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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 23, 1882)
JTHE RED CLOUD CHIEF.
IYI. L. THOMAS, Publisher
Kl-'l) CI.Ol'l). - XKIJIIASKA.
THE XTOHKR OF JtELFT.
The bi-lls Imiinl drimd in every plr
Thf watchman cried: " Kin- lire: lin-! fire?
H wen f li'-lft. the city llntu;.
ICtm fnim ymir Inlmrs :inil your cmii's;
II r'i h nnd ixHir. h:iti-Iiiryuur lii-,
hii.iti h i-ur deiir children :mI mr wives,
Thi lil nl. :iirl. -i-k and Idind,
The t ln't mid III4.IIU- of muni.
Then think 1 household soods and jrt-ar,
JJich t.ii-strics mid ll.iun-, di-ar.
An 1 il it- wherewith jour town m:il" cheer.
Hum. Iiiirjrlierw. for tin- II. inn-; an- rt-d;
Tin y hi and t-nu-kli- overhead.
An 1 hiRh alum- enrli lam- :ml street
II irjrstmr linivi- t-ity'. wimlmtr ln-cL'
Ai. 1 tlm- it t-lrineed in In-lftol lame
J..i-1 many -lurks, that wi-iitanl nunc,
1'rei In.miill linrm, jiruttt-tisl. Mti-l,
Jt- .iii-i lh-y ch-ansl ilj eity't p.-st
'Jo.i I-. fmirsAiid noisome a-i-i.itiin-s fouL
S wii- it lurd miiih- ;r.ii- a s.iiil,
A 1 in-- a iii-iii Itnt n-:iri-il a tlititt-li
M In nim th- little --tork- itiu-lit hatch.
v.. on tli.it lut.-il third ot M iv,
M hi ii lurid t-loii'W oli'-tiun-d tin- iJav,
11 .ill tnlliii;.' binN Ju-t out oi Mh-II,
A -!i IIIKO llll'I plt-oil-? tiling Im-i-11.
hs tt 1 -wny. foniil'-ss win? mid hc.nl
'lln 1 1 i it hni th- natal l-l.
l Is ji in nt hints ini-k siw tln-ir ilnoin,
M I Milling Miiuki- and sullen Ihioiii
(if 1 dan:: root anil splint-rins: wall,
.V 1 srroan. and curse, ami aii'in-li call,
M I -u-i intrf-mwiNiiti'i nihltiv li--t,
Ai: I Iuniw-.-lil.iss of wiUn-miir hi-at,
t I '" - jpir - irk-- liki livi'it? limits.
'I Ii ii "n il.-str.ietnm on thrir win;:-.
i Ij- t Ui.- -ou'lit in Ii:i-1- tii lH-ar
'It.i .i i uf-l'ii;"- thiouh th- Ih-siKh air.
! it ii. . th-lr-tri"urlli may mil Kul!icu;
'I 'ji -tntjrirlc. hut they i-anuol rise.
At. I pniiiiii ha k upon Hi- ii'-t.
j.i lii'Se ilu-ir oini' with wmjjaii'l brist,
-i 1 - im It, w:uL Hit- hi-ry wan-'!-
. i thfin in (-omiiMii t-nivc.
'li iimr-ri-!- with uiimlcrMiw
- 'ht t. till tin- -oul with nw-,
II: - li'i-il-Unit i-hoM- not lift-. iiitfnth,
l -hi .! th'-ir yoim with Iat"-t hn-atii;
M -n tin? in love ufum-nil-piTc
"I Id jr.iw tln-ir ltoiim ti th- tin-.
! I thus -icliaiK-tr thi- storks that clay
'I.i : ht i p nr-ra-u lu-.irt the w:iy
'I -' i hi- ! t lor llio-n- in iii--l.
'I In lpth-.u.ak. lli.--,;-k tolift-ti,
1! i-i luiM-iinu' tlio-,.-old xvokN. huiv writ:
Wli .-u.-shK-hfe Miull forleit it."
An I tin ni-inl-of tlietuwii
Tl. t ii- i- truly written down.
Ii . tti r-of tin-jmn-tt jjolil
v;n h tiolih- -ttir Wt-ll wi-n- toM,
t li.r5- ln-nn- in tln-ir h-ath
'It m liliiK-rin-itt's truth with tailing lirc.itli.
An 1k1:iviiik --aml Iliitt-nii' wine
J"li'--torkt ol Ili-lft wln-P-of I sin-.
-AiKjiut'i Jsirnril, in .Y. 1. Itul'inmlcnL
A I'ATIIKIl LOST.
Twenty -two 3'cars ago, when a spring
e. 1 mug was moist ami cloudy over all
the region about Mud Creek. Paris and
l'.i ise Lane came sauntering to the
woods (Vibi 11 from school.
Pi I-, y wa an inch or two taller than
Paris, though he was ten ears old and
-!. ml nine. He looked like a delib
md thoughtful small old'tiian in
i.i is h to his arm-pit
. and eorrespond-
at and vest which hung unbut-
!!!" exposing his hickori shirt. His
it d lei t had found themselves sandals
t t mud in crossing Mud Creek Flat, and
I.i felt with pleasure, w hich half-shiv-t
t 1, the soft stutl" still sponging trp oc
lw 11 his- toes. ('
Paris (rieI the "dinner-basket, so
P.i t-i 1 had nothing to hamper her, and
s' tipi d out as freely as her straight)
tin ss. which si ruck her heels at every
M. p. would let her. Itoth of them car-
r..d spro.s f young sassafras, and
marked Their way with nibbl.-d leaves
!iinl iiceleil sticks. lietsev s- ilresS wa.-
made just like her mother's, ami hook;.t1 j
in fr-iin below its hem appeared lmue-s
ef her cowhide shoes; above the corded
t ip. her round, ague-lintou JacO and
l'.ixt 11 hair.
