The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923, March 14, 1884, Image 6

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, WXHE, F1MI1HD GARDE. "
.Hay that fa aot effectually cured
when yu, in barn should have salt
scattered over it as it is put away. It
-helps to preserve it and the cattle like
ItTroy Times.
An Ohio farmer says he cared his
horses of coughing by using oil of tar
and camphor gum. He pat in all the
camphor cam the tar would cut and
gave a teaspoonful on the tongue three
times a da' after feeding.
An Indianapolis (Ind.) fruit grow
er gays: "Last year 1 put twelve moles
jn my strawberry patch of five acres, to
tatcn ino grubs, ana tney aia tne wore.
I never had. a dozen plants injured dur
ing the summer, either by the grubs or
moles. I know some people do not
care for moles on their farm, bat I
want them in my strawberry patch."
Peas are of two classes, the round
and the wrinkled. The latter kind, if
sown in coid, wet soil, will rot; the
round peas are hardy, and may be sown
as soon as the ground thaws. Make a
drill three or four inches wide, with the
hoe, and scatter the seed peas in it, so
that they will be about half an inch
apart, and cover with two inches of
soil. Cleveland Leader.
Although every well regulated farm
can boast a garden where delicacies are
raised for the home table, there are
still many new farms on which this im-
Eortant spot has not yet been set aside.
!ven half an acre may be made to pro
duce enough fruits and small vegetables
for a family whose table without those
luxuries would bo bare indeed. Start
the garden early. Do not allow it to
take the last chance. A". T. Herald.
If you wish to improve upon the
usual method of smothering beef-steak
with onions, try this: Cnt one quart of
onions in very small bits, not over an
inch long, and as thin as a sharp kniV
will cut them. Let them be in cola
water with a good sprinkling of .alt in
it for half an hour. Drain them well,
and fry them in a deep frying pau, with
a good deal of very hot lard in it. They
will cook immediately and be crisp and
most excellent. Exclmnge.
Hominy fritters help make variety
for the breakfast table. Boil the hom
iny the day before, then take two tea
cups of it, and stir a small cup of sweet
milk and a little salt with it, and one
egg, four teaspoonfuls of flour, with
half a teaspoonful of baking powder.
Have your frying-pan hot with the fat
in it: drop this batter in by spoonfuls,
and fry a delicate brown. "The flavor is
better if half butter and half lard is
used, rather than all lard. Cincinnati
Times.
If you want to grow huckleberries,
says W. J. Scott in the HusbaMman,
set out j'oung plants, about a foot high
in the spring. Mulch them for a year
or two, and plow in some coarse horse
manure occasionally. Thoy ara slow
to start, but after they are started they
grow rapidly both in bush and berry.
The bushes maybe cultivated with'a
horse. They should be set at least
seven feet apart each way, as they
spread considerably when full grown.
It is well to set three or four small
bushes in each hill.
A witness was objected to in the
trial of a suit about a party wall in
Baltimore, Md., on account of his re
ligious belief. The presiding Justice
said that the Constitution of the State
provides that a witness shall believe in
God, but does not undertake to define
what is meant by that word. If a man
Ijelieves in moral responsibility and a
system of rewards and punishments in
this world or one to come, he is a com
petent witness. The witness said that
Jie did so believe, and tl e Judge said:
"Anon you are as competent a witness
as any man in Maryland."
Garniture.
Velvet and embroidered fabrics wiE
foe most used for bonnet trimmings,
with also repped ottoman silks and
.satins for pipings and as the reverse
side of velvet ribbons. JV. great deal ol
very narrow velvet ribbon is now being
used by Paris milliners for rosettes that
form pompon clusters on top of bon
nets, and there are little princesse bon
nets made entirely of small loops of
narrow velvet ribbons. A sort of Alsa
ctan effect will be given to spring bon
nets by a bow of velvet ribbon in the
widths known to dealers as Nos. 9 and
12, and there are other arrangements ol
these ribbons in a high cockade bow
that sometimes has an aigrette or else
spears of wheat upright amid its stand
ing loop?. Jets will be used again, but
there are few colored beads among new
goods. Small blossoms arranged in
wreaths and half-wreaths will trim sum
mer bonnets. For the spring there are
large feather panaches made up of sev
eral kinds of feathers, partly of downy
marabout, with small ostrich tips, some
high heron feathers as an aigrette, and
there may be small humming-birds or
merely a bird's head resting upon these.
