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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 3, 1881)
THE SED CLOUD CHIEF.
M. L. THOMAS, Publisher.
KED CLOUD, .' . NEBRASKA.
PAIUS, Fr.rXEMIIFRS, 1S.
A MiJI.tr .ofcuj
S'K f 1,,0P. J otnnot pray.
3W- H.h "i '"? on".
nU .. caturtaln of tlv- plorious bordo:
,.""? up tho '"'V nnrli
' uulnir still "hi Mutely maroh-
pi tlwit and w calm an ther.
Ab, dear G.at: when uriti it lc Aajl
03Iarr, mother! Hark! X hear
5 t,TOW thr"fJ the Mletic clear!
J m dawn faint crtnwim streaks the cast.
Anil, nrar off, I ratch Uie Imst
T,T"nuTnur r lt c " "W
t i, 7httkc oir lh J?iAm' of her!
, iV,i rrT ". 'mnd "r burrviiur feet
Ah . 2.V l4(tvlr ' tn the nmt;l
J n nt Owl: Ujc weary nljrht is imt
-tlie. inomuur cornea u.. day at Lwt.
iko, UpUIe: Awake! arieS
QtKnut8tIr. The vf-un !ocp ound
as dead men in their trravis. profound,
ii'j. ltH.aiie. At iat? Now hmie:
J -Miajr there i no time t-i wrast!.
iJrnij; n. rrv-h walcr iJrn, mr nnlr
Hani me the irliuw. Onev I was fair
A, thou art. .Vow I look mi old
ltwnu mj-death-knell atir.UMl lo l-jilt-l.
'"V1 wnt no wine,) -t pule?
.- t j
J1 tc jrhoit. o vro'j Bn.irn.ll?
Wh 1 l ".u,,t "trar"''-- AH nlKbt I lay
iitff ?if. MllIT"i"t5,"K f"r the dav.
VvrrL"5; ' ,l Srtnfc It: It mav ra-ko
M cheeks ht.fn hnjrbtor Mr h nk
11. wT? ,,M,a' ? "' V ..!
iltjW tr J U.urU, ,nK, l,.v?
J. w lit for ,.,ur ,JnjJ, yHMr4 j, , -wJlt
o happier mthTkimiiii1ri-iit:
iK HT.l.ckel thflr-on flr-t-Lorn
i-or it mv., ,r f,.t,. r Uriiinl-jiwrii:
;irl,n,t"1 -niilftl to e thm 5lail
J hi sraiel:wt piliurH or tlix innd
J ir tu r- gallant ani i ray.
As y. miitf xiti le nlr a thv.
K-aiitifui, brmu tKy. ihj- l:fi.
JJy nt down in tho uneiual -trift?:
I he nrtit or Knmir' On. whaf -re I?
Atj'l now H'tIv him back to mol
J tremble po I t-ciirtH' oaii .
tlow ml, ti. str'-.-i- are: 1 will tvalt
ii tiiiiutL'tiere tnl!e thl jnt.
1 rom which 1 watclio 1 hlir. a-i ho
j.ikhj. enr uen, to I'-mlstim-nt.
in ll oown .HK. lt.SKile. whn
Wj -ee a iunl OUilwnrt men.
.tl oiKiaiCv, ,ym ng-th'-m-ono
.Hi lirurht uair bhlnlti? ti tlie -wu,
JIMl Mnll.lff lips, aili! I1IJT ev-s.
IS.ue as lnt, !,!,. of 8UIIUr -Jt
fil y ' ,n3'' U : Wjl ,um" ,nJ' ,,ot?
11 S'mi of Oih! - Ha-t Tin hi forsot
J Mother's as ny Yet ih-,
J.is -he not jitriHnt. r far than we.
tunion m.ttlterH? CiHiW Mie know
i n m lier far lu-iubK ueb pjin awl ?
iJun inn tier il.wn the "tn't. uud soj
If they're not cominsr. loalie.
Mother f rhnit ' how lay t he hour !
t-at - jnt ix j mill the eiuv nt towers
An 1 niH!ir?.trMttit thi a ' I heart,
U -'iti and 8trne. aiI U-a- thv jHtrt.
Ti i new p.Hl. hravHi. Hurt:' I ntar
Ab e tl- n j s Iiijhi the near
M w trel ot marebin? feet. I f ee
Sa. I can nt pj-o. ltimiiie
ur j en art- vnutiKer U he there.
M Atitoiii.-. with bin uanj hair.
It iki-iii; ith!iw.Ui thes.m:
ur 1 vik., ,M. Jt What- Not one
" t a lirhrhi hand' All oM.okl men.
Ora hinreti. irniy-beunioJ. gauut.' Thwn
He h not come he n ill. rlead!
0 i.od. that I were In thy -fend.
Mj -! iuy won: Who ttHicaes iho?
l our itanloii. lr. I my not whe
1 o- m hum ai lKik. nittrth ron
1-ri j et the 1h liwht Khali ; oac.
"Mother:" who calls me "mofher?" You?
Y" : are nit he tnr Antuine on
A-e a irrny-lmrtrfleil timu. and he
Ij- .t mere iy. You mis'.ak me
it iue hih- cNe. I'm Mrrv. ir.
. . J hie j ou ' n mi on w i.i hud her
1 rlHiitiMMi'.(.Tk Hut I au. I
M ii mti4t I call and no io r-p! '
Y m- -ki-s me; Aiitolue'"' (iniy-on!
Tls a! ait mine own. n,y a d-lied otie:
Jii.'a: t . ; Jkitt. in i!;Kf Jfujnzitie.
i ILLUSIONS OF Till: STAKE.
