The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923, April 08, 1880, Image 2

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BED CLOUD CHEF.
M.L. TB0nxg, PiMUfer.
BED CLOUD,
- NEBRASKA.
HOME AKD FOKEIGJT GOSSIP.
England has, to buy tic flour tor
throe out of every five loaves of bread
eboeats.
A large number of eagles hare been
seen recently in Cheatham County,
Tcun. One killed by Win. Tcascly
- measured nino feet from tip to tip.
The young Emperor of China has
seventy expensive wives to provide for,
and their silks, and satins last year cost
half the land tax of the empire.
Violets arc one cent apiece in Hart
ford, Ct, and a little girl who died
there recently was buried in a casket
made entirely of violets. The child's
name was Violet.
TnE largest amount of life insurance
ever effected on the life of any one man
was on the late Marquis of Anglesey,
who was insured in various companies
t the amount of 3,760,000.
A little Milwaukee boy who had
been in the habit of playing truant was
dressed in girl's clothes and brought by
his mother to school, the other day. She
wanted to shame him.
A NEwHAVEN(Conn.)cathavingbcen
locked in a cellar and unable to get out,
clawed at the wire of the door bell which
ran through the cellar, and made the
bell ring incessantly. The owner of the
houHJ, a timid man, after repeatedly
going to the-front door and finding no
one there, called upon a passing police
man, and the two, well armed, went
into the cellar. The cat then quietly
went out.
An Indianapolis surgeon has in charge
the case of a young girl "sent from Illi
nois for treatment. The bones of botli
her legs will have to- be partially rc-
moved, and the little sufferer must sub
mit to two painful operations. The
cause of her affection is from "jumping
the rope," the ovil effects of which first
appear as pcriostatis, and result in the
death of the bone.
Miss Nellie, daughter of ex-Gov.
Hubbard, of Connecticut, who eloped
with her father's coachman several
months ago, has learned the dressmak
ing business, and is living happily with
her horsey husband. The old man
doesn't relent enough to speak of, but
lias told Nellie that any time she will
separate from the ex-coachman she will
be received into the family again.
An old couple living at a distance
from ncighbors.'in Juneau County, Wis.,
discovered their house afire in the night.
The old man fell from the roof, and,
being made helpless, his wife dragged
him to a safe distance, provided him
with a feather bed, and went for help.
On the way she fell and froze to death.
Her crippled husband lay where she
had left him five days before being dis
covered. In the pastoral regions of Texas one
thousand head of stock cattle, as usually
found on ranches, will double their num
ber within three years., This allows for
losses of age, disease and accident. The
net increase is at the rate of thirty-three
and one-third per cent, per annum.
This accounts, 111 part, for the fortunes
accumulated in a few years by cattle
raisers. Some of the cattle men arc im
mensely wealthy.
Eight men were parsing on foot
through a narrow, deep canyou in
Nevada, when they saw an immense
bank of snow detach itself from the
precipitous side and slide rapidly down
toward them. Three of them escaped
injury by running, two took refuge be
hind stumps, and were subsequently
rescued aliv.c, and.three were killed by
burial under tons of snow. The depth
of the snow is uncommonly great on the
Pacific coast this season, and many
uves nave oeen lost in avaiancnes.
A Liverpool merchant lastyear took
his son, who was recoveringfrom scarlet
fever (i. e., was in the most infectious
stage of the disorder), to stay at a'large
hotel in Wales. The young man's con
dition became known; and there was a
general exodus from the house. The
landlord thus had his house empty at
the busy time, and, besides, was obliged
to go to considerable expense in disin
fecting it. He brought an action to re
cover the loss he had sustained, and it
has just been settled out of court by the
payment of a large sum nearly 2,000 ;
inclusive of costs.
Two wild -cats were recentled trapped
in Catlin, Oswego Countv, Mich., one of
which weighs fifty pounds, is thirty-one
inches high, and three and one-half feet
long. The other, which appears younger
arid more docile, is nineteen inches
high, and two feet long. Thoy were
caught in the trap by one leg, and have
been placed in cages. One of the traps
set was missing and the chain snapped
asunder, which showed that a larger
and more powerful one had been caught.
A dog attacked one of the cats, and al
though one leg was in the trap, and it
was also hampered by a chain, the dog
was literally torn in pieces before he
could be rescued.
George Mallokx ate a hearty meal
at a Virginia City (Nev.) restaurant,
and, laying the bill for $4.50 on the
cashier's desk, said that he couldn't pay
it,iorthe good reason that he had no
money. The proprietor said: "Saw up
that load of wood you see in front of the
door and I'll call it square." Mallory
walked out into the street and coolly in
vited a crowd to see "the biggest fool
in the State " meaning the man who
wanted him to work for a meal already
eaten. Thereupon the restaurant man
pulled his nose, boxed his ears, and
kicked him ; but this did not appease his
wrath, and he knocked the fellow down,
pounded him with a cane, and finally
shot him.
That the disease which broke out in
Japan last spring was Asiatic cholera of
an unusually deadly type seems to be
now admitted on all hands. From the
official figures furnished by the Govern
ment to the Tokio Times, it appears that,
up to December 27, 1G8.314 individuals
had been stricken down; of these, 101,
804 had died, 47,885 had recovered, and
19,065 were still under treatment. Oat
of every 1,000 Japanese subjects, 5 had
been attacked, and the percentage of
mortality among the attacked had
reached the high figure of 62.22. " It
should never be forgotten," says the
Tokio Times, "that the cholera was first
imported from Amoy, at a. time when
the desire of the Japanese Government
to enforce quarantine upon ships coming
from that port, known to be infected;
was overborne by the British Minister."
A few weeks ago an orderly officer
arrived at the Winter Palace in St.
Petersburg in great haste, and demanded
admission to the Presence, stating that
he was the bearer of a most important
dispatch to the Czar from Gen.
Gourko, the Military Governor of St.
Petersburg. Something in the mauls
manner and appearance, although he
was duly uniformed and accoutered,
struck the aide-de-camp on duty in the
imperial ante-chamber, who, asking the
officer to wait whilelie mquired whether
or not the Emperor could receivohim,
hurried into on adjoining bureau, and
sens uihmkko an oraer to come in
stantly to the palace. Ten minutes
latcrjiie General made his appearance
in the ante-chamber, where his soi disaat
orderly officer was waiting, and, upon
being, informed of what had taken
-place, at once denounced -the travestied
aoMfinterasam impostor. When the
Jhtfssr' was secured, sad examined, he
waafuumlto j poed of concealed
nreersas; aad it is not deabted that he
iasamted pmm$ Sat!":
THE
AX AKGEL IX A GIBBET.
With both elbows on the table, and
running both hands nervously up and
down through his hair, there "sat Mr.
John Claverhouse.
Suddenly there was a gentle tap at
his office-door; but Mr. John Claver
house did not hear it- How could he?
He was buried ia himself, .trying to
solve a problem, while be twitched his
hair, as if to straighten out the thoughts
that thronged his brain.
