Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (March 30, 1888)
Jk. Fhlloanplilral Vimniilrratlnn of aa Iv
A love of the beautiful and orna
mental need not degenerate iuto a
craving for merely costly luxury. Here
we have to investigate the meaning of
luxury in dre-s. Every one will admit
that a Brussels lace flounce which has
cost fifty thousand hours of labor and
the yc.ight of more than one worker
Is a luxury. yet in one whirl of a waits
the queen of the ball-room has sacri
fice!! this cosliy article. And what ad
vantage does she gain? But what is
luxury in one age. in another is a cheap
and necessary article of wear. The
days are pa-sed when a Prince received
2.5-hirt as a fitting gift from a Princess;
when cotton there was none, aud linen
was so dear it was held to bo an ex
travagance to wear a night-dress.
Thanks to discoveries and inventions,
to machinery and to facilities of trans
port, woolen, linen and cotton fabncj
.are within reach of everyone, at prices
adapted to the. slenderest means. Never
has it been possible to clothe one's self
so warmly and cheaply as in the present
day. We can not revert to those days
when each class had its special and dis
tinctive dress; wo can not accept M. do
Lavaleye's counsels of perfection and
clothe ourselves in the garb of the re
ligious orders. Wo must regulate, not
repress the love of ornament; we must
reject t lie. freaks and follies of fashion
.and appeal to those whose taste and
position enable them to adopt a higher
-standard, and urge them to set the ex
ample of simplicity aud frugality, of
sense and solvent'. It is is singu
lar to contrast the glowing splen
dor and prodigality of the dress
of one sex in tins nineteenth
century with the sobriety of the dress
of the other sex. which has shrunk within
our own recollection into a grim uni
formity of black kerseymere. The laws
of nature are reversed, if it be true, as
Mr. Darwin teaches, that the male bird
owes the hit -s of his plumage and the
beaut of his form to his desire to plea?o
the hens and obtain the honor of nat
ural selection. In modern society it it
the hens who carry tin: gay feathers.
Shall we say with the same motives,
and with equal success? There was a
time when ill" dress of meu was alike
-wasteful extravagant and inexpedient;
when they wore costly stuils, rich em
broidery, lace, jewels; when at the
Court of Fiance the Duk:s of Biuki::g
ham shook off" diamonds, ami the maids
of honor went on their knees to pick
thcni up and appropriate them; when
the folds of a cravat and the onibroid
cry of a waistcoat were subjects of
earnest attention to the masculine
mind. Those days are over, men's
dress is simple, suitable, inexpensive.
-Is it too much to hope that reason may
asM-rt her authority in the case of
women's dress, as she has done for
.men, and that while slovenliness is un
jtknou'jj. and the highest standard of
ioralncss is attained, there may bu
neither wate nor extravagance, but
that all-pervading sense of propriety of
which Dr. Johnson was the advocate?
"Learn," said he, "that there is pro
priety or impropriety in ever" thing
liow light soever, and get at tho gen
eral principles of dress and behavior."
HVhen Mrs. Thrale asked his opinion of
the dress of a child: "Well. sir. how
did you like little miss? I hope she was
fine enough?" "It was the finery of a
beggar." said he; she looked like a
native of Bow Lane dressed up to bo
carried to Bartholomew Fair." Views
-which tho philosopher and tho econo-
situ- o-t -l-wiiij i ui ji aiu nvai
though onlv now urjred bv one who has
soother claim to an audience than the
desire to help in woman's work.
Christian G. J. Jtccsc. in Longmans
.SOBaf) r Hi Now Tlilii AfTrctecl by tho
World of Fsmlilon.
"Etchings are in great demand.
Turning down visiting cards is out
The camclia japonica has bscn re
stored to favor.
Velvet bas-pics and redingotes are
Ited and gray is a favorite combi na
tion in children's drosses.
Braided eoiilsires are again in vogue,
especially the braidol coronet or dia
dem. Large mantles with Muscovite,
religiupe and ambulance sleeves are in
Russian jewelry. Russian tea. Bus?
stan gowns, etc, aro having a mild run
The fashionable boutonnierc is
-cither a single roso or a bunch of
-violets, or mayhap as many as thrco
Moire antique and mo:re Fraucaise
rc oftener chosen for trimming cloth
costumes than velvet or plush.
