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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 24, 1881)
THE EED CLOUD CHIEF.
M. L. THOMAS, Publlshor.
Mr lot Injr fnthor. I can ce.
How kind, how ilrnr Up i!
Iy inntliei's Inro cotnof back to jb.
To Jill my hcait with blls;
Her klsrs uiiir,
Aroon my lirmr,
lo earnest, will, i-mlcarlnsl
How Bwct nnd low
It'? crndlo-jwmjr. how chcerinsrJ
At three ncoro years and ten. bow Rwcet
1 liew echoes on iny dull cars beat!
WhTo mnplo wovllrtmls blup with Jcy,
"Vouth auliitnn indent puiilc,
I hcv a inaMcn. yonn and coy
A maid that kn-jw.i no jrulle.
I Icr oyes ah 1 well,
1 may not toll;
Yet, when at mu ahe jflnnccs,
Tholr wondrou ower,
M v I cry fml ontrnnw!
At thrM; eorj jijnn and t'n. how fcwect
'Jliese cub ova on my dull oars ltc.it!
1 coo a little cherub run.
Ill f.ioe in riiinhcntn1! clad.
Alxitit thvhotis till day H done:
Ovhat a noKy I .id I
He oiltnb my chair,
lie pulls my hair,
lie kisses iiw, irrscs,
HI1? on inv hut.
Tires or all tb.it,
HlH bead my 1omwi proRa.
t Ihn e Hroro ycara and fn, how nwect
Tbcv? cbyoi on mv dull cars ttcat J
Mv parent rct with Tlim nlovc,
Jflio maid l hero no more.
Yrt yon, d.ir wlf 1 true 1 loto.
An I did h'Tof oreI
,, Knvb fond srl.ince stir
Vour vole Is an enthralling!
The boy t hut ran
14 tiown nin'i.
I'm ohl tbernnwsnro falling!
I'ut fiwetly through my pyul doth How,
J'heL- oclntefl of the lonjf a?o!
t '. ir. nurJicc. in DUntit Frrc Vrt.
Tiinv were at lea. Judge Provost,
Mrs. Provost mid their son Fenn. Tho
Itnlpro was not behaving perfectly well;
- (hat is, he was snubbing the other two
pen-.ons at the tahle. This is not to bo
wondered at, perhaps. Heing a lawyer
uiid a judge of the Jaw, it is natural to
suppose t hat ho might be impatient with
tho guo arguments in which they wore
indulging, uml their illogical deduc
tions, lie was, therefore, not in a
favorable mood for mi interruption to
his remarks. The interruption was
i au-cd by a loud and startling blow
against the front door, which brought
w the three 1'rovosts to their feet. In the
same instant thor cried out:
"What in heavons!" "What on
....ii.! owi. . i... ,.,:., ..:ri"
Villlil. II It. 41- iJlU 4JIOIll'.
'1 he first e.velaination was from tho
Judge; the second was an interjection
m from Madam IVovost; the last was from
The Judge turned to the frontdoor,
Jerked-t open, and went "out on the
j oreh. Mrs. Provost and I'enn followed
iiim. Again they nil uttered an excla-
untiou of surprise at thchpeetacle which
met their view.
Ilefore them was an enormous eab
1 agi", hurst into four fragments by the
momentum with which iL h:ul met tho
door. Kach of the three spectators said
y. "'Who eoidd have thrown it?"
TJie Judge rati out upoii.tho sidewalk;
in did Fenn. They looked up the
ivu, aiii now!!, piiuiiig up wiuir nanus
us eve shields from tho setting sun.
" I here he is!" "There ho goes!"
1 believe it's that Faiiehers young
boy,' s:i'd Fcr.n.
"Til iid out who he is, if I have to
& 'chase him to tho State's line!"
Wit! Ijiis the Judge started off on a
m f'trious chase, followed by Fenn.
" Do come back. Judge, and get your
Iiut!".er:id Jlrs. Provost, leaning over
the poreh-rading, with a fragment or
two of the rent cabbage in hand.
Fenn, too. screamed to his father to
return, declaring himself fully lulo to
Xiang the F'incher boy to account.
Hut the Judge, heedless of entreaty
or advice, kept on the chase.
At the end of a block of houses the
fugitive disappeared around Iho corner;
bill the Judge, who was a famous run
ner, pressed on with strides both long
H and rapid, leaving Fenn smartly dis
taueed. liut'tho Fanchcr boy Jyad a
a good start, and was tleetas a deer. He
turned a second corner, a thirTl and a
fourth, and was yet beyond tho Judge's
From doors ami windows and side
walks people we ro watching the rac'c,
laughing and asking what was tho mat
toir One or two"tFthcm cried "Thief!
f thief!"' and joined the chase. Of course,
tlie Judge had no time or breath for ex
planations. Suddenly the Hying bo- paused, pant-
iii-, at a gate. The Judge saw his hand
fcon" the latch, and at once leaped the
fen-o at the corner of tho yard, and
boundinc diagonally across the
lawn, as the fugitive passed through the
nito and made a bcc-lino up tho walk
To the porch of the house.
Tho Judge -cached tho bottom step
pist as the boy's foot was lifted toward
"the top one." There was ono upward
bound from the pursuer, the ontreach
ing of a long, strong arm, and the ur
clun thought he was ni the hands of a
Tim shoemaker's family jrocs bare
-... w -.. ...
foot; the doctor's family, unmedicincd
so it is said. It may be that a magis
trate's unofficial punishments may havo
his wares of unprejudiced justice left
out. In the rase of Judge Provost, it
must be said ho was a good Judge when
b ' seated on his trade-bench in tho public
service. Yet in his private life I am
afraid that calm, uuru'tllcd justice was
not always administered.
Younir Fanchcr should have been
punished. Any boy shoifld be punished
who bursts a cabbazo-hcad, or apj thing
9 chrc. against a Judge's door, or any
bodv's door, or any part of anybody's
- hoii?e, scaring people ouC of their wits
and their appetites.
