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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 23, 1883)
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smi. w i,-?,.. - - . J buibs raaaies.
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llaalr-i ritor- tw, fcaiaaaV- kik!'
i Xt "5" -t rJfe-. , 'iVSf " iilii
".we'jnaet toe hart
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lata won ttfwoa, .
w -s J-twiIx'
s S -s.
A Celebrated Cane.
ot - -
," it is written.
regarded .as the
; there is, and candy
7.of t s&rar. -little
fgivnafa, penny bj tbe
tow "to-fcoy something:"
ay, so-caiied, or a
"Do jo know-,1'
.well known La the
to. reporter for the
bw days ago, "that there are
-many more cbildreamseriaer
Idieeam of the-stomaah and
ilhaa there ourht to be?1'
reporterlreplfed that 1mj had so
. - knowledge ' ot the fact.
aahl the reatJemaa. . " within
fewdayslbave wtteaded aey
.kehildrBa whose diseases were
Vbr d 'traceable to noahinr
Ithaa the eating of adulterated
,'Tbeobeap candies so at the
tojaad. coafectkaery atores ia
mn uk uw city are iaigety aaui
Twidi white earth, or terra alba.
ijs'aleo known as Faller's-earth.
irritates the coatings and
ibranes of the stomachs and in-
i.of the chSdren, and nrodaocs
deeay, nervons diseases and often
:it is this sort of staff that
ld.be wobibited from bciajr sohL11
retail confectioner said: "There is
net about, tbe adulteration of ean-
: When sugar costs eight and three-
ereais a ponna yon can't expect
er to eeu
Ire cents a
some sold a
can be sold at retail
twenty-five cen's a pound..
of finefaocv candv can be
for much less than that sum per
staff as not only demoraliz-
te bosinass, but decktely injuri-
-'.. . .
ne is bunav
r deceit uraoticed in the
It-wenldn't pay tbe
to aetJoAenrise thtLm
with kueMtnm. 1 Any if
t Is a.wholesaM'eonietdoner in the
Sstates who wwaM not likato see
t Jrtoaped. Itis a bare-faced
i the consumer, and the' worst of
i miury falls iipon innocent little
t who an .mainly the children of
r.-' Let nte see: There is invested
candy-maldnr in Chicago
ew,uw, ana some-
LOtOwortkof goods are
5115.000 to S135.
iin4,there are sever-
Lf700 to $90,000
pgm many pounds
lac, but there is also
lainous stuff put on
is adulteration be stopped ?"
Id by kned action, but it
FreventedS sovloner as there is
in making the slush and
. making pure goods,
it is a wronr that
Ilntb the adulteration?"
I am buying sugar to-
lents, and 1 am sellinjr
'the same price. I ask
rmust the candy be? Do
rc that I want! to sell that
iwhat can 1 do? Here comes
-says: 'L want a car-load
II don't want to pay more
and nnp-Tialf rpiim n. nnnnd
JTiat can Isav to him? I
'. he wants. He says: 'Make
as you like, only make it
I don't cheat him. We
lna greater percentage of
'that's all; and he knows it.
Ise to sell him the stuff my com-
aexc aoor or over the way will
i all he wants, and I must see
fo. While he buvs a bur bill
f stuff, that class of customer
I buys a moderate amount of
is the percentage of
bre is a sort of Graded stuff. It
lorn ten to thirty per cent., but
lis' more than thirtv per cent.
ited candv sold. To seventv
-tnere are thirty parts of
some candy is even meaner
But don't make this mis-
say that there is no pure
in Chicago. As much, and
t. candv is made here as in anr
rVathe United States. You
ice for pure goods.
ere is more moner
irer in the adulterated
i pure stuff, and that is
; is kept stocked with it"
the adulterated stock
sold here, bnt not so
i-WiMMKthink, but a
'itgoesto the Sonthwest,
;roes ana new mencans.
ito hike kindly to earth-
tor tne greater it is
r readier ante jt seems to
TT 1- L WrfLa
tmsn ec xauecs, mu,
rGermans, they won't
lymm. xtm uer-
for roek candy, and
Ti i x "
-?-jra-rz- a- .
r. obooomw aau-i.c
r --T"-, F"r-'r .-
iltawtianMmt ami need Mmc
; ' nmmn,
; gooas as MccefEMn.
:"Tb hkrhest-prieed roods
are. the .-sugared aTniondaJ
sail to jobbers jatfrbin-"thirtV-
senjDeMs, a pountt,accoraing c
qnalitf of the luif'nit itniini il'iIiMi
retailer pars an averacer o'r fmhiiMlii
a pound for them at wholesale. (Ait
Joat m jus to MnutdeJrc
stantly, .and old stock soon' deter
j.ae arerare wnoiesaie price oi :nrc
goods runs ifrbm eightee Sa
twenty-nve cents a pound n
lots, .and there is cot a
large margin in it at.thatfpnce, 1 d
canny must be made cleanlvari Ha
clean place, aad good labor, com
uwi naico. j.bc njiuicaaicuucr
rail weii wnacne m t)iiying,ami n
he buys the adulterated stuff he ;Sit
with a clear intent to deceive the
mer who is tbe consumer. If the!
erations could be thrown from thl
ketlt would leave the trade in'' a
condition. There would be a
for standard goods, awbthere'wc
a standard price lor. them.' Ii
think that there is any body in tt
who wants to continue the mi
jroods. When Chic
menced to go extensively in to tbe
manng Dusmess it poia pure jtoom : a
fair price. Then St Louis cara&Bto
compete, and she commenced tfijBse
of adulterations. The biff
makers saw their trade slipping!
iromtnem, ana they put on the
their decoctions, which were far
er than any we are makiar here
we bad to meet that devilish
trade composition or close up nhel
man don't like to sacrifice flOOXi
cash which he Bnts lh a busine
we met those Eastern felloi
laid them out, and held and inc
our trade. We drove Philadelphia
tically out of this market and If
or nothing for New York.
