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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 27, 1879)
THE RED CLOUD CHIEF.
V. L. THOMAS, ribliohrr.
At a caucus of the Republican mem
bers of the Senate, held on the 13th, it
was agreed that the Post-oflico Appro
priation bill shall be taken up as soon
as the pending measure in regard to
Chinese immigration is disposed of, and
that preference snail be given to other
Tegular appropriation bills, including
the River and Harbor bill, over all oth
er business thereafter.
Tiik English Parliament convened on
the lath. In the House of Commons,
Sir Stafford Nortbeotc, Chancellor of
the Exchequer, said it was not desirable
to either exaggerate or depreciate undu
jy the severe blow in South Africa.
There exists general admiration for the
gallantry of the troops, and universal
sympathy for the sufferers. The Cabi
net is resolved to repair and
wipe out the disaster. There
s every reason for satisfaction with the
progress of the Berlin treaty. The
Russians have already begun to with
draw from Turkey, and there is every
reason to hope for complete evacuation
in due time. Regarding reforms in
Asia, he said the Porte has
shown an earnestness in arrange
ments now under discussion, and
which it is hoped would prove adequate.
The expedition to Afghanistan may be
said to have accomplished its object,
and satisfactory arrangements for the
protection of the northwest frontier,
while preserving the independence of
Afghanistan, arc now possible. In re
gard to tho present distress prevalent in
England, he hoped an improvement in
the weather would diminish it. Lord
Beaconsfield, in the House of Lords,
made a statement similar to that of Sir
Skcketakv Siikkman, in a commu
nication to the House, states the esti
mate for expenditures for the next fiscal
year at 281,502,419. The estimated
receipts arc: From customs, $l.'):i,000,
000; from internal revenue, $100,000,
000; from miscellaneous sources, $18,
500,000; leaving a deficiency of $27,-
Judck Baxter of the United States
District Court has appointed Thomas
J. Lathani receiver for the City of Mem
phis. He is to take chargo of all the
effects of the late municipality, includ
ing unpaid tax-bills to the amount of
nearly $3,000,000, and the creditors are
ordered to file their claims on or before
the third Monday in May. These claims
are supposed to exceed $2Jf00,000.
The steamer A. C. Donnally was
burned on the night of the 14th a few
miles below Cairo, on the Mississippi
River. The burning boat was run
aground upon Island No. 1 and all
the passengers got off, although
several were crippled by jumping from
the boat. The boat burned to the
water's edgo and
books and papers
Tho pilot, Wm.
remained at his post
not even the
until the boat
struck the shore, when the pilot-house
was in flames, and he descended through
the wheel-house, jumped into the water
and swam ashore.
Tiik excitement regarding the plague
in Southern Russia continues, although
the latest reports are somewhat more
Javorable as showing the energetic
yisurcs adopted for the suppression of
inrHiease and keening it within bounds.
the dtkcantine lines have been extend-
The qujSgthcned, and Gen. Melikofl
exercises supmj"" !'" " " """
A Liverpool, dispatch of the 15th re
ports tho probable adjustment of the
labor troubles in that city which have
for so long completely paralyzed trade.
The Canadian Parliament met on the
14th. The opening ceremonies were
conducted in a style of royal magnifi
cence, the Governor-General and the
Princess Louise being accompanied to
Parliament Hall by a guard of honor,
where they received the royal salute.
A most brilliantly arrayed company of
ladies and gentlemen assisted at the
TnE Democratic Senatorial Caucus
resolved to recede from the action pre
viously tasen by the Joint Congression
al Caucus, pledging their support to the
Tepcal of the Federal Supervisors-of-Election
law. The abolition of the Ju
ror's tet oath will be appended to the
Legislative Appropriation bill, as here
tofore agreed upon.
An imperial manifesto has been is
sued announcing that the Czar has rati
fied the definitive treaty of peace with
.Turkey, and orders consequently are
given the troops to return home. The
manifesto closes with thanks to God for
Russia's glorious victory.
The Senate Committee on Transpor
tation Routes to the Seaboard have
made a favorable report on the applica
tion of Capt. Jas. B. Eads and his asso
ciates for relief. The bill proposes a
modification of the original act, author
izing the immediate payment to Capt.
Eads of $750,000 ; when the channel is
25 feet deep and not less than 200 feet
wide, $500,000; for 26 feet the same,
and for SO feet the same, without regard
to width. There arc also provisions for
the maintenance of the work, as pro
vided in the original.
It is a good time to purchase corner
lots in Sodom and Gomorrah, for a Jor
dan Valley Railway is projected, mainly
with a view to opening the inexhausti
ble beds of asphalt andlignite which are
a chief geological feature of tho neigh
borhood. See Ezekiel xvi., 46, et scq.
PERSONAL AND POLITICAL.
Gen. Grant and party arrived at
Bombay, India, on tbc lHtb.
LuTHKit II. Conklino, late County
Treasurer of (htwego County, X. Y., Is a
defaulter to the amount of $80,000. Ill ojkj
rations began in IRtf).
Representative Cltmkk, of Penn
sylvania, is seriously ill in Washington and
ban not been in hfs seat for three weeks.
Five Judges of Election have been
convicted and sentenced In Baltimore for in
terfering with United .States Supervisors at
the recent Congressional election.
Ex-Go v. PiscimACK has accepted
the ofllec of Revenue Agent of the Louisiana
The President has nominated Hora
tio C 15urchard,Ucprc8cntativc in tbc pres
ent Congress from the Fifth District of Illi
nois, Director of the Jiint, vice Lindcnnan,
deceased. Mr. A. Loudon Snowdcn, the
iiret nominee, declined the position.
