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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 21, 1884)
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PVAa Mfwo who take tfce paper rer
Jariy froa the poit-offlcc. wbet-er directed U
Ma mime or whctacr he In subscriber or sol
ti repoa4ble for the pay.
The court have decided that refuting
take Bowapapera from tlio poat-oOJce, or re
amoving aod leaving tbera uncalled for, U
ejrim f m .. -r tf -' i
A MISTAKEN GIRL.
1 3 thoncbtftho wM a lovely flight,
AadalnUly Hrrayod in white,
"Willi rosy caceka and ajlaiicca briifbt.
,-. That summer day
6bo played croquet;
IJnUl benraUi a Bhajlr trep
1 i-tonpcd to rcl, which chanood to be
"Where In the kitchen I could yj,
That nutnmcr day
8he played croquet;
.And there nlonc In that hot pliicc
J Jler mother blood with care-worn face,
Jlnd ironed icown all frill and lace,
1 That Hiirnrnor day
, Bbc played croquet; j
f R-own, the very counterpart
l Of that hhe wore with witching art;
! -And o she did vA win my heart
L That summer day
8ho played croquet.
THE STOItY OF HANG TOWN.
How It Oamo to Bo Called by
That Significant Nam.
The winter of M8-D was not severe in
the Dry Diggin'tf. The population was
made tip of Englihh-.spcaking people,
Sandwich Iwlnndere, old Californians,
and such as could get there before the
lide of MI) wet in. Miners from the
forks of the American rivers had made
their winter quarters there, and there
was, no doubt, a pile of gold dut big
enough to (empt the cupidity of enter
prising highwaymen. The log cabins
of the men lay along both sides of the
main ravine and its branches, and these
-were usually divided into two rooms,
the berths or fclecping-eribs being built
tip, one above another, on both sides of
this partition, whieh was usually cov
ered With while muslin; but the logs did
not com'; eIo.;a together, and they who
lay in bed on the one side might hear
much, of that whieh was spoken, even
in a low lone of voice on the other side.
Jt m fell out. that one night an Ameri
can, lying awake upon one side, became
interested in what was transpiring in the
Jiouse of his neighbors, who were French
men. It seems that there was a visiting
party of three countrymen there and the
entire company had passed the evening
playing, somebody losing heavily. The
occupants of the house had retired to
their berths, and one of the visiting
party proceeded to rifle the chest while
the other two Mood villi drawn dirk.,
liy the beds, threatening instant death
if cither of the sleepers moved. All of
this wa overheard by our friend Nutter,
-who understood French. The end of
the cabin occupied by his company was
next below, and only a few yards di.
tance from the ball in whieh we lived,
and for which wo paid the modest little
sum of $r,W 100 each-the other half
of our hou.se being owned by a Martin,
"who with bis wife anil two children
.Now il so happened that in tho long
'evenings and balm' days our little room
was made to subserve the interests of a
spelling circle, debating, court of jud
icature for the trial of imaginary o flenses,
and a court of equity for the settlement
of differences between friends. It had
.fallen to my lot to preside, and to this
date matters had been arranged so as
that all felt that even-handed justice
?mtl been dealt out.
Vtty naturally Nutter, the American,
made his appearance early next morning
seeking advice. There was no Justice of
the Peace there, for the laws of the
United States had not been extended
over this region. There was no alcalde
.except in the old settlements and mis-
-sloris. It was acy.se requiring prompt
dispatch. The villains might already
lie moving off with their stolen gold
dust, or, what was even worse, perhaps
-domiciled in our very midst, like a lion
in his lair, ready lo pounce upon some
-other unwary one. The result of a con
ference was that Nutter was appointed
Sheriff, to give these neighbors a call,
:tnd ak for information concerning
Ahose visitors who came and went in
the pitchy darkness. The Frenchman
refused for fear of venganee, until, upon
a second visit they were notified they
themselves would be arrested as con
federates unless they revealed what
they knew. There was a cabin standing
rtt the distance of, say, a quarter of a
anile away from all others.out in a lonely
ravine, past whieh men from tho forks
usually came with their treasure. How
St came there, when it came, who lived
there, what they did, was all a mystery.
One old man was sometimes seen, but
2ic was busy, appearing lo notice nothing
inn, his work. Nevertheless, suspicion
Jmd often pointed her finger at that hab
itation when omc robbery had been
"committed, or some murdered man found
"by the wayside, and when Nutter re-
-dJimed with his report that seven men
Jived lucre; and that the three robbers
xvcre a pwrt of that band, itrequired no
Jong speeches to bring the company to
s decisive stand.
.Locked in for the season by wretched
ro:ids impassable for teams ten miles
rtfrom the nearest settlement Sutter's
-mill the discover)' of a nest of vipers
at work in our very midst caused each
one to feel it to be important that no
time be lost. The two Frenchmen were
-warned not to move out of their house,
nor to communicate by signs or other--visc
with anyone during the day. Mcan--wrhile
word was quietly given to such
.as could be relied upon to act. Egyp
tian darkness reigned that evening when
Gutter opened the door where the
scvcn armed sat around the supper
table, and charged them with the theft.
In an instant hands moved to the re---volvers
bv the sides, a shrill whistle by
hc Sheriff checked them, and when
twenty brave men armed like them
selves came through that door and stood
iiround them, they surrendered. The
excitement was intense.
Ex-Judge i.usscll of Oregon, was
tJiere at the time, and as I declined to
take the responsibility in the presence
of one skilled in law, he took the bench.
