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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 19, 1878)
in m n
ht nloisl iijviii the timrrltip, m- i nl ' llu,
Ami looked lltxifT llWii!t'f fr M,
'Dirk, dull; ml eoM," .V iiiiittiint, "litil
Urn wntM I 1 ?
lnUrkcr, niMrr.'' S .
MotlonltM flic ti-T
A nmiiioM wtth lin mournful K"' Did
Tin) dlMMit lino viliric nut llu-wn iu.il rkt.
Hit long dntk hilr Nniuint lur wIMIi toM
In mini fjK)tt lij the rrrMiM,lMiliiriniliiil,
llf r lmiiu light rl4sl ulniie lur m Ihiik In nil
Tlmt IoiikisI for ivr-l.
'linn turnril r-lif ! Iut hnrp,
Ami there flontisl on thi moonlit lr
Ami Irrniblliufly fti'lc n'i r the , n mnml
Like aiiIuiiiii' moiittifiil tint fe, km ilrAiIng
The IrnfliM liriuitlnn of i trie Hint iiiiiiU
An unri'ini nihil nl ninl fntrnkm Kftr.
flwlf Irr Ihr IInTf. fly ninl louili r Mr.
TIip nimbi, till wlhl hiirt i f iniIimIv,
Ami then, lilghn'ir llif four of rnKlni' m .1,
Ami iiluli nhoM' tin nll of Mull kl'g wlinl
likes Hint wutiilrniis volri', Hint mint, .ul
Then, rtuhly o'lrtlitee fr.ill thnnl fi f tin-
And i'iu'Ii li M!irnUiiiic(rliiin.lmiit flirlt U
11 tit thi'ic wan III II 11 lout filrlt' ml
A flutter -rllll thn nw ill tnrm muni on
'Tl inlil Hint whin thn fo.un c.ijid w.ilm
When thn inril Mimicking tlilr the lirh'kltig
A wuiiniu'n viilor, 1011I 1 lie imi'lr of 11 hnrp
WIM ninl kwii'I, niliiirle m till tliii winds Hint
It mini tin' hut of tin huiiihh' llcl ciiii.in,
ho rlitvi'i inhi' limns for well hi' Known
Tim r-utiiiil ure not of ruith.
lliniUjiiil 'I, ililf.
I 1I0 mil believe tlmt (jiiusotnodo wiii
n more pitlublv deformed creature, nr
Qiiilp n iiiiirn hideously iiuiiuluinl look
ing object, than wis biiinly l-'crgtisuii
when lsiitv lil ji for thn lltsl tlini), tlmt
uiiltu summer afternoon, laughing Mini
Inking wit h u crowd of I'Odii cninpnn
oiih in timeout simile of 1111 awning tit
0,.i"- His fiu'D was M'linii'il mid distorted by
jWullurly glossy sears thn ineruillou
file ovidi'iirti of close nml lung contract
ivllhUiiit shrltiiling clement, lire. His
5 body vv'us hent, mid lm walked with 11
sidling tiiuvcini'iil. Hu wn 11 sifki'iiinj;
spuotitclo llrht nlglit, Hiipi'stlnfcur
f nl miliVrltip in tliu punt, mill my fiirl
osity in ri'panl to It 1 tit wxs thoioiilily
"Who iH tlmt limn?" I iisKimI, mi'o.sl
iii 11 lull. Iilttu Hhirti'il mltii'r who was
Ht'inillnj; in front of tint pint iillU'c.
"Don't jYui know hlitiP" iiimweri'il
thn iii'in; "wliy tlmt'H Uitiuiy KiirjH
won. I llioiii;litiiv'rylioilykiiow'i'iHjiiiily
"Why 1I0 yon cull him Dumly Fit
gumm?'' "Ill'OUUHO -WL'll, Ill'l'lUKUl hu tlll'll to
liuiiilunily urcului'ont iinil-oiitupnrl,
Whun Diimly FtirgUHnn lint oniiin to
tliitt uumi) ho wiih it llt-i'il),'('il pMitlo
mill), nml Mimintuku. llowniou plii1.
anil tUMii'tl 11 hpaik in his lillnl ulilil
froni tin lii; m a pi'tniiit. I In put on
moru iloji'n a inli.o Niiiiiriiiti'iiii'nt, an
most of thn Iioh wiiHilowiioiililin from
thn t urt. Tht't was aliottt lluoo years
:igo, ami hui'omu tiplu-ro (torn thn ltay
to irnl 11 whllVof fronli nlr. 1111' 11ml.11 mi.
