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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 13, 1886)
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eyAnv person ho tuVes tni paper rt. I
fo4n wn'ttroi. or wlioibci ho H a subscriber o. j
toot. IsroqKmsmioioi-uie nav.
Tlio ooLrt liavo dcclili'i that rrfustn-r t
tako newspaper f rom tlie po-t-ottiec. r ,..
aiovinir nnil Icaviiiir ihetti u-ica!le for. I
nriuui lucic "v;3i:ce of lyzr.STViS.u it-.nr
AN OVERCOAT IN SUMMER.
Upon the closct-pcfr I hang
Thmuxhuut the summer lonfj.
1 hear the doom nnd shutters bang,
And over thin' 8 illng-doiifc
I lonjr for winter-tune aj-ain.
With Mlvnnl ami cyclone.
J 'or now I'm roasting in my naln
On this old pc- alone.
I want to (lap In every brecwj,
Chi tiiortilii'fs cold and flue.
And Oauirle round my owner knees
When he slides on bin spine:
I lout; for hurricane and slush,
HleUh ride and dreamy hop.
J vrMi that Miriiincr'H golden KUhh
Would hurry up and stop.
My owner' now bes'de the sea,
Or on the mountain-lop.
TV nd hero upon thin cjr. ah! me,
M self 1 have to mop:
I'd like lo k and have a ukate.
Hear ieople wheeze and cough.
Why. tiiat would make me ho elate,
I'd l.tiitfli my buttons off.
i am h hanly veteran.
I'm mad or touj-hest cloth,
r.ticamphoretl and alone I can
Defeat tho pv-ky moth.
Dut in tli In murkv closet tost,
1 have to pine ami mourn:
biy liult'ius all are loose or lost;
My iockcls all are torn.
JVo Unburn in my sleeves reposo
'J'o rack my owner's soul.
Hut one dear little faded roac
1'Jiios in a button-hole:
Jibe pinned it there with cheeks aglow.
When hiiou- lay on the plan.
And Kiid In accents soft and low:
" When w.ll j on call airaln"
Ilerhiiiilesdid all my pattern charm.
Upon Filth avenue,
And when .she loudly took my arm.
It Ibr.lled me through and through;
My iKickuts held the c.tn'meln
O'er w Iilli she'd nightly kIouL
Jilie was the u'enliet of belle.-,
1 but an overco.it.
There in a single till in? I hex.
With all my heat t and .-mil:
Oh. taUeine fnim this closet-peg.
ItiKhl to the Northcst Pole.
Ami let me, with the playful Heal
And griMiing i'ohtr Hear.
I.niij.'li. I'll alrinmv .senilis I feel
The b.t tig winter air.
A QUEER AUNT.
How Sho Tried to " Polish - Hor
' Whippourwill! whipjMiorwill!
When you hear the Hist whipitoorwill's
sang the maiden who lii;l llic dasher
through I lie foamy cream.
It was in the cool of asummer morn
ing. Tho family breakfast hail been
taken while dusk was yet on the land--c:ipc,
mid the flic yet. doin g on the
kitchen ceiling. Then, as Site cleared
the table, Dell had hastened to bring
from the cool cellar the cream, in dewy
crocks; had hurried it, with splash and
thud, into the ntono churn, that the
butter mi I'll t be finished while yet the
morning's breath was unhealed, and
sweet with the sweetness of rose and
honeysuckle. Surely it would be fair
and fragrant, the butter of such an
The churn stood to its middle in a
vessel of frc-di water. A cherry-tree,
low-branched and gnarled, overspread
the girl Ht the dasher, and crowded its
Iright fruit against the caves and on
to thcfchitiglcd roof. Robins and saucy
blue-jnys were flitting and flirting
among the branches, shaking down the
dewdrops, with now and then a bleed
ing cherry, dropped from the beaks.
Slowly the white light was stealing
up tho sky, showing adowu the garden-walk
the great blotched touch-me-nots
and crim.sou poppies and low
blooming petunias, every corolla and
leaf bending tinder the heavy dew;
showing the tree wind-break like a
castled wall, and, beyond the break, tho
meadow-lands, .stretching out and out,
till the sky stooped down and stopped
"Caehug! caehug! caehug!" sang
the dasher, thick of speech from the
' Meet me. oh meet me.
When you hear the. first whlppoorwill's
.sang the maiden.
"Why. Dell, that butter must be
come!" Sue called. "I know it must
be by the chug sound."
Dell lifted tho cover; a warm breath
came up from the dappled milk; all
.the dasher's length to the hand was
flecked with butter; all the churn's
walk were specked with it; it clung in
beads of pale yellow to the down side
of the lid; it floated in islands on tho
anilk. Dell's strongly muscled hand
turned the dasher till the little butter
islands were massed into large ones.
1 hush es of fresh water rinsed down tho
draggling globules fronj tho lid and
churn-walls, and cooled the warm
milk. Then Ddl went to tho garden,
to wod the beet-beil and to train he
tea-vines up tho brush." When she
vame back to the churn, she brought
long, bright radishes, silver onions
snd cool bunches of curled lettuce.
She had salted and worked the but
ter, and had just got it into the mold
when the roll of wheels was heard,
lloth girls ran to the window. At the
at was a buggy, and from it at that
.-moment was climbing a woman.
Who can it be coming here so
.early?" said Dell.
Who on earth?" echoed Sue.
-Thercl She's sending the buggy
.it way. so she means to stay."
The girls snatched off thc-ir kitchen
aprons, and made some passes at their
May lo it's our fortune." said
Dell, tying on a clean aproa.
1 hope it K" said Shc, "for I'm
.tired oC farm-work."
