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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (April 17, 1879)
'.- ---"r J'
TEE. BED OLQEI) CHIEF.
" r X. L. THOMAS, PiUhher.
RED CLOUD, "I I NEBRASKA.
" CONQUERED AT LAST."
rHomo time aluc ho Mobtlo A'ori offered a
prize for tho poem -which, by u Southern
. -writer, should ho Judged most rnerltorloua,
exroaidvo of the Kratuudo which misled In
the Soutborn heart towards the people of tho
orth for the philanthropy and inuKnnnlmlty
too freely and nobly displayed In th tlrno of
the dlro aflllcilou of tho South by petttlJanco.
Thin oiler on tho part of the -Vr called forth
bevonty-sovt.n competitive compoaHIoiig
from various porta of the country. The com
mittee to whom the manuscript were pub.
muted docldod In favor of tho poem entitled
" Conquered at Last," by MIhs Maria I,. Eve,
of Augusta, Go., which I here given:
Tou come to us once, O brothers, in wrath,
And rude desolation followed your'patu.
You conriuercd ug then, but only In part,
For a stubborn thing is the human heart.
So tho mad wind blows in his might and
And the forests bend in hl breath like grain,
Their heads in the dtiBt and their branches
Hut how bhall ho soften their hearts of oak?
Tou swept o'er our land liko tho whirlwind's
Hut tho human heart U a stubborn thing.
Wo laid down our arms, wo yielded onr will ;
Jlut our heartof hearts was uuconrjuered still.
"Wo arc vanquished," wo said, "but our
wounds must heal;"
"We gave you our swords, but our hearts were
" Wo are conquered," we said, but our hearts
were soi o, ,
And "woo to the conquered" on every door.
Hut tho spoiler came and ho would not spare,
Tho angel that walketh in darkness was
He walked thro' tho vidley, walked thro the
And he left tho print of his fiery feet
In the dead, dead, dead, that were every
where, And buried away with never a prayer.
From the desolate land, from its very heart,
There went forth a cry to the uttermost part ;
You hoard it, O brothers! With never a
You opened your hearts, and poured out your
) ! Sisters of Mercy, you gave above theso!
For you helped, wo know, on your bended
Tour pity was human, but oh 1 it was more,
When you shared our cross and our burden
Your lives In your hands you stood by our
Your lives for our lives you hiid down and
And no greater love hath a man to give
Than lay down his Ufo that his friends may
You poured in our wounds tho oil and the
That you brought to us from a Hand Divine.
You-conqticxxMl us, brothers; our sword we
AVo yiwld now our hearts thoy aro all we
Our last ditch was there, and it hold out long ;
It Is yours, O friends! anil you'll tlnd it strong.
Your love had a magic, diviner than art,
And "Conquered by KludncJs" we'll write
on our heart.
Children, stop your play,
And tell mo which way
I shall take t reach the city on tho hill.
First the girl,
With a smile:
Through the woods, across tho stile,
Hv a brook where wild flowers grow,
"VVhcre the birds sing sweet and low;
Then you forget It Is so far,
And how tired you are.
For the calm rests you, makes vou still,
IX you taku this way to the city on the hill."
Then tho hoy.
With n frown:
T.y the mill and through the town
You will sue the soldiers tlioio.
Hear the drums mid piu-s tho fair;
Then you fora;t the wiiy ! long
While you walk in the throng,
For tho noise vakes you, makes you thrill,
When you go this way to the cisyon thehiil."
Sun J'rancisco Alta.
How a. riot to 31 ardor a llivnl Scien
tifically oMlecarrlml A Curious Inven
tion "Which Proved tho Death of the In
ventor. IFrom the San Francisco Argonaut.
A few weeks ago some workmen en
gaged in removing an old mansion on
the corner of California and Mason
Streets were considerably puzzled at
finding a number of copper wires con
necting the bath-room with a room
above. The owners of tho property
were equally puzzled, having never be
fore known of their existence. Tho
wires were removed and nothing more
thought of the matter. This recalls to
my mind an incident which many will
On tho Hth of July, 18G2, a Prof.
Croftly was found dead in the bath
room I have just mentioned. Croftly
was well known among scientific men
as a professor of chemistry, and, be
sides, had a large circle of acquaintances
in this city. Ho was supposed at the
limo to have committed suicide, and his
death furnished a three days' sensation
for tho press. The accounts in four
leading newspapers materially conflict
ed, which made the matter all the more
interesting to the public. All agreed,
however, with a singular unanimity of
opinion, that ho was dead. Even the
CaV, while not positively admitting his
demise in the article, virtually conceded
it in the head-line3.
Croftly, when found, was lying in the
bath, covered with wounds of so curious
a nature that no one could explain how
they came to be inflicted. They were
deep, ragged and gaping, and there was
no instrument found in the room with
which they might have been made.
Even the detectives who visited the scene
of Croftly 's death shook their heads and
- wero at sea. Those who discovered the
body found the door securely fastened
from the inside, and were obliged to
burst it open. The room had no other
means of egress or ingress.
" Suicide!" remarked one of the re
porters. "How came theso wounds on the
neck?" asked a detective.
"Who else was. here?" responded a
journalist. And neither man had any
tning more to say.
A post mortem revealed nothing new,
except that the physicians found a state
"of the blood which they could not sat
isfactorily account for.
" He was frozen," said a young phy
sician, whose opinion seemed to have
its foundation only in surmise.
"You seem to have lorgotten that
this is July," remarked an elderly gen
tleman connected with a university.