The President has approved the bill
to alio' women to practice before the Su
EmvAiiD O'Kellv, the last of the
Fenian prisoner?, has been released and Is
on his way to America.
Cordial letters have been exchanged
between the Pope and the German Empe
ror. Dom Pedro of Brazil has contributed
to the Washington Monument a stone weigh
ing nearly eight tons to perpetuate the mem
ory of Washington. The htonp, engraved
and inscribed, in now in New York City.
The Grand Jury of Rensselaer Coun
ty, N. Y.f him indicted Postmaster Ford, his
two Mins, and Henry Cox and Dr. Hager
ii an for complicity in the frauds recently
unearthed In the Alms-house at Troy.
The Pope has proclaimed a universal
jubilee and indulgence on the anniversary
of his election.
Dr. Georoe H. Gray, of Dcnison,
Tcxih, who distinguished himself by pro
fessional services at Holly Springs during
the epidemic, committed suicide at New Or
leans on the l.')th by shooting himself
through the head. No cause is assigned.
Juikik Solomon Blair, a prominent
Republican politician of Indiana and Chair
man of the State Central Committee, is dead.
O. M. Barnes is the Democratic nom
inee for United States Senator from Michi
gan, and Henry Chamberlain the Green
The President has nominated Wil
liam Garvoy, of Ohio, Indian Agent for Ne
vada. Frederick W. Vanderiult, young
est son of Win. II. Vanderiult, and favorite
grandiou of the late Commodore, has re
cently contracted a secret marriage with the
divorced wife of his cousin, Alfred Tor
rance. Young Vandcrbilt has just attained
his majority and come into possession of
the handsome sum of 2,000,000, bequeathed
him by his grandfather. His wife is at least
10 years his senior, and said to be a most
beautiful and captivating blonde. In com-,
patibility with her lirst husband was the
ground for divorce. The allair lias caused a
great sensation in New York society, and it
is understood that the happy couple arc un
der the ban of parental displeasure.
R. II. Chilton, formerly Adjutant
General of Gen. Lee, and since the war
President of the Columbus (O.) Manufactur
ing Company,fcll dead at his desk on the 18th.
He was over (JO years of age. He graduated
at West Point from Virginia, was promoted
Major in the Mexican War, and was Pay
master in Texas before the Civil War.
George R. Evans and three colored
men were killed and a number of other pas
sengers and employees severely hurt by the
falling of a bridge on the Selma, Rome and
Daltou Itailroad, on tho 18th. The train
went down into the water, a distance of M)
Hox. Zacii. Chandler was on tho
IStli formally elected United States Senator
from Michigan, to fill the vacancy caused by
the resignation of Senator Christiancy.
Senator Bruce of Mississippi was
called to the chair in the Senate Chamber
on the 14th and presided over the Senate a
portion of the afternoon, it being the lirst
lime in the history of the Government that
a colored man lias occupied the chair.
The report of tho special committee
appointed by the Senate to investigate the
causes of the omission of the Hot Springs
section from the enrolled Sundry-civil Ap
propriation bill, last session, says the omis
sion was clearly caused by a clerical error
on the part of the overworked clerks and
that nobody is particularly to blame.
LATE NEWS ITEMS.
A negro burglar named Wm. Patter
son, who attempted to rob the jewelry-store
of M. 15. Wright in Kansas City, on the night
of the 12th, was killed in a hand-to-hand
tight with the clerk, a lad IT years old ,'nacicd
Augustine Marty, who was armed with a
dirk-knife. The Coroner's Jury exonerated
The well known Tattcrsall's stables
in New York City burned on the night of
the 12th, with over 00 horses, many of them
Charles R.McGill was hanged atCleve
land, O., on the loth, for the murder of his
mistress, Mary Kelly, in December, 1877.
Another revolution in Hayti is an
nounced. John Edwards was hanged at Smith
field, N. C, on the 14th, for the murder of
one Italian! about two years ago.
At Ottawa, Ontario, on the 14th of
February, the thermometer was 21 dcg. be
low zero. At several points in the valley
mercury was frozen.
The main building of the Soldiers1 Or
phans' Home atXcnia, O., was destroyed by
tire on the morning of the Kith. Six hundred
children had just finished breakfast in the
building and returned to the cottages when
the fire broke out. Several members of the
Legislature, officially visiting the institution,
saved their lives by Jumping from the second-story
windows. The entire contents of
the building, including the personal effects
of oflieers and teachers, were destroyed.
The loss to the State.is about $75,000, upon
which there is no insurance.
Seven of the Cheyenne prisoners con
fined at Fort Leavenworth have been iden
tified as being engaged in the raid through
Kansas last fall, and they have been turned
over to the civil authorities of Ford County,
where they will be put on trial for murder.
James Beck, a baggage-master on the
Iron Mountain Railroad between St. Louis
and Columbus, Ky., has been convicted of
robbing the mails and sentenced to three
years in the Penitentiary.
At Terre Haute, Ind.f Knight and
Jackman, jointly indicted for wrecking a
train on the Indianapolis and St, Louis
Railway, by throwing a switch, were found
guilty by a jury and sentenced to imprison
ment for life.
Three masked men robbed the Little
Rock mail-stage, on the night of the 14th,
three miles west of Tine Bluff, Ark. The
driver and the single passenger on board
were relieved of their money and valuables
and the mail-bags gutted. No clew to the
Kphriam Hystcr and wife, of Som
erville. Me., went to a neighboring tow
hopping, leaving their three children
locked In the house. During their absence
the House caught fire and burned, together
with ail it content, including the three
children. Their agca were 4 and 2 1-2 year
and 8 months.
