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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (May 6, 1880)
THE RED CLOTTO CHEF.
K. L. TIlO.tK, rsblUhfr.
RED CLOUD, T: NEBRASKA
A JtEADlXO LBS soy,
Tnr.v Fnt In n flunky corner
1 uniinjr tho iwives or u book.
0 or cacti picture fair, '
Or lojreiKl tboro.
JSeadinjr with uiurcr look.
Bhcwasn mnlpt mnMr-n,
Ann be w a timid youth;
Ami tho volume thin- view
I? a bit of lletiou, forsooth.
Ami thorn wasn't ns nrctty a plctura
In all the book. I'll ..nmiw. P
As tho one th:it leaned
... ' ,h( twllljrlit t-crccncd
" ell over the irinted pane;
His trctsci with hers m blencllnjr
LW.,,,.rne1 toa "ffhlor shade:
blle the ehei-k nf theyouth
as In very troth
As red as the check of the maid.
Tho shadows Wan to deepen,
inc printed pujro was n blur;
let he did not elo-e
1 he itook, nor pnjoo
A change of employment to her.
)iill,M ln Ihf'r wicr rcadlnjr
J heir hands together h.nl met.
In the mine warm clayp.
More than friendly Krasp,
They lingered, and lingered yet.
Nor needed they for a moment
In each other's face to look;
I-Vir the t-eerct fringed
Was at once confessed.
And e:ieh heart was nn open bookl
Jtrt,Mnc PoUanl, in Y. r. Jxdger.
THE LAZIEST J AX IN TOWN.
"Notion o1 hiiyiii' Solomon's fcrnn?"
-Hurdly know, vet."
44 You'll tria onto' Hie notion when
yon see it," .said the first, sis the two
farmers, eaclt on horse-buck, took the
road leading to Solomon IJoyd's, anil a
little further on to the village of Hard
scrabble. 44 Why, that's not the place!" ex
claimed the other, when they had
reached the top of a hill overlooking a
tract of country for which Nature fiad
done her utmost.
44 Yes, that's Solomon's farm; begins
where 3 011 see that tumble-down fence,
and reaches to the forks in tho road,
and further back than you can .see, for
"Well, I'm beat! I never would
have known the place. I've not been
tip this way before since Solomon's
father died; that must be nine or ten
years ago. Let's see, he must be buried
juM. bevond that big walnut-tree yonder,
44 Yes, that's their family burying
ground; good many others buried there,
though; must be more' 11 twenty graves
there. That field, covered with briers,"
continued he, " which slopes down to
that old broken-down stone wall, along
the creek, was the vineyard."
44 Solomon's father used to ship loads
of grapes to Baltimore, and on Kast, so
I was told."
44 And the finest fruit you ever saw;
but there's none, hardly, now. Guess
the hogs got all the apples this year, for
there's not a fence on the place worth
" What's that leaning against that
old shed, in the yard? looks like a
"It is a tombstone the old man
Uoyd's tombstone; and the other side
of that bii&h you can see the old wom
an's." " Well, why in the name of common
sense ain't they back there on the
graves, where the' belong? Rather
gho-tly ornaments fora door-yard."
"Why, there was provision in tho
will for tombstones, and so they were
bought and paid for; the dealer brought
'em out from town, and set 'em down
here for Solomon to put in their proper
places. He w:is so mortal slow about
it that, finally, seme of the church
jnembers offered to put 'em up. But
the base blocks, or whatever you call
the big square stones they put next the
ground, had been put under tho corner
of the house there where you see it's
suiiK tiown; some 01 mo iimoers irftu
rotted out, and the house was about to
tumble. That wasn't the worst, though,"
continued he, slowly; "we couldn't
liml the graves."
"Couldn't find the graves! You don't
tell me that John Boyd's grave is lost!
AYhy, ho was one of the uest men in
" And right well off, too. No, we
couldn't tell his, or his wife's, from a
good many others that's not marked;,
and tne locust sprouts and 4 pisea' vines
were so thick we could hardly tell
where any of 'em were. Solomon
thought '.he one next the fence was his
mother's, but he was not sure. Step
this wav." added he, quickly, as they
dismounted; " you'll go through there
and get a sprain."
And the warning was not in vain, for
the board walk, which led from the barn
gate (held up by a rail) to the house,
was rotten, broken and jagged.
" Watch out, too, where you step on
that porch. The well is just covered
with a board. Used to have a chain
pump, and a trough to carry tho water
to a big cemented basin in the milk-
house," explained ho further, as they
approacneu tne louenng, iwi jjuiuu
which ran along two sides of the house,
looking very much as if it wanted to
part company with the main building.
"Why has everything gone to de
struction in this way? Looks like an
arniv had been through here. Is Solo
mon sickly?" asked the other as they
44 No," was slowly answered. " He's
healthy-as any man 'round here. The
fact is, Solomon's lazy. Nothing suits
him as well as goiu' to town; and if he
can just get stuck on a jury, and sit
round the Court House about three
weeks, with Mandy and the child home
doiu' the work, he's in clover."
"That reminds mc how was that
Martin-Johnson case decided last Octo
ber?" " Wasn't decided at all. Got to be
all gone over. Cost like fury, too. His
doin's," nodding toward tho house.
On the jury and would not agree with
the rest; he never does so knowing
and stubborn, whew! He oversizes the
Scripture account, for Solomon's wiser
than eleven men that can render a rea
son." Let us go back nearly twenty years,
when the house and every field and
fence betokened industry and good
management. Solomon is seventeen,
Jim fifteen, and Mandy, tho bound girl,
about the same age. Solomon has the
reputation, whicli quiet people often
have, undeservedly, for great sagacity.
He had early learned, however, what
follv wisdom is, when it leads to work;
and" had saved himself many a trip to
the barn by not being able to tell a
blind-bridle from a saddle-girth, and
many an hour's toil by not knowing
how to stir the apple-butter, so as to
keep it from burning. Yet all, except
Jim. esteemed him wise beyond his
Do you know, Jim," said Solomon,
one dav, with great benignity, "that
animals have a language of their own,
by which they communicate with each
"Can snails talk?" asked Jim.
