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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (March 21, 1884)
THE BED CLOUD CHIEF.
A. G. HOSUER, PiMisier.
Tire first shovelful of dirt on the Flor
ida Midland & Georgia Railroad was
dug at Valdosta recently by the wife of
Hon. C. R, Pendleton.
Oregon will vote on the 22dof June
on a proposition to so amend its State
Constitution as to admit the women to
an equal right to vote with the men.
Ex-Representative Burrows, of
Michigan, is said to be the selection of
the President for the vacancy in the
office of Assistant Secretary of the
Treasury, recently held by John C.
Active preparations are in progress
for the meeting at Memphis, of the San
itary Council of the Mississippi Valley.
There will be delegates present from
fifteen States, and the health of the val
ley during the coming summer will be
H. L. Mitchell manager of the Globe
Tea and Coffee Company, of Wilkes
barre, Pa., and his assistants were ar
rested recently en a charge of gambling,
obtaining money under false pretenses
and maintaining a lottery by selling tea
and coffee in cans containing prizes. In
default of bail they were sent to prison
A flower has been discovered in
South America which is only visible
when the wind is blowing. The shrub
belongs to the cactus family, and grows
about three feet in height, with a crook
on top, giving it the appearance of a
black hickory cane. When the wind
blows a number of beautiful llowers de
velop from little lumps on the stalk.
All the Senators and members of
Congress received in their mail recentlv
a scurrilous pamphlet pretending to be
the prospectus of "An Illustrated Bio
graphy of the Sioux Chief." The name
of "Nancv Hhrsens" was given as the
author, and the book pretended to be
dedicated to the friends of women suf
frage. It was supposed to be a fling at
Governor Ordway, of Dakota.
Two children died at their home on
Twenty-ninth street, GalvestonTcxas,
from eating diseased meat, the eldest,
Christine Wegner, being three years
old, and Mary Wegner, the other vic
tim, eighteen months old. All the fam
ily, consisting of the parents and four
children, soon after the meal, were at
tacked with an ailment resembling dys
entery, purging and vomiting blood.
Dr. Rhodes was called and treated the
family. The constitution of the parents
aided his skill, and they recovered, but
two of the children died.
The new fast mail train between New
York and Chicago is not looked upon
very faverably by the people of the
railway mail service in Chicago. It is
held that, as the train arrives in Chica
go as late as 12:25 a. m., it is useless as
far as Chicago is concerned, as the
mail could not be delivered until af
ter the regular train had come in. The
benefit is observed at St. Louis, where
business men now receive Xcw York
-mail at 9 a. ni., the same time as Chi
cago, instead of noon, as formerly.
The Warden of the Illinois Peniten
tiary at Joliet has asked the Attorney
General to decide for him a question
propounded by the State's Attorney of
Fulton County. That official wished to
know if the Warden could deliver up a
prisoner in his charge on a capias issued
for the commission of another crime
than that for which the prisoner was
incarcerated. The Attorney General
has advised the Warden that there is no
authority in law for sucli delivery, and
also says that to consent to it would be
to establish a very dangerous precedent.
A curious duel with locomotives
took place at the Union Depot, Kansas
City, recently. Two Missouri Pacific
and Chicago & Alton freight trains
were disputing over the right of way on
the fifth depot track. Failing to make
each other yield a point they crowded
on steam and deliberately forced a col
lision. Fortunately they were too close
together to get up much speed, but the
cow-catcher on the Alton engine was
smashed, and the- men on the train
considerably shaken up. Then fcr
nearly an hour they tried to buck each
' other off the track, but finally the Mis
souri Pacific yielded and backed off,
leaving the Alton train in possession of
A disturbance took place on the
Mackay race course, in Queensland,
Australia, on December 26. It was
caused by the time-expired . islanders.
Eight Europeans were injured by mis
siles thrown at them by the infuriated
"Kanakas. One Kanaka was killed and
six were wounded in quelling the riot
The European workmen are much in
censed against the Kanakas. An open
Air meeting was held at Mackay, at
which it was decided to convene a mon
ster public meeting to take steps to me
morialize the Government with a view
of compelling all Kanakas to return to
the South Sea islands at the expiration
of their term of service, or to re-engage
for siutbw term. -
THE WORLD'S DOINGS
A Simnirjr f the Dally Bfowi.
PHOCKKBINGS OP CONGRESS.
Is the Senate, on the 10th, Mr. Bayard
submitted a resolution instructing: the Com
mittee on Judiciary to report as to the ex
pediency of amending: the constitution bo as
to provide that Congress shall not have power
to mako anything- but gxld and 6ilver coin
legal tender for the payment of debts, nor
pass any law impairing obligation contracts.
Mr. Garland submitted a joint resolution proposing-
the following- amendment to the Con
stitution, article 12: "That portion of the
Eublicdcbt of the United States represented
y notes issued under the authority of law,
with quality of lawful money and as legal
tender for the payment of debts, shall never
exceed 3.'jOt00O,UOU, unless a bill or bills providing-
for such increase shall receive tho
concurrence of two-thirds of each House, and
the votes on all such bills shall be recorded by
yeas and nays on the journal of each House.