Aa the season advances the skirts of
dresses are less bunched at the back
than heretofore and are laid in wider
Long boas arc. if possible, more
jopular then ever. Otter or beaver is
the correct thing with costumes of
Crimson Jacqueminot and Bennett
roses, the new Papa Gontier and
American beauty, both a rich, rosy
pink; the creamy Marcchal Niel, and
pure white Puritan are all favorites of
At large and ccroraonious dinners,
-where favors are laid at every plate,
each gentleman finds at his a single
rose or other flower matching the cor
:age bouquet at the plate of the lady ha
-takes out. A! 11 World.
Real estate in South America ranges
from five cents an acre in Paraguay to
44-90 in Buenos Ayres.
tMltefr liflAAttfl ttlMl t'fc1 1 Itilllt a Ilfkam !
J--THE" NEVER-REST CURE.
Beneficial Effort nt Rrsatar Mnscnlar
Kxerciae aa'tl Rccrratioa.
As-.thrl)--nre many degrees of ner
vout exhaustion, so are there many
methods of restoration. What would
be pleasant exercise to one might provo
laborious exertion to another, and what
might be soothing to one might be ir
ritating to another. In all cases, how
ever, complete nerve rest implies the
maintenance of agreeable sensation
and the avoidance of nervous agitation.
It may not be possible to obtain such
absolute rest as is here indicated, but
tho aim of treatment is to secure as
near an approach to it as can be at
tained bv legitimate means. No means
are used which might injure the general
The fact that women are more liable
than men to tiie severer forms of nervous
exhaustion is one reason why the cases
quoted in these pages are chiefly those
of women. Another reason is that, in
men, it.is rarely possible to stud this
stage of the disease uncomplicated by
the effects of alcoholic indulgence.
Most men who find themselves becom
ing victims of nervousness endeavor to
escape the worries of life by taking ref
uge in drink; so they usually bring
UDon themselves other diseases of alco
holic origin. In women this was not
formerly the habit, but there is reason
to believe that the late increase of ine
briety among them is largely duo to the
spread of nervous exhaustion. On the
other hand there are many cases in
lnith scx-s where alcoholic indulgence
has undoubtedly been the chief cause of
Although tho most severe forms of
this disease have alone been discussed,
it must not be supposed that milder
forms do not :Uo require special nerve
rest. This can not be secured without
more or less change being made in the
ordinary mode of life. Nervous agita
tion is the chief cause of nervous ex
haustion. It is almost impossible even
for a healthy man to avoid a certain
amount of agitation in connection with
his affairs, while for the nervous man it
is absolutely impossible. For the lat
ter, therefore, a frequent holiday is
essential. Tiie wav of spending such
a holiday is a matter of urgent im
portance. Many nervous sufferers return home
worse than when they left. They climb
mountains in Switzerland when they
ought to be loitering on the sea shoro
or lounging the deck of an ocean
-teamer. They rise early ''to make tho
best of to-day" when they had better
lie several hours longer to fix the bene
fits of yesterday. Like the unskilled
rider, who dismounts for relief, they
are frequently driven to bed to recover
from their holiday exertions.
Tho amount of exerciso must be
regulated bv its effects on head or
spine. Mere muscular fatigue may be
overcome by regular walking, but
nervous fatigue must be entirely
avoided. If the patient can not take
sufficient exercise to sustain Ins appe
tite and digestion he had better undergo
an hour's massage daily. And when
he has once gained the power of walk
ing from fire to ten miles a day with
out fatigue to head or spine, he ought,
by cou.-tatit practice, endeavor to re
There is no better preventive of
nervous exhaustion than regular un
hurried muscular exercise. If we could
moderate our hurry, lessen our worry,
and increase otir open-air exerciso, a
large portion of nervous diseases would
For those who can not get a sufficient
holiday the best substitute is an occa
sional day in bed. Many whose nerves
are constantly strained in their daily
vocation have discovered this for them
selves. A Spanish merchant in Barce-
L Iona told his medical man that he al
ways went to lied for two or three days
whenever he could be spared from his
business, and he laughed at those who
pent their holidays on toilsome mount
ains. One of the hardest-worked women
in England, who ha for many years
conducted a large wholesale business,
retains excellent nerves at an advanced
age. owing, it is believed, to her habit
of taking one day a week in bed. If
we can not avoid frequent agitation wo
ought, if possible, to give the nervous
system time to recover -itself between
Even an hour's seclusion after a good
lunch will deprive a hurried, anxious
day of much of its injury. The nerves
can often be overcome by strategem
when they refuse to be controlled by
strength of will. Xinctccnth Century.
