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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (May 11, 1888)
RED CLOUD CHIEI
A. C. HOSMER, Proprietor.
THE OLD HOME BY THE MILL.
This it "The Old Home by the Mill" fer ire
still call it so.
Although the old mill, roof and sill, is all gone
The old home, though, and old folks, and the
old spring, and a few
Old cat-tails, weeds and hartchokes is left to
Here. Marg'et! fetch the man a tin to drink ont
of our spring;
Keeps kindo-sorto cavin' in, hut don't taste any
She's kindo ageln", Marg'et is "the old proc
ess." l:ke me.
All ham-stringed up with rheomatiz, and on la
Jes' me and Marg'et Uvea alone here like fa
The children all put off and gone and married,
don't you know!
One's millin" way out West somewhere; two
In Minnyopolis they air, and one's in Hliaoise.
The oldest gyrl the first that went married
and died right here;
The next lives in Winn's settlement fer purt'
nigh thirty year!
And youngest on? was alius fer the old home
here bat no !
Her man turas in and he packs her 'way off to
I don't miss them like Marg'et doescause I
got her, yon see!
And when she pines for them that's 'cause
she's only Jes' got me.
I laugb and joke her 'bout it all. But talkin'
sense, I'll say.
When she was tuk so bad last fall. I laughed
I haint so favor'ble Impressed 'bout dyin', bnt
Found I was only second-best when us two
come to die,
Td'doptthe "new process" in full, ef Marg'et
died, you see;
I'd jes' crawl in my grave and pull the green
grass over me!
Janus Whitcomb Riley, in Sorthwettcrn Miller.
THE MORMON'S DAUGHTER.
By ALVA HILTON KERB..
Written While Living in Utah.
Copyrighted, JSS7, by the A. X. Kellojg Xeiw
paper Co. All Riqhts Reserved.
CHAPTER DC CONTINUED.
In a few moments he came to the foot of
the mountain. He felt sick and dizzy; lie
would look at his wound well, let it
bleed; perhaps God would have justice
done now. He caught hold of the sage
brush and pulled himself up the mountain
side a few rods, and sank down just below
a huge upshooting splinter of stone and
tried to pray. But, though he essayed with
all his strength, he could not. His tongue
seemed thick and refused to articulate,
while objects about him had a strange and
hazy aspect. Was he dying, or was it the
reaction after so long a period of strife
and emotion? He turned and looked at the
valley he loved; there was the distant vil
lage, his mother's little house amoug the
trees on the hither side, Burl Hartman's
cabin beyond it near the pines, the fields
and meadows divided by the creek as b3
a road of phosphor, but all seeming to rock
and glimmer together as in a dream.
Suddenly some moving object upon the
left challenged bis eyes; he roused himself
and turned toward it; l'aul Elchard, droop
ing over hit hone's neck, teas riding into the
mouth of Eagle canyon! and with a cry his
would-be slayer fell forward in the chapar
ral and was silent. It was a dead faint; the
long struggle with his heart, the tragedy
that closed the strife, its swift reversal, and
the sudden change of bis whole relation to
life, swept away his failing consciousness.
2ven the ox-like Orson Beam could no long
er 6tand to the task; when the invisible
burden was lifted he fell. For a long time
he lay quietly in his darkness, resting it
seemed, then started, opened bis eyes,
prang up, and looked about him. Was it
true? Had he not fallen asleep last night
here among the chaparral and just awak
ened ? No, it was not a dream, for here was
his wound" softly oozing! But was the horse
man who had ridden into the canyon real or
but a figment of his fancy 1 He threw off
bis coat, tore away his shirtsleeve and twist
ing it into a knot thrust it into his wound,
hen went crashing downward through the
Soon he was near the little plot of green
which opened upon the road, but as he
pushed into it with eager foot the gnawing
question at his heart melted into a ereat fear.
When he lifted Kiseyes would not their
sweet capacity be blotted out! their ability
to ever again present him with the delights
of happy vision be destroyed! Would not
that form which Trean loved, and which
bad yielded him such gentle greeting, be
lying there beside the road ready to blast
Xo, it tea not there! A great thrill of re
lief swept through him; he flung his arms
upward with a cry of joy and turned about;
the revolver was lying before him; ho
crushed it into the soft earth with his foot,
crashed back through the tangle to his
horse, vaulted into the saddle, forgetful of
bis wound, and rode away a free man.