Rev. Peter Waits, a colored Baptist
preacher of Madisonvillc, O., was shot and
killed on the night of the l.'th by An
drew Emery, a colored boy of 17, employed
as a coachman by Mr.Jewctt, of Red
Rank. Waits wm dodging around Jcwett's
houc in a Minpicious manner, and young
Kinery, mistaking him for a burglar, fired
hi gun with fatal effect. The house had been
burglarized only a short time previous, and,
the family being absent, Emery was on
the lookout for another attempt. It l be
lieved that WaitV minion was one of love,
not burglary, as he was fomewhat intimate
with a young colored girl, a ecrvant In the
houfc. Deceased was .V) years old and had
a wife and family.
Matt. Pollock, a printer well known
In many offices throughout the country, was
shot and killed by Jim B-rrat BcIIefontaine,
O., on the morning of the 10th. Roth were
under the influence of liquor at the time,
although the murder seems to have been
committed in a cold-blooded manner. Pol
lock was ; feet 8 inches high and very thin,
and bore the nick-name of "Shorty" Pol
lock. The Governor-General of Canada, in
his address to Iirl lament, says he will press
for tie most vigorous prosecution of the
Canadian Pacific Railway.
A pajic exists among the white set
tlers of Alaska, owing to threatened hostili
ties on the part of the Indians. The trouble
arose out of the arrest of two Indians charg
ed with murder. At last accounts the
whites had armed and fortified themselves
and were awaiting an attack. The Collector
at Sitka has telegraphed Scrrctary Sherman
for aid, and meanwhile the commander of a
British vessel has been asked to allord them
John Geyer and Wm. Wilson lost
their lives in a burning building in Frank
lin Township, near Pittsburg, Pa., on the
night of the 15th.
A diflicultj' occurred on the 17th, at
.lohnsonvillc, Miss., between Col. Hoi man,
Dr. Lowrey, Dr. Walker and Mr. Arnold.
The fight was begun by Holraan shooting
Lowrey; Arnold shot Holman, wounding
him, then shot and killed Walker, and
was himself shot in turn by Holraan. Ar
nold and Lowrey have since died. Holman
John McLeon has been arrested at
Marion, McDowell County, N C, on a
charge of bigamy. It is said that he has 1!)
wives now living in various parts of the
country. He was formerly a Methodist
minister, is said to be exceedingly prepos
sessing in his raannpr, and has apparently
made abus:ncss of going from State to State
and marrying in every community where he
A mob of masked men undertook to
take a prisoner named Dallas Rogers from
the Jail at Graham, Texas, on the night of
the 17th, but were resisted by the SheritPs
posse and one of the mob, named A. W.
Hayes, was shot and killed.
Mrs. Wolf, wife of a farmer living
near Olathc, Kansas, on the ISth was out
raged by a negro workman during the ab
sence of her husband, who then cut her
throat and left her for dead. The brute
was captured and lodged in jail. Mrs.
Wolf's injuries were fatal.
Pleuro-pneumonia is spreading among
the Kittle in North and East Yorkshire,
Summary proceedings have been in
stituted against Deputies Fritzchc and Has
sclman for alleged violations of the Socialist
law. Warrants have been issued for their
The L. C. McCormick, a small steam
er, running between Marietta and Zancs
villc, on the Muskingum River, exploded
her boiler when near Itcvcrly, on the 15th,
killing the fireman, Mike Havcmcycr, and
seriously scalding Capt. Martin, two of the
crew and three passengers. The boat sunk
a few minutes after the explosion.
Secretary Sherman has ordered the
revenue cutter Oliver Wolcott, now at Port
Townsend, to Sitka, to preserve peace, and
the UritNh man-of-war Osprey has gone
from Victoria, It. C, to" Sitka, at tho earnest
request of the citizens, who represented
that they feared an indiscriminate massacre
by the Indians.
The chartered steamers Dublin Castle,
from London, with the 3d Battalion of the
00th Regiment, and the Frctoria,f rom South
ampton, with the 91st Highlanders.sailed on
the 19th for the Cape of CSood Hope, and
several other ships were in readiness to fol
low at intervals of a few days.
Col. Edmund Rice and Lieut. Fred
Sibley, of tho Fifth Infantry, accompanied
by Morris Colin, a trader, with an escort of
six soldiers, were surprised and captured
near Glendtvc Creek, on the Yellowstone,
while en route from Fort Keogh to Bis
marck, by four makcd men, armed with re
peating rilles. The whole party were rob
bed of their money, Cohn losing a bag con
taining $2,500. A party of soldiers went out
from Fort Keogh after the daring freeboot
ers and captured one of them, named Wm.
The Senate has passed the Honse bill
reducing the tax on tobacco and snuff to 10
cents a pound. Heretofore the tax on all
kinds of tobacco has been 24 cents per pound
and on snuff 32 cents.
In the Senate, on the 13th, Mr. Kellogg in
troduced a bill to secure the completion of a
line of railway from San Antonio, TeAa3, to a
point at or near Kl Paso upon the Kio Grande,
and to bo known :us the Mexican and l'acillc
Extension of the l.alvcatnn and San Antonio
Railroad. He poke briefly in favor of the
construction of the road, which asked but
$10,C00 a mile from the Government. The bill
was referred. Mr. Morrill called up the bill
reported from the Committee on Finance r.
few days ago, authorizing tho conversion
of national cold bonds, and it was passed.
