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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (April 3, 1879)
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THE BED CLOUD CHIEF.
X. I.. THOMAS, PnMWhrr.
HOME AI FOREIGN GOSSIP.
A Sullivan, Me., woman attacked a
wild-cat, which was killing her geese,
the other day, empty-handed, and
strangled it in the snow.
Theue is a bar-room in Blue Ridge,
N. C, that has posted up notices that
44 Children under 10 years of age will
not be allowed to get drunk on these
premises, unless accompanied by their
One of the largest of the Great Mars
ton salt mines at Northwicb, England,
was lately lighted with the electric
light. The experiment was so success
ful that this method of illumination is
likely to be adopted.
Lord Tollemanche, of Cheshire,
England, has gathered together his
cheeso-making tenantry and told them
that if they expect to hold their own
against American competition they must
quit sighing for their lost pre-eminence
and make better cheese.
Postm aster-General Ky fays that
the women who have been appointed
postmistresses during the last four years
dotheir business more faithfully and
take more pride in their work than the
men holding offices of the same grade.
Tiie prosecution of the corrupt Rus
sian army contractors, Cohan, Greger
and Horwitz, has been abandoned by
order of the Czar, because the proceed
ings threatened to compromise so many
persons in high official positions.
Two Swedes, who kindly entertained
a tramp near Kane, McKean County,
Pa., were both killed by said tramp with
a hatchet. The tramp was soon cap
tured, and it was with difficulty the peo
ple could be restrained from lynching
A few days ngo a Northern Pacific
train crossed the Missouri on ice three
feet thick at Bismarck, Dakota Territo
ry. It is stated that this is the first train
that ever went over a river on ice with
out some false work beneath.
A gentleman of Caiubridgeport,
Mass., offered a prize of 3 to the New
York newsboy who would save the most
money in a month. The largest sum
saved was $20, and 110 boys saved
20.1.25 in different amounts from twenty-five
"Tiie Chinese washman has gained a
footing in New York. He has organ
ized a large system of wash-houses, and
there are indications that all belong to
one company. The style of their sign
boards in the various streets and ave
nues is, as uniform as those of the tea
stores. The Chinaman has a very mole
like fashion of creeping into business
and capturing it after creeping in.
There is an old gray fox in Ogle
thorpe, Ga., that could tell many excit
ing stories if he had the power of speech,
lie has been chased time and again, and
his h:drbreudth escapes are the talk of
his county. Recently he was driven in
to a railroad cut bj dogs, and would
certainly have been caught if a
train had not dashed along and scatter
ed his pursuers. In a public meeting it
was formally voted to let him die in
The English agent in an Indian prov
ince lately arrested the head priest,
whereupon fakirs to the number of 70
or 80 sat down in front of the official
bungalow, and proceeded deliberately
to starve themselves to death. It was
not until they begun to dig graves for a
few of their number who nearly reached
the expiring point that the agent gave
ii up ana reieasea me priest.
Tiie Omaha News gives as a reason
for the delay of a Union Pacific train
into that city one day recently, that cat
tle blockaded the track. It seems that
herds of cattle, numbering 300 or 400,
get on the track at different points to
enjoy the shelter afforded by the snow
piled high on each side, and pay no at
tention wnaiever to me trams. A num
ber are generally killed before apassage
Needles and the stories about them
keep coming to the surface. A Chilli
cothe (Ohio) man who has been afflict
ed with rheumatism for some time,
finally had a surgical operation per
formed. The result was that a needle
was found, just ready to show a point
against the theory Qf rheumatism. Now
the man is well, but he insists that at no
time in his life did he ever make a pin
(or needle) cushion of himself.
Ar-mk a marriage ceremony had been
performed in one of the churches in
Adrian, Mich., the bride, when receiv
ing the congratulations of her friends
shed tears, according to the established
custom, at the sight of which the groom
followed suit, with a copious flow of the
briny fluid. After his friends succeeded
in calming him he said he could not
help it, for he felt as bad about it as she
" The Vallejo (Cal.) Chronicle says that
one of its butchers lately discovered a
Missonrian a long way from any settle
ment, and purchased cattle of him
United States notes were offered in pay
ment, but the Missourian, who had evi
dently not seen any thing but hard
money for years, did not want to take
them. Finally, however, he said:
Wall, ef you'll agree to indorse them
, Till il ii . mi .
ar- xii uuvu weni." j.ne traae was
thus at once brought to a specie basis.
This is the .way they play billiards in
New York, according to the reporter
who has been attending the tournament:
"The globes crept along with a soft,
musical click, and amid the cheers of
the assemblage, crossed to the bottom
rail, rambling leisurely on their way
like two children wandering in a coun-
try lane, who sometimes separate to
ptck sweet flowers by tho wayside and
sTmaback to meet each other with a
Asailwat employee in France, bv
apieeeof bravado Jit his trine with
:55.Q6f is. tfee great French lotte-
ry, ad that time Might be no doubt on
tfei object, he chalked the
a.waU lathe presence of several of his
atood all agape at the
ujmuu w o wiixea mat
jnd aad tke employee only
mm hcck would
. V.Ti '- -
. Poli a lair who
aa JrraacMco, and
report, .has gone
? TK-aoUoai and
v: Skt ii described
at a taWe cover-
d in. a dress of
-which was worn1
in '- rt
a most non-judicial checkered apron.
To an interviewer she said: "There is
nothing to be said about me. I origi
nated from the cradle, the wash-tub, the
sewing machine, and the cooking-stove.
I have educated myself aad am now try
ing to earn a living for myself and lit
tle ones by practising )m, and I mean
to succeed, and that'ajU there is to be
said of me."