Manhood in Criminals.
Speaking of his experience with crim
inals. Judge Grcshain says: My experi
ence with criminals, when I was on a
district bench, taught me that there
was no mau devoid of manhood. Place
anybody, however depraved, on hi
manhood, aud you will observe his eye
brighten up. I have taken men who
have liecn convicted of serious offenses,
and after sentencing them to the peni
tentiary, have said: "Now, I intend to
place you on your manhood, for I be
lieve yon have manhood in you. I will
give you a mittimus, and the marshal
will provide you with money to go
home and bid your family good-bye.
After you have stayed there a day or
two 1 want you to report at the door of
the penitentiary named in the paper?
you will receive, and rervc out row
sentence like a man. And when you
aro through I want you to return to me.
and I want to see what can be done to
restore you to the confidence of your
fellow -men iii society." I never war
disappointed in a man I thus trusted,
and those convicts whom I have helped
on1 their return from prison have
always been faithful to the trusts im
posed upon them. Chicago Journal.
GERMAN AND YANKEc.
Hew an Independent Tln-rcrtriler ?
iahed an lTiiliunitlle Teuton.
A German farmer, living in Mary
laud, was notorious for his stingine.-s,
and had never been known when any
one entered his house whil-t he was at
table to practice those rites of hopitnl
ity so common among country people.
He was in the habit, however, of get
ting over the oniNsion by an impudent
fort of a turn that was inimitable. If
a traveler entered the house about
noon, which is the usual hour for din
ner with American farmers, who are
generally a very hospitable race of
people, he would say, in his Anglo
Germanic dialect: "How t'ye do? Ileb
you make your dinner?" And if he
received an affirmative answer, would
say: "Well, den, you peats us." If
he got a negative answer, his regular
resnonse was: "Well. den. we neats
vou." With this established charae'er.
an impudent Yankee tin-ncddler once
tried an experiment upon his patience.
This fellow had a prodigious canine
appetite, and was for this reason
the dread of the whole circuit in
which ho was accustomed to sell
his tin. He had, therefore, thought
it prudent to annex to
his per imhula-
tions a new district in Maryland; and.
hearing of this German farmer, and be
ing in his neighborhood, he, ono day.
presented himself just at the dinner
hour. "How t'ye do? Ileb you make
your dinner?" said the farmer. 'I
guess I have," answered the peddler.
"Well, den, you peats us." he replied.
"You see," said the Yankee, "I am one
of those critters that likes his dinner as
soon as he can get it; howsumdevcr, I'll
jest take a look at your taters till tho
woman has done, and then, perhaps,
we can trade a little." Upon this he
sat down, aud .helping himself to one
half of the pork that was on the table,
he shot it down so rapidly that all eyes
became fixed upon him. little suspecting
that the corned beef on the table was
doomed to follow it instanter. Having
achieved the beef, he perceived near to !
. . .
mm two line young cabbage, the lirst
that had been gathered that summer;
these, which were the German's own
dear dish, he had the inexpressible hor
ror to see disappear in a twinkling,
doivn the implacible throat of tiie om
nivorous tin-peddler. Rising from his
seat, full of wrath, the farmer now
shoved a huge dish of unskiuued, seedy
potatoes to the fellow, that were then;
for the familv, and screamed out:
"Will you swallow do potatoes, too,
mit me dish unci do skins? I should
like U) see dat." "No." said the Yan
kee, "I guess I telled you I'd only jist
look at your taters; it ain't so long to
supper time, but I can hold on. X.
Inspector Myrtle Tlk Abont the Traits
Tliejr Slimt Ponsem.
"How do men become detectives, any
way? What training and natural traits
must a man have?" asked a New York
reporter of Inspector Byrne.
"That is a hard question to answer
offhand." said the inspector, slowly.
The most important thing, I should
say, is that meu have a distinct liking
an undoubted passion for this line
of duty. That is essential.