"In regard to candv-coloring.hSch
color is regarded as the most ifJAri
..o. . ... Xii
"oinceyouasK me tnnt,x wjjmn-
swer'.tho question in this way: Tjti
tailerwho makes, or professes toJ
bk own candy generally onlyirJ
portion, r He must buy some'kin I
laere wm oe in some places i
less stale stock on hand. But
neither here nor there. The
the man-for colors. He depend!
iy upua voe piaiacae Hire jot grew
some use almost an actual poltj
always aavrae against using orv
creen colored candy, and we:
make it unless we have to upon ii
orders. The red color is madel
the nasty little cochineal burs,
about the onlv safe color.. Blue,
and other colors r regard as .
nercMity, and T believB'ln'nsft
plain candy. My children use ti
dy which we make, bnt it-Js gocfil
ana -wnoiesome. ana pure canci
never decav a child's teeth or hi
iltaMtTnn T ..ti tll to' rl.ifr.'J
wi -isi?'. r j TS
"They are all right They at
ly composed of glucose, enm ara
THBB Von Use trlueose" T
" We do use it largely.n
"Isn't that an adnlteration?,r
"No. Glucose is use-.l in ptBctly
straight goods. To be sure it is, ft t as
sweet as cane sugar, and it onljftnsts
four cents a pound, but it is lift be
cause it is wholesome and it mWlB the
candies better. It is used htrsft in
jhjaJfaffilsJayojrile tiin rajTnjjPsiu-
jaysj Bwem-weeansg"they keep
much better after, and they don't grain
off. We use glucose in all nice goods
where we formerly used cream oi
tartar. It is so much better, and it
contains a sufficiency of acid to cut the
grain of the carte sugar. No earaniel
would keep twenty-four, hours without
glucose in it. I have now told you all
lat I know about the adulteration of
candies and the secrets of the trade. I
want to say this to you: If there could
be some way devised by which all m this
adulteration can be prevented, I 'will
join the movement gladly. All it would
require would be for candy-makers to
join hands and do the square thing. It
would help us all, and leave the trade,
in a short time, in a better condition,
and there would be as much, if not
more, candy consumed." 'CHicttgo
Measuring the Age of Trees.
Eirfyiiftfcje pnWnt century there re
jideln FarkBshberof impecunious
gentlemen, Vyled themselves the,,
hret society iPfEurope. Among these
Englishmen jWas one Edward Gibbin
.Wknfiplr Mnhnw nf thn rlAhrai4
rKriscllla WMceticld, whose nursery talcsj
ana scnooi-DooKs were tne aeugnt oi
children of that day. Edward was a
widower with several children, and
somewhat needy circumstances
to support ,the lifer ot elegant leisure
that he wished! So it occurred Whim
to elope with an English heiress. The
lady selected was a pupil at Miss
Doulby's famous seminary in Iiiverpool,
whose father, William 'Turner, was a
wcai thy--Lancashire manufacturer.
Wakefield, accompanied by his shrewd
French va'et, Mons. Thevenot crossed
the channel, and the following scheme
was selected; Mr. Turner had gone to
Londdn on business, and Gibbon sent
his valet, who was instructed to repre
sent himself as tbe servant of a physi
cian named Armstrong, with a noto to
Miss Doulby, purporting to have been
written by a physician who was attend
ing Mrs. Turner, of Shrigley Fark, and
it represented that Mrs. 'lurner,
.being in urgent danger from a para-'
lytic stroke, wished to see her only
child as soon as possible. The
patient's condition required the
immediate return of her daughter, and
the note requested Miss Doulby to in
trust Miss Ellen Turner, aged fifteen, to
the physician's servant who would con
vey her to her mother at the greatest
posting speed The letter enjoined
Miss Doulby not to alarm the young
lady by telling her of Mrs. lurner s ill
ness. The scheme worked to perfection.
The deferential French valet drove at
once to Manchester, where the elegant
ancumu. ivos iiiuu j nu juuug auu
unsophisticated school-girl was most
agreeably impressed by his musical
voice and politeness. It was his sad
duty to tell the young lady that her
father was in great financial distress
caused by the failure of two large
banks, and could only be relieved by
his little daughter's compliance with a
certain agreement, which was nothing
else than her marriage with the hand
some stranger. There seemed nothing
child about this, tier
kaaiuwi' Mk w IMl.
JTCKSUJUUi Afll Jj&lOStAJtXa
strango to the
had taught her that
Lancashire manufacturers often fall
suddenly from wealth. The last half
year one of her favorites was removed
from school by her father's failure.
Like a good girl, she replied: "Dear
Mr. Wakefield, you are very kind to
me, and I think I could learn to
love you and make you a good
wife, "though I am very young;
but I may not marry you
till I have seen dear papa and learned
from his own lips what he wishes me to
do." They were on their way to Scot
land for a speedy marriage, and at Car
lisle would be met by her papa, who
would accompany them to Gretna
Green. All night they drove with
greatest speed, where they learned that
her father had been thrown into jail,
and her only way to rescue him from
the cruel position was at once to go to
Gretna Green and marry Mr. Wakebeld.
At the same time she received a letter
purporting to have been written by Mr.
Grimditch. her fatRer's London solicit
or, urging her immediate compliance
as the onty means to save her father.
These were proofs overwhelming, and
the young girl consented, and they pro
ceeded to dretua Green, and, with her
consent, the terrified little girl became
Mrs. Wakefield. The wiincsses were
Will'am Graham," Postboy, and John
Lcnton. From Gretna Gre5n the adroit
rascal carried the girl to Calais, and at
once proceeded to open'negot'ations
wun ir. lurner. iis demands were
not exorbitant He would be satisfied
with an annual allowance suitable to
hiswanLi-tn lic -ic- -firatrincrcty oi
.Europe. It is gratifying to. know that
the father did not consent, and that af
fairs were managed so cleverly that Mr.
