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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (April 4, 1884)
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HOME, FAEM AJfD UAKBEH.
Keep the lambs off the pasture!
where old sheep run, if you.would.h&v
them free from the disease known, under
the various namesof cough, huskpaper
Skin, bloodlessness, etc. N. Y. Herald.
The Garden do not pass it by to
the advantage of some field crops. Veg
etables, besides furnishing the most
healthful Invigoration, are the cheapest
t'uol for the human furnace. Cleveland
Cheese Cake: Take one pound of
loaf sugar, six eggs well beaten, the
juice of three lemons, the grated rind
of two, and one- quarter of a pound oi
fresh butter. Put these ingredients in
to a saucepan, and stir the mixture over
a slow lire until it is thick as honey.
To clean marble, take two parts ol
common washing soda, one part of fine
ly powdered chalk, one part pumice
stone: mix all together and sift through
muslin, afterward mix the powder with
water. Rub the marble thoroughly
.With this and the stains will disappear.
' National Republican.
There is frequently much damage
done to pastures and meadows by put
ting stock upon them too early. All the
meadows should be rolled as soon as
the frost is out of the ground to press
down all the raised tufts, stones, etc.,
and secure a smooth surface for the
mowing machine. Chicago Journal.
Be careful not to over-feed any of
your farm animals. Founder is diffi
cult to relieve, and an animal suffers
from the effects of over-feeding for a
long time after the temporarv paiu has
been removed. It is much safer to let
your stock fast occasionally than to
cram them at any time. Trot Times.
Have you any cabbage stumps?
Bet them out in the garden as soon as
the frost leaves the ground, where they
will not interfere with other crops. Cov
er them half of their length. (Jreen,
tender leaves will soon appear, which
will give the earliest of greens. The
blossom shoots will appear later. Ex
change. Pyramid of Mashed Potatoes: Well
wash and peel two pounds of potatoes,
put them in a stew-pan with sufficient
cold water to cover them, add a little
salt, and let them boil until tender, then
strain off the water, add one ounce ol
butter, a little milk, one egg; well
whisk them together, then pile in a
pyrrmid on a dish, place in a very hot
oven to brown the surface. Boston
Ammonia is very useful in the
kitchen. A few drops mixed in the
water will take off any grease from
plates, dishes, etc., better thaa soda,
and does not injure the skin of the
washer as the constant use of soda does.
Ladies will lind this a useful hint when,
as is often the ease in these davs of sud
den "strikes," they find throaselves in
.he capacity of impromptu "maids-of-tll-work.'
' Prairie Farmer.
Save the House Slops.
Because no absorbing material is at
band to be employed as an absorbent
of house slops they need not go to
waste. A good sound economy requires
that all that possesses manorial value
should either be husbanded for future
use or else applied where it at once bo
conies available as plant food. It is
questionable whether it is advisable to
Iow into the soil manure that is not
to be made available Ty the immediate
planting of the crop. If the generation
of ammonia by the decomj osition of
-decayed turf-land causes its loss if no
crop is growing, would not the same
filing occur in the decomposition of
'manure? Or, again, descending water,
carries with it the fertilizing salts that
are dissolved and so are going deeper
and deeper into the soil when plowed
under, for which reason it is better to
spread manure on cultivated land at
xest upon or, at least, very near the
An application of slops that become
at once available is valuable either to
the growing crops in summer, or upon
the surface of the garden or mowing
laud in winter. It is surprising what
n invigorating effect results from
throwing the slops of the wash-tub
upon plants in the summer season. An
ordinary llowcr-garden may be kept in
the most thrifty condition by this means
alone; and so, too, "may the products of
the vegetable garden be made to flour
ish by a weekly watering from tho
A farmer, who grows a quantity of
onions every year, has a patch of
ground nearhis house which he devotes
to onion raising, and it is almost en
tirely fertilized by the throwing upon it
during the winter season the slops and
urine from the chambers. Instances of
this kind serve an important purpose in
showing the value of products of the
house that are pretty generally thrown
away as of no value and so useless.