A free man! Ah, no. For an hour the
sense that delighted him was not unlike
the gladness of one coming from an impris
oning cave of horrors into the clear air and
quiet sunshine. But it did not remain;
darkness followed, distrust of himself,
doubt of his acceptance, after such an at
tempt, by the Great Father to whom ho
had so often opened a clean and tender
heart. The intent, the motive! Alt, was he
not after all a murderer! No; the injury
to the other, which would in large part have
made him criminal, had been escaped. Yet
bis soul was blackened; he felt it heavy and
lotahsome within him. Like thousands
more among those mountains, his was an
honest nature, scrupulous in word and
deed, and in the beginning drawn to this
system by its seeming nearness to the Al
mighty, to become in the end bcmuddled
and befooled by priestly tricks, until the
brutally material and the spiritually tine
were blended and confused into one. God
bad become to this people not the Eternal
Spirit, creating, informing, sustaining and
pervading all things, but a man of body,
parts and passions; one who had risen to
sovereignty through animal increase; one
who was at the head of creation through
fathership. Adam, through the same proc
ess, became God of this sphere under the
Almighty, and afterwards came as Christ
to redeem his fallen offsprings that they,
too, might become gods rising in exaltation
in the ratio of their progeny.
This was a piece of priestcraft enslaving
women to th? priestly will and yoking her
with indescribable servitude. That such a
doctrine, and others quite as revolting,
should have passed into practice, is only
explainable by the fact that an oath-bound
priesthood, comprising one-fourth of the
people and including the shrewdest and
most wealthy, utterly dominated every
phase of life. In a discourse, delivered in
the great Tabernacle at the center of this
theocracy, the Prophet Young, but littla
prior to the period with which this chroniclo
has to do, averred as follows:
"The Priesthood of the Son of God is from
everlasting to everlasting; it is without be
ginning of days or end of years. It is virt
ually the power by which worlds arc and
were created, and the power by which they
are, now held in existence, and by which ail
that are to come will be organized, gov
erned, controlled and sustained. This
Priesthood must como to the children of
men, in order for them to understand the
modus operandi of establishing the Kingdom
of God upon earth. This Priesthood must
govern and control the people who under
take to build up this Kingdom; aud the rule
of the Priesthood of the Son of God will ex
tend to every avenue, and will control every
department of the labor of those who are
engaged in this great work. This Priest
hood must govern and control, or else the
people will not become perfect."
So the people toiled forward under the
yoke; the Priesthood was the State and
every soul a slave. That many decent peo
ple among them, and even men who well
nigh balanced life with liberty, should bow
to such insufferable assumptions seems as
tonishing. But the student who runs his
eye over this craze and lets the fact that in
large degree this people believed them
selves bettered by it escape him has missed
the key to its solution. They were in the
main sincere, else they could not have been
trodden under foot; they wore the yoke
looking for the soon coming of Christ and
the ushering in of the millennium; thev
bent their backs for the lash of incessant
outrage, believing they were suffering that
God's kingdom might arise on earth. The
elements they fed upon were irrational and
dementing, and had another fourtn of a
century passed without civilization having
reached and forced a touch of relieving
light upon them, doubtless their isolation
and fanaticism would have ended in general
As it was, when the iron highway and the
locomotive reached them, through the doc
trine of blood atonement, no life was safe,
murder was prevalent, insanity rife, and a
thousand outrages had been committed that
shall be nameless here. Men were married
to their half-sisters, their grand-daughters,
wedded often to a mother and her two or
three daughters, the old were mated to the
very young, and such dementia and de
bauchery prevailed as sends a chill of horror
through a gcntla heart.
Man may not, even iu so large a body as
this,bc long cut off from the large reason
ableness of general humanity with safety,
or. so separated, be long fed upon sophistry
and fanaticism without endangering men
tality midlife; this is the great lesson of
Orson Beam did not come to his mother's
door until the lamps were lighted that night.
