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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (June 21, 1880)
TBBTEED CLOUD CHIEF.
M. t. TnOMA-J, Publisher.
RED CLOUD, - - NEBRASKA.
CniCKT ME, CItANY CHOW."
Cihckt so-, cnlekj inc. crnny crow!"
A penselws little Jiimle I know:
1 et it drift alonff o'er the 'lewy clover.
Soft iind swet, ami over and over.
Soft iind liiw, then clearer and clearer,
Throblilnjr nionp', nearer and tiofirer;
Happy imd Joyous the children jo,
BUiBing their " Chick' me, crany crow!"
It carries mc back 1 happy rover;
.Again t live tbic vret days over.
And Memory b ic cjeh Ji y conveys;
Airaln 1 live in thoc hnppydnys
Wi.on youthtul love our heart was HWf lliny,
Andyuu, my lMnce. noertl clot tolling
Ihe aui old story, so jfi and low:
' I love you, Chicky mc, c:a:iy crow!"
Warmly you clasped mv little brown h md!
How happy wo toamcJ the Summer-land,
Conning our bvs'ins lr wayside stream,
Dniicliurn'on? uhen: buttercups Kl'am,
Iloldinir them up to our dimpled chin,
Striving ever the prizes to win.
Jf you pellcd me d )w, you whic roJ low,
" I'm som. Chick v me, crany crow!"
The yours have given us Ies'ons new,
A grander wo'k for our ha .ds to do,
That cudlcs Is us the du jy-chain "
Yon wove for me in the shady Line.
Your heart, ns ever, I? bravo 'and true
The gods and the Fates hive smiled on you:
Yet sometime' Iknow, whcnthesunslnkslow.
You whisper," CbJoay me. crany crow."
Mrs. 0. 11. HeiciU, in (.hicogn Tnhunc.
ELECTRICITY AND TORNADOES.
Prof. Tlce's Observation! on the It r cent
aflawturt Tornado IIU Theory or the
.Electrical Came of Cyclones.
From the St. Louis KcpubMcan.
The word cyclone is of comparatively
recent invention, and is onlyto be
found in the more recent editions of
dictionaries. It is the generic name
for all storms that have a rotary motion
arountl an axis, such as whirlwinds,
tornadoes, waterspouts and hurricanes.
These are species of cyclones. Hence
every tornado is a cyclone, but every
cyclone is not a tornado. It may be a
dry whirlwind, a eandspout, a water
From all facts so far ascertained the
storm-center, whose cloud-canopy car
ried the tornado, had a forward motion
or translation across the continent from
southwest to northeast at the rate of
fort3'-three miles an hour. Evidently
the tornado was not continuous, nor
was it formed at any lixed point on the
cloud, but at various points on the
cloud, and at different times numerous
intumescences formed which developed
into cloud-spouts and dropped as tor
nadoes. In proof of this, fifteen min
utes after the tornado had passed
through and devastated Mars'lilicltl, an
other cloud-spout -was scon dangling
from the .ky and sweeping with equal
if not greater fury through Panther
Valley, fourteen miles south of Marsh
field. Nor did the tornado sweep with
uniform velocity along the face of the
earth, but it was seen at times for a few
moments to stand still, and then with
inconceivable velocity to dart forward
again; however, only to halt again for
breath. It was on such a dart that it
swept through Marshlield in less than
half a minute. One of the citizens ol
undoubted veracUy, who was in it, but
whose house was fortunately not
wrecked, who was looking at it while
coming and passing, to give an idea of
the shortness of its duration said he
could think of nothing that would give
an idea of it except " that two of us
being together, I, facing south, saying
Here she comes;' he, facing north, "say
ing 'There she goes.'" 'JLweuty per
sons at least were present who were in
the tornado and they corroborated this
statement. They said and their state
ments were continued by Mr. T. K.
Paul and others who had" war experi
encethat an unearthly howling, as
though the air were filled with thou
sands of Hying shells, heralded the ap
proach of the tornado, a momentary
tremor of the house and then a w-h-i-sh
and the house was gone, and all was
The shortness of the duration is an
important fact that must not bo over
looked in explaining facts that will be
mentioned hereafter. At one point be
side the railroad, some four miles be
fore it reached town, it excavated the
earth to a depth of live feet, according
to some, and of much greater depth ac
cording to others, and several rods
square. This is a repetition of what
was done in Reno County, Kan., on
the 17th day of , May, 1878, when at
least one-half an acre of the soil w:is
shot into the cloud-spout, as though a
mine had been exploded underneath.
According to the monthly weather re
view for May. 1878, printed by the sig
nal olllce, a similar explosion occurred
twice at Harrington, 111., on the 2,'Jd of
May, 187S, when in all respects a simi
lar tornado to'that of last Sunday swept
the States of Iowa, Wisconsin and
Northern Illinois. Tne Signal Ofliee,
however, gives the area of soil hurled
up in one ease about one acre, in the
other one and a quarter acres. For a
distance of about seven miles along the
railroad which the tornado followed
trees are not only prostrated and de
nuded of bark, but large trees ncarly
three feet in diameter were plucked
up by the roots and carried forward.
In town forest trees a foot in diameter,
standing in lawns, were plucked up
by the roots ami carried away. Stones
from five to six feet in their shortest
diameters were lifted out of the ground
and carried to the top of a hill. A
stone estimated to weigh 4,000 pounds
fell in a field belonging to J. C. Rose,
killed with several of his family by the
destruction of his house. The distance
it was carried and whence it came had
not been ascertained. In the great
Georgia and South Carolina tornado of
Mareh 20, 1875, a stone over two feel
thick and weighing from 18,000 to
20,000 pounds, although only expos
ing on one side five inches to the
tornado, was lifted out of its
bed and carried seven feet. As in
all tornadoes, houses, both frame and
brick, were lifted from their founda
tions, the former generally carried
some distance, the latter hurled back
and crushed on their foundations. Like
elsewhere, wagons, buggies, carriages,
sewing-machines, everything with iron
about it, seemed to be the objects of its
especial fury. Not a metallic roof of
any kind is left in town. The Post
oQice, owned by Mr. Smith, the most
substantial brick building in town and
covered with tin, was utterly demol
ished, while the tornado to reach it
passed over two buildings covered with
shingles. After demolishing several
other adjacent buildings, also covered
with tin, it leaped over a brick house
covered with shingles, doing no harm,
pouncing upon the houses north, and
sweeping them and everything clean to
beyond "the city limits. The High
School, corered with shingles, stood
three hundred yards from the nearest
point of the tornado's track. It was
intact, but, unfortunately, its tower was
covered with tin. The whole tower' to
the square was torn down. The powder-house
stood southwest of the
school-house, not nearer than six hun
dred feet to the track of the tornado.
It was newly built and covered with
tin. The roof was snatched oil and
hurled about eight hundred feet north
west into the center of the tornado,
passing a two-story frame dwelling un
harmed. A house two squares east of
the Court-house, and four hundred feet
beyond the eastern line of destruction,
covered with shingles nailed upon an
old tin roof, lost the greater parj; of the,
roof. The mill north" of the town was
a quarter of a mile from the track f
the tornado, yet -the iron smoke stack
was snatched off and carriedlfoTir miles
and lodged in a-tree-top. The suscepti
bility of metallic roofs being wrenched
off even when long distances outside of
the track of tornadoes I have observed
as a uniform occurrence elsewhere.
