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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 3, 1888)
FARM AND FIRESIDE.
Bananas and Cream: Heap upon a
-glass dish eight or ten ice cold bananas,
sliced thin; epriuklo with powdored
sugar; pour over them a cupful of
whipped cream, also iee cold, and serve
with light plain cake. Good House
keeping. Honey or sugar should always be
given to the bees on the inside of the
hive, to prevent robbing. A good
feeder is made by taking a shallow
dish and placing within it plenty of
little floats of wood to prevent the bees
from being drowned in the liquid.
To el can a carpet that has been
taken up. first shake, then putting it on
a line, beat with a branch of a tree
with many twigs, trimmed smoothly
that it may not catch in the threads,
then, most important of all. swoop
thoroughly on both sides, while it is
spread on the grass.
Shade trees that send out roots to
jrrcat distances, only to throw out
shoots and suckers, should lie dug up. j
I he aspen
as great a nuisance as the Cumulu
thistle, and yet it is planted along the
roads every season. If permitted it
will completely overrun adjoining
iields, and is not easily exterminated.
A cool cellar does not mean a damp
vellar. The collarshould bo well aired
vory day, and also given a good white
washing whenever it is necessary to do
.so. Before storing any crops in the
cellar, every portion of the collar should
be thoroughly cleanod. and if it havo a
cement floor it should even be well
No kind of grain is so well adapted
OPENING AN ACCOUNT.
Tha Trouble m Saving Bank Fellow Had
with a Depositee
The officials require not only nimbie
fingers and active brains to deal with
all these dollars, and all these anxious,
nervous people, but they require a
great deal of patience as well; for, in
their busiest moments, thev are often
pestered with patrons like the irritable
and suspicious woman, who. after
fidgeting for half an hour in the line,
at length reaches the teller's window
and seems inclined to stay there.
"I've got ten dollars," says she,
"and I want to open an account."
"With pleasure, madam. What is
"Cliristian name, please?"
"Any middle name?"
"What is your age. please?"
"That's none of your business."
"Pardon me, madam, it is the rule
of the bank to make these inquiries.
though a beautiful tree, is j I can not go on without this informa
tion. It is as necessary for your ovru
protection as it is for ours."
"Are you married or single?"
"Sow, look here, mister, you are
impertinent. Do I look married? I'd
like to see the man who'd marry me,
if he dared."
"Shall I write married or single? Bo
quick as you can, please."
And as I said, if you
Minister (dining with the family)
This is a very nice dinner, isn't it.
Bobby?" Bobby (enjoying it) "lc
ought to be. Pa figured it out that it
was going to cost him over eight dol
lars." The Epoch.
Passengers forgot more than 10.000
different articles in the cars of the New
York elevated roads last year. They
included gold watches, umbrellas, un
derwear, etc., and have been sold at
Old Mrs. Bentley "Jane, where
did you hang that new thermometer?"
Jane "Jist outside the winder, mum."
Oid Mrs. Bentlcv "Well, gracious.
Jane! Bring it into the sittin-room at
once, an' close the blinds. D'ye want
to mast us to death?" Time.
For quickness in raising money tor
business enterprises Hutchinson, K::n
seems to outrank some of the 1:
cities. They called a meeting out there
for such a purpose, and, after the hall
was filled, locked the door. A local
paper tells that work then began, and
in just one hour and fifteen minutes !
the sum of $224,000 was subscribed. j
It was at Dublin, in 1741, that the !
first performance of the "Messiah"
THE QRAPHOPHONE. VALUE OF DIAMONDS.
. .- . . . . .. ir i PtIm at Fur Stnaea Is Mate
a .sarreous jaacmne xnai xaias aau per
ine time lias arrived when vou can
billrnnH xraniinu'Tinti-nnanvin nxhpot RgO. Said M
of paper, put a 2-centstampon it. send diamond cutter, "I was allowed as spc
it to vour friend, and h. in iinrnn it cial favor to see the great diamond that
and he:ir nwrv wnrrt rnn onifl in ovnntlv Was found last year ill South Africa.
f..m.l l.v a MnBnmllr.