Ji. court ws organized, jury impanneled,
prosecuting attorney and prisoners'
ounscl appointed, in order that every
hing should be done fairly. The result of
-Jiie tirst trial was that nothing beyond
-the act of robbery was proven, and the
three on Sunday morning received a
service of thirty-nine lashes on the bare
tmck, although none doubted that they
Reserved hanging. They had escaped
One of the men they called him
Trench Charley a short ,stout, restless
-fellow rftfo a fee tnat might index the
jkhiI of a fiend vociferated in his native
tongue against all the participators in
that act Soon it came out that there
weie thlrtf-three members of the band
operating otherwheres. This awful
42erlev was the lieutenant He vowed
to indee, wry, ana au conseraea.
rbeug interpreted fired thepop-
firudeftce forbade the further
tao of the feateoqe, L e.f bankb-
menifiom the diggings. Il would have
been, J ike letting a pack of blood-houndt
looic to prey upon the villagers. The
excitement was attended by the mo;t
tormenting anxiety, as the court sat
with open doors day after dav, deter
mined to do nothing rashly. Men were
out in all directions, traveling slowlv
and on foot, yet getting over ground,
notifying all to come and look at tho
prisoners, who did not boem to be un
eas, being confident they would not
hang without clear and conclusive ev
idence. This they believed could not
Little did they believe that their days
were even then numbered, and that
they would be buried, three in one grave,
with their boots on and the hempen
collar around their necks, and that from
this awful fate rhould grow the name ef
The desired witness was mooving
leisurly along, little thinking that lm
voice would seal their death warrant
Once he had lccn asa:lcd. Once tho
knife gleamed above him and he fell.
When he revived he wjh alone, his
money gor.e. but the face of the would
be murderer had Iwen indelibly en
graved upon his mind. As he entered
the court-room with a friend he caught
sight of this Charley at once, his checks
paled, and he stood for the moment
transflxed. Ilystauders noticed all this,
and managed to draw Charley's at
tention. The robber looked, and in his turn
was surprised, but it was not much
astonishment he did not look long.
There are scenes in some lives that lix
themselves with the unvielding tenacity
of memory. This hardened sinner said
that his innocent life had been as a man-o'-v.'ars-rnan.
He had been a slaver,
robber and pirate, and when a-ked to
confess said that he had never ceased
to see blood from the time of tiie tir.-t
murder. He had not lo-t sight of that
face which he left for dead. All eyes
were riveted on him when he sprang
toward the now comer exclaiming:
"you alive! you here!" and tearing
open the shirt bosom his eye caughi
sight of the fear his knife had made, as
he exclaimed: "I'm a dead man! Thi
.M'ttles my case!'' And it did. Three
times tried for his life, and cleared
through a flaw in the indictment, he
had found conviction where he least
expected it. Two long lines of armed
men, standing shoulder to shoulder,
formed the guard, through which those
three men marvhed to the gates of dc.itX
that second solemn Sunday morning.
IVly neighbor had placed her two bos
in inv charge, that what I saw thev
might sec. I5ut it is a sad. sail sight
that of three men writhing in the
agonies of death, and we did not .itav.
The rest of the band were warned.
They kept olf.
The effect was magical. No stealing,
no running off horses,no murders; one's
purse migbl lie upon tho door-tep all
day, none would touch it aft r that.
The .story w:is told far ami wide. As
spring restored good roads and many
left, each with hi own acount.soine for
Oregon, some for California, .some for
the States, and some for San Francisco
(Verba Huono), the incident of the
writer was related to crowds of attentive
And that is how the "Dry Diggins''
south of the American fork of the Sac
ramento Hiver came to be called "Hang
To vn. ' ' Chicago Herald.
Ununtirul Nataro X'roildlug: Now Land for
Man to Conquer.
fleographers complain that soon there
will be no more worlds for them to con
quer, ami the Danes have ever since the
loss of the duchies, looked forward with
doleful forelxidings to the time when
their country will be still further shorn
of its fair proportions. Nature is. how
ever, bountiful, and now, by throwing
up a new. island ofl the shores of Ice
land, it has added in an appreciable de
gree to tho territories of King Christian
and to the regions which still await the
explorations of the traveler. It is true
that the new land is only a volcanic
cone, and as it was the result of .subter
ranean lire, may, like so many of its
predecessors born of the throes of
mother earth, sink again into the ocean
from whence it sprang. At various
times, especially after some severe dis
turbance of llekla. .similar islets have
for a brief period hown themselves
above the waves, but generally, with
the exception of Nyoe, which was
thrown up bust century, have been worn
away by the action of the surf before
geologists could accurately examine the
volcanic scoria: and ahcsof whieh they
weru composed. In 1S11 Captain Til
lard of II. M. S. Sabrina, witnessed
such an Lslet arise during a volcanic
outburst in the Azores and proudly
named it after his .ship. Hut when he
returned a few weeks later to survey
and annex his acquisition not a trace or
Sabrina Island was visible. The fees
had reclaimed it. In the volcanic
region of the Mediterranean several
similar births of land have been re
corded by ancient and modern writers.
Hut the most notorious of them was
Graham Island, which arose in the
year 1831, some thirty miles off the
southwest coast of Sicily. For a few
weeks much ink was shed over it, and
at one time it was feared that gunpow
der would be burnt in the assertion ol
the angry claims which were made foi
this wretched 2,300 yards of Etnaie cin
ders. The names of Seiacca, Julia.
Hotham, Graham and Corrac were suc
cessively given to it by the fiery mari
ners who cruised around it ready tc
land and hoist their countries' flags the
moment the scorise cooled. Hut before
Europe was embroiled in war about it
Graham Island vanished and so settled
the dispute in its own simple way. Aft
er the destruction of Krakatoaby the
great Java earthquake in 1S83 twenty
one new islets appeared in the Sunda
Strait.and onry last year one hitherto un
known rose above the sea off the shores
of Alaska. In all of these eases vol
canic action has been the ostensiblt
cause of the formation of these specks
in the ocean. Hut in 1S71 Captains
Luzen and Mack discovered lo the north
of Nova Zerabla a group of islets jus'
above the sea, on tne very spot where,
in 1594, William. Harenti had found
soundings. On the two largest, whieh
were named Hrown and llellwald's
Islands, tropical fruits were picked up,
tossed thither by the northern extension
of the gulf stream. Hence the group
was named the Gulf Stream Islands;
and as the land in this portion of the
polar basin is undergoing a slow secular
elevation, just as in other places it L)
sinking, in the course of a century or
two the Arctic navigator may find in
tnat direction something worthy of s
flag and an entry on bis chart London
A Parisian experimenter has discov
ered that man is more sensitive to the ef
fects of morphine than is in any other an
imal. A dog can take five timer, as mucl
of the drug and a monkey fifty times a
much in proportion to their respectin
weights as a human being.