One cluster resembling the Prince ol
Wales's three feathers is made of six
small ostrich tips arranged in three
drooping or nodding plumed, a tip of a
very light shade of one color being
mounted together with another of the
darkest shade, as pale mushroom with
dark brown. A great deal of gilt will
be used for garniture, in laces, in wide
braids, in wheat clusters, and in orna
mental pins and clasps. There are alsc
many silver pins, long and slender, with
the head of a fish, dog, or bird, and
there are larger silver brooches repre
senting the head of a Skye terrier, 01
the face of a pug, or hunting dogs in
the chase. A new and very effective
'lace called guipure de Genes looks like
thick, heavy embroidery, and may bf
had in white, ecru, and other colors. It
is put on the brim in fluted rows, ot
forms an erect fan in front of the hat.
The Irish point embroidery of last yeax
is used for children's pokes, with qusibfc
ly shaped crown and box-plaited front
laid over pink or blue silk. There are
also close cottage caps of pink or bide
null, shirred on cords and tucked like
the white muslin Irench caps. Em
broidered piques and muslin arc also
made up .into, children's caps with a
largo soft crown, and a full frill of em
broidery on the edge. Fewer roses will
be used than formerly, as small blos
soms will be in favor, yet there are rose
bonnets with the pinkish-yellow Safrano
roses forming part of the brim and all
the crown, while small unblown buaa
or leaves edge the velvefbraa. Emr-p--r's
Bazar.
Feiltry Famtag.
The consumption of eggs and poultry
increases with civilization. As cities
multiply and become populous the de
mand for these articles of food becomes
very great Almost every country in
Europe contributes to the supply of
London and Paris. During the past
few years millions of eggs have been
imported into New York and other
Eastern cities. A large proportion of
them have come from Canada, but the
importation of eggs from the countries
of Northern Europe is steadily increas
ing. The price of poultry and eggs in
creases much faster than that of al
most any article produced on farms.
Thero is no better country in the world
for producing poultry and eggs than
the United States. The climate is very
favorable. The water is generally ex
cellent. Materials for shelters are
cheap. The facilities for transporta
tion aximost as good as could be de
sired. He natural vegetable produc
tions required for food are abundant.
They include grass, clover, wild fruits,
the seeds ol numerous plants, and
some small nuts. As a grain-producing
country it has no superior. It is
oomewhat strange, under these circum
stances, that we should import eggs
or that they should be at a high price.
Still, during t-.e present winter, large
quantities of foreign eggs have been
consumed in Eastern cities, while in
Western towns a dozen of eggs has
brought more money than a bushel of
potatoes or oats. Many farmers, who
keep few or no hens, have spent con
siderable time in denouncing foreign
governments for excluding onr pork
products. They could have employed
their leisure to better advantage in con
structing poultry-houses and in getting
ready to help supply the home market
with" eggs. There is apparently no
danger of overstocking the market
with eggs.
Many failures have been reported of
the attempts to raise poultry on n largo
scale in this country and in England.
As a rule the experiments hare been
very badly conducted. Attempts havo
been made to keep several hundred
fowls in one building, and to .supply
them with food bought in the market
During the past few years reports of
the success of several poultry farms
have been published Persons have suc
ceeded in keeping a thousand hens, and
in keeping them healthy. Their suc
cess has been mainly due to keeping
but a small number of hens in one build
ing and allowing them a wide range.
One farmer in England tried th experi
ment of keeping ten hens on each acre
of land he occupied, and which was
chielly devoted to grazing purposes.