I When I was in London a short time
n;A TVT.. r l)n S. Mendes. tho
tHU , rm - w -
the same tone of voice you used in dictat
ing it. This is all possible, provided
you both own phonographs, the new
machine that has made its advent in
Boston. It looks like a sewing machine.
think they are going to call it tho
Jubilee diamond, but I bclievo it is not;
yet named. It is tho whitest stone in
the world, and one of tho largest, and
is owned by eight persons on shares.
SCIENCE AND INDUof,.
It is said that some clothespin box
packers can pack 72.00'J a day. Ti y
are paid one cent for packing a llox
of four gross. At this rate tlioy ia:. ce
five dollars a day. '
Iron is a constituent of most so'ids
and is found iu food c-ops. Oats. ,.r
ley and rice contain much nr.i ;on
than wheat, corn or b--a:is. X, 4y
four por centofthj aU of tlu ,t
grain is iron.
Prof. Poel. of St. Peters ir..-. V
It runs noiselessly, bv foot power, and the value being greater than any ono fonm fifty percent, of petroleum in
all you have to do is to talk to it
through a mouthpiece on the end of a
flexible rubber tube. Yon can talk as
fast as you like and as loud; you can
whistle, sing or furnish any kind of
music, and the graphophone will take
it all down, and reproduce it every two
minutes for the next one thousand
even of the enormously rich diamond
dealers could afford.
cod liver oil sold by one drug.j s. t.4 5
adulterated article having th ?.i-
"When found it was of an irregular ' Smcll and appearance of th.- g",4 ...
shape, being somewhat like an e with Mineral oil is also frequently fo.t i . k
the small end somewhat elongated. ( 0jjVo oil.
The owners, in order to reduce it to a very donso graphitic carbon ' -regular
shape, split oil this end. and Incandescent electric lighting is n nr
after cutting the fragment found they produced bv passing the electric .-
w::ii., years if yOU wisju ej.yjj t jme accurately j '-! !l forty-karat brilliant, which they ( charges from an induction coil betw i
irge jn everysvllable and tone, even to the 11 to the King of Portugal for 40.000. j two electrodes inclosed in a vvl . ,-i-
little peculiarities of your diction. The value of tho remainder was not ini- taining illuminating gas; the g-:iih'
The wav it's done is thi.-,: Yoi:i- voiee paired by tho subtraction of tnis trilie, , forms at the negative elect:-.!
j travels through the tube and agitate , but rather enhanced, since the split was
, an isinglass diaphragm at the end of it. successful, and the shaie of the stone is
and the diaphragm gives motion to improved, it is valued by the owners
at 1.500.000. and any gentleman who
a needle, which records the sound
. waves on a little black cylinder or a flat
.i 1 l.. in...t: ...i .i .v. i ' " ...... ;iiiui-
M ""?. ,. c.,tir, mnnor o, um , fine Thi;n
wiiu&irei aim the "Assay on iruth.
records an interesting anecdote told
him by the Karl of Kinuoul. Calling i tubes to
on Manuel a lew Uavs after the first
"Right here in the city."
"Quite so, but the street and number.
to feeding young stock of any kind as ; please."
oats, fheir largo proportion of husks "That's nothing to do with it. I
keeps them from cloying the Htomach don't want you to call, and if you dare
even of stock that has too poor diges- to send a policeman to see "
tion for thriving on corn. Pigs will "What is tho street and number?"
prefer the latter grain, if both are "Thirteen place. But 1 never
I'.ven together, but the pig is not the saw any thing like this in all my
iet judge or what Is adapted to his born "
"Where wore you bom?"
needs.- The Oats should, however, be
At least full woi-fht to give the bent ro
wilt. Rice cream is particularly, good.
IJjil a tablespoonful of rice in rather
more thau a half pint of milk until
quite soft, turn it into a mortar and
pound it so that no whole .grains are
Same place, if you want to know."
"Havo you any occupation?"
