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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 7, 1888)
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BED CLOUD CHIEF
A. C. HOSMER, Proprietor.
THE MILLER AND THE CAMEL.
Tfc- Anilis 1.-51 of a miller
Who moniln? Jnira hi- reposs
f IVas waUi-ii' 1 Jiy lieiinj- a camel
mmm-n inu winuovT mruu nis nose.
"Jt s cold -jut bore." -fil th- creature,
"Anil 1 nt-ti. sir. if you please.,
Ju.t Jo warm my nose a, moment;
It - ho c'nilct I fear 'tlll freeze."
"All rlKlif" -aid ths otlicr. kindlv:
"You !o look -ilnciiel and thin."
'O, tlititilj you ' re l:d the camel.
And his head went further In.
Soon, while the miller slumlicred,
JJth head and necl were through;
Then ire-ftuly in at flic wlndo
The iMMly ntersi, too.
Now. the room was close and narrow.
And the htartled hlee;er woko.
And to his ungainly Inmate
At length, coiuulalxiiug, gpoko.
"Jteally. my fnend, while willing
To grant your llr-t request.
My quarters an: not humrient
'lo hold ho large a puest-"
"Very well." ild the other, coiliy,
"If jou find it as jou say.
Move out In fart, you'll have to
For I hni e come to stay."
JIou plainly this story tearhc
As you jierreiie. no doubt)
Mronij into the heart admitted
Will soon the ri'jfit drive out
And how plain It warns us, also.
At the very ilrt to fchun
The i-i that seem, so harmless,
Kre an entr.mre hns been won.
r 'tilip IS. 'ttrouj. in 1,'ijllfn Djiji.
DOWN IX A COAL 3IIXE.
A Trip into tho Darknoaa of tho
Ornpliie Drsrrlpllon of it .Innriirjr Wlinrn
the Sun NVwr shirim Superc'lllon
Mini Om-rr l'dlrt WliUtllliC
Kriiig I tail l.urlc An
Ohl Miner Talks.
If thee be gooin' doon th' shaft,
lad." said the grimy old coal miner,
stepping into tlie car tliat wai waiting?
for tin Mgnnl to lower him and his
t equally grimy comrades into the yawn
ing thoroughfare to tht mine, "don't
thee he Mnn'in thurr a thenkin' on it,
.in1 don't thee shy an eye doon th'
tdmft to -co th' blncknc-s o' it. nyther.
or thell never Mir an inch toords th
bottom at all. an it's hit o Loord's
trulh I he tellin' thee. Steppit in otT
han like. Tlnirr! Stonily! Doon wo
goo! No need to -hut thy even hO
tight, lad, for it's na'nk thce'll Pee
now wi 'in wide open. Mive yon fad in
pateh o' day we he leavin', an' a sil'er
lotlar'll he'higger'n th' like, o' that
afoor ivo dump thee in th' grime at th'
The old miner v:is right. The enn
ilidate for the experience ot vi-iting for
the lir.-l lime !t eoal mine by uny of the
perpendicular shaft that lend.- to the
Cimmerian depth-mu-t not pause at
thcedge of the eh:i-m to eon.sider the J
matter. The rope thnt -.low lv unwinds
a" the -urfnee a- the ear and platform
are lowered through the d:irkne.s-may
part before the journey i- fjiirly begun,
and the bottom of the .-haft i- a good
piarter of a mile below; but if tho
i-ilor top- to ponder over that po--i-htlit.
and lingers, to calculate it.s con-
w - ijt eiiees. the chunce- are that he will
ner -! th- inside of a coal mine. If
he really de-ire- the experience he
nri-t step in "oil-hand like." a-tho old
miner -aid. and imagine he i- joinj; to
ji :- an exeiiinjr tri down n coal
mni -haft. Due who is nervous in an
ordinary elevator, surrounded by up-hol-tr
and lib, jjuarded by safety
apph.mcc-. and with the monotony of
the trip relieved by frequent Mop- and
cou-tnnt ,han.,-amoiiirthe occupants,
would j-imply die on the journey down
a mine .-haft. Vi-itors who liave the
JliHinie to make the trip are not many.
Hundreds o to the colliery firm in the
intention to de-cend the sluift. but
nim-Jcnths of them ehanijo their minds
v.hcn thechiMi and claniror and whirr
of the machinery the Mitliuu du-t and
tin. hurrinj;. sooty workmen surround
and tlit about them. Some i-itors.