The new QattQ of Holland, Queen
Emma, or to give her name in full,
Adelaide Emma Wilhelmina Theresa, is
in her 21st year, having been born on
the 20th of August, 1858. She is of
medium stature and a nicely turned fig
ure, with animated features, a fine com
plexion, a fresh and laughing mouth and
an abundance of chestnut hair, which
she wears in waves down on her fore
head. She is delightfullv shortsighted,
and has to make as much nse of a business-like
eye-glass as if she had been
born in Boston.
The temperance cause has suffered a
reverse in Sierra Valley, Neb. The total
abstinence society flourished during the
fall, but about holiday time rumors of
inebriety on the part of leading mem
bers were circulated. In a subsequent
meeting, it was moved that those who
had broken their vows be expelled.
The motion was lost. Then a resolu
tion wa3 adopted, amid great enthusi
asm, that all who had passed the holi
days without getting drunk be turned
out. Three cheers were given lor John
Barleycorn, and the meeting was ad
journed at the President's invitation to
step across the street and take a drink
at his expense.
IVilhklmj did a kindly thing In Co
lumbus, O., the other day. Just before
his visit a lady died who dearly loved
music and had been impatiently antici
patig the pleasure of hearing him play
The day of his arrival was the day of
her death. A message was sent to
Wilhelmj stating the circumstances and
that night he knew well the reason why
the many reserved seats were unoccu
pied. The next morning he, with an
accompanist, visited the house and re
quested the privilege of playing a re
quiem, as was the custom in his own
ls-.wm ir Cmwmtamn It- mat sf nAnwia
granted by the sorrowing family.
There are deserted towns in Nevada,
but thejT are not old ones. A few years
ago the population of Hamilton is said
to have been nearly 8,000 ; of Treasure
Hill, G.000; of Shermantown, 7,000, of
Swansea, .1,000. All were incorporated,
with Mayor, Council, Fire Departments
and daily newspapers. Hamilton has
now about ICO inlmbitauts,- most of
whom arc merely waiting in dreary
inaction for something to turn
up. Treasure Hill has about half as
many. Shermantown one family, and
Swansea none. In one canyon of the
Toiyabe range, near Austin, are five
dead towns without a single inhabitant.
The streets and blocks graded on the
hillsides are rapidly falling back into
The Amazon and Its Tributaries.
Extensive, important, and profitable
as arc rivers are in respect to commerce
and development of the country, they
are wholly unequal to the rivers of
South America. The Amazon alone
furnishes a host of watery resources, and
is fitly named the Mediterranean of that
continent. Together with its tributaries,
it is navigable by steamers, according
to oflicialreports, for 26,858 miles; its
average breadth in Brazil is 4 J miles ; it
rises, when high, .54 feet above its or
dinary level, and its volume is so vast
that sailors at sea drink its water and
find it fresh out of sight of land, its cur
rent being visible 500 miles from shore.
The volume of the principal rivers of
our sister continent is, in proportion to
the area drained, far greater than the
volume of rivers here, on account of in
creased rain-fall. The anntifil rain-fall
on our Atlantic coast averages from 40
to 45 inches ; on the coast of Brazil, 79
inches. The main channel of the Ama
zon is, for the first 1,000 miles from the
ocean, nowhere less than 30 fathoms.
Beyond the Peruvian frontier, it contin
ues to be a big river more than 1,000
miles into the heart of the Andes,, the
head of steam navigation being at
Mayro, Peru, 3,623 miles from the At
lantic and 325 miles from Lima by pub
lic roads ; so that it is only 331 miles
from Callao the port of Lima on the
Pacific, io the head of steam navigation
on tho Amazon. Peruvian railways
will soon bring steamers on the Ama
zon within one day's travel of the
Pacific, and Peruvian enterprise will
speedily improve Andean communica
tion, and open the interior of South
America to civilization and commerce.
The tributaries of the Amazon are longer
than the largest rivers of Europe. The
Madeira is navigable by steamers to its
falls, on the Bolivian frontier, over 1,000
miles, and above the falls its tributaries
furnish 4,300 miles of continuous steam
navigation, thus rendering commerci
ally accessible to the whole of Bolivia
and the western part of the Brazilian
Province, Malto Grosso. Brazil has
lately granted a subsidy to a foreign
company to build a railway around the
Falls of Madeira. The large rivers,
Napo, Maroni, and Putumayo, a navi-
fable from the Amazon, through Ecua
or and Colombia, fortalmost 1,000
miles beyond the frontier of Brazil to
the Andes,within 400 miles of Quito and
Guyaquil, and so open communication
with all the regiox. of Ecuador east of
the Cordilleras. The Rio Negro, enter
ing the Amazon at Manaos, some 1,100
miles from tne Atlantic, rises near Bo
gota, Colombia's Capital, passes
through southern Venezuela very close
to the Orinoco, and is a channel of
trade between Venezuela and Brazil,
while the Orionoco is navigable for sail
and steam vessels from the ocean to the
Andes in Colombia. Thus, the Amazon
and its tributaries are commercial high
ways for Venezuela, Colombia, Ecua
dor, Peru, Bolivia, and Brazil, and are
navigable for steamers a greater dis
tance than is included in the globe's
circumference. New York Times.
The Story of a Batterfly.
During last fall, while Mr. Cham
pagne, of Nelson Street, was bringing
in vegetables out of his garden he discov
ered what appeared to be a green cater
pillar clinging to a cucumber. He
threw it away, but one of his chil
dren took it in secret and placed
it in the family clock. Soma weeks af
terward the insect was discovered encir
cled in a silken web of it own making,
and one of Mr. Champagne's children
inclosed it in a warm coverinsr of wool.