The newspapers vied with each other
in building up ingenious theories ac
counting ior the affair, the coroner's
jury found a verdict of suicide, for want
of any thing better, and the remains
r were buried.
The reader who desires to get a more
detailed account of the affair as related
at the time can do so by referring to
the files of any of the city papers of that
date. In fact, I rould produce them
here did space permit. The main thing,
however, is to clear up the mystery of
Croftly's remarkable death.
He came to the coast in I860, and was
reputed to be a man of sufficient means
to live handsomely on the interest of his
money. Ho stopped a while at the
Oriental Hotel, and there met Edward
Dean, a young man who, like himself,
was a gentleman of leisure. The two
became intimate, and finally, tired of
hotel life, they determined to seek quar-
ters which would be more congenial
and home-like. They found these quar-
ters at the residence of Richard Arm-
strong, a mutual acquaintance, who liv- Every thing was in splendid woriung
cd in very desirable quarters on the order. He calculated that he could em
corner of Mason and California Streets. bed his rival in ice about midnight, and
ueiore tho nnstiv hhitit.inni nf stun -
ford, Crocker, and other millionaires
sprang into existence, Armstrong's
house came very near being called a
mansion. Armstrong rented Croftly
and Dean three elegant room?, partly
because he liked the men personally,
and partly because he was running On a
pretty close margin financially. The
two found their new quarters as attrac
tive as men of taste could wish. Arm
strong was a widower, and the three
men hd some rare old times together
evenings. His cellar was stocked with
excellent wines, and his library with
books of the very rarest vintage of lit
erature. One evening a hack drove up to the
door, and a woman, clad in wraps,
bounded up the steps with astonishing
vigor and agility, like most Western
girls who are blessed with good health
and animal spirits. She dashed into
tho hall, in a style that sent a percepti
ble tremor throughout the house, and
fell into old Armstrong's arms. A
fusilade of kisses followed.
It was his daughter Alice.
Next morning tho usual formalities
of introduction were gone through, and
Miss Armstrong became one of the fix
tures of the place. A few days before
her arrival Prof. Croftly had suggested
the idea of living somewhere nearer the
cenier of the city. After Miss Arm
strong entered the house, however, no
further allusion was made to the pro
posed removal. The Professor began
to pay Miss Armstrong tho most devout
attention, and as a matter of course she
fell madly in love with young Dean,
who paid her none. It is generally con
ceded " that one of tho most effective
ways of wooing a woman is to let some
other man do it. The woman tires of
the indefatigable lover, and the man
who treats nor with indifference is soon
preferred. Some men learn this by ex
perience; Dean discovered it by acci
dent. He presently began to turn his knowl
edge to excellent account, and a bitter
rivalry sprang up between the two men.
Croftly soon realized that he was not
tho favorite, and never for tho life of
him could asceriaiu how a woman could
form an attachment for a man who
hadn't the remotest idea of chemistry.
He forgot that he was somewhat old,
and that some women dislike to east
their bridal wreaths upon the snow. He
finally determined to put his rival out
of tho way, and set about laying his
Alter a couple of weeks' deliberation
ho concluded to murder Dean, and do
it so neatly and scientifically that dis
covery would bo next to impossible.
One day I was in his room being an
occasional visitor and observed him
busily engaged in chemical experi
ments. Said he: "Did you ever re
alize that the conditions which result in
congelation might bo produced chemi
cally?" I confessed that 1 had never given the
subject much thought.
" Of courso you understand that sud
den evaporation causes cold."
I knew nothing of tho kind at the
time, but nodded asssent rather than ac
knowledge my ignorance.
"I can produce ice instantaneously,"
he continued. " This is my assistant,"
pointing to an electric battery. " With
a current of, say 100 omes of electricity,
I can accelerate enough evaporation to
freeze instantly 100 gallons of water."
Here the Professor took a basin of
water and poured in a e mall quantity of
colorless liquid. " ThLj is ammonia,"
said he. "But this" hero he added
about as much of some other liquid "is
"What is it?"
"No one knows but myself."
I deemed it impertinent to question
him further. Ho then attached the
wires of his battery to the water.
"Whenlmak the connecting cur
rent, tho water will become ice."
I watched, much interested, aud lie
laid his hand on a piece of metal which
was part of the apparatus, and the turn
ing of which caused the currents to con
nect. He turned the brass piece, and
instantly a cloud of vapor rose from tho
surface of tho water." Crystals shot
from the sides of tho basin with aston
ishing rapidity, and there was a sharp,
cracKling sound as the water expanding
in it caused a strain upon the basin
which pressed out the sides.
" With 500 omes," continued the Pro
fessor, "lean freeze 500 cubic feet of
I left the house much impressed with
tho discovery made by the Professor,
and a few days afterward learned of his
death. The public considered it a case
of suicide. I made a careful examina
tion of the premises, and came to a dif
ferent conclusion! It was the hand of
Alice Armstrong that killed Prof.
Let us go back a little. After the
Professor realized what could be done
with his new appliance of electricity, he
determined to utilize it in tho murder of
Dean. Ho hit upon the grand idea of
freezing him in the bath.
" She will not love him cold," he
said, and began to arrange his plans.
