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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 15, 1884)
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THE RED CLOUD CHIEF.
A. C. HOSHER, Publisher.
Kofore I reed the waiter.
It was my dreadful dcom
Ti get my dinner later
Than any in the room.
I lasted willy-nilly.
f tfiit I ued to dream.
And everything was chilly
1-viepting the ice-cream.
K-n mildly I protested.
And ordered other things.
He looked uninterested.
-And thing sarcastic flings.
Hi iiom? was e'er inclined up.
He muttered 'neath his breath.
I think heM made his mind up
-l starve me quite to death.
J never could restrict him;
1 suuddcred at his sneer
In short. I was a victim
Of dignified hauteur.
Rut since I feed the waiter,
file's never oufof sight:
unto my wants he'll cater,
He nums a tune ecstatic.
While taking my behests.
In manner most piratic
He rolis the other guests.
Around my chair he lingers.
He smiles with all his might:
Hi- tries things with his tinger.s.
To make quite Mire the v're right.
l--thetic his position
It w-as.not so or yore.
Ills accent is 1'arisaiu
It never was he fore.
The daintiest of viands
I never sun without.
All find their ivav to mv hands
I'm really grow in? stout.
Take warning from the pcet
A quarter's all 'twill cost:
1 ou'll thrive if you bestow it.
Withhold it and you're lost.
llatT'j IS. Hm Ui, In Current.
MADE OB MARRED.
HV JESSIK KOTHERRII.L,
.AtilAor of "One of 'Hirer." "Probation," "The
Thus the weeks Hew on. and Grace,
despite the vivid hopes and fears of her
privaf life, continued a diligent student
at the college courses. Occasionally she
and Mabelle Fairfax would take their
way together, to or from school and
college: when the hours of their classes
happened to coincide Grace could not
reist Mabelle. despite her aetive dis
1 ke to the girl's sister, and all herwavs
and works: and Mabelle aj)peared to
derive a pleasure, intense, though al
most timid, from the society of Grace.
"She is a wonderful child," Grace
pahl to Thekla one day. "I am cer
tain .she is rea'ly clever. She seems to
have read almost everything; she says,
when her fa: her was afive s chad noth
ing to do but read to herself ami him.
I fancy she was kept in the background,
and so had time to improve her mind,
ami .-euse enough to do it. But she is
awfully old for her age: she is only just
sixteen you know."
Indeed. Mabelle was in many re
spects very old for her age, while in
others she was really younir. A shad
ow had undoubtedly brooded over al
most the who!e of her young life, inter
course with none but persons older
than herself had forced some of her
powers to an early maturity, while a
strong, sweet and unseltish nature had
(juietly received and accepted the burden
of poverty and reversed circumstances,
which to Angela hail appeared so great
a calamity, Mich an unheard-of 'woe,
that almost any means of escape from
it presented .tself to her mind as legiti
mate. From the first it had been Ma
belle who had acted and done, who had
devised wins and means who had faced
the world; it had been Angela who had
snatched at the gifts sent by the gods,
while grumbling that they were not
Si'ice Philip's departure, Mabellc's
spirits appeared to have revived somewhat-
It would have been impossible
toay what the child had in her heart
whai vague icjoicing that Philip was
out of harm's way. or what nii-iy hopes
that in a ear's absence, amidst new
and exciting scenes, he might, perhaps,
unlearn something of the passion that
had possessed him when he departed.
When the time for lessons began
aindti, Angela, like other people, was
forced to work, and MabeKe's sad little
face even began to wear a smile now
and then. J,iko all heallhv natures,
she turned gladly to work as a tonic
and a bracing inl.'uence, and like niaity
"nesperienccd natures, she Imagined
tha what to her was so good and
strengthening inu-t necessarily work
wonders m even.-one else. Mabelle saw
the relationship between Philip and her
sister with her own eves, not with An
gela's, and to those eyes it seemed a
good and a beautiful thing that a man
should go out into the world and work,
and that the woman he left at home be
hind him should not be ashamed to
work, too, when the end in view was
mutual union and happiness. So she
looked at the matter. and imagined that
o'her eyes would see it in the same
She had been thinking the question
over one afternoon, late in October, as
she sat alone,' preparing her tasks for
the following day. It was one of the
afternoons on which Angela's time wns
entirely taken up with several music
ics-ons, and she would not be at home
until nearly live. It was approaching
that hour, and the room was growing
dark, when Mabclle, unwilling to 'draw
down the blinds and expel the list
gle:yu of daylight, took her Sch'ller to
The window," to catch the last pale beam
of even, while she did her meed of
translation for class.