A SENSE OF HUMOR.
A Girt Which May f rMMl. list Cat.
Xot Jh Acquired.
What dull reading are the works of
an author who can not comprehend a
joke. There are writers likeSirTIiomas
Hrown, whows witty fancy enlivens tho
driest subjects, and there are others
who "hold a pen of lead' in treating
of the most interesting matter. Tho
elder historians mostly possessed a
keen M.n-e of humor; the page of
FroLart and De Comincs1 are mot
amusing reading. How drilv does the
latter remark upon the peculiarity in
the wars of England which recent
events seem to show is unfortunately
not obsolete in these days. "The En
glish are the bravest nation in tho
world in the field, but in matters of
uolicv their enemies ca.silv outwit
thorn", and what they gain in battle
they lose at the council thus
was King Ed bubbled and outwitted."
How uaint, too, is his description of
the so itary Parliament Louis XL sum
moned during his reign, when he called
it together to pleae the people, but
took care onl' to summon such per
bons as would not oppose hi.s designs.
What a contrast is presented by the
pages of Hurnet, who might almost
stand as the type of a man devoid of the
power of appreciating the humorous
aide of anything. Those readers of the
good bishop's ponderous "history" who
po.-scaa an edition with Swift's "notes"
addefl, may, however, find much
amusement in their perusal of the
work. The wicked wit of the tory
Dean play.s around the prosy text of the
whig writer, and is as cruel as Mr.
Harebell's muttered Fudge" in de
stroying the effect of the solemn narra
tion When, for example, in his pre
face, Hurnet indulges hi a long pcrra
tion about the .-acred duty of an
historian to tell the truth, and in an
excess of conscientiousne.-s, bids his
reader take even his own carefully ui
pared history with "a grain of allow
ance." Swfft notes: "I will take js
warning." Again, when HurnVt is
describing the' extreme length of
the services of the Scotch
church: "I remember on this Fast
Day six sermons were preached
without intermission. I was there my-
.self, and was a little weary of so tedious
a service," Swift has the cruelty to
add, Hurnet. at this time, w:us eight
years old?" Hut still more like Mr.
Hurehell is the curt "Sad trah."
Dark Non.scnse," which Swift appends
to some of the mot .solemn moraliz
ings of the historian. Yet witty
as was the great dean himself, his.sen.s6
of the humorous wa of a difl'erent de
seription to the genial humor of Chaucer
or Shakespeare. They laughed at the
absurdities of their fellowa; but their
laughter was of the kindly, good
natured description, in which even its
object himself might have joined. Tho
bitter satirical wit of Pope and Smith
Is of a widely different character from
the genial mirth whieh diverts without
wounding. It is the crowning quality
of many of our greatest humorists that
they are humorous without being
malicious: that their wit is thoroughly
free from ill-nature; that theyaeknowf
edge all the good in humanity while
laughing at its little weaknesses. That
some of their works are tinged with
the coarseness of their age it is im
possible to deny; it was the fashion of
their era to be. more outspoken than in
these days; and yet, considering some
of our modern literature, it is diflicult
to see that the older writers are worse
offenders than many of our modern
brethren, who have not the same genius
to redeem their pages.
The sense of humor is a gift which
can not be acquired: it must be innate.
There still exist persons who will feeb
ly ask to have some good joke "ex
plained to them." These unfortunates
are blind in a mental sense, and can
onl' be resigned to their infirmity. The
sense of humor is lacking in them, as
the ear for music or the eye to appre
ciate a picture is lacking in others. To
try to cultivnte this missing power is as
hopeless as were the efforts of the Ger
man Haron (mentioned by Wahab, or
one of his correspondents) to cultivate
sprightliness. This wealthy Teuton,
being refused by an English lady on the
ground that ho was "not lively enough."
annoyed his neighbors in the rooms be
low by spending hours leaping solemn
ly over his table. On being asked
the reason for this strange conduct, he
gravely replied. "J'apprends d'etre
vif" ("I am learning to lie lively"). It
is a pitiable sight to behold a person
actually devoid of a sense of humor
groping dimly after the point of a joke.
It is the old story of the Scotch judgo
who, hearing a joke one day in court,
"simmered" the subject in his mind till
the morrow, when the point of the joke,
suddenly broe upon him. and he cried:
"I hae ye noo." Some persons never
attain to even this tartly enlightenment,
and will freeze a good" story-teller by
solemnry asking: "Was that a joke?"
Equally" devoid of avtrue sense of hu
mor are the persons who perpetrato
foolish hoaxes and utter poor jokes.
Practical jokes, so fashionable some
generations back, are the most idiotic
of all jests. What wit is there in being
a greater falsehood toller than your
neighbors suspect you to be? London
Robert Bonner, writing of the
groom who takes care of Maud S. says:
"He sleeps on a cot in her stall, and
one night recently, when the weather
was warm, but threatened to turn cold
he purposely went to bed with very lit
tle clothingci himself knowing that if
it turned cold during the night he
would wake up, when he could put ad
ditional clothing on the mare. If the
men who figure in divorce suits would
treat their wives half as kindly as this,
our courts would not have so much to
A Binghamton clergyman de
nounces roller-skating rinks for girls
on account of their demoralizing char
acter. Nothing demoralizes a girl more
when she is gliding along on roller
skates, than to suddenly reach out af
ter the unattainable with both feet and
sit down emphatically on her shoulder
blades. It quickly destroys her appe
tite for roller skating. Xorristown
The Xew York Truth says: There
are four miles of tunneling under Ha!
lett's reef, near Hell Gate, and along
4he sides and roof of this tnnnel are not
less than 250,000 two and three-inch
holes, drilled in the rock. It will re
quire $360,000 worth of explosives to
nil these holes, and about a year from
now the spark will be struct, and the
greatest artificial earthquake on record
A California bee-keeper takes the
positioa that bo plant makes abetter
pasture for bees than alfalfa clover.