The House bill to restrict the immiijration
of Chinese was taken up, and Mr. Sarscnt
advocated the measure. At the close of his
remarks he made an effort to force a vote
upon the bill, but by a vote of 29 to 25 the Sen
ate adjourned In the House, a letter was
presented and referred to the Committee on
wavs and Means from the Secretary of the
Treasury, stating that there will probably be
a deficit in the revenues of the Government
during the next llscal year of 527,000,000, and
asking authority to issuejlper cent, bonds to
coTersuch deficiency. The Legislative, Ju
dicial and Executive Appropriation bill was
further considered in Committee of the Whole
In the Senate, on the 14tb, Mr. Cameron
submitted a resolution authorizing the Se-
lect Committee on Transportation routes to"
the Seaboard to take testimony relating to
the bill for the relief of Mr. James B. Eads.
Agreed to. After considering the bills on the
calendar, consideration was resumed of the
bill to restrict Chinese immigration, and
Mr. Klaine advocated It. He ar
gued that the legislation designed
was in strict accord with international obli
gations. Remarks upon the bill were also
made by Messrs. Thurraan. Sargent, Jones of
Nevada, Beck, Hamlin and others. Without
reaching a vote the Senate adjourned In
the House, Mr. Bras?. Jrotn the Committee oa
Military Affairs, reported a bUl authorizing
the President to appoint James Shields, of
Missouri, as Brigadier-General on the
retired list, such appointment to be
in lien of the pension which he
now receives. Mr. White (Pa.) rose to a
point of order, and although appealed to, to
withdraw his point, by Messrs. Bragg, Frank
lin and Butler, be refused to do so. Great
confusion was caused by Mr. Franklin com-
Ins over to t ho Republican Ml of tbc hall and
charging the Krpobllcan- with not h-vln
been men meat tart year In thelrcsort for tlw
appointment of Gen. Shield a Doorkeeper.
To this Mr. White re piled the IKtocrat were
welcome to maaa all tb party capital they
wanted of his action. He wan wlUtnic to take
nil tin rrponnibllltv that a roemtxr of Con
Kress tdiould take for doing his duty. The
conlnslnn wan great that Mr. Urtugca In
nnlred whether this waa a town-meeting or
the Houmj of !prrentatlvr. Finally tfee
speaker .utnlncd the point ft order and tbc
bill wm referred to Committee of the Whole.
Anumlrrrof private- war claims wem con
sidered in 1'oranitttre of the Wliolr. tho dt
cushion of which vu quite animated. In the
course ol some remarks. Gen. Butler aald
I rcpe that whenever the question of de
pletion ol tho Treasury by thre war claim
! ovt-r. I think that the pity. thi humanity of
the North, will take care of the mnlm
ed of the war, and if you ih to know tt,
I no more reason by the Confederate
Mildier, maitml and crippled in the bonrt
discharge of what he believed to l til duty,
should not Ik; p4ndoiicd,tnan why a Confed
erate General, who honrtly believed be ww
doing hi duty, should lie put Into the Repub
lican Cabinet. ' (General upplnuvs and clap
ping of hands on the Democratic nlde.J
In the Senate, on the 15th, the bill to re
strict the Immigration of Chinese to the
t'nitcd States paused by a vote of 30 yeas to
7 navtf. The bill makes it a mUdcineanor
punishable by line or Imprisonment. lor the
ma-terol any vewl to take on board ach
vm.-1 at any foreign port, more thjn 15 Chi-ne.-e
paengcr, with Intent to bring Mich
piwengers to the L'nlted States. Thi- act l
to take effect July 1, 1ST?, and the President
Is to immediately notify tho Government of
China of the abrogation of whatis known as
tho i:urllirame Treaty In the Houe,tho
Legislative. Judicial and Executive Appro
priation bill wm completed in Committee
mid reported to the House. Tho amount ap
propriated Is about SlfiW.mJO.
In the Senate, on the 17th, the bill to
amend the Internal Revenue laws was con
sidered at length but not disposed of. The
bill to provide for tho construction of
a bridge accross the Missouri River
at Decatur, .Nebraska, pased
In the House, the RIvcrand Harlor bill paus
ed under a Mispeiislou of the rules by a vote
f 17:t yeas to 11 nay. At the evening .
don memorial wrviec were held for the late
In the Senate, on tho lSih, consideration
was rcMimed of the bill to amend the Interna
Revenue laws. The bill having been consid
ered In Committee of the Whole was reported
to the Senate, and Mr. Whyte submitted an
amendment that the art take effect the 1st of
Stay instead of 1st of April, as proposed by
the committee. Agreed to yea-, .11 ; nny,n.
The bill was then read a third time and pass
ed. Memorial services were then helil in hon
or ot Representatives Schleicher and (jiiluii.
In the House, thecensus bill was further
considered, but laid aside to take up the 1
Islatlve. Judicial and Executive Appropria
tion bill. The bill providing for the payment
of arrears of pen-ions, appropriating $2f,
X2;mo out of any money in the Treasury not
otherwise appropriated, passed under a sus
pension of the rules.
In the Senate, on tho litth, the House bill
to llx the pay of letter-carriers and tho Sen
ate bill to Incorporate the United States Rail
way Mall Service Mutual Benefit Association
pus-ied. Consideration was then resumed of
the Post-office Appropriation bill. When the
Rrnzillliiii Mall Steamship Subsidy amend
ment was reached, Mr. Keck made t he Kilut of
order that It was not gcrmain to the bill, and
that it was new legislation uihii the Appro
priation bill. The Senate, by a vote ol yens
:c, n:tvs!, derided that the amendment was
in order. Without further action on tin bill
the Senate went Into executive Mission
In the House, the Legislative, Judicial mid
Executive Appropriation bill was far
ther considered in Committee of
the Whole. An nmcudment was offered by
Mr. Herbert, repealing the Jurors' test oath,
ami regulating the mode of drawing and pay
ol jurors, which was objected to on a point of
order, but tho objection was overruled
by the Chairman, Mr. Blackburn.
