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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 27, 1886)
R. v i
OTAD coBiBiunieatton for 'tils rsre
should be nooorapanicd by 'a name ol
-uutbor: not neoanrilr for publication. ,-
an evidence or good fa. h on tho mrt o"
tho writer. Write onlr on one side of t!i
paper. IJo particularly careful In frirjrn
uanicfi and dates to har tee letter ind Me
nrert b:iiin and dJatinot.
THE OLD-TIME FARM.
In vivid fancy 1 can view e'en now
Full many a scene upon the old-time farm.
The honest sweat upon ray father' 8 brow.
The upright scythe beneath bis stromr right
The smooth, irroen meadow In tbo silent
Tho spotted lilies and the ncentc-l hay.
And near at hand tbo cool. In vltlnjj fibade.
From which how oft we watched tbo firing
The threshing floor, the beasts that went
The Hying chair, the wlnowiur o( the grain.
The wooden Fconp that raised it from the
The ttall that never Khali descend a-ruln;
The welcome echo of the old tin horn
That called from toll a hungry little elf.
The glad, bright .stinshino of the Pabbuth
The pies and cakes upon the upper shelf ;
The lofly f,.veep above the wooddtound well.
The Hwaying bucl.ct on the Mender ioIe,
The gurgling fountain in the shady dell.
The yellow gourd wllli wide and uniplo
The grand old fln'-plaev. huge logs of wood,
I5y Hturdy unnti rolled to their renting
The leaping Humes round wli'cti we musing
And Haw weird phantoms In their hot em
brace: The bright reflector on the broad stono
The hackle and the llax-brake, and the
The good old spinning-whccl of countless
Singing its glee Mng In the outer room.
The sun of life may eecg the Mindowv west.
Vet those past ttciMie.t with us fade not
Tliegixxl old homo where we were once fco
Jb a bun-bright cmblcin of a better day.
I). Is. Ilurt, in Ohio Farmer.
Intelligent Birds Tratnod to
tho Angler's Work.
.An Agi-tl Mongolian iiml llii iirintiruntH
riiliUliliii-nt for the I)ioltriliriit The
Temper Mi own by lliv:il ICc iv:irdrt
fur Slaking Cnml Catclnvt.
"The Chinese fisherman may not got
rjuitc :is much exercise out of his report
:is you do, liuL ho can give you big odds
ami heat you oittof sight us Ion-Mills,'
-aid a well-known ami inuch-traxolcd
Kexv Yorker, who is oiks of a camping
party quartered in the Tike County.
I'ciiii.sylvniiia wilderness, a few miles
fiom Westbrook's. Ho had been
watching for a quarter of an hour the
-well-intended and industrious hut en
tirely fruitless, dlorls of tho writer to
induce a pickerel or two to take a
fancy to his showy if not magnetic troll.
"The Chines" fisherman," continued
the .speaker, "is probably tho laziest
mortal that lives, but for all that he
never returns home from a stream or
pond without a mess of lish big enough
lor a small army of eaters. More than
that, he never bails a hook, casts a
line, or drags a net. He .simply sits
down in the shade, turns loose his
Hock of trained cormorants, and takes
the lish from them as they .swim in with
them and place them in their master's
hand. It is one of the most inter
esting and amusing sights imaginable
to see the lishing cormorants at work.
1 spent over a year in China, and the
first time 1 ever saw a Chinese fishery
at work was on the Alin river. This
was one day .soon after my arrival in
that country. I was strolling along the
banks of the river and came to a bam
boo raft or lloat mooted to the pier of
:i bridge. I noticed a native squatting
on the raft, -and saw what at first
s.ight 1 thought, was a number of ducks
grouped at one end of it. They were
all faced toward the Chinaman, and he
was gazing steadily at. them, bending
over with his hands resting on his
knees. The sight was a curious one to
me. and 1 stopped to see what was go
ing on. The man was an old fellow
with a hooked nose, long, crooked
fingers, and thin, sun-burned shanks,
:md he looked not a little like the birds
he was looking at. Presently he held
out his right hand, palm upward, to
ward one of the birds. It waddled up
to the Chinaman and hopped in his
open palm. 1 then saw that the birds
were not ducks, and it came to mo
that they were fishing cormorants, and
that the Chinaman was about to set
the birds to their tusks. The old native
fondly stroked tho feathers of the bird
on his hand, rubbed his wrinkled cheek
:ilong its neck, which he kissed now
jind then, and talked to it in Chinese,
evidently in endearing terms. The
"bird showed much delight at the at
tentions of its master. It laid its head
on the Chinaman's arm, and rubbed
.it bill against his face.
"These mutual caressing lasted a
minute or more, and then the master
of tho bird .stepped to the side of the
iloat and placed the cormorant, on the
edge of it. The native then sat down
in an easy bamboo chair in the shade
of the bridge pier and lazily light .-d
Ids pipe. The bird on the edge of the
raft dipped its bill in the water, snap
jed its jaws together, looked in a
.scrutinizing manner up and down tin
.side of the lloat, and then turned its
head and fixed. it glistening black eyes
on its. master. At a sign from him. n
flight wave of h:s hand tho bird
quickly slid from the raft into the water
and disappeared beneath the surface
-without a sound, and scarcely left a
ripple to mark where it had gone down.