The honey made froea it, he says,,
alrsoet qal to that from white clovec
Him AND POINI.
Wealth ha its cares a wcU a pov
erty but they are more popular.
There Is something fanny in an
elopement that happeas in the family of
some one ele. A. Y. Picayune
An eminent authority on the "Ner
vous Maladies of Pug" announce that
"quinine is good for dogs." I: U not
nearlv as good a fctrvckalne. Abrrw-
"U Life Worth Living?" was th
interesting topic dLscus.Hi in one of our
-?hurcbe recentlv, ami the question re
cells the witty "but truthful aa-wer:
"It depends on the liver." lioitor
The old rnans doll:
"Only a rny Ulooa,
Only a tr of Map.
Ix-ft on the tair by tin? hired slrl.
and the old man slide with terrible whirl
.iiotru the JawJ Ioj.
Jiay City PrfU.
"Did you come down on the .street
car this morning?" asked Jones of old
man Hunter. "No. sir, I came down
on a darned innocent-looking banana
peel, was the reply as the old fellow
hnt it uniili! !..
nned alonir- rjirutian Advocate. either entireiv oim,-ii. or -neiiereu wu "" -," - - ; ,:t, ' .
- -cientitic exchan-e sav. thnt "a J louvre boards, on the south. If built ueMr to noiu uu aoni uu" ur .
a .tiinuiit iscnan j m inai a whle- . mut make hi contract ol
drain to le a prohtable mve-tm-nt tna-. tut can o?j m n uiy anu w.in .'. n..nunv
must be a penv incut improvement." ome throughout . the year, cmploj meat aecordlDj;! -
Men have ione into a nermanent im- 'Hie doors of such budding-. ei TKMu:tr.nTOU .ot t ncWTOR.
a profitable investment, and found it ought to open by hiding. hiep fonuaure of the contract, must t cer
nothing but a drain ever . since. .oirc.7 , in going in or coming out of their . tain and unconditional In full of the
An astronomer once confidently
announced that a big comet that was )
approaching the earth would not
destroy it "How do you know?" he
was a.sked. "I don't know." he re
plied; "but in either ca.e I am afe. II
it d(ts nt knock the world lo pieces. I
shall be considered a prophet. If il
do-, they can't blow me up in the
new-papers." A. Y. ledger.
When a Virginia belle was once
surprised bv her father in a parlor of a
hotel at the i lute sulphur Spring- Mip-
- .--. ... .- i
porting upon her shoulder the head ol
a middh'-aired admirer, she at once di
aniipd the impending rebuke bv vx
clai'ning: "Surelv. father, this is not
the first time ou have seen an old head
on ; oung shulder.s?"
Old gent "Stop! Stop! Do you
know what you :tre doing?" Seedy
stranger "Ye.-, sir; but 1 can' help it,
sir. I was about to steal a loaf ol
bread. 1 am starving, sir." "No mat
ter. I lon't ;. ou know that if you should
steal a loaf of bread vou would be im
prisoned?" "Yes, 1 know that; but t
what can I do. sir? I must live."
"Well, if you will -teal, take the whole
bakery, and then you can compromise
with the proprietor." Philadelphia
The parasol question: lSefore mar
riage "Kxcuse me. Oeorge. Did mv
parasol hurt vou.- "Uh, no: mv
dear: it would ne a pleasure it it mu.
After marriage "Oreat heavens! there
was never a woman under the sun that
knew how to earrv a para-ol without
scratching a fellow's ecs out:"
there never was a man that
enough to walk on the right side of a i
ttnuian ttiwi a paraso.. ne.e is,, t
,tl ..MI.l llMtIO ll'tt It l IklllXI.
any right side to a woman with a para-
sol." A. Y. Post
Where They Cin From l'rofesMon
tTeldlnc the IjtrKfHt NiiiiiImt.
For many years past we have mado
statistics our especial study. We revel
in statistics of such an entertaining
character a those relating to bank
ruptcy, criminals, rainfall, atmospheric
pressure.railway rates, thunder-storms,
duration of sunshine, etc.. but we have,
never hitherto found anything so much
to our taste as the statistics of insanity
and occupation. Some one has gone
to the trouble of compiling a list of sta
tistics showing the particular occupa
tion followed by the inmates of the dif
ferent public and private lunatic asy
lums in Kngland before their incarcera
tion. From this it appears that the
prolesional and commercial groups ,
.tiem nt iai u.e. ia,ge-i . pipo. mas. is )ftun , t.h:ir.ictT wluit we i.inv call
varying from live per 1.000 m soldiers MippriMl.tIml K it attacks ihe inter
to 8.4 in civil engineer-- and 2.1 in . A ()f V
arsists to 1.0 in the teaching and lee- d Jjougl, thee mav mflVr at the
i.... ei.s. i''"nnuu.. ,
travelers sianu nigu. i.. per i,ir.)). in
the agricultural, faniers and veterinarv
.,,.., I, . .1 ,
.ead the Int. 3 ..I; while shep- ,
henlsmid gamekeepers are the lowest.
0.o. Of mauiifaeturers. pap,.r-makers
are lowest. 0.8: while of handicraft. .
I. , , '.. " a ' , '
iiia.iw: iiiiibcik -! iri-iiiai. r I
tnrv u-lum tboir iet.,r.. ore reieetiwl
'. ". . J .. t
uia u t.iiiiiut uuiii;isiiiiiii int. .iii en
gineer, who, as a rule, has about the
pleasantest occupation among the pro
I.... ...rt n.n .t n.l..f,n.l l .-. I .. I
fession, unless it be a struggling anil
ers and glazier
cerviil n ennfulin
.,.. . .... .. ... .......
nile, the lower class of laborors have
It is csneciallv nleasin? to find the ner-
centage of journalists and parsons is too
small to be recognized. This is doubt
less due to the highly moral lives led
by these two branches of the intellectual
professions. Loudon Sjortman.
MR. EDISON'S SEARCH.
