Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 14, 1888)
'Aiiw iwtiniii tor tan paper anmne
tw aeeeasarUjr for pabucaUon, bat m ma evi
or ass a ssua on uu pan w in wnier.
I eaiv o
m mm Mm eittee aiASwr. Hn
awrUcalarls-earefal ia clvlaf bums and dates
le aave tae letters sad agure plala ae
IT COULD NOT HAPPEN NOW.
Ere eeaatrv ways aaa torses to street.
And loajr era we were bore,
A lad sad lass weald caaace temeet.
Aad often seed aegleet ker task.
The willows bowed to Badge las uroek,
Tbe cewaUs sodded gar.
Aad he weald look aad she would look,
Yet cack-aad this is so absard
Would dreai aboat the other.
Aad she would sever breathe a word
To that good dane, heravither.
Our girls are wiser bow,
Twas very aeaist, 'twas very strange,
Kxtreaseljr strange, you muit allow.
Dear bm 1 how asodea and customs caaage;
It eould aot asppee bow.
Next day that idle, naughty laas
Would re-arraage her hsir.
Aad peader long before the glass
Which bow she ought to wear;
And seldoai care to chat.
And stake her mother frown, aad ask:
"Why do you blush like that !"
Aad bow she'd haunt with footsteps slow
That mead with cowslips yellow.
Down which she'd met a week ago
1 That stupid, starts fellow.
Our girls are wiser now.
Twas very qusint. 'twas very strange.
Extremely Strang, you mutt allow.
Dear met how moles and cuttoais change!
It could not hapyen now.
And as for him. that foolNh lad,
He'd hardly close an eye.
Aad look so woe-begoae and sad.
He'd make hi mother cry.
Ho goes." she'd aay. "from bad to worse 1
My boy so blithe and brave.
Last night I found him writing verse
About a lonely grave!"
And. lot Beat day her nerves he'd shock
With laujth and sua?, sad caper;
And there 1 she'd find a golden lock
Wrapped up in tissue paper.
Our boyn are wiser no.
Twas very qusint, 'twus very straajfe.
Extremely atrantt, you mut allow.
Dear mo! how modes and custom chsngel
It could not happen now.
K. IjatujbriilQt, is Good Words.
A DESPERATE FLIGHT.
Terrible Experiences or a Political
Exile in Russia.
In the year 1846, Hlenlnaki. Bogdaszcwaki,
ad I, with the three Russian soldiers who
guarded us, occupied a small shed near the
great distilleries of Kkaterininski-Zovod, in
It was b poor HtUo dwelling. The wind
whistled and tbo snow driited through the
cracks in the boarding, but it had the ln
estimablo advantage of searating in some
degree our daily life from that of the con
victs, association with whom Is ono of the
hardest of tbe cxllo's many trials.
All the workmen at Ekaterinlnski-Zovod
were prisoners (and as a matter of course
also exilos), and by far the greater propor
tion were convicts. Tho position of political
prisoners in such an establishment is neces
sarily full of suffering, and my two friends
nd I hud drunk the bitter cup to tho dregs.
We were Polish nobles and 1'olish patriots,
ad bad each passed separately tho trial and
Imprisonment in irons which had followed
our participation in tho conspiracy of ltHO-1.
Blnclnski and Bogdaazoivaki preceded me to
Siberia, and thorc, alasl I left them.
I pass over the first Ave years or my exile,
with its toils and trials, and will merely ob
serve that the permission to build and oc
cupy a dwelling apart had been granted to
my two friends and myself as a reward for
diligence- and good conduct.
Our three guards uover left us by day or
Bight, but they drew apart during the long
evenings, and either slept or feigned to do
so, while we talked together of our beloved
country and the irrevocable past.
Of one subject, and that the one probably
moat constantly in our minds, wo never
poke at all. No one of us whispered the
word "escape," and I do not yet know wheth
er my two friends have succeeded in doing
bo or not. But this I know, that if still in
In captivity thoy ponder through all the
hours of every day the exile's problem,
when and how to escape. Alas! how many
die without solving It! From tho moment
of my arrest I had resolved npon flight, and
knowledge of tho terrible punishments in
flicted by tho Russian government, not only
upon fugitives, but upon all who aid a fugi
tive, had induced mo to dctcrmino to take
no one into my confidence.
My occupation during tho last four years
of my imprisonment had been that of eor
rmtinndlnir elork in tho Bureau of the Dis
tilleries, and I bad in that way been brought
ic contact with merchants and peasants
from all parts of Siberia, and had acquired
rcrv thorough knowledge of thoccoaranhv
of the country, of its customs and its inhab
itants. In the latter part or tbe year IMS I
hail tnuiln Minn nttemnts to escane. whieh.
fortunately for me, remained undiscovered
Those failures were, however, of use to
nn. ainoa in conseauence of them I was In
duced to try the route which proved tho
way to freedom. Tbe choice or a route is
Af thtt crr.stast conseuuenco to a fugitive
When beginning his perilous journey. The
btgn-roau i rom oiouna w mo center oi nus
sia is tbe one oftenest taken, because the
most direct and tbe easiest. But for this
very reason it is incomparably the most
iammmiiiL The surveillance there exer
cised by the'govcrnment is one of unceasing
vigilance, and it is ably seconded by the In
habitants, wnose zcai ana rapacity are con
innaiiv nn the alert. The Tartars havn m.
Baying with regard to the fugitives from
Siberia: "It you am a squirrel you nave
tu,t hi single skis, but if vou kill a 'car-
nak' " (a term of contempt applied to pris-
aoners), 7tu nave iurw uis cioiocs, nis
shirt and himself (the reward forgiving
p the man to lustice) . Five other roads re
mained, all less dangerous than the one
above alluded to, but iar more utmcuit and
.-,r.,e I decided to no northward.
across the Oural Mountains and the steppes
of Petcbara ana Arcuangei w rcuangei, a
route which was net only the loast used,
bat had also tho immense advantage of be
ing the shortest, ior, once at, Arcnangci, I
l.i n iu tthlA to oscane in one of tha
manv foreign ships always to be found in
Li one by one, with great seeresy and no
B vnr nwiiaiiw liiuuhita wvu cilluuiuibw
dirccuiiy, u '"' uu,n.Mw
. ,. flit.iit
First among these was a passport. The
... , ,... u fond of traveling, and
Ke law requires him to be prcrvided with
twoDBSsports. eae ior r "r ."V
from village io vw. -""-"
1M with the imperial arms, and bearing
rmcka awp"??. tcldnt.