The Judge, still more excited by the
laughter and shouts of tho peojde, and
by his heated, panting condition, I am
porry to say, administered a punish
ment out of proportion to tho offense
committed. "Without asking the boy if
. he was the cabbage-thrower, and why
Xbc Jd thrown tho vegetable; without
asking anything; without even a won!,
the Judge, resting a foot on the top
step, turned the trembling, panting
lx3' across his leg, and laid on a dozen
or more astonishing blows, tho long
arm swinging them, with tremendous
Tliat the boy would utter loud cries
whs to be expected; whathoy wouldn't?
That tho cries would rouse the people
in the house was also to be expected.
The door of the Fancher residence was
thrown open; out came tho Fanchcr
mother, the Fanchcr sister, and tho
Fancher maid, all asking questions and
utterm0, indignant exclamations. To
their excited inquiries, the Judgo tc
i turned no reply, but Kopt industriously
administering sharp blows.
"Ask this little imp what the matter
is," ho at length said, Standing the
shrieking boy up with a steadying, ad
Good evening!" he added, hastcn-
ino- down tho steps toward the gate.
You had better hurry awav oeiore
' Air. Haneher comes in!" shrict
w glad's mother.
"My father will make you pay for
'j. this!" cried the Fancher daughter, her
..black eyes blazing. "He'll have you
fcrrested for assault and battery !"
"An' it would sarve ye right to be
tackin' kauld in the naked head of ye!"
said tho indignant servant -girl; "a
batin' the darhnt like a savage that ye
Then the hoy explained, his sobs
separating adjectives from their lawful
-canons, ana verbs from their subjects.
"What was the cause of the trou
blo?'' "I didn't go to do it; I went to throw
the cabbage at a now-bird, oh! and l
went kcr-bang against Judge Provost
door, oh! And. oh mu' cverylo;ly, oh!
came running out oh! like I'd. mur
dered Judgo Provost oh! anil they
took after me, like I was thief oh
"Served yon right for trying to kill a
little snow-bird; a great ltoy like you?'
said his Histcr. looking "tho "slcmlct lad
over from head to foot.
liut thou-rh fihe admiuistcrcil this re
proof, Kate's black eye continued to
Hash rescnt'ully at tho treatment he
had received, and her heart kept oa
Miss Kate was between fourteen and
fifteen years old. She was a bold, mas
culine girl, and was a favorite with thof
rough boys ot the ncighuornoouas
well as with a few rough girls. She
was known as Captain Kate lor everal
blocks beyond her neighborhood lim
its. She led'her hots in skating, and
coasting, and snow-balling, planning
the races and the stakes; led them in
Christmas caroling and other seren
ades; in devising and executing April
Fool tricks, in May-basketing, in Fourth
Woe to the man, woman or child who
incurred Captain TCatcs diiplcasiire.
There was suro -to be a visitation, a
trick to bring the objectfinto ridicule ori
to otherwise annoy. 1 lioe who Knew
of Judse Provoit's administration on
3'oung Fanchcr, prophesied that Captain
Kate would j-oon be heard from on the
Sure enough, tho retaliation began
that night. It came in the shape o! an
outrageous hnrt of noiio in whifih
screeching, banging, tooting, braying,
were factors; and it assiilud the Judg.;
as he was drifting in'o a delightful haTf-
slcejung state, and was .-eemingly
drojiping down a peaceful bay to the
murmur of soft music. The din lasted
The next night, Kate's -clan built a
pyramid of coiiibiHtihlcs in tho (Told in
front of the Judge's residence, and
tlierc, in the form of three scarecrow
figures, the Provosts were burnt to
ashes amid the laughing and jeering of
a crowd of boys.- - r '" i " "" 1""
It may bo that4 the Jiidgoifoltih'at
his uudiio severity , Jo tli Faricherjto'y
merited some punishtiient." However
this may have been, he allowed the in
sults to pass' with the rcmauJc that the
children would tiro of the vulgar sport
if if yry.ru not noticed- I'ut 7oiiil was
very angry. lie felt that lie muH do
something to shame Captain Kate or
vox her;" but. what? What could he,
one miituie-sized boy uo 'against cap
tain Kate's host?
"There she comes nqjv," ho said,
looking up the street. "She makoi'lior
shoe-heels sound liko a boy's. I am
going to do something, if it's only to
make a face at her." Then he heard
his mother calling him in.
"She's afraid for her little boy," was
Kale's sneering taunt; "afraid some
girl will whip him."
" I'm not afraid, if she is!" exclaimed
"Aren't jou?"' said Captain "Kate,
striking, his'face with her fan. "That's
to pay your father for whipping my
Swiftly Fenn'shand went up to strike
back. As swiftly it was dropped, and
he stood looking at. her steadfastly, his'
eyes wide and burning
"If you wero a boy," ho said, "I'd
knock you down!"
She looked him over as if Hio had
been a crasshoppcr. laughed in con-
tempt and went marching away.
This was tho beginning of a feud
which ran a course of eight years, the
persecutions and retaliations gradually
abating somewhat in coarseness as the.
two young people, 3 ear by year, put
away childish things.
There was tho valentine persecution,
tho nnon3inous letter persecution, the
doggerel-verse persecution, the insinu
ating newspaper squib, the social cuts,
tho slighl3, direct and indirect, etc.
At the end of tho eight years, Fenn
and Kate's brother both cniistcd. for it
was now in the time of our civil war;
and Kate, a tall, handsome, forceful
woman, married a man of large wealth.
Then, from the Battle of Five Forks,
Fenn was brought home dead; and his
mother stood appalled at finding herself
in a world where such suffering as hers
When her heart emerged from its dis
may into the next phaso of sorrow, it
remembered first her boy's friends, and
then his ancient enenry and persecutor.