Re Ia to Devote Five Yean to the Elimina
tion of the Steam Engine. v
nickinor vourself up and trvmg it again '
ingnesi, i.y. ne group oi person ,.,. .,, ;-,, - ,. ., ,Ul... . , or consume in his bu-ine- dtirinr tlm
employed in the heavier kinds of ' J . . w ,, - - :',. h" then enduing season of such Inu-ine-n . I snow httle alxiiit jtl ihi nietftf it
manul labor yields a loer proportion , vj't ; certain v the limit of time, such amount , tnli unrien. A mnu md Wit
than anv other. 048. miners being ,ho (J; 1 aXdl e ipposetl by the parties about a cermin - g- a 'l,?' tSS, of
lowest of its constituent classes.0..k A e . rf, f . iinillirilies M, 'named quantitv, U not wanting in the ightnig a u y;l n mire artte of
can understand soldiers going wrong f1 J l mI "l,c J-. . M element of mu tualitt. The buver U a. brawly In New rk W ith rnMht
in the head, because they have frc- S ii r" ir 1, "'!' bonn.l to lnn- from the seller , hy m n Nh we u ImitoW any
qucntly to go into burning hot climates. ! rc 1 ' nnJ. Vld rS ' M P ,,(' ""M ""! hl hU ' Uml "f '"J? T"
where they are exposed to sunstroke . J111 lhno expert than we afe w I. n v ham
and other evils. We can also under- J t "11! ' Ui teller is to?urnhh L ? J'"1 f T"
oo.i ..fif nMi..r n,..,,-; tt,r,,. 1111..1U1 10 oanisn. -ts 10 t innate in the 1 ,. ,irSL the ulufi we njke. Vi
an. numbers, paint- ,. nv ""."." " '"j""""; , ue-1 cnases propenv under laise renv-i.v iH,n vnmn cor utr utr ikwt ami
s, of course, e-o wron" lltfve nw " ' noz ,n emate alone that . tions as to his ability topay for it. tho Kruneh trw aaI bai.ets u paofe Uief
at the wav thev have '" wt lo lv '" ",r rtl,CI nor is itirom giving of a note for the projerty. and a m. v jy one iinr! ot i uurcojj.
r nnblie. while n unigs ou are 10 exiiect a radical cure, t oart navment. will not defeat an action rr take the pattern aJ waKti ourt by
"The great secret of doing away with pro(IuctJon of a sct of tri,onoinctrjMl I land cannot be reached i,r an swmn t. in ui hl ,jfofM U
the mtermediarv furnaces, boilere. hl -,.,-1V,-- , , , , creditor ot the nusianu uue .--. whlcJl 11 jH a eat m ogftt muit
steam engines and dynamos will ba ' Sw?n to .ndadogiaaia, ml?U th n
found, probablv, within ten years. I Ired for the oce
have been working away at it for some Jand and Ireland, and a limited numb?r . wife TI.e facHhat the nou- wa mado . StSSt-'
months and have got to the point where , of copies printed-it is said only Lhirtv. . arable to the husband and wife does j l,ie " " r. -,
an apparently msurmouuiaoie oosiacie iney consist 01 tables of logarithm-, not in the view of the court, indicate. WmsKr hnfsHU ttti aai aad aenret
confronts me. Working at the problem and log. sines, tangents, cosines and, .W jt was to be the hu-band'- Kou- the heart of the murderer. al hh
now seems to me very much like driv- cantangents. to even second. Kouhlv 5u ct al vs. Flower, alm'r.; Supreme b-o dmuncn! on nearly eTfry gal
ing a ship straight for the face of a speaking, they contain about six mif-! Court of Kentnckv. 1 !ow4 that crer wa erecsL It h4 tm-
precipice and when you come to grief , lions of liirures. Thenroofshffr.i ' norerisfecd. bratiTk'l asd dlvzratxtl
to-morrow. There is an opening in tho were care'rullv examined and compared. A quit-claim deed, a ltweea tho ,i,c niovg 0f 33 aajraxabt r
barrier somewhere and some luckj man with other tables no less than M?ven ! parties takes eiTeet from the lime of .-rt for gracration yet to cook.
will find iL I have got far enough to times. From Mr. Kabbah's pref-ce, axecution, without regard to the re- Qkuxtg Uemtd,
know tnat tne tnmg is possioic. 1 can ,
mnyz ttrn ti1 cr tt cottk fiermiT,a
but the results were laboratory curios.- f
ties onlv. I give myself five years to
work at it and shall think xnvseli lucky
.V":.-- .- - -
11 x suceeeu in tnt iixue.
..-r. r -c 1.1 -.
get quite a current now directly from ing seven errors were found in the Court of Illinois. cae ol -Mciata vs.. THEJiqcor-euer ot erooUrn.N. y..
the combusion of fuel. Jablochkofi logarithms and one in the differences CalL Also, where a secret mortgagor bad a procJoa recently; the Blade
tried his hand at the same thing some These bein corrected, the ctA,-ti nuit-elaimcd to his ?ecrct mortgagee. Slziix. the pcsitentJiMT vw. whkh
abb unscienuuu worm u uo wu- reasonably be concluded that thev are
ceptiou of what such a discovery woujd absolutely correcL Ckambcn" 'Jour
mean. It would put an end to bouers i.
and steam angines: it would make
power about one-tenth as cheap as .1 A jrarbace sifting machine, in ne.
now; it would eaaWe a steamship to in New York will make way rith one! L B3" et" fhJf- XZfJt Teo
crossthe Atlaatic at a somina! cost: hundred and forte ton- of m . preme Court of Ohio fcem ar.,T!
. -,..1 .i.r- .... wv- --..-... -. . 'm' . . -- --x i rHirsuaacc o a ----
:.i.-nW.cwr--iC.j i-- .-' uy. one Huaarea tou are lousd to "-"" r JU. tkearh smek heaJdre
his own ctoria-; it woreroltttromtae be valuahle, aad so olr forty toas are , IJrSSlS nteV
the UHltrial Morid.-PutfMirlfki, carted away waate. 'Tho cd, iros, bi Ufn P0tI t-" r"
Timti. tin. sjliM. rap and rarr ?reT.d. l ---..
