The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923, April 20, 1888, Image 2

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The Veaerailoa With Which They Are K
garded la Kassia,
Toward their icons, as tlio picture!
of the Saviour and the saints are
called, the people show tho greatest
veneration, and one or more hangs in
every honse in Russia, even in the bus
iness offices. Whoever enters a store
or a house in which one of those pict
ures is hanging, must remove his hat,
or he is liable to be asked to do so.
The icons are always covered with
screens of metal, with the exception ol
the face and the hands of tho saint.
This is because no nian can conceive
of the apparel of tho inhabitants in
In the report which was made to
Queen Elizabeth, of England, by
George Tuberville. who was sent with
an embassy to Ivan the Terrible, tho
manners of the Russians are described
in quaint verse. He says:
Thcir idoto have their hearts, oa God they
never caU.
XJnlcss it be Nlcaola Baugb that hangs against
the waU.
The house that hath bo God. or painted saint
Is not to be resorted to that roof Is filled with
The numerous icons, covered usual
ly with sheaths of gold, are studdod
-with precious stones, as they often aro,
give a wondrous richness to the inte
rior of a Russian church, heightened
by the lights that are continually burn
ing before them. Every worshiper
Tmysi a candle, lights it, and places it
in a rack made for the purpose, before
the iron of his 'favorite saint The
prayers are supposed to ascend to
Heaven on the flames.
Not only are icons to be found in all
the houses and business places of Rus
sia, but they are frequently to bo seen
in little chapels or kiosks in the streets.
On the opjKsito aide of the Nevski
Prospect from the hotel in which wo
lived was one of the most famous icons
in Petersburg, tho picture of a saint
which is supposed to watch over the
interests of commerce t!io patron of
trade. During the business hours of
the day, from sunrise to sunset, in fact,
the little chapel in which it stands was
crowded with people merchants,
clerks, artisans, laborers, and all
classes of the communitv who bought
-and lighted candle first, and then
bowed to pray for prosperous results
in the day's trade, each leaving susio
contribution for the benefit of the
church as a peace offering.
It is a curious and interesting sight
-to see the devoutness with which the
sanctuary is approached. Not a drosky
driver would pass it, no matter at what
speed, without crossing himself with
three fingers and taking off his hat.
The same forms arc practiced by all
foot passengers. The street was usu
ally crowded during the business hours
of the day, but every hat went off and
.every right hand made the sign of the
cross when the little chapel was
reached. All the passengers in the
street car, and tho conductor and
driver as well, did the sanio olc:sance.
The morning after wo arrived wo
witnessed from tho balcony of tho ho
'tel what in any other country would
.have seemed a remarkable spectacle.
but in Russia it was common, as we
afterward discovered. It happened to
be the anniversary of the saint that
ync-ides over commerce tho of
the little chapel 1 have bce.i speaking
About. There was a great stir early iu
the morning, a commotion such as wo
see at home on a holiday; men wero
standing about in their best clothes,
women with little ones tugging at their
skirts, and the crowd around the chap
el, which was always great, seemed
xciratcr than ever.
Soon a carriage drovo up and a priest
with long white hair and beard for
tho Russian priests never cut their hair
or beards alighted. Then a band of
music and a battalion of soldiers ar
rived, followed by a large company of
priests and monks. About ten o'clock crowd hail increased to such num
bers that traffic was suspended, and
finally a procession was formed at tho
hc'l of which were a lot of white-robed
snonk.s chanting, then a company of
acolytes swinging incense urns, then
tho white-haired priest, or metropol
itan, as he proved to be, came, bear
ing in his hands the sacred icon of tho
chapel, being sheltered by a 'canopy
of golden cloth carried by four other
priests--. Behind him came other priests
and monks, then tho military band
and the battalion of soldiers and
finally a procession of people
reaching several blocks, not march
ing iu column, but huddlod together,
and tilling the entire street from wall
to wail. During the time the icon was
being brought out from tho chapel till
the procession began to move, every
one but the priests and soldiers wero
on their knees in tho street When it
had reached its place in the procession
all rose and followed
The same ceremony was repeated
about four in the afternoon, when the
icon was brought back and deposited
in its usual place. UKn inquiry I
learned that, it being the day of this
iaint, the icon had boon taken to tho
cat lied nil and several other churches
so that the srvico could bo attended
by more peopre than the little chapel
could accommodate. IK . Curtis, in
Chicago 2'ctcs.
m m
Representatives of nearly all na
tionalities arc to be seen in the streets
of San Francisco, and all of them can
iiud good reading in the public library
of that city. The library has a book
containing tie Lord's prayer in 814
different dialects. The work was com--piled
by A. Amor, and published in
Vienna in 1844, and is one of the queer
est books in existence.
