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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 22, 1884)
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HOME, F1BM AHP ti ABDES. -
-The want of purs and fresh water
accounts in many instances for the lack
of eggs during the winter season.
Fowls require a constant supply of
water, ana without it will not lay. Al
A cbrrcspoQ dent of the Ohio Farmer
says that peach trees raised from the
6eed on the spot where they are to
grow, and budded there, live longer
and produce more fruit and are surer
bearers than those transplanted.
Lemon Pudding: Three-quarters oi
a pound of grated bread, six ounces of
snet, one-quarter of a pound of moist
sugar, the peel of a lemon grated, and
the juice, two eggs and a little milk to
mix it. Boil three hours. AT. 11 Her
A.frost-proof vegetable-house is de
scribed as made with walls fifteen inch
es thick, double-boarded, the space be
tween the boards being filled with saw
dust. The ceiling is alio boarded with
about ten inches of saw-dust between
the boards. Troy Times.
A writer in Gardening Illustrated
cays that if young shoots of the tomato
are taken offand propagated like bod
ding plants, they will make a less ram
pant growth than seedlings, and be
more fruitful. Cuttings prove best for
aot culture; they are then to be kept
near the glass with a temperature of
about fifty degrees. They will make
fine plants by spring.
An exchange suggests, if farmers
would go to their barn on a wet day
and spend their time in making an
eaves-trough for the barn or stable, and
thereby carry away the drip which
would otherwise fall on the manure-
. pile, causing a waste of the elemonts of
plant food contained therein, thej' will
make more money that day thau the'
could any fine day in the Held.
Delicious hot cake for tea is made
by beating two eggs to a froth, add to
them halfn cupful of sugar. Into one
cupful of sour cream beat half a tca
fipoonfulof soda dissolved in boiling
water. Stir it into the eggs and sugar.
Add n pinch of salt and Hour enough to
make it a thick batter for griddle
" cakes. Bake in "gem pans' or shallow
biscuit pans, and serve piping hot. N.
Bitter milk is a matter of frequent
occurrence every fall and winter, or
soon after the cows are off from graz
ing. It is caused first by bitter herbs
in the hay, such as May-weed, Johns
wort, etc., and also by "the use of too
much over-ripe food, such as straw, corn
stover or late-cut hay. It never occure
when cows are fed on good food and
are thriving or even holding their own,
and arc kept comfortably warm. Bos
Failures in Faming.
. With many people one failure is
enough to convince thom that all fur
ther efforts in a given direction will be
hopeless; yet the world is full of exam
ples showing that most great successes
have been the outcome of repeated
failures. The making of sorghum
sugar is a practical and profitable oper
ation, but its failure has been predicted
agaiu and again. Some of the fruits
and vegetables now well known in this
'country were declared to be failures
when first introduced in this country:
ic was not so very many years ago thai
it was quite generally believed that
fruits could not be grown west of Lake
.Michigan, yet a very fair quantity and
quality of fruit have already been pro
duced in that region. Many years age
an attempt was mado to introduce the
Hereford cattle in the United States.
iForyears they were utterly neglected
by the public. No one could be found
who would try them. Now they have
among all the beef breeds no rivals
which arc more popular. Tne Jersey
was in America for many years before
any.general favor was accorded to her,
although she was almost as good a but
ter cow years ago as she is now.