Sue west to the door to receive the
strange woman; the first glance at the
face framed in the white rvchings of
Abe green bonnet showed that the fce
was a strange one. The visitor was
ll and thin, with very light hair, pale
feluecvea and a parchment-like skin.
"How do yon dor" she said, smiling
m your Aunt
and your father's sister-in-law. You're
Sophia Hopkins1 daughter, aint you?"
Sue said: "Yes."
Then I'm on the right track. I
generally am. Your mother was the
next youngest to me."
Uy this time the visitor was in the
house, and was unt3'ing her green satin
44 1 am very glad to see you.'l said
Sue, surprised and awkward.
" I knew you would be, if you're
any like your mother; considering,
too, that I've come all the way from
Maine to Kansas to look out for
Sophy's children I'm going to taKe
them all back with me, and got them
polished and married off and set up.
I hope she didn't leave many children.
1 can never rest in or out of my grave
till I see them all polished and set
"Shc talks about u as if we were
tin nni llin rings,'' was Sue's mental
" It's been running in my head to do
this ever since poor, dear Sophy's
death. How long is it .-incc she
" A little over eight years," Sue
answered, thinking that the aunt.- idea
had had a long run before coming to
Eight years!" exclaimed the aunt,
in tones of oxeeive .surprise. It it
possible? Why, I didn't think it was
much over seven. And how 111:1113' oil
spring did she have? The rpiostiou is
ncccssan", because I'm going to take
them all back with me, to have them
finished and poli.shcd and married and
"Mother left onl" two children.'"
"I'm truly thankful for that!" the
"I have a .sister eighteen month-;
older than I am."
"Eighteen mouths older than you!"
cried Aunt Dorothy, in long-drawn
tones of astonishment.
"She talks as though I was a girl
Methuselah!" Sue thought.
"Then 1 must get about her finishing
or polihing, or I'll b too late to mivc
her from manning in her present
sphere. 1 have come here with the
unalterable purpose of elevating
Here Dell entered. looking bright
and smart in a new calico dress. Her
face was a very' pleasant one, fresh,
heal th '. cheerful. The bright brown
hair rippled from root to tip. and hung
free, just clearing the shoulder.-. The
eyes, of a navy-blue color, were large
and soft; the complexion was good:
there were some freckles, but these
paled, almo.st blotted out, l3' the vivid
blood of the rounded cheeks. The girl
entered with a question in her face.
"Aunt Dorothy, my sister Dell," said
"Is it possible?" said Dell, glowing
with surprise and pleasure. "I'm very
glad to see you."
"And well 'ou 111:13- be. I've come
from Maine to Kansas to make a lady
The bloom of Dell's cheek spread to
her shaped ear. and from brow to chin.
Weren't thty ladies, she and Sue?
"1 coulilu t sleep with wormng
about poor Soph's children, growing
up in a wilderness unpolished. Where's
"He got an earU' start to the field;
he set out to get his corn laid 113- to-day.
Hut come and get washed and combed,
while I set 3011 a cup of coffee."
"Yes," said the aunt, getting to her
feet with the spring of a grasshopper.
"And broil me a piece of chicken or a
bit of trout"
The sisters exchanged a look of dis
"She'll have to go to Maine for her
trout," Sue thought.
"And make hatc. 1113- dear, for I am
faint." said the aunt.
The girls made a move to leave the
"I want one of 3-011 to sta3' and talk
to me," the guest said.
Sue sat down, but she was .-pared the
trouble of talking.
"Poor Sophy's hushr.nd. 3'our father,
and 1113' brother-in-law! Nothing can
be done about elevating him. He has
lived a clodhopper, and he will die a
clodhopper." the aunt said, between
the dashings of water over face, neck
and head, dashings made with such
abandon that Sue sat trembling for the
newly-papered walls. "But Sophy's
children I shall polish."
She was not fairly through with her
splashings when Dell announced the
lunch, apologizing that she had to sub
stitute broiled ham and poached eggs
for trout and chicken.
This furnished a text.
"I must get Sophy's children off this
farm to a city, where they can step out
and get dressed trout and chicken at
any hotel. 1 must get the modern im
provements into their lives. M- dead
sister' children must not grow up in
ignorance of modern improvements."
"I wonder how much taller she ex
pects us to grow!" thought Sue.
"Wc can't both go awa- and leave
father," Dell said to Sue. while their
aunt was napping after breakfast.
"We shall have to draw traws for
the polishing chance," said Sue.
"I don't want to be polished if 3-ou
can't be." Doll said. "I'm afraid I
should get to be ru-hanied of you. I
don't want to get so superior that 1
can't enjoy 3-011."
"Oh. Ido want to travel and see
something of the world! Neither of us
has ever seen a hill, or a river, or a
city, or a boat, or a railroad. I think
we both might go. and have Aunt Jen
come to keep house for pa," said Sue.
Sue's plan was decided upon. When
the talk about the wardrobes began,
the aunt decided in a summary- way
that the clothing of the "barbarous"
West could never be worn in the East.
Every thing could be bought ready
made in New York." she said.
"Don't worry; I've got tho money
deposited in bank to polish Sophy's
and kissing Sue. "V
Dorothy Bean, 30W 1
In New York, the girls wcr taken to
a hotel which was a revelation of splen
dor to them. Aft-r a bewildering din
ner, theydrovetoa ladies furnishing
store, which wa another marvel to
Sopli3's children. Here expensive out
fits were bought: bright and high-col-
orcddrosssCs. shawls, ribbon-, hats. etc.
Then the girls were entered at a fash
ionable boarding-school, and the auiit
left for her home. Ours were observ
ant girl.-, with some innate .-en.-e of the
harmonies. As they tirc.--ed for their
presentation in the school-room, in the
garments and colors the aunt had indi
cated, there was a
ties-. The felt in a vague way the
ois-onance between blue bracelet.- ami
Dell's muscular, sun-browned wri.-t.-:
between Sue's stout lingers and the
rubies and emeralds.