. a M 111 BSV BBnUBr sw AW
"?.,j.. lir mtarprlse was a dea-
re wi -.- --a t had seMCtea
ate oet Wu?i.alirLrivfalr
oUbec oiwo -- rf
- rhieh nttrawdPCIUW
UrbiU which ttracted
fc . oikwj, aHoasT
from au parw
from all mtna w rr Tmnti
were bound round my waist with red, black
and white woolen sath. Long booti of
tarred rawhide met the edge of the
amiak," and on my wig I wore tbe round
cap of red velvet bordered with fur which
very Blberiaa peasant sports on fete-days.
An enormous furred pcliase. tbo collar of
which was turned up and tied round my
neck with a handkerchief, furred gloves.
aad a heavy stick completed myaccoulre
meat. la the leg of my right boot 1 bad a
poniard, my money was ia my waistcoat,
and I carried a bag containing a pair of
paatalooas of blue linen, a shirt, and a pair
of boots, as well as some bread and dried
I slipped Boisetessly out of tbo hut, and
crept round a croasway in order aot to gain
the high road immediately.
It was freezing hard and bitter cold; the
bright moonlight glittered oa tbe anow. I
boob crossed tha frosea Irtisch, aad walked
at a rapid pace along the high-road, reflect
ing that the nights la Siberia were long, and
calculating how far I could go before day
light, whan my flight must inevitably be
discovered. Suddenly I heard far behind
me the noise of a sledge advancing at full
speed. I shuddered, bat nevertheless re
solved to hail it when it passed me. I was
saved that trouble.
"Where are you going!" said the peasant
who drove tho sledge, coming to a dead halt
'And where did you come from!"
"From tbe village of Zalininla."
"Give me sixty kopeks" (ten cents.) "and
I will take you to Tara. where I am going
"No; It is too dear; fifty kopeks" (eight
cents,) "if you like."
Very well: get in. quick 1"
I did so, and the horses set off at a tearing
gallop. The road was as smooth as a polUhcd
floor, the cold stinging; in half un hoi'r we
were at Tara. The peasant left me Li the
street and drove off. I approachod the win,
dow of the inn, and shouted in u loud voice
after the Kuxsian fashion.
'Are there horses!"
Where to got" responded a sleepy voico
from the interior.
'To the fair at Irbit."
There are horses."
"Yes, a pair."
"How much the verstt"
'I can not give so much; six kopeks!"
Too little but you can have them."
In a few minutes the horses were ready
and harnessed to the sledge.
"Where do you come from!" said the
landlord, as I tooic my place in the siedge.
"From Tomsk; I am tbe clerk of Messrs.
N . My nisster has gone on to the fair,
and I am very late; he will be angry; and if
you will reach there in time, I will give you
The peasant whistled to bis horses, and
they sot off at full siteed. Suddenly the
sky clouded over, the snow began to fall,
the wind rose; wo were in a whirlwind of
light, fine suow. My peasant lost his way,
and then lost heart, and confessed that he
bad done so. I will not attempt to describe
the terrible agony of that night passed in a
sledge, not twelve miles from Kkateriuin-ski-Zovod,
in the midst of a tempest of
At last day began to break.
Let us return to Tara," I said; "I will
engage some ono who knows tho road, au-i
you shall be given up to the police for hav
ing made me lose so much time."
But with daylight my conductor recovered
himself and found tho rood. From that
moment ho made every effort to make up
for the time already lost, and drove with
lightning secd. But I vus not satisfied.
What fugitive ever is so! A horrible
thought haunted mo. I remembered tho
fate of our poor Colonel Wysocki, who, after
having been delayed for a night in the forest
by his guide, was delivered in the nnrning
to tho gendarmes. Was I to be to treated!
and I grasped my poniard. Vain fears!
Unjust suspicions! My peasant drove me
to an inn, where I drank some tea and
changed horses. In this way I drovo on all
through that day and far into the night,
where, at my last halting placo, the village
of Soldatskaia, I was, while drinking tea in
a crowded cabaret, robbed of forty rubles in
paper (about eighty francs) and of the en
velope in which they were contained, which,
alasl also contained a list of tho villages
through which I hud to pass on my journey
to Archangol, and also my passport
One thing sustained mo in tho face of this
terrible loss, and that was the utter im
possibility of doing any thing but go on. I
continued my journey, therefore and on the
third day of my flight found myself at tho
gates of Irbit, and a thousand kilometres
from Ekatcrininski-Zovod. "Haiti and
show your pussport!" exclaimed the guard
at the city gate. Fortunately for me, he
added iu a whisper: 'Give mo ten kopeks,
and be off with you."
I hastened to comply with his demand,
and soon after found myself in a crowded
inn of the poorest class and among a swarm
of peasants from all parts of Siberia. I an
nounced that I had left my passimrt with
the authorities, aud the next morning after
breakfast 1 slipped out, avowedly to got it
and show it to tho landlord, but really fer
the purpose of leaving Irbit, which I did at
once, and uuchallcnged, by the northern
gate. During the night, while apparently
asleep, I had reviewed my resources, and
bad como to tho conclusion that I could no
longer proceed in sledges nor sleep in even
the poorest inns, but must husband to tho
utmost tho U25 francs which remained. I
walked therefore all through the day, from
time to time munchlag tho frozen bread and
dried fish which I carried in my bag, and
quenching my thirst at tho holes cut by the
peasants in the ico for the purpose of water
ing their cattle. When night began to
draw in, I resolved to prepare an Ojtiak
burrow to sleep in.