In 1853 the Galloway was brought tc
this continent; but that breed of cattle
iiave remained almost unknown to the
general American public until within
the last three years. Now they bring at
Eublie sale from $200 to $500. So with
reeds of sheep and horses, Pioneers
in importing and in breeding have in
many ca-es for years failed to make a
profit from their efforts to improve the
ttock of the country, but at last they
have found their reward where they
have adhered to their s.tock. The utter
failure of the attempt to introduce the
Angora goat into this country has often
been predicted, and even now there are
plenty who declare their belief that
there is no profitable place for that
breed. Yet the Angora-goat interest is
Several years ago an effort was made
lo introduce very line-woolcd sheep into
the States from Saxony. A small num
ber of that breed was lately to be seen
in Ohio, probably the sole representa
tives of the race in this country. But it
is by no means impossible 'that that
breed may be brought into general favor
by the changes which .fashion so often
causes in the demand 'for wool. There
is no one branch of farming which is
more subject to the changes brought
about by the whims of fashion than that
of wool-growing. Yet the man who
will steadily stick to his flock, be they
coarse or tine" in fleece, will at the end
of any ten years find a balance to their
favor on his books. So, too, with the
breeder of horses. He who breeds the
light, quick-moving, general-purpose
borse may feel that just now the heavy,
powerful draft-horse has rather the best
of tho market; but the lighter horse
may soon come again into popular
Tho changes in business and popula
tion in this country; the increased de
mand for luxuries which has grown out
of an increase of wealth; the general
use of fine and silky underwear by
women and children; changes of fash
ion in the clothing of men, and a dozen
other intluences are at work Jo make
possible and even necessary that which
would have been unprofitable a few
years ago. No man need be discouraged
and sell out any breed of stock he may
Iiave on hand because it happens just
now to have no boom, for in a few
years he may be riding on the crest of
the wave once more, and gathering m
his profits at an altogether unexpected
rate, as breeders of Scotch-polled cattle
have been doing of late. Chicago Tribune.
Keep the Stables Warm.
A farmer who will let his animals
suffer from cold when he could easily and
with a very trifling expense keep them
comfortably warm, not only ought to
suffer himself, but most surely will suf
fer, if not from cold, from loss of the
growth and product of his animals. The
food itself, which is an already obtained
product of the farm, is lost in large part
if given to animals that are much of the
time curled up or shivering with cold.
Now there is no necessity for letting
cattle suffer, even in a large, cold barn.
If the outside boarding is old and loose,
and it seems like too great an under
taking to put the whole building in first
class order by new covering, a great
deal can be done for the comfort of the
animals by putting up tight board par
titions between the stables and the other
portions of the barn. It will do no
special harm to have the hay-mows and
tool-rooms cold, if the rooms where the
animals are kept are made sufficiently
warm. First line the stable against the
outer walls with matched" boards from
floor to scaffold, nailing the boards upon
three-inch studding or joists, set up on
end or placed horizontally, according
as the outside boards are nailed on.
The air space between the outside and
inside boarding will do a great deal to
wards keeping the air ins'de the stable
of an even temperature. The partitions
against the hay-mows need to be of sin
gle boardingohly, but if there arc large,
cold, empty carriage or tool-rooms, that
are very cold in extreme weather, dou
ble boarded partitions here, too, will not
be objectionable. Half inch, or quite
thin boards, if matched and laid tight,
will answer the purpose just as well as
thicker, if they are nailed closely. Have
double doors if you really want your
stable warm and your cattle comfort
able. With stables arranged in this way we
have been able to keep a large stock ol
cattle comfortably warm in the very
coldest weather, and it has at the same
time been comfortable for those who
have had the care of the stock. But as
the hay-mows get low, towards spring,
there is more open space in a barn to
be warmed by the heat of the animals,
and sometimes the stock sutlers more
from cold in March than in the sharpest
weather of midwinter. Now we do not
fear to have it within our power to shut
cattle close enough in the very coldest
weather so that they will be able to
keep thoroughly warm. There is more
danger of loss from cold than from loss
from bad air in a clean stable in cold
weither. The tightest walls we will
be likely to build, if above ground, will
let all the fresh air through that will be
required to keep animals healthy in the
coldest weather. To make a stable
still warmer; board down in part from
the scaffold to the floor with single
boarding, jointed but not matched. A
little draught at the noses is a good deal
more endurable than from behind.