And whenever tho thought of Kate
came, it was as of ono triumphing in
her grand home with her baby-boy," hor
prosperous husband and her brother re
turned, if not triumphing that her ene
my was laid low, at least that her dear
ones hail, escaped.
Tho bereaved mother and Madam
Kate met as in the olden times at
church, and in all tho quieter of life's
walks, the one assertive haughty, tho
other reticent, sad-faced aud occasion
ally bitter of speech.
" pmetimes, in a tender mood of
ef, the mother would say of Kate,
't forgive her." But oftener. when
sho thought of him as "poor Fenn,"
under the frozen clods, away from light
and sky, and warm hearth-stones ami
all sweet life, then tho soul sitting in
darkness would "exclaim UHtcrly, "1
can never forgtvo her cruelty to him!
Sho has never felt an ache for it; she
never given me one pitying word, never
oho glanco of compassion."
So it was with. her on the day of tho
regimental reunion tho reunion of
Fcnn's .soldier comrades. Her heart
was wild in its envy of the living, and
in its jealousy, for his memory; "in its
love for thoso'who had loved him, and,
alas! its hate of his enemies.
She saw tho bedecked'' city, uttering
from arch to pyramid its words of hai(;
speaking its welcome by ten hundred
banners; by tho mouths of a thousand
guns, and by tho cannon's roar. Oh,
ow sho wanted her boy there to thrill
with tho city's welcome to the heroes!
Wanted him to feel tho pridcthat was
swelling the hearts of those returning
soldiors! Sho wanted him so that she
would almost have plucked him from
the very radiance of Heaven. She
wanted him recalled to tho thought of
this city, burstinjr with irladncss: to the
memory of the cheering multitude. But
no ono remembered him m tho still
while city on tho hilL
"Only am thinking of you, my
poor dear," sho said in her heart. " I
am coming to you. You shall not be
forgotten. 1 will keep watch by your
Sho put on a bonnet, drow the crapo
veil ovor the pinched face, and passed
with swift, trembling movement, under
nags and garlands, from tho teeming
city of tho living to tho "cityTof the
"Forgotten! forgotten! forgotten!"
was the heart's jealous refrain, as sho
pressed on to his grave, .to make up by
her passion for all the world's indiffer
ence and f orgetf ulncss.
The walk "was long, but without a
sense of fatigue, sho at length reached
the little ound. There sue stopped.
What was Jt- that caused her grief
sixfekca eyes to "dilate in, surprise?
What did it mean? Was it'his trave?
shrieked the4Hadsho .missed the Tvav? No; there
.was his .name on the head-stone. Who
had brought them? Where tho sod
would have heaved could hisheart havel
throbbed in answer to hers, was a wealth
of water-lilies, wet, cool, fragrant, pure
He had not been forgotten! Her boy
had not been forgotten! He had been
remembered. "ISvett before I could
come to him, some one had been hero
She fell on her knees; she carried the
flowers to Tier quivering" lips; tears like
rain wet the white petals. " Dear, pity
ing friend," he murmured, "I kiM
theo with tho khw of eternal grati
tude!" She replaced the lilie, and with a
new, wet wnsc of tho common broth
erhood of all men, entreated good upon
tho sou! that had remembered her boy
prayed for pleasant visrons to all
eyes that had ever held lib dear imazc
Her tundcrnesi dtd not stop here- It
went on, till, like Buddha's, it took
in crqn his enemies; tho stranger
without (he gate; all the feeling world;
every point of nature; even the dumb
A little green measuring worm went
creeping pvur lw:r cuflT. -Willi -gentl',
reverent touch- ho moved iHaablailc
of grass. In her tendemes. she could
not harm it. nut! puL larther oacK in
5ablc vc'I, and looking skyward, felt
assured that the gracious (Jod had re
membered her; and nearer, nearer to
IIm, went the affection of a grateful
Along the cemetery carriago-way
camo the rulljof wheejs. She looked
up the winding road, and started toiico
iu the carriage Kaui Kancher.
"J will beckon her, and here, beside
his grave, I trill put away all enmity
Sho stood up. A spot of yellow on
the gras4 shone at her feet. She stooped
down; it .vas g-dd, a (lower-holder, ami
on it she read Kate's full name. She
knew (lieu who had placed there tho
As the carriage stopped, she held out
the golden calyx. The two .women
looke I into oacn other's eyes. The
mother knew then that tho other in pen
itence had come out from the joyful
city to lay the lilies on her soldier's
Kate came down the carriage steps,
nnd in a mom-'nt, without the utterance
of a word, tho women were, iu each
Down at the c motory gale sounded
the. nuilllc'l drum; up tho walk came the
measured tread of men in blue. To the
right the eolunvis turned, and crossed
to his grave. About it in hollow sipiare
they formed uncovered as in prayer.
Willi the nicj intuition of t-udr-heartcd
men, thty asked permisMon to
take irom the grave the lilies. Into the
button-ho'ei and bullet-boles of their
bluu coats they placed them, nnd
dropped upon the gr.tve other dowers,
and tears, it may be. Then skyward
started a wilde.racAi of musket. The
word to "salute" was given, and tho
boys of Fenn's ivgimentjiiado the air
ring with an all-had to their old com
rade. He had been remembered. YouUfs
CompatitSitr " ' ' " ' ' '
Four Prospectors Lost
In a Snow
Tiik readers of the Democrat lmo
been furnished with numerous accounts
of mine accidents, murder., suicides,
and mishaps of various kinds in the
past, but one of the most horrible ad
ventures that has become tho part of
the reporter to chronicle for the past
few weeks, is that which a party of
prospectors untl"nveilt while seeking
their way to the Mount of the Holy
A part of four, consisting of Messrs.
Parker, Benjamin, (ieorgo Kos and
Walsen, Marled out on their journey
under tho happie 5t auspices. Full of hope
with tho brilliant prospect of wealth
and happiness that was before them,
they proceeded to fight the boundless
realm of snow that surrounded the Uto
P;iss, where they were obliged to
go should the succeed tii mak
ing their arduous trip. rAftcr
wandering around through the mount
ains for two or three days they retraced
their steps in order to find a comfortable
camping place and make a new start.
