The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923, January 11, 1884, Image 8

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Ton wouldn't think those bit of
Wood there were worth at least $3,000,"
said the owner of a quaint old more in
the Bowery, as he po.ntcd to a heap of
round, flat and odd-shaped splinters
lying on his work bench.
T certainly shouldn't have thought
they were worth anything. Are they
lined with diamonds and have they
been smuggled through the Custom
"No, no! That is a Stradivarins vio
lin, and ono of the finest in the coun
try." But it is all troken to pieces."
'Not at all. The owner kept it in a
damp place and the glue got soft. 1
had to take it all to pieces. Why, that
fiddle hat probably been taken apart at
leant twenty times since it was made, in
1710. That would make it 173 years
old. wonlda't it?" And yet it is as
nind as it wa on the day it was fin
ished. Not a crack anywhere, and
where the varnish has been worn off by
friction against the clothes of the
player, the grata of the wood -looks
andtomost. See here, isn't that a
picture, that back? Mark how the light
flashes in and out of that mottled grain
as I grntly move it."
"But doesn't it hurt the instrument
to take it apart so often?"
"Not a bit if the work is done bv a
skillful hand. Look at me now." Ho
took up another violin and inserted a
'iarp knife botween tho edge of the
front and tho sides. In a few seconds
the knife had made a complete circuit,
and the front was lifted gently off.
"It sounded a if I was cutting the
wood, but I was only scratching the
glue," he com inued. "I have taken oft
this front or 'belly,' as it is technically
called, and now you can see the inside.
There is nothing in it but the exquisite
finish of the workmanship. I am going
to put a new 'bar' in ; that is this nar
row strip glued to tho under side of the
belly,' and extended the whole length
Just on tbo left of where the bridge
stands. The bar gives strength to resist
the pressure of the strings, and upon
its size and shape depends the quality
of tho lower notes. On tho opposite
side of the bridge is a little post about
an thick as a penholder. This is not
glued, but is supported by the pressure
of the 'belly' and back. Upon its exact
adjustment depends the tone of the
higher note. A movement of the
thuty-secondth part of an inch will
make a material difference, and, as
every violin has an individuality of
construction, the best place for the put
ting of this sound post varies, and can
only be found, by long and careful ex
periment. Some great violinists will
even want the post moved so as to suit
the acoustic properties of different con
cert halls."
"What fe a violin made of ?"
"All 'bellies' are made of soft pine,
because that wood has the straightest
grain and is the most easily set in vibra
tion. The backs, necks, and sides are
of cycamore or maple. Look at the
beauty of the gram of this 'belly.' The
lines couldn't be straighter if they had
been ruled by machinery. Irregular
grain spoils the rhythm of vibration.
. bee how the grain gets closer toward
the center; that is to allow for the vi
bration, which is quickest immediately
under the strings. The 'belly' is hi two
pieces, so arranged that from each edge
me grain gets narrower toward tne
center. Artificially grained wood that
is. slabs built up of strips glued to
getherhas been tried, but did not
work well."
"In what docs the superiority of an
old violin consist ?"
"Mainly in tone, though the varnish
of the great makers cannot be exactly
imitate!. The manufacture of it is a
secret, as much so as some of the lost
arte. It was not a spirit but an oil var
nish, and it shows no signs of perishing
or losing brilliancy. Some makers have
thought that amber was the principal
ingredient, but all attempts to dissolve
that substance have been practically un
satisfactory. The varnish not only
serves to protect the wood, but checks
the escape of vibrations and drives them
back where they communicate with the
air enclosed in the violin. The air es
capes through these two slips in the
bellv, called holes."
"What causes the superiority of
"If I could tell yon that. I shouldn't
be repairing fiddles .for a few dollars.
I should be making them and selling
them for thousands of dollars apiece.
Some say it is age alone that makes the
beauty, but we Have got very old wood
to make modern fiddles of, and yettbey
remain inferior. We have mathematic
ally gauged the form of the great vio
lins, and nave made exact reproductions,
yet they haven't the tone. Some per
sons assert that the old varnish had pe
culiar qualities which affected the sound
Other makers claim that their violins
will be iust as good as the Stradivarii a
hundred and fifty years from now. We
can't very well contradict them, but the
player who wants an instrument for
present use can't very well afford to
wait so long. No doubt very good vio
lins are made to-day, ana excellent
J rices are obtained for them, but they
aven't the tone of the old ones. Why,
a really fine judge will tell from hear
ing a hddle who the maker was, that is,
if he was one of the three or four great
artists, and as for the look, a violin to a
connoisseur is liko a picture; he will re
member each peculiar curve, and the
pattern of the graia will be forever in
his memorv."