" He's in there'. I know he is," said
a little, funny-looking old woman.
"And I'm going to make him answer
this knock. " With this she applied her
knuckles vigorously to the door, and
in an instant came the response:
"Oh! oh! Whoever you arc, do
come in: and don't stand there, batter
ing my aoordown ! "
Aunt Frilly (for it was no other than
the woman known all over town as
Aunt Frilly) walked in. Mr. Claver
house asked her to be seated and even
pushed a chair toward her; but Aunt
Frilly, who bad the keenest pair of lit
tle brown eyes in her head that ever a
woman hail, perceived at once that
Mr. John Claverhouse was not in his
best mood, which was very unfortunate,
she thought, for she had come on a
begging errand ; "and a begging er
rand, " she said to herself, "stands no
chance at all when a man isn't in his
best mood." Down she dropped into the
offered chair a little, weird old woman :
so very small that people sometimes
said there couldn't be a smaller woman.
But she had a heart large "enough for
two such women, and in all kinds of
weather she was out on some errand for
the poor.
" This is what I call an easy-chair,
Mr. John," she said, as she leaned back,
with a smile. But she searched his face
in vain for a responsive look. "A,beau
tiful day, Mr. John," she added. " The
sun has been shining the whole blessed
time. Hasn't gone under a cloud for a
minute."
" Sun! Sun been shining?" answered
Mr. John Claverhouse, making an effort
to be pleasant, while he could not con
ceal that ho was very much out of hu
mor. "Who knew that the sun had been
shining? A poor fellow like me can't
see t!ie sun in such dajs as these. Banks
breaking! Stock companies going up
so high you can't see 'em! All kinds of
investments coming to nothing! I tell
you what it is, Aunt Frilly, if things go
on much longer as they have lately, the
door of the almshouse will open some
day, and Mr. John Claverhouse will
walk in."
"Thank you, Mr. John, for letting me
know that my time for getting hold of
some of that money of yours is short,"
replied Aunt Frilly, shaking her funny
little head and twinkling her funny
little brown eyes. "I'm glad I hap
pened in this afternoon, to catch it
while it's living. I want all I can get of
it for my poor people in Water Street.
How much would you like to give me,
Mr. John?"
"My good woman!" exclaimed Mr
John, in a short, twitching voice, "don't
ask me for any thins now. Never did
sec such times. The bottom is
falling
out of every thine:. You
don't know
how much money I've lost lately. Why,
if there isn't a turn in my affairs pretty
soon, I'm a ruined man. I'm sorry,
Aunt Prilly; but I haven't a cent for
you to-day. Not a cent."
"Ah! now, Mr. John," said Aunt
Prilly, lowering her voice to a very len
der tone, " I want you to lay up treas
ure in Heaven, and you can't do it if
you turn back on the Lord's poor.
They are his poor, Mr. John His
poor; and I want you to help them
along in this world, so that when the
Lord of the poor comes in the clouds of
Heaven He will say to you: "My be
loved John, inasmuch as you did it into
one of the least of theso my brethren,
you did it unto me.' And it will be a
happy day for you, Mr. John, when the
Lord blesses you for blessing his poor.
You used to be a srenerous little fellow."
continued Aunt Frilly. " I remember
exactly how you looked, running round
the streets, giving away every tlung you
had to any poor body that needed it.
But when you grewup you made money.
Ah! Mr. John, you made money; and
money don't always open tho heart
wide, the Lord knows."
Mr. John Clavcrhouso was a money-
grinder, and the world said truly when
it said that lie was "ahard-fistedman."
But the tender voice of a tender
woman was always a little disturbing to
him, and Aunt Frilly's voice was spe
cially tender that bright, sunny spring
afternoon.
"What a bother theso women are,
sometimes," he thought to himself.
" They do so slir up a man."
But, determined to shake off Aunt
Prilly," he said. " You pet and coddle
them, and teach them to live on charity,
when they ought to do more to help
themselves. You know, as well as I do,
that they are a miserable crew. Water
Street is the worst street in town. You
can't find anv worthy noor there: but
you spend on them all the money you
can get."
" If you won't give me any money,"
answered Aunt Prilly, quietly, "will
you do something else for me, Mr.
John?"
"Yes, yes; anything to please you.
Any thing but money. What is it?"
"Will you go out to-night in the
moonlight (you have no wife and chil
dren to keep you at home), and go
through Water Street, and up two flights
of stairs, where the poorest of the poor
live, and "
" Yes, yes, I will," interrupted Mr.
John. " I like to air my brain at night,
after working it all day over my money
troubles. And I'll take a run up the
two flights of stairs. And I'll do some
thing more for you, AuntPrilly," added
John Claverhouse, now actually smiling
and trying to make himself agreeable.
" If I find a saint, one genuine saint,
such as you talk about, up those two
flights of stairs, I'll pull your bell be
fore I go to sleep and empty my wallet
into your lap. Assure as my name is
John Claverhouse, I will."
44 Give me your hand on that," ex
claimed Aunt Prilly, rising from her
chair and stepping up to Mr. John.
Mr. Claverhouse extended his hand,
but with a knowing smile, as he said:
44 You needn't talk to me about your
worthy poor in Water Street. Not a
saint will I find there."
44 Well, "good-bye for to-day, Mr.
John. I'll leave it with you to decide
whether there's a saint in Water Street
or not."
Aunt Prilly was gone ; and Mr. John
Claverhouse was left alone, tojmeditate
on the uncertainty of riches" and to
deplore the fact that they take wings
and fly away. His riches had not
yet flown away, but their wings seemed
spread, just ready for flight, and Mr.
John' Claverhouse "was a Tory juudous
man. '
But evening found him hurrying
along in the direction of Water Street,
and as he turned into the street the dim
lights shone oat here and there into the
gutters, and all the air seemed foul,"hot
only with bad odors, but with oaths and
curses.
There's nothing that looks as if
there were a saint anywhere around
here," thought Mr. Claverhouse; "but
i'ii Keep my wora ansi, take a
run up two flights of stairs. There's
no kaewingv though, what I'll get
into. Bad place, this! bad place!
What! what! Music in here, as sure as
I'm alive." ' . K ; ,
As ho said this John OaYerhouse was
standing by the first door; -a the top of
the second flight of stairs, with his hand
bent ready to mfeck. But he did not
knock: TTe'stopj aadheld his breath
to listen to the musie inside, ,
There ( no tuuno to sweet on earth.
So name, ao sweet a Jew.
44 A taint up here, I'm afraid! A
salBt at the top of this shaky, wretched
staircase!" said Joha Claverhouse to
himself Again there came to his cars:
There 1 bo muse. o avert on earth.
So Buuae m sweet aa Jesuit.
44 1 must go ia! I must go in!" he
said, nervously.
He tapped ; aad, hearing a faint, soft
answer, " Come," he walked in.
A face bearing tho marks of severe
suffering, and yet serene, looked smil
ingly up at bun from a poor old bed
stead as poor and old as the rest of
the scanty furniture.
