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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (April 6, 1888)
RED CLOUD CHIEI
A. C. HOSMER, Proprietor.
Sbn roes to church, the pious pet,
To hear the parson preach;
1 so to drink those lessons ia
No mortal man may teach.
She jroes Jo church, the guileless girl.
To pour her soul in prayer;
Anil so do I, but if she knew
For what, oh : would she care?
tc kneel together, and I pray
She may e mice. And then
Tails from her lips, like prophecy,
A low, half-hushed "Amen:"
I doufct me of idolatry
I have a little taint.
Since in the rubric of my heart
She's canonized a saint.
I End my sermon in her smile.
In her sweet voice my psalm;
Her very presence in this place
Ureathes a celestial balm.
To piety like mine, majliap.
The parson mipht demur;
For. while she goes to worship God,
I go to worship her.
To me -he stands for all that's bright
And Ix.'st. below, above:
I.Iy heart is but a shrine for her.
And my religion Love.
I worship her. and shall for aye.
Whether I die or live:
And He who made her what she U
That worship will for,jivc.
He is r.o tyrant envious.
Cruel aid cold and srim:
Blest be His holy name. He knows
la her I worship Him.
RED AND -WHITE.
TJncIo Solro'3 Investigations and
"How's Northwestern this morning.
Unkle Zeke?" asked Dick Spriggs across
the restaurant table.
"Slumped oil six points, blast it,"
scowling viciously over his paper at
the steak brought by the waiter.
Ezckicl Springs laid down his paper
ami picking up his fork stuck it into
the meat. As he withdrew it and saw
the rich, red fuice ooze out, his
face brightened. Spriggs was some
what of an epicure.
"Six point's a pretty big drop," said
Dick, posM'ssinjr himself of the paper
and alternating between it and his
breakfast: "How d'ye come out?"
lint Spriggs was busily engaged in
tearing oil" huge pieces of steak and
eliciting them with much the same ex
pression that a chicken exhibits when
taking a drink of water. Business was
business but breakfast was breakfast
just then, and while Dick chattered and
read extracts, Spriggs turned his eyes
to the ceiling at every bite and gave
himself up to the soulful enjoyment of
what was before him. Dick skimmed
Uightly over the news, took a cursory
Jfiance at the editorials and paused at
the lower corner of the page; then he
Possibly the reason why. when a red-headed
girl appears on the street, a white horso soon
mnkes its appearance. will have to be sought for
in history. Away back in the early Greek and
Kpyptian days, red-haired girls were justly
prized aloveall "'
"Whadz that?" interrupted Spriggs.
Spriggs was a bachelor, and though
rich, was not especially addicted to the
Dick leaned thoughtfully back in his
chair. "It's a dodgasted funny thing.
Uncle Zeke. but it's a fact, never know
it to fail: straight a a string, too."
-Well, what is it?"
"Why. don't you see. the saying is
that where ever you see a red-hcaded
girl there is always a white horse in
sight. I believe it now didn't at first.
Why only last Si-nday night I went to
church with Miss Austin you ought to
see her. Uncle Zeke " Dick paused
-.villi a piere of steak half-way to his
mouth and gazed yearningly at the
blank wall. "Well, as I was saying, I
ivent to i-hu-i-h: coming out I saw di
rectly in front of us a girl with hair
just about a red as you find it. One of
the rules of the game is that you must
always go some a here that is accessi
ble to thi hor-ij after seeing the red
h:rr. so I made an excuse about a short
cut and dragged Mabel out the side
door. I thought I had the white horse
sequence dead this time, but just as we
came out the door, sure enough the in
evitable white horse came trottuig
around the corner. There wasn't an
other four-legged animal in sight and 1
didn't seu any the whole way home
Fve tried it every chance and never
knew it to fail."
S;iri"r 'runted an inaudible re-fporn-e
and roe from the table. By
noon he had forgotten all about it but
the sight .f a red-haired girl brought
the subject to his mind. In spite of its
evident absurdity, then; was something
odd and uncanny about the notion and
Sprigs almu-t unconsciously began to
scan the passers-by. Turning the corner
became plump again-t another maid
with fiery hair and sure enough there,
hitched to a pot, was a rather scrawny
but an unmistakable white horse.
