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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 3, 1888)
. - J-
CL 5T DEYOND.
Pust ..-. :i".r.t c'orcr-CcIds,
l'asi :L5 f o-c -is :t:i their yicIJs
O' Ai.vz .'. ins. rutins eyes
Tir.t a. vor:s vrkh rcailias wise;
I'j'it tj:e l''u- !i i!s. barriers dear
Tr:: ;::Mio u 1) youd unit acre,
I S ll1!" C ( 1 lSUSt "00 so)
WiiiXber it is gooil to ;;o.
For 1 U r-; fo- J' bct'nes
Or a 1:1 rr -. n hit riyiasa :
Am! tit; or- -:.;; at llr.i.-. iso st'll
Loi.ins, loug.r.g, 'a nasi ny will.
It is al'rry-i just bej n'l
"."hut I s-c. saH 5lsuii.il a w?nl
Toucix n. so eves, cwmi strauscly dJa,
'ffcey ra.-Lt riorrc tlic mountain rim
And U:s - v. r y riOc- srot.
Teat Is s, lvit 1 -.tveknl no
Yet, ilim-vislnuvd. I aw sure,
V.'.ijUosvjr 1 endure, '
llail Kid su:!, ll-it f r ruvoy
;at tlse Icautics f the day.
As I s-.'C then, stiv.eictl 2d dumb,
! the luul or Ssrevt-To-Corae,
Tlir.t -s sin " 1- r !
:!!.. 4m. i
li-cf ! f -. i lir t ri.--iT.c TliAi.v
Ttsllc c- 1 f'f '.:sr ' Uli:
Ins: iM-yos ' t c siUt &;
Jus: be P .: r.-o'sii-il t'-.col
n ei. .: . ;.v.-'ei. .. ; .'. 5. T.n,
HISTORY nf SUICIDE.
I:; Oecu". Mess in Suramor, and
Am nj tho Cultured.
:is JIaiiy Zr:i si Women
Talit; Tl.flr Own l.ic Iay tlsa I'a-
cr'rt Ti:ir. :i:ul 37iililic.i:;i t!:o
"Any weather."' said Ir. Hani'Iton to a
Kciv Yorl: San report or, "ivhicli lowers tho
vitality of a ierou strengthens the dis
position to commit suiciuc. There is nolh
inir very strange about that, old as it
seems, to say th.it tho ivcilhur iuilaeiiccs
suicide. We all know how common it is to
feci blue and low-spirited on dsr.c, muggy
days. Tho depression of spirits at such
times in the c.isc cf an emotional person
ainl emotional people arc the one.? who com
mit suicide may give the des-'sivo ami con
cluding impuLso to take hi", own life. Of
course ibcdci'n. muggy dj;. alone ir. not suf
ficient ami itoesrot alouo ;ivc the suicidal
impulse; it merely forms tho last str.iin on
the camel's bad:. We must su'pos.o that
the disposition toward suicide from seme of
the great causes is present in farce.
"Thoie lnve boon some very iptccr no
tions held on this point. It was an old slan
der against Englishmen, whic's-lontesquleu
quoted. I thin1.:, that Englishmen were more
prone to suicide than other people on ac
count of the dark, foggy da.v of their coun
try's climate. It was a plausible statement,
and vru3 yeucntl'y regarded as true until
an industrious gatheicrof statistics proved
that iu Holland, whore there is much
more fog and darkness thaa in l-Iugiand,
thero is much loss suicide. So No
vember, on account of its gloomy weather
baa always borne a bad name as a month of
suicides: but statistics gathered fiom all
parts of the world show that there arc
more suicides in May tlun in November,
and that, generally, there are more sui
cides in summer than in the winter days. It
was proven by data collected for nine yeara
in this country, from lfclT t-j lisitV, that thero
were averaged 37-t suicides in May to 131
in November, while the greatest number of
suicides was found in the months of Juno
and July. I believe that data gathered
since then still bears those figures out. So,
you see that the warm weather has more to
tl3 with it than cloudy vcatlier. The No
vem'oor days, cloud v as tbey arc. are cold
and stimulating, and tho vitality of one's
system is uot lowercJ a groat deal in them.
