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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (April 11, 1884)
PERSONAL ASD LITERARY.
Dr. Mary Walker is writing a book
rra tho condition of her sex.
Modjeska differs from many women
off the stage. She is forty and looks
ten years younger.
Mrs. Frederick II. Prince, of Bos
ton, received a $100,000 check among
her wedding presents.
Mrs. Hannah Simon, of Newark,
N. J., recently celebrated her ninety
ninth birthday by waltzing for ten min
utes. New York. Suit.
Vinnic Ream, who made the model
for Lincoln's statue at Washington, has
recently modeled a Jittlc baby so per
fect that visitors imagine they can hear
!t cry. Chicago Inter Ocean.
Mr. Daniel Potter and wife, of
Salem, Mass., celebrated the other day
the sixtieth anniversary of their wed
ding, and Judge Lord sent them a
bouquet of sixty white and red roses.
Rev. Asa Ballard recently cele
brated the completion of his fiftieth year
of service as Secretary of the Massachu
setts (Congregational) Sabbath School
and Publishing Society. Boston Post.
Matthew Arnold may bo disap
pointed in the Americans as he de
clares, but the Americans arc also dis
appointed in him. A fair exchange is a
characteristic of this country. Arkan
The first part of Bunyan's "Pil
grim's Progress " has been translated
into the Persian language by Rev. J. L.
Potter, missionary ot the Foreign Board
at Teheran, and a lady in New York
has sent him $500 for its publication.
William Penn Clarke now occupies
the late home of General Garfield at
Washington. His large library fills tho
shelves of the dead President's study.
Thirty years ago he was one of the
leading men of Iowa, but has long been
out of politics, having cast his last vote
Mrs. Margaret O'Grady. a centen
arian, died in St- Louis recently. She
would have been one hundred and threo
years old had she lived until August IS.
She was a remarkable woman, never
having had a d:iy's sickness until at
tacked by the illness which carried her
off. 67. Louis Post.
James Flynn got a judgment
ugainst the elevated railroad in New
York for $5,000. it being shown that his
leg w:is fractured throuirh the neglect
oi the corporation. Uut tho corporation
was opposed to paying on general prin
ciples, and secured a new trial. The re
sult is that .James now recovers $20,
000. New York, Netos.
It was once said of a penurious
money-lender that he kept the trunk
containing his securities near the head
of his bed, and lay awake to hear them
The vigilantes out in Arizona
hanged a man tho other day because he
"was a continued liar. Good gracious!
If it gets to be the rule to hang liars,
none of us that is to say, there are a
great many men who will bo in danger.
"Sir," said a hypochondriacal pa
tient, while describing his symptoms to
his family physician, "I feel a terrible
pain in my side when I put my hand up
to my hea'd." "Then, sir," exclaimed
the mi!d physician, " why the deuce do
you put your hand to A'our head?"
"Oh. don't propose to me now,"
.shrieked a Philadelphia girl as her lover
Iropped on his knees and seized her
Jiaud. "Don't rop the question now,"
.-she screamed; "don't, don't, don't. If
.1 say yes you'll want to kiss me, and
tl'yxt been eating onions." Philadelphia
As a man and his wife wore walk
ing home on foot in the country, the
husband said: "How the mile-stones
:i!ong the road cheer the way'." "Yes,"
responded the tired wile, "but I think
it would have been a great improve
ment if they had put them nearer to
gether." "A New York car-driver when he
wants to clear the track shouts: "Hi,
hcre, hi." A Chicago driver strikes
his bell and shouts: "Shake 'em up
there, willjou?" A Boston driver says:
"Deviate from the direct line those
eq dine appendages, accelerate, acceler
ate, exhilaration, lively now." Chica
go Inter Uccan.
"If j'ou don't marry me,"' he ex
claimed. "I'll take myself out of this
hated world and I'll haunt you as long
as you live" Said she: "It will be
mote respectable than your present
haunts. Please stand a little farther
off. I never could bear the smell of
alcohol so soon after tea. Boston Tran
scrijit. "Circumstances alter case's, you
know," said v. rich old miser to a
nephew who had lost his fortune,
and consequently his uncle's friendship;
"I repeat, sir, that circumstances alter
cases." "Yes, 1 6cc they do, especially
when they are reduced circumstances."
mournfully responded the nephew.