Rut let farmers trv an experiment and
they will be satisfied of the value hidden
there. Connecticut Cor. Ucnnanlourn
Mothers are often unnecessarily
frightened during the fits of various
kinds to which some children are sub
ject, especially such as are fed without
muoh regard to their health, over-fed
and crammed with pastry, meats, nuts,
candy, raisins and the like, at a time
when only milk is best for them, or
during the nursing period. These fita
are of no great importance, generally,
only so far as they indicate something
wrong wrong treatment to be avoided!
The most that can be done, or the best,
is to put the. little one if convulsed, ii
rigid into warm water, if convenient,
or a blanket wet in warm water, cover
ing well, remaining till the rigiditv dis
appears, rubbing the surface thorough
ly with the hand while in the tub, or
after being taken from the blanket. As
Boon as possible give a full injection ol
warm water to move the bowels, and as
soon as the child will drink, some warm
water may be given, a little soda or
mustard may be added,, to empty the
ptomach of its ofl'ending substances.
Almost any warm drink, filling the
Ctomach, will aid in vomiting. A thor
ough brushing and rubbing of the whole
surface will be of service in restoring
consciousness. Rut better than all, so
far as the future is concerned, is te
avoid the causes, feeding properly,
keeping the bowels open, the head cool
nd the feet warni. Golden Lulc.
Tbere are too many attempts in our
country to get up certain fashions in
breeding all sorts of domestic animals.
Some resort to this for no other reason
than because they happen to possess
animals distinctively marked, and from
the produce of these they trust by cre
ating a fashion for them to be able to
sell more rapidly and at considerably
higher price. This has been more par
ticularly the case for a few years past
with pure red Shorthorn cattle, and
solid-colored Jerseys with black points.
How absurd to prefer such, merely for
a single color alone, when others of
varief colors may be far superior for
thrift and economy of rearing, and es
pecially for beef and the dairy. Every
sensible breeder should scout such folly
and set himself decidedly against it.
This would soon compel a wiser course.
So of the mania for wrinkles or folds
on Merino sheep, it is aumitteu uy
those who favor them that in what they
call the old-fashioned, less improved
merinos, wrinkles are injurious to the
fleece, and that with them the staple or
liber of the wool is shorter, coarser, and
abounding more or less in hair. This
renders the fleece quite uneven, and
materially lessens its value.
Rut they contend that with the latest
improved sheep all these objections are
obviated, and that nothing of other de
sirable qualities is sacrificed by the in
crease of wrinkles. This, however, so
far as I know, is merelv a matter of
opinion with these so-called improvers,
and not based on careful, extended ex
periments. The only way to test the
question would be to take a distinct
llock of well-bred smooth-skinned, and
another of wrinkled sheep, :rid keep
them near each other precisely alike
for a number of years. During this
time make a careful record of the cost
of their food, their increase, and the
value of the wool and mutton sold. I
am of opinion that the smooth-skinned
would show a greater profit than the
wrinkled, although the breeders of the
latter claim a considerable advantago
in the percentage of the yield of weight
iu wool over that of the carcass. Yet
suppose it to be the case that two
wrinkled sheep shear as much wool as
three smooth ones, I think the cost of
it from the former would be quite as
much us from the latter, and I doubt
whether it can ever be grown of so
even a length of staple. In addition to
thi-', the smooth-skinned sheep can be
sheared in one-third or one-fourth the
time of the grossly wrinkled, and their
skins are never painfully and badly
cut, as is unavoidable with huge folds.
Although the contenders for these
monstrous folds or wrinkles assert that
the sheep bearing them are as hardy,
prolific, thriftv and make as good mut
ton as others, it is not in the nature of
things that they should. They will en
dure" cold perhaps as well, but when it
comes to hot weather how can it be the
case with such numerous thick folds of
skin and wool covering their bodies?
The extra growth of the-e must con
sume the most food, and necessarily
draw from the juiciness of the llesh and
leave it comparatively dry and unsav
ory. I can not eo.iceive how the car
case of such h"ep can properly fatten,
and abound with tender, lean, nicely
marbled savory mutton. :is it is said the
well-formed smooth-skinned make.