SHELTERS FOR SHEEP.
A writer in Jt Sonant d CVr
ftrucicur wferrvd to by the American
Architect a "tho clever rchiti cf
the bca-iW dweiti ihe proper tray
of building shelter for jdwp. The
following brief .suramin of bis sttggtx
tions b given In tb ArchCtcU
ts... .. .,:ti.. ,. Urn rrtvlaM
upon the ordioarv elge .htsJ um1 for
the mirooM. U that thev an: not uffi-
ricntlr ventilated for the health of te
hecp. In orway. it i W. a hCii
as In Holland, which has a much
.hcvp lire out of door the year round
rfthnnt inrnnvenhnce: bnt where
.1 . r .it;-,.. w
,titution are kept, thev should be nro-1 not Income an insurer of nccr In the
vidml with a cover to protect them budnes. He dor not. by merely ac
from the heat of the .un in jmnrorr, I renting the employ meat, p:arant- hl
and in winter from rain and w-: no. , principal apiixul uch tnddatal !o
which ak their fleeces, and often as may oceur la the course of thebud
.:n .,,.. f..tii.- -n,.. J1MU f,r this ' ne: because then are IncidcMt to all
nurtiole mar with advantage W cIomm!
with a wall on the north de. but left
"" '""", " """ w..,...... , ,
I iKfialh. -hould Ih? verv wide amU
I . . . , i. . i . .s.t ,-.,.,,- .lt..i i.ni t ihtt irdtal
houses, crowd upon each otuer, all tn- reitic debt and not in port. anl thii
ing to get out at once; and in the nile applies whether the obligation ii
cnish the lambs are sometimes killed, j to le dischargetl in money or in .-jo-whilc
the -heep nearest the sides of the citic articles. So held by the Supreme
doorway are pu-luHl against the tim- (urt of tlcorgia in tht? cae of ihller
hers or "stone-, and often leave tufts of v. Howell, decldetl on October 2d The
their wool on the shnrp edges, or suffer
bruise--. To prevent this in pari, the
"architect of the lea-t.s" recommends
that the jambs should be provided
with vertical rollers to prevent friction,
and facilitate the movement-- of the
sheep neare-t the -hie. With the same
idea of preventing the crushing of the
. . .....:.... ,...: K- .. ..1 .......
V;s "-"", ., J V U ... J
i ... . - . . a '
: , . V , -. : .. . .
pueed in on each ide of it, slight lv av-
cendiug to the threshold, wtiiiii
raided. With these Uie crowding in the
opening cannot take pluct. as the
sheep at the edges of the platform ar?
pushed olf before they reach the door.
In allotting -pace for homing a dock,
it may be u-eful to remember that the
-hortir diameter of a sheep, or the
-pace lie oeeup'et when eating, side by
side with other-, .s about twenty inches,
while the average lcngih is about tiv
feet. The rack generally u-ed for feed
ing measures about nineteen inches in
width, so tittit twenty inches by six
feet seven inches will be the space n
quircd for each animal while standing
llrl Nature i.ipi.diif-4 uxnl Ilor U
.tiny lie fiired.
Uheumntism , as often as not.
cau-ed by overeating, and esj)eciallt
by over indulgence i;i meat, which U
certain to cause an excels of uric acid.
sui n-iidiT the bodv liable, on expo-un
,(, :ina.(ju.k. 'cknow
that old people :.re proverbially Habit
rheumati-m. The reasons for this arf
not far to seek. One is that joints and
ligaments are harder and stiller, ami
very often contain a deposit urate oj
soda. Another is that, as a rule, peo
ple up in years eat more than is neces
sary to support life, under the mistaken
notion that they want a deal of nour
ishment to keep them up. I s;ty that,
on the contrarv. the wear and tear oj
ti-siie is but trifling compared to what
it is in earlier manhood, and that far
less food is required. Therefore, if an
elderly person would live long, and hr
free from aches and pain3, and be calm
in mind -for that isa great de-uleratuin
he or she must live abstemiously,
more of le -.
Chronic rheumatism is far more com
mon than most persons are aware of.
It is a disease quite indigenous to thesr
Mos of mt am, cuttin v..jn,j,: but il
j3m(1 thm; Hut manv a lilIK. nm
a person complains of his liver
.fill. Wl UtlHI SI .1 Ilk ll 111111,1 llWIi.
w , , of ,,. -j; ,. '
. h , , , , , , . f , tin ,
. poiwnP(1 willl nrie acilL
J nnw Jjn o(, nava, . fc
,..it ,.r .,.i..r- ,r- .. t; ..f ;M,i;,r.'i;n
savs ne can altvats
l:ewi I iieiiiiiausin. juucil IUIgllt UC
,.f -1 .: . t. - , . .
n.il htlt vli!it limoL-a ? f!
..---. -'-- --"- .vw.y
it that one so
journs at Ventnor. Koine, Ha-tings or
Harrogate, if he goes on manufactur
ing in his system the very acid or acids '
e must go to the founLam head of the i
cm. uciuuuuiu'iiii 10 tne organs 01
digestion, and to a regimen calculated
to crush the evil in the
Astronomical and mathematical
tables requires great care in printing,
and verv- few are issued which can be
relied ujon as absolutely correcL
Charles Uabbage superintended t!o
revised be several et nf r-.i.. .i 1
we learn that after the final stereolvo-'
l...i. i x ... .'."
to anv nnp-hnr
--- ' c;- i,;.
j. . u,u ! rauc m w.w na .
iirmrh twn iS;--r.-i .t :. 1
-. .--.- --v-s.-.. JfcIUaj ,.
.,.,..-. i iv .. :. i ,
lkk .K..k . Sa.!..- IT.v v . -
ii-ii irniiii t -1 1 1 riitiiiriini v t s. .. &.. . r t - v . t a.a. . m.r.mmw . .. s
-.Milniwr-ff-rj latter conveved the premises toatnira -- aioog. xoiiowect w r
up in ine nan at ism- uunucuw.n... . - -;-
-inl.1 fin - ; . , Trtv. who "bad actual knowledge of about a wile rrry appropriaielr.