Xlnw Nutnrr- 1 Itnll itril Tlir MnrMiir rr
JrMliirinsr the Niiiftil. f.r Thiimlrr. AVlnil
natl Unlit IiinilIht mi the nlrr 1'all
fn llurnlii; lioii.f.
Many of the peculiar effects pro-
duced upon the stage, imitating moon-
V-tight, mi ilight, thunder, wind, rain and
other natural phcuomena, are a purzle
.to those outside of the business. Jloxv
tuch icalistic-representations of these
things as arc often witnessed upon the
stage cm be made is a question that
often enters Hie mind of the spectator.
and is seldom answered in asausfaetory
manner. It is always the ambition of
ccne painters and siage carpenters to
cicvise improved methods of imitating
these things, and hence the stage may
be said to try to hold the mirror up to
nature m :i material, as well as a moral
M?nse. Years of experience have tended
to bring these Imitations to a high state
. of excellence; but the limits do not yet
be reached, and now contnv-
continually appearing. The
rbt is not et used, but as its
pn:e bluish tint would be serviceable m" ;
partii ular eflects, stage machinists are ,
now deliberating how it can best be cm-
ployed. All of the operations men-'
elect! it lij
tioned, together with some winch will
be described, a:o classed under the
-..genera! term, " stage effects." Authors.
fin writing plays, are always on the look
out for an opportunity to produce a
tcILng Cilcct- The amount of work be-
stow ed upou their production in a thea
ter is simply astonishing to those unac-
wjainieu. vviui mai imsienous reatm
known as "behind the scenes."
Thunder is a common stage effect,
V-and is used with great advantage in
In former days it was !
.,,! cl,nl-inn. o ln-rrlC ;..., F
ilwot ?mn iTunir immediate'.v above the I
prompter's desk. This "contrivance
. I..... ...1 s.. vj-v4 7i itot irviv At lIiivi
pruuuv.-4.t4 - - "t "" r". ."",-"
rattling tnunder. but failed to give the
dull roar which is alwavs heard in
TP?? ZT? T 1 ""
l"sJ:.w:r'"-"r.r"X., u trV,tO
was soon invented
aauii:.--. -- - -- r-s"V I
urawn a uaii. s.n.iii. t,u mu .hc
1 .. ..AI -- I ' irt ..-. !...
can SKin. upon tins tne
nro m rter operates with astick. one end
of which is padded and covered with
chamois skin. A flash of lightning,
j-odu ed with magnesium, and a sharp
ack of the shcetiron. followed by a
long decreasing roll upon the " thun
derdrum." produces an effect which is
"The rain machine m large
is a fixture placed high
up m the
"flies." A cylinder is made of "halt
inch" wood. It is usually five feet in
circumference, and four feet in length.
L"ion the inside are placed rows of
small wooden teeth. A lot of dried
.. . ?.r 'I' ..!:, x a . : t i wfvj. v. a 4i4visvy j. Aittvvi. -jiiiuc i iMiipr iiiiiii-rri snniiui rtrT f rnn strrvni i - - --- -.
nies arc compelled to be satisfied with if cut out with a circular saw. This Jf111?. CXlIe T r V'0 m?.me,ut m . ot 'jcor used when new. Again, nev
tne sheet iron alone; and the tragedian J piece Ls placed immediately in front of ' nt S 1S1T - " "f-J - V. Cr Wash flanneIs in,the soa,r watcr aft"
who enters a theater provided with a ! the sky drop. A few feet further n 1 - n,arke? aSainSt h,,m a ma J? er your cotton wttshing. The lint from
imrlete thunder apparatus alvvavs is ' front i hung what is known asa cut "S a CnmC to T?0 &? fn,eUd o1' thtJ whltc clothes ?uhers in the l
fLppv to think thatliatlJewltfi the fgauMdro0 This lias sides m? s,urfftC ,f he -woolens, and renders
elements in "King Lear" will be worth I canvas painted as the cose renUl?es-' Ini:lCt;uhoU l?e "sPvn,k el out of them hanl ami tmpliable. .Many strain
..:J v,;ia tii ft,nn.r ;c pa.i ,;7V, Z .qS! , sorts-the effect of cards or drink-he their suds to take out the lint, but it is
4-?-i-f miTir ri'M msmil j. i it v 1:1111 r 1:1111111:1- 11 v Lrw.s. iiiitiirii:inis or nnncoc ic ch .!-. 1 - ..--- 1 ----, ...w... .. ... uvk w w jiiwu 1
Uil 41411111. I " m..w v..w .w...w. j uiibu , 1411 41111; !aUtt I
"-Meas is placed in the cylinder, a rope j
be.t is run around one end of it and ,
down to the prompter s uesK, and it is 1
moilr 'nr ilrnnehinrr chnvver. 1W I
turnin-- the cylinder, the peas roll down
between the teeth, and tte noise pro-
duced bv them makes a good imitation
of rain falling upon a roof. A sudden
pull of the rope, accompanied by a
ousf on the "wind machine," gives the
sound of the sweep of a blast of wind
durina storm. Traveling companies
oftenmeet with theaters where'there
is no wind machine. A sufficiently
good one, however, is easily produced.
Axommon child's hoop Is obtained, and
If'sneet of heavy brown paper is pasted
upon it after the manner of a circus
riders balloon. A handful of bird
shot is placed upon the paper. The
machinV' is canted from one sidelo
the other, and the shot rolls around the
paper, producing a fairly good rain
sWInd is an item that is very useful in
T,o;o-ritenin"- the effect of stage storms.
It is often dispensed with in theaters
1 -;- flt-tonttriTi is not Teiid to de-
where strict attention is not paid to de
mi tails, but not vcithout a loss of 'real
ism."1' It has, moreover, a great influ
ence over the feelings of spectators.
