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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (May 18, 1888)
RED CLOUD CHIEF
A. C. HOSMER, Proprietor.
THE PRESENT DAYS ARE BEST.
The pact is dead and buried, and I have locked
Upon its joys and sorrows, to open never more;
Its key is safely bidden on memory's faithful
And to my heart I whisper: "The present days
Think not I have forgotten the cherished friends
Call them not lost, my loved ones, they're just
within the door:
And often when I'm lonely, they share my even
And their dear voices whisper: "The present
days are best."
O golden days of childhood! O girlhood's sunnj
When in the fragrant wildwood I plucked the
Your very memory cheers me like some dear,
Yet chide me not forsaying: "The present days
Dear are the friendly faces that meet mc on
Sweet are the roadside blossoms that smile on
A few bright sprays m gather, and wear them
on my breast.
For they, too, softly whisper: "The present
days are best."
To do the work appointed by Him who rules my
To face, with dauntless spirit, the world's op
Or if, in utter weakness, e'er noonday I must
God wills it, and I answer: "The present days
O friendB, who count your dearest among the
Sit not within the shadows, mourning the joys
The living claim your service, and they indeed
Who help to make for others the present days
Angeligue Dt Lan.de.
THE MORMON'S DAUGHTER.
By ALVA HILTON KERR.
Written While Living in Utah.
Copyrighted, I5S7, by the A. X. Kelloog AVim
paptr Co. All Rightt Interred.
CHAPTER X. COSTISCED.
Meantime the Prophet, with his train,
had gone on his way with a balmy forgiving
exterior but a cold and rankling heart. He
had said with a holy smile of conimiseratiou
as his carriage was starting, "that the Lord
would avenge the insult given His servant,
and cut off the wicked in His own good
time," but to Parley he had said; "Pick out
a man to do the work if Beam fails; Rock
well and my men will attend to the fellow if
he comes over to the city! you had best
manage some way to send this very smart
young sister over to Smoot's too, and I will
see personally to her case."
And the Bishop had assented with great
deference,but when the Prophet's carriages
had gone, and he stood alone in the tithing
office, he glowered darkly at the floor for a
long time in silence. At last he threw him
self heavily into a chair and brought his
fist down ou the desk with a crash.
""Who else, I'd like to know, is going to
get between me and that girl J" he snorted.
"Here's Arsen and Beam, both under me,
and this infernal Yankee, that I've got no
control over, and now who but the Presi
dent of the Church himself, with his foot
on my gullet, has his nose pointed in the
same direction ! Now, blank me, if some
body ain't goin' to get fooled in this little
affair! and if it's mc I think the rest '11 find
'emselves in the same boat when the game's
over.or my name's not Hyrum Parley!" and
he glowered more blacklv than ever.
At that there came a timid tap or two
upon the door, and he growled, roughly:
"Well, come in!" In response to his surly
invitation one of his wives entered, a tall,
well-formed, young Scandinavian woman,
with light hair, fair skin and blue but not
very intelligent eyes. She was his latest
acquisition, one of a band of Mormon im
migrants cent to settle about Mooseneck.
She had come without parent or relative,
having been decoyed away from her pleas
ant home by the specious promises and
saintly wiles of aMormon missionary. Upon
the arrival of the company she had at once
been chosen by the Bishop as a servant, as
is much the custom, and presently became
his wife. For a time she had reigned as
the acknowledged favorite, but her charm
for her lord, which in such a case could
hardly be else than of questionable and
ephemeral character, had begun to wane.
"Well, what is it now, Cistenc!" he asked,
without looking up.
"Lucy hafe whipped my chile!" she cried,
with quivering lip.
"Lucy was the first wife, and rather old
and acrid, and the Bishop's brow grew puck
ered and thundery. He made a movement
as if to rise, then a thought seemed to in
tervene, and he smoothed the trenches out
of his brow, and, with a rather sheepish
blandncss, drew the weeping girl down on
his lap and kissed her.