Dean was fond of tho bath. He retired j wuceKS S ou ana .enaen to. xne
at midnight, and always took a bath ? ha.rSe lor every residence or place of
just before. The bath-room of Arm- business nsing the telepone is 22 a
strong's house was an exceptionally I -TCaF' which covers communication .night
good one. It was situated but a short ! r daJ .th an Pomt in the circuit,
distance from the suit occupied by the s.eveil hnes ?.f wire a, earned over
Professor and Dean. Tho tank was of the ctty acrording to the localities to be
marble, S feet wide, 10 feet long and 6 en " i,1 connected
feet deep, capable of holding 480 cubic through a central office, tho user being
feet of water. Crof tlv connected the ! allowed three minutes tima for his mes
bathwith his own roo'm by means of Iv ? lho other ciUes the existing
wires. One entered tho bath by tho , rvvte felhave mo,stly been consou-waste-pipe.
Ho reached this by digging ' ? d wJh this general service, and such
in the gardenunder thepretextof ?lanS n? dojibt be the case here, even the
ing flowers. The wire ran down the , Jjoljoe line being perhaps merged into
side of tho house and into tho ground. Jhe ne,w company. The convenience of
It was concealed from observation bv a I thu5 Pjan of quick local communication
lilac-bush. The other was connected can rdly be overestimated. It an-
with the pipe which furnished the water,
He bored a hole in tho wall and found
the pipe, as he expected, running in the connecting ousiness-men wnn meir
rear of the room close to the floor. He ! ho?es merchants with their customers,
then increased the jars of his battarv, I and generally facilitating the transac
and raised its strength to 500 omes. " on J ousuiess and lessening; the fnc--NTncnanimnn
rMAroi hrtiiU , ha ' tion of domestic life. The Bell telo-
had been lor months before makins
vrW W TV A vl -J Jl ' I UU '
electrical experiments. His
was fixed ona stand near the wall, and
the wires from it connected with (hose
leading to the bath
:he bath. When the appa-!
removed its wires could be.
pulled away from the others, and no
trace would be left of previous connec
tion. On the night of the Sd of July all was
in readiness. Croftlv laid his plan3 1
With nieety and deliberation. Dean al-
ways took a bath before retiring, which j
was about midnight. In the morning
Croftly had purchased two seats at tho
, Metropolitan Theater and given them to
Armstrong, who took his daughter to
the play. By 8 o'clock every thing wai ,
' quiet in tho house. Croftly knew that
he was safe from interruption until 11
o'clock, and perhaps later,
He now began to work In earnest. He
filled the tank with water, and then
tested his wires over and over again.
, then turn on not water, in tne morn
ing there would be no trace.left of the
ircc-ZiUir. nu ruuuuu uu uauua wim
delight.7 and then poured in the chem
ical proportions, wboroia lay the secret
of his discovery. Having done thh, he
went back to his room and laid tho two
connecting wires of his apparatus side
by side upon the instrument. It was
now 9 o'clock. He turned the gas up
to a full blaze to disperse the shadows,
took an easy chair and determined to
read until Dean's return. Tho silenco ,
of the house became unbearable, and
the sultriness of the apartment more and J
mere oppressive. His excitement be
gan to toll upon him and he was no
longer cool. The man who is about to
kill suffers more pangs than he who
knows he is about to die. Croftly paced
up and down the apartment, and then a
strange fascination drew him toward
the bath. He entered tho room again
and stood gaxing into the motionless
water in tho tank, and murmured to
himself: "Four hundred and eighty
cubic feet, five hundred omes."
There was a ga3-jet abovo the tank,
and its faint glow wa3 reflected in the
water. To Croftly tho atmosphere
seemed to have been generated in a blast-
furnace. The water looked cool and
refreshing. There was yet more than
an hour. Croftly turned the catch of
the doorjfrom force of habit,and, throw-'
ing off his clothes, plunged in. He
could discover no disagreeable trace of
the chemicals, and once more he felt !
tho delightful sensation of being cool.
It was so agreeable that he began to re- j
fleet in his mind whether he would not
continue to enjoy the bath and postpone
the murder. j
Suddenly the hall door was slammed
and he heard tho voice of Mis3 Arm-1
strong talking with her father. The
pair had indeed returned, having left
the thoator because they did not care to
bo bored with Mrs. Bowers's hackneyed
rendering of "Queen Elizabeth." Pass
ing along the hall they saw the Profes
sor's door open and tho gas in full
blast. Armstrong hated to see any
thing go to wtute, and told his daugh
ter to go in and lower the gas, as tire
room was unoccupied. Miss Armstrong
went in as directed, aud her father pass
ed up stairs. While alone, the girl
could not resiat the temptation to pull a
little note from her bosom and read it
again. She had received it that morn
ing, and had already perused it about
twenty times. It re:ul :
Deak Alice Will you be my wlfe?YourT,
Dean was a young man, who, when
he had any thing to say, said it at once,
and stopped on reaching the point.
Sho pored over the Tetter about five
minutes, and then, returning it to its
place, looked about her. Her eye pres
ently fell on tho instrument connected
with Croftly 's battery. Sho took up one
of the wires, and was about to lay it on
the other and see if there would be a
shock, when her courage failed her and
she dropped it across its mate. A tpark
flashed out, which startled her. Sho
drew back, lowered the gas, and went
At the instant tho wires were connect
ed Croftly was in the center of the bath.
A shock and terrible chill passed
through his frame, and he felt a cloud
of vapor rising from the surfaco of the
water and sweeping into his face.
Myriads of spear-like crystals shot out
from the edge of the tank and converg
ed toward him liko so many shafts of
death. He realized his situation, and
dashed to reach the steps; as he did so,
he threw himself against tho jagged
edges of a sheet of ice half an inch thick.