"How old is the oldest violin you
have seen?"
"Here is one by Gasper di Salo dated
1571, and he- had then been making
them some years. To him is due the
credit of perfecting the present violin.
Prior to his invention there were only
lutes and viols, both comparatively
clumsy in form and poor in tone. You
will see, if too notice closely, that this
iviolin is a little larger and flatter than
the model of the best of Stradivarius'
jmake, and the holes are larger. The
'tone, therefore, is a little hollower, and
not so brilliant. It has what players
call a tenor or alto quality, like that of
tbe viola. The Amatis, a large family,
were the next great makers, though
Jlagiai, a pupil of Salo, made" some ex
cellent instruments. Antonio Stradi
varius, the greatest of all makers, was
Dunil of the now famous. Amati.
gtradivarius, even in his own day, was
considered an artist, and was treated
with as'much respect as agreat painter
When We HMkh Heat.
"I had a curious case two years ago,
A wealthy man had been attacked with
partial paralysis, and his speech and
the greater part of his memory had left
him. He wrote out the question, 'Where
did I put my money?' The amount wan
large, $32,000 in bonds, which ne hac
been about to take to a safe deposit
building. The heirs were wild. 1
stopped all tho tearing up and cushion
pricking business, for the man was not
a 'concealer,' though it was supposed
by the doctors that he had felt the
attack coming on and had put the money
in some oat-of-the way place. Just how
or in what spot in his library he had
fallen could not bo made out. After a
day's reflection my partner and I had
to conclude that he had been robbed.
Two courses were open to us: we could
inae sudden arrests without any rca
evidence, always a hateful courW for n
good detective to take, or we must fin
the exact spot where the man fell, an
'line' up from that. The doctors heipt-i:
us here: 'You had better examine tht
gentleman's body,' they said. Wc die
so, and found a long horizontal mart
on the hip, aud blue marks on the knet
and elbow. He had fallen sidi:wii
over an object not over ixtocn inuhe
high, and having a narrow, rounds.
'dgo of m-tal, for an iron mark wa
found on the clothing. Every piece o
furniture in the ho'ue was inspected,
but to no purpose. The heirs npparen
were in despair. But ray partner an:
( began to be hopeful. Iu dctectivt
work, whenever you come upon sonn
detail that seems utterly inexplicable,
that is the tiling which of all othors
must be explained: aud you feel, more
over, that in solving the difficulty you
will come nearer in some unkuowi.
way to your point. Wc took all night
to think the matter over. Then rat
partner said. 'How a'jout the cellar:
That's wiiere the household metal is.
They all laughed, 'lie hasn't beci;
there in a year, they said. Wcwem
down. My 'partner 'glanced quiekl-
around, and then gave me a look that 1
can almost feel running through my
nerves to this day. He bad discovered
some common household article which
had not been used since tho family ha
been searching the fireplaces. He wan.
in fact, looking over a lot of coal hod
There is our metallic edge.' he said.
He turned tho hods over carefully, nn.
from out a mass of waste paper then
rolled at last the $32,000 worth o
bonds. The paralytic bad fallen over
the hod, and the money had dropped
into it among his waste papers. Be
fore the general search was made, all
'rubbish had been taken to the cellar.
Our friends had sought too deeply for
what they had supposed to bo concealed
money, and had grossly neglected the
science of the obvious. Some detec
tives do precisely the same thing. My
partner and I divided $5,000 between ui
that night
"Yes, they hide money in queer
enough places. I have found it in tbe
covers of old family Bibles, behind
mirrors, in the bored-out legs of chairs,
behind cupboards nailed tightly to the
walls, in false ceilings, balusters, pin
cushions, in the lining of old hate, in
clocks, stoves and bronze images, in
vases with the bottoms covered inside
with plaster of Paris, in black bottles
weighted with mercury and marked
poison, in canes, shoes, and vest lin
ings, in tomato cans and tea canisters.
in cracked walls covered with wall
Eaper, in all sorts of bedding and up
olstery, and in almost every conceiv
able place.