Nothing of interest occurred until a few
days ago, when Mrs. Champagne, who
had forgotten all about the InsecUonened
the clock to wind it as usual. As soon
as the door was opened a beautiful and
perfectly formed butterfly flew out
around the room, to the surprise of the.
lady, and to the great joy of the chil
dren, who have become much enamor
ed of their fairy pet. Ottawa Canada's
A TRUTHFUL TRIO.
Mark Twain, aby and Kll Prrkla".
Omaha, Mass., July 41, 1932. While
strolling around Oshkosh yesterday I
was surprised to meet two very distin-
guished and truthful individuals. Sur -
prised, I say, because I supposed these
gentlemen were thousands of miles
away. These men were Mark Twain,
sometimes called tho Great Truthteller
of the Sierras, and r. V . rasby, gen-
erallv known as the Great International
Truthteller at Large from the State of
Ohio. Now, I thought Mark iwain
was doing missionary work in New Jer
sey, and I had been "informed that Mr.
Nasby had gone to labor in the tem
perance field in Italy with Mr. Murphy.
Notwithstanding my surprise at seeing
them, I was glad to have a chance to
sit at their feet and hear the truth de
fended. After we had talked a spell Mr. Twain
laid down his cigar and told us about a
fast horse he once owned in Virginia
City. Said he:
'Gentlemen, this horse of mine was
tough bitted, and he went so (fast that I
had to eruide him bv electricity had to
have wire lines and keep a battery in
the wagon all the time in order to stop
Why didn't you stop him by holler
ing whoa?" I asked.
"Stop him by hollering whoa!" ex
claimed Mr. Twain. Why, I could
not holler loud enough to make that
horse hear me. He traveled so fast that
no sound ever reached him from be
hind. He went faster than the sound,
sir. Heller whoa and he'd be in the
next town before the sound of your voice
could reach the dashboard. Travel
fast?' I should say he could. Why, I
once started from Virginia City for
Meadow Creek right in front of one of
. w.. . ... ... ....... w. -
the most dreadful rainstorms we ever
had on the Pacific Coast. Wind and
rain? Why, the wind blew 80 miles an
hour, and the rain fell in sheets. I
drove right before that storm for three
hours just on the edge of that hurri
cane and rain for 40 miles."
Didn't you get drenched?"
"Drenched? No, sir! What did I
keep that fast horse for? Wrhy, I tell
you, I drove right in front of that rain
storm. I could lean forward and let
the sun shine on me, or lean backward
and feel rain and catch hailstones.
When the hurricane slacked up the horse
slacked up,too, and when it blew faster I
just said 'ti lk ! ' to tne uorsc anu toucn
cd the battcry,and away he went. Now I
don't want to lie about my horse, Mr.
Perkins, and I don't ask you to believe
what I say ; but I tell you truthfully
that when I got to Meadow Creek my
linen duster was dry as powder. Not a
drop of rain on the wagon-seat either,
while the wagon-box wa3 level full of
hailstones and water, or I'm a-
" Look here, gentlemen,'.' interrupted
Mr. Nasby; "speaking of the truth,
did you ever hear about my
that man in Toledo?"
We said we had not.
Well, sir, it was this way: There
was a man there one of those worldly,
sceptical fellows, who questioned my
varacity one day. He said he had
doubts about the truthfulness of one of
my, cross-roads incidents. He didn't
say it publicly, but privately. I'm sorry
for the sake of his wife and family now
that ha said it all and sorry for the
man, too, because he wasn't prepaid
to go. If he'd been a Christian it would
have been different. I didn't want to
strike this man, because its a bad habit
to get into this making a human chaos
out of a fellow-man. But he question
ed my veracity, and the earthquake
came. I struck him once just once. 1
remember he was putting down a car
pet at the time, and had his mouth full
of carpet-tacks. But a man can't stop
to discount carpet-tacks in a man's
mouth, when he questions your veracity,
can he? I never do. I simply struck
"Did it hurt the man much?" I
" I don't think it did. It was too sud
den. The bystanders said if I was go
ing to strike a second blow they wanted
to move out of the State. Now I don't
want you to believe me, and I don't ex
pect you will, but to tell you tke honest
truth, Mr. Perkins, I squashed that
man right down into a door-mat, and
his own wife, who was tacking down
one edge of the carpet at the time, came
right along and took him for a gutta
percha rug, and actually tacked him
down in front of the door. Poor wom
an, she never knew she was tacking
down her own husband ! Wnat became
of the tacks in his mouth? you ask.
Well, the next day the boys pulled them
out of the bottoms of his overshoes,
41 Gentlemen!" I interrupted, "it
does me good to hear such truths. I
believe every word you say, and I feel
that I ought to exchange truths with
you. Now, did you ever hear how I
went to prayer-meeting at New London,
Conn., in a rainstorm?"
They said they had not.
" Well, gentlemen," I paid, "one day
I started for the New London prayer,
meeting on horseback. When I got
about half way there, there came up a
fearful storm. The wind blew a hurri
cane, the rain fell in torrents, the light
ning gleamed through the sky, and I
went and crouched down behind a large
barn. But pretty soon the lightning
struck the barn, knocked it into a thou
sand splinters, and sent my horse
whirling over into a neighboring corn
patch." " Did it kill you, Mr. Perfcins?" asked
Mr. Twain, the tears rolling down his
" No, it didn't kill me," I said, "but
I was a good deal discouraged."
44 Well, what did you do, Mr. Per
kins?" 44 What did I do? Well, gentlemen,
to tell the honest Connecticut truth, I
went right out into the pasture, took oft
my coat, humped up my bare back, and
took eleven clips of lightning right on
my bare backbone, drew the electricity
all out of the sky, and then got ou to
my horse and rode into New London in
time to lead at the evening prayer-meeting."