"Cistenc," he said, "I am thinking of tak
ing another wife soon, a girl who will make
these fussy fools keep to their knittiu' ! Of
course, Cistene, I shall always love you
best, and I am going to build you a little
house on the empty lot across the street
there so you may live unmolested. Of
course I want your consent, though," he
The poor thing looked at him through her
tears. "Why, iss there not now enough J"
she implored. "Why do you need more
when there iss so much tears now and mis
scry!" "Oh, that is the way the Lord's kingdom
is built up. you know, Cistenc ! Besides, the
Lord has shown Brother Young that it is
my duty to take another wife: that I am to
marry a certain party for His name's honor i
and ffiory. bhe will take your apartment in
the house, Cistene, but you arc to have the
little new house over the way when it is
built, you know."
The girl disengaged herself and stood up.
"You hafe stop the love," she sobbed.
"When I been put away and leaf over there
you not coome or care for mc any more!"
And she started toward the door. The
Bishop got up and put his arms about her
and began to coax and wheedle again.
Among other cheerful things he told her it
was the Lord's command that she should
acquiesce wjlliugly, and not complain to the
neighbors or make unseemly scenes, and
that the greater the number of his wives
the more certainty there was of her own
salvation and the higher her piace Ui Heav
en, since her salvation depended upon Mm,
and M position in glory depended upon the
number of his queens and increase.
He did not trouble himself about the other
wifely partners in the ownership of his
jieart; they had ail been displaced one by
one, and would be pleased enough to see
this blue-eyed favorite pushed from the scat
"Come, now, Cistene, I will go with you
and sec about this trouble," he said, cheer
fully, and she followed him from the tith-ing-ofllce
across the yard to the long dwell
ing and through that to the back yard. This
large inclosure was divided into little
squares of ground, into each one of which a
back door entered from an apartment. Here
in these little yards an attempt was made
to keep the children of each wife separate,
and each wife was forbidden to punish the
children of another. Back of the yards
were largo gardens, and on either side
orchards; beyond the garden were barns
and cowsheds, and beyond those were past
arcs and fields, and in all of these the
wives and older children worked, in largo
measure supporting themselves.
Indeed, the keeping of this establishment
was not nearly so taxing to its head as, to
glance at its proportions, one might sup
pose. Almost every thing consumed by
mouth within its precincts was produced
from the soil by the wives and their off
spring; great ricks of dead timber for fuel
were "snaked" with oxen from the mount
ain sides without cost; two of the older
wives were supplied with looms upon which
the wool from a largo flock of sheep was
woven into cloth, supplying in great part
the apparel of the family, while the Bishop
in handling the tithes had the free permis
sion of the Head of the Church to convert
these large quantities of butter, eggs, grain,
beeves, etc., into cash, and. after turning a
certain sum into the church treasury, to re
serve the remainder for himself. Thus the
taking of another wife was to the Bishop of
small import beyond the act itself, as indeed
with most polygamists among these mount
ains owing mainly to the same ignoble
When Cistenc, wecpingly, and her lord,
now with a thundery front, entered the
back yard an angry scene ensued, a scene
of accusation and denunciation that shall
remain unpicturcd here, save a glimpse as
it closed of a man seizing a woman with
gray hair and faded face by the throat, and
roughly thrusting her backward through a
gateway and slamming it after her, with
the rather heated injunction that she keep
it and her mouth closed.
He had loved her once, when she was
young and slender and fair, and had sworn
to love and cleave to none other than she.
But had she been faithful.' Yes, as only a
woman can be; had crossed a continent
through suffering and peril to please him ;
had watched with him in sickness, borne
him children, toiled at the Iojui to clothe
children that were his but not hers, aud
had been worn out in his cause, yet had
long been cast off and spurned about like
an outworn garment.
But the doughty Bishop had placated
Cistene. aud that was the main point: the
light flick upon the car of her naughty
child by a toil-worn grief-tortured woman,
whose place the child's mother had
usurped, had been avenged. Six times the
first wife had seen her throne in her hus
band's heart and home taken by a fresh
form, and with each chaugc felt herself
pushed farther and farther into debasing
service and neglect. Yet she was helpless.
She had no other home, no other shelter;
her life here and. she believed, hereafter,
hung upon the humble endurance of a per
petual outrage. In short, hers was the
common lot of elderly women ia polygamy,
the most soul-starving, heart-breaking life
that can fall to womankind.