"Certainlv, why not? If other of the
Well, saj Sol, give us a specimen
of the snail vernacular, with a transla
tion, wont you? Teach you goose
Latin, if you will," continued Jim, as
Solomon glanced angrily toward him.
v "You mav be a goose, but I'm not a
Enail," growled Sol; and he threw no
more chunks of wisdom to Jim for a
week. , ,
"Srdnmon has a turn for books," ex
plains his mother. "Now, Jim," con
tinues she, "i.i more for tradin'; but la!
ho never keeps nothin'. Mandy, you
go and get some wood, and be suro to
brush the snow off, it's so wet and
nasty. I do wish, Solomon, that your
father would como in; it's e&rlv yet to
plow, and it snows like winter.''
"It's too cold to' work out to-day,"
says tho younjj man. decidedly, from
his big arm-chair by the fire.
"Solomon, does your Htorj,ach feel
better?" suddenly asks tho old lady.
"Could you eat a bit o' chicken if I fixed
it for vou?"
Lack of exercise and over-eating
cause this rather fat, healthy-looking
boy occasional fits of dyspepsia. Hav
ing eaten the chicken, lie leans musing
ly against the window.
"Wish I had the paper from tho post
,4Caut you step over and get it?"
asks his mother, kindly.
"Don't want to be on the track when
the Express is so near due," is the very
lame excuse he offers for not going, as
he lounges into a chair again. The
railroad ran across tho corner of the
Boyd farm, between the house and the
village, just on the other side.
It may bo that John Boyd and his
wife made a mistake in allowing Solo
mon so much leisure for books, and Jim
so much money for trading. However,
we leave that for those parents to de
cide whose boys have all turned out
precisely as they once planned. One
idea was uppermost in their minds, and
that was, to spare their children, if pos
sible, the privations and hardships they
themselves had undergone. John Boyd
himself once had a 4fcturn for books"
and a ,4 turn" for trade, too. Yet books
were denied him; and many times had
he seen some duller man pocket the
" big profits" resulting from a specula
tion, into which he had not ventured
from want of capital.
Time passed. The fatherand mother
died, leaving the farm to Solomon, and
its equivalent in money to Jim, who
procecdeth, forthwith, to a Southern
Solomon did not havo the usual
anxieties of courtship. He just married
Mandy. He needed some one to keen
house for him, and Mandy could "cook
just like mother" a qualification few
The neighbors often wondered how
Solomon Boyd, who never worked, and
who dragged around !ower every year,
found money to pay his taxes and btoro
Sometimes Mandy wondered, too, and
fretted some over the leaky house and
broken well. Nevertheless, she trusted
all to Solomon's superior judgment; for
you remember that he said little and
was reckoned wise.
One evening, when their little Nannie
was six years old, 'Squire Skinner came
over. Mainly wxs in the kitchen, get
ting supper. Hearing loud, angry
wonls from the sitting-room, she hastily
entered to close the door to the bedroom
beyond, where Nannie lay sick, when
the words "mortgage." "sell the
farm," with oaths from Skinner, seemed
to freeze the blood in her veins, and she
stood riveted to the Moor.
44 I've been put oil as long as I'm
goin' to," said the 'Squire. " 1 worked
hard for that money, and now I'm goin'
to have it. And Johnson and Burbauk
wants their'n, too. Nice state of affairs
for a man that's hail the chance you've
had best farm in tho State, and three
mortj'ajies hanjiin' over it."
Can't make any money on a farm,"
44 Not lnafm' round and lettin' things
go to pieces, and borrowin' money from
everybody," retorted Skinner. "Yes,
and I wrote to Jim about that three
hundred dollar note that he's security
for." At this Solomon looked up with
a jerk " Intend bavin' a grand final
settlement with you fellers," growled
Skinner, as he strode away.
Mandy sunk down on the lloor where
she stood, her head drooping lower un
til it rested on her knees, around which
her arms were tightly locked. She un
derstood it all now. They had been
living on other people's money, and
now the farm must go to pay their
A choking cough from tho bedroom
roused her. She arose, gave Nannie a
drink, then finished up tho evening
work with such an aching heart. Solo
mon dozed a while over an old diction
ary, and finally shambled off up stairs
to bed, while ilaudy remained with tho
Midnight came, and Nannio was
more restless and feverish. Two
three o'clock. Mandy could wait, no
"Solomon, get up, Nannie is worse."
44 Can't you do something for her?"
asked he, turning hcaviby, making the
cord bedstead creak like an old door.
" I have done all I can. Wo must have
"Is it daylight?"
44 No, nor won't be for two hours;
but it's starlight. Here, I'll leave tho
lamp on the stairs. Now, do hum', for
once," said Mandy, almost bitterly, as
she descended to the kitchen, where she
grabbed a shawl and ran to a near
44 Yes, Mandy, I'll come as quick as
I can," was Mrs. Burk's answer to her
tap on tho window. She Hew back
home, found the lamp on the stairs
where she had left it, and tho house all
"Where's Solomon?" asked Mrs.
Burk, soon after her arrival.
44 Gone after tho doctor."
44 And none too soon," said the elder
lady, looking critically at tho sick child.
"There, don't cry, Mandy hope for the
Then she busied herself with the
countless deeds the sick-room suggests
to the experienced nurse. Yet, after
all was done, they still waited long and
anxiously for Solomon and the doctor.
Morning came, and the lamp was
blown out Mandy heard shutlling feet
in the kitchen. In an instant she was
there, and saw her husband, his hat
down over his eyes, standing before tho
" Where's the doctor?"
44 He'll be hero directly," was the
"Directly! Why didn't you bring
him with you? Did you tell him the
child was dying?" asked Mandy,
TMl cm Tirrlif. fitrnr " cowl lin mincQ
it's daylight." And ho shambled off
more rapidly than usual, while it
dawned on Mandy's mind that ho was
just starling. Ho had gone to sleep
again, and did not wake until morning.
One moment Mandy stood irresolute.
Her first thought was to run for tho
doctor herself, her next that she must
not leave the little sufferer for onp mo
ment it might oh, could it be too
44 Oh, my Father!" she cried, with
streaming eyes. And the Father heard
and sentner strength for this hour.
44 Has the doctor come?" asked Mrs.
Burk, as Mandy returned to the sick
44 Not yet." replied Mandy, with
such apparent calmness that the kind
old soul suspected nothing wrong.
A strange feeling came over 5landy
while she watched the little girl so
quiet now after the restless night. A
slight shivering passed over the child,
and the blue eyes opened wide and
looked appealingly at the mother.
