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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (May 13, 1880)
THE EED CLOUD CHIEF.
H. L. IBOAS. PsbUUiir.
BEDCLOn:,, TZ NEBRASKA.
1 parsed a twiat. to-day on tho Khor
, Tnat will bo launched on the eea no more.
Worn nnd twittered tho straight keel bent.
The Bide, like a ruined rampart, rent;
Iicft nlono, with no covering.
For who would steal such a useless thin??
It was shnpcly once, when tho shipwright's
llad laid each plank as the master planned;
And It danced for Joy on the curling wave,
V ben first the Bca'a broad breast it clave;
And It felt tho pulse of the wcll-tlmod etvokc
That rang on the tboie-pln of tuneful oak.
. Oft it has curried homo tho toil
Of Ushers, rtd with iUjt-lon toll;
And often, in Suit mer ,lny ,t kncw
Tho laugh of a '.ileasuro-seekln;? crew;
Or lnuncP-CHl by night on tho blinding waves
It oixs rescued u llfo from the sea's dark
It is useless now, as It lies on the lcoch,
Drawn high beyond the billow's reach;
And none of all it has served In stroa
ltemembi-x It uow in its lonelincM.
F. 11". JJotirttifUm, in Spectator.
THE LITTLE WHITE DOOR.
1 surrosE that most boys anil girls
who go to school and study geography
know, by sight at least, tho little patch
of pale pink which in marked on tho
mapas " Switzerland." I suppose, too,
that if I asked " What can you tell me
itbout Switzerland?" a gjeat many of
them would crv out, " It is a mountain
ous country. The Alps are there, Mont
Blanc is there, the highest land in Eu
rope." All this is true, but I wonder
if all of those who know ever so much
have any idea what a beautiful country
Switzerland is? Not only are tho nioim,.
tains very high and very grand, bjt the
valleys which lie between. 5.7 e as green
as emerald, and full of Iiil sorts of wild
flowers, there aro akes of the loveliest
blue, rivers vbich foam and dnsh as
merrily rivers do in America, and tho
prettiest farmhouses in the world,
cliut-ts the Swiss call them, with steep
roofs and hanging balconies, and mot
toes and quaint ornaments carved all
over their fronts. And the most pecu
liar and marvelous thing of all is the
ptrangc nearness of tho grass and herb
age to the snows. High, high up in the
foldings of the great ,mountrtlnv on
whose tons winter sits all thu yearlong,
are lovely little vallcvs hidden away,
where goats and sbcep'fced by the side
of glacier-fed slVeams, and the air is full
of the tinklo of their bells, and of tho
sweet srr,ulls of the mountain flowers.
- The 'Iw't of these streams lifts an odd
color which z.' other waters have, asort
of milky blue-gicn, like an opal. Even
on the hottest days a chilly air plays
over their surface, the fc-cath, as it
were, of the great ice-fields above, from
whose melting snows tho streams are
fed. And still the higher jou climb,
the greener grow the pastutvs find tho
thicker tho blossoms, while- tho milk in
the chalet pans seems half cream, it is
w rich. Delicious milk it is, ice cold,
and fragrant as if tho animals which
produce it had fed on flowers. Oh.
Switzerland is a wonderful land indued!
One day as I sat in a thicket of Alp
roses in one of those lovely, lonely tip
per valleys, I happened to raise 1113 eyes
and noticed, high in the cliff above, a
tall, narrow rock as whito as snow,
which looked exactly like a door set in
the face of tho gray precipice. An old
ehepherd came by, and 1 asked him
about it. Ho said it wa called " Tho
Door," and that tho valley was called
The Valley of the Door" by some
folks because of it, but that its real
namo was die Frilzcnlhal, or "Fritz's
Valley," on account of a boy called
Fritz who once lived. I wanted to know
about tho boy, and as the old man had
a little time to spare, he sat down be
side me and told this story, which I will
Jiow tell you.
" It was many, many years ago (the
ehepherd said), so many that no man
now remembers exactly when it hap
pened Fritz's mother was a widow,
and he w:is her only child. They were
poor people, and had to work hard for
a living. Fritz was a steady, faithful
lad, and did his best. All day long ho
dug and toiled, horded his goats,
milked, fed; in tho winter ho carved
wooden bowls for sale in the lower val
Jey, but work as he would, it was not
always easy to keep the meal-bin full.
What made it harder, were tho strango
Morms which every few months swept
the valley and damaged the crops. Out
of the blue sky, as it were, these storms
would suddenly drop. The sun would
. be shining one moment, the next, great
torrents of ruin would begin to fall and
fierco winds to blow, Hooding tho crops
and carrying drifts of sand and gravel
across tho fields; or again, at other
.times, no rain would fall for months to
gether, and every green thing would be
burned and dried up. while perhaps
at the very same time the lower valleys
had plenty of rain. This happened so
often that people gave tho Thai the
name of 4 The Unlucky Valley,' and it
was accounted a sad thing to have to
get your living there. Tho climate is
very different now praised bo God.
44 You can see, niadame, that Fritz's
lot was not strewn with roses. Still he
was a brave lad, and did not lose heart.
He had no playfellows, but sometimes
in the long summer days wheu ho sat to
' watch the herd, he would tell himself a
story by way of amusement, and almost
always these stories were about the
White Door up there, which was as
much a marvel then as now. At last,
by dint of looking and dreaming, it
grew to be so like a real door to him,
"that he resolved one day to climb up and
see it closer."
"Up there P' I cried wIth horror.
44 Yes, madame. It was very rash.
Any ordinary boy would have been
dashed to pieces, but Fritz was wiry,
strong and active as a mountain goat.
There are no such, boys left now-a-days.
One night, while his mother slept, he
Btole away, climbed as high as he dared
k by moonlight, took a wink of sleep
"tinder a shelving rock, and with the
first dawn began to make his way up
ward, testing every foothold, and mov
ing cautiously, for though he loved ad
venture, Fritz was by no means a fool
hardy boy, and had no mind to lose his
life if wit and care could keep it safe.
But the climb was a terrible one. He
had been on precipices before, but never
on such as this. Only God's goodness
saved him again and again. A hundred
times he wished himself back, but to
return was worse than to go on. So up
and up he went, and at last, scaling
that sheer brown cliff which you see
there, and throwing himself breathless
on a narrow ledge, he found himself
close to the object of his desires. There,
just before him, was the Little White
44 The sight restored his energies at
once. It was a real door that he saw
at a glance, for there was a latoh, and a
keyhole and a knocker, all carved of
white stone, and on the door a name in
good German characters Die WolkenJ
I do not know the name in English."
44 It is 4 Clouds,' " I told him.
4 'Ah, yes, ' die clouds.' Fritz could
hardly believe his eyes, as you may
"Pretty soon he grew bold, and seiz
ing the knocker he gave a loud rap.
Nobody answered at hrst, so he rapped
again, louder and louder, until the
sound echoed from the rocks like thun
der. At last the door opened very
Euddenly, and some one drew Fritz in
antfshufthe door again quickly. All
was dark inside, but he felt a cool wrist
touch on his wrist, and a hand he could
not ace led him along a rocky paw age
into the heart of tho cliff.