"You remember how lovely this
looked in the store," Sue sai I, indi
cating a lemon satin tie at her throat:
"now see how Dutchv it looks."
uoii .-am ne siipposett tneir i.t.-f
were not educated to appreciate stylish
colors, and that -ho couldn t help
thinking she looked better out in Kan-
sas with a clean calico and a whit
apron. "And I'm afiaid of -oiling
things, ami he -ighed, recalling
file freedom with which she used to
trim her plant.- and weed her garden
and ride over the prairies with never a
coneeru aooui ner hocks.
The girls were in their chamb-r.
waiting for the summon- to the school - -
1-1 tfiiYi -ill. I iirii'iti.i ir mil .miiiriiiir ill
'"'""' '"" .niMMini . . ...v.... "
r ---"- ". !-
that room as the- had never dreaded
anv thing before. When, at length,
the entrance was made, the alien feel
ing was as strong and the .-trangeiie.--a-
oppressive as though thev had
stepped into the moon. Thev- did not
hear it, t!iv did not .-ee it, but thev
felt to the heart'- quick that a titter
went around the room. Kach looked
into the other's face to give and to get
sympathy. The iir-t exerci-e was in
the recitation of Scripture ver.-e-. the
pupils -landing at their dc-k. Our
girls -tood up w ith the re.-t. realizing
the contrast between their gainlv
dres,es and the chaste, dainty toilets
of the other girls.
"I wish we could go back home,"
.-aiil Sue. after school.
"I do wish so, too." -aid Dell, feel
ing very drooping. "The line things
that look elegant on these girls make
us look like fright."
"I don't know what Aunt Dorothy
could mean by getting us such Dutchv
things. I hate the sight of them.
Never mind, we have health, strength
and vigor. I wish we were back in
Kansas. How happ- we were that
morning she came! I'm aching for a
sight of the prairie and our true-hearted
friends there. It seems so peaceful
as I think of it. The noise and motion
here make me di..v. 1 wish we could
get out of it.'
"Let's go home!' sa
ment U. a great wave ot longingsweep-
ing her heart.
"We can't: we haven't a 113" money,
and it would offend Aunt Dorothy to
run from her polishing, and father
would not forgive us for offending her,
with all her money."
"I tell you, Dell." Sue .-aid. with
another passionate outburst. "I never
will go into that school-room again!
Whv, this school closes in two weeks.
How much polish can we get in two
weeks? And what's to become of us
left here without money? We had bet
ter have been left on an uninhabited
island. The teacher told me that we
are to wear walking-dre-.-es and sim
ple hats when we go out walking: but
we haven't such dre-.-es or simple 11113'
thing, and we haven't a pair of glove.
in all ouroiittit. or a para-ol.'
"What could Aunt Dorothy have
been thinking about? I think she ha
aeted very queer about this whole mat
ter. Why. we don't even know that
-he i- our aunt. Perhaps we've be m
" For pit3-s .-ake, stop! 3-011 will "set
me frantic. If we could tint! a shop,
we might .-ell some of the-e things and
get money to go back home; but I
couldn't ti ml any thing in this hurlv
burly t-ity-. and 1 wouldn't know which
way to get out of it. I'm afraid we
are lost. 1 can't help wishing we had
never -een Aunt Doroth.v."
At this point, the girls were sum
moned to the parlor to meet Mr. Ship
I3. lawyer, and went down trembling
and wondering. He had received a
telegram Iron, his client. Mr. Bean, he
said, charging him to lind two x-outig
ladies liv the name of Hopkins at
school in the city. Inquiries had leen
made in seventeen school-, and he was
happy in having at length found the
ladies, "though." he said, "I regret
the cause which made the search nee-essan-."
Hy this time Dell and Sue
were scared and breathless. Were
thev to be taken to jail? Perhaps the
woman who had put them in the school
was. a counterfeiter, and l- passing
money had entangled them.' Sue
f regret the announcement I have f
The girls waited with staring eves
and throbbing hearts for the next
word. "Your aunt. Mrs. Dorothy
Bean, is a woman of unsound mind,
and docs strange thing. She escapea
from her friends, a few days since,
and made her wav to 3-0.11 in Kansas.
As her putting vou in this school was
an irresponsible act. unsupported I13
the legal guardian of her propem-. the
only. course open o you is to return
to 3'our home. You will be furnished
money for your return, and I will see
at your baggage and tickets are at- .
"What shall we do with the things
aunt bought for U-?"" said Sue.
"Take them along: they are paid
for. Your aunt has been liberally-supplied
"Is aunt insane?"
"Not exactly, but irresponsible
queer. She would" have given away
all her property, had she not been re
strained." "Aunt must be a good woman at.
heart, if she is queer.'
'l'oli-h il off r.nd .- -t up." -r.i! Del!.
They laughed and iri.-d alternate .3.
and felt like two very "queer"' girls in
a very queer situation.
l'ut the epi.-o le bore goxl fruit, for
when Aunt Doroth died she left them
i a leg:u'3 which the law allowed I
cau.se her other relatives did noi ob
ject. Youth' j Co:i)j(iiiion.
A Tras'ly Wlilrh Dr-moii.t r.ttr Tint It
Should Itf Taught in I'uhlir rlnnl.
About a fortnight since a little girl
aged seven year- died at !Ia-gow, as
. .."n...r..,i f-,." !,..-;. iw.t-...i ,. !ibm
, of "ome L-onou-wild Howcr. The
1 ,.1,51,1 i,, i i,....n t-.L-..,, on Sundav
-cho.il exciir-i m into the coimtrv'.