The other birds remained motionless
.2ii the end of the float, with their eyes
1ied on thoir master in his chair. He
puffed away at his pipe, and took no
-apparent further interest in the pro
ceedings. The cormorant that had
made the dive remained under the
water for at least a quarter of a minute;
then it reappeared, popping almost
clear of the water as it cr.mc up. It
liiold a good-sized lish in its bill, a fish
brilliautly marked with rod and black
stripes. The bird swam straight to the
raft, climbed upon it, and, waddled to
where its master sat, laid the fish in
bis outstretched hand. He dropped it
into a covered basket which was fas
tened to the raft, and floated in the
water. The Chinaman stroked the
neck and plumage of the bird aa he
took the lish from it and muttered
words of approval. The cormorant
shook out his feathers and manifested
its delight in various ways. After a
minute or so the Chinaman again
waved his hand and the cormorant
plunged once more into the water as
noiselessly as before. The other birds
maintained their stolidity, apparently
unmindftil of what was going on about
them. The cormorant that was fish
ing again made a successful dive and
placed the fish in its master's hands a
before. It was caressed again, and a
third time sent into the water.
"The bird now seemed tobethorough
ly warmed up to its work, and went at
it with an avidity that ihowed plainly
the pleasure it took in iL The third
time it .was under water longer than
usual, auti wiieu u uuaiiy came up iu;
i i ...;. i; u. :. I
had no fish. The change in its action
was striking. Itswam frantically about
in the water, twisting and turning, and
evincing the greatest distress, but no
matter which way it turned it kept its
sharp eyes fixed intently on its ma-tjr,
with an expression in them that was a
mute appeal. The distressed cormorant
made no move to approach the float.
The Chinaman rai-.ed his forefinger,
and then turned it downward with a
jerk. The bird dived again, and so
quickly that it wa- gone like a flash.
In a few seconds it came up, bearing
in its mouth a large lish. It swam
boldly for the raft, deposited its prey
in ils master's hand, and showed by
the joyfulnessof its action as he stroked
its neck that it understood that it had
redeemed it.-elf. .
"Whyn tiio Chinaman had placed the
third lish in his banket he made a sign
with his hand and the cormorant
strode proudly to the end of the raft
opposite the group of birds, where it
took an ea-y position. It seemed to
understand that it had done its work
satisfactorily and was entitled to rest
As soon as this signal was given to the
cormorant a visible change came over
the other birds. Kach one straightened
up to its full height, arched its neck,
shook out its feathers, and seemed
trembling with e.xeitemeiit. The Chi
naman held out his hand as he 1 ad
done before, and the largest bird in
the group stepped out and waddled up
to the chair. Its master care-sod
it as he had done the first one.
With the selection of the second
bird by their master the others at once
resumed thoir attitude of listlcssnos I
and inditlerence. The second bird ,
seemed sullen, and did not respond to
the caresses of the Chinaman as tho
first one. had. It evidently had no
heart for the work expected of it. At
the signal from its master it plunged
in tho water with a noisy solash. It
disappeared, but was down not more
than five seconds. When it came up
it had no fish. It showed no disa
pointmeut or distress over its failure,
and swam indifferently about. When
its master gave an angrv signal for it
to dive again it went down with a
groat flutter and splattering of water,
and soon reappeared without any fish.
It deported itself with the same impu
dence. Tho Chinaman now aiixe to
Ins feet Ho shouted at the bird and
made an emphatic signal. The anger
of its master did not disturb the cor
morant, in the least It was apparently
incorrigible. At the angrv signal it
re re re
dived with aggravating deliberation,
and almost immediately reappeared
without adding any thing to its master's
catch. Then the Chinaman uttered
several gutteral exclamations, and sig
naled the bird to come in by jerking
his thumb back over his .shoulder. The
cormorant swam tantalizingly slow to
the raft Tho Chinaman caught it by tho
neck and dragged it out of the water.
Ho culled it soundly on the head and
threw it violently on the bamboo. I
thought the poor bird must certainly
bo killed, but it arose coolly to its feet,
and at the signal limped sullenly oil" to
the end of the raft where the first cor
morant was resting strong in its
master's allection and approval. This
bird manifested uumi-takable delight
at the discomfiture of its companion,
but the others seemed to notice nothing
but the movements of their master.
"Tho Chinaman next held out both
hands and took two of the remaining
binls at once. These seemed to appre
ciate his caresses, and as they were to
be worked together, to feel that the
competition would result in greater or
less reward. As they waited for the
signal they eyed each other jealously.
When the Chinaman waved his hand
both birds cut the water at once and
disappeared together. In ten seconds
one ot them came. up. It had a fish.
It looked eagerly around on all sides.
Its rival had not yet appeared. The
cormorant hastened toward the raft
It was within two feet of it. before the
other bird had come to the surface,
and then tho second one appeared im
mediately in front of the first one. and
with a large fish in its bill. Roth binls
mounted the raft together, and neither
had any advantage of the other in do
livering their catches to the uninter
ested Chinaman. The two cormorants
were caressed and sent back into the
water. Tho second time both birds
came to the surface close together.
One had a lish and the other had failed
to catch one. When this on,' saw its
successful rival it became wild
thrashed about in the water, seized the
other bird's fish and endeavored to
take it axvav. A shout and signal from I
the Chinaman caused the unsuccessful
fisher to release its hold on the right
ful owner's fish. The successful bird
swam to the raft xvith its catch and
proudly placed it in its master's hands.