A I il -i . t 1 . , 1 m
litre mi 1110 iiini's civo mm nai'K wnnt
0 U KM! MtlVt'lll' TOUmi Willi tllOID
1 t . . It t
im an young uioi)ii.s o rriijuo.
11,1111 iloniiookllko Itowus tnuron
iiiiiii. tliat'H a fuel) lint IM rutin. r
liavo tlu'm cano'ills than wivir thn
clotlu'H ofljui richimt man in Califomy
tlmt in, f Vri'guno throtili what ho
has an' millVroil what ho 1II1I. rroiul
of 'cm! Mister, thnr ain't a man in
this yr county no, sir, nor in this yer
Statu us is prouilur'n Dandy Furguson
of what othur nu 11 might giluvo oup
an' sigh nliotit, an1 no nianV got a bet
tor right to lx prouil, rHlirr. ( tVlum lm
llrst caino to tiuait. Monntniii lm nscil
o parailu tliu strcoU with his homi cook
oil up koj liu'il liulnmllo hiniM'lf with
))dt uliouly mi sntoll-water till you
couhl't got within n milo of him. Mln
una n dolicatu looking cuss, an' his
.lands wi'io as oft iu a burbiu-'n. Thu
uotHii.scil to bet that if big Hihlgut
Sullivan our washerwoman was to
tako it into her head to jump hint slioM
knock inputs out o' him in ilvruvi! short
order. That was our ouiuiou of him
when hu played his mnaU curds in thin
yer camp but ho showed down both
bowers an' thu aee before ho ipilt thu
game, you bet yer life. D'yu boo that
quartz mill over thar ou the siilo hillP
That's tho Chapparrnl mine, yo know,
an' it's thar that Dandy Ferguson show
od us what saud was.
"Ono night, alnnit a month uf tor Fer
guson cot hero, somebody mil thoro
yelled 'FiroJ' an' tho camp turned out.
Tho h' latin' works was in a light bluzo,
an' tho flames shootin' high up In tho
dark. Wo all rilHluul tn tint mini lilri) n
jiaok o' mad animals you know how a
iiro sure men up nir excites 'om. Uf
course, nobody knowod what to do, an'
for n tnlnuto wo all stowl round lookin'
at tho lire ercopiu' 'loug thu eaves, an'
tho liurnin' bhiugles droppln' down the
haft. Purty soon some ouo says
-What!' kinder sharp an' fiereo like.
Then there was a littlo movement in
tho orowd, an' a man palo as death
wrings away from tho mouth o' thu
shaft yullin frantlo 'Water! Water!
For tho lovo o' God, turn on tho water
tho night shift's in thu lower drift.'
"Thoro was an awful agony iu that
mau's voioo: be had list remembered
thot his brother was down there, and
that tho flro under the biler of tho en-
glno was banked, that tho oago was too
eayy to work bv hand, an' tho timbers
in tho shaft pitch plno, nn' dry as a
bone, with great sparks droppin' down
like tlukos in a snow storm. You'vo
hcored how fast a man thinks in times
t danger. Jim Slocum thought of his
'rothor, tho dry timbeis, tho engino,
J10 cage, an' water all in a second, but
Jiot was all. Ho didn't hov time to
Link of tho fact thot there wasn't a
jar'l of wator within a mile of tho
"Somobody rushod up to tho tank
ther was about a tubful thoro. Tho tiro
nia pin) In' round the Idler an' the en.