Let tl'O lower ps.rt of the boarding be
nailed to cleats like doors, and hinged
so they can be opened for feeding and
for a freer circulation of air when more
air is required. These doors may be
left open a little way at any time to
give ventilation, more or less, accord
ing as the other walls of the stable are
loose or tight. A man can keep a
single horse or cow in a stable finished
in this way, in a barn where one would
be in danger of freezing the extremities
if exposed to the open space of the whole
barn with its free connection with the
outside temperature. Of couwe the
stalls for one. or a few animals, must
be partitioned off smaller than for a
large stock. There are a good man?
poor Irishmen who actually winter their
single cow in a hovel with more com
fort to their animal?, and more profit
to themselves, than is obtained by some
Yankees in their old. cold barns. It is
good stormy weather work at this
season to fix up the stables so as to
keep the stock all comfortable, .and in
condition to render the greatest amount
of profit possible to their owners. The
cost will be found very trifling coin
pared to the gain that will result. Xetc
Will it pay to compost manures? is a
question which is often asked and fre
quently discussed at farmers' meetings,
but never settled by definite auswers,
or conclusive arguments. Why? Be
cause for some purposes it will pay. and
for others it will not pay.
For growing field corn or potatoes, it
will not pay to compost all of the ma
nure, but, as a rule, it will pay to com
post enough of it to put a small quan
tity iu each hill to start the young corn
For garden crops it will pay to com
post a larger proportion of it than for
fiela crops. 1 he composting of manure
simply advances it towards plant food,
or in other words ripens it. At first
thought it would seem that, under all
circumstances, it would be best to thus
prepare manure for plant food, but on
a careful investigation it will be found
that to offset the advantages, there are
two ways to lose: first, the labor of
'composting; second, the loss of the ac
tion of the escapeil gasses on the ele
ments of tho soil, .Every careful ob
server has noticed the changed condi
tion of the soil, to which has been ap
plied green manure. In the process of
decomposition, the soil is filled with
gasses which seem to have the power
to lighten it up and make it in a better
condition for plant growth. It is be
lieved by some that, somehow, these
gasses in connection with the soil
change the pure nitrogen of the air
into a condition' to render it available
for plant food. Whether or not this is
so is a question yet to be settled. But
one thing is evident, which is-when
green manure is applied to the soil and
well mixed with it, when it gets into an
active state of decomposition, the crops
grow very rapid.
When it is desired that plants should
feel the immediate effects of manure, it
should be well rotted, but not mixed
with other materials, except Just to
keep it from burning. It is as a rule a
waste of labor to compost manure with
an equal bulk of loam or muck; better
compost it directly with the soil, and
thus, save labor.
He who in composting his manures
adds more to it than enough to keep it
from burning, a-od the gasses from es
caping, docs not occupy his time to the
best advantage. Massachusetts Plough
Health and Success.
A sound body has more to do with
success in life than most persons rea
ize. There are instances where men in
continued ill-health have achieved em
inence, but this is not the rule. Alex
ander Stephens, of Georgia, and Thad
deus Stevens, of this btate, our old
commoner, were considered remarkable
men, because, despite ill-health, they
impressed themselves on the Nation.
There are other cases in distant lands
enough to prove the rule. We do not,
of course, near of the many failures in
life resulting from ill-health. The fa-lures,
either in speculation or life, are
not paraded. But there are examples
where momentary spasms of ill-health
have clouded the'minds of men of gen
ius, and deranged their plans. Napo
leon lost one of his great battles be
cause of a fit of indigestion. And
when tho mind must carry the ailments
of a diseased body, and yet do its legit
imate work, it evidently must perform
double duty. It can not always do this
aud succeed. Hence a healthv body has
much to do with success in life.
One of the lirst considerations then
in family training is that which relates
to .health, and this is the more impor
tant in our day, when so much of a
child's life is spent in close school
rooms and it is compelled to breathe a
vitiated, super-heated atmosphere.
Pure air and exercise are Nature's
great restoratives, and these need to be
intelligently and regularly imparted.