Portland boasts of a sileatwhisl
clb composed wholly of yoHag ladies.
AU bat one oi tkus art doak
reralcloits Habits of KaUag- Fraetlea y
Aiaericaa Chlldrea.
"My Jennie has such a dainty appe
tite I don't know what to do with her!
She just won't eat any thing but sweet
meats and the like!"
Thus cxclaimod a foolish mother in
my hearing the other day. Yes, la
mentably foolish is she for allowing
such a condition of things to exist We
are told by the matchless bard that de
sire grows upon what it is fed. The
child desires dainties, and the mother
oft gratifies that desire. Soon the mis
chief is done, for the dainty appetite is
quickly formed. Apropos of this: A
ruddy German girl of seven summers
was adopted by childless people of
means. The indulging process was
early begun by them, for it was a
pleasure to give the child all the goodies
that she could well eat Ere long a
scorn for substantial food possessed her,
and the mere thought of the plain but
healthful fare of her Gorman home ex
cited great disgust Dainties formed
her daily living, but think you that her
robust German parentage preserved
her from paying outraged Mother Na
ture's penalty? No indeed! She fell a
victim to consumption while yet in her
teens. Tho poor abused digestive ap
paratus could not manufacture good
blood; the great waste was not sup
plied, and "galloping consumption"
claimed another victim.
While on the cars, en route to one of
Minnesota's beautf ul lake resorts. I was
attracted by an anxious mother and her
unfortunate invalid daughter who oc
cupied seats near mine.
The wan checks, the hollow eyes and
the languid air all told their own sad
story of disease and deatlu The weary
one oft had access to tho stimulating
flask to sustain her to the.journcy's end.
At length the mother and child partook
of a morning meal. A large lunch
hamper indicated a long journey. I
did not observe the mother's choice of
fare, but the delicate girl who had so
aroused my sympathies made a hearty
(?) meal of rich cake and pickles. 1 cs,
she devoured three whole pickles and a
piece of cake. Think of it mothers of
supplying the enormous waste that was
apparently going on with only cake
and pick'es! Could one drop of good
blood emanate therefrom? Would dis
ease have attacked the poor child had
the mother prevented such unnatural
appetite? She seeme I a woman of cul
ture an.l refinement not always ac
companied with common sense, it
seems and I would fain remind her
that she could take her loved one to
tin; most healthful clime of earth, but
she would not keep her long if her diet
consisted of cake and pickles. Indeed,
in this instance I fear that nothing could
avail, for the blood which, you know,
is the life had already become impov
erbhed. See to it, mothers, that your children
are not forming pernicious habits of
eating what will perchance take them
to early graves or render them dys
peptics for life. Laflies" Home Journal.