44 Nannie, are you 'fraid?"
The child shook her head feebly.
44 Are you Jesus' little lamb?"
44 Yes Jesus lamb," murmured tho
thick voice of Nannie.
The mother's head sunk down on the
quilts, and a little hand was laid softly,
fondly on her cheek.
After a while Solomon came, but
alone. Diphtheria claimed many pre
cious victims that spring, and the doc
tor bad been called in another direction
half an hour earlier. No matter, the
lamb" was in the Upper Fold.
How Mandy lived through tho suc
ceeding days those can best understand
whose only treasure lies buried in a
little grave. For such there is but one
sweet balm, one sure comfort.
A few weeks Liter the farm was sold;
and the entire proceeds therefrom did
not pay Solomon Bovd's debts.
" Mandy," Baid Undo Zade. a dis
tant relative, who had remained with
them a few days after tho sale, "you
know that shop-lot of mine, over in
town" (ho called Hardacrabble. town),
"well, you might move there for
awhile, until you can do better.",
" Into that old shop?"
"Yes; it won't be 50 bad for this
summer. That back room, where the
tuming-latbe was, has a good floor. The
boards on the roofs slipped 'round so
that it leaks some, but Solomon can
easy fix that, and put hinges on tho
44 And Solomon might fix up that
shed, in front, fora shop of some kind,"
continued the old man encouragingly.
44 Maybe Jim would send you a few ci
gars io start a store."
44 He might," said Solomon, dubious
ly, for he had that day received a letter
from Jim. which ran thus:
"Bro. Sol.: I have this day received
a letter from Skinner, concerning a
note on which I am the supposed secu
rity. How is this? You must have put
my name on that paper yourself, for I
am sure I never did." "(Idleness and
vice go hand in hand.) " Furthermore,
it is impossible forme to pay it Busi
ness is dull: expenses enormous. Last
j'car the books showed a balance in my
favor of ten thousand dollars, yet it did
not meet my family and personal ex-
f tenses. Trying this year to retrench,
lave taken the children out of scliool.
and cut down the wages of nearly all
my hands," etc., etc.
Moving to the shop, in tho rain.
Mandy caught a hard cold, which hung
on all soring, and, finally, from want of
proper care and nourishment, she died;
and another grave was made among the
Summer passed, frost came, and one
afternoon Solomon sat in the front door
of the shop store now, for Jim did
send the cigars, and these constituted
the entire stock. The express stopped
an unusual thing at Hardscrabhlc
and a mun, having a sickly, sallow look,
got off and made his way up to Solo
44 The same, Sol."
44 Well, you don't look the samo."
44 Been having the yellow fever," ex
claimed Jim. " You know how it has
been down there with us this summer."
44 Why didn't you come North?"
44 Didn't have the money. Hard
times and big expenses broke mo up.
The Howards got me a through ticket,
or I would not be here now."
44 Where's your wife and children?"
44 Dead," answered Jim, sadly;
44 buried 'em all in one week."
Here we leave the Sluggard and the
Great Waster. Tho cigar-shop is a
lounging place for idlers, where vastly
more talk and trivial controversy tran
spire each day than business. Solo
mon, slovenly clad, hair uncombed,
half the buttons gone from his clothes,
shoes mn down at the heel, and minus
strings, folds his hands and slumbers,
while his customers help themselves to
eigars, ami are supposed to drop tho
11101103 in a box beside them on the ohl
work-bench, which serves for a counter.
Now and then Uncle Zade drops in, and
his kindly advice is always this:
44 Now, Solomon, don't make any
more debts; live honest. Work is tho
best investment yet. Get something to
do, and try to lay up some money.
Work is no disgrace, except when bad
lv done." Debbie Dunbar.
A Mule's l'ctllion to the Legislature.
The Now Orleans Picayune prints
the following petition, which it alleges
was presented to the Louisiana Legis
lature: To the Honorable tho Senate and House of
Representatives of the State of Louisiana:
Your humble petitioner begs leave to
represent to your honorable body that
he, in company with about one hundred
aud twenty thousand companions,
brothers, half brothers and other rela
tions, is suffering under a servitude of
the most brutalizing nature, and that,
with some honorable exceptions, we are
compelled to submit to hardships of
the most cruel character. Our masters
and oppressors place a high value upon
tho species of property with which we
are connected, and also consider our
services indispensable in carrying on
the plantations and farms of the Mate
of Louisiana, which State your honora
ble body represents. Our valuo in the
census list, including all of this kind of
domestic property, is put down at
nearly sixteen million dollars. By our
aid the cultivator of the soil is ablo to
pay heavy taxes: without us agricult
ural pursuits in the State would be im
possible, and the whole domain of the
State would be waste lands, and "a
waste howling wilderness." When
well fed and well cared for we servo
our masters cheerfully; but starvation
and stripes often render us incapable of
valuable service, and hurry thousands
of our species yearly to premature
graves. Your petitioner has often been
scourged with raw-hide lash and hoop
poles, in a half-starved condition, often
nearly perishing for want of water to
cool his parched tongue aud feverish
body, and has been cursed as though
heSvere the most hardened convict, be
cause he could not draw a load which
would be sufficient for two such as him
self. He has been tortured day after
day in a hot sun, with galled should
ers and a back covered with sores as
painful as those of Lazarus, or as tho
boils of Job; and when humane neigh
bors appealed to his master to grant re
lief from this suffering, the reply was
that your petitioner was his property
and he had a right to do with it as he
chose to. Your petitioner has no rest
or peace, day or night he lies down
on the cold wet earth in winter to rest;
hungry and often thirsty all night long,
and rises up in the morning with stiff
and sore-limbs and in hunger, to en
dure another day's work under stripes
and curses that are hard to endure.
He is young in years, but old in body
which" has ueen nearly worn out, and
will not last half of a natural life time.