"What is the best way to conceal
money? I can't say; but 1 will tell you
about a man whose method was a good
deal talked about at the time among
the detectives. He was a bachelor,
and well known as a 'concealer. He
died of heart disease, in Broome Street,
some years ago. Many attempts bad
been made to rob him, but without suc
cess. Thieves ran off one night with
all his clothing, and ripped it to pieces,
only to be disappointed. When he
died, everything was broken up to find
his money. The cellar had been dug
out to the extent of three feet, the roof
broken apart, and the eaves examined
to no purpose. When they were clear
ing out the rubbish, just after I arrived,
some one knocked down a rickety
shelf above the mantlepiece, which was
covered with old letters, medicine
phials, dusty newspaper scraps, and
other worthless rubbish. A quarter of
an hour later one of the heirs, a girl of
six years, was found seated on the floor
in a pile of bank notes, to which she
had vainly attempted to call her
mother's attention on account of their
pretty pictures.
"That 'concealer' was the only really
deep one I ever knew. The lady paid
a high compliment to the gentleman's
acuteness when she remarked; 'Why,
no one would ever have thought of
looking up there for money.' " 'Inter
view with a Detective, in N. Y. Sun.
Medeixte Prices te Bale.
The Breeder's Gazette says: " It is the
opinion of many conservative and ob
servant men that we are to have mod
erate prices for almost all agricultural
Sroducts for perhaps two or three years.
1 course no one can predict prices with
certainty. Any one of several causes
may produce high prices, but tbe prob
abilities are that, with average crops in
our own and other countries and tbe
prevalence of peace, prices for all great
staples will be lower than they nave
been for two or three years past. In
the line of live stock, this country has a
full stock of all classes horses, cattle,
sheep and swine. Gggd prices have
caused increased attention to breeding;
there have been no destructive epidem
ics among our animals, and, pretty cer
tainly, a larger number of females have
been bred this year than in any former
one. There is no need for discourage
ment, but we do not advise any one to
heavily involve himself in debt, looking
to great profits as a means of paying.
m e
A remarkably well-executed five
dollar gold piece, which actually con
tained $4.63 worth of gold, was stopped
in the Boston Sub-treasury a few days
ago. It is said to havet been so well
executed as to place experts at variance
and to make k a difficult question to
determine whether it was made from a
die or by superior casting.
Bicycles have, been seat to China
and the natives are delighted and astonished.
Thousand Acres of Land
k"Right Smart of Bean."
On the deck of a big Mississippi
steamboat stood an aged Southern
planter. Indicating by a sweep of his
arm the waters the boat was passing
over, be said to a passenger from the
north : ''When I was twelve years old
I killed my first bear on a new planta
tion my father was then cutting out of
a forest that grew directly over the
waters of this bend. That was a mighty
good plantation, and there was right
smart of bears there, too. But that
one thousand acres of land went into
the Missisippi years ago."
It is putting no strain upon the fig
tfre to say that great forests of youth
ful hope, womanly beauty and manly
strength are swept in the same way
every year into the great turbid tor
rent of disease and death. Yet it
should not be so. That it is so is a dis
grace as well as a loss. People are
largely too careless or too stupid to de
fend their own interests the most
precious ol which is health. That
gone, all is gone. Disease is simple,
but to recklessness or ignorance the
the simplest things might as well be
complex as a proposition in conic sec
tions. As the huge Western rivers,
which so often flood the cities along
their shores, arise in a few mountain
springs, so all our ailments can be
traced to impure blood and a small
group of disordered organs.
The most effective and inclusive
remedy for disease is Parker's Tonic.
It goes to the sources of pain and
weakness. In response to its action,
the liver, kidneys, stomach and heart
begin their work afresh, and disease is
driven out. The tonic is not, howev
er an intoxicant, but cures a desire fir
strong drink. Have you dyspepsia,
rheumatism, or troubles which have
refused to yield to other agents ? Here
is your help.
Mr,M. E. Allison, Hutchinson, Kan.,
saved his life by a simple trial bottle
of Dr. King's New Discovery, for con
sumption, which caused him to pro
cure a large bottle that completely
cured him when doctors, change of
climate and everything else had failed.