I have repeatedly called attention to
tuo lact that tornadoes begin or ex
pend their greatest energy upon bodies I
of water or railroads. In my lecture at i
Indianapolis I called attention to the
fact that the tornado which passed
through that city on the night of the
1th of March last began on White
River; leaped to Fall Creek, then upon
the car stables at the end of the Indiana
Avenue Horse Railroad, then upon the
canal skirted by the Lafayette Railroad,
then upon two other horse railroads,
and finally leaving the city on the Peru
Railroad, doing all its damage and ,
manifesting its most terrific energy at
these point". J
The tornado ol Sunday uraiiK up an
the ponds and rivers on its track from
Arkansas to .Marshfield. It in all cases
manifested its most intense energy at j
these points. Take, for instance, the
junction of James and Fiudley Rivers, '
both of which it dranic up, where h icii
with its most destructive fury upon the
adjacent settlement, which it utterly
devastated, the destruction of which is
unparalleled in the history of torna- j
The phenomenon that attracted rnost J
attention and gave ri.se to the greatest
diversity of opinions was the denuda-,
tion of trees, saplings, hedge?, shnil-'
berv, etc.. of their bark, either partial-
Jy or totally. 1 he side lacing ine tu
rection the htorni came was generally
divested of bark, while the whole tree
or shrub was not generally denuded.
As most of the area swept by the tor
nado was a stream or perfect avalanche
of matter, consisting of dust, sand,
gravel, stones, brick, lumber, debrjs of
wrecked hou.se.?, in fact everything
movable in its path, hence there was no
lack of evidence that tiees, shrubbery,
bushes, etc., were hit with flying mis
siles. In fact they1 were completely
peppered with them. The conclusion
was therefore jumped at that all the
denudation of bark was the sole effect
of hurled missiles assisted by the
wind. It hence became a desidera
tum to find a locality where no
missiles were flying and where
the barking of the trees was not on the
hide facing the direction from the
southwest that the storm was moving,
but in the direction the tornado was at
the time. Such a locality I found on
the point between two ravines, on the
declivity of the hill on which had stood
Judge Ranics' house, totally wrecked
by the tornado. It is about one hun
dred 3'ards south of where the road
coming from town, following one ra
vine north, crosses the ravine coining
from the southeast, about two hundred
j'ards above the mill. There is a pile of
wagons and wheels at the crossing. The
tornado, after destroying Barnes' houce,
for a few moments stood still at the
base of the hill ami then leaped upon
the hill east. While standing still its
center was about one hundred and lift3
3ards southeast of the point to which 1
have reference. The trees at this point
had lost their bark on the southeast
side, that is on the side facing the tor
nado, and a strong wind as is shown
bv sonic trees broken down or uproot
ed came from the northwest, that is
from the side opposite to that from
which the trees had parted with their
bark. Here were trees standing up
right shattered, as elsewhere, into thin
strips, no thicker than lath, not like
those which wore in the track of the
tornado facing the direction the storm
came, but in the direction it was then
halting, that is southwest.
I was moreover so fortunate as to
find more than I sought, in fact more
than I dreamed of as existing. I found
some trees black oaks that had losta
strip or two of bark, but all that re
mained on the tree was separated from
tho trunk and some of it hanging loose.
I found the bark entirely detached from
the stem and incasing it like a sheath.
I pulled it off 1)3 piecemeal all arouud
one tree and down to the roots. Further
search resulted in finding a hickory
tree species, carya sulcata, tho thick
shelled and thick-barked hickory -that
also had its bark detached b3 an explo
sion from the stem, not one particle of
it gone, however, but most of it hang
ing so loose that it can be shaken. Not
a vestige can be seen on the bark of any
flying missile having struck the tree.
"It is one of the most wonderful, im
portant and significant physical facts I
ever saw. It should be secured 1)3 some
scientific institution, and, if not for its
scientific importance, as a memento of
one of the most fatal tornadoes on
record. But it will be of inestimable
value for stinly and information to fu
ture generations in their researches into
the. mysteries of Nature. The tree
stands about a rod northwest.of a shat
tered black oak equally as interesting
and significant, whose top, bowed
southeastward for l hold there was no
wind b3T the electric attraction of the
intense vortex, was prevented from
breaking down b3 forming a brace of a
strip tvo inches thick, split off the
trunk by a simultaneous explosion. The
strip is not separated from the trunk at
its ends. The brace makes an angle of
about one hundred and thirty-five de
grees. It is evidently owing to the
simultaneousncss of the pull and ex
plosion that the brace was formed. The
fragment, forced out 1)3 tho explosion,
was prevented from returning 1)3 the
shattered trunk bending from the pull
at its top at the same instant.
1 brought away specimens of limbs,
stems from Osage orange hedges ami
tops of brush that were in the track of
the tornado. They are not onl divest
ed of their bark, but the ends of the
limbs and tho smallest twigs even are
rifted into fine fibers so that thc3 look
like paint-brushes or little brooms.
There is a significant fact accompanying
this rifting which gives a clew that un
ravels the whole mystciy. This fact is,
that only green branches and twigs are
rifted into fibers, the twigs to the very
stems to which the are attached. The
dry and dead branches and twigs are
What explanation can be given of
these phenomena, and what cause can
be assigned for their occurrence? There
is but one explanationJiiaJLcan be given,
and 1 :t one cause that carf Reassigned
forr..i of them. That "explanation is
that they all are the effect of electric
action, and consequent that electrici
ty is the cause of them.
That electricit3 is the cause of them
is evident from well-established elec
tric laws and from well-known modes
of electric action. Beccaria, one hun
dred and fifteen years ago, perforated a
solid rlass bail two inches in diameter.
In one end of the perforation he put a
wire and a drop of water on the end
of it; in the other end he put another
wire in contact with the water. Roth
wires were part of a circuit in connec
tion with a Leyden jar. In passing a
discharge through the circuit, the glass
ball was dispersed into dust. What
was the cause of this explosion and
One pound of water measures 22.752
cubio inches. If the water be gasified
it will make 44,882 cubic inches of gas.
that is 14,934 cubic inches of oxygen
gas and 29.8SS cubie inches of hydro
gen. The water, therefore, in being;
gasified, dilates about two thousand
times in volume. Tha passage of the
electric current electroh'ses, that is
gasifies, as instantaneously the water as
fire explodes gunpowder- The drop of
water hence was instantaneously ex
panded to two thousand times its orig
inal volume, and this shattered the glass,
ball into fine dust.
The sap under the bark and in the
bodv" of green wood was in the torna
do Instantly gasified b3 the bursting up'
from the earth of a negative electric
current to meet the positive electrici
t3 descending on the cloud-spout An
explosion was the consequence; the sap,
or rather the water in it, was expanded
by ga.iticntion two thousand tim in
volume, throwing off the bark, shatter
ing tho trunk and rifting the green
twi'.s into minute fibers. That thi
wasVhat took place is proven conclu
sively by the fact that the dead and dry
limbs arid twigs were not affected, and.
thou"h in immediate contact with green
ones, remained intact
The great affinity of tornadoes for
bodies of water, fof railroads, for me
tallic roofs, for anything made of metal
or containing iu is explained upon the
same principle. Metals are the best
conductors of electricity known. They,
hence, respond with the greatest alac
rit to the inductive action of the elec
tric cloud, and confront it with h'ghcr
charges of electricity than am other
objects uon the surface of the earth.