'Now, see here! I suppose you want
t to know where I got this money. But
I didn t steal it, if that's any satisfac
tion to you. Of course, I "
"What did you say your occupation
visible: put it ia a basin, whip half a
pint of cream, sweeton and flavor with i didn't sav; you didn't give me a
vanilla, add one-quarter of an ounce of chance, I keep tho best boarding
Isinglass dissolved in a teacup of milk. I house in tho town; meals three times a
Ijeat up with tho rice and pour into a , day. and "
mold. Some whipitcd cream slightly
colored with cochineal and placed in
tiny heaps round it when turned out ol
Jthe mold, makes pretty dish.
Dairy farming furnishes a constant
source of income. It enriches the land
more rapidly than other branch of uni-
mal husbandry. It may be carried on
with small capital without danger of
being smothered by larger establish
ments. It is profitable on hurh-nricod !
"Please sign your name on this line.'
"Sign my name? Don't you believe
me? I never sign any thing, only "
"Very well, if you can't write make
"Make mo cross? That's just it; you
make me so cross I can't write. So
phonisba Katherine Simpkins. There!"
"That will do. Kindly make way
for the next person
"O. but mister, say. look here! What.
lands, where other cattle would not t have you got it?"
more than mako a good rent. In short, "Got what?"
i ne age.
dairy farming, like ovcry other branch
of agriculture, has ad vantages peculiar
to itself which makes it in many pianos
. and under many circumstances a de
sirable and remunerative employment.
HINTS ON DISINFECTION.
Kins Articles rorthnHttrcfWul Prevtiatlon !
f Diaeaaa Grrma. j
First. Corrosivo sublimate (mer-
curie chloride), sulphate of copper, j
and chloride of limo are among our '
best disinfectants, tho first two being j
poisonous. At wholosnle drug houses J
single pounds can be obtained, mer- I
!!!!! ehlnririn nnat.inor iuivnlv.fiii I
- 'Cents, the others ton cents a pound.
Second. A quarter of a pound of
-corrosive sublimato and a pound of sul
phate of copper in one gallon of water
makes a concentrated solution to keep
in stock. We will refer to it as "solu
Third. For the ordinary disinfect
ing solution add half a pint of "solution
A" to a gallon of Water. This, while
costing less than a cent and a half per
gallon, is a good strength for general
use. Use in about equal quantity in
disinfecting eholcric or typhoid fovor
fourth. A four per cent solution of
good chloride of limo or a quarter pint
of -'solution A" to a gallon of wator is
used to wash wood-work floors, and
wooden furniture, after fumigation and
"Does it mako any difference if it
"It might make a serious difference.'
"O, dear! O. dear! I've gone and
perjured mysolf. But it's all your
fault, you horrid man, you flustered
me so. Did I say thirty-five? I didn't
mean it It's forty-five, so there!"
And way she goes in a state of great
indignation and perplexity. Boston
HOT WEATHER TALK.
Dr. Cjras Edaoa Telia What to Wear and
Urlnk la Sunnier.
It is best to wear dark clothing in
the summer. The bhick absorbs heat
when it is in tho sun's rays. On the
other hand, the heat will pass out
through the black textures rapidly, so
that the radiation of the heat from the
body would be much freer in a person
clothed in black thun white. This
statement is forcibly illustrated by tho
white coats of animals who live in the
arctic regions. They are clothed that
way for the rejison that tho color holds
the bodily heat, and does not allow it
to radiate as rapidly as black. Thin
flannel shirts are good for summer
wear, and it is best to wear them next
to the skin.
Lemonade is a good drink for hot
weather, but taken in excess it has a
scorbutic effect The best and the most
wholesome summer drink is cold water.