Many of tho Merino tlock-masters are
strenuously opposed to these huge folds
or wrinkles, and only cultivate those of
moderate Ultra. The' say that the mo
tive of the breeders of the monstrosities
is to enable them to boast the superior
weight of their fleeces and thus give
this sort of sheep tho fashion and a
preference at a much higher prices in
the sale of sheep.
Tnis same game" was played in
France by some breeders of Merinos,
half a centurv ago or more: but I un
derstood it had only a short run, and
thoe who indulged in it were soon dis
gusted with the plan, and glad to get
back to the o'd fashion of less wrinkled.
The priao sheep J saw in the l-'rencb
Exposition at Paris in 1867, were m?.g
nilicent animals with few small wrink
les, and fine, tiiek, even fleeces, which
could be rapidly sheared. These had
no hair in thm. and the staple or fiber
being of equal leugth, they commanded
a higher price from the manufacturer
of woolen goods than they otherwise
would: for in no system of sorting,
picking and carding, can these hairs be
easily got rid of, and the finer and more
valuable sorts of cloth be fabricated from
such wool. These monstrous folds can
not be found in the Silesian sheep,
which produce a kind of wool so supe
rior :is to make it preferred to all
others by the German manuacturers
of the highest quality of broadcloth.
Dr. Randall -first-fate general author
itv, a long and extensive breeder of
Merinos on his farm in Cortland Coun
ty iu his very able work on American
sheep husbandry, stigmatizes numerous
larjre wriukles as "a momtrosity," and
confesses that he "agrees to a consider
able extent with Mr. Joshua Kirbv
Trimmer (a Rritish writer on tho im
provement of fine wools), that this idea
is as wild as that which some of out
theorists have entertained, that by lay
ing lands in high ridges and low fur
rows the surface of the earth and its
produce is increased.'' Nothing could
be more apposite than this simile, but
to perceive its full force one should have
traveled in Great Rritain and seen how
much of its very soft clay soil has for
ages and ages been raised into high
ridges with low furrows between, by
continued plowing. 1 have seen many
a field where the difference between the
two was three feet or more iu height,
and the lands thus laid up separating
these were not over twenty to thirty
feotwide. Raising the ridges in this
manner was for the purpose of draining
the soil; for without them the land was
so wet as to be almost impossible ol
cultivation in hoed crops. Since the in
troduction of tile-draining these fields
are no longer ridged, but plowed down
into the furrows, and the lands left
level. J. U. Allen, in N. Y. Tribune.
A company of gentlemen who for
some time past have been engaged in
digging at various points along the
Hudson River, New lork. for the gold
alleged to have been buried by the
famous Captain Kidd, have offcreil the
United States Government cne-fourth
of what they might find if given per
mission to carry on their operations
upou the West Point military reserva
tion. 2i. Y. Sun.
Training a Saddle Horse. -.
r Seth Craig, a Philadelphia riding
master, lately talked with a reporter
about his business.
"How do you start with a horse sent
to you to be trained for use under the
saddle?" the reporter tusked.
"In training the difficult matter is to
discover the resisting muscles and to
overcome their resistance. These are
the jaw, tho neck andthe hind legs, and
of these the trainer must possess com
plete control. The heavy bearing of a
horse upon his bit originates from one
or all of these three points, and can be
obviated with proper and careful train
ing. If the horse bears uncomfortably,
that is, pulls uneasily on the bit, it "is
caused by the jaw; if more than slight
ly, but not as uneasily, the result is
from the neck and jaw and sometimes
from the hind quarters. The latter is
the chief foundation of resistance, caus
ing the horse to pull with unresting
power, which, if not overcome, becomes
uncontrollable. To this can be attrib
uted the many runaways, and it is essen
tial that the muscles I have named
should be under the control of the
"Do you think that training adds to
the physical improvement of the horse
and lengthens his life?"