N. Y. Ledger.
As they were trudging along to school,
a five-year-old Boston miss said to her
companion, a lad of six summers:
"Were you ever affrighted at the con
tiguity of a rodent?" "Nay, lorsooth,1"
he replied, "I fear not the juxtaposi
tion of the creature, but dislike its'ten
dcncyto an int'matc propinquity."
N. Y. Morning Journal.
A Carlisle girl has'a record of hav
ing eaten thirty-five griddle cakes on
a wager, recently. This, of couse, oc
curred since Matthew Arnold's declara
tion that tho women of America are
delicate, spirituelle creatures. It is very
doubtful if tho apostle of "sweetness
and light" himself, with all his intelli
gence and deep poetic feeling.could put
himself outside of thirty-five griddle
cakes in one inning. Norristown Her
A Suitable Nickname.
"Isn't 'Collar Button' rather an odd
nickname to -give your boy?" asked a
gentleman ot a friend, who'had just ad
dressed his .son by that title.
"Well, 1 don't know," replied the
father, laughingly. "It may sound :i
little curious, but it situs the boy firs',
"Why do vou think the nickname
Collar Button' suits tho boy?"
"Because," was the reply, "when Ik
slips out in the evening lam nevor abla
to find him." PIdludclphia CulL
Brother Shinboncs Deals.
" Hi yi! ha! ha!" laughed Shinbonei
Smith as he entered the humble resi
dence of Peter Maguft about one o'clock
"Wha's de matter, Brudder Shin
"I ben tcrNoo Yawk."
And then Shinboncs broke down with
" Wal, teli us all 'bout the cuecus.
"Jes' yo' hole yo' breff a minnit,
2hile. I ben tor call on Brudder
Squeezcout Pcabody. Wen I got dar
foun' Brudder Wakeup. Misery aid
Brudder Lemuel Poltcrbury. Dey war
playin' pokah. Did yo' ebber play
" Yas, I ben dar," answered Pete,
" Wal, dey axed mc fur ter play, an'
I tole 'cm dat I didn't know nullin
'bout dc game. Dey 'lowed dat 'twas
berry easy fur ter learn, an' dey'cl show
me how ter play. Wal, I tuk a hand
in. Dey lnk'd at my handebbery time,
an' tole me jess how ler bet. De funny
part on it war dat ebbery time I bet
zackly de way dey tile mc I got leff."
"Doggone mo," Brudder Shinboncs,"
exclaimed Pete, "didn't yo' know no
bettah dan ter do dat?''
"Hvar, now, chile, vo' hole yo' brefl
till dis hyar darky gets frougli. Arter
we'd done gone played 'bout 'n hour, I
sez to Brudder Wakeup, who war set
tin' nex' ter me, sezl: Brudder Wake
up, 1 reckon I got dis hyar game 'bout
learnt now, so 'f yer don't mind I'll try
ter play widout yb' 'sistance.' "
" Yo'm right welcome, Brudder Shin
bones,' sez he.
" ' Let de precession wiggle,' sez I
ter he, sez I.
" So we played de nex' hand, an' I
held two small pair an' bet like de duce
on 'em. Wal, I los' fifty ccn's. 1
didn't say nullin, 'cause de"nex' hand
war my deal. De way I shuffled dem
dar keerds would 'a' made you tired.
" Don't wear out de pack,' sez Brud
" ' No. but I want ter get 'em well
slink up,' sez I.
" Wal, I dealed do keerds. Brudder
Squeezeout, he put up de ante. Brudder
Wakeup he riz it two, an' Brudder Lem
uel he doubled it. I seed em' an' went
'em four brlter. Yo' jess ort ter see
dem darkies open deir eyes an' zamine
deir hands: Brudder Squee.eout, sez
he ter me, 1 reckon dat 1 11 have tei
sec dat raise an' go yo' one better.'
Wal. dey went right on roun' dc table
raisin' it. an' I stuck right by 'em.
Putty soon Brudder Squeezcout begin to
" 'Brudder Shinboncs,' sez ho 'yo'
got putty good hand, ain't 3'er?"
" Fair ter middlin,' sez I.
"Wal, next roun", Brudder Squeeze
out called me. 'I got a ace high,' sez
I. Den dey all looked s'prlsed, an'
Brudder Wakeup, sez he ter me, sez he:
Yo're larnin' putty fast wen yo' know
how to blutt.' Den dem blamed fools
all showed deir bans. Brudder Squeeze
out had fouh twos. Brudder Wakeup
had fouh sixes, an' Brudder Lemuel had
fouh nines. He reached for de pot, but
I sez: 'Hul on, dar!'