They soon refreshed themselves and
started out anew on their perilous
journey. When about half way up the
mountain side they encountered a
violent aud heavy snow storrii, which
lasted for some time, but full of that
pluck, courage and energy which is
characteristic of every true and noblo
Western man, they defied tho stormy
elements and pursed their way bravely
forward. The snow was falling so thick
and fast that it was utterly impossible for
them to find their way. Tho wind blew
with such terrible and unresisting vio
lence that, while s-ceking shelter in the
woods they became alarmed, and in
order to prevent any p6ssib!e harm
the cut down tho trees in the immedi
ate vicinity of their camping grounds,
fearing that the violence of the wind
would, during the time they were slum
bering, tear the trees from their fasten
ings in the Mother Earth, and, falling
across tho small huts that they had
erected, would in all probability curtail
the lives of one or more of their party
in the angry tumult that must ensue.
They cut every ono of the. trees flown
in a'distance o"f forty feet. The wc.iry
and unfortunate men could hear the
ominous and tcrriblo growling of the
mountain lions around their camp lire
at night, as if seekins the shelter aud
protection of their superiors during that
fearful porioiL In tho evening the bay
ing of the elk and tho bleating of tho
mountain sheep could be plainly heard
in the dim distance, a3 if they also were
seeking the protection of man. For
throe days and three nights the storm
continued with unabatmg fury, and
during the da time, the men, driven to
desperation through contemplation of
tho horrible fate" that was presented to
them, strovo in' vain to -find their way
out of tho tcrriblo dilemma in which
the were placed by the action of tho
elements. In vain did they seek for
the pass, freezing their fccC hands aud
faces in Iheir efforts to find their way
back to civilization. Destiny, however,
fated them to remain camped npon the
bleak and barren sides of the mountain,
surrounded by an everlasting, endless
mass of smm as ono of them expressed
himself, "Snow to the right of us,
snow to the left of us before and be
hind us." Only here and there would
the tops of a pine tree show itself above
tho bounqlcss plain of snow, breaking
tho direful monotony of the scene.
Finally, on the afternoon of the fourth
day. Providence ki his mercy lore the
clouds of snow and desolation asunder,
anil permitted tho god of the heavens
to throw forth its slnningsplcndorupon
woeful waste, whereby with its
lisrht the party were enabled to track
their way back to tho haunts of men.
After many weary hours of terrible
suffering they finally found, their .way
back to Tennessee Park, where, after
refreshing themselves, they were con
veyed toLcadvillc. They say that for
all tho gold and silver that might be
found in tho Mount of the Holy Cross
they would not again pass through the
some experience. All of the party ex
pect to lose one or jnoro of their digits,
and possibly one of the party may lose
his loot. Such are some of the "many
hardships that-men will endure in their
insatiate desire to obtain wealth and
riches in a short space of time.
Several other parties have started
out within the pa3t week for the same
place, and it is to be sincerely hoped
that it will not bo tho part of any trav
eler to relate a similar story of hard
ship and suffering. From the mauy
perils that beset -the traveler in that
direction, it would advisable foe all to
delay their trip until the spring. Fears
are entertained by the many, triends of
L C. Terry and party that he has met
with a terrible fate, nothing having been
heard from any of them since a week
ago yesterday. LcaivilU Democrat.
There are 4S.000 poatoffices in this
country, and they require 60,479 per
sons to run them. The postofnee busi
ness is not a paying one, as last year
the expenditures exceeded the receipt
E-rr In "Tinier.
Kvr.nr farmer who knows anything
knows that It pays U havo egg to Hrll
in winter when tho pfc I anywhere
from twenty to forty coot a don, bwi
not one farmer in tRvaty takes the
slightest pain to pvrnid his hn to
lay In cold weather. TJicy grumble and
growl about their fowl., and are eter
nally rehcaning tho kair.o old story
about tho perveweaesj of hu who
will "lay well enough when egg arc
cheap, but will quit entirely a oon as
the price goes up" One njawjdecbms
that ho " don't tako-rauch eeru of hit
hens in wintr because they don t lav
enough to half ay for what they eat, '
never onoe tlncking that the failare to
to produce- egg" results from lack of
proper food, t-heller and care. Many
farmer who use commoaene in care-
thnr horuj, rows, -rbwp and
xh.ibit a wonderful amount of
ignorance and &tnpidJty when it come
to managing poultry, and thu (locks of
twenty or thirty heiw instead ot binga
source of rcenuo ' barvtr pay their
way in summer, and eat th'ir "head
off" iu winter. Whose fault is it' Not
the hens', mircly. A hen cannot run
au egg machine without a supply of
raw material to work oa any more than
tho Israelite. of old could make bricks
without ftraw. What would these
farmers think of a man who shehcrud
hi cow in a ral pen. fed her on traw,
let her go without water, and then
growled because ehe did not produce as
much m'rlk as when on clover pasture in
June? To put it mildly, they would
call him a "fool." Draw our own
A medium-sized egg contain 1-7
grains of albumen, ninety-four grains
of fat, thirteen grains of ash, and Citfi
grains of water. To tho.c who have
never studied up" these things the
amount of water seems large, but it is
leas than in beef, while the amount of
fat and of tnujclo-formiug material is
greater than in fat beef. Now ii any
body fool enough to imagine that henl
can'maniifaclure such a highly nntri
tlou article of food unles-s the are pro
vided with, plenty of raw material iu tho
shape of egg'inaking fo'xl, and a com
fortable house to work in?
It is just as easy to have eggs to sell
in winter as iu summer, and a great
deal more profitable. Don't tell mo
that " it ain't natural" for hens to lay
iu winter. It is jint as natural for hens
to Iny in winter as It is for cows to give
mfik in winter. Give your fowl com
fortable houses and ith proper food
ancarc they wdl lay because they can
not help themselves.