"Most assuredly. Ahorse in balance
will wear twice as long as one that
throws most of his weight forward on
his fore legs. When well balanced De
training the machinery of tho animal
works easily and uniformly. Suppose
you start your horse to travel six miles
an hour. He ought to expend just
enough physical power to make that
speed; but if, as generally happens with
a .spirited mount, he has to be re
strained, he wears himself as much as
if his speed was actually ten miles an
hour. Formerly we had no "means of
holding him in.'and when we put on a
severe curb-bit his center of gravity
was in front and the curb was of little
use. Thus we aim to make the horse
carry his burden so that it will fall
principally upon the hind quarters, and
this is a matter of intelligent training."
"What arc the popular gaits?"
"A good, well-formed and uniform
horse is like a good piece of machinery.
He may bo worn a good deal, but he
will still work as well as ever in spite of
years. Rut when any one part gives
out the whole machine is gone. Thus
it is our aim to equalize the work of the
horse, so that none of his organs may
do an undue share. The saddle hors'e
of the present day walks, trots and can
ters. The walk and trot are generally
used. few who are considered good rid
ers allowing their horses to canter."
'How do you teach a horse to walk?"
"He must first be brought into bal
ance, and lie taught to give up the re
sistance of the neck and jaws. When
this is done, and he has mounted, the
gentle pressure of the rider's leg's will
excite him to go forward, while ho is
restrained by the reins. When you
restrain him thus you expect him to
either stop or go on more slowly. If
you urge him on with your legs or
touch him with the spur or whip, you
expect him to go faster. Now, if you
urge him on, you restrain him slightly,
at the same time you will cause him to
gather himself up, step more quickly
and more actively and bring his hiud
legs under his body. When his hind
legs are well under he has better com
mand of himself, and his front legs are
relieved from the superabundant stum
ble. His back is stronger, because he
carries his rider's weight on his hind
legs rather than on his Lack. The Eng
lish use a long saddle, put well back,
to accomplish what we do by training.
To have ahorse well-trained he should
first be taught with a bit before
mounted. Philadelphia Times.
Domestic Dried Fruits.
A quarter of a century ago there wcr
very lew domestic dried fruits, and the
present methods of canning were then
unknown. Unparcd peaches and peeled
apples, often scorched in the process of
drying, of ever- different quality,
formed the bulk of, if not the entire,
stock. Since that date much progress
has been made, both in improved meth
ods of dry.ng and in the variety of
fruit thus prepared. We now have ap
ples, peaches, cherries, pears, raspber
ries, grapes, plums, in fact, all kinds of
fruits and many vegetables are either
dried or canned. Thee. too, branch
off into numerous varieties, there being
cherries, both pitted and unpittcd. and
peaches, pared and unpared. as well :is
being cut into quarters, eighths and
halves. Various styles of driers have
been patented and invented, which en
able the fruit grower to utalizs vast
quantities of surplus stock which would
otherwise decay and be totally or par
tially lost. The beauty of tlius being
able'to secure the fruit crop is that it
permits the grower to make his entire
crop, no matter how large, turn to ac
count, and it enables him to put it into
a shape where it may be handled and
shipped to remote parts of the globe,
and to quarters where climatic condi
tions forbid the growing of fruits, and
it also bridges over the seasons so that
there is no interim when any kind of
fruit is not obtainable, if not in a fresh
state, in a condition almost equally as
good as it was when first packed. Of
the value ot such dried and canned
fruits to miners among the mountains,
to sailors going to sea, or to soldiers far
out on the frontier, or to children, in
families, both in city and country, as
well as to older persons, it is un
necessary to speak. The great increase
of demand for them every year dem
onstrates this fact to all. And the ease
with which our fruit can now be saved,
and the knowledge of the growing and
ever-increasing demand for our cured,
dried and canned fruits should be a suf
ficient stimulus to our horticulturists
and a sufficient guaranty as to the suc
cess of all fruit-growing enterprises.
San Francisco Chronicle.
The Art ef Riding.
A few evenings ago a reporter was
passing by a well-known riding acad
emy when he was arrested by the sound
of music coming from within the in
closure. Entering, he saw a large
company of ladies and gentlemen riding
through the figures of a quadrille to the
music of a string band. The sight was
novel and striking, and while lie lin
gered he ogag'd iu conversation with
the manager. "The ring is oecn-
D!ed ne.irlv even niirht bv private
classes such as vou now scc,
i ' o . f .
said he. '
"They aro former pupils of the acad
emy. " They grow tired of the opera,
theater, dinners, etc., but their eques
trianism is never neglected."
