queen. Ulrica Kleanorn,
soon after, and pressing affairs of state
delayed the American matter for some
time. In 1 ('(DO it wa-revived. And row
Kuilman, a candidate, was selected as
missionary to America, and he in turn
chose two other godly men, Kric Bjork
and Josias Aurrau. as companions and
co-worker.-. The King gave them for
their outfit thirteen hundred dollars
"copper mint." and Aw hundred copies
of Luther's Catcchi'- with Bibles,
pastils and church jn'. o-im, i,0;u.;.ig
the King s name H Klit tter-i- the
.luct) Tci-e about depart he granted
mem a perso
interview, at which
hundred dollar.- "-il-
nal for their voe-c'
them that -'e ,m"
Hsu AwH'ik!''1" in
e on ports and see
them saieiv o
r way. "Ho now.
11 tin- name or tne
Lord to tho pi
which 1 send you.
Jod bo with vim :iM make you indeed
successful!" I'urnishv.l with a safo con
duct from England. tiH.y came safely
to Maryland, thence they traveled
overland to Wilmington and Philadel
phia. Kudman taking the parish at
WicHCoa. near the latter place, and
Bjork that of Crane Hook, near Wil
mington. The people of Wilmington
thought that a church should lxj reared
in their village; those at Crane Hook
opposed any change; at last, as a com
promise, it was agreed to place it on
the banks of the Christina, so that the
jieople from the outlying districts
could como in boats in summer and
sleigh in winter, and also for the pro
tection afforded by tho fort. John
Stalcop. a church warden, gave the
land. They began building on May 28,
1699. The edifice was consecrated a
Trinity Church, on Trinity Sunday.
1699. The occasion was made a day ol
great rejoicing. (Jovernor Markham
was invited, but was unablo to be
present. The feast was spread in the
house of John Stalcop. All sorts of
meat and drink, we are told, were con
tributed wheat, malt, bread, flour,
hops. wine, butter, sugar, raisins, vegs.
veal, mutton, venison, chickens, tur
keys, turnips, etc. The congregation
ate the dinner together, "rejoicing and
praising God." For years after the
anniversary was observed. Commun
ions and baptismal services were long
celebrated with the chalice and plate
sent over by the copper-workers of
Sweden to Pastor Bjork. and the Bible
long used was that given by Queen
Anne, in 1712. Wilmington Cor. 2T. F.
Tfca Oraat Danfar f Klrlag Cata rat
SifMMM aa Triaaaaaa.
Success in the past is no guarantee
of success in the future. Carelesa re
liance upon past triumph has caused
the downfall of many a one. Every
step upwards is likely to require more
effort than its predecessor. When one
gets to be very high up. every step is
also likely to become moro perilous
than its predecessor. Every past tri
umph only raises the public expectation
for still greater achievements the next
time. If the author or lecturer is not
constantly eclipsing former effort, he is
in danger of "falling flat." It is not
safe for any victor to rest upon his
laurels; yet, with every step forward,
he who has triumphed thus far is ap
proaching nearer the limit of his
powers. These powers, it is true, are
susceptible of a legitimate and crer
progressing growth; but one's eager
ness to fully sustain reputation, and to
surprise, with new revelations of
hitherto unsuspected power, those who
look up to him. may spur him on to
perilous or impossible leaps. There is
a verge beyond which he may not ven
ture without being hurled over th
DreciDice. Sharply denned within nar
row bounds is all human genius aad
human capacity. The man i yet to b
bora wk can scale eternal height, aad
who aac ao need for modesty in tae
pretence of th EteraaL S. & Xiaaw.
Tk tu way to Te:llat U itea la
to Iav the Joora aat wtsttoaa oy iltit
lag tb 4a r.
Ooci jrratlr ar drvlra&r, fcat tar
boa Mb' rm!fiL Jf rt iraui cr 4 '
for brr-Jinc furpo. Tfc- oslynayta
iaii.rot e the tarkchp!r U to IntSM- oa
b!ool nr prcaricr therousabrrd amlo.
Tne foedics rack S9uM l o-jS'trsrtM
withtbo rirw ot vlt wail. Tbsr l
annually a Ufgr ata-jticl at Jo bt . se
of raci that permit tfc atMma.topnl
tb hay ont In laTCr quaatitln than tfcfr
reUU abi.e raUa. 1
If the bct lrr 1 maloisj asd rp.
dally prrparM for proTjiitac Uf tor U
winter Tor torn u. it will t fcum! tnaca
bwtier than Mling off th bt and ruin- '
hiS the tat dc.hablp of tfc tot. Tae '
farmer deerre the choicest for ahs.L 1
If corn-foddrr i cat or Wasi. or
mo.itrnel ith tolluR water. It n IJ U
foanJ an excellent an.l agreeable cLa.sc
of diet for the cor. C :hat a:c citt a
a rarietr of fovd occaooaai:r );! &!
k'eji la t:ter condition than tao that
are. fed on a iamcn of d e: coutmaaUr.