While it was be:ng caressed the other
cormorant swam frantically tibou. wait
ing for the signal from the Ch r-xuii-jt,
that would give it another trial. This was
not given until the successful bird was
also ready for another dive, and both
birds went down together. This time
the one that failed before was the suc
cessful bird, and the other one passed
in under the ban.
"In this way the old Chinaman con
tinued fishing with his birds for hours.
Sometimes a cormorant would bring J
to the surface a fish too large for it to j
successfully handle, and then another
bird would be sent to its aid. When
the Chinaman ceased fishing he had
nearl' a bushel of fish, all alive, in his
baskets. They were a species of carp,
beautifully marked in many colored
stripe.-. Once in awhile I noticed that
the bird brought in a lish that rou-ed
the ire of the old Chinaman. These he
battered against the raft, and then j
chopped them in piece-) and threw f
them into the water. These lih, I !
afterward learned, were a worthier
kind of a pike. j
"The be-t and most intelligent li-.ii- ;
ing cormorants come from the province '
of Che-Kiang. The eggs of the bird are
collected after the first laying of spring.
...i.:t. : . :.. t..i .1 .......!
which is hi rcuiui, aim an- 'i.iini
under dome-tic hens to be hatched, as
the maternal love and care of the cor- !
morant is so feebly developed that the
young find no protection from them.
The young, when just hatched, being
e.xtremely weak and delicate, and vr
prone to succumb to the slightest chill,
are put in softly padded or waddi d
bamboo baskets, where they can be
kept at a uniform temperature. They
are fed with pellets of ground beans and
finely chopped eels until they are a
mouth o!d. Then thev are covered
with feathers and are fed on the eel- j
alone. When the young cormorants
are two mouths old they are worth I
from ." to .7 a pair and live on I
voung live fi-h. No eflort is mnf.o to i
train tlieni until they are live months t
old, by which time they have their,
growth. They are first tethered by a
string around one foot on the bank of
a stream or pond, tho trainer stirring '
the water with a pole, and after a time
the birds learn from words and mo-'
lions of his, after throwing some small
fish in the water, that such is the signal
for them to take to the water.
"The cormorants are kept scantily
fed while being trained, and they at
tack the fish with avidity. 1 hey are
taught bv other words and signs the
signal for "leaving tho water, pulling
of the string on their foot emphasis
ing the .signal. These les-ons are
given for three mouths', ami then the
practice is given the birds from boats
and rafts. A mouth of this, and the
cirds are removed. The birds that
have been too slunid to learn tiioir les-
' are killed. The male birds are
hc most intelligent, and. after b -ing
trained, command .A"i a pair. A cor-
morant only lasts four years at the
outside, passing thou into helpless de
crepitude. "It would take a flock of cormorants
to laud a fish like that, though, " said
the narrator as I successfully con
quered and lauded in the boat a -tub-born
six-pound pickerel. .Y. i'. Times.
Sound Ailvin to Tlio.o Who Arc Anxious
to I.ivr in a City.
City life is not all that it is paint 'd.
It has its pleasures and conveniences.
but it also has its serious drawbacks.
Hefore making tho plunge into life in
the city country girls should ask them
selves xvhat is reallv to be gained bx it.
Perhaps in their quiet, rural homes
some stray ndx'crlisemcut has reached
them, promising to young xvomen high
salaries for light xvork. Hundreds of
these advertisements are framed for
the veiv puroose of deceiving the tin-
wary. They accomplish their purpose,
however, and large numbers of young
girls rush up to tae citv. da.."ed bv tho
generous profu-ion of proin.se-.
A girl from the farm ansxxers one of
theSv advertisements. Life may have i
been slow at home, but there xvas a!- ,
ways good food and in plenty, and J
there xvas s mio one to care for in the !
old farm house. When she goes to the '
big citv she finds that the "light xvork"
eoiis'sts in working all day in a badly
lighted and ill-smelling work-shop,
xvhere scores of other girls and women
are employed at xvages hardly high
enough to keep body and soul together.
We know xvhat often comes next.
The girl has left horn ; she is ashamed
or unwilling to return, and she must
take the coiiseqifnces, ofttimes one of
txvo things shame or suffering. Many
a girl finds first in the frivolities and
next in the iniquity of the streets that
excitement bv which regrets and re-
morse may be deadened. If she is too
strong in principle, too pure and cle- l
vated in tone thus to sink down, she
may find herself in some cold garret,
lonely, ox-erxvorked, despondent and
Hotter remain at home than risk the
failure xvhieh attends so many girls
xvho go to the city in pursuit of high
pay for light xvork. It is the saddest
of all ventures, forsaking a country
home for the illusions and deception.!
of a largo town. Heading (Pa.) Time.
" Bromley, do you know that Joe
P.yers has taken the Mansion Hotel?"
Good gracious. Darringer! Win
he'll never pull through! Who i.
backing him?' " Nobody." Why,
he's nothing but a poor photog
rapher.' "And that i jut xvhat en
abled him to take it He look i: witu
his camera." 1 flaflcIjHt.a Cuil.
"Can vou tell me the difference be '
txveen a hen xvith three legs and a
very young baby? asked Hieronymu
Tuck of Nebuchadnezzar Suippit " I
-lon'l think I can replied Snippiu
" what is it?" " One is a little strange
and the other is a little, stranger."