"What style or how many styles of
riding prevail here?"
"The style we like best is the park,
though of course man-desire to acquire
the English cross-country style. The
park seat is the prettiest and easiest for
smooth roads With the park seat tho
horseman rides with a long stirrup and
from the ball of the foot. The cross
country seat, on tho other hand, makes
the rider send the foot home iu the stir
rup, which must therefore be a short
stirrup. He throws the legs forward and
the body backward. It is much affect
ed by the more competent horsemen.
Fancy riding is also greatly indulged
in. Leaping and jumping have come
into favor, too, aud 1 think we shall
soon have as many artists in the saddle
in this country as in England."
"Do ladies learn to fide more easily
"They learn more readily and be
come more proficient. This is in conse
quence, I think, of the side-saddle used.
A lady has a firm hold of her saddle
not only with her leg. but she has the
pommels for her hands if necessary. A
gentleman has not. It is quite nmus
sing, sometimes, to watch a beginner
turn out his toes, drop his bridle and
try to hang on with his heels. If you
want to prove that man is the mot
awkward and ungraceful of all ani
mals, put him on a moderately liery
"Is it not very difficult to teach a
person to ride?"
"The art of riding must be acquired.
The seat ami stvle are all that have to
be taught. We
Iimvi IviwrKh lVirwli
German teachers. The novice is
... ..w ..... -... ..;.., ........
first given a quiet horse to ride. As he
learns to sit his animal the degree of
the temper of the animal is inerea-ed
until he finally finds himself astride a
regular tearer. Of cour-e the rldergets
many a fall, and oftentimes he is
thrown, but the fall is as nothing. You
sec the tan is soft, ami he is tip and at
it again almost before he is down."
Al Y. Mail and Expres.
Tons of Cold.
Trucks loaded with well-dressed men
rolled up West street at intervals on
Saturday morning, and disappeared on
the covered pier of the Cunard Steam
ship Company at the foot of Clarkson
street, Besides the men the trucks car
ried small kegs and iron-bound boxes,
which were unloaded on the pier along
side of the steamship Servia. which
sailed in the afternoon. The men care
fully carried the kegs and boxes to the
after part of the vessel, where they
were locked in an iron chamber. The
kegs and boxes held SiM.ilUMMvorth
of gold, which was iroing to Europe.
On the steamship Baltic Si,:J50,UeO in
gold was shipped.
The gold was in the form of bars and
double eagles, and was the larger
amount shipped on a single day for sev
eral years. The gold bars were ob
tained in exchange for gold certificates
at the Assay Office, and the double
eagles came from the vaults of the Sub-
Treasury, where gold certificates were
deposite'd in their stead. The double
eagles were delivered in canvas-bags,
each holding S5,00:. The bars, which
are worth anywhere between $4, 000 and
5,000 each, were packed in sawdust
in wooden boxes. They were carried
on trucks to the otliees of the firms that
had bought them, and were then boxed
and barrelled and carted off to the
steamship piers tinder heavy guard.
The little kegs ami iron-bound boxes
stored in the "treasure-room" on the
Serfia were forty all toid. and were
counted by the purser and all the offi
cers before the large, iron door wac
closed and locked. The purser has the
money in his especial care. The storing
of so much wealth iu tiio Servia created
no particular stir.
"it is not unusual for us to receive
on board large amounts of gold," said
a elerk at the wharr. "We carry more
or less on every trip."
"What precautions are taken against
"In the first place,. the treasure room
is of iron, and is as strong as any bank
safe. It has complicated locks, and no
cracksmen, no matter how clever they
were, could get into it inside of a
"Is it especially guarded during tho
"Yes, it is thoroughly looked after.
The purser and ollicers thoroughly in
spect it three limes a day, and 'three
times at night."
"Was the Servia's treasure chamber
ever broken into?"
'Never; and no one ever tried to
break into it. Anyway, if thieves did
get in, they could not very well carry
away the gold, for it is too heavy. The
gold in these forty kegs and boxes
weighs close to 25,000 pounds."