The next morning, which was the second
after Elchard's departure, the Bishop,
clothed in his best apparel and most agree
able countenance, came in through Burl
Hartman's gate and tapped respectfully at
the door. Trean came in response, and
with a start and change of expression be
trayed her fear and dislike of their visitor.
Verv bland and obsequious he was, how
ever, as with hat in hand, his black hair
plastered smoothly against his temples and
reached up over a narrow forehead, his
wide and bulky person clad in a heavy ill
fitting suit of brown, aud his dark eyes
twinkling, he stood before her.
"Good niorniu'. Miss Hart man I"' he said,
with explosive affability, putting out his fat
hand, "how's your father;"'
"He is not very well, thank you," said
Trean, but she did not put her hand in the
one extended toward her. If the penalty of
refusal had been her life it seemed to her
she could not; no, not after Paul Elchard
had held her hand in his loving and unpol
luted palm aha kissed it. But she placed a
chair for the Bishop and invited him to be
seated with what decency of speech and
manner she could command.
He accepted it without affecting notice of
the affront she had proffered him, but with
a smoky look about the eyes.
"When was Brother Hartman taken
sick!" he inquired.
"Sabbath morning just before meeting."
"Ah, yes; I remember I did not notice him
there." He might have added, had it been
an interview less charged with a purpose
HE LOVED HEIl OKCK.'
personal to himself, that the lady lcforc him
had in his opinion shown just ground for
censure on that sacred occasion, and would
be expected to disclose the spiritual condi
tion of her heart to him, and that if too little
faith and humility seemed in the keeping
of that organ, its owner would be set apart
for discipline. But the Bishop, for the mo
ment at least, felt this course inimical to his
purpose, and only added in effect that Dr.
Dubette had apprised him of Brother Hart
man's illness but the evening previous; that
he would be glad to see him.
Trean went into the adjoining room, and,
putting back the curtains from the little
window that a stronger light might enter,
bade the Bishop come in, then went about
her household duties. When he came out
she was sweeping in the porch. "Your
father's feebler than I supposed." he said,
pausing by the door with hat in hand.
"Yes," faltered the girl, with a pitiful
look. She was standing back in the long,
narrow porch, over which morning glories
and grape vines ran, and her line figure
was starred with Hakes of sifted sunshine.
" Yes, I'm 'f mid he's not long for this
world." said the Bishop, coming toward her
with his small greedy eyes ou lire with any
thing but sympathy. "You will soo.i be
alone in the cold world, Itiiss Hartuian' and
without a home. Let me offer you a place
inmine!'' and he put out disarms as if to
embrace her. The girl drew oaex as from
soaiethhi!; horrible. For a moment there '
was an expression of fear and loathing on
her face, then she stood clear and erect,
pouring a level freezing look into his eyes.
" 2fo," she said, "I can't even thank you
for such an offer, much less accept it. I'd
rather go into my grave than enter the
filthy debasing union you hold out to me !"
In an instant Parley's heavy face was
purple. "Tut! tut!" he said, coming near
er and puttingut his hands in a mollifying
way, "your gom' too far now! What I offer
you is the best place in the neighborhood.
It's accordm' to scriptures, and the Prophet's
indorsed it. I tell you you'd better take up
with it on more accounts than one!"
"Stand back! don't touch mc!" and the
girl's face was white with anger. "There
is the gate, sir! I am mistress here; you
have invited mc to a life of shame; go!"
and with a curse the Bishop turned, and
viciously grinding the gravel of the walk
under his heels, passed out the gate and
down the lane.
He seemed to grow shorter in stature,
and to widen out with venom like a toad,
as he walked along sinking his freshly-polished
boots deep in the dust and muttering
angrily. His little eyes had a muddy,
bloodshot cast, and the lower part of his
face seemed to settle upon his thick neck
in a way that made it look puffed and
swollen. His anger changed him, not as
some arc changed as by a white fire, but
as if he had taken poison. His blood seemed
to run thick and turbid, and the evil
awakened in his nature darkened and de
formed him. When he reached the Tithing
House he locked the door after him. and go
ing at once to the cupboard behind the desk,
addled further fuel to the evil that en
venomed him. Then for a long time ho
walked up and down the room with fiery
eyes and livid features, revolving such
thoughts and laying such plans as are sure
ly common only to the under-world.