44 How do you do, ma'am'" he asked,
rather abruptly, for he was not used to
visiting the poor.
44 More comfortable thai usual, sir.
Thank you, kind stranger, for coming
in to see me. I am alone nearly all the
time. Poverty, you know, attracts few
friends. Please take a chair near the
fire. A very poor fire it is for so raw
and chilly an evening, but it is a fire."
For the first time in his life John
Claverhouse felt embarrassed in the
presence of provcrty.
44 Why, she's a lady; and I'm afraid
she's a mint!" he said to himself, aS he
drew a chair to her bedside and sat
down.
44 Do tell me, ma'am, how you came
here?" he said.
44 Well, sir, I suppose I must say that
poverty brought me here," replied the
woman; "butaslam a King-'s child,
I dislike very much to talk about pov-
44 What! What! You a King's child,
and yet living in Water Street, up two
flights of stairs and with such misera
ble pcoplo around you ?"
44 Yes, sir," answered tho invalid,
with a smile. " I am a King's child.
Tno King of Heaven is my Father, and,
you know, 4 Hegiveth His angels charge
concerning us;' and, with angels ever
around me, I am always in pleasant
company. I know I am what the world
calls very poor, but, really, I can not
maKe myselt icel mat l am very poor,
for every day my Father, the King, says
to me 4A11 things arc yours,' and I tell
Him every day that He sees just how it
iswith.me. And oh! sir, I get such
sweet answers. He says that Ho will
never leave nor forsake me, and He
tells me to 4 consider the lilies how they
grow.' He takes all tho care of me,
sir, and I don't borrow any trouble.
Even in this world He is going to 4 do
more abundantly than I can ask or
think,' and up yonder there's a mansion
waiting for me. I often look out of my
window and up into the sky, en a beau
tiful night like this, and say to myself:
4 It's up there! It's up there!' "
44 How can you knit stockings, ma'am,
with those poor fingers of yours, so bent
with the rneumatism?" asked Mr.
Claverhouse, as he noticed a little stock
ing on needles lying by her pillow.
44 Oh! I'm knitting a pair of stockings
for a sick child on the next floor a cry
ing baby, whose little feetaro always
bare. I saved the money from two dol
lars that were given me and bought a
little yarn. I ought to do something for
the poor, you know, when so much is
done for me."
John Claverhouse moved restlessly in
his chair and left suddenly, after prom
ising to call again.
.Not many minutes later Aunt Frilly's
bell was pulled violently.
44 It's John Claverhouse,' she said to
herself; and just then he came in, with
his wallet in his hand.
"Take it! take it!" he said, as he
opened the wallet and dropped fifty dol
lars into Aunt Prilly's lap.
44 1 found a saint," he added, " and if
she lives a week longer at the head of
that rickety staircase my name isn't John
Claverhouse." .
One daj before tho week was gone,
the " King's child," as she lay on her
bed, considering the lilies, heard foot
steps on the rickety staircase not the
footsteps of angels, come to take her to
her "mansion up yonder," but the foot
steps of Aunt Prilly and a strong man,
sent by Mr. Claverhouse, to take her to
anew, bright home he had prepared
for her.
And as they laid her on tho bed in her
fresh little house, her eyes were at once
attracted to the walls; and there in
Dcauiuuuy limminatca letters set in a
frame and hung up as a picture, she
rcaa:
44 1 will never leave thee nor forsake
thee."
On the other side of the room, in as
brightly-illuminated letters and in a
match frame, wcrethc words :
44 Consider the lilies. "
Tho next day Aunt Prilly met Mr.
Claverhouse, and, laying her hands on
his head, as if she would bless him in
tho name of the Lord, she said, in her
tenderest tones :
44 Ah! John Claverhouse, you found
your 4 saint, ' and now listen to tho
words of the Master: 4 Inasmuch as ye
have done it unto ono of the least of
these My brethren, ye have done it
unto Me. ' " Pawf Cobden, in N. Y.
Independent.
A Wise Serpent.
Mr. M. of our sister city, West Point,
was down on the river fishing hist sum
mer, when he discovered a very wise
serpent. He was sitting near a rock,
under which was a snake's den. The
proprietor of tho den came gliding up
from a foraging expedition, and was
disappearing in a hole under tho rock,
when, with a dexterous movement,
Captain M. seized him by the 'toil and
threw him twenty feet away. The
snake hardly knew what had happened,
and again essayed to enter his domicil
in the same manner. Again he was
treated as before. Never despairing,
for a third time the wily serpent ap-
Sroaching the rock. This time he came
eliberately, as if carefully contemplat
ing the situation. Arriving at the mouth
of tho hole, this time he deliberately
coiled himself up and put out his long
tongue, as if to take in the full situa
tion. For a while he maintained this
defensive position, when he carefully
began to uncoil, at tho same time dis
appearing tail foremost into the den.
This story is fully warranted by Captain
M., who stands ready to testify to its
correctness. Hamilton ,Qa.) Journal.
The Missing Saw-mill.
The other day T. G. met an old
friend, who was formerly a prosperous
young lumberman up North, but whose
bad habits of drinking resulted as they
often do, though he has since reformed
and-is trying to do better.
44 How are you? " said T. G.
Pretty well, thank you; but I've
just been to a doctor to have him look
at my throat."
44 What's the matter? "
"Well, the doctor couldn't give
me any encouragement. At least
he couldn't find what I wanted him to
find."
44 What did rou expect him'to find?"
44 1 asked him to look down my throat
for the saw-mill and farm that had gone
down there.3' '
44 And did he see any thing of it?"
44 No; but he advised me if I ever
got another mill to run it by water."
JDetroit Free Press.
jTHK.CoBctict axperiwMmt station
k about commencing a series of experi
mente for testing thoroughly the differ
eotaMthbaaofaettiag aoifk to obtain
the beet results as to cream, aad.iTpos
aibk, to arrive at a daHnke ooachttoa,
so that the hatter-makers may have
suScieat data tb' enable them to work
with" some decree "of "certainty i the
prodactioa of QaMer,
esteratiTt Effects ef Ceca Leaves.
An interesting account has been given
by Sir Kobcrt Chrisiisoa of hit own ob
servations o"f the restorative and cura
tive properties of the leaves of the coca
plant, which have long been prized by
the Indians of Peru, where the plant
indigenous, as a preventive of exhaus
tion by excessive exertion, a in long
marches, or carrying heavy burdens,
etc He is satisfied that their ue not
only prevents cxccIve fatigue and its
evil consequences, but that it also re
stores the strength, after severe exer
eise, without any injurious effect. As
an example of experiment, begun in
1870, he states that two pupils, upon
their return from a walk of sixteen
miles, in a state of great exhaustion,
instead of partaking of food, dranc an
infusion of a quarter of aii ounce of the
leaves, when all symptoms of fatigue
disappeared, and after wajking another
hour, they had a good appetite for sup
per, felt perfectly refreshed during the
evening, elept well, and were rested
and in their usual health next morning.
