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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (April 1, 1880)
I hi -
THE BED CLOUD CHIEF.
- M. L. THOMAS, PvMMter.
EED CLOUD, - 'NEBRASKA.
AKS WER HIM SOFTLY. ;
Anwer lilm softly. You can not know.
In lh; depihslMluw, j.
How Miarj) was tlic. utrugle, the light lie
Kit; the price lir paid. "wc
And yielded ltlf wml to tlic tempter power
In a hasty hour.
Answer lilm wf:lv; for it may I-
Ilke the ituni lr-e, 9
"Which tested in many a torm Its trenRth,
To Ik rent at length
lie frirugglfd full oft, nnd rcnixted well.
Though at last he i elL , " -
Answ er him foftly, let you lu tried'
On your eafcer wide.
And fail, a lxI ore you many have done,
Who in thought hud won ;
Tail. too, ere temptation had ptit lu Xurco
In its Kuhtle course. ?
Anwer him wiftly; for none enn tell.
When the Morxn-cloudw cll,
"Wlio-o bark bhall weather Uie tempot, or
Its venture ahull loc.
Speak gently; the v. eakesf may. stand the
The Moulest may falL
Jiotton Trat titer.
She was waiting at the lattice.
Where the Miowy plumed cleiuatin
Trn.ntltd for her gratis
What the breezes cung and frfghcxU
And the dainty tcnderntae-
Of the hunleumM on her tre-
1-ft her traced in the care
Of the goltfcu morning tide.
Tlie linnet were a eoolrig.
And the dapjier !ee a-ooing.
And the deun were interview ing
All the flower cohered fays;
While lightly from the dingle.
The zephyr, lone and Mngle,
Came u to intermingle
In the leal -entangled marc.
She waits another eoming, '-
Her heart it, richen humming, (.,- v
Till Middcnly a lninimin;c
From the gravel walk aroe,
A hope triumphant filled her,
And clear the word that thrilled her:
" Look hure. you, Jane Matilder
Come and knuckle them nr clothe "
A. ). fTorld.
The postman nipped sharply on Mrs.
O'Donuhue's door (this door'belonged
to tle hack room on the third lloor of a
tall, narrow, dingy house in along, nar
row, darl: street cont-iining many other
tall, narrow, dingy houses) St. Val
entine's morning. His Kichcl and his
left hand were filled with letters and
valentines, and in his right hand ho
carried a pretty blw-and-gold paper
box a little battered, as paper boxes
are apt to be when they come by mad
tied with a blue fcatin ribbon, and smell
ing hke rotes.
A young girl wearing a soiled calico
dres and shoes down at heel, but with
her rough curly hair piled in huge puffs
on the top of her head, and a pair of
cheap taw dry ear-rings in her ear-, hold
ing a torn and crumpled novel in her
hand, opened the door.
"Miss Bridget O'Donohue?" asked
"That's mesclf," answered the girl.
" Then here's a valentine for you,"
he said, handing her the box; and turn
ing quickly, he was down the stairs and
out of the house in a twinkling.
Mrs. O'Donohue was washing, and
the windows of the room were dim with
steam. Bridget went to one of them,
wiped a couple of panes dry with the
skirt of her dress, and opened the box.
A howl of delight burst from her lips.
" An? what in the worruld is if, Bid
dy dear?" cried her mother, rushing
from the wash-tub, her arms covered
with soap-suds to the elbows.
"Kape away! Don't come near it
wid the soap'-suds!" screamed her
daughter. " It's one of thim Kitty
Crowley was a-tellin about last night
a valentine. And och! ain't it lovely?
Niver sor I the likes before."
Mrs. O'Donohue put her arms behind
her and looked over her daughter's
shoulder. " Bless us and save us!" she
nxclaimed: " it makes me think of the
fairies. Sure it looks like some of their
wornik; it do entirely."
" Niver in all me life sor I the like
before," repeated Bridget, and 1 don't
believe she ever did. It was a beautiful
valentine. A sheet of creamy, satiny
paper, on which were delicately painted
the loveliest white roses and snow-drops
and blushing moss-rose buds, and in the
center of which was fastened a pretty
gold ring, and beneath the ring this
verse was written in a plain and hand
some hand :
I offer roes pure and w hltc
Kinhleni of girlhood's, happy tiny.
And swvet nio bud- by Cupid plucked
To deck Love's ways :
And -now-drops Hope's own dainty flow
ery That wliipcr you may yet be mine,
lear girl with sunny hair and smile
These lines Miss O'Donohue spelled out
slowly, mispronouncing many of the
words, and making sad nonsense of
what was rather nonsensical already;
but her mother listened with as much
delight as though the reading were per
fectas, no doubt, she it thought was
exclaiming, as her daughter finished,
" That bates Tom Moore intirely ! But,
Biddy darlint, you haven't sunny hair;
vou hair is like" the night."
" They mostly put that kind of hair
in songs," said" her daughter; "an' 1
wish you wouldn't call me Biddy again.
Bridget's bad enough, so it is,'an I'll
change me hull name whin I git mar
ried, so I will. I wonder who in the
wide worruld represinted me wid this
Bridget O'Donhue," said her moth
er solemnly, at the same time looking
at her with admiring eyes, " some
young gintleman has fallen dead, in love
widyou.an you only three months in this
blissid country. An1 1 don't be sur
prised at it, for since you put them puffs
on the top of your skull, an' 1 bought
you thimilligant ear-rings, you look hke
a. princess. An sorra a doubt I have but
that he'll be wantin to marry you in a
year or so 1 was married meself at fif
teenan I hope you'll not be desartin
?-our old mother "whin you're a foine
" I wouldn't so demane meself," re-
Elied Miss Bridget, with a toss of her
ead, " if you bees only a washer-woman.
I'll buy you a silk dress an a hat
wid an oarstrich feather, an a goold
watch to wear whin you comes to see
me. But you mustn't be comin too
often. He mightn't like it."