44 After a while a glimmtiring light
appeared, and tho passage turned nd
deuly into a large hall, which was full
of people, Fritz thought at first, but
then he saw that they were not people,
but strange rounded shapes in white or
gray who moved and bound!, and
seemed to be playing a game of some
Bort, It was likt s. game of bowls, but
the tilings they rolled to and fro on the
rocky floor we're not balls, but shapes
like themselves, only smaller and round
er, and of all beautiful colors, red and
purplw and yellow. The cfeatri
liked to roll. It would jwn., lor they
skipped and jumriftt .; they wont along,
and jnugbij't Vvith a Sort of crackling
laughter, which echoed sadly back from
the roof of the cave. Tho big shapes
laughed too in great booming tones.
Altogether they made a great deal of
noise. Still the damp IltUo hand clasped
Fritz's wrist, and looking down, he saw
that his guide was no other than one of
thoMi samo small shapes which were tha
balls of the game. There Was some
thing so familiar in tho pink-checked
fleecy outliue, that in his surprise Fritz
forgot to be afraid, and spoke aloud,
crying, 4Why! it's a cloud:'
44 To be sure. What did you eup
pose me to be, and why did vou come
to the clouds1 house If you didn't want
to see clouds?' replied tho thing.
44 4 Didn't you see our namo oil the
door? Or nerhans vou can't reaif.
stupid!' demanded a farge white cloud,
leaving the group of players and com
ing up to Fritz and his companion.
4,4 Yes, I can read, and I did Be?
the name,' stammered Fritz, 'itlll i
You did and you didn't; how In
telligent you seem to be,1 Said the
white cloud, with a toss and curl; While
a big black thundercloud, pitching a
little ysliow Mil clear across the cave,
shouted In sullen tones which echoed
frightfully from the rocks overhead,
4 What's that boy doing here spoiling
our game? Cumulus, if your roll.
Turn that little beggar out. Ho has no
business hero, Interfering with the
sports of his betters!"
44 Fritz trembled, but his small con
ductor faced tho black cloud undaunt
edly. 44 ' Hold your tongue!' he said. 4 This
boy is my visitor. I let him in, and
you're not to bully him. I won't per
44 ' Yon, indeed!' blustered tho thun
dwloud. 4 Pray what can you do
about it. Little Pink? I shall say
what I like, and do as I like.'
44 4No, j'ou won't,' cried all tho small
clouds together, rearing themselves up
from tho iloor. 4 Wo fair-weather
clouds aro not a bit afraid of you, as
you know. Wo know very well how to
drive you black ones away, and Wo will
do it now if you are not civil.' Their
voices though bright were threatening,
nnd one little violet bit made a dash
straight at tho nose of tho thunder
cloud, who shrank into a corner, mutter
" 'Don't be at all afraid,' said Little
Pink to Fritz.in a patronizing tone.
4He8ha'n't do you any harm. That
sort of cloud is always afraid to face us,
because we are so many, you see, and
can serve him as ho deserves. Well
now, aud what brought you up here,
44 4 1 didn't know who lived here, and
I wanted so much to see,' replied Fritz,
44 You didn't? Didn'tyou know that
this was our house?' demanded tho lit
tle cloud, astonished.
444 No, indeed. I didn't even know
that you had a house.'
44 What? Not know that? Pray,
where did you suppose wo were wheu
you didn't see us in tho sky?' cried Lit
tle Pink. 4 A house! Of course we
have a house. Everybody has one.
You've got a houso yourself, haven't
you? Why, we've lived here always,
all wo clouds. Sometimes wo have
great family meetings, when we get to
gether and indulge In all sorts of fun
and frolic, never going out-doors for
weeks at a time.'
44 4Oh, those must bo U13 times when
our fields all burn up, and the streams
run dry, and the poor cattlo low with
thirst,' said Fritz, suddenly enlight
ened. 4 So you aro enjoying yourselves
up hero all the time, are you? I call
that very unkind, and' suddenly rec
ollecting where he was, ho hung his
head, abashed at his own daring.
44 Little Pink hung his head, too, with
a grieved face.
44 4 1 never thought of that before,' he
said, penitently. 4It was pleasant for
us, and the time went fast. 1 recollect
now that tho world has looked rather
queer and yellow sometimes when we
have come out again after a long ab
sence, but it grew green presently, and
I did not suppose any one minded'
44 All this while a strange growling
sound had been going on in a room
opening from the hall, across whose en
trance stout bars were fixed.
44 'What is that?' asked Fritz, unable
longer to restrain his curiosity.
44That? That's only the North
Wind,' replied Little Pink, in an absent
tone. "We've shut him up, because
he has no business to bo abroad in the
summer, aud he's such a restless crea
ture, and so violent, that he will break
loose if he can, and do all manner of
mischief. Last year, about this time,
he got out and raised a great storm,
and made a fearful mess of it down be
low.' 444 1 recollect. That was the storm
that killed three of our sheep, and
mined the barley crop,' exclaimed
Fritz. 40, it was dreadful. We had to
make half a loaf do the work of a whole
one all winter long in consequence. It
was hungry times in tho valley, I can
tell you. un, tne evil wind: '
""4 You poor fellow,' cried the little
cloud. Well, he's safo now, as you
see. He can't get out and plague you
this year, at least. But I'm so sorry
you went hungry. It wasn't our fault;
really it wasn't, still 1 should like to
make it up to you somehow, if I could.'
He reflected a moment, then he went
forward and gave a call which col
lected all the other clouds around him.
Fritz watched them consulting to
gether; at last they moved toward him
in a body.
44 'Now, Boy,' said Little Pink, -who
seemed to have elected himself spokes
man, 4becauso you're a good boy and
have had bad luck, and because you're
the first boy who ever came up here
and rapped on our door, we're going
to propose a bargain. So long as you
live in the valley below and are steady,
and work hard and keep a kind heart
in your bosom for the people not so well
off as yourself, so long we will look af
ter your farm and befriend it. Water
shall fall on it regularly, flood and tem
pest shall spare it, the grass shall
never dry, nor the brook fail nor the
herds lack for food. We shall watch
closely, and so long as you keep your
word we will keep ours. Do you agree?'
44 4 What! never any more droughts,
never any floods,' cried Fritz, unable
to believe such good news. Oh, how
happy mother will be! Indeed, indeed
I wul do my bestpray believe that I
44 4 The proof of the pudding,' began
Cumulus, but Little Pink silenced him
witn a wave of his hand.
"Very well you do your best and
e will do ours,r he said, in a cheery
jow about getting you home.
1 know how late it is?'
44 No,' said ntz, who had forgotten
all about time.
44 4It is just noon.'
"Really! Oh, how frhihtened the
mother will be,' cried Fritz, his heart
sinking, as he thought of the terrible
cliffs which he must descend.
44 4He never can go home as he came,'
declared a rainbow, craning its long.
cttrred neck like a giranVa over the
beads of tfc others.
"Til tell ydu, let as all carry him
down on our shoulders,' suggested Lit
" 'So we will,' shouted the clouds in
a chonis. And jostling and laughing
they all crowded into the narrow pas
sage, bearing Fritz in their midst. As
tho door swung open in swept fresh
visitors, a crowd of tiny scurrying
shapes, and some one behind, whipping
them along with a lasfi cf riwiy-colorcd
t " 'Wily, .where are you all goingr
Demanded the new comer, in a oreezy
voice. 'I've collected these stray
lambs from hither aud yon, and now
I'm in for tho day. What tks you
'We'll not be gorie a minute. We're
only going to carry this boy home;' an
swered tho rest; while Little Pink
whispered in Fritz's ear, 4 That's the
West Wind. He's a great favorite with
" 'Hallo ! A boyl Why. so it is.'
cried West Wind. He pounced on
Fritz as he spoke, kissed him. ruffled his
hair, boxed his cars softly, all in a mini
utc. Then, with a gar, whooping laugh
ho vanished into the passage, while the
clouds, raising Fritz, floated downward
like a flock of white-Winged birds. Little
Pink lay under his check like a pillow.