Tho most violent electric explosions,
hence, occur at the joints covered by
metals. Every one conversant with
electric laws knows that this will be the
natural and inevitable result.
I could take up seriatim all the phe
nomena attending tornadoes ami dem
onstrate that tnu3 are the elleets of
eloctricit, but I have neither time nor
space to devote to that purpo-e. One
more remark ant! I will cloe. Tuat
tornadoes are electric phenomena is
beyond controversy. All experience
and' observation prove it conclusive! v.
This proof is amply furnished in their
aspect, if it were in nothing else. The
funnel-shaped pitch-black cloud-spout
depending and dangling from the buff
colored or deep orange upper cloud in
dicates it. A fiery red core is some
times in this jet-black spout: sometimes
green, blue ant! red llames run all
arouud and over the lower end of the
spout as though it were on lire; at
other times the spout has a dull leaden
core like a burning candle surrounded
by a ha.e with a phosphorescent glow.
These aspects are constantly changing,
ami endure but for a moment.
At some points after this last mot
wonderful meteor had parsed tire balls
brought up the rear, exploding like
rockets; at other points electric cur
rents for half an hour Mowed through
iron mils anil wires. A telegraph used
by boys in Marshlield to learn the art
of telegraphing was thus affected for
more than thirty minutes afterward.
That water was gasified 1)3 the tornado
is proven b3 the odor of sulphur, or
rather phosphorus, along the track.
This odor was ozone, and 07.0110 is
oxygen gas just liberated from its com
bination with other elements.
John H. Tien.
Reducing the Average.
An excitable little Frenchman was
complaining about his bad luck as a
stock speculator. " I cannot at all get
.ee remotest insight into zee business.
Long time ago one friend sa3 to me
zat Lady Bryan is good speculation. 1
buy f'-efty share of zee Lady for one
dollar zee share. She go down to feefty
cent. I sa' to my friend: 'Now what
shall I do? You see zee Lady have ad
vanced backward like zee what you
" M3 friend said to mc: 4 You must
reduce your average.'
- How is zat zing about reduce
zee average.' sa3 I to liim, for I no un
derstand what ho mean b3 reduce zee
- He sa3: You sec. to reduce j'our
average you must go 1 1113 fecft slum -.
more at" foeft3 cent, then your stock
not stand in 3'oti so much 11101103.
I go buv feeft3 share more I re
duce zee average, you see."
44 My friend s.iy to me: 'Now you all
right to take advantage of zee market;
3011 have 3'our average reduce.'
44 Well, pretty soon, what you sink?
Zee Lady she "crawfish to tvent-live
cent. 1 go to ni3 friend and say to him:
4 You see how it is wiz zee L:uly, she
44 I see.' said 1113- friend; 4 it is bad,
but zee only way to'get even is to again
reduce zee average. Then 3-011 will be
iu one fine position to tike advantage of
4 4 Diablo!' sajs I: 4 but 3011 see, 1113"
friend, zee market all lime take advan
tage of 1110.' But I go get two hundred
shares more of zee Ltuly at twenty-live
44 Prett soon bang she go down to
zco ten cent zee share. I go tj 1113
4 What shall I now do?' say I.
44 4 Zee only sing to get even zat is
possible to do is to again reduce zee av
erage.' 44 4 Hang zee average!' I remark, for
3'ou see I am begin to become inflame
against zee average. But my friend
persuade mc it is zee 011I3 way to get
into position to take advantage of zee
market wiz zee Lad3. So I buy 1110 four
hundred more share at ten per eent.,
and say now I am ready for zee rise of
44 Just now, what 3011 sink? One as
sessment of feeft3 cent is level. I rush
aw:i3to mv friend and sa3: 4 What now
mils' I do?'
444 It is bad,' lie sa. 4I am afraid
we have pa3 too much attention to zee
plan of reducing zee average. We
have leave zee assessment out of zee
44 1 cannot pay him, so I let him go.
Lose all zee Lady what I have produce
to reduce zee aver.ige. Prett3soou zee
mine is salt anil zee Lady boom to four
tollar. Zen I sa3, -Why have I not pay
zee assessment?' Zee diable take zee
stock speculation! Between zee re
duce zee average and assessment zero
is one conflict zat no man can have zee
foresight to reconcile.' Is it not so?"
"Virginia Cily (A'cr.) Enterprise.
A Middle Class Needed iu Russia.
The new.semi-ollieial Russian paper,
the Bereg, remarking on the want of a
middle class in Russia, observes that
the 11.000,000 members of the different
dissenting sects would form excellent
material ior the creation of such ael tss.
The Russian dissidents, it sas, have
had their energies stimulated and theit
intellects sharpened 03 tho iunesaut
obstacles with which the; have had to
contend, and tl- are now to be found
in all departments of trade as artisans,
fanners, stock brokers, merchants,
bankers, manufacturers and agents.
Their education, too, has been more
carefully attended to than that of most
other Russians: their famih relations'
are exemplar, although till recently
their marriages were not sanctioned b
law, and the necessity of acting together
for mutual self-defense has developed
iu a considerable degree a feeling o'
esprit tic corps among them. Finally,
the dissidents are, with a few excep
tions, to be reckoned among those citi
zens who from a political point of view
are most to be depended upon.
Profits of Railway Speculations.
Gould's winnings during the la,
year are variously estimated, but on an
reckoning his capital has been rolling
up like a snow-ball. The New Yorl
Public says that a year ago he sold 100,
000 shares of Union Pacific for aboil'
37.500,000. Then he bought a con
trolling interest in Kansas Pacific
which was at 12, for about 8000,000.
and in the next six months the stocl
rose to 92, netting S4.000.000. Wabasl
was at 18 when Gould bought, rneu 333
two-thirds of the stock, and it rose later
to 62A. His profits on the consolidatiot
of the St Louis Northern (which hi
bought at 7 and saw rise to 47) ami
Wabash are p"ut at S4.850.000. In tl
by spending about $3,850,000 for stocks
Gould has netted 11,000,000, if ai
important if he were to sell out.
.Meanwhile he can borrow cm his hold
ings two or three times the amount of.
his original capital. The question ii
Wall Street now is how much Gould ex
pects to make on his Central stock, ol
which he has at least 83,500 shares.
PERSONAL ASP UTEBAET.
Edwis Booth ii" forty-cvcn year
Sexatob Edmcxd's daughter will
oon publish a book. She L an artist
as well a a writer.
MRS. Kmma Bowehs, of Louisville,
get tho $100 prixe for the Nashville
centennial prixe poem.
Gcxekal ILvKCOCK weighs about as
much as Judge Davis, but the avoirdu
pois 'u better distributed.
Rali'H Waldo Emekso.v sees but
few people nowadays, and is engaged
in revising his papers for publication
Mils. Hei-wouti: Dixon is to receive
from Queen Victo-ia a grant uf &Q0 a
ear from the Civil List iu considera
tion of her late husband's services to
Ai'Koi'O- of tlie Channing centennial,
Ovtlnev Smith once said at tho close of
a'Sunday sermon: "Do not imagine
that this'senuou is mine. I can not do
such things. It is by an American, Dr.