He found that by enriching the ground
with the droppings, of the fowls it would
carry more stock than before, and he
was able to derive two incomes from (t he
same land. The fowls were sheltered
at night and during storms ;n small
houses that where supplied with, wheels
so that they could be easily moved. His
practice was to move each hoaso the
distance of a rod each day. By that
means he brought them to "fresh grass
and prevented the accumulation of
droppings. By moving the chicken
houses but a short distance the fowls
returned to them as readily as if they
had remained continuously in tne same
place. Ample provision was made for
supplying water as well as for ventila
tion. The food, aside from the fresh
vegetables, was mostly obtained in the
market, and was largely produced in
this country. In add tion to gtain and
vegetables the hens were supplied with
6craps of meat and cheap lis-i. The
eggs were sent to market every day, and
as thev could be warranted as "strictly
frrjli. ' thpv pnmTTi.iTiHnrl i I110I1 rriii
The male chickens were sold as broilers
as soon as they were of a size for the
gridiron.
There are now some very successful
poultry-farms in New York and several
of the New England States. The own
ers have an advantage in being near
city markets, but they labor under the
disadvantage of dearer lood and more
costly land. The West is evidently the
best location for poultry-farming, as it
is for grain and meat production. The
production of poultry and eggs can be
combined with stock-raising and grain
growing. The fowls can be kept in
small houses in pastures while the grain
is growing, and after it is cut they may
be removed to the grain-fields, where
they will pick up what is scattered on
the ground. Many kinds of food that
are very valuable to fowls are easily
raised. Among them are sunflower
seed, buckwheat, and sorghum seed. A
liberal amount of vegetables should al
so be provided. Cabbages, onions,'
cress and roots, should be raised fox
feeding during the winter. There is no
occasion for ornamental or expensive
buildings for fowls. They should have
a tight roof and be well lighted and
ventilated. The floor may be of clay 01
common earth. It should be higher
than the surrounding ground so that
dryness may be insured. If kept cov
ered with dry sand it will te clean and
the droppings can be readily removed.
They are as valuable for fertilizing as
guano. Fowls kept in the manner sug
gested will require close attention, but
this is called for in any department ol
husbandry. The care of poultry may
be intrusted to persons who can not do
hard work in the lield. There is very
little hard labor connected with feed
ing fowls, raising chickens, or collect
ing eggs. Chicago Times.
A Narrow Escape.
A thrilling story is told of the nar
row escape of Peter Scnnlon and Tim
Horn from being swept over the Amer
ican Falls at Niagara. They were at
work on a mill-race trying to raise an
ice blockade, when they were thrown
by the springing of some planks into
the water, in a moment they were car
ried in the swift current above the Goat
Island Bridge toward the falls. Near
where the men were working and below
the bridge was a large cake of ice,
toward which they were carried. In
their desperation they attempted to
catch hold of the ice cake, and "when
found half an hour later they were
hanging on to it for dear life. Bones
were procured and they "were hauled
ashore. Buffalo Express
The greatest oleomargarine fraud
yet perpetrated is" the labeling the bock
ets with a ferocious-looking billy-goat
to indicate genuine butter. Atlanta
ConstitulioiUi
PERSONAL AHD LITERARY.
A novel is being written in England
by nine different persons, the object
being to give individuality to each char
acter. Mrs. Susan Fenimore Cooper, a
daughter of tho novelist is educating
one nundred orphans at her home, in
Cooperstown, N. Y.
Mrs. Joseph Cook, of Boston wife
of the reverend Joseph has entered the
lecture lield, taking for her theme,
"The Temples and Tombs of Hin
dostan," and illustrating her remarks
with stcreopticon views. Boston Post.
Henry Ward Beecher in his new
lecture, " The Circuit of the Continent"
boasts a little. It is descriptive of his
trip last summer across the Northern
boundary, down the Pacific coast, and
back by the Gulf and Southern Atlantic
States. He traveled 18,600 miles, re
turned upon the very day set had
seventy-rive appointments, and filled
every one oi them. Brooklyn Eagle.
" Extra Billy" Smith, the veteran
ex-Governor of Virginia, has written to
a relative in Troy, N. Y , giving a
synopsis of the events of his life. In
the letter he finds occasion to say:
Although I shave with my right and
write with my left hand, 1 yet am so
nervous in both that I write with great
labor and difficulty." He was born
two vears before the death of General
Washington. Troy Times.