That evening when he went to call upon
Orson Beam he still looked roily aud un
settled, but his disordered feelings were
collected in a purpose, and he was pursu
ing it with an eager if rather unsteady aim.
When he paused at the door of the cottage
the young man, still white and weak from
the previous day's awful struggle, was
pacing slowly to and fro within. His mother
was sewing in the lamplight, and. saying
that he should soon return, he walked out
with Parley into the moonlight.
After they had gone a little way in silence,
the bishop said, in a low voice: "What
success J"' Beam had his hands lchiud
him. and he drew the fingers together in a
quivering knot and swallowed as if his
throat wore parched; then he said, huskilv:
"Too bad," said the other: then after a
moment: "Weil, we'll get him yet. You
wasn't discovered. I "spose!"' The young
man's fingers unlocked as if he would throt
tle the man by his side, but he lcplaced
them again, and. looking straight before
him, answered in the same husky tone: "I
don't know: 1 think not."
"Well," and the Bishop had all but said,
theie's another job to be done; the other
party must be disposed of. when lie changed
his mind, and said: "You may've been
seen. Any way I spect you'd best go South,
or to the old country, on a mission for a
year or two."'
The young man's hands fell to his sides.
"Yes, I would like to go!" he said, and
drew a deep breath of relief.
The day that brought Bishop Tarlcy tc
Trean Hartman with his unfortunate matri
monial offer, also brought her sister. Mrs.
Suioot. from Salt Lake City. Like most of
her people she was tall, and would have
been pleasing to the eye had not the un
natural burdens of her life robbed her of
freshness. Sweet health, which once had
rounded her form and plumped her cheeks,
had leen wasted in a serfdom as absolute
as ever disgraced tho Orient. Within the
first fleet year that followed her bridal day,
the man who held her heart in his keeping,
and who had vowed never to wed another,
cast it aside ami profaned their home and
destroyed their sacred relation by bringing
into it a second wife.
He had entered the Priesthood, and had
been "counseled' by the Prophet to enter
polygamy also, that inhuman license being
considered an especial virtue in the Holy
Onler. It may be mentioned, too.though not
as in any sense extenuating such a crime,
that plural marriage was a portion of the
royal road to favor in Zion. and that dis
obedience t "counsel" was dangerous to
ambition and sometimes even life.
Near sunset of the day following her ar
rival, Mrs. Smoot and Trean, leaving El
chard's man beside their sleeping father,
went up the path that led from the orchard
and sat down in the cool fragrance at the
edge of the pines. For a year they had not
been together, and their sister-hearts were
heavy with experience. What passed be
tween them in love aud confidence shall
here remain inviolate, save such por
tions of the elder sister's revelation as
seem pertinent to this chronicle.
"Trean," she said, after a silence. "I am
going to tell you something which, at least
while we are in Utah, is only for yourself.
Some of the things I may tell you I once
obligated myself never to reveal, but those
vows were made under conditions which
were compulsory and aided by false teach
ings, and for a long time I haven't consid
ered them bind ing. For two years my heart
hasn't been with this cause. Books read
secretly, the help of other than Mormon
faces, and my own cruel experience, have
liberated my mind. I am no longer a Mor
mon, Trean, and when the right time comes
I shall take my children and leave it behind
When she paused the girl was leaning to
ward her. glad, half incredulous, her whole
lovely form animate with expectancy.
"It is true," said Mrs. Smoot, "I have
"Then we will go together," cried Trean,
"for 1 disbelieve it, too!" and she put her
arms about her sister's neck and kissed her,
with tears welling into her shining eyes.
"Yes," said the elder woman, with heav
ing bosom, "when the right day comes, and
I hope it is not far away, we will leave this
region of slavery. Oh, Trean, I have suf
fered so! For ten yearslife to me has been
like a heavy nightmare,'" and she drew her
hand across her forehead as if her brain
were numb with adull aud weary dream.
"I am but a young woman in years,"' she
went on, "yet, look at me! hair sprinkled
with gray, sunken cheeks, and old in spirit!