L'liii'irliiil liiriii'il the Kiifil) rork to
lil thot out Nov a'l ru'hid vcry
wlileh way ji'lliti ur lopi-n, linlilorn,
mi) thing i if lailili't" cotild rrmli
down two liiiii'lri'd fo't to when1 tho
I'll Mm. 'Iln' wai rh mi g'Hin with
I'ltcnii'iil. mi' illilu't know what to do,
1, tho lip- ronriii and cnuklin' llko
"Siiiiio tiiihi'il in i ono wit) mi' -oini'
Illtlll't.W hill'MIIIH'of llll'lll 'IlKI'l "till In
10 ino tun niiick Hiiiikftiii itiit-r 111 .
i'il, m uri'il, licliili'ii. (Jiilokiu'ii it
ken 11 man to ti'll it a inati jintipi'il
rough the dour of tlm latln' works
eaiigiii niiiu in ino 1'iiaiiis iiisi'oai
I hut wan gone, 1111' ho lonkeil like mi
I... I ..11.... .... Il.t .IIMIIll. ..I .. till.
miiki i.iiiii), tin n n,tin f. 1 .11.'
shaft In his while frilled shirt mi' hli
loiif, ynller hair
"It was Dandy rurgiwiii.
"Ho didn't wait, fur nobody, but jam-
I'll It IllL' M'lllltlill' llicl'two tlll'll
iililu'l 11 lifted, down oer th sliuft.
'lllll 111 t Jilliill lilt II ! t(l llll Ifilll klllMil
ll 11 11 i in n llll l I'l "' llll mix niiiii'i
ion near the door to fetch I1I111 thu old
Iii'Iiihh thet witi lying outside, near tint
"oit neer men woik liko limy
Id as Minn us thur was 11 lieml. 'i'lm
opium' the wln'lum was bronghl Into
in milks mi the jutiii, 1111' fiisleuicl to
hi'iiiiuin . ifown ueni nie ropn unit
I'eiglihiiu shotitiiig after It 'I'm lieio,
boys, mi' I'll sin) till I roiiM.' Then
he'gralibi il the eriink 1111' spun the ropn
totiiii! (lie liar' I fiihiii'n it ever uiii roll-
I ll.iWltll lilt llhilil .lllll 111. llll IIimI fill'
I'heii M10 tlghteni'il he laid tho other
"SI, lloldeii williteil Iii help him, hilt
I woiililii'L hov nn iiiliitfereinu'. 'I'liue
ll.nli.il ' ll'ilh t nl ir Ilk. ill .l.-liitii I .I1-f.11 '
.iw.lll, .'.t. . . ..-'.l ..II. II , ...l.
I wasn't long lielnio 11 half liukeil lind)
aiiiniip. 1111 nie) 1:111. 1 in; lopn mi as
iiilek as llii'i ciiulil, ilnii'i'iiii' lluir
Miller out uf the woilts iiiuto ilead'u
ilhe. Iiemliliit' like a leaf. They
Itoiiglitiit the tiiiiu thet he was M'arcil
it thu danger lio'd been 111, 1111' illilu't
lollee how iniieh exhuiisled he was, bill
hoy fiiuuil mil uilerwaids thet he'd
iluyeil it down in thet shaft as moan us
iiiiMiiiin can play II on another at sleh
"You see there was live ef 'em in thn
ower ilrlfl. tin' when the litirtiiti' tim
bers of the miner works beiritn to droit
Imlfi linn nil 111111I1111 rouli fin lint iiiiiIii
J '" ' " ' '
shaft. Thu cage was on and t hoy couldn't
get out till 11 lope caiiin ilown. Thuy
oulil sen ti IllcUcr of light unfile, nml
yelled till I liny win hoarsn watching
thet gllniiiinrgVowin' brighter'ii bright
or iimu'v niliiiitn mill knowing thet thu
Hint 1 1 111 tiiuiH'i' it iiia.i' LuiL'liU soon 1111
ut oil iill hope ijHB ever giltiu'
ilit. mid ou
can't hi 11 1
thu 1 iijin 1
droiined down lo
uf him yc
llur jumpeil iiloiigsidn
', lul go! They can't
cm Vfillt'mttf ' mIiiiiiIh
umd on lilm like a
aWTv uliI nintliiir'M 1111 (In ir.i ' iiillnit
' I .. I J.r... ..