Califonua is 770 miles long. Tu
greatc-t width Is 0 miles, and it con
tain lSt.lWl square mils-5, or 127,i-I74-SlU
A Claim That It Caa- a Marked larrraa
ia tb MUk-VUld.
Experiments conducted at the Agri
cultural College. Manhattan, Kan.,
with warm drinking water for cattle,
leads the professor of agriculture to
"While this experiment, from its
brevity, and the peculiar circumstance
surrounding it, is far from conclu-ive
upon the point under examination, it
c Ttainly is suggestive of great value.
The fact that at every day except one
when warm water was the drink of the
cows, a marked increase in the flow of
milk wa? recorded this increase
amounting to fourt en and even eight
een per cent. shows conclusively, as
it seems to me. that the warm water
was always beneficial. I am conti
d -nt. however, that thi beneficial in
fluence i- shown hero at the minimum
for the rea-on before stated that the
influence of the warm and of the cold
drink extends beo:u! the two inilk:ng
, 51. ,. .. : ... ,i... .i:--
nil s ii1 ir n ij I'll rr.tiir.s inr uiiiri- r
-r,t..f iTvfli iri-.i'i! ri.lititMiwn i! :it all.
rapidh acquired a ta-te for the warm
drink. s;pped.-hvlv at lir.t. but ,oon
. t -. V ii i J. "...i."
to ik it m full dr-iughts.
.... .- i : .. .i , ..;:...
U here luol is scarce the proposition
i .i .,.-.. t-..,.- ..,.-., f.'L
is made that wast- straw, corn staiks.
i .. i ,.,.... ,!.-;..;..-
!!." n :iv ! n-eil to warm ilriUniiii
...... ... .- - -- --- r
water. I he suggestion troni expert-!
. . .-
ments made is tliat otlierni-u
worthless woodv liber, when in
a suitable condition to
mar bo made, in a sens-.
able food, supplying, directly to tie
animal, heat which otherwise mils',
come from the more expensive dige-ti
ble food-. The heat thus obtained
must be eonxeyed to the animal in the
water he drinks, becau-e tho large
amount of xvater consumed daily make.;
it the necessary vehicle for eonx eying
the largest possible amount of heat to
tho animal organism. That thi- is a
simple and inexpensive proee-s may be
shown by a single fact gathered from
gen-ral evj Tiene : a bushel of bitumi
nous coal burned in an economical
boiler xve haxo found to be ample fin 1
for heating the dailv drinking xvater
required by twenty-lix'e coxvs.
In conclusion he adds: I am un
able to think of one of the leaks of th'
farm' that may be so ea-ily and witn
such profitable results stopped as thi-
waste of animal heat. The general
proposition that xvariu. comfortable
quarters not mere shelter' supple
mented xxith xvarin food and drink,
are advantageous to the domesticated
animals, is rarely questioned. I go a
step further, and a-sert that the heat
and comfort of animals may be con
served, in the xvay indicated, to the
great financial advantage of their
Firm, Ficl'l and Workman.
Intercut in;; Fuel Ireiu a I'nitnl St:itr
Itt'trr4i.:ilativ in Yur.it.ui.
"From time immemorial,' .-ays Con
sul ICd ward II. Thompson, xvritingfrom
Merida, Yucatan, "hammocks have
been articles of Use and barter in Yuca
tan. I haw found the remains of
eute imw.t. n- p k tlKMion i- ueik.ned bv the - of i tind tlmt the things tl,0y must huve ab- m th U-Hli-.l rUr wH t .!,.-
?TXVt0:iC- lvenlion is' easier, safer sorb all the appan,.t snd,,. wbib, turbed.
left to lh.-iii-...lx es , and . l..ur b. i,a i. ha cun. lttany ihUv hicll tkr had WW. A nvenr fritrr. in 1 rK rvral .'
alter tliey i.u e .. -v : ditlietiltv of the digestion of new and ought to have, thev hae to rv-ign i iitstmtiotis o llw lark olUct. Iviks . f v
w:,rn, w:u,,-: :,,,,U:,v- !K !,, wcl, ,Ull,t ., ,all. .,., " j .,.!,-. wU... s .-.... ..... ..,
sucding cales. wtm.li or..in.iit look . UVnlth doe- not eou-i-t of m--io rvfu..l t.. V.ilr tmOIwi Usm hr ifcr r.
I . . 1 1. ... I ' IX11Hl Jl IV-- 'I.MU. . .-'I'titv .. . .-...w
hammock beams and hooks in the J counterfeit half dollars as genuine i
chainbers of the ruined cities, tho-e any xvor-e than one xvho palms oil
niy.sleriou- relies of a past civilization doctored tea. butter or molas.e a
that lie buried in the depths of the ; genuine. A linn ha-been on trial lor
Yucatanean xxildorne-s." He then give i doctoring mola--es bv mixing with it a
an inteiosting description of their man
u tact u re. He says Yucatan to-day-exports
more hammoclis than any
other province in the world. They are
made cut rely by hand and xvith the
aid of a few primitive yet eflect iw in
:runi"iits. With a couple of straight
poles, a shuttle, n thin slab of .a pole
xv o I and a pile of hcuoqucu leaws at
hnnd, the na'ive is ready to accept made prominent Many year ago
coutiacts for hammocks by the piece, j there xvas in Commercial str -et a cellar
do.en or hundred. The poles arc I dex'uted exclusively to the doctrinating
placed a certain di-tance apart, ac- i process, bv xvhieh the poorest molas-e
eorw'ing to the reijuired length of the j was made to represent the bet 1'rob
hammock. The thin slab of hard wood I ably the business ha been kept upcxet
i then rapidly fa-hioned xvith the aid I since, and millions of dollar have
of a sharp machete into a "tonkas" or I been taken out of the pocket of con--tripper.
iy the aid of this instrument I sumers to swell the bank account of
the liber of the thick. Ile-hy henequen un-i. rupuloii- grabbers for xvealth who
leaf is dexterously denuded of it. f lixo in their x ilia- on ill-gotten gains,
envelope, and a xvip of rasped I The plea thai lb. aduler.it ing niatt-r h
fiber is th" re-ult. Thi is placed in the !