Louise Alcott's books have been
translated into Guruian. French and
Dutch. Shu i- literally deluged with
begging letters for her'autograph, none
of "which she ill ever answer. She
once had an idea of going on the stage,
being a c.tpitrJ little actress, but she
abandoned tWe scheme.
A long deferred tribute to the mem
on of a irrvat journalist has been coi
summated b the erection of a monu
ment to the memory of the late Joseph
Gales, over his grave in the Comrres
UuaI Cemeter, Washington. D. C.
The spot has remained unmarked, ex
cept bv the contour of the sod, since hb
death "in 1800.
JI11. Jamls Pays, the popular novel
ist, has been the recipient of a muni fr
eer) I testimonial as a recognition of his
Hteran merit Mr. Wriglev. an opu
leut paper manufacturer of Manchester,
who died reccntlv, leaving property to
the amount of 700.000. left to" the
wife of Mr. Payn 2,000. and to each
of the novelist's seven daughters,
When Talleyrand diet!, iu 1838. he left
his Memoirs to M. de Bacourt, with in
structions to publish them thirt 3ears
after his death, unless special circum
stances should render a longer delay
desirable. On the death of M. de
Bacourt, in 18G5, he bequeathed the Me
moirs to MM. Andral and Chatelain,
forbidding their publication till 1888.
It is said that the reason for the fur
ther ilulay was certain references to M.
Mks. Dit. L. F. Bi'i.lock has a large
and valuable medical practice iu Wyo
ming, R. I. At the death of her hus
band, Dr. A. I). Bullock (t'ormerlv edi
tor of the Springfield Union and Fall
Uiver Daily Sews), she assumed, at the
solicitation of the families iu which he
had been practicing physician, the caro
of his patients. Her practice has widc
h increased; her success has been far
beond the ordinan. She has contin
ued constantly a course of medical
it.idv, and has won the esteem ami gen
erous commendation ot the
members of the profession.
known before liver
A DEALEic ill cheap boots says
roods cannot be under soled.
Hi: ki44f t.'r jircttv. rosy cheek.
Ami w.'ien lii'l tinUl)-l up th" !!z.
He (011ml lie lnul transferred some lint
I Mini her sweet countenance to tils.
The man who has the worst things
to say about newspapers is the man
who p:i3-s his subscription onU when
he ha- to do it. S'.cubcnvillc IJcruLi.
The new spring ulsters are a cross
between pale green and a tlirty gray",
have a large number of buttons on the
back and lit like a night shirt. New
The woman who is cxcccdingh sweet
to one's face and is very bitter behind
one's back may be saitl to bear false
sweetness against her neighbor.
Blocks wants to be assured, before
he votes for a female School Board, that
the members won't all jump ou their
desks if a mou-e trots across the carpet.
Love never enters into Chinese sto
ries. The hero rs always a chap who
made his ducats in America l3 laun
di3 work, and the heroine is a girl who
wants revenge on him because he killed
Statistics prove that a man who is
knocked about in the world lives longer
chan one whose life is one of easo and
comfort, and it is somewhat singular
that U1C3- also prove that married men
live longer than unmarried men.
The average young lady of the pe
riod will pierce her ears, bang her hair
and pinch up her wr.ist until she re
sembles an attenuated wasp, 3'et if
asked to wash the dishes or sweep ou
a room she will reply that she cannot
possibh stand such violent and tortur
injr exercise. Waterloo Observer.
A poou fellow up town fairly danced
with jov when the doctor told him he
had Brfght's disease. ". What will the
Smith girl say now?" he exclaimed,
triumphant!'. " "She always said there
was nothing bright about me! O, 1
guess not: but the doctor's certificate
will show what sort of a hair-pin I am."
N. V. Picayune.
The serio-comic ideas that enter the
head of Sambo, when exercised on re
ligious matters, causing anxiet3 per
haps to himself hut laughter to the
listener, were exemplified in the case of
an 44 uncle" in Chester, S. C, who had
been to a camp-meeting, and returned
greatl3 troubled about his sins. Per
ceiving him one day with a downca3t
look, his master asked him the cause.
44 Oh, Massa, I'm such a great sinner!"
44 But, Pete, you are foolish to take it so
much to heart. You never see me
troubled about my sins." 4I know de
reason, Massa: when you go out duck
shooting, and kill one "duck and wound
another, don't a 01 run after de wound
ed duck?" "Yes, Pete." And the
master wondered what was coming
next. "Well, Massa. dat is de way
wid you and me: de debbil has got you
snre; but, as he's not sure of ine, he
chases dis chile all de time!"
X Repeated Hat.
It is a great man who can turn mis
fortune into gladness. Jones did this.
Placing his new hat very carefully vn
the sofa, it goes without saying Mi
Hcwiwate utilized it" for a cushion
When she arose that hct looked like r.
dried codfish iu the last stages of con
sumption. If Jones had been an ordi
nary mortal he would have used lan
guage bordering on the profane. He
did not; perhaps he was not able to
rise to the eminence of the occasion.
He rushed home with that desiccateo
hat. He cried out eagerly to Mrs. J-:
"Here, dear, how Ho 30U like it?
Thought I would give you a specimen
of my taste once. With hands that
wereglo wing she seized it, and, tripping
to the mirror, fastened it on to her bacK
hair, and exclaimed, with something
like the old honevmoon love lighting he
eyes: 4 Why, John! you're a perfect
jewel! It's "just lorely! To tlunk that
you have been hiding our light under
a bushel all Jhese ears!" But alas for
human frailty! If Jones had only kept
his face straight his duplicity might
never have been discovered, and the
cloud that soon crowded upon his wife's
countenance might never have been."
As we have said. Jones. was a great
man. bat he didn't stay great long
enough to be of any use as. an exemplar
to husbands in general. Bcston Tran-acripL
BcquMle of wd lilarc.
L.WP rrdfible to pro4iwr -rrojf-4
gras i the first c4cntial. It 1 not
uecej.-iarf tul " - moth. or frvr
from etonrs and ravine, or that U ot!
bo of uniform character and ncn.
Broken aad uneven land often make f
very excellent pasture. All tl land In
a jasture need not be hish and dry."
For affording fowl during protracted :
drouth some low land i dr-ir-ib!c. If ;
the low land can be separated from the
high bv a division fence, stock may be
kept from the former at tinn- li"ii th J
od would receive injur from the f-t
of cattle. If a jwrtton of .1 pa-tun; t t
high and a -RirtJon low a go'x' supply
of feed may be secured from the time
the frost leaves the mm! In the -priag )
till it enters it in the fall. Pa,turt- ot j
nearly uniform surf are jjenrallv fail to
atfonl a supply of grass during the en
tire grazing season.
A variety of gras.-s ami other fodder 1
plants ii essential to a good jwisture
The greater the variety the htrgrrwill
be the arnonnt of food pnxlueed. whi!
the suppr will be more neatly uniform
.1.. :... .1... . ...t.i.t S, . t ..,,...! s...