: ..". '"rrr1" r"-..:. t-;-, ; --. hi!d that the -
t t- ' - ? . . - i. en, r - a . im i , 111. , . - --
i 9 m 11
SMe-fOJlKicUnylwrtfe- "SUeS !a4a
trl Gi. ? t&as -
coxxisto$ Ki:uatA.vr wwcwint-
A co-n-ika utrrchant w a"
plorixl to purchae sraia for a mill
conixranr. hi iairueim brooj: to by
Krt-it wKi! h ItAu-vnl to ho ad
i v . 1. ..-.!. ...n,-t. ir YA I
damp, and the mill company bnmsfct J
j M to recuvor Ums-rsaml Ja the trUJ !
court got a judj-mrtU lor mont
, er. i cc t..i- : 'r'S
, Corn panv r. McWan. "rf
Mch rercr: ta vwuws -w
court, in the otttttioa boldinx
nnf fmnlovrd rimtdv A an airrat dW4
. arociiiions. an.l no one, b tmplleaUon
of law. ever undertake to protre. an-
. tender, to be etlivtual as a per-
Court said, in rendering jmlgmont:
The party to whom the tender i made
must Ih" able to take Immediate
oss.sion at the time and place agreed
on in the contract. If no place be
agreel tn, the property must b etr
netl to the jKTon entitleI to it If re
dding ithui the State, unless front thu
nature of the article or contract anoth
er place of deli verv mav b inferred- If
I. - .. .
tile articles l cumorous he may ue
mand that the nveier appoint a con-
i venient place of delivery, and on fail
ure to do so thu tender will ue com
OOOll WILL OK A I1CSINK KIC1ITS VV
vi-vt.,ii, iMi i-i itntwi'it
I.IM'lt .- . V !.
The recent deeWon of the KngHsh
Court of Appeal-, in thy ea-e of Pear
son vs. Pearson, involving thu sUIe id
a business ami the good will thereof,
will hate an inijKjrtnut Waring on
similar eitise-in the L uitttl Stale-. In
the final decision it was held that 5n
the ab.-ence of anv special agreement
! nit ttuf.itrt kiitL (Iti irAail U'l! I t f
his busine-s, the purchaser alone has
the right to rcpre-ent that he is earn-
ing on or has succeeded to that bud-
nc"s; that the seller mat set up a slmi-
lar busings in the same neighborhood
or elsewhere, and mav not onlv pub -i
liclv a,lterti-e it. but " also s,dicit and
deal with his former customers; but
-..eh l.im!ii.s4 mn-L not be earned ....
undir the old name or sttle. and the
seller must not represent that he is
carrving on or continuing tho business
which he lias sold.
AeTIN'; FOK lKCKIT-l.vrKSTlOV.
"False irpreentations dc not amount
to a fraud at law in such easo unities
they be made with a fraudulent intent.
Of course, to constitute a fraudulent
intent it i- not tueeary that the party
knew them lo be fal-e. The intent to
deceive mat be shown in either of three
ways: 1. That the party knew hi . to allirin that for the chcerfojr $: "I
.statements to Ik false; or -'. that, bav- ! prgres in TemiK-rnaee n-Kc of
ing no knowledge of their truth or , which we hate jwken wonrifeieVifr In-fal-ity,
be did not lielicve them to Iwi debttnl to the quiet. jHitieat, pratfM itf.
true; or 21. that, having no kuotvledgo 1 fortu of Ocd-fenring uwa td vroM-en lo
of them, he yet represented them lobe reform the drinker ami to mV tho
true to his own knowledge. In the first j drinking habit idot. Tf-tjN-tiMe
case there would Ik a knowingly false j legislation ha had h jmrt to jly t
assertion as to the facts; in the "second j the great w-K; Imt whftlerrr eaVWory
as lo his liehcf, and in the third as lo i
his knowletlge of the fact, and in each
case the fit tent to dTeiv would In a
nece--nry inference." Supreme Court
of Minnesota. Humphrey Vs. Merriam.
The case of the National Furnace
Company vs. Keystone Manufacturing
Company, appealed to the Supreme
Court of Illinois involved the mutuality
of a contract for pig-iron, the court in
its decision holding that a contract be- I
twecn a manufacturer of pig-iron ami ,
another who is engaged in a business j
requiring the li-e of that article, that
the fornier.will siipiily to the latter all
the pig-iroi which he should need, uuii '
FALSE KEl'KE&KNTATION? -WAIVr.lt.
In the recent case of Cain v. Dicken-
son. involving false representation-, the
Supreme Court of New Hampshire ren-
that where one pur-
hr the vender noon the false reore.enta
tions when the receipt to the money is
accompanied by the statement that it they com' out ohl ami rutj aod worn,
will not be received if it is to be regard- jut like the genuine itnrtaion. 'Fair
ed a waiver. The plaintiff, however, tt-two tlKully ttokon? are u-d In Hut
mav he reouireil to Mirrvnder th note niaonfaureof wine. Not oa ra!U
Iwfore taking judgment for his dam- ,
A note executed to hu-band and wijj
for the purcliase pnee o ni w
absolute ieeu a a w"" -
cording act. no nem or n sum
v - n V' . . .. i:. a
fiiit?r tn reconi ine uui.-v-- --.--.
- -' --. .-..
ix, w w-.. .--- -... . - .
did notaflectthe uue 0. ice ---.
cox-rmccnoy or costjuct-
In the case of the State or uaio ex.
... ,i.l r4- nnt rwsinlAd and tho h-,A rile em ! trr?ti I -a !m
ti rm"' t rnat-Tk. rw
more karlr tnn m far-
and are gfeul te M to
i XJrPrvltt It wr! a. (w law.