Miss Marion Langdon is now
known as tho most beautiful girl in
New York. She is tall, her figure is
exquisitely molded, and her eyes are
superb. She is quite dark and extreme
ly graceful. Whenever Miss Langdon
consents to dance with the leader ol
tho german the struggle for invitations
is breathless and prolonged. Mis
Langdon has been engaged several
times, but in every instance tho en
stancc the engagement has been broken
off quietly and nothing more heard oJ
it N. Y. Graphic.
Bishop Gcorgo F. Pierce, of the
Methodist Church South, celebrated his
golden wedding recently at Atlanta,
Ga. He was one of the first members
of the Georgia Conference, which was
organized in 1831. In speaking of his
early labors, he said: "My home seemed
to bo constantly in the saddle. 1
preached twenty-four sermons every
twenty-eight days, besides sermons on
extra occasions, such as weddings,
funerals and household services." In
7839 Bishop Pierce was appointed
President of the first female college in
the world, situated at Macon.
HUMOROUS.
A smooth sidewalk is a thing to be
desired and is generally approved, but
people are apt to get down on a slippery
pavement.
Paradoxical as it may appear, the
law prohibits keeping men in lunatic
asylums wlien it is admitted that they
are insane.
togg complains that he got noth
ing by complaining to his landlord. It
was like putting anew piece of cloth in
to an old garment The rent was made
worse. Boston Transcript.
:A freshman wrote home to his fath
er: "Dear papa: I want a 'little
change." The paternal parent replied:
Dear Charlie: Just wait for it. Time
brings change to everybody. College
Journal.
"Let us play we are married," said
uttle kAixth, "and I will bring my dolly
and say: 'See baby, papa?'" "Yes,"
replied Johnny, "and I will say: 'Don't
bother me now; I wan't to look through
the paper.' " Punch.
"I say, Jenkins, can vou tell a
young, tender chicken from an old,
tough one?" "Of course I can."
"Well, how?" By the teeth." "Chick
ens don't have teeth." "No, but I
have." Hartford Times.
A writer on electricity lucidly ob
serves that "a current of one ampere
results when one volt passes through a
conductor offering a resistance of one
ohm." Wedon'tseo how it could do
otherwise. Norris'.own Eerald.
A young man who had been going
with a Vermont girl for some time, and
had made her several presents, asked
her one day if she would accept a
puppy. He was awful mad when she
replied that her mother had told hsr, if
he proposed to her, to say no. Burlina
ton Free Press.
A Cool Conundrum.
" Canst thou not toll the differenc"
Said east tho othor night
Twixt clear and running water
And when its frozen tight?"
I can," his wire nvado answer,
" I'll tell you in a trice
The one's a liow of water.
The other a lloe of ice."
Yoitken Statesman.
"Did you hear the news about
Blimroer?" inquired De Smythe of
O'Jenks this morning. "No. What's
happened to him, old boy?" "Commit
ted involuntary suicide before break
fast." "You dotft tell me! How?"
"He swallowed four gallons and a half
of fog, and died in the blessed hope of
sunshine beyond." "Good morning.' '
Hartford Post.
A Good, Healthy Snake Story.
In North Carolina there is a reptile
known as the joint snake. When at
tacked it flics in pieces, each piece tak
ing care of itself. A darky attacked
one of them the other day, and to his
utter amazement it broke all up, each
section jumping off in a different di
rection. In the course of an hour he
returned that way and was- utterly
amazed again to see it all together ex
cept the tail piece. After waiting a few
minutes he saw the tail coming up to
join the body, taking sharp, quick little
jetks. It came nearer and nearer until
within a few inches of the three-quarter
snake, when it gave a sudden jump
and hitched on in its proper place with
a fuss resembling the popping ot a cap.
The darkey knocked it to pieces several
times, and each time it came together
again. He carried his amusemeut too
far, however, in throwing the tail part
of the snake across the creek, just to
see, he said, "how long it would take
it to catch up," but it neyer causrht up.
The snake, with its three joints, was
carried to the house, where a new tail is
"beginning to grow to replace the lost
one. A gentleman who Knows mucn
about this singular species says a bead
will grow on the detached trunk, and
there will be two snakes instead of one.