" Shure I'll niver interfare between
you an' him, me brave gurril, said her
mother. "Mothers-in-law do be doin'
that too much, they do; but I'D kape
me place, niver fare. An now, Biddy
I mane Bridget darlint, your frinds
must see this valentine, goold ring an'
all, an larn the prospects that has arose
before you. But it won't do for you to
be runnin about from house till house
wid it as though, you'd niver had the
like before at all at all."
Shure I niver had," said Bridget.
"Whist! no nade tellin the same,"
said her mother. "For all they know,
you had. hundreds in the old country.
Put on your Ulster an' your new hat,
an' go an' ax your frinds here to a tay
party. For a tay parry I intend to have
at four o'clock tnis very afternoon, an'
while you're away, iJl put aside the
-washin an' red up the place. An' you'll
- Jiave to go -widout the- laee hankerchy I
promised you till next month, for the
money I've saved must go for the atin'
? ''an' drinking
So in a short time "Miss O'Donohue,
in-a Pinafore hat sa jauntily on the
hack of her head, and a gray Ulster
coming down to Iter feet (thereby con
cealing the very much soiled calico
dress) was knocking at various doors in
the house in which she lived, the house
next door, the house acmw the way.
and a house around the corner, deliver
ing verbal Invitation tn her friends to a
tea party to take place at her residence
that afternoon, all of which invitations,
albeit Miss O'Donohue was no great fa
vorite, or account of her silly aire, were
accepted, with loud expressions of
"It's Hie birthday party," fehe ex
plained to the invited guests.
But, Bridget, 1 thought your birth
day was last December, just after you
como over,' said Kitty Crowley.
'It was," said Bridget; "but me
party was postponed for raisons."
And at four o'clock precisely a dozen or
more young girls, with several of their
mothers, grandmothers and aunts, gath
ered around Mrs. O'Donohue's hospita
ble table, ttnd devoured biscuits, cold
ham, pickles, peanuts and cake, and
drank vast quantities of lemonade and
tea, with much gossiping and giggling.
Mrs. O'Donohue thought they never
would stop handing her their plates and
tumblers and cups; but at last, to her
great satisfaction, they did, and the op
portunity for which she had been im
patiently waiting arrived. And pushing
the tea table back against the wall, she
called oot, as though the idea had just
occurred to her, " Bridget, dear, per
haps your frinds would like to see your
"An' did you git a valentine? Ob,
you sly thing, to say nothing about it!"
said Kitty Crowley."
"Is it a comical one?" asked Mary
"Bring it out this minit!" commanded
And as Miss O'Donohue pretended to
blush and hesitate, all the girls shouted
in chorus, "The valentine! the valen
tine!" And at last, with an air of great pride
and importance, the valentine was pro
duced. Its extreme beauty and costli
ness for a moment struck the group of
girls dumb with astonishment. And
then there was another chorus of
"Splendid!" "Beautiful!" "Iligant!"
"Must have cost tin dollars at the very
laMe!" "Who sint it to you, Bridget?"
" I ain't sure," said Bridget, with a
simper and her favorite toss of the
head, " but I mostly thinks I know. A
young gintleman wid beautiful black
eyes anda big dimant pin, that lives in
a iligant house near the baker's. He
sits in the windy an' smiles at me ivery
day whin I goes for bread."
"An' you'll be marrvin' him some
fine day, an' forgettin' ail your old com
rades," said Kitty Cowley.
"I'll not be forgettiti' thim," said
Bridget, with emphasis.
"But you'll be forsakin' thim?" sug
gested A'nnie Pheeny.
"Shure nn' I suppose he'd make
me," replied Miss O'Donohue. "I'd
have to 'j-ociatc wid me own class thin.
But I'd spake to ye all whin I met ye,"
she added, in a patronising manner.
"Indade, an' I'm obliged to you for
your great condescension," said
"An' so are all the rest of the gur
rils, I'm sure," joined in Mrs. Crowley,
Kate's mother. " You always thought
yourself above them, Bridget, dear,
but, faith! I niver could see the
" Me child's shuparior style an' beau
ty is the differ," announced Mrs.
O'Donohue ; " an' so I tell you, Mrs.
"1 don't take in washin' to give shu
parior style to me Kate," retorted Mrs.
"An' no daccnt girl would want
4 stvle ' whin her mother had to find it
in the wash-tubs," declared Kate. "But
1 suppose the wash-tubs will be burned
whin Biddy "purposely using the ob
noxious name" gits the young gintle
man, an' lives in the iligant house near
" Indade an' they will, Kitty Crow
ley," said Bridget, her voice trembling
ami her ear-rings jingling, " an' ivery
thing else belongin' to this low place;
an' as for the low, common, jealous
folks I've been forced to know here.
I'll wash me hands of thim for ivcr and
lust then there came a loud knock at
"Maybe it's black eyes an' dimant pin
comin'"to see his bride," said Mary Lee.
" If it is you needn't introduce us, Bid
dy, dear." We won't be offended."
But no young gentleman met Mrs.
0'Donohuc"s gaze a she threw open
the door. The po.-tman confronted her.
" I left a valentine in a box here this
morning," he said.
" You did," replied Mrs. O'Donohue,
in a faint voice.
"It was a mistake," he went on, hur
riedly; " and I've nearly lost my situa
tion bn account of it the young fellow
that sent it raised such a row in the of
fice. It's for Miss Bridget O'Donovan,
who lives at the same number in the next
street. Being used to bringing letters
here, and the names being so -much
alike, I mixed things a little!"
And, sure enough, there was the di
rection on the cover of the box as plain
as could be, though Bridget and her
mother (the latter for a very good rea
sou, however,) had neither of them no
Mrs. O'Donohue handed the valentine
over in perfect silence. But as soon as
the postman departed, such a Bable as
there was !
" Shure, Biddy, 'twill be too bad if he
don't let you 'sociate wid us." -" Don't
burn the" wash-tubs yet a while, me
dear." ' I thought that ring a little too
genteel for anny of me lady's fingers."