1. ILneh more ritied w"C-le audience
can hear the. pitiless
W. 44 J.- ,- ,. j- - -m-
erv lar"-e '
apparatus, bnl can bo moved to iny
auarter of the coropass from which it &
esircd that wind should blow. In the
laa act of Ours," cvur- time hb door
of ihc hut opens snoV Hits in and a
shrifk of wind is hcd. The wind ma
chine in that instance is placed jttt out
side the door; and Urn property man
WTOrVs it while his assistaut amuses him
self by trying to throw hw paper snow
down Lord Sliendryn'B back. Jhe wind
machine is constructed in this manner.
A heavy frame U made, in which is sot
a cylinder provided with paddles and
roemblins very much the i-tcrn-whcols
seen on Ohio Utver tow-boat. Acro
the top of this cylinder is htrctchod a.-
tightly as ixwsiblc a piece of heavy
pros-grain silk. This silk remain. sta-
tionary while the wheel is turned hv a 1 1r stmoed bv the uninitiated beholder Jnis ol calKO to make a
crank. The rapid nas-iaire of the tad- mav be learned from the following de- i widths, two ad a kalf
dies arroS the. .stirfaee. i.i the vill- nrrw scnntlon On? of thn mrxt fttml.nr iir r nice C&lieo. WH
duces the noie of wind. Often trav- scenes is that which occurs ia the
cling companies are in theaters "Streets of New York' in which a
where there is no wind machine . three story hou burns down, the roof
Then the property man EToans caving in," the shutters falling, and the
audibk, and proceeds to do what, in walls breaking with a wonderful ap
thoatrical jianancu is called "faking" pearance of realism. The house is
the wind. lie elect a heavy piece of . painted on three separate pieces, the
gas hose, called by stage" ga-wnen J top one of which is awung from the
"flexible." and. finding a quiet corner I Uios; this constitute the roof. Cjion
where there is su'Iicieut space to swing tb second is painted half the wall, and
a, eat rritnout danger to the cat he , it is joined to the bottom piece in an
whirls it around his head with the great- irregular zig-zag line. The simple
est poviblc rapiditv. Tliis method prt- ' dropping in succession of these pteeos
duces very hatisfactory results to ev- f to the stage jiroduces the falling of roof
er one iiut the property man. He is a and avail. 'I he lire itself is represented
Iong-suflering jrion: but the eitrac- by chemical red ure and jowdered h co
tton of wind lrorn flexible" causes Kdiuni used separately, the former to
him o find life tedious. i give a red glow and the latter to rupre-
Every one htm heard the startling , Jt JlauiCi. The shutters, which are
crash that is produced when the hero to fall, are fastened to the scene with a
kicks the Villian through a four-inch
oaken door. One would think thnt not
only the door !ut the villain must be
completely sha'tered. This nie i-i
jirodueed by the rra-.h niach ne. one of
the oldeit implements of imitation still
usod tin the stage. It is simiiar the
wind machine in construction. A wheel
with paddlut set a; au angle of about
fort; -live degrees to the radii is the
mam part of the machine. Upon the
top of the wheel one end of a stout
piece of wood is pres-ed down by fast
ening the other end to a portiou'of the
frame wor. When the wheel is turned,
the slats passing under the stationary
piece produce a rattling crash. The
priuc.plu of the machine is illustrated
by the small boy who runs a .-tic-k along
a puling fence and is gratified by intitv
dueiug into the world au additional
morsel of huhbiih.
'I here is nothing that can be no well
counterfeited on the stage as moonlight
j-eoiiury. And yet there is nothing
which requires more work. The artisl
begins the task hy painting a moon
light scene. In da light .such a scene
is a ghastly sight, "it is done in cold
grays and greens, m which Tru-sian
lilue and burnt inn her play an impor
tant part, ami the lights are put
in with white slightly tinged with em
erald green. The strong moonlight of
the loregrmiud is produced b, a cal
cium light thrown through a green
glass. The winter light upon the
.s.enery at the buck of the stage is ob
tained from "green mediums." a row
of argatid burners with green chim
neys. These are placed upon the stage
just in front of the main scene, and are
"masked m" from the viewot the aud
ience by n "ground picie." A row of
them is often su-pended from the "Hies,''
in order to light the top of the scene.
This upper row is masked in bv "sky
borders." Thus1 a soft green fight is
thrown over the entire d'stunce, "while
its source due, not meet the view of the
spectator. A u-uul fetture of stage
moon Mght s cues is water, because "it
afford? an opportunity for the iutro-,
dueiion of the "ripple"' a charmingly
....... .1 . ..if . rut " "
u.i.iu;ii suige euecu j ue mam sene
in a moonlight view is always
painted on a "drop" that is, "a
scene made like the curtain let down
between the acts. The position of the
'. moon hein-- ileierm neil. in.ni.Ii;.,t..i,-
j under it, beginning at the horizon, a
number of small irregular holes is cut
' in the drop. These "are then covered
on the back with muslin am! painted
over on the front to match the rest of
Ue water, llehind these holes is olaced
an endless towel, about eight feet in
height, running around two cvl.n lers.
' one at the top and one at the bottom!
, The lower cylinder has a crank by
' wnich the towel is turned, lu this
towel is cut a number ' holes similar
to those cut in the drop A stron"- "-as
burner is plated between the two sides
, ol the towel. hen the. -ii.ieliine ;
! turned the llahiu- of the lie-lit. from
the passing holes in the towel throtifh
the stationary ones in the drop produce
a tine ripple. It is always belter to
turn the towel so that the holes nass up- 1
ward, as that helps to make the mimic !
wavelets seem to dance up toward the
sky. Instead of a towel a large tin cyl
inder has been used, but it is cumber-
some andnoisv. It is necessary to turn
this towel with great steadiuS other"
wise thn rinl.w win : .l !
n .. -.
and the Hashing of the light upon them !