The brand of polygamy! Love has been
trodden out of my life: its strengthening,
sustaining sweetness denied me. Forteu
years I have lived ia a house of shame, be
lieving that for me a life after this hard,
joyless journey depended upon it. O, how
cruel it is!
"I can't tell you, Trean, how glad I am
that you have determined never to enter it.
I have been troubled for years lest you
should believe it your duty, as we arc
tauyht. The death that God gives would be
better, dear; for polygamy to a pure woman
is living death. I am glad you will never
know its misery.
"Six months after Edgar and I were mar
ried he began courting a young lady who
lived but a few streets away. Every other
evening he would dress himself carefully
and go over and visit her as he used to me.
No language can picture ray anguish as J
sat alone at home through those terrible
weeks with hope, aud love, and all that I
had expected of the f uture, dying out of my
heart. Insanity often seemed very near, and
the first fruit of our love, a little life which
had begun to feed upon my own, perished
in my grief. After my sickness I arose, but
to meet with fresh suffering. I could scarce
ly stand alone for weakness when the day
was set for Edgar to be married to the
young lady he had chosen. Words are poor
things to express human feelings with,
and I can only tell you of my racked and
tormented heart; I can not show it to you.
"At length the day came, and I went
alone to the Endownment House to meet
my husband and his bride. If I should live
a thousand years I eould not efface that
day from my memory. Its moments were
not moments to me, but thousands of thorns
over which I walked to meet the end of all
that then to me seemed sweet. That day
my love was murdered.
"The ceremony took place in the old En
dowment House, a building now abandoned,
which stands at the west end of the Temple
Block. All the chamber ceremonies of the
Priesthood were until recently enacted there.
"WE ARE. SIIE SAID.
When the great Temple is finished the
Sacred Orders, endowments, celestial seal
ing, baptism for the dead, and plural mar
riages, will be administered in it : until then
they are bcinggiven in thcTeinpleat Logan,
a town north of Salt Lake.
""I may as well describe the Endowment
House rites from the beginning, Trean. for
if I do not you will probably never know
what they are like. It is the Freemasonry
of Mornionism. No marriage is considered
binding, you know, if in the beginning or
afterwards it is not celebrated there or in a
Mormon Temple. "So matter how long two
persons may have been wedded, their mar
riage is not considered lawful and binding,
nor their children legitimate, until they have
been remarried and have partaken of these
disgusting mysteries. Even then their chil
dren, bom before, must be adopted by their
parents ortheyare not looked uron as legiti
mate! This is according to the highest
Mormon authority. It is with this as with
the general laws of mankind, to our people
they are as nothing if not indorsed by the
Priesthood. Trean, it is shameful!
"Well, at seven o'clock in the morning I
arrived at the door of the building, and
found my husband and his new love waiting
in the anteroom. My limbs would hardly
supiort ine when I saw them, aud such a
weight seemed to descend upon me I could
only stagger to a chair and sink into it,
gazing at them with horror and misery. It
seemed to mc I should never rise again.
But Brother Lyon, our Mormon poet, came
forward and reasoned and talked with me,
showing me how it was my duty to go on with
the ceremony, and Edgar came and kissed
me, saying that he would always cherish
me, and that his new wife and I should
always be exactly equal in his affection. O.
bitter, hollow mockery of a woman's love!
So I got up with my burden, with my sick
soul and broken heart, and went forward,
hoping to win Heaven by a life of sorrow
and the outrage of my better self.
TO BE CONTINUED.)
Importance of the Thorough Mastication
and In-a'ivation of Food.
The saliva is a mixed fluid, secreted and
poured into the mouth from no less than
three clusters of glands the parotid, under
the ears, the submaxillary, near the ends of
the lower jaws, and the sublingual, under
the tongue. Still another secretion is poured
from numerous separate glands throughout
the mucous membrane which lines the
cheeks. From one to two quarts of this
mixed saliva is secreted daily.