" Smile at us from the windy of the big
house whin we go to the baker's anny
how, that's a darlint."
" I'll be thankful to yez all if ye'll lave
me house this instant, an' niver inter it
again," said Mrs. O'Donohue, in a quiet
" We're goin ma'am yes, ma'am,"
said Mrs. Crowley. " Thanks for your
intertainment, ma'am. It's plisint to
come where there's so much style an'
beauty, ma'am, an' where the young
lady is goin' to be married to a rich
young gintleman, an' wash her hands
of all her comrades for iver an' iver,
ma'am. Sind for us whin ye have an
other valentine to show us, ma'am.
Good-avenin' ma'am. Good-avenin',
Miss Bridget O'Donohue.' Earpers
Sometimes spots will accidentally
get upon papered walls that deface
them badly. If it should be a grease
spot, a paste of hot laundry starch
made verv thick and spread on, while
boiling hot, quite thickly over the surface
of the spot, and left till dry, then
rubbed off with a soft cloth, will remove
all the grease and not deface the paper.
An ink spot or other dark stain can be
cut out with a sharp pen-knife, pulled
off, and a bit of new paper matched
and pasted over, which may save the
trouble and expense of repapering the
whole room. For this purpose always
have a piece of paper laid away at the
time the papering is first done. When
the paper is dingy with smoke, take a
quart of wheat bran and tie up in a
iliin bag loosely and rub the walls with
it quiteliard. Shake up the bran oc
casionally, and you will be quite sur
prised to see how clean and nice it
makes the paper lcok, well paying for
me taoor oi cieansmg.
Henry James, Jr., has written a
novel for the Parisian. It is in the
form of letters written from a French
pension, by an American girl from
Bangor, Me;; an English, girl, a German
professor and. a Frenchman.
The late Prof. De MUle left a novel
which is soon to be published -. it is
called "A Castle in Spain,'
Tfce Far-rite f ImeeU.
Koe Wt thorn who hTC traveled oa
thelppCTXmaaons can have any idea
of the number andTorachyof the "insect
tormenU which work their wicked will
on the bodies of the unfortunates ex
posed to their attacks. The "nancodos,"
or small sand-flies, form by far the moFt
important section. In the villages, round
which the forest is cleared away for
some distance, the sancudo are gener
ally pretty quiet daring the day, except
wirere darkne prevails ; there they are
ever bu.y, and are a perfect plague.
The triumphant note of a ttancudo which
has made hU way under your curtain
is more annoying than even his bite;
and thould you have been careless in
getting into bed, and been accompanied
by two or three of these blood-suckers,
we will defy you to lecp until you have
In the forest and on the river the san
cudos arealways busy. Men sometimes
get into the vessel's top?, and there cov
er themelvcs with sacksT notwithstand
ing the heat, rather than remain below
exposed to their attacks. Fortunately
they can not .stand a current of air, and
so when under way the vessel is com
paratively free from them, but when at
anchor these pest are .something awful.
To get rid of them is next to impossible.
Creosote will keep them off, but the
remedy is as bad as the disease. White
wash will drive them away, but when
dry its power ceases; and the only
thing to do is either to cover all exposed
part of the body with black pigment a
la mode Indicnnc, or else to " grin and
Scarcely less troublesome than the
sancudos are the mosquitoes, although
they have the negative merit of biting
only by day. They are minute creat
ures, not much larg'er than a pin's head ;
they prefer the backs of the hands to
anv other spots for their attacks. But,
unlike the sancudo, which, when un
disturbed, gorges himself until unable
to fly, and becomes an easy pre- to
your avenging finger, the mosquito
never seem to" take too much to prevent
his escape on the slightest apjiearance
of dangar, being evidently just as wide
awake when full as when empty.
Everywhere in long gras lurks the
" moquitn," a little red insect so small
as to be almost imperceptible, but which
fastens on the legs, causing the most
There is a fly which burrows in the
skin and deposits an cgf:, both in human
beings and animals. This produces a
maggot, similar in shape to that of the
common blow-fly, but much larger,
probably analogous to the Guinea-worm.
Then'therc are " chigos," which bur
row mostly in the soles of the feet. You
feel an intense itching, and on exami
nation find a little thing like a pea just
under the epidermis: this i the bag
containing the young chigos, which
must be carefully picked out with the
point of a knife, and the cavity left
filled with tobacco ash.
Huge spiders abound, whose very ap
pearance inspires a wholesome dread of
a nearer acquaintance, but which are
harmless enough if let alone. In fact,
on board the steamers, almost every
cabin is tenanted by one large spider,
whose presence is tolerated on account
of his being a deadly foe to cockroaches,
which abominable creatures swarm on
board. Sometimes he is not visible for
a fortnight or more at a time; but he
leaves tokens of "having been there,"
in the shape of the empty husks of
cockroaches, from which he has carc
fullv abstracted the interior. These
spiders have the power of springing
upon their pre' from a distance, and
some of them are so large and powerful
as to kill and devour small birds.
In passing through the narrow forest
paths it is necessary to be on the look
out for the wood-ticks, which are very
difficult to get rid of if once firmly at
tached; also for the huge black ants,
an inch and a half in length, with
stings like a hornet's; and the sauba
tnt, without sting, but armed with nip
pers like a pair ot surgical oone-lor-ceps,
which are running about every
where. One may sometimes chance
upon a column of the dreaded " fire
ants," marching in regular military
order; and if he does, the only- thing is
to bolt at once, for neither man nor
beast may withstand the fire-ant and
live. When at length the traveler
stops to rest, he must take care to ex
amine the camping ground to see that
neither centipede nor scorpion is there.
Frequently both centipedes and scor
pions are found on the steamers, intro
duced, no doubt, in the wood used for
fuel. One dav, while the writer was
watching the hands taking wood from
canoes longside, from one of the logs
pitched on board was dislodged a scor
pion, which fell on the naked left arm
of a man keeping tally at the gangway.