Charleston (8. C.) News and Courier,
THE DAISY.
A Canadian dairyman suggests that
oheese boxes should be made of pulp,
the same as paper pails, barrels, etc.,
as they would stand more hard usage
and be practically air tight, and so less
shrinkage and damage to cheese than
in elm boxes.
The authorities of the Iowa Agri
cultural College make the following
classification ot the relative values of
various ioods as mils producers, ac
cording to tho National Stockman:
Corn per one hundred pounds, fifty
cents; oats, sixty cents; barley, fifty
Gve cents; wheat, sixty-five cents;
wheat bran, seventy cents; oil-meal,
81.45; clover hay, eighty cents;timothy,
fifty cents; potatoes ten cents.
The estimated value of Canada's
exports of butter and cheese during the
vearof 1883 is $7,500,000, being the
largest amounts of dairy products ever
exported in a single year. The exports"
of cheese in the past year amounted to
888,131 boxes, an increase of 173,646
over the previous year. The exports of
butter amounted to 100,171) packages,
an increase of 3,179 over 1883. This
showing indicates a healthy growth in
the agricultural interests of the Do
minion. The Dairy says, or said, that sul
phurious acid is a most effective anti
septic and auti-ferment and may be
produced by burning sulphur upon live
coals upon a shovel or a bed of coals
carried into a stable with perfect safety.
It will also be found an excellent
method for freeing dairy rooms and cel
lars from the spores of mildew, which
have a very injurious effect upon the
milk and upon butter or cheese made
from milk that has been exposed to
them. In fact, from constant preva
lence of these spores it might be useful
to make a practice of fumigating
dairies occasionally, especially after a
bad damp spell of" weather during the
summer season.
The dairy owes very little to science
but very much to practice, says an ex
change Science seems to have bungled
very much in regard to the many ques
tions in dairying upon which light is
desirable, anil the present rapid advance
in the dairy industry seems to be wholly
due to the shrewd and sensible practi
cal men who make use of their com
mon sense and experience to improve
their methods. Indeed, so far, in re
rard to some questions in the dairy,
practice is wholly opposed to the opin
ions of scientilic men; that is to say,
men who do their dairy work in a libra
ry and laboratory, perhaps, but mostly
in the former.
Professor Sheldon, the
English
authoritv on dairv matters, says
"As
usual, we follow the lead of our Ameri
can rivals in these things. Cheese
factories and creameries we have copied
from you, but we have not run them on
anything approaching the thoroughness
of America. In the art of breeding
cattle for beef we may regard ourselves
as quite ahead of you, but you are
equally in advance of us in breeding for
milk. You come to us for cattle, and
then you define and develop their milk
ing properties to a degree which bewil
ders us not a little, iew men in these
islands have taken notice of the milk
yielding capacities of their cows."
Whatever tends ta promote the
comfort of the cow tends to increase her
yield of milk and to improve its qual
ity. The lirst consideration, saj's Henry
Stewart, for the farmer should be to
make his animals comfortable. As be
knows how grateful on a cold morning
a cup 01 not cottee is to him let turn
provide a warm bran slop for his cows,
and follow it up with a generous feed
of cut hay and meal. The result will
be seen in the full milk pail and thr
thick cream from the cows and the con
tinuous and healthy growth of the
calves. This comfortable lodgings and
generous feeding is the key to success
ful winter dairying, and when butter is
35 or 40 cents a pound it will pay to
give the cows the best of care.
m m .
The Extent of Our Dairy Interests.
There are ftr.v who realize what an
immense industry the dairy in this
country is. Prom statistics which have
been compiled and which we have
reason to believe are correct we find
that tt-ere are in the United States
thirteen million cows that are used for
dairy purposes. It is pretty difficult to
say what the average price of those
cows would be, for some of item are
very valuable, while some are pretty
nearly valueless. Col. McGJincy, the
Secretary of the Illinois Dairymen's
Association, estimates thirty-live dol
lars to be an average price, and, per
hups, that would be a fair average.
That would make the cows of the
country worth an immense sum of
money 455,000,000. In addition to
the value of the cows, there are the
other necessary investments in the busi
ness, and it is estimated that the money
thus invested will aggregate 2,000,250,
000; and when we pause to consider that
the dairy has become prominent only
in the last few years, the importance
of and the energy displayed in the busi
ness can be the better appreciated.