In former times it was supposed that the
only use of saliva was to moisten the mouth,
and to aid in swallowing the food. The most
eminent physiologists looked on it as of no
more value than pure water. The prevalent
modern vie w is that it is one of the digestive
fluids, containing a powerful clement which
converts starch into sugar. It is believed
that in man this digestive clement is con
tained mainly in the parotid secretion. This,
secretion is not viscid, but clear and limpid.'
The submaxillary secretion is viscid, and the
sublingual still more so. The fact that sa
livaor rather its constituent element, called
ptyalin converts starch into sugar, has
been proved by careful experiment. It has
also been shown that severe digestive dis
turbance results from a deficiency of saliva.
There is one peculiar quality of saliva to
be mentioned, namely, that if a small quan
tity of it is introduced into a large quantity
of boiled starch, its power will be at leugth
arrested by its own product sugar. If,
now, water be added, the action of the saliva
will begin again, and so on indefinitely, by
successive additions of water, until the
whole is transformed. While the action of
saliva will go ou in the presence of a weak
acid, it is wholly arrested by a strong one.
Hence its action in the stomach on starch
food is arrested within ten or tweutv min
utes by the increasing acidity of the gastric
juice, and then the gastric juice begins its
digestive action on flesh-food.
Quite recently a German chemist has pub
lished results of experiments which are be
lieved to prove that saliva has another im
portant function that it assists the stomach
to secrete the pepsin, the chief clement in
the gastric juice. Not that it simply stimu
lates the stomach to the production of its
own secretion, but "actually assists in the
complex process by which the active constit
uents of the gastric juice are formed. This
work, at any rate, will emphasize the prac
tical importance of thorough mastication and
insalivation of food." Youth"1 t'oiiijxiuiuii.
Ax expert and experienced official in an
insane asylum said a little time since, that
these institutions are filled with people who
have given up to their feelings, and that no
one is quite safe from an insane asylum
who allows himself to give up to his feel
"Did you hear altout the burglar who was
arrested this uiorningf "No. what for!"
"For breaking into song." "Is that so!"
"Yes. He'd got through two bars when
some one hit liuu with a stave."
Kingslet advises us to do to-day's duty,
fight to-day's temptation and not to weaken
aud distract yourself by looking forward to
things which you can not see. and could not
understand if you saw them.
Ar.o'-T the only elas who have no use for
Government bonds jail birds.
WOMAN'S BEST CHOICE,
Dr. Holland Taken tu Tlc for His Ad
Tire to Tonne 31en.
The advice of Dr. Holland for young
men to scleet a wife from the female i
society above them would be more vain
able if tho learned doctor had defined ,
in just what the wife was to be the supe-j
rior. That he had a clear idea in his t
head seems manifest. But does he I
mean superior in social position? Does!
he mean that the coachman shall !
always aspire to the brilliant and ac
complished daughter of his employer
for a wife? Does he mean that the
gardener's son should always aim to
win the Countess ou the ground that
love makes all things even? Does he
mean that, tho Judge shall always pass
by Maud Mullcr for a lady of high de
gree that the aim of the noble Lord in
the selection of a wife shall be the
daughter of a King that tiie young
mechanic should seek for Ins bride in the
home of the coal kings and iron barons
and blue-blooded first families? If this
is his meaning his advice is worthless,
for in common every-day life such mar
riages, in nine cases out of ten. prove
to be among the most unhappv
and usually end in divorce. A man of
brains has a better chance for peace
and comfort in a marriage with a
woman who is a good-natured dunce
than a woman of intellect could ever
hope for in a union with an ignorant,
clod or thick-headed boor. The rea-on
is obvious. The man h;is the world of
business and society open to him for
the pursuit of happiness. He need u-e
his home only as a piace to sleep and
eat. while the wife wedded to a boor
has a life-long sorrow, a dead weight
of woe. and a penitentiary for a home.
But the gifted women who have mar
ried inferior men and have had anv
sort of a fair chance for happiness we
fail to remember, while Mrs. IL-maris.