All day ho had been lying in the under
growth across the valley, striving and
doubting and supplicating, ashamed to face
his fellows, and ever more and more feeling
the slavery of his faith oppress and stifle
him. When his mother saw him standing
in the door she called out his name, with
hands lifted and a look of unspeakable dis
may, so much bad hunger, weakness and
emotion changed him.
WHat had he done! she implored. For
answer he fell down before her with his
head in her lap and cried like a child. He
had done the Prophet's bidding, he sebbed,
and his heart was broken ! He had lost his
innocence 1 O, he had lost his innocence!
God had turned away His face from him,
and he was in darkness, in bitter, bitter
The woman's lips tightened, then she be
gan to moan over him. This crushed con
dition of her son was indeed inexplicable
and appalling. Suddenly he leaped up and
cried out in strong feeling against the sys
tem under which they suffered.
"l c are involved as in the meshes of a
net; we have no freedom!' he cried. 4,Oh,
mother, this is not religion, this is villain!
We are not made free and pure by the
Gospel, but enslaved and polluted! Yes,
enslaved and polluted ! God in Heaven, for
give us our blindness !" and he stretched
his hands up imploringly as he paced to and
fro in his agitation. The woman sat and
stared at him like one struck dumb.
"I tried to kill a fellow-man!' he broke
out again. "I was bidden to do it by one who
claims to be so pure that God speaks directly
through him to us! Oh, mother, think of
the villainy of this! the deception practiced
upon us, and the injury done us ! It has de
stroyed me! It has taken away my inno
cence ! I shall never be clean again !"
It was a harrowing thing to witness his
mental suffering. The mother in her con
sternation did not notice the torn place in
his clothing at the shoulder, and he, for the
time being, had forgotten his hurt in the
fresh agony of his inner-wound when look
ing upon her face.
"Mother," he went on,besecchingly, "you
do not know how much of infamy there is
in this. We, of the lower Priesthood, have
been compelled to subscribe to such oaths
in the secret chamber of the Endowment
House as would make your gentle blood run
cold. I have vowed.under penalty of death,
not to reveal them. But to-day, lying
yonder among the bushes a culprit, instead
of a minister of the Gospel, the hidcousness
of it all rose up before me like a mountain
of horrors. These men who are at the front
are using us; from the incipiency of our
cause have made us slaves and criminals
for their own unholy end! I have done
serving them, mother. To-day they came
before me with every selfish purpose laid
bare; their greed aud moral deformities as
clear to me as their physical parts would
be were the walls of their bodies made of
transparent ice. The whole system, too,
from end to end, became illumined in my
anguish of heart; becamo revolting! I am
done with it!
"Look at me, mother! What has it done
for me! Strive as I would after purity of
heart and uprightness of spirit, it has 'left
me defiled and miserable, a thing of loath
ing in the eyes of Heaven ! Can such a sys
tem be Christian and the way of salvation?
Never! O, mother, lying out there I saw
plainly what it was: An ancient barbarism,
put away by Christ, but fastened again by
designing men upon the present. It is the
same, mother; the exclusivcncss, the pre
tension of being tho chosen and special
children or God, all other peoples not in ac
cord with us being supposably hated by
Him and our rightful prey, the practice of
plural marriage, female slavery, blood
atonement, tithing, government by prophets
and priests, tho laying on of bauds, anoint
ing with oil, and a hundred other sins and
phasmas of old barbaric days. God's chosen
people is tho human race, mother, not a little
handful of Mormons hem among the mount
ains. He loves them all alike; they are all
His children, and His kingdom is the gen
eral human heart. Oh! this truth came to
me out there like a burst of sunshine, and
no little bund of the great family of earth
suddenly seemed more blamable and more
to be pitied than we of these valleys, large
ly ignorant as wc arc, vaunting our accept
ance with Heaven and crying out to each
other of our holiness, declaring all the rest
of the world a Sodom and all other societies
dictated by Satan, while we ourselves have
turned back on the road of human progress
and rnlightenmcnj, which is the true build
ing of God's kingdom on earth, to sin and
"Christ taught that we should forgive our
enemies and do them good, and that noth
ing could jusUfyus in doing evil. What
are we taught here i Oh. we have been fol
lowing the commands of a base man, aud
not the fine monitions of the Beautiful One
of old! We have been deceived and de
luded, mother, and must leave it now. I
can not live under it longer!"