"A man mut like the business and
know that he likes it, that he has a
natural aptitude for it. That is the in
dispensable prerequisite. Then he
must have perseverance, youth, intelli
gence, enthusiasm for his work. Ho
must bo thorough and zealous, and es
pecially he must be tenacious. A good
officer will lay his plans and go over a
case, and perhaps fail; then he goes
back and begins all over again, doing
his work in the second line as carefully
as at lirst; perhaps he will fail again,
perhaps a half doen times, but he has
the bull-dog in him and i up and at it
again. That's the kind of a man tint
succeeds in this business; the man who
does something hard does it by pa
tience, persistence and tenacity. Why.
I wouldn't give a cent to do something
any body can do. if a man is shot
down here in the street and an officer
on the onp isite sido rrns across and
arrests the murderer, there's no credit
"But in talking about the personal
traits a detective should possess to do
good work. I must not neglect to say
that all these are of no avail if he does
not have a thorough knowledge of pro
fessional criminals. Without this he
can do nothing. Of course the large
proportion of crimes aru 'crimes again1,
property thieving in one form oi
"How is the knowledge acquired?" I
"O. in various ways; by visiting their
haunts, perhaps, or some naturally pick
it up in knocking about New York. If
a young man of inquiring turn of mind
sees a lellow who seoms a little suspic
ious he inquires about him. takes notes
and perhaps talks with him. This local
knowledge of criminals gradually wi
dens, for all professionals come hen; at
mo time or another, tho building de
tective sees new faces and keeps his
ecords as he picks up information.
Then he must study classes of crime.
Professional criminals are very clan
ush; they run in gangs, the bank sneaks
together, tho hotel men, and so on
through all classes of work. They aro
all grouped and classified." X. I.
An instance of throwing one's self
about was witnessed a few evenings
ago at a party, in the case of a young
lady, who, when asked to sing, first
tossed her head, and then pitched her
It is estimated that in the year 1900
the United States will have a popular
tion of nearly one hundtcd million.
Ilew UB CnentrrprUiii.-r Eilitnr Lost BU
Until u the Community.
"Have you a ne-vspaper here?" I
asked of a man who came over to where
we were camped on the edge of a little
"Yes. got ono: did have two. but the
other feller pulled out last week.'
"Didn't it pay?"
"Naw. he wa'n't no good got out
the weakest paper you ever seen." "
"What wa- the trouble with it?"
"No news, or least none to 'mount to
any thing. Course, if something big
happened that he couldn't helo seem
he'd git it in, but cv'ry week there'd be
a whole lilt o' spicy things that ho'd
keep still's a mouse about, an' stick in
a lot o' pieces on free trade, or protec
tion, or mebby sometimes the tariff.
Bat the other man wa'n't tliat stvle
I " Mowin' pieces in his'n. but all the
sVk7 an" terestin' news that hap-
. i ,,
"S vou froze the long editorial man
"Had to do it, I tell you he didn't
know enough to pound sand. W'v,
lemme tell you a little case: Couple o
, months ago I built me a new chieken-
I coop not a very Dig un. cause i only
got six hens an' a fightin rooster but
1-made it very keerful an' put in two
round roosts an' whitewashed 'cm, an'
three nests. I figured on half the hens
restin' an scratchin' while the other
shift was layin. an' nailed some slats
over a box in one corner to shut up the
setters in an' make 'em quit their
monkpy hus'ness, an' fixed her up in
style generally. Pretty soon old Cooper,
this man that's gone, come along an'
I called him in an' says I: Jes' get onto
the nw hen-house I been a-buildin.
That looks lirst-r ite.' says he. 'Wig
gle it.' s-ivs I. Hj wiggled it. It
'pears solid,' says hp. I claim it's the
best hen-house in the city, srvys I.
Wouldn't wonder,' says he. Then he
walked off with his head down, a-thiuk-
1 reckoned, what he saoald say
bout it. S onehow I didn't manage to
see the other feller to tell him 'bout it.
but Lordy, how do you think it come
"Haven't anv idea. How did it?"
"W"y. sir. 1 went over to Hank
George's an' borrowed his copy of
Coojier's paper soon's it come out
Hank hadn't got alook at it yet hims.-lf
an took it homo an waded through
it. but not aline 'bout my heii-eooi!