A long and heated discussion ensued, which
was generally participated in by tho mem
bers. The amendment was finally adopted
by a vote of 1 J7 yeas to SS nays. An amend
ment was then offered by Mr. Southard,
repealing the section which au
thorized the appointment of Federal
Supervisors of Election. This led to a t-till
more animated discussion, in which Mr.
Southard made a lengthy speech In favor of
the proposed legislation, and Mr. Garlic d in
opposition to it. Without taking any action
on the amendment the committee rose, nnd
tho House adjourned.
The Teller Committee.
The Teller Investigating Committee ex
amined a number of witnesses at Washing
ton, on the Uth, regarding the recent election
in Mississippi, and the general condition
of political affairs in the State.
(Jen. Reuben A. Davis, Greenback can
didate for Congress in the First District, tes
tified that, according to the best of his belief,
he would have beaten Col. Muldrow. his
Democratic opponent, by 10,000 votes, with a
fair count. He had been accused of
endeavoring ,to organize; tho negroes
in opposition to the Democrats; had
been informed of threats to prevent his
speaking, and that he had been hung iuefilgy
and then burned. Mr. Garland called the
attention of tho witness to his testimony bo
fore tho Boutwell Committee In 1875. Tho
witness said he indorsed every word
he then uttered; he had said Radicals
were bulldozers, and they operated on ne
groes by superstition, threatening to put
snakes and lizards into them. The Demo
crats, he added, now arc obnoxious to what
he then said of Radicals. A white man could
not vote in the South against the Democracy
without being ostracised ; but he dreaded the
assassin's knife more than he did ostracism.
He believed the great majority in his district
was against bulldozing nnd ballot-box stuf
fing, but there was a class of ambitious, as
piling men who sought to render all persons
odious who do not adopt their views.
Wm. II. Yasser, elected State Treasurer
on the Alcorn ticket, testified that he sup
ported the Greenback ticket in the late elec
tion. Even.-thing is called Radical in MhN
sl.-sippi that Is not Democratic. The .irnn
who makes such a speech is considered a pest,
nnd if the speaker is a man of ability
he Is considered a dangerous pest. A
man's social and business relations are
affected by his political opinions.
The Republican party there Is virtually dead.
It has had no vitality since 1875 and 1876. The
leaders were mostly Northern men. and since
tho State passed into Democratic hands the
Republicans have been without .eadcrs. The
whites would take every measure possible to
prevent the State from again falling into lie
publican hands. The people have a great
horror of being ruled by colored people.
J. II. Field, of Columbus, testified re
garding the late election In Mississippi, that
he did not know or had not heard of a sin
gle instance of intimidation or attempt to
prevent any one from voting. The election
was sought to be conducted In a pleasant
wav, in accordance with the principles of
right nnu justice, tnougn actively ana ener
getically. Mr. Garland. Aro your peoplo willing to ac
cord the black man all his rights under the
Constitution? A. I think they are, with this
modification, viz.: The white people gener
ally would dissuade tho negro, by kind and
conciliatory means, from having any thing
to do with politics. Whilethcy would not ex
clude him from doing so. I think our people
are against limitation of suffrage or taking
suffrage away from them.
Mr. W. W. Humphreys testified that Ue
late election was more peaceable and quiet
than usual; nobodj- was prevented from vot
ing; he thought it as fair and honest an elec
tion as any in any ot the States. The witness
added that there was no disposition to de
prive the colored man of any of his
rights, except perhaps on the part
of a few extreme men. Freedom of
speech and of the press was f ully recognized
in Mississippi, and any man could make a
seech there, provided it was not calcnlated
to create a breach of the peace. He believed
the principal reason the people desired col
ored men to vote was the increased repre
sentation in Congress.
The Patter CosasBittee.
The sessions of the Potter Committee
were resumed at Washington on the 17th.
John F. Coyle testified that he went to
Florida during the canvass of the Presiden
tial vote, upon request of Col. I'clton. Ed
ward Cooper gave him his instructions and a
telegraphic cipher, and he was authorized to
draw upon him for money to defray aay nec
essary expenses. Ills instructions were to
aid the Democrats in securing a fair const.
He expended while there nearly 510.OW. A
proposition was made to witness by one Al
exander Thaln to buy cp the Returning
Board for 5200.000, but he bad been
warned that Thain was not trustworthy and
to have nothing to do with him. Witness de
nied the correctness of several of the TrSbmme
ciphers attributed to him. He had destroyed
his key. lie did not believe that Tilden had
any knowledge of the attempted negotia
tions to secure the Electoral vote.
Thomas C. Dubb, a aaeatber of the South
Carolina Returning Board in 1ST6, at present
residing in Boston, was caUcd by his own re
quest and testified in denial of certain state
meats mad by Smith M . Weed in his evi
dence before the Committee. Witness
said he was approached by Hardy
Solomon, during the session of
the Returning Board, who told him he waa
requested to see members of the Board and
ascertain whether negotiations could not be
perfected by which the vote ol the Board, or
a portion of it, could be obtained for the Til
den Electors. Solomon told witness that the
Democrats in the State were armed and or
ganized, and that they meant to have the
state, peaceably if they conld, forcibly It
.- ...., it.. rHKir tmtlmafrsl that It
better to ue gold than M"-!. and JWt the !
prrlon upon the mladnl wUn-tnJ Bw
sthnrtzetl to give a valuable consideration
for the areotnpU-BtwBi ol his pBrpo1- ""
nesw told Solomon that tt m utterly uJc
for him to attempt any ch rgotUWn
wlthtne Returning Board, as there am
quration tht the State. hd pone for H)
and would l- -o decUrt-1. WMr
related bl conversation nUn Solomon to
, !ubwrqu-nt Interview- wlta oltoon for the
purpoUot leading him on and flndlngoutth
tl,itr. fhnilM-rlaln net niomtnc. !M "
Upon croexaralnatlon wliao- atd that
Solomon told him he wa aallmric-t to ne
f UO.ao If nrcery to ecur nU objret. tht
Urge sum a not enough, however, to Inflo
ence witne. Ill- frt"n(Jly relation with
Solomon continued uninterrupted notwlth
Handing the latter attempt to bribe bias.
nlam nt tlif DrmiM-nt.