In the House, among-other business was
the reception of the returned "Lasker resolu
tion." Considerable feeling- was manifested,
and a resolution was referred to the Com
mittee on Foreign Affairs expressive of the
sense of the House in the matter. Mr.
Cassidy, from the Committee on the Pacific
Railroads, reported a bill to incorporate the
Spokane Fulls & Coeur d'Alene Railroad
In the Senate on the 11th, Mr. Allison
presented a memorial and joint resolution of
the Legislature of Iowa, urging: the National
Government to avail itself of the power
granted by the Constitution to regulate com
merce of tho States, praying- Congress to pa-s
laws in pursuance of that power for the regu
lation of railroad fares und freights at such
figures as will allow a reasonable return
und no more for the amount actually
expended in the construction of roads.
The Senate then went into executive session
for further consideration of the Mexican
treaty, and when the doors were reopened
adjourned In the House Mr. Morrison re
ported favorably from the Ways and Means
Committee tho bill to reduce iinort duties and
the war tnritT. The new tariff bill was accom
panied with a written report. McKinley suln
initted the view of the minority. The House, on
motion of Mr. Townshend, went into Commit
tee of the Whole on the Post-office Appropria
tion bill. The bill having- been read by sec
tions. Mr. Horr moved to increase to f 1230,
000 tho appropriation for compensation of
postmasters. Pending- action, the committee
I.v the Senate, on the 12th, Mr. Jackson
submitted a joint resolution providing- for
submission to the States of a constitutional
amendment making- the Presidential term six
years, and making a President ineligible to a
re-election. A number of bills were reported
favorably and placed on the calendar. The
Senate took up tho bill for the relief of Fitz
John Porter, which led to a long-debate with
out result, and after executive session the
Senate adjourned The House went into
Committee of the Whole on the Postoflico Ap
propriation bill. The Committee of the Whole
by a vote of 115 to 45, struck out the clause
limiting salaries of postmasters to &.000. An
amendment by Mr. Horr increasing- from $10.
500.000 to $120.000 the appropriation for com
pensation to postmasters was lost 74 to 89.
Mr. Horr moved to increase the appropriation
for clerks in postoffices by $125,000. The
amendment was lost 77 to 117.
In tho Senate, on tho 13th, Mr. Harrison,
from tho Committee on Territories, reported
favorably and had placed on the calendar the
bill for the admission of Dakota. Mr. Plumb
submitted a joint resolution, which was re
ferred to the Committee on Agriculture, ap
propriating $25,000 to be made immediately
available undor tho direction of Commission
on Agriculture, for the suppression of the
foot and mouth disease among- cattle in Kan-.
sa. The bill for the relief of Fitz John Porter
was taken up, and Mr. Mandcrson addressed
the Senate in opposition to it. After a long
discussion the bill was rend a third time and
fiussed by a vote of :l to 25 In the
louse a resolution was adopted directing the
Committee on Public Lands to investigate
matters pertaining to the grant of 200.000acres
to the State of Michigan to aid in the con
struction of a breakwater, harbor and ship
canal, and by that State given to the Luke Su
perior and Portage Lake Canal Company, and
determine whether the grant is liable to for
feiture. The House went into Committee of
the Whole on the Postoltice Appropriation
bill, the pending amendment being that of in
creasing' the appropriations for tde payment
of letter carriers and incidental expenses of
the free delivery sen-ice from $:5,Gio,Txio to $4.
000.000. The amendment was adopted by 122
to 155. Several other amendments were of
fered, anil at5 o'clock the House adjourned.
In the Senate, on the 14th, Mr. Plumb
called up the joint resolution appropriating
$25,000 for tho eradication of the foot und
mouth disease. Mr. Plumb said it was a very
serious disease and did not affect the State of
Kansas merely, but all the States. He sent to
the desk and had reud u dispatch from the
Governor of Kansas, urging the importance
of immediate action. Mr. Sherman moved
to amend by striking- out the clause which
provides that the money Iks expended in co
operation with the authorities of Kan
sas, as th.? disease was apt to spread
to other States and affect the swine
and other animals. Mr Cullom thought
the amount should be $50,000 and the resolu
tion passed at once. A long discussion en
sued, when the Senate adjourned until Mon
day In the House, the bill granting- a pen
sion of $2,500 a year 'to Septimina Randolph
Mcikleham. sole surviving grandchild of
Thomas Jefferson, was taken up, and a favor
able report was read. Considerable opposi
tion whs manifested against the bill, it being
thought that it inaugurated a civil pension
system, and it was killed by a vote of 120 to 60.
POLITICAL AND PERSONAL.
Abraham Breath died in Alton, 111., re
cently. He was one of the two or three
men who rallied to the support of Elijah P.
Lovejoy, editor of tho Alton Observer,
who was killed November 7, 1S37, in a pro
Lieutenant J. W. Danenhowkr of
Jenunette fame has been married to Miss
Helen Laflin Sloan in Oswego, N. Y.
Henry A. Tilden, youngest brother of
Samuel J. Tilden, died at New Lebanon, X.
Y., recently, aged sixty-three.