Arise and sing! Eli Perkixs.
Forest Tree Plaatias HoWTo Do It.
Experienced foresters, as a rule, re
sort to planting in preference to sowing
in the beginning of new forests. They
understand that while the cost of first
establishment is a little less in sowing
than in planting, the expense occasion
ed in caring for the work and replant
ing in vacant places is much, greater in
seeding.. Experience demonstrates that
a forest growth can be established soon
er ana more sureiy oy pianung- oecaose
it starts at least two years earlier than
the one that is sown, and furthermore
indicates the very next season every
plant which is unable to survive. Where
as, in sowing, one has frequently to wait
four or five years before certain there
are any gaps to supply.
Professor Henry McAfee, in a report
to the Iowa Horticultural Society oa
forestry, mentions the two systems of
plant injr in voruo furrow and 5padc,
" giving, however, the prcfcrcnCO to the
latter in any but a very damp spring,
ijc approves of planting 3i by 31 feet
apartt though 4 bv i feet generally
. adopted. Mr. McAfee has found that
, n vellow cottonwood placed the first
distance mentioned will cover the ground
within one year. In planting trees the
J eartn should not be .et enough to make
j, m0rtar, neither should trees be set while
there is water standing in the hole. The
clay that may adhere and dry on where
the roots have been puddled in trans
planting ought to be rinsed out before
the trees are set.
Numerous failures in forest tree
planting arise from the fact tliat young
trees are not sheltered. A careful for
j ester, knowing that the little shoots in
their native condition begin life shelter-
ed by parent boughs, imitates nature bv
I protecting the tender plants with
i -'- - - .
branches of trees lightly spread upon
tho ground, removing this shelter grad-
j ually a3 they become accustomed to the
open air. Professor E. Gale, of the
j Kansas Agricultural College, urges that
tree be planted closely, not only for the
mutual and immediate protection of the anous opinions nave been entertain
trees but for economy in culture and for cd as to the construction of the Saturn
the purpose of securing available tim- iau rings. While they can hardly le
ber and insuring early returns from the J wholly gaieous or liquid, there is dilli
planting. He also advises that farmers , culty "in regarding them as compoed of
planting timber on their farms set the . solid matter, since but few solids are
trees judiciously, i. e . so as to derive all ! known which would endure the violent
possible beuetits tneretrom; lor in
stance, twelve acres arrayed in belts in
many localities is far more desirable
than would be forty acres in a body. It
is laid down by sylviculturists as a rule
worthy of observation, that certain trees
hear the shade of other species better
than that of their own. Therefore a
mixture, as of oak and beach, will grow
nearer together than eithor kind would
In thinning out plantations of trees
feeble growths are gradually removed,
the thinnings being repeated until the
forest has gained its maturity. The
number of trees to be left standing de -
jKjnds upon many and varying circum
stances. A fixed law will scarcely hold
good in every case, and much is left to
the intelligence of tho planter. A gen
eral rule given is that half of the trees
planted at four feet apart shall be re-
moved before the growth is u leet , mat mo planet has already entered up
high : tho number not to exceed 800 to on tie later stages of its life. Ho thinks
tho acre when 30 feet high, and when
J 40 feet ;3 :Utained not more than 300 to
350 are to remain to the acre. Still an- zone. A dismemberment ami a conver
other rule allows the space between at j sion into a ring, he jays, mut be tho
one-fifth of the height. In eight j'ears . general fate of every planeUiry bod
larch has averaged 1G feet in height; i (and a moon is a planetary body), which,
cataloa. 12 feet in four year.; ash and by a slow contraction of tho path in
walnut growing about as rapidly as the
larch. New York World.
' " -. .i
Disinfection by Cold.
Tn n 1ofr fn iVin
mittecon the subject oi epidemic dis -
- O ..!
cases, having special reference to yellow
fever, Mrs. Elizabeth Thompson states
that the designs for a refrigerating
steamer by Professor John Gamgee, of
London, England, are far advanced at
the Navy Yard, but it will require at
least three months from the date of
signing contracts to construct this life
saving ship and its machinery.
It is intended that this steamer shall
proceed to New Orleans, as the port
most threatened, and there try the ef
fect of extreme cold in the disinfection
of ships coming from infected ports.
Mrs. Thompson says:
41 The Board of Experts authorized
by Congress to investigate tho yellow
fever epidemic of 1&7S declare that
4 ships are especially dangerous,' and
4 remain sources of infection for months
after having been infected with the
poison;' that 4 yellow-fever poison is
not able to withstand the influence of
frost, and when exposed to a freezing
temperature it is rendered innocuous
and is probably destroyed ;' that ' if the
apparatus and experiments now pro
jected for the utilization of extreme cold
for this purpose should be found to be
of practical application to the disinfec
tion of the holds and other parts of ves
sels, their success would prove to be
as anitary acquisition of inestimable
44 The losses to this country by yellow
fever 4 have been variously estimHted at
sums ranging from $100,000,000 to $200,
000,000' and it has been computed that
New Orleans alone suffered to the ex
tent of $15,335,000. Millions have been
spent in ships of war, and I hope the
opportunity we now have of testing na
ture's great preventive for yt How fever
cold may be taken advantage of with
promptitude and liberality."
The experiment would seem to be
worthy of trial, and, properly conduct
ed, would be comparatively inexpensive.
In the hands of a practical Yankee an
ordinary tug-boat could be fitted out
with refrigerating apparatus sufficient
to test the question inside of a fort
Carious Case of Arsenic-Poisoning".