The play-cure for children" is far better
than summer resorts and medicated
waters. Play supposes outdoor exer
cises. It imparts buoyant spirits,
cheers the mind, gives healthy tone to
the thought and makes the blood purs
and strong. But play alone is not best
as all work is not. "All work and no
play makes Jack a dull boy" is a true
adage. Still some work is needed for
its disciplinary inlluence, and to make
lirm the muscles and nerves. This
work should be, so far as possible, out
of doors, But if this can not be given,
a saw and buck for Avood in the cellar
is better than no work at all.
Another element favorable to good
health is pure air when sleeping. H
children are accustomed to ventilated
rooms, they will ultimately enjoy them,
and will feel oppressed in an un ventilated
room. And they will sleep soundly and
healthfully when the cold air of winter
is pouring in so it does not blow on
them. Sleep under such conditions 13
not affected by troubled dreams, nor is
it followed by nervous headache.
Healthful sleep is dreamless. And this
supposes pure air and not too much
heat. A cold room is better than an
overheated room. But one that is suf
ficiently comfortable for preparations
for retiring to be made without a chill
is best. Children thus reared will grow
up healthfuilv; and this good health,
with intelligent, practical education
and self-reliance, will be of more value
than thousands of unearned capital.
Paying the Traitor.
Men use treachery and despise the
iraitor. Their moral sense revolts
against the means which their craving
for success persuades them to use. The
.fact shows that faith in the moralist's
maxim, "Nothing is expedient which is
dishonorable," is not strong enough to
remove this moral contradiction. And
so the world, which makes success a
duty, will continue to pay and despise
The late Count de Chambord's birth
occurred after the assassination of his
father, the Duke de Berri, in 1820. His
mother, a woman of great courage and
force of character she offered to lead
the royal troops against the revolu
tionists of 18IJ0 plotted to seat him on
the French throne, as the only legiti
In 132 she landed near Marseilles
and appealed to the French Legitimists
to rise against Louis Philippe. The ap
peal fell upon deaf ears, and the Duch
ess was obliged to hide herself. One ol
her suite, named Deutz, agreed to sell;
to the Government for lift- thousand
.francs the secret of her hiding-place.
The betrayed Duchess was arrested and
To AL Didicr, the Secretary of the
Minister of the Interior, was assigned
the disagreeable duty of paying the
traitor. At the appointed hour, Didier
called his son into the oilicc, and said:
"Look well now at what passes, and
never forget it. You will learn what a
scoundrel is. and the method of paying
him." " '
The Secretary spoke to a messenger,
and Deutz. thctraitor, was brought in.
M. Didier stood behind his desk, on
which were placed two packages, each
containing twenty-five thousand francs.
As Deutz approached the desk, the Sec
retary made a sign to him to stop.
Then, with a pair of tongs, he picked up
the pacKages, and dropping them into
the open hands of the traitor, pointed
to the door. Youth's Companion.
Shower of Solid Matter.
We were informed yesterday of the
occurrence at Glen Grey, about twelve
miles from Queenstown, of a phenom
enon which, while it lasted, nearly ter
rified the white and native population
out of their wits. The afternoon of
Wednesday a thick shower of matter,
presenting a white, sulphurous appear
ance, fell in the valley in which this vil
lage is situated, and, passing right over
it from east to west, covered the entire
surface of the countrj- with marble
sized balls of an ashy paleness, which
orumbled into powder at the slightest
touch. The shower was confined to
one narrow streak, and while it lasted,
we are told, the surrounding atmosphere
remained unchanged and clear as it
had been before. Great noises accom
panied the shower, and so frightened
the people working in the fields, who at
lirst were under the impression that it
was a descent of fire the white sub
stance glistening in the sun that on
perceiving it they fled into their houses
for shelter. No damage was caused by
what fell, and upon examination of the
substance afterward it was found to bo
perfectly harmless. At first the little
balls were soft and pulpy, but tbey
gradually became dry and pulverized,
crumbling at tho touch. We have be
fore us a piece of earth on which one of
Hiem fell, and the mark left behind re
sembles a splash of lime-wash or simi
lar, matter. It does not smell of sul
phur. Kimbcrly (South Africa) Nevs-poper.