,.nrl,., f Iw, f..:...t-l,
One of the ,. ,.atif,,l fr..tB
.1.,.. ..I .. ,i..T . - .,, llu" I
nuu opuii tm: siugu is iub enange 1
Ii- V u"-'. "-S"-t 44u u uigni to uay.
fmm !. is niirhmr imm nut t ,i.-
Ui these tlie lormer is the more strik
-.. 1 1 .. -..,,
uig, .iu- v ..escrqu on 01 It W1U Serve to .
"K C3! 1J r
-"-j- - j "".", .hv. iiei-ut
.. rinl -nj-vm 'I'L. 1, liT Pi
ui iuc usuai jicucs. auc uiiiier nau 01 i
, 11 is painted to represent a sunset
and the lower hall to represent moon-
which tends on aerial effect to the dis
tance. Red "mediums" are employed
to give a soft, sunset glow to the scene.
At the proper moment, the back drop is
very slowly and steadily hauled up.
while the red mediums are slowly
turned off and green ones turned on.
The moon is made in the night half of
the sky drop, and rises witE it. When
it rises aDove the
distant horizon the
irreen " mediums"
are turned on to
their full power and the green calcium
light is brought into play. The effect
of this change, when carefully managed
is always very beautiful, and is sure to
draw forth applause from the audience.
iMoonrise, in a scene where there is
no change from da light to darkness, is
often produced with a muslin drop and
a " moon-box." The muslin drop is
painted to represent the sky. the clouds
being painted on strips of canvas cut in
the required shape and sewn on. The
moon is made with a box on one side of
which a circular hole Ls cut. Over this
hole is posted a piece of white muslin.
A couple of wires serve to draw the
moon upward. Of course the white
illuminated circle shows plainly through
the muslin, sky, but disappears when
passing behind the canvas clouds. By
having another piece of muslin painted
Ted and imperceptibly fading to white,
placed at the back of the drop in the
moon's path, the orb of night can be
made to appear red at the horizon and
gradaally change to pale yellow as it
sails slowly upward. Floating clouds
are easily imitated by hanging in front
of ti bv ilmn a osinz drnn unnn
, v- . -j 4- s -. x- -r
which are sewn musiin or canvas
clouds, and moving the whole slowly.
An ocean of heaving waters is made
m this way: iaca bounding wave is cut
ZZ.V' "--v " -Moil- iiannu , feVt.rishiv demand new
apnearance. istars are wki r nut intn !..,
Ct'irti inl 4Vitl-sril Irt-. U-,T -.a ? . w . ...aa
tf... -I-. r..i. ..:t-i:. "r ri'r." -- new-comer gazes
mi. an, . v utiuMui" uru consists .:.. .-.... ......:
t:i.. t. :, 1 .,.!... 1 .. . ,. ispeuia me premises wueu ami now ne er than solt w;iter. Snfr r.,r tnn ta
ii-uu at is uuug so w tne upper nail WWes. and now and then makes- cm . ,.fw; a.V i i" :. ,f s JVT .," auv one could
fi -f,n U SZ JZtJ'SZ? Le mysterious entry in his note-book. ' erwise; but hard o'ap. wilh ne. aTwkva ! ! cular horse
rate piece, which is " nroQ led"" that is bhonItil.:ui-v of thefr ?umber tt'rr; waves a hardness aud adhesiveness in ;or."e m'
., S1" ,!c , . VuiLa, Mails, i warm dinner, a nair of newlv-mem . . tl,.. ..wi, tt,t nit cn, a, ... ti.,. pcnwl. Fnim
1 tne irreguiariine 01 tne horizon made v B u. ' i: '... " ,..".: V -"7 . .'' "v "uw ""c f Me s;.,..,iw .i:firt,
out Separately. The first row i set up I
with a distance of three or four feet ;
between each billow; and the second '
row jji set io as to show in Uie open- i
inj left by the first. Small lya fur
nish the motive power. The "wave
arc rocked back and forth, not fnm
side to side; and the effect u very
ood The noise of water rollioj; upon
a beach is vell imitated in a iiraplc
manner. A box of light wood ii lined
with tin. ily putting two or thre
ounces of binl snot into this and cau
in it to roll around, the desired sound
lire scenes are sometimes danger-
ous: but with proer care thev mav be
rendered comparatively afe- That
they are not so hazardous as U general
preparation called "quick match."
Ibis is made of jKiwder, alcohol and a
lamp wick. The window frames and
sahes are made of sheet iron. Thev
are covered with oakum soaked m
alcohol or naphtha. These sasbe ajjj
frames are not fastened to the canvas
scene at all, but are placed a short
distance behind it upon p atfonns.
The quickest possible touch of
tlame ignites the oakum, and. in
a moment, the fire runs around
the sash and nothing is apparently left
but the blackened and charred wcxmL
Steam is Used to represent smoke that
issues from the craunief in the walls of
the burning buiMmg; and an occa
sional crash, followed by the igni
tion of a little powder to produce a
sudden puff of smoke, gives the specta
tor an idea of a fallen rjfter Hehiud
, the entire scene is plated a very large
endless towel upon which is painted a
mass of flames This is kept in con
stant upward motion; antl, when viewed
; through au open window in the house.
' gives a gorjd idea of the suppose J ra
ging furnace within. Add to these
things a real lire engine on the stage,
a host of jelling supernumeraries in
discarded lire-men's uniforms, and the
. spectat r is ea-ily tilled with a sense of
tremendous danger. Nevertheless the
' ouIllumcs upon the stage are those
arising from the burning of
podium ma "flash torch:" and
are only allowed to bhue up fc a sec
ond or two at a time. Fire? in the
aters, resulting from a tire scene, are
usually caused bv carelessness in hand
ling the powder which is ued
duce pull's of smoke.