During their rambling- wild tlower
were gathered, and posies were ar
ranged r.nd garlands woven, a- is the
wont with children -et free from the
care and discipline of schools and al
lowed to roam fancy free in meadows
:iiu )Y h,.,lgeruWs. In their delight at
n:itur-, f.n'n.l jrjf., HUle ilid the den-
1 j,.,.,,, 0f tiie bifr Scotch town dream of
lh (m th:,. irk, wllhhl llu. ,p:lli.
of the cuckoo-pint (Arum iiiwututuni).
or in the cluster- of purple blossom- of
the woodv night-shade (Solanwn dul-
vtimira).' In fact the llowcr of this
plant is s0 like in form and arrange-
meiit to that of its innocent lirst
cousin, the esculent notato, that we
cousin, the esculent i.olato, that we
I , :U1 nmirlM:,ml how a knowledge of
J l5u. harmlea,ne,s of the culinary tuber
I . . it t i..i
,,,-iv IimVi. iifrer.cTi.i :i reeKle.-.s llllllll-
I .....ji ...... ...,. - -
gence in the llowerets of the tonn -r.
In these das of school-board exaction,
is it too much to a.-k that our chil-
1.. .. 1 ...1 1 1... :.. . ..1 f ,...! ...
men siiwuiii i- iii-iiiii.it ii. .. v,... ...
simple fashion, in the broad principles
.,( i.,.t....i- .....I .l..in- miuI ffiiKrlir
i i...... ...... ..,.,... ---
how to recognize the plant that
nourishes and the one tint kills the
harmless -nake and the itoi-onoils ad
der? It is not necessary to go into
technical detail and to use har-h.-eien-
li.'ic words Ui in-til into a thild'- mind
that which mav be of good service to
it when brought in contact with the
floral bcautie- of -pring aud ear'. y sum
mer, or with th berry cluster of a
later -ea-011. What i-ould be more in
teresting to a hard-worked, brain
we.iried little wanderer in ("od's gar
den than to learn the way to reeogui.e
the difference between the garnishing
paisley- and its deadly relative whose
name is the antithesis of him that is
wise, or its still more poisonous ellig.v.
the cla.ic. hemlock, growing in shady
nook.-. We might mention a hundred
other in-tances-e. g.: the creeping,
hairy brv'oiM,', with it festooned wreaths
of scarlet berries, hard by its rival, the
common taiuu-. with leave.-of shining
green, growing bron.ed and .somber
is the autumn of its vegetable lite ap
proaches. We conlil tell that the. simple
dropwort or sjiira'a. has a right to have
its title disputed by the water dropwort
or the hemlock water dropwort, with
which it holds no natural utliiiity. We
could warn against the pcrliily of the
gauily foxglove and the -edate but
deadly nightshade, aud -o on: but
enough ha.- been written to merit the
.s3-inpathv of our Hoard of National
Education, and to make them consider
that the lields around us are the true
lields of learning. I.ntulun Lancet.
A SMART JUDGE.
How lie Miert'f.lf.l in iri.l.llii? Ill Town
if l'iiillriiiiil Hum
Judge H .of Mu-kcgon. at one
time a police justice, enjoved his joke-,
which occasionally:!. limed a practical
shape. The judge had been annoyed
for a long time with a drunken char
acter named "Kph." He had lined
him many times an I had sent him to
prison freqiienth' without effecting a
reform. The judge determined to get
rid of him. One dav. at the opening
of the court, he espied the familiar
countenance of "Kph." who had tieeii
a- u.-iial brought up for drunkenne .
Said the judge: "Kph, I perceive you
are here again, after my man;. warn
ings and advice. I now intend to
make an example of 3-011. 1 will not
be a,rain annoved bv your pre-ence.
tain loiiclv" locality near a cemetery
and hang him by the neck until he
was poiittceli dead.
This was a heavy blow to the pris
oner. He appealed for merry and
promised reform, but the judge would
not Ii-ten to him. He was tied with :
slender string and taken out of the
court-room, and walked rather reluctantly-
with the officer toward- the
place of execution. While on the way
the office wms iu a dilemma, felt in hi
pocket and could not lind hi.- warrant,
lie told the pri-oner he would go back
to the court and get that pajer. and
jirdered him to remain in hi tracks
and not move until his return.
As soon as the otlicer was out of
"Kph"s":sight he ea-i!y untied the con!
which bound him and struck out on a
two-forty pace with hi- coat tail in a
horizontal po-ition. disappeared and
was not seen again in Mu-kegon. Ih
troit Free Pre...
Under the .-low but continuous ac
tion of the -ulphuroik acid thrown in
the air of cities b3 the combustion of
coal and the influence of the frequent
changes in the degree of atmospheric
humidity, it is found that the jieroxide
of red lead. s'd in coloring certain
rj.c:irdj; j, actrmeu and sulphaind
At the ame time the protoxide of lead
thus liberated is transformed into an
insoluble sulphite, and this salt, being
easily anabzed. it is believed that a
certain means is thus obtain.-d tor de
termining the condition of the at
mosphere in large cities and it rela
tions to the public health. Chicmqo
All of the railroads in , Louisiana
t are ran at a loss so fir a local traffic
You must die. I shall sentence yon to ;:lptil Island. The i-land i- a -n.all I '"" ' . "' "'' ' . tl '. ,M,', ,tr ,,: "'' n.J-J rnm. t,
be hung bv the neck until von are one. but it is well populated bv nai.ve, P''. f r? ""-;' de ditch..-, which i. worked IlU.