who have kepi up their courage to the
M.i'kiny jtlace until they have en
l "vd the car. loe it when the do-cout
in the depth- begins am! cower down
to the bottom of the car. motionless
with fear, and not infrequently lo.-o
"Ave. lad." continued the garrulous
old miner, a- we dropped into vacancy,
moniiy'f th" pore la.ldybuek that I've
-ec' whinin'an pleadiu for to be let
out. an mutiny's th one I've clinched
wi all me miiht to -ave th joompin of
itn over. An don't I mind well th
pore lad an la, moany an mouny a
year ajroue. as would be join' doon th'
old Staffordshire mine in Knrl:ind. for
a lark, they said, on the very day they
bed married. Loord save u-! Could
J over foriret th like i th:st? She
wurr :i wee, frail think, tho las- wurr,
jm thurr eoom a bij frijrht to her
:imost th mennit wo dropped doon
from atop. She went a clean daft as
th' darknes- jjniw'd an oven th whiles
her lad wurr :t hoohlin' an soothin of
her. she ri that cry which th' like o
it 11 never leave mo ears, an wi th'
leap o" a deer she cleared th toob an
hurled hersel' doon. doon. through the
'olackness. Wo miner- stood there
Mroock nil doomb. an urr hearts soor
t" th' boorstin. We could see th white
face o th pore hid. wi' his eyes a
v'nrin wide, an his ban's elootehin' at
) hs throat. O, th' sight o' him, as it
jrloom'd out by th' dim glimmer o' our
lamps! I can see it now! Hut. haj
loss. wo read naught o' what ho wurr
minded to. poro lad! Sudden, wi1 a
cry to his lass th:it lay croosh'd and
xnangl'd doon in th darkness: I bo
cochin lassr says ho, he leapit as she
had gone, an' the shaft wurr choked
wi horrors for we pore miners th'
monny a long day!'1
Ihe space is narrow in a mine shaft,
and the impenetrable darkness makes
it appear the more contracted than it
really is. The miners' lamps are
as firefly twinklings. Water filters
through the rocky walls and patters
upon you as you pass down like un
comfortable raindrops from dripping
eaves. The oscillations of the rope
that holds your life are painfully ap
parent The cheerful thought can not
be driven away that some ponderous
rock, whicli has been hanging for
j'ears from onu fide of the shaft or tho
other, will more than likely Ik; given
the jar this trip which will fctoh it
thundering down upon the car. Even
the fact that tho miner make thid trip
twice a day. laughing and talking, and
oven humming snatches of folksongs
but never whistling; to whistle in a
coal mine will fetch the worst of luck,
they s:iy fails to remove all thought
of danger from tho mind of a novice
descending a mine shafL There may
be Mranger sensations of happiness
and relief than thoe lie feels when tho
car reaches tho bottom, but I doubt iL
Every one who can read knows what
a coal mine i.s like. One is like another,
the galleries crossing each other in all
directions, like the streets of a totvn,
with many turnings a black and
deep city, a city of coal. Some of the
galleries arc long and wide and well
ventilated; others are low, narrow and
tortuous, with tho air Kuspieiously foul
and charged with danger. The lndon
oars, trundling along the gloomy tram
ways toward the foot of the sluift. p;iss
the empty ones going back into the
hidden depths for other burdens. Tho
noise of blasts, tho smell of gunpowder,
tho rumble here and there of falling
coal, tho glimmer of lamps who-e fee
ble r:iys barely outline the ghoulish
forms of the miners at their toil, tho
noise of water pouring from the many
subterranean veins sundered by tho
pick and drill these are the sights
and sounds that surround the life a
miner leads, by night and day. hun
dreds and hundreds of feet beneath
tho ground. Work never ceases in a
eoal mine when it i.s being "run" to
its lull capacity. Uno set or men go
down the shaft at daylight and come
out at dark, meeting at tho month of
tho shaft the men who are going down
for tho night "shift." and whom they
will meet coming out again next morn
ing, if all has been well.
"Nay, lad, don't thee never wo el
in the mine," warned my old miner
guide; "for thee'll drive th' gud luck
sperit oot an' let tho bad luck divvel
in. Thur's many a fall o' coal that's
crashed doon ou scores o' poro bids
a wurrikin in the dep's that's coom'd
nil along o some cranky rattlo-brin
nop an' wcs-elin' aforo they knowd th'
like o him n doin' it a wes-clin' some
tune Qthat th" divvel like- to dance to.
Tho bos.-es may .-core tho falls to shaky
props and tho like o' that, but it's th'
wessolin as does it oftentimes, lad.
So don't thee wessel here what times
thee he's 'lorg wi' us."
Fire-damp explo-ions and f.alls of
roof and walls are tho greatest dangers
the coal miner fcar.s. The one h:ts been
greatly le.ened of late ycjirs by im
proved ventilation of mines an im
provement that was compelled by leg-i-Iation,
however. He fore Davy gave
to miners tno safety lamp that all but
canonized him among them, it wa- tho
custom to light the lire-damp in coal
mine- every night. It is within tho
memory of old miners when it wa- tho
duty of one man to tiro tho gas in cer
tain mines, e-pecially tho-4 of Conti
nental Europe, so that the explo-ion
might be provoked and the mine made
acce ible and comparatively safe for
the men again next day. Wrapped in
a covering of wool or leather, the face
protected by a mask and the head en
veloped in a hood like a monk's
cowl, thi- man entered the noi
ome depths to perform the dan
gerous ta-ic imposed upon mm. i ne
tire-damp is lighter than air. and floats J
above it in the mine chambers. To
keep as much as po-sibleiu the area of
ro.-nirable air, the "penitent." si- the
man was called, because of the re
semblance of hi- dre-s to that of a
religious order of the Catholic Church,
crawled on tho ground, bearing before
him a long polo with a lighted tape on
tho end. As ho dragged his way along,
alone in tho poi-onou- mazes of tho
mine, his tapr came in contact with
the oplo-ive gas. and detonation after
detonation followed one another until
the noxious siib-tance had been en
tirely decompo-ed and the ntmo-phcrc
made safe. Frequently the penitent
was killed at hi.- po-t, either by the
force of the explo-ion or by coal and
rocks dislodged and cru-hing him
where he crept. lire-d;impoxplos'on-nre
Mill very frequent in coal mine-,
and in loo many instance.- invo-tiga-tion
shows that tho responsibility lie
with the careles-ness or reckle. uess
of the miner him-eif.
"Aye. lad." said the old .miner, "it
bo's a wonder, surely, the rattle-brins
some o we miners le. What wurr it
that pore Davy ltichards did? Loord
save u-! Why, Davy wouldn't ha
croosh'd a fly that stung him, sooch
wurr th' tender heart he had: out in th"
graveyard, in th village atop yoonder,
tharr's nineteen graves as Davy
put thurr. an enoof o them, th good
Loord knows, wo had the like oop
thurr afoor! They be'd a warnin
Davy, his fellows he'd as they wurr
wurrikin wi' th' damp aboov 'cm in
th' mine, an some wurr that fearful to
go on wi' tl task. An whiles they
were shakin' thurr heads an hangin'
back, an' thenkin it'd be well for th
wives an th little tins atop if wurrik
wurr stopp'd betimes, what does pore,
tho'tless Davy do but till his pipe an'
whisk a tiro wi' a lucifer to light it!