Softly as thistle-down touches earth
they landed on the valley floor, laid
Fritz on a bed of soft grass, and rose
again-, leaving him there. He looked
up to watch them rise, bright and smil
ing; Little Pink waved a rosy hand.
Higher and higher sailed the clouds,
then they vanished Into the door, and
the door was shut."
I anl telling tho story, as you see,
father in my own words than in those of
the old shepherd, but you won't mind
that. Thu truth is, I cannot remember
the exact language he used, but so long
as I keep to the main points of tho his
tory it doesn't much matter, does it ?
In n few nlihutes Fritz recovered his
wits and made haste home, for ho feared
his mother might be alarmed at his long
ftbscndc. She was hot, however, for she
supposed that he had risen early, as ho
sometimes did, and taking a piece of
bread in his hand, had followed the goats
up the valley, breakfasting by the way.
She met him, full of wonder at a strange
thing that had happened.
" btich a queer mist filled tho valley
just now," she said, "1 could not see
the sun at all. I feared a storm was
coming, but presently it rolled away all
in a minute, nnd left the day as fine as
over. Did you notice it? 1 never saw
anything like it before."
Fritz let his mother wonder, and
held his peace. She would think that
he had fallen asleep and dreamed it
nil, bo was sure; in fact, after a little,
he himself began to believe that it was
But dream or no dream, the strapge
thing was that it came true! From
that time on tho climate of the Un
lucky Valley seemed to change. Years
passed by without a single drought or
inundation. When the pastures below
were parched with thirst, rain fell on
Fritz's fields, keeping them green as
emerald. All his crops succeeded
his goats and sheep gave double share
of milk, and little by little he grew
'Tho Lucky Valley," people now
called tho once unlucky spot, while to
Fritz they gave tho namo of " The Fa
vored of tho Saints." Year after year
his gains went on increasing. Grad
ually all thu land in the valley became
his, except one tiny strip, thero at the
upper end, which belonged to a widow,
poor as Fritz's mother was used to bo.
This strip Fritz desired to buy, but tho
widow refused to sell, though he of
fered a largo price. Sho had como
there a bride, she declared, with the
myrtle-crown on her head, and there
she wished to die and be buried when
her time should come. The memory
of his own poor mother, who had died
somo timo before, might have made
Fritz pitiful to this lonely woman, but
his heart had grown hard with con
tinued prosperity; and it angered him
to be opposed. So when after many
attempts she persisted in her resolu
tion, ho tried harsher means. The
widow had debts. These he bought up.
and when she could not pay he brought
the pressure of the law to bear, and
turned her from her home.
44 Tho very night after he had watched
her depart, weeping and broken
hearted, as he lay on his bed, feeling at
last that the valley was all his own, the
Little White Door opened on the cliffs
far above, and out came the clouds.
44 Not pink and purple now, smiling
and full of good will, but black and
wrathful Like a flock of dark vultures
they swooped at the sleeping valley.
Floods of rain fell, fierce winds tore and
raved, the river rose and burst its
bounds carrying all before it, and Fritz,
awakened by the fearful roar, had just
time to escape from his bed and gain
the nearer hillside, when the waters
struck the chalet and bore it away in
ruins down tho valley, as though it were
no more than a bubble of foam. The
crops were swept off, the flocks drowned
in the fields. Fritz clung to a tree
trunk through that fearful night, listen
ing to the hiss and rush of the flood,
and the bleatings of the drowning
sheep; and ever and anon it seemed as
if shapes, dimly seen through the
darkness, swooped at and buffeted him,
while voices cried in his ear, 4 Promise
breaker! Widow-spoiler! Is Ww the way
you keep faith with tho clouds?'
44 When morning dawned it revealed
a scene of ruin. Not a blade of barley
remained in the meadows, not a blade
of grass in the fields. The labor of
years had vanished in a single night
44 It served him right," said I.
44 Ah. my lady," replied the old
shepherd, "God is more merciful to
sinners than we men can be. Fritz was
not wicked at heart. He saw his fault
now in the light of his misfortune, and
was sorry for it. Gladly would he have
made amends, but he was poor now as
the poorest, for the waters lay over the
earth, and did not run off, as waters
generally do. The fertile valley was
become a hike, into which points of
land, fringed with broken and battered
trees, pushed themselves. It was a sad
News of the disaster reached the
lower valleys, and the kindly peasants
flocked to help. But what .could they
do till tho water receded? Nothing.
They could only say comforting words
and return to their homest leaving Fritz
to his fate.
44 He waited many days, then he
formed a bold resolution. He determ
ined to climb the cliff once more, knock
at the Little White Door, and plead
with the clouds for forgiveness."
44 That was bold, indeed," I said.
44 It was a much harder task than it
had been years before, when he was a
boy and his joints were supple," con
tinued the old shepherd. 4 Onlv des
peration carried him upward, but at
last he did reach the door. He knocked
many times without answer, and when
at length the door opened no merry lit
tle cloud appeared, bat a tall, gloomy
white one, which looked like a sheeted
ghost. 3fo game was going on in the
great halL The clouds, dressed in
black, each with his thunder-cap on,
sat side by side, and frowned on Fritz
as he stood in the midst and made his
44 I have sinned,' he said, sadly, as
he ended, 4 1 have sinned grievously,
and I am justly punished, f forgot my
promise to you, meine ferret, and I can
not complain that you broke yours to
me. But give me one more chance, I
implore you. Let me atone for my
fault, and if I .fail again, punish me as
"It seemed to him that the clouds
grew a little less gloomy as he spoke.
and theft Totcc were grntle a thev
replied; Very well, we will consider ol
it. Kow goV There was no offer to
carry him this time. Exhausted and '
weary heeroped his way down at ptril .
to life and limb, and more dud than
alivo crept into the miserable shod
which had replaced bis home, with no
assured hope as to what tho clotnl
might elect to da.
,4 But 16, In the morninr. tha waters
haU begun to fall. He hardly dared o
lieve his eyes, but day by day they
slowly grew le-n. By the end of "a fort
night the ground was left bare. Such
land! Hough, seamed, gullied by the
flood, covered with slime from the
mountain side and with rocks and
graveL It itemed a hopelesJ task Ui
reclaim it again into paituru-
44 But Fritz was a strongman and hi-j
will was good. Little by littlo the
rocks were removed, the fields reaown.
and the valley restored to its old fruit
fulness. Tho soil seemed richer than
ever before, as if the mud and ttlime
which had lain so long on the surface
were possessed of somo fertilizing qual
ity. Another chalet in Jimc arose, in
place of the old one. By the end of
fifteen years Fritz again wm a rich man.
richer than before. But Ins bard heart
had been drowned in the flood, anil tho
ndw heart which he brought back from
the Little White Door wu M)ft and
kind. As soon as he could, he sought
out the poor widow, and restored to her
all she had lout, land and home nnd
goats. Later on ho wedded her niece,
a good and honest maiden, and they
look tho widow to live under their own
roof, and were to her as a son and
daughter. So the last vears of Fritz
were his best years, and bin name 4Tho
Favored of the Saints' tvtuck to him for
the rest of his life. And it is from him
that this valley is named The Frilzen-
Uuil, my ladv." '
" And is tho story really a true one?"
I asked. " ,
44 Ah, who knows?" said the old ,
shepherd, shaking his head wisely.