Where tho snow is deep and dry it is not
by any means impossible to sleep warmly in
the very heart of a forest, provided always
that one knows how to prepare an Ostiak
burrow. This is dono by hollowing a sort
of horizontal cave in the snow. Into this
the Ostiaks creep, aud after piling up the
snow at the entrance of the burrow, so a to
exclude tho cold air, thcy.lie down and sleep
in perfect securitvand warmth. I succeeded
perfectly in prepariug my Ostiak bed. but I
was imprudent enough to cover myself with
the furred side of my pclisso turned inward,
and slept so warmly in consequence that the
snow melted at the door of my burrow and
let in the cold air, so that I woke at day
break with my feet almost frozen, and bad
to rise and begin my journey at once. It was
a terrible day. The work of toilingthrough
the snow was hard enough, but toward noon
rose the terrible icy wind of Siberia, which
drove in my face with blindim; force, and
whirled masses of dry light snow before It.
8till, I toiled on. The sh ort day was closing
in when I had to confess to myself that I
must rest or die. Fortunately I was near a
small solitary hut, and I knocked at the
door. It was at once opened by a yonng
woman, who motioned me to enter. I saluted
her and her mother ia the Russian fashion,
aad in reply to the usual inquiry where I
was going, and '-where the good God was
leading me," I answered that I was a work
man from the government of Tobolsk, and
was going northward to the iron founderies
ofBohotsk. The woman gave mea hot sup
per, and I had the infinite relief of being able
to take off and dry my clothes. I thia
stretched myself on a bench and fell asleep,
with an Indescribable seasatioa of relief
aad contentment. I thought that I had neg
lected no precaution, nevertheless the wo
men began to suspect me. I had four shirts
-4oo great luxury for Siberian. I was
sinking into a deep sleep when I was awak
ened by a rode grasp oa my shoulder, aad
Mw myself aarrocaded by four peasaata,
who demanded my passport.
And what riaht have yo to demand my
MasDortn exclaimed fcm
"Some of as, it is trae, bat
wa an at
ttrwr I ashed, terming te aa aid
'Yes; thev arc from this villain"
"Well then," I replied, "I will tell yea
that my namo Is Lavrenti Ivouxsilne, from
tbe government of Tobolsk, and thai 1 aa
going to BoboUk to seek work."
"Forgive us. little father." responded tho
peasant. ."We are excusable, you see. for
there are often escaped convicts about."
The rest of the night passed comfortably
and quietly, but the next morning I break
fasted and bade farewell to the women, with
tbe me!aocbcl7 certainty of passing my
nights in future in tbe heart of the forest.
The demand for a passport had shown me
how dangerous it was for me to frequent
the haunts of men. For many a night after
ward, therefore, the Ostiak barrow was my
sole refuge, and I became so accustomed to
it that at close of day I entered the forest as
if it were a well known hoatlery.
From the 1Mb or lth of February to the
first week In April I journeyed northward,
only thrice venturing to seek shelter In a
bouse. I suffered much. Tbe abseace of
all civilised comforts, and especially of hot
food, a privation more difficult to bear than
any other on such a long cold journey,
almost brought me to the grave. Then, too,
I bad constantly to struggle against that dis
position to sleep which is death ia such a
case as mine.
It was at Paouda, high up in the Oural
Mountains, that I slept in a house for the
second time after leaving Irbit. I was pass
ing late at night through a village, when a
voice from one or the izbas (huts) called out:
"Who goes there!"
"Are you going far!"
"O, very far."
"Well, If you choose, come in and sleep in
"May tho (Jod reward you!" I exclaimed
as I onlered the door. "But shall I not be a
trouble to you I"
"IIow should you trouble us! Wo are not
yet in bed. Come in."
My two good kind hosts an old peasant
and his wife gave me a meager super.
which was to mea feast. In the morniusr I
breakfasted with them, and for my food and
bod thev re fu.ed any recomtiense. As I
prepared to leave them, the old man said:
"A little beyond Paouda you will find a
ror dfijixntt, who will look ut your (tapers
and give you oil the information about your
I was, of course, very """cM to avoid the
corps dt garde, and journeyed on as before,
buying my provisions at the izbas during
the day, but sleeping in the forest at night.
I reached tho summit of the Oural Moun
tains on a clear, calm night In March. The
moon was at the full, and lit up a landscape
at once magnificent and strange, where
gigantic rocks and trees cast their shadows
on a vast expanse of snow. Aj silence pro
found and solemn reigned over all. Every
now and then a hard metallic ring was
audible. It was the snapping of the stones
caused by tho Intense cold. A few days
afterward I pasted through Solikamsk, and
went on over the steppo of Petchara toward
Vcllki-Ouhtioug. Tbe journey was always
tbe same tho same vast snow-covered
plains, tho same deep forests, the same icy
winds, and for mo always my toilsome
march, my Ostiak burrow, and now and
then a less meager repast iu an itbouchka
(a sort of peasant inn).
Theso izbouchkas were my greatest
temptation. 1 dared not think of sleeping in
them. But a little hot soup ! IIow ardently
I longed to stop and buy oome, and eat it in
a warm room! I could not venture to do
this often, aud ono night when, after losing
my way in a whirlwind of suow, I found my
self without broad, and racked by acute
pain as well as huuger, I writhed in my
burrow and prayed fordcath. When morning
broke I found I could not walk. After sev
eral attempts I sank unconscious on the
snow. IIow long I lay there I do not know.
I was aroused by a loud voice. A stranger
stood beside me, who inquired what I was
doing iu the forest.
I answered that I had lost my way ; that
I was from Tchordine. and was making a
pilgrimage to the monastery at Solovetsk,
but that I was dying of hunger.
"It is not surprising that you should have
lost your wav iu such a storm." an s wo red
the man. "I do so often, though I am from
this district, and know the forest well. Now
So saying he held a bottle to my mouth,
and I drank. It contained somo excellent
brandy, which revived mo at once, but ut the
suuio time burned so terribly that I fell on
tho snow in convulsions. My good friend
soothed me. and gavo mo some bread and
dried fish, which I devoured eargeriy. Wo
then sat at the foot of a tree, and my com
panion explained that he was a trapcr, and
was now on his way home with the gumu
which ho had caught. Ho added that he
would remain with me until I felt calmer
and stronger, and would then conduct me to
tho nearest izboucuka.
"I thank you with all my heart. May the
good Ood reward you !"
"Ehl for what then!" ho answered,
kindly. "Wo are Christians."
ilo afterward supiorted mo to the door or
tbe izbouchka, where ho bade mo farewell,
recommending me to God.