Th' flash an' roor went roornin' an
echoin through th galleries as fur as
th' dep's roon'd back, an' w'en th time
coom that we could get to whurr it
started we dragged from th toombi'd
coal nineteen shapeless lads as we had
all know'd an gone doon wi monny's
th time an ag'en. an pore Davy wurr
one o' them. Only one o" th' shift
coom'd oot to tell how Davy done it
all. An' th' pity o' it all wurr that
Evan Joues, a new one i' th' mine, had
puttit by sil'er to fetch his wife am
little uns f ram across the sea, an had
sent it, an wurr lookin for them day
by day. An so happens they coom'd
th day that Davy tired th damp, aa'
Evan wurr lyin croosh'd in the de'ps.
wi never a sight, lad. o th pore wif
an th bairns! Loord save us! What
a time they coom'd atnoong us!"
It is remarkable that in the confined
aad bad atmosphere in which the coal
miner lives at least half of his life he
contracts but few ssaladies. He never
staffers from feter. Still, in the course
ot time, the bad air works destruction
to his Mend, impoverishing it, and
makes 'him aneuy victim for amemia.
The dust arising from the coal does its
work on chest and lungs. If tho miner
is seen with tho grime of his labor
washed from his face, his pallor will be
startling to the stranger. His eyes are
protruding, his form stooped, his gait
uncertain and stumbling, Tho miner
frequently works in water up lo his
knees, and he thinks nothing of it; but
he is in constant fear of taking cold
when in the free, open air. While the
outdoor laborer in the coal regions
congratulates hlm-elf that he is not
subject to the Imrd-hlp.s nor exposed to
tho jxirils that the miner is. the miner
rejoices that he is sheltered from tho
inclemency of the weather, from cold
and wind and ruin, unlike his loss
favored brother, the outdoor lalwror!
The miner, as every body knows, is
superstitious and credulous. Ho bo
lioves in gho-t-s. in haunted mines, in
myths of all kinds.
"Ah. lad!" said my old miner guide,
"these mines bo well enoof. suroly. tin'
wo wurr unlikely heiri's if wo couldn't
live an1 wurrik hero an' bo happy in
them, one an' all. lint think o' th
mines I bo readin' of aero-s th' soa.
1'eauties, lad! Ileautioi! Mines 'way
doon further in th' dep's than thus,
whurr th' toilers have digged thurr
houses out o' th' -olid rock, an' carved
a chapel whurr they got for prayers;
an' a theater, lad. an shops, an' inns,
an' a' that! Think o' th' like o it! An'
th' miners havin' no need o' the gooin'
atop at a'! They live thurr yerr in an'
yerr out; th' lads and lasses marry
thurr: thurr th miner.- that's to coom
betimes an' do th' wurrk are boorn'd.
an' thurr th' ones that- done their
wurrk fvr aye aro laid away. The-o
bo th salt mines, lad. 'way ayent th'
sea.-. Ah! they bo th' spots whurr th'
pore toilers moos' find peace! No
climbin' oop ami doon o' shafts, an'
spookin' roon' f th' niuck. an' doo-t
an' blackness! Why. they moos' be
nigh t' th' like o' heaven, lad. surely!"
The credulous old miner had evi
dently heard or read tho marvelous
tides that have lieen told of the rock
salt mines of Wiellicaka and Kochnia,
in Austrian Clalicia tales originating
with the extravagant romances of a
century ago. He believed them, and
it was not my mission to tell him they
were fiction, pure and simple. Ed
Motl, in X. V. Mail anil Express.
TWO MILES OF LUMBER.
Faint ;ilmpmr of thn Kitrnt r That Hul
nm in -MliiiirMjioll.
The amount of lumber now in pile in
Minneapolis is greater than it has been
at any one time for a number of years
greater, in fact, than it ha- bstMi at
any time since tho mills pretty gener
ally began to find lodgment upon the
banks of tho river above Plymouth
avenue. As tho result, tho general
public may got, for tho first time in
years, a pretty good idea of tho extent
of tho lumber bu-ine-s in MinncJipolis.
and the lino of pile.- ought to bo a- im
pre ive as a long lino of towering
business blocks. With tho exception
of a limited space, there is an almost
unbroken line of lumber piles and saw
mills fioni Fourth avenue north to
Thirty-eighth avenue north, a distance
of something more than two mile.-. This
doe- not include all the lumber, either,
in North Minneapolis, where more than
one-half of all tho stock in pile now is.
It i- evident that unless the mills go
further up the river there is little ad
ditional room for mill-on the west side
of the river. There is no reason why
the eji-t bank of the river -hould not
be as thorough- lined with sawmills
and lumuer piles as is the west bank.
and such will bo tho ca-e within the
next three or four years. 1 wo oi
three project? have already been put
on foot looking to a location on the
east bank of the river. There is hut a
single objection to the mus-ing of the
lumber iudu-try in a single quarter,
a.- is being done :it the present time in
Minneapolis, and that is the added
danger from fire. With the future that
i- before tho Soo road as a lumber line,
it need be no matter of surprise if the
time should come vhen there would be
piled on thoeast Fide of the river more
lumber than now is found ou tho west
COLD WEATHER RULES.