Ten other pupils had similar experi
ences. It was also found very benefi
cial for nervousness in females. The
leaves have also been employed in
France for several years, and Professor
Bouchardat remarks that they have
played as important a part in medicine
as the Peruvian bark ; he ascribes to
them stimulating properties similar to
those of tea and coffee, and also that of
retarding watc of the tissues, thus en
abling the consumer to endure want of
food for a longer time. Tho leaves may
be chewed, ofan infusion of them may'
be taken, mixed with rum and fusrar.
or milk and sugar. The taste is bitter,
probably on account of tho presence of
tannin and a peculiar alkaloid called
cocaine. The infusion is clear yellow,
and of an agreeable order. In Paris
it is frequently used instead of green tea,
as being more stimulating and at the
same time cheaper. A preparation of
the leaves introduced uncler tho name of
coca wine is largely em
ployed by physicians in cases of j,low
convalescence or great exhaustion.
Smoking the leaves in a pipe, or inhal
ing the vapor from an infusion of them,
had a decided effect upon bronchial
spasms, and Dr. Lewis found a similar
treatment beneficial in cases of idiopath
ic asthma and chronic tickling cough.
A gentleman who was unable to sleep
on account of violent attacks of cough
ing, found it possible to enjoy perfect
rest after smoking a pipo of coca mixed
with some tobacco, without any subse
quent headache or other unpleasant
symptoms, and the leaves are said to bo
quite agreeable to smoke, as well as
aromatic. Dr. Burger advises, edito
rially, the uo of tho leaves instead of
the so-called preparations of coca in
the market, and also states that injuri
ous results have followed the
abuse of this apparently harmless
article. Tho plant has been culti-
vjueu. succcssiuuy 111 r.ngianu. it is
multiplied by cuttings. JlarjKr's lla
zar.
0
The (Jrcat Tunnel of St. Gotbard.
In 1870 Italy, Germany and Switzer
land signed a convention guaranteeing
$17,000,000 to the company that would
construct the St. Gothard ltailroad and
Tunnel, Italy giving 9,000,000 Ger
many $4,000,000 and Switzerland 84,
000,000. Tho original estimates of $37,
400,000 proved under tho mark, and it
was found that $.r)7,800,000 would be
required instead. Germany added $2,
000,000 to her subsid-, Italy $2,000,000
and Switzerland $1,COO,000. The work
was begun in the autumn of 1872. The
tunnel begins at Goeschesen, in a de
file where tho river Keuss dashes be
neath the famous Devil's Bridge, and
ends at Airolo, where it overlooks the
fleasant pastoral valley of the Ticino.
ts length is nine and a third miles
48,t)5Gfect, to be exact; it is nineteen and
a half feet high and twenty-six feet in
maximum width. Twenty-six hundred
men have been employed Italians with
but few exceptions. Tho rock, which
has varied from hard granito gneiss on
tho Swiss side, to gravel, sand and peb
bles on the Italian, has been operated
upon in a similar way to that followed
in tho Cenis Tunnel, dynamito being
used in blastinjr operations. Owimr to
the greater homogeneity and the ab
sence of water, more rapid progress has
been made in tunneling through the
rocks than in dealing with the softer
material where the excessive infiltration
of water necessitates special drainage
arrangements, besides retarding more
or less all branches of the work. Thus,
in piercing a bed of schist, water was
discharged in torrents, and often the
work had to be carried on under liquid
jets descending with the force of those
from a tire-engine pump.
Tho St. Gothard Tunnel is only ono
section of a railroad running from Lake
Lucerne, in Switzerland, to Lake Idag
giore, in Italy. Besides the big tunnel
there are twelve others, the shortest of
which, Warren, is 1,100 yards long,
while the longest, the Olberg, reaches
2,027 yards. The total length of these
twelve tunnels is very nearly ten miles
15,578 meters. Then there arc five
tunnels between 220 and 550, and
twenty-five between 110 and 220 yards,
making in all fifty-two subsidiary tun
nels of an aggregate length of sixteen
miles. Between Immensee and Gocs
chencn there will bo thirty-three tun
nels, between Airolo and Giubiasco,
seventeen. The lino will be carried
over sixty-four bridges and viaducts, the
longest of which, that of Cadennazo, in
Tessin, will consist of five arches, each
having a span of fifty-five yards. The
total length of the Gothard lino will be
151 miles, seventeen per cent, of it being
tunnels and one per. cent, bridges and
viaducts. N. Y. Herald.
What Becomes ef All the Pins I
What becomes of all the pins? asks
the London Leisure Hour. It is now as
much as forty years since the daily sup
ply of pins from the English factories
was 20,000,000, and ever since that time
the daily average has been steadily in
creasing, till it now stands at 50,000,000
every day. Notwithstanding this enor
mous supply, one can hardly be in the
company of man, woman or child for a
day without being asked : 4 Have you
such a thing as a pin about you ? " Of
our daily 50,000,000 pins,- Birmingham
produces S7,0G0,000, leaving 13,000,000
as the production of London, Stroud
and Dublin, where pins are also made.
The weight of wire consumed annually
in the pin manufacture of England is
about 1.275 1-2 tons, 2,857,120 pounds,
one-eighth of which is iron wire, ased
in manufacturing mourning and hair
pins. The brass wire consumed
amounts to 2,500,000 pounds, which at
lid. per pound in money value, reaches
the sum of 114,583. The iroa wire
consumed is 344,800 pounds, its value
7,183 6s. 6d., and to be added to these
amounts are the wages, paper and
ornamental envelopes, boxes, wear
and tear of machinery, manufac
turers' profits and the like, bringing
the whole amount to not leas thaa
200,000.
According to Hcrr roa Pntthm
mer, the Prussian Minister of Education,
there has been a steady increase of
crime and immorality in the greet tow
of Germany during the hist tea years;
aad the Minister declared mParfcamet
the other day that this naseriewctory
state of things had not beea, wkhoat ef
fect oa the teachers of elementary
schools, except in Berlin. This was to
be attributed in a coostderaMe
to the increased facilities for
whieh had beea provided by recent
islatiofl, aad which had iajarioaab
jOTeaaugBsecROBsoi tac
ariaamww
tszruL A5 tcixxTinc.
But Artificial Lioht roa the
Errs. The saoct eetcatial condition of
a good artificial light, as proTctl by
various and prolonged series of expert
meats, are as follows: It should under
all circanuUBces be steady, and neither
dull nor very iBtesse; flickering iighu
are always very injurious; the Argaad
burner is the best; if a thade k ad it
should guard the eye from the direct
rays, while permitting a fair amount of
lhjsht in the room; the eye should not be
kept in darkness by too much .shading;
a lightly tinted paper is better than pen?
white for reading or writing; yellow
glasses have been found superior to oth
ers in some cases of weak eyes; in
reading, the b'ght should if "powible
come from behind 'the person, and the
eyes should be allowed to rest a little
every few minutes, even when they do
not ccm to require it.