Astonished by his sudden flight through
the air, the animal remained perfectly
still. The man never moved a muscle,
and quietly raising his right hand,
flipped it away with his fingers and
thumb. It was very neatly and coolly
done; and he thus escaped a sting,
which he no doubt would have received
had he tried to brush it hastily away.
Harper's Young Folks.
The Republic proper stretches over
a territory seventeen miles long and
about half that width, and has a popu
lation, all told, of about 6,000 people,
the capital, where we were, navin
about 900 of them. They are governed
by a Council of Sixty, which is a close
corporation, nominally composed of
twenty Princes, twenty of the middle
class and twenty of the peasant class ;
but in point of fact, as I afterward
learned and, indeed, as might be in
ferred from the fact that they them
selves filled all vacancies, and the peo
ple had no more to do with the choice
of the members of their Council than
of our members of Congress all were
nobles, and if you were to address one
otherwise than as "nobilissimo," you
had better not have addressed him at
all. I gathered that the real distinction
was that twenty were taken from the
landed gentry, twenty from the town
gentry and twenty promiscuously from
any pjaxt of the territory.
This Council, independent of all hu
man control from above or below, elects
two executive officers, who are called
Captains-Regent; it designates all ex
ecutive committees, imposes taxes in
fact, conducts the Government. When
I asked if the people had no elective
franchise of any sort, the Count B
saiu, "io, none;" Dut tnev may re-
spectfullv address the Captains-Regent
by petition. If I had known him better
I should probably have taken the liberty
of saying to the Prince that the privi
leges of the people of San Marino re
minded me of those which the MinistT
Calonne proposed to yield to the Assem
bly of Notables near the close of the
last century, and whicn were cunningly
caricatured by the picture of a minis
terial orator addressing a flock of tor
keys as follows:
-Gentlemen, I have called you to
gether to ask you with what sauce you
would prefer to be eaten.'1
44 Bat do we not wish to be eaten,1' was
the ungracious reply of the honorable
birds of freedom in congress assembled.
44 You dodge the question, was the
retort of the tmpertarbable minister.
The government of this so-called Re
public, therefore, Is simply a close cor
poration vested with iadeterminable
power to fill all vacancies occasioned
by death or otherwise. Their Council
is eyen less popular ia its composition
than a hereditary legislature, because
no third power like that of a sovereign,
to which the people have access, has
any thing to do with filling the vacan-
cies that occaioaa!lr occsr is it ranks.
Two Exeeniivwi or CaDtaint-Rrircrat.
om fat Ha toward am for tfce rural I
districts, are ehoaea fev the Council I
erery ix month in April and Octo- j
oer and mav not be elected lor two
conjcativc terms. They may be. how.
ever, aBUirrcraenujare, rc-ceccu xiwtr
.. , ..-..!.
an interval of three rears. Some 6f
ti... u.-.i.r.. i. t, i- .
five time. Count & told me be
had himself been Captain-Regent three
I. how- I
times. Jt mast be remembered
ever, that San Manno is a small
! "I TKri KMMfita niAAffa Tis I
another evidence that San Marino ts not I
alUfpublic, alter cisatlantic ideas, at Soils compoeU ox coarse ian, wwwiin.oSav. t mb -. " r
any rate. thev mav be rich in mineral rlrjtxjnu. , oail. popper, grwutd citrvr aod aHMrr
Aly readers arfi doubtless already im-' are", in the aiM-nce of jadicioui treat- pot tb. t--f ta a nA whteh ea be co
patient to know something of the army, i meat, a continual source of dUsppolnJ- ercd JhUr, wkh wa hrnm. l- or
which for 1.3UU year has dchetl the
many larger ami more ;
populous territories in Europe. The
militarv defence, then, of the Republic
of San Murinn U Mmmhtwl to a renilar '
armv-of thiriv men. whn in joioh1
tobealwavs readv to repjnd to the '
calls of honor or o'f patriotism. A po-f
j J v JJ
lice, consoling of five or six persons, l
protects the rjrot)rtv of the territorv .
manifold elements of disorder that have I ranul dreat of wuer L&rougn incni, ,
been so fatal to wj many drna ties and , are incapable of Mipplying moisture laurrlleavc-
. . . T . ...
and gives peaceful slumbers to its hon- their mechanical defect convcU'd and
est burghers. In emergencic the mi- their value many litnr enhanced. Fall
litia of the country may be called in aid plowing when there is a clay ubotl
of its unconquered "regular legions, within reach U very beneliciml. lcau
They have two Judges, who arc, how-1 ii brings up the clay to mingle with the
ever, required bv law to Ik taken from sand surface by ibe'action of fronts and
without the territory, and are changed rain. A green crop or two turned un
cvery three years. But all case of ap- dcr further assists in stiffening Ujo tex
peal are decided by the court of cas.xa-1 ture of thj hind, improring its capta
tion or review, in the neighboring cities rv action and facilitaiing root action
of Bologna, Padua, Turin, or wherever When there i. not a clay Mibil within
that tribunal may chance to be sitting ; reach of the plow, the use of lime in
.uiuc uuic. iiiutuucuu iu utiimuic
them, also, U that of the Italian Gov- ' ed under is advised as one of the mot ,..' .' ,
ernment. Thev had once some ku , effectual and economical means for the i I o cJcan bra-, ImtuerMj orwaihtl
coined, the equivalent in value of our amelioration of the land. ' 7 u ,n "U,V: or whj;.v' lhl
cent-my host at the inn gave me two. The successful management and cul- will bnghten it without conritg. t
or three of them, but tbey were not i tivation f clav or rtiff land are much nr " he foum! with a u-ulen cloth
coined in the Republic. Their number more laborious than the lighter soils. dipped in water.
was ven-restricted and thev are rarelv , Clav uoiL. under proper treatment, how- A mall piece of paper or linen
to be met with except in the collection' t ever, endure long and vield a great va- i mobtcned with turjentine and pal m.