A weather-beaten man with a droop
ing eyelid, who had been listening,
tapped the reporter on the shoulder as
he was leaving the wharf.
"Young man," he said, "ever hecrd
of Cap'n Kidd? Well, his plunder
warn't a rope t am to a six-inch hawser
alongside this "here wealth in the Servia.
Ef Kidd was around these days them
millions wouldn't never get across the
pond. Wot a pit- for him he's dead."
The superintendent of an importing
house which is constantly sending out
large amounts of gold said yesterday
that the house insures it. The firm get
the money .fiom the Sub-Trea-ury or
Assay Office, prepare it for shipping,
and then lodge it in tho vessel. There
their trouble ends.
"Do you send any one along to watch
it on the way?"
"Nc; it would do no good. The
money is perfectly safe in the vessel,
and in the extremely improbable eent
of a piratical attack our man might get
"Why do you send out gold?"
"Because it is impossible to buy com
mercial bills. TTiere are not any in the
market." .V. Y. Sun.
An old physician, a man of recog
nized scientific" authority, gives it as his
opinion that "cigarettes and cheap
weed cigars are at present doing more
than all things else to stunt the growth
of our citv bovs, in body, mind and
morals." He a'dds: "If the smoking
habit among American boys continues
to increase as it has done, our next gen
eration of American children will I e
dwarfs and idiots." Chicago Journal
TOUCH IT NEVER.
Children, lo you see the wine
In the crystal jfob!"t .shine?
He not tempted by it? charm:
It will surelv lead to harm.
Chililrcn. tut- it!
Touch it neer!
Fi'Kht it ever!
Do you know what caueth woe
ilittor as the heart can know?
'Tis that self-same ruby wine
Which would tempt that soul of thine.
Children, hate it!
Touch it ni'Vrrl
Fipht it ever!
Never let it pass your lips:
Never even let the th
Of your tinkers touch tho bowl;
Hate itlrom your Inmost soul.
Truly hate it!
Touch it never!
Fijjht it ever!
Fltfit it! With God's help ;ani fast
I.omr as life or breath shall hist.
Heart meet heart, ami ham! join hand
11 ur! the demon fiom our laud.
O. then hate it!
Touch it never!
Fight it ever!
WHAT IT COST.
The two beds were side by side iu tho
long ward, and on them lay two men.
each with a gun-shot wound through
the right arm below the elbow. They
were about the same age. each had
a wife and children at home, and both
hoped to save these Useful right arms,
for on their strength and skill the sup
port of their families depended.
Clarke was a farmer, a pleasant,
happy tempered fellow, bound to look
on the bright side of things, and to get
well as soon as possible, though hi?
wound was the worst of the two. Morse
had been a blacksmith and was proud of
bis strength, hut said little and seemed
to have something on his mind, being
moody as well as taciturn.
The" two were soon friendly, for neigh
bors in a hospital can hardly help being
Fo, but Clarke did mu;t of the talking
and Morse seemed content to listen to
his lively gossip without making any re
iurn. Therefore I knew very little
about him, and when the Mirgeon one
day asked me if Morse had been a drink
ing man, I could not answer.
" Whv do vou want to know, doc
He is not doing as well as Clarke,
though his wound is a safer sort, and
ought to be nearly well by this time. It
is in a bad wav and I'm afraid lie will
have to lose that arm of his." answered
the surgeon shaking his heal over a
particularly batl smelling dose In was
preparing for some unhappy patient.
I hope not; I thought he was doing
-veil, and that Clarke, who suffers much
more, was the one who might have to
lose an arm," I said, rolling bandages
for both as 1 talked.
"Not he! hi blood is as healthy as a
child'.: he will be all right in a mouth;
you may tell him so."
" I'm very glad, for he is always
talking about, the happy time when he
can go home to his wife and babies.
Morse says nothing, but is as anxious to
get well" I think, though when you
speak of his family it does not seem to
cheer him up."