The East has given attention to the
dairy for many years some portions of
it but it has grown up in the West
and what a magnificent growth it has
been in a little more than twenty-five
years, and the progress which is" now
being made in the West is greater than
ever, lo-day Minnesota is a dairv
State. Pour years ago she was not.
Missouri has wheeled into line and is
displaying great vigor in dairy matters.
Dakota and Nebraska and Kansas and
Montana will take high rank among
dairy sections, and the three former are
slrcady taking steps in that direction.
Even now there is almost fifty per cent,
more money invested in the dairy than
there is in banking. It is estimated
tjjat sixty million acres of land are de
voted to the dairy; that there are 'seven
hundred thousand men employed in the
busine.s; that there is paid to the la
borers in the business a hundred and
sixty-eight million dollars annually;
that there are 6,750,000,GCO gallons of
milk annually produced. These figures
can be carried further; and the yiSd of
butter and cheese estimated, but they
will be sufficient to give an idea of the
proportions of the dairy, which has
been our purpose thus fur.
Three whole counties in Nebraska
are occupied by,Mennonites.
Temperance Beading.
MABCE OF
TEE SIXTT
SANE.
TEO U-
Not with a Ann and measured step
Moves on the mighty host,
No well-trained soldiers in the ranks
Does their mm leader boast:
Oh. no; they've drained the poison cop.
And in its depths bare fouad
The adder's bite, the serpent's sting.
That (rave tho deadly wound.
Lured by the tempting cup, thoy drank;
To "seek it yet again;"
Quick to its work the poison sped.
And ran through every voin.
It quenched affection's tender tlamo
For those once loved 60 well.
And kindled in the heart instead
The very fires of hell;
Hurled reason from her royal throne,
God's glorious imago marred:
Behold the wreck, no more a man,
Bleeding and torn and scarred.
Behold the soul! Oh! dteadfulfate,
- Well may the angels stand
Weeping at such a sight as this
In our beloved land.
A vanquished army, ou they move.
With reeling steps and slow;
Stumbling into their yawning graves
Thoy fall, to rot be'ow.
O God! that such a thing should be.
And Jo our doors be brought.
And we look calmly on, and see
The work the flend has wrought.
And we look calmly on. and hear.
Throughout our stricken land,
Tho wail of Kachels comfortless,
A sad. heart-broken band.
Why stand ye idle all tho day?"
The call rings loud and clear;
"Thy brother's blood cries front
ground,"
Thou soon, alas! shalt hear.
the
Rouse, brother, sister, to tho work!
Spring quickly to your post!
And hand to hand the conflict wage
Against the fiendish host;
Grim alcohol bus long arrayed
Against the souls of men.
And in the strength of God, our trust,
We shall not fight in vain.
lizabclh T. LarHiu, in Union Signal.
WARNING TO MODERATE DRINK
EKS. The man who never was drunk in hi3
life, who is a respectable member of so
ciety, aud yet is a moderate user of al
cohol, is nevertheless laying up for
himself a quantity of material which
ought not to remain in his system, and
which is interfering with the healthy
performance of some one or more func
tions. It is sufficient to deprive him
of his right to the retention ol his facul
ties in his old age, as well as leading to
blocks in the circulation through the
affected organs, which bring on disease
at disagreeable and inconvenient times.
Healthy physiological change is inter
fered with, and pathological change is
established, for I hold that every cell
which does not freely interchange the
debris which is the result of its ordinary
action, and which keeps that debris
back, or sends it out only half altered,
is commencing a pathological state
which is disease. The line between the
two conditions is somewhere. I con
tend that it commences as soon as the
interference with cell action i3 greater
than the power of repair, and a very
moderale dose of alcohol daily will not
be long in most instances before it com
mences a pathological change some
where. But it is not only with cell
action, as evidenced by altered endos
mose, that alcohol interferes with nu
trition. Its action is shown in its in
fluence upon the gastric juice; it pre
cipitates the peptones which are neces
sary for digestion, renders them in
active, and deprives the stomach of a
portion of its digestive power. It is
true that its paralyzing influence on the
blood vessels gorges the mucous mem
brane with more blood, and leads to a
fresh secretion of eastric juice, and
with it more of the peptones, but surely
it can not be the right course to dam
age an organ for the purpose of in
creasing its action. To congest its
vessels must be a damage which if
persevered in will certainly lead
to dyspepsia, and all its concomitants,
instead of helping the digestive power.