"To make a general statement, it is upon
a day when tho dark sky and the high tem
perature are joined when tho friends of the
would-be suicide want to look out for him.
The warm, humid, cloudy atmosphere this
is what influences suicide in a very appre
ciable degree. illaneuvc observed this
fact at Fans, and he declared that a- Ion;r
as the barometer indicated stormy v.oa Iit
this state of things continued. In June,
1S0G, at Rouen, France, over sixty voluntary
deaths took place, the air at the time be
ing remarkably humid and warm and the
days dark; and in July and August of tho
same year, during tho prevalence of the
same weather, there were more than thrco
hundred suicides iu Copenhagen. Denmark.
These facts are well known in medical his
tory In Italy the effect ujon tho rata
of suicide of sustained high temperature,
accompanied by a moisture, ha:, long lieca
Some years ago." continued Dr. Hamil
ton. "I gave considerable attention to tho
subject cf suicide here in New York, both
as rcgardr. the joint upca wl.ich we wcro
talking ar.i oilier van tea law. I found that
the pocpV-v.h- committed suicide, to far as
nationality was ccncemed. were mostly
Germans. This is but natural, considering
the intensely emotional character of tho
Gcrnuui people. ClUsscd Ly occupations,
.clerks are tceianst suicidal set of paople,
.and the reason for thi fact is not very far
-off, ithor. The young mon arc atrua-Iiiv
for situation ami support, and theyaiocs
posed, as are hardly uny other class of peo
,plc, to the pitfalls of the great city. The
temptations of vice come to them with great
force, and when they have once yielded and
become entangled suicide is of!?a tho next
thing thought of.
"Of modes of suicide, poisoning is b far
the favorite, I looked up the subject be
tween ltiGtf and 157:2, and I found that of over
600 suicides here in these years 212 wcro
suicides by poisoning Tho preference in
poisons was for arsenic, and this iu its
commonest form, Fans green. Women al
most always poison themselves, uneducated
women using Paris creen, and educated
women chloral or morphine. The frequency
with r.'hich Paris grceu is used is due sim
ply to the easiness with which it can be ob
tained. The laws governing the sale of tho
.different kinds of poison arc not stringent
"In London hanging is tho popular form
.of suicide, though voluntary starvation
used fo be. In France people drown them
selves or die from suffocation by inhaling
charcoal fumes. It is a singular fact that
of the people who shoot themselves seventy
five per cent, shoot themselves in the mouth.
At least this was the case at the timo I
gathered facts about the matter. Suiciding
by jump::',' f-om a great height is a horri
ble iv ay hitliag one's self, but it is often
as s;:c:i a
! :.!.i inclined to think that many
.. . c' .iracter which arc set down
uot intentional suicides, but in-
; .. ..Ii "i the morbid tendency which
-v one feels when at a great
' :: r.v one's self dowu, has over-
..!.!.! and the brain. I myself
. jorrtolo experience of this char-
i stsceudiu:' the 'i. nitaia Corco-
vado. rs siarjor ot iii - i'x i. was
With .: '' ovo:v.:..o a fearful
restl - - and impuko ijihrow myself
down - .. i:: bltto sea, tww thousand foot
bolow : .o. A fellow pliysiciaa oucc told
mo that Sieaad a paUcnt who never dared
to sleep or. the third and. fourth floor of a
"house Lecatae of hb fear of yielding t aa
teCBiotib'. impulse to throw himself out of
"In this great city the crowding of poor
j- !' into tenement houses lowers their
vi.y u nervous tone, and makes sui
cide easy to happen among them. The labor
wars, the unsuccessful strikes, the worri
m .t nd disasters which trades unions
bring theso arc causes of suicide among
the poor as pateut, just now, as any that I
know. In the upper ranks it is the contin
ual speculative scheming, tho hurry and
worry and strain of trying to get rich quick
ly, that brings on suicide like the night at
the close of every business day. The causes
which tempt men to commit suicide must bo
removed by the statesman and the econo
mist rather than by the physician."