There was a frightful gash in his side,
from which blooa was streaming. He
struggled madly amid the ice, and every
throe brought fresh wounds. His limbs
moved no longer in water; they were
enveloped in slush. The ice closed about
him like a vise. He was dead.
After the evaporation of tho chemi
cals tho electricity no longer had any
effect, and the heat of tho room began
to tell upon the ice. The mass melted,
and by -1 o'clock in the morning the
corpse of Croftly was tloating upon the
surface of the bath. He was not missed
until 9 o'clock the next morning, when
Dean burst open the door and found
him as described.
The rest is known. The jury gave a
verdict of suicide, and Miss Armstrong
and Edward Dean were married on tho
22d of tho same month.
Extension of the Telephone System.
An admirable system of local tele
pone communication, says the Spring
field (Mass.) Republican, is to be intro
duced in this city by the District Tele
phone and Automatic Signal Company
of New Haven, Ct. Thi3 is a company
incorporated under the laws of Con
necticut for the purpose of owning and
operating the district telephone in six
cities, New Havan, Springfield, Hart
ford, Meriden, MiddUtown and New
Britain. In three of these places the
system is already established and in
successful working order, New Haven
furnishing 550 stations, Hartford, where
the company betran business only six
, - r- - Jl r 'ml
f1 " tne purposes oi tne airict;
telegraph, and does a great deal more,
phone is the one used by thi3 company.
nw " aoi"Julur io"
? .? 2El 1?
In 1878 there were sold under fore-
J having about 4,000 miles of track, and
u'1? ft ' .- - ana
R?imrrenVng .S W
than $300,000,000 of capital. Even this
terrible slaughter was exceeded in 1S77.
Oxe of our most estimable citizens may be
thankfal for" the introduction of Dr. Bull's
Cough Syrup, for its timely use has saved his
8kep Kalslaf fi Clr4. v -
The most reliable information oblaU
cd give the number of ibeep in tkk
State as about 2,000,000, valued at ?2.25
Gr head, or $4,500,000 in total raioe.
.st year's clip of wool was about 5,
000,000 pounds, estimated at 1TJ cents
per pouad, $875,000. Tbr skonld h
added to this 600,000 lambs, valued at
l 50 per bead, $750,000. During 1878
30,000 bead were driven in from Cali
fornia and 15,000 from New Mexico.
The shipment of wool tho coming sea
son will be about ?,000,000 pounds,
which at last year's price will amount to
81,225,000, to which may be added the
value of 750,000 lambs at $1.50 per
head, $1,125,000, making $2,S50,u00
income from sheep alone. Theae fig
ures may not bo realized, bat I have
given you the lowest estimate. Owing
to the long distance, and the want of
double-decked cars, the railroad freight
on sheep to Eastern markets is so high
that it will not pay to ship mutton to
any great extent. Thus far the budnesa
of sheep raising in Colorado has been
very profitable, and I can sec no reason
why it snould not contlnuo so for years
to come when conducted with sufficient
capital and experience. I will mention
one instance where largo profits have
been realized. A flock of 1,800 ewes.
Costing $4,500, were placed on a ranch
in southern Colorado. In eight years
1,000 sheep were killed for mutton and
consumed on tho ranch (this is almost
equal to the consumption of fresh beef
at our county houle), and 7,740 were
sold for $29,020. Tnere are 14.800 head
on hand worth, at $3 per head, $41,400.
Tho wool crops paid for shepherds and
all current expenses. The result shows
a net profit over tho original investment
of $09,520, equal to 1?3 per cent, per
annum for eight years in succession.
Now turn and look at the other sido of
the picture. Out of a flock of 1,200 very
fine selected ewes, worth $4 per head,
800 died during a storm of two days last
We at the East can hardly roalizo tho
isolation oftentimes attending ranch
life. A few days since wo renewed tho
acquaintance of a young gentleman
whom we met at Denver last year. He
is of a distinguished family of Northern
New York and a graduate of one of our
Eastern colleges. He canio to this State
about a year sinco for the benefit of his
health, "which was considerably im
paired. His physician advised him to
go on a sheep ranch, where ho would
avc constant outdoor employment. He
soon engaged himself to two Scotch
shepherds to assist them in the caro of
sheep, and for five months tho three
men managed the affairs of tho ranch,
both indoors and out, each taking his
turn in the art of cooking, and each
doing his own washing. The ranch is
situated 75 miles from Colorado Springs,
which is their base of supplies.
The unvarying duties of a shepherd
aro about as follows : At sunrise to tako
his flock, usually from 400 to GOO, ac
companied by his trusty horse and faith
ful dogs, to green pastures and beside
still waters, if he can find them, and
there remain all tho day long with a
watchful eyo over bis charge to see that
none fall into the ditch or go astray.
When tho sun goes down behind tho
Rocky Mountains it is time to start for
homo. Tho signal is given by tho shep
herd tho dog is on the alert the "bell
wether" leads the way to tho fold or cor
ral for the night, and when safely pro
tected from foes without, such as prairie
wolves, the day's work is douo, only to
be repeated day in and day out, month
after month. Tho dog is a valuable
auxiliary in tho care of sheep. The
Scotch collie " surpasses all others in
Its natural aptitude for the work, and
oftentimes one well trained sells for
$150. Cor. Troy (N. Y.) Times.