How a Woman Keeps
It is a touching aight to sec a woman tcrs. May cac at oace present them
begin to make up her housekeeping ex- wire t,tba mind in which the Judicious
n.nw. she havinc firmlv resolved to , cxercb- of the faculty of bringing thing!
pat down ever)' cent she spends so that
I she can find out how to economize, and
where all tho money goes to. Trocur- j of lettc-.writing was W m.-ue lae rrcip
ing a small book, she makes a due en- j lent ish there wtJ more,'' and the
try, and on the Monday after the first article ?n "The Aft Going Away,"
Saturday in which her husband brings j in tlo Saturday Jicncxe, brings
homo his pay she earefully tears the this excellent adt to mind. It U
margin off a newspaper, and, with a ono of the greatest ycrits of a novelist
blunt pencil, strikes a trial balance, j to kno when to wisd up at tho right
sometainginthisway: "John brought I momcrt and in tk right way, and the
me home 18.50, and $1.43 I bad is i editor who can widup his leader at the
and $1 I lent Mrs. Dixon b
$o0.93 but, hold on, I oughtn't to en
ter that, because when she returns it
it'll go down. That was $t'JJ3, and
what havo I done with that?" Then
she puts down tho figures, leaving out
the items to save time a process which
enables her to lcavo out most of the
items where a round sum is involved, on
the supposition that they have already
been put down. As thus: " Six dollars
and fourteen cents for meat; and 10
cents for celery; and 10 cents on the
street-cars ; and a bad o-ccnt piece I got
in change; and $2.81 I paid tho milk
man, who owes me VJ centsthat's $3 ;
and 15 cents at church ; and tho gro
ceries they wero either 15.00 or
$16 50, and I don't know which they
were, but I guess it must have
been $15.00, for tho grocer said
if I gave him a dime ho could give me
half-a-dollar, which would make even
change, and I couldn't, because the
smallest I had was a quarter; and $2 75
for mending Katie's shoes, which is tho
last money that shoemaker ever gets
from me; and 10 cents for celeryno, I
put that down." Finally she sums up
her trial-balance sheet, and finds that it
foots up $6 1.28, which is about $15 more
than she had originally. She goes over
the list several times and checks it care
fully, but all the items arc correct, and
sho is just about in despair when her
good angel hints that there may be a
possible mistake in the addition. Act
ing upon the suggestion, sho foots up
the column and finds that the total is
$14.28, and that according to the prin
ciples of arithmetic she ought to have
$5.05. Then she counts her cash sever
al times, tho result varying from $1 10
up to $1 97, but then she happily dis
covers that she has been mistaking a
$2.50 gold piece for a cent, and remem
bers that she gave the baby a trade-dollar
to cut its gums with. On the whole,
she has come within 8G cents of a bal
ance, and that, she says, is closo enough,
and she enters in one line of the account
book "Dr. By household expenses"
so much, and is very happy till sho re
members, just after going to bed, that
she has omitted $2.75 for her husband's
hat. Ghi&iyo Tribune.
Sheep Kai.sing in .Montana.
A correspondent of tho New York
Evening Vol makes the following state
ment of the experience of a Montana
gentleman who, in October, 1875, took
on shares one thousand ewes for four
years. During tho first winter a few
died, but his increase amounted to one
thousand and fifty, half of which were
ewes, so that at the end of the first year
he had more than two thousand head.
This year he sheared three thousand
three hundred, and the lambs number
one thousand five hundred, making a
total of four thousand eight hundred
head in the flock. With fair increase bis
lambs will next year number two thous
and five hundred, or, at the end of four
years (in October, 1879), he will have
not less than seven thousand head, val
ued at $10,000. His share of the wool
clip will more than pay his expenses, so
that in the end he will be able to return
the original number one thousand
ewes and half tho increase, and still
own a flock worth about $0,000, besides
having $2,000 in cash as a result of his
venture. Now the other persons in this
speculation -arc not less fortunate. They
ralue the one thousand ewes furnished
at $4,000; the person taking them paid
all taxes and expenses for keeping dur
ing the four years, gave them half the
fleece, and at the expiration of that
period returned the .original num
ber of average age, together with
half the increase. They have received
for wool the first year $000; the sec
ond. t l.nno: the third. $1,500. and will
receive next year about $2,200; or, oa
an investment of $4, 000 for four years,
they will receive the original amonnt,
namely, 1,000 ewes, and not less than
250 per centum, or 2,500 head of sheep,
additional as increase and $5,300 in
cash. A fair increase in sheep-raising
is 80 per centum, bat daring the last
two years it has reached as high as 100,
and in some cases even higher.
The increase in the total number of
sheep in Montana is very rapid. Less
than 80,000 sheep were in theyear
enumeration for 1877, while the best
authorities estimate the present number
within the territory at not less than
200,000. A single flock imported dar
ing 1878 numbers 11,000, another 10,
000, and still another 0,000. Some of
these from California are considered
the finest ever brought into Montana.
w w m
Sfcbtxxo men in Connecticut are
alarmed at the discovery that there a
upon the statute books a provision that
every horse used in races on which any
wager is to be laid or any purse or stake
offered shall be forfeited to the State.