It was a passage from the "Jungfrau
von Orleans "that she had just translat
ed, and turning from that monotonous, if
severely beautiful, verse, she opened
the page at some shorter poems. The
leaves fell apart naturally at her favor
ite "Ode to Joy."' and be read the last
verses slowly, "pondering over the end
one of all. and thinking:
"That i true poetry, and what u
splendid man he would be who answered
to the description.'
With this she rested her chin on her
ban 1. and locked steodily out of the
w'ndow. She saw two persons coming
,j tj,t, street in earnest conversation.
Mabelle' s eye wavered, her cheek paled,
but she was'not near-sighted.and shy was
hi her sane mind inposesiou of all her
f:uulies. She knew it was no delusian-
There was Angela, slowly advancing,
and. that man who carried her roll of
music and looked earnestly into her face
was Mr: Fordyce. Certainly there was
no possibility "of a mistake in the mat
ter. They "advanced slowly, paused
at the gate to exchange some parting
words, when there was a shake of the
hand, a look from the gentleman, ac
companied by a bow in which there was
more of good intentions than of elegant
performance; an appealing glance from
Mr. Fordyce walked briskly away
down the street, and Angela rang tho
"Wiry, child, you are almost in the
dark; I can't sec my way," she said as
she came in. "Do let us have the gas
lighted, and some tea. I am dying for
a cup of tea."
"Angela, was that Mr. Fordyce who
came with you to the gate?"
"Mr. Fofdyce?' repeated Angela, in
a changed voice, which strove to break
into an indifferent laugh; "yes ma belli
it was. Dear old thing he is! What
"Had he walked far with you?"
"From Canton Road, just above the
Berghauses. It was there I met him."
"And he turned back with you?"
"He did. Really, I have had enough
of this catechism. You are not a cheer
ful sister. Here am I, half dead with
cold and fatigue, and you begin to cross
question me as if I were' a witness sus
pected of dishonesty. You do forget
yourself strangely, sometime."
She rang the bell sharply and desired
the servant to bring some tea. Then
she lighted the gas with her.own hands,
and when Mabelle looked at her, she
saw.a Hush on her cheeks and a light,
as of triumph, in her C3"cs.
The words of the verses she had been
reading seemed to ring in Mabolle's
ears. Was her sister without it that
moral quality which holds compacts
' Vows once made, kopt evermore:
Truth maintained "twi.xt Itiond and foe'"
Or was she one of those women who
will puisne any by-path through life
which promises most ease to the feet,
and the pleasantet banks to rest upon.
even though to do it she must go forever
with "a lie in her right hand?"
The tension of doubt and distress be
came almost unbearable to the young
girl. The cloud which for a fow weeks
had been lifted, settled more heavily
than ever over her head. Perhaps
Angela might not suffer, but she did.
Whenever she saw Grace, she felt an
impulse to cover her face w th her
hands; she wished hc could sink into
the earth and be forever lost to sight.
When she saw the letters in the thin
foreign envelopes, with the outlandish
stamp, and the round black address to
Miss Fairfax, and saw those others with
the sinalf, clear, delicate tracery, ad
dressed to "Philip Massev. Esj., H. 15.
M. Consulate, Y , China," Mabclle
felt as if the world were upside down,
were one vast, black, hideous lie, and
she a part of it.
For the lirst meeting between Mr.
r ordyce and Angela, which hadshocked
her and sent a cnill foreboding to her
heart. was not the last: but. warned bj
the result of it. Angela had never again
allowed Mabclle a chance of expostu
lating with her. Her affairs were
cleverly managed. The girl could now
only guess, surmise, suspect; wear out
her heart with conjectures which she
could not substantiate, and rack her
brains with consideration of the prob
lem whether she must leave Philip to
his fate or betray what she thought of
her sister, and possibly be found wrong
With Faster, Avhieh the followingyear
fell late, came a letter from Philip to
Angela, breathing hope.high and strong.
His work was nearby over; in a month or
six weeks at the latest he hoped to be
well on his homeward way.
"Philip coming home! Just fancy!"
cried Miss iairfax, with unusual ani
mation. "Philip coming home? Oh! when?"
crieil Mabelle, a liush crossing her pale
"Soon." he says. "In six weeks,"'
replied Angela, with an un-jasv lawh.
"Thank Heaven! Then all "will '"be
well, and you will have no more of this
suspense which is so trying and so hard
to bear," said Mabelle," with emotion,
as she kisseil her.
"Trying! It is wearing bevond eerv-
thing. It has reduced me to a mere
skeleton, said Angela, whose face was
certainly a little wasted, but lovelier
than ever, and who-e dark eyes looked
larger, more pensive, more mournful, if
possible, than of old.