Tins was the beginning of his down
fall, for there anil then ho determined
to see exactly what was in the saying.
.Now Spriggs was nothing if not me
thodical. A long life of single blessed
ness and business training had made
him so. and he entered into the investi
gation in somewhat the same manner
iis lie would some great business ques
tion. The major part of the next day was
spent in keening tally of the horses
tit passed his ofiico window; and the
following day in an extended hunt of
red-headed "girls without regard to
their so-called accompaniments. The
result was that while one horse in every
iifteen was white, only one female in
Uiiily-one had red hair. A scries of
afternoon sittings at his club window
brought out the remarkable fact that
for ever- seven women that passed,
two horses were in sight. This was
to be the basis of the test. Spriggs
reasoned that the chances against the
sequence were about two to one.
for, according to his observations, in
the ordinary day's run, there were
twice as many red-haired girls :is white
horses. This, of course, did not allow
for unusual occurrences or for night
travel, when there were fewer horses
on the street. At the end of the first
week the result was: Failures, one; ver
ifications, forty-eight. Spriggs djd not
quite believe in the thing yet, but the
next week was even more convincing.
The record stood: Failures, none; suc
cess, seventy-four times. By this time
it had become not a definite test to
prove the truth of a saying, but a wild
hunt after an instance where a failure
could be recorded. Night after night
Spriggs prowled around the streets,
peering into the faces of the pedestri
ans and frequenting localities where
there would be little likelihood of find
ing quadrupeds. Thf fever had grown
to such an extent that he was forced to
admit to himself that there must be
something in it. while he professed to
believe that the truth needed further
One day Dick dropped in and taking
Spriggs aside, with much hesitation
and stammering, confided the fact that
he was engaged to be married. "It's
Mabel Austin, Uncle Zeke, a beautiful
"Light or dark?" asked Spriggs with
a quick look of interest.
"Well. I guess you'll call her a bru
nette, for she has the loveliest black
hair in the world; but I have promised
to bring you to see her to-night. Say
you'll go. Uncle Zeke I'll call for you
it eight, shall I?"
It had been many years since Spriggs
had gone out calling and he was loth
to begin now, when he needed all his
lime for his investigations; however,
lie promised and sent his nephew away
Spriggs found Mabel all that Dick
had claimed for her, and was well
pleased with his boy's choice: yet the
evening dragged somewhat, and his
dress suit made Uncle Zeke overly con
scious of his society shortcomings.
He was standing near the window for
a moment alone, when he heard his
name called. Turning quickly, iie saw
Dick approaching with a vision of love
liness on his arm.
One look was enough, and the next
ins' ant Spriggs had wheeled about and
jerked aside the hangings. Trotting
slowly past, and directly under the
street lamp, was the inevitable white
Then he remembered thatDick possi
bly wanted to present, him, and. drop
ping the curtain in great haste, he con
fronted the pair. The vision had a
cold and hanghty look, and Dick was
clearly embarrassed. Spriggs appre
ciated his awkward position fully, and
with a great effort made himself ex
ceedingly agreeable. Indeed, in Ins
abject humiliation, he was so devoted
that Dick was led to whisper to his
fiancee: "Your sunny-h eaded friend
seems to have caught Uncle Zeke
When Spriggs went home he sat down
and went over the events of the even
ing. The vision was certainly hand
sonic and could talk as few women
were able, but he shuddered at the
thought of her hair. It was an unmis
takable red. Nevertheless, he had
askcsl permission to call and it had
been graciously granted. Spriggs called
and then called again. In a short time
his leisure hours were about evenly di
vided between his investigations and
the vision. Spriggs was struck hard,
so hard, indeed, that when in her de
lightful presence he almost forgot his
hobby, lie invariably hired a while
horse, however, when he took Jhor out
driving. Once he had the temerity to
tiy a bay horse, but lie never repeated
the experiment. He was uneasy tho
whole time, for while his heart and
soul were with his companion his mind
and eyes stidly missed the familiar se
quence. One evening :is matters were ap
proaching a erisis, Spriggs found hiin
self seated iu close proximity to his in
amorata. Ho had fully made tip his
mind to settle the matter at once and
have done with it. There was just
nuough manly conceit about him to
make him feel assured that his suit
would not be unsuccessful, but it was
with considerable trepidation that he
anproached the subject. The conversa
tion had drifted, as lovers' talk in
variably will, to the personal, ami
Spriggs was expatiating on early strug
gles and ambitions.