performance, he naturally paid him
some compliments on the success of
the noble entertainment which he had
given the public. "My lord." said
Handel. "I should Ihj sorry if I only
cntertained them; I wish to make them
It is said that the oldest man liv
ing anywhere is James James, a negro
of Santa Rosa, Mex., who was born
near Dorchester, S. C, in 1752. Ho
was with his master in the revolution
ary war, was forty years old whoa
Washington was elected President
went to Texas when one hundred and
one years old. moved into Mexico five
years later, and now, at the ripe age of
one hundred and thirtv-six, lives in a
little hut. to which he is confined by
rheumatism, and is supported by con
tributions from the citizens of Santa
Salutations in Japan are something
remarkable, and are thus described by
a correspondent of the San Francisco
Chronicle: "The men of Japan are
always excessively polite to one an
other. They bend their backs and bow
their heads, and put their two hands
back to back between their knees and
have a great time. But the most
amtising thing is to see two old ladies
in Japan meeting one another on the
street They catch sight of ono another
three or four bloeks apart. Thev im
mediately begin to make obeisance at
one another, and they keep bending
and bowing at short intervals until
they come together, when they make a
peculiar hiss by drawing in the breath
and keep on saying 'Ohavo' for about
A fish of the sturgeon variety,
about eighteen inches in length was re
cently given to the superintendent of
an ice factory in Parkersburg. W. Va.
It was placed in one of the ice molds
and frozen in the center of a huge cube
of ice. This block of ice was put in a
public place, where the citizens could
view the fish, frozen hard and fast in
the center of the cake. The ice began
to melt and it dwindled until the body
of tho fish was exposed to the air while
the head was still firmly imbedded in
the ice. The tail of the fish was seen
to move slightly, sis the hot sun poured
its rays upon it. Attention being called
to the fact, the head was carefully
released from its icy prison and the
sturgeon placed in a tank of water. It
recovered completely in a few minutes,
and was apparently as sound as ever.
you hear it again bv the
reverse process, the little recorded
wave traveling back again alon? the
your ears, both of which it
enters by means of the forked ends to
the tube, which divides near the face
of the hearer and sends the sound iu
lioth sides through little transmitters
which barely rest on the fleshy part of
the ear. Two men can carry on a dia
logue with the same graphophone.
Thus a lawyer could tike a deposition,
or a newspaper reporter could perpe
trate an interview and then send the
block cylinder up to the type-setter,
who could put it on his graphophone
and put it in type word by word, or
two words at a time, or a whole sen
tence, just as he wished, for there is a
regulator to it: or the type-writer man
could reduce it to paper.
Two of the cylinders can be talked
to on the same machine, and thus you
have one to send away and one to pre
serve. Here are some of the things it
wishe to inveot in a rather cost!- tritlo
can not do bettor than examine it.
"The owners intend keeping it until
the Prince of Wales shall succeed to
the throne of England, and then trying
to sell it to him. Failing this sale, it
is hard to tell what they can do with
"Who are the owners now?" was
asked of Mr. Mendes.
I do not think I'd better mention
names," he replied, with the caution
which a dealer in diamonds must need
have. "There is considerable mystery
maintained about it. and it would not
perhaps be safe to tell all the facts,
even if I knew them, about when the
stone was found, who bought it and
what they paid. I know that there is
such a stone, however, for I have seen
it. and I know it is owned in eight
shares, for tho gentleman who showed
it to mo owns one-eighth.
"It is difficult for.people outside the
business to realize the enormous wealth
of the diamond dealers in London." ho
continued. "As an indication. I may
sav that the same gentleman showed
It will preserve your wife's curtain t me one package of stones aggregating
lecture when you have been to the club, 5.000 carats, which he valued at livo
and you can sit down to the machine guineas a carat. This was by no means
and listen to it when you return about his stock in trade. It was one of a
two p. m.. without causing your better , number of packages."
half the annoyance of sitting up to de- "He is one of the shareholders in the
'iver it in person. two great companies which practically
It will enable you to hear the death- : control the diamond market of the
bed remarks of a friend in his own ' world. They are the Central Diamond
voice fifty years after he is in his grave. 'Mining Company, and the Kimberley
and your grandchildren, down to the Diamond Mining Company. Between
thirtieth generation, can hear your , tho two. they own or control
parting words in the same way. ovcry important claim in the
It will take a man's will in his own j world in which diamonds are
voice and words, and when it is pre- , found. These are in Africa, for.
sented to probate, it will be its own as is well known, the supply from the
witness. old mines has entirely ceased. Tho
It will give you Patti's singing or two companies control hundreds of
Edwin Booth's oratory or the dulcet J millions of capital, and were formed
melody of the bewitching hand-organ J by a consolidation of all the small corn
that plays up by the Common, and you panies owning claims, for the purpose
can hear it all in your own house, and , of controlling the output, and so keep-
when you feel lonely you can send out . ing up the value of diamonds."