Information Abont the "Glbstake.,,
Leadville correspondent of the Chica
go Tribune : "What is this grub-stake
that I hear so much about?" anxiously
writes a Kentuckian to ono of the Lead
ville papers. "Where can this instru
ment be obtained, and what is the cost
of it?-" an inquiry that has sent off the
whole camp in a roar of delight. And
yet it is not surprising that tho simple
Kentucky person fell into this error, as
the "grub-stake" is essentially an insti
tution of the Far West, and is iudisso
lubly associated with- mining. There
are not less than 500 men in Leadville
who make a living out of the above
named "instrument." All the old min
ers aro grub-s takers, except those who
havo made a lucky strike and can buy
their own grub. To be more definite,
the grub-stake is the result of a union
between capital and labor. Capital
says : "I want to find a good mine at as
little expense as possible;" and Labor
replies : "Furnish me with a living, and
I will undertake to prospect for you
and to dig a shaft for you on shares."
It is a fair bargain. 'The poor miner
puts in his experience and his muscle,
and receives therefor his board and an
interest in the mine if it should prove
to bo a valuable claim. There is no
rule as to the extent of that interest; it
may be large or small, according to the
contract that is agreed upon. In gen
eral, however, it may be said that the
finder or locator of a claim is entitled
to a third interest without working. If
he puts his own labor, while another
person furnishes the cash for expenses,
he expects to own a half interest. A
miner who is extremely anxious to sink
a shaft on his claim will sometimes give
two-thirds of it to a man who will grub
stake him, and, per contra, there are
many instances where new-comers to
the camp have furnished backing to a
miner in consideration of a third or even
of a quarter interest. But the general
rule is to halve the work and the ex
pense. Somnambulism Extraordinary.
A son of Abram Matthushek, a Ger
man living west and south of Sanilac,
met with a singular accident & few
nights since. It seems that he and a
brother were sleeping in a room which
is heated by a drum on the pipe from
the stove below, and as there wa? a hot
fire below the boys' room was very
warm. The boy3 retired early and about
9 o'clock the family were startled by a
loud noise as though a heavy body had
fallen on the floor in the room above.
The father at oaco proceeded to the
room from which the noise came, and
was surprised to find one of the boy3
lying on the floor in an insensible con
dition. Medical aid was at once sum
moned; in a few hours the boy came
to, when he settled in the minds of those
present the cause which led to the acci
dent. He said he was dreaming of be
ing in bathing and that he climbed up
on a post to dive and that he struck his
head on the bottom, and it is evident he
got up in his sleep and took a "header"
from the bed-post. Luckily for him no
serious results came from his forcing of
the season and he will be very likely to
lie still and let some one else do the
diving off of bed-posts hereafter. San
ilac (Jfteft.) Reporter.
MISTS FOR THE HOUSEHOLD.
From a rrijontrxttr lctwr na Cooking.
Uy Mrs. 1o1 nl rMi4r)pnU. J
Tepid water U productsl by com
bining two-thirds cold and one-third
Never put a pudding that I to be
teamed into any thing cite than a dry
Old potatoes may be freshened up
by plunging them into cold water be
fore cooking them.
In making any laucc put the buUer
and flour la together and your sauce
will never be lumpy.
Doiled fowl with sauce, over which
grate the yelk of eggs, b a magnificent
dish for luncheon.
In making a crujt of any kind, do
not melt the lard in the Sour. Melting
will injure the crust.
The yelk of eggs binds tho crut
much belter than tho whites. Apply it
to the edges with a brush.
The water used in making bread
must be tepid hot. If it L too hoi, the
loaf will be full of great holes.
Vou must never attempt to boil the
dressing of a clear soup in the stock, for
i: will always discolor ihe soup.
A few dried or preserved cherries,
with stones out, arc the very beat thing
possible to garnish sweet dishes.
Whenever you see your sauce boil
from the sides of the pan you may know
your flour or corn-starch is tlono"
In cooking a fowl, to ascertain
when it is done put a skewer into the
breast, and if tho breast is tender the
fowl is done.
To boil potatoes Fiicccs3fully : When
tho kin breaks pour off the water and
let them liuish cooking in their own
In boiling dumplings of any kind
put them in the water ono at a time. If
they are put in together they will mL
with each other.
Never wash raisins that are to be
used in sweet dishes. It will mako the
pudding heavy. To clean them wipo
them in a dry towel.
(Jood flour is not tested by its color.
White flour may not be tho best. The
teat of good flour is by the amount of
water it absorbs.
To beat tho whites of eggs quickly
put in a pinch of salt. Thu cooler thu
eggs, the quicker they will froth. Salt
cools and also freshens them.
In boiling eggs hard put them in
boiling water 10 minutes, and then put
them in cold water. It will prevent tho
yelk from coloring black.
There is a greenness in onions and
potatoes that renders them hard to di
gest. For health's sake nut them in
warm water for an hour before cooking.
To mako macaroni tender, put it in
cold water and bring it to a boil. It
will then bo much more tender than if
put into hot water or stewed in milk.
Cutlets and steaks may be fried as
well as broiled, but they munt be put in
hot butter or lard. Tho grease is hot
enoughwhen it throws "off a blucish
To brown sugar for sauces or for
puddings, put tho sugar in a porectly
dry sauce-pan. If the pan is tho least
bit wet the sugar will burn and you will
spoil yotir sauce-pan.
Single cream is the cream that has
stood on the milk 12 hours. It U best
for tea and cofl'ee. Double cream stands
on its milk 24 hours, and cream for
butter frequently stands 48 hours.
Cream that is to be whipped should not
be butter cream, lest in whipping it
change to butter.