For some weeks past a local physician
has been attending a young lady who has
exhibited every possible indication of
arsenic-poison. Her appetite failed her,
and her face became of a ghastly pallor,
while the features were bloated and the
eyes watery, with swelling of the lower
limbs. Day by day her body was rack
ed with intense pain, and finally her
condition became so unendurable that
she almost longed for death to put an
end to her sufferings. Tho physician
was satisfied from the beginning that
she was afflicted with some disease pro
duced by arsenic-poison. But the most
rigid investigation failed to reveal in
what possible way it could have been
administered to her. Her food was in
spected, the water she drank was most
carefully selected from the wells, where
no impurity by any means could find
its way to it. By the merest accident
in the world the cause of this remarka
ble condition was discovered. The doc
tor happened to be present when the
young lady's clothes were brought home
from the wash. The singular luster of
the linen struck him as remarkable. He
inquired who did that washing, and was
tbld that an old negro woman whose
great skill in polishing linen made her
very popular with the girl3. The doc
tor "thought he was now on the road to
the discovery, and concluded for the
nonce to play an amateur detective. He
visited the old woman, and soon learn
ed that her polish " was produced by
the use of arsenic in the starch. Then
the whole case was plain. The girl was
afflicted with arsenic-poison prodaced
by absorption. Being of a peculiar
temperament and organization, she in
curred a danger which others might
have escaped. Respiration aided it,
and her bodily susceptibility to the fa
tal drug conspired to produce the daa
ferous condition which has just been
etailed. Denver Nezcs.
The draft of negro laborers to Texas
has impelled the Legislatures of Ala
bama and Georgia to impose a license
tax of f 100 upon every person soliciting
people to emigrate from those states
TIIE CRASH OF WORLD.
Moom tU!ns Info I'IabcM, nl n
The ringed planet Saturn is generally
supposed by astronomers to present a
picture of planetary eautenca la its
Although the planet al-
rcadv has eight moons, the matter form-
j ing the rings constantly tends to shap
lUell into new satellites. The attractive
force of the great ccatral mass as con
tantly overcomes thb tendency, and is
believed to be drawing the rings closer
and clo5er. The KnsMan astronomer
Otto Struvo has predicted that in 14
than two centuries the inner ring will
reach the planet and be united with it.
While his views are not accepted by all
observers, the fact is conceded that
great changes are going on in tho gir
dle of Saturn, and there are strong mi
kotis to conclude that the matter of
which it is made up once moved in a
larger circle man it now occupies.
This conclusion is the baisof n paper
contributed, dv l'roi. mniei augnan to
the last number of the Popular Science
Monthly, in which hiibo interesting if
not startling propositions are advanced
convulsions that frequently disturb the
great circles. It is suggested in thin pa-,
per that the priucipal constituent maj
bo water, at a temperature near tho ,
freezing point. In that case, the con
stant tendency to freeze would slightly
overcome the destructive forces, and
would account for such changes of form ,
as are revealed by the telescope Of
course these changes could not go on
without heat from some source, but it is .
assumed that a sufficient quantity is
evolved mechanically by the commo- j
tions themselves. '
There seems to be no doubt, however,
! that the rings of Saturn are such stutTas
moons are made of, but the question is
whether this material is to form moons ,
in the future or has already performed
its functions in this respect by forming i
t moons in the past.-" i'roi. aughan
i adopts a view which indicates his belief
the two rings were formerly two sate!-
-... ..!. t - . - r .
j lies revolving auout aaturn in a wider
- - - . . ."
which it moves, revolves at Je:ut too
close to its primary that is, too close
to the larger planet around which it
But what causes the orbit of a satellite
to contract so as to brinjr it thus dan-
: &;'". " "'"' " "" -
.lmi(? T . ii. r llifk Jt..l .w- at w
- ! .y-hk.V - I.. j-i.nls I - a.mn -. . ... A I . ..
to motion would bo sufficient some
thing which retarded velocity, very
slight.', it might be, but still somewhat.
An influence of this nature must be ex
erted by any substance, however tenuous
or etherial, which pervades all space, or
that part of space, at ail events, to
which the stars and planets belonir.
Like many other men of science. Prof.
Vaughau aumes the existence of a rare
medium of this sort disseminated
throughout all tho known stellar regions; -and
to its action of retardation he at
tributes the transformation of the lost ,
moons oi baturn into the mighty rings
which now encircle that planet. Evi-
dence that a resisting medium really ex
ists has been supplied by tho recent din- "
covery of tho satellites of Mars ; and
onr iinthor (Indian's thnt nnt irmnv mil
lion years can elapse before tho inner
moon, Phobos, will have its path so
shortened as to be brought within tho
atmosphere of tho planet. Then, he
says, its career as a small secondary
world will close with a meteoric exhibi
tion. And why may not our own moon
come to an end in tho same way? In
be multiplied by several hundreds to
up the period which will elapse '
3 the moon is similarly destroyed. '
The occasion will be a grand one, how-
ever, for we are told that it will
iver, for we are toiu mat it win be sig-
lalized by a far greater display of me-
oiic effulgence. Dilapidation will bo-.
rin before the moon actually touches f
cin before the moon actually
the earth; innumerable fragments will
be hurled off a3 meteors into our at-,
mosnhere: and the brilliancy of the I
-1 t. .t I
r""1" V ... 7 T , ..
rroi. vauguan minus masonry a portion ;
earth at the first near approach. The !
part that is left will haul off, a3 it were, '
into space, to give rise to a similar mag
nihcent outburst some millions of cen
turies later, when it again comes too
It is worthy of note that nothing
, is not such a result extremely aianuon nan a inmu to, couiunt ho put , imMm wh h hmn.f Wt :. ,.