Another very eminent physician of the
city, who did not want the reporter under
any circumstances to mentiou his name,
said that he agreed entirely with Dr. Ham
ilton's statement that hot. "muggy"
weather was the weather which suieido
claimed as its own.
" VilJaneuve. from whom we ?jct a largo
share of our information in this particular,"
tsid the physician. tells us that during tho
seven years in which he gathered statistics
in i-n-si", hi thoj-priug there wcro lOT sui
cides: in the summer, '.Li; in tho autumu.
(157. and in tho -winter, OK Vilianeuve also
tkv'a-ed that in London, Hamburg, Cop'n
h -gen and i'.oucn. the maximum number of
suicides oecured in July, and the minimum
number in Oc'oLer and November. It has
been proven, 1 believe, that on the continent
or Europe suicide diminishes with thclatti
tnde. the Danes committing suicide the
most and the Portugese the least. Tho
ihtTcvncu be: ween the prevalence of suiciuo
in DvMimnrk and Portugal is as :1 to 1.
"People should always kill themselves
more iu large towns than in the country,
because iu the former places the great
fU!!3"s of suicide, poverty and vice, are
mos.t abundant. Suicides take place, too,
far more among civilized than among bar
barous people; among people instmeled and
well read more than among the ignorant.
Intelligence raises the aspirations of men,
and when these aspirations are crushed by
the great movements of our commie:: civili
zation suicide follows naturally. Quetelct,
thc.greatest statistician that over lived,
proved that wherever crimes against the
person arc rife and ratio cf sukiuo is com
paratively small, but that whom crimes
against poperty were abundant the ratio of
suicide was much higher. These arc singu
lar facts, too, that so few suicides talro
place in the night time, that thrco times as
many men ooiamit suidiJo as women, and
that th2 favorito age at which people kill
themselves is in middle lire."
The theory of the learned doctors received
strong ccnlirmaticn by data furnished tho
rcport'jr by Dr. John T. Nag'.e, the City's
Registrar or Vital Stali-ities. Dr. Nagio
told the reporter that while in this city,
Gcrmr.m; committed suicidafar more than
any other raoa of poaple, the Irish com
mute 1 culeide far less.
"I believe,'' said the doctor, "tiiat tem
perament and tho national characteristics
and peculiarities of poopij have a good d?al
more to do with suicido than religion or the
weather, that is speaking absolutely. It is
said that Germans kill themselves here out
cf homesickness, but there are as many Irish
cople bscau UM"'ii2?
"Now, SO people killed themselves here
last year, and of these 114 wcro Germans.
The numl)cr of suicides, by months was as
follows: January, 10; February, IS: March,
ii: April. IS; May, 21; June, 13; July, 29;
August. 21: September. 10; October. :J0;
November, til; December, is. So you sec
the greatest numlicr of suicides were in
May. July and August, in the hot, murgy,"
months. Of 1.13 :!r sui.-ide.. !: were men
fcnd .- were women. Only one or there 2-V
was a colored pci-i.on. It is an ci'cdingiy
rare thiii.'." for a colored person to commit
suicide. In IS.S1 1 made a comparison f tho
suicid-jl statistics for the paU eleven years,
and discovered tho almost incredible fact
that of 1,.?21 deaths by suicido in this city
only three fcf the number were among the
colored population. Tho statistic for
these eleven years showed a state of things
precisely similar to that of last year. Six
hundred and twenty-six out of the I,."-1
suicides were Germans. More suicides were
committed iu the hot months than iu the
cold; rUt people of tho 1,.U1 took poison, and
over :JlK) of the Mi took arsenic in the form
of Paris green. After poisoning, shooting
and hanging were the favorite means of
self-murder. The proportion of men and
women held curiously the same I, lie) men
"At the same time that 1 dug out these
eleven-year statistics 1 scut inquiries to
cities all over the world asking for statistic
of suicide in the past year 1S5.'). Here is a
statement which shows the suicide rate per
100,000 inhabitants in some of the prominent
cities. I don't thin!: New York fares very
Dr. Nag!c handed the reporter the state
ment, as follows:
I! t'pr IMi'llrt
New Vnr': !.:3 12
Fh.laiiii f.Hi.1 .o3 !