The mother, while he had gone treading
heavily to and fro, and crying out against
their religion in his wild bitterness of heart,
had swayed forward with her forehead in
her hands and with tears slipping silently
from her withered cheeks. She did not lift
her head when he ceased to speak, and he
Hung himself down upon his knee before
her, and with his arm about her shoulders
kissed her silvery hair.
"Mother, vou have doubted the truth of
I I A '. f .
MOTUEB, IOC HAVE DOUBTED THE TUUTH OF
THIS SYSTEM. '
this system for a long time!" he said. She
nodded assent, still weeping.
"You have not married again through
disbelief in polygamy, nor passed through
the Endowment House from fear of its obli
gations i You have clung to Mormonism on
my account; because you thought I received
it us truth.and had entered its Priesthood ."'
She bowed her head with a sob. Ha kissed
her again and rose up.
We will leave it, then." he said, more
calmly. "I shall get permission from the
Bishop for you to go by the new railroad to
visit your people in Vermont. You need
never return. 1 have not finished inv work
here yet, but I will soon follow you. Tins
little home of ours is as nothing; let it go.
In the great free world we are going to I
shall soon cam you a better one."
The woman rose and put her arms about
his neck and clung there weeping. He was
her only child and every thing to her. At
length she looked up into his face with swim
"How bad was it. dear?"' she whispered.
He winced at the query.
"Not murdcr.mother!" he cried, hoarsely.
"O. thank God. he escaped!"'
"Was it the young stranger '
"Yes. mother. 6. he is one of nature's
noblemen ! brave and gentle, and niy whole
being is blackened by the attempt. Wllen
I have made restitution, and quit the sys
tem that has all but wrecked me, mother,
then I shall be free again."'
She kissed him then for the first time
since his return, and after that he showed
her his wound. The bullet had only gone
through the flesh at the top of his shoulder,
he said: he did not care for it. Who had
furnished him with this evidence of hate,
or an evil aud ulterior purpose, he did not
know. He had seen no one save the young
stranger as, with his hat in hand and en
joying the shade, he rode forward singing,
airily. It was a mystery, but it should not
trouble him; his own part in the outrage
was all he cared to consider.
The woman did not upbraid him, but
washed his wound in all tenderness and
bound it with clean cloths, then prepared
him warm food and drink. But he took lit
tle of them, though he had not eaten in a
night and a day. An utter weariness had
spread through all his bcingwith the easing
of his agony of mind, and soon in his little
room he had lost himself to it nil in slumber.
The mother watched beside him- then,
weeping softly as she held his helpless
hand and read the story of his long struggle
in his worn and haggard face.
In the same hour, with her feeble father
sleeping quietly in his dim room be
low, Trean was standing up at the edge
of the pines looking with longing eyes
across the valley where the moonlight fell
whitely over the Eagle prongs.
Thus love watched, as it ever watches,
while moon and stars went slowly over, and
the great world slept.
bushes farther up the road: he caught it,
and mounting with a good deal of pain, rode
on his way. Half way up Eagle canyon he
turned to the left anil entered a smaller
gorge, but soon climbed out of that by a
winding road, and, continuing along the
mountain side, in another half hour he
came to the mines. The men swarmed out
of the works to greet him, aud he had a
smile and hearty shake of the hand forevcry
comer. His sickness had gone, and the pain
from his former hurt had subsided, but he
was stui weak from the shock of the morn
ing; he said nothing, however, regarding
the attempt upon his life.
In the little office the foreman gave him
an account of the mine's operations in his
absence. After that Elchard dispatched a
man to Trean, with instructions for him to
remain and assist about the little farm until
recalled, and to assure the young mistress of
the place that her former guest was well. He
then sent another messenger to Salt Lake
City, which lay beyond the next range of
mountains to the west, with a letter from
nis amanceu to ner sister, .Mrs. smoot, con
veying intelligence of their father's sick
ness. and craving her presence. Elchard also
commissioned the young man to get bis
mail, and to call at the house where he
lodged when in the city and bring from his
room a Winchester rule. He could not
treat the dangers of his surroundings light
ly, now that so much which was sweet and
alluring had entered his life.