dead." The judge pronounced the J of the Malay race. In the interior thi- ! "' -'7". " -I"- . ,. ..l In -et ..tl,. Vut ,!rw
usual sentence and made some touch- plan, grow-: wild, flourishing e-pecial- j '" l"lrt"1 fr" " -'r -; lu into the bum-yard for Uo- o,.
in-remarks relating to the prisoner's jv in"iM. red. rockv soil. It I.H.U- A " W,H -.V ' U '" 7 l--I'-
character and conduct. He made out h.-autiful when growing. .,. rou mav "I"" TT"' T ! X.'lr I '' Wl'rf" '"'" not "
a document which directed the con- judge bv the bright hujs with v hid. it ""I'11"- ,,H 'f T'T V" f " ' ! -btom. c, a ditch io th. mlddl,
stable to take the bod v of Kph to a cer- is -nott.'d. wM X V" T V" "'" m' ! th '-- 'l-f- ' "Stl.Hlw w,h
CHAINS THAT BINO.
How Thry.Wy ltrStrurk Off" to )smm1
and firnrral Adrantac.
One of the immediate ru-ult-of mod
ern scientitic thought
I en-e of the power of heredity and eir
cunistance- oer inmviuuat ne.
There is. of cour-e. an iintnen-e ele
ment of truth in the fact- which -vi-
ence has laid bare on thi- sid
-uppi3 i.imw.wi uie;ooLs w.ui w men
In' works out hi- de-ttnv. Imt it is
veiy- ea-y to overstate thi- truth, and
it i- constantly overstated in current
literature. This overstatement, or.
pernap-. more aecur.tu.-iy. wu- tmper-
..1 ...... . . 1 .1 ?
feet statem- tit. of the immen-e force of
hereditv and surrounding.
g- exert- up..n
inanv mind- a denressiug and imra
hving intltience. The man who i-
norn wun vieiou- lentiencie- 111 ni
blood, or the man who find- lum-elf
on the thre-hold of his career without
j the training which other men have re
! ceived. often feels that d.-fcit is inexit
able, and 0 a-e- to make any struggle
against what he calls de.-tin. When
the teachings uf m lence areinterpretcl
, in thi- way thev become not 011I3 per
t iin-iou-. oiu .iu-oiui-13 iaise. .-ociei3
is full of the refutations of any such
conclusion :i- mis. .Men nave ris.-n
j the highest place- from beginning-, and
from the midst of innuem-s. which
i 111.1111. i .Ti.i.f'iiiv i.iiinii ii.mi r. t.ri'iirii
. - -
" "' -'' "'""'"' '
' "' u" '""''" l "' aru -
mu-l work in the material wine
, ds at hand, but hi- conception i
i r. . i. i
own- -11111 immi niii'r- 'lii is ina sum in
own; and that, after all. is the -oul of
hi- wok. He can not choose his uiu-
terial. but he can alwas choose the
. .. . -
IIM III III II 1KI' III II- I TII- I. !!!
....... . ,
man aciivny. aim in me inierence- j thm al, . imforllin;iU.,v . thl, chan4 I -.nrrw, WQW,
which h,.ve beendniwn from the tact-. whph h br; aU)tJ. y, ' "- w-r w..rk :b,n h.
No human being is independent of hi- , fof Uu. u.,.o, MuoUf, vhau.9 w 'ih t'0,W" PI' ' '' '
ance-trv. hi- r.iee or hi- ne. Thev . , . . . ..!. i wbn ' iwvr Whin t w.lhh
-"-- m. ---- - - -- . kllTll.i T r.B lit r-T Tllltk. mmW t.ft. C
41 7 r 7 ""'"'"'M.Ihe,r inline,,,... ,,p.., temperal.tre i, ,0
and surrendered, the man may exist. .,-,... vv t.i... .,... ......., rf...... . ....1
hut he ceases to live. Men to-da 11 1
to have tlwir faith in their power to
-urniount circumstance- and to create
their careers strengthened and
deepened. Iu order that thev 111113
work intelligently the;- need to uuder--tand
the conditions under which thev
are compelled to work; thev need to j
know til.- ,r;.?ts tl...v I.-.V.. Jl,..r;t...l
and thev need to discern the kind of
' opportunities at hand; but. above
thev need a deeper and more vital
consciousness that thev themselves are
greater than either inheritance or en
vironment; and that thev were born,
not to be made by these, but to modify
and recast them. Kverv human life at
the bottom is a revolt again-t its 1 ,,-
viroutucut: every great reform i- a re- 1
-. " 1
action agam-t mtliieuee- that are at
the moment apparently irrc-i-tible;
every great career is a tremendous
struggle again-t exi-ting things: and
I 3'l great reforms are alwav- on the
way, and great career- an- always be
ing worked out. In ev.-rv generation
there are liorn ho-ts of men and wom
en whose great service to society i- the
n.odilication they make iu the exi-ting,
order of things. Thev arrive at useful
ness, eminence ami ability- in the face
of circumstances: and thev attain
these things 113 virtue of thft individual
power which lies in every humun soul.
No man is relieved from responsibility
because of that which his ancestors
have transmitted to him. or because
his own age is inhospitable. No man
j ought to dc-p.lir hfcail-c he i- beitl-
ning the. battle ag.iin-t odds. Kverv
man who make- the hone-t endeavor
to live his own life -ooner or later
strike- off the chain- that bind him.
and in making him-elf free become- a
liberating force in the lives of other-.
THE TERRIBLE GAGUS.
A lirluk Whleli Cra.lu.tll.r Ktt Away tl
Hone, of II -lavr.