. . , . . it i. mm
sun lor a 1 -xv hours to oieacii. i lie
fibers are then separated into a certain
number, given a dexterous roll between
the palm of the hand and the knee, and
a long strand is produced. Txvo or
more of these strand are then taken,
and by a similar dexterous manipula
tion conxerted into a cord or rope.
1 from xvhieh the hammock i made, j
The cord i "rov.
and the shuttle
the txvo upright pole
is then brought into play. This i-gen-!
erallv the women's xvork. and thev do
the r xvork well. The shuttle seems to ?
rnovi; and s-.ek the right mesh with a
volition of it own, and in a very short
space of time tie hammock is made
and laid xvith it kind toaxvait the com
ing of the contractor. After reaching
the hand of the merchant in Merida
the hammocks, both xvhite and colored,
are each classified into superior and in
ferior goods, arc neatlv and compactlv
baled m lots of four or five dozen to
the bale, duly m irked and forwanled j ".hs. s-ni- to bo a very amiaLJu w.-.ut-to
the United Mates, xvhieh r.Usorb an.
most of the entire exportation. Dar
ing the calendar year of l-- txventy
four thousand hammocks v.vre shipped
to the United suit- from Yuealr.n.
Diiring the six mouth ju-t endetl over i
thirty-five Jhou-and haxe already hcen
taken by the United Stutft. Wfukin;
can't I go to the store aw
get me a new arer -vxny. cowu,
yoy H-.vegol plenty of good dresses-"
"t ov papa, but they are out of styb"
"Nonsense, giri! the trees alxvay-, i-ja
ot t in the same style every vring.
don': they?" "Ye, papx but Tjiey al
ways look green, too." "Al right go
- - 11i . ! 1
to the store and get a aiVf dr
EATING NEW OREAD.
A TooU Which Taira th lkwtlTr Orgaa
If bread is made bv the ur of yeast
h is as neeessarv to have itattsJ.t accr-
tain .ve twelr'e hours in the sncimer ; In one place, among certain rondt- bii that d-bcato moral tunrh which U
and twentv-four in the winter: "rf w t tior.. you can get fur a nierv trifle c.-tfW.' tact The won! come fmm
would have the mo-t nourishing and what you can not buy with a thonyand LaCw word meaning in Sowch. and dc-valuablo-a-
it is V have our frnlt J iwiimi somewhere else What will not.- lw power of quickly jwrro.nng
and vegetables rine before we eat the. J pnrchc pure air and clear -ky in No- and rradfJy dw.ng what U npiirl hj
and I will here remark that the idea A vcmber? Millionaires cry ut for thrm clrctiuti tiers. It i prompted by th.
cooling such new bread before eating, in vain. .Vet some poor woman, my in drnirtb kimi in a kindly at It
to avofd unfavorable eflect-. i- simply Shetland, who net or -ca money, bnt . make popi comfortable by hrnnonniC
ab-urd. It is the a-'e and chemical , exchanges her knitting work for W j thmt. o tha.l th-y fevl at thr-ir "c'
condition which is to be taken into ac-
count, and not ita temperature, a- it
may be desirable to have it warm, or
not objectionable. It require- more
time for the dige-tion of new bread
than for the oldr-.-ide- taxing the di-
gestive organs verv muoh more. Tiio
dvspentic ear'v learn- that he can no:
eat hot biseuit particularly at night,
without 'reat -tillering. uhdeall.-htuUl
leant that to eat them at am time n-
dvr any circumstance-, whatever may
be the condition of the dige-ttve or-
' 'ans. will be to nruduce dMu-iw.
I " " l1"' U f :i b"- IMt' '4
in a gin.--? water ami ob-eniug the
eflect. It will be observed that it still
. , , .,,,.. .
retains the form ot a "bullet a word
often us.-d to expre-s the sensation
produced in the stomach soon alter
' .1llll firi'Ml! 1 MIMl
iii-ii ilia-. ill --. i. t-ii aiiii l.irvi .-nil-
'I'Kitn fftL. o tni.
" . . ...
baked the day before, putting it into
xvater, xvhere it xvill be seen that it
soon crumbles and becomes perfectly
soft, seeking the general level, "sinit
lar results xxill follow eating the two
kinds of bread. The new, long resist
ing the action of tho digestive juices,
long continues its solid form, xvhie
the other i- readily permeated by
these juices ea.-ily digested, prov
ing much more iiouri-hing and
loss taxing to the stoiuncu. In-
iU'i'il. it is posiblc to have our food -o
, diflicult of digestion that the process
ill . leiiiwt ol iniwtd Mr no'irlt' i -
much, xital force a- the food xvdl fur
nish, which xvill account for the fact
that some persons do not reeejxe so
much advantage from tho food eaten,
some eating so much that but a small
Ir.ictiou of it can bo digested.