Salt xx Wkll-Water. A serious
epidemic of typhoid fever in Itochestcr
has led to an examination of well-water
by Professor I .attimore, and in his rcjort
he lays special stress on the significance
of common salt in well-water in general.
No singlo indication, he holds, is of a
great sanitary importance in judging of
tho purity or impurity, and, conse
quently, of the nafcty of danjrer of any
water. Hu urocceds'then to uhow that
though, from the universal diffusion of
this substance in the air and in the soil,
we should expect to find it in all waters,
whether from rain, springs, or welLs,
localise of its extreme solubility, never
theless, he argues, the quantity of salt
that should be found normally from the
causes named in well-water is extremely
small, acd, therefore, whenever "it
rifes above a very few grains jer gallon,
it becomes certain that it comes from
some other source than the soil;" and
he concludes with tho logical inference
that, as nearly all tho salt used for do
mestic purposes escapes by the way of
two channels, the water-closet and the
houc-draui, we should therefore expect,
44 what is always found on examination
to Imj true, that, whatever sewage may
or may not contain, it always contains
salt."" It may be interesting to know
that the addition of a little nitrate of
stiver to water is an easy method of
ruwjhUi ascertaininir both the amount of
salt and of organic matter. Tho water
to be tested should be placed in a clean
glass and set in the sun, with the ad
dition of about ten grains of nitrate of
silver to each pint of water. If the
water is icrfcclly pure (which is never
tho case) no change will occur, while if
the water contain either salt or organic
matter, it will blacken after standing a
little, and the amount of sediment which
settles to tho bottom of tho gla. is a
fair measure of tho impurity. Christian
Union.
PtmiFYiNO TiiK Housk. The sim
plest disinfectant, and one which can bo
used at the lowest cot, Is to dissolve tho
common sulphate of iron of commerce
in water, a pound to a bucket of water,
and use in all those parts of the houso
where water is turned on. The action
of the sulphate of iron is a purely chem
ical one without antisceptic properties.
All it docs is to deoxidize the decom
posing substances. Nitrate of lead,
more expensive, is also a very safe dis
infectant. Tho permanganate of pot
ash acts even more rapidly than the
salts of iron or lead. Of late years tho
use of carbolic acid as a disinfectant
has not been so much in vogue. Its in
fluence seems to bo moro local, acting
rather on the atmosphere than tho
source from which tho decomposition
arises. It may be taken as a good rule
that, in attempting to purify a house, it
is of little use to attack the atmosphere.
The vitiated air, though breathed anil
containing the poison and the germs of
the disease, renews itself over and over
again, faster, perhaps, than it can be
corrected. A saucer of chloridoof lime
in a room may destroy the poisonous
gases. But it is the source itself which
must be sought and corrected. Strike
at that, purify that by destroying the
cause, and tho effects must pass away in
time. The use of iodides and bromides
in a house is accompanied by so many
drawbacks as not to be recommended.
Soino old methods, as used on board
of ships, are excellent. A room in which
a fever patient has been confined may
be rendered salubrious, and the germs
of all disease killed, by burning sulphur
in the room, at first having, of course,
removed all the furniture, otherwise it
would become rotten and bleached.
There ought not to be, even with a de
fective sink, a bad atmosphere in tho
house, providing the source of such dis
turbance be properly watched. Two or
three dollars' worth of sulphate of iron,
or twice that amount if expended in ni
trate of lead, used a little every day dur
ing the summer, must tend to kill the
germs of the disease. Tho ventilation
01 a house from the cellar u thought by
some who have carefully studied the
subject to be unwholesome. The argu
ment is that since the cellar is nearer to
the dangerous ground, we take this vi
tiated air and allow it to permeate the
house. It would be impossible in ninety
cases in the hundred to isolate the cellar
from the rest of the house, though it is
attempted in some cases. Tho only true
method is to keep the cellar perfectly
clean in summer, and to watch carefully
all pipes and drains leading into it. It
is there mostly that the hygiene of the
house is to be attended to, for no amount
of precaution above will prevent the
danger which exists below.
AGRICFLTURAL .NOTES.
Do not seed down an orchard with
oats; it draws the mice.
Prune in winter and early spring for
wood, and in summer for fruit.
GitEEX-cOLORED apples, show their
imperfections more than red ones, and
do not sell as readily.
To prepare ground for small fruits
manure it as though you intended rais
ing 100 bushels of corn to the acre.
Mr. Vick thinks it does fruit trees
far more good to thin the fruit than to
mulch the trees. It secures better
crops.
A stock-kxkper reports curing many
bad warts on cattle and horses, during
several years, by application to each of
44 one good daub of tar."
Ik planting trees, the most profitable
are tne very early and very late sorts.
This rule applies to all fruit-planting for
market.
Two bushels of blue-grass seed to the
acre ia the usual amount sown. lithe
seed be good it will grow, if sown ia a
dry time of the year, but the best time
is eariy in ine spring.
Ix selecting buds for scions, it is gen
erally thought beet to take from the top
branches to get rapid growth, aad from
the intermediate branches to get early
fruiting. This is by ao means aa infal
lible role, however.
Plowtxg should be done only when the
soil will crambb loosely y when the plow
smears the upturned surface, the soil
will be injured. While earliaess and
forehaadedness are commendable, one
should make haste wkh cantkm.
Few know how easy ft is to propa
gate most sarabs by root-cnttiag.
Roots the siae of a pea holder are the
best. Cat these into pieces aaiachloag,
aad pkat them about aa iach deep a a
cold frame, aad theywffl he six iaches
high aad ready to pkat by the time the
garoapmtk ready-
To those n-H familiar wkh trimming
jmif apple trees, it is wefl to hare the.
lormafatammTevmiad,withaeea-
tral seem. Chaos the
cat oat the btteratcdkUc braarh. War
Sag aa oater circle of paralkl hraacaa.
The aataral coior ofchew I a yl
kwkh wake. Kagfea SUH mr
stats it- If the rrram U mlkrwrd to
reach too high a UMperaians a th
chum, even with Jnse milk, th batter
will be white. The mmm effect U
reached by heating the rerd. Tfcut H
will be srva that all yellow ebct are
colored artiUcSslly.
To bring young fruk tree forward
rapidly they should be traajplanird at
leat three tin, with carvfai a&d Jodi
ckm rooi-prunning, Grapevine, and
especially strawberry plants, are great
ly improved by thU'mcans. The roots
love tho fresh oU of tlx new home,
while cutting their root cam." them to
send oat lateral branches and thkkca
up.
The finest manure I made by turnip:
the heap ovnr twic. Begin at each
end of the pile, aad throw off tk ma
nure to a distance of three feet, build-
ingup tho new heap, and placing the
coaret manure In the center. Then
proceed until two heap arc made.