Dr. Hitchcock's Itomnncc.
Dr. W.E. Hitchcock of Newark, N. J.,
a popular physician and druggist, is to
start for Louisiana this morning. Dr,
Hitchcock's father, Dr. Edw'd Do For
rest Hitchcock, was a wealthy planter
in Louisiana. His plantation was known
as "Monoskin." Adjoining this was
tho plantation of a man of large proper
ty, who had an only daughter, a pretty,
black-eyed child, "the compnnion and
playmate of young Hitchcock. The
two planters, who were bosom friends,
conceived the idea of uniting their fam
ilies in marriage. Young Hitchcock
and his little playmate were according
ly betrothed v hen ho was 10 and she
was 8 years of ago. The children were
given all the advantages of education
that tho wealth of their parents could
procure. In vacation months they
played and attended merry-makings to
gether. When young Hitchcock was
18 and the girl 1G years of age they con
firmed their betrothal by a formal en
gagement of marriage. In time there
were lover's quarrels between them, and
finally their engagement was broken
off. "A man of wealth and position
sought the girl's hand, and was accept
ed, and married her. Young Hitch
cock, who was then 19, came North,
entered the Medical Department of Yale
College, and at the beginning of the
rebellion enlisted as assistant surgeon
in the regular United States Army. He
served three years and then began the
practice of medicine in New Haven,
Conn. He was told ihat tho husband
of the girl he loved was in the Confed
In 18G8 Dr. Hitchcock removed to
Newark and opened a drug store in
Belleville Avenue. He became at onco
a favorite with the veteran soldiers in
Newark. He was a fair musician, and
sang in church choirs and at public con
certs in Newark, and was a welcome
guest in the drawing-room3 of the best
society. He was handsome and affable,
but, he was observed to prefer the so
ciety of men to that of women. He
had not forgotten his love, but he con
fided it as a secret to only a few of his
most intimate friends. About six months
ago he recived a letter from Louis
iana. It was from the woman who was
always in his thoughts. She wrote that
her husband had Deen dead for some
time, and that her married life had
been unhappy. She suggested that she
would be clad to hear from her old pi y-
mate. Dr. Hitchcock answered the let
ter, and the correspondence terminated
in a re-ensasrement of marriage.
Dr. Hitchcock's Newark friends gave
him a pleasant send off last night
New Fork Sun.
French and English.
The fishermen on the coast of Sussex
and the opposite coa3t of France often
have occasion to change'civilities at sea.
But how can they do so, not knowing
each other's language? Some years ago
we were told they "got over -the diffi
culty without cost or trouble by an ex-
ceecangiy simple ana ssmsisciur viv
cess. They exchanged children. A
Sussex man took the son of a French
man to board for a time in his family,
and let the Frenchman have his son in
return. In this accomrnodating way
French fi3her-boy3 learned English, and
English fisher-boys learned French. It
was a beautiful arrangement through-
oat, for Nil ay 3TaaUff ddT4
from Ungual inUr-eowJesaiejkiioa. fl
tBg of good-will T!W US hKwra t (
two nation. $tnr$ Jtritl.
Tire Saorrroe Court of Tri
ku jsu; tUcUifd that Um reatf asd
pro&U of the euie of a wwri!
woman, sol ctlli upon her for her
ole beaefil aad ti are mbet to U
payxseai of lh? debt of fecr at
"SjlX." aid one llUle archla to
another "Sam. do your ckool
miter ever give you aay reward of
mcritr ! poo he do," w U
reply; "hegirw tae a lickia rlr
very day. and ay I merit two."
T1i Otr ?!!!, l Aarvr. tit.
Dr. r. L. Poc4' fcor4ul la tai tij. U
Urgei luttlu;loa in i CaimO rt, f
jcU!1t JvTcirrl to tic trlasl el CkW
parUculw 01xa-. U tall ol rUla Itvt iU
oxr iL UcJoa. Tbc ptikaU. UUi tc.4.!
tod trtsxje. arc of til r &&4 tslUo&.
od iSirtoi ia rrrrj tottv&rj form cf
IhU IrVhUul i)1-vm ta kit Hy frq
Tlll to th l;4'-il. Us oUr dj. rooTtnee-d
tu tint aHol Ua aCrrrhkT(raltrtlUll&
In tbc tkdl of Dr i'o&U, sl U- wk-w
ctM-t m nxtt rrilk-l onty rrrl Ubt tiejr
bad not ar&ilrd lVmlr ot kW &rrtt t
forc uStTit tcr of orc lha u )
treatment 11. other u&njL Ttx raol p-sif t
) icm, jrl orirr asJ ne&tn? U rprnl
cTtrpraert, Doctor nxkr It fjtot u
jwonallj took alur Ue C4i uA comlotl oi
crb f-:lcnt, krul the sialic of frmlUcd Ub
vhkbhcU welcomed la erar rtwa U rV
Ueoce that til tSnrU to iLclr tbtlf arc dtJjr
spjwcctaW)- cli ocorellBf tUlt to the
Aurora Canrrr t!tip4ul inure fuUr Jrajfra
u in tfco belief that It la Ue bumI lmtrb:jr
cufcductcd lottitoUoa cf lLo kitxl ta iLe
cucutrr, ctl that lu raerccUc a&J akiUfut
proprietor U duUt m vucOrfull;-aucrul
oiV In tic relic! and cure of perto&a a!!cUt
lu UU dlrrctioa.