An immense relief was mine as I crossed
tho throashold of tho izbouchka. but I had
scarcely done so when I fell senseless to
the floor. I recovered in half an hour and
asked for somo warm soup, but I could not
swallow it. 1 foil asleep on a bench at mid
day, and never stirred for twenty-four
hours, when I was awakened by my. host,
who was anxious. He was an honest man.
and his kindness and sympathy redoubled
when he learned that I was making a pious
pilgrimage to the monastery of Solovetsk.
Ho begged me to stay several days, but
I dared not do so, and on the following
morning I resumed my journey. I reached
the gates or Voliki-Oustioug on the 11th or
April, and there in my rolo or pilgrim lodged
in a humble inn with many others, all bound
for the monastery of Solovetsk.
At VcliklOustloug we wero all obliged to
remain for a month, in order to await tbe
thawing of the Dvlna. Tho month over. I
agreed, as did many other pilgrims, to row
in a boat going to Archangel- Each or us
received flrtcen rubles. We reached Arch
angel in a fortnight, and most or my com
panions pressed on to the monastery. I
pretended fatigue, and for several days I
huantedthe quays in the hope of discovering
a French vessel. Alas 1 not one was In port,
and on tho deck of every vessel, Russian
and foreign, paced a Russian soldier, armed
to the teeth. This precaution is taken in
order to prevenMhe escape of exiles by way
of Archangel. After a week passed In this
mannor I became aware that I was watched,
and I decided most reluctantly to abandon
the hope which had hitherto sustained me,
that of escaping from the port of Archangel.
I therefore. In order to disarm suspicion,
took the road to Solovetsk. I had not then
decided what to do, but as I journeyed on I
came to tbe conclusion that tbe safest plan
would be for mo to make the pilgrim jour
ney, as it is called; that is, to go from
Solovetsk to Onega, and thence to the
shrines of Novgorod and Ki'ew. The pil
grim disguise had hitherto served me well,
and it continued to do so.
I never reached Solovetsk. bat took boat
at Vyteggra (opposite Solovetsk) for St.
Petersburg. I with several other pilgrims
was engaged to row. aad as we were paid
fairly well, I arrived at St. Petersburg with
nearly sixty rubles ia my pocket.
I had now come to the most dlMcalt point
of my flight, which seemed more desperate
than ever. Still, in my pilgrim disguise. I
took my modest lodging, aad was greatlv
relieved whea my landlady (a washer
woman) advised me net to go to the police
oSee with my passport becaase she weald
he obliged to accompany me. aad would
therefore lose much preciows time.
1 left St, Petersburg os the afternoon ef
the next day ins boat hoaad for Riga, aad
thence walked oa through Cosrlaad aad
Lithuania, aad passed the Pramlsi frontier
m safety. 1 had changed T disguise, aad
when obliged toexptala myself, said that I
was a dealer ia pig skiaa. I thaa sacceeded
tar aa Kseaigsbmrg. hat there, ea tha ere af
atmjavparure iar flam, I
and !aprijad as "not being alt lo glva
an account of inyaeif."
I passed a month in prison, a prey to tor
turing anxiety, and then retain baring
been proved aralnst me I wm released,
and ordered to quit Knealobrg lauaii
stely. I had found an opportunity to con
fess my Identity to a French reatlesuui llv-
itanuof Koealgaburg whom be had later-J " UPQ kich l eoa.taatly
eated in my story. I owed tbe mca&s of dripping a rain o! dead caremc front
traveling so rapidly that I aooa crossed the the surface, which carcae supplr
French frontier. On the SU of ?. nourishment for tho scanty fauna la
eight months after leaving kkaterlnlaakl- v.vi.j.- .k . -... 1 i .1 i- ...
ZovoAIsawborentetbelUnuof Paris. Wo tho abyiaal region -h eomw
My deiperate Sight was accomplished! God plC moro than five talles from the
in His mercy had brought me to a safe sunshine aad the mlcrowcope r
bavea. I write these lines far rrom the Teals that tbo allay matter covering
scene of my dreary exile, far. alas! from the hU dcepnJl u ts ,11 U
brave compatriots who Buffered with ae. .i.t . .i. t . . i.
Some. I know, are no longer among the . composition to the ancient chal of
living, others still laaralaa in captivity the Cretaceous period, while mixed
May God have mercy alike upon the living with It here and therw are minute inl
and the dead '-Frum Oit PcA y Mru Ll ' xaX&c and magnetic bodies, which hav
TKomp, in IUrprryt lSjuar.
How Ilistory Is Taught t (Me of Waanleg
toa's iobllr fcool.
History Is taught in a novel way In
Washington, and tho pupils art; taught
in a practical way thai seems worthy
of emulation. Aecordinir to a irentk
man who recently went through a
fechoolin that city, the following plan Is
'Ihtj other day ho visited tho room of
Dr. Koush. tho principal of tho school
in tho Henry building. Ho was
motioned to a N.at and tho work of the
school proceeded without Interruption.
It on became apparent that some
thing of unusual interest was taking
place. Tile faco of every member of
the school w:u ablaze with interest
and enthusiasm, and frequent "points
of order ' and "constitutional refer
ences were suggestou. 1 lie visitor
saw that an election of somo sort
tnkiii" nlaee. and in due time the bal
lots wero c:u-,t. tellers atinolntcd and
tv... ,.,.- ..,.. .....1 tk P.H,nii wn ...
nomination of two presidential tickets.
at whieli iMJint the hour for closing had
Si.V3 V.rt.. 4IIV tVUlk ao u
arrived and tho school dlsmi.-ed.
"That." said Doctor Roush, answer
ing the visitor Inquiry, "is a pmc-
HC.I way w. hnc o, hU.orv. !
Wo have just finished the study of that
part of tho Contditutlon pertaining to
tho election of the President and Vieo j
President, and now we are doing tho
practical work. Tho balloting you
have just witnessed was In the conven
tion, aud wo have now nominated our
tickets. I divide tho school Into two
factions or parties, and each party I
allowed to nominate a ticket. The can
didates aro member of the school, and
no little interest in taken in them. Tho
pupils do the practical work, and
when they aro at loss to know how ta
proceed, tho constitution is consulted.