44 The world has so .many liars in it that
no one can bo sure." Then he took oil
his odd pointed hat, made a bow, called
to his goats, and went his way down tho
Valley, followed by the herdwith their
niany-keyed tinkling bells. .
I looked up. The Little White Door
shone out of the face of the cliff all rosy
pink with sunset. It was time for mo
to go also.
"At least," I thought, "if the story
is not all tnie, if it has changed and
grown a little during the course of tho
years, at least it is a good storv. ani I
am glad I heard it." Susan t'oolidge, ,
n hxaimncr and Chronicle.
Now that that class wlio get their
living by their wits are apprised of tho
fact that farmers are reasonably favored,
and tiuitc likely to have a littlo money
on hand, or a good name at tho banks
they aro on the alert. Nearly every loft
in the larger cities is supplied with
shafting, whirled by steam power in the
basement. Over "the pulleys of this
shafting, belts go to rooms here and
there, in which every sort of catch
penny device, and a sprinkling of useful
things aro made. Look at the adver
tisements in a city daily and read the
inquiries for partners "to manufacture
something sure to sell," and on which
the profits are reported to be all tho
way from one hundred to three hundred
per cent. To sell the products o' these
upper lofts, especially the catch-penny
Iiortion, men with oily tongues are sent
lither and thither, and their hurried
pull at tho bell rope is a familiar sound
to housewives, flio country over. For
there is hardly a hamlet, or nook or cor
uer into wSich their audacity has not
led them. In the absence of something
to sell, they are not at a loss, as lor in
stance, the recent new dodge brought
out in an Eastern State. A well dressed
chap with a business air, drives up hur
riedly to a farmer's door, representing
himself as. employed by the Govern
ment to obtain tho agricultural
statistics for the census. He demands
to know the number of cattle and
other stock, acres under cultivation,
kind of crops, etc. Having tilled
up his blank in a very business-like
manner, ho asks the farmer to sign the
statement, first running over the figures,
that the farmer may see that no mistake
is made in the numbers entered in the
blank. This is merely done as a blind,
diverting attention from the fact that
there is a space just above the signature
giving room to fill in a note of hand. In
a month or so tho farmer gets notice
from a neighboring bank that his note
for an amount named in the notice will
fall due on a given day, and to which his
prompt attention will be expected. Now
there is no dodge too audacious for these
chaps to undertake, and, whether it be
the census trick or somo other equally
bold, the farmers should show them the
door early in tho interview. If they
meet you and attempt au interview in
side of the gate, then show them the
gate, with a hint about a big dog in the
back yard, always promptly at hand
upon call. If they climb tho fence to
you while in the field, point to the way
back over the fence, and if the dog is
not at hand point significantly to the
toe of your stogy boot, or hint that you
know exactly how to take a man of his
size by the seat of his breeches. West
ern Farm Journal.
Raising Sugar Beet.
Speaking on this subject the Ameri
can Cultivator says:
"The friends of progressive agricul
ture will be pleased to learn that the
beet-sugar industry in New England,
so recentl a matter of theory, pro
nounced by some conservative authori
ties as visionary and impracticable, has
been reduced to a plain, matter-of-fact
business operation. That sugar-beets
can be successfully raised in this sec
tion and that beet-sugar can be profita
bly manufactured in our own midst aro
no longer matters of doubt, even in the
minds of the most skeptical, however
simple the proposition may have ap
peared to the friends of the" enterprise.
The fact that within the past ninety
days nine hundred tons of sugar anil
molasses have been produced by a sin
gle company in our neighboring citv of
Portland, from beets raised in New
England, is of itself worthy of mention,
marking as it does, the dawn of a grand
and remunerative industry.
44 The importance of this fact, is, how
ever, increased when we consider that
the whole of this sugar and molasses,
which found ready sale in Boston and
New York for SI 10,000, has been pro-,
duced upon 1,100 acres of land, or less
than two square mile of territory; in
other words, each acre of sugar-heets
in the State of Maine has produced 1,
633 pounds of sugar and molasses; or,
to be more explicit, each acre has
yielded 1,200 pounds of sugar and
433 pounds of molasses, which exceeds
the average product per acre from
sugar-cane in Louisiana."
Rice akd Apple Soct.e. Boil 1
two tablespoonfuls of nee m half a
pint of milk; add, when soft, the yelks
of two eggs, and sugar to taste; make
a wall with it around the sides of the
dish. Stew some pared and cored ap
ples until soft, fill the center of the
dish with them, fill up the apertures in
the apples with candied sweetmeats or
jelly, and cover the whole with the
whites of the eggs beaten to a stiff
froth and sprinkled thick with white
powdered sugar. Brown in the oven
and serve with cream.
Copper rings for ringing bulls look
better than steel rings, but are not so
safe. We have never seen the green
slime from the copper, that somo writers
tell of. Perhaps it was grass.
Tfce Cats la 5ew Tort Cltjr.
Tit great obUcle in the way of thr
growth of the Chinco population of
New York city at precn' U the di fa
culty thy bare In procuring building
for habitations and bulnet purpo4 la
any desirable p-ort of the town. They
are now scattered in all vrctiocJ of the
city, bv twus, three, and half dotca.
in ;he laundry busiaa, but their quar
ter U the loVer end of Mott utreet.
There their peculiar institution flour
kb; there their torv are; then? their
lire-crackers and tea-chct lingo Is
flaunted glaringly uja red paprr at al
mot every dtKrT But the lower end
bf Mott street U an unsavory locality,
disagreeably ciue to B.ocialions of
vice, crime." and poverty, by reason at
which the Chinese are unjutlr but nat
urally comjK'Ued by mere proximity to
bear "a worse reputation than they de
fccrve. Yet even here landlord., e
wcially Ir.sh projHjrty owners, are bo
coming mure ami more unwilling to
rent houe.s to them. Negotiations are
now in progress with a gentleman who
owns jeveral large houses on Kleventh
street near Third avenue, and alo with
anoth'ir who owns .some tenements
Hear .sith avenue, a little dUtaned be
low Greenwich avenue. In one or the
other of th-e localities a Chme col
ony will probably be established ere
long, and in euure of time Mott street
will, in all likelihood, be nlandoned by
them. But they insist primarily upon
low rents, and "are averse to living at
any great distance from their work,
which, in the case of most of them, is
in down-town establishments. They
are not unreasonable In the matter of
requiring largo accommodations for
Miiall rent. More of them will get
along comfortably in a riven space than
of any other human beings alive. In
San rranciseo they not only cut up or
dinary .sized rooms, in leaded buildings,
into the mot diminutive apartmeuU by
tartitions, but where there aro extra
ligh ceilings they not infrequently run
in intermediate floors. So, in the ag
gregate, the rental of a building devoted
to tlu-m would doubtless" bo high, yet
the pressure of it ujhhi individuals e
tremely low. One recommendation in
their favor, if Sa:: Francisco landlords
are to be believed, is that they pay their
rent; but the offset to that, oh the amo
authority, is that after they have in
habited a house for somo time it be
comes so impregnated with the scent
of opium smoke and tho stiH worse
odor of a peculiarly smelling tobacco
which they use, that it is uninhabita
ble by anybody but Mongolians.
Here in New York there is not, as
vet, any such overcrowding as in San
Francisco, yet the manner in which
they utilize space is really remarkable.
Take Wo-Kee's store, for example. It
is tho principal Chinese store on Mott
street, consequently tho leading one in
New York. It contains apparently
.somewhere near a million ditlereut
things of the most incongruous charac
ter. There are an infinity of diminu
tive pasteboard boxes filled with Chi
nese medicines gigantic pills, roots,
herbs, barks, seeds, and such like.