The hoj;4tal U full of rtient--arrlraJa
and d parturea twin: of 1-Mtt dallj occur
rence At the bc-aniul, fcl owarfut efc-riro-Cilraute
bctUuy l Is cxrcilmt working order,
and frrqunl!r (irovm of tiicticikl4c rIacln
the removal of cionvier ttuaor lUOBl0rw.
Ids blood, and the perform a uoc of other Ul.tl
cult and Oaccrous o;trUot. Nroful and
Mu 0i.rftc of all ktod arc treated wi'Jb as
cusbr lLcl)r. Send for laforuiaUou,- iW-.
Jbr re Is no modern fbkiaabl notion qait
o)aburd aa the generally rcec-iTd ld Ut
to be beautiful and attrvcilfe, a wotaan auil
poaftcM a wan. tyirittulU face aad a Cjur of
jlpii'like proportions a fragility In uUa
caaee out of ten tlic reault of diaeaaa. Uj
luativ faablonablo bclb it ta eouafdtfmd a
special comlluicot to be apokeu of a frail
and delicate. Thej forget that tie ualurall
delWte Lure and jxtiu dgura v rtrj UAVr
ent from LLo pale and diacM-trlcJkCU fafc
that meet u lu tho city thoroughfare, look
out from tho luxuriant carriar of wealth,
and glldu UuguldJjr through our crovJcd
drawing-rooms. If dJcaj were ucfa&n
abU aa It ouhl to be, wot a ladj lu tie land
but would take every pctalblcjurcautlnu to a
cure tho freab, blnoiniii fare and well
rounded Oiruro that only heaJth caa glf.
Ladlt-4 ahould remember Ltiat uuoh aa gentle
men nui) tirufcea to aduikc tho fae and fona
paled and exnacUtod bj duac, when thej
cboofe a wife thcr prefer a blooanln;, health
ful, buojant-aplrlUtd wouun. Dr. lUvtc'a
FarorlUt I'retczlplUm Is the ackuowlrdacnd
aLandard tmedj fur Luia1a dJaeaao and
wcaJineaaca. It baa the tvo-fuM advantage
of cm-lag the local diacaac and unpartlnz a
rlgorou tone to the whole ijtlcai. It U aoid
An actor in the Itoyal Chinese Tbo
ater, San Francuoo, named Long Vow,
is paid at thu rate of ?C,700 a year.
Chew Jackxm'a Heat Sweet Navy Tobaceo.
Flteb'a Ucart Corrector for aalo by drugjrUU.
DR. JMI BOLL'S
Smii's Tonic Syns
FOR THE CURE OF
FEVER and AGUE
Or CHILLS and FEVER.
Th prowriettr f thit clabrata4 4lda
juatly claiaa for it a uparlorlty or all ra
ediei eTer offerad to tae pabllc tor tke UkTi,
CERT A JJT, SPEEDY and PZltKAJTEJIT curt
of Afrua aad FTer, r Chill aad YTtr. whth
erofahortorloagiUadlBf. He rafara to tae
entire Weatara and Soatheraceaatry to bear
hlia teatlaony to the truth of the aaaartle
that in so caae whatever will It falltaearelf
the dlrectloaa are strictly fallowed aad urrirtl
oat. lBafreataasycaaaaslafUdaae haa
bees auflcieat for a care, aad whole famlllee
have hoea cared by a aingle kettle, with a par
feet restoration of the general health. It if,
however, praceat, asd la every caae moreeer
tain to care, if ite aae le coattaaed la aaallcr
doees for a week or two after the diaeaae haa
heea checked, more eapecially la difflce.lt aad
loBSj-itandiBg . TJtuaily thla aadleiae
will aot require aay tUU keep the bowel ia
food order. Should the patleat, however, re
quire a cathartic mediclae, after havlaf takea
three or four doaee of the Toaie, a eiaf le deee of
BULL'S VEOETAJLE JAKILT FILW will
ThegeaainelMITariTOiriO ITATjr satt
have D. J0HH BO LL'I private etaap ea utk
bottle. DX.J0HH BULL oJy haa Ueriat u
aasofactare aad Mil the eirif laal JQaUT J.
SMITH'! TOBIC fTXUF, of Uala Till. Ay.
Zxaadae well the label oa aaahbetUa. Ifaiy
private itaaip 1 aot oa each bottle. e aot
parchaat, or joa will bo deeelved.
Manufaetwrer an Ventfa 1
SMITH'S TONIC SYRUP,
BULL'S WORM DESTROYER,
TfM Popular RamaellM ef thw way
rrladaal flea, Sit lata M.. LtClfTILU, El.
HTLKDII UUUUUII) 01
PUBE GOD 1ITE&
oil ahd inn.
Ta Oaf aad All. At jm tsgrfit tmm a
Coacn. Wo. Ailtm. lSroeklOa.et majtt thm mtom
pclrocftarr txoablrs tint o odrti rrA tn OKSmtiSMsT
If ao.oe- VM&ortJ'arrCoa-ZAfrfMwutlAmtrmmii
aad tnie wswlr. TtU t no jna jT-trOrjo. bt to
rrlar7 BMulbrt Xrj n TonSlrl f acshr. MxaJd acjf
bj A. 11 Vi mox. aytatet. tioatoo. SoM ty an dr&nfcaa
Is aot a bw ooej-
KKSfEDT aa t""
tefarv U: vatXc V)jmn.
rnxl an-a tn st data' a.
wtt&aad wWmttM afi-1
tie rg pfcyiietaa- i
1 baa txrmt Xroaa Hwr-rrn
iltviv and Arattt hnnCra&a of (! kaowa cKlarrj
UOTii RKMEIIT earIrPr au imeaurt
K Use Khmer. Uiaofier aaa tnnao ursaaa.