After tho electors aro choen they voto
and sond tho result to the proper body.
In cato of a tie on either President or
Vico President wo resolve ourselves
into tho House or Senate, as the ca.i
maybe. and decido tho contest. Wo do
the work aa nearly as possible that is
actually done in our National elections,
and Instead of merely reading what is
usually dull constitutional matter. w
take up tho real work ami tdudy be-
... , . ..".,!
comes ono oi intense interest to in t
"lo you find that the scholars have
much of nn idea of an election hero iu
the District of Columbia?"
"No; not us much as those who live
wliero they may witness several elec
tions ti year, nnd this fact alone makes
it doubly interesting to them. To
morrow, at the history hour, the elec
tors will ho chosen, and tho manner of
choosing them is tho subject for study
"I emphatically believe in teaching ,
thoso under my care the practical ap- i
plication of knowledge. Knowledge f
that cant be applied is useless in tho j
majority of cases. There is too much '
useless book lore taught everywhere,
(iirls and boys too frequently leave
our public school with their braiti
crammed with impracticable rubbish 5
and data. They should be taught to i
think nnd reason, to develop and ap-
ply, to analyze and construct. Such .
minds aro in demand in practical life.
Such men nml women become the great
and stanch motor powers of our land.
A". I. .V.iif ami Express.
The Most Common W-t of GUIb OftVns. j
In an Unconscious Wny. I
, .,,! '
Some people are perpetually giving i
- , .V . t
offenso in the most unconscious way.
..v- .i.. i... ,. .,.... ..,. - !
'" " "-1 ""- I-"!"'"- .'" "
member." says Smith. "Hut suppose j
they blackball me?" replies Hrown. j
Pooh! Absurd! Why, my dear fel
, .1 ..-. .. . !.. ..1. IV., '
low, wic-ru s u.,fc ... s.. u.u .... ;
knows you even!' A lndv vory de-
a J - i
sirous of concealing
ding the awful fact that
!,.. !., !,, aim. firrr, n ir KftaHnml 1
observed to a visitor: "My husband if
forty; there are just live years octween :
Is it tossible? wasthounguanl-
n v "f. c7. ... .
. .1 , i 1 : 1 ! 1.. .... 1
word, you hwk as young as he does.'
- ..1 ... ,..... w ,.. .,-.
i.. f .- v,,,A,n,i -h,w .if.. i.i.
., vi ... ,... -...-,. .. ...
..-.... , .i... . .u-:
1UU IHSStJ il(JUI V4ft.U Ul v .u
cemetcrv." "No. dear." ho answered;
, . , . . . , .. ,'
that is a pleasure I have yet in antici-;
, . , . . . !
pation." It is related of a portrait
. ., . . ., 1 . 1 I
painter that, having recently paintl
.V .:. , t.,,1- - .1" Jur. .i i
pardon, a thousand times!" from the
critic in great confusion. "I ought to
have perceived iL She resembles you
completely. On a similar occasion, a
facetious friend, inspecting a portrait,
said to the artist: "Aad this Is Tom
Smith, is it? Dear, dear! And I re
member kiam. such a handsome, jolly
looking ckap a month ago. Dear, dear!
From the following, it would seem that
the ceremonious Orientals are not
above anarriajr their politeness by aa
occasional seeca apropos of the susv
ject in hand. Some European ladles,
passing' through Constantinople, paid a
visit to a certain high Tarkka function
ary. The host offered them refreshment
Including a variety of sweetme&ta, al
ways taking care ta five ee at taw
ladies double the quantity he gave ta
tkeotkera. Flattered by this markem
attaatioa. aawpstUMqueatlo. tarvogli
taw Uterprrtert "Why do you serra
me mora liberally thaa the twetr
"Because you have a larger mouta.
ww tae straightforward rwflj
pvnr.miiii;.v."..-uviwi ,.,. ;.- J. K-.V... .,,--!. f m, IrtS? in 1ST T CA.L-ert Jl..,n rf.t,( SA .
I dropped In to see what was going , ' hvn.hondrl.vi U.e health. 1-. u. Um St tfaf. n . ..
in the studio, exclaimed: "It 1? j .y tr,.At h!n, a4 it hc rrf, .. can not do anv thing attt wuatrr b- rntim thky utl
nicely patntea; Din wny to you lr,n,h,.r Kn.l. to trv m tS ian twlee we have ld of ii will 1 usrr foUi t ,.f.
such an uglT model. It i my . . , .. . ,, On.of th articto "?-r.n? mdcoof fazrrdt- ! fB rase iA -n- n ,, .-.. j..
." calmly replied thcarti?t. "O. "'"" "' . V, '' , .. .. , .. .u- . ..1, ,.r ... .... .. . . .. . .-.
THE OCEAN'S CED.
A Pawn at m BM Arte Che)
first StiU la taaytfc.
Dtwpit tho fanciful picture which
some writer? bare drawn of th xa
bed. iu doolaUo3. at least la Its deep
est parts, tsut bo estreat. Beyond
( Wt oi .t
been proved to be dust from meteorite.
At long intervals a phosphorescent light
gleams from the head of some passing
nan which ha stnaved hither from a
higher and happier zone. But It is
. aot until we have mount! a good deal
nearer tho surface that the cno
chaagv for the better We now rnrvt
, wua '"J"'1"
we come upon the first caseed and
kelp (1.00 feet l the decjHt limit of
plant life In the water): but wn must
rise jtill another thousand fet aad
uid get as near the top a I-'l
feet before we lind anv rvef-buildin
corals. As plants do not live In tho
deep son. the dep-sea animals either
. 'prey on one another or get their fomi
! tn,m d"1 organism and plants which
'Ink down to thorn.