The Attorney-General has issued a cir
cular to United States Marshals and At
torneys to enforce the laws against persons
whom they find illegally manufacturing or
Jacob P. Billups & Co., cotton brokers,
New York, assigned; liabilities, $G80,000.
A fire started in tho west side business
quarter of the village of Allegan, twenty
five miles northwest of Kalamazoo, Mich.,
recently, and under a high west wind swept
through the entire district to the river,
taking every brick store building in the
place except the Chaffee Hotel and Peck's
bank building. The fire had run its course
in two hours. The aggregate loss is placed
by Allegan business men at from $400,000
to $600,000, probably a high estimate. The
insurance is believed to amount to $150,000.
Bishop "Wioger, of Paterson, N. J., re
fused the use of his church for the funeral
of two of his parishioners, because that
three years ago they persisted in selling
The wheat crop in the vicinity of Effing
ham, 111., is reported seriously injured by
recent alternations of freezing and thawing
PitKimss Tiller, the Pacific Express
robber at St. Louis, was arrested recently
at Milwaukee and $90,000 of the money re
covered. The arrest was due to bis own
folly in leaving bis valise with the money j
at a trunk store to oe repacicea. xn ac
complice, a man named McFadden, has
also been arrested at Sherman, Texas.
George Tiffany, twenty years old, a
son of the absconding postmaster, of Ben
nington, Vt., has been arrested and con
fessed to stealing Government money. He
is implicated in his father's fraud. ,
A shocking ease of cruelty has come to
light in Norwalk, O. Maggie Montgomery,
aged eight years, was taken from a charita
ble institution by a Mrs. Blinzly, who beat
her and starved her, fractured her skull
and burned her with a hot poker. Thero
were but slight chances of the child's re
covery. So incensed were the people that
they threatened to lynch the whole Blinzly
The Governor of Kansas, has called an
extra session of the Legislature to convene
at Topeka on Tuesday, March 18th, to take
action in regard to the cattle plague that
now prevails in the State.
The British have again defeated Osman
Digma, losing seventy killed and one hun
dred wounded Osman Digma's loss was
about four thousand.
The Texas Land Board refused to accede
to the request of. stockmen to reduce the
price of leased lands from eight to five
cents. The stockmen threatened to cut the
fence of any man leasing at eight cents,
and told the Board so. They also inti
mate that they will organize a powerful
opposition to the retention by the Board of
tho State offices now hold by the members.
A destructive cyclone passed near Gun
tersville, Ala., recently. H. S. Hess and
Mrs. John Tidmore were killed, and John
Tidinore and Mrs. Frank Farmer severely
injured. About thirty houses were blown
to atoms. The storm left the earth after
devastating nearly six miles.
A waterspout broke on the farm of S.
M.EIwood, near Nashville, 111., flooding
everything, but causing no other damage.
A terrible explosion occurred in the
Pocahontas Mine, near Petersburg, Va.,
recently. One hundred and fifty men at
work in the mine were killed and their
bodies terribly mutilated. The explosion
sounded like tho rumbling of an earth
quake, and did considerable damage out
side of the pit.
Fifty-five bridges were destroyed be
tween Pittsburgh and Cairo during tho
Ohio floods; estimated cost of replacing,
Clark Robinson has sued C. K. Garrison,
of New York, to recover $2,89.",9r0t claiming
that amount on account of sale of bonds.
DeGaieff, the Russian Nihilist, sup
posed to have been the leader of the band
that murdered Colonel Sudeikin, has sailed
Auditor "Walker, of Missouri, has re
ceived a letter from T. C. Campbell, of
Kirksville, informing him that the mouth
and foot disease had broken out among the
cattle in Northeast Missouri.
The Aspen stage, which arrived at Lead
ville tho other night, brought news of a
fatal snow-slide which occurred at Aspen
mountains. Three employes of the Vallejo
mine, George Marshall, "William O'Brien,
and John McGunnity, were killed. Mike
Hicgins, anothtr miner, is missing.
The week's business failures throughout
the country, for the United States, num
bered 174; Canada and the provinces, 42;
total, 21G; as compared with 272 last week.
The decreaso was principally in the "West
ern, Middlo and New England States.
Canada has the same number of failures as
The only way of putting out the fire in
the Pocahontas mine, Virginia, is by seal
ing it and flooding it with steam. Not one
of tho one hundred and fifty miners es
caped. Trichinosis, engendered by eating Ger
man bred pork, and due in no wise to the
American product, is ravaging various
parts of Germany.
The Chamber of Commerce, of Lyons,
France, protests against the embargo on
Matt Lewis, colored, was hanged in St.
Louis for the murder of his wife in October
1S7G. Lewis quarrelled with her, and cut
her throat in n fit of jealousy. Ho escaped,
but was arrested nearly a year afterwards.
He had been in jail seven years, during
which time ho had four trials.
A fire nt Kansas City the other morning
destroyed "Woodward, Faxon & Co.'s place,
1206to 1208 Union avenue. The loss on drugs,
buildings and other property amounted to
nearly 100,090. A young man named Aber
nathy was killed by leaping from a fourth
stry window to escape being burned.
The Senate was not in session on the 15th.