In truth Angela was suffering. She
was playing lor what seemed to her
high stakes money, ease, position;
immunity from "drudgery" and pover
ty; exemption from the necessity of
wearing cheap gloves and common, ill
made gowns: from having to ride in an
omnibus, or go on foot; from having to
see women who were often ugly, old or
vulgar, or all three, ride by in their car
riages, while her lovely self carried her
own parcels on the footpath. She was
playing her game desperately, and. with
an energy which she" could have given
to no other object i:i the heavens auove
or the earth beneath; and now this let
ter told her that she was playing it
against time, and with terrible odds
against her the odds that Philip would
return and openly claim her before the
other man made "the offer for which she
When Philip had gone away, with all
his hard fight before him, and his fort
une to make, the prospect of what he
offered her on his return had seemed
elysium in comparison with her actual
lot: but even yet Philip's fortunes were
nearly all to make, and a hundred
things might happen to mar their bright
ness; whereas Mr. Fordyce, though el
derly, slow and awkward, held in his
hands all the things she coveted, and
with a word eould make them hers.
How was she to bring the affair to a
"happy" termination: how continue to
hooriwink Mabelle, deceive Philip,
smile at Grace, keep Mr. Fordyce still
in love, and still in good humor? She
v. as not wrong when she said the pro
cess was "wear'ng."
Grace was overjoyed in the prospect
of Philip's speedy return, but Mabelle's
eager expectancy was tinged with a
hcavv despondency the prevision of a
coming catastrophe, which, strive as
she would, she could not banish.
"He will be here directly," said hope,
"and all will be well."
"He can not come for weeks yet,"
muttered apprehension, "and in a few
weeks much that is bad and disastrous
Between tUc two moods' tho girl was
worn to a shadow, and sometimes al
most hysterical from her agonized men
tal debate as to what was best or most
right to do betray her suspicions of
her sister (for they were but suspicions)
at the last moment, when all might so
soon be put right, or maintain silence,
though all should go wrong.
One afternoon, when the time of
Philip's promised .arrival was drawing
near, Thekla Berghaus went to call
upon Grace Massev. She found her, as
she had expected, at home and alone,
with books spread around her and a
sheet of paper before her.
"What are you doing?" asked Thek
la. "Are you busy? Do I disturb
"You never disturb me.
I was doing
this work now, intending to walk up to
your house this evening, but 1 am glad
you came here instead." Take oil' your
hat, and we'll have a cup of tea."
Thekla did not decline the proffered
hospitality. She put oil" her hat, seat
ed herselt on the sofa and said: "I am
glad I found you in. I did not
v-rm in I ilifl nnr. wmr.
... -. ........ J w. .... .. ... ..WW ..M..W
you to come up to our house to-night,
or at all, until I had seen you and
spoken to vou."
"No! Why?" asked Grace, looking
up in momentary surprise.
"Bocause you would have discovered
something which I want to tell you
not leave you to find out."
"All!" said Grace, sweeping away
her books and writing materials as the
maid came in with the tr.iy of afternoon
She said nothing more, but poured
out some for Thekla, who sat looking
somewhat nervous. Grace carried the
cup to her, placed t beside her at the
corner of the table, and laying one
hand on Thekla's shoulder, said in a low
"Thekla, you have got engaged to
" Yes, 1 hive," replied Thekla, sud
denly looking up, and throwing her
arms round Grace's neck, she pressed
it tightly with one or two convulsive
little hugs; "I have. What have you
to sav to it?'"
"tell me first if it is Mr. Keich
har.lt?" "It is Fr'tz Re'chhardt yes."
"Then 1 wish you every happiness
that you deserve, and if you get that
you will- have no end of joy. Fritz
"Ueichhardtis a good fellow. I "think he
deserves vou, too. almost."
"Thank you; I'll tell him so," said
Thekla, beginning to stir her tea.
Both girls had hard work to abstain
from tears, partly because they irere
girls, talking about an engagement, and
partly because of a Hood of memories
of hopes, fears and tender thoughts,
which had agitated both theirhearts,
and to which.'as they both felt, it would
be terribly dangerous to make any al
lusion. Thekla knew that Grace had ardently
desired Philip to fall in love with her.
and ask her to marrv him, and Grace i
knew that she knew it. ("race knew
that Thekla had more than liked Philip;
that siuce his engagement to Angela
"Fairfax she had sutlered. and that this
engagement meant, amongst other
Vnngs, escape from a condition which
oppressed her: and Thekla knew that
Grace knew all this. But they were
both wisely silent on the subject. Grace
poured out some tea for herself, and
" I suppose it is only just settled, and
if I had i ome unexpectedly this even
ing 1 should have found Mr. Reich
hardt there in his new and successful
ro!c of accepted suitor and you wished
to come and explain first."
"Yes, that is all about it,'" assented
Thekla; " but you will come all the
same, and see him and me in that role.
you speak of, wont ou?"'