The Preservation of Georgia Forest.
The preservation of the forests is
now a prominent topic of discussion in
several States. It should not be neces-
' sary to urge the importance of this sub
ject in any country, out tne wasteiui
habits of the American people in regard
to the destruction of timber are haid tc
eradicate. In Georgia the supply ol
timber, until a few years ago, has been
considered practically inexhaustible.
Now, however, in many sections of the
State its scarcity is beginning to be ap
preciated and lei, and there" not suf
ficient timber left either for fencing oi
The old-time destructive process ol
clearing land, tho multiplication of tur
pentine farms.thc work of hundreds ol
saw-mills, have been denuding the land
of timber for many years, and now, il
the present rate of 'destruction is con
tinued, it will not b long before the
celebrated pine forests of Georgia will
be among the things of the past.
Comparatively little of the forest area
of Georgia is now a part of the uyblic
domain. Nearly all the land is "za the
hands of private individuals or corpora
tions, and it would be all but impossi
ble to enact and enforce laws for the
effective preservation of timbered lands
except where the title remains in the
State. The appeal should be made not
only to the good sense, but to the self
interest of land-owners, to adopt some
sj-stem for tho preservation of their tim
ber and for its replacement when al
It has been demonstrated by at least
one company in Georgia that the timbei
of a tract of land can be utilized and put
on the market, and at the same time
the forests preserved in their integrity,
and the supply of lumber taken ren
dered all but inexhaustible. It has a
rule for the cutting anil milling of tim
ber by which only the very largest trees
are cut, while the balance are left tc
grow, and thus by the timo the cutters
jet over the land one time, say in ten
years, the process of selection" can be
repeated, and so on indefinitely. There
is every reason why all substantial lum
bermen should adopt this systematic
manner of utilizing and at the same
time preserving their timber. No doubt
it can be so modified as to be adapted
to turpentine farms, and regulations
about fire adopted that will render the
turpentine business a permanent and
growing industry, instead of a light
against time and nature, which must ol
necessity end from exhaustion or de
struction of the timber in a very few
years. Savannah ((ia.) Kcws.
The Peril of Winter Fishing.
The Boston Commercial Bulletin pro
nounces the great loss of fishing-vessels
during the past season " a horror of the
sea even greater than the wreck of the
City of Columbus," and 'says there is
"no need of the annual sacrifice of life
and property which is now made." It
furthermore declares that "it is more
hazardous to engage in Georges Banks
fishing than to work in a powder-mill."
The high rank of the Bulletin as a
commercial newspaper gives much
weight to its words on this sub
ject, and the remedy it proposes de
serves earnest consideration. It is bet
ter to "abolish winter fishing on
Georges" than to have a yearly loss ol
more than one hundred lives, but it sug
gests that the use of deeper vessels with
an improved outfit would remove much
of the peril cf the industry. The city o
Gloucester is chiet'.y interested in the
winter-fishing, and of its fleet sent out
in 1883 seventeen vessels and two hun
dred and nine fishermen never came
back. The record for 1884 may
be still more terrible, for already two
vessels are known to be lost and seven
more are supposed to be.
The Newfoundland seal industry is
said to be the greatest and most profit
able ocean fishery in the world, but the
introduction of steam-vessels for fishing
gives especial interest to tne inquiry
whether winter-fishing is necessarily so
perilous that it ought to be prohibited,
for it is thought that steam-fishing
smacks will be extensively used to take
cod in the winter months. Steam
smacks can also be advantageously
used for mackerel-fishing, catehing more
fish and taking them to market much
more rapidly than sail-vessels. At pres
ent much ot the fish eaten in winter is
taken from the water in the fall and
kept on ice until it passes from the mar
ket. The demand for fish fresh from the
sea is increasing so fast that general in
terest attaches to the discussion of the
methods by which the perils of winter
fishing can be reduced. A. Y. Mail and
Muslins of a solid color are imported
in robe patterns that have a deep flounce
ind narrow garniture of embroidery
done in many colors in cross stitches
and in tapestry designs. These come
in ecru, cream, rose pink and pale blue,
and will make gay and youthful sum
mer dresses. For white dresses there
are French nainsooks wrought all over
with sprigs, daisies, rose-buds or lilies,
to be used as over-dresses or as the akirt
fronts of plain muslins. These are in
thick designs like those of needle-work,
but there are also many of the open
worked Hamburg goods "that are to be
used for yokes, sleeves and front
breadths of the white India linens.