The Houses still hnd tAdnr consideration
the Post-ofllae Appropriation bill and ad
journed without finishing i;. "
William G. Smith, aged twenty, of San
Antonio, Tex., suicided recentlv by taking
mophine. He had married a variety actress
named Lizzie Mack, and got into domestic
Is a row on shipboard in Chesapeake
Bay, Md., John "Wilson, mate, wa? stabbed
and killed by Gus Peterson.
Tiller, the Pacific Express robber, of
St. Louis, made an attempt to escape by
climbing down the fire-escape of the Lin
dell Hotel. He was recaptured and taken
to the Four Courts.
The other morning two prisoners con
fined in the Sandwich, Onfc, jail, shot and
killed Jailer Leech and fatally wounded
Turnkey Davis and escaped.
A young man named John Duffield was
held up recently at Galveston by a trio of
roughs. "Watching his opportunity he
seized tha hand of the man holding the
pistol and plunged a tnwie kuifc into his
body. The dead r bber proved to bo a
It is reported that a snow-slide carried
away the Samson Mining Company's Con
centrating "Works, eight miles northwest
of Silverton, Col., erected last summer at
an expense of $G),C0D. No lives were lost.
The Ontario Legislature passed a bill
giving widows and spinsters who have the
necessary property qualification, a right to
vote at municipal elections.
A serious railroad difficulty occurred
near Youngstown, O., a few days ago, over
a disputed track claimed by the New York,
Pennsylvania & Ohio and the Pittsburgh,
Cleveland & Toledo Railway Companies.
The employes of each company were
armed and bloodshed would have resulted
but.for the timely presence of the Sheriff,
who made several arrests.
A rowing match at San Francisco, re
cently, mile and a half turn, $5,000 a side,
for the championship of the Pacific Coast,
between Peterson and Lee, was won by the
former by fifteen lengths.
Peter Semonin and his son, Will O. Se-
monin, have left Louis viile, Ky., secretly,
leaving the Pike Tobacco Warehouse Com
pany in inextricable difficulties. The
frauds of the younger Scmonin are said to
amount to $100,000.
The value of exports of breadstuff for
February, 1884, was $10,103,338 against $15,
773,010 for the same time last year. For
the eight months ending February 29, $110,
359,840, against $149,401,155 for the corres
ponding period of last year.
Sevxx months ago Christian A. Lerabke
left Akron, O., while under a charge of
burglary and robbery. He went to Ger
many, returned the other day on the
steamer Nuremburg tud was arrested.
A PRECIOUS PAIR.
Prentice Tiller the Pacific Express Bobber,
and J. F. Dietrich, tlie Thieving: Teller of
the Laclede Bank, Safely Lodged Behind
the Bars Tiller's"" Swag Safe, The Other
St. Louis, Mo., March 14.
Prentice Tiller, in charge of Mr. Joseph
Sheppard, Assistant Manager of the United
States Express Company of Chicago, and
Mr. George H. Thiel, head of the
Thiel Detective Agency, of this city, ar
rived in St. Louis this morning over the
Chicago & Alton Railroad.
Tiller, who is evidently a man of re
markable serve, takes his arrest coolly.
On the day he arrived in Milwaukee, his
curiosity to see what kind of a descrip
tion of him the company had sent out, led
him into the United States "Express office,
where he asked if there was a package
there for him. Before he left he had read
If the company had deliberately gone
to work to shield him from arrest it
could not have concocted a description
better calculated to deceive the public
and police than the one it published. He
stood in the smoking-room this morning
a tall, raw-boned, gawky, country boj',
looking as if he had just left the plow or
the wood-chopper's ax.
"An employee of the Express Company
in Chicago, who had worked by his side
for several months," said Mr. Sheppard,
"could not identify him, and I believe that
he could have escaped arrest forever in
that suit of clothes had not those Mil
waukee fellows stumbled upon him."
Beginning at the bottom, he wore a
pair of low-cut, cow-hide farm shoes,
which revealed a pair of dark-blue, home
knit yarn stockings, of the "Shaker"
order. His pantaloons were of butter
nut brown jeans, made after the ortho
dox hoosier fashion, and they bagged at
the knees in a free aud graceful
manner, delightful to behold. His
undershirt was composed of
red-flannel and his outershirt of that
primitive fabric known as striped hick
ory, ornamented with a row of large
white porcelain buttons down the front.
He wore neither collar nor necktie. His
vest was an abandoned-looking wreck,
which might have seen brighter days, al
though it is doubtful. The dark sack
coat which he wore looked a trifle greasy
about the sleeves aud a trifle frayed about
the button-holes. It was evidently an ar
ticle which was not discarded by its orig
inal owner, while there was a ray of hope
left. Outside of this he wore a larger
undercoat, with a tendency to wrinkle up
the back, and a tendency to hang like a
dish-rag on a broom-bandle down in front.
It was once a light Scotch tweed, but that
was a long time ago, and when seen by
the reporter it had degenerated so
that it would hardly be accepted
at a junk store as fitting material for the
manufacture of brown paper pulp. But
the overcoat, an ulster, was the crowning
glory of the outfit. Originally it must
have been built for a cowboy, and it
looked as if it had passed through a dozen
cutting and shootingaffrays. Of a dingy,
srayish color, fuzzy, frizzy and forbid
ding, it would of itself have been suili
cient to back up a charge of vagrancy in
a St. Louis police court.