Seal lor paapbl to
. CXA&aX ProdBee. K. 1
VIUlZT IX AKICV S9 toMC.ne
ar.HiorUllBViBAfrieav Ar-a -tO.
h&bvm W. a JOnUX. iUitUr. Lenta. Ut.
A V05TK Ajceat Wasted 9$ beat
mT4; tmm aaaaeaa
MgaowSaka, Cina. ate. CatHa. bam la !
OaHia Jaciaa.tr. a Cart Oa. 3hrtBiait Oaaa.
AGENTS. READ THIS.
Wew&ps? AssaaSaaaiT t KOO ar aMaB a
raaAMai av rar B:am jBOBSBtaaaAAaAA aJ4 aa
I aad mnaimtal hmraapqa. We tusnvat tetter.
pv .b. jMMBWi rtn m,m m fi ia -. fc.rawa.ay
15 ti m&2&
Jfektlt Crfc. Mich.
Mr nni crjMt. T-t.
A ! TV"" t t r"z
M iai I m
TTlB ! rr UHi taantal
MrMv Vr Wpl ! M i
tnr wt. una tt ' uwi
Kl! aur Ut 4U -
et .iv a w
w in, -J i v - "- i '
a ryw i r tiMv )m v
tt.if. l anr w t mil.
mm i.ii ttMM & UiiiitiiUi
Mirrnnpf fr wrMt t rt, J
t-- t w-a t. - fc. JwtiM
rOt R Si f tMln n4x &!
FOK rartlradara. Tall ar tVW 9
V M tKU Vto V A M
I p J ij I f T U
SV Ta U f Tit MUtww- wrf -i. aM
j. is -. r .'
- i. 1:..
Dana's Patent Shp 3"d Hex labels.
Dan a' a 1'aL. Mfpti a ltd JIm Label v ervt
mxv lrtt"ft atufrtlt . t I itt 4vit.it
Wtth IvftUM and UUtmhrtt f , M i$ U V ntttt.
A4Jrtw C. IXXUX. to mi UtA. .V U.
mm ifiwfc ii' 7
KAH IAS CITY iTOCKOf AEM, Mi.
Gnl"ri Manual, full t
taiflahU atMr4 tH
J. II. OOT.
m! (jrvr. Vt!.d. 111.
irwLW.a. VTaUt IJI. inr. T.uJ. itr.
All bi MaU. Iflr- Urt rf T-s evr fr.-
AdlmM It. n. MM ITU. Iiraaj J-rU.K in
Lightning Hay Knives,
'IMflS Vnlfo U U tn.t la T-t est
a. Ui$r dtmn hr ad aira la w
Cttltlux rorn UUu t It oi. rtjillfci ti
ObT mill !lli-.lli- ttmtah.
V Th" tU.l5 Ut el l tf
aw U-rajxr. cuIit Mtum a 'I i txt
iuUrsvil rlibulUm AW
trial wli" l It- PftliA, iflpFi$ m
uior ti ut nti;muz t ite wlifaai
It, alra art it I ncn !; Wftm m
wall m Untom UJ. 04 M &4d
t'tAiflhe plwflufalt trJt KM, TWr
arioi'lT jweird in tax. e tfcTi r0 fof tJb
lb. neislit. raluMa Ut abiaflan by la64 or wafer
ta any jrt of thewetM.
Ifasafanoml oUy by HIK. MOLT A "..
Zaat wlltea,?rakHa Coaaty.Malae.
For Bzl by t& Itartunr Tra4 ftwaUi.
FEVER i AGUE
ERADICATES ALL MALARIAL
DISEASES freaa U SYSTEM.
J C. RICHARDSON, Prop.,
rrrorpii,7Anirtt. irr uivt.
aa rat IX tntt rv t
i f - m " W
f K9iK.l t trr i
I WANT A LIVE AGENT
atLL ar ABTICLMI. BOJKV fl
rtBtK VBTIIV MALM ARK MA .
rr.itk:ai otx ftaw to Anzi.li
asalL snatpaM. xaaa w a r TV' 'i a"
W. M. COiaviOCC Mawrtotawa. H. Lmwrmcm Oaja-T.
ChcAetst !a tho TforW las trtr
a waaeFaaaiaTaai, jmsajmwr caw jbk?w . BiaBW
J lata fcrtlCl-Siafl rwmj yVjAf -Tr4 kv
BBsSVaUaV WCBr3BBMBBfc'""Ar'fJBffifl waM
Be'wan ffrmi iw u-rs jwi ii giroasar.
rtw u aawev Wf nf
mnStm trtaJ rialaya fraau IW
aasa rua Co, a A. nm aara. M. .
Krfag Cttrtm C&irxiJ.rTAsacu.TanL.l'a.
eaa safe fl2aaar a
T3Caa CCU Aaawata.
sKfcoxfr ra JUxriicrrxrv
, YUm 8mX CrrU.
mW Vm Jfawalrr. am mr
tseat Smt ejei: wc.kBaBM.
mm -m i. .
CBOCAfiO SCAXJIE CO. Caacaa. au.
kl 1 mn ,., imilrt w c-,
rwswi t"f. Winn "'
I I I Ifl
rrai r WrmmT. mm Tim
emx, TootA. wcKto tnnx,
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