Theo will oon heat, and a month or hi
afterward the proccs may be revcra-d
and the two hcapt made into one again
Is selecting dowering plant, and es
pecially shrubs, to ornament ground
with, it should Iki borne in mind that
annuals which bloom but once a year,
maku all their show in tho sprint; when
uiot other plant are in bloom, ami are
kt m the multitude of licauty. Monthly
bloomers give many time the pleasure,
and do uot look "like wortluoM ami
scrawny bushes tho test of the teason,
Si'Kakimj of pruning, an exchange
says. Trim moderately every year, but
no't heavily uftcner than onc in three
years. Pruning may now be done at
any time when the day aro warm; cut
off no limbs that are over an inch in di
ameter. If you do not understand prun
ing yourself," have it done by n compe
tent person, but do notK'ud an Ignorant
hired man into your orchard to cut and
hew at will.
Tiik Amrrican Ciilthiifor says it may
Imj a comparatively slow operation to
milk ono cow in live minutes, while, on
tho other hand, ten minutes1 time might
bo called a quick operation in milking
another. Any jwrson, whose hand hat
all sensitive to tho touch, will, if hu
forces the milk down to the end of tho
teat faster than it can escape, find the
milk rushing back, meantime the cuw
showing tho movement to bo one of pain.
Always milk o that the operation shall
be a pleasant ono to the docile animal,
affording her relief in tho careful empty
ing a full bag of its content.
Jfakc Housekeepers of the (JirN.
Among tho matters affecting our well
being, the better fitting of our girls for
their entrance into tho social and family
world, is of serious importance. Of
course, thu girls must be educated as
thoroughly as circumstances will per
mit. But when sho has become profi
cient ia tho uual feminine accomplish
ments, U that all the education necessa
ry to make her a useful and happy
woman? Sho desires a homo of her
own, and although her mother is loth
to lose her from tho homo nest, sho can
not deny her tho privilege of following
her mate, as the mother did before hr.
Indeed, it is considered an undesirable
thing by most mothers to have a hou-c
full of " old maids." But it is a fact, in
spite of this feeling, that many mothers
do not propare their daughters for hap
py marriages. Thoy neglect to teach
them tho commonest duties of a house
keeper, under the mistaken idea, which
they hold in love and tenderness that
they do not want their daughters to have
so hard a Itfo as they have. So they
ignore tho truth that no ono can place
herself at tho head of a household with
out taking on cares for which, if she
has not been properly educated, her lot
will bo all the harder. Many young
girls begin this new home-life without
even tno first elements of essential
knowledge of what is required of them.
I could tell ol a newly-made bride, patt
thirty, though blooming as a girl, who
was a thorough and popular teacher in
the city schools, takes a high place in
society", excels in fancy work, and is a
good seamstress ; but who has no moro
idea how a meal of victuals is prepared
tLan a bird of the air. This may be all
well enough whilo she "boards," but
tho time will come when she will wish
her good mother had taught her how to
cook a beefsteak and make a pudding.
The young woman needs, too, to
know how to fashion and make garments
for ordinary wear, for we rarely find un
average family in our country commu
nities that is able to hire all the neces
sary cutting, fitting and sewing, without
seriously crippling its resources for
other needs. Ono need not, in order to
be thrifty and economical, always be
her own dressmaker, or her good man's
tailor; for there Ls often real economy
in getting these heavy jobs off one's
hands, thus leaving the wife readier
and stronger for the many duties con
stantly arising, which no one clc can
do so well. But the plain sewing can
be most neatly and savingly dono at
home, under the careful, instructed eye
of the " house-mother," even though
she has a good sewing-machine, and can
afford a competent person to run it.
Hope Harvey, in Land and Home.
Had the Dren on 'Em.
Black Run, as any map may fail to
show, is situated in the Colorado min
ing district, and the Baptist Church is
presided over by an able and athletic
preacher. On the fourth Sunday in
rebruary last, a collection wa? taken
up for the Franz Josef land mlssion,and
the plate was passed around by one of
the deacons. There wa present a
miner from Red Gulch, who was anx
ious, as he phrased it, to "putnp" for the
rranz Josef heathen, but who bad -no
coin smaller than a twenty-dollar gold
piece. When the plate reached him, he
inquired in a low tone: "How much is
the ante?" The deacon told him be
could contribute whatever be choe.
44 Then," replied the ingenious miner,
44 I'll chip in a dollar, and thereupon he
put in his twenty-dollar gold piece, and
undertook to withdraw 19. This the
deacon objected to, on the ground that
no change was given at that establish
ment. A struggle ensued, in the course
of which the plate was upset, and the
entire congregation rushed to pick up
the scattered money. Had it not been
for the presence of mind of the
presiding minister the entire amount
already collected would have been
absorbed by reckless persons eager to
44 jump the deacon's chum" as the h :
eai papers suosequenuy cxprcsscu. k.
The minister, fortunately, happened to
be an old Californian who'thorooghly un
derstood the true way of dealing with
a Colorado assembly- Drawing a
heavy revolver aad leaning it on the
edee of the pulpit, he demanded "or-
der," in a stentorian voice.
"The
brethren." be remarked, "will please
take notice that I've got the drop oa
them, aad any brother who declines to j
go 10 nss seat, or wao loscaes mt 01
that moaey, will have a funeral at hu
house to-morrow at 2 p. m. tmr nua
mgfriead from Bed Gulch will please
let go the deacon's necktie, or he is a
dead man." This address, together
wkh the minister's knows repaCauoa as
a pistol shot, favtaatlj restored order,
sad the deacon picked up the scattered
moaey, iadadiag the twcaty-dollar goM
piece resumed the collection, aad the
service proceeded wkhoat farther ia-
. acc .xir j. una.
The submarine cables new working
Wlvfrseaaaiaaceef?7,000mflefT
XHUEttAL TIIXSAJ..!.
Am t4ta mi Ifc Tjf
mtm crbm tf awn. ".
rrww w tr m.ht.1
la e aH em ar w!1
other ea thy ac ass. Th. iht
or at uf mhjJ wir Ks caB4 ativ.
WaB k 5 a afaral wrsrfwrt. Imm4
b4 ki aawtWr wiWttlhMto
only wha teaad pK 4 ar4.r
uceW ahAakaliy ef eWwJeailT
wHh rther Mtfe. Nw r fer
ao rtrdfe ki tfc awul wMeh U
thdr hi. a, foe ruuapK
sine; here th cJer. Mrrak. aJWiJy
mad weight, all vary frew that f
m that k beam ae nf-eaWaa la
either in appearaacw tr thykl jH
tlrs. The mme U tnse of aUchkr,
earboaate f epfer, wbkh hrn as r
sejaMaace k th asetal, TW Mxttf
encc from the wrtallk: feawe ha gnsAt
timilarltT t tho aa thin U prw
che!cal roWathMM a la Utara
tory wk; yet,whlk? k U !, k I by
no roea tUlrrr!. Tha. lead or
uuaiiv lewotc ieau, -
taken "for lead, aad amy pr, oa
melting a pkw of rock eeatalaisg ga
lena, and eelag the lead ran oat, woM
imagtno that they were tMreAy writing
out tho lead j bat ia reality nallr lead
i not known.