Bands of insertion and scalloped em
broideries for trimming are in new de
signs that have the eft'ect of applique
work, as they are made to stand out in
relief from the surface, and represent
dragons, lizards, flowers, animals, birds
and" insects. Netted meshes, like those
of lace, are placed inside outlines ol
;hese figures anil enhance the appear
ance of applied-work. Th Fayal ue
?igns are in durable open w - k for pique-
and for satteens, and oi.:.er pattern
Save small eyelets that iouk. like pe j
'orated card-board, iii prtfvcacc to tV :
more snowy large wueeis, -iars anu i u
deed figures of Hamburg cjsgns. 1 he
Irish point patterns are agiin impo: ti i
n cream white nainsooks, and will .
ased as transparent over dark satin or
velvet for trimming cashmere dresses
and the Louisines and India silks. Mos
cow embroideries in designs of many
oops, like tatting, will be used for
trimming children's white dresses of
muslins, and also their l'ght colored
cashmere dresses." Harper's Bazar.
The crops in Ireland have fallen off
because of the emigration of laborers.
Our Touiis; Readers.
My muzzcr's almost trazy,
Iler chillun Is so bail.
An my dratc bid sisser Daisy
Does mate her Urefful sad,
So se says.
" Ami Daisy Is a norful dlrl:
Her nice now frock sue tored.
An" tause she had her hair to curl
Why she why she just roared
' when baby cwyed. an muzzcr said:
Go an wrock yittle Clair,
She puttrums in his tradle spread,
An" chew-dum in his hair
M What you sint one time she did?
Why ninned away from me.
She went and runncd away an hid,
I didn't know where she be
Touldn't line her.
Dcss Ise sometimes norful, too
Of tourse I is. 1 know;
But what's a yittle dirt to do
When she don't wort or sew
Tause she tarnt?
l She's dot to try: b tro3. too.
When she's so sniull as me:
That's till the way she has to do
When she's tired don't you see?
Tourse you do.
" When I'se wenlly dood and nice
Through all the drate lomr day,
Papa tells mo :i pearl of price,'
An" mii7.zer"s dlad to say:
She was dood."
A VICTORY OYER SELF.
Uncle Joe Barker was a modest man.
He never boasted that he had been a
hero in more than one naval conflict;
but when he visited his sister Mary, she
said her boy kept the air blue with cannon-smoke.
They made him tell stories
until at last he fancied they were think
ing quite too much of glory, and too lit
tle of principle.
One night Ned said:
" Tell us one of the worst fights you
ever had the one that used you up most
" Well.when I wasseventeen vcars
" You were not in the navy then?"
put in Tom.
" In that year the battle was fought.
I was at L , and up to that year 1
had been the best mathematician in my
class, but at lat I had a rival How
aril bv name. He w:w a snobbish, con
ceited fellow, clear-headed and cold
hearted. I detested him from the first;
for if he ever gained the least advan
tage over me, he would sneer and take
on great airs.
" At the end of a year we were con
tending for two prizes one for the best
composition on a given subject, one for
mathematical proficiency. I was quite
confident I should get the first, for
Howard's essays were unequal, some
times rather original, but lacking al
ways in finish and delicacy. "When,
however, I came to hear his read, I
could not doubt the result; it was better
than mine. There were exceedingly
effective points in it, ideas we wondered
at coming from him, and of course he
received the prize with many compli
ments. "It was a week before the other prize
was to be given, and our rivalry became
more earnest. This hist was to be
awarded after a new fashion that year.