I teft ire they could see home through
tin timber, the cows' voices came down
i'n r t.-ul. and their ting barked as if hi
sci tiled them
ifar off, and felt grateful
-- t-ttit.vt, ... at.
t . them for this one daily occasion for
mikm" the lot me Illinois wnmN!1""1 r""' .'" .'""' '
img lust thci saw the stable, it was
1 nil pen covered with corn-stalks,
md the door hung open on wooden
"J'apain"t homo yet,' said Paris,
shifling the dinner-b:usket to his other
arm. " I don't see the horses or wag
"P.ut there's Safe.' said F.etsei: for
'sife. like a Ioial icllow dog. nisheil to
n.t el llicni as it making the effort of his
- life And there was the house crowded
In trees, with tho whole woods for
a dooriard: and on the log step was
mother, little Eliliu and Hiram just be
Paris and Betsey smelt supper as they
approached. Well did they know that
a corn pone was browning in the Dutch
on 11 upon the hearth, coals beneath
i'd aboic it; that t he: sassafras or spice-
w md tea was steeping, to be tinctured
w 1 new milk and maple sugar, and
l :ne the most delightful draught
:i'ii..!y eier drank; they snuffed the
jji rluuif of fried wild onions, which
grew rank and early along the creek,
and a hint of chicken gravy almost
strong enough to make them suspect
there was company.
However, no neighbor appeared wit h
. in when Petsey passed her mother and
" Your pap ain't come homo yet."
s-ud Mrs. Lane. looking up the woods
road uneasily. "He ought to be here
w ah his bust load o wood. It'll soon be
Mud Creek is higher n I ever saw
it. remarked Paris, venerably. " It s
most up to the bridge. If it keep"" on
raui'ii we can't get across the flat to
r 1 I .
The isn't going to be any higher
watt rs." said P.etsev from tho gourd
dipper, yet dripping from it xisit into
mother jar ot spring beer.
The mortal who itcier tasted it can
haie no conception of this drink -all
the roots and barks and spicy odors it
suggested; itsxeasty lightness and keen
""" tang; its honey sweetness ami whole
some bitterness; and the beneficial ef
fect the drinker immediately felt on his
"We can't go to the exhibition if
Milford bridge is washed away." con
tinued HeUsoy. hanging up the gourd hi
I know it." said Paris, pensively:
"" "and I've got my piece by heart so I'm
almost sick of it."
Mother." said Petsey. " th.yre all
c-o'nig to wear white dresses, and tho
Hois" 11 wear white pants. The master
ida 1 son hi flute, and we got ;ongs
ie.iiiit to ing all together.
" Don't bother me with your exhibi
tions now." said Mrs. Lane, drawing
her eyebrows down as she strained lur
H"ht up the woods road.
Potsev leu constraint'
ainetl at least to give
sic. So she sung "in a
a sample of the nuts:
" When shall we inert airain.
Meet ne'er to seier?
AVhon shiill Peace wreathe her chain
Itoiiiul 11s forever?"
Upon which Mrs. Lane turned around
"You and Paris run along a little
wai ami ee if vou can see anithiii"- of
"I" 11 go,"' said Elilm.
1 go. said Hiram.
Eliht: wore an apron over his trous
ers, and Hiram was a fuzzy-headed
vouth yet in the thraldom of a yellow
iliuinel petticoat and calico gown, with
a drawing-string. Their feet were bare
on the puncheon floor.
"You needn't any of you come,"
Mid Paris, setting his dinner-basket in
side the door. "I'm going to ride
back on the load."
Mrs. Lane turned to silence the
- :lamor which Elihu and the baby set
tji; and Betsey ran after her captain
titb'iut his leave,
The had trudged so many miles to
y gclhcr tovnd. from schoolf and knew
tf right well tl necessity of each other's
ronnanionshii. p-.ri mc nnt ofi;.t
S e Siars in the.woods but it aff0rfed
sausiaciiuu u a.y so vo lieisey. win
- '."s piece a3 tbey -went
msetf a iw
and sicker of it. It ivas rullil from lii "lie wa? in mi to hi- waist,"' re
Srcoml Reader, ami wis about thcSili-iit marked I'ari. iiifidontallr.
V Traveler, o hear that traveled all niht
jSvith a man in a stage-coach. ,
" 'Tliis is a verv warm eoat von hare '
on, urotieii l'ans, einnliasi.iiiL: every
. . , . -. .-.
' Tapain't eorninY' said Hetsy,dmv.-
lur his attention to the fact that the road into the cavory-smcllinjr cabin. Sochilh'
was clear as far as they could ee. l)i:-k was the uveniii"; by this time, that the
was sifting thick around them. One mother had a back-log as well a-, a fore
could not be .sure that a tall ttump was j stick. uithai!jer-trui-ture of bru-h and
not another .Silent Traveler. Tin foli- , chunk.-., burning in the fireplace. 1'efore
age looked thin yet, for no leaf was the ' thin Ilamy father and Paris were -non
broad ami open hand it would be a standing, like mature men of different
month later: but loamy smelN, with now i.es; the homo-mad tea sent up its
a tincture of pennyroyal and now a I team: the big-eyed younger children
breath of sycamore came to their nos- leaned again-t I'ety. and slie went on
trils. " witli the -,eewiid p.irt of the -ehool-?ong:
" Do you think mother s Fcatrt? in
quired UeLsey, a they pursued the turns
of the wood-road in which their father's
wagon-wheels had left deep cuts.
"llu!"1 s.-otited Paris.
"I.ut she said he ought to be home.
quivered IJet-ey, on whom .the humid
eveninij was not without its effei t.
Well, an" ain't he coinin"?" sail
Paris. Ynnler' the wagon now.
can beat vou to it!"
I'elsey gniajicd her .skirts and accepted is constantly being poured out on the
the challenge. surface, for t lie purpoie of keeping; the
The spatting of their feet in the soft jjkin soft and supple,
road might have startled the farm horses ' This lubricating oil must not be con
to a faster gait than a walk, for no hand founded with pcr-piration. which is
held tho lines which were wrapped ' wa-te matter eliminated from the blood,
around one of the standards, ami no The former is secreted b.-.'iinute glatnls
father was to be discou-rcd on the load imbedded in the true skin trutis'' rrrn)
or hidden anywhere among its knots
and sticks, though P.cL-cy craned her
ncel; in such a search.
"Vhoa!U cried Paris, when this fact
The horses stood still, and untying a
liitch'.'ig strap. Paris turned them out of
the road and tied the near horse to a
I'elsey began to cry. Not in a loud
and helpless manner, but as if the sturdy
I heart under her straight waist w:is
M P.i?-t nlntr.tc ?i-oi'
. i t.i, it .i '-.