of numismatists. It is certainlv one of riety of crops. Thev are generally 1 the wardrobe or drawer for a inglr
the eccentricities which distinguish San adapted to the cereals, make good gnm ' day at a lime, two or three times a year,
Marino from all other countries that it and pasture lands and grow fine fraiu. i a preventive against moth.
puts its litigation out as some families ' Clay land are deficient in veg- Hardening Candle. Take for four
put out their washing and trades exclu-J etable matter and -are there-. paund of candle two ounce of white
sively with the currency of foreign fore great! v benefited by nn (or vellow) beeswax. ThoM? who make
States. The country which buys and ' application of the same. Lime is alo ' candles will find it a great improvement
sells with a currency over which it ha " beneficial to such lands, assisting to , to stoop the wirks In Timewater audailt
no control and submits its differences to f remedy their stiffness anl tenacity. Any , peter, and dry them. The flame i
foreign tribunals for adjustment, gives j substances which serve a divl-or,re- clearer and thelallow will not run
pretty heavy bonds to keep the peace ; venting the adhesion of the particles of In washin" dt-h",iou anil krttle,
with 'its neighbors, whatever be the title . earth loth in times of drouth and ex- i a yy', Hf broonmirn with a small quan '
it givas to its form of government. cessive wet are of great Mirvice. j t-,lv ,( soapv prater U hand v and uefil
xiie eAwenscj ui men tueiiuueiii.
will not ecm large to an American,
They never excee
X 25,000 francs sav i
$."i,0W army, navy, post-office, educa
tion, prisons, police, diplomatic serv
ice, representation, all included. This
revenue is raised out of the profits real-
tzed by the Government from the pur- I
cnase oi some oou,ouu pounus oi louaeco
in the leaf, which it manufactures to
sell at a small advance; from the sale
of about NX) saeks of salt, and a trifling
stamp tax of three cents on notarial,
judicial and other legal documents.
The health of the Republic is looked
after bv one physician and one surgeon J
empioyeu y me oiaie, who are requireu
to attend and prescribe for all who send
for them, but who arc not expected to
resent the offer of a gratuity from those
who can afford to pay for their advice.
These functionaries receive some 500 a
year each from the State. The Judges
receive the same. San Marino has not
only never been afflicted with a news
paper, but no printing press has ever
stood upon its territory John Jligelow,
in IInrpcrt Magazine jor Felinuiry.
A White IS'cgress.
tiracticability of converting a
nigger into a white man has usually
been placed in very much the same
category as that of changing the Ethi
opian's skin or effacing the spots from
a leopard. It will, therefore, be some
what surprising to non-scientific readers
to hear of the case of Celine Henry,
which was recounted lately to a society
of anthropologists by a certain Dr.
Smester. This woman, who was a na
tive of Haytij and was about thirty-five
jears old, began in the year I860 or
thereabouts to notice that the color
which she had always supposed to be
natural to her skin was slowly fading
away in many places, and being replaced
by a hue resembling that of a white
woman. Far from being pleased with
tho transformation scene which the fair
ies were thus working upon her, she en
tirely objected to the proceeding, and
took every imaginable step to prevent
the completion of a freak of Nature
which her enemies might make bold to
call experimentum in corporc vili.
Doctors were called in, and the na
tive sorcerers were all consulted ; but
nothing seemed to arrest the progress of
the malady, which the astonished
negress was at last fain to consider as a
disease. For fifteen long years the de
tested tin. of the white European
encroached steadily upon the frontier
lines of the African black, until in 1877
there vras no more o. the original color
left than a few spots, Avhich, if all added
together, would not as much as cover a
man's hand. The affliction which
caused so much terror and chagrin to
Miss or Mrs. Celine Henry is, however,
one which is not unknown to physiolo
gists. It is no other than a disease
commonly called vitiligo, which is
occasionally congenital in the African
and other "dark-colored races, and U
sometimes developed in an accidental
shape in Europeans or white men. The
nariie is, of course, derived from the
Latin vitulus, a calf, and is meant to
express that color which is best known
as distinguishing the flesh of these ani
mals. It appears to cause no pain
whatever, and to have little or no effect
upon the general health ; and if the fair
Celine, as she mav now most lairlv be
called, had not been dominated by an
extravagant fear, she would not have
had much cause to lament over her
conversion from black to white. Lon
Our farmers and those who live
in localities where people can retire at
eight and nine o'clock in the evening,
the old notion about early rising is still
appropriate. But he who is sept up
till ten or eleven or twelve
o'clock, then rises at five or
six, because of the teaching of some
old ditty about " early to rise," is com
mitting a sin against his own soul.
There is not one man in 10,000 who can
afford to do without seven or eight
hours sleep. All the stuff written about
great men who s.eep only three or four
hours a night is apocryphal. They have
been put on such small allowance occa
akaally and prospered ; butao man has
ever jet kept healthy in mind and body
for a jramber of years with less thaa
seven hours sleep. If you can get to
bed early, then rise early; if you can
not get to bed till late, then rise'late. It
may be as proper for one man to rise at
eight as it is for another to at five. Let
the bell be rung at least thirty minutes
before yoar public appearance. Physi
cians say that a sudden jump out of bed
gives irregular motions to the pulses. It
takes hours to get over a too sudden
rising. Trov Times.
Thk TJte Chief,-Jack, who has figured
in recent troubles ia Colorado, is said
to be a Mormon, having been educated
Herr Kurth, a Professor at the Uni
versity of Liege, has prepared a " Life
of Sitting-Bull in 400 pages.
s- - -
The warmer the stables, the less feed
required for the milkers.
TKXxrmtxr or virrxxrxr .vjils.
Soil, while natwrallr dependlag for
thdr material clement upon tW mxm
, .- :u-.l;-l i
4 xrom waica u e i-"-"- ,
, iu, um f)OM onm xyit tauir uiwh i
. . .!.. ,! nr4)t
artificial treatment thaa the ori
sottrce for their fcrtUky. TSkt are,
indeed, few laad of mk ehirartrr a
i i- itnUt ! Use
..-" . . .v.- w- nrj4..i
xruncxxi ltcsu meat in - wp.. ,
warce for tielr fcrtUtrr. Than are,
:-j I !..., t.1 -lk fkirarlrr a '
M of innllrd fertiliacr: therefore th .