While true that the xast majority ol
piople may xxith safety eat their lire id
cold, it is not objectionable to have ;t
toasted, or in some xvay xv .timed.
(Thosj xv ho suppose that cold ford i
hurtful, xvill do xvell to remember that
ice xvater, ice ereanis and the like atv
far more dangerous and hurtful.) All
that is claimed tor the bread is that it
may remain a sufficient time to lie
chemically changed, to lo-e most of its
adhosivene -, that tho digc-tixe juice
may have their legitimate eflect -.
1 road is ti stall' of life" and should
con-titute the nio-t prominent article
of food.- Finuiih. Fnrhtry ami r unit.
A IlK-ton Firm XX'liicti .MitUr Itort rhiMt in;;
I'mrrtirt It Sprrlnlty.
We have had a very interesting casr
on trial here lately that has raised a
question xvhether a man xvho passe oil
poisonous substance, jiretended to be
neutralized by some quality of the mo
lasses, and making an inferior oi
worthless article take, tho place ol
good - to be sold low to cheap grocer-,
enabling them to sell at the highest
price. This latter fact. I think, did
not appear on t'.ie trial, but the trial
recalled one occasion xvhen it wa-
not poison is not x.lid. for the article,
zt i .1 ; ... i i i I
if harmle-s, is a fraud, and tin; sale
presumes upon the ignor.irn-e of tho
purchaser, in clling him a fabc thing,
or npon the cupidity of customers xvho
buy for the purpose of deceiving. It
seem- to be in vain that laws are made
to -retire honesty in the making oJ
article of domestic con-uiuotiou. As
Arteinus Ward said, we are. sure ol
nothing in an eating hou-c but ha-h.
and even honestly prepared hash may
s'.ow a swindle in it pepper that :
two-thirds terra alba. Miik i about
the onlr thing. bvoad erg-, that cjd
be confidently relied on a-l.'ing of flie
fir-t wat :- Uottoa Cor. Hartford liL.
Ought to Know.
An Ark.tnavr ja-ticc of the i-ac4.
who had just married a couple, turned
to a man and said:
"I don't 1-el.i-v" tliat the womin xvJM
lo'.e. -er.e and obey him."
1 don't know." sai.-i one repiie-l.
"L don't thint she i.
the iittice re-
"lk.-c:iu-! she ii-ed to be aty wife."
-For thi "oenotit of the man .rbo
blows onl the ga i; s-hoiild lgea -
cralix known that :h admiatstralian
ot a ttf.v crofts ot xcruc e fir
oa a iemp of sirgnr wld usually
rrirc jmople wao nave ocootnt
3V& frof 'I 2VV f i
Hold der!c, fcouW jotbttcai.
I their hat-. - CAfec?) Tim.
A.r-il ?Ir.e tn l.eftrT in
English 'ciitor. unla!to oi As
. ! ......... '.- 1..- ....... ,-.. n .iilll.lTMHf ..THi IIS
4l "'IlliUi U'Al " H " "HUM, 4W.I. .- - - -----,f ... ,,--- - --
WHAT IS WEAi
Aa Importaat Oall Vlw4 from
Wealth can not bo any nn:v sum of
. money. .Money ha no wttieu vamc
; tnile ol tea ami cioin. can gel ic
bracing wind and the bright sky for
' n.ui:ng. o an hn.iw mm -er.uu-ir
j :hi. eon-iil.r.ttion -.hmild enter tn:t our
estimate of the real inipnftnrnt to !
j looked for in any ehang- of our pl.wv
! r pn-i-et-. What U-ttor off are we
in going somewhere to earn duWe
j wage- if all th.- commodities of h(
there cost tnn-e time a- niurn a- wu-re
we are innv:
roople ru-h ofl to the
capital ertie to "better" them-eiva.
ny earning a u- .-uiumgs more prr
'- 1 ?!
wek or a few huudmN more p.-ry. nr.
the case may le. They grncmlly
of any kind. Take an iilu-tmtioit: A
man is wrecked on a b-s rt island. lhu
ship runs aground, and he finds him -
j self the owner of bus of bullbdi and
J precious stone-, of r.ir. books and neh
fabrics. Hut he can get no frrsii water,
1'resently he dies of thirst -a po.rrr
man than the begg.tr xh xvm. a hum
ble meal by sweeping a dooritep or
xvceding a garden. Indeed then- is n
poverty so terrible as the po-s-.-iou of
every thing except xvhat we xx.int. Th
IVrsinn poet adi ha a sUtry on tin
point He -ays.