There are incense sticks, jadu brace
lets; strange evolutions of Celestial
fancy in tho way of ornamentation, like
glorified valentines; quaint and pretty
tea services, dried sharks' fins, looking
like tangled strips of amber-tinted glue;
ducks split, baked in peanut oil, aud
flattened out dry, so as to look like
f.trangc caricatures ol dragons; sweet
meats in infinite variety, tints that no
body but a Chinaman knows tho name
o(, dried mushrooms, opium and pipes
for smoking it, tobacco, teas of many
kinds, somo of them exquisito nnd
much more expensive than any Amer
ican store sells; silks, fungus-looking
black lumps, of which it is guaranteed
that a small bit will make tho dmukest
man immediately sober; sandals and
Chinese clothing. In short, it is gro
cery, dry goods store, jewelry shop,
drug store, curiosity shop, and twenty
other things, and yet Is all comprised
in tho space of a small front parlor,
with a narrow branch into a back room,
necessarily small, so as to leave space
for a well-patronized lodgings depart
ment. There is a littlo opeu space in
tho center of the store, just enough for
three or four customers to stand in, but
beyond that not an inch is wasted. On
a little table near the window stands
tho inevitable tea-pot and a number of
h'ttle cups, preparation for a hospitality
that the Chinese merchant extends to
every one Behind the narrow little
counter is Wo-Keu himself, bland,
courteous, deft in running up sums
with the buttons of his Chinese abacus,
artistic in his manipulation of the
camel's-hair brush with which he paints
the mysterious symbols of his account
books, graceful and exact in the weigh
ing out by his ivory and thread balance
(on the steelyard pattern) of the minute
cniantities of opium constantly in de
mand by his customers. Ar. I". 5mm.
Intelligence of Elephants Some of
Their Practical Jokes.
44 My family have been in the circus
business for seventy years," said Frank
Melville, the equestrian, to a New York
5mh reporter, "and my earliest memories
are of incidents of show life. Speaking
of elephants, I once rode forty miles on
the back of one, old Tippoo S'aib, when
I was only six years old, and ever since
have been around where they were and
had opportunities for studying their
ways. I don't want any more intimate
association with them than that, but so
far they have a real fascination for me.
During the tenting season, when I am
not at work in the ring, the mo3t likely
place to find mo is in the vicinitv of the
elephants. I never get tired of watch
ing them, for they are always doing
something new, showing how intelli
gent, cunning, and I may say devilish,
they are. They understand what is said
to them as well as most people do, and
think about what they, want to do just
as a person would. I have seen ele
phants again ami again, when they
thought nobody was about to watch them,
perpetrate the'fts with an ingenuity in
avoiding detection that a human thief
would hardly beat. It is no uncommon
thing for an elephant to pull up the
stakes to which he is chained, go to a
feed bin containing oats or carrots,
wrench off the lock, raise the lid, eat all
he wants, put down the lid again, re
turn to his place, poke the stake to
which his chain is fastened back into
the same hole it came out of and stamp
it down with his foot, and then when
his keeper comes he will look as inno
cent as a lamb; bat if you'll watch the
beast until the man begins cursing about
the robbery of the feed bin. you'll ob
serve an amused twinkle in his wicked,
watchful little eyes that shows his en
joyment of the situation- The elephant
is "always on the lookout to play a trick
Incautiously leave a jacket or a shirt
where he can get at it, and he will,
when he thinks himself unobserved, de
liberately pull every button off it, and
then put it back just where you left it,
and show that he finds it funny when
you get mad. I have seen two of them
get up a sham fight to attract the atten
tion of a third, so that a fourth could
get a chance to steal the feed of the
-The- funniest thing I know of,
though, about elephants was old man
Lent's adventure with a dwarf Asiatic
specimen that he had here in his 'New
York show. It was a comical looking
little beast little for an elephant, that
is with no tusks and with ears like
wings, and Lent used to try to make a
pet of it- He would go into the room
where he persisted in keeping it in a
heat like that of a bake-oven. and
would fool about it until the keeper
told him to take care or it would hurt
him. But he pooh-poohed that. I'll
take my eaue and scalp hm if he
i!ocul benarw B!mclf.' U old taut !
would r. Oa nbt. wha tmckorr f
and njwlf wtre urrwia, we brd
from tfiat rom. acr n. a fmt nol
of Hibodj couching, aad rroUrrisjr
and isoutieg. 'Ah' Would rvuf Quit
thai! Oh! and calllo fer help, W
ran cut, aad tho albt w n juit
paralrl a both with laughter Tbrrp
was Lent. Uacke4 up lat tho wH.
In a corner, and the dwarf clephaat try
ing to butt the life out of huu, but the
bea,t' chala wm o bori that hn
couldn't get a fair rhnc t hlai. and
could only nk la bW tonuwb a couple
of fw?t or"o at every drive. The keep
er oon put a top to the eb-pk&al
fan4 but 1 don't know how lt it wjw
before Leaf belly rounded out aaiato
lis former fair proportion.
An IrUfc Farm.
IuaOIXE a level country, with few
trees xnd no forvu, cut up into ery
small, irregular field by toae wall.
It Ls of iuch laud that frUh farnxs are
composed. In most counties there i
a great deal of boggy. njtr Ur.d,
from which the farmers cut pat. which
server thrtu as fud
An Irish farm is gracrally about a
Urge a an ordinary village jnvea of
New York or New 'England. ar, fnai
live to fifteen acres, la mjuic dUtriefc,
a farm of teu acre. Ls considered rather
large, aad It Is often th Mile support
of an immense faniilv -father, mother,
ten children, and. pcrhaj. an old grand
mother. Boston Common contain forty-eight
acres of land. It would uiakn ii good
sized Irish farm, which would main
tain fifty or sixty human being", half-a-dozen
cows, a hore or two, omo doa
keys and many pigs, besides Javlng
about three hundred dollars a ear to
the landlord, and something to the
In good vaMHis, all this teeming and
swarming life can jut be maintained
Hut Mipioe a crop talis' uppov lm
peat cannot be dried! Then what?
Vhv. humrer and starvation, of cour
Aud, remember, then aro no factories
or other business to fall back upon. If
the crops fail, all falls.
If the crops of Now England should
be as poor thNear a they were In
Ireland last year, it would bo a great
calamity, but very few persons would
go hungry on that account. Tho Jih
eries. tho" sht)j)., tho factories, com
merce aud tho savings-banks wonJd go
on about as usjal, and tho peoplo
would buy their food from other Mate.
Irish farms do not all lie along a high
road, as with us. Farms aro behind
farms; and a great number of them can
onlv be reached by a donkey path three
or four feet wide. " All the work Is dono
bv hand. The fields are dug, not
plowed, and many farmers have no im
plements out a spade, a hoo and a turf
cutter, and no vehicle except a small
The farm houe Is generally one story
high, nnd very often consists of a single
largu room, with perhaps a recess for a
bed. It is commonly built of stone,
with a roof of thatch, but many of tho
houes are made- of earth, with a hard '
lloor of home-made cement. In this
one room, the dairy-work is done, and
all tho family live, the pig coming in and
going out as ho pleases.