" I wish you'd find out if he has not
been a drinker. I can't make him talk
and it is important to know, for if it is
so the sooner the arm is oil" tho better."
and the doctor corked his bottle with a
When 1 saw the men again my feel
ing toward them was quite changed,
for now anxiety about Clarke was all
gone, and I pitied Morse so much I
could not bear to :isk that hard ques
tion. I soon learned the fact, however,
without asking, and in this way:
vb x went uiruiigu my warn unii a.
glass of wine-whey for another patient,
I stopped to wet Morse's arm. for I saw
a look of pain on his face and knew the
comfort of cold water. He did not
speak and I went to refill the basin
leaving the glass on tho table near his
bed. When f came back it was empty.
"Why, Morse, that wasn't for you!
Stimulants of all kinds are bad for you
just now."' I said, thinking how impa
tient poor Martin would be at having to
vail for a second supply.
"I know it I couldn't help taking it
the smell was too much for me." mut
tered Morse, looking red and ashamed,
though tho fierce, hungry express'on of
his eye betrayed that he longed for
"I'm afraid you like that sort of thing
too much for "your own good," I ven
tured to say.
"It has been the ruin of me; but I
fight against it, iiid ed I do."' he sa d so
earnestly that I believed it, and longed
to prepare him for what wa to come,
feding that I could tell him more
gently than the surgeon, who had a
somewhat startling way of saying to a
patieut: "Now, then, "my man, I shall
want this leg of yours in about an
"Perhaps the pain you have suffered
here may help you in your light.
Times like these do much to strengthen
good resolutions if one is sincere," I
said, pleased at having won him to talk
"I know it, and I've made many
since I've been lying here. But you
see I couldn't resist even a small
temptation like that. I wish I'd had
a bullet through ootn arms oeiore l
did it!" he answered, under his breath,
with a remorseful look at the empty
"Berhaps the loss of one arm will
help you to resist," I began, finding it
hard to soffen the hard truth after all.
"You don't mean that?" and he
looked up at me with a scared face,
for the loss of a right arm was more
dreaded than the loss of any other
"I am afraid I do. Dr. Otmon thinks
it mav be necessary, for it is noi doing
"But it is not so bad as Clarke's.
They've saved his arm, why can't they
mine?" he whispered, glancing at the
great, brawny hand below the band
ages, the hand that would never swing
a sledge-hammer again.
"Ah, that's the pity of it. Morse.
They saved his, though worse wounded
than yours, because he is a temperate
man. You must lose yours because
vou have poisoned your blood with bad
liquor and must sutler for it."
"Haven't I suffered enough yet? I'd
rather die at once, than go home to be
a cripple!" cried the poor fellow in de
spair, for he had a strong man's horror
of weakness and dependence.
I did what I could to comfort him.
and he needed comfort sorely, both then
and for weeks afterward, as ho suffered
much, barely escaping with his life. I
shall always think that he owed more
to Clarke than to the rest of us, for tho
Loor teiiow mane nasie to get won ma.;.
lie nngiu senv jus iu.hi., si-uium "
feel as if he had no right to both arms
since Morse had lost one.
It was beautiful to see his thought
fulness and patience, for he was a gen
eral favorite and had many gifts which
he shared with the moro'se man who
made few friends: ami no matter how
unreasonable, restless or melancholy.
Morse might be. Clarke never lost shi
temper, but read and talked to him as
uncomplainingly and cheerfully as a
woman. Sometimes in the night as X
went mv rounds, I would find Joe
awake and-up to wet all that was left of
Morse's arm. or hear him softly repeat
imr some irood old hvmn to soothe tho
loiig hours of pain his friend must suf
fer.' In a hundred ways he stood by his
weaker comrade, and thoi'gh he was
discharged first, waited till Morse could
!ive also, promising to see him safely
home, before he went to his own Melis
sa, "and five of the most remarkablo
children you ever laid yo.ir eyes on,
I wondered if Morse was rcallygrate
ful for his neighbor's devotion, as ho
t-aiil very little about it But when tho
two men came to bid me good-bye my
doubts were set at rest, for the gaunt
giant laid his one arm round Joe s
shoulder.-. Aiying with a glance at his
empty sleeve and a choke in his voico:
"I guess I've got a lesson this time that
I shall not forget. I'd be ashamed to
disappoint him after all he has done for
I don't believe he ever did, and
though the name of Jo-eph Clarke was
never sent to headquarters for promo
tion, 1 am -ure that he received a bet
ter reward than stars and bars for help
ing to save a brother man from a worse
enemy than any they could meet on
Southern battle-fields Louisa M. A'
cott, in The Press.