There is a law in Louisiana for the
protection of animals against such cru
elty as you petitioner daily suffers, but
it never" protects your petitioner. In
view of these barbarous practices
which are wrse than death to your pe
titioner and his unfortunate compan
ions in view of the abuse and destruc
tion of this species of property, thus
damaging greatly tho public interests
and other revenues of the State in
view of the defenseless condition and the
utter helplessness of all who suffer in
this manner in view of your duty as
the representatives of a great- and
Christian, State as the law-givers of
that State, who have power to protect
the weak and innocent against the
strong and heartless oppressor in be
half of abuse and suffering and dying
companions, your petitioner prays your
honorable body to inquire into these
great wrongs set forth in this petition,
and to enact such laws, in addition to
that already enacted and referred to in
this petition, as may more effectually
protect your petitioner and all others
in the State, who suffer from cruel
treatment by heartless masters, or by
others who may be intrusted with them.
Tesxysox is one of twelve children
who were all clever verse-makers in their
HOME, PAIMA5D GARDE5.
Oxe modo of protecting tho trc
against inect that crawl up to the
bark, consists in fastening a rope
around the tree and nailing a itnp of
tin four inches wide around the rope,
where they may be killed by applying
Mil Sanboilv, of New Hampshire,
thinku, after careful experiment, that
currying cattle prevents them from
fattening. If this is o with fat cattle,
what must be the effect upon cows in
milk, whose bones are so much nearer
The chief products of decaying veg
etable matter are carbonic acid gas.
carburettcd hvdrogen gas and sulphur
etted hvdroge'n gas. All these are
prejudicial to health; therefore be care
ful to remove all decaying vegetablo
matter from your dwellings.
Tke.vtme.vt kob Stifle Lameness
ix HoiiiES. Take one or two tablo
soonfuis of raw (1. -c before it is
boiled) linseed-oil and rub it over the
stifle-joint thoroughly; then bathe or
heat it in with a hot shovel or iron; if
it docs not get well in three or four days
Cankeu-woums often change the
bearing year of whole orchard-, great
Iv to the owner's benefit; they are eas
ily destroyed with Paris green when
no longer wanted. Cultivation, manur
ing and proper pruning will insure a
crop from many varieties of apples near
ly ever)' year. "
Wkiteiw often advocate a change of
food for cows, because human beings
get tired of one kind of food. Our ex
jMirience says ImtuI and Home, is that
the only change cows like Is from poor
to rich food, as from hay to corn-meal,
or fresh grass. Chauges in any other
way always require several days to get
the cows to eating freely.
A German gardener has found by
experience that black or green Hies,
caterpillars, etc., are at once destroyed
by syringing the plants affected by
them with water in which tho stems of
the tomato plant have been well boiled.
The liquor is applied when cold, and
not only kills the insects, but leaves an
odor which prevents others from com
ing. Geiimax chemists claim to have
proven that a change of the quality of a
cow's food docs not change the quality
of her milk. This seems good philoso
phy, as it would greatly hurt the calf
if the quality of the milkchanged every
time the cow got hold of a new kind of
food. Yet many of our best dairymen
say the amount of cream is greatly af
fected by a change of food from poor to
Hoitx nil is quite common among
cattle in the spring, aud is indicated,
at first, by a dry nose and loss of ap
petite. A simple remedy, yet one
which is very often effective, is to
grasp the hide on the back firmly, and,
by pulling it up, loosen it the whole
length of the backbone. Sometimes
there will be a cracking, but no harm
will be done, and the animal will show
signs of improvement surprisingly soon
after the operation.
Cuke vou Hour. An agricultural
writer says: Last fall I had two eocks
atlocted; the first one was almost
choked to death when I found him, a
hard, cheesy substance having formed
in tho windpipe. I had saved the lives
of others by taking it out with the
point of a scissors. In this case I took
a piece of writing paper, made a fun
nel the size of a child's finger, opened
the cock's beak and another person
blew a half teaspoonful of sulphur
down his throat. Wo put him out, I
supposed, to die, but he did not, and
after the third dose he could crow as
loudly as over.
Cakhot Plum Pudding. Quarter
pound Hour and as much of suet For
carrots, do not take the long ones, select
the more tender short ones; grate fine
the same quantity of raw carrot; use a
quarter of a pound of white pulverized
sugar, same of currants and of raisins;
grate in a third of a nutmeg, and add a
very little cloves: mix all these ingre
dients well up together; if it be too
stiff, add a very little milk, but gener
ally there is water enough in the carrots
to "hold the mixture together; tie up in
a light cloth and boil for six hours. If
properly managed, this pudding makes
a very handsome appearance at table.
Eat with a hard sauce.
Ik spermaceti is dropped on any gar
ment, or furniture, first carefully scrape
off all that cap be removed without in
jury to the material; then lay brown
paper over the spot, or a piece of blot
ting paper, and put a warm iron on the
paper until the oil sliows through. Con
tinue to renew the paper and apply the
warm iron until the paper shows no
more oil. Oils, grease, wax. tar. vege
table or animal juices, resinous matter,
such as pitch or tar. iron and ink spots
are difficult to remove completely, but
ink and iron-mold the most so of all.
Whenever much writing is done in a
house, and children have free access to
tho writing desk, books, papers and the
carpet are most likely to bear the marks
of misrule, but the injury is not irre
parable. In regard to the use of hen manure
and the health of poultry, D. N. Kern,
in the Practical Farmer, gives his man
agement, which is well worth copying:
44 1 clean my poultry houses every
Saturday morning. In one house I
have eleven head, in another twenty
nine head and in the third house forty
eight head in all, eighty head, and the
droppings from them weigh forty-four
pounds every week. During the months
of July, August and September, I had
100 head. As soon as I have my poul
try houses cleaned, I take the manure
and spread it over my wheat field, or
on a poor spot in niv meadow, and you
can take my word that a man with one
eye can see" where I put it, To put ma
nure in a box or barrel and keep it one
year before it is put to a crop, I think
is a wrong wav. What would you
think of a man wno had 100 ready to
put out at interest, but would keep "it a
year before he put it out? 'My opinion
is,, the sooner you give your hen ma
nure to the needy soil, the sooner yon
get the profit from it. Not long ago I
visited a certain man and to my aston
ishment 1 saw about two tons of hen
manure lying in his large poultry house.
No wonder the chicken cholera comes
Oregoa's FleatiBf IsUaa.