Thus Maury a :
I llkt xh ow-cloud with Its
! flukc lM oahn- l- '. letting fall
I upon It bod showers of microscopic
. . . a. .. s...... ,w M.i.....,..i.i..
lells." And oxperlruont proves that
, , ,, ,. , , ...
tiny shell wtnild take a we;k t fall
' , , ,
-. -rl t. U 1'P
tlni- MMiilleht ihk-niiitt iwiintritto itiueh
: . " , ,. " ,
lurwiur liAii mr utti'iiii ai'iiv uiviv
wol,ld Kvond this jeritttal dark-
ness except for phophoreconc'
Many of the animals Inhabiting tho
continental and abyssal zones have
merely rudimentary eyes. Hut lhe
blind .creatures have long fooler, which
them to grope their way along
le iHmom. tuner uoep--ea animal.
on tho contrary, have euormou eyes,
and theso likely congregate around
such of their number as are phosphor
escent, and may perhaps follow tho
moving lamp-post about wherever
I they ko. And so bright is this light on
I many of the fish brought up by the
' dredge that during the brief space the
animals nurvive It is not difficult to
read by lL
The reason why fishes and mollusks
living more than three mile- under
water are able to bear a pressure of
several tons is. that thoy have exceed
ingly loose tissues, which allow tho
water to flow through every interstice
iini! flmu to iuinlize tlm welirht. When
. , , ,
i;io jir'ssnij is rvji uivj j" 111.
' In the Challenger expedition, sent out
by tho Hritish Covornment. all the
sharks brought up from a depth of a
little less than three-quarter of a mile
were dead when they got to the surface.
The Treatment f lljo,'lnfi.lrlsrs tU
ruasrri Uf m I'tiyslrlau.
So many people are hypochrotulriacs
thal tt phvsieinn expect to find one-
third of his patients laboring under
imaginary ills. It is easy for people
to exaggerate symptoms, and by giving
themselves into the hand of quack-.
iwcorne conlinnel victims of supposed
ill health. What i not at all unusual
is to find physicians who have Im:coiho
thorou-'hlv hvpoed. Many of
w:lh .rnjjU reputation and a
pnlctice and capable of diagnosing any
caM, income cranks concerning their
own health. They
jjj. unj believe they have chronic
troubles when they would know ihnt.
in a patient, it would 1m; but a slight
indisoo-ition. Mist physicians are
,xinlwtiint to treat themselves, and
"ui v' , , , ,
manv of them are confirmed bvpohon
ninni .. . , . , . , , ,
driac. .Medical students Wgln early
""" .mi. i -iii,
to Imagine themselv.-. aflllcted with
.. . . ... j! M, ,v u..
Hie variuus uii".-.i"-- ,. ... ..
studying. 1 remember wh-n at college
I had a room-mate who became thor-
..,.t. 1.. kftuiA nfter etiterint- thil
UUKHll .. . ,'v..- - -
- . ..ht ...,,, arui
-""--- ,""",,- , . . a u l
.1.-. .,!.., aiwl.li.riK- lnfiirm-a me hoi
"" . . . . .... . . !
oellevwi ne w-a guina , .-. uu
he was nffilct"! with a
' mrtst mallL'nant fever which he had
7 . . .
"--". - i
j:,-i.. (n-nnu t,t the tirrifir. anil h I
I UIUIIM .V ...- ' - I -
nol . ,..,. ,,, M , tniW, ,,.
BeXJUU UliU.-.. "-- - -
gave my fnond sora
,... ,u e.
the first came, and he.
1 x .. s. 1 . o e- rsiFik rn.i rn'in'r vnari ra. ios
"'"" "V K , ''',' mi a,
son. had me administer a llfral do--
a.' ",Ui v , n.M . . . ..
of ipecac- This mrle ntm very stew,
"' ' , . . . ,.. .
but cured him of the mallgnan. jever.
. , .. , .inn nn ,u
A long-discu.sed question among tho
class in thLs way: "If when you are
called in to a patient you find him suf
fering Imaginary ill, and yoa Ml hita
so instead of humoring and apparently
curing him. you lo) a client who
when he may be sick will not call you
in because, he haa no cowfidence a
your ability. Yoa thus lo-e practico
and a chance to do good when the rral
necessity art; beide by homering
the man you do no harm, for he will
call in some other physician, who will
do eiactly what yo-j could have dot
yourself. This argusseRt has dosbt
lc caused marry physlcSAC3 to treat
hypochondriacs accord lag to thda
fancy. Tbe professor who follo-wrsl
the other or? in the claes heard of hi
predeceora advice and was very !
digsaaL saying that a physician should
aw true to hi profeioe asd treat
very patieat as he fads aim. aot ia
cnaMJBg tbe number of hypochoa
driaca is the world by ssxauragiag tha
aatural human tesdeacy ia that cl
Le- Dr. . M.
jw iiMi'iiiniit .:. wk. i . . s
wmw ie pnospnoroM.v.n-. ,,. j .JrrJ. rtum -p ctrrirnt. sod i uVra b , tr,,ntf W .hw
! . ..a.. ........ X ! - .-----. -. j -
mais swimming about are muco more , ,nv,.slli;aUofl. lWJ that v-ry fin- j a,u!hing malt. U Afrww-h
numerous; and the nearer we .get to tho jowtl autbl ,.lrTWlI U, llhmlr . lh lo t4 Uxinu -ho
littoral, one more an. more ph(v.phorcs.ijllo.lvt. ,R fcB ala0phw wotatnlnc ! re,t B trft,e,,tatf AHVno. rf
cent light, appear .till at lengtMho-ono ; oo tme x t-onswiagw ttBatU4J. dea.trsteJ th wUmmi
becomes truly animate H hen otuy ma U) u, djUvlrt! Uv lhe j. . , fe4wt,ef to
1.JU0 feetJ-parateu from the .un-htne i .-..... ik, lhn. -,h ,, aid of . ' , ,,. . .a ,Krt
JPA01 Ol a COljejj,; wufc li VJ ar ; erM llii rw -: --.. u ; wm . ui '"JftiTS l&T S.T. Hr9g bmma
EXPLOSIVE COAL OUST.