Nearly S,Q head of cattle fcao Wen
hlpjsM into thl county thl fall. Th
native raUed here ad.lett to that uumkr
make thU county atmo.t the leading one
in the State, at any rate we hae the repu
tation of hijjinj' aior cattle out than
any other county. MinMfrli Kan.
Th Uthe tea ou when farmer can com
blue and procure choice animal for Lirsl.
Injt purpose. The quality of ta drv
herd can be. ImproTrd lor an eat re com
munity by a Insle ma, ami the exx-n
will b a!aot Intij-mneant cotu;arrsl
with Ihe !ncrved return Irom tul.W and
butter in a few icatosi.
In.the ame httrr of iIe tome will be
larger than uiht-r. Somo
thrifty w.il 1
tlily, wml otnrr iut aa
Krowlone. and Sare In frame with te
fat. Th-t? latt, whether male or femiir,
rhould lo rrx-rred fur urenlmg. FWd
hai toiuethiiiK to do with thie, but Ind.- 1
vtiiua! iecu.iartti-- of digrrent antnta. I
ijuitj a much. I
The. vi-or and health of a hoc at li
otm- extent involved iu the tit-m;'h and
texture of his Ume, uillurncinx to om
extent his exerci. Corn iu! eontc. n
iliK but one-tenth of the limn that hoj,.t
be four) 1 111 the growth of a pig, it fui!o
that where pig hav-j not uccr to rartu,
wat-r or tither f.Hil conta uing lime, thcr
.ulfer for it a fault eu.lly remedied by
the uo of ifud ahe or lone meal, a
ono to two ioumi to oue humlrttl j-ouiid
of corn. liitotl ,7tc Yorker.
In my ex-rlt-nce, y l'rof. Henry, a
ralf born iu fall or winter l worth two
liorn in thv spring for prollu A jirm '
culf U to joting that It get little gtxl '
from pasture the rirt eaon. for by the '
time it can tight tile tuccettfully ami
crop gra enough to really aid in nouriah
lug it, winter U at haml ami it U placed J
on dry teed. The fall-lxtrn calf come, out
in aprtng time largo enough and ut!icient- j
ly vigoruu to tight It own battlf , nnd
beiu-tlt of the whole teaaou'.
A par-grower of North Carolina claim
lo have cured blight in p-ar trer by cut
ting nwny the ditt-'antsl outoide Iwirt until
tha healthy iniifr 1 ark i reachd
Sj. Ilfli? mIv M t'ta fli. lnf-i.t fliri'l- tliat
'or thu lv.t tirli-i In tn,tiv- -,-; If
.......... , .- ...a.. - .u.nv. .., m.
t '! coii'litlon, a metbum-Med ouug
turkey wt.j 1(rIK th,, l(.st Jirjce ikkiihI.
The wtn , .,. .'
.e seed maVt.l the p!
W " lit'.' IUVI .litIV KK. iVVUIV
st-ttli for the spring.
latitliiK eaou open
to the dciniml-tot reach J on ' l -(, ng
time for asortiHVl hi In a! nn ex""
only the bt-at. f- , atl "cbctmg
One object to Jfc gninetl bv iling ..,v
well-rotted atiaT fined muiiiirv in thf gnr-tlt-n
is thai thrfo ., danger of upmIi
l-ing intro M ed through t je nsl. Cl-an
cultivation's nu imixirtant it'in. n,j ,0.v.
ing w?le-l through the manure .u-.u,j
nlwayaJtre avti tleil.
winter Ik n good time to haul out and
npturv manure In thu ot chant, if th or-
ohArd In not acetlelitiwn theKOil liouId be
plowed thoroughly beforr applying. If
well svedod down the lett-rplan i:o tiav
thumnmiri; thoroughly rotltsa and tlnetl
and then applying brt.adrat a evenly at
pcasiblo over the surface.
Do not leave thecotn shocked in thefleM.
(tot it to the barn ami hutk it out. Krrry
day that it i exketl injure loth th
gialn and the fodder. Thi fact i well
known to all farmer, yet there I alway
a jKirtion of the corn left out. The high
wind and the. raiu beat down tha hocka
and omtlinea lender the whole unfit foi
any thing but the manure heap.
One acre of a farm devoted to gardes
crop will provide a large variety. It la
important to have the one acre In condi
tion and have it rich. I'lo.r it In th fall
antl apread plenty of fine manure (not
litter) on it, ami than plow it again early
in the apring. By thi methotl the worm
aad gmba will tie deatroye-1 and tae froat
will pulverlxe the aotl. The manure will
alto be rendered more soluble, while the
groand will b warmer in the loring aad
better adapted for the earl cropa.