Varieties Salted for Klesaat Doaal-SeasoB
Silks are being very largely U3ed for
making np dressy toilettes to bo worn
at afternoon receptions and when pay
ing formal visits. For the deiui-scason
the entire dress will be of any of the
repped silks, llungalinc, faille fran
caise, gros grain or moire, whether of
a plain color, or shaded in two or three
tones, or glaee, or in stripes partly
plain, partly twilled or watered, or else
iu the plain brocades of the last cen
tury, with small woven tlowers, or the
more modern designs with velvet vines,
balls, or bars. As the season advances
to summer, the simple taffetas of a
generation ago will bo revived, with
their plain lustrous surface showing
stripes, or else glace, or in large plaids
of the gayest colors together.or a single
color with white. The silk surahs aro
also to be worn again in plain colors,
in crossbars, in stripes, and with blocks
or balls trewn over thorn. Sometimes
a striped silk will be combined with
plain repped silk of the color iu the
stiipe, white or Suede tints being most
often alternated with the colored
stripes. The plain silk will be used for
the front and hack of the skirt, while
the stripes appear on tho sides;
the basque of the plain color will have
bias side forms of stripes in front, or a
girdle giving that effect, with a
vest, rovers and collar. This is prettily
illustrated in myrtle green faille com
bined with greea and Suede-colored
striped faille. The skirt has four plaits
down the front (two each side meeting
in the middle) of plain green faille,
while the back has three straight
breadths of the same, with their sides
faced with the striped silk turned over
in jabot shells. Two striped breadths
of silk form drapery on each side next
the plain front; these are plaited in fine
plaits at top to the belt, falling straight
to the foot and the side is then rounded
up high on the tournurc, and caught in
a cluster of plaits next the plain green
back breadths. The space left uncov
ered below the curved part in the sides
of the skirt has two gathered breadths
falling to the foot from under the curved
part and these are cut in sharp points
at the edges and faced. This design
may also be prettily carried out in moire
and plain silk, using tho moire in front
and back, and the plain repped silk on
the sides. Sometimes the lower part
oa the sides of the skirt is drawn on
cords and slightly puffed at the top,
with perhaps tbe standing .ruffle of
doubled silk. For summer taffetas and
checked silks skirls made in this way
will have pinked edges oa the sides, or
there may be a series of pinked flounces
set there, farjr' Smsmr. v
Beantlfat Bird nf Florida M ach Admire
fir Naturalists.
The white pelicans were remarkably
abundant on the Gulf coast about
Cedar Keys, but did not occur in any
numbers much south of this point
When feeding, tnese fine pelicans swim
along the wa'er and capture their prey
by thrusting their long bill, and occa
sionally the entire head, beneath the sur
face of the water; then the bill is raised,
the pouch contracted, forcing the water
from among the fishes, which aro
swallowed at once. During calm
weather they feed in tho open water of
tbe Gulf, but when high winds occur
they visit the more quiet lagoons ami
bayous among the flats. After satisfy
ing their hunger they will sit for a time
on the outer sand bars or reefs, often
gathering by thousands, hut will shor:Iy
rise in small companies, flying in
wedge-shaped flocks or ranks like
geese or swans, but move with alternate
flapping and sailing, and thus rise to a
great height, when they will circlo
about an hour or more on motionless
wings, not however, in regular order,
but crossing and recrossingone another
in eccentric gyrations. Later in the
day they return to roost passing tho
night on tho reefs. They are very shy
at all times, equally so at night, for
they can see during the hours of dark
ness nearly or quite as well as owls,
and when approached will rise and fly
to tho nearest reef. Tho only way in
which I was successful in obtaining a
shot at them was by sailing, when, as
they always rise into the wind. I would
sometimes manage to secure one.
These birds, iu spite of their large size,
are exceedingly gentle in disposition
and easily tamed, and one that I
brought North, he having been slightly
wounded in the wing, remained with
me three years, when he died. This
bird never attempted to injure any
thing, even permitting young chickens
to run about him, and as they walked
over his huge feet he merely gl an ceil
down at them to see what they were
doing. Johnny, ns he was called, was
very intelligent, and always knew
those who were kmu to l:im, recogniz
ing them with a grunt, his only note,
while lie would frequently take their
hands in his long bill and gently
squeeze them. He allowed every one
who came to see him to caress him,
and was always ready to receive com
pany. Johnny ate not only fish but
meat, and the quantity which he de
voured was surprising, for lie ofteu
consumed six or eight pounds at a
meal. Not that he was a glutton, for
when satisfied no temptation would in
duce him to take another morsel. His
favorite method of eating was to have
his food thrown to him. when he would
catch it in his beak, slip it into his
pouch, then he would wait until I
grasped him by the bill, when I would
rake it and shake his head until the
food passed downward into his stom
ach. No confinement whatever was
necessary for Johnny, as he never
showed the slightest propensity to wan
der, excepting" in autumn, when, hav
ing some idea of migrating, he would
waddle awav from the house a few
hundred yards. Birds of Eastern NorUi
How Restaurant Men Tirkle
the Vanity
of The r (.neat.