Wakefield was eventually sentenced to
three years in Newgate. Cincinnati
Ina D. Coolbritb, the poetess,
public librarian at Oakland, CaL
Mtss-'FIetiner, the charming Amer
icsji girl whorrotn" "Kismet," hasifini
isnea anoinerjiovet. - :
iiP. T. Raiittii6 (rnttfsiwell slnn9
inBarsbutAe sayVbe.nveXbJfeUUjetj '
ter m his utc acid Haven Jitgtsur.
Miss Mira Compton, of Hancock
County, O., engaged, to be married to
three different lovers, eloped with
fourth and mamedyim;--rYrW. ,
Miss Emily McTavish, agea twen
ty, a very rich belle of Baltimore, has
given up her worldly possessions and
taken the vows of tho Sisters of Charity.
Mr. Bowker, the agent in London
for Earner's, says that more copies of
the tn rnizine are sold there than of any
of the English magazines, except Good
Words. - '
Mr. Blaine has refused an offer of
$100,000 for his history "From Lincoln
to Garfield," and will collect a royalty
of fifty cents on each volume sold. if.
S. S. Montague, who died recently
in Southern Oregon, selected the routes,
ran tho lines and made the grades of
the Central Pacific Railroad over the
Sierra Nevadas. The task had been
previously pronounced impossible by
Euglish civil engineers.
Rev. Charles Edwin Burdettc, who
sailed from New York recently for India,
where he will labor as a missionary in
Assam, is a brother of "Bob" Burdette,
of Hawk-eye fame. He was graduated in
1880 at Brown University, and in 1883
at Newton Theological Institution.
Of making books there is no end.
The American publishing houses an
nounce the forthcoming appearance of
no less than 966 books. In the distri
bution of these books among publishing
houses. New York, Boston and Philadel
phia are the great centers. Chicago has
two or three enterprising houses, and
Cincinnati, Baltimore, Buffalo and one
or two other points are represented.
Fifty years ago Rev. Dr. S. Ire
nocus Prime, editor of the New York
Observer, delivered at Bedford, West
chester County, N.Y., his first sermon.
Dr. Prime preached again in the same
village recently,, occupying the pulpit
of the PresbyterianJChurcli. In con
clusion Dr. Prime, referred to the fact
that he is the oldest editor in service in
New York, having occupied .that posi
tion on the Observer forty-three years.
Every minister of the Presbytery of
New York at the time he joined it is
now dead. N. Y. Times.
Jules Verne, the French story-
"Kerahan le Tetu" is
TheUlouor traffic is responsible for.
mure Bomempuoie cowarsoce agore
barefaced hypocrisy than "any ofithq
agencies that the Father of Ills ever'set
'luopcration, under the sun; anuthoU
custom of "treating to drinks" so
prevalent among men in these days is
one of the most cowardly in vogue.
Two individuals came in conjunction
the-other day at convenjentj tangjoof
the street. There was a mutual recog-
nition, handshaking.-and the -common
invitation "Let's go and have sonie
thing.y "Something" being a general
term embracing' tho vialeria medtcd
originating in decayed vegetables. -They
went For a space of several
minutes screened doors shielded them
from the public gaze (beneficent prc-
cautionof the drunkard-makers), while
within, convivial sounds the clatter of
glasses, and laughter which would
ave shamed the symphonies of the
barnyard, indicated that "something"
was being taken in libera quantities.
Presently they emerged, wiping their
lips unctuously. I scanned them from
my point of observation the Treater
and the Treated.
The latter wore bad clothes, and his
linen was not only dirty it, was very
His coat told a tale 'of approaching
dissolution at every seam, his'boot heels
had a Grecian curve, which spoke of
belter d:iys, and his hat looked as if it
had in the remote past gone on an
Arctic expedition and got caught be
tween a couple of icebergs. And yet it
had never occurred to the other m his
mistaken kindness (?) to "treat'.' in fl&e
direction of a new hat, a- newpair of
shoes, "or even to suggdst the1 'sanitary
measure of a good bath at his ex
pense. Oh, no, an' such proposition
would have been regarded as a pretty
sure symptom of insanity. But surely
in that case lie would nave been getting
some equivalent or!;hisj!pipne v, ptvhicn
bestowed on a needyobjectf.wvula havn
been to a good'purpose, widahojpest
business that much better off for" the
patronage; whereas, the man who mar
shals his friend to the bar and fills him
with rotten cabbage juice is simply add:
ing to the treasuries of Beelzebub for
The irreconcilable oppkitir
tion to lawnnd
nuafcreoort ef tfai
tho wnvenpbn of-
L 1 4
e State Sato?
uruss no- umy-iwuuiiia uiw BUifc
against the Harper law, but convey,
intimation of the purpose to break ?
nil nliipr lorislsitinn ffnsiimrvl tn flr,"
the liquor traffic within the bounds
pnblicdecency.litKcscntmcnt is im
pressed toward the law prohibiting til!;
sale of liquors to minors, as well as t.i
Local Option and the License laws. .fti Whilothcho
is eWar thatihn salooa-keener.s irnnat 3L.
disposed to tolerate" any interference Far from ova
IIU1UU IIJ.IUUS lUUil llallllU UMUU IUUCI- , V. '. !"";
ent footing from that of any other busi
ness. It is well that the public has
authoritive notice of all this, for it
shows that the saloon-keepers are utter
ly unreasonable and propose to resist
every lawful means that may be taken
to compel them to contribute their
share of revenue for the support of local
government or to restrain the ex-
cessess and evils necessarily incident to
the liquor traffic.
now in flill
fifty years old; his hair and
Paris, is about
turning white, and his once supple and
elegant figure is beginning to give way
to a comfortable embonpoint; but his
face is full of intellectual vigor. He
was originally destined for the bar, but
soon found that his true field was liter
ature, and, after several attempts to
succeed on the exchange, at the ago of
thirty, he published his "Jouriiev
Round the World in Eighty Days'
which has attained a world-wide fame.