Among the many natural curiosities
of this country it is not generally
known that there is a floating island'
Up in the Siskiyous.' lying like a pearl
in the great mountain chain, is Squaw
Lake, a beautiful sheet of water, now
utilized by a mining company as a res
ervoir. For many years the lake has
been a favorite and delightful resort for
fishing parties and contained, nearly in
its center, an island comprising about
one acre of ground covered with luxu
riant grass and a growth of willow and
alder. It was never dreamed that the
Eretty little island was not terra firma,
ut when the bulkhead across the oat
let of the lake dammed up its waters
the island rose slowly until it had been
elevated fully sixteen feet above its
original level. It would be a question
for the naturalist rather than the otolo
gist to determine the age of this floating
island, as it is evidently made up en
tirely of decayed vegetation. Pe&aps
at some remo'te period the roots of a
tree, uptorn by the mountain storm,
drifting out into the lake, formed the
nncleus from which the island has
grown, but it seems singular that it
should have remained anchored and un
changeable in its position. JehnsonvilU
tOrc) Sentinel .
fttrj ef tie HalUpUrstien Tkk.
From advance sheets of II. P. Hub
bard'i "Newspaper Directory of the
World," published by him at New
Haven, Ct., we extract the following
highlv interesting and instractivo facts
and figures in regard to newspaper t
There are 10,131 American (U. S. and
Canada) newspapers &)9 dailies, S.42S
weeklies, tri-weekliea and seml-weckhes,
804 monthlies and wmi-monthlics. The
total circulation of a single iuc of
each of thews paper (omitting 1,920
not given) reaches the enormous aggre
gate of 20,G77,63S copies, divided as
follows: Dailies, 3,510,1 J6; weeklies,
tri-weeklies and semi-weeklies, 13,511,
424; monthlies and emi-monthHes,
3,G25,95y. This is an average of 4J,ai 1
to each paper for a single issue, and
taking all issues of the whole for one
year a grand total of l,S3".473,59i
copies. Taking ordinary 40-pound
newspaper at its average measure of
4,000 sheets (solid to the foot, one
bsue of all these piled up would meas
ure 5,170 feet (nearly a mile) in height,
or for a whole year 459,119 feet (over
&7 miles high). Counting them all at
the average size of 27 x 41 inches, and
placed end to end, ono ivsuo would ex
tend 70,048,255 fert (13,30 miles) ; for
one year, 6,274,018,100 feet (1,163,374
mile), or over 47 times around the
earth, and five times the dltanco from
the earth to the moon. In a thousand
ems of typo there are nearly 2,000
different p'icces, and in an average fonr-
Eago eight-column paper, not in lid
revier type, there are 1 JS.000 ems
(about 150 jwunds, or 290,000 type in
one newspaper. To print ono iviue of
the total 10,131 papers of this average
bize, there must be handled nearly
5,000,000 tKjuntLs of type, or 2,998,770,
000 types. The tota'l number of edi
tions of these dailies, weeklies and
monthlies for one year would make
724,790, and to priut them occasions tho
handling of 2,173,i99,849,G9G,OuOtypcs.
These arcruges are minimum rather
than maximum. There is usually twice
as much type, at least, in an office as
will 5et the pajwr, consequently, for
this purpose alone, there must bo 10,
000,000 pounds in use, tho valuo of
which is about $5,000,0u0.
According to a late writer, certain con
ditions must be observed in putting up
rods to insure their protection, viz: The
main stem of a copper lightng con
ductor should never be less than four
tentlis of an inch in diameter. This
dimension is not sufficient for a build
ing more than 80 feet high. Galvanized
iron may be used instead of copper, but
then the diameter must bo jrreater in
tho ratio of 0.7 to 2.5, tho conducting '
capacity of iron being to that of copper I
as 11 to 77. A galvanized iron-rope '
conductor should never bo less than .
eight-tenths of an inch in diameter; a '
galvanized iron strip should be four
incties wmo ami one-eigiitu ot an men
thick. A lightning-rod must be continu
ous and unbroken from end to end. A
rod need not be attached to a building
by insulated f asteuings; metal clamps
may be safely employed, provided the
rod be of good conducting capacity and
otherwise efficient. Above, the rod
must terminate in metal points, well
projected into tho air. These points
should be multiple and perfectly sharp.
The bottom of tho conductor must bo
carried down into tiio earth, and bu
connected with it by a surface contact
of largo extent. All largo masses of
uictil in a building should bu metal
lically connected with tho lightning
rod, except when they are liable to bq
occupied by people during a thunder
storm; an iron balcony, for instance.
In such cases it is belter not to have the
iron connected with the Conductor, for
there is some risk of persons standing
on the balcony furnishing a path for the
lightning to the rod.
ExrouTixo Ice. Ice has now be
come an interesting subject on account
of the exorbitant price which the ice
companies have determined to demand
for it. It is also interesting because the
trade, both domestic and forcign,-is
largely American, and because wo are
the great consumers of the world. We
had long used ice at home beforo wo
began to export it. Exportations were j
begun seventy-live- years ago by Fred
eric luuor, ot liostou, vho then sailed to
Martinique in his own brig with a cargo
of 130 tons. He continued in the busi
ness, though he made little or no money
until after the war of 1812. Three vears
later he obtained important privileges
from Cuba, including the monopoly of
Havana. In May, 1833, he sent the
first cargo to India, and it was delivered
at Calcutta the following autumn; in
1834 he sent the first cargo to Brazil ;
and he carried ou the trade alone until
183G, when other persons entered it.
Some twenty years since the Wcnham
Lake Ice Company began exporting ico
to Europe, and has done so well that it
now has active competitors. Wo used
to send 20,000 tons annually to Great
Britain, whose supply now comes main
ly from Norway, 139421 tons, valued at
about $650,000, having been imported
thence in 1872. The total value of ice
stored in this country in ordinary years
is computed at from $5,000,000 to .C,
1)00,000, and of the ice trade of Norway,
Sweden, and Kussia at $1,000,000,
which shows that some $10,000,000 are
added to a comparatively small body of
water merely by freezing. The demand
for ice rapidly increases even' year, and
it is probable that, by the'end of the
:enturv, the ice crop of the globe will
be worth $20,000,000.
Pkice ok Paper. An authority on
this subject makes the following pre
diction : In view of the continued rise in
the price of the raw material and the
probability that there will be no reduc
tion for the remainder of the year, the
probability is that the price of paper will
be advanced considerably during the
next two months. Should, however,
any reaction take place in May, perhaps
prices lower than those now asked may
be quoted. Those in the paper trade
consider that, even if Congress 6hould
give the desired relief, the price of pa
per would not be much affected.
la Powder Fern.