"liluiil know, icpiied 1 ans, (pia-( up and dellused through the system,
vering. We'ie got to hunt hiiu."' When tho scarf-skin '1 chafed, or
I know he's fell in the creek!'" J s,-rachcd, or other wi-e broken, various
" He could swim out. He can swim kinds of poison, often resulting fatally,
in the deepest hole that ever was!"' may be readily absorbed, as in the
"A snake's bit him! Mcbby he ,.:iJM ,,f physicians opening abscesses,
chopped a tree down and it. fell on or conducting a post-mortem examina
"Mcbby he did." quavered Paris, as Xow this is a point we wish to em
tliey ran. " Let's look where he was plcisi.e, vi.., when one's hands are
ehoppin'." I chapped, he is always more or less
When they came to tho cleared place, liable to absorb poisonous matter into his
pantiti"-, the scant light .showed a mini- sWorn -in the handling, sai, of putrid
iicr in stumps wiin glaring wnne iops
in tho general dimness, and jiiles of
brush, and a log or two yet unsubdued
'vtheax. P.ut tlicte was no lately-fcllcl
Iron .mil fin t-il lii-i- .iii wlu-re
IV.- , MIIM tt ....ft. ... , ..... ..
Down the slope, cross laced by inter
vening limbs, they could see Mud 'reek
ISayou, which the freshet had expanded
to a lake. A wn on the other .side, half
screened liy islanded trees, was Mud
Creek proper, themilldam. and M.Iford.
Thebaiou had the gurgle of running
water. In some places it was swift as
a mill-race. WheneverMud Creek rose,
it made this baiou a broad yellow Hood,
and loosened half tho trees in the bot
.1 . II 1. 1 1 T. ... .1.
" ' ,,u ." t ' l -ll .:,s ."
' Iaii'l staring at t us expansive stain:
1 " ,1" Kal-ii-C l-i'l tho by-o; you go
' " '!
I heardoinething.'' whispered P.et-
scy; "listen! '
" It's jllst a screech-owl."
It sounded mournfully indeed; a pro
longed "00 -00 -00!"
"'S-s-omcbody yellin!" said Petsey.
She clinched upon the bottom of Paris
short coat. "Thei'ie got pap down
I-.. !... ... I it. I.?
P,'1...UU ",mi'.,.i,:. .. , - -
l , "'" . . ,ir,,:,," M:,,V
ll-,;Illl7 lo eoniecture Ci.r-mtic
"yoh.no iinit 10 touj. iuit. uin.imii
ln'iircs t-ill -is lhe trees swarmed
''r"'r' - ''" -.l "" . lI." ' ,,
tliroii-'h her mini!, and she retnenibcred
that .Joseph's own brethren put him into
The children ran- toward the caller.
Paris was unmindful of l'etsey.and when
she fell over a log or stuck fast in a
brier thicket, pulled her up or out and ) students, tailors, seamstresses, shoe
d ragged her ahead. Their rough little makers, etc. are such as do not call
hands stu.-k fast log. iher. ' out the full action of the lungs. In
Which way are 1 ou?" called Paris. ' some cases, they interfere with it. If
when the 1 nice stopped, and they stood j such persons are troubled with general
bewildered in a lonesome dark place 1 weakness, have dillieulty of breathing
near the bayou. j after exercise, and dull pains in the
Directly in front of them they heard a ( sides, the lungs should be looked after,
croakingexclamation for help. ! although there may still be no organic
"Help! Will somebody help me out?" I disease. What is needed is to strength
Put just here the children paused en them not by medicine but by their
longest. That voice sounded strange. , own proper action. The Mxlinil and
The minute was so silent they heard Stir;;icul .'. mro r gives an account of a
onli the breathing of the water and that young .student whose pulmonary synip
other respiration peculiar to woods nl J touts of weakness were wholly over
night. come. It was done by his simply
" Paris! Are vou up there? Didn't I ! breathing through a small tube the size
hear you. J
To atone for his hesitation. Paris
plunged down a slope, and f.etscv. hang-
inir to him liko a faithful ("ill. went
plunging after. 'held his breath as long as he could
"Watch out there! Don't, you come without distress. Keeping tin up dur
any nearer!"' shouted their father, ing his .student-life, he acquired the
Don't you take another step""' ! ability to enlarge his chest live inches
It was quite diiski in that hollow, but 1 by an inspiration, and to hold his breath
when they were a few ards away from ! without distress a full minute,
him they could see him standingiiown in It is our belief that tho same thing
fne ground and looking like a man who ! ,.,,- 1,.-. .leeoninlished bv breathim- as
. j had only waist, shoulders and head. His
hat was gone, his wamus unfastened.
and Ins hair ami hushy heard made his
iace iooiv iikc a paie oiur.
44 O pap!" wailed Betsey.
44 It's well you come." said the settler.
"I'm sinking' fast. Paris, got a rail; get
it as quick as ou can."
Tho nearest rail was probably more
than a mile away. Paris" thoughts How
to the stable, but while he went and
returned dragging a heavy rail, his fath
er might sink out of siht in that hole,
which seemed to remain in a gully
that had contributed all its water to the
A limb of a tree's nig'ner." said Par
Get somethin quick. I'm goin
down so fas; I don't know whether I can
pull myself out at all or not."'
t, , . , .
1 he children ran around on the slope.
1 ans started f.,r the clearing but ,m the
wai he tripped across a small log. ami
1 nZ,1"-, nTrrCT,MT f u i,U" a
broken finger, a,l m the all. dragged
it. and shouted to l.etsey to come ami
lP 1 , 1 .1 , , .,
Petsei had thrown her father some
chunks on w Inch he was tri ing to prop
his elbows, bhe came and tugged lt
was w-ell for the Lane tam.lv that these
two children were used to exertion.