Aro tho people then miserable ami de
graded? By no means. When tho
harvest is good and the rent reasonable,
they are among the mot cheerful peo
ploin Europe, anil, in all the world,
thero is no land where the women are
more modest and pure. Tho children
are ruddy and robust. The houses aro
generally clean ami neat. The people
etijov life .ho much upon thoe littlo
black, boggy farms, that when they em
igrate to America or Australia, they j
sometimes almost die of homesickness. I
In many instances, n poor Irlsn girl j
among us never goes to bed for six '
months after leaving homo, without
crying a littlo for tho old houo of mud
and thatch, and tho old folks within it.
Youth'. 1 OomjMtmon. j
During his exploration of Tibesti, Dr.
Nachtigal experienced many danger.!
and dituculties, losing his way, nnd suf
fering from want of water aud forced
night marches. A very interesting ac
count is given of tho ceremonials o!
sorved bv the Tubu peophi in greeting
one another. A most elaborate jer
formanco is gone through when two
strangers meet in this wild country.
Each of the performers covers all his
face but his ees with his turban,
seizes his spear and throwing-iron (a
curious boomerang-like weapon with a
long projecting prong on the concave
margin), and thus prepared, the two
approach one another. At a distance
of about six steps from one another
they squat on their heels with spear
upright in one hand and iron in tho
other. Tho one then asks "How do
you do?" about a dozen times, by nutans
of four different words having that
meaning used alternately, the reply
being varied by tho use of two words
Laha or Killalal Then one of the two
loudly sings tho word 4 ihilla," which
is returned by the other in a similar
tone. The word is excliangod again
and again, being commenced in
a loud high pitched note and gradually
run down the scale until it reaches a
low bass murmur When it has become
so low as scarcely to be heard, on a
sudden it is shouted again in high key
and the gamut is run through as be
fore. This goes on for a very long
while, the performers going through it
as a strict matter of ceremony, and tak
ing no interest in one another all the
while, but looking round at the horizon
or elsewhere during their vocal exer
tions. After a while variou forms of
the question 44 How are you?' and the
answer 44 Well," are introduced; at kvt
questions or other topics are brought
forward, although now and again the
"ihilla" bursts out in the midt of
them, but the series of notes in which it
is shouted becomes shorter and shorter.
At last the ihilla is got rid of altogether,
and ordinary conversation becomes
fossible. Strangers do not shake hands,
ut acquaintances do. The covering of
the face when greeting or meeting
strangers is considered as a mot im
portant matter of etiquette. Sature.
I remember four of the finest znenjn
our "grenadiers" who belong to No
1 tent of that company. One night,
wrapping their damp blankets about
them, they lay down together in their
place near the slit in the tent-side
called a door. That night the ice-king
seized all nature with a terrible grip,
and iu the morning, when the starving,
half frozen buglers sounded the call to
arms, a great number were missing and
these four among the rest. The ser
geant of the company who called the
roll that morning endeavored, first by
nudges, and then by kicks, to arouse
them. Pulling the blanket from the
face of the form nearest the door, he
started back exclaiming: "My .God!
they're dead-" They vscrt dead, and
frozen rizht to the ground, too. never
to rouse till the last "fall in" is sounded I
by the angel trumpeter. Boston Com
There are in the Swiss Alps about
twenty cabins or refuges, built at the
expenVe of the Alpine Club to facilitate
the ascension of high peaks. The
" Cto" section of Zurich has decided to
build a hut of this kind on the Schlou
berg. in the Canton of Uri, aad is
about to take the necessary steps to ob
tain permission from the Commnaal
Council of Attingbaascn to ranyout
rcueSAL ajt trrouiT.
man) Imj wr$u TT bmit
Tk Kls cf 5w4 fc tvnt4 a
tbor. aad kx h; fqJll t-tta
radri& of tlv Wjtd (4 LoJwttjTt.
CaKtnVAt. McCua:T tj-U IuJU
so Siwailr d corosrtly th.t h i
tomsrtUxe tftUtakra tor a aaUTe of that
Oorwo Coujcrrr. f Cm. I
descrioed a a worktojC CbrilUa-
taaa who oTTi hU rUn Uu hit
uaily UfV It li id - probaWy t
ntan la Oorsl giTn a"4 "ww
the ypport d eharch aad charity i
dor Mr Colquitt.
Mrs- Jtu Sm I'arxxs. of C?U
toalmry, Ccft., wao w cawW '
tho art tun at ebxhttvfa jr of
t Mgu her Irtirr with hr taaklra
nam. JuiU K. StuHh, !?h y
bore thai name too leag o rccTU
another a her own.
Mr. K. H. Vxsa III. lh young ga.
tlctnaa nveotly mrril to Mr. I-o
fellow's daughter. w th most ootcd
athlete In hi cUm at Harrani Suits?
l-aviag collc h hx bmkca dowa
phrically. and h jul tuad a Journey
rouad Ca'pc Horn for th recovery f
Mr. StrNEr Lavitn. tautidaa wi
as Utcratcur. ha a papr in &t$ht
for April, which U nUtM "Th Or
chfUra of To-lay." and U a clear and
untcehnleal account of th comlruction
aad dtuerenw of the orehetral lntru
manU. Incidentally. Mr l.anlfr ad
ncates the training "of women for or
Mr. Yati:. aj that lhr wetu 10
Ixj no end to tho lllrraturw of quarrels
among author. The Ut. which cre
ates much amuvmenl in literary cir
cles I' between a norrlUl and a JoUTO
alt't. Tho tlory gw that tho novulUt
has draw n tho "onrnalWt's wrtrail, aud
has made him tho villain of a not el
now passing through a monthly maga
zine. Mivj Burnt a Vox Hiu.Ctt.v, tin j
dcstriati. U said to have been adopted
n. a daughter bv a wealthy cuuplw ih
Boston, who laid her Into tho lot so
ciety and aro jrniltting her to study
art. The money which sho earned by
her pedctrianfm several thousand
dollars- U In tho bank w here It was de
jtosited thro years ago. Her adopted
mother took her home Immediately up
on tho completion of her walk In
Srviycrr-Two of the jwinting In tho
J. A. Ilai-per collection. realUod $4y.
640. ZamacoU' "The Disputed tlam."
starting at 1.000. brought J'i.T'sJ.
Schreyer's "Tho Advance Guard. '
brought $1.nj0; and MeWsonnlor "VI
tletto." ??i00. Willett's "lletuni to
tho Farm" was sold for :.0(X. A
water-color of Fortuity' sold for ?'2A.
Tho total amouut realized from the salo
was SlOS.liS); and tho l.vt picturo old
brought thu highest price of all Van
Marcko's Landscape, anil Cattlo"
fora,7'i'. l'urraulr "Education of
Azar" brought $3,.'0.
Mt.ss Nku-son", thn actri'. is n rleb
woman. Her fortune. It Is said, will
bo $'.'i0,0 at tho nnd of her present
lour, without reckoning tho market
value of hor diamonds, which repre
sent, at Jewelers' prices, $100,001). If
sho chexwo to keep on acting, year In
and year out, sho could hav '.'i0,0tx)
more, so thosame writer asserts. In about
threo years. Tho one hundred and ton
performances given thiring tin present
tour have brought her in upward of
$45,000, and she must give- forty more,
besides twenty-oight California repre
sentations, bv which alio will make
I'KorKssou Nout:.N3KJou has a bad
TiiK selfish man cares for No. 1, ami
often no one cares for him.
Srrrn (I it r.r.N is establishing kinder-
i . . .
gartens for schools of little fish.
I It certainly shows public spirit In
, tho man who contracts n disease that is
It hxs been proved beyond doubt
that tho expression " block tho game "
Tut: reason that Darwin's 4 missing
lime" is so hard to find Is because dead
men tell of 110 tails.