Kiftli. Vnv funiirriiliniT with culnhiin
three to four pounds hhould bo used to j Xt 8ho,utld V frely 3d-and shoud be
thonind ethic f. nir kt,,.o I c0011'1 u KcepniK " uh me i:e,.uiu nut
Burn in an old tin basin floating in a
tub of water: keep room closed twelve
hours, to allow tho fumos to penetrate
all cracks. Then open a window from
the outside and allow fumes to escape
Sixth. Soak sheets, etc., in chloride
of lime solution, wring out and boil.
Seventh. Cesspools, etc.. should bo
well covered on top with a mixture of
chloride of lime with ten parts of dry
Eighth. Isolate the patient in an
upper room from which curtains, car
pots, and stuffed furniture have been
Ninth. The solution of mercuric
chloride must not bo placed in metal
vessels, since tho mercury would plate
them. Lucius Pitkin, in Century.
A novel instrument was filcii tho
other day at Springfield, Mo., by
CJcorge Schmidt, in the shape of a
deed adopting Maggie Brown, the
three-year-old daughterof Julia Brown.
In consideration of one dollar the
mother ag-'ees to relinquish all legal
rights and privileges over her child,
and the foster fathor agree to properly
support and maintain her, to treat her
humanely, and properly feed, clothe,
.shelter and educate her.
I by putting the ice in it A few bottles
' placed in the refrigerator every morn
ing would be sufficient to supply the
family during the day. An excellent
practice for those in cities, where soda
water fountains are numerous, is to
occasionally make use of that bovomge.
Soda taken when thirst calls for it is
healthful and refreshing. The flavored
sirups sold at these fountains should
never be taken in hot weather, as they
are veify heating. Dr. Cyrus Edson, in
Money Not a Criterion.
Frugal young man (to object of his
affections) Darling, your father being
a minister, perhaps we'd better ask him
to perform the ceremony for us. He
would do it as rcas in fact, I presume
he would think it an insult if I should
offer him anything er
Object of fcis affections I don't know.
I have often heard papa say that he
could always tell by the size of the
fee what kind of an estimate tho bride
groom put upon the bride.
Frugal young man (uneasily) H'm!
Money couldn't express it my case,
darling. All the wealth of tho world
couldn't do it! But Tve got a second
cousin, a justice of the peace, that will
marry, us for two dollars. Chicago
Whatever May te Their Cause There I
'o Zllerlt iu Thrni.
It is difficult to define exactly what
we mean by a fault. There is a popu
lar impression, which is nearly cor
rect, that it is something irregular, but
that it lacks iu magnitude or intent
something of that which goes to con
stitute a positive sin. In many in
stances faults are simply irregularities
in execution, or more inattentions.
negations, and almost always have the
quality of being incidental; not inten
tional, not purposed, nor tho result of
There are a great many who suppose
that there is a merit in faults. We
think they do not discriminate very
wisely. It is true that perfect people
are the most disagreeable and intoler
able people in the world those so
called perfect men that, in order not
to speak wrong, never speak at all,
and, in order not to do wrong, do noth
ing; those cold, precise, inelastic, hard,
smooth, polished people, that are re
garded as perfect by themselves. It
is true that when you are in contact
with such people you hunger and thirst
for some roughness, and wish they
would break out somehow and seem
to be human.
There is an impression derived from
excess iu that direction that faults are
signs of a fertile nature; like the bark
on wholesome trees; like gnarls and
knots on the oak; and people say that
they would not want a man to have
fewer faults, because they give a kind
of robustness to character.