The proprietor of an Italian restau
rant cordially greeted a customer a few
evenings ago and anxiously inquired
after the health of another gentleman.
"You don't know me," said the cus
tomer. "The only time you ever saw
me was a year ago, when I dined here
with a friend.
"O yes. I remember you perfectly."
said the proprietor, "You are Mr.
, and your friend, whom I have not
seen since, was Mr. . How is his
The customer was pleased, and men
tally resolved that he was a person of
much consequence, and that he would
dine in that restaurant every night
Many men have been similarly sur
prised. A reporter was called by name
the second time he visited a busy res
taurant and asked tho waiter how ho
learned it. . j
"You came in here." the waiter said.!
"with four other gentlemen, none ofi
whom I had ever seen before. During
your conversation you mentioned tlnj
names of each other, and I rememb'jreij
them because that is part of my business.
It always pleases a man to think thac
he is remembered, and it is a waiter's
business to please the patrons of thfc
place where he works. If a man dinei
alone, it is frequently difficult for us tj
learn his name. We generally learn ift
though, in one way or another. On
entering, ha may nod to an acquaint
ance. If the latter is a steady patrc n
and has a favorite waiter, as he s
likely to have, we get that waiter o
procure the information for us.
"There is a man who dines alone he -o
every night. He sits at a certain tablo
and I always wait upon him. It waj a
month before I learned his name, aid
then I saw it on an envelope whichtie
laid on tho table while he read the in
closure. I called him by name immeJli
ately. and he was tickled to death. I
"No. 1 don't know that my membry
is unusually good or that I deserve jny
especial praise for carrying the naie
of a hundred or more customers inmy
head. Names are easier to remember,
1 think, than other things. As I said
before, it is part of our business. If a
person thinks he b known in a cc tat
restaurant he is apt to go the e in
preference to other places, and it puts
him and the waiter on a friendly foot
ing. If a waiter has learned your
name shortly after be has first see yon
he is a good waiter, and you c rest
assnred that lie is attending to your
wants in a manner proportion: te to I
the size of the tip." if. J. Sun.
A. Tractlcal Farmer ExpMlas Dow II
Beaeflta the .Noil.
IIow can plants increase the fertility
of the soil? In two ways. One by
adding to it that part of themselves
which they obtain from the air. and the
other by searching many feet into the
ground with their roots and bringing
to tho surface the chemicals and fertil
izing materials stored there. This is
lucerne's method of benefiting the soil.
This letter from a practical farmer com
pletely explains every point:
Lucerne will grow on any land that
will produce wheat, corn or potatoes,
and will thrive on many lands that none
of these will grow on, especially very
light sand or gravel, though it -does
well on clay. But it will not grow on
land where the water stands within one
foot of the surface, and there is no use
sowing it in an alkali that is strong
enough to keep wheat from growing.
Though particular about wet land, it
will stand any amount of wet in
summer, as long as there is plenty of
drainage. It will also stand all
of the water of winter that may fall
in the shape of rain, or snow that may
melt It is a quick grower, anil will
mature the first crop in about two
months from the time that tho growth
commences. The second crop will ma
ture in about six weeks from the cut
ting, and the third in about five weeks
from cutting of the second. The sec
ond crop is the heaviest but the first is
a little the best feed. It will yield about
an average of six tons per acre. It is
a perennial of the clover tribe.
The best method is to sow broadcast
about fifteen pounds per acre where the
land is in good condition, but on very
weedy land or clear gravel or sand that
is very jioor. put about three pounds
more. You can not get any crop from
it the first year, but do not gt dis
couraged if the plants aro on an aver
age of ten inches apart, little, slim.
-ingle stems about four or six inches
high. It is best to sow with grain.
Oats are the best; thus you will lo-e no
time, but can have a crop from your
land every year. In fact it does better
to have it shaded when young. Sow at
the same time that you do spring
Where there is plenty of rain, no
cultivation is needed; but in a few years
it will make clear ?and a rich land,
owing to the tlecay of the root. The
roofs will sink themselves for a distance
of ten to twenty feet straight down,
and fully one-halt decays every year
from the outside, and keeps growing
larger from the center ever" vear.
It should be cut when in full bloom.