A sea-captain who ha- cru ,-e.l much
in Southern water- give- the following
interesting description of the gagn
plant, ami the terrible effects on the
human -vstcm of drinking it- fer
mented juice: "It is a specie- of cac
tus," he explained, "and as I -aid.
grows only, to mv knowledge, on the ;
"A grove of gagus shniU w a very
prettv sight, but it i- the p-euliar
properties of the plant which di-
tinguisl.it. Opium i- a potent drug,
but I afli certain that the extract from
the gagu-plant is calculated to cfl'ect
1 .11 .
more damage on the human .-vstem-
The native cut the plant in th, earlr
spring. After thev- have ther.il ",
... - t . .
-utleentnuanttv. thev out t in hir.-r.
bowls atHlcnish'it with hn-eston. 1
"A gr.13-i.-h sap run out freeh. and
this thev- collect and drink, after let
ting it ferment, which it does ea.-sily.
Within half an hour after imbibing it.
the drinker becomes perfectly- stupid,
and lies around like Jog. The spll
lasts a 1 lay or two more, during which
time the native- .say thev live, in a
"Do white m-n drink it?"
"I have known -aiiors to try it. but
never twice. Three 3 ear- ago i baa a
man in my crew vrho wu driven
crazv bv one drink."
What effect does it hare upon the
the gairm-. who are indeed lone!c-
and unabk t walk or u- their l.mbs.
1 ncn tb?y begin U wither away-, until
thev die in misery and convulsions-'
... . . .,1
How long docs it take thus lo destroy-
a humu bing?"
That is according to the appetite
of the Yictim to the stuff. Usaally
two years will finish the hardest man.
The suffering of the slaves to the
drink are terrible.' l'ou&t Cof-twa.
t . f '.M. ..!...., .. in t..tti uirli . t lfil lur . .. .. ..
.-.. .. ....... i.i, r... .i ... ..... ... ..
?- f -A eonplc of Granger jMlj ! - J- bor- act,, a raft-
"If you could -co someof the terri-lj np tJ ,lr Um itt J4 mJe .? oulixrl hlng ith ay.
b!c examples of gagudrinkmg in njan J.ark.rAurw. Y. W ami toW or'f XU drk- "&'- Unlnjr. It
Cauptil. you would be horrilie!. Tiic hta ,. Wld arfw., 1M) in a Io M httrrto Uvk- thi cam on bnndiM
first effect of thn ik-nor L to soften tho j amf lha, lf fc wotifj a.lranc. U U -nh-l J kwao
bones. and gradually eat them away. f, eomnn..,m ,j. c the tleVtt I ". V? l 'X
There are natives there, th y ictim 0 ! , . . .. , . H th , . Ic liiOU2i. -r k-.p a nUj barkk,- do-.
VALUE OF FORESTS.
Tlir Inflnrnr Thr KtrrrW I'pon Tr
Hittur anil .-nilry 1 omlUIonv.
In the progn-v of the ineren-"
population in a country, mon e - j - rial
lv UMii.-r tlmsit i-in-iimil-in...... M..
. . "
uinen 111 me nggregnu. werauriTui&a
tion. there must ! more or !-.- in
.. j.i. . .
4i-ii-ue- ui minimi -uriaer ioiki
I. .. .
rapliy. ..iati x.h a gre.t; diturter of
Uieir immediate an I in their rei
rr-ults. are th-! einni tel with th
tle-:rction of the fore-:. w Uh w hwh
large tuirtiuu- of the earth. nw coin-
taratielv or entirvlv b.-n of rr.
1 - -
A Mpu!.rln m-
enivse.- the need of fd -upp!) rv-
1 4min., th;U for,.,t hllH v M 4 n.
agricultural purpose-, and a certain
amount ,t de.-tniciion i- therforr in-
) .'ViLtblt: but no one who ! f.imiiiiir
j U(th th(. lroc,. f dripping th hills
, ,lul vll!,.x, of lhrir n:uraj ...v,--!, f
I . 1'tlM 111 kill' AA11uV-' Itiiini. A.illk. LHIl 111 t
- j tr,.,.N xvhich has b-en -oin- oniUi!
- aa ;u.0,.i,.r.t;n,. r:.s:u :,." this eo.tulrr :
' - - - -
. urmg ,hc pa-t eetittirv. can d.iUt
1 ..,. ,,, llt- ,1,: 1,.,. ,..
J th.u w. h.lve Wt.n ,,1 UA,llll:.
. 4l - -- .T ' II MUMiTe-i(
- j llir iniM.rit:uu.,., ail,i :h.nj ,"t i, high
1 tlt. lh.u ,tt,p Wyri. t akgi Jw. M
j ,M1, turt,,r llMn,.m,,:irv t'nH.
10 ., ,,. , bv , -tem.itie obu.tm.'
1 u, r,.pair ,,m. ;, th ,alliaj. w hh.
) ,i:v, ,N.t.n !tr,.llll jOII,.. Th ;,n..,HO)
" nl (ir.i.f. nun I i.. 1... .. mi .f i...:
i ... .w.. --- , .... .......... ,,, ,.,.,.
1 - i immediate iciiutv. tending to t.tve:
extreme- of temperature, mid oftm of
moisture, and in thi- manner thev mav
, aueci me eu.iraeier anil -fer ol lllrt
'.... 1 . .
,UtM., of ., jmrlI,.Har Un-ihi. Hh -
I ...., t.. : .1 . ' ...
"""" mmi uiiM-m Minus, hum. i
, some exieni. irom inalanal mUuen.s.