The amount of labor and care be
stowed upon the production of scenic
effects is something of which the un
initia'ed public knows little: but the
i above account gives a general dis
cretion of how the most elaborate ones
are produced. --V. J". Tribune.
How the Ktissiaii Exile Lives.
i On his arrival the prisoner is driven
st might to th;- poiiee ward, where he
( is inspected by the lspravnik, a police
officer who is absolute lord and master
of the district. This representative
' of the Government requires of h:m to
answer the following questions: His
name? How old? Married or single?
Where from? Address of parents, or
relations, or frieuds? Answers to all
which are entered in the books. A
solemn written promise is then exacted
of him that he will not give lessons of
any kind, or try to teach any one; that
every letter he writes wdl go through
the I-ipravnik s hands, and that he will
follow no occupation except shocmak
ing, carpentering, or field-labor. He is
then told he is free! but at the same
time is solemnly warned that should he
attempt to pass the limits of the town
he shall be shot down like a dog rather
than be allowed to escape, and should
he be taken alive shall be ent off to
Eastern Siberia without further formalin-than
that of the Lspravuik's personal
The poor fellow takes up his little
bundle, and, fully realizing that he has
now bidden farewell to the culture ami
material comfort of his past life, he
" r Ti ""T "V . 1
If f "'' V ' V1"11!111111-
arc uere .to rT'cet h.m, take him to
walks out into the cheerless street, A
.nni in i neil- Tiiinr. , lit, niirr'nirc .in.1
.......w.v, .VMil.l J, .UlU
s from home.
on them as one
tl. neny WiSC and lie rl
buve evidently tried to find
fr, !? n"t., t S ' ,n.COfPmVn-
lies Ul tH US JIUU lUlCCS, U3V e IOOU. U
scanty provision of clothes, money, and
books. in common, and consider it tlieir
o..-...i .1 ...i u .u..t.. 1
a.w.4.u uun niinovu viutuu n
..menrencv. without distinetum of
, w...w.,..v.. .
la-us., ui U".c.
The noble by birth got i
s;xt4,(,n l,niinrc.i month fmm i;,.,-...
ent for their maintenance, and com- !
moners only ten. although many ,
of thm rft ,.,-,,.,, ml c,,, l
married, and sent '
"" - - .Kw..v ..-.
:. av;i.i iritfc
young lamilies. Daily
visits their lodgings, in-
vents his bad temper on the exiles:
and as cards and drink are the favorite
amusements in these dreary regions,
crimes are marked down against the
exiles in astonishing numbers, and a
report of them sent regularly to the
Governor of the Province
Winter lasts eight months, a period
during wnich the surrounding country
presents the appearance of a noiseless,
lifeless, frozen marsh no roads, no
commun,ea!(m with the outer vyorld
no means of escape. In course of time
almost -;very individual exile is attacked
by nervous convulsions, followed by
prolonged apathv and prostration. Thev
begin to quarrel, and even to hate eachJ
other, bome of them contrive to forge
false passports, and by a miracle, as it
were, make their escape, but the great
majority of these victims of the Third
Section either go mid. commit suicide
or die of delirium tremens. The;r his
tory, when the time comes for it to be
studied and published, will disclose a
terrible tale of human suffering anil ad
mmisterial evils and shortcomings not
likely to find their equivalent in the
contemporary history of anv other Eu
ropean State. London Standard.
A rAECHMEXT which is smoother than
that made from skins, and as strong and
pliable, can be manufactured from the
palmetto of Florida and other Southern
States. The parchment can be washed,
rubbed and handled just like cloth, and
the writing will not be effaced. It can
be cheaply manufactured, and is likelv
to come into general use for convey
ances, kind office recipts, etc. As
much as sixty per cent, of the weight
of the palmetto can be utilized in naoe
- .1 : ...l 1 1 1 1 1 - 1
CoBctrnlnc B-d and Il4dinr.
A vr.irr expenstvo fctur? of hnt
, furnUhinr is the boddins. mk4 a unr ,
bed, and a irood one. 3!mmiW be wJ
taken care of and prutertmi f ron daC !
A sreat many rople wb cUmb to jo- !
ms "comrnon fjMt"' still eoiue to
nave tneir wnj-rorn Booreuff9ra
a carpet which is uaiied kH ad aA.
taken cp and shaken mom tbo 1003
year, it follows thatwheaer u, ear
pet is swept, more or less isl ot
Into motion and wjttlcs in due jrof-r-tion
upon the bed. If. prior to tb
sweeping, the bed be oMf ered with a
' large duster, thm difficulty wii! b
For a bed of large izc it require tea
vanls ) Imgth.
sarched. cma b-
nau tor troui nen to eurnt ciit a
yani. For lea cents a ysr4 binalt.nl ,
chmUes can be had. in bright rw.-a tail
or?. For a thrc-OArter bml thre
in ths of the ciiIkjo are eoogh. bt tbe
length taut b- two and a unit ard. If '
ail the bod-rooim in the inm-4. are wept i
on the same day, at least two du-ter
are required for "sweep-day" HxrnK4,
while a duster ouch for ail beds not in
conntant ue is needed. To keep a
spare bed "made up"' i x great pi-c
of extravagaaee. The bod liaea and
bed spred become graduany mmIwL
antJKnen the bed Ls to be vcMpMrtl it,
needs to be made up afresh in order to
be :n proper eooditioa. The bet
houekecper keep all their bedding
jii!low-caos. heets covers, etc
folded when not in Use. and the
bedding carefully protocted with a
chmtz cover, which lends a bright aud
tidy appearance to the room, home
have a case made of bltf-and-whito
cjtton for protecting the insures from
so.l. A pair of sheets the Mie of the ,
top of the mattress, with h thin laver
of cotton between, anl quilted on a 1
machine, is very nice tor a sandwich j
b-'tweeu the sheet and mHttrcw. It is I
easily workinl. adds io the comfort of
the bed. and protects the rnnttres. ,
Whatever will keep bedding cum is '
desirable, for it is undeniably laborious
work to cioan bedding. 1
Long sheets which turn down a full (
half yard 01 er the bed overs, protect '
them very much from becoming soiled. .