No live stock on tho farm will pay as
well iu winter as a llopk of hens proper
ly managed. Farmers look to this,
give your fowls the same care that yon
give to other slock, and you will never
have cause to complain that hens "eat
more during tho winter than all the eggs
they lay in a year would pay for."
Fanny Field, in I'ra'ric Fanner.
Water for the Farm Yard.
An abundant supply of wholes-omu
water is one of the prime considerations
in the arrangement of the farmstead.
Whore this is not proi ided bv springs
and running Mrcatus, earc should al
ways be taken tit secure it by means of
wells and cisterns. Diseases among
farm animals of till descriptions are
more frequently occasioned by impure
or insullicicut supplies of water than we
imagine. Cholera 111 hog-, r.t in sheep,
colic iu horses, murrain in cattle, im
pure milk in dairies, are often the. re
sult of this eamc. Iu all cities good
wa'.er is regarded an indispensable san
itary condition. It is not lc-s impor
tant to the health of farm animals.
The steep wells in a filthy barn :ttd
really not much more than cesspools in
which arc collected the liquid manures
that ought to be saved and applied to
the soH, are often the unsuspected
sources of disease in our live slock.
An analysis of the waters from these
wells would exhibit tho presence of
substanco which, while valuable for fer
tilization, are the prolific fountains of
disease to man and beast.
The Miresl source of an abundant sup
ply of pure water in the farm yard is
cisterns. The roof of abuilding twenty
by forty feet will, with tho ordinary
niiu fall in our climate, afford twenty
thousand gallons of water, and tho
usual accommodations of a well
arranged farm yard will therefore afford
an ample amount of roofing to furnish
abundant water for all stock purposes.
In the construction of a cistern in
tended to afford drinking water for the
family, it ought to bo made huge
enough to allow a full supply to be
caught in tho winter, aud provision
should also be made for a receiving
chamber from which the water is fil
tered intb the supply reservoir; but if
designed only for the uses of tho farm
yanl, the e'stern consists only of a res
ervoir for containing tho water which
may be caught throughout tho year.
'1 he interior of the cistern should bo
well cemented with hydraulic cement,
which, in compact clay, may be applied
directly to the surface: but in sandy
s6il or joint clays it Is indispensable that
tho walls bo bricked and then cement
ed. The covering should be a brick
arch, and tho opening for tho pump se
curely closed, to prevent the admission
of vermin and filth.
Such a cistern, supplied with a well
constructed iron force pump, which can
be procured for fifteen or twenty dol
lars, is a comfort, a conyeniencc.'and a
safeguard against many of the diseases
which infest' tho stock yard. Alabama
The Preserving of Egjs.
According to a German paper, lin
seed oil is tho very best substance with
which to coat eggs to render the shells
impervious to air. The cxreriment was
as follows: Ten 'eggs were coated with
linseed oil, ten with poppy-seed oil and
ten others were left uncovered, the
weights all being ascertained. The
thirty cs were laid on sand, taking
tho precaution that no eggs touched
one another. After from three to six
months they were rc-wcighed and
opened, with the following results: Tho
unprotected eggs had, after three
months, lost eleven per cent, in weight,
and after six months eighteen per cent.
On opening them they were found only
half full and quite spoiled. Those cov
ered with poppy-seed oil had lost in
threo months threoper cent., and in
six months fonr and one-half per cent.;
on opening them they were found full
and without bad smell. Tho?o covered
with linseed oil had lost, after three
months, two per cent.; after six
months, three per cent.; oa being
opened they were found full and smell
ing perfectly fresh and sweet.
Irish Law Owners.
The following figures in regard to the
ownership parish land arc interesting.
Qna-lnan owns 170,000 acres three men
own 100,000 acres each, fourteen men
50,000 acres each, ninety men 20,000
acres each, 135 men 10,000 acres each,
and 452 men 5,000 acres each. The
Association of Salters owns 19,000 acres,
the Drapers, 27,000 acres; the Ter
chaats, 21,000 acres: the Skinners; 24,
000 acres; the Fishmongers, 20,000
acres; tho Ironmongers; 10,000 acres,
and the Grocers, 10,000 acres. It is
not threfore, any exaggeration to say
that of the 21,000,000 which Is the
annual Irish rental, at least say 12.
000,000 is spent out of the country, and
where, as in the case of Ireland, the
country is not wealthy, and has no
other industry except agriculture, this
state of things, until remedied, will be
'productive o? want and misery.
Don't pile manure around the stem
.or body of your fruit trees.
noxE, rxnx .ix guides.
A ock5W of Hrao will oftca b of
great bcncJit to an orchard.
Div tho tip of ttsiht lagrcaw and ther
wilt easily dmre Into hard wwd-
IUUNES, lht has been soaked with
water will dry bard, unless H b dri
wh'Ic damp with ora: kind of non-drying
oiL Fimt wipe off the barncw with
1 sponge, and then w.ta a doia Kept
or tbu purpo yon can apply the
r dreitjiag thoroughly.
Irrx.i.w Moss Chocoiatc !)!
wire one ounce of Iceland mo in on
pint of boiling milk; boil one oanco ot
chocolate for tire nsiantc in oac jMUtul
boding water; thoroaghly mix tho two. (
and give it to the iura id night an 1
morning. Thi l a highly nutritive
drink for Inralid..
Chkjwc rcuuivri. Into wx quarts
of boltag water, containing two table-
spoiiu'ul ot tall, tr ono j-oaiid of ;
yellow Iud'an meal and a quarter ot j
a pound ( grated chee. boil It for
twenty minutes, etlrnng it oo-astcnaiiy
to prevent bunting, then put it ia a
grcael baking pan. sprinkle orer the
ton a nuaaccr ol a tounu ot gratcl
cheese, anu urown in a tiincc oven
m - a
Serve hot. If any remains slice It cold
ard fry it brown.