A little old is better than too young;
when the bloom is ready to fall off is
not too late. D. not cut too much at
once, for if you allow a rain to come
on your hay after it is cut it will not
be worth more that one-half for feed
and will be entirely worthless for mar
ket Heavy dews are not good, either.
Let me warn you against condemning
it as a worthless lot of sticks until you
try your horses and cows and see them
clean up the sticks before they do the
leaves. There are not many animals
that take to it when dry without hav
ing it in their manger a few days with
other hay; but in a few days you will
see the grass,'hay left, while the lucerne
is cleaned tip. A ton of lucerne will not
go quite ts far as a ton of timothy. Do
not let hungry cattle get on it while
green, especially when wet for it will
bloat them. If you wish to pasture it
first feed your stock all they can and
will eat and then turn them on the
green lucerne, and no harm will come
to them. It is the best thing to renew
old, worn out land that I ever saw.
.V. E. Farmer.
Why It Was Uttered anil How It Ilaa
lieeu Keallxed.
In 1S78 a band of roving Gypsies vis
ited Pioehe and pitched their tents near
the town. Among their number was a
weird and venerable fortune-telling
ilame. Though the woman was a wild
looking hag, she claimed to bo a sort of
queen among her people. In Pioehe,
whenever she appeared on the streets,
this red-mantied old witch was mocked
at and derided. She endured this for a
time, but one day became enraged, and
in a towering passion she raised her
staff iu her withered hands and cursed
the people and the town. She cursed
them in the product of their mines, in
their business of traffic, and in their
houses and lands for ten years. For
ten years she said they would wither
and decay until houses were abandoned
and streets deserted, then would come
a new people and a new era. when the
old prosperity of the place would return.
When she had thus cursed the town
and the people the old witch turned on
her heel and strode away. The camp
of her people at once struck their tents
and ait departed, never again toretnrn.
Evet since that time the blasting influ
ence of the old woman's curse has been
:ipon the town, as is supposed, until
this yeai (18S8). when the ten years
expired. Now the old prosperity is
returning. The deserted mines are
being reopened, people who were
starved out of the place are returning
to claim and repossess their property,
merchants and tradesmen are again
opening stores and shops, and Pioehe
is at last to have long-delayed railroad
and transportation facilities. At last
the curse of the Gypsy woman is off the
town, and again the people are ani
mated by their old-time spirit and enter
prise. Nevada Enterprise.
An artificial limb maker said
recently that "after the war it was
thought that the woodea arm and leg
hnsincss was at an end, bnt the locomo
tive and labor-saving machinery have
continued to create augmented de-umds"
Bow m Colored Lady Showed Her Pra
faaad Love for ller Ilathaad.
Two negroes stood in the street One
of them w;is lecturing the other. "Now,
ole man." said the younger one. "I
want tor tell yer dis, an' tell yer
o'intedly, dat you's got tcr stop gittin'
drunk ur I won't feed you no mo'. I
toll vou dat now an' I tell yer p'int
cdly." The old man went away, and somo
one who heard the "lecture" asked tho
younger negro why he had considered
it his duty to look "after the wants of
the old fellow. "He is no kin to you.
is he?"
"No. sah, no blood kin. We'se brud
ders in dc church an pertakos o do
sackrament, but in de flesh we ain' no
kin ertall."
"He must have done you a great fa
vor in the past"
"No, sah, never done me no favor in
his life."
"Why, then, do you feed him?"
"Wall, sah. I tell you. I maird do
lady dat uster be his wife. I did. an' it
looked sorter wraung ter take her lub
erway from him. an' I 'gunter feel
sorry fur him. I did. His un'er lip
drapped down like he didn' hab er
frien' in de worl', an' I tole him dat I
would gin him suthin' ter cat till he
got some work, but bless you. he didn
try ter fine no work, but sot right down
an' 'gunter eV. Den he 'gunter go
ronn wid dese yere can'erdates an
drunk pizen licker an' git drunk, an
I's gittin' mighty tired o' hit I tell
you dat piiitJly."
"What does yer wife think of it?"
'O, she's sich er saft an' gcn'Ie crit
ter dat she doan 'spress no 'pinion.
She neber interferes wid nuthin'. dat
lady doan, 'caze she so awful saft an'
Good tempered, is she?"