Klocum, pointlu' up thu Nliaft.
.........., ... ... .
" .)!) wiih s wuiiiu nir me,' nowis
"An' with thot lio k'tiui'Us Sliii'imi
down III the ill lft mi' goes nil thn rupe
hand over hand before thu others could
stop him -they'd a' killed him 011 thu
spot et lie hi'iln t cliiulii'il the rope as
III) did. Sun I'll 111 111 fii'lil. Ken-net.
mister, they'd a survcir him mighty
well an' no mistake, but hu beat thet
gamer llu'd jist strength enough to
tlu thu Nlnek 'round his waist w'en he
give way all at once tin hung to the
end of thn ropn like ilnuil weight, tin'
iuiiiiy ri'iguiiiii a nautili mill 0111 o
tho tiiiry Jaws o' death.
"Down went, tlm riiiui mrtii. nn1 Sin.
cum was tied on an' hiiiiifiP up, Fergu
son workin thu win'luss like a giant.
The cords stood out on his neck like
luueksnukc whips, mf tlm sweat poured
oil' him like a sluleo stream. Two t'or
uisliuiuu .stood bv liim try in' to make
him let them roll up the rope while he
rested, but hu cussed 'cm ami told 'em
to dry up; he said he was at lite wheel,
un liu'tl stay them ef he died fur it.
Wen Slocum came up, the lire win all
around an' oer the win'luss. nn' the
two (ToriiMmicn grabbed Hill nn' cur
ried him oiiu-they couldn't stun' the
heat. Ferguson sent down the rope
ngin', un' up come Sum Hildrcth, with
jist strength enough t-i make fur tlm
door. The roof over thu Idler ami the
pitch on the door-posts was sinokln'.
Jist. as the rope went down fur the
fourth time, an' we loulin' round on the
outside wutehin' every minute to see
him drop, an' not a "man of us with
gumption cuough to think of what was
wanted, a vomun rushes into the tlcrv
inrnrco an' slings a wet blanket over
the bravest, gamcst, man in tho State
" Thet.s's tho ticket,' shouts Fergu
son.' 'You're a trump, whoever oti
are, my girl, an' I won't forget ye, live
"An' he didn't. It was Sam Hlld
roth's sister, Maggie, an' when she came
out o' tho smoke, and llamo with her
dress in a blaze, she calls out sharp to
"Keep thet blanket wet. There's
wator in tho tank. I'll marry the fust
man thet throws a bucket o' water over
Dandy Ferguson-I'll marry him ef
he's a Chinaman.'
"Them's her identical words, mister.
Tho men didn't need no further orders,
cause, yon see, Maggie llihlreth was
tho Iiatrsomost girl tit the country, an'
tho best, nn' lied uv'ry young buck fur
miles arouu' close at Iter heels all the
Hut her brother Sum saved her from
them ualoots saved her fur a better
man, by wottin' the blunkot himself.
"Aliout tills time thu heat was terri
ble; ono man in tho drift an' another
half way up, criiwlln' slowly to thu ra
gin' furuauo on top, crawlin' fast
enough in ordinary circumstances, but
hardly fast enough with doath raeln'
down on his savior at a two-forty gait.
W'en Jack Harmon came oitt'oMho
shall ho stood a minute on the scantlin',
swaylu' back and forth like a drunken
man, blinded by smoke, an' bewildered,
an' ef Ferguson hedn't caught him he'd
a gone back again.
"Two more of us hod got in with tho
buckets of water 'bout all them was
in thu tank; but it seemed to dry otV as
fast as wo poured it on, fur the blanket
was braokin'. Wen tho ropo went down
fur tho lust time, to haul up Joo Har
per, the octinMiti' was burning nml the
upper timber w m beginning in b!ae
The wlurliii' sinnki- hid I i-rgifMiu frmu
us, but we know d If lie ilnln'l "iiie
out plllty ftO'ill the whole li. Iiillig ll
giVe w: itml bury him; the nil. 1 wit.