Not a line! Not a word! Didn't say
nothing 'bout it my name wasn't in
the paper! I went so fur as to even
read clear through along piece on 'Oar
Common School Svstem. thinkin meb
by that he stuck in so nething 'bout my
hen-house in it somewheros. but he
hadn't. Well. I was ma.!, an 1 think
I had a right to be. I throwed the pa
per down an' didn't even take it back
to Hank. But next mornin' when I
seen one of the other feller's papers
down in the store my eyes stuck out so
vou could 'a' hung yonr hat on 'em.
There it was in his paper 'bout my hen
coop big's a Mexican dollar! It read
like this: Wo hear that Uncle Abner
Doty has jes completed a large an
convenient hen-house for his fine flock
of Shanghis. Bramvs. Plymouth Rocks,
an' so forth, together with his famous
fightin' rooster. Ben Butler. We have
not yet had tho pleasure of samplin'
any of tho eggs laid in this new hen
house, but we know that Uncle Abner
Is not the man tolongforgct ye editor.
That's the very way he had it. word for
word, name an' all. Jes' soon's I read
it I went right ont an told ev'rybody
wo conldn't 'ford to support Old Cooper
no longer 'cause he was hurtin' the
town by not mentionin' the improve
ments, and I jes' ken up the talk till
what little bus'ness he did have
dropped off an' nobody wouldn't have
nothing to do with him. an he's left.
You can see yourself that we couldn't
very well do any thing else after the
way he used me on that hen-houe."
F. II. Carruth, in Chicago Tribune
KEPT HIS PROMISE.
A Small liny Sarel from a Kulned Un
tiy a Kind Word.
I remember a case that happened
years ago in Illinois. A lawyer friend
of my father defended a lad for stealing
apples. The owner of the orchard was I
without pity, but the lawyer pleaded
that the child's act was merely one of
giuttony and that he ought to be in-
diligently treated. 1 ins was the view
of the matter taken by the justice and
he spoke to the accused in a fatherly
"You hear," he said, "what has been
said about you. that you arc no thief;
now I am going to acquit you, but you
must first promise that in future you
will behave in a way to redeem this
fault you have committed."
"The boy. who had been crying bit
terly, looked up, wiped away his tears,
and gave the required answer in a firm
voice. Years parsed away. One day
as the lawyer stepped off the train at
Detroit ho was accosted by a gentle
man who asked if he remembered him.
"No, I do not recall ever having seea
you liefore," was his reply.
"Well. I am the little apple thief
whom you once defended. I want to
let you know that I have kept the
promise 1 made on that occasion. I
now own a wagon factory in this place,
am a married man and the happy father
of several children. It is to you and
the good justice of that day that I am
indebted for all this. I am sure that
hail I been sent to the reform school I
would very likely have grown up to be
any thing but an honest man." Cor.
2f. O. Picayune.
Flimsey "I don't know how it is.
but the smallest specimens of men in
variablv get the best wives." BIrs. P.
(archly) "O, you flatterer!" Bostm
ON BEING PLEASANT.
It Make Teople Jolly ami Changes FrowM
Into Fleanant Mnlle.
Says Mr. Thackeray about that nice
boy Cii-e Ncwcome. "I don't know that
Clfve was especially brilliant, but he
Occasionally we meet people to whom
it seems to come natural to be pleas
ant; such are as welcome wherever they
go as flowers in May. and the most
charming thing about them is that they
help to make other people pleasant too.
Their pleasantness is contagious.
The other morning we were in the
midst of a three days' rain. Tho lire
smoked, the dining-room was chilly,
and when we assembled for breakfast.
papa looked rather grim, and mamma
tired, for the baby had been restless all
night. Polly wa plainly inclined to
fretfulncss. and Bridget was undeniably
cross, when Jack came in with the
breakfast rolls from the bakers. He
had taken off his rubber coat and boots
in the entry, and he came in rosy and
"Here's tho paper, sir," said ho to
his father with Mich a cheerful tone
that his father's brow relaxed, and he
said "Ah. Jack, thank you," quite
His mother looked up at him smiling,
and he just touched her cheek gently
as he passed.