' 10ir ltout '";?'. -tr;"wd "" UV1?
lahoriMl successfully. 1 hey tugged the
log like two butternut-colored ant
stniggimg wiin ioj-age maui umv
larger than themselves, and pushed "'
out to father. Then, with lungs pant- '
ing, and while he pulled himself up by 1
his props, they hauled an uprooted
stuina to him. then broken limbs; tlu-'
brought p'eees of wood from :!. c.ear-
ins-wd while half these things sunk
out of sirrhr. the settler was able to bury
himself "up by them, and tinalh- to
creep out on the log and get on solid
1 left one of mv boots in there." he
tiers, now that the danger was past,
thev had little to sav about it. Thev
came to where the horses waited. scale& -
the load of wood aui rode slowly Unc.
And all that the tettler sa:""to b
wife when she came to tbV'door with
a candle and Elihu tvtf Hiram, and
saw this procession u-high Safe herald-
cd as friskily as if ln not too old
and lazv a lor to foliK,. ti,n hnrses far
44 1 got stuck in
Tiinrn Tar-n&aii -
while I mil?
iisvin.' Vbna for v-o. while 1 was
oooidn't get out Ol tbithe,hoaLs. and
1 me." i ..m,.,., ui.
opened, breathing deeply as he felt the I of China that """ grow"" n:i uecn un-
good eanh under Ins naki'd foot. dertaken in India, anil there are already
The three climbed up the slope and thousands of trees in the I iinjaub and
startedhnmo 1 ;t-.. tme Western set- iiorthwe?teru provinc?s-tenerallv. yield-
" It"s a good thinjr I si-nt thrm.' ai'l
Mrs. Lane. " You better come in and
'-t vour -uppi-r and put on sonn other
. : - -
clutln-s , mn as von ean.
I'efore th- waon creaked on. Botey
climbed down over a wheel and went
" SiFti shall ive inei-t aain,
Mll'I Ii-'T to ,1'JlT.
So-iii sh.ill I'em- wr mho Iit chain
Kouml in loruvcr."
r'liapped harnls are .s.'inetimes reallv
quite an alllietiou. and always an an-
nova nee. I he tcndetu to them is
! caused bv a deficiency in tin; oil. which
, which is situated beneath the scarf-skin,
This scarf-skin is verv thin and trans
parent, :nnl has ery little itality,
hating neither bIood-iescls nor neries.
It needs constant oiling to keep it from
cracking. When sound, it protects, not
only the nerves, ami vessels (if '"" tn"5
skin, but, to some extent, the whole
body. For, thin as It is. it prevents tho
absorption of harmful substances.
It is for l his reason that, in vaccina
tion, the acim matter must be insert
ed beneath it, where it is readili taken
meat, or in the washing of clothes from
a Mck room, or dressing some foul sore.
Where the surface oil is deficient, it
is apt to be washed oil", especially with
warm water, faster than it is secreted.
P.ut the ditlicultvis greatly increased bv
the al;ali (soda or potash) of the soap.
which not "illy takes up tl il, but
I actually eats through tiie epidermis,
The best help for chapped hands is,
' haiing washed them thoroughly before
1 retiring, to rub them over with" mutton
I lallow'aml wear through the night a
,,;,ir ,f easy-set tiu' leather gloves. Per-
ns in whom the tendency to chap is
not so strong, may keep I heir hands in
condition by an occasional resort to this
treatment. Arthur s Mwjnziiic.
IS very one knows that physical exer
cise invigorates the muscular system:
tiiat the constant action, within limits,
of any muscle enlarges and strengthens
that muscle. It is the working of the
same law that giics fullness and vigor
to the blacksmith's arm. This law is
physiologically universal, and therefore
applies to the lungs.
The one work of the lungs is to in-
Hale and exhale air; and this depends
' ' the alternate expansion and eontrac-
non 01 inr 1 111 i. -xim, somi, pi.isous
I ...... i,liril ..jii, ti,;,, ., m,w chests The
.ue norn wiin nun, n.inow irsi.s. mi,
1 1'"' f tiw pf'sons are generally
we.IN. Jlll'l e;isn oci-oiin; uisj-iisi-n, in
cause seldom brought into full, vigorous
The employments of other people -
01 a quiii. a dozen nines every uiree or
four hours each day. Every third res
piration ho withdrew the tube, when
1 the lungs were thoroughly filled, ami
1 .,iM",vo throii"h a simrlo 'nostril, elosiiiir
,ie other with the linger. Youth's
Dry Earth for Ilediling.
When cows choose to lie down in th&
yard or pasture, says an owh'inge. it.
will be seen that they choose the bare
ground rather than the sod or bedding
of straw. The same is true of sheep.
We haie taken this hint and furnish tho
cow stables with dry earth bedding.
Leaves and straw are poor absorbents in
comparison. In tho pig pens dry earth
has no equal. In very cold weather wo
add straw or leaves, but until the weath
er is very cold the animals will be more
comfortable with a bed of fresh soil or
of soil changed once a fortnight or week.
t All III. 1. II1V. I. Ii 11WI4CV ll II. I. I IV.UIIVIl
lt lt valne a, :l (Iootiorizer. Our
roo aro ovor a fl OQ whu.h
; Wl. occasionally scattcrtlry earth. This
" -' ver w-ith a shovel each week
or ofte0r and we can sav the chicken
hmw, j, froe fo)m any 0-ffonsiv$ 0)lor,
' and the bright comb and glossv feathers
. u, of lIu; hoahh of f -yl D
, eanh Js a j evont5ve too of v.
, mIu on -, aml u u
j ,,e O0Ur0ll atl a dn. 'j, aml 5toretl
,L,. ,,., nr. : ., ctoM..c it t
1 In the chicken house we have learned
! onlv promotes neatness and health, but
' av;.s the Vtfrv elemenl of the manure.
, llllWt of wn-x,;h wouu cvapor.no if not
absorbed bv the drv cartli. We do not
jj jtasa bedding in the horse bles.
hut Jt should l f-und in crery stable to
5prj,ikl- floors with as sbon as the
i,.iding is removed in the morning,
When removed from the stables, sties
; am COops it should bo kept undercover
for spring use. or for drilling with tho
wheat in" the fall. X Y. Herald.
So valuable are the lubricating
qualities possessed by the "grease tree"
ing tons of sushis admirably adapted to
a "icry of industrial purposes. Some
ftime since a chemist in the runjaub
prepared a quantity of grease from this
,""oe. nI1(4 forwarded a portion of it to
' the runjaub Railway, thai its quality
' might be tested m a practical manner
1 a lubricating matter for these parts of
' the machinery constantly exposed to
i friction. The grease thus obtained is
said to form an excellent tallow, burn
ing with a clear, onuiant, white light.