For warm, heavy- blankets, in constant
ue. and which can only be cleaned J
without 111 jury a: eotisiderxble exjen-e.
a shield of white mus-in can be very '
etleethely tisj-il. If the blanket be two '
and a halfaards wide, that much in!
length of muslm will be required, with
a little allowance at each end for a hem.
Fold the muslm straight through the '
center the long way, so that one-half
w ill go on one side of the top end of the J
blanket and one half on the other side. J
W.th a needle and thread fasten the .
muslin to the blanket xrro-s the
with basting stitches, ami again at the
bottom of the muslm. Tlie mushn
iulelS ca" be removed and washed as
I ofteri"a one likes.
lied-tiekmg, sunned with blood from
nose-bleedsng. wounds or other causes.
m:u be cleaned by apphing starch.
well moistened with water, to the snot.
Renew th- wet starch until the stain is
extracted, the wet stmch alr.orb.ng it.
A cheap and very eonifortabie boil,
with an under-bed of straw, hay or
husk, can be made by putting on tip'
top a light cotton " maltres-," which
, can be made at home For the two
sides of the "mattr-.s" lied ticking is
I best, and they should be somewhat
longer aud wider than the top of the
i bed. as in tving the size is somewhat
1 educed. I'ut two or thn.e ti-:.esas
much cotton between the "sides" as
are put between those of a "comfort
able" anil tie quite elo-ely; nnMi by
turning in- the two edges and -vwrng
them overhand, or stitch on machine.
Iteds of straw or huk look infinitely
better and are far more comfortable
when the ticks are made like th.we of a
mattress, with a straight, upright piece
sewed in all around. The corners should
be clipped off. so that the tick will be
round at the " corners." as it tits the bod
stead better. Do not till the tick through
au opening at one end. but through a slit
cut in the middle of the top "side."
This slit should be two feet long; one
side should be faced, and on the other
sew a wide niece to act as a lappet,
which should button over on to the
faced side. When the filling of the
tick be-omes disarranged or needs to
be stirreil up. the convenience of the
slit will be made manifest. I once sup
posed that evervb'idv made straw ticks
in this way. until I found out different
ly, which must be 1x13- excuse for giving
If a bedstead has become infested
with the small insect that the English
call a ".Norfolk Howard." and isTlilli
cnlt to be kept free from the pest, give
a good coat of paint to every jurt ot it
that is not varnished, and you will have
no further trouble with" bugs. Cor.
1 Washing and Care of Flnmit'Is-.
j Those who have their flannels nicely
l fitted and made, are of course desirous
that they should retain their freshness
and softness as long :i poiible. Hence
1 they must see to it tint they are prop
erly washed; otherwise thev will soon
be yellow and hard, their beauty gone
.... r .,..-. , . ..
ami tneir comionauieness gre
It makes less difference hnnt xeh?ti.
..i, .ti,.. fn ;r i -:... .1 ,
wi.l toil Md blclicl oik wmn '
after a Vime. Hut it take, onlv aVew :
Hut it takes only a'few
careless washings to ruin, or ne.arlv
ruin, tltmncls. In the first place, never
think of trying to wash woolens in oth-
better to throw ii awav altogether and
get new. I like to have socks and
stockings soft and comfortable as well
as other tlanneis.
Make clean suds of rain-water and
soft soap. Use an abundance of water,
and not too much soap, though the
amount must depend on how dirty the
ciothes are. Too strong suds tends to
full the cloth, but enough must be used
to get out the dirt- Have the water as
hot as can be used in comfort. Hub
the clothes through this, the white Fun
nels first, and next to these the clean
est of the colored ones. Do not rub
them too hard, or put soap directly on
tlie cloth. Keep the suils hot. and add
soap as needed. If they get too dirty,
throw them out and make new. Do
not rub through two suds, unless very
much soiled. The shorter time the tlan
neis remain in the suds, or are lying
about wet. the better looking they "will
come out in the end. Have anoihertub
of clear, soft water, boiling hot. and as
each piece is wrung out of the suds, put
h into this. Of course the white and
colored garments should have- separate
tubs. Let them remain in this till
somewhat cooled, so as not to injure
Uie "wringer; then wring out and hang
where they will dry as qnickly as pos
sible. , Do" not use too hot an iron when
ironing, as this will also tend to shrink
or full them. If dried in a good breeze,
all except outside garments will do very
nicely without ironing. Treated in this
manner. the white woolens will remain
white, and the colored ones soft and
pliable till well worn out. Cor. Coun
Keep all the seeds saved in a dark:
place, ilany kinds are injured by
. k. r w t r s. s ' 7- ,t t
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HOHE, FA KM .M (iAUUCX.
Cli. uroAt. for turkeys i highly recom
mendtal as a fatten. ug lood.
Do not undertake to keep sheep ou
low. tl ml ramed lands. Thev wiilsurelr
contract duase. and a sick fheeti is
about as mean a thing as one can own,
not excepting a ick ehekuit.
Lkmon Cklam. Take a pint of thick
cream, add to it the el& of two eggs
well leateti. four ounces of line -ugar.