His tout-ciwemblc was a complete dis
guise, and as completely metamorphosed
the young man as if he had been subjected
to a'coatof tar and feathers. Around his
ueck he wore a strip of red flannel, "on
"recount of a sore throat," he said, and
his head was adorned with a shiney,
greasy, sticky-looking black cap, such as
railroad brakcnien wear.
If Tiller had any accomplices he docs
not propose to give them away; nor will
he tell where he left the satchel while he
was arranging his departure.
The exact amount of money found on
Tiller's person, when arrested, was $3,
3D4.S3. This money was partly distributed
over his clothing, some of it being sewed
into the lining. " Articles of jewelry were
also found sewed up in his clothes and
under his coat collar.
Mr. Sheppard estimates that the total
co-t of Tiller's robbery to the company
will not exceed 812,000 reward includ
ed. Hstsays the work has been done by
a lew mcn,aud done economically. The
Vinkertous were not employed.
St. Louis, Mo., March 14.3
This afternoon Frank Fowler and
a Deputy Sheriff, carrying a warraut
sworn out 03- Mr. Fowler, agent for the
Fidelity and Casualty Company, entered
a carriage at the Four Courts, and were
driven to the house at "409 Franklin ave
nue, where they arrested Dieterich, con
veying him rapidly to the Four Courts,
Passing through the hallways on the
second floor, they ascended the back pair
of stairs which led to the lauding on
which the door of Mrs. John Dietrichs'
apartments opened. The Deputy Sheriff
rapped on the door, and was confronted
by a woman, who inquired his mission.
"I am an officer, looking for Mr. F. J.
"Where's your authority?"
"Here's authority," said the Deputy,
pulling back his coat and showing a star.
'Now, I want to get in here, and you'd
better stand aside," saying which the
Deputy pushed the door wide open and
walked in. The reporter and Mr. Fowler
followed. Passing through the room to
the front room the party looked about.
Lying on a sofa was a stout, well-dressed
man. He rose as the party entered, and
Mr. Fowler said : "Well, Dietrichs, we've
"We have enough proof against you to
send you up for fifty years," said Mr.
Fowler, "and if we suffer one dollar's
worth you'll go up. What did you do
with the money?"
Dietrichs did not open his mouth.
Finally Dietrichs said: "When thptimc
comes for explanation there will be a dif
ferent light thrown on my actions."
He was taken to the Four Courts then
and imprisoned. Dietrichs had neither
crutch nor cane, walked as well as any
man, and looked to be the picture of
The Carpenter Trial.
Petersburg, 111.. March 15.
After another nine hours session
there is substantially nothing of weight
unearthed as to who killed Zura Burns.
A few new witnesses testified, but they
were not store-houses of valuable Infor
mation. The attorneys for the defense are
In high glee. So much had been prom
ised by the prosecution and especially by
the sanguine and valuable State Attor
ney, that the defense inhaled from the
breathings of public opinion a slight
measure of fright as to what was to "be
produced at this trial. Yesterday Mr.
Lauuiug said they were happily deceived,
as they had not to meet half the cast
thsy had been anticipating.
The MorrUon BUI, as Kevlsed by t
Way and Kmm Committee, Reported
to the House The Majority and Minor.
Ity Keports Accompanying the Docu
ment. Washington; March lit The majority
and minority reports of the Ways and Means
Committee on the Morrison Tariff bill were
submitted to the House yesterday. The di
vision was upon strict party lines. Morri
son says he does not know when he will
call the bill up for action. The majority
The Chairman of the Senate Committee on
Finance, in explanation of the bill before tho
Senate last year, which, after various amend
ments, became a law, estimated at $45,000,000
the reduction in revenue which would follow
the changes in the tariff. These calculations
have not been verified. So the question still
presses, what legislation !s neces
sary to relieve the people of unnecessary
taxes? Your committee rind that in the six
months ending- December 3, 1SK5, merchandise
wtis imported into the United States valued at
fSW,t9S.10J. on which duties were paid amount
ing to $10.511,136, being 40.91 per cent, on tho
value thereof. In the corcesponding six
months of lSf2, under the old law, the valuo
of dutiable imports amounted to $3e0,856;;i.
and the duty paid was 111,206,507. or 12.65 per
cent- on the value. It thus appears that the
average cost or importing was ouly 1.74 per
cent, less under the uewthim under the old
law. The nominal reduction made by the pro
posed bill is twenty per cent., or one-nrth tho
present rate. With the Morrill tariff limita
tions in the bill, and the liquor and bilk sched
ules omitted, the actual reduction will not ex
ceed 15.74 per cent. The average reduction
made in the Tariff-Commission bill and that
to be made by the proposed bill, toother, do
not reach the reduction at which the commis
The decrease in revenue as shown by tho
receipts under the new law other than that re
sulting from the nominal reduction of 1.71
per cent- results from the falling off of nearly
i25.W,000 of the imports in the first hair year
under the new law, as compared with the first
half of the previous year under the old law.