llr.iulcln .ri..V !(
llvsii-:: 1 .i'i in
y.-.a Fr.c r!f.o :.76 2
li.'.ltiuicr 'i.vi 17
Ij'-ndo!) Hoi. 11
lte:l u '--'.i
icrVKi. ... ... u i u
Cjp-:iii:. ;-n ""..I 4
lljncva 'i .'it 1
l!a- .'. r -. 4-ts 18
CI-s-tovr -.'. .7 S
Kiiiulta :ii .'L05 19
Abcrircii 1.01 SI
SioclcIo:i:j li'.'i? H
Ii.Us.iO -t S C
Kl MJvava v).). V " "J 9
Bit lVI ll tl . a 1 ' '
Iecifciuriie 1U7-J l'l
Ca culta f'.'iO 11
"The city which had by far the greatest
rate of s;.Ii-iac," continued Dr.Nagle, ' was
Gcra, in Germany, which presented the
cnormoua rate of ftj.01 per 100,000 inhab
itants, or irctty nearly one man in a thou
sand. 1 rcLvivcd no infonnatiou to account
for this. Neither do I under.-.tand why the
rate of suicido iu Sail Fraucivo. in our
country, is so large. Tho low rata iu Scot
land is remarkable.
"Writers have claimed that there havo
been epidemics of suicido iu foreign coun
tries, hut 1 have never becu able to find
any trace of such a thing in this city. A
table or tho proportion of the suicidal
deaths to the total population of the city
bincc 1&C4 shows that the rate rises or falls
year by year iu accordance with laws,
which wo do not yet understand. Tho
highest rate of suicido we have ever had
was in 1805, when thero was 1 suicide io
every 3,017 inhabitants. This rate gradual
ly lowered until 1812, when there wasl
suicide iu every 20,a07 inhabitants. Tho
very r.ci:t year came a fearful drop to 1
suicide in every t.r07 of the population.
Tho lowest proportionate number of sui
cides was iu lSt, when there was 1 suicide
to iSJ,S27 eoplc. In 1574, right after the
great financial au:c. the suicides wcro
more in number than at any time for forty
years I in every !,ol5 people.
Tho O'lo Tiling Nee Jful.
Health r l.iu onu V ii:ir needful; there
fore no iti.his. '.sjK'iij. solf-uuuial or rs- I
straint whlr'.i wos.ibi:iIt for tlio sake of it t
is too much. Whether it require. us to r- J
linquisb lucrative r.ituiitions. to abstain i
from favorite iuilaijonci, to rjiitiMl intemi- I
pcrate iasbions. or ;.iiik-r;o tedious regi- !
mens whatever ilii-.'uuics it kiy. :ii usdor
aman T.-lio!n;r-...o.j !.:. hsppin-jM ratioa
ally and redoijtv:y .vJi b- &iawus t submit
-w - w-
VVfiCOUAINTED WITH THE CEOCRAPHY OF THE COUNTRY WILL 0T.i:t
MUCH USEFUL INFORMATION FROM A STUDY OF THIS MAP OF THE
z . o. --i"-v-.'-v.5r7 i-Si Vr'y-V?? ?asiivvV-iLi i- -csS
CHICAGO, ROGIC 5SLANB & PACcFSO H'Y-
ItT central position ani cloc ccnnecticn with Eastern lines at ChicaRa raid
-or-rinuous lines at terminal points V03t, Northwest and Southwest, male-it the
-no Mid-link in that transcontinental chain of steel vLieh unites the Atla-itic
end Pacific. Its main line tnd branches inclade Chicagc, Joliet, Otta-.va.'r.a'lElte,
"sarin, Geneseo, Jlcline and Rook lalace., in. Illinois; Davenport, iluEcatine,
TTashington, Fairfldd, Ottnwa,0kaloosa,'ArestIahert5',IowaCity,i;e2'i:'I'.Iiies.