. lilli JI11I IUU SC.ISIJU 4k i .liv. WV1
j srnts.es are in their best estate v.-ry
early in the s'pnng, some in the mnl lit- ,
of summer, and others quite late in the j
fall. The vanctiet th.it fpriiig up nrt '
are generally the tirst to fad. Ilmottiv ;
is a good pasture grass in June, but is '
of little value iu Jul and August. I
Many of the grasv alVord a very Inert I
amount of food during a few weeks, but j
at tho end of that time aflord ery little -Orchard
and blue gra-s will stippU f,ed
longer than mo-t varieties, but they '
will not produce an abundance at any
one time. In seeding a pasture the ob- ,
ject should be to insure a large amount
of feed at all seasons. j
It is much e:uier to keep a supply of
grass and clover in 11 pasture that ha- 1
an uneven surface than in one where 1
the land is nearly uniform as respects
oleation and moisture. Red top pro-
duces feed abundant in quantity am! j
excellent m quality m land that 1-. toler
ably moist, but the contrary is the c.is
wlien it grows on high, dry soil
White clover does its be-t on dry knolls
and hill sides, but doe' not lloiirUh on
lands that are moist Bed clover thrives
ou loamy soils that are neither very
moist nor very dry. Alsikeor Swedish
clover will grow on land that is quite
moist during a large part of the ear.
Red clover and timothy do poorly in a
partial shade, but while clover ami
orchard grass flourish finely in groves
that have been cleared of uudcr-bruh.
foul meadow and blue-joint delight in
swampy places where many grasses will
not grow at all.
A constant supply of pure anil tolera
bly cool water is essential to a good
pasture. The value of a good spring
or a spring brook is hardlv to be esti
mated in gold. Its price is above all
wells, pumps and windmills. By means
of a spring a trough or reservoir may
be kept full at all times without trouble
or expense. A lanro pasture should be
supplied with several troughs or pools
where stock cati drink. During very
hot weather animals will sutler with
thirst rather than go long distances to
obtain water to drink. If there is but
one place in a pasture where water can
be obtained animals will quarrel to see
which shall have the first chance, and
ihevounger and more feeble will In
likely to receive injuries. A liberal
supply of pure water is essential t ) the
production of a large yield of good
milk, and it is eqiiall important for the
formation of fat and muscle.
Kvery pasture should contain some
shelter, whieh is as grateful to beasts a
to men. If there are no native trees no
time should be lost in planting trees
that will afford shade. Linden and Cot
tonwood grow ver rapidby in prairie
oil and soon furnish a dense shade.
Man other hardy trees do well on dif
ferent soils. Trees planted in clusters
do much to beautify a pasture, besides
furnishing stock places of shelter from
the blazing sun. Wind-breaks are no
less useful than ornamental. They pro
tect gras as well as stock. A wind
break of European larch trees will or
nament a farm as nothing el-e can.
while it will protect the grass for a long
distance and furnish a delightful shade.
A few open sheds formed of cheap ma
terial are very valuablo for affording
protection in time of storm. The sup
ports may be osts in the ground while
the roof may be covered with thatch.
The pasture. like all other portions
of the farm, requires constant care. As
grasses disappear from any cause seed
should be sown that the full amount of
feed may be supplied. The hand
scythe or mowing-machine should be
used to cut weeds" and tall grass that
run up to seed. The droppings of cat
tle should be broken up and scattered
over the ground. Most pastures re
quire a top-dressing of manure every
third or fourth year. Well-rotted and
linery-pulverized stable manure, allies,
land-plaster and salt are all excellent
for this purpose. Stable manure should
be applied late in the fall, so that it wi'l
be distributed by the late rains. It will
not only afford food for the grass and
clover during the summer, but will be
of great advantage as a mulch. Chi
The ApiM-tile of Bread.
Dm you know that bread is not only
eaten, but eats? Darwin has told us
.that some flowers enjoy a porter-house
steak. Xow M. Schetircr Kestuer as
sures us bread lias a negro's partialitv
tor hogs and hominy. The discovery is
interesting to dyspeptics, for bread can
oe made to do the work of tho alimen
tary canal and relieve dyspeptics of all
oot'her except mere deglutition and, r.f
course, paying the baker's bill, which
is harder work than digestion. Science
.has since found that several vegetable
juices, or sap, dissolve meat, but M.
Schetircr Kcstner is the fir-t person who
bservetl that in the process of brcad
naking a peculiar fermentation takes
olace which produces complete diges--ioti
of meat A beefsteak hashed fine
ufd mixed with dough containing yeast
lisappcars entirely" bv the time the
bread is taken from the oven. The
-.tcak's -nutritive principles are di--olvetl
and incorporated into the breath
s"ot the least curious phenomenon no
iced iu these circumstances" is that
neat, which so rapidly becomes putrid,
when once incorporated into bread
may be keot longer than ordinary
iread. Bread made in 1873 has been
-hown the Acadcny of Science: it was
ts sweet and free from mold as when it
eame out of the oven.
At first M. Scheurer Kestner used
raw meat; he mixed one and ouc-ienth
numds of flour, one poui.d of leaven
md three-fourths of a pound of raw
beef minced tine; water in suflicicnt
quantity was added, and the dough was
eft to ferment. In two or three hours
the meat had disappeared. The bread
was then baked as usual. This meat
oread had a disagreeable, sour taste
Lo remove it M Scheurer Kestner lirst
ooiled the meat in just the qnanlit of
water necessary to wet the dour, and
used this water iu kneading. The meat
-hould be. rid of all fat. and onl salt
enough to season the bread added; for
tf too much salt be added the bread will
oeconie humid (salt being a great ab
sorber of water) -and spoiL The objec
tion to this bread is ..tint it is insipid.
If bacon be used instead of beef the objection-
is removed. Veal. too. makes
1 delicious meat bread. All these
oreads may be used to make soup. Cut
n slices one-sixth of a pound of tills
read, put the slices in a quart of wa
er. salt to taste and boil for twenty
ntnutei. Paris Cor. Ar. O. Picayune.
Railings for the protection of brake
.nen are to be placed on the t-.ps of
might cars on the Grand Trunk Kail-.
lhr (.wJ.3turrd Man ad
III- atvkc U & tnt hwrtr fal-
reovt. for an Indalriu'v it mor" t
,.. rren if it V ttt- HrjwvrsU-
toil u that the rootdasfnpf wl
adict arw thry which !lfcrr tln
countenance, and thu trnipr -Uray
d.a. It t often indulged to at dtoBwr
tu aad then or at aay oitWr nxml
checks the dljtt?, A "man wit -
temper can 00 arv ajy h Wo tl
bf can bi ihnaer ll mx jfcl k
be; plo. but he dot not ml lfc
M-t meal. To a pxNl aatiwwd nisu.
hfe and dialer 3tJ ta aad ff-r.
even an nglr wif aod LruobUii
cnildrvn. knrj ftctn. ekl. nl
iruttbhn, av aR ctUrJ otT vrl'k a
Korxeou color, a tin g-rv. krh
rrsttli. from a humble and a j;ratrfitf 1
bwarL It i! frtt lbe- oiaiistif
felinwi that tMi hocr w hat tln-y fliT
believe, bleas Iheui! that afl culrK
are boatttiful. all dinner gram!. a!l
picture superb, ail roounlait fciga, ail
women beautiful. When uch a on"
has conn back from hi country trip.
after a ban! ar3 work, be ha alnat
found the eiet of noks. th? chrnp-e-t
hou'os, the U-t of Unttladtr-4, U
finest .lews ant! the 1h: t! dinaer.