The counting of the rings added by
exogenous trees every year to their cir
cumferences can only, without risk of
great error, be applied to trees cut down
in their prime, and hence is useless
for the older trees which are hollow and
decayed. Trees, moreover, often de
velop themselves so unequally from
their center that, as in the case of a
specimen in the museum at Kew, there
may be about two hundred and fifty
rings on one side to fifty on the other.
Perhaps the largest number of rins
that has ever been counted was in tBe
case of an oak felled in 1812, where
they amounted to seven hundred and
ten; out ue anaoiie, who mentions
this, adds that three hundred years
were added to this number as probably
covering the remaining rings which it
was no longer possible to count This
instance may be taken to illustrate how
unsatisfactory this mode of reckoning
really is for all but trees of comparative
ly youthful age. '
The external girth measurement is toi
these reasons the best we can have,
being especially applicable where the
date of a tree's introduction into a coun
try or of its -planting is definitely fixed,
since it enables us to argue from the
individual specimen or from a number
of specimens, not. with certainty, but
within certain limits of variability, to
the rate of growth of that tree as a
species. .In these measurements of
trees ot a century or more in age, such
as are given abundantly in Loudon's
"Arboretum," Jics our best guide,
though even then the growth in subse
quent ages must remain 'inattef of m-
jectnre. The difficulty is to reduce this .
wareuiura quantity lO We llntHS of
probability; iorgiren .;th ascertained
growth of. the first century, "how shall
we estimate the 'dirainlsVed growth nt.
I m- -t .- " w wwMnntv vub
"Efnrgne jr tcenturiesPf-The'Jbest
iMV-or.wrnr mam h. t tVo fc -o-Z-t.j
siways growth of the first centnrv. and then to
sake, say, the third of it the average
rta ot every century. Thus, if we"
to take twelve feet as the imrr.
tamed growth of an oak in its first
century, four feet would be itseonstaht
arerace rate, and wemieht conteefaiwi
ttat am&bak of forty feet was about a-
'years rold. But elearhr it
A Very Self-Willed Hors.
There is an old nursery rhyme which
teaches that kindness and patience are
the best methods to pursue in the case
of a "donkey that wouldn't go." An
English gentleman relates that he hid a
horse that "wouldn't go," but when he
came to try the patience 'remedy he
found that the horse had a larger sup
ply of that virtue than he himself pos
sessed, which, as will presently be seen,
The English gentleman's horsj was a
confirmed "balker." One Saturday af
ternoon, when he was returning home
in his dog-cart, tho horse balked, as it
had often done before, and its master
thought that this time he would try
what calmness and patience would
do. Accordingly he sat' still in the
dog-cart, and addressed the animal in
soothing tones and kindly words; but
to no purpose. It was exactly ten min
utes past four on Saturday afternoon
when the horse stopped in the middle
of the road.
The afternoon wore away, the sun
sank below the horizon, darkness set
tled down over the landscape, and yet
the man and horse remained to fiVht
out the battle between obstinacy and
patience. Through the Jong night they
staid there, the whip remaining quietly
in the socket, and when the sun arose
after his voyage around the world he
found the contest still going on. 1 4
At six o'clock in the morninjr the
owner bade his groom fetch a cirf-'rope
and tie it to the horse's fore-leg; "but
when the groom did so, and pulled with
au nis mignt, tne oniv result was that
the horse stood with fiis fore-leg stuck
out as if it were a bronze statue. At
seven o'clock the horse became perfect
ly furious, seizing the shaft with his
teeth, and shaking it, kicking and
stamping jvith rage the while. At half-
East seven the groom tried 'to tempt
im with a measure of oats, but the
angry beast would have none of jit not
withstanding that it was twenty hours
since he had had a mouthful of food or
a drop of water. '
Then his master had to confess nim
self beaten in the trial of patence, and
having procured some tough shoots of
g-ound-asb, he applied ,them. to, Mr.
orse's back so vigorously that that
self willed quadruped was obliged to con
fess himself beaten so far as his hide
was concerned. It Was then twenty
minutes before eight on' Sunday morn
ing, the contest having lasted ffleen
hours and a half, during whicfr the
horse did not budge' an inch, nor his
owner stir from his seat in the carriage.
This'is probably the most' remarkable
exhibition f obstinacy on the one side
and of patience on tbe other that was
ever known, and the storv as told here
is exactly tnte.-lferper'i Young Peo
ple. - k -; tic--
idea of my being jca'ous of her. v
think so much of her?" "Ye
"Cleveland has a young lady who
ha? had a bullet in her head for three
weeks." That's nothing. Somesoeiety
vouug ladies, who are fond of dancing,
have their "heads full of balls" all
winter. Norrislown Herald.
Quality and quantity: "The idea ot
m3'jbeing jealous of Miss Smith!" ex
claimcdMrs. Brown, indignantly; "the
what do you think? V asked Brown.
"Yes," said Mr. Dustle, who
fought a duel with a dude, "I didn't
fire at all. You see, every timo I
looked at him to take aim, he appeared
so durned ridiculous I couldn't help
laughing, so I could not hold the pistol
stilL" Boston Post.
A legal gentleman met a brother
lawyer one day last week, and the fol
lowing conversation took place: "Well,
Judge, how is business?" "Dull, dull;
I am living on faith and hope." "Very
f:ood, but I have got past you, for I'm
iving on charity. 'T ixcAnc
A heavy rain came up as a Coney
Island party was in swimming, and
several rushed for tho bathing houses
for fear of getting wet Thompson's
colt didn't know enough to come in
when it rained; but these were another
kind of fool. AT. Y. Commercial.
A Gentle Hint
Her Hps were like tho leaves, he said:
By autumn's crimson tinted;
Some people autumn loaves preserve
By pressing- them, stao hinted.
Tno meaning of thogentlo hint
Tbe lover did discern.