" W'a's de matter widyo'?' sez he;
'yo' got a ace high.'
" ' Yes. sez I; 'but it am de ace ol
clubs, an' do odder keerds am de king,
queen, jack an' ten o' de same lhi2h!'
" Yo' see, chile, I played that game
befoah de wah." A". Y Times.
Cut Off His ose.
Paul Varerau is a barber eniplot ed
on the North Side. Theresa Barsaloux,
a comely young woman, has long licen
the idol of the tonsorial Paul. But
while reciprocating the affections of the
young barber, shewas fully aware that
a Jew thousand dollars which she pos
sessed in her own right in a measure
placed her above a barber beau. While
her feelings were thus nicely balanced,
th.re appeared upon the scene a young
man bearing the prosaic cognomen ol
William Brown. He was a traveling
man. His bold methods of wooing were
more than a match for the timid ad
vances of Paul Varerau, and he bid
fair to win the maiden and her wealth.
Paul saw this with many forebodings.
One of Brown's attractions was a re
markably handsome nose, which was
his most noticeable feature. Without it
he would have been nobody. It was ol
the Grecian style, white as a pillar ol
marble, and as smooth. Young women
have been known to lose their hearts tc
a pair of eyes, to a handsome head ol
hair, and, in instances of intellectual
and spectacled young females, to a
forehead. But Theresa fell in love with
a nose the nose of William Brown. She
confided this fact to Paul Varerau,
and with words every one of which
rasped his feelings as he was wont to
rasp the beard of his customers, expati
ated upon the wonderful inlluenec
which this nose exercised over her.
When Paul left that evening he had
made a licudish resolve.
Two days later Paul Varzerau stood
behind a chair in the barber-shop where
he had learned William Brown was in
the habit of getting shaved. It was on
the afternoon of the third day that the
ill-fated William Brown entered the
shop and seated himself in Paul Var
zerau's chair. There was his nose
cold, white, symmetrical and smooth.
"Aha! A few short seconds and I shall
be avenged," thought Paul, and he
ground his teeth as he stropped the ra
zor. The keen blade cut a hair in
"Be careful and don't get any lather
on niy nose," quoth William 'Brown;
"no bay rum on my face, either."
"Scacre! The puppy! how proud ho
is of his nose. Butl must be calm and
control myself," thought Paul. He
mixed his lather and spread it over the
face of his customer, who had closed
his eyes, and seemed to be indulging in
the luxury of a doze. He shaved one
side of William Brown's face and dulled
the razor. Paul stropped the razor
back to an edge. He then elevated the
chin of the unfortunate man and laid
are his throat. The eyes did not
open. Paul held the razor aloft a sec
ond. Then with a skillful swoip it de
scended and cut off the nose of William
Brown, who did not even open his eyes.
Paul Varzerau stood for a moment par
alyzed. The razor fell from his grasp,
his knees gave way beneath him, and
he tottered out of the door.
Tiie nose was wax. Chicago Xcws.
HOME, FARM AND GARDEN.
Two hundred strawberry plants,
jwell cared for, will yield two bnshela
of berries, as many as a small family
will require for home consumption.
A Vermont dairyman says a young
calf should be fed three times a day.
Over-feeding at long intervals, and
especially with cold food, k lis a good
many valuable calves.
Jam Tarts: Line a shallow dish
with puff paste, put in the jam, roll out
some of the paste; wet it lightly with
the yelk of an egg beaten with a little
sugar and milk, cut in narrow strips,
then lay them across the tarts. Bake
them in a quick oven. Boston Globe.
It is not economy to purchase see-
'ond-hand or half-worn implements.
They are a continual bill of expense, and
much precious time is lost in repairing
them. They can not bo relied on.
Rather have fewer tools, but what you
do have get brand new. Farm and
A pretty cover for the table in your
bed-room is made by using one of the
large lace tidies or pillow-covers that
may be bought for a very small sum.
It will be improved by lining. It costs
less than a nice towel, and will keep
clean longer, as the dust may be shaken
from it. Boston Globe.