Asthma, bronchitis, hoarseness, severe
coughs, and all throat and lung dis
eases it is guaranteed to cure. Trial
bottles free at Henry Cook's drug
store. Large size, $1.
Notice is hereby given that I will
examine all persons who may desire
to offer themselves as candidates for
teachers of the common school of Web
ster county, at my office in Red Cloud
on the third Saturday of each month.
Examinations to commence at 9 a. u.
Do not ask for special examinations.
C. W. Springer
County Superintendent of Public Inst
EtcUen'i Arnica Salve.
The greatest medical wonder of the
world. Warranted to speedily cura
Burns.Bniisen, Cuts, Ulcers, Salt rheum
Fever Sores, Cancers, Piles, Chilblains,
Corns, Teeter, Chapped Hands, and all
skin eruptions, guaranteed to cure in
every instance or money refunded.
25 cents per box. For sale by
20yl. Henrv Cook.
New Advertisements
Notice is hereby given that on and
after February 1, J 884, the co-partnership
heretofore existing between Kaley
& Edinger, doing business in the town
of Red Cloud, Webster county. Nebras
ka, will be dissolved, M. D. Edinger re
tiring from the firm, A. Kaley contin
uing in the business at the old stand.
All parties knowing themselves to be
indebted to the firm will please call
and settle their accounts before that
time. Kalcy k. Edikokk.
la the matter of the application oi
Governor N. McDaniel to be appoint
ed administrator of the estate of George
S. McDaniel, notice is hereby given
that I have appointed and set aside
the fourteenth day of January, 1884,
for hearing said application. All per
sons interested will take notioe hereof
and attend!at the office of the countv
judge in and for Webster county, Ne
braska, at that time if they so desire.In
witness whereor I have beremto set
my hand and affixed the seal of said
county court, at Red Cloud, December
27, 1883. Jno. R. Wibcox,
County Judge
G. R. Chaket, attorney.
The co-partnership heretofore exist
ing between D. a. spanogle and A. L
Funk, doing business in the towns of
Red Cloud and Blue Hill, Nebraska,
under the firm name and style of
Spanogle & Funk, will be dissolved on
January 1, 1884, by expiration of
time. All debts due said firm will be
collected by D. B. Spanogle.
Spanogle & Fukk.
Dated at Red Cloud, Decembe 26, 1883.
Harness Shop,
Dealer in
And everything usually kept in a first
class shop.
TwoMoors north of 1st Nat. Bank
Trunks AVmlisos,
Geo. O. Yeiser,
111! Eiliti & kruu inst,
wfi nmiin krr
Offite on Webster Street, in Miller & j
WBuys and -ells KmI aVtate attends to reat
iajt property and collecting rent. 39 tf
Has on his books desirable Town
and farm property.
Farms from 80 to 1000 acres.
Below are a few from list.
1000 acres of beautiful land with
stream of unfailing water.
A very nice farm of 3B0 acres with
residence, fine barn, wind mill and
tank, 200 acres fenced, wood fruit etc.,
at a bargain.
160 acres fine land, 3 miles from Red
Cloud, cheap part cash balence on long
Farm of 160 acres, 130 under cultiva
tion, good dwelling, wind mill, walnut
and forest trees, all smooth land.
80 acres near Red Cloud, all plow
140 acres near Red Cloud under a
high state of cultivation.
Farm of 160 acres, fenced, and crop
fenced, good dwelling, unfailing wa
ter. 40 acres under cultivation, cattle hor
ses, hogs and crop, all offered for a
short time at low figures.
Farm of 640 acres, 1(H) under cultiva
tion with improvements, 8 miles from
Red Cloud.
Farm of 190 acres, 50 acres under
cultivation, sod house and stable, offer
ed at $4,50 per acre.
Farm of 330 acres, about 80 ceres un
der cultivation, good dwelling, granary
etc. wood and water.
Also, town property, business houses
residences, vacant lots suited for busi
ness houses and dwellings.
Now is the time for profitable invest
ments in and around Red Cloud.
Correspondences solicited.
Attract, - Insurance,
w.:h. coodall,
RED CLOUD, Webster Co.. NEBR.