After these and other pieces of business
waiting his direction had been put under
way, he went up to his room above the office
and laid down. He felt shaken and weary,
but his thoughts went on a long excursion,
to the East, and again and again to the
woman he loved, nd in and out his en
vironment, and roiind and round in many a
prying convolution, ere they would submit
to slumber. Even then it seemed but a
moment ere they were awake again and
weaving him a dream.
Trean seemed standing far on a mountain
side, as he had stood once, with a great
mist like a sea of milk below her. From
top to toe she seemed apparelled all in
glistening white. Even her hair and eyes
were full of light, and with arms extended
she was singing with her face to the sun.
It seemed a wonderfully sweet song, and
warmed him wita jttaisure. Suddenly as
by a flash tho fantasy ceased," and far below
in the mist figures were dimly moving and
a voice was calling him. the same voice, but
fallen into distress. In an instant, even
before he could answer, it had changed and
seemed the voice of Orson Beam calling his
the plain furnishings of the little chamber,
THE OLD CONSTITUTION.
Aa Iatrtinr; Historic! Sketch of tli
Fshuu American Frigate.
The frigate Constitution was built lit
the Boston Navy Yard in 1797. at a cost
of $302, 718. Her tonnage was 1,576. and
she carried forty-four guns. For sev
eral years this vessel was engaged in
the foreign service, but during 1811
was recalled, and when war was de
clared she was at Annapolis, engaged
in shipping a new crew. She put out
of harbor there July 12, 1812. On the
17th she met a British .fleet of four ves
sels, and, being unable to cope with so
many, she ran away from them. They
gave chase, and pursued the frigate for
sixty-four hours, bat were not able in
that time to get near enough to fire on
her, so she escaped and ran into port at
Boston July 26. After a brief time
spent in filling her stores, the frigate,
with Captain Hull as her commander,
left Boston August 2. went to the Bay
of Fumly, and there captured sevcr.il
British vessels on their way to the St.
Lawrence. August 19 she fell in with
a British ship, the Guerriere. at latitude
41 degrees. 40 minutes, longitude 65
degrees. 48 minutes. The British com
mander began firing at long range, but
Captain Hull held back his tire till the
vessels were only a few yards apart.
Then pouring in his shots, their execu
tion was terrible, and in fifteen min
utes the mizzenmast of the Guerriere
A PRINCE'S REVENGE.
Bow aa Aantriau Archilab Stupefied
In European countries, where Prince
become titular Colonels at the age of
ten. and assume actual command of a
regiment before really entering upon
their practical military education under
the guidance of some veteran Genera!,
it occurs quite frequently that a Prince
should assert the authority winch his
station as a member of the imperial
familjf insures to him over any higher
commissioned ofllcer.- to remind his
tutor of his superiority over him as :i
Prince, even though he be his subon! -nate
as an ofllcer in the field. O.i th-s
score an amusing story is whispered in
well-informed circles about the An-L-duke
Johann Salvator, a nephew f the.
Emperor of Austria. The Prince !
described as a wanton, fun-loving char
acter, and many are the anecdotes i.f
his humor at the expense of other-,
though to his credit it Is said that i'l
his escapades he never exceed tLe
bounds of the innocent harmless.
Recently the Prince coinma'idcd h?
regiment at a maneuver held um!t
the auspices of an old and tried Gcio-m".
who had lately been the favorite ta-g--.
of the Prince's humor. .Here the (Jei
eral saw his opportunity for retr.b .
tion. When at the close of tin: n a i
cuver. as is customary, the oliieci "
lected abont their leader to receive I is
criticisms of the different regimen'-.