VxcmriyB put up in this form is within thi
reach of all. By maJc'nj: the medicine, your
self, jon can, from a 50-cent package contain
ing the barks, root and herb, make two bot
tles of the liquid Vtgetine. Thousand will
KUdlv aTail themselves of thia opportunity,
who have the conveniences to make the med
icine. Full direction in every package.
Veeetine in powder form is sold by all dm?.
jritU and general sure. If vou cannot buy
it of them incloje .V) cents in" postage stamp
for pne package, or $1 for two packages, and
I will send it by return mall IL R. Stevens,
Tke Doctors Yielding.
Etc since Prof. Green wrote to the Jfedi
cat litcvrd advising physicians eerybere to
nse the Safe Kidney and Liver Cure in their
practice, it has bren gaining in favor with the
profession. They can find nothing which is a
substitute for it. R. Caulklns, M. D., of
Rochester, N.T., savs be would now prescribe
it to all who are afflicted with serious kidney
and liver diseases.
. L. Baker, a Minnesota miller,
claims priority over Thomas B. Osborne,
the Yale student, in the discovery that
middlings can be purified by frictional
FeifeUlr aQ Ordtnarr eonrraation. Iamih Am
eerts. etc. brjkor danxeU to ihe herrrt of Hfartsr
tr xneas of a jrceat wonderful tetaalBe isTeatfoi4
U Deaiafbone. For rttsartabte pubtte tea: oa
the Deaf, alta on the Deaf aaj D:cn!x tee th X. Y.
HtraU, Sejs. 3: It .Y. T. OltUOsm. uaroeau. Xor.
B. esc beta for rxx p2jjfct to tae Atoencaa
Deaujtoae Co.. Vtac Street, rs, onto.
,1 cough disturbs your sleep, take a dosa
of Piso's Cure for Consumption. So ur all
who have tried it. .
Farmers and Threshermen, read advertise
ment ot Victor CloTer Holler, in thk paper.
Dost bw without C. GiibtVa Starch i
Ar fora!! t U WorfcT tHifT
Mnlkxl AMcdftticw, BsSmla. Nt Twkj o-d
Grt Kaia fuct Ba&ilsx. LoaAm. E
rU&tLco Urst to H lk Ua A f cHUoa
ot tl Pcwvte'CaHiaMal AStH
rr. tst UOJ xsn. rlr UhatnUow
fc?R.V iVrrr. M D-. yt-fkl,tja Iat
JdY Gui.c-rl.k. rHud. 10 cent. Kotfc
k t Ktrar-dlU Afrat, l!letrUc otrV
tut tor rtrelTut, dlr m et ttanW. tU3
rtJ yjtat. dub frrt, nJtul rarrtcr a
kStwiml 3ctioa. lOcrcU. IXMel 0r
tnlirt OrrB, IQcmU; CaUrrh. U rttVl
trratraesl ml kmIUtc tar. l ea rrclf
Of oct pclac'iinp. Adirru U itxne.
LiaT ixjujxk cr jeHo Axis Gr ws
vttrt o2. Get Uj moist Frr.
WotU BOt I witkjat KcdilBS KMi
Rtlie, it the terCltt of U "bo a It-
! Tolk rr fmlnr batAr fcTUr RlUoo, tatj
rt ucfc Itti little thine.
Thk ex-Emr-rrM CMu rwotly ttnn
n mc at new Uwcct okl tnlworHi
chKd for br Her mk U how oMuilrtfl
TliCKC it llTefort fcetrea tf ! tivl
thr WL TheeagtBcrlileljrU bj ""&
ul, tad the Injoa dr U tUmttUicd uj m
, OX CbrtttCJM the church ot a tUltc fccT
tie ot our mnujctarin U nt tca
tlfullr decorated tht man ouUdder came to
1 Tie It, one of hont. at the paled a tt
bruUr and Inhaled the rfaine of lruc
a&d pine and balaara. feelinslj remarked:
Ho wletnn It .raeUV. , 8ne one eUc 00
erredthat the bd heard of th "iior ot
arKtltr," hut nererknew eiacOj, until .
A FKE.tClt cbrinltt aert that If tea b
rrouDd like eoflec. Immediately tfore h4
water t ruml uj.ua it, iU exhflaratlni; qual-
Ulc will be doubloL
Mr. Smith, who h to lur a cuttle of cl
mr rtalm three timet a day, readt with pro.
rw-tlri. lor th announcement that tae coa
field of the world will be exhautted In i,t
The Inventor ot the Keely ntoUir U huJ
Urins it oter into the amc of flfteeo.
"Maiam," add a lawyer ti hi ll
XI.. ,1.1.. ........ I .ti.ll Ainw lllllv a '"4J
IU 14149 .. mr . ... ..--..- j -
fee." 44 A nominal feel" exclaimed the ldjl
44 that' jAr-uomluall
When a soldier I lit he become a ril
1 1 ..ivmiiltii fur r-nrtion tetrrmali
to our hen fancier. W hat it anWd i a lie!
I.at will lav ilrrfiraLrd efir for ha'tcr.-
Tit Atlanta Contttiuttoii call John Chit
Ban a "MuMkoIUii."
Tntr hr all rlllil.itlOtl of Wildcat It
riiulr. n.l )ir W another ill New YM
City, hut they rail It the Mlnlin: Kxcluu-j
Uiere. ikt!urt i-ointiurcuu jiuiuitn.
C i. (On rerdarathime. Sample worth 93
IU IV VU Itm Addr
LtretasilMu llV. ItJTtUrvl Urn
A U KKK tl- a day at home easily mad
CimUj outft rim A.ldr True A Co. Aturuta. il4
Itevulrort. Illtin. Catalogue free.1
Uirat Wntirn Uuu Wurtv MUUiHinttt. Pxl
A WKKK In tour own town. TennianJl
K nutet frm AiUr i H.llalMt AY lilan t Mil
)l !- I a ltMttMr Im !
to30 4ay&. opy (III -r.
Da. J.irntt.s,lbHm, oblu.
ST intMfor!Hiitr'JI 'f'nf J.mrIlnllr,l
lllKII.I.I.XU.IiKW HOOK. ClrruMnl
frrr. W ! lmVA..l,uU..UC. lUiM..M.IuU.Uu.'