How to Make 1.1 Tf in Winter Acrrentilr ami
Never lean with tho back upon any
thing that is cold.
Never begin a journey until the
breakfast has been eaten.
Never take warm drinks and then
immediately go out into the cold.
Keep the liack. especially between
the shoulder-blades, well covered; al-o
tho che-t well protected. In sleeping
in a cold room establish the habit of
breathing through tho nose, and never
with the mouth open.
Never go to bed with cold or damp
Never omit regular bathing, for un-les-
the skin is in active condition the
cold will close the pores and favor con
gestion and other di-exses.
After oxerci-e of any kind, never
ride in an open carriage or near the
window of a car for a moment; it it
dangerous to health or oven life.
hen hoarse, speak as little as pos
sible until tho hoarseness is recovered
from, else the voice may bo perma
nently lost, or difficulties of the throat
Merely warm the back by tho fire,
and never continue keeping the back
exposed to the heat after it has become
comfortably warm. To do otherwise
When going from a warm atmos
phere into a cooler one, keep the
mouth closed, so that the air may be
warmed in its passage through the
nose ere it reaches the lungs.
Never stand still in cold weather,
especially after having taken a slight
degree of exercise, and always avoid
standing on ice or snow, or where the
person is exposed to cold wind. Sam
ilarimit. "Accept my hand. Augusta." And
the maiden looked at the hand, which
was something smaller than the aver-age-sueu
salt-fish, hesitated a moment
and then said sweetly: "Isn't there
a discount something oil. where you
take so large aa order.' testes
Strmitc n-UcioM ot cirtia Coaamo-nltU-t
la Wnlera Asia.
According to HerrfJustar PaulL who
recently made a journey from Tabriz to
Lake Van, the Ne-torian Christians
gracv with the name of devil-worshiper
a number of communities scattered
through H Js-Ian and Turki-h Armenia
and in the Valley of theTigri- down to
MomjL Near MomiI. in the out-pur- of
Kurdistan, lie- !ia-Haani. tho holy
city of the Jeslds or devil-worhipors.
and containing tho temple and mauso
leum of their Sheik Adi. and not far
thence the village of Hashiyka. tho
residence of their civil and religious
head. According to tradition. tLeir
faith had it origin in certain apostate
tnumlcr: of Armenian Church, and
tholr name U variou-ly derived from
Je-u or ,'eaid. ono of their chiefs, and
from the town Jezd. Their faith has
probably, however, a much earlier ori
gin, derived from the influence of all
thoio religions successfully holding
sway in those regions', from Zoroastri-ani.-m
to I .-lata.
They address prayers to the sun at
his rising and kis- tho place first touched
by his betm. At certain festivals they
warm the 'ingers of their right bund at
the holy taper, then drjiw them over
their right eyebrows ami kis them.
Tho Supremo I'eing they name Allah,
and reverence the founder of Islam as
a prophet, while they reverence Chri-t
as a great niigc'l naming Him Ik-n Iai
Nurani (.J'-us. Sou of tho Light), who
ono day will come to rulo the world.
They desire to live in good understand
ing with Shaitan (Satan'), the devil,
and so great is their re-jux't for him
that they do not presume to pronounce
his name, but call him "Melek-Taup."
and pay honor to him symbolically as
alight-giver (Lucifer), and in tho figure
of a bird. Oar Thursday is their Sal
bath. They f:ist forty days in tho spring,
but aro not over strict in the observance
of such fast, preferring rather to do it
by proxy. Ono monitor of the family
fasting will do for all the others as well
as him-elf. Children are immediately
after birth baptized with tho water ol
tho holy spring at tho grave of tht
Sheik Adi. To this end that water i?
fetched to places very remote from tht
holy well by mendicant nouks(Kuwall,)
till belonging to one single family.
The .lesids have a horror of the color
of blue (flame of sulphur?), and es
chew all attire of Unit hue. They have
tho reputation of being strictly honest
and moral. They show great respect
to women, so that a woman may ac
quire the priestly dignity. Polygamy
is allowed only with tribal chief-. T t
common man m;iy have but one wife,
for whom ho has often to pay the
mother a rather high price. Prie-t-aud
Kawal may not marry out of then
ca-tc. A widow dres-e- in white, and
etiquette lequires of her even to strew
du-t ou her head and smear her fjict
with clay. Corp-e- are lirM washed
anil then buried with tho face toward
the Polar star. In thu killing of animal-
ail the blood is drained oil by
cutting through the artery of tho neck,
hs with thu .lew.- and Mohammedan-.
They cling with great tenacity to their
faith, but refuse the adoption of anj
pro-elytes into their rank-. VhilmlU
jifnn Xurth Amrrfnu.
THE DARK CONTINENT.
Tlir V:tr on tlir Ixtiiixik It)- 'ijt X.
ll- In K4t AlrliM.
The Ctermans have seriou- work on
hand in Ka-t Africa. Along three
hundred miles of the Zanzibar coast,
between Paugaui on tho north and
Kilwa on the south, they have been :it
tJtcked by coast natives at live of their
stations and several flcrman- have been
killed. This uprising h:is -j dily fol
lowed the ecu-ion to the "'c-rmnns bv
the Sultan of Zanzibar of thi- strip of
const, about live hundred miles long
and ten miles wide. The immediate
pretext for this rebellion i- the violent
iii-iucIiu:ition of the coa-l people to
accept tho sovereignly of Kuropeans.
The real cause of war is tho affiliation
of the eo:ist natives with the Arab- of
thu interior. These attacks are only the
latest development in tho programme
of open hostility to sill the whites iq
Africa which led Mwauga. frenzied by
Aral lies, to kill 1'ishop Hauniugton.
and al-o led to the capture of Stanley
Falls and tho as-aults upon the Euro
pean settler.- on Lake N:ua.