main, but co:-
was shot away, her main vards in slings
and her sails cut to piece. The ships the General expressed
were now so near that the bowsprit of with the troop in the
the Guerriere passed diagonally over tinued in a tone of infinite sarcasm: "I
the Constitution's quarter deck, bnt can not refrain to remark that the "e
such a heavy sea was running that ' file of No. " (the Prince's own) "was
neither crew could attempt to board the very unsatisfactory. The bearing; "f
other vessel. At last the ships gradu-I the troop was bad; and in fact L
ally worked around till they had sep
arated, when a broadside from the Con
stitution carried away the foremast and
mainmast of the other vessel, and the
Guerriere rolled, a defenseless hulk, at
the mercy of the waves. Captain Dacre
then surrendered. The British soldiers
mo so piteously ho sprang out of slumber ! cpo taken on l-- American vessel and
answer it. Hut nothing was there savo ! the wreck of the Guerriere was set on
and the sunshine falling Through the win
dow upon '
tnc grotesque or half
WHICH CLOSES WITH A TROPOSAU
Elchard had escaped, but with a dark
streak across his temple where the hissing
lead had passed. Instant darkness had
closed upon him, and when the light came
back again he was lying upon the thick tan
gle of shrubbery by the roadside. It had
cased his fall with its mat of green springs,
but he was dazed, and a deadly sickness
seized him with returning consciousness.
The half-healed injury in bis side, disturbed
by the fall, fetched a sharp twinge, too, with
every breath he drew.
How swift a change had come upon his
happy humor! In a few moments he got
upon his feet in the road, but staggered
about with dizziness. What had happened
him? He pressed a hand upon either tem
ple and shut his eyes tight iu an effort to
dispel the film in which his faculties seemed
wrapped- He looked up at the sky; only a
few fleecy clouds were drifting there; then
it had not been a lightning-stroke? He
seemed to remember a flash and a loud re
port, but they were so blent into the wave
of darkness that engulfed him he could not
bring the fact definitely before his mind.
The smarting line across his temple
caught his attention : he ran his linger ends
along, it; a little groove bad been cut
truthful shadows of facts and former sugges
tions, icrhaps; the re-illuminating of old
miud-pictures, or it may be a full round
thought or memory broken and distorted by
the corporal darkness that trembles and
lifts and settles about the never-sleeping
soul. Hut whatever their significance, and
that they have any lics'inuck in doubt, some
curious facts attend them. As in this in
stance, it may i,e, for at the moment of El
chard's dream his betrothed was standing
on the mountain side above the pines stretch
ing out her hands in an ecstasy of feeling
and singing a song of love toward him,
while Beam was across the valley kneeling
in the bramble praying, and now and then
breaking out imploringly to the one he had
wronged. Perhaps the two distant souls,
straining so intently toward him, somehow
projected the vision upon his mind in its all
but abnormal condition. lie that as it may,
he slept nr longer, and. after turning the
dream abr at mentally for a little time, went
down and set to work at his desk. Still, the
slumber-picture was of use in that it left a
grain of dread in his mind, a forboding lest
something fatal might befall the one be
loved, that roused him. Might not the sys
tem which had evidently attempt d his own
removal from earth, also endanger her? He
could hardly entertain the misgiving, yet it
troubled him. Surely the disaffection ol
this quiet girl, her falling away from the
faith of her community, could hardly bring
her more than censure and coldness. Still,
he remembered what the Prophet had said
in that hateful harangue which had set his
blood ou lire; but alas, he could not know
how much of passion and evil greed en
vironed her! and the day passed, and an
other came and went, and still a third with
out the messenger he had sent to Trean re
turning, and he worked on half contentedly,
knowing that on the fourth he should go to
(TO BE COXTINl'ED!
GEMS AND OMENS.
7 C8ffl Jf ,.. -Mtmts. .
TOE MES SWARMED OLT TO GUEET HIM.
through the hair where the leaden messen
scr had gone; he stood still loolring straight
before him, and his blood began to boil. It
was clear enough now; that burning line
was the pathway of a bullet! Ah. they had
already returned the compliment ! His de
nunciation had borne swift and unexpected
Aa Assortment of Interesting and
In the fourteenth century a fanciful Ital
ian writer on the mystic arts set forth the
virtues of the various gems, indicating also
the month in which it was proper to wear
particular stones in order to secure the best
result. The idea took, and for some time it
was the fashion in several Italian cities to
have the precious stone of the ring deter
mined by the moaih in which the bride was
If in January, tho stone was a garnet,
believed to have the power of winuingtho
wearer friends wherever she went.
If in February, her ring was set with an
amethyst, which not only promoted in her
the quality ot sincerity, but protected her
from poison and from slanderous tongues.
The bloodstone was for "March, making
her wise and enabling her with patience to
bear domestic cares.