Bkkork tho war, courting. AVu
lAtndon Tcltyrain. After tho battle,
il i vorce. Brntarjtort Sta ruUirtL
' A vUK:u old hen declined an invita
tion to a gander party recently for the
reason that thu ganders did not belong
to her set. -V. 0. I'tcayunr.
I Tub pork raiser nnd the successful
author are so much alike that they both
get their living uy the iniits of their
pens. SyracuM Suwlny Tunc..
An exchange has an article on
I "Breadstuff." Well, It may bo. Now
ivo us an article on " Meat's tuff."
Lotrtll Cornier. Foul stuff ' worse
than either, but fowl stuffing best of all.
I Boston Adccrluxr.
At an examination for ail mission Ln
the bar, tho question was asked: "What
Ls the rule in Shelley's case?" One of
the class answered :""The rule in Shel-
t ley's case Is the same oa In any other
; man's case. Tho law Is no respecter
01 jwrsons. tnin ijiw j imti.
Ock frontier troubles owothoir origin
to the fact that the army was organized
on a cigar-store-Indiaa footing. It was
supposed that tho frontier aborigine
nassed the lazv hours of tho tntwftn
day in holding out leaf tobacco rather
than tomahawk, snuff instead of gun
powder. X. Y. tt'orlfl.
44 Emma IL" ask the Spriogfield
(Ohio) TrViunc this extraordinary
question: " Do you think it right for a
girl Ut sit on a young man's Lap. even if
she is engaged to him?" Whereupon
the editor get off a rcry extraordinary
lie: " We have bad no experience in the
matter referred to." why didn't hn
isay: " If it was; our girl and our lap,
yes; if it was another girl and our lap,
ves; but if it was our girl and another
fellow's lap, never." Chicago Tribune
Said t& Gear to Mtllaoff:
- Irar t rlxl now I'll tw? off:
Vou &!) remain aad piay dictator.
WfcHe I take the rote or nwUcator.
- Waatl lreae aJos. tht GnxrraJ erl4.
- 1'U br Wood If I don't t flbe Ctar rretEL
At til) jkot Meiiko? !noki mtle bkwv
uuii'fwauj MMwrrfra: -1 Jibe Mr If too
.V. Y. tTorii.
Old p:kl' roa ttxnn off &r et
And cackW trlti raocfc Ttor,
As it to isy. Tht eanf my bnrt,
o bn can Uy hixxnt."
While Jodnaie. otaadiajr ssr tfco n(.
Is autc contempt vn ymxter.
A If fei? cotild not loirrmto
Tbe faa tae bm wm raJsinr.
Hl protect torik k-r down p
He rld ki role to My it
44 Too flnk yos'retaArr Iod audut w.
Voa tcods't kip bet !y nr
AVarUfM UTg.) LneaL
8H-Fai ia' a LrtJter.
That small-pox can be conveyed
through the mad has bees coevisciszlr
democtrated- A few weeks ago
?'i!ai1ZnviSi West wa.
affiicUKl witfc tie diaeaae. aad ose of ita
members wrote a tetter, white sJKcted,
toaaaier. eaptej! a a arra.tiri
in a famfly ia tkii cky. Sfcortlr after
the girl wa taken sick aad a nhrmeum.
sent for, who prososseed tfee aJlkrtioa
to be small-por. Tfee dkeate had loo
ago entirely disappeared from uS
city, aad the girl kad mot bees wkere
?erM V P?1534 of coatractiasf
it- When the circnsiasces of her re
cetpt of the letter from an afflicted
member of her fasaiiy w related to
the phywciaa. however, the wedical
ipaa at once declared the origin uf her
TSt-Ji wa J,roaiPtl7 reov
to thepest-hoaae. SmJtei9 (Tomt)
U t !
tnwsi to ri&s
t4. la hi mmnnilten h Sir-
i -TV tvttT"
ts from " n-"---. ""-
: ... . " r t
t t tt - 'lJTS,
W MSi to !
;r7.s lis. 'te,
. ...... MMttatMW
rra'" T-iv:.;; .
n.t tiii v m. - --s
. ltin v - Ws
Xr- " 4 ni.
li.iMtaM-4 lf rwwwwr- j- - -
. . -a fmm m - "
rtMtntrtf " "" f f
blla. IIM4I .- tl "
tu vtr - ' " rmmKmma
TrtMrp- ,-, im- 1 btfn-l
.- TV '
rMrr4 4W "
; Mat hi'S4 4
j t.fbr. !" "" '
' (MMa M 4 f
HwWaufV tlfcAS " IWtS '
(n - .
. t ...n.1 i. lb lt.ll.Wl'
1 Hj U i or i"rw- "" " rmr "' "
ikl. min.ui tl may !" I" I
ltr uttfrkt rf llr-lws wf l1.
, llw UlWwil Msvtrtlstfw-s4
Sir m ni tt Hts r'i'M
rni-i . if i.lmi4 sris
I skm f ia ur- 4 fiw a i,r
1 r ! I.'! It l,l Uw ww it
JMHtFTtr,tt 'w aw
1fc nt ln ! r uortHrf
' .tnrvn U. rb-. I pf f4-
VrtoSArT fiti iwn. ' mir
It .ill l l jrrtt U-firM Mnts4
onxut tlrtm-tH-lHH 1 "f
tMMtrr iw intni4 Hh wms '
Ibo tw tf' iH r "M.
, iii.wt I h ! lhrWM,M
llrkUlHrt4l t in t.-nUMfWt tT rHlfttt
1 1 ir4jttt U !' rjr iai Hia i
m,hu mi r.Mi t. inw!4 ,
t .-rHt7 urgwr "!''
, ttt mlilA T mmmlwwi wiU-ht fc .11
1 rout I Im of frm Uirw U ws.
i with siHh'Ttly l twt4" H r
' ha siH4t t rrf,M .rvlj t. l m
i ttiilou I'nHM & a SM . mrH tu
i tftvt4' l llMtn bat t44 Mwte
I 4 at t J, inucl t MlffM ItowII
j Owinrf 4lt--trt tuml ! Itwtr
' t.r MU t l- infnit hTti,r !
(nntiru tinmm tvnttr jfi h-
IMt vnfftHn1 to ' nniottiJuisswH
miHiilim mUhi t trkl rr H Hje
n.tn If rrtiti4mH iiiiii. ttW(Mnf
(m 1 o-miM tsi if vrr sir- tt -flr '
Itm Ht"-jtl nt.ttilt4csi. lnt ttbM
ir ami iM In r I
uitMora si!' frbt, iMTHHt tMlfttt
t stub wmhUM M nllwfttjr,
triitr ittwMli. Ii sit RltlltMtlttt ! Main
aut h'trM 1 III !! OPI K at lh !
u4. tir mai I tittiili i tnt llw pHf
l. grsiil ii-ir InlVtuulijr t lh nr f
rsltlo pivlrit l alushif r Jish fn""t
Ins- wmilil !- Ii m rU-" HWr with lh
inptbtNls iMtntttft fwr'-hn tiiUi !! u-t.ir-wlon
'fllm jmUiw feer !r I8 ta (.