Tit Art off 8WFlff.
It !ai fcstkfally remarked kl
oh of ti poruM cUl accom
plUhmeifc tt of trinjt a roots:
Kcfall. ritr i the IxdhJos
Selmrdi Jcrir-1 to differ here, &&d
j 1 f.L.I tK . V.t1tsr t1 lMT nn
1w-1" f , ., . (. .,,rwj- it.
eJklilj ati jSHUC.mjly, superior. U
Udmki it fAi-l to mpoopia anxtooi
to btl vrrtrtw from cH or tUiL, and
yet pnrlJJ " an- to ncapc a
rats in trp. ilthoa nothing br
their - M P" ould
gladly dfepwJ wl wctr company.
The an or science of departarti both
I from 1 ..caUw and positions U worth
! atudricin mall as wH aa prrt mat-
, to a conclusion would b- appreciated.
Sam Wrller one said that th great art
right piint Is ma. " K " '
his art. Many prthcrs complain mat
their g-catest diflcalty b that of con
eluding their scrrsSoo; but in this par
ticular caso there b lutlo need for the
excrebe of any special ingenuity, as an
abrupt but early B-ing is a fault, of all
others, most rcadtlj pardoned by a con
gregat.an. A(t4r all, a bulky essay
might bo writtenf ca the part of going
avay and the dificulty in bidding faro
well to a host in koannc -h wlu con
vey to him tho iuif rcssion that you har
cjoyed yourself. Tho subject b com
mended to the onsideration of those
eminent students! who make social con
ventionalities a s$udy.
Death froii Hyilropliobla.
Fall Uivkk, lim-, Feb. 8. Anoth
er death resulted from hydrophobia thb
morning, the viotia being William Tal
bot, about 60 yctn of ago. Some lime
last August a dog belonging to a neigh
bor acted strangely, aud effort were
mado to hang itj -3 it had previously
bitten its owner. While tho dog, an
Engliith bull, wi banging, it bit off tho
rope, (recti itseljtnd bit Mr. Talbot in
tho log. Last Sunday the man began to
feel unwell, and a physician, Dr. Mo
Orath, was called on Monday, who dis.
covered evidence of tho dread disease.
Tho spasms were quito violent, but on
Tuesday ho waj better. On Wednes
day hu was full 1 of dread imaginings,
liko a hypochondriac. Ho would put
away liquids, hit ftco depicting intense
mental agony, ilia could swallow opi
um pills, but IhCM had little effect. Ills
appeals not to be moved was most pa
thetic. Tho d'etor stated that tho suf
ferer retained sis consciousness all of
tho time, excepting when the spasms
(which wero not very markod)
were upon j Lim. These spasms
affected tho rupiratory and other
muscles. Tho p&ticnt, who remained in
bed during tho whole time, gradually
grow weaker, and, on Friday, for the
first timo, by great effort, ho swallowed
somo nourishment. Tho muscles of the
throat acted vary peculiarly, sumotimes
allowing him te mallow without dtfll
culty, then refusing to act excepting
very slowly, ai though ho had a severe
sore throat. I It died in an easy manner,
his system completely pro.tratod. This
being the sccced death which has oc
curred hero tiu week from tho same
cause, it naturally cames somo anxioty
and comment. It is thought that there
must havo been considerable madness
among the dogi lost summer, for, dur
ing the last six months, quite a number
which were considered mad havo been
killed. Some COO unlicensed dogs were
killed, and a very large number were
licensed last summer. Mr. Talbot leaves
a wife and two children.
Somo Old Connctlcut Cats.
Mrs. Lemuel J. Curtis had a cat "ever
sinco it was a kitten" until Monday,
when it breathed its last. The cat lived
to the remarkable age of 21 years. For
somo years pat it was on the retired
list, having Io: all its teeth. Its sight
was somewhat impaired, and it was
deaf. Death was the result of old sge.
There are other old cats in Meridcn.but
none that we hear of reached the age of
the one owned by Mrs. Curtis. Mrs.
John Dreher, on Crown Street, has two
cats aged, respectively, 18 and 14 years.
The elder one wabbles about like aa
aged human invalid. Both are great
pets and well cared for. Mrs. Merrill
D. Smith has cat 14 years old. It Is
almost toothless, but age seems to make
no improTentsnt in its docility, for it can
scratch a stranger with as much pleas
ure as it could a dozen years ago. Jfc
ruUen fConn. RnMirjn.
A STRAxne story hi that of Charles
Gilbert, who has served 14 years of a
life sentence for the murder of Henry
Cadwell of Ntw Britain, Conn., in 1&64.
Gilbert says that the crime was commit
ted by his father, Jonathan Gilbert, and
a man named Charles Patrons, with the
object of pl-fcdering Cadwell of $700,
and that be, Gilbert, allowed himself to
be convicted in order to save his parent.
The father has since died, and Parsons
committed scicide. It is claiired, how
ever, that both the elder Gilbert acd
Parsons made confessions exonerating
young Gilbert. Should the convict's
story prove true, his aevouon to nu
parent has exceeded any thing recently J
imagined aj, wnicra w iuumbw.
not, in consequence of heart disease, lie
down, nor eren sit down comfortably.
He had a bed made in such a way as to
sustain him in an upright position, aad
in that contrrrancc he slept for ntaay
years. He died a few days ago.
Ir yon wish to pay your debts yo
hare paid them, xosr crecUwOrs
sot duty that there has beesi pay
WIT AM WISDOM.
TflK comcuring henth Oampo
YOf can hear a defon, htt bow qtt
a df f Mice hear you ?