The reduction of revenue under the bill re
ported.is estimated at $3I,UW,0UU. on the basis
of last year's imports. To tbe extent of that
Cn.uoo.UGO tho bill will relieve the people
of unnecessary taxes. To that extent
taxes will be reduced directly as a
measure of justice to consumers, and in
directly in largely increased proortions
From the statement made by the Bureau ot
Statistics it appears that the duties or tariff
taxes were decreased on some and increased
on other articles under the new law. but,
while this is true, there has been no increase
in wages In any, but a reduction of wages In
most industries, as well us in those who-?
competing- products received more, as in
those that obtained less protection under tho
act of March last.
lteferring to the condition of the Iron and
steel trade, as one of the leading manufact
ures, the report attributes the depression and
tho enforced idleness of the workingmeu to
the enormities of the protective system, and
declares that, as such calamities always fall
upon the laborers, the committee had de
cided to report a bill for the partial relief of
the people from unnecessary taxes.
The minority report, which was prepared by
Mr. McKinley. after reciting tho action ot tbe
last Congress in revising the tariff in places
where reductions were needed, urges that tho
time which has elapsed since the new
tariff -went into effect has been too short
to give it a sufficient test, and asks that it be
given a fair trial before the subject Is brought
ud again. Another objection urged is that tbo
t reduction proposed by the bill under consid
eratlon has not been asked for by single in
terest in the vbofe country. Continuing, tho
Whiie all unite in opposition to any reduc
tion some interests assert the necessity or an
Increase of duties for the actual maintenance
of an industry. The wool-growers of thu
country demand the restoration or the wool
duty or lb70. The undersigned have sought
to respond favorably to this demand of more
than a million of our fellow citizens
representing- the agriculture of tho
country, but we have been overruled. The
opponents . to our view's, not con
tent with the refusal to accede to the requests
of this large elass of producers, deliberately
propose to reduce duties still lower. Against
this ne enter a mo.t earnest protest- There
are some inequalities however, found in the
present law which it would be only just to
correct. Among-these, wire rods, cotton-tic
and tin plates bear greatly disproportionate
duties to kindred articles, and should be made
consistent and harmonious.
We are opposed to the bill, because, first:
It will disturb busiuoss, unsettle allies,
retard incipient enterprises. cripple those now
established, impair thu confidence among
business men so essential to our development
and prosperity, and biing no couutervailmjr
2. It will of necessity force down the prico
of labor in the United States, will stimulate
imports, increase competition from abroad,
which can only be successfully met by re
ducing the cost of home product. Wo e-.n
not too strongly emphasize our opposition to
any legislation which even tends to reduce our
labor to the foreign standard, either iu price
3. That tne proposed reduction will Inevit
ably increase foreign importations, and as a
consequence will increase our revenues, to
which increase every Interest of the co Jiitry
4. It iswhollyunnecessarynnd unjustifiable.
The enormous increase in the wealth of tho
country during the last fifteen years, under h
protective tariff, now force- capital to seek
employment in the aeveloptnent of all min
eral, agricultural and other resource, and a
change or modification of the system will
create sueh doubt ot succesftul enterprises
as to check this useful tendency.
5. It has none cf the merits of a carefully
matured Tariff 'bill and is not tho result of a
studious consideration of the interests of our
people. It proposes to reduce alike the duty
upon every article of foreign import, without
any culmination a to its effect upon particu
lar Industries, and wholly ignoring its neces
sary effect in advancing prices abroad by the
destruction of competition at home. Whilo
nominally it is uniform reduction. In fact it is
grossly unequal under the limitations of the
bill, and it wilt be found uiihcult if not im
practicable of execution.
C. That feature or the bill which applies ad
valorem duties to most of the schedules of-fiT-toil
h- it is esneeiallv objectionable, be
cause It will greatly increase tbe existing- evil
or undervaluation, ana consequent iruuus
upon the revenue, as well as so complicate
the rule of assessment duties as greatly to
embarrass the administration of the law.
Against the statement of the majority as to
the effect of protective duties upon wag s. is
the statement or the workmen themselves,
who unite In declaring that protective duties
are essential to fair and remunerative wages,
and that every reduction inevitably result In
lowering the standard or American wages. We
dissent radically from the statement or tho
majority that a reduction of dutie lightens
bv so much the burdens of taxation. Tho
whole history of our National experience
shows a constantly decrensing price as the
effect of increased home competition.
What the country wants mot is relief
from Congressional agitation. All the indus
tries or tbe country are extremely scnsiti-e.
and just at this time, when business is more
or less depressed la every branch, threat or
fear of change introduces an element or un
certainty throughout the country the evil ef
fects or which no one can foresee. Twenty
percent, reduction, or any reduction how
ever slight, following so close upon the reduc
Uons made last winter, can not be defended
as to a single schedule, and as to many
it can be shown to De wholly disastrous.