2SJX amnr rdv uU. r.
feuM nd cntr jndp brUeV
"YT'Tr.i lJiTw - fi-l
fwd to ded 3eni-nlK HJ
jgla: retrkrtle kiw. Al tiw tiel
iio Mntittwni U not. a haj owmuhhi
tx-n the ca the outbtrt t Wiprrr
jnthuiaro, U a lca!y tgntfe ef
To bo rr. dbmal iatie caay W
Hlr an the other dde. The imtmmt o(
1 aquor manufaeturr! and nmmimni
far greater now tnan rr wme.
Never were there o toam dfcWrM la
ration, am! the number ol brmtim
has increaMxl cnormetvdy sajM an
,raIJ.n)i or reduced to " drtiiV." t
CTegate of Wjuor consumed t apaUic
(tut H mut not le forgotten tkt tin
population of thi eimntry h !
ynonBoifly lticmMHl tt U krU!r
Hvsible Ut gr.p the hlna f tlfit-!
mtllka ef jnnnplo: ImK a aet
thsrtight will idiow lww vaM a qtAiitv
if lJ.jor even one-fiftieth of that (turn
ier mn eonume ia a yewr I1m.
while it Is in e that the tMnu!rSurp
ind Kile of jlrltiioUs thpKirt ha geaily
inerrasiHl. It due not necenh flw.w
Uiat the drinlnr of lntoikt Wter
tjes Uar tho me pnHcim t th
wbtde Htpulat4tt a funnwh. Ami
when we cnUslder that the " arwh t
migrants iitttntly pn4a m upmi
n coist largely of tlrtaker. w mu
rhere thks erwrmoiw product of
Hqunr in eowm)ed-
Yet it wtKtbl b hir folly t raorw
tho trementlous pnwr ol the Ur1atie;
habit us U still evlrtUt uoHg tin The
work to be done lfore the jpnttl vtl ol
hiteiiipomttee U emdlnll fe liwjuer
ftblv KTittt. Atnl the tUttlif I'HWH k-
ell UIKill evenr xnl eiUll altrejlkm
I ft .r
How e It Wm be doe? Snr. kt
patient of delay, would nttrtapt te
ihroUle the IWptoY trattte with aa ruee!
taent lo the Nntlotud CoaMitutintt.
Other would MeW the srt tim iitdtlire;h
statn legislation. ciitAtitutand r nt-
hrt; while .t.ll other.. dUmi-Mi tH
emeiejiev oi kiw i itxraiu iiirw nenwi
titi . hxtk lo moral nitd relhjHMti uOwu
ariIC Innj ami ..-
! l'niittiijiit result in 11"
I "" er may be th.Shl
,lM'r1 'kIs lro at Iwi alijp-1
l'-P '' be at one. I he hHlr.,IWH,
laI ' ' r MnW Um iy
' l,- .Sndayehi-U. fr;. th, pulpO. U.
! he prayer-meetlng. and thrtHVh.bU
nnw n.nlW, v. e,,nawrr rS.
as well .-v. nv n coalleai eiMit m a
modo of ndtaneing the rrfrm In fcfeh
every one mat tnke a jwrt. We kmvn no
deposition to oiK)-e nri eari,t eillirt
to further so U'lielleetti a ettiMv; but
there is a choice of tneth'It., .ih1 w mmi
ground for pcclul hope In liw mm ol
moral and religious nge&eh for por
suadiug men to udopt trirt 'IVtiier
anei principles. The inetileobiufc jfo
that has U-en aeeomplKbeil ia the jm-l
bv this inenna M the w-l je4ej rtxl
, of it value. Ia fact, we do aot kt-tnkate
it has had U due to the dirutlfut Im
eraiice fceiituii nt behind t vWit)
Ing. siuOaihing force. .. Y kmfviar.
LIQUOR ADULTERATION. ,
An Ki-IJvir Mjioifaritirrr Mmi IHi
At Mnnltatmn TettijHmet rurdlng
In New York. Major ' I. CUeei. Vm
Prtfsilent fif tle AM'-rk-au T-twf-tranrT
l maaufncutr-sil lhfr far twot,r
Jlvn team. J 1'gaa thw fi-fr Utiitto
i'lhtifr lxer ovr wr fniher' bar wImitj
I "- hftee rn old. I kmw all
attowt It and can mwU--a kMl. Tim
; siduJU-ntlwiii ot -r 'mtttg yoo
ma (.ha,pge w Hkh ltU hJ) for Uie
rnuiue srueh. It co-i to manufact
ure it four dollar a
mke w "!! It
for ten dollar to lealer- V't make
the tuffand put it in a genuiae. i-
it, Thev are p-w awl ItriZhi. t 0 put
hein through a tamhig rirorji and
jn fttv whl here mrr srr Kraiunx. Wn
w - nd lUjuantU of galk t whuky to
France Ut have theta com- bap to m
fcomeihmg cl Of all poaoM
,t. . 1 t.M Af.l t(VV... MCt.t.V t.
Jhf. tifSiyitvt S try oh nine U rmly cm
t ,j.j pajC! ia tt. A certain oil U
m!ii.?.. and k i etmiinalW xtldln--1
The Modern li-rteaoVr C,Um
, . . V , (--. - v Vl
' k -T7T -1- V
poblxrfMT - The sder imtUnUer
5c - t aeed a g-S-k m U-ltyw U
jaoderst yoajf a. wh i-iTmi.i- Mm
bar. -Arrw---r Ucrmut,
It U said thai rrrry arwlwr of fho
HhaoU tear koih ad. aad
David IHrH r 4 fc
r Illy J
.r Ft l - " "1
I "" t t -r - ' 'fei?i " .
Lf-f ia - o - - i
(. . - '-fL ' ,-wL -
l " .ji-- Ea J .Jr ... . -Sa
. r. "
eBei V f eMKii;v;"''i
- ' I J
4 s k. t-- J f ,vrfWr-
. 25..eJ&ri2L... hr ezji', Wl--ir-i 1'tA: . ? r "-1 -P'
: , -i.iii'iw .-g-. i:Kr n-- - - ---i iiiiibi -- -j H -. t-- i-- m-"
: VsilHB .urC ----------------- - a
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