It may be right for a special purpose
to do this, but to continue to do it is to
whip the tired horse too long. But it
not only precipitates the peptones -ot
the stomach, but it coagulates the al
bumen of the food, rendering it less di
gestible; it alters the fibrinc so that the
most important ingredients for the pro
duction of force arc made less capable
of assimilation; and yet, in spite of
these manifest disadvantages, alcoholic
liquors continue to be used by sensible
men, and even by men highly" educated
in physiological knowledge, but who
decline io carry out physiological and
pathological facts to their legitimate
conclusion. They are only in the same
category as a large mass of so-called
Christians, they forget the precepts of
our faith when they see that those pre
cepts are antagonistic to their worldly
interest; or else they have never
thought seriously upon the teachings
of pbysiologv in connection with the
daily use of alcoholic liquors. Just as
so-called Christians have never recog
nized the antagonism of a faith in the
Gospel with their daily habits of life.
The- either do not know or they do not
recognize the fact that they are level
ing downward their powers of life, that
they are reducing them to a lower
capacity for purification, or to a dimin
ished ability to resist evil influences.
They say that liquor does them good,
and that they feci the better for its use.
The very confession that they feel all
the better for it shows that there is a
fault in their system which is already
bearing fruit- To those 1 would say
most earnestly: Face the mischief.
The natural tendency which is inherent
in the human economy to revert to
health should be allowed full sway.
Let the defective organ get up to the
level 01 tne rest ot tne nouy. ana ao
not bring all down to the level of the
weak one.
When men or women aver that alco
hol is a necessity to them, and that they
gut on ueuer wuu it iuaa wuuuub it,
they are using it for the purpose of ex
tinguishing the danger signal which
Nature is exhibiting. This is revealed
to them by the feeling which arises
when they do not take it. This is a
warning that they are damaged already,
and that "it is high time for them to
make an effort to recover themselves. I
am satisfied by an experience which has
neither been too limited, either by time
or numbers, that no possible evil to
their boliIy health will ever arise from
the action, if it be guided by common
sense and good judgment.
The human body is not unlike to a
great city. There are sewers, furnaces,
firs and water supply; chimneys, roads
And deposits of fuel and food. If the
Bsvfirs are allowed to choke up, it tne
ashpits arc not cleansed, if the chim- j
ne are not swept, if the water supply
is fouled, if the depots are not replen
ished, there is discontent and suffering,
want, disorder and disease. The teem
ing population of a great city requires
that the sanitarv arrangements shall be
kept in order, tne roads open, and the
food supply satisfactory, if business is to
prosper, and sickness be kept at a low
point. It is precisely the same in a
single individual. No man can live for
a single minute without producing ex
creta, which, if it be not removed, will
choke up his natural sewers, fold his
blood-stream, diminish the draught in
his furnace of life, and interfere more
or less with the activity of every func
tion and every faculty which he pos
sesses. It is possible that the minute
particles which make up the sum of ex
cretory product may be some
times dried up, so to speak, and
form very microscopical points
lying dormant for years: out when
some change takes places, some micro-,
cosm is introduced which lives upon
these dormant particles, they spring
into activity, and it is discovered but
too late that the whole structure is per
meated with a condition like to that
which sometimes we see in an apparent
ly noble forest tree which is suddenly
prostrated in a moderate gale of wind,
but which reveals to us the fact that its
trunk is rotten to the core. The way
in which alcohol shows its influence is
by diminishing some of the actions
which arc necessaryjfor the perfection
of health. It tends to keep excreta
within the precincts of the body, in
stead of washing them away, just as
our forefathers kept them in cesspools
close to their dwelling houses. There
is not a point in its daily use which can
in any single way obviato the mischief
which it produces by its pathological
action, unless it be to counteract some
diseased state, when its services may
be legitimately employed. Just as a
dose of castor oil may be beneficial
when administered at the proper time,
but if one persists in taking castor oil
every day for the rest of one's life, it
stands to reason that Nature will resent
the action, and some day refuse to ac
cept the dose. Thero will be a natural
dbgust for the remedy, or some action
will be set up which will bring about a
change of custom. JNot so, unfort
unately, with alcohol; it seldom excites
a disgust for its renewal, but on the
contrary produces a want for more,
which can only end in" decay and ulti
mate dissolution. To those who think
they feel the better for its use, I say
earnestly: Be warned in time, for it will
shorten your days on earth'nnd diminish
your capacity to enjoy the world, rA'
benefit your fellow-creatures. Dr. Al
fred Carpenter.