Now, there may be certain kinds of
faults of which this is true faults of
manner, faults of irregularity but
this ought not to blind us to the moral
character and to the effects of faults
that involve principle, that touch the
question of benevolence and selfish
ness, that run their roots even deeper,
and touch the very seat of honor and
character. X. Y. Ledger,
to the nearest graphophone store and
buy a couple of dozen good stories on
cylinders and hear your graphophone
And this is only a part Reader, use
your own imagination. If you've a girl
that is somewhere else. jut think of
her voice coming to you over the rail,
saying, "Don't flirt. Hannibal." And
think what terrific dunning letters you
could write! What scoldings you
could transmit by mail in all the
grandeur of vour own voice!
Well, this machine has come to
Boston. It is the result of the agile
ingenuity of Prof. Charles Sumner
Tainter. A company has been organ
ized, and the machine is lieing put on
the market, and is already in use in
Then again a newspaper man can
connect his graphophone with the tele
phone and send in a long special, which
can be taken on another graphophone
at the other ed of the line.
Beoides this it will record a number
of voices speaking at tiie same time.
A reporter talked into a graphophone
and the graphophone talked back in
his own voice and tho voice of other
people, and sang to him and whistled
and gave a hand-organ sonata at the
oflice of the Boston agent.
There is an invention being perfected
to go with the graphophone. It is a
jet of water receiver, which will tike
all the voices iu a circle of thirty-one
feet, thus doing away with the speak
ing tube. The pasteboard cylinders of
the graphophones hold about a third
of a column of language, and cost
about throe cents. They come in
smaller pieces. So one can write a
letter on the graphophone and it will
cost him less than stationery. Boston
A Belfast Me., woman has found
a way to dispo se of money with holes
punched in it. She recently offered
one to a merchant there, not with the
shame-faced or hurried manner in
which such coins are often otTered. but
reluctlantly. asserting that it was a
keepsake, and she would not part with
it for any money, but would leave it
provided the merchant would promise
to keep it until she could call for it,
which she promised to do within a
week. The merchant took the keep
sake, delivered her goods, and gave
back ihc necessary change for five dol
lars, and the customer departed and
has not been seen since. The mer
chant fr about fifty cents out
Women are frequently debarred
from acting on school boards, or church
boards, but they can have a complete
monopoly on the wash-boards. 1 onkurs
"Is the value then fluctuating?'
"It has fluctuated considerably with
in a few years. The seare or flurry
in the trade that was talked about
after the African mines were discov
ered, and which was pooh-poohed by
the bulls, was a very active reality,
and was very nearly approaching a
panic when the consolidation was ef
fected. The large dealers saw plainly
that unless something was done to
limit the supply the market would be
broken, and they banded together and
bought a control of ail the diamond
mines. Since that time no new dia
monds have been put on the market,
excepting those which they havo al
lowed, and the price, which had gona
down, has been restored to about what
it had been for many years."
"Then the price or value of dia
monds no longer depends upon their
natural supply, but upon an artificial
restriction of it."
"And it is within the power of these
two companies to break tho market
whenever they choose."
"Undoubtedly, but they will never
do it, for they would be throwing away
millions of pounds of their own proper
ty." -V. Y. Cor. St. Louis (Jlobc-ticmo-
i . I .
gradually elongates lowaru i..o j. .
A new process for preparing i. .;
for food has been devised. The ! j,
are reduced to flour, which is boi'i-d
until it attains a certain con.-istem-v.
and the name of "curd" is given to i
Tho article is simple, cheap and '..-
nutritious, and is much relished by t.
Chinese. It has alarge percntag. of
caseine. and is a good substitute for
Many experiments in burning brick
with oil in place of wood are being
made by manufacturers of brick along
tho Hudson river. If the new method
proves to be practical it is estimated
that there will be a saving of forty per
cent effected. The main difficulty is
ia the "drying off" process. One re
sult of using oil instead of wood will h
the preservation of thousands of acres
ef forests in the counties affected.
Both in China and Japan soapstouo
has long been largely used for protect
ing structures built of soft stone and
other materials specially liable to at
mosphere influences. It has been found
that powdered soapstone in the form of
paint has preserved obelisks formed of
stono for hundreds of years, which
would, unprotected, have long ago
crumbled away. For the inside paint
ing of steel and iron ships it is found
to be excellent It has no ant:-fouliag
quality, but is anti-corrosive.