As the roots of melons run in the
shade of the branches, they should nev
er be moved, else the sun scorches them
at once, nor should they be in any way
handled or disturbed. Let the cultiva
tion go ahead of the vine and never
after. A vine once trodden upon is lost
for use. Cleveland Leader.
Ginger candy, which may be given
to children with colds, is made by boil
ing ono pound of clarified sugar "with a
very little water until it is brittle; when
cool, stirin one teaspoonful of powdered
ginger. Or beat the white of an egg
very lignt auu auu tins to the sugar
with twenty drops of Jamaica ginger.
Pour upon buttered plates and mark
before it is too stiff in the form of blocks;
when cold you have to chip them apart
with a cold, sharp knife. A. Y. Post.
Some Points in Cookery.
Moderateiy-sized joints properly
roasted in a close chamber are far bet
ter than similar joints cooked with the
utmost skill in front of a fire. The En
glish prejudice against baked meats and
in favor of roasted meat is in reality
not founded on the superiority of the
latter. The temperature of the oven
should at first be above the point which
is to be maintained throughout the bak
ing. The object of this is to produce a
crust on the surface of the meat that
shall partially seal it, and keep in the
juices as much :is possible. Then the
temperature may fall to the average,
which should jbc well kept up, and
rather raised toward tho last. Basting
assists in sealing the surface, and
diminishes the evaporation of the juices
of the meat, th chief difference be
tween well-roasted and ill-roasted meat
depending upon this. The smaller the
joint the more frequently should it be
oasted, to prevent desiccation and its
accompanying toughness and indigeat
ibility. When meat is broiled there is no
harm done by the flame caused by the
combustion of the fat of the meat.
Meat may be broiled in its own flame,
and though the outside edges may be
blackened, the violent expansion of the
juices within when so suddenly heated
plump up the lean almost to "bursting,
and the inside juicy red meat, though
apparently raw, will be fully cookod.
When water boils no amount of heat
will raise it in any oien vessel above
the boiling point. When this point is
reached no more fire is needed than
simply to maintain the temperature at
this point. Water boiling violently and
water only simmering cook vegetables
equally fast. If this were well under
stood a great deal of fuel that is now
wasted would be saved.
The cook'ng temperature for animal
food is regulated by the coagulation of
albumen, which commences at rather
below 1(50 dog., more than i0 deg. be
low the boiling point of water. The
proper mode of boiling eggs is to put
say four eggs in a pint of boiling water,
remove it from the lire and allow the
eggs to remain in the water from ten to
fifteen minutes. The cold eggs reduce
the temperature from 212 deg. to near
the cooking temperature. Th temper
ature of coagulation of the yelk is lower
than that of the white, and lest the
yelk be cooked too much the egg should
not remain in the hot water over fifteen
minutes. A pint of boiling "water
placed on the breakfast table in a
brigh metal dish well covered will per
mit one to cook his own eggs and have
them just to ids liking.
In boiling a joint the best efforts of
the cook should be directed to retaining
the juices within the meat, and allow
ing the smallest possible quantity to
come out into the water. In stewing,
the business is to get as much as possi
ble out of the meat to separate the
juices from the meat and convey t'-em
to the water. The cruel murderthat is
commonly perpetrated on good mutton
chops, inprenariug Irish stews, is very
deplorable. The chops are put into a
saucepan of water, and the water is
kept at the boiling point, whereby the
albumen is at once coagulated, thus
hindering the ready exosmosis of the
juices. This is continued until both al
bumen and tibrine are so much hardened
that they contract as tho white ot an
egg does when used as a cement.
The French peasant does more with
one pound of meat than the English
cook with three or four. The little bit
of meat and the large supply of vegeta
bles are placed in a pot, anil this in an
other vessel containing water the bain
marie. This stands on the embers of a
poor little wood fire, and is left there
until dinner-time, under conditions that
render boiling impossible, and demand
little or no further attention from the
;ook; consequently the nu'at.when re
moved, has parted" with its juices to the
ptage, but it is not curled up by the
contraction of the hardened albumen
aor reduced to "Stringy fibers. It is ten
der, eatable and enjoyable that is,
when the proper supply of saline uiees
of the meat, plus the saline juices of the
vegetables, have been taken into tho
system. That a stew should never be
boiled, nor placed m a position on tin
lire where boiling is possible, should be
regarded as a primary axiom in cooking
tvfiorc stewing is concerned. 1. 1 dure
m Cookery, by -Mr. Iir. M. Williams.