A st rk care for starpWia-tM jn
imagine you hare got in gt oj
"I ttorn I see yon writ,' . Uw
bucket said when It touched the Ur
I,Aw-rKRS are never root crat On.
when Owy wvrk with a wtll th.u lk 1f
the estAfc i raloablo.
It lake 30 yard of drttw pxilt u
make a fashionable lady's dr. nw..
days it u wear on hr pTsa and
fourteen to carry In her right haa4 or
up under her elbow.
Tiik following I ptM in front of
grocery utore near Harvard Swjstxns
"Wooden palls, six cent eaoh. NsXe
We did not tcal lhoo pall, but w
think the man we bought lhcmf did.
"I sit, my frxm' can yu (bse) Wti
mo uhero the other Wc of tho sCrs
Is?" " Certainly jt acrms Ihe ,
why do you ask" "Why (he), h
cause a minute ago I a,kcd anothor f
low the lamo thing, and (hkr) he ad
IhU was ihc other side of the sires "
Tilt daf approaches on which Uh
freckled boy will cnd to tho oro cyad
girl over the way, a picture of a liu
heart stuck through tho center wkh a
barbel slick. He wilt ocdl It a rale)
line, and tho Uak bow how he it
stuck on the gal. -.NV-p Orhtmt
Tiik Detroit Frr IVtt say- "SUrk
a pin there; lUvld I.ivl will aUg U
his nut in tho Senate, the report of hit
resignation to tho contrary nouh
standing." Now, tf we should Wrk a
pin there wo don't behove Mr. lr
would cling to his snat In the SonAto,
tho report of the Fn 'rwi to the m
irary iiotwllhtmdlig. Chimym Tnl
To classical Mtidnnt You ask, "If
Atlas Miportcd tho world, whit aup
ported Atlas?" Tho question, dear sir,
has often been asked, but never, wi far
as wo aro aware, satisfactorily answurrd
Wo havo always befn of the opinion
that Atlas mint havo married a rich
wifo and got his suport from hor fathor.
Altnitnj Evniiuj JnurunL
jiui tiik iKunniMii'N.
oi, Mtiif.of tho fltbtlP, Vfllholm).
if tml yH lot nit", put triM4,
Jut nnrr my !!
ItV tin Kliiri nt your ).
!! hoiKMt un! toti't try to nMti).
With rupture your mutc 1UI tMrHst-i,
Willi plnmirr iitprniin M It lOts-4,
AllU II I IMUlbl bllr0
That j mi inortiit to iltrlm
WltliHiiiJ.l thin. It H.HtM fclfhu).
Wliy KrroMMtr Lump KIodr.
Prof. II. C. Kedlt', M. I. IVuldnni of
tho Statu Honrd of Health of Mlohlgan
and professor in tho State Agricultural
College, lately delivered an addrius b).
for tho Michigan legislature, in which
ho explained tho manner In whioh kero
sene lamp usually ox ptodo. n "Aid
"Some person seem to think tho itxplo
iion of a kerosene lamp Is enuod In tho
samo way at a boiler explosion; namo
ly, by tho prossum of tho vapor of thn
oil Inside the lamp. In rnro Instance
explosions may bo caused In this way,
for example, where tho IgniUnl oil oror
Jlows tho lamp aud tho lamp U envel
oped In flame. Hut explosions usually
occur In another way ; namely, whom
the vapor of kerosene Is mixed In projer
proportions with r.lr, ami thus a true
explosive mixture is formed which will
explode with the forco of a gunshot
when fired by llamo. This explains
why a lamp Is in more danger of ex
ploding when only partially filled with
kerosene, because a larger amount of
space is filled with tho explosive mix
ture; it is tho same as a larger load of
powder In a gun. Many persons suppose
that there can be no danger of a lamp
explosion unless tho whole body of
the oil in tho lamp Is healed to the lath
ing point; that because tho temperature
of our rooms never rics to 120 degrees
there can be no danger in using oil
whose flashing point Is 120 degrees.
But Dr. Baker, Secretary of the State
Board of Health, hai proved by experi
ment with lamps that an explosive mix
ture may form and the lamp may ex
plode while the body of oil In the lamp
u not above 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
The temperature of tho body of oil in
the lamp is not-tho only factor to bo
considered, because different parts of
the lamp become very uncjually belt
ed. If you will touch the brxM collar
of a lamp which has been burning for
some time yoa will find it quite hi, and
the tube supporting the wlrk It stfll
more stronzlv heated. The formation
of vapor will be dclcrmlned by the hot-
teat part of the lamp which com-- n
contact with the oil. When the com
bustion Ls imperfect from any cause, the
brass fittings of the lamp become excess
ively heated. Dr. Baker found in his
experiments that when the cbinioey
was removed by breaking or Kh:r
wlse, and the lamp continued to bum.
the temperature of ihc brs collar rows
very rapidly in tilery instance; In one
case ia 14 minute it row to 111 demn
and in aaotber case in 10 minute V -W
decrees Fahrenheit. In this la - M
stance very rapid explosions occurred
by the side of the wick, aart to prerea.
the whole lamp from cxplodiag the light
was extisguished- In soae of the ex
periments did the tensperatwre of the
body of the oil rie above fc5 degrees
Fahrenheit- Maay persoas on leaving
a room tBrn down the lamp to save od,
bat such economy is very liable to cao
a lamp explosion, which U ar this?
but economical. 1 know of a csMt m
Charlotte which Uiastrate the fiZ
of lhi practice. A lamp ia a store waj
turaed down dariag the absence of the
clerk; a persoa pas-Leg sw the Ump
explode aad by promptly breaking ope
the store he extinguished the firw- If -
liht aot aeeded in a reom ehber ex
tingnkh the lamp or leave it boraiafc
with the cw-al bUse."
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