Miss Landou, Mr-. Norton. Fannie
Kemble and others stand out as nwfu1
warning-!. Dr. Holland's line of ad
vice, if carefully followed by num.
might give comparative happiness to
them. Marrying above themselves in
wealth, social position, intellect and
piety might p.'ivuaneo not be bad as
world ioes, but what of the women
who thus come down to wed men of
low estate in each or all of these
tilings? In former day- such stuff and
cant might have been a-ecptod a- sense
and wisdom, but nowadays no such ig
noring of women will be counted as
gospel. A marriage to be really happy
must be a union of true friends aud
real lovers, who have a fair endowment
of reason and common sense between
them. Two fools with but a single
thought will be happier in marriage
than an angel married to a Tommy
Noddy, no matter what Dr. Holland
says. All the talk about "angelic
superiority may be set down as cant,
or what the English call "rot." I'itts
IN YUCATAN'S CAPITAL.
The Street. Church anil Convent of
the Citr f Meril:i.
The streets of Merida cross each other
at right angles, and eight of them lead
out of the Plaza Mayor two in the
direction of each cardinal point. In
every street, at the distance of a few
squares from the center, stands an
ancient gateway, arched high above tin
pavement, and just beyond are the bar
rios, or suburbs. Not long ago the now
dismantled niche over each great gate
wax' held its Christ or saint or Virgin,
before which people were alwavs kneel
ing and crossing themselves. Formerly
all the streets were distinguished, in a
manner peculiar to Yucatan, by images
of birds or beast set up at the corners,
and many still retain the ancient sign.
For example, the street upon which we
are living is called La Calle del Flam
ingo, because of a huge red flamingo
painted on the corner house. Another
is known as the street of the Elephant,
and the representation of il is an ex
aggerated animal, with curved trunk
and body big as a barrel. There is the
street of the Old Woman, and on its
corner is the caricature of an aged fe
male, with huge spectacles astride her
nose. The street of the Two Faces has
a double-faced human head, and there
are others equallv striking. The reason
for this kindergarten sort of nomen
clature was because when the streets
were named tho great mass of inhab
itantswere Indians who could not read,
and therefore printed signs would have
been of no use to them, but the picture
of a bull, a flamingo or an elephant
they could not mistake.
As in all Spanish-American cities.
Merida's distinguishing feature is its
churches. The great cathedral, erected
in 16t"7, is of quaint aud attractive
architecture; and besides there is the
church of the Jesuits, the church and
convent of San Cristobal, the church
and convent of Mejorada. the church
of Santa Lucia and the Virgin, the
chapel of San Juan Baptista and of
Our Lady of Candelaria. the convent
dc las Monjas. aud others too numerous
too mention. Though now impover
ished, and some of them in decay, a
number of them still retain enough rich
ornaments and vestments to furnish
suggestions of former grandeur. Since
the expulsion of the Jesuits, nearly a
quarter of a century ago. all religious
processions have been prohibited on
the streets, much church property has
changed ownership and even the
names of streets and places have been
altered to suit the present sentiment.
Thus one of the pleasantest squares,
formerly known as tiie Plaza de Jesus,
is now called Plaza Hidalgo. In the
old days this park had an exceedingly
quaint and beautiful center, which, .-a-1
to say. has been replaced by an ordin
ary statue of the hero whose name it
bears. Fannie 1J. Ward, in Trot 1'iuit::
Buckwheat is recommended for seii
iufealed with wire woruu.
A Genuine TennMsro Mountain After-Utc-tier
A weary traveler stopped :tt :i way
side clapboard store, among the Eas5
Teiine?MV mountain, and addrcM-ing-
ail old fellow who nodded at him. .-aid:
-yiv 'ear sir. I am exceedingly
himgrv. having ridden all day without
anything to eat. What have yon got?"
.".v.v.iif I dunno. Ain't took stoci
(Jot some cheese. havnt you?"
"Did have some, finest you ever seed,
but the nits got a foul uv hit."
You surely have crackers?'
"Did have 'bout er ha'fer box nr
about the finest crackers iu this yore
country, but my ole hen got ter layin
in the box. an' now she's a-settin on
the aigs an' has got sich a good .-tart,
that I don't want ter interfere wl.li
Don't know that it is. fur I've
ke: sto fur er good while, an' I have
noticed that, a hen would ruther git in
a box an' lav on the crackers than
putty nigh anywhar else. Seems like?
she ken lay better. 'Pears ter be suthhs
erbout the crackers that inspires her."