MMtlaaa tak tubislMi ef
lruf Arnold topio. In Jertur !
llrrrrd undr 1h attpW of t coal
mining dpartasrat e4 Yorkshire; Ca4
lierj, at tls KagtMHt. mM thai i
the cju-7 at coUWrv esakiaaoa h base
bwa ukra for greats that Sr-dam
or marsh ga w th cstneav aad that
i cr of inquiry hiad ba ciol
every other car rcrcb mialwf
eg!nr af peweat hate h
first to auggtHii ouaJ dust as a cavsee of
explosion., bet la 1?T. Mr fclMaaa
Galloway, tha her Ma.Wty'e tasBwcWr
of coal mine, aent a paper to the
Royal Society, la which he gar tha
evidence of wtprrfswots Bed laveeti
gatloas. to prove that coal dut was
the prime .grnt of detraction ta col-
! llory etpUwluna Thl pp" '4
lowed up with others. Other mining
j ,agiaccrs thoe took up the inquiry;
! th Kov&i Accident I'omalMtoa. Itw-
lessor Abel, tho l'ruilaa Hre-damp
j Comtals-ioa. aad other, made cipcri
menu; but to Mr tl!owy lLiag4
. h . . ... , u ducom tit
numerous auigramv ucwnfoj hww
!n!r i.' ciln'r cploUo In rrtu
CiwI fiold In ti'.atnorganshinn, lrb)
hlrvt Yorkshire. Dirhm and Smt-
. , ,, , , ,., ,.. ,K.. v...,-llf
)AUU 4SV JV4 k.M ,.. ..a. ..,. .--
now galttix) It whs easy to understood
H-!,r thit -ro JlroiilJrhtlblo
j Qn h fc,ump.Um ,hlkl ardm. a
Um r;uo Thr Vifk otrJo.ioa tn
lNifi a pnably cvllut .j4i-
lilH mil wn.. !hliirvr-M lit. HaVlU'it
j nnd w Nm of th pit.
h h hlm-lf explored a fr ho.ir
after the o. plosion At Nxsbam t'ol-
i tl ., ,' , ., . . , ..-..
llorv the forx- of the eploton of cai
I , . . , ,. , , . ,. .,.i..
I dust was probahU oiual to the rsplo-
., ,., WM, , Al. ... ,,,,-r.
He then pn-.roilfl to l"w'i
sli-sl to d'rllw ths !
. , . . . , ......
lilU t4 K14 li4k, lil,i ! w.-l-
laying the dul by hlgh-prvum tir
jrt and other mean, and In conclu
sion state, that scwrnl result wero
no plain (1) That eol dust a
as dangerous as fire-damp or 1ih gun
jHuder; (2) that the cmI dust could
in? mm ea.ux. ciu-apiy an -,
nomu-al effects, and that s a r..ilt o.
this not unl Hotilti the death rato
from cdllty .ixilostosis W rodueed by
eight) -five Jer cent, but the haMh aud
comfort if tlm miner Mild l Uu
pro -d. St. Loni (tUA-e-Ihuwertit.
An Angwy l'lllWurgh tlnw.k ItnllgKlvna
thm Hoar. I ..I llalll.
Artificial eggs have leen sold In tho
Pittsburgh market and offered to tl.
public iu place of rei 4ni's. .V woinnn
walked into the office of the Hoard of
Health nllh a bnket contAlnliig four
doietis of efgs "All these eggs nro
manufncturiil. and not a lng!e one, of
them bus leen laid bv a hen." the
unman exclaimed to nne of th health
officers. "What am I lo do alout th
matter' he then aV-ed.
The gentleman picked up one of the
cgk's. lxiked at tt. and he then Cel nt
the woman In astonishment. a)ing.
"What l wrong with the egg?" Thy
limk all right, and I don't ' any dif
ference lMtween them nnd hiij ithr
cirg. Vou moan to t,te Uiat tbny ato
manufactured i They ma) U rotten,
hut 1 don't think that ltd egg m
made by the mere Ingenuity of auy
"Well, then, you are )nt llltlo
mistaken; that U all. s.-ld tbe woman,
"and I will prove It to ou. lQk horti
now at thl egg "
Sh then toik one f thra from Dm
basket utid bnkelt. and. ohen tho offi
cers ftbserved the yelk, their fer lwnt
tlm evidence cf mt unmtstakablr won
der. In haM' the yeik wn lniiinr ut
that of a real 'ZS. but lt color differed
somewhat from that article. bHng
darker and of a browner tint than that
In the ordinary egg. Heides that,
however, the ynlk of th faln gg oon
slatd of a more Jelly-like ubatAiic.
Its composition pMarsjI to contain
gelatine. yrup and atarch. The hito
of this manufacturml artlcln looks et
actly like the w hit" of the real egg.
It had the same transparent appear
ance, and the imitation etnrd to Uf
perfect- Hut th" most puzxllor thing
U the hel Then is no dlffere,t
rottcable to the ..ye at r41. and It Is
not wonderful that any one should buy
uch aa ec;g . real hen fruit.
Tho entire article, outside of tbo
yelk. ! a perfect co5interprt of sxnj
we see in the rral egiT Ilio
woman ltought them in the market t
thirty cent adotrn.
"I would like jou Ui go to th- mar
ket nd arn-st the man-" tho samwi
said Ut ose of the oSlctK "1 do not
think he h any right to ll fl-
cgg a gxd one.
Iliit tb" officers refo-d to do that on
the ground that he hvi no prr.f of tht
ho eat iL" th plsalioi.
The name of the Imitation eg s
I &.r coaW not b? leju-rvd. but tt
stated that hi vu aot fnwa this elt.
It Waswi't Wecessarw.
f ThTrer-irciortKi-"' said the fJtkee
af the family. sjV?riag th roo hre
the yoang man m wailiag for MJae f
Flora. "yoa have be- fretstla; thia
place for b?ut Itnr yera. h't
"T-yrw. lr. rtrplWi Mr Tnk
fooctoa. aotaewhat la dotsbl aa to t&
bearisga of lae rrawrk. "I I live ia
this place, you kssrw."
"Well. pcrseed th old rwtfasaa.
-doa't yen think it ie aMst tisae tut
jsw to declare ytasr iateatfsaaa
"UecUre sy iatrsthwaer erasaed Una
iahed youag ma: "way. Mr Mili.
I doa't hare ta. Tm a lee rwter.
I was bars la thia
" ' Coai lut l tan main arni a - 'n, hl.irtn n,' ni hlr! bHt !"