And so he clasped her round the neck,
4B.UU 5IUVU MB HJIO A UL1 U
Grocer, who has lately joined the
militia, practiced in his shop, "right,
left, right, left. Four paces to the rear;
march!" falls down trap-door into the
cellar. Grocer's wife, anxiously: "O
Jim, arc you hurt?" Grocer, savagely,
but with "dignity: "Go away, woman;
what do you know about war?" Chi
"Does a goose lay eggs?" .inquired
Rollo, one brisk morning in breezy
March. And Rollo's father, sitting be
hind the stove, eating quinine with a
spoon, and trying to shake his whole
skeleton out of bis pockets, made re
ply "Yes, my son, ague slays every
thing. It has slain your father." San
"Why, how do you do?" exclaimed
a gossiping lady to Mr. and Mrs. Rat
tler as they paused on tho church steps;
"did you know that Miss Highsee, our
soprano, is going to marry our "first
bass?" "What ball club does he be
long to?" innocently queried Battler.
The ladies continued thq conversation
without his assistance. Boston Cour
ier. Together they wore looking over
the paper. "O my, how funny," said
she. "What is it?" he asked. "Why,
here's an advertisement that says
no reasonaDieonerremseuV "What's
so odd about that?" 'Nothing,
nothing," she replied, trying to bkufi,
"only those are exactly my senti
ments." If that young man hadn't
taken the hint and proposed then vand
there she would have hated htm. De
troit Post. .
that which not enriches his friend and
makes him poor, indeed. "Well, hut
you see a man. who isJ under no pbliga-'
tionsnofto drink can not ry-well
refuse when invited, and it looks mean
not to return the courtesy now and
then." This is a stereotyped plea. But
the word "mean" is of private interpre
tation. There arc in the dim, outer edges of
my acquaintance men whose gencrosit3
in the matter of whisky, punches and
cigars have earned for them the reputa
tion of " good fellows first-rate, free
hearted fellows." I know their wives
well, too; sorry looking creatures some
of them, so sadly reduced by patient
service at the family tread-mill that
there isn't much left of them but divers
backs bent like the new moon, and yet
who invariably preface their semi-occasional
requests for another calico dress
with an apology.
There is many a man proverbial for
his "good-hcartedn?ss" among the
"fellows," whose generosity shrivels to
the magnitude of a last year's turnip
when put to the home test. He it js
that bumps llic babies without cause,
the while he growls at their long-suffering
mother, admonishing her not to
"waste so ninny matches, and be a
little more saving of the soap; forall
these things cc X money, "don't you
.J have an opi lion of that man. ?He
is deserving of special mention in the
annals of our country. Yea, verily, his
name should nc handed down the ages
with a pair r.f tongs (iron ones) or in
connection ".vith some such instrument
of domestic discipline. May Guthrie
Tangier, in San Francisco ficscuc. r
But it is the uncompromising and un
reasoning hostility- of saloon-keepers to
all restrictive legislation which deserves
special attention from the public. This
policy is a sufficient notice that the as
sent of those engaged in the liquor
traffic can never be secured to any meas
ure necessary for tho protection of so
ciety against the abuses of the traffic.
They' do not protest against tho
Harper law because they believe it
to be oppressive, but liecause. it,is
in the" nature of a regulation. They
are not willing that a small suburban
town, Where women and children are
deprived through the day of the pro
tection of the male members of the
family, shall be permitted to prohibit
tho public sale of liquor. They fret
even under the law which is intended to
save the youth of both sexes from be
ing debauched and ruihed, merely in
order to put a few nickels1 into the saloon-keeper's
till. When they avow
all this their outcry against the License
law loses its force, and the only trouble
is'that tbe position they take is almost
a justification for the extreme hostility
and attempt at extermination urged by
the Prohibitionists. Chicago Tribune
Into hovels di
If its glories ne
' Save where, ei
II it scatteted 1
.Would the sun$
would its mis
If tho roses nex
Save for gludi
If their beauty
If they never bl
To the waysit
n ouia tne i
All tho earth I
Would the bir
re tho autui
vr the Kraii
It kayo scat
If onot w
Have 'ell 1
, tot abroad.
1 4 and cheejr.
rx oe aoae
' nuaer fall?
1 lowly arc,
tor mission here? ,
xr, in Goklcn Days.
Hew Alcehel 'Affects the Heart.
Cause and Effect.
Pauperism and intemperance are
evils joined by the law whichever allies
the affect to its sufficient cause. Where
intemperance exists, there pauperism
grows, and spreads its continuous and
increasing blight over all the natural
advantages of a community so blind to
its own interests that it dare not strike
at. and destroy, tho scurce of its ruin.
The recent report of the county clerk of
Kane County, 111., givesjhe pauper ex
penditures of the county during the last
three years at 859.056.09. Now. Kane
County is generally regarded as one of
the most thriving counties of the State,
and, indeed, is blessed with even con
dition of material prosperity. In her
imsy towns, on her fertile farms; there
is opportunity for double her present
population to earn more than a living
competence. It certainly is no "pre
sure of population on the means of sub
sistence," then, which makes it neces
sary fortho wolj-to-do inhabitants of
this county to.pay a tax of some 20,000
a year to support their impoverished
neighbors. Nor is it lack of employ
ment, nor epidemic sickness, nor any
legitimate cause of poverty. It is the
ever-present unlawful cause thereof, the
open grog-shop at cross roads and street
corners. The Superintendent of the
poor in this County avers that to his
certain knowledge ninc-tentA of thn
heavy annual expenditures for paupers
results, directly, or indirectly, from the
use of intoxicating liquors. Perhaps
these facts will modify the opinion of
certain citiaeis of our neighboringcoun
ty onthr aahject of Temperance legislation.-
We have noticed that the argu
ment whictTappeals to the pocket -is the
only one that some men will consider.
But if they can be made to consider it
here, m the light of these terrible facts
and their inevitable inference, we shall
be satisfied Union Signal.