m .
A Family's Misery and Wreck.
A pitiable case of nrglect and conse
quent destitution came to the notice of
Officer Dudley, of the Humane Society.
James Hyland is a shoemaker living at
No. 359 South Jefferson street, who of
late has thrown away his last and con
fined his attention to the bottle. Mrs.
Hyland was sent to the County Hospital
several days ago, seriously ill from neg
lect and half starved besides. Hyland
has been drunk ever since that time,
and has left his threo children, the eld
est eleven and the youngest five years
of age, to amuse themselves as beat
they might, but there was nothing
in the house to eat. Saturday the chili
ren were driven by hunger to seek a
crust of bread at a neighbor's, where a
few questions drew out the story of the
family's misery. Mrs. Hyland's brother,
Philip Waters, who h3s for some time
cared for another of his sister's child
ren, a boy, was informed of the state of
affairs. He communicated with Officer
Dudley, and by his advice procured the
warrant for Hyland's arrest. On visit
ing No. 359 with the writ Constable
illiams found the three children oc
cupying the basement, a miserable
place, damp and unwholesome. There
was some fire, but the ceiling was only
a little over four feet high, and the con
stable was compelled to enter the place
almost bent double. Hyland, a shat
tered wreck of manhood, was found
lying in acorner stupefied with the liq
uor he had been drinking. The place
was wretchedly furnished and there was
not a particle of food or provisions to
be found there. The slave of drink and
the children were taken before Justice
Russell, who, after listening to the sad
storv, sent the besotted parent to tho
Bridewell on a fine of $:J0, and the
children to the Home for the Friendless.
Hyland himself admitted the justice oc
the sentence, and said that it would
either make a man of him or drive him
the sooner to destruction. Mr3. Hyland
is still very ill in the County Hospital.
Chicago Inter Ocean.
Temperance Items.
CrxcixxATi has six miles of rum
holes. New York has seventeen and
London seventy-three almost a hun
dred miles in but three cities. And
what a road to travel! Flooded by
scalding tears, lined with broken hearts!
Exchange.
Saint Augustine called wine drink
ing "the whirlwind of the brain, the
overthrow of tho sense, the tempest of
the tongue," and Seneca declared that
to imagine that a man can "take much
wine and retain a right frame of mind
is as bad as to argue that he may take
poison and not die."
If you should catch your wife loaf
ing around a saloon, you would apply
for a divorce inside of twenty-four
hours; you would think, if she were
guilty of such an infamous thing, she
would be unworthy such a specimen of
manhood as yourself; and yet for all
this, you can linger about these places
week after week. San Francisco Bes-
cue.
Senator William P. Frve, in a let
ter to the Maine Temperance Alliance,
written a few weeks ago. says: " In this
matter of Temperance, the Washington
of to-day hardly resembles that of twen
ty yeara ago. Then on New Year's
Day the open house without the hos
pitalities of the side-board was almost
unknown. Now it3 tempting display
of wine that mocks is almost forgotten.
Then the Government official who was
not lavish in his offer of liquor to every
caller was looked upon as a fanatic
uncorthy of his high nosition. Now
nothing would be morri discreditable.
Then the public man who refused
was
regarded as eccentric-'-impolKe-
lv odd. Now the maiorftv decline, fn
this reform Maine took the ?ead"
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