Be in Season.
There is always an advantage gained
to farmers by prosecuting the labor
necessary to the farm in season. If
nccossary work is delayed, circum
stances are liable to occur that will
keep all the work of the year out of U
regular season for accomplishment.
Last spriug was an excellent illustration
of this fact. In the very early spring,
there was a season of comparatively
warm weather, with line opportunities
for the performance of larm labor,
which was indulged in by some: others
from the fear of frosts, delayed work,
and soon came on rains, so that it was
impossible to work, and the planting of
crops wis delayed: being followed by
dry weather, the effect was to retard
growth, and especially in the ease of
corn; considerable was caught b' an
early frost in an unnatural state, where
as seasonable work would have avoided
such a re-nit. There is a world of truth
in the saying that it is much better for
tiie fanner to drive his work, rather
than be driven by it.
We are not taking as much stock as
formerly in the idea that in order to
secure a garden of early vegetables it is
neco-sary to plough the soil and com
mence operations as soon as the frost is
fairly out of the ground. Wo believo
it to he an entirely mistaken idea, unless
some unusual means are taken to raise
the temperature of the soil artificially.
It requires a higher degree ot faith than
we arc at present po-se-ed of to believo
that seed can be deposited in a soil but
little, if any, above the freezing point,
with any hope of immediate germina
tion. We have been t night both by pre
cept and by prac ice, too. that heat and
moisture are essential to the germination
and growth of plants. Further than
that, in ease of many seeds, an absence
of these conditions means decay. Now,
with these facts, it is plain that no ad
vantage can be gained by attempting to
save time by a deposit of seed, even
though the condition be midway be
tween the two extremes. If the soil is
allowed to grow warm by tiie natural
action of the sun, is plowed and sup
plied with an abundance of heating
manure, the se d placed in it will im
mediately spring into life and continue
its growth without interruption, and
many of the tender vegetables will be
produced fully as soon, or even earlier
than, if planted with the soil cold, so
th: t not only germination is retarded,
but the growth of the plant stunted, in
the rase of early vegetables, it is safe
to "make haste slowly." William H.
Yeomans, in Sew England Farmer.
Cauc of Clover Sickness.
Among farmers of every class tho
cause of what is known as clover sick
ness in the soil iias often been exten
sively discussed without resulting in the
deduction of any satisfactory conclu
sions concerning it. The old theory
wa that the roots excreted and left in
the soil some material in urious to the
subsequent growth. This being ex
ploded by later observation and investi
gations gave rise to other notions with
reirard to it. One good authority as
cribed it to the decay of vegetable ma
terial within the soil, but this did not
stand the test of experience. Another
attributed it to the attacks of fungus
growths; hut crops subject to such
attacks never present the same appear
ances as clover sick crop. Kut.leb
doubtless comes nearer the truth in tho
conclusions drawn from the results of
his examinations of a district atiected
with this peculiar malady. He believes
that it is due to a deliciency of pt-tash
in the soil, and especially in the sub
soil: and this s-.'ems altogether reason
able when we consider the demands of
the crop as legards this element of m n
eral nutrition and as compared with
other crops. Thus ,wc l.nd that
while a crop of, say.- two tons
of clover hay requires about
eighty pounds per acre of potash for its
pn duction, a crop of wneat yielding
twcntv-live bushels per acre consumes
only about th lly-six pounds for tho
same area, while a good crop of oats
requires onh 1.".;VJ pounds of this con
stituent. The "rdinary plan for curimy
clover sickness seems to be the rational
one that is. b:e ikieg up the land and
sowinir it t s me other crop, thus re
sorting to rotat on for the maintenance
of fertility. Uut if this should prove
undesirable at any t'm if the hay crop
should be the more desirable and im
portant, the dillieulty may doubtless be
removed by the application of some
good salt of potash to the crop. Such
compounds are to be found in the chlo
rides and su'phutea now imported from
Germany. The npp! cation 4. a com
paratively 'mall quantity, say lifty to
one luinil't'ii pounds per acre, will servo
to restore the M)il to its primitive con
dition of fertility and greatly increase
the quantity o: hay secured. Applica
tion of lime t clover often operates
beneficially a!so, and its more extend
ed use can not be too strongly urged
upon the atten;ion of fanners, since it
is undoubtedly one of the nio-t im
portant fertil zing agents at our com
mand. ( 'hieaqo 'Tribune.