.UI'KMMA 1 UJ OJilVV.
All Ihtf I.itur. fl HTrrntua. X. J.
,trioTji.vr." Scud fur lauitblr. I
HOV.1BLKTOUTH IIHIILAH RA1IN.
and W?t.nitr O. tl n,whrr. Utl-ul
air Urtall. lTtr-llt frrt. U-! ruarao-
tiol. M.(iTtiLlS7 WatMUhaT.tTilractv
Wt LUAIl mUffLY Church 'nl VilUri
propertf rr ianJiilan arfaimw iIUi tlampi V a.
IIuniA Dowrr Altl"n ".Ml N nth si L IxuU.Mo.
Ao'i-rawAoj AT SIX PER CENTi
In Powder Form,
50 CENTS A PACKAGE.
Full Directions in Erery Package.
DR. W. ROSS WRITES :
Sn-oultt, Llrrr t'omptnlnt, It y a pep.
la, ithcumntlmm, iYcaknrmm.
II n. STSTKNS. DiKtntV
I bir vrrn prxtldnf ralldn 23 jran. air! i
a rrinnlj for &rtful, Urtr v-Mplmtt. liftifkL
MmmilUm, Wrtiintu. arxl all dltran4 of thMl I
liatf rxfrr fiimrt Its fti:U. I har mM YKHICn.NKfitr
tTea Iran. anl ho ihtt hl irm ttl return-!.
1 would liearUI i rwewarurod It tit Uh In nn rf u.wj
LurtRer. Da. W.lUnS, liruzgut.
brpL 18. 1S75. Wlllun. Ioa
One Package in Powder Form
How to Reduce Your Doctors' Bills.
M likiMKX ST. Kastt r-mrox. Mm,
Siept 30. 1.179. I
Ur. IL H. Stktkv:
7 vor Air Mr Mil dauyhter SIIa fia ti alSlrtM
a one time wiih Unofuur. ufferirnr evrrrltun. I rro
tllled dllfeimt p!irle!tnj III Kut IlmUA. but tbej
MJHbframr. 1 ti2hl!r.eif lonr I'imt tirr-Fr
V 'Oritur, tad mr wife ! t-rt.l It and Rare It la UtrcMId
nnlln l; tne directions and we were urvruwl la a
ftrtnlcht'i time ire how m child had raliw In
fltb and itrrnsUi. hhe l dow raliilne rerj dar.
a id I can cheerful) reoirametxt jucr rruiivij to to Un
I Mt w bate rer IrlnL
luspccuuiir ruura. i.i. wzua
H.B. STEVENS, Boston, Mass.
Vegetine is Sold by All Druggists.
Wells, lUcbamsOB cos pak ava aaa pa, X'1 M-
PERFECTED BUTTER COLOR
ltClTfBnttrtatrllt-Hcle'.Ior tkT'arro. Tbc Urrnt Kstttr Karfri ikosisvM tt .
Tboota31iof Da'.rrraen tar IT IJ FKRKKCT.
ttcotta. whomtetlt. wncrtort It.
aaiooai I 'isioma a . i.uurjfiif. n inroni
AtTWnfJnKIT anUlU taA WaaaWtfa.; Kaab,
rrariau. nurnot. aa. muw-arxxiH ma
atTffaaty "m wUFEZSm
iBii Ta.aaaaMa.a,1aHTaNaararawaaaa.atrja yUa.i illini Ifcrwriiai.
TwrBTT.TWB TUN O. lauanaw AS US HUM.
araMaaar a. aiilinaairiaiaai ai iaiiln ii1i
CalTWl! TU VaaaWfal 9wuim aa. raaaln.j af mmr
aaaaaiartia. Mama, aaa? ataaataOa. a UNM aaas
KB HBT IRXim
mm BSSaB T4B"rta"BB(. 9BW WBBMBB) SWaaaBaWry mt m9m BHjf
at a, fat ta OaUGHt- aa. a "(JHlM- fraai aa.
te. FCU riWHtUMiaaart I w.araat
a.fcrniaatiilaaOraalata.a'aai. Caaaa. Aaayaa
SICHOXS, SHZPAJU) 4V CO..
Dr. l'tercc'a Uoldea Itedieal OiteaTery cm an Maatara. frost Uk n Scrrafa to a
maatAa Btalck. Mawal. or Kraatiaa. KrraiacUa. AalPrltcaat, r.vrr Sam. mnUf mr
mmmtrn Bala, ia tfeorc. all dLcaan caaasd trj taj Mooti, are ccsqcercd rj tt i-oscrfal,
aarlf ring, and iavicorattar mttlidcc
Ktpecialir hat it manifetied iu poteaer in curia r Trttrr. Kaat Saafc. Kalfta, Caraaa.
tot. Bar. Eyea. Bcraratoa. Bare, .aal Bwrlllaaa, Tibia. ftweltlaa. timHn mr TaJcB:
Seek, aal Calara4 ctaaafa. -
IX job feci daiu drowtr. debnitatad, aar. aaUaw oAfiz f tkia. or YelVrriak-fcraira r
an face or Lorir, freqtKnt haadaca. or dixxia, tyl ta:e ia asath. raienial bcu or djKa
aliernaie.1 with lot Dn.he, irrestilar aj.peOie. act teorn. eoMmt, yaa ar mnSef,s inm
T.rkl Uvcr, or "klllaaim' At a ree.lr for u tsea lr. VuKtm'm Uetdea
Jlcdical UUcoTcry fcaa no encal. aa It rZtei pcrfa aad radierl care.
m nx care o. antrtiiu, acTcre Kmmgxm, rrraK imag. aa tsxij aujrw of Caa
atamiaa. it ha. aatcnUhcd tk snUcal facoltr. jj.t eatftCM j)fcjt:eiaaa yrsm&uux It Vut
graaiait aedlfial discovery t tte ajx. 6okI by
V9 rrateta. .!:.
ri" ttin aaaataata. aaa Taata
" rtfita mf Blaaeya.
aaaat BKraaarh. Kaah mt Mt. a Um, take
VWLnJLC rT. aw,MM,
rf TOW A f!C. .
r. c, w xs rt ? v.
ur L. Cat.). m c - !.
jKg.ala - f .vMwrwf
&. kBulTi Uo Bills
Rsl4ljr: w . - A GUIDE
MUtdw m' .rtVfW tf 4 hS kM
tit crr lew" I"
hfittT-, t 7Tf-4'i "T
Wp-!"-, 1 1. . -t
fet Qraml I" W WirtiV HW ! "V1
t. rrm w W I t ,-Vi,
Iirf I S-"-
B rMxat. M r
fain 1 t-fcci ir.T.r.rvfi'iK.