But with the other tie ea W !-!!
altered. He ha ahvnv-. leti nbHl:
he ha-t pdtmly ?oeit nothtt: h
landlady was a harp. hi Intlroow wa
unhealthy, ami the mutton v
tough that he emild not iaatiate it
I'ernap neither vmw I ! tru; w
shall b safest iu the middle omirxt; the
view is pas-atde. the laudhd tn ordi
nary landlady, and the pruTrmlrr go!
plain count ry fare thutisalL But oh.
for tho speotludes worn b, the good-aa-
tnred man! -oh. for thoe wudrus
glares, finer than tho tuak- mirror.
which throw sunlight over even thing
and make the heart glad with littl
things and thauktul for small nirtvies!
Such glares had hotu-st Ixaak
Walton, who, coming in from
a fishing expedition on th
nvor Lisa, burU out into siteli giatotul
talk as this: ' Let ti. as we walk home
under the cool .shade of thi honey -sitcklf-
hedge, mention some of the
thoughts and jov 5 that have ot-sMd
my soul since we two met. And that
our present happiness may appear the
greater and we more thankful for it. I
Oog you to consider with me how tunny
do at this very tune lie under the tor- 1
meiit of the gotit or the toothai he. and
this we have been free from. and lot 111?
tell you that every inNcrv I miv. is a
new'blessing." He goes on to talk of
tho sun iu his glory, '.he t elds, tlo
meadows, the streams which they have
seen, the birds which they have heard,
he asks what would the blind and d-al
give to ?ee and hear what they have
seen. He tells his honest scholar that
though all these be f co'nmon. vet
they are blevsing-. and that a huuib'e
cheerful man is happy, and pows
himseif with a quietness which make
his very dreams pleas. ng both to t.o I
and to hun-elf;" and he winds up thi
sweet little pro-e hinn of praise,
sweeter than ever ret was a ifghtm
gale's song, or the titiest air 111 Ue
liuest opera in tho world, by bid ling
his .scholar not be iinthtnicful.becau.se
such cliei-rftllness and thank were a
sacrifice so pleaMtig to linn who made
the sun and u-, and still protect- usiuid
gives us flowers, and .shower, and
stomachs (appetite), and meat, and
content, and lei-tire to go a ti-hiiig."'
Now what kind of pennon would the
man with a temper preach n n fishing
party-1 " L'mph!' be would say, it"
li.-h " t)o hot bla.ing rim line in a
knot -wretchedly slow -a worm at one
cud and a fool at the other." But wh.
would have been the wiser man, who
would have enjoyed life more, wh
would have lived most pleasantlv, win
would have been the fool and who the
The on'y real excuse for the man
with a l nrier. who is by no means th
hero sonie folks wish him to be. is bad
health; and if temper, as wo once knew
it to be by a judicious mother, wen
healed in childhood with .small doses ot
jalap, perhaps we should see les of it.
Iiut it is certain that, if it be an exeuse.
it makes the meat it feeds on.'' II
there be one advice more cotistaiitlv
given than another, and one in which
all doctors, who agree in nothing else,
do agree iu. it is this " Keep uj your
?p.rits." The effect of moro.scne.ss and
temper upon Iiea'thjs fearful. When a
man with a temper is ill, he looks ujjoii
himself as a martyr; he has be'en per
sonally in 'tilted and injured; why
should he be poorlv of all men iu the
world? why should not Jones, Brown
and Kohiuoii have the gout iiistea I ot
Smith? The poor wretch who iu his
sick room is "a caution." and who tyr
annizes his nurse and wife with fourfold
vigor, who worries the tb'Ctor and won't
take his physic, ami who roars and
gasps more like a sick monkey - oulv
the monkey is more wi-e than a sick
man- punishes himself dreadful!.
Most Frenchmen." said Billion,
might live to be older, but the tlie o!
conceit and chagrin." Many unquiet
spirits unquiet! kill themselves. Like
an ill-bred vicious horse ant! low na
tures in animals are often the most
cios-grainet! the person with a tem
per knocks himself up'before his work i
half done, and when he leaves the world
he has outraged and not half enjoved.
his death is felt as a relief; whilst "ood
natured relations forgive all his failing.1,
and that chief anil head and front of hi
offending-? his fierce, vigorous, selfish
temper. Domestic Monthly. -
They Met and Parted.
"Now then," says tramp No. 1 to
No. 2 as they turned into Montcalm
street from Woodwan! avenue theolher
day, "here is the game, you walk down
Ihe street and ring the bell of some
house, when flic ladv answers -ott tell
her that you haven't had anything to
eat for tlirce days. If she says she don't
care tell her th.-Jt you are desperate and
ready to commit any crime. If she
start to'slam the door on you hold it
open with your foot ant! roll your eye
and look savage. I'll arrive just about
then, and I'll take von by the neck,
slam 3ou around and pitch 3'ou out of
the yard. I'm the Icdy'i protector and
the hero of the hour. ou see- I'll be
very modest and claw oil, but I'll tell
hcrl'm a stranger and need a quarter
"to buy fowl. She'!! hand it over, and
I'll join you around the corner and di
" Magnificent!" replied No. 2. "Yon
ought to be in the United States Sen
ate! Welt, here I go."
He passed down the 3treef and "elect
ed a houe. and the programme wa
carefully followed out until he reache1
the point where he saitl he was dcsjwr
ate. At that instant the hall door was
pulled wide open, and a six-ioot hu
baud shot out-with hu right hand and
knocked No. 2 clear off tne lower step
No. 1 was jost rushing in, .nd six-footer
thought he might as well kill two birds
with one stone.. w hegave him one on
the jaw, and when tired of -walking
around on their prostrate bodn-s he
flung them over the fence. The tramps
limped down to the corner, looked at
each other ia deep disgust and then
separated forever. Detroit Free Pros.
A class of little primary' children
were busily engaged in their reading
lessons. They read m order, something
like the following: "The hat is in the
box." "The man .is r in the box."
"The rat is in the box." "The cat is
in the box." When all at oace up came
a chubby little hand, the signal for per
mission "to speaki "WeB. what is.it.
Mattie?" saaL. the teacher. "I should
fink 'e box bod be full after'a whilel
Womex resemble' flowers. They At ut
up when they sleep.
nc.Tnwaaa i k , rr
Our Ynini" Readers.
unrr?mw - " -
!. T4i tr ! lt SMT,
t pCtvcattuxUffc kUUr tf-
,C UVi - r""
AMI f iH u r wm-j
XTkrettyf' t ' ,
w fc s rt wwii
l,t mt inlr.w.r. fcx stf
V a,-mAt, 4 .
flN4 M rt. M M4 W-
Laxk, 4 m-et i.M
I'ti t&Ni b ws- a !
TVn fc-T tin- "n,
Xrs IR t&r , rrJ--.
a ltT tt . m
Urtrftt m 4 it -'
;-:). awwiu- jirJ.