" With pleasure: but m that case I
shall have to ask you to go away at
once, ru le though it may seem, or I
shall never have my Euclid ready for
" I go at once." said Thekla, rising.
"All. there is Mabelle Fairfax coming
home from school. How wretched the
" Does she not? My heart aches for
" Perhaps Angela bullies her."'
"I haven't a doubt of it: but I know
that when Angela is married to Philip
there will be no bullying. "Nothing
enrages him so much as to see weak
lleieTnckla took her departure, and
Grace was left alone, to return to her
definitions with the reflection:
"Site is quite right quite. But if it
could only have been different'"
THE KM) OF A DREAM.
It was half-past one on the following
day when Grace Masscy and Mabelle
Fairfax came .-lowlj'up Lawrence street
together, returning, the one from
school, the other from college! They
had met in Carlton Road, and come on
" Philip will soon be here now," said
Grace. "You must put ou a better
face to welcome him, Mabelle. You
look so white and washed out what
they call fair pining,' where 1 come
"Oh, lam all right," said Mabelle,
with a sickly smile."
"Has Angela heard from Philip
"Not since that day she had a letter
saying lie was off to Hong Kong, a ml
sailed" in two days: at least," added
Mabelle. conscientiously, "she has not
heard again so far as I know; twt I go
off to school before the postman comes.
Angela does not go out till later."
" Yes. Ilv the ivav, I think vou have
too long hours at school. W hen
holidays come you must pay us a visit
at Foulhaven. " I am sure it" will do you
good, and by that time, thank good
ness, Philip's engagement w 11 be pub
lie property, and it would be the most
natural thing in the world for you to
come. I hate all this secrecy, and I
feel it an absolute wrong to mv father
and mother; but surely it will all be over
'Ihope so," said .Mabelle, with a
still fainter smile,- as they arrived, at
"Get your dinner,"' pursued the prac
tical Grace. "You 'look almost starv
ing, and as for me, I'm ravenous."
With a cheering ifod she parted from
Mabelle, and went to her own quarters.
The table was spread, and Grace,
throwing off her hat and mantle, was
about to ring the bell for dinner (for in
Lawrence street that meal was usually
taken iti the middle of the day), when a
letter on the mantelpiece, addressed in
her mother's hand, caused her to pause.
She opened it, and was reading it.
"Deaii Giiacvv Thanks for your nice long
letter, and tell Miss licrghaus that "
A ring a strange, trembling, yet
loud, importunate ring at the front
door, beginning, as it were, timidly,
and then repeated loudly. So strange
a sound was it that Grace forgot the
"ravenous" hunger she had spoken of,
forgot her letter, and stood still, her
head raised, listening.
Presently the front door was opened,
and Grace could hear nothing that
passed, only that the door closeuagain.
and some one came in. Then it all
seemed like a weird dream the parlor
door was pushed open, and Mabelle
stood there looking like some unhappy
little ghost: she seemed to have shrunk
away and become shorter, smaller,
thinner, during the five or six minutes
which had elapsed since Grace parted
from her. Her face was white,
her lips open, her eye3 distended, her
whole aspect one of horror unmiti
gated. "Child, child, what is the matter?"
cried Grace, going to her and grasping
her arm, chilled by thedook of despair
in the young fa-e.
"Don't touch me!" said Mabelle. in a
hoarse whisper, shrinking away from
1 her. "I am not fit for you to touch,
but you must know. Oh, she ought not
to have left it all to me; indeed, she
In her quivering hands she held a pa
per, which Grace, with an uncontrolla
ble impulse to know the worst, took
from her hand and read, to a broken
accompaniment of scattered words and
exclamations from Mabelle:
"Dearest Maiieli.f. I am sure you will be
surprised to find a letter instead of me when
you return from school. Dearest child, you
must try not to feel hurt at what 1 hac done,
but you mu-t see that I ha 1 really no alterna
tive. You must know how unhappy I have
been in my engagement to Philip Sla'sey. As
tho time approaches lor his return I feel that
it is impossib'c I should ever be unltei to
him it would be mi-cry: and the love which
1 have learned to feel for annthcr shows me
pl.ilnly that to marry Mr. Massev would be the
greatest wrong I could do. The gentleman
whom I am now gomir to meet, and to whom
1 shall be mnrned this morning, is Mr. For
dyce. We have looked at the matter in eery
light, anil come to the conclusion that it was
bc-t to liu married privately. I have written
to Mr. M.issey at the hotel in I.on'lonat which
he faid he should stay. I have Iett you plenty
or money, dearest, to la-t while we are awav,
and I will write to you as soon as possible,
an 1 tell you our plan. Of course, when we
return, your home will be with us. and if you
are happy there I tdiall lcel that all the sacri
liccs 1 have made lor you have not been in
vain. An retviir, then. I will write troni
Paris, and buy you something lovely there.