These coast natives are not such un
tutored -avages as tho-e among whom
white men have ca-t tneir Io-t on the
other side of equatorial Africu They
aro half-caste Arab and Mo-lem Ne
groids, the product of two or three cen
turies of the admixture of Arab. Portu
guese and Indian traders and settlors
with tho native iwople-. They domi
nate mo.-t of the narrow coast strip for
several hundred miles, tho pure-blooded
Africans having retreated before them
into the interior. Thousands of them.
tho Wa Suaheli. have served explorers
as porters: but most of tho-e who are
now attacking the fJormaus aro the
half-caste Arabs and coa-t clans known
as the a Mrima, whom the pun;
Arabs regard as greatly their inferior,
though the most influential immigrant
in Central Africa. Tippti Tib. is him
self a half-caste. Two-thirds of tho
("orman stations aro among the pure
African tribes on tho highlands from
7o to l."0 miles west of the disturbed
The inevitable conflict between the
whites who aro trying to uplift and de
velop Africa and tho Moslems who arc
decimating and degrading her people
has wvw been signalized by bloodshed
half way across the equatorial regions.
Every enterprise of the whites from
sea to sea in this part of Africa is now
confronted by the Arab question and
the signs are multiplying every day
that this problem must be settled be
fore any of those projects can go for
ward to which the Arab influence is a
Fortunately for the Germans the
present impediment in their path is so
near the sea that they will make short
work of it when they seriously set
about its reraovaL -V. T. Sun.
"As aa accoaplished horsewom
an. said the reporter, notebook ia
hand, "I presume you ride bareback
occasionally?' "Xo, sir!" replied the
star actress, with a lurid Sash of iadif -nation;
"when I ride I always wear a
suitable wrap, sirr Ckicpt Tribum.
BLUNDERS IN CHURCH.
Aa Eagllah C1rrx7n tlt loa dart
cJ llaH an4 MU&ap.
The cozy -quire's jew of th? eigh
teenth century was an elaborate struct
ure, luxurioualv furnished and ur-
j mounted by crimson curtains. It of'.ea
contained tho only Sreplaco in the
i church, and was never complete wlth-
out a square tabic During tho reign
j ef (Jeorgo I. a colored footman would
' enter with a tray of refreshment.- just
! before tho sermon. In one of th-o ro
r treats, Kroest, 1'ixfce of Cumberland.
being ensconced. as roused from a
1 dozo bv thu exhortation "Let m
"Hy all moan. shouted tho Duke;
"I hav- no objs:tion."
The joor were accomodat! ia nar-
i row pew-, very high and -u:! in tho
! back. No wonder that a timid child
remarked that a man in velvet brc vhes
haJ siit on her pantry -helf aad -hut
the door. Not o little Johny. uho.
"on the promi-o to to dood." was taken
to church. He kept very -till till the
last prayer, by which time he hul
grown a tired that he got up on tho
' cushion of the seat and stood with hL
back to the. pulpit. When the lady In
' tho seat behind bowed her head for
prayer Johnny thought she was crying,
so ho leaned over and -aid in u too au
"Poor, dear lady, what eo matter?
Doe- tK tummy ache?"
Very formidable mti-t have toon tho
pow with a lattice around it, in which
that rod-haired vixen, (juoeu lio.-s. sat
to criticise tho court preacher-. They
t had to to :i- particular in their allu
sions as the chaplains of !ouis I" .
"We mu-i all die." exclaimed tho
preacher. Tho King frowned fiercely.
"All. I mean, -ave your M:ijeslj."
added tho subtle courtier.
When a Bishop or other cleric tiMtlo
mention of any thing which did not
please the vain old woman, tho lattice
was rattled with terrible energy and
distinctne-s to tho di-eoinllturo of the
unfortunate ecclesiastic Sometimes
she spoke outright, as when the
Bishopof St. David's ventured upon sta
tistics which the (jueeu could not fol
low: "You keep your arithmetic to
yourself: the greatest clerks aro seldom
the wisest men."
How different was tho appreciation
of a sermon delivered by my cloquotit
incumbent in Hosloy Church, Cheshire.
At the conclusion, the kind vicar, leaj
ing through the paper hoop of rubrical
restrictions exclaimed: "My good ms
plo. before we sing tho hymn I think
wo e:in not do totter than heartily
thank Mr. Hughes for his most excel
In that same church a local laud
owner, the 1" irl of Harrington, placed
a stained gla.-s window, containing
figure- of the Virgin and St. John.
Some friends of mine being shown oer
tho building, asked the venerable clerk
tho subject. "Tin. in fur." said he.
":iro meant for Mr. and Mr-. Harring
ton, but 1 can't say :is they are mulch
My llr-t incumbent, Mr. Hughe-,
was very ab-ent-miiided. A well-known
member of the congregation had en
livened dull Decomtor by bringing
home his bride: and the ladle- were on
the tip-toe of expectation on th follow
ing Sunday to see what she was like.
An involuntary smile wa- c.tu-cd by
tho text "Heboid tho bridegroom
cometh." Hy no means dittidcul was
the young lady who extracted a
promi-e from her vicar that ho would
preach an appropriate scrmo.i when
she appeared :it church on the Sunday
following her marriage.
Tho test w:is somewhat a surprise.
"Yea, an abundance of peace -o long
a- the moon endureth."