? The same cause must be ef-1 powder in his own wood ? Dar's no law lbe furnaco ttml wrvaaU. Thrr a-n
to check its rate of motion, and J to prewent him. Uc whilo folks hain't m,nv r.nt.,. .. ,n,v i v,.
chief difference between the two t do only folks who kin put on style an' by hor nci,.,, or R furnaf .nrMi
would be in point of lime. J he pmg eir siovc-woou wm powuer. 0nnfr4, tnr ii,n .i rnni, i .a ..
millions of years requisite for the "I fink I ace how all dt.s happened," Ijrov(d:nt, thn himn,.r with t ' -
inn n thi I'hnlmi winlil linro in , fiJlld HlackhnrrV V llliamt. a IilMW ant. J.i .1 . ......
vr.. v. ...w a mwo .. w.a. ...... . v j . -,...-..- IUinnitT" Il
wnaiever is sa u as 10 UB prooao.e euect , of much t lhc raasicaI wor, 1 outh rooms are warrni up by ray of
of this gigantic convulsion of nature j The trcasnre.trove cmuhu of x the sun more or less daring the en-ire
upon hfe on the earth This omission I tion of thc missi wort, Df Johafn y. Those who have never rrt
may be due to the fact that mankind can gtf jjh. f ho dLtcorerj WJM f mented with the difference will protafclr
hardly be said to have a vital present made by Herr Itobert Franz. Convinced be surprised Ui learn that Utere i a di
interest in the event. , that the iongi0,t paj0n music and terence of from five to tweaiy-fivc Un
just as a moon may fall into a planet, Christmas oratorios might yet be brought j & o the therinorneter bctweira tt
so a planet may fall into a sun. The to light, Herr Franz commenced a ays- north aad south exposures, five to ta
chief difference is in the splendor of the tematic research in every place where i degrees difference in tha momiag ac J
spectacle. Twenty-three temporary the great master had been known to re- f afternoon, aad from twenty to twntr
stars have appeared in the heavens ; side. After much fruitless labor he ar- fir degrees is the middle of Umj isr
within the past 2,000 years three of rived at the seat of thc Wiuthun family, l Tb ! n windows U a non-con! i
them within the present century. W hat ant pitog one day down an alley In j tor oi atmospheric cold, wnile it m ai
has caused them to kindle in the sky the garden noUced that the young trees assistance to the active trans miss I
with sudden brilliancy, and then grow i wfaerc tbey were tied to their supports i lh rays of light and be
dim and constanUy decline in bright-1 were bound round with stripiof paper! Wherever the sun's rays can be en,.l
ness? An obvious answer is sugzested , to prevent the bark from being scored. 1 loBgest daring a winter' day i th- -by
thc facts we have already consider- A c0ier inspection showed that ths " rable part of the house for hnag p-r
ed. The mysterious effulgence which pzpeT bore the beautiful handwriting of " !-
flashes across the universe as the transi- h Bach, and, turning to the gardener, Da aUeatkm to this fact will coal. -tory
glory of a temporary star is the f Ucrr Franz be-ought him tossy whence Ht enorasously sot merely to th cn
bale fire of a dying planet. But it may the precious MS. had come. The reply 'or, bet to the health, of the wous
be asked, Why have we not seen thc was to thc eflVct that in the loft thr aad childrea. ho soend tins frrravr
. . j . .1 t , ,t- .
. T. r- . -.-.. ..a .(.-!..'.
selves to be seen, since we suppose them
to resemble our sun in character an"d
constitution? The difficnlty here pre
sented seems considerable, but it i3 sim
ply met. There are supposed to be vast
central bodies presidrngorer the move-
ment of unseen planets, and yet totally
Blacx suns, they may wcu De i
.i near existence is reveaieu w
,- . " lJ
u?, and we
mra nnh? Irnnnr THPi niPM tn
the nnfverse. when thev become lumin
w.. .- . e
ous as temporary stars, through the de- jj
structive dismemberment of some orb f
in their own planetary family.
The twenty-three temporary stars,
then, indicate' that twenty-three planets
have been destroyed is 2,060 years. Prof.
Vaughan estimates the entire number of
primary and secondary planets in the
universe as equal to half the population
of the globe. This would make from
600,000,000 to 700,000,000. The aver
I a swa M1tf x snSfiVifiii 9 ffvT t mmtm 1
ago utuibBUkj ui iuuuuu ta uwwiou tv i
siar oeiorer ii. is uui. nudugo i.u. iuc fiaa oegn scverai chests full of paper,
planets of other solar systems, which covered with old notes, and as k was ao
revolve around stars as their own suns, jy ODC ne kj nude it serve ia
should be invisible to us here on the atead of leather for binding up the sap
earth, since they do noi shine by their ; i jngf adding that he had done so for
own light; but ought not the stars them- some time and found the result highly
be oae death a scond. If we rrd
th ftnooirancc of a temporary ?
the record of Ike iJatof a planrt, Um
fact., caabl to cowpam the kagta
,.,, T?i with Um duration
nlanctarr life: ami it
that a century Ua
small a part of the carter of a plan a
suvu a v4i "v'.
twit wmnili sr OI IDC lire Ot a oa
The period embracing th hitory of the
human raco hardly cjnal two minute
will endure from the banning to the
end : and the oWrvtd fart of atrooo-
my lead Trof. Vanghan to beliero thai a
pos.Mblo age of fir hundred billions of
yors may b attained by a world.
It teems most probable that wban the
earth falU into the sua it will be la the f
form of Innumerable roetwric frag-,
menu rather Uxan as one gigantic ro-
u-or. As the shower of terrestrial mat
ter ruhej through the olar atrao
pbere, tho un will blazo out into a
glow such as astronomers have witness
ed and wondered at in remote star ,
and tho earth will have pa.et awaj,
with no more effect on the inhabitant
of thoe dutant orb whence tho light
may bo vieweti man similar spectacles
a. ft T . .Y.I
nave prouuecu upon vxs.