We believe ir. after a sufficient trial of the ef
fect ot the last revision, it shall appear that
tbe Industrial Interests ot th country can l
maintained with it. and that the condition ot
the treasury will Justiry a further revision,
such action will be more wisely undertaken
by the friends of the protective system, and
with lest disturbance to public prosperity,
than If done now by the avowed advocates of
the destruction or the American system of
The minority report Is slsrned by Represent,
tires Keiiey, Kasjon, McKinley. Rus-elland
Miscode comprising all the Republican men
bers of the Wavs and Means Committee.
A Cjcleae In Mississippi.
Jacxsox, Miss., March 12. A cyclone
struck the agricultural college at Sharkville
yesterday afternoon. Captain Lucas was
slightly wounded. AH the buildings were
more or less damaged, and stock suffered
gteatly. Farm Implements, fences and
grain were blown awy, the total damage
being Sl'AOOO. AtWt Point every cbin
and gin house on the alantatiou of Major.
Youn was wrecked'by a terrific wind-storm.
No lives are reported Iret, Kain fell in
torrents for two hours, accompanied by hail
TTo-'Evo I; the nanis of a Texas towa
thai desires a poat-ollie I
THK FOOT AXD MOUTH DISEAS
Official Report of the United States Vfwrl
nary Surgeon to the Governor of Kanon-
In Regard to the Dreadful Scourge.
Topkka, Kas., March 13. The follow in-
is the report of Dr. Holcombe, the veterinary
surgeon commissioned by Governor GlickjU
investigate the disease which recently niaotf
I its appearance among the caKIe in Woodson.
Xkosho Falls, Wooosox, Bounty; Kas.,
March 10 ll4. t
To Vic Governor of KhtiMva:
Sir I have the honor to report here
with the results of my investigation
Into the nature, cause and progress
of tho disease existing among the cattle
in this neighborhood. By permission or Cen
eral Augur, commanding the Military Departv
ment or the Missouri. 1 reported to you in
Topeku on the 5th Inst., and received verbal
instructions to proceed to this point without
delay. I arrived here on the tith inst.. in com
pany with yourself and Colonel Sun's. Secre
tary of the State Uoard or Agriculture,
and a delegation of citizens or Empona.
1 first inspected theherd of Daniel Keith. loca
ted four miles northwest or Neosho Falls iv
Coffey, County. Kas. The history of his herd
is as follows: It consists of UM animals, most
or which are yearlings, the remainder com
prising a few cows and two-year-old steer
All ot" these animals were picked up in thV
surrounding country last autumn. The last ot
sixty were received on December 10. 1SS5. All
were apparently well after l'hristns. Some
time lietween the 23th und olst of Decern tor.
fl e of the yearlings were seen to be Inme-avd
to present moreor less swelling of thcaffectil
rect. A day or two afterward Six more were
found with similar symptoms. After a timr
it wa- noticed tDat the feet affected showed
signs of sloughing at the coronet, or
above the fetlock joint. This result
was attributed to freezing of the discard
members. Notwithstanding- th' changes .ji
the weather, new outbreaks in the herd coni
tinued until at thetimeor my urrivulsixtj were
or had bt-en affected. 1 made a critical exam
ination of a large number both of the wel'ainl
the sick. A typical recent ea-e. said to ha c
been sick four or five days, wa a two-year-old
steer, with the tollowiiigsympttim: The right
hind foot was considerably swollen, and the
animal limped as he w:dked. A single visicb
wa- found on the skin in theekft of the Isoof.
I touched it with my finger when it ruptured;
theltuid escaped. leaving an oblong tni
perlicial ulcer. The foot wa hot idfpl
tender to pressure, while the suclliirjr
extended as high a the fetlock. TIr
temperature, taken iu the leeline. was WI--3-degrees
Fahrenheit. An examination of the
mouth revealed three small ulcers, and 01:0
recently formed uleer on the mucous mem
brane of the lips and gums Another case,
said to have been affected about ten days. wa&
a ri'd yearling steer, the right hind foot sup
purating at the fetloek joint, while the parts
bclow w ere dead. The mucous membrane of
the upper tmd lower lips of the gums
and palate as far back as to tc
second molar teeth showed numerous
ulcers, varying in sue from a large pin-head
to a Lima lx.'un. These ulcers were of a pule,
reddish purple color, or or a yillowi-h brown.
On preparingto take the temp"rnture the pa
tient ilefacated. revealing on the miicoii
membrane or the rectum 11 small ulcer troiu
which escaped some blood. The thermometer
registered UH degress Fahrenheit. Another
case, said to have been one or thelirst affected,
was a white yearling steer. He refused tck'-t
up. was greatly emaciated and sim-fering-
intense pain. The right
hind leg presented a stump at the
fctlock joint, covered over with a dark,
brown scab from beneath which escaped a
thick yellow pu when pressum was applied.