Dr. N. B. Richardson, of London, the
noted physician, says lie was recently
able to convey a considerable amount
of conviction to an intelligent scholar
by a simple experiment. The scholar
was singmg the praises of the " Ruddy
Bumper," and saying he could not ge't
through the day without it, when Dr.
Richardson said to him:
" Will you be good enough to feel my
pulse as I stand here?"
He did so. I said: "Count it care
fully!. what docs it say?"
."Ybur pulse says sevcnt'-four." I
then sat down in a chair and" asked him
to count it again. He did so, and said:
"Your pulse has gone down to seventy."
I then laid down on the lounge and
said: " Will vou take it ag.'in?" j
He replied: "Why, it is only sixty
four; what an extraordinary thing!"
I then said: "When you lie down at
night that is the way nature gives your
heart rest. -lou Know nothing about it,
but that beating organ is resting to that
extent; and if you reckon it up it is a
great deal of rest, because in lying down
the heart is doing ten strokes less a
minute. Multi'y that by .sixty, and it
is six hundred; multiply it by eight
hours, and within a fra -tion it is five
thousand strokes- different; and as the
heart is throwing six ounces of blood at
every stroke it makes a difference of
thirty thousand ounces of lifting during
the night. When I lie down at night
without any alcohol, that is the rest my
heart gets. But when you take your
wine or grog, you do not "allow that rest,
for the inlluenceof alcohol is to increase
the number of strokes, and instead of
f:ctt;ng this rest, you put on something
ike fifteen thousand extra strokes, and
the result is you rise up very seedy and
unlit for the next day's work until vou
have taken a little more of the -ruddy
bumper, which you say is the soul of
man below." His fricad acknowledged
that this was perfectly true. He began
to reckon up those figures, and found
what it meant, lifting up an ounce so
many thousand times, and the result
was, he became a total abstainer, with
ever benefit to his health, and, as he
admits, to his happiness. I would like
those who take stimulants to give them
rest, just to take the opposite side of the
question into consideration, and see how
the two positions fit together. National
a great deal
how the stel
ing against j
A Desperate Pleafee.
Alice It seeuasto ate that we wiH not
have .aaocheoatfort ia this world ua
il we on spit oa out own stove.. We
wiuaeetaatdayyat with GocTa kelp.
I want yoo'tooome to tea o'clock
caure on Saadayv
would" like to
tk. vou. raar.
A Drall Trial ef Meryf .
Memory was a favorite subject with
Macklin. Heaaserted that, by his sys
tem, he could learn anvthinc bv rote at
once hearing it This was. chough for
M.WW, nuu, a uic craw m. bb lecture
(Macknu was leetvuW-at.tae Graat. Pi
azaa Boom, noiv'4ie Tavktocklfcaiel),
handed up the following sentenagaito
Macklin, desiring that he wutiKjbe
good enough' to read them, an' after-
waros toarepeat them front
Here is. the wondrous
Sentfaasat aadlpoetrv amreatt-r not
w . - ' W
'?,. .f Jkf""uuMI1 aaair.
A Brooklyn young aum tired of a .tm.
fclsftiM ) ,i7im.: , , -. . !.. f, I 4, Cm sl. :.. tL. j .- a
,wi4Bnij wnne;i laniBTfI w t nsuii uw im piUM W 3tn
m cauinp mm 10 mue aa-appw pas,
and,' at the same time, a great aha bear
comiag.up the street peps his bead iato
the shop. 'What! no soap?' 80 he died,
and she very imprudently married the
.barber; and there were present the Pio
ttinaies and the JoMfUie. and the Gar-
Men who have so weakened their
Will by indulgence in drink that they
can not be certain of theirown promises
might do- worse than to call in tfie aid
of their wives to strengthen their feeble
resolution. We find noted in a foreim
J "instance in which a woman
of Pestb, Hungary, has endeavored to
exercise .more than "Jacal control"
over herworeer half inlthe matter of
his drinking habits. Ma newspaper of
that city there receatl appeared an
advettisttient which ewStes onr m.
mendaprfrfe weU M oar won,jer.
A " WPe heading: "This is printed
tojlfPXwife," aad-goes 01 thus:
ill 1lV,era,e.de!claro that in
& n,Sre-set foot in tcafe,
wmeTftopror beer house, and I be" my
friends or acquaintances never toinvite
me to frequent these Maaof perdition.
In token olmy good fcijh-and 'earnest
.r.-JHPaftP nyonKwha may meet
withinvrany of fsBatabUsbments
--HHflltL00 naadeol aver trr!some
TneJaavertisment k daV signed by
the husband, who evifarfry is SSvand
&& " to he dafnkard's folly
again. ,1Tm man's appeal to his com-
jng m ajaajuin sort oficaaraeel
asa aaaeaaked hnsbaiaxlaft
radas not to entice him to
The Mayor of Birmingham, Eng.,
has opened the twentieth Temperance
coffee tavern there.
Public sentiment is the average in
dividual seniiment. What part do you
contribute toward it on the liquor ques
tion? The saloons hold the same relation
to the penitentiary that the Sunday
school does to the church. Union
According to the Bureau of Statistics,
eichtv-four per cent, of all the crimes
and criminal expenses in Massachusetts
comes directly from intemperance.
A weaver was working at. a narrow
web of cloth one day, on which'he could
only earn half the wages he earned
when ho worked upon broad cloth. "I
suppose," said a gentleman who hap-
Eqae'd.to t'call upon them, "you find
ard times. "Yes," said the wife, "it
might be worse, but we are teetotalers
now, and tho wee wages gang about as
far as tho big ones used to do."
Grocers' licenses are thought by
tho Woman's Union of the Church of
England Temperance Society to work
much mischief in promoting drunken
ness among women. Ladies,, whom
shame would keep from seeking a
saloon, purchase liquor along with
their household supplies, and drift into
habits "of intemperance before their
families or friends suspect the state of
Now and then a criminal gets intc
Clerkenwcll Prison, London, who is
ntatixunkard. The occurrence would
seem tobe somewhat rare, however;
for the prison chaplain, who is prsum-
aoiy acqaxwieu "" " " .vw
that three-quarters of the twenty
thousand persons who havejbeen in
carcerated, in Jhe prison during the
year were confined for crime jdirectly
or indirectly attributable to drink.