"I had a hard time of it wiien I was
young." he was saying. "My nature
was not one to make friends readily,
and female friends were exceedingly
rare. Indeed, my mother was the only
woman with whom I felt really at
case. Then, as my business grew, I
had so much to attend to that social
pleasures were. almost unknown."
There was silence for a moment; both
intuitively felt that the iinic was almost
at hand. Tho vision was seated facing
the deep bay window with her head
just touching the curtains, while
Spriggs sat so (hat Ins back was to
wards the street. He generally sat
that way when in her company to avoid
the temptation of looking out when he
heard a horse passing.
Then Spriggs meditatively rcsnmed:
"Until lately I thought that I should
always move along in the rut I have
fallen into, but now I am bold enough
to hope for something infinitely better."
As Spriggs in his earnestness leaned
forward, his quick car heard the distant
pit-a-pat of a trotting horse. His first
impulse was to turn and look out, but
with a mighty effort he restrained him
self, and, leaning still further, he groped
blindly, excitedly for her hand. Nearer
and nearer came the horse, but Spriggs
now had a firm grasp on her hand.
"I do hope for something infinitely
better, and and "
"Well," softly breathed the Vision,
while her glorious yes gazed dreamily
past him into the deepening night.
"And and now it all rests on a sin
gle word. Can you will you dear
Miss Lucy is that a while, home?''
Dick Spriggs said the other day that
if he ditl not read the papers for him
self every morning he would imagine
from Uncle Zeke's appearance that
Northwestern had slumped off about six
hundred points. E. A. Custer, t" Ik'
troit Free Press.
Trcc-riantln;r a "Lnbor That Return a
iod Hate of Interest.
This much certainly is practicable:
That the land grow only valuable trees;
and that laud which can not be culti
vated profitably be put in trees. The
average forest growth might be three
times as valuable. It is badly distrib
uted bare vpots and crowded spots.
On the first, a thick sod prevents a
natural growth; but enough trees can
soon be planted. Thinning out the
dense, stunted growth will much im
prove it, and usually only nearly
worthless trees need be cut out. Our
woodlands contain many trees that
have no value for lumber, and scared
any for fuel. Valuable trees ought to
be growing in their places, or have the
space for their better development. If,
to thin properly, valuable trees must
bo cut, take the worst-formed and least
vigorous. No tree that will not make
good rails or posts should grow; for a
tree that will make good rails and
posts will take its place, and the limbs
and knotty parts of such trees will fur
nish all the fuel needed. It is best to
foster the growth of valuable trees of
the kind growing naturally on tho
land, for it is certain that the soil and
climate are adapted to these trees.
Nearly every nut tree makes valuable
lumber, and the nuts will bring an in
come while the trees grow.
Dressing the woodland in the way
contemplated above necessitates little
extra labor; but it requires that the la
bor be intelligently applied. Trees for
rails, posts and fuel must not be cut by
chance. Those of least value and vigor
are to be selecte I for fuel and such
uses, and when trees furnishing the
best timber must be cut, they should bo
taken from among the thickest growth.
The usual winter timber cutting, thus
directed, will accomplish at least two
thirds of the work; and of the other
third, a good part can be done in
winter and early spring, when there is
time for it. Not a little land now
cultivated would better be in trees.
Hillsides that wash easily, have been
cleared of soil by rains, and fertilizers
applied to them are half thrown in the
creeks. These hillsides are hard to
cultivate and yield poor crops. Some
of them are so cut up that they can not
be cultivated at all with horses. Trees
do best in a good soil, yet they will
grow .on these hillsides. As soon as
they have a fair start, grass may bo
made to grow by using fertilizers, and
the grass and roots of the trees will
prevent the washing by rain, while tho
leaves from the trees, and natural
forces, will deepen and enrich the soil.
Although the best timber growth can
never be expected on these hills, yet
trees that will jiehl more profit than
cultivated crops can be grown by a lit
tle care. He who plants a tree puts
labor out at a good rate of interest.
The Very Latest Kink.
"I came in here to ask you." he be
gan as lie entered a Grand liiver grin
cery. "I came in here to "
"No, sir!" was the prompt reply.