Ill n Hlil I'i.izi-. nml the pie 'vlieri
till) wii dlli IIimmI was the 'llly plr-
nheie iteii Dandy Ferguson iiiihl .
worked It tniisi a Ion nn rjfiil J'tr.i.u
on Inlll the lint illll but he net, 1
OW lilil it, llll' ll IM l lip riiie,iic, Il,i
btuM'st mull in Iheeuiup. I reckon. Imi
till Dlllnl) li fglioilll, eilll"e, riit ai'e.hu
wouldn't teeh the ropn till" tiny. I iill
bin hauled up, he tVil every m. 111 mi
except the coMunl, Miller, ailil the ho
cuitte through the I1I11.I11' sliafthiiiiMlf,
uateliln' tlm little tongues of lire shoot
out from the hle every onre In
awhile, u.i If they'd lick the life-thread
"As ,foe grubbed the upper chains tin
shaft lit up tilth a hiss ami a ro.tr, as if
tlm Hie w.is mad at Imdn' Its prey. .Inn
gut ollt Ulld Ferguson l.lggeeil iiW'l)
fiolll the will'less, but his llli'k uelil
buck ou him ut thu lust minute lie
Stumbled un' fell Juit iis he euilte to the
triiluwin ut the do'ir, mid the whole
side of the building eoute down oil hitll
with 11 clash
"A huiulreil men forgot iluitL'er and
ileuth, mill ritsheil into the llmims; but
Miller, the man that played il .n sneak
iu' ninl itinuii down iuthn shuft, got th
him lirst, nn' ilrurgnl him out.
"K)erlioiy though, he wusiloml, an'
tlm ciowd emiled 1 iii 1 1 un' Miller who
diopped Insi'iisililo nfii'f he got Fergu
son out to the iiiinp. Itut Dmuh I !.
gusoii lin"l through It. thoiigli lur
weeks nn' weeks he la) between life nil'
ileuth, an' fur im.iitlii he iliiln't -lir out
of a dirk room Hut t lit-i-t wun'l no
luck of help nml pruyen ami faithful
lllll iis to I. iing liim round. No, hir;
uiid their wuan I u man, unman, or
child wMiiiitidriMl miles of the
ChapejBie that wiitililn'l 11 crawl
''' '"'iHHP'"''' ,ini' lll,H t watch
Olio IliittruTTlis Imlsule. mill Ihollght it
one of tlm biggest kind of liotiol't on
kill bet your life oil llmt
"Yes. sir, Dmidy I'ligmon Is a king
iu this yer country' lie's betler'll foil
kings most of the time, mill iIiuI'scuihii
any man tlmt kuoiri him would ln
dow 11 four bullets tiny day if he linlil
llmiii against Ferguson, 'it would be
like tukin' llilv.iutage, ye sec, to hold
'em out 011 him. lie can lm uu thing
or do ulistlllng lie lil.es. We'd seitil
him to emigiess if lm would go, but hu
won't We've got him here, though,
nn' I guess he'll never leave, I wish I
wis one of them poetry writers. I'd
wilteoneof the liullii-t 'poems about
Dundy Ferguson you ever reuil yoi
"Yes, he's married, got married af
ter lie came out.
"Talk about weddings! That irus a
wedding; everybody got un invite, ami
everybody piled In 'to see the guuiest
mult In the Slate tied lothe guuiest un
man oil tiod's footstool. Who wits she9
Why, Maggie llihlreth, of course.
Who else would it lie. I would like to
"What over lieciium ol Hurry Miller?
Well, thut'.s puily good. Miller, ve see.
etiiiie out till right, mid villi bet lie did
Dot rest until he hud begged Hill Hlo
eiim's pardin fur leiivin liim in the
shaft us hu dhl; but Ililf wouldn't hov
it; said llmt MillerM buluuced accounts
by savin' tlm life of Ferguson, the man
thet Miived him. Hut tliet's played.