: and at the same time emitting no trac
. auu ai. u. .s.. -- .- " "-s.
i of any unpleasant usior nor any ol tr
' nnlinarv disagreeable acco-manime
Farm Work in Winter.
The winter season i not only a god
thinking season fur tho fanner, bul
there is a good deal f practical work
that can be done during the short days,
which i- often neglected. Here is .-omo
good advice about such work, that a
correspondent gin-s to Us through tho (
columns of the t'wuntni J utl- mnn:
Pew fanners are aware how much
farm work can In; accomplished in tho ,
winter season. Many farmers confine
their operations, in winter to hauling
wood, tilling the ice-houses, etc. A
smaller class, mrc enterprising, draw
out the manure as it is made. The
very best farmers keep all their avail
able force busy all winter. There are
many kinds of farm work that can be
performed very advantageously in win
tor. If it has become necessary to lay
a stone wall in any part of the farm,
and the -tones are in piles, so the can
be 'got at. they can be drawn i.ow much
cheaper than next summer. 'lho.e
who have nei or tried it would be sur
prised t si .- how much easier a loaded
sjone-lmat dra'.vs when then is a btlle
snow on the ground. When tin- simiv
is a little ileep.r. a sleigh can be ml
stituted for a stone boat. ' I'anniTS who
haie stones to draw trom meadows 01
other fields would do well 1.. prepare
for drawing the stones in the winter.
Small .stones can be piled in heaps, and
large ones can be raised from the
gnTund. merely to keep them from
freezing down. Large stone- can be
handled in winter bi impl hifi'ing a
rope around them, ami with the im
portant adianlage of not plowing up
the field. I think that .-itch sit-nes art
much more e:isiii handled with about a
foot of snow on ihe ground, as tueh a
depth of snow tends to preieut any
pitching or rolling, which alw.iis cau-t-s
annoyance. Stones for building pur
pose, can be hauled to hotteradiantago
in winter than in summer.
Winter is a g I time t prepare for
changing or repairing the leuce- on tin
farm. In drawing manure in winter il
is not adiisable to pile it, utiles- tor the
purpoe ot decomposing straw or kill
ing foul seeds. I haie followed the
practice of hauling manure fieri win
ter, and I think the iinst hi iieiii ial re
sults follow the practice of spreading ii
directly from the sleigh. I haie to go
oier the fields in the spring ami lueak
up the large lumps, but this is benefi
cial. The manure is -ry much inure
valuable when applied in a green state,
and when it is mingled to a git at ex
tent with froen liquid manure, than if
it has been allowed to leach and dri for
months before being Used. A icri
good sleigh for this purpose is made
with wooden runners, and it is best to
provide a tight box for the liquid
manure. When the manure is all out.
it is disposed of. tin-re can be 110 lur
ther waste and it fertilizes the first crop
on that field. The true principle ot
farming is alwais jo keep ahead of the
work. Chri.-ti t.i I itimi.
Ti::htiiig the Canker Worm.
It is very common for writers on eank
?r worms "t j recommend that the trees
to be protected be treated w ith printer's
ink quite frequent"!, beginning in cto
ber or November, and continuing the
practice till the trees arc leaied ut in
spring. It is not improbable that the
moths may occasionally mature sulli
eictitly in their pup.i skins to burst them
and come forth, during unusually mild
weather in autumn, but in aicr.ige cars
the number that coiue out of the ground
before spring will probabli be found to
be ery small. Mr. (). A. Hillman,
whose apple orchard on his farm in
.Marlboro' is one of lhe best in the lit ini
ty. has made the habits of the canker
worm a study, and ha found that the
female moths which are wingless, very
seldom crawl up the trees till the liiM
reallv warm day in spring. His method
of protection is printer's ink spread upon
strips of paper some s"- inches wide,
which arc wound around the trunks of
the trees and fastened by two or more
carpet tacks at each end of the band,
the paper reeeii ing one application of
Ihe ink early in tin' spring, and then the
trees are examined en-ry warm day till
the moth begins to nnne, when the ink
is again applied. His observations lead
him to belieie that the moths moie al
most soldi by night, and that the great
er portion leaie the ground the same
night and immediately following the
first warm day. lv watching clo-elv.
and bi baling the paper all in phi-e
and colored by one application of ink.
he is able to know hi the few scattering
moths caught, just about the right time
to ghe them a sticky path to travel in.
Last spring, a very warm day in April
gaie promise of starting out the moths
in full numbers, and by painting the
bands of the entire orchard one after
noon, he was enabled the next morning
to see nearly the whole preiious year's
crop of moths imprisoned in the sticky
mass. The number w hich crawled up
later was too insignificant to be woitli
pai ing much attention to. unless utter
extermination of the species be aimed
at, which would be an undertaking of
no small moment where an orchard is
surrounded bi trees belonging to care
At tho dose of the pairing season, the
tacks are drawn out from one end of the
paper bands and they arc allowed to
hang loosely, during the growth ot the
tree in summer. Pcfore winter the pa
pers are replaced, and if the trees arc
now too large to be encircled by the
bands, the ink is bruhcd over the inter
vening space on the bark ifse'i. .'.
The Tree-Planter'.- Opportunity.
It is the season for making out a list
and selecting trees to be set in spring.
Those who will trust a wandering and
wholly irresponsible agent with this im
portant work choose to incur risk, and
almost always find that they have met
them. The wiser wai b? t go to the
grower, who has a character and a busi
ness at stake, and is pretty sure to raise
the varieties that give inst -ati-faction
in the particular locality while making
trial of new sorts of promise. The pur
chaser can then see whole rows of tu'
kinds he determine to plant, and -an
mark with colored string or otI""u'"-'
the trees he prefers. An iiio.xivr't',lc'l'4
person is very apt to s,.lel :l neat.
dean-stemmed straight specimen,
grown like a weed. si-'h :l"- OIU' -'-
where trees come u- thickly in each
others shade au" ' rich clean soil.