"Your loving sister.
"The hypocrite!"" burst from the
lips of Grace, as she finished; " oh, the
heartless, lying jilt! Bah!"
Further energetic words were on her
energetic lips, but the dead silence
which met her ears caused her to look
up, chilled her in the midst of her fury
of indiguation Mabelle was support
ing herself with both hands against a
chair back; pale, trembling, shivering
from head to foot, and silent alwavs
1 . . ... .-
silent. It seemed as it the iron of her
sister's sin, and the shame of it, had en
tered into her soul forever. All she
could do was to stand like some creat
ure which h:is sinned, and sees the mas
ter's hand about to fall in chastisement
stand and subm.t. The utter misery,
the sick, trembling wretchedness of the
girl smote Grace's heart. It was all in
such contrast with her sister's base
ness. to ee continued.
Peculiarities of Razors and the
ou Their (Miners.
"There it goes for the second time
this week." petulantly ejaculated a bar
ber in a down-town tonsorial parlor, as
he held up n razor and looked at it in a
puzzled manner. He stripped the
blade and again applied it to the chin
of the snap-bedaubed man in his chair.
The facial contortions of the man, the
rasping sound ami the look of disgust
on the barber's face plainly showed
that all was not right. He tried several
razors, but they would not work.
Then he borrowed a razor from the
boss and succeeded in scraping some of
the hair from the face of the customer.
Judging from the remarks of the cus
tomer after the operation was per
formed, he scraped something more
than hair. After the man left, the
barber went to the boss and said:
'That razor has gone back on mo
again.1 He spoke as though all hope
"That's your own fault," coolly ob
served the boss. "Didn't 1 tell vou tc
put. it near the stove when we "locked
up last night? You can't expect a
razor to stand by you if 3-011 neglect tc
treat it right."
The barber went back to his chair and
a reporter besought the boss to tell him
something about razors.
"Every barber has his pet razor," he
"began. "Whenever a beard comes in
that can't be touched by any of the
regular working razors the barber takes
out his box andpicks out his favorite
razor. The barber believes that that
particular razor will cut any beard, and j
its previous performances makes this
belief reasonable. Gradually he begins j
to respect that razor and to -devote es-1
pecial care to it. When it goes back on
him he is lost. He almost believes that I
the razor is a thing of life. Why, J
have seen barbers accuse another ol
foodooiug' their pet razor."
"What is the matter with this bar
ber's razor? 1 see he is soaking it in
hot water." said the reporter.
"Cold weather and undue exposure.
The edge of a razor is a very delicate
thing. Heat and cold ailcct.it. Under
:l strong magnifying-glass the edge of a
razor wh:eh has been exposeil to the
cold would seem like a saw. Hot water
throws the little particles backinto place
and makes the edge smooth. A sudden
change in the weather always affects
the razors in a barber-shop and the tem
pers of the barbers." Chicago News.
. Why should work people imitate
the wind? The wind is always bus-,
and, like a cheerful operator, it whistles
at its work.
Senatorial Speeches on the Southern
Tn the Senate on tho 20th ult. Mr. Sherman's
resolutions 011 the Virginia and Mississippi
elections were taken up.
Mr. Sherman said that since the beginning
of the pi esent session he had felt that recent
events in the States of Virginia and Missis
sippi were of such importance as to demand a
full and impartial invcs'igatiou of the causes
that led to them, the real facts involved, and
the proper constitutional remedies to prevent
their recurrence, and. if necessary, to further
secure to all American citizens freedom of
speech in the open assertion of political opin
ions and the peaceful exercise of the right to
vote. Now that sullicicnt time had elapsed to
allay to some extent the excitement caused
ly these events he hoped the Senato would
inalte this investigation, so our citizens in
every State might understand how far the
National Government could protect them in
the enjoyment of their rights: or if it was
helpless or listlesa that, no longer relying
upon the barren declarations of tlte Constitu
tion, each man for himself might appeal to
the right of self-defense or to the boasted
American right or migration to more friend
ly legions. The allegations in this resolution
as to tho Danville riot or lmwtucre were,
ho taid. founded upon statements in
the public prints, supported by
the oaths of witnesses, and their substantial
truth is al9o verilled by the published state
ment of a member or this body a Senator
Trom the State of Virginia. The allegations
as to Mississippi were lounded upon copious
narratives in the public prints, proceedings of
public meetings, and the act and f.iilure to act
of olltccrs of theState Government, including
Governors, Judges, courts ami juries. It these
statements are true then in both those Suites
there have been organized conspiracies to
Mibert the freedom of elections, accompa
nied by murder and violence in many forms.