Uij t- r.W .
lb ttrtr lrk4r erf tmt
Wiwil t tUrtr ml""-,' "tW f t . N
, tht they Wt. wv tiM r.
tt"tt,rt ., tt.r Ifc w4 ! rt
A4 IsViumm M tt . -
MVANI-Kll-A hoy r
Wtm-A TUx v U nv-lM "t
mke LmMt rrirltr uwrut
Mr. INqqKirjjra' enm ot, with fciU
nvp tHl the bark of hi hd and W
sjHwtaclws jmspIuhI hh up on h
!rvhts.vl. t wafrr lh vsritten HtUe
..n ilir. .nlf tit lis ntr. And tive llllll'
" ----" ,-.... , ...
ut-s alterwartt (It mgni iov "
!es... or it might havr Ihtd tnort-) a
cruwd ot eager lmhi lad .ttn'mMeil
around It. uud!ng on tljv-ltjt' to rKwl
Johnnv Jarvis Ivad !ru jut dW -
rnarjrt'tl Iruni ids piaew jvs xvm-.j iu
Irv gtKxIs stoiv tx-oause business va
dull and customers few.
He vva a tine, tall boy of twlve..
w:th bright blark eves rtnd" a lambing
mouth, and he didn't at ait hko liavlwg
nothing to do.
t'hnrlie Warner wante-1 a Uunthii
iM-caii.e therx were a g"-d ninay little
Warners and nothing to feed thorn with
sinee tluir fitth-r died.
Iuis Bnnvn hail been out uf n-gular
emplovmetit ever; since iheohma factory
closed in the fall.
Kor these little follow Uduntfod tt
the innumerable anuv of bm who oan-
not play and eiij.iv the boght hour a
thev irobv. but mut work and drudgo.
mitf count every day lost that d not
bring in its eorresjotiiUiig wtvgus.
Children, did voticverthitik howhnrd
the world was on these jnxir httlo UmI
ors? It was not long before Mr. Peppor-gra-j.'
More wa lull of !nv. vv ho wanted
to run errands aad make themelve.j
Big bt'vs and little bov. tall boys and
short Imi., well-drevoJ bov and hnb
by bo s--d)ov.H who leaned up airaiiist
the tlotir and potato Iwrre.s. as n thev
imd left their backbones at home; !
who atiNxl straight up Ixiv. who tk
oil" their caps, mid !ov who kept them !
on. And Mill thev kept coming.
"Hold on!'. said Mr. I'oppurgrass.
This will do!"
So he took tlown tlie notice am! bolt
ed the n lore-door.
Now, 1 will proceed to business."
said Mr I'epprgrass. rumpling up Id
hair and adj.i-tiug lii spectHcl--. so a t
make his kteti. gra ovei sharper than
A few penetrating glance, half a
dozen questions, and the number ol
bovs was speedily reduced to our three
little f 1 lends -Johnny .larvls, Charlie
Warner anil Louts Brown.
They were all three willing and anx
ious to work; all three brought good
recommendations, bad honest faces,
wanted to enter on the sit nation al
once, and wrote neat, round hands.
Humph! humph!" said Mr. Pepper
grass, with his hands locked under his
coat-tails behind. "There's three of
voti. and I can't find work for three
The little lads Miitl never a word, but
looked eagerly at the grocer, eauli. one
hoping that he might be the boy yeloet
eil "to run errand and make himself
Mr. Pcpprrgniss stared hard al the
spice-boxes and pics-rve-botlIo. in the
window, frowned at the enickcr-loxa,
aud finally made- up bis mind.
' Brown!" taid lie.
"Sir!" saitl Loui Brown.
" I'll trv von on a few Mini. I want
my bov to understand the l'trM princi
ples of arithmetic!"
" I am good at
"Areou?" said Mr. Peppergnuu-.
"Very well; I'll give you a trial."
He wrote down a Iabvrintb of figiinw
on a slate, aud then opened the door of
a little room which communicated with
."sit down here Hroivn. and work i
out the.e sum.-." "aid he. " I'll come 1 J-"1 -''"' P1K are im-s ri nm
to vou in a few minute." j nmnded b grinding, but thuy areMHMtk
Johnnv Jarvi, and Charlie Warner I K''n..ra'!y blown,
looked blankly at each other, then all It ii one of lb odd thing about
tho grocer. 1 marble that girl do not play any of
" Ilea..', sir, what are we to dor' j -1'- gam.-. they rrwte. I'hey .!' mt
said tlie". . 1 !'W and arrows, and mak.) gesl
"Vou are to watt." said Mr. Pepper- 1 archer. Tliy plai wUi kltun: nnd a
gras. .shortiv. "Vour turns will come girl kite will Hy a h;h a a b.j.
m duo tiinc-' Hie- ride on lwrtfk, and ftsfc. timl
The stuns were not especially hard, i wear hati and jwkets; but who irror
ant! IjuLs Brown was quick at figure, -aw girl playing mftrbh Tknrwl m
He soon dispatched his task and began , roa-on why they hs.uM tiotu.- tiarbl
U look aniund. ' :4, much as jnekstraws.; butth'.rdo mH.
It was a Muffv. close-nnielllng little ' "d will not. wJiHm a little InAlnu Xuve
rom, with on window c!oe up Ut the or a coiorud bov will b wry otoch -ceiling,
ant! a curious. oM-faditotied eitcl th- first tiui !n tht j4rt.
book-ease or desk, with glaM door, j and will often lar. lnp-fn. nml
line.! witli failed red silk, in Uu: corner. , hidc-and--k. and cUKtr' loc. t'
"I do wonder what Mr. Pppergr.-i . play it.
keeps there?" .said I.ouis. to him-clf : . The boy' year bogin with inarblr,.
antl after he had wondered a little . Sk.u after tii upon ha b-rttii. tho
whib. he got up ami wen titofUy toward rainy raon end, the -rth Xowomtt
the dek. tTlie key Is in tlw- locJrw" ( !ry. thegras U grnen. thr trej a.j
said he; "there can't be any harm in , covered with foltage, ansl n-jw nmt
looking. Perhaps thrcarenor-byk ! menu are In order. Thrrtt arn Mh, ui
or maybe ciinous snclli and stones by caught, and squirrel. ItirA aad
As tliee thotights crosed hi mind
he open the silk-itncd do)r. Buz-z-zz
- whew! out Hew a beautiful pearl
ljou'ii itftod aghast. Jn ram wr; his
eflorts to capture the little creature.
It fluttered from the top of the book
case to a pile of box.?s beyon.I. and
thence to the top icoltlwg ol the win
dows-. as if it cajovetl thecha-e: and in i
the midst, ol.it all. in came Mr. Pep-
Eh? Whatr' said he "How did
"Please, sir," Faid Louis, hanging
hl head, "the bird go: out, awl I was
trving to catch it again."
"Got out, did it?" said Mr. Pei
grass. -It must be a very ingenious
oiru, to be able to open tne oesc irom
: able to open tne oesc irom
t! You may go, boy. Pm
sin that you wont nit me. I
rove of meddlers."
don t approve 1
So saying, he opened a door whico
led directly out into the back street. gam how elndy tgm i rubt.l
and dis-mied poor Louis Browa without ,o busiaea. Tboaantls of jnn aad
further ceremonr. ajaoy mill, ind much oaev " aad
Now, PearuV aid he lo tiw. Utile nuaerou3 shiw gija o:Bfj. b
dove, who perched on his shoulder at boy play tnarble. It U hovrn too
once, "yots can go back to your net. hov nrnch hot to-tUr ar- like hs bos s
You liave helped me out of the difficulty who l.ved hnndicL aad 'tbotuaitds of
this time--- years ago. Ther not oolr blire thai
Srk let the KtU creature fly oat aH work and no plarmatir Iife
Into the yard, where it beloBged. ,do!i boy." k lhJlSlJTrf
CharlW Warner w the seat one pUy, which wr be likM hea KoS
oshered isto the stoffr. rTssellaig room uln, , lUzmu were fJ bv thlr wo!
lie. loo.-speeaflytiBuhedhHsaaj.-md' and when Confucius wa, trrin-' to
Iegan to look around him for something ? Jeara vrhat the queer charsctert u.i in
to occupy fat sucnuon. Chmwc wmin 3n.I itibS !