The mathematical class was to be thor
oughly examined, anil honor given to
whom honor was due. Then those who
sustained certain exceptional tests were
to have four problems given them to
solve in the presence of a committee.
The one who worked correctly and did
the four the quickest was to receive the
" A few days before the trial I found
on the class-room floor a slip of paper
covered with figures, the statement of a
puzzlinjr problem. The Professor's
text-book was often full of Mich papers,
and I did not once think of its being
one of the four tests. I put it in my
pocket, and such things being always
fascinating to me I studied over it ujrcil
I mastered it. I must have spent in all
an hour on it, doing it at my ease as
"About that time I was much dis
gusted to hear a schoolmate hint that
Howard's older brother, who was in a
German university, very likely did the
best work on Howard's essay for him.
He said the day the subject was given
him he wrote to Germany, and he did
not begin his essay until a day after a
bulky paper came to him from Ger
many. 1 feared I had been cheated out
of that prize, but there was no redress;
to equalize matters, I must gain the
"The day came. There were at first
five of us competing; three soon were
out, Howard and F were left. What
wasmy surprise, then, to have given us
tho very problem I had found and
already studied out' I said to myself. I
will b fair. I will go about it as de
liberately as if I wefc trying it for the
first time, and must not make a mis
take. I glanced up. Howard was
workimr well, confidently, but he had to
think, lo choose between methods.
while mV brain work had all been done
before. II cohld show the whole prob
lem finiaied in ten minutes and explain
the whmmd the wherefore. When I
stoppeBpd smiled, Howard knew the
"TlHofessor requested him to go
Dn, aiV finished it in twenty minutes
jusHc as long as I had apparently
oeenHt even in that time of silence
and H excitement, conscience kept
A'hiK loudly: 'You know you
reajHk an hour, and he has "not
:a'Hinat time. 1 answered that
:l-"r no motive for rapidity, or I
enouxh have done it faster.
''pty toijio it was the proper
r - t T V m
was same; 1 nan no help.
tfio; ma test is or me
Have you stood the
stand the essay test
wered. 'This, at the
. us square.
"eto be presented pub-
'. but before I left the
1 warmly congratulated,
disappear full of rage.
. went to my room, and
then c 'I
was n til
but no 'ul
is battle I tell of. There
.. u-or streaming blood,
smce ever cost me the
-. v. Lll.il, uuc 11111.
"At l-.t ;onacieiice Avon the day, and
I said I voi dd go and tell the Professor
the whole s tory.
"And yoi ' lost the prize, after all?"
"1 es. M' a
"HowardVgot, and kept both?"
"So vour Ivattlc was a regular defeat.
after all. How mean Tn him!" said Tom.
"I am not sure of that: there arc de
feats, and defeats. Self and Satin de
feateiOuaeaus victory for truth and hon
" Mistress Mary, quite contrary:
How docs your xnrden srow?
Silver bells and cockle shells
All iu a row."
Most of us children, little and big,
have recited this verse; but compara
tively few know there is a meaning at
tached to the last two Unas. At the
time when this rhyme was made there
were really "silver bells ana cockle
shells." anil in rows, too, though not
growing in gardens.
In those days some hundreds ol
years ago there were no coaches.
Ladies traveled and visited on horse
back; sometimes riding on a saddle 01
pillion behind a gentleman or man
servant, and sometimes managing their
own horses, with the gentleman riding
alongside, or the groom following be
hind. The equipments or trappings ol
these horses were very rich anil costly.