1 Tnc crimes depicted arc not ordinary crimes.
but those of the prevailing majontyto sub
vert by violence the hignest constitutional
privileges or citizens, and they could not from
their nature bo inquired of or punished by
ordinary tribunals. "If," ho said, "they are
true, then in those communities the members
of our party and our race have no rights
which the prevailing majority are bound to
respect." lie had no desire to open up sec
tional questions or renew old t-t riles. Still, if
thee allegations n ere' true, it would be a cow
ardly shrinking from the gravest public duty
to allow such e .cuts to deepen into precedents
which would subvert the foumhitloii of Ke
publican institutionsand convert our elections
into organized crimes.
, If tho events at Danville were the result of
a chance outbreak or 1 iot between opposing
parties or different races of men, they might
properly bo left to be dealt with by the local
uutttorities; but if riot ami massacre were
part of the machinery devised by a party to
deter another party or race from freedom of
elections or free open expression of political
opinions, then they eon-tit uted crime against
the National Government, and tho highest
duty of the Government was to maintain at
every hazard 1 he euual rights ami privileges
of citizens. If the'eveiitsof Coniah County,
Miss., were mcrjly lawless invasions of indi
vidual rights, then, though they involved
murder, as well as other crimes, they should
be left to local authority, and if justice could
not Le administered by the courts and a citi
zen was without a lemedy from lawless vio
lence, then he must full back upon his right
ot self-dereue. or. failing in that, must seek
a home where his rights shall be respected or
observed. Hut if these individual crimes in
volved, the greater one of organized con
spiracy of a party or race to deprive another
party or race of citizens of the enjoyment of
unquestioned rights, nccoinp.m.o 1 with overt
ucts. with physical power sullicicnt to accom
plish the purpose, then it bei-amo a National
question which must be dealt with by the
The war emancipated ami maJf citizens of
live millions of people who had been slaves.
No court ever denied the power of tho Na
tional Government to protect citizens in tho
essential right of lrceaien. No man should bo
allowed to hold a seat in either Houe of Con
gress whose election was secured by crimes
such as are depleted here, nor was it suit'Cient
to say the elections referied to were not Na-
t onat ejections in tne sense tnat ttiey tun not
involve the eleetio'i of a President or mem
ber of Congress-. While the power of Congress
over the election ofScnators, Itcpresentativcs
and President extended to tlu making and
altering of laws and regulations pass d by the
respective tuates, and thcreto-e was luller
than in respect to State elections, yet the Con
stitution p.ovided that: "The right of the
people to be secure in their persons, houses,
papers and ettects. aga-nst unreasonub.o
searches a-id seizures, shall not be violated:"
that "all persons born or natunilired in the
United States and subject to tho Jurisdiction
thereof ate eltiensof the United States;" that
"no State shall make or enforce any law
which shall a'iridtre the privileges or immuni
ties of citizens of the United States: nor shall
any State deprive any person ot Hfe.liberty, or
property witnout uu.-process of law: nordeny
any person within the jurisdiction the o'tual
p.otectioa ot the law;" and that "the lights
of citizens of the I ni.cd States to vote shall
not be denied or abridged by the L nited States
or by any State ou account of rave, color, or
previous condition of servitude."
It Is also declared that "Congress shall have
power to make all laws ncces-ary and proper
to carrying into execution the foregoing
powers and all other powers vested bv this
Lnnstitution 111 tlie uoverumeut or t lie l nited
States orin anydcpartmeiu oroflkerthcreof."
Power is als given Congress to enforce all
recent amendments by appropriate legisla
tion. If the essential rights of citizenship
were overthrown by the State or the people
oftheStaie with the sanction of the local au
thorities within the limi.s of the Mate, then
Congress, as the legislative power of tho
United States, s b uml to provide additional
safeguards and should exhaust all the powers
of tne National Government to maintain
these essential rUhts of citizenship within the
limits of all the States in as lull and complete
a manner as it would guard or protect the un
questioned rights of citizens oT the United
Stales within the domains of the most pow
er! til Nations ot the- world. He could ap
preciate the changes that had occurred to the
Southern States and that natural antagonisms
would arise by tho emancipated slaves min
gling in the 3ame community with their for
mer masters. He eou'd pardon tho prejudices
or race, caste, and. own localities, and the
American people, he thought, had waited
with great lorbearancc for the time when
constitutional rights would bo respected
without reganl to nice, color, creed, or party.
If the time hail come when the members of
the Itepublican party, throutrh whose agency
largely the exi-tenco of the Government had
been maintained, could not enjoy constitu
tional rights, were murdered at the ballot box
without fotr of punishment 011 the part of
the murderers, were driven from their homes
bv outrauc and terror, and that black and
a hite alike were subjected to ostracism and
Inju tee. and as n party disfranchised, then,
indie 1. was a put; eat inquiry demanded and
lull, open, manly assertion that rights and
equalities should be maintained and enforced
at e cry hazard.