You have some dried herrings.
Yes, some of the finest 1 ever seed,
but. you see. the cat has got in the
habit of draggin' 'em over the flo' as.
night. She chaws a little bit on one
an then on another, an has' made some
of 'cm look sorter wasted, still, ef you
think you ken thd one that's aiov
suspicion, w'y, go 'round thar an hu'p
yo se f.
I don't care to take any chances."
Jest ez well not. I reckon, fur the
llo' ain't so mighty clean an' I'm putty
sartiu tha: she's drug the mo-t r
them fish around even ef she hain't,
uililili-d at en. much."
"Have you got any fresh egtrs?"
"Wall. I did have some uv the fresh
est I ever ?eed. but I wouldn't like to
risk 'em now."
"Great goodness, can't you give 12:2
Thar'- a middlin' uv meat over thar.
You might cut you oil a fovr slices :i.:d
br'ile Vm here on the coals."
"I thank you for the suggestion."'
The traveler cut oil" several s'ics ,f
meat and soon had them broiled. Af:er
satL-fying his hunger, he said:
I don't know what I should hava
done had it not been lor that bat-tit:."'
"Comes in mighty handy when a,
feller's sorter hauugry."
"Yes. and although I have "::;en
many a better meal I must say that I
never enjoyed one more. How m:;ca
do I ovii' you?"
"NothiiV a tall."
"You are surely very accommoda
ting, but vou can not allord such liber
ality." "O. yas. in this case I could. f;:ryo-t
see the meat wa'n't no ue ter n:.
Old Biil Hinsley'sdogdrug it outeii the
smokehouse tuther day an' wuz drag
gin it 'cross a field, when one uv t.ie
boys made him dr-.ip it. The meat v.-.
fotch back ter me an ez the dog wi-ni-niad
the next day I was sorter f--rd
ter eat w'y. Tin sorry you 'pear ter
be snatched, stranger. Wall. go'
bye. When you air passiu. ilrap i::."
An Ingenious Time-Piece.
A patent for a new chick or chro
nometer has just been granted that :
attracting considerable attention here,
it is the invention ofW. II. and J. IK
Gray. tf Maryland, who .aim it can
b made to run. if necessary, for years
after once wound up. Other special,
features of this time-piece are that i: is
ab-olutely noiseless when in opera ion.
and does away entirely with the pendu
lum balance wheel now used in dock
and watches. The running gear, in
cluding both the striking and ti::-
mechanism, consists of but six wheels.
and it requires but one spring to j.-.-oprl
both of these attachments. By the u-a
of a patent self-winding spring con
nected to two of the wheels the invent
ors utilize the power wasted by friction
in other time-pieces, thus enabling tin;
clock to run a much greater leugth of
time with the same motive powi-r r bv
ouce winding it up. The iu::itrs
threaten to work a revolution in clock
making I13- the introduction of a time
piece, which, they say, because of i:s
simplicity, can be inanufaeturcd at
much Ic-s cost than the many esceil-ns
low-priced time-pieces manufactured in
this country to-day. ll'a$Ki:iyto.i Lc:
A Practical Invention.
Iu the hundreds of railroad appli
ances that are annually invented, few
seem to be of really practical si-riica
when the te-S is made. There is al
ways something lacking to m.ike is
just the tiling." A recent invention,
in railroad equipment has apparcntiv
all the requi-itesof a good thing and
seems to be not only scientifically cor
rect, but simple and easy to adju-'t. I;,
is in thff form of a platform projection,
for passenger coaches, suitable for
either a vestibule or ordinarv train.
Tiie projection does away with tlus
vertical aud lateral motion of the coach,
which the Miller buffer onlv nanl-illw
succeeded iu doing, and is a protection
against accidents incident to the jump
ing off the track of the trucks. Should,
the truck and wheels become derailed,
as iu the recent Florida accident, the
projection ou the adjacent car would
hold the derailed car in place, and tho
truck would become suspended. 1:0c
touching the ties. There would be n
jolting or bumping along, ami a possi
ble smashup of the coach. As a pre
ventive of accidents by derailment it is
claimed to lit tho needs exactly. CAS-G'-t'jo
. .-. ..., j
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