"Tne top of the morning to yon, Pol-Iy-wog."
ho said to his little sister, and
delivered the rolls to Bridget with a
Here you are, Bridget. Arentyou
sorry vou didn't go yourself this beau
tifufday?" He gave the fire a poke ami opened
a damper. The smoke ceased, anil
presently the coals began to glow, and
five minutes after Jack came in we had
gathered around tho table and were
eating our oatmeal as cheerily as pos
sible. This seems very simple in the
telling, and .lack never knew he had
done any thing at all, bat he had in
fact changed the wiiolo moral atmos
phere of the room, and had started a
gloomy day pleasantly for iirc pttople.
"He is always so," said his mother
when I spoke to her about it afterward,
just so sunny and kind, and ready all
the time. I suppose there are more
brilliant boys in the world than mine.
out none with a Kinder heart or a
sweeter temper, I am sure of that."
And I thought: Whv isn't a cheerful dis
position worth cultivating? Isn't it one's
duty to be pleasant, just as well as to
be honest, or truthful, or industrious,
or generous? And yet. while there are
a good many honest, truthful, indus
trious, and generous souls in the world,
and people who are unselfish too. after
a fashion, a person who is habitually
pleasant is rather a rarity. I suppose
the reason is because it is such hard
work to act pleasant when one feels
cross. Very few people have the cour
age of that cheeriest of men. Mr. Mark
T.ipley, who made it a point of honor
to "keep jolly" under the most de
People whose dispositions are natur
ally irritable or unhappy, think it is no
uso trying to be otherwise; bat that is a
mistake. If thoy will patiently and
persevering!- try to keep always pleas
ant, after a while they will get in the
habit of smiling instead of frowning,
of locking bright instead of surly, and
of giving a kind word instead of a cross
one. And the beauty of it is, as I said
before, that pleasantness is catching,
and before long they will find them
selves in tho midst of a world full of
bright ami happy people, where every
one is as good-natured and contented as
they are. Chrittinn at Work.
MUSIC AT FUNERALS.
Graad Old Tanm That Are Now Sang la
Waltz and Polk Time.
I am sorry to observe that the old
psalm tunes arc getting obsolete. A
day or two ago I attended a funeral
and it was requested by a member of
the family that some good old-fashioned
hymn, of which the deceased was verv
fond, should be sung. I believe the
tunes selected were: "I Would Not
Live Alway" and "Just As I Am. !
Without One Plea." Imagine my sur
prise as well as that of the "mourners' I
to near tne loruier iiymn snng in a
genuine polka time with a soprano and
Some time ago I attended
the funeral or a celebrated criminal
lawyer in a North Side church, and a
hired quartette was u; furnish the music.
rbe grand old song "Hock of Aires.
Cleft for Me." than which a grander
tune was never written, was rendered
in beautiful waltz time. Ed Jordan
was the officiating undertaker, and I
momentarily expected Ed to invite
some young lady out into the vestibule
to ha-e a little waltz around. An old
gentleman, living on the South Side,
and who has been reared in the
Methodist Church, has left $50 to be
given the choir that will sing at his
funeral to the original music:
Unr days are like the grass.
Or like the morning Bower.
The other is:
Why do we mourn departed friends
Or shake at death's alarm
In this large city of nearly a million
inhabitants I doubt if such a choir or
quartette can be found now that know
the :nuic. Oae day a dear friend of
nine died, and knowing his love for
three beautiful old hymns, that he had
been wont to hear in the little village
church far away, and which was to us
so hallowed by sacred and tender rec
ollections, I meekly and hesitatingly
asked his widow that one of these tunes
might He sung. Was it? O bo. but
she gazed upon me in a pitifnl way. as
much as to say I pity your ignorance,
and replied: "That is very old-fashioned
and is not sung at all at the very latest
It was then that I wan obliged to ad
mit to myself that there was a latest
fad in funand music t'aicao Jo Jimoi.
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
Pasteur's plan of exterminating
rabbits by inoculating them with chick
en cholera has bee:, tried at it!ieiin.
It is stated that several diamonds
were found in a meteoric stons. weigh
ing ab ut fourpouuds. that fell iu Kras
uoiobodsk. Russi.-u This discover; has
set people to examining meteorite-, v. iih
The artificial production of chicken
is a great industry in Franklin county.