If the Copiah resolutions were the creed or
the Democratic party South, then indeed was
the war a failure. They seemed to htm the
very germ of despotism and barbarity; aud
yet he was assured by the gentlemen friendly
:o them that they were the creed of nine
tenth of the party in power in Mississippi. It
was right that the groundwork of opinions so
utterly repugnant to republican institutions
should bo known.
"In this investigation." lie said, "I would
sek every palliation for excuse or tho con
duct of the people complained of. I would
?ive to their motives and to the natural feel
ings of mankind in their situation the most
charitable construction. 1 would givo to
them ali the political power they ever en
joyed, and without uukindness, or pains,
or penalties, or even reproaches: I would
extend to them every right, favor, or
facility enjoyed by any citizen in any part of
our country: but when this concession
is made them I would demand that in the
States under their control the freedom and
equality of rights and privileges guaranteed
by the Constitution and laws to all citizens,
white or black, native or naturalized, poor or
rich, ignorant or learned, Republican or Dem
ocrat, shall be secured by the Stato Govern
ment, orlf not, that these rights and privileges
shall bo asserted nnd maintained by tho Na
tional Government. Upon this issue I would
appeal to every gonerous-minded man, ta
cvfry lover of his count rj't to every one who
wishes to onjoy his own rights by his own flre
Bido free from embarrassment, to stand by
those who. yielding to others tho protection
of the laws in the enjoyment of equal rights,
will demand tho same for themselves and
Mr. Mahone's speech was similar in charac
ter to the address he recently issued to the
public concerning the Virginia situation. He
briefly reviewed tho history of Virginia since
tho war and said that at no tlmo in the glo
rious history of Virginia, until the late canvass
and election for the Legislature, had a senti
ment found root with any party that political
ends may bo achieved by such festering
methods as gave rise to tho Daurillc massacre.
The faction leader.;, for their own purposes,
had set on foot a snotgun scheme to compel
Irresolute and timid voters t indorse at the
polls principles which already have been re
pudiated. In conclusion Mr. Mahono said: "To discov
er the gross violations of human rights whieh
have been committed In Virginia during the
'ate political campaign and to find and apply
the remedy T take to bo tho object of tho pro
posed investigation. I have no fear the State
will sutler by tho inquiry. On the contrary. 1
am confident she will cmcrje from it 1 ree
from all stain upon the reputa
tion of tho majority of her people.whlle uport
the violent faction will he found tho respon
sibility nnd blood of her murdered citizens.
Here, where tho breath of freclom has ever
inspired devotion to the God-given rights of
men; here, in the Government founded on tho
ever-living basis of equnl rights. Is the placo
to set on toot an Investigation or such flagrant
acts of moral turpitude and crime in contra
vention of the Constitution and laws of tho
Union nnd to reach out for the remedy."
On the conclusion of Mr. Manone's remarks
calls of "Vote" were heard, and the Clialr
announcing the question to be on agreeing to
the resolution, and the demund for tho yeas
and nays made, without remark from any
Democratic Senator, the matter was brought
to a vote and tho resolution passed 2J yeas,
A. Bit or Secret History.
The following letter from Judah P.
Benjamin, then United States Senator
from Louisiana, to the British Consul in
New York, was left among Thurlow
Weed's papers, and is given in the vol
ume of memoirs of his grandfather
whieh Thurlow Weed Barnes Is now
carrying through the press. It is re
produced 'by the Now York Tribune
from tho advanee sheets of that volume:
New Yohk. August 11. 18C0.
Dear Sin: I exceedingly regiet your ab
sence from New York at this time, as the im
portant object of my visit Is to have a person
al and confidential interview with you.
My apo!ogy for this breach of conven
tional usage in presuming to address 3-011
without the formality of an introduction may
be pardoned In consequence of the ery ex
traordinary nature of the business which irf
dueed me to approach you without the friend
ly intervention of a third party. Indeed, it
would not only have been unwise, but actual
ly dangerous, for me to have even borne a
letter of introduction.
Having assumed the whole responsibility
of this very critical step, I can not ue toy
much caution and circumspection to insure
my personal safety and the successful accom
plishment of the mission I have In view.
Therefore 1 prefer trusting my own judgment
in approachin? a genteel stranger on such
business to that of bringing into my service
the scrawls of Governors or members of Con
gress, with whom, perhaps, you nro as. little
acquainted as myself.
The oflicial confidenco whieh your Govern
ment seems to repose in you. by intrusting to
your chat ge its great commercial affairs in
the most Important city on this continent, I
think is sullicicnt to warrant main trustinir to
your discretion, patriotism and loyalty a se
cret of the greatest importance and interest
to her Britannic Majesty's Kingdom.