Bcccwity for kowh-s vt ike chemical
conuitueuu of a 1 in order to know
what crot it will b.t grow and what '
tJcmrnt of plant food it renulre. '
menl to thj cuutvaUjr. teey aiw a
from below bv capularv auracuon aa
arc deficient in the power of aWorbmg
moisture or fertilizing gasc from the J
tnrwn.H. TVrtihzrra annlied to i
ihrUnJt ino' little or no tte be-1
cause thcr are not retained. ITte con-.
seouencel a failure of crop?, especially
in limes ol drouth. These soils, how-
ever, with orotxjr managrnicut have
eumuueiiuu iui ri;cti"iv iiii ....-
nvni uiaiun-c i- r.-m.na..i .n.v.-..j ,
for clav soils. ithout drainage ea-
sonable work can seldom le done in the
farmer knows how-
land becomes if run j
together and packed after having been
.Much needless worn is cau.-eu .
g such lands too early in the
r a n n:it fts.sist-
i n ii"iii ij iiv -j.--
ance; it adds
humus through whatever J
bo on the farface, and the ,
and thaws of winter
break up the inert clods and grind down
the soil into a more soluble mass. Cold
and unproductive soils which have stag
uatiC water sufficiently near the surface
to ls reached by the roots of plants re
quire to be underdrained.
Alluvial soil may be said to have no
distinctive character, being composed
of successive dejosits, continued through
a long period. Thev partake somewhat
I of the soil of the country from which
j running waters have washed and de
l posited them. Alluvial lands, of course,
are rich in humus and do not need me
assistance of green crops turned under
or the application in any form of vege
table matter. Thev are generally de
ficient in the mineral elements and are j
benehteu uv phosphoric aciu, pouisn
and other mineral
,l.,.,t.fnol The '
ay Imj said of soils known as veg-1
aolds and containing a large ter i
rrm. s.f wnlfilt1n vtlttil
Loams are soils m which clav anu
sand unite, sandv Ioam being those in
which the sand predominates and clav
loams those in which the proportions of 1
sand and clav are reverse! These must j
be treated according as the sand or clav
l -. .. . .. ii I
If all the crops annually prouuecu up-
on one s land
soil would annu
- -- !...
were returned to it the , for Ins purchase, lictorc the marriage
allv improve in fertility. he bmh a magnificent dwelling; archi
i view it is easy to u'n-' lecture, sculpture, punting, pive of
With this fact in
derstand that as a
part, at least, of each
crop is annually
equivalent to that contained in the por- j
tion of the crop carried off must be re- ,
nrnn rjirncn on miisi ie re- .
turned to the land to gectire it- enduring
.,.:i: t i,. i,w. nM.t;..oiK- ,i..m.
onstrated over and over again that the
roots of all plants, and especially the
legumes, have a jower of acting as
chemical agents upon the mineral ele
ments of the soil in a manner which
renders them available as plant-food.
This in part explains the desirable ef
fects of the cultivation of peas, clover
and the like.
"ll'UM... LA MrtttnMit ntnnnmliiC fint-O Ili1
down and Slreadv familiar to many
farmers are the same everywhere, their
application to practice must of neces
sity vary with the differing circum
stances surrounding individual farmers.
Certain practices which give admirable
results at the North may fail to be of
any avail at the South, and vice vcrea.
ilany of these differences farmers mnst
learn from experience, thongh much
knowledge may be gained by observa
tion. The interchange of experiences
from all sections of country through
journals devoted to the farmers' inter
ests, agricultural stations and farmers'
clubs can not be too highly prized or
encouraged. Every farmer who takes J
the trouble to promulgate facts coming
into his own line and of general interest
is soon rewarded for that trouble by
some equally valuable fact, otherwise
unknown to him, from another farmer
whose opinions were called ouU maybe,
bv his own communication. Koc York
HLMS FOR THE HOUSEHOLD.
Scver put a pud din r that is to be
steamed in any thing else than a dry
Ham or pork that is too salt should
be soaked overnight in sweet milk, or
parboiled in the morning in cold water.
Many soups are neiier on ine aay
iftpr thpr &n mtie. nrovidfJ thev are
not warmed over too quickly or left too
long over the fire.
Tapioca Custard: One teacupful of
tapioca dissolved in water overnight:
beat three eggs and one cup of sugar to
gether, and stir into the tapioca; then
add cue quart sweet milk; stir well:
bake in pudding-dish until custard
J x --. .r.
two cupfuis of sugar, one of butter, one
of cider, one of English currants, three
eggs, one teaspoonfulof ginger, and one
ofsoda. Stir thoroughly, and bake in
deep dishea, as quick as may be without
r. r-Vo - Tarn cnnfnl rrf Bncrsr.
ob capful of butter, one egg, five cup -
lute of akwr, oae cupful ot sour muc, a j
teaspooBful of lemon extract, and a tea
spooafalof aoda. Knead hard asbis
caits, aad roll about a quarter of an inch
thick: cut oet with a fancy cooky cutter
and bake aside
Thev are very good
aad look nicely oa the table.
AWholesoBe Cake: One pint of
raised doagh, like wheat bread dough;
Orse teacapful of sugar, oae of butter,
three egg3 well beaten, one teaspoonfnl
of soda, one cupful of slewed raisins,
and half a teasppenfaleachof cloven,
.pimento, cinnamon and nutmeg. Eoll
the raisins well in Hoar before mixing
up. This aiakes a very nice, whole
some cake. Let it stand ii a warm place
till It i nhr H-i, ! tU with a
rv. . tv, tk- ,n, .?- .J 4 I
rn9re In aa raeM $ 4 '
twlie;r waUrr. a mora a rrfai.