1 " ".--
night. such asoecurujHin desert and arid
plain.-: they -tore heat during the dav I
:nd nuliate it slow lv at night. Itut it t
not oiilv to localities in ttieir outi: tut-
mediate viein lv that fores.- urn' itn-
llieir value is periinp- even ,
1 grejit.-r t distant
I. '. ... . . .....
tiiimv 01 iiii-ii ine iei7iii:ii.' anil r.ju-
..1 ...1 1. .1 1... . 1
j iroi 1 nis :cii:ni!on 1- .-neci.tii not -o
j ...,. .,. ..v. ....,, ;,.,i ...........i
!( -s " tf X, -
bv them 11:1011 the total
11:1011 the total amount .it
rain-full in their Mtinitv. or by uuy
effect which thev produce upon the
total annual evaporation irom riie - iir -
.... ' . , , ,
?!.. w'loi'M fli.tv 1'iiinr i if 1. Iii-lli.t f.ij.?
total annual evaporation from the stir-
mat uiev tend to lorm. iv wieir nun-,
. , , , ..,. 1
the plant-which llouri-h in their -hade.
,' ,, , . ,
I. Ill fill. lftll..f ltt flf ll.'ll l.ttll'.'s .t.t
, , ...
1 surf i.f hittr.. wtif.ti.t., wliii-li rnf HHi
" r ,,
for a tune the water falling upon it.
, . , . .....
ami aiiervvaru gives 15 on gneiuauv,
supply ing springs mm -ire .on-. in
- - ' ,
this wav they tend to prevent grevtl
.-.,. . ' . ,
o lii'ittnii lit f tin .1 in if .(r.Miiit. Mull . 1
iiil iiiiiuii'' 111 iim r t. 1 ri-i.-i rrv-
, , ,
ing from them, and thn- to avert
. . . . , , ,
lloous aim iiiougms; inev are mereg -
, . , . .,
ulator- of the water supply of di-tuut
places Iving at
I- in tlis I
drainage' area, in which thev Uoun-h
Iu view of the-e facts, it i- evidently
important that tho-. part.- of the coun
try where culture i- either impossible
or uuproiituhlc -hall l- devoted to
tr.-e.". that a watchful care -hoiii.l ! 1
exerei-ed over these region- to prevent j
niiiieeesHary' and useless destruction ot
the timber bv lire-, etc.. and lh.it the
systematic planting of tr-cs to replace!
tho-e taken for manufacturing purpose-
should ! encouraged a- far j.
possible. Thi- planting of trees mii-t
iu fact become in thi- country a com
mercial neceitv at 110 verv distant
dav. for tin' prices of the lumber
needed f,,r our house, furniture and
ineirauHponaiiouo, goo.,- ,.. w.-.-ue
long, r.-e to such a point a- to nu.U
tree culture a protttable and uiial
branch of indu-try. .s,:ry ; -
ymccr. .. -
.. . .... .. .!l t..
GRASS FOR PIGS.
. tintnl "imm! IVIirn smU
l.rin I .llr.l.
In some ca-e it i- uL eonvenient to
pa-ture pirs. under such eireuin-tain-e-.
the-111:13 '' k'll -tl,.v h f l,'l:,
um :v ' ;u'- " - ' , ' "
i-to b-ktpt sev-ral nnth. longer to
mature, nothing 1- game-Iby the gra--.
a-it.s -appy gnm th mu-t U-n,-n m
?rain. ami it oft.-,. tak. more gram
,ha l" h" nlM'n",! ! W"U' J'T ''
I was fed iJ error ofU-n tnailetiy pig.
, , . ,
M"- iu .-lms ' -'
- growth maA-upon gra.-a!f.ra,,i,al
i.....u'il. niniliiiinim msm or',rifi..ind
a - s t 4 1 t
.. . ..... . j iliiuimul itul tV in. 111
, "' "" "' -r - 7
grain togetlu-r. Hhen pig- are paM
urrd upon good gra,. and f-d a .niJiH
amount ol grain 31 in- imiim uiw. ..
growth made, ripened jfa.ta- mxilf,
and if tb' pig- wrr Mld directly fr-.r
pasture, would not -brink, a In tit
other ea-'. When pig have. be..n ftil
for some rnontV. ni-i gra- aionr. sm vl yr ra3k j pnjj- hl-hay
are token froa pasture trMattrn. r. it , bm-rf-l, nr It-yve wa-;on.. ylt
often found that th-r will not gam in ,nd n,,. u. rnrum-.r lUc rtmiU
weight on gram fr-ding for .r:, lr$ sv:r -nlz-r th-xo . ho travel
week,, becaas- the grain .. all ul tc ' hy jrf, onmangrab!c or fra-tio-
ripea the sappy gmwlh uKn xr-.jhr., w trihu-n and annoy other
then-fore, pig -hould aliy- V fI J hltrw.K sH thfl unruly anltaai. or
trriin witigrA AVw-vj Aios-4siKIfttjiemito nlr hon'ir Aw w'ti.
! . . . ;,.., - v. .in. .,,
; . , f,. . , -. .ht!or,i ,T
- -'-- - - .-------.-. , ,
aeighbor. and tie banco men rode ul
It is x neeeA-Jiry that a calf holtJ
be halter-broken a that a colt abouid
be. The Ume to do both U when tae
aairnal are voua. A cow that will
lead eaVUj i aach leu trotibIeoe f
uam uadr aav circamtaoc
FACT3 FOR FARMERS.
An application of pot.vh oap vritf
rrwrf t. rough trunk and branch
o! 1 0f orchard tree tiwir nrttinai -m-.th-
- j nv.Trv Ttrnt.
s I ...
Utml plowed whn it coo Trt
I"1" i to'oom,w hlt!y ainl nut W fvI t
Ir" j ncto a dr" that t -sir of ! I not
- n.. , j
- j v ... . . ir.twiAiiiiii.
vo h:i t.
'lt follouin; a-- ad
smp:ji f h'-z -' --i
enrx. N.n-bunrij; J.. . J xti
ltng. rtttI bpath arnd m
ilshl. - .V. K y.ir.n
M't . .