The present disastrous condition of political
alfairs in the United States (which has no par
allel in the past history of tho country) seems
to have split the great Democratic party into
many contending factions, all of which art so
hungry after the public spoils that its disin
tegrated parts render them an easy prey to the
opposing Black Republicans.
The doctrines maintained by the Republican
party aro so unsuitable to the treat Interests
of the whole South that an election of their
candidate (which is almost certain) amounts
to a total destruction of all plantation inter
ests, which the South, as sure as there is a
God in Heaven, will not submit to. Sooner
than yield to tho arbitrary diet urs of traitor
ous allies and fals- friends, who have proven
recreant to the solemn ohliirati ins ot our old
Constitution, we will either secede from tho
Union and form a separate Government, or,
upon certain conditions, at once return tc
our allegiance to Great Britain, our mother
Many, very many of the most wealthy and
influential planters throughout the South
have already discussed this alternative, in the
e-ont of the election of Mr. Lincoln, and the
nopularitj- of the proposition sterns to pass
irom one to another almost with an elastic
rapidity. It is true they hav,o made 1:0
public demonstration of their intent:ons, for
such a course would be attended with direful
consequences at this time, bet (Ac puir will be
fti'.'tf rive befure Xorrmber.
Gossiplmr newsmongers and babbling pot
house politicians are not allowed to know
what is going on in their very midst.
Seleet dinner-parties cmio off every dar
throughout tho whole South, and not one of
them ends without a strong accession to our
1 have even hoard some of them address
each other by titles already.
My object iu apprrashing you is to cultivate
your friendship and procure your co-operation
in aid of accomplishing this grand object
of rcturnimr to the dominion of our fathers'
Kingdom. Through yourkindness ami lovalty
to your Queen, I am desirous of proporlv ap
proaching her Ma'esty's Mini-ter at Washing
ton city, with a view to tho accomplishment
of this great end. If you will condescend to
grant me tho necessary assistance for this
purpose, you will son recen e the meritorious
1 eward of your most gracious Queen and the
hearty cheer f rem every true ltriton's heart
for having aided in the return of the National
Reposing that confidenco in you which your
position in l'fe warrants me" in doing, you
must at present excuse mo for not slirningmy
name for fear of an are'dent. This much you
maykn'w: I am a Soutlnon and a member
of Congress, whose untiring perseveranco will
never cease until the object t have thus Jold
ly undertaken is fully accomplished. Re so
kind as to answer this as early as possible.
Allow me a personal interview, and. if you can
not come to New York, address your answer
to "Renjamin," In care of tome one at yout
The Sew Ohio Idea.
The country has just been mado ac
quainted with a new Ohio idea. The
old, familiar one. related to the cur
rency and was long since exploded.
This fresh one has to do with civil-service
reform and is fully as worthy of re
spect as the other.
Mr. Payne unfolded this civil-service
reform Ohio idea (patented, all rights
reserved) at a supper which he gave
the other night to the men who elevated
him to the Senatorship. In the course
of some remarks to his guests he said:
"Now. can this service (the civil-service)
be reformed, and by what process?
I answer yes. And the process is first
by electing a Democratic President
secondly Try a spitiless and rad-cal
overhauling and purging of the present
service. Then let care be taken
that none but such as bear the Jeffer
socian stamp of 'honesty and capacity
be allowed to enter, and those only
from the Democratic party, until its
full ratable share enter to guard and
protect the public interest." Verily thig
is a dazzling Ohio idea. All that tho
country needs to secure civil-service re
form is a Democratic President and a
fair divide! If Mr. Payne does not re
ceive his party's nomination for the
Presidency, after that, it certainly will
not be because of his attitude on civil
service reform.. The rank and file of
tho Democracy have been anxiously
looking about for a statesman Avith just
these sentiments, one who would insist
upon giving the boys a full ratable
share' ' "of otticial pap. Of course, in de
termining what was a full ratable sharo
the fact would have to be kept in mind
that Democracy has not had any sharo
at all sinc 18C0. And that fact would
suggest tiat, if the two parties are to
stand on the same footing. Democrats
must hold all the oflices for as long a
period as the Democracy has been kept
out of power a matter of a quarter of
a century. Mr. Payne does not indeed
alludo to this fact. But we feel sure
that if ho ever gets to be President lie
will interpret "a full ratable share" in a
It is to be added that the guests ap
plauded Mr. Payno to the echo, and
that he hail, the magnanimity to refrain
from formally reading -George H. Pen
dleton out of the party. Ar. Y. Tribune
Mrs. John Wood, of Brooklyn, gol
the idea that her hnsoand had Sii other
wives and went crazy. Brooklyn Eagle.
tJUEJ-'J .'lr ?'??'
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