- Oh, mv: What a lot of box." .said This P!.fe wlit Uc"rtnt '
he. "piled nn one-above another, hkea wj,in he -aid - ih,. htf U fiVw -. .u
WrtBffc4!Wlr.Tis.M,.Fw y-- w.clSrS
'ras keep in all cf them?" . he lias no Ttwn.ur, unc .i ,t .
' Chatiieli.umed. No a.lvancmg. foot- of his pUvfelK S?
teps were near. He looked canuoasly I in GoLlcn Days. '.
k ifs neiw -"' r -.
- -.Cmm taim V W'TSrJLai-fc
; tw t&sff i-. i--1
inw fclr nlT
1 .(. 4 At tfc. H W1M
- u feu m0r' fee fcU tqrg"14
Mf. -i r"" -
ImhmI . . ,
Mr IVjts wmm
1 ikr f tww -1 y
iMMlHiUtl fc K
1 nv.ilMM --. w'll.
J Wroti't mgv )" J1 1IH,
! tWKMMl to.
i t.i mat fVrH"
; Ulujj t hi. rKj h
, It m tlt Wtor tajr
I oHM.r m H 4nt Vm
l.:' u tur Jutam Jrm w
hi tnm at ih in Jwrinw"! ---tirtt...
Imt h fVl thm jwtiy
Hit. m4 IW t KHk trWl, k
lHrtrfbl t rm f wnWIi. Hk
.. utMtJvrwt vrUdt tv i
I - - ". ... ,. .u. . . ., Ik.,..
ImU n WM tjmt JTlT
' Mwitr H hnt - MjrrW
ru.thHjc thiinl th UwWlttV t
jul ,j, tnwA t. Wf Mr. ' W
ra hnd nbtil l jhK kMB, M
1 ",vr.r tK.Hipfht t vf & W Mjrt
1 u ajj iiuau(-
H srt a tftnvs Jar uf tnit ni
m th nvtd (y Mr, I'upfMjt'
hntl MtuntiHl m'Ktn t". bt wT-
MrihK -l M- ft iWjC K
ftt Hagwr-HwrV vtniW Uam
...t,t visit!.), but J l
uU nit Mr. Ppr,xrai lammm ta4w
TV ! jtrH-or 1-Mr4! t iiw mmlf
: I' nt,, tMHrtir th -dfc. jmv
Ur. kit tfUto-.! ml IIM WWIIWIM
I on inml Uci Ik urMT.
j .-.xhr nul Mr. Wwpetfm, wHtfc n
, jntJ4, k,.nih. V. f viU'Uv ! Vim f
.t,,," 1 WM. Cm rtffU hni- !
. n am nt ni vm t vvtaft
v.WWInv .nil t-n rl aaSr
Aud iJwvt w T Mr. 1'lNlf
nv. 4kiml UUmM wUh n Uuf Im$
Kimlall 0mrt. i OMtm AMffc
It U a Huh tMriw that wn nr ly
itorrttit altil U -fHtw. It rtm m
be know-M ev rv v h-t wt funn. ntl
to have b-sn known t vrrv grl wfcM-.
Slonw tuHHM. Hk r -
have Imm-i touts! in ibrMjf lNm-ftfti.
which w! detMtoltfsl tiinMy Hl4Mim
l"hine." Inust tl.ty w.-m brwtHfihA
from CliUio. whwrw tin Ihi Hi;! tlitM
a oiirj. do. Thv wn ttrl tivkM it
KiiIuih! nb.Hit .V I Ui. 'IWv m
taken frMi Huiiattd. hnI wr Mlro
dme.1 to imtvwmI ebiidt -ltef
bowl." by xviii(f thMii h x -will tt
'I"h l!rt marble vrt wmi w. !!
peewevs and r..mmti. nui iHay wr
uB!e JrotM tlav bv ln.sin. Tumy trt
verv weleoiiie t. lh Wiyr. ftinl mmm
eati'io Ito such ) tht li-UrW vsh
IhhU to ummttncMM'w ltm. Ik m
.'hielly uindw ill Suxutiy. mid at !-
sUtn. in ('eriimnr. wjier Uiy lt
work for that purp. In th vUrt
isahvuv a Hut, siHiiounry sHm, wHb
furntvvs .m its Mirfaee. A hitvo imk
or block of wood if. Ml-ieMJ.r'r Uni
stone, and kit niovtuic. mmII''
water power him! -M.iiit-itiiii'lviiiM
I'lie slone to h HSh! i I4rt hrofcrii
siuaK 5'piares by workmen. TJ' huu
dfed nftliP.. -.qilarn rm thrown nUi
tlie mill, and water U nl'.l to "rn
among them. Th tWK.vuijf plank or
bbnk kipsthe bit of unt r !; ainl
grinding vviilmi ili ftirrow, w thxit tho
edges are r:idly worn awaf ail lhy
This work in nt tpilek fhnt a V
mill can make quit" T0.XJ t'umiHm hi
one .lay. and that Ik inr tha a if
full of' IhS could los.i AMt wtoi iH a
week, if they didn't jday V huokuj at
the name fcitiio.
This is tlie way In which all tlie q!wp.
est mnrblen nrt made. It 1 elionpi-r
than the way In fhfrm, whaiVir tknt
may be. and now the peojde of llitr
matiy fell marble to 1 'hum, and Indfti.
and Atitr.ilin. and South Auivnea.
The agate cannot b toadv m. 'Iho
workmen lint chip ih Mohh vrlUra
hammer b hand, ami then hmmhI iht
I agates on a grindtm.
and Variegated gllU t!tfl whieharit
I raljbit to lw trapp.h It 1 prm.iot,
10 tiic- Joag waJKA in the ior or in
the fi W. Th-'n klt-Sring anI bt
troll, and fot-bii!. and urUsknt. awit
boating, and berrying eom aionif.
witlt tling. and bows am! arrourji. ami
swimming. Marble r-atlfy )iirolue)
Although lhf?rc ictg and ooa
ing in som States iu winter, rnt vi-
tr anmstmrtj! ar; undir &trr and
sedentary, ih-y are rerj piw-uant
ai uciuiy ano ijcruap tm rcon
why Nortbijrn ra.o.s n! Suthrii 1
that during a part of rrrr yr thy
are forced to sek h--Uef, atnl thi
read and l&icTc
But this confinement makos freedrjn
all the more tdeasfng; anil the bojx
who bound with a hout in ad their
uiley tnrough hng-taw. or their aate
or oommoa throtigh. fortifcUica.r'ar.l
ready to leave their marblo in- a few-
we forotber pleawre.
uiley through long-taw. or their aate
It i shown ia ihli sj-caant of t'n
n n"r' -- " -- , !... TJmxt
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