The diamond for April, keeping her heart
innocent and pure so long as she wore the
An emerald for May made her a happy
An agate for June gave her health and
protection from fairies and ghosts.
If born in July the stone was a ruby,
which tended to keep her free from jealousy
of her husband.
In August the sardonyx made her happy
in the maternal relation.
In September a sapphire was the proper
stone, it preventing quarrels between the
In October a carbuncle was chosen to pro
mote her love of home.
The November-born bride wore a topaz,
it having the giftof making her truthful and
obedient her husband.
In December the turquoise insured her
Among the German country folk the last-
named stone is to the present day used as
a setting for the betrothal ring, and so long
as it retains its color is believed to indicate
the constancy of the wearer. I'opnlar
While oyster-culture is declining in
Great Britain, it is being remarkably de
veloped in France. In 1S57 the bay of
Arcachonhad twenty oyster-beds: in 1SG3
ttic number was 217, with an annual pro
diction of 10,000,000 oysters; and there are"
now l.tsOOO acres of beds, with a yearly yield
of 300,000,000 oysters.
IkaT" Student ' Don't you ever sweep
under the bed, I'd like to know!' Calm
Goody" I always do: I prefer it to a
dustpan."' Jarntnl .umpoun.
lire. The Constitution brought the first
tidings of this victory to Uo-ton. A
handsome medal was gien to Hull for
tin; victory, and he retired from com
mand of the vessel in favor of Captain
Bainbridge.. October 26, the Constitu
tion and Hornet left the port of Bo-ton
together, sailing southwest. Leaving
the Hornet to blockade an English ves
sel found iu port nt San Salvador, the
Constitution went further south, and oil
the coast of Brazil, at latitude 13 de- '
grecs G minutes south, longitude 31 de
grees west, met the English frigate
Java. The battle was at short range,
and the wheel of the Constitution was
shot away; but the American com
mander managed his crippled vessel
well, avoided the raking lire of his an
tagonist and directed the shots so skill
fully that in a little over two hours
from the beginning of the fight all the
rigging and masts of the Java had
been shot away, leaving her a
sheer hulk. She then surrendered,
and after the crew had boon removed
the wreck was blown up. Captain
Bainbridge. on his arrival at home, was,
of course, loaded with honors. The Con
stitution now had the credit of being a
lucky ship, and Bainbridge. having
won his share of glory through connec
tion with her. gave way and allowed
Captain Charles Stewart to take com
mand. The vessel at this time received J
the nickname of "Old Ironsides." Hav- '
ing been well repaired, the Constitution
left Boston harbor December 30, 1813.
She ran down toward the Barbadoes.
and on February 14 captured and de
stroyed the British schooner Ficton.
Alter uiiiMug it ion uiuer prizes, ana
through the maneuver it slrm-cd ;.
i drilling and leadership. A rapid a -I
radical change would be desinbie. .
sneaking, with a self-satislicd smile i
turned in his saddle, and entering in
a conversation with an officer at it. :
side, he entirelv ignored the pre-eu -of
the Prince, who. with a cold .-alti .
turned his horse and galloped nwav.
for even Ac. while in the character ." .
soldier would not dare to utter a w.--
in disrespect to his superior. IJut if
revenge, was denied to him in his pres
ent position, he could easily achieve i;
in the presence of a Prince. And i.
was not slow to avail himself of tis.s
A few minutes later, ere the group
around the commander had yet .!i
persed. to the surprise of all th-rs
sounded the well-known bugle sig.i tl
announcing the approach of a memoe.
of the imperial household. The (l- -eral.
as becomes his position, was ;iz
the head of the stall" to receive so u:ie
pectcd aiisitor. when, much to his
chagrin, he perceived that it was Johauu
Salvator. who had returned, accom
panied by his attaches. With unc :i
cerncd mien the Prince galloped f--ward.
and returning condescending.'.
the salute of the General, he demaude I
from him a report of the maneuver,
which the commander could not deuv
to his Imperial Highness. Then he ex
pressed his desire to witness a d-iile f
the troop, to which the General hid to
submit, and gave orders accordingly.