Speaking of marriage-, how nmu-ing
in tho following incident: Tho incum
bent of a populou- pari-h in the mid
land- who never failed to have publi
cation of numerou- bann- looked for
tho bann- b.ok a- u-ual after tho
second le-son. Peeling it ured of find
ing it he commenced: "I publi-h tho
bann.- of marriage " An awkward
pau-e, during which he looked toneath
the service books, "but could not see
my little friend, beenu-o he was not
there." "I publi-h tho bann-." re
peated he. -till fumbling, "totweon
between " "Iletwcon tho cu-hion and
the -eat. sir." shouted the clerk, look
ing up and pointing to the place whore
the book had tovn mi-laid. Anjoj.
MEXICAN AND SPANIARD.
Tln Imliivtrr, Thrift ami Unral Humor nf
tltr .Modrrri snrh I'anz.
The axorage Mexican, like the avei
age American, i- free with hi- money
neglectful to those little economies
which Kuroeans understand -o well,
and. therefore, when a rich Mexi
can land owner is in need of a
manager for an o-tate ho look
about for a frugal, thrifty Span
iard, who. if he doe- make money for
himself, doe- not neglect his employer.
interest. It is a common error among
Americans -to fancy the Spaniard as a
Nvisting. proud fellow, averse to toil
and preferring gentility in a faded vel
vet coat to hard work and comfort. A
witty Spaniard ha- -aid somewhere
that all panianls are either Don Quix
otes or Sancho Panzas, and there i
some measure of truth in this saying.
The Sancho Panza class of Spaniard
has the hard, homely sen-e of the
New England farmer, and not a
little of the dry humor which tho
Yankee po esoes as by birthright
The Spanish language has thousand of
sharp and racy proverbs available for
evory-day use. and the hard-working
Spaniard make- free use of them.
Another Anglo-Saxon misconception is
that the Spaniard is a man who is ever
seeking a quarrel and whose temper is
fiery and uncertain. There are streaks
of romanticism in the Spaniard, and
any amount of good qualities that wear
well in ever day life. He is patient,
good-humored, and will share his seal
with aa unfortunate countryman.
There is much sturdy fiber left ia the
Spanish nation, which, we must not
forget, disputed the coatrol of this
hssai inhere with ourselves for cee
tnries. and left aeTcr-to-be-eraaed
marks of Spanish domination. The
Spaniard resembles the Anglo-Saxon
ia his propensities for colonization, his
willingness to emigrat'?. his capacity
for hard work aad a certain arrogance
the Anglo-Saxon or Spaniard sxvar
Vor. EmUm S$rmU.
STRENGTH OF ROPES.
aaatt of irrl-at Ma. la jr a finia
Th quaint of tho workmanhlp.
trcasrth. extensibility and elasticity uf
round and fl.-vi ropes of hotnp and aloe,
aad of iron and :-vl wire, havn toca
exp-riuienuUly lnr-ugatod by A. lh
toul. and tho result- ofhici!rinent
pubh-hed in tho lUUotln do la SocW:i
d'Hticonrageaaint dc Art. Pari. In
hi- oxprtirioa: Mr Dubul used a
horizontal hydraulic pri aad a a-pgh
tsg apparatU" consisUng of a trvlvard
and llding wnight. by which tralon
of from one to 13o.ii pound t-autd bo
recorded. Kor higher pre-sur a gauge
on the btdy of th- prw. a ussi.
Seelmen w?ro ?atoned by winding
oich oud on a gnoved pulloy of pcciaJ
construction. 'lhe Usual length of pw
hnen for testing was thirteen f3t-
The re-ults of all tho u-ts gate for
tho average ten-llo strength- of ruHi
Wtux hricp ..)Ai,i U M.r-i
T-rrrl hrwji .... T. to .
ffhiif m-nUx. vi to :0
uhlt-3loc . xou to :.a
KS.t. tarrol brtsp of cutUt. . .. T.so to .0
A factor of safety of I, or t-wn 3 ia
sotno etiso-. i- considered -afo roje.
A rope of uminnctelfd ir ha an
ultimate ten-;l,. strength of alswt
Vi.tAA) -muds per square inch of o
tion of inot.il; when annealed tho ulti
mate strength t- reduced to atostt
'. l-l pound-, but the oiongatlon I
nearly doubled, tolag 12 to 16 per
cent. In Jinncnled wire. The to-1 uitsi
roiK for mining purjoo havo a
much higher ten-tie -trengjj, ,a.
other writer on the -.mi" -abject jj.ys
that the tensile strength of a wot rop
I- onlj one-third that of the same rp
when dry, and that a roje -ntumtvd
with -imp or gron-o is -till weaker. -McchauKul
APOETS RESTING PLACE.
Tin" Mt svlprll lo WlllUnt t'ullra
llryant ftr III TuwK
Nestling amid the tr-- on tho gen
tle 1ojh of a neighboring hill 1- trio
village cemetery of Kfm'311. I., f In
till- home of tho departed aro two
graves, side by -idc, which re-ting
places contain the du-t of 0110 of tho
world's greatest eis. William Culleti
I'rvant, and of hi- faithful companion
in life. The -Ito of this la-t rusting
place of the de:id w:i selected by tho
poet-editor who now sleeps within Its
confines, and who ;il the time uttered a
wish -granted a half oonUtry later -hi
tho following word--
"I sair I ntm tht plri Vt
AnJ Ihr errn mountain rtmmt.
And thought lh:.t. utira t nine to llo
At r-t "UJils tho -nUDt,
'Trrr j!-aarit. that la norr Jun-.
When brooK- rntl u;i achtnrful tuii
Ami v'for a Jorti und,
Th fcr xten - h out, inr cra'T t malcr,
IT.- rich ,-t n mountain turf hAuM brraV "
It wits lriiiit that al-o gave tho
name to the picturo-ipio villngi which
for n man j year ii his home. In
1IG. when he went there, he lnitisl
that when the llnti-h left Ing 1-land
they marched out of Hesup-tosid to tho
tune of"ito-lii Cu-tle." and accord
ingly gao tho nnme of Ilo-ln to tho
p'.ju-e which was then only a hamlet.