The contemplation of a finality like j
thb, however far removed, natural y I
leads to reflection upon the fate of hu- (
inanity which it involves. And the
thoughts thus induced are fcarcely sat
isfactory uulcu one can say, with
Tfi! plrlt hill return to Hit
Who iju !: ticat?nly jwk,
Yik ihtRW not. atiti.tt hail 2tor dim
Wtitii thou clival ti (laik!
N It -ha't Itvo twltt BH1 hln,
Iti lHt unknown to WiikuI th!((
Uy lilts rrcsllfHt totirratti
Who rapttvi trtl onjitlrlty.
U ho tott-l tttr C.nivnnt Victory
And took Din Uri from iNsitlit
The Caue of the Kxplunloiu
' Gem'len,a curus anecdote happen-
cd at do cabin of do Hon, Lyctinru
Standoff la' night," said Brother Gard-
ner, as the janitor lighted a fnwh lamp,
' De bnidtler am not heah, owln' to
iesuns to be menshuned a ltttlo furdcr
on, an' do ca.se am one to which do at-
tenshun of tie club has been called by
several white men, an' an investigahun
deit.anded. De facts in do anecdote
seem to unwind as follows: De Hon.
Standoff was about to retire fur do night
Do ole woman had already nought do
downy couch of sweet repot, de chlll'n
were dreamm' oi applo-t)loioni5 an
angels, an' do cat an' uog had dropped
behind' tie .stove in bliWul harmony.
Dar was a hot tiah in do stovu. De
lion, binndofi lingered behtn' to injoy
.. r. . .. ......
i.e ruiruai.iueiu, nu tie uau juai ieaneu
ober to ptt under do front doah, when
sunthtn' happened. De loo of dat tttove
ri. up. So did do ole tea-kettle, a hot
brick, and more or less tiah. De Hon.
Standoff nlso riz up an1 got out doalw
an' yelled 4 murder!' at do top of hli
voice It was a riz up time arottn' dat
house, an' folks iay dat fam'Iy wa du
wildest-looking lot o' niggers ober neen
in Detroit. 'Sovi't den, what canned dat
'sploshun? It wasn't gas. It wasn't
low water in de biler. White men wiy
dat it was caused by powder In a stick
of wood, an' dat do wood didn't belong
to de Hon. Standoff, who now lies in
bed witl blisters all ober him. Was It
' powder? Was dat powder in a stick of
wood ? Did de brudder incorporate dat
wood from some surrounding naybur?
Let de member speak."
Samuel Shin was first to break tho
silenco. Rising to his feet with a bhuth
ot philosophy covering his face, husald:
44 Bekaso dar was a 'wplosion in do
stove itdoan' foller dat dar wa powder
in de wood. Suppose one of do chil'cn
had dropped a bottle of hoss-medicino
in de fiah befo' goin' to bed. I've
knowed dat worry thing to happen in my
own house, an' whar's de man who
says I stole wood?"
44 If I war tn be axed for my opinyun j
on dLs subject," remarked Waydown
Mcbee, as hu took the floor, " I Hhould
say dat dar mought have bech powder
in de wood. What of it? If do Hon.
down. 44Fur instance. De Hon
Standoff owns wood. He sees dat wood
pile growin' si
smaller meltin' away like
he had six loves gom
. . .
'hivaa of one.
He plugs a stick wid powder Ho for-,
u pi" "ck wm poocr. no ior-, who with the
gits which Is de utick. It finds its way , q thinsrs
mto his own stove, an' whar' amdatjaone ,,-,
stove to-day?" mf... .-.-S,.
None of the other members Kccmcd
inclined to tackle the subject, and
Brother Gardner said:
ii it. ft .frr t t i
- .... - 1 " i. . . . A if ""7 '
m"1"4 Ui uc cuargc ui twin hmwooo
Chair feels it his dooty to warn dc brud-
der to be a little more kecrful in de fu
ture." JJctroa tree tress.
Interesting Musical Discovery.
uuiujau uituiii BuiivuukC s ulKUtcrv f
I OITfS A n S rm m MMMrrtMn)tt tayMit. I
.. . . . " " -""
satiifactory. Herr Franz hastened to "
the loft, when he was rewarded by find- Ij lk available. iuaJight, are the t o
ing a chest yet untouched, and fifted to f ca coadJUoasto good health in boae
to brim with MSS. whkh ob iaspecUos M fc- la Fraace, Italy and Crr-
proveo 10 contain no lewer taaa 120 ,
im sonatas. Hk joy was dashed.
however, by the certainty that the nre-1
rinn, Pjusion nm hlnmrL ,A
Diad up the treas, and had UTecoTerablv '
' ----- - "& fcvww W
.t . a .. . . w OS-I
peruaeu uixoaea exposure La th
:J it i . i
weather. tries have led the people totake advaa-
. . ' 77 tageof taesua'i heat to the largest po-
Gixls are advised by a Chicago physi- stble extt. The natural warmth of
cian to always sleep oa thesr backs U tke mn'i rays should be still morecalti
they wMh to keep crow's feet from the Taied ia a eoM climate like tab. aad
corners of their eves. "These blm-f & .k.- ; (.n. -..J. -.-
. . . --w- w
he says, 4are tberasltof ikn.
mgon the sides. The prasswe upon
the temple and cheeks leaves wrinkles
at the corners and underneath the eves
which disappear in a few howrc h
finaUybecoinesonxdthatmjitk - i.w.
" -j vav-
. ,l1 n .-
ox 3KHUUOBS Will aOaXS
rmi Ai roivr.
!Stn any thisg of tint rhip '"
prof fei d opd--s!:r-kTr -.-?
of f prof
of tfcti Ran!r.