"I came in here to "
"Well, you can go right out, again!"
"Sir! I'm no beggar!" exclaimed
"I know it." replied the grocer.
"You came in to ask if I had a City Di
rectory. 1 haven't got one. I never
had one. 1 was trying to save your
The stranger stalked stiffly out. and
as he related his adventure on the cor
ner he was asked if that really was his
"O, no," he replied; "I was going
to ak him for credit until Saturday
night, and that is the new way of chok
ing a man off. He tried to spare 1113
feelings and secure himself at the same
time. It's a new kink amo ng grocers,
and I guess I'll have to pay cash."
Detroit Free Press.
A Chinese Oust Storm.
What is described as "a proper dust
storm" recently passed over Pekin
The morning opened with a thick fog.
damp and raw, and a slight air of wind
from tlie east. Iu the forenoon the sun
partially broke through and showed a
strong current from the west in tho
higher legions of the atmosphere.
Then a deep yellow haze obscured the
sun for some hours, reminding one of
the characteristic London fog. The air
was quite still. In the afternoon, sud
denly as a shot from a gun, a gale broko
out of the west and blew hard till after
sunset, when it lulled, but broke out
afresh during the night and continued
for some hours more. The morning re
vealed a coating of fine yellow dust
over ever thing. This dust comes from
great distances, and is carried along in
a dense cloud at very high altitudes.
x. r. Post.
Huntsville. Ala., has exemnted
from city taxation for ten years all
iniiitiinfiiMii v nnlAMimCAJ nmnlnvitiff
iiitiiiuiawiuiiu -Gttri't40va tiuj'iuj n
over $5,000 capital that may be located
m mai wy .
GEESE AS PROPHETS.'
Stupid Iliril. Tbnt Know Morn Than tfca
signal Srrvlre liepartment
"May be you have often noticed,'
said a dealer in feathers, "that some
farmers keep geests year in and year
cut. let them have tlie run of the farm,
and seem to show them all kinds of
consideration, yet are always swearing
that they are the biggest nuisance that
it could be possible to have around. If
you have noticed that peculiarity in
tho daily rounds of the husbandman,
you have doubtless also wondered why
in blazes tiie farmer kept such nuis
ances around his premises. I used to
wonder why it was myself, but I never
found out tlie reason uutil one day last
summer. I was out on a Jersey farm
spending my vacation. The farmer had
a big ilock of geese, and ho was eter
nally throwing the most hefty kind of
Jersey cuss words at them. One day I
sat on the farmer's piazza talking with
him. The gccc were placidly crop
ping grass down along tlie road, a
great big gander leading them on.
Peace, tranquility and contentment
spoke in every movement the lawn-destroying
"There wasn't a . cloud in the sky.
The farmer's men were working with
out much apparent vim at raking and
loading hay down in a meadow not far
away. Suddenly the old gander poked
up his head, gave voice to a peculiar
squawk, lifted his wings and started oil
on a run as fast as his big web feet
would let him go. All the geese poked
up their necks at the sound of tho
gander's voice, lifted their wings and
with a chorus of noises that only a
ilock of geese can produce, started
after the gander as tight as the- could
waddle. The gander ran twenty yards,
perhaps and then, with a wild shriek,
he took wing and llew in tlie direction
of a pond a short distance from tho
road. Tlie geese raised and iiew after
him, filling the air withtheirdiscordant
cries, (lander and m'sc alighted in
the pond, where they all gathered in a
bunch, held a consultation or congratu
latory confab in a subdued chorus of
cackles and went through all sorts of
maneuvers on the pond for a time,
when they separated and swam about
as placidly as they had been feeding a
few minutea before.
"At the first movement of the gander
when lie broke the tranquility of tho
feeding Hock, my friend, the farmer,
arose quickly to his feet, and as ho
turned toward the meadow, said:
'There's them dinged bavin hands
workiu' as if they had all the rest o
the year to get that hay in, an' hero
we're goin' to be ketched in a tearin'
old shower in less'n an hour, or olsc
their hain't no use iu keepin' geese.'