Put such tree4", with their thin, delicate
bark. ims'-ded by leaves, are least fit
to etsu'ure exiiosup to sim and wind,
and unsheltered, unmulched soil. The
knowing planter prefers a stout stem,
short rather than long, ami full of biuN
and spurs from which leaves can issue
to shade the stem and help the recent of
sap: which will also ield earlv first
samples of the fniit. If shootV is-lu;
from these lower down than he would
have the head he stops the extension bv
a timely pinch with thumb and finger as
growth goes on. If the stem is not
erect, that is a minor and temporarv
drawback. easily remedied bv a stake
and string rightly applied, h is im
portant that the roots of a tree be fresh
undricd by wind and unbitten bv frost.'
If a scrape with a finger-nail shows a
white, bright, moist surface under the
outer film of brown, the roots are oTjnd.
As to the top. the ripe free shoots Gf
last year indicate health and liiror.
These shoots should be shortened in.
(except the one or three to form the
head). Thus we examine the three
"onstituents of the tree the roots that
vjpplr. the stem and its bark that car--ies.
and the leaf-bearing buds that
digest. X I'. Tribune.
A satirical innkeeper advertises hL
louse as " the only seco"?yjs igi
in the world."
HOME, FARM AND GARDEN.
Ke. p s'..-ep dry tin br f-"t. Thii
L-t venmon iitwcsaarj than rooting them.
Nt i-r ! t -keep stand or he in mud or
Experience on cold nights amongst
the Swiss Mountains hasproicl that for
winter warmth there is nothing equal to
a liay qnilt. This is a large -quure cot
ton bag. with a few handfuis of liay
shaken lightly into it. 1
Wintering lees in cellars appears
to be an improvement over Hintering
them onN-de. The 1hcs consume "
honey, have less lo-v. and are healthiur
In the end. 1
- P3rsjiij)S and s.d-ifv are not iuiured
by fret -ing. and may remain in ihu
ground mid dug as wanted, or dur
ing mid-winter thaw, lint they be
come jHri-onous nfu r thev begin to grow
in the spring.
A Intii fonvsjKindent of the I'.iun
tri frV-iA't M'iH claims that bv dipping
the joint or IWhy end of turkey, z'
' or chi'ken wings into a strong solution
of c p,H-r.ts tic an- mado moth-proof,
as w.ll as more duralile than w hen treat-
cd in the ordinary way.
-Co'd Mnv.- Take two-thirds- of a
cupof rinegar. otioegg. two tablespoons
ful of sugar, one iablesKX)iiful of salt,
half teaspwn of mixed mustard, and
butter ':. of an egg; st:r until it !oils.
When coW, iur 01 er the shaved cab-
Mince-.Moal. Take eight pounds nl
b'-ef. tun and one-half jhkiikLs of su.-t.
three pounds of currant,-, two an 1 -half
pounds of citron, four pounds ol
raisins, four pounds f sugar, one p.-ek
of apples, four lemons, one ounce of nut
meg, nuo-hnif ounceof clove-, one ounce
of cinnamon, one ounce of mace, a little i
salt and one quart of cider.
Ioughiiuts. -Take one pint of gootl
buttermilk, two eupsful of stijfar. rolled
' free from lump-, a tea-p'iifiil of --alt.
half a nutmeg, two tea-poon.sful of soda
dis-olifl in one-fourth teaeuptui of luke
warm water: stir in Hour till a thin bat
ter, then add three tablespix.iisful ,,f
melted lard: mix-in lbmrtill hard enough
to roll: cut into ring- and fry in hot lard
I Mu'toii Soup. - Pod a leg of mutton
from two to time hours and s.-ason with '
salt, pepper and about a tnblespnouful
of summer . ivory rubbed line. .Inst be
fore seri ing add noodle-, made in this
wav: beat one - light, add a pinch 0: ,
salt, and flour enough to make a stifl
dough: roll out in a very thin sheet,
dredge with flour to keep from sticking,
then mil up tight h; begin at one end
and shave, down line like cabbage for
An Illinois farmer began business
in 1-')1 on laud from which he could get
only iwcnii-liie to thirii bushels of corn
per acre and other eiops cquaili poor.
The same soil during the past o or sU
years has ielded from lilt to eiglity
liie bii-heJs of coin, and let he hi
' boiedit no commercial tertiliz.er. and his
Hipply of stable manure has from the
fir-t only sufficed for the garden and po
tato oat-h. His mainstay has been
clover, and bv it- use the land has been
rrowiii,r better instead of worse.
1 Liiiseed-mealisa safer food forcows
than cotton-seed, becau-e il i- not so
rich a food, and if a pint or a quart i
"iieu in excess no harm is done, but it
too much cotton-seed is giieii it will
hurt the cow and lessen the milk. "ot-ton-seed
is cosiie and heating in its
etl'eeis, while linseed is laxatne runl
cooling, and this is a very serious and
important difleronee. If raw linseed-oil
smells strongly of turpentine it is
. adulterated there is no such smell
about pure oil but the turpentine
would not make the oil injurious unle-s
there was too much of it ill the oil.
1 Turpentine is stimulating and diuretic
in its effects, and is a useful medicine at
j How can a horse be restrained from
hanging the tongue?"' A bit having a
1 ring attiehed to the center will serio to
retain the tongue in the mouth. If there
:- anv llae -id drooping appearance of
the tine side of the tongue and of tie
litis or nostrils on the satin
may be a p.ut ial pat
be benefited by a
beneath the lower
the two branches.
of the fact
cie on tho
( )ne part
ammonia and one part of
nibbed in, and repeated several times-.
would serve the purpose. In obstinate
cases tho tongue may be suspended in
a small bag attached to tho middlo of
Artificial Heat for Fowls.
During the cold winter months, when
the iheruiom 'Ser not only goes far be
low z.ero but remains there and we draw
closer to our tires or furnaces, exposing
otirsclios as little as possible to the se
vere cold, we naturally think more in
regard to theti-e of artificial heat for
fowls, and perhaps some of us are in
dined to make experiments for our
selves. This is a good idea if properly
carried out. but one should understand
thoroughly just what he proposes to ac-compli-h
by this experiment.