How Si!t'i.tCATri.K-r.uiM Hk ht
I'Kovku? hot portions of thorn, at
leant. alay be kept dry and comforta
ble, no that when it thawi or nuns the
animals wKl not bo obliged (o stand or
he in the mud- They .-hould be well
littered. In addition to their comfort,
and of course to their thrift, litter add.
largely to the stock of manure. No
one need givea.s a reason for neglecting
it, that ho has no litter. Enough of
something ur other may be found.
To W.imi FiSNi;r. Sicmrs. To pre
sent them fading or hhrinkiug up, (trat j
set the color bv eoiking for a quarter of .
au hour in cohT water 111 which jmgiro! j
lead has been addiPl." A teaspoonful of j
sugar of lead is Chough for a pailful ol
water. Alter tliii preparation wah it 1
in teoid water with borax cnouirh In It
to make it soft. What soap is used dis- j
M)Ive in tho w.itor; do not rub it in the j
skirt. Uinse iu tepid water, shake out.
and hang where it will soon dry.
I'ltovKNCAu: I'oTATots. l'eel one
quart each of potatoes and ouions; boil
them tender in boiling water and salt,
then 1 min them, rub them through a
fine colander with a potato maihcr, sea
sou them palatably with fait aud pep
per, press theni into a buttered dish or
mold and bak-s them half an hour in a
moderate oven. When wanted for the
la'le place a dish 011 the top of the
mold, turn it upside down, and gently
shake it so that tho potato will fall out
How to Pki'nb Tin: Guai'K. Dur
ing February the vines tihoultl be
pruned. The small linos of a lighter
color and of a nearly uniform size, those
of last .ea-on's growth, arc the ones to
be headed ba"k. From five to ten inch
es apart on the.-c vou will &ee buds. In
mojt cases cut oil" all above the third
bud 011 thoio canes. If thero are but
two or threo such canes, then they iiuy
be left four or livu feet in length. The
amount of last year's groiith to be left
iMicut depends upon the vigor of the
vine. Many leaw only one Stud next
t the old vine. Too many prune too
Minute I'uoihn'. I'ut a pint of
milk properly salted into a clean quiri
stewpan; havo ready a basin of hour;
a soon as the milk boils take some
llour in the left ban l and l"t it full
lightly into tlio milk (which must be
kept boiling (at the whole time), stir
without ceas'ng, add.ng Hour until it Is
abo'.t the consistency of porridge, then
let it bo' I a fw minutes longer, still
keeping it stirred. Turn it out on a
hot diih, stick pieces ot butter all over
it, sprinkle sugar, and gr.ito some nut
meg, win 1 (h butter and sugar will
u.eltand mingle, and. running all over
and around it, form a delicious sauce.
Do not be iny sparing of butter and
sugar, and th.- cook need not be dis
couraged if sho does not succeed in her
first attempt, as experience alone can
teach her how to sprinkle tho Hour in
properly. If'it is not done very light
ly, tumps of uncooked llour will" be the
result. It ma? bo flavored with vanilla.
How to Destroy the Iljrcr.
James W. Roijinson, Eq., of Fre
mont, III., an cx-I'residcnt of tho Ill
inois State Horticultural Society, give3
the following mode of dealing with this
The ci5 arc deposited in the bark
of the tree, tho beetle puncturing or
splitting the bark of the tree upward
or downward aud a littlo sidewhc, the
puncture looking very much as if made
with an ordinary pocket-knife. The
eggs are usually injected into this
liuncturc so deep as to bo out of sight;
but not always. On young and thin
barked trees tho vi will be pushed in
next to tho wood, but in older and
thicker-harked trees they will only be
through tiio hard outer bark and uiticr
soft bark. As soon as the eggs begin
to hatch, which is in a few days alter
being deposited, its enlargement causes
tho puncture to open, and thereby it is
union easier delected. The young
borer hatches out iu the inner side of
the cg and cats out a circular piece
the size of a half-dime, and then starts
off boring upward at first, but some
times sidewiso or downward. At this
stage of development it is easy to detect
the young doprcMator by a few drops
of discolored juice of the tree exuding
from tho puncture and sticking on tho
bark. The larva? usually bore down
below the ground surface in the win
ter, and up again in summer, living in
tho larva state in the tree nearly two
years, then boring out in the form of
the beetle, ready to repeat their round
again. The remedy I have successfully
u?cd is to keep tho" ground around the
trunk of the trees clean and mellow, so
that thoro will bc.no cracks or open
ings there for beetles to get in to
lay their egrjs in the tree, and so
that the puncture where the eggs arc
laid or young beetles hatching "may be
easily seen and eggs or insects destroy
edf which can bc"ilbno while in the egg
by merely pressing (irmly on the punc
ture with a knife blade ("the cracking of
the eggs can be heard distinctly,) and
if hatched, by cutting aVay the dead
bark over the cavity hrst eaten out, and
killing the yosng worm. The borers
do not go into the wood much the first
year, and can be easily followed by a
knife; but if not taken out soon after
hatching, they seriously injure, if not
entirely kill the tree, especially when
they run around just under the bark, as
they sometimes do. Or, when several
borers arc in a small tree, they so in
jure it that it breaks over with the wind.
17 the ground is well cleared and patted
down smooth around the tree about the
last of June, the destroying of the eggs
and young borers will be more certain.
The trees should be examined twice or
perhaps three times a year, if the borera
are very numerous in order thai the
first hatched may, be killed before they
do serious injury to the trees. August,
September and October are the months
in which to destroy them. They seem
to infest certain parts of the orchard
from year to year, while others arc com
paratively exempt. .Low grounds have
been more infested with them than
higher parts of the orchard. A aaa
can usually exaaaine and kill all eggs
and borers ia five hundred or more trees
per day, if the ground has been proper
ly prepared, and bo work in any orchard
nas been so absolutely accessary.
Lucr Hoopek, the great ferainiaa
correspoadeat, writes a barrel of let
ters every day.