"The farmer hurried down to the
meadow, spurred up trie men, and lent
a hearty hand himself at the hay. Be
fore ninny minutes had passed I saw
clouds banking themselves in tho hor
izon, and presently the mutter of dis
tant thunder was heard among thank
The farmer was right. In an hour's
time one of the hardest thunderstorms
I ever saw'was raging over that part of
New Jersey, and it caught the last load
ot tho old niau's hay in transit. After
supper that night I questioned my host
on the geese, and found that the reason
he kept them was to keep him posted
on the weather.
-They hain't never failed me yet,
he said. 'When I git up in tlie mor'tin
an' see them lh out on the pond
a-divin' an' a-dressin' down their feath
ers as if they was gettin' ready to go to
some party or other. I know that we'ro
sure f clear, warm, dry weather, an' I
make my cafc'lations Yordin'ly. If they
hain't a-dressin' of themselves much,
but act kinder as if it wasn't to' much
account a-sprucing up, then I keep my
eye on 'em. That's a warnin' that we're
in danger of a spell o' weather. If tho
geese quits the pond an' don't go back
much through the day, I know that tho
danger holds-, an' 1 git ready for a set
rain of a day or so. If they feed along
awhile and waddle back to the pond
kinder chipper like, and go to dressin'
themselves and divin' then I'm pooty
sartiu' that they won't be no set rain
commenein' that day. If the gcse gits
up all of a suddent an' tears around
like you see 'em this afternoon, then
there's a shower cumin', an it's
a-eoinin' fast, vckin bet." -V. 1". Sim.
MEANING OF AMERICA.
IU rro!iali!r Sii:l!ir:itlin Said to tio
"strong I"r IilMir."
TI12 meaning of tlie name Amerigo
has often been discussed, the only thing
certain being that it is one of those
names of Teutonic origin, like Hum
berto. Alfonzo. Grimahlo or Garibaldi,
so common in Northern Italy, which
testify to the Gothic or Lombard con
quest. Anicrie, which occurs as early
as 744 A. D.. is probably a contracted
form of the name Amalaric, borne by
a King of the Visigoths, who died in
531. A Bishop Emrick was present at
the council of Salisbury in 807, and an
Americus Balistnrius is mentioned ia
the Close rolls (thirteenth century).
It has been conjectured that the stem
is im, from which we get the name of
Emma. Themeaningof this is not known
wfch certainty, though Ferguson thinks
it may denote "strife" or "noise."
Since, however the name is probably
of Gothic origin, and since the Ama
lungs weri the royal race of the Ostro
goths, it is more likely that the stem is
amal, which was formerly thought to
mean "without spot." but is now moro
plausibly connected with the old Norse
ami, "labor," "work." The suffix ric,
cognate with rex, reich, and rick,
means 'rich" or "powerful," and
therefore the most probable significa
tion of Amerigo is "strong for labor.'
Isaac Taylor, in Xotes and Queries.
They are weighing coal in candy
scales in some Nebraska groceries.
THE SULTAN'S HAREM.
Conspicuous Ierona:e nnil Odciatn ofta
The Sultana Valideis theonly inmate
of the royal harem who is privileged to
receive visits from foreigners. Under
a manner of quiet dignity she carries
determination, which makes high offi
cials dread her influence and seek her
favor. In time of peril and distress she
may admit deputations from the army
and people; her judgment in afiairs is
acknowledged, and she has been known
to plead for her son with eloquence and
pathos. At the festival of Bairam, cel
ebrated by the departure of pilgrims
for Mecca, she joins the highest digni
taries and ministers, officers, civil and
martial, in kissing the hem of the Sul
tan's robe. By court etiquette he must
stand iu her presence, sitting at her re
quest; in return, the place at his right
hand, given by Salomon to his mother.
is sua iiiu rcserveu seat xor me moii.er
of the Padisha. Tho pontoon bridge
spanning the Goldan Horn, crossed
daily by 103.000 men, is called the
Bridge of tlie Sultana Valide. and leads
to a mosque of the same name.
A conspicuous person about the pal
ace is the Bairam Aga. keeper of ihe
maidens, a jet-black Nubian, probably
from the Soudan. He wears a gor
geous uniform of scarlet and gold, has
the air of authority, and on his ample
breast displays a dozen imperial, royal
and Christian orders of which he is
knight. He ranks with Prime Minis
ters and Field Marshals, disputes pre
cedence with ambassadors, and is
courted for his influence. A genuine
African, he loves jewels, ami on the
hand graciously extended for kisses of
the Faithful there glitters a ruby second
only to tlie one for which Kubla Khan
offered a city and was refused. From
the savings of his income the Guardian
of the Lilies lias built a mosque for his
lordly sepulcher when his term of vigi
lant servico is ended.