At the fir-t glance it seems to be the
mo-t 11 itural tiling in the world to give
fowl- the benefit of artificial warmth, on
the principle that what is beneficial for
man cannot be hurtful for fowls. Rut
let a- consider the question for a mo
ment. If your solo object is the f.itten
iinr of vour birds and the iiroduction of
1'e.fj w'iihou4 regard to the future wel-
i of ititir stoi-K. ttn-n tn all im-aii- u-i-
artilicinl Jn-.it. for tin re i no ijnestioti
lint that thi- is ilfsinibli in the jrixliic
tion of fat nml oixirs. If yon lwin thii
treatment, hoivevor. rexne-mlier that on
nnist not let the tire jro oi--i or the heat
abate below a certain po""t. for if t"iU
happens vour labor will have been
thrown awav ami v-ur .stock injured,
.sine.' foil is an1 vo.-v Jtisceptible to chills ,
and s-iiddix. nUl after being accus
toniod : artilieial warmth.
If 1-. hi wish to breed from your pres
op. stock retain a portion of it iu your
innls for a longer time than the present
winter. It probably would be a mistake
to re-ort to artitieial heat, as it .-urely
enervatfs ami rendtTs delicate the stock
subjected m it- intluence. ani the result
L? jMMr. puny specimens for chicks and
a ilebilitati-d stock.
On the whole, then, for jrcneral pur. ;
;ostij. it is In-tter not to rely on extrane
ous heat, but have your fowl-hou-cs well .
protected and as large a proportion of
iriasj in the -uth ami east snies a- v
sible. Thi- u ill usually furnl-h sufticieat
warmth, and even where it is a little
coo! it is better for the fowls (admitting
the loss of a few eirrr- at the present
time), than it i- to furnish too great an
amount of heat and thereby render your
entire stock weak and debilitated. This
course would also prevent allowing the
fowls any range, as the change from a
heated room "to the cold air without ;
would be too great a one for safety.
The varietyT however, makes quite a
diiTerence. as a hardy, vigorous fowl like ,
the Pivmouth Rock will "endure change
of all kinds much better than a delicate
one like the Spanish. The Plymouth
Hock, moreover, does not necessarily
demand the range required by the
Spanish and Leghorn, and for thai rea- .
sjn. as well as many- others, is the best '
breed or varietv forgeneral use. F. II. -t
Vorbin, in X. Y. World. j
The bill which grants the franking j
privilege to Mr-. Garfield contains one i
provision which may embarrass the lady. ,
No: only may he xise the mails free, but
postmasters are directed to carry with
1,!t. co.-; aU "c'tera addressed to her. ,
This will serve to augment a correspond-
?ne( Ti-fiTM. AT- r!.it.i.i i..- ....I tn '
--11H.U .-1-13. VJailiCiU liJO WUliU .-"
be distrtssidrily large, and to contain no
imoll nnmber of isoertinetif bf0"?
- A cnlonv of W.t!dens-ian, who rmi
grated frt.:nP.edniont t !iuen.n Aver-.
where the c.mia'e and oe' :. 1 3"!
agrts. wuh thfin, -ettletl lire jenr nri
in N-irthwestern Ark.-vnsv. It nuniN-r
19 tanul:-, with l.'. pernn. and I
Presbyterian in d-flnn and form of
worship. 'I hey are ind-.i-tritu, trugal,
and of ear?-et piety, and are bect.'tniajj
de irable citizea-".
A Maine min who didn't cure two (
shakes ot a laiuVs tn ab.ut the ww-
napcr rode fourteen rades ;hrogh
fierce -nowstorm to get a ?? of a
weekly that spoke of him as n "promt-
An i:t-CouMli stry.
A lte Un t-1 autf-s l oal ai oaF ci tkz
Kdh. in.iu 1 ;tr., bj 1 6u a priiale . " " "
rfsiiiru: ot NV. Writ rr-4t tb U.X.U In Co..rM ! j-ofJs fct rfil TJk-t
!,.- ,,or, 11, u. fc.:!jr:ur.j5rj
rci.-oa. to ta.uj Jji- ;uM:lJe4. r . ,ayUig -s torMsl is? t: ! tlkctlaUM.r
tulrun it ls-it i Jw'Utl-rfSr Aa itMtnmrmt, . . ,.,.
LOd. U nrcwarj. m rrfrr t. t.m. in Kit 5tt. nmg Untlil,twel.SM,
rncr Ivfcrmrlo hubh- I Jer tf-
4'On rr.Tlt totk bosa- trmn r . I.
tome Uirfe Trar aro, la on ot the Caa.xr.1
ett-tiwr, I aeticeil ue uuira m. mtlet 2 ftrw
oa tac upper JvV, --lj ',rrttd ty rrut. Tm-j tid
jcemlncUimive UU eruiirf J.ffl jit i.l
no little xiili
"1'i"1"- k " - ."- - .
ICMsjiintv UltHl-i-mP K.tllitCUAtlt O, but tils
Wb. wc-..m.Hh:.ni.la!rJ aI hi. U
rrsaJ ,raU.Ib,rvth.rSo: I & suCrr
..' l.n.irtl to hj,re 90 sttrndidt r
i, AaetHMM ' an i.!rninu. .
o.msriiiiiun. h t oace altrartrj r ivaijia-
tine, .itiil I went ap to U.m a. he Jrofl ,
asjaliist ttir t.iilmll mkin(; ou. on thf fmun- I
iui! tnttckit-h tbr stramcr ia m.lltnc I
rtvia tovar?'4; t't f r" l"'iw '".uT
am-c I am robust am! tiCAitbv rr.au si atiaU
lK";lail tolif'p jou '
Yon re xrry kind, hi rcplll. I teak
voice. 4 bt I rnjultc no prcaent id t-rTwitt
kit rrati !:, nhit-ti ruaUlc mc to j Irmn
mi iti-tirxnn up here to get the Urneatot tLe
.uiinhini" ainl tlif rj brrrc'
44 ' You Juvr Iicb a Kre.it sa'Jt ff r. oiJiahl."
I said, 'ami I Judgr that jwi Hare tnw al
Cu ted with that in--at trou'jiexwnr thsr -
rheiiiimtisni, nhn iTTalrijfe and IntfnmtT J
. . -i .... ... .. k.it. i
rem to lie mi an aunnu:,; lnTc.ie bout la .