'Jianola, Wintorset, Atlantic, Xuoxviile, Audubon, Harlan, Guthrie Centre
rF-ySEjSJSmKMBSS ana uounon zuuist
St. J osepa ana
and Atchison, in
i ailnneso n: "WTat
TJWVAV 3 Btauw
CHOICE OF KOTJTES to and from the Pacific Coast and intermediate places,
making all transfers in "Union Depots. Past Trains of fine DAY COACHES,
elegant DINING CARS, magnificent PULLMAN PALACE SLEEPING CABS.
and (cetween Chicago, St. Joseph, Atchimm and Kansas City) restful BECLIN
ING CHAIB CABS, seats FBEE to holdera cf throuBh first class tickets.
THE CK.CASO, KANSAS & NEBRASKA R'T
(CREAT ROCK ISLAND RCUTB
IBxtends we3t and southwest from X&nsas City and St. Joseph to Fairbury,
Nelson, Horton. Topelra, Horington, Hutclnr.son,
Wichita. Caldwell, and all M"J ml J wj tXfM points aoathem Nebraska,
interior Kansas and beyond. EkTV M 3 31 M H Entire passenger equipment
of the celebrated Pullman mM Wi M M manufacture. Solidly bal
lasted track of heavy steel MtBMftMHIBBB raiL Iron and stone bridges.
All nafetv annlianc-es and modern improvements. Commodious, well built
stations. Celerity, certainty, comfort
THE FAMOUS ALBERT LEA ROUTE
Is the fkvorite between Chicago, Rock Island. Atchison, Kansas City, and Min
neapolis and St Paul. Tho tourist routo to all Northern Summer 'Besorts. Its
Watertown Branch traverses the most productive lands of the gTeat wheat and
dairy belt" of Northern Iowa, Southwestern Minnesota ana jsaat-wengmi .uagqia.
The short line, via Seneca ana Kankakee, overs superior i
facilities to travel between Cincinnati, Indianapolis, Lafa-1
yette, and Councfl Blum?, St. Joseph,
worth, ynnsas City, ainneapous ana
"For TirVfita. Mans. Folders, or ut
apply to any Coupon Ticket Offlce in the United States or Canada, or address,
E. ST. JOHM, rmrirn , E. A. H0LBR00K,
Ccseral Xanasex. CHICAOU, ILL. Gen'X Ticket Pase'r Agent.
.i CLABKE, President, Albany, N. Y. J. A. TULLEY?, Vice Tresfeent
Eobt. V.SBIBF.Y, Treasurer.
NEBRASKA & KANSAS.
FARM LOAN CO
PAW UP CAPrJAL,S50flOO.
Ked Cloud. Sth. Albany, IVew York.
'.:. Clarke. A H v. X- V.rk G-- !'- I! :!', Balsti.i.S.: N.Y.
W II II. bs. n. lll.a-v, X. V. K. S. Frin.-i-. i'ittalif t! Ma
!.' V.Shi'ev l . I'lMt F. t1. Hiu'jluud. J. A. lul.ev- M.B-MeNit
MO'EY I, CANED.
) i improved hirms in XpIu:".K81 .i.ul Ki.i.s. 3'Oiiev furiii.!n'l ns hhiii .- rl e
sefurity t.- aptjroveu rnncial ana inteirst pavaMe in lied Clotnl
Vdclitioii to the
Ky far t!u- mo-i dc.-irable
-ots reasonable, location easy of access,
Beautifully situated. Buy now
GUMP & WARNER,
tt. ESTATE&L0AN BROKERS
Call and examine our bargains. Correspond
GUMP & WARNER.
Or'-ra House Block Red Cloud
ijity Harness Shop
4. L. WILLED
rMKXESS COLLARS, s.i.iLf
i UiN' ''.