Tlie true Oriental is unsurpassed in
secrecy, and there is a fascination iu
his sil enee which moves the gossip to
insatiate curiosity. The foreigner must
stop at the carved anil glided portal of
the consecrated place. Even Bairam
Aga does not pass it. Ambassadors
have petitioned and Princesses sued in
vain for entrance into the gate of fe
licity. The outside world hears not the
faintest echo of tho strange, adventurous
life of women whose loves, hates, spites,
intrigues, are plays played out with
neither audience nor spectator to report.
If Bairam Aga knows moro than we do,
he makes no sign; he is secret as the
Seven femalo officers preside over the
harcmlik. Each has her slaves and
establishment, and may be often seen
shopping in tho city, attended by the
imperial servants. Seven thousand per
sons daily eat the bread and salt at tho
Grand Signor. My brief space forbids
enumeration of service or wages. A
few items aro: 300 cooks, 400 musicians,
200 men iu charge of menageries and
aviaries. 1,200 femalo slaves. Properly
speaking, thero is no civil list, and ac
curate figures arc not easily reached.
The ladies, veiled and attended, visit
in their walled gardens aud palaces,
hired musicians play on lutes and
almehs dance for their amusement.
Donizetti, brother of the famous com
poser, was at one time director-in-chief
of the Sultan's music. Susan S. Wal
lace, in Philadelphia Press.
THE MURDERED CZAR.
A. Charming Story r llio Ijt Alexanile,
II. of Itt:-i:i.
There appeared in print a most scur
rilous attack upon the morals of the
Czar and the Empress, iu rhyme, which
was discovered to be the work of a
young noble, famous for his literary
gifts, but strongly suspected of Nihil
istic tendencies. When the identity of
the author was reported to the Czar he
sent for the vouug man to come and
see him. They chatted together for a
few moments en commonplace topics,
when the Czar invited him to tako
luncheon with tho imperial family.
After the luncheon war. served and the
Car sat sipping a cup of tea, he turned
to the young noble and said:
"I understand you are a very clever
The author blushed and acknowl
edged that he did some verses now and
"And I am informed that yon are the
writer of a most beautiful tribute to
your Emperor and Empress lately one
of the most charming tilings I have ever
seen, so pure and elevated in sentiment,
so nobly aud beautifully conceived and
so honorably published. I have asked
you here that you may see the family
you have made the subject of your lines,
in order that you may judge for your
self how truthful you arc, aud witness
tho old boar,' as you called me, ami
theohlsow.' as you called my wife, the
litter of pigs,' as you called my child
ren, 'eating from the trough,' as you
were pleased to call my table. Now
that you for tho first time have had an
opportunity to see what degraded
beasts we arc, I must ask you to return
the favor by reading your little work
aloud in our presence. Here is a copy,"
said the Czar, drawing from his pocket
one of the brutal and obscene pamph
lets that had been published anony
mously and circulated broadcast.
The young poet dropped upon his
knees and begged for mercy. He de
nied and confessed tho authorship in
tho same breath, and actually fell over
in a faint. He said ho would rather be
hung, rather bo sent to Siberia than
read the poem in tho presence of tlie
family, aud tore the pamphlet to tat
ters. The Czar took him bv the haul.
lvlitn him net- ilia fn,l,nug rt lm
Empress and then witb a word of id-
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SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
A low estimate puts the number
supported by all the forms of employ
ment furnished by electricity at 5,000,
000. It has been discovered that wool
previously saturated with a ten per
cent, solution of glycerine can bear a
prolonged heat of some 275 degrees
Gum of Bassnra is insipid and
tough and of a yellowish white color,
and comes from Asia, and is ued to
adulterate the lower grades of traga
canth before exportation.
The greatest velocity ever measured
by man was that of the electric dis
charge of a Lcyden bottle through :i
slender copper wire, which was com
puted to be 239.000 miles a second.