' the thin nnl of a lemon, bod it up. then
stir until uearh cold. Add lemon-juice,
and turn into a moid.
The value of a warm meal for h"a-
cannot be overestimated. The cost
need be little or nothing. Vegetable
jtirings and kitchen refuse of all kinds
boiled soft anil thickened w.th bran is
all that ts necessary. Do not give more
at a time than thev will oat clean. I ry
it. and see if vou do not get more eggs.
Toillt Tallow. 'lake a quarter of
a ouud of fresh mutton suet, me't it
siowlv, taking care that it dns not
scorch. I'ut hi your g.a-s box or cup
four or live drops 0f sweet oil, an I, if
von plea-e. atld a few drop of s m
liquid seen'.; then pour in the box the
hot tallow aud set it
in a coo! okico to
harden. For :mmer use tlie oil is not
I nteded, as it w.!l be soft euougi with
! out it- Keep it in glass. It ij an y
' celleut remedv for parched and chapped
lips, hand and abrasions.
( Linimknt foi: C.vTri.1- The virtues
j of creosote are not sulhciently appre
ciated by fanners and amateur stock
raisers, perhaps because they have
I never giv en it a trial. For sprains,
1 -ores and bruises, sprained hot k-joints
, and stiff joints general!, the following
j will be found an excellent remedv :
, Creoote. one ounce; turpentine, one
' ounce, olive oil, two ounces, mix and
I rub upon the n'iected parts. It is also
j of great advantage in thrah and fout-
rot. A'. 1. hem l.
i Tiifkb is a goofl deal of complaint,
in many pans of the country, of the in
1 jur done to stock bv barbed wire fences.
The cliief objection is that horses and
cattle, not uemg aoie to see them e.tsi
ly, run against them and receive severe
injurv . One remedy lor this is to fast
en common laths to the top wire. An
other is to tie Itths perpendicularly
sa i to each space between jhhLs to
the wires. A third is to suspend a six
inch hoard from the top wire. A cor
respondent of the Country (cnt itirtn
suggests suspending any old brush that
can be had to the wires. This would
be less slightly than the others, but
quite as eflective aud more economical.
Dt kation or Glanpeks. In a late
discussion before the Central Veterinary
Medical Society of London, Mr. Hunt
ing stated, as reported in the London
VcUrinnrif Journal that the period of
incubation of the disease, during which
it might rest in the sysu m without any
I outward svmptoms being not.cca .e.
. might vary trom eight davs to three
The French law is understood
to ,)e l',:lt '" - ""'P'sHns if glanders be-
come manifest w;tn ne.gnteenmivsa'tcr
"us sale ot a horse it is inferred that the
animal had glahder- in its system prior
to its sale, and therefore the seller is
responsible. Accoriling to Mr Hunting.
it is cxtremel dithcult to determine
from the manifest symptoms of the
disease how long the animal has been
suffering from it, and he did not believe
sav positively that anv
had been glandered
or anv other UeLnite
this opinion, however. I
;d somewhat, maintain- 1
in-r thnt under eertnin rnmlition find
with certain peculiar symptoms it is
possible to ix the duration ofthediscae
at least to within one month. Sir. H.s
a-sertion that the disease is due soieiy
to contagion was not controverted. " ,
TiiEitE are two ways to treat this
obstinate weed one is "to kill it and be
done with it, which mode is pract ced
by a few; and the other Is to attempt to
kill it. :n an imperfect manner, with a
positive increase of its growth. Among
successful managers two modes are
adopted. These two modes were each
strongly recommended bv two eminent
agriculturists at a late meeting of a
farmers' club, each contending lor the
superiority of his own way. One mode
was to keep the land perfectly cean.
with no chance for a plant to grow
through the -mason. The roots wid die
out under this treatment, the plants not
be.ng able to breathe above ground.
The only objection to this mode is the
amount of labor it requires, and the
constant care to prevent any plant from
reaching the surface. For" this reason
careless cultivators permit it to become
a failure, and denounce, the mode as a
humbug, the only fault being their care
les application of it.
The mode advocated by the other
member, and recommended for its
economy of labor, is to attach a heavy
team to a- large jointer or double mold
board plow, and at oae operation, rare
the whole deeply under, the quack nev--er
throwing its "roots to much depth.
Afterwards" to cut the surface thorough
ly with a disc or Acme harrow, to de
stroy any possible roots or plants which
may not have been buried with the
general mas. It is of course important
uot to disturb the soil to much' depth
for a year or so. One of these farmers
stated that rmack would mcrease hi
growth under fifty bcshels of salt to the
tere, and Canada thistles under lfJO
bushels Co'uniru Gentleman.
I t imtnfii OSM t 'iJek
, HiImv Ssclti ofe-rn!i feir ?
V vCi. omiseni a?n of lt tffj b
i K. ii'tnntrr In ivrwa. ifeS JtSUWayf
. mrrrral awoaff tb? aacieats, b 4dt4
..'w joot jJh. JefTrry, aa4 tbr
a i my Hu2 frnd . & li
body'rnocrh to corrr hi mtsd drcrnJ-
ly wiUi; iu latnct is tasprpcy s-
So roa i)ojsi toct riH to tlw
zsrvard, dd tw?" "iscyslml rounj:
Sittabcb of hw aiwrrd or little !:-
Oh. tw : and. do yua kaov, wv w
caaetiirt IhXL c:rwd h tsocth ad
eye awflly. and itrr Ul U Wkc4
exactly x Toc do when tc art rtchisg
poetry a: the church oeiab.!"