"Monst'us tine tempered, sah. an' it
'pear like she wunter sing fum mawii-
A change of expression came over
the negro's fac "Yere come my wife
now," he sfth!. "Cindy, I's jes been
tellin' dis geiicrman whut er lino lady
you is, nesa'd, wlien lus wile urcvv
"You better tcil fcim what a lazy,
good-fiir-nuthin wretch you air. Go
an homo now an' split me up somo
wood, or I'll getiier up suthin' an
w'ar you out Doan look at me that
"Whut way I loekin' at you, honey?'
"Like you didn' wautur mine whut
I tells yoii."
"Ef I look dater way I didn' go ter
do hit, caze I doan feel dater way."
"Wall, mosey on, now, ur I'll gether
up suthin'."
"Yessum. jest ez soon ez I transaek
er little bizuess wid dis yere gener
man." The woman, after many threatening
shakes of the head, passed on. and her
meek-looking husband turned to th
man with whom he had been talking
and said:
"Dat lady is so much in lnb wid mo
dat she's erfeerd dat I'll s:ay 'ronn
yere summers an' git hurt. She's sich
er saft an' geu'le critter dat she kain't
hardly b'ar ter hab me outeu her
Did she ever strike you?"
Hit me wid en axe-handle wuiist an
fazed me er right smart, but den it wuz
becaze she
thought so much o'
Didn' want me to go down town an'
'sociate wid dem rough men. I tell
you suthin' ef you woan say nuthin
crbout it It's dis: Wen I fust maird
mer wife I felt sorter sorry fur dat olo
man dat uster be mer wife's husban',
but now. sah. I sorter feels sorry fur
merse'f." Arkansiic Traveler.
m m -
A Tounp Woman Who 1st Making Money
ly Searrlii He for Them.
A clever young woman is building
up a business of; a somewhat novel
character in New York and Brooklyn.
Traveling agents have long made a
good tiling out hf antique furniture
picked up on excursions- in the wilds of
rural New Hampshire and Connecticut,
inducing farmers wives to ransack their
attics and bring1 out mirrors that only
wanted regihljhg. or brass-handled
chests of drawers in want of nothing
but polish ami varnish to fetch round
sums from modern worshipers of bric-
a-brac gone
ground for
enough, has
entirely. Ne
iv. The best hunting
lueh thin
ieen oTerlookeU almost
York and Brooklyn, as
things go in
his country, are ancient
cities. Then
are Jow-urowed Dutch
ithin the limits of the
former citv.
ml old hones on Seconc
avenue, in i me t :wungton square
region nnd ion Fifth avenue itself, in
New York, which only need to yield
up their treasures to delight all tho
lovers of list century carved oak,
mirrow-froBc wardrobes, rare spindle
legged monstrosities and choice bits of
buhl. This young woman has begun a
scries of tours among tho stately old
mansions sunk to second-class boarding
houses, or gone yet further on the road
of neglect and decay, and when she
finds a relic of past grandeur, she re
habilitates it and in t induces it to an
art lover or a curio lorer. or a person
ambitions of the repute of an art or
curio lover with moner. An old ebony
cabinet inlaid with mother of pearl, an
old dressing table with a tray of Sevres
let into the top. an old chair covered
with French flowered satins of the
earlv years of fee ceatury, theso are
grand dukes ia banishment to be re
stored to their list estate. It is pleas
ant business fot a young woman trita
some knowledge a goal eye aad better
judgment, and Mie makes it profitable.
X. T. Hail aid Express.
j m
In leap jear the Toaaf naid's
fancy lightly tiras to thought ol love.
The picking and drying of black
berries forms an important industry i:i
North Carolina.
The avcrag3 daily wages paid to
New York sewing women is fifty cents
for fifteen hours work.
The curious fact that the usual hat
produced by friction is absent when the
articles are magnetized is just now l--iug
discussed by scientists, who are
seeking an explanation.
A physician recommends that all
the wood used in the interior constric
tion of houses, and all the plain sur
faces of plaster, should be thonmghlv
oiled or varnished, so that the power if
absorption of foul air and gases shit.ild
be destroyed.