Knsland and Aai.-ri.-a.' j
"Von are rlitht. he atn-ered; I hare
en it., TH-tlm f..r more than a y ar, nl after ,
faihn' to thid relief fr-mi mrduul skill hitc
lateli trlp-l the S'irlnj:- ot Cart-bid and VI. tiT i
Milt they Imvc dune me 110 k0""'. 'n,l ' anum'.t
on my reluni h.ntie to Missonn to die, I -Ui-
jks..' lahallbre.oteatirilfrIr.:-.i.e (
to reaeli mr inothtT pre-i.-e. She is a
wulrtnantllainli-ron-ycMM.- , '
There wai .1 p.thiw in this speetuiihsrh
afleetot me ppfiiundiy an.l awakmbl In n.-
a di-t-ifr svmoathv than I had fr.t tef..'r I
had iiii wnnSt' answer blm, aud t.l s.J.-nt
lv ln-Mde him watching the M .y m.iW" ? t..
thip White t!iit- staiidmj; my tlmuLts re
verted t. a child a tt n ear o!d b-ijr - f u
iielRhhur of mini remdiaj; near my e n 1'
ronidence, iv I10 had leen eurtsl tif a it'.1''1 rn
eae of rlieiimatitin by the use td 5-t Jui -Oil.
and I remembere I that the sU ard A ti r
hhlp h.iJ tntd mr the day befor- that he I. t
cured hinwi-If of a lerv Frvert altai k '. tt
Rimt In Ncrt York Jnl bi'fore tns lal vora.-f
by the U'c of tlie nxme temedr I at on. .- . 't
my itning frlen I and went U-l.'.r t find t i.
steward. I not only found him nil dutv, In.t
iliseovered that he had .1 buttle "f the Di! -ti
his tucker, uhieh he had erred arro ti-e
rwenn In ease of another att.nK !e ir..d .r
parte-lwith it on invrepre-entat'iia. an ih'i-fv
lnrj up ajjain. I nn icrsuided the inur.j; ma-,
to allow me tn take him to his tti-rth anil p; iv I
thereuntil. After duiiig; so I eoirrwl bun 1.;.
enuglv iu I r-I and re.jtwte.1 turn not 1.. ;.t ,
,... .. . .. !-. . I
up until I lKu!d "ee htm .iain. lhatewi
inj I returned to 111 statero-nn and found lum
eleeplnu pcm-efully and bn-athin gentlv I
roused him and inquired how he frit. "I .
a new man.' he atier.tt ith a p-.t.-ft.
smite. 4 1 feel no psim antl am able to str.-N '1
my limbs without dillieulty. I think I U s t
up.' ' No. tkm't cet up U nirht,' I raid, .' .1
let me nit you as.un n.th the O.I. and In tt.e
mr.nilii! ou ill be al-le t-i ;- ab '' ' '
riht,' be Mid, Intightn;; 'I ih'n ,. ie I tli-
Oil ayiin. nibbim; bin kn- e vi' - ami khj '
thor.i.iRhly. until he ?.tnl lie fe't it be bd j
a muit.m! p..ultieeall out hl tly I t!...i
left him The neit in. riling "hen I t
upon deck fora bieezy prome-iade. air-rd 4 !
to my custom, I fountl mv patient waU-t f. r
me with a smiling face, unci trttbout A. rut. .k
althoiij;b he liui;.ed in hi tnovrment. ' .t
without pain I don't think I erer f.-
happy in my life 'lo make.iitmclo'y -'. -t
1 attended him etoaelj during Umj ret ' ' j t
voyage "nine ftHir ds apply ins the " .
cry nti;ht, and cuardln;: Silm ac'nt t' " '
expiiire to the freali and damp breee u '
on litidinj: at New Yirk. he w.u able. i i.
HfSiitance, to mnunt the h.itel omnib'i. i - I
go to the Astor Home I cntle I .m li.m 'w
tlaj later, ant! found him actually eticare-i ,
pai-kini; hit trunk, preparatory to nUrt.n:;
We-l for Ins iiomc, UmI evening. i it!, a
bright and grateful iniic he weJeomeiS me,
and point.n to a little bix carefully d me n,
iu thick brow n pap-T. wtieh stood npvi fde
tb.c, he Mid : My good friend, can -u
guc what that t:' "A pre-ent for v 1:
etleart.' I angered 4 N ,' lie la-.,;' 1
--'that is a dozen t,otttc of 5-t Jae. n
which I have Jut purchased from Hndn.T. the
druggut, aero the way, antl I im t.kzng
them !nin( to show my g'-od mother what Los
,av d her -.n"5 iife and re-tored hir-i t. tr ia
healtli. And with it I would lite to eArrv -3
alone also, to f-baw her the face of hun, w it
out whom, I should probaUI t.ever ha-rr tr4 j
it- If i u sho-i'd ever r-..t the btr'e u s
tit Sed.lm in "'"souf?, Hia7re" u:."-4rJ
hi mother will welcome vou to their . tt e
home, with heart fill of gratitude, and cl.er ,
will f-ho vou a bottle of ;. Jacobs O.. r
ihrined In a silvrr and g-" 1 caket. !.!' h we
ihaiJ keep as a parlor ornament a- "e' ai ne
ciento of our mcetingon the Cunari .teanvr '
" We parted, after ac hour pieaan: t bt
With rnutuai gtal will and esteem, and a Vt
weekA afterwards I received a letter from h m
tel ing me he wis in perfect halth and eon
Uialng many graceful exprcs-ioas of h; ti
tsctiosate regirdi." lirooiiyn EeJ".
Tnr.T -xere t-vm. The parrots cln-le".-sl
one Kate and tlf ot'ier Iiupii Kate.
Ikk !..v an kntaiinz 'kin dieai M
rrt::.l -n y--l ha'J-.tte ru.e br -k
alli'terhm iiel if lie b-)n't.etlrf!- :
lK-.nl 3 4ll 'TT,r et, it WOCad (lJJ)Uea iu
?ivROa LiUl KL- for I'a" I. 'e
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THE ST. LOUIS MIDUNO FARMER
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PABSOKS' PURGATIVE PILLS '' .V :
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AUdri... WILfiON SCWINC MACHINE CO.,
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