PkuCatk cnilrao (or iv
SHaat Coatdrr3U9 Itfti jjk "
lr Krepr. will it mn .firm
fclin a carr.-wji oal of my b
I a looking for
t&idJmHn. wiw bd
i&rv& I rt
, gmrooa-boan!. and w Tp v
under th table.
Each Infswtrr mn In tfe ftv
be aocoropASM! by a p?fcvl win .
lion wagon, if the d?Tktfaal f -pealing
arnxi goc on a fc Wd- ? t :
A ATTK4UST f th,U a rt rxr
bet at mJdaihl; bt llwy r n--
able to ee a man at tio bk w
swearing and yctti "jaiat" at aT I
of the night.
It U becoming fajJitonaMe m
trlHgrmi men to wnd a mrd t'cv!
gotng to a party. H4ic "
dancing. ad waling a &Upfl-'L
per watb Ladtftg up. d iwrt -i-card.
,Vca OrUttnt AwywM.
Tuk dUJUki ef the pfUn f
wlekrdant of ti waKz hv er &.
again. The walu wtll nvwt i- a
ithed, and thoo who ppu it w
under lb; up4eo i rlMm.i
cork lcjr. -C'iwww 7VA.
A man At K.- vax. Mia
Iv fined -t'.V. foe ii v.
. around a girl ami Lltag jmc I
j teem to be all oror ta wmmmiri a
I uided feeling again p.t .
', kiing, and fin lor UMtebjr z
t without invitation ar a
SoiKJM and Gomorrah ant t
built, we learn from a furvn
This appear to tn Ui b a wrr
a n&rnr fcar
Rbl to a whv thv mifc! kit.
destroyed whtfo St iul aad t
natt wero allow! u gt i vrr w
cdnex. Chwtpt 7VWk.
TiiK wife of a prialar I Vw lit
j ha applied for a divwnM, o Un xi j
: that ner hutband hal tto jiyi a
) htm ; he wouldn't brae trp, h '
, dash, cut no figure, ha! o to4',
up to no rule, wm f Wwl l-ia. a
, mako-up, wasn't a man of lotuf
i U the pcrit!, wa a poor typ f
i genun, was out oi ninn,uioi. ;
unpo5o on her aay longer.
Amo.no othcc.-eiirlonw a oih.
at the American DepirtmMtuf ih
- -" --'
ExM).,iuon wa a t1g ohr,ta t
American lMwrdingluMiw X c
chicken was taken U the gtttMotin .
morning, but, when tho heavy kn ?r f
on Its neck, tho fowl gave a fn. !
nquawk, and, after one or two ir- ,
doits pulU, jerked Its hood awv. f ,
under the knife and miulo lu wt v K
to its coop In tho HtpwlUmi. Th '
was ncnt to the foundry for rpa
Till: timlf.tt call to ftxlflah tU
Ami lumh that mk tl iit4l ! ' u
Tli lilrtnt girt tk" Ui! ntuhnr V
And thf wild buokwJmnt Unf 1m -
Ituati. HrMj;)t. ruh. it U W ' '
nner, nanak, f
f rytnjf. irjrtn.
O. hark, nil rijcht! bVr iMn ntrnl tsi '
No Hiiir on trlu oir nrpnm
Tukn thrr or four or maylm mr
Ami flM! with N'w OrltwuM .
HrlU"t. ilon't toj, ttio bailor ,pu.
Work, Itrt'ljct; nror,
Tlnry'rn nfc at limn" or w!n yt wa
TUy'r nlc on hill r nl or rtt .
They r o k'"I I f I ihwW
Kat on tornwr anl fumfn.
Hump yotiriM?lf, llrMtfntl Kwp ta
1 in flytriK
Ami anrr, piincjvkm, n-r. tryi
Itencllts or SuHllK-hf.
Tho unusual noverity of Ujij pr'- t
winter has letl a g hx! many pn.j. Ut
turn their thoughta and bniui thotr f,r
tries In thn direction of warmtnir '!
- . , - - --- - r
protect the huvi ar
diverse winds, In tho contrurti .
hotue, etc.; but all thec thing4 tr t
I ft.nnr.Kt " -. --- tw-.- ... ..
wio u ivnuimrc oi rounT oj wr t
wb0fftwUh lho of intnlUm..!
as thoy find tncm. Xh i-
most ovnrv hmv c.xn ihw.rvn :th t
waste of time r expenditure of rnon-v,
and which will always make tb ze"
est difference in pergonal comfrt ! r
tnr too witl a.,m. This U to
vale the nunllht to the
In all houses with a north fron t
the poitirc duty of families oecup.' 4
them to transfer their living room, to
the tooth lde of the house during th
wintcrmontha. The sun rise and t
daring the six cold months of tha j-sr
to the south of east and wet, o that
aad childrea. "who
part of the time within doom in th
winter season. There Is a ra.st sd-av.
of talk aboet ventilation and change " f
air as necessary to good health; L-ci
the suppression of the light and ro
phitic sewer gased by affording proper
... ' r r-
aveaues of escape, and an admission I
aar, taoesra tfce winter climates ar
ot nearly so severe
beaegts of saalhrh't are uaderstood U
AH. n-m fk.
i - ulniti;rfri m.ttfK4n
amocg as. The comparative
ua cosuiaaM or rni i Lh coon-
. . I . .
better en joymeat thereof will save more
ia the redacsd coascmptloa of fuel than
! w vmmk9 u Mwmjo JlwuaDrnM "-r
it can possibly coss. Ta soath expos
ure b aot only warmer, but ls damp,
aad in every way raore coaducire to
good health than aay other. Chtatj
, - .
. J T
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