Of tho varioa aetI whw ore are
found. It i a sigalhVaat fact that omhj
are practically always found aalivc, aad
other nrer o found. Tha, goM U aa
example tf iht Sr claw and Iroa uf tb
(tecuml, the only native Iroa bc'ag fouad
l rock uf mtttvrio origin. Again,
Mm mctab have a great adlnUy tx
yolpbur and oygca, and U hi thU e!a
of metal that ate anr found native.
This. Iron ha thU affinltr. iHtftlcalark
for oxygen, especially In tW presence of .
liirt
ti
muMurc, h that U ail tno iron in 1
jrlobo hal origiaaUy been native.
would not over have been found .ow,
as in oonseouence- of tlc action of In f
air and mnhmtre It would all bo rutcd.
Gold and platinum, a they hava no
-uch affinities belong to the firt cla.
but, besides that, there l tlll another
ela of itietaN which occur native, ueh
a silver, copper, etc. This nrlv from
tho fact that the combinations which
they first formed were readily decotit
jiosed and tho metals wrt free. Tho
question arUcs, whence came all tbe
ore-? A It U well known, they are
generally found in veins or rather then?
aro what were aprcntiy ftMirrs in
tho earth, which aro now filled th
the.-o ores. Tho old notion wa that
the interior of the earth was a val
reservoir of precious metals, aad that
In tho proce of cooling cracks or fis
sures were formed In the earth's crmt,
and tho matalbc compound forced up
from the center in a liquid state, and
gradually cooled and eryta!!d. In
other Word, they were upped to bi
of tho ramo origin as tho numerous
trap dikes that wo find everywhere.
But these dikes which wcro formed In
this way never contain any trace of
nietalllc'clements.
What, then, wa the source of all our
metalliu ores? Iu a word. It wan the
primeval ocean; this was th!r grand
source. This Is no theory, utarcly, but
is capable of demonstration. J ho
waters of the ocean, even to tho present
da, contain traces of the. precious
metals; silver in exceedingly small
quantities, but gold is present In very
appreciable quantities. A French chum
1st, after many analyses, found that sea
water contained on "an average about
ono grain of gold to thu ton, and from
tho amount of rea water, It Is estimated
that thero is !o-dy present In It mom
than U),(XX,,lXX),O0U Umas tho nmotiii
that has over been mined. How can this
enormous wealth bo obtained and util
ized? This is the problem for some
modern chemist to solve, to obtain some
substance which will precipitate tho
gold, tho same rvs a plate of iron will
precipitate the copper from a solution
of copper sulpbato. To explain how
this ancient ocean contained all there
metals In n state of solution, we must
go back to tho condition of things at
this lime. Before there was an ocean
tho water was all In our atmosphere,
and even when it began to bo precipi
tated (t was in a continual tato of per
turbation, and the first water formed
must have been under an Immense pres
sure and have been Intensely hot. Now
it is well known that water under theo
conditions has Intense solvent power,
and would dissolve even some of our
hardest rocks. This experiment lias
lwon tried, and water has been inclosed
in utrong glass lulws containing iliffcrcnt
ores and rocks, and then Intensely heat
ed, when it was found to have dbwolred
part of the glass and attacked the most
olidiirate ores and metals. Quart, cs
jccially was particularly affected. In
our National Park, the solvent power of
hot water is seen where tho geyser are
surrounded by stalactites of quartz,
which have been formed from tho water
flowing from them. Tills extends also
to ores of metals. Now nearly nine
tenths of all such ores arc combinations
of the metals with sulphur and oxygen.
Now the sulphates of all theee metal
are soluble, so that being disaolred by
this ocean they remained in a state of
olution. This, then, was thu condition
of the ocean just before it began to bear
life.
A chemist once bad a solution of fuI
phateof iron in ajar, which upon ex
amination one day, after having been
long forgotten, was foend to have par
tially crystallized. On breaking open
tho mass of crystals, he came to a quan
tity of iron sulphide, in the center of
which he found the bones of a mouse.
The mouse had fallea into the jar, and
sulphate of iron crystals had been de
posited about its body. The iesh then
began to decay, getting the necoMary
oxygen from the sulphate of Iron, which
was thereby reduced to sulphide. This
little accident completely illmrtraiM
what went on In that old ocean, where
by it deposited its treasures of .metal.
Life appeared, and death and decay en
sued, rhe decay of all this animal aad
vegetable matter reduced the sulphates
to insoluble sulphide, which were de
posited. In thu way do we account for
the dhffasioH of various sulphides
throughout the great mi uses of stratified
rock. Thus pyrRes are found every
vhere, and the most fostlifcros4 strata
contain the greatest deposits of sul
phides. This does not, however, as yet, ac
count for the veins. They were er
ideally formed by ialltraOoa, in tome
cases, that is, being under waler, the
metallic subsUaces were Sltered into
them: but, wkh the exception of a few
veins of chloride of silver, thk does not
account for their formation. Min
eral veins generally are reins
th-vt traverse varies of the strata
of dejxmted rock, aad vary ia dip
anu. ib. wMiM aoa ncsBoas accoramg to
what strata -they P thrtwgb.
These veiaa coataia snecsssira Jayenef
deposits aad freqaeatiy cavkSss ia their
center, laaspedaseaahowa were suc
cessive layers of oaartx, iaor spar, cal
cite, together wh various sulphides.
The-richest parts of sack retas are those
which traverse strata ia which the me
tallic ore is the moat wiiely iftmssisated
acd are commonly ia poroas saasLstose.
Let m suppose such a atra turn to be
traverse by a smre,tae hot water
paawag through gnsasr'
rmthemlphaftss to soWUe aalp
f
!
aaawoau carry them hate the rekt,
where they weald he dtfssatss! agaia
by the aetata ef sulphuretted hydrogen
These, tBeaysmr ha geeeral the sue
ceaMveactioas that took aJaee. fine
theTtiasby
vmm fw
by the
jwsses nsrsseaama saw m ml raise
fey the , them ssssitcd aa ssaV
mramammamm mrar amsmmmmmmmammasmenr amtsnmsise aasi
1 ef saJf hatiskd hyaty.
In mm I Ci!s4. Kr;V!.
hi the mtU tI r ! r,
MrtJyite4 - " -Wted
at lh a- t.
wM a( oe Imawr f
thwlTft!w whkhlh rrjMak .-
frae4, whSra ha afUil t.
1m WerSft W hWK la--
fr. ths cfal iMapm f
la rrpvri $ t kvit rf a
eftr, aoher5Cirot itH Ns ia.
o tv4 tfo. Th rih d?
Ha an always foad ttwc :
of dira tl-ratltk. a trgltm
94 attefa', N1 U t wJt Va"
that Wtwrr fei$rtf dffforrat na
aa ffectrk rarrwt U !j mU
Th Iwn great m of differ- ,
thrrfpfe,laalaTPt tUry. k
th dflncp l l $"
and wer elating threes th pm.
atUa cuotataed olphal of pf?
la jwlation, whkh Mg ey 4m
I! br a wrsk current, th 4ji
vm & htw the two trab, ..
that aJt copper i tfc ralt f
nral eJedrk1 d cJhwI1 U
Kjw h?e thcwtjtht that tK coffer
thrown ap la a dike, hot tht
t, a thcro art? fi-ur-t tn It 4aM
ilvrf. which wvxdd la thxt o )m
titrated an alloy, moreover. U i bm4
aoeUksI with raUnt. which U awj
obtalsed frum a w4;itka.