- vw m- w
fffr' .- .fr. rwm tawwfgmm WtfTTt-jnrrii..Mw -, . ( miy-.ajmn it
in iowa; uiuaiuu, xruziiou, aif.-cB,
Kansas city, in iaas3auri ; iicavenvrcrtn
Kansas ; Minneapolis and. St. P aui, in
- irtown and Sioux Fall3. in Dakota, said
I aanv other prosperous towns and cities. It cl30 cflers a
and luxury assured.
st. if am.
desired information. I
city of Red Cloud
property in Kcd Cloud
; ' g
n i ; "
ii ! .
i;t I io
,.r. .nxznj Mjr:..tW2rtt-i-,zzxL t.tnx
qKO. i). ANH H. D. YKISER,
PttOPRIKTOKS OF THE
Wessisr Sonnt? Absirul Oflci.
RED CLOUD. NEB.
Complete and only sit of abstract
iiookft in Webster eminty. Graxing and
rntinc laud? :xnd city property for
R. V.Shirev, Pros. Hexrv CLAttKYice-Pres. Jxo. B. SniREV, Cashier
IIoward B. CatheRj Assistant Cashier
FIRST NATIONAL BAnK,
Red Cloud, Nebraska.
CAPITAL, - $75,000
Transact a general bankini; business, buy and sell county warranty also
county, precinct and schccl district bonds'. Bay and sell foreign exchange
Ja?. JlcXcnv. J. A. Tnlleys. rt. W. Limey. II. V. Shiroy.
John K. Shirey. K. F. Highland.
Ilenrv Ci:irke. A. J Ivcrnicy.
New stock and almost at your own figure.
Come ?dd cefc bariainj.
F. V. TAYLOR,
Opposite ITiivt National bank and Post Olncc.
Special attention ijivcn to undertaking.
.1. V. hfrwcoti. lTo.!i!ent.
W. E. J;icksoii.Vice-l,resiilent.
I I'. Albright, O-shier.
I. A. !: m ; i.". A ;v.Lt'itiT.nhi r.
Special Attention Cien
I.W.M-crwooiJ. II. Shrwixxl
I I. AU'rtsht. Levi 5Ioore,
V. C. Jiicksun.
V':ii. Dut-kiT and S. Xorri.
Buy :ind sell Exchange
Like co'lections and do a
jeueral Banking Business.
Interest allowed on
J. I . -Sg
THE TRAbERS LUMBER CO..
Lower than any yard in the world.
dESISBsSk? J S
Fine office work a Speciak)
Toughing Gas always or. hand
Farm Implements !
or all kinds, which
Lowest Living Kates
:nd on the Best: of Teiws
Among their goods we call attention to "i.e foUuwincf
Urown Planters. Checkrowcrs and Cultivator.
Manufactured by Geo. W. Brown & Co., iSalesbnn;. Iilino:?.
EaJe Lister? snd Golden Eagle Cultivators.
Miinufjict'tred I.y Ivagle Manufacturing Co.
Standard planters. Chcckrower. Cultivators and Mowers,
Manufactured by Emerson. Taicott & Co., of Itockfnrd. Illinois.
Manufaotured by lloosier Drill Co
Barnes Combined Cultivator.-., Tongue Walkinr Cultivators, Hay Hakes and
Manufactured by the Barues Manufacturing Co., Frceport. 111.
The well known Xew Departure Cultivators,
Manufactured be the Pattce Plow Co.
Bugcica and Phaetons, the Best Goods os Eartu Manufactured by
Studebaker Bros., Manufg Co., of South Bend, Indiana.
The wel' known and reliable Peering Steel Binders and Mower-?,
Manufactured by William Deering & Co., Chicago, 111.
And Last but not Least, the World Renowned
and the Light Running
Manufactured Aullman, MT'er & Co., AfeiSi. Ohio.
They have sold these coods for twelve years and time has demonstrated
that they are unexcelled.
Star Wind Mills. ,.
Manufactured by Fiiut t Walling Manufacturing Co.
Also MonitorWind Milln and Wanpun Vnneless Wind Mills.
You will observe that all the-r goods aie lirt-clasi and manufactured ly
firms who have an established reputation. A full line'of repairs for above
Tlw motto of the firm b UX Peniteniiarv Gools handled and no experi
ment made with new goods at "Specs t cutoai,ri.'"
POPE BROS. ,
keep on hand a full line of
they sell at the
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