Early Stages of Inebriety.
There are found in all parts of the
country men and women who use alco
hol regularly and iu limited qtiantits'.
T the casual observer they go on for
years in this state and are apparently no
worse, and finally die at last of some
common disease, leaving the reputation
of having lived what the inebriate would
call an "Ideal life" of moderate drink
ing. Why they drink is not clear. If
they have any reasons, it is always sus
tained by their unbounded faith in the
eapscity to aostain at any nine at win.
These eases are inebriates in every re
spect, except in the prominence and in
tensity of the symptoms. There is no
difference between the chronic case of
the lowest type and the highly respect
able, moderate drinker, except one of
Both :iri suffering from a positive
phvsieal disease. In one case the dis
order is developed, in the other it is in
the incipient stage. In the latter, from
some obscure reason, the case never
goes on U) full development, but is al
ways on the "border laud," awaiting
the action of some exciting cause, which
ma or may not be applied. A repell
ing power exists, which builds up and
neutralizes the injuries received from
alcohol to a certain extent. It is not
will power which makes the difference
between the inebriate and moderate
drinker It is physiologi -a! and patho
logical conditions of the brain and
nervous system, which tho possessor :is
cribes to will power. Alcohol can not
be used in moderation withoutgrave in
juries to the nerve renters.
The moderate drinker is always dis
eased, although to the non-expert th"ro
are no clear symptoms orcoar-c lesson-
that can be seen. A careful study will
reveal phvsiea'ly an irritable condition
of the heart, with stomach ami digest
ive troubles, also changing and disor
dered functional activity of all the or
gans, at times. Psychically the dispo
sition, habits, temper and mental state
slowlv and gradua ly degenerate and
beeome more unstable. The higher
menial forces drop down or give pla"e
to lower motives and ambitions. No
matter what his position of lite may be.
or his oh e -ts or pl:m. the moderate
use ot alcohol will alter ami urea!,
down bot'i physical energy and precipi
tate destruction. Moderate Users of
alcohol always dio from diseases pro
voked and stimulated by this drug.
They alwavs transmit a legacy of de
fective cell energy and exhaustion,
which most readily finds relief in any
alcohol or narcotic.
But only a small per cent, of moder
ate drinkers remain so untd death. Tho
disease goes on to fud development in
inebriety in a vast majority of cases.
The boasted will power to stop at all
times is powerless before its peculiar
exciting cause. Those who never go
beyond this modern use have simply
never been exposed to th's peculiar ex
citing cause. The moderate use of
spirits for a life-time is a mere accident
in the order of nature, and the abil.ty
to stop resting in the will power is a
popular fallacy. A certain number of
cases have signs of incipient pht'iisH,
which may never burst out into the lull
A small number of cases exposed to
small-pox, or any infectious disease,
never take it; but these arc the rare ex
ceptions, whose causes are unknown,
from which no deductions can bo
drawn. Moderate drinking that does
not go on to inebriety is also the excep
tion. Tbe chain of exciting causes that
bring on those extreme stages may or
may not be understood, but they
always break out sooner or later in the
history of the case. Practically the
study of this early stage of inebriety is
of the utmost value in the treatment.
Here remedial measures can be madeoi
the greatest avail in checking and pre
venting anv farther progre-s of thf dis
ease. When inebriety is fully recog
nized as a diseased condition, re quiring
stud' and medical care, this prodrom'.c
period of moderate drinking will receive
the attention it deserve.
In the meantime, as scientific men,
we must continue to call attention to
this early beginning of inebriety, so full
of indications ami hints of the march of
disease, whose progress and termina
tion ean often be predicted with pos
itive certainty. Journal of Inebriety.
Alcohol i. the living of ihose who
sell it, but the death of those who drink
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