Scotch C . pwtnl f
Hgr and ejjc. half a jwxml wh
Hour ami meat, aad threo-putf'r t
Mxml of butter; a gill of brandy at a
nutmeg.
HKKMtT Count. -lH ?up Wter.
one and a half vup J"r, I bee rrr.
! oo tr-JupooRftll of all klmU d Ditlv-fA,
I half traMwxmful la. !H4t la a 1
1 tic wter, mix up Uff ahd rM
Warruta. One quart of mUV, tferr
egg, two tea'poonhiu uf UAUag-f'
Jder. oae tablrpooufu! eaeh f WwHrr
and sugar, aad flour emmh to taax
UR batter. Hake In wafJtp Iron.
Cakk Without Ks. Hvp t
rtitor, twu cup of sugar. tninjw f
milk, one-halt cttp of butttr, two t
sjKott fuN cream tartar, one uf !, mm
coffrcuj of rabdn, and nutnwg t
taste.
Cmivk Cakk. Twu cups tbtmr. hlf
cup inula, one-half cp butter . hm
half cup milk, two egg, twu euj f
raisin, ono tcaapooiiful of odn. Wait
teasjHoRftil each of clove, olnaiH.n
and allspice, half a uutmeg.
1't.Al Al'fLK HatiCa. Pare, quarter,
and core them; put them lnu a aue
pan with Mllucleni cold water In nff
tho apple, place them on the lire nd
imll gentlv until they are- tender, tkH
drain and mah them to a pefilt
smooth pulp: add a inodUcd htmt "f
butter ami a uan eiuior
meg or ground cinnamon.
-1 .. .
of gratitt am
Chaiiam Bkkau.-To two pound -f
firaham flour allow a pint of milk, a pint
of water, a wlneglasful of mkiw, .
tcavpoonful of salt, half a eaonfMl
of soda and two tablespoonful of t(g
yeast. Boat tho yeast, iuoIsmim, phIa
and salt In lukewarm milk or water.
Stir in tho flour until too stiff to u sv
spoon. Knead and bake as usual.
Poor Max's Pt'tunnu. A quart of
milk, half teacup rice, jwlt to tati, and
ono teacup sugar j plaeo In tba ovn
cold, ptlrriug occasionally while ih rte
Is swelling. It is better to IkiVo qUc
slowly about two hours. It luuld !
cream-Ilka whun done. To vary thU a
small cup of raldus and a tMvpom mI
lemon or vanilla may 14 added.
Mountain f'AKK.Ono pound of pul
vnrlxed sugar, half a pound of butter,
stir thu butter and sugar to a iiioaiw.
then add six egg, leat the yIk ainl
whites separate. Add the yolks to thu
butter and sugar: ono pound of lltntr,
threo tcaspoonfuU of baking (wmdwr,
one cup of milk. Add the whites of thn
eggs the last thing; one. waoonful of
vanilla.
French Bolus. Tako threo med.
um-lzcd Irish potatoes, boll until soft,
mash In tho water In which they wer
boiled, add enough (lour to makit It thu '
consistency of cream. Soak an yeast
cakn in a cup of tepid water, IkhU In
two or three eggs, one tablesjutonful of
sugar, one of salt; mix th whohi to
gether ami t It tn rise. When rien
work In flour, In which ha been ruhtwd
ono tablespoonful of lard, until stiff
enough to handle easily, Iet it rUn
again, then mako (mt tho roll with
your hand, flatten until they will fold
over, and spread a wry llttlo butter,
lust enough to keep It from slicking,
bake quick. Tho above xecipo will
make thirty rolls.
k Fsmwr's Besserate Knrsanter wllk
Famishing Welr.
Valentine White, one of the oldest
farmers residing In Bradford County.
Pa., had a ;lesjKrate encounter with
two almost famished wolve a day or
two sinco. He has cleared a good-?d
farm, ami U to some extent itolated
from his neighbors. Around Mr
White's farm Is a dense foret, almost
untouched by the p4oHeer. Bar,
deer and wolf are abundant, notwith
standing which they are seldom dis
turbed by hunter. In the rear of Mr.
White's houc ts a huge framo barn,
with great cracks caucd by decaying
board. On going out to the barn hi
heard a great cjufmotkni. Thinking
some of the animal had broken loo,
he did not open the front door lt tb?r
should escape, but juee,ed himHf
through a large apertHn? left by a
broken board. A soon a he entered
tho uproar increased, aad he saw in tbo
middle of the bars aVxra heler which
hail torn herself from the tanehion by
main force, and broken one horn in tht
act, Clinging to her muzJe w
large gray wolf, with k long, sharp
teeth faotened In the miaul'
with a ball-dog grip, while aaothr
was trying to hamstring the poor crrat
are. The bellowing of the heifer, thenrf
ing of the wolves and the rattling of th
loose bera oor made a deafezwag
racket, and the human intruder ww
noticed- The cow shook the wolf Uit v j.
a limp rag, aad pounded the Sd
of the. stable wkh k. bt ia Tain. M
White's anger at the attack or. bUsfxk
eTermastertd alt feellse of prudece.
and, seizing a pitchfork, he prepared
himself for aa attack. Ko sooner dvl
the wolves perceive him, thaa, jsvui- ''
deaed by the taste of Wood, they tunwd .
twm the heifer aad attacked kiau X
one of the Infuriated aaXasal sprang
toward the eld maa, he deakks mighty
blow wkh the fork, sending k into a
corner. JJut the other aasasal cxai
ks teeth ia the old maa's right ccat
sJeere, aad ia sack ek juartcr that
the wesaoa was of ao avail. Af ir
kicking uie4y at the asimsl, he f
rrasoed ks throat wkh his left
haad, aad sheked the w, If uadl it
let go. Then seizing agala the pitch
fork, he desk, a weU-dirsctrd blow aad
broke the leg of one f the sausa!,
wbkh thea dodged throng the bo&
bthiad him aad hmaed asT, howha
dismsifr. The other wstf held iu
groaad, aad whenever epportaaUy of-
ferwf sprang at tae oW maa. bow asu
thea fartesiac ks teeth iato his arm.
Though hseedieiT profstsely WbiUfcoa
thMMl the ftgat. aad kh weU'
directed thran ef tho pitchfork. t
the tmes through the amaTs hear
kSKsg it almest mstsatly. The dead
wetf was ef large hk, gaaat wkh hsa
gar, aad wkh a gTJ ceat ef hgat
gray. While's clethes ware Sora iaso
hat lace, aeex sast
deasdr bv the cktws ef U
-fMnry Ckrwvfc. Ti
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