IXHT1TU 'V it
-.... VTA. .1 , r" ft tla t"
l& .mm.mm. YaftMfcMMk. t !.
la.fkU k Mk fft 1 .
tltt. fl lJrWAl. Clfirt m f STUM-,
PEMT DIVIS- PAIN KILLER
-rW TMI Mlv. rmtm I- . Hwh
T NUf. RkMNllUnl ait4 rarilU
n im aryirf h r.r hmt
rIM MkUni.nMetT . a
itXBS ttf MJ ;.mitn) tmf la r !
BniltMi Vwlft. nprlm. Maia, .'
IS AIM alllCB u i.j i liitai
fAIH KILIXil rnrMi r Ik. rste,
Tmttmrr. llr, wllwr, r.l t fk J ...-
wtnU.'X wm4irlm v'vr U lw1 .i j fc
iHlemally mr riumalli Milt. rlllmlj
AQIMTS WAMTIOto iMfiaHlW BOOK.
I Jly tt ue of lir.NT-M IlKMIlIIV t
r ?lmnh arxl Itowrlt will tyiAWj npln Utlr
Itmidb. anil llx hA t;j 6c j-'ff'rtlf fjrUV-t.
HUNT'S ItnMHDV ! partij rrnLU, M
rnr-rtA a want iwtct Vfcrs funu.lol to lh j.
lie. aivl th almo.t rtlUrwo may hm j'UcM la It.
lyfor thn aboT rtlM-aaca, ail haa nrttr
Urrn known to fall.
One trial will (imlnri Ton. For atf.
Irr all Dnijrel. Pil fcr Iinf.hln
rtM. K. CIJMlKf.. l'rr.vl.lrnr-. It. t.
rricta. 7S ocnu, abl tl 36 (larre tluy.
v Bitot Mb
M -.V". w,li ffl
A' - MC
m vvt- m
"CIZ NM. -u 'mJm
lk rdrrrir1tormrehatrorit:r wrtUttoak wtatltu.6a
WrXf J. KICBAKaMI A CU rai1C , rttaaxta, TU
Lrf brail to hu:rr3trrM. Aar4r4 lb Isur
SHEPABD & CO.
Isattlo Cmek, Ilcl.
ORIGINAL AND ONLY GENVIMX
UATCMUm a mnmmlmt, IS fcula. Trxt V i lig.
aatt ram Tkanaajk Wars.
ucesnaaata ta aaaiwr iihii.
Waffiaatlf, KVw rait.aaa lwl a !
tuaTBaeatarTa. . faaiir W a, B kMi af aVaia, aatl
f mil aa nm aai aaaaaaaral Tiiaitir la riaa.
M-atlia. W aaa aaaaa, waaaal aaal af I
Tavaaw. Caaaar. mm aa -tmm mm.
Mayrmr .aatai aa. tMa-Nnr InMM a aaaalaaT.
aVSBaBBa. Va atBjBanajf SfBawBWBt WW BtBa4 aBB'BvSSrfa aaaBaWBJSU
aaakv ' 1-
Sasteeftakisf tklarsr.repaIlTe.raaflct tK. Tfec.
rvai ax. aaa rat ly xarscr tann
. avsiaaa; aaiiici ,isiiaabi, ij jacBar csra it renciroa
W while tuinr tfenw. Tbct overiic wkVwt itlvuridnn is
- - - - --. .r .. ...
ar ctxapilUm. Tor muAler. Kraafavehe.
lataaxr. Slaa. rata la tie ahaaHfera.
Carat. ancuMaa. Saar Irwtniau rmmm
la Btewah. aUHaaaaataelu. raJa lm
lateraal Wwwmr. -" twiisar
ricraara n rata. I ravmaUve rcUew.
GRIII IHD DKOVISION
E(rmK ij i trw ?
mm rw , r M t f if"""
Uh . Jl t. Wl .. -
mm n in Urn' ii WA
ACU.T3 WAKTtO ro m
mt wM ! KMMrL fct
Oo rta. w-t f j tmm t 4 mm lm
MMkhv umt fst.,M ,, m
.-K mwwn m wi.
m 1 - Uj. or im'it
twthf IrolwiNtMH i y tr'
itmm a,r,L Vtwwri rM.in r.
? imU ? r i- ?1 ?Jtr
n.T iT ta-ai t.w iiMilMi(aM
atte WHAT t'f IU WMv
MAM t ; r . '
N4llln 1 ll Os .
ati.tH.. v.. rv. io. itre.
SAY t ltslo.uapl.aufa toatat
that ur paint l uimn tro
moil perfect: sAtlsfact'en.
pnlnttfd to houtei with CUTTA
PCUCMA rAIT. .om two yrm
i;o, and urn to vll ploaol ritr
it thut we ta I u.e our paint en
orn ttnty of our hauo, occu
pied t; our omplojoa anil man
me na tor Samp! Color nd
Pric LI. I to
CUTTA PCROHA PAIMT CO..
OlCVKLAMB. O. CHICAGO. U.L.
MlMttt tint iivjwfi. tvr.
MCAOACMt. 'I IIOUS.
NCSS. INDtCCSDOH aiw.
I'll J s
Tor, uo ri. irttm ad rttr. hf 'H
tho. iufTrinj fr-vn pr tltfeidtf avl
n.rroutneta. Sold by all Orvirvnta.
OO Oouta por 33ojc.
HUKE, SPENCER A CO.
lt IU. rlw n
Bcolfcinders' aei PnaW Macklusry
CHEAP FOR CASH.
81 and 83 Jackson St.,
C lilt AOO. It U.
I. CLENDENEN, M. D.,
Ol'KIOU, ROOM r.
I4S Madison Stroot, Chicago,
Cancer. Tumor:, Etc.,
By a New and Scientific Process.
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SEND FOR REFERENCES.
A TAIHiK 1IOOJC
By LYDIA NASH.
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