Generally, the cloth which half covered
them, and on which the lady rode,
wild be of finest woolen or silken
material, handsomely embroidered. On
grand occasions, or when the lady was
very wealthy or noble, erimson velvet
or cloth-of-gold would be used, edged
with gold fringes and sprinkled with
small pearls, called seed-pearls. The
saddles and bridles were even more
richly decorated, being often set with
jewels or gold and silver ornaments,
called "goldsmith's work." One fash
ion, very popular in the times of Henry
the Seventh and Henry the Eighth, ot"
England, was to have the bridle
studded with a row of tin silver cockle
shells, and its edge hnnjj with little
silver bells, which, with the motion of
the horse, kept up a merry jingh.
Bells were also fastened to the point ot
the stirrup, which was formed like the
toe of a shoe. And this partly explains
another old nursery rh me, made, no
doubt, about the same time:
" Hirloa ray hore to Danbury Cros.
To see tine lady o on a whitu horse:
Kin its on her tinkers and Ml mi Atrt'K.
So she shall have music wherever she jros.
There is a very old book preserved at
Skipton Castle, in England, the account
book of Henry Clifford, Earl of Cum
berland. In this book, among a great
many other entries, little and great, is
one of the purchase by the Earl of "a
saddle and bridle for my lady, em
bossed of silver cockle shells, and hung
with silver bells:" and on the same
page is another entry of " a hawk for
my lady, with silken jesses, and a silver
bell for the same." It was the custom
for noble ladies to ride with a hawk
perched upon their wrists; and this
Countess of Cumberland, who is said
t have been beautiful and stately,
must have looked very grand when
thus equipped. St. Aichola..
A IVew (tame.
Send the brightest young woman of
the company out of the rcom and close
Those remaining will select a word
having the same number of letters as
there are people to play the game.
Supposing there are seven, aud the
word Century is chosen. The player
nearest the door selects the name of a
famous character, a man or a woman
well known to all present, whose name
begins with C. The second player will
take the letter E, aud so on to the hist.
Each to keep his own secret as to the
The banished player is now called in
and the fun begins. " She must try and
find out the word "Century" by gettiug
at the initials of the characters chosen
by the company. This is to be done
by asking questions in turn to each ot
No answers are allowed to be given
but "Yes," "No." and "I don't
We will suppose the first player to
have chosen Carlyle. The questioner
"Is vour character a man?" "Yes.'
"Living?" "No " "Did he die with
in a few vears?" "Yes." "An Amer
ican?" "No." "An Englishman?"
No." "A Scotchman?" "Yes."
"Was he a statesman?" "No." "A
soldier?" "No." "One of the no
bilitv?" "No." "An author?" "Yes."
"Did he wr.te poetrv?" "No." "His
tory?" "Yos.1' "Live in England?"
"Yes." "In London?" ilYcs." "Was
he ever in America?" "No." "Did
he write a history of the French devo
lution?" "Yes." "Carlyle?" "Yes."
This determines the first letter, and
the others will be found in'the same way.
The game is made the more interest
ing from the fact that all the players
are guessing at once; but those who
remained in the room have the advan
tage of the questioner in knowing the
initial letter of each character.
The writer played this game not long
since where one of the company
bothered the questioner not a little by
selecting the character of our first
mother. Another chose Yorick, from
The game might be simplified for the
amusement and instruction of tho
younger members of the family by sub
stituting the names of flowers, trees, or
animals for those of noted characters.
Confronted with His Villainy.
When Mr. Popperman threw off his
overcoat last evening his wife said:
"My dear, this is your birthday.
Now, what kind of a present would you
"That's just the kind of a present 1
have for you." and Mrs. Topperman
took from beneath lief apron a plethoric
bag, and emptied upon the table a pile
of jingling co:ns. "There's your birth
day present." 0 '
The husband looked at the coins in
amazement, and then said:
"Why. my dear, the money is no
good. There h nothing here but lead
quarters and dimes with" holes in 'em.
Here's a quarter with a hole in it, aud
the hole is bigger than the quarter.
What confounded rascal palmed that
money on you? Oh I the scoundrels
there are in "the world!"
"Calm yourself, my dear." said Mrs.
Popperman. "That money must all be
good. That's what you've given me
for pin money since we've been mar
rie-.." X. l Morning Journal.
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