1 rKn to
- " ! 'HI tU.ti.r- - ,.,(,
Unsr I manr bap to mk- v f
j ' a; ni ' u,'u",
lh.' c,t, ul tb ixn
eajxi of tinr It.jueU v. r
m to i
t ti mxrt trmi
- - m. m
-lf d-Ta 1- t b- t,.r
, vt t ' X tn
bints It iJhmiUI U- tir-t ,..
the srates hntr rnutt m
' u V '' ''
u- a.mk, .
, 1 -- w-vvv "
mu h if
. B- Wll pn: ln j,,
:nn wording hrl dormj h
o ,Buwiial(lv ntU:
setter inrutt-er the horn. t4K. .
, iwi! v.nS !?. th '
! ,.n, m; ,hr ,mf. H hf.fl .
. . ...... . .i .
iiniH ttm o.ifjpn iat. ii iu.
ikmr ail morr m( ihai-
entvl u the !.- dfrgritf 4 ,
I VUr- iK,n, t .. K . 1.
v ' ,, (r Uiirn, iriU a tru .
' ' '. '
- & T - Vt - " '
. .r.,Mw...l ... t.. K..1.I kM.k ...
u, wu-Hii. -4rfU-lH wUI WH
: i ,r,k UIM, ,..
. . .
1 i'ir-iii' ui. inrr, ri,ti .e.
Tho l.ttdii .! frtm mitir a
-.- thrv ar itid(vtiul .!;'
and ply. which imvltbl p.
ihere iihImiIc 3v-pt in tKA toe
-fntenre. Thw ntrid l. Sttl
jdiuf- with lM4Ur tNNt, KAii li.i-
.1 t .. .
I UIMH" III IMULir.
It ka 1hh dtruitHl b
tuent that mnl wid pa thnx
li-tlve orgwn rtikrr th l
that if th mod I- (! ! tin t
Hit eniplv siotnucfi 11 in-- '
, ., , ,- , . . mi .
lore it I-fndv dtrt-su-l. b: if f. 1'ifier
! h.tv it beHtiies miMlfl with and
1 . 1 . t. .
' more iMMieht in iJfrive.t h.
cake vv.i- niNle.l to th. rlMn. 1
' ot jfeUing -i and on-.half i.ti(
Imtter. .light and 011-hnJf noun. lawn
oMalMed Mi oit lutalir v t.rpl U
i , . , . , , , 1
-eJ.-.-tion ui row n- l..n joli u
, , . . ,,
exJi.i richns of the mtlk in
,, ., . ,, ,
w ill nainratlv lollow th n.
. . . t
i feed to a largei .Jegree llu.ll l
1 ,, ,. , , . j
' ordltiarv cow. h.ulnou lia l.on
i ... 1 .... .
j tH'ciilturitle in tin- direction.
1 ',. .
RULES FOR HICJMWAY'
I liiJi.Hrtlon. lVh. lllM.rt.Ni. IImiiIJ
l lh. .! f t'nuntrj l.ll.
I. Make the publie ro.ols u.
-ni.e.tli. nnd le..-..nt and prolit t
travelers and in ilriviug l mirWei
-. Never thrv ruli4h of .;
into highwiiya Iu order lo gei rid
nor depo-it i-onl-v o.hI, Lg .r til
at roioMdiw. t. frighten piing ).j
II. All own.r who lnld their h
facing jt.pnire the pnbtn- road-. lo
show at e.it the ,i!ui re.pe. t lo 1 1
roads tint Iliev do t their ovv u to mU.
by exeliidlog nil ith.mIs.
t. Uetnov.t all Ih.. atom from the
wheel-true ottit a inoutti. and nil fivnd
Mf1, ..,, .,rlUn aM, ,lWfc ,,,w
jur ,,, ,.,,, ,mV tl h(iriw.,
' ,iM) fif m. Uur
, , W,r llv.-.l .lonr. ,,, unt M r...
moved. errr ihem w.jll with jiruv.il or
j other n.id m.itTi.-l.
' ll If ni. ItklMar tlifil lfnl ..(.. fnnv
tn-e dillerrut vv heoN a thousnd tlmrs
I like l'dgeba miter, nnd ta hun-
tJr, ,ijar, ,,( .lamaj,... u run.e U
Mlsjl ,.,! u,,. ,.n
7 x,.t..r iiMk.. hishwnr of rmuV.
I '- 1,", '- "" l'" 'i - .iprn-
, Mofi, p ,,, tl ,th l or r,nUn
J Mul,c oW ' w.Ui,t.r ,,.r tho
; ., ,.bnl ,li..ln.. thrv or four
1 PS" aJ"" " "'-. " ' !r
1 . eirrtdit. tvi !o abbot aud nm,! t,.
'' " ." " ai nuu to
10 Kprp .v,. rt,w ,mw,uunf,v
.t . . 1 .1 ...
W, w ,i, .,,,., IIIU wiir a.
m tr34.k wb,n lh. nWr of thr
j fo3u nctintH.r wjtfe imja-aWi.
ovr.JHJt4 iri -tiinUT.
II. In windy placer, make the win!,
ward rojd-i'efirfr of fctrb-ir. u t-
rent th accoawilation of drift f
' ta;k al T- Prinf4 ar Mb2
. Ui Urntv Hrr-and cu tlvtu
! 7 , " - u V
The obw-rranc of ihm Ifijunciion,
wil- J5 . hari. Mtkfactory j
" -or nnr- ui trat it to paj
ShWr farm aarrr lo ar-j
iasV th value of their farm.
ke P wt rljhbor. aad atacl
twy ! to ' cou-tuy.-l
f TV.- I t .
J ,,,' dM
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