At a recent meeting of tho Acad
emy of Sciences, in Paris. M. Ciivreu
communicated, in the name of M.
Arnaud, Curator at the Museum of
Natural History, a very interesting
note on the toxic substance which the
Comalis employ to poison their arrows.
.This substance is tho "Ounbajo'vood.
and from this wood M. Arupid has ex
tracted a crystalline mfttaf endowed
with terrible venomous propertied" l'
subcutaneous and intravenous inject
tions three one-hundredths of a grain
of the poison suffices to kill a dog.
Death rapidly occurs by an arrest of
the heart's action.
M. Perrotin. a French astronomer.
has discovered that the p!an.t I:u--.
.besides being inhabited. h:is a number
of gigantic canals connecting her seas
and, what is more remarkable, that
some of the canals are still in cour-t
of construction. The theory of im
mense canals in Mars from eighteen
hundred to two thousand miles in
length and from twenty to fifty milt
in width has already been put for
ward, but positive knowledge on th
subject has been lacking. If the-.
canals be the work of artidco on th
part of the inhabitants of the plan-t.
as M. Perrotin states, then it will be
reasonable to believe that it is peopled
with, enormous giants.
Russian Book Collectors.
It will bo news to half the world that
the Russian nobles are sedulous collec
tors of books and manuscripts. Prince
Woronzoff, for instance, has a library
of 12,000 volumes at St. Petersburg,
and possesses another equally large at
Alupka. The Princess Lunog's library
contains nearly 13.000 books, most o!
which were collected by her father,
Bibikoff. In Slavonic literature it is
especially rich, and it contains about
600 work3 in various languages on nu
mismatics. The late Minister of Jus
tice, Count Panin had a library of 11.000
volumes which was remarkable for an
encyclopaedic series of works relating to
the legislation of the different European
otaies. He had also considerable libra
ries in the Crimea and at Mars! no. near
Moscow. The library of Count Schero
metjeff. the foundations of which were
laid by the conqueror of Livonia, con
tains 25,000 volumes, many incuna
bula, and a perfect treasury of ecclesi
astical music. The present owner has
himself increased his great literary
heritage by the addition of 12,000 vol
umes. He has been a diligent collector
of books oearing upon Russian and Sla
vonic history and topography. Pail
It has been shown byexperieaco
that a pig digests a larger percentage
of grain, converting it into animal in
rease than a steer, cow or ahee.pi
Slagular Coiffure Worn by Native or .Vila
The Ethiopians have no hair, proper
ly speaking, but what answers them for
hair is really different from the hair of
the white races. If a hair from til
head of a Caucasian be examined
through a microscope, it is found to Ins
hollow, composed of sections or joints
somewhat resembling those of a can".
or in some cases like a ladder with its
rounds. The hair of an African : en
tirely dffforent in this respect, being
solid and round, this constituting the
difference between wool and hair: b::t
nevertheless the fact that his wool i
solid appears only to endear it to the
African, who gives it all the more at
tention, perhaps because he ha so little
of it, and divides his scalp into patches,
gathering up the hair from each hit a
circular knot and tying it with a string
ascarefully as though it werea treasure.
In the interior of the dark continent
tho wool of the negroes is frequently
long, though never straight, but so
difficult is the task of disentangling
their locks that not much attempt at
ornateness is made iu the African head
dresses. Livingston says th?t when an
African chief makes his toilet, the mo-:
he ever attempts in the way of arrang
ing a head-dress is to comb his wool up
into a pyramidal shape, stick a few
feathers in it. and hang one or more
strings of beans along the facad so to
speak, of this unique edifice , w
The Asiatics have awaysj-i famous
for decorating their headsaPfcne Mo
hammediSs of old shaved their heads,
except a single knot of hair at the ex
act top of the head, which was left for
a practical purpose; the Mohammedan
doctrine being that at the resurrection
of the dead, the angel Gabriel was
specially detailed to attend to the Mo
hammedans, and he raised them by the
topknot; accordingly the topknot w:i3
left full and strong, in order that the
hold might not break, a hole being left
in the top of the coffin in order to facili
tate the angel's work. St. Lonh 0'W
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