Il.lllllr lt IbxtPi Of llrnllh.
flfrrlti itmUton fmitHt In tl third amo
tion nf lb art of X, IT. rMtltlod "Af iMt
lo prent lnlntHHIrti f wi'4fkHi ai! h
ff-ollm dtMuao ItiUi thn I'liit'il SUls II
"Tb N'ath-nal IbmMl f HllhahsU fiir
air wtlh, Mml. tmr It Ufl)r mai.alit
Mate Sttd M HHJ-1 IbMtrda i-r llwlih In h
ripeiilMut and w t rwmciH 4 ll TmU d
it tfiilatkMi tif ih'I l.arlt l) r tt lb M
tr'1m tl 11 nf n('lniirr t4ttirHtaillMt
Into llm t Mltttl Mtr fn-tu ftftJnnolrf.
and Into mu' MAir fnnn atU4lUfr
It UiltxIor-aliKxl that tbta ot do tvd lVf
U illM-iurt In animal.
1'inlrr Hits ritt4Hi tartrp aiiv4uii(4 u !''
'lf"j'rlsilm italil In tbf mex hstn )wa
: tM'idr in MMiiwrotliw with ihi amlwtrltl
f M'rral oUI and ftstt liirtwtf.1 r lnrnt
rnril with IlifprUiHi Uy jHSuw f !. and It a
liol ditlt IUU Mmtnsti linllar osnHmr,
a't(i'irlntloii y ( onyrrva mljiht l ni-nrir
nn-t cCra'tuallr iim.) for b prtftenltmi sjhI
ii'tirwn if jIfiin -;iniinnfiUt intf
A iitfrirl ly ih IlrttUli lln!l'r, lt
Ill4jat tditlHI mrtlMal 4f llonlttis llll th d-
mm' (tiM y th sin'lMtn"nt it n !H
iulxm of anti kind, with fuu ir Im jk
win and radical! inn i!t- In ny HMHnr
lby think trtT. In atiy jari of Ihtt t-riH-y
lf tho t'nltmt talr ! I t 'WT M ta -iinl
bjr b I'rlrr I tMiifll of (ifpnl llrttaln.
Without n j.rriliiM' nny odnlott liHhr,
iindrr tho iter to rf'jUilf tinmirF, it
HTf hn authority to tid Ha amla lnt it
Matna m drat mr llo th jwdrftiitntl ft
riiMinUloft. Iwnlt lMtnirtiiif tot-It ltn. hWri
may lr found to ! datttrMi ti lnlT-Hta
tr National eotninfrf1. It la aoinMttbit ilimH
ful ttfthtr tnrtiirM ij"trt-nlly attdtrarr
woiiH mrrt with hrnfjjr tt4(irrHtlou fitttu
Main or muulptjMil nutborltlfa
Tho dlMtan 1 wl In "ltrn'' In arif of otir
Wtwtrni Hialoa or Terrlloi. Iiv1r-i. it !
t'xtttMl and l kttuwn Iti only a fw hticir f
tho I nlon.and thn rtprly of at tnfrvif p m
mottonpfit m lb pnrt of tho (l'tifial tittTrrit-llit-nt
mljfht not 1" Bjiprrrlqloij III lhi-o tlnl-a
thfrt ttttt dlwur hia not Ntt known. Jino
rhfino for th prrrctiu,n nd jirmpl wadi
c4tottwf ibo tliarnao twnn lo (xt lttnandtl.
and It la for 'onr- to tf flno tho limit tdii
of io.-jr and Inpilltr In ita tiiiotnu'iit.
Inannttlonof ltfo llf-Ml railway tntlna mi
our tfreii lint-a of Imnatiorlallou h Ml njr
!t m n. irr-niitloo a;nliit th voriyanto
01 lRilliiti Thnollt-(,'tUin ( tblaprttfi!'
j tlon art Im-1 upon lh fact that rftttaeWti
ptMiropnrutnonlt la run lnt)ymou to thla
I ttmntry that It ba ttrvor etUtFllliotir Wt
1 rrn Mate. tthOfio alt 10 foutwl ijt.f iclt
llnmioftran'ttortatlonaftt Untught. and tfett
tbrrrfirnaur) Imprvtlon la otinr-arr
Airaln. tbo dlatnMo hn n Incolmtlonof frtmi
nlno to alttydara. during- whltj tho tmltnf
tho dlfttao would fwd lji olrrltma to an In
omnr. Iftvextv aklllnt Tbn lntri of alt
hlptwrvof eltl I eW-arlr tnlmi ihn tiit
mtit of cattltt InfrotM with tht dlsnuwt. Tt
dflayof train tur aucb Intportlon wtwiW lm
t fipon'lv. and woqH t n tetnt olMtruloo
MoiMilnota. rStirh liKpctlHi. t a irrnral
protfrtlilon. la nt rro.asmt-ndi. whtiw th-rr
( ino (nutleloh;rviioti to tb lni.-iitn of
ealtlo by BJith'irlo'l eotnmlaionr. In partlo-
tuar cawa wbYtt tbo dlaeoatr l rimtrml Ut
Harlnv thm lr-tt M nirt kn h of th bla
Vtry aivl rhar tr of tbo dUtKiw, and a lal
rfcent of tb"fltrnr Uwt.ihn otdir of tbl
Prttarttarat unA-r th-ra with nmi 'iiic
Un to thtfXriof th,i).rrtJo upn txtc
rowmrtrowith othT Nation, and with mv
r-mtrk to am.r'prlatn lttUtlon brt-tx
77 Ibf tib,r. It may be fiTrT)imt Ut
Mnlf In lhl plaro. In lb form of prop. ,tt Jon .
tbtj crmcludona at wblch tbU ilfpartmrnt b
mrrirr't Tby are loiUm :
I. VUruro-rntrumfjnl Urn rmtaw. Infv
' wunlcatJ MtnttoT thfrm a m..V.,x itnwn
mankind. Dot wir try actual contact, btrt by
fjcrrtjofn Of ail kittda. '
2. in tkia nuntry It k4u ort-r dVvrkt.l do
' Urt" ''rr It tnirodoccl ty o-.n-
f .A'tra"t. Prr",'t 7 In'iruUtloTt. bit
that rtrmty I. wAr u L xhttttl of in thu
j country utuUr prxa-nt txxvliiUm.
I . Jt!t. bV V4pt Incubation of f rotn nln
' L. . tXr !?",s unvtU7 not fcw-lina forty: 1
tlnaulbM by ezprrta from thor of otfaf r
irniyunrinrrm nfl! rit if, a rrlUyom-
.." J tmXJ ProWT siao.J of aopprttln
lJt?"0 -'4l" , l by loo 4
fJ5'irr',,,r? PnrlfiKmtUm ut btiildln. tx
ty hare tm krpt.
. .So cfitJnrtou pl-uro-jmf-m'mU now mx-
iXS 555-8? tas, ' !I-
Canada, aad it aot now llattdo-
T ?'v now trxuu only fa i4.
iTTi iT.72!: ?.rt.'' nrin.4, vitau
f;7l,C!, ?ZttlT"f tclnMlwla
,koT " ol rt TaJ s!;i.
M.or toioCWat trSnanyJZt.-" "
w. At tkf ptnt Hise. with ordi&trr w
wkJct alBott iclu4lrriy taml cU for
rortlaa aod &t,im to lrrHm .-,.-
wogt d-uarer It lartcnT P
?t Vt5S,5t.TO i'tl tk porta of
iwtatjoi, wiraoot daaar of IsHtioe!
t? too os tttj utcj.
SSSS' vrten&katiBst tAo dt by
fI2?t i r . wuW t eSKt
uZtbt xtrfweS4W te -Nlonal Board of
SJL'fT. fH"1 84 -ward eotnpro-
iemartrkp.,wtr. Very rwruUy. -
JOM SHztot.ui, 5cretax7.
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