A huge Siberian blood-hound,
"Tiger," weighing one hundred and
ninety pounds belonging to John Mor
rissey. of West Ansonia, Conn., had a
tumor six inches across remnvcl re
cently by a New Haven vet -rinary sur
geon. The brute was neither chloro
formed nor tied, but a muzzle was put
on, and at a word irom his master he
placed himself in posit:on for the opera
tion and la' quietly restrained by noth
ing but the looks and words of his
master. Threo efforts were necessary
to stanch the subsequent How of blood
Buckwheat bran is less digestible
than most of the other brans, andso pro
duces less nrlk. If one were feeding
good wheat bran, and were to change
suddenly to buokn ..eat bra::, he would
lind the quantity of milk to dimicsh
somewhat. He then ni'ght MVnk that
the buckwheat had "dried" his cow
to some extent. He simply has dimin
ished the quantity of available fooiL
O. C. Jr.. iM country Gentleman.
Roll Jelly Cake: One cup of Hour,
two tcaspoonfuls of linking powder,
half cup of sugar, four eggs. VJj:-
A little powdered charcoal will
cleanse anil sweeten bottles if it is well
shaken about in them.
WOULD ONLY WED A TEM
She loved him. butslio saw littn drunk;
Ah! fearful stent lor her to see:
Ami thotiirti it broke her heart, she said
That married they cniid never be.
And other lovers crowded near
To breathe their fond hopes in her ear;
It mizzled me to see her smile
On other while she loved him so.
For none of them were halt so brave.
Or Lundom. straight und tall as Joe.
I think that that was strange.
But then they all wore badges blue.
Joe w;nt and took the pledge and said
OHe'd never stain his honor more;
And soon he tin his manly brea-t
The badjie ot hN redemption wore.
And wnen his darlinjr heard of that
Her faithful heart went pit-a-pat.
She saek'd her lovers all and Hew
To lay her head against the breat
Qlmt wore the bleed badire of blue.
1 think that that was sweet.
Don't j on."
Oh. bonny, bonny badjje of blue.
Were I a .'irl I wouldn't wed
A man that jru.Ied rum. would you?
I'd jiive the chances all to him
V ho wore the mtle badjre of bluo.
And if he wouldn't wear it, I
Would pin it on and tell him why:
'Tuould save us both from rriet and woo.
And every misery cold and black.
'It made another man of Joe.
And now hi "-. srot tin inside track.
I think I in talking sense,
Then wear the bonny badjre of blue.
TIIE FOUNTAIN-HEAD OF EVIL.
Recent exposures of municipal abues
nave empnasrmi ine uegrauaiioa aim
corruption for which the government
of this city has long been notorious.
Our citizens smile grimly over cartoons
in the comic papers represent ng our lo-
cal rulers as a gang ot rulhanlv rum-
sellers, low-browed, heavy-jawed, igno-
rant, greedy, shameless m rapacity. 1 ho
,-ii i ,.-
influence of the saloon in politics is a
theme so familiar as to be trite. Against
that inlluenec efforts are being contin
ually made to array the intelligence,
public spirit and conscience of the com
mon ty. Temperance societies struggle
courageously with the gigantic evil of
drunkenness. Preachers denounce and
protest against it. Hut it shakes off all
the elements ranged against it, and con
tinues to poison, debauch, brutalize all
who come in contact with it. The
truth is that the Nation has not yet
taken this tremendous evil with sulli
cient seriousness. The early advocates
of Temperance were looked upon as
birots and fanatics. Now the cause has !
become respectable, but still popular
apathy prevails. Reformers, both po
litical" and social, begin as a rule with
the secondary, instead of the primary
causes of corruption. To remove the
abuses which choke healthy progress in
all our large cities, it is necessary to do
more than change parties or modify
governmental methods or shift respon
sibilities. Municipal corruption, crime,
poverty, ignorance, immorality, all
nourish rankly because the people tol
erate Rum. At the bottom of nine
tcnths of all the evils from which mod
em society suffers, this cause is to be
It is not confined to the lowest
classes. It weakens the purpose of
educated men. It pals'cs the energies
of benevolent men. It breeds allies for
the powers of evil in almost unsus
pected quarters. It generates a spirit
of indifference which is as effective
against reform as active friendship for
intemperance. The ill effects of drink
are known to all; noted by scarcely
any. The daily journal presents its
perennial records of political abuses, of
the franchise marketed, of venal igno
rance swamping enlightened patriotism,
of plundered treasuries and systematic
official chicanery and theft, of private
defalcation and bankruptcy, of murders
and assaults, of divorce and desertion,
of profligacy, destitution, suffering and
shame in myriad forms, and behind
each and all thee calamities and evil
deeds may be seen intemperance as the
prime cause. It is everywhere. It
makes and mars in every relation of life.