Tho estate which he pureha-od thero
he named Ccdarmen -the old luakr
home-tead with it- odd gable and
corner-, from tho porch of which lliu
jMMt many time turned hi- g;i?o lo tho
hill-and green field-in tho north and
tho bright waters of Hemp-tend hartor
and th' -nils of pas-lug vo-el-. X. 1.
VALUE OF RESTRAINT.
A Worl In ViMine M1-11 Who r- An!ti
Pcrhajt- then I- nothing under which
men wince mid fret more than the r
st mints and restriction- which tho
circumstance- of life force iijhmi them.
And yet. humanly -poking, then i no
greater holjxr. no surer guide, than
external restriction-. Kvery ono knows
thnt Iti- eompnmtiva'.y oa-y to net th
gentleman in a -ociety whero th form
of etiquette ar rigidly olerrd; lmt
it is not easy to come p to the -nv
requirement in n Mx'iety where frt--tlom
1- tho nilo and wbwa rubs- aro
free A newly ojnplovt! -lret-ir
drivor ha- no diillculty in timlinsr tio
roiit" over which h is to diruet hts
horse-. He ran not drive off tho track
without tolng jolted Into a con-uiou-ne-
of hi own error. Ittit a rldp
aero-s a trackie- prairie, while it
leave- the rider free from the n--trnirit
of tho rail, correspondingly
opens to him the danger of going
astray. Many a young man doir to
leao hi- pre-ent employment thnt he
may to "hi- own ma-ter." itut no ono
i- competent ma-ter him-lf until ho
knows how to impo retrictlon ujion
himself a- the -rvant of that master;
nor will heln coajpeteat to tt him
self until he know- ho to accept the
restriction- which it would profit him
to receive from hlm-ejf as the matr
of that servant. 5. S. Twm.
Another Robinson Crusoe.
Prof. Ivc.". of llowdoin College, who
accompanied the Abat- ei:po-ii4on
a- a naturalist. telLs of a cur;oa fi
;rienc; in tho South Pacific ran.
Year- ago the Evador (Jort'raront
planted n convict colony on "harles
I-land. one of the ("alapogo group.
Ihc convic-" revolted, killed th Gov
ernor, and e-eaped. leaving tohlnd
pig-, cattle, donkeys anJ horvi-. Since
that time no one n thought to live
there, and at Chatham Uland. anottor
of the group, the Albatross party were
told that Charfe Mand wa eritirvlj
de-erV-d. They were, therefore, rather
sarprisl when th?y vMtrJ Charles
Island to come npon a man nearly
naked, carrying a pick on hi back. Iln
was quiVi aa arpriaoi a tbr. and
was at first in great fear, but naally
tby got him to talk. Hi hair and
beard had grown to great leegth. and
he had lot all notice of tin. He
said that wac yr before be had
come from Chatham Island with a party
in search of a certain valuable bom;
that he had deservx! his oospas!on.
who had gone off without hie aad
taat since that tisse he had bees aloae
an the island. He had lived on frails
and herbs, had captured wild cattle by
setting traps for thaca. killed thesa
with a spear saade by tyisg his pock
knife to a stick, aad f rosa thir hid
made a hut. He was glad to - ssea
aaia aad asfced t be taken kack t
Caathjua. which was jrraated, si
JT. T. Stu.
P4p ho M WM Mi!staC8o
wha he dWxl " "Nlc hUrmt aval
:xt;nts x?. llVUi." A .4 "rasst
ra hl balo? "Uoy prmctmr.'m
BuniffU. An ejrsT9amal rtag IsOcaSwa shet
a yonag ldy !ttte4 twfcrrjhict & fa
the taokkmable tin-- H - tat t-dM-AU
that b UVa4 aa&rrylMtr lfc-
oa bo gaio it tu Vr I'ltajshr
j miks9. my dvr. haw 1&M Mea. Jvu
vatiador aal t? tM Mtea (a
Wrr-prr'" U T "t. um !
alt tiw ikm PoyeSMi Vmwl fr HM tfcrsft
titnf. It U tvifo wiLptaUaad." ft sat,
Mr JUtsWr (nt BMtraiatf) V
si' hw4' It U a wtHMtr Utat a saait
ill put an Mny iato too asnh U
trtsi away kli brain." Mp. liiaWr-
"lf that' what yat 4td tl Uf. HiSsf.
I taint: the ,) gt W4ljr Wt"
1 Trre HanU ilsprmi.
--Well." M Iaria l'er4tvt. -I
, -tuck to ti thi mttmtmg. ssss
! hou " "ni dhl that," aaid th As
' am. waril . "yo tiefc t U Wit S
f thought you'd ro fat to U. Scasas1
! to We OMd 11T lut .- JatsSJH
! Eatr. '
j -Hu-lvvHd (h w U b t-jam
1 proving him for tVsttig la her
' ouco)- "You oiim uh tt sy t-aftf
J we ar mirri-l. ". hmst 1 Smaat
1 lowe the fnlor of a pw-t rtgs.r. Wtfs
j "Ye-. Uwtt rt of thhkg U jrt of n
yiung lady'i ta4tisj." Tim
I'Kihrr "Who ! tluu rouar tnatt
1 who lutms u ss ii muh
' ! "might- -"Mr Cbo-iaai, a yssi
' enl dealer trvm HaHeui. .