Pennsylvania. O.-er 70.) incubators are
iu operation and the production is from
10.00,000 to 12.00J.OOJ chickens au.iu
ally. A noted scientist has shown to t'io
Ophthalmological society of Hied.-Iberg
his second succe-s in grafting the rab
bit's cornea into the human eye. Tne
patient's visual power with the new
eve is about one-tenth of the normal.
aud coarse print may be rea I.
The advisability of testing as foggy
weather signals sudden Hashes, hi h as
those of gunpowder. h:is been stigirr-a-ed
to the British lighthouse authorities
by Lord Rayloigii and Professor Stokes,
who think the fla-dies might attract at
tention jurhero an equal fixed light might
An instrument called the anto
graphometer has lately been devied.
which autographically reeotds the plan
of the ground over which it is dr Jigged.
It can be carried about on a light ve
hicle, and when in use indicates the ti
pography and differences of level of all
places over which it pisses.
There are about live hundred dif
ferent kinds of humming birds. Thcvi
birds belong exclusively to the conti
nent of America and its islands. From
America they range north to the Arctic
regions anil south to Patagonia; and
from the level of the sea to the height
of the Andes.
Among the almost numberless
methods of removing particle's from the
eye, the following is recommende 1 :l
an efficient tueaiH: Make a loop In
doubling a horse-hair. llais: the 1 d of
the eye iu which is the foreign particle.
slip the loop over it. and placing the
lid in contact with the eyeball. With
draw the loop, and tho pirticl will iw
drawn out with it. Szizntiiv A vr : n.
Tho Polrtcc'inica! Journal ile-er: es
a new kind of lubricant. One Iitin!-1
parts of mineral oil and twenty-live
parts of castor oil are mixed thorough
ly with sixty to seventy pirts of s d
phuric acid, and the whole worked with
two or three volumes of water. In t!ii
condition the composition is a.lowr 1 to
stand some time, the watary layer is
then draxvn off, and, after remaining
undisturbed for several days, i: is er--fully
neutralize 1 with soda or potash.
It is found that living creatures
brought up from sea tlepths of tour
miles or more, suffer greatly from the
changed conditions of pres-ure ami
temperature. At those vat depths the f
pressure is tremendous, and the tern- A
peratiire is comparatively low. O.i
being brought to the surface, the deep
sea creatures aro sometimes torn iu
pieces by the powerful expansion of
their organisms occasioned by decrease
in pressure, and "sometimes they ab
solutely melt away before the eyes of
It is estimated that in the United
States alone during the year l-W there
were manufactured and sold about half
a million gallons of writing ink and
about four thousand tons of printing
ink. Of course a considerable quantity
of this was exported, and some ink of
European manufacture was also im
ported. But the importation of this
article is constantly decreasing as tho
excellence of the homo manufactures
improve and tty? market is supplied by
thein at a cheaper rate.
Science has demonstrated that
sugar is contained in nearly every vege
table and animal product, the constitu
ent elements of which are known. The
sweetness of the different varieties of
' sugar vanes, cane sugar being five
j times sweeter than beet sugar, beet
' sugar several times as sweet as grape
. sugar, and so on. But no;. ; v.vet
j substance has been discovered in coal
j oil tar which is said to be three hundred
times swtfcter than cane sugar. Thi-
new substance is called saccharine. ad
one drop of it will sweeten three quarts
WANTED HIM BAD.
Ab Kx-CoBcremmaa Applies for: rotitlm
ntl Cptt It.
An unpretentious man cnterel the
office of the proprietor of a great daily
"Well. sir. what can I do for you?"
"I have come. sir. to ask for a p -i-
tion as editorial writer on your paper."
"I don't think there is room for an
other man. still, using a homely phra-e.
we are ever on the look-out for go.d
timber. Have you done mucii news
"But you think that you can shape
public sentiment, eh?"
"Then why do you ask for a place?"
On account of my fitness."
"Of your fitness? But what does
your fitness consist of ?"
"My absolute ignorance."
"You are surely a peculiar man.
Want a position as editorial writer
because you are absolutely ignorant?"
"But of what U3e is an absolutely ig
norant man? What would vou prooose
-Write articles on the tariff."
The proprietor caught a quick breath.
placad ane hand on the table to steady
himself, and said: "Of course I want j
yon, but I am surprised to see that you
have resigned your seat in Congress.'
Powered by Open ONI