Tm m -M- -'-- w fc- --- -r- j
i.oalic'e and Ift it tw W at . tntn
.,,-, , . i,,.! h ilm tfe
--- -- -- --- -
hoixMntVlxA of eaata tU.
time h fc d. m4 m dry H la ih
Min Krra the cuficn-kcn u as air
Daroiucuucnwuoe i caama i
j- : , , - , ... ... .
-T4 .7'a r. h aw na - s
Unw H M oeI. atxJ tfo twrt irr ta 16
tisht bt r eorkrd bottU. prwt
the atvma rttsd xht coff- h3t brJr '
-IW a la Mode Tale. a -W 4 ,
rrmd t.f t-f about nx r elbt r-w&d
rw-. pirn? . ?: n" m ,
rawu3K)!l, IBW MK H WWR, wn
and drivd hAmr;rB,
.....- .-. . a. . a ir m. ... i
rf nwrami. i i.-;f wm
water, wtnc aJ ta5r . - thr
not eJo-fllr and ite hut if rvm ea ao.1
bake rmW four or firr lKar. ItefttTf
Mtnuig. ikim wme fit off and taie ni?
tabl.p.Rl t Soar Mtlone to..-j.r.
ful of .a-ar . fry thi vrry darl brtm n.
add to the meat, and t tn ajata
ot, ".raia tbe&ocv,
jxVa.tK? and atft.;
Cool rain watr and da will tak
machine oil oet of wahablm good
Th water uel ia mtxlng bread
, nm be tejiid. If U.wi hot the loavxi w jJi
' be full of bulb.
Iron-holder lou)d harw a covor of
uhlte cotton cloth made to fit meely,
' and fastened on with button, and n be a
it become Mjllnl It can be rweowd,
, , , ,
in cleaning mem irom an otw anu
grease, which are objectionable to the
dish-cloth. Thi wisps are formed by
liii"tln brootn-corti into bundles as
i"tnrc s - jr0itm handle, with two stout
cords near the coarse
ends, which f-rtn
In attempting to
. . -, -, , t .
s? .in niiiaKe is ire-menuy maur ui
ai.Pying benzine ornpinf iof tunenunc
tviiti ;i sxniiiiie oi a j;i. ius iruu in
evitablv to spread the grt'a-e. The
to spread the greae.
stained portion of the garment hoiild
be laid flat between two sheet of blotting-paper,
and the. upper heet wrll
soaked with benzine. In this way, if
sufficient time be given, the whole of
the fatty matter becomes not only
dissolvedbut absorbed by the paper.
A .Marrlace for Monej.
In New York CIt, a princely man
sion was offered for sale a few eats
ago, about which hung a ?ad storj". A
man of enormous wealth lived to the
the age of 00 without marrying, then
lie proposed to a beautiful, brilliant
voung girl, who belonged to a large put
She hesitated long before
his habit, morals, jer- "
n, wen- all obnoxious to her, for 5
wa &r of J'rp. ?" ?" ,lut
". fa4'.1. "M'
be the wife of
a millionaire, to go to
millionaire, io j;
ViirYinTi tn roirrn iiL-r k nrwuin irt fnn Mil
""-" ."-v;; , 1"-: ,-'
wherc the had lived on the income of a
en-ant-thcse were temptations too
ng for her, as they are for Uk many
American women. Me married him
without a particle of kne or respect;,
herself as absolutely for money as ,
ivir alnrit u-t soli I l!r lii'sttinnil Tin!'!
- - ;- -' - i
"-,ir D,l K ,l ni 10"" uo,np u
a J 4,4J' there was a Chinese room,
I'tutMtt vLj-k n Il(niln wmm
i iioiau itrvMiA ajir i win
r fonvfn'?i!irjp4. nii'ttirn-fallif Xi.
vv : --: i n
. ?ou,iu,"'1 "l, I"-"
the bnde should spend one
winter in '
"" regal home, and in the spring go to
Eurone for a two years visit. Two
weeks after the wedding, the bride
groom was struck down with paralysis,
m wl tsw ftftnrvr ltT nti TtfS M1 H
helpless, querulous invalid, nursed by,
his wUe. Tho mansion was closed ex- ?
cepting in the sick man's apartments,
and resembled a gigantic tomb I.y the ,
terms of his will his wife would inherit
"othP h dcrtcd him
maincd faithful, therefore, only to find
after his death that his estate was as hoi-1
lw a sham as her marriage, and that
it was swallowed up in his debts. Not
all marriages for money end a dramat
ically as this, but they "are as tragic in
reality. The voung girl who sells her I
life for a price inevitably reaps disap-
cut and misery. loiUh .
The War-ship of the Fatare.
The acute German mind ha already
perceived the follv of building impreg
nnblnariirM. Thftleamed Profl Ioewcr
thai has become convinced that instead ,
of building ship3 which can not be
pierced by the guns now in use. we
should build ship which would offer the
least possible resistance to cannon-balls.
He claims that the frigate of the future
will be so constrnctedthat the balls of
the enemv will pas directly through
her without inflicting any damage, and
that she will attack her enemy, not with
guns, but with torpedoes.
Herr Loewenthal selects for the ma-
tcrial of his newly-invented war vessel
fndl tnbhr of one foot in thicknew.
The whole hull to be made of India
Vkno ffHNmTfhAf.aJ TwfclsYaEr tVli vkl&r
line with a light steel frame. The ves-
sel will be driven bv an ordinary steam
engine, and will have no mats. At the
w a jectiHff wMch
Tva nrndtAn n ixt tffiTHL and tbe en-
.t i r i.:. .v- (...m Tt
ure crew, uiuumi "c utuu.-nw, -
be on the lower deck ont of the ran e of
shot. ""Then a cannon ball strikes the j
India-rubber ship, it will pass directly
through it above the heads of the crew.
and the noie maoe oy win ia-wiLrj mmwmr r
close- Paying aoatteatioa to such fatife1 cTrrovo a 4
attacks, the India-rubber vessel wiUH. K. ailil K35 Mi.
steam toward her adversary and explode J
her torpedo. The doomed vessel-will j
instantly sink, while her elastic destroyer
will be driven hundreds of yard back
wards bv the recoil following the explo
sion. Such a vesel, ?avs the inventor.
could easOv destroy all the navies of the
world, aad" after her work wa dose she
could be made as strong as ever wita
ftbe aid of two ox three bottles of cement.