Professor Cones, the well-know:
ornithologist, wholly denies the alleged
discovery that the wings of birds were
1 caiKIUie f bein-r "locked" so as to al-
1 iliw. .!., c iii.rmt mnml-ir
effort. He states that the locking does
not take place, and that if it did take
place lliglit would be impossible.
Experiments with ca-t iron show
that when it has been immersed for a
long period in sea water its qualities
undergo very great changes. A can
non ball that had been thus immersed
for fifty years, was changed into "a
porous substance which became
strongly heated when exposed totbo
air for a quarter of an hour."
A Pittsburgh mechanical engineer
has invented a novel movable dam. by
thc use of which, ho claims, .1 boating
stage of water may be obtained in shal-
I low rivers at all seasons of the year.
The invention has been examined by
old river men and pronounced practi
cable. The inventor is eighty-two
The old idea that sufferers from
heart disease should avoid physical ex
ertion has been dispelled by Prof. Oer
tel, who has successfully employed
regulated exercise in the treatment of
some forms. In a large proportion of
cases, the nutrition of the cardiac mus
cle, as of tho muscular system, gene
rally, is thus improved.
Barrels are made in Jersey for the
use of the Channel islands farmers
which will fold up when empty, and
thus, having been sent to market, can
be packed into a small space on the re
turn. The staves are fixed upon tho
hoops so that the heads being removed,
they may be rolled up. They arc made
perfect cylinders, and therefore occupy
less space for the same capacity than
Scientists iu England have long
sought to have the education of me
chanics and other laborers placed on a
scientific basis. An effort, backed by
half a million of dol'ars. is now to ha
made in Manchester to found 'an insti
tution whereby "the physical energies
of the population may be maintained
at a proper level, their moral state bo
cared for, and by which there may bo
some days of hope and pleasure in their
lives, and the sole prospect of a life of
labor may not be an old age of penury."
Cotton, accordingtoa scientific au
thority, is not a fiber, but a plant hair.
It holds to bo spun into a thread be
cause of peculiar twists in each hair,
shown under the microscope, especially
in polarized light. Linen thread may
be spun, because the flax fibers have
certain roughnesses on their surfaces,
which enable them to cling together.
Hence it is impossible to make as lino
linen as cotton cloth, but it is much
Veneer manufacturers having been
put to much trouble and expense to se
cure from tho natives of Persia or from
French markets, even, fancy wood
burls from which to carve out veneer
for manufacturing purposes, have dem
onstrated by recent experiments that
red wood stumps possess meritorious
qualities for such Ufi and will un
doubtedly ba substituted for tho more
costly woods iu the future. The de
mand for bnr and curly red wood for
finishing work has already readied
large proportions in the West. The
large butts of trees now being slain io
California forests will be used to a
The Three Tavlor or Tooley Street Not a
It is supposed by many that the three
tailors if Tooley street were a mythi
cal cre.-tion of Canning (some say of
O'Contldl) during the agitation for tho
rcmov;i of Catholic disabilities. But
this is hot so; for. although all threo
were iwt tailors, yet the men had a
living existence, and the facts asso
ciated ,vith them had an actual reality.
The tlree men were John Grose, tailor,
Toolcy'strcet; Thomas Scat terry, tailor,
Nctsor! street, and George Sandham.
grocei' Bermondsey street. Tlie last
was kiown by the soubriquet of "Spin
mischef." from his irritating inter
ferene in other people's affairs. These
threemen were great local politicians
loiil dictators, iu fact who met in
the Ivenings after business at a public
hone in the neighborhood to discuss,
ovejtheir pipe and glass, the affairs of
the? neighbors and of the nation, no
sulicct being too great or too iusig
niliant to escape their critical super
visin. At the time when the Catholic
entneipation movement was at its
hciht tho Tooley street politicians
wre agitated to the highest pitch, and.
hiring a firm belief in their own power
ail tiie righteousness of their cause,
tjby resolved at one of their meetings,
tf petition the houses of Parliament on
tto subject, and actually prepared a
btition which commenced with the
A'ords: "AVo, the people of England.'
Although the place of meeting and
much of Tooley street have been de
molished of late vcars. there are. no
Tn wT pepl 1 .?S m.i
monusey who remember these ture.
bmloiira.-.VoIa ami Querns.
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