Tar Grrat Udt4a! JUtttf.
The prtr tffcrrd by Mr. lEcta
llnwta HHpcr for eoy ad fow
which !fW tni rlgwrntfy artrocatr
t prowci of "Use Th-e Atutora
lUtWrsi' fcaM? bw3 's -"
Jo rs I raak FrcfrtJcV Ulec HtJiW,
Mo.. prt,t.3M,- Frt4rickA Urs,
CorUnd-nHttdoit, N. V pnw
1.?C0; WttUim Whrun Atohr. ics
rrass v 1
UaUno, t. arvu, ry, 'wi;i
by fortylferen coti?itn,. The J, i
Lah commltte? of award ay to Mr,
Helper "Wc Iodine U thr oplatm I
tbai thrre arc bet few. If any, '-ar 1
headed thinkers la this or a&7 other
ctwjotrv ho will arbe from a carcial
jcrttal of the fir extId paper
wtihwl guing a hearty aen to the .
general CKr-nao of yHirwa rfc w 1
relation to thi stupewlutt faterjrle
la reply to them Mr, Helper ay
ero "tho (1rt-nned of th wvrthr .
trio whom I ihu hare the hon r f a4
dressing !lcon. the comh! a lUrte,
and th third a hhake-ptaro, aed the
mighty mental power of all thiee were
combined In one ph:hopar, in "ne
statesman, or In qsol pd, vet w juld
even that tr.ee potent mleirfctcaJ
riant be too feeble to do more thai a
mere fraction of jutlce to the triple con
siderations of posibUitias and yroba
bihuw and ccrtaintie oumprwtxl m the
fcheme of coiutructiog a ratid lorg
todinal railway thf ngh tho Itepub'sc "
of North and Central and rnHrth meri
ca." Mr Helper ftij kbJi an addreA
to the unuccosalul wrrei, a
them that the railway wi,l te built
The wife of dliani Shidd, of ihli
ncinity, aH tho Muscatine (Ion a) ,
Joumat, wears a gold ring which b,i a
history. It vtas bought by her grandfa- '
ther in Kngland pr'eviou' to hl tnsr
rlage. H had inscribed on tho indi .
ol tho ring the word "I Me ray
ihoic." and prwscatctl it to hk wife as
a wedding present. It was worn by the
vonnr bitdo durimr her short wntdeil
life of six jearj", when sh died, and by
request of her husband the ring was rot
talon from her finger when .he wa
buricil. After the body had been buried
teventy ears the graro wa tipact
the ring taken out nnd gneli to tht
daughter of the docevjed, who recently
-vui it to her danghter, Mrs. ihie4d.
co the ring Is alout eighty yean, old a:
- Thu man who fttrlkcs from th
houldvr has a way of making hlm-ell
felt iu Miciety.
A fair young mother, with aerjlng
b tlic in btr arm, at In n itern atngi -o
aeh. On the opoiiu at wa a
politician of emraviug' manner. H
and by" he ahl 'M.et nirt holdorr
baby. IVrhnp 1 in -o.tl o 1dm." (Mi,
no:"l am much obliged; you couldn't
help me any," athe answer. lu,"
he 1 oristed, "'ou hud Wtlor let "
try." "Vou arc voiy kind; but I know ,
OU eonldn't help iue. (or ho Is hun
gry," replied the blu-hing mother.
- Ier kilt a man?" fhe nkcd of
t'ie tender-fiKit. wl on he 'arrived A
Uoudwooil. Ileckou I lmc, vend,''
ho replied. M.m reectfiil iu luancc.' '
thev akcd: ' Mh t Inn'' "Im)."
Kiiife him;" "N " "t'lub him to
death?" --No." I'oiwti?" No, wh ' '
I lien how d.d you ever kill u man?
Drovu a butcher s carl!"
- .Johnny ame homo from chd the
other dn "ory m jth tHtel. nnt
do you think, pa? due Steward, 01 e of
the'bij; Imi!, h- d an argument .tli the
tesehcr ahoul a ipiet'on in ;nuttninr. '
What iOMtlon did .loc tnke?" "l
last posilion was neroa a ehair, tvi.h hii .
It ii ii" e feiued. The l.t'c I
scicrc weather hat nroiicd the r-iii
uieuiii'ei, and lor moulliu wi- ma j
(pfct to ho haramd ly lone; nnd p;r- 1
ticuhir aeeouut.s of tho iron' to:tn o
'I'll, the cold weaiher of '" o:id ! e.'ei j.
snow of the year J. -. j i irtnii)t
A new way of puttirj; u: U e h s '
been adopted "by a man ol l.vr.t ,
Iowa. He houghi a lot of npp'c barrel , t
pumped them full of water, and leUln-n. '
freeze, when they were tolled in'o a
thed and eovcred with .traw. )
That wonilcrful rcmc jj lor rbcumitiim,
8t Jacobs Oil, h l":n uJ by a hrjfc nmn
Ixrr of ro;Ic In thi eltr, ami with effect truly
marvelous. Frequent report are nule where
sufferer have W.v.i aitorJed rclle', and tho
ale Is growing largely. The facttbat It la an
ccrna, reinj. comm-ni iinrM
wouM not otherwise think of ?oJn outof Uio
beaten trtck to SnJ a remedy.
, "T ' . , 7" .
A noon doctor Is a peat cman to wlio-n we
pav 3 a Tlit for alrllni? u to eat lew and
excrcUe more.-A. ItCluvj,.
(TnillnnipoIU Itallj- SVntlnel.l
A AIor Citl.
If we are correct lr informed, St. Jscab Oil
Is now tho usnI tca-partr topic In ptace of
the former staple 'ree gossip. How wise an J
Iiott mtirh tnnre lwnrScjl.