1 ""7 Y&rk Times.
A LoysiOJf paper, ia tracmg the mode
n which 122 ol the tided faatilies of
Esgiaad have required lands, state
that scarcely a dozen of the aember got
thea by profesaoaal or eomaaermal
permits". The writer asserts that aot
one-tenth of the 500,000 acre pw
sesed by the 122 was axajaired for vaSae
Mmmtnnl ttmr4. W
H- L. Momr. of 3foreal. Cvmu eertl5S
1 PrA. 27. 1S7JL liar &c kad soffered terribiv
j Irwa djKisndk, jrad corEpletclr care! Jr
I taTtia; Wuracr' SifeBUiers. He -aya- ""3r
xppeute xs zdcu. aad I SfWfisarx Iscob
Tealeacefna eatrsz "searty meals. Tbese
Inters are also ipeciSc tor B tia dfaees.
Xit & Krt ft M
M.tJ, !.? uu. m.lt ikJ Jti.
t Miryi V 4 U st j&
r4- .jr j-tlT $?
J4 ad xrvrt nw ?.
t VtMr ht- -&
W frrttrar2$t rrjr4
.; i -. ..--... . .,v ...
t" - -jw5si w in ii
MUm. Aa. Tt ik-
f. V 1
. 7" , . ".
T f -
rrrrf pxXxc tib
ft A tie
$5y W&? tx j
IV m rn fcrtB,
DtriUr tef tVils Jtrft C
roriar K)ekjaJti. M. t, V.
rt , -t-
. - . k m m
fj M t,W
.. . - - t ta .... . at mjt -
.-.- , . .,- --. .
Hf "aw": i i .i n ua vj. fcig'V tm
DtSV rw tW
CV4. i - -Mfc
tstmr Kima. wsrt w
B.rt fMt - to M
w ,. SNMitl(SnA
AaT.t TilHltX4M .Sttt HtnJK tnfn
m t)t fmtUi t 4 J. M. U
9nnn Yr. OarAf!iwl.
ABIIIIi BlMt Cr- - V"
Jt"jtW 1UMU. IM " ""
t. i4 rtntm Ik Otf iitwU ijam
tm t m m tt N
HONEY TO LMMrl;:
f f tir v fcad t3 H"- a it
SOI . t. tO.ltft
4 Ua tt-tlX MtmM Chart -k.irrf ta
q Llf 1" it tii a
V I HMI rlli
a4Ow t fc t - tTVt'1?I
.. . - .! u.i fv&& 11 ilKEl
raxlLv jw tin awr. rmvmtum. r
. wf M f lw
v rft cm wt b
f -tw " TI Urt- tl rfl
Or Mt-.KMrr ol W.oUtt M 4 CO.
ham ui Crria
vUtr tf .- la
K tt IkwilU MT t- i
HlntH (trxs.MMtn '
A .. l J IU
iM Mrvrnt. M. Lm .
IW mV i rlr
.ul HOAtl Cin
J r Mf (Ttis-lrs
Hk w K? t !
125 TO 140 A DAT
mA ru'.r "' "
chiMl ACirt LOOM!
4 WVMAN. TIFFIH. Oh.
rat! it-r KKvtcv
amtUmm. mrmSmtm. Wltl.
rVm-nmrkn hc tm rwnl ftnlo M Main tr Ow
,! Ki .
Hn-xi'pmfHttUtKi 0lAs orttnta Utfwtffc
Llxuwcf UU tmJy waatrrTal t u.$tr mtdrtt U r
mwmI v iu kig i.al irit3rtf "
romt it n.l M, r-J I r I .
HrZultwtrmtmpaT.' UtntnUJ amd
nfea.lt IfiUX. Wuiltmprn
(UVrr for Cm Utt .l with rhf.U f Um,
lUVrr'v lr t 4 Ui r O.t wllb r. m t B4 r krry
Bakrv' Tr t'4 IJwr Oil Hfc Ktlrrt of Matt.
rortslhTaUerartaU. trtwttttat TuBtbi
WHO ARE SUFFERERS.
cwenmiTT, o. Hut ts. irrt.
Imrtr Xtr 1 1 UB rmt U4XI t rW Tf
tla Fa Vtkt.sA.n )toi.a.-'.
rtii. .-Kl ta 1 Hi wt n MSif lfw w -pUvotJ.
1 wUl Ttrmawtroi Um rtt-. I ooH Mf M
uh ttfv-a rij mom', iaAtmt. tt l trttfc U
sKacwsrcastt. kjmr r. xbwiih
rrmtt WniTTK-Ttiirrnr ku 6lrn3J
tf cmr f th-u eriUUnu. it UT.rv mkS
ctmxtbe U wUfcU trtwrn. fU nyn "'
vmc. altar JnftamtoOo cao nA ni !
Una. carr ructU. l tri. &
5 r In Vh Imr trw. M f-t. Vbrr " 4
crcnofUKl mitm V ttitrmn wr rUi.
uHrGKllttaU en-. la rfcX U Urmfi f
tcaJ vrrmim. H ttM aw USmi la vu totm--
What is Heeded -Femals
m xsgra. . sc . t 7i-
jJ.'iSttm 1 1 t wa
, thustwe. urftats tan ri h -vt l a
I m. aaaaaxJUi habwt.
Scrafala. Iittr Caiaiat. Byaaia,
cL,Z. TWianiMmnff tti$
arr bma wnai- iacl TBrttRr
- , rri I kar Tutr fettl em o murs.
I bears? x
Dav W.MU9A. Hrra.
Vegetifte is UM faf AH Onigrjsts.
H lrx. 1 -yUr . H t
-I - " I
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