The stump was tender and swollen about half
way to the hock. The left hind leg was swol
len, hot und inten-oly painful as high as the
fetlock. The toes stood wide apart, showing
a tenser yellowish skin at the bast.-or the chtt
beneath which collections or pun could ?K
felt. The horn of the outside toe wu de
tached at the heel, undermined with pus and
nearly ready to drop off. The po!ed
bone was dead on the surface. The
mouth showed several ulcer, fhwtr
healed, others nearly so. The tempera
ture was lid degree Fahrenheit, 'lhcso
three cases are fairly Illustrative 'of the dis
ease a it existed here in the various stages,
In some case the mouth lirsions are compara-
(....I.. ?1!1.. 11.lt 1 1.. , tin fitnt . k.rfkltll (if.
feoli'A. und vlcn versa. Soini have hud fBrM
UtLlI CII..HI. Hlllll. ,11- A1.1.. 1- .-! .m. -.;
disease in a mild form and escaped without l
Io of any portion or their unit); some navo
lost one toe. some botli toes some one leg at
tbe fetlock, some botli leg and one three legs.
The older the animal the le-s di-astrou docs--the
disease apiiear to be, for but few cows
have lost even one foot. One cow with't
cair by her eirte about ten days 01A
took the disease and developed ulcers
on the teats and udder us well a in
the mouth- Three days arterwards tha-jfU
died with all tbe svinptoms or the diseudrm
its early ttages. The second herd inspected
belongs to Jlr. Goodrich, of Kanas City. Mo.,
and is located on the opposite side or the high
way, ationt.one nunureu yunis inrai -ir.
Keith's nlaec. The first case appeared in this-
herd rour or five weeks ago, and the number
affected on the (ith in-t. was thirty-live out of
a total of ninety-five head. 15ut two of these
cases requiru special attention. One i 11 red
yearling steer with one foot affected, showing
Ulcers 011 DOin lip, ie gums, mhikuu uuu uii
tho roof of the mouth back to atl.I'
including the soft palate. The other is a.3
two-year-old heifer that will lose all four legs."
This herd was in fine condition when tho dis
piiso liroki out. The third herd infected is sit
uated about two ami u hair miles south or
Mr. Keith's place, in Woodson County. Kan...
and belongs to John W. Heard. On the 6th
inst.. but lour case had been affected, one of
which died while the disea-ewas at its height.
The total number of animals in this herd is
seventy-five. It lias been infected about two
Regarding the nature of the dleai there
can be no quc-tion but what itiu contageou
one. Thi is shown by the repeated outbrvaks
which have taken plaeo in the herd
first Infected, the spread of the dis
ease to the herd ucros the highway, and
finally to Mr. Beard's cattle by the purcha-i-or
a cow from Mr. Keith's farm. That it is
foot and mouth disease cannot Imj doubted
when the symptomare coi:-ldcred; for. tore
capitulate, the various cucs show: Vesicles,
and ulcers of the mouth, vesicles and ulcer
in the cleft of the foot, suppuration and
sloughing at the feet, ulcers of the rectum,
vesicles and ulcers of the udder, diarrhcea. &
temperature varying from Ml to 1W 1N3 de
grees Feiircnhcit, andthc most marked ujci
atlon even in cases where theappetitc is good
How the disease originated I nin at a loss to
know. In the past the foot and mouth dis
oiu hiis novpr anooared in this country ex
cept when brought here from Great Uritiiin or
Europe. That it can originate spontaneously
I do not believe, for many observations have
shown that specific diseases cannot be pro
duced except when the specific virus is pres
ent in the system, and that this virus isalns
tho result or 11 like pre-existing virus.
That the disease was brought to Mr. Keith's
herd I um fully convinced: but when, how
and where from, my Investigations up to the
present time do not enable me to say. On the
7th lust, three new herds were reported in
fected. I visited them and found the rcoorfc
groundless. Since the 6th inst. twelve new
cases have appeared in Mr. Keith's hAI and
four or five iu Mr. Goodrich's. The in
fected district has been surrounded with
quarantine notices, but to all intents ar.d pur
poses, they areinoperative. That the djgeaso
"will appear in other herds unless efficient
measure of eradication are adopted is patent
to all who are acquainted with the past history
nt Tnnt. mwl mouth disease. In my opinion
the Infected herds should all be destroyed anf
the infected premises quarantined against all
cattle, sheep and dogs for a period1
of one year. The bedding, manure,
hay. fodder, fences, ete.. should be
destroyed with the cattle, and the staftiea
thoroughly cleaned and disinfected. Thedia
case is now so near to the great cattle ranges
or the West, to which itraay readily be carried
and where its disastrous enects wouiu oe in
calculable, and its eradicaMon ImpoMible.thar
nnviipiHvnf action is most dangerous to the
great Interests at stake- I am, sir, very res
pectfully your obedient servant.
Signed A. A. Holcomhe. D. . S.,
Inspecting Veterinary Surgeon. U.S. A.
Station Aent Hardinsr. of Winter-
ton, N. V.. has a dojr that has assumed to
take eharge of the mail bajr ou the ar
rival of the trains. When near time for
the mail train thedo tikes his pos.tlon
on the platform of the depot, and as-
oon as me uair is uiruw n un inui iu ,
flrefull in his teeth and carrtfc it to-
the post-oilice. When the train lMhe
hfntf time he becomes uneasy and shows
much imjmtieuco at the delay. Roch
From twenty to foriv ton? ofoleo-
marirariae a moctli'is sold at 1 ortlam
X f. K
ZS Mi X.'"
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ym. ft .
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