Closely the Prince scrutinized eaea
regiment, and when the last eompa-.y
had passed him, he turned to the (.;:
eral. and amid the respectful silence of
all. he expressed in digniiied language
J his disapproval of the maneuver. (;
I eral." he continued. it shows ptior
' drilling and bad leadership. A nu.M
and radical change would indeed be
very desirable. Entirely satisfied, hi w
ever. am I with Xo. " (again it was
the Prince's own.) "Will you kindly
transmit to its commander mv thanics
reaching the coast of Guiana, she turned , and my hearty approval of the exeiHc::.
homeward, on the way giving chase to
a British ship. which, however, escaped.
and when near home, being pursued!
by two fngrates. from whom she got
away, and anchored safe in tho harbor
of Marblehead, April 6. The Consti
tution did. not cruise any more until
December, 1814. Then she set sail for
the Bermudas, thence to Madeira
and to the Bav of Biscay. Off Cane
bearing winch that regiment has shown
during the defile?" So saying he turned
about and galloped away. leaving be
hind him a cloud of dust and the .stupe
fied ( 'eneral. Harper's Magazine.
The Education of Girls.
Few subjects are receiving such wiu
and varied discussion, both here ami
abroad, as that of the education ,,f
St Vincent. February 20, 1813, she met ' girls. On the one hand there is grave
two British vessels, the Cyane and the ! doubt expressed as to the efficaevof tae
Levant, and after a short, sharp fight, present system; on the other it "is i-;-
Tns man who wauts the earth or nctbic j
Ilis horse was nibbling among the generally gets away witL the latter.
succeeded in capturing them both. This
was the last engagement of "Old Iron
sides." as peace had already been con
cluded. The vessel was used for vari
ous naval purposes until 1850, when the
Naval Department proposed breaking
her up and selling her timbers. This
purpose was changed, however, by the
public feeling aroused by Dr. Holmes
stirring poem on the subject, beginning:
"Aye, tear her battered enslzn down!"
The vessel was therefore repaired and
made a school ship for naval pupils.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
Selling Eggs by Weight.
Breeders of fancy fowls, especially
the breeders of the class which lay large
eggs, should insist with more per
tinacity that weight should enter into
all of the commercial operations of
eggs. Some contend "an ejg is an
egg." And so is a potato. But there
is more than a half difference in the
weight and true value of the largest
class of eggs and those from the
dwarfed common dung-hill fowL Well
bred and well fed Brahma eggs will
weign one pouna eigne ounces per
dozen without selecting, while common
small eggs weigh less than one pound.
Besides the quality of the eggs is equally
as much better in flavor. Slightly col
ored eggs are superior in quality in
many respects to the pure white.
Dealers, in justice to those who breed
large chickens and furnish eggs for the
market, should do something to en
courage such enterprise. Aud those
who are buying for their own use
should, as a matter of economy aud to
istain a spirit of enterprise, derjand
and pay an advanced price for Letter
eggs.Les Moines Itegistcr.
tolled as perfect and satisfactorv.
find the schools abused by some.
the home censured by others, a- re
sponsible for any defect in the diame
ter of girls' training. Teachers a-td
books are not the main factor in the
education of girls. It is the character
and disposition of their parents a::d
associates which wield the most power
ful influence. If you live with wolves.
you must learn to howl, and all high
standards of education are u-ual'y
futile when the atmosphere of the g'rl
home and her associations are the re
verse of refining and intelligent. It re
quires peculiarly strong will on her
part. then, to refuse to howl when I: t
tribe is wolfish. And it is just hero
where the moral obligations of parents
must be emphasized to complement tin
school by associations not necassarily
of wealth or luxury, but of culture and
religious principle. Jewish Messewjtr
The Human Breath.
Prof. Brown-Sequard has recently
been making experiments to dete-iuiuo
whether the human breath was capable
ot producing any poisonous effects.
From the condensed watery v.-.por of
the expired air,-he obtained a poi.-nnsiiis
liquid, which, when injected under tha
skin of rabbits, produced almost imme
diate death. He ascertained that this
poison was an alkaloid, and not a mi
crobe. The rabbits thus injected d:-d
without convulsions, the heart an L
large blood-vessels being engorged with
bltiod. Brown-Seauard consider- z
fully proved that.tlfe expired air. both
of man and animals, contains a volatile
poisono;is principle which is much,
more deleterious than carbonic acid.
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