-Tjmu American admirers of Rev
Stopford A. Brookeiill ber.glad to
learn thai he has becoMe a teetotaler,
and at a recent gatheriag delivered this
AJthougnfa teetotaler 10c.
Hast ttrecfa?bntb-;and J.
thoaVILha had -aever exceeded the al-
lowancaxuntenanaoarl by moderato
drinkers ' vir.pthrea.glasses of claret
apf-ke begged to. take this oppor
tnaityaC stating that in every single
raMatHd he seem to'have undergone
a chaere forwthe better. Bmgor
TrfXoKDorfScHooL Board hare ra
r iJ- - . m .
dtnder'their jarisdictioB. The
I do not su
to do a bit
my room 1
lors. and t
"Oh, I v
on any ac
I dare say
do, doit w
said that v
to set th
to do so
first of tl
set of chi:
that jo j
had struck two.
vKitoments in' the1
jf-on 'hats and
sdt of the house,
ldinr to their
gjflgMjerts and two
. Asit together.
E v'to one?' they had
ii rlted- front00- -
aerg; hows -
,ad what a tfj of
ilady," said s
.i' about French, ti
asek: iif- -.. .
hmm. You'dflaoKtf if yousaw
fnaayTOMM caUs-tclotaea hnnsnmwA
I tHnk.'JMicl ire plajnwaiting 00 the.
aoors. we;araJi big reaadociroleol'
girls, agd we skip around andwe siagf
KenfeoaaM a crowd ot wetrr HKte gtrTa"
WWve laaely com to aakooL"
Then wo ring a'littlefeell and wc asks
"Is Mrs. Brown at home?" and we ssfi
"Yes, will yoa pleaso"low me to-show!
I you to the parlor, and IwilFspcak to
ner.1 1 nen, we go across tn&rui? (wo
play that's the" hall), and' fcegTrL lift
up their hands and we 0 .under (we1
play that's the door), and then wo are
in the parlor, you know. Thca 8.'
play we havefacartl with our nanievoaj
it. and wo put it on a tray, acd,taV ,
girl that opens the door, she, bricil
to the lady,, or else we tell our nann!
Sometimes: "Mrs. Brown is notafc
home"'' or else: "She's engaged. "i
Then we jay: "Will you please to leave"
a message? '
Then the other girl the lady, you
know she could leavo- quite a long
message if she could think of one, but
she doesn't, very often.
It's a splendid, game. Aunt Katie, and
so is "Little waiting-girls." Wc all
stand, in a ring with tray, ami we
-marcn anu sing
'Wo are Utt'e waltlnplri,
Wo wait oa tho table . V
j As well as we arc ablo
For little waiting-girls.
"WjlNisa tho troy like tais,T3 pass tho tray
" llk6 that.
Try th .bold It, always hold it, very, very flat.
Its a real funny game. You'insfc'
ought to see it, Aunt Katie. And "Jack
and Jill,' -we play that,, toa, and it's; -.
- Jack and Jill went up the hill - "
To jret a pail ot water:
Jack fell down and broke hta arowrv"
And Jill came tumbling after.'-'. t
And the chorus 1st
"Two should step at the saroo time
One should not go faster.
Else they'll surely, surely meet
With Jack aad JWs dlsaTcr."
Well, Aunt Katie, you ought tofeo
just everything we do! I know yon'dt
think it was lovely, and you'd be justi
,Un nr akn ha , I s 2Iail 3 wc STC that JUlSS liuntlllgtoa
. . a
hands that lever satn?"Snc Dom ,1C " oon-t s "
that sbe knows how?111? lo. wnooi a an. x- seems uu
noasework. I got up 3V f"6 we -11 ie3 ?Yf z t 1UUC t
i igt so that I could ffet hre. Mamma says Ivo.Jeirned agood
er, and do my dult- 'rSlx,
caine down to break- Htf1."-1' -a-B"'- " j -
--gTiie any more, oeeausu youi jj t-3
Amilbad. Igivo mv love to you.
fi-jJlatie; and I give rav love to
jJJaby Grace, and to Uncle How-,
Thlhj; , , .! i:4i
i iner is irom vdhi wdi "iu
..-X.V,, m ,
arc you ashamed to
that you dust the par-
s'lrn-oi your own room"'
Id' apt have her know it,
i, 'javd Susie "As it is.
v lH'think niy nanus very
Jeare," cried Ella Red-
Iiarsays that beautiful
l.-tads that obey the Bible
var thy hand hn.dctli to
-siicht.' The Kins-who
r rnch and very great."
lor head, aad assumed
e'icd a grand air.
servants snouia ao aii
JM " W.
riiaiison wonaerca it it
M 'ftnM)iMii" tn nron
'tS and wash the break-
itodk a neep at Iter
rnd drew on her gloves
' jsstble. The girls were
iiemainder of the walk.
Ji'ad set them all to think-
g,when Edith- Grey's
oat, it was time for her
ihlf instead of rtinnino-
lT" am laLAl urillitimtnaa a1.
K ui uouiu niuiuxuui aut
;nrea someuiing aoouc
ii the pretty china so care-
caps icii ana orose mio
pieces. They were tbe
t' be broken. It was a
,6? that her mother prized
ause it nan come to her
rid, careless girl!" E Vth
into tears, and ready to
job some one else " it all
listening to that foolish
ndicolous notions. My
',? a lady, and yet I dare
; care of her china, and
ie was having what she
-aardtime. She was in
tag with her mother and
Mm. Roberts said:
Susie, before I forget
,ve done your dustiBg,
on have time before
like you to polish the
'on have neglected this
ly. 1 do not Know what
er would say ix she
flushed. She did not
her cousin, she could
Itahe had not heard.
ig Susie was up very
'5 Tame Crew.
r" t i- ;iave a tame crow?"