"I axv an Arab sitting in a circle of
j.xvelers (tf lt.i-r.th. and relating a4 fob im. and tho comfort. Uui gwl -loxvs:
'Once on a time, haxiugmivsed dipturbod.
my xvay in the des,.r; and having no "Are you the x IN-of eW Mr. ?'
provi-ioiis left. 1 gave myself up tor asked n lady, on being In trod Mr-Mi ?
lost, xvhen I happened to Hud a bug full
of pearls. I -hall never forgo: the rel
ish and delight that I felt on supposing
it to Ih fried wheat, nor the bilU4r:tes
and de-pa r whi. h I snflVred on dtseov-
ering that the bag cfiuiaiued pearl-
Still le-s doe- wealth consist in mer ' U hat Mix Ik mo JU-.1 li h not
accumulation; we really do not have; true." remarked Mr.. A., at a lUer r
xvhat xve do not use. A miser hud a ' -Moty. s a lady made a siiui.-it
store of buried gold, over which h" The members w.-re indignant at th
Used secretlx to gbt it. A thief stole It blunt srttJon. ami h-l-furd w.ilk roi r
away and a wise man stroxe to comb. rt "Son a- Mr. A. proovudud t kov th t
the miser bv persuading him to burv
some oyster shells in its place, and to
xi-it them and chuckle over them, a
he had done over the goh1.
Now let n- turn tn what xve.ilth in
the higher sense. Wealth i- the -uti
faction of tho-e iicmIs of hum tn life
xvhieh. if unsatisfied, check its harmo
nious development No man cm l
wealthy tilt he finds out tho limit of
his needs, for "xv.itit is a growing;
giant whom the coat of H.ive w.i-
nex er lan'e enou"h to cover " S we
can not lii.d out what xvealth i- t 11 we!
find out xvhat those need an.
Our bodily needs an pure air, good I
xvater. wholesome food. sulJieient cloth-
ing and .shelter. labor and rvt IHr J
mental needs are the education of our j
sense, some leisure and some intel
lectual nourishment, either from book
or society. Our spiritual nt-l nr
love and duty. . ". Matju. m titmday
AN OtD FRIEND.
llowr"Tlr ot AITrrtloit Wrro i:.lMliril
ISrlMrrii T llnkittn H.
A gray-haired man stopped in front
of a house in a Dakota town and ad-i
tin -ed a young man in the yard;
"I don't suppose yvu know mo?"
"No. I think not."
I xva very xli acquriinlud wiLli
"Yes. L.s:w him ovury dny for a long
Were you brought up down wher
he came from?""
"Aepininted wltlk him xvlill? hu Hvid
"Never saw hirn thore."
"1'id you know luui after he tiuir- Ut
"I vvancrertn ild town Iwfor."
"May I ask. you., then, when it was
you asociaieo. iai nun o iongr
' ertainlv. vomig man: I one hup-1
pencil t he in. kah. satn- carxjth him
for a hundred-niHe. trip on a bratwih
Dakota roiul. Vi Mcrned Jtk'e parting
with an old friend when I Mi him.."'
EilclUnc (JK T.y Ml.
Painting a Camel.
An elephant once play eJ an atiruing
trick upon a camel, which xan- it
neighbor i. a menigene. One f lh?
workmen hal been engsi:d in paint-J
ing a portiofi of th lue. tjmchinjti
otf tin rnaaaental pjertio-rs xrUjt
pfsl paint Theyoung irphant -atch-l
sini xxith. grat mtTct. a'arentlT j
aroil-'-' at Ui- brigbt bit- f. colwc
Hie painter wa aborI-d x. hti -&tr"c
J hyu tlie- dinner-ltel J rarij;. U- pus u
p. and bru-h dowa. anl went sJT Uj
hi niotL The Jirhait wai!-tl tilt t
rnj out. of igiit tiju carefully fvlt
tor the bnh with his trunk. Xcxt
to th-young H'-yhant MxI a dejr
eamL dreamily titg hay Tb- ej?
plkant to. ujt iw brasli and sln-aird
, the eftrBr -ide. Tho ke-jj-r hap-
js-;t"-I a!ag j'S'-s. lvsi. al watched
tn -uti. Th ele-tbart". ijjearr! highly
phrasal wl,jn k . th red htw of f j:je fal y t.er l-l?-pxiat
on tb; cnnieT gray fiafll-s. U'hea jf t ' rrs ! t-n &
the train tte r twrned :W bnh wa i ,. f- ij .. .isi
back in it plsix4. lie t-Iekant wat
, gaziag eanttly mitt pzte and tka
t - .I..4.1 .
caraet wa;--ottUje-eu aui nersiwjri :
itr.pe.. lifco x crima. zbra. Yvll.'i
gUnrUrT"l5rl out oJ
. .,;n,.,.' . , n
''. . . , . ... v ... f
export: of ham. 22.1JS.9
of th z3.2Sl.Ms). nirarly
r w -- m- e
lw."i .it it .
- s - J. f rfc d alose-lbW
I of our tun.ltu lard, . .
LACK OF TACT.
The prrTcrb. ' fkimt? pooplc finger
a, all thntnbV drscrlr tho- who
and are incline! to i wiyir ic
The ino-u lrrit-ttnr thorn i v- i!
iir are th "J or ItntnU." wht N'jrt
out oftV:i,lvrt remark wUi tiie af - -gtc
claw.- You kinw I nhvny n
nlmt I thikttorr" a" IrH at- t
SolotKon nt ilic Iugail U t! f
a:t R 1 am imUwCrj-. W wottit! sut
the lUunts" to it well-H! rat t -loara.
tlr? unottrti'ie Utct kirh U
havif.s tt-rll in cMnuy. X at n U
i Jy and jjmeirftuly tt'nt Hot jr,'1
i mark: "I d--"'t Xhi prk i ti i hI
fur anv httmati st4.:ftch.,'
j Anothrr Intly. Im-Imjc r n 4tnirr
jntrty, w Ler lh eioTrrnllu iifi-'-f
( npou tin- anthortif of hKaliriar. -
j play-. MtUl. with a brtrHi-i- wh t
' cum pel let! -ilree: l think lb ad
eaies of the theory thai -onto t. r
person than hnk-sfar- -. ''
plays aitrilMiUHl ni htm, sHjly toHr .