Fruit t.eea ihouM not be planted too
cloae together. The apple tree demand a
rich, moiit aoll ami plenty of room. If
theae condition are furnibed, it a'umee
large proportion and gle lmmeaae
yield. I it not better to have fire thrifty
tree, producing fifty Luafael of healthy,
nae fruit, than fifty tree with fifty bush
el of wormy, knotty, gnarly pecimna,fit
only for p!g and thieving vai-raatar la
tae latter lastaaca the oii I taxed to pro
dace the wood of fifty tree initead of Are.
Many will thi year plant buU la tk
peta la which they wUataetreet to grow,
aad H I not a determined qatioa
whether asy work dona on the farm daring
the mioi will ultimately pay batter.
There are maay apota oa the farm, otaer
wia aeaiet aad aaprodsctlve, that might
be made to pay their hre of "the rant,"
aadtaara are lacuaad of feace caraer
that trngat to be atiliatd to the uat ead.
Tk aato alaaya aell for a good price, aad
the wood of ant-bearing tree will by and
by be worth as much a the farm is to-day
If apace are all atiliaed. liurol World.
Cream alway rise favfat oa a falling
temperature and very slowly at a station
I anr temperature, while th separation i .
very slight, if at all. when the tempera- Jj
tare of the m.lk is rising. In a warm I
room, without artinc.at cooling, cream "
rie very lowiy, and ia hat wea'ber, j
when the temperature of the room re (
main high, the separation is more or lets
A tcry i golsg the round cf a Georgia
aow that had been lost for a few days and
fatally found tn the top story of th" college
baUdlng. whither she had cJUsbei ap a
narrow, winding stairway.
Horseradish I bet kept ia a pit not ott
awe feet deep, covere-l with erth aad
enough litter to jatt kt-ea oat froat. too
mack cover-as mast be carefully awide-l.
Mack of the work that is always so
pressing in the spring can be leaed by
plaaalag ahead now aad getting
Terr tkhig ia as good a shape as poesiUa.
By plaaaing oat taa work, knowing what
Is to be doae, aad tk plan that k tok
followed, mack time can be aaved.
Dart is a great eaeary to aawta plants
aad car shotald be takes to wash aT
tkeromgkly occasioaally. la erier tc glva
taa plaats ackasce to tarsmtks.
Bay is acarce at Partiaad. Ora,
at aakiax- SI a taa.
wumj U hU at iW m-
: & Hjuabttrg i mMklwaar
?aaalat pura-v whlaa
of avytolrcijw t414
naitly. "ah sj -awT
Ula for two IxHr. i&
&4U to drive fer Otroaj
"tla frr port. Oro
1 e town, bo wa fopSd
$u0 oScial. fu Ib
an crrry use of t ar
1 'fmrchA4d, aad rcfuc4
-sW until h fc4. pai4
ttt. - .1
to let !l
In U. A
Wbf re i
a Iter tiriralnt-l W
lit 113 It
oar iutr cxual s4
Lts Cariiifeeaa He ar too
df aaalarlav 110 vertical aa
' s f regulation fcd bad wa W,
I cavii, liver aad Uv! it
1 that Mcatrtter'a Mtca&aca
rcxlla aseat bc&roWt
I. r 11
iacoBlateecT ta cf la
atCA a4 Uc UtUav Wat
"a is laceaalatcacT es lav part
p Mlf a4 tae cfcarictaV
I -. at tba He of a IK, OB
IRol orr ct a ;:wti ,
(Ja 1 h)i paper, the laU tj u all oa
V .' taal area !l aaa la bo
at prricct aucoeaa. 1 c
rr.. k ra
halla for UO fowla in 3 bu.
jan acuHimt will ir lira
ha If cracked wita a aura.
t inr I j
- n waatc, and a child a
Haeea take a lUUe mot
era. ic tl
!; crack. cora caauy
'iatnvrnl.-si the typo-writer
tin tn l
t-' -1 giving wmiHi thetr
1.1 ) ,.fiu woatea auffrajr aaao.
a, t ly o Heat.
X rwtvbia Gtl Urer Oil" i
r r It
.s.l staj preaorttxxl by U-t
phyt.a& Ja Ult&ker it Co., PuiUuleJph!,
lame cue not take his q-?aa
ir -i ni
a. Two-third of It Is third-
i . remedies ar? fastglTtng
1 tSM-tiou aud mild effect ol
WH t tJ
StUr ijfcrtin. If joutrytlicta,
rt J-lj pk'asa you.
1 atone of a quartet of goud
' maw vo aim. in miag 1 a
1 tisatoa .V. (1 i'taxia-ase.
lajacae and Cough use
' r ul TK'K'nt. IJke all
1111 i.t n -t
lir,uicy rt ikiuum, .
dna; 1 cox-..
t band the enraj-eawat
- TT. . .
It tit you art : wrion-trying
lier llba, fut get a vial at
't isvko tbcin without bcnrflt.
1 ouc. Yl
k5Lr T . ,
icitcta a pleaant splrituai-
fti'rif Easing Asthma. U
I Ha.p' II
f fairchounil ami Tar.
r ',yivp Curo iu ono minute.
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