. Father-"Wll, tin mwi tiem WAli
1 wtuu n mm hb. OMifwar --t.'.
j-ijnt. ti wtj", sjr nay thing ysni
inrght te;" Father (quWUt IhH
firmlvj. 1 -toll ordr a Uw ' snl
1 and iit him U charx It- A 1 Sitm.
HtislitMl (M.ttUldy) -"Why. N.
lie. do t-t r tl m much Utn ni the
, i.lclii;jlni." Ulftf vIf make my
' -.lf 1o.k r.n:tr-mUen.-p. !), II
I "Pshaw Yiu are tM vtiln. Aadwfaat
doe u all n huh m I to? I don't udmtre
. yoi any mots. V "! know It. dcatr.
lmt yiman mil the ily ttwoi in lb
huHiI ' I pr.on hUtiilnkitig otp.
Jangle "I am thinking of wmllng
ArnN-lla to l.irl t tlnUh her tlel
tsiiscntlo!.'' H.ingle "I ntn dtllghtet
to hear it." Jungle- "Theosilj obta
cle s4-em U l the matter f fund".'
llangle "Punds' Ibm't !" that ftnp
you Your iielghtor- III gladly uto
scril" to -.Old that ib to l.rl: and
ay. hiuln't yi -u U'ttor wml th piano
with her. t.M" Lotrvll i!nn.
-Husband (ImpnUoally) -! Iljm
sildc. my dear, that you con not Wmp
tho-e children julel fur a taiHMvsilf
Wife (soothingly) "Now Juhn. dwn't
to Imrslt w iih tht m- iHtJ lMtHxont
thing-; it Is nnUinil for tb tt to full
of ipirit. and tby're doing tho l
tiny nn." Ihi.band "W.HU if I
could haven motiMnt jhw I alil
alt down and writ that cherk for f.'s)
thntyon'e toon bothering mc fr."
Wife (-t.)i-idy) -H'hlUlron gup "tafr
at once, and if I Umxr anothar word
front yMi to-night I'll pnnUh ym j
HENRY OF UATTCNCCRG.
Vllfl si-i.. Hen Ttira
rrrtnnt frt4in lr tiltc
Prince Henry of !lnttMitorg, ahom
th tiiern loyal nubjeet delight in
calling "our 'JcruMisi burden." ha tttv
ortnl him-elf with glory and nutil bf
revller to cmh nstr arknowlgiag
that be 1- a pretty gin! feibi'r nftor nit.
'Hie cui-e f thi chaagf if (.4lac i
a- foilown: l'attmtorg htt lsm t
raiding tbo t)vm-n Ilk" a dutiful "0
la-lnw. While th chubby UtUo Prltita;
of Wal i- oa;oyie hlaawxlf on Uweua
tirmtt uMxJne hU ntj-oly ftirss bf4
innmwab4eiM-w nnUorat- that, 00-i the,
yjNns -ubjct Um4- of mofiy. tint
royal fahWm-plHV. I'riarx A!fc-rt Vo
tor, i deTmg hi Uh tsi tW Ut-V oj
;MtrchitiNg rad and Mw nmri and
high ioHr. nA Prtjtre I'fn" !
making Iot to Attrinii Iluoii-e.tb
hutable (ernma Prlav. h Ia Mth
ing but hi pur for tk )b of lflagtbc
hul'i.rd of ih 1 ju'ett 4a(fbtr. rv
maitt at 0bom r Win4r. t mlj
male r'trei"rthUte of th family nr-n
herMa)ty iao day Primto Honry.
a- i hi wont, wont hunting atoao at
UnSmornl. (n hi return Uj ta oa4
late in the afternoon hl attention a,
attract-! by crio fr help coming from
the dinx-tion of a :nnll but de,p Wii
nMr by. whoro th atvndint at U-
ntJe wro in th habit ff bat4rr
P-atton'rg ran to tho t,o - honce
enrne tho crie and two young
women nad a child "troggHng In tie
water. Tb"ir loal had met ith an
as-idrnt and aeat to the tottz-tn.
Quick xm a Sa.h th-r (Jertnan Prir--diTeid
hita-lf f hi brry buntScg
coat and a-rrtaternvnt and plunged
into the -rater The child, a Htth- girl,
vu on the point of inking for the !
time, wh"n IWttenl-erg grbtoti hrr by
the hair, ttnd then, with t! rAher t
-roraii clinging to Idw a lt thy
could, he brought th tbro a'ly oa
The xttuns nvan -aid nothing abo.
tto rcctJe when he r-Xurard to th
ca-tle. but otx of the yowsg woanjo,
gOTern--. told tb! Vj-y to otn- of bee
friend, aad it 'sail- r-u-h-l tie
Qcva. It I ald thai her Mj""iy
ha nagnaalat--iJy allow - hr )te-Tfic
on-in-law iT10 morij p-r year. htch
tlv? ymple will haTe to atand. Hrary
-nay -4o gt th f.VJcrM-lry of -rea
ilighlaad rrgira-mt. He U rm tlf
aCaptun. 'a)C9r. .V. Y. Vo.
The Cst af AX Attanm-t.
Hard work U Xh eewt of all :ial---oeal
that j wortlr having. jt. whli
erirry budy mU the mttai-aest. fly
o and tn osws 1 willing to do th
hard work that is eaarstial to Ua cr
hsg. So It ooav-m tt pa" that !
K-aur- of a Baa'i p prU ai at-aiaav--3t.
is, praclkally.' bb williag
zxms to work hard. ad -ire!maly. Xm
saaa works hart? thaa a grttat r-.ia.
If ssere avra wer willing wrfc aa
hard as the saaa at
wwald to cr-vJivw wttA the
f graia. bnwj.ac of their
rtaulu ahlrh an aes-pcaw-d
trcm the laptnraas U
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