lhtr ignorance ntnd hailxvii-'-ta A
two ot the li-J-liK,nUsl prr"! --
out be'lewd that wiaio one l-m tb to
sluleqinrv xx rt' thr phv. thrJadt.
blunt assertion iTm-rd th-dr nntttj-tui
another lady, who timl marrtml :mn
much older ttian ht-rM!f. Tho Wit. nt
question embarrassed both tfc rtm no I
J tho eouipnnx . et tho huly -ut t
i tb!s ooml blunder wajthu prtm'ifMvl'tf
a high seol.
i Mix It. w as mi-takea tmin- ti mii i
formntiou. Yet Mr-. A., who l
WfuiHii of culture, eotnplniis that "If
ha few fi lend-, and can not U snub
to see that hr lack of tact aitt Her
blunt xay of putting thbt sejwirtti-
! her from tho' w hoo lmlX "
A young lady xvho l anxioit U j: u
social Mit-fCM tuu-tt ii(sitlr tlxt art of
toiiehtug ptHtple gently. A gid !
nirm i eoinpelbxl by his buliiax t
j acquire taet H pride hitiiel! on
hu ability to hand!- carefully te w-l
perxere of buyers.
Tho best rule for ieqolriii Uu-l .
' WbaUoever yo would that men
should do unto you, rxnn m d y alo
unto them." !- Cvmjttun.
OtD TIN CANS.
Il.irr Tlt .Vri. M '-tt"l. IfMl TUrt.uttl
K..llr Hiel ('nit ifi i'--1-4l4Ji'Mii
A New York concern utillr-w all fit
old tin and c-uit it can find ththu "T).
put tht wiotte m.xterlel In an oven or
grate hunt ! by a furnnow. nod ltwvt it
uith rollers until all tho otrniietto.
mnteri.il bt reiuovr!. It i altovrtMt t
vin after thnl. itnd th" nrnp nr
sorted nit nreorilMig t tl ue I..
wh-r.4v they aru lo be ,jj. 'j0 m.ttl
-hev: rentniiu jr- pMe.-l witsfer a rul--bt-r-u-Mvirtt
rolU-r ait-1 Jijittitl uu
Then they nr pii-d hi jt amd ol
between cr.liled irn roller- rett
j jjfir thiku-s Afler Ut Umk r-
'lunenl-nl, ilwt tkrtmfth tfc r't"s
agtiin, sM-f tin u trimiM-H mui ik$U-l
oirntoi teke rexdy firltlprieit nnv -when'.
'nieJet- can b fayRttwl,
or titel. or )(ft)v--h-Ml. or VrcMtl in
any way that Un nuita-rifd .ude froai
rile tiugmitl tre U trKitiisU
U of tbo Irn tJo-v mks bettr.rw
Jv- trans, umbrella it-. lM-i4("e t)t It.
f idto-v erd. tetphont, rflaertrl fix1
and letter lo-ie.. 'Hie Ht-WJ-h or 'Jwr
. . . .,
;''' -" Uta,t V7 iO
, .... ,
i man. -xtii ior wu can -, ji nso
Una li l I Pi
pound-. 1 hey mnke It Ur 3'et
ntvh -ell it f.tr V Vt tho tin Uiry
make butter t!j-he. u,riZ pfliut J
imlk can, and :i:iil.nt muU warn. It
ctt ?J0 a t to-ifCMTl IM i.u.
jrJiirb i jut double v,hii wr cum m(.'
foe it 'Hut tin tsn aiot 1 incttlf i
inr fcrrtyjHi at a n-Jlhtje prk- l
z.Hn of 112 jxtuntX Tlvo int U.i
ttuBis from Knglntut -- frvm ?B l
$.Vl a Iex. aaI hefoist tbu. ft"g
rapber Usui to go 't. l.Uglknd U ril le-eait-
U'Te irx tuA' anylxj-ly Wire tl
iroold runki It. Ae -n-ere m-l '
cjcipSe w-.th Ktiian ml ( itr9
sd th? ordinal ere. ieen.ae i ew- -
Wore thaj douWr tn iannfxieStr4 l
did on iht otiwr llr of thm ur
Thert! U a tAOru-rja, si it. Jift-i " fe-?
U tba profit uilr,r i-sying 0 f-rs
of inatttf-viur-. i rsJi -."
Uxe of thft iron. -hm tnv frat s
trvt mtl'jr5oJ. xl M f aj1
of i a box. .N " ttj4u.r
M-t pJitldAt Wrttii Hto fit
com-? when tV aoa iS rJUi -
lrw ha thxr.it ha furai-hItrtlJ
imanjgtwti reawatiw -v-... -
.. . ., ji ni fv 'ik-x
f vriU al-o rfe 3
beat amiUvi w II wf Ifi
I :imottni 0 eaj ttn.Uunl i- w-5 -
I .. --B'
txusH lhl onrf Ui-o lt h&l
. .. .s---r
vV are rrj-5ftp.l to ritF In.
SJr-vai J-srawj-h aboaj th
ars " eal d It. A hs
an alnrT 5.a:c; O isrrl -"-?
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