ComDlete Abstracts of Title to all
lands in Webster county furnished on j
snort notice and at reasonable rates.
Kostytoloaa oa Improve! farms In lomth-
era Ntfamka at the vsry test
rates of interest.
We call the attention of all desiring
such accommodations, to the farm
loan department ofour business, in
which we are still offering the best in
ducements to the public
There is absolutely no cost to our
customers. No fees for abstract title:
no fees for recording mortgages: no
fees for taking acknowledgments, no
loans paid in checks or drafts upon
which the borrower must pay a dis
count in order to get the moiiey, but
all loans paid in actual cash, over our
counters without any deduction what
ever. In placing our loans there is no te
dious delay in submitting applications
to eastern parties, as our facilities are
such that we can close ail good loans
on short notice.
We are prepared to fill desirable
oans at nine percent, straight, with no
charge of any nature whatever. All
payments of interest and principa
may be made at our bank, and will be
sent othe parties free of charge and
interest notes returned to our custom
As to our promptness and fair deal
ing we refer to those with whom we
have placed loans (numbering at pres
ent nearly six hundred.) Call at our
office, or address us through the mail.
21 tf Simpso.v & Swerzy.
Blue Hill, Nebras
Legal Notice.
x for the Eigth Judicial District, held
in and for Webster county, State of
Maria Ayers.
Nathan A. Ayers.
Nathan A. Ayers, defendant in the
above entitled action, will take notice
that Maria Ayers, plaintiff in the above
entitled action, did on the 26th day of
November, A.D., 1883, file her peti
tion against said defendant in the dis
trict court of Webster county, Nebras
ka, charging said defendant with wil
fully abandoning said plaintiff for
more than two years last past; also,
charging said defendant with having
in tbe month of October, A. D., 1883,
and at divers places and divers times
since that date, and prior thereto,
committed adultery with certain
lewd women, to plaintiff unknown.
The object and prayer of said petition
is that said plaintiff may be divorced
from said defendant; and for the cus
tody and care of Richard S. Ayers and
Frank Ayers, sons, and the issue of
said marriage ; also, asking a decree
allowing plaintiff alimony and for such
oth'er and Airther relief as equity may
suggest. The defendant, Nathan A.
Ayers, will therefore take notice that
he is required to answer said petition
on or before the seventh day ot
January, A. D., 1884.
Maria Ayers.
Per Case & McNeny, her attorneys.
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for Infants and Children.
CaatorUtanoirelladapledtochUdrenthat I Caateria cam Colic. Constfrwtion.
l recommend It as superior to any prescription I ""r Stomach. Diarrhcru. Kntctatum.
kaewntome." 1L A. Aacnnit, 31. D., I KiI1 Worm8 a"1 I"P. nl promote dl-
111 So. Oxford St, BroeUya,N.T. I Wftto?tiajurioaa medication.
An absolute core for Rheumatism, Sprains, Paimial
tho Back, Burns, Galls, Ac. Am Instantaneous Palm I
B relieving and Healing Remedy.
Red Cloud, Nebraska.
Is the place to buy Jew
elry. Watches, Clocks,
Silverware, Plated Ware
of all description kept
in stock. Wait and see
our new stock before
you buy elsewhere.
Repairing a Specialty.
Furniture Store
Four Doors North State Bank,
Furniture, Picture Frames, Brackets d Mirror:.
Daily Kxpraw Trmiaa for Oaaaa. Chic
foKaau tfty.St. Leak, aad all points
Saat. Tarawa ears via Paoria to Iadiaa
mpelU. Stegaat Pallaaa Palace Cars aad
Day coaches on all throBsa trains, and
Diaias Cars east af Miaaaari River.
Throerh Tirfcetsjet the Lowest Rates are on sale at all the important stations, and
panasa will be cfceeRed tn destination. Any information as to rate, routes or time
tables will be cheerfully furnished npon application to any asent. or to
r. S. EUSTIS, General Ticket Agent, Omaha. Xeb.
cVi im:i;s,
Daily Txvrtft Trains for Denrer. eon
nectiair la Union Depot for sll points in
Colorado. Utah. Calafnrnta and the entire
West. The advent of this line gives the trav
eler a New Bonte to the Wt. with cenery
aad adTtatajcet unequalled elsewhere.
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