At a ntrf" prnTer-esUs. our of
the bcrtitfw wraVUr pratftf tit ihrr
StigiK b pre-rvrd frwa what ke cjup
tliok- "Sfuvjajm .' -ilrudivir,
ad o u( ;W eUr. vor hiOt't
's&cclv rut de kaiig o dit ar w tl It
bo-ua - Pt paa " "rtriMidrr,"
bit I was prayw' 4tr la4 ter
t frum Ue o o luucuttu. xx
ai't a npUia' ua, I dt4a."
Mrs. Myrwi AIUb. wb "Jr half a
raiie unrtli f Ijuig. Mici.. repaired ,
to tbo a-ea-rosi the other rreig sjmJ
itmttd e of ftwL m tlc rhau ie. oi
a L-vrge owl. Th oi atia-1-k.ed Mr A .
d ru kit effort. at her facr &d
eyes. be wrv f ortttna.tr U xtr him
in her soikLs cjhI tbuatp htm to dath
A newspaper comwoaUg e th
fart tfeat & farmer tvearh lust hi life by
siotiitg ia a pagmire, add, "Me ko (
lo Not sttb nbe fr a paper ml exjKvt
l be s4Jcfced-ia evert now a,mL then "
It i th cotiftwMoa ef a widewer,
uho has bevn lhne marrirs.1, that the
lirt wife rnrtt a ma" rmaee . the
vetsood ten-aas him hvtwility . the third
mnl him a philosopher.
One of our Iwt h.lng young wen
ha eutue to the coik-Imsmmi that his
numth s i,H large He bad aa acher
returned then-ftwrn lae vek.
A MrhigaH taiTHtor lnvuntnl a trick
with a boe n it lie sx4d rolls f but
ter that bad beoa madu bdhiw. tilled
with water aixi (nwi-n oKd.
The .iiilhr of the
Jug" was probably ia
a wgular vmn
wbR he wrote that souiotimo-
A Chlra-s llrmm.rr'm llj,ijr lairilBOiL
Lci 11 O'l iHut, Ln . J e uSt-e It
Wain! at VS U'binP)n trrrt, th. citr,
Utely rrUlrd Uie fiKkinr la the hr.rin of
oae of our reporter ma cr iJeuee of t;-rc,xi
pool fortune. I bare beca a-tria.-, ia.J Mr
O'Coetor. for a BKUjtr of wcrLi lth a twj
feTcre pain la tar hart. UelieTrd t Ue fnta
tar tiSoCL of a cvM contracted htie on the
laitr. I hal beta preiirUied for br eTcr1
of oar pkydclin ami u-vd rrtoit rrmcjtrt
Three U ie I abaadsHicd them all, iml
boSl.t a l-oti.c of M. Jirofe Oil, applied It
at niifbt before retiring And to-dur feci like
a c wan. I ei(crirned Iwvt taU.at
relief ad no frl no pala w hunter.
Mifs Amir. mitiick7 a Tounc lad? In
modest ciriOfMUarr, rr.Mioc la li z
N. C, i reporird to hT a legacy of llJ,
tXX) from aa 4unt in Kuropo
Cleveland Tenor I'rr.l
r Ibr I iinqlwrlnj llrrn. C.
Aaioac tae ml Mruuurfu. article of th
i P-rtod t it- Jjco1 Oil Tae Hon. Leunrd
eett, of Chleaco, protHKiore it the nuxt
taorottli conqueror of ;aln tail he ha erer
Ciukles W. .S'onuvD, of Alexandria.
Va., ha a ntan'I ro.d watch, iImm: a Urie
around a a llrer turlrr, of aa aatlqU' pat-
tera, wftlcu it
ch it 1 aid UbdoubtedlT elooed
Geceral Uaxhlntou or Ida wife.
Ilefure yoa betuu jiur hcrj prlnj work
after a wlutcr ef rclcxatHn. jour V4trni
nreds cieAhiu and itreugtheuiuVio ;rcTcnt
au auaik of Asue, li.liou or rinuj: FeTer,
or -oihc oiher Aprin Icknea that wi.I until
m fur a keaooa work. You l!i narc
tini:, much alrkae and rrrat eiav if
rou will ue one bottle of liop liltter- In Tear
faaniy tills tuoutli. Dua't wait. UurUuUnt
If the Turklh Govrnmenl doesn't look
out, their countrr may be a place of ex
Porte. Tnr rrgular Fraier Ax e Greaw tare roon
er fr tke rcjarne- Tho ligat colored or
jellow )ouen tie epokeiv.
RznDiNO's Rrssta Sai vk meet wph won
derful UCCes ! all cues of kiu dUraaa.
III ITin Hill
J.' rsrnsi s rt fkU r J tons On. uiun.
Rti.i:inzilcauf Exrad Ksr4r A tnal ata2j
t-a ti mmnfmmlj IrmrlUw tt Su CxJrn. A mrj
ca racnac wKh r&xcaa lx ttinftaA fertan fTmitrf
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FOR THE HAIR.
CUEE TOE DUTDaUiT.
ISD SCALD EEAH.
Boir rrs.iin.oi rb-s nua a.k r
tirmm,mJo. BURNITT . CO.,-,
FOR SALE BY-
THE HARDWARE TRADE
lxa o APircUli. itovaU coUr. Pain la
th Uad.vithadaUaaaloa lath back
part. Pain under th ahoalder blade, faii
neaa aflr ealinrjkrith a dtalncllnaricro to
exertioa of bod or aiad. Jrrltabtlitr of
ts:pr. Low a-DulU. witii a fMlinr of oar.
lac seglectd soma duty, Warta . Ptx
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"My Wnyward Pardner.'
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A Musical Libnirv.
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THE ONLY MEDICINE
IS EITHEK Llorie WB BT FOEJI
Taat Art at tfc Haawa Tia
and the Kidneyf.
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