It is estimated that about 50.0W.00-3
gounds of cotton-seed oil were use I in
the United States during last vear iu
tho adulteration of lard, and thar it
was mixed with about twice :i.s inuen of
I other material, most of which w:is pure
lard with the leaf left out
Recent researches by Prof. Brown
Sequard demonstrate that a' liquid o!
tained from the vapor of air from tho
lungs is so poisonous that a dos, of
twenty centigrammes (less than four
grains) sufficed to kill a dog in about
seven hours.
A writer in Scienci comes to the
conclusion that as a result of ids in.
vestigations "it seems idle to discus
further the influence of forests upon
rainfall from the economic point f
riew. as it is evidently too slight to b.
of the least practical importance. Mm
has not yet Invented a method of con
trolling rainfall."
Berlin has gradually become the
headquarters of the carved-wood in
dustry, supplanting Switzerland. Six
hundred artists in wood-carving, the
same number of turners, and seven
hundred carpenters are engaged in tho
production of such articles as cigar
cases, newspaper and picture frames,
napkin-rings, etc. The value of the
annual export of these trifles is put at
It is found that living creatures
brought up from sea depths tf four
miles or more, suffer greatly from the
changed conditions of pressure and
temperature. At those vast depths the
pressure is tremendous, and the tem
perature is comparatively low. On
being brought to the surface, the deep
sea creatures are sometimes torn in
pieces by the powerful expansion of
their organisms occasioned by decrea-e
I in pressure, and "sometim!S they abso
lutely melt away before the eyes of the
The secondary nature of the gravel
deposits in which placer mines occur
implies that they are found at an
average lower altitude than the quartz
veins, from which they are derived bv
erosiou. The average height of placer
mines is about 8.000 feet, the highest
being 10,000 feet above the sea level.
Owing to their mode of formation.
placer mines are usually more accessi
ble than the quartz, and do not require
so great an amount of material for their
M. P. Ledeboer said before the
Academy of Sciences in Paris that al
though it had long been known that a
magnet wised to a red heat loses its
magnetic properties, it had only lately
been determined by direct measure
ment at what actual degree of tempera
ture iron ceases to be a magnetic body.
By his experiments he showed that irn
remains magnetic up to G50 degrees C.
after which a rapid variation is noticed
in its magnetic condition. At 7JJ de
grees the magnetic properties are
scarcely perceptible, while at 770 de
grees they disappear altogether.
m m
Aa I'ltlmatum WIioho Liberality U dimply
"I'd like to report, sih. dac my wile
ar' missiu'," said an old colored man
who came to the Gratriot Avenue Sta
tion the other day.
"Well, since how long?"
"'Bout nine days, sah."
"Under what circumstances?"
enc ngnt ou an' ditiiit
"What's her description?"
"Black, sah. She's black all
an got a wart under de left eye.
as fur as I remember.
"Have you any idea of her where
abouts?" "Not 'zactly. sah. She might hev
gone to Canada, an' she might be in de
ribber. She was a very onsartiu wo
man." "Well, if auy
let you know."
thing tarns tip we'll
"Thanks, sah; but to-morrer is de
last day, you know. If ! doan' come
back by dat time. I'ze free of her."
"Bosh! Wb told you that?"
"Lots o' folks. Hain't 'er true?"
Of course nor."
"Hu! but I guess it is. Mu' be so
or dey wouldn't er tole me. Howcber.
to make sartin 'bout it. I'll wait 'leben
days 'fore I marry agin, and den she
can't jump on me fur alimony. Much
obleegcd. sah. It's de fust time any of
my wives cber run'd off dis way."
Detroit Free Frets.
Cleansing Ladies' H!r.
We object to the use of carbonate of
potash by hairdressers for cleansing
the hair of their customers. The
cleansing action of this powerfnlly
alkaliae substance is very effective, bat
it is prejudicial to the hair at the same
time. A teasuuonful of pulverized
borax in a cup of lwiling water, or
cleansing the hair with the yelk of a
fresh egg, and following this vith a
warm solution of borax or salt and
water, especially sea-water, i much
preferable, and has the effect of cleans
ing andsoftening tbe skin of the scalp.
Eastern ladies, ren-.arkable for beauty
of their hair, adopt Uu latter mode of
cleaning iu Herald f Health.