Desveu has a policeman who writes ro
ctrr, and the editor who rclusea to pubiiih it
Is liable to go to the lockup. .V. O. i'.cj-
It has become so common to write the be
Clnnlnz of an elegant, lntere'tln; artx.es aod
then ma It into foae edt eitiscmeni that we ,
avoid all such cheats and flmp'r call alien- I
tion to the merits of Hop Blttera in a plain, t
honest terms as po!b1e, to InJace people to
pivc them one trial, as no on who knows
their ralue will ever ue anjthln elfc ,
Tnn tramp will noti awar empty-hai'lel
from a :ood rum's door not if he cars reach
an orercoat from a hall rack. An? 0Uau
(. .Toha .1. lVvxaa.
rfcro of the late war. and now United Slates
Senator from IHInoli, writes: 'Some jcara
sco I was troubled more or les with rheuaj
tism. and bare within the last year or to suf
fered Sntennelr with ate dhee. I Vsaft
to take Darans'a Khesnatlc nmedj, atd
am thoronsh'j saUsHeil that I have teen
cured by its use. I do not hesitate to re cots-
mend It to all roffereM." j
It i taken iatersailr and acre r fails to cans
the worst cae in the shortest time. old by '
all wholcsa'e and retail amzrtrta. nr.K
tor 43-page pamphlet to R. K." Helpbeaitlae,
DrnKgLit, Waihlrton, V. C
eVnd 3 cratsUap forS)-pase book, on ""Tba
Liver, Its Dia.esaadTheicTreUneU0 Ad
dreaa Dr. Saaford, IGi Broad war, 2rx York.
Tax on! j ceaclue Aile Hrraae baa tLe naraa
of Fraier on eTery paciae, aad wears longer
than aaj other.
REDsrxo Rcvta Sixtx, the moit woader-
lal healisf mediua: la the wocld. rrice :
tot Onav caste. H5st.
innad, V., pro, Sl.vWi frraas if 1
Carpenter, New Votk CUy. po.
UjO; KtwJrrickA.Dtfir&s Nor4ci;t
M gill 1 11 II BiijM '
IW TV -H lH V g H '
11 mvwtlk uiui
111 SlBlE nrK '
U.L Ullllil J SIS J
unt'riwxMKl t ! ' w4r
H., Knt -"t- -
kkr . I- ' l. A VU'H.
oj ir n 1 i '
i4-k wueintiit it tin ni.
(US H AU KtMUU t(Uttl II KIJHM.
A. VOQCLCK & CO.
iss. ltcu l mtm, of inn, mass.
LVDIA E. PINKHAM'S
The IWttnt faro
frIl (VeMraiaffcl (wililiti mi W,l
Hwiarrr Utvlr IU rvJ ! t 1 rl Cw
j liint, .'t orl I -iMlfiucvkiV4 ! t"Vr
iwmi, iVirnr t iriirtsiv4t rmfm
ttptnfl W kn, 1.1. it jMirj AZ- l IK
Oianr tf .
It wilt HuJr ! rivt tenwrt tf, m IK ntww In
J t-ulf KiCot J-;tVaV. ! UiatT la ruv
rrot bM IVi Ii rlnrtM rrr j n4 J Yj lt te
tl n mnt fUoUs tlVr7. -Ur!l rriln
fur HlmuUol, uhI r bt rkim lho tr
It run lSittrr. llf-'Vr. r frrttn.
C.rutni tKUM?. kUv(lvMa, XfTMU4t 4 1.H-
Tfctt f-lby et lrtng Jrn rnnj pJi wHrfet
n Uiflwh.. ilwjirmjtrtUj crrl hyBJv
llwUlal!li hmM UrilI.ir-o!wiiwr wltn
rr tk enrt KUwrr vrtAimU t Urr mi tJki
CmrfKt l tjin-l.
I.YIIIA 1. lMMCUVW VrCITAHIX COM.
rot'XtJU r(Urrl .! US rl XU Wm4.i irmws
IB.lUsv ln--0l. minuinr.'rit Ibnltiu.!
la t frin t nils imlx trm tirm. vn
lrrrl' of it. 31 f r tot fTrlUr Mr. lnVtri
ttrxtf utvrvr H lrirr t f hKflry. Irt tr pinpfc
let. XiAtr u Uft. JtmlNMi IU iir.
VtmT tutl4 trttholt.TrUK. nMKHiBn
UVHl 11UJV Ibr nra mufl;Uo. Ulinn'M
ul lniii'T "t Um lir. Btuii par U(.
RICHARDSON &. CO.. Ut. Unit, Ho.
JOkq of Saw Mackixes
innn nn lr oasit j dtpoiti in
iSAUUU.Uy injj aguintl ny oUwr
saw inaclJno ia America. ThU U tho
cticapAKt muchino rntdi. ncd warrcatcd
to mxvr loja easier And Cutr than Ant
othvr. "We fcrtj tho oldest ww tnociilno
firm In America. A7 promlnnnt mar
chant vrlll ttl yoti tto are reponUjti
Unwiro of tn!rlaraaeat3. Our circnUro
ara froc Addross,
United SUtts KinaKeturlng Co., Oitcige, til.
0ttr VELL AUCERS wlU boro
wcn 75 fsct dttp Md 2 te!i Jn di,,. "
J la day. ThU woalrt ttoar yoa f60 la a j
j dar- Bnd for our Pictorial CtaJoiru. !
j ... .. .. n.i..Z. m
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JkVUVU.I Ailili il I.U UUiU UIVTWabAOk 1
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frnmun wll-m - Oa
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Agitx. ft trtsl. Mi Ii
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MY 1XW SK.
uy.u.i .. G.n
:ani Kiwmmtn oaef r
mcr. U say 1-7171 iii wfll
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w. x. auxoa. sm lmc3c sc imk v.
pttiiuirnMr naiiMsa aa ! ;
i untJIllv Aim vriwci:au
f UIIWnn,rr:ijcr tffli t. a --.
1 1 ia a law w a.nra& iiannaH "r:'
t-aaCtA.l!.lLDjlc5LU. rjr- mmmtCrrm.
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