It pursues thousands from the cradle to
the grave. It reinforces every malign
iiitluencc and agency. It bailies all ef
forts at better things. Vet the public
do not regard it as an enemy to be
fought with uncompromising and per
sistent hostility: they even" sometimes
seem to think that it'is better to let it
Hut there must be a much deeperand
more general realization of the neces
sity for radical reform in this matter.
The popular conscience must be stirred
and roused through the popular intelli- '
gence. It is but a few days since a j
body ot rum-sellers in this State
solemnly and officiallv declared: "That
as citizens and tax-payers we have in
common with our fellow-citizens the
advancement of the interests of the
whole people." These same men
further declared their business "to be
legitimate and worthy of protection and
support. Ihcse expressions show to
what, extent ot audacity, toleration anil
indifference naturally "lead. The pub
lic arc required to "support"' the men
who are engaged in the most evil and
corrupting aud degrading occupation
the world has ever suffered from, and
it is impudently announced that the
"advancement of the interests of the
whole people" is sought by these ven
dors of poison and "manufacturers of
crime and ruin.
Tho National conscience, the com
munity conscience. mut, indeed, need
routing, when such hardy insolence and
bnitanielianee of decent "public opinion
nas-cs almost unnoticed. Some inllu
enec stronger and more rapid in its op-
eration than the slow process of evolu- j
tion is reouired to set iu motion effect- i
iv m firm
sentinK'iit. The curse oi I -
modern civilization may else become its ,
destroyer befoie a remedy is applied, j effects ot beer on the phj-sical sy3tem.
Let it be remembered that there can be the skilled physician is the man. Nor
no true freedom with a venal and de- J can the doctors as a class be accused
eraded franchise: that the best devised ' of being at all fanatical in their opposi
"overnmental institutions are useless i tion to the u-e of the milder forms of
when political corruption excludes from alcohol, at least for semi-medicinal pur
their control the fittest members of the J poses. Yet in the estimation of a large
community: that it is futile to alternate number of leading piiysienns, whoc
churches with saloons, leaving the weak- opinions have been published in the
est elements of society at the mercy of
flio nifi-i. nowerful temptations. .iV. 1
Rkit.yix to a correspondent recent- i
Iv, Mr. Gladstone expressed the hope companies realize this fact as well; for
that those specially interested in En- they are very reluctant to take risks on
glish Temperance "work would " re- the'lives of those engage I in the manu
gard the reference to it in the Queen's facture and distribut on and hence
spec h from the throne as an earnest of almost unavoidably in the consumption
tf: wish of Her Majesty s Government i of the so-called "most harmless of
to take the matter in hand.' j drinks." . .& 2'iuies.
Farrar on the Nation' Curse.
It is not in the thunder, it is by the
still small voice of history and experi
ence, that God speaks to the reason and
conscience. It is not by the lightning
ilasi that He would have us read Hist
will; but by the quiet light that shows all
things in the slow history of their ripen
ing. When He speaks in the thunder
and the lightning, by the tornado and
the earthquake. lie "speaks retribution
then. And what is retribution but the
eternal law of consequences? If you
can not see Clod's warning against
drink: if you can not read, in the exist
ing condition of things. His displeasure
and our shame; if you can not see it in
the marriage tie broken and dishonored,
in sons and daughters ruined, in the
peace of families laid waste, in the work
of the church hindered, in whole dis
tricts blighted, in thousands and tens of
thousands souls destroyed; if you can
not see it in the records of crime, anil
murder, and madness, and suicide: the
fathers who, in their very mouths,
through drink, have slain their sons
who. through drink, have slain their
fathers, and the mothers, who. for drink,
have sacrllieed the l.ves of all their lit
tle ones upon the breast men of En
gland, if these things do not wring
your heart and lire your zeal, what do
you expect? Can the letters glow more
plainly on the palace wall of your
power? Are you waiting till there falls
on England the same fate which, for
their sins, has fallen in turn on As
it .,.. '
syria, aim dreece, and Koine, ana
, K t Um C.irtl:lsi.t alm Jerusalem,
aa Tvre? Thev .?erisu.,i. soolK.r or
Iater :U1 rilHtv n5tions perisii bvsudd-n
, c:Ua;tro,7he. or by slow decay." -The
SW,n, of IIeav,. !s not ;" haste to
s,ie, nor vet doth linger:" but when
it ,,ow jj 5t u to Mnite onw
, it m h(i
complacent ever your epigrams, and
your vested interests, aud your Hible
criticisms, when vengeance leaps at
lost upon the stage, and strikes sore
strokes, and pity shall no more avert
the blow? Vou are Christians; yes, but
see that you have not been admitted
into a holier sanctuary only to commit
a deeper sacrilege! Why, had you
been Pagans, these very same argu
ments ought to be irresistible to you!