"You want to know wliut become of
him. Well siij, loo hcio mister, I
don't like lo own it, but I'm the cuss
I'm Harry Miller. Iiiterdooen ye to
Dundy Ferguson? Of coiir-m I will, an'
you'll never git an iiiteiductioii to a
gainer man, or one it's more houoruble
"And mister, ef ye ever tell about
thu (Jhuppurrul shat't, and how Duudv
Ferguson stood by tlmt win'less in thn
red hot histiu' works, jest throw it in
somewhere thet he's beiter'u four kings
in this camp it'll top oil' the story fust
rate, nn' hc-idcs, vou bet it's uo'more
than the -olid troth."
hut should Im llm.Vliiior the Jleileru
As soon us physiologists hud discov
ered that ull tlm faculties of the intel
lect, however originating or upon what
ever exercised, were functions of a ma
terial organism of bruin, absolutely
dependent upon its integrity for their
manifestation, and upon itsgVowth and
development for their improvement, it
became apparent that the true olllcc of
the teacher of the future vvoii.il be to
seek to learn thu eond.tions by which
tho growth and the operations' of the
brain were controlled, in order that lie
might be able to modify tlie.se condi
tions in a favorable manner. Thu ab
straction of tlm "mind" was so far sot
aside as to make il certain that this
mind could only act through a nervous
structure, and that the structure was
subject to various influences for good
or evil. It became known that it brain
eunnol arrive at healthy maturity ex
cepting by the assistance" of a sufllcionl
supply of'heulthy blood -that. is to say,
of good food ami pure air. Il also be
came known that the power of a brain
will ultimately depend very much upon
thu way in which it Is habitually exor
cised, and that the practice of schools
in this respect left a great deal lo be
desired. A large amount of costlv and
pretentious teaching falls dismally for
no other reason than hecuusn il is not
directed to any knowledge of thu mode
of notion of the organ to which thu
timelier endeavors to appeal; and men
tal growth iu many instances occurs In
splto of teaching rather than on ac
count of it. Kducatioti, which might
once have been detlued as an endeavor
to expand the Intellect by thu Introduc
tion of mechanically compressed facts,
should now bu dellued as an endeavor
favorably to influence a vital process;
and, when so regarded, Its direction
should manifestly fall somuwhat Into
the hands of those by whom the nature
of vital processes has been most com
pletely studied, hi other words, it bo
comes neither moru nor less tluiu a
brunch of applied physiology; nml
physiologists lul. us with regard to It
that the common processes of teaching
are open to tho grate objection that
they constantly appeal to the lowur cen
ters of nervous function, which govern
thu memory of and thu reaction upon
sensations, rather than to these higher
ones which are the organs of ratiocina
tion and of volition. Hence a great
ilenl of whii'h pris'es for ediu :i'l"li 11
r i iillv it degradation of the hum in 1 ,r tin
to elfnt t telow it 4 triloriil rHpteilO's
J'Hllir .V. un f Month! i .l..1111'irr
Mlnlnu' Hli tiniirtt).
, l,'ini;"r tlu h'-ml 1 few nf tlii uiiuitfg
terms lll'wt fn-'i'ielilK iJil nrii t'nrtet'l
Iv dwll'ied 'n Ill ii revlllt lissjsl Coin-
prehi ii'ioii in puriMing mining re.rts
Aiiitilgum Bullion :t in I 'ptiek-ilver,
'fore psr nl Ion
Adii A eut net 01 or into a mine.
lied nx'k -Thn rock, Mate or eluy
form. itmii iimlerlv log the psy illtl; iii
ipnirl. that iimlerlv tug mi ore deposit.
Hnmsiiiig nre- -Taking ore from thu
face of u mum
Itlliul l.oiln A mini) that shows no
Toppings on the stirfne,..
Ibisinnl inrir. A iiwlcs of ipmrt.
He or ipiart eontuitung no valuable
(Snipping - The reef of ipiurt. rock
tlitit .ippeitrs on the 1111 face, Indicating
tin lire-etici' of 11 llsstlle.
1iwt" jAii incline from un upper
tunnel or level to a lowor one, thtoitgh
which to slide ore.
Cap Itoek- 'thu foi million overlying
Hie puv dirt, or ore.