1 ".' "--. -" . - . I l,t? flHir L t" , , .. . -
Aatnrf-n-s, Mmpnt r
The frjoeet dipfrc 4
length"! bec of och Tple
a Uvlnjv-o4 av4 Stanley l4 -
aaxLttf fu!4k auction th wlMesn
f a aa caging Into th hrt f
Africa, wlthwt a emenpaafoa. TV ls-
yrr low & to V that ht cv"
fer k"4s4 wp vt3ttktio with ih-
outside worU w!4 N gratr lo pr
Brtk9, fcitie numr of hi tindas4
a4 that eopalot id h!p hits
la the arsxwfcfdUhiwesI ? hu ! pw
The fUC I aMrl Imi.
pea-deal of eipwriwsww. bil if
viow the hWtory of etpJor .
s4 the fact show that aa G?imvc
succeeds beet ! h rlV ;y
up-a hirjtwdr to meet evrv rHwrv"?
It Is too his rrnl fortune fro r
to day tKt th pablk cn r"
be lBtrrt! In. It 1 ol thl rwW"
Ity that the explorer Uenwklgshrd
to JltU!) He !m U estwd out" srd
at som plat, th? Nd of awe
'li hlihtrv oJ tilortht
elajaple of lUVer. tii-ti. UrAe a4
tthrs. h l iwv4lhr gretsi
thiwi. and vr.trtcl welt t
gf-sphks.1 .artBce. Uy pursuing taW
lo Snth Ato-ric. Mustera Xnr&4
tuvcisfully thrgh PatAgvnta, slav
landing entirely o hlwlf. T!e Ia
gllh trtl-r h. r-.ih,l Ks,lcr
In Vntrl A1a, n4 rtwrsi-l to Iteslt
quite alone, having mA4 of the
most ocvrful mmo) f hl dj
Not long go llfta trt4l a bane
from the trrawaddy to th Hrhea
pfcitra. through a cwtr7 tht l ea-
i .', ,I,J1 . ,,..,...
Ulr,v.l altnosl lmivstjW a aeeetat
In the e of a wro tr
throueh an untcnown cBirt
hU iiMt belpl"ni and dKmltes
on tho hnor of sasagc at-wl hsBV
will stand him In gtl stad He l
imjxdle.l tt tlir hlmlf o HM
pnteotlon, and trot them tU ewstr.
j sldemtton audi k a lrg" V'i sad
f . . n utftM tmUm,
; nr. .' .j.. .,aM, m-rtniML. oiLbe
isiwanliisi nr akM hlh other
hand, a Urge part) by neletlng s
J show proper csmlderattoii fr U !
pie aloit thltn would wfM4iid thnlr
prlil e and nu fega of hostility.
It would alo 1h dlfflesilt fr lh'
cbteis ami other to enlertat usany
wrsotis for a long lime. tr IU th
atai Inssiiim tbny would u tosrsl
the solitary travoler Tle Ksggsgss f
a large i-osujsuty al peU U tile
rotetoustie lattt to lle ;
breast aiimi stnnirty than th llttl t
value which the prwlrnt ejirer ti!
take along with hitit - 1 .& (.
riMiig -i vs.
While tho grt m of ir frrr!
a.lmit the ueolty of tlmr esaltfu
atd In a getmcal arui jtmll f.
bet few on tbU W ut the trso"
plains am rsvvlj ti gle wp Ut this
work thlr let chUI11 fields,
Tlmlicr plantieig Is an lnetment from
whU-h w etui iiot ho to reavjtje nf
thing for Kmtdera!io length ut
time, onprlitly tow trxur nr
able to gi up th regs-r anaual !
tHiin- that they rsllo from esonrtMi
farm crops, no matter ho iroflUtbte
the tlml'ef' crop prtn!ca u l-.
Fortuftately It t ot ?necsary for
them u rnske such MTia, as rwte.
There n few Urm rt f the grtssst
plaltis that do iit eoatatn iH-rw or ls
waste Isnd. heh lands ifte jr.e
atlmtrsbtv adapted to trc groii
Many of tbe it.urbe ami lowland
lying alo'tg o-ir rivers that re mrlod.
enliy orer(Tod will y-bl 8n gr"ih
I f eb varieties it( Umtrr m sr ttsiitr
ally ewl?eJ to such lands. TU- aw ales
i many farm, srrisll op. rougfe,
roeky. hl!y, tir.eva als. that r-f al
moet wittUAr tvr crwji-s. tho vt,
abdy atfsHehee alqng our arBtsnd. -all
such Und jodlcieily plant will
grow gtrd croj of UmUir tl tmght u
)n re-tlmt'rel "llvis fsrtner ho lis..
uch la wis within )ila Lsejndary lin
may start fort ltm! gr et
peasss, A pMe of grtmnd m b
rtifky InJee,! that tres ca-n ot l-
grown upa. Jv'or dr putloa
rqulre tery tWh -U ijt (wr light.
ady Arth will throw up rn.
rpld tiW growth, tut siih land fn
ha jeJwln Uj frty. rTrtSls-n.
farm, of th Jaei iMtofal growth
tlnbr U foun4 vVtut the wp M
aivl Utf of Idj;e aft4 Bitiraf hug
l;wbir thai Borty r&ver Uo grod.
Jfeh lad are p &-;! la RegtjMvd ty
digglei' ho Jwf 4 thscrn mfcr.
wt h eh er4i ttg tfv
rocrs, mm rxninny iaUig oh
xXlfd to do in lire otwatrt-e crv
! the lrZ plajt. nt th Wewt a
few ty?r ef th bt lad la r
rrwlgw4 th- ovt p!etsvUrs. It 1-
th vrw a qtiu rf outlay
v! labwr wvl A eassliai far aW svad
tfaws. Tffl o4sstLfe r Umt,-. I. ..
U regard ut Ue m-uomy r vls?
of 14 aa ssc-h ter It le foe jJL rtUtt.
tica tial le lilt We UI Zm-t U-
yards. .taU-a mm dweiUaa.-.'C U.
A Css-waaia af
-arkaaaaaar. why AWjt gi
s Oal ahtmlaa'r habit gmrwSA,
"JreMaewe, fU a it If y .j
asaas wnseag asaetfy for sj
awa jraMaf. aaai ttam anaaHlsa atWs
Powered by Open ONI