To millions of Pagans they have been
so. The sobriety of China was due to
Confucius. The sobriety of India anil
of Hiirma are due to Buddha. I
am horrified to read that in contact
with us in the last three years the
sale of drink in Indja has increase 1
thirty-six per cent., in Hurina. seventy
four per cent. The sobriety of va-t
regons of Asia and Africa was due to
Mahomet. In the day of judgment,
shall not Confucians, shall not Bud
dhists, shall not Mohamedans. rise up
in judgment against this generation and
condemn it. for they abstained from
strong drink at the bidding of Con
fucius, Buddha and Mahomet and behold
a Greater than these is here? Ah. if the
voice of all these tempted, suffering, per
ishing, m'serable souls be nothing to
you if th. voice of your country bo
nothing to vou vet. if you be Chris
turns, listen to the voice of Christ,
pleading with you in the pathetic ac
cents of myriads of the little ones that
it is not His will, that it is utterly
against His will, that His cross and
passoin be thus rendered of none effect
for multitudes for the very least of
whom Christ died. "If thou forbear to
deliver them that are drawn unto death,
and those who arc ready to be slain: if
thou sayest, behold, we knew it not"
(when now. at any rate, we have no ex
cuse for not knowing, it.) "doth not
He that pondereth the heart consider
it? Anil He that keepeth thy soul, doth
He not know it? And shall not He render
to every man according to his work?"
In the half-dozen years of its exist
ence, it is estimated that the Blue Rib
bon movement has secured four million
adherents in England. The sixth an
niversary of the Society's formation
in that country has just been cele
brated. Puizra amounting to fifty dollars are
offered by the Woman's Christian Tem
perance Union of Burlington. Vt.. foi
the be-t essays, written by pupils in the
high and grammar schools o that city,
concerning the evil effects of .stimulants
A man in Nebraska City is actively
promoting starvation bv giving away
flour to the poor. He di-tributes it iu
one to ory purchaser ot nnc
ed drinks at "his bar: and. under
the circumstances, the winners are
bound to be losers. A'. Y. Sun.
A rr.irri.v Western clergyman de
nounced a saloon-keeper whose whisky,
it was thought, to-k away a poor man's
senses and put him in the way of death
on the rail. The liquor-seller respond
ed with a vote of thanks for the gratui-
IUU3 lli.bi IIJ ''j ' .
xll'itl't Twllii" lfit-T11 Ik M 1)11 Vlr II f
note with :t ImkIiimjI tiie uill mat sup-
posauivuui tne worK. i Hereupon me
him a little more free ad
vertising, lhe whisky was sent to a
chemist with the following returns as
Alcohol ! percent.
Fusd oil (iioison) 10 percent.
l'ivntoin' (deadly poison) f per cent.
Acetic acid (vinejr.ir) l percent.
Coloring 5 per cent.
Aijua (water) 4" per cent.
Such an exhibit is the best sort of a
Temperance lecture. Chicago Stand
ard. The Toledo Blade has been leading a.
crusade on beer, supporting its state
ments of the hannfulness of the bever-
age with an array of facts that may
well make the stoutest advocate of the
teutonic urinK summer, n any one is
competent to judge regarding the
above - mentioned paper, beer, so far
from being a gem-rat tonic, in most
cases lowers the tone of the system,
and makes it far more susceptible to
the attacks of disease. Life-insurance
K lm fci i,- l ill in -rr ' -Mni ii . iii' ' '-
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