I had one. He , , , ,
where, almost, dllow mo cycry
i 1.1 ' " vA course I couldn't
" "".K" l" 'nn, tn cn.hnnV htllT
hewouiaperehup e l;
?aaI a gA fellow. Ifyoii
judged by the soundY, AMwt trJ t2
make out words, you v,m thInk ' c.
horiv wan Rpnlrimcr snn . .
j . -.inn
K T n"ld
siiort to watch him th wouui.
sireicn ms necif, mis and that
sFdc, and twist himself intLj sortg 0
shapes-as if he must ta, and th
words had somehow got sin. x j,ji
That was three years agoAfo tho
fall he went off, by spells, with,e jj;
crows, and at last he left me ,4jreyj
But the next spring, and every Waa
since, with the first "caw, caw" cmej
a glossy blacK fellow with the iTOa
comical strut that all crows have,-t,h!
a leer anu twisting 01 its necK and
attempt at imitating the human, vc
mac 113 maies never try. 1 leci st
that it is my runaway, for when I talk
to it and call it by name it ansjurs ae,
yet is very careful to keep just
My aunt had a tame crownamed Jim
that could talk some, or at least speak
some words. It was a great mimic, and!
would call out "grandpa grandpa,"1
just like little Joe, till grandpa would
go out to see what ailed the bey. 15
would-steal, toote very thing it cou'il get
hold of, and hide the things in all softs
of places. Grandpa used to get great
ly vexed about his glasses, sometimes,
while a thimble was Jim's especial de
light. One day I wa3 picking up chips;
Jim stood near watching me.
"Jim, you lazy fellow, why don't yon
help me?" said IV and Jim "flew down
close beside me and began to pick up
the chips with his bill and dropped them
into the basket, just-as solemn and so
ber as a judge. Youth's Companion.
His Lest Wife.
to get all done before
i Mh dust-cap
'rk fiA, iiZtmtmTr 0I1A bu-
lrV UCl lUOUIJ, 0UU 0ft
ue uoor, uu we way 10
Susie," 'she. said,
yon. 1 shall zorget my
at get to bousekeepiag
inch surprised by this
nataad -JacjnBoment in
"at her coMri.
.continued- that .bright
ipite two years since I
it! I dare say; Swsie,
good deal about house-
was a licue cm jl was
Ip my mother she be-
that Susie was sure it
the table "I have a
women who are good
1 all at-the same
tvorite heroiae is that
rho-lived in Bargundy
veai ago. She
ar a ooMir.taey
of pecaaaa waorare
nDat xoaeaaer aaaa
i't tou, SosteT'I think
st that mice eaaator in.
, the iadaatiioas woataav
pretty terse ia that
-haatutr taraack it
aaC L v
the ways of her
1 MUowagr aMnav neaa
aaarta hor aaatlai taa
r v M l" ' waaaaVat laaaai
mmmmmx iflBi. vTamaSalBBV- -WBJBM9VvVIIBBW
Wo -l j Baaaaaaaaaar -i .9T
-i .TUik-VtiTtW-aaa- mmtHoook
KatfBs'rya. anted tfca
A few days, ago the wife of a Gorman
living in the eastern part of the ci y was
suddenly called to the country by a mes
sage from a sick sister, and she left
home expecting to return at night-i
Being delayed, aad having left no word
for her husband, he naturally became
anxious and went to the police.
" How old was your wife?" asked tha
Captain of the station.,.
" Vhell,. she vhas as oldt as me." -v
"How old arc you?"
"I doan' tink much, about it for two
years, but de last time I count oop I
"How tall is she?"
"Vhell, she puts her chin on top der
fence and looks oop and down tha
"I oxpect she vbas from five toscven .
feet Dot makes no deeference. If sha
vhas kildt she vhas Head t all bafer."
"VheuVrcan't hold her on my lap
no more. -Ipelief if sbe falLs down obp
shtairsit leaks all der blaster Off der
"I'll put het'-down at two hundred.
Describe her looks." .
"Vhell. sometimes she looks like'sne
coatef from der boor-house, and some
times she looks like a lady mit a ricK
husband." . K 'if
"Darkhair?" ' 9A
;.tiets see! By shiranuay ! I peiicf
so, bat yes ao vhell, I gilit oop. II
she vhas deadt dot hair make no deafer
tmm& " "" "
f What colored eyes?
VaaaVaot troubles mesoaiemera.
Let's see. Vhas a cat's eyes plue?1.'
"Hardly. They are Mack. witaT a
yeBapoiBX" , J fc
"I aoaa' know oof my vHfe aad
saaM petpaa ia her.ejas. bat I hear dec
siildnw ay she looked like-eat." v 1
, AajBeaaar,aarJcCv P,2zrf-t
8aa laae.OBe toe t1mk' ahe'Taaa r
:- ' $ ? '11
Kaaaw.ABV awrks oa .har-:
aWaaw Wiaanir Trr iai iHisSBII
BBBBaaVBBrr ' HaaV aaaaataraaaaaV am;.
MbbJbTbK WW aN'TJalaw aw'
sit iar ar and nhinlr aar
vhas att. . Idcaa peiaf
Tou ahiart toHr
1m'ami:; iwif Tmi aaaa S
.m - ,w m l . S... "k
-"TaTWK. jl aaaoair Barttfw
iA ";?--.'- z.
-TJ r & - - . x ,
--. j-w. 1 a
ruauurannoc so WBchtaattt
jwtas waB as
ahY with the jfete round
1 tmL":v dean -V-Xl
- r jt
Jbi much lws; for the reason .to
laaeeompaaiafl by a code of
inwZf ?- wm mlLdr
rBl-jtwew'careciaa: aaov nuonna-
aad thay au Jell to
J onoBsly Jeskely ft
- -i. - j . - V
grows oi rapidtty.i--
impart to taeehtt
as to tatoaa-
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