Diifl A shoit tunnel run fmiti the
muni tunnel or shaft. 1 11 placer mining
11 tunnel run on bed-rock through which
to wotk the pav gravel in iloep dig-
Dump 'I'he place where ore is put
after lieiug taken from the mine.
Face The extreiiii'eiul of 11 tunnel,
drift or excavation where work Is pros
eeltteil. Foot vviill In ilellueil llssttre quart,
veins, the lower rock formation dividing
tlm mo front the country rock.
l'loil lock I'oI'lioliH of the inaill l'iie
scp irated fiottt il ninl thrown at iidn
t .1111 c li y volcittic in lion or tlmeleiiieiils.
Mines nie f mm! bv tracing the "flout '
llutigiiig-wull I'lie geiiciully sinoolh
rock fin in. ilo n iieilvlug tlm" mineral
homing stint. 1,
Nurse An initio use bow hlef crossing
the qiim 1 vein, or : point ihcie tho
walls eoum together, losing the Vein
fl lllll sight
Incline A tumid run into a mine ut
.III incline fiolll Viillieal.
I'cterlng Tlie ore body giving out
tlm mine litis "petered."
I'llgriiu A flesh uriivul fiom the
Suiting a mine - Loading rock or
gravel beds with gold dust for the pur
pose of swindling greenhorns.
Sloping llteakiug down ore from
the 1 oof of a tunnel or ore chamber.
Shaft A verlieul exc ivation for the
purpose of prospecting mines at depth,
mid from which tunnels or levels arc
Winze A sltafl connecting mi tipiier
with a lower tunnel, for air ciiculation
mid other purposes.
Whim An appliance for raising ore
or dill from 11 shaft.
i henries nf erld-.Mukliik'.
A ceo ding to the crude opinions pre
vailing during the Infancy of . intern
science, matter mid motion were ul re
uiiotl for cil itig it world into exist
ence; but it wiis soon ft nml 'hat unless
iu Urn beginning, the materials whic
forfff il the solar system moved with u
ceituln order and regularity, they could
never Ituve arisen trout tlm chaotic o
the cosmic il condition. As nil the plan
ets move round the suit in the sutue
direction, Laplace was led to believe
that Iu remote times ull must hav been
connect il together; and such primitive
connection might be titl'orileil if the sun
mid his utteiiilmits were r triually a
vast tiro mist, their mutter being so
much utte uuted by heat that it ex
tended fur beyond its boiiiuluries of the
Milur iloiiiu n. lies pp s d thai .such
an inuneiiM) uirellcd muss, on being set
in motion by some caii-c which lie docs
not specif v ."would ultimately lie com
pelled by its own friction ami by grav
ity, to rot n i' with 11 uniform angular
velocity in all its parts and around a
common center. In uccorduui'o vvitli
the priuuiplcs of physical astionomj he
concluded that this'rotatiou would be
come as rapid us thu immense solar
nebula cooled and contracted, until at
hist tliu c ntrifiigul forcobccaiiicgre.il
enough to ovc 001110 gravity and to
throw oil' matter from the equator of
th whirling in ., Lupluce cmi nlercil
that, under the most pmhnlilo circnm
stances, the nebulous mutter thus
thrown otVo ubmulotieil by the shrink
ing spheroid, would ull collect together
to form u planet; but that, iu .some un
usual cases, it would assume the ex
panded tigureof a vast solar ring; and
that under certain conditions, it might
break up into a number of asteroids.
Thu singular group of bodies revolving
between Mars and Jupiter, is supposed
to havi come Into existence in conse
nt enco of somu rare accident, which
made tliu great solar ring a prey to inn
nv centers of aggregation, instead of
allowing it to coalesce around a single
one. In all other cases the cooling and
contraction are said to have been suc
cessful in giving birth to a great plat.et
wherever tho centrifugal force became
sulllcient to separate tnu equatorial por
tions of the rotating solar nebula. Ac
cording to the views of Lupluce, Nep
tune must be regarded as tho lir-st-born
world of those ulieudy known; while
Uranus is next in age, and tlm other
planets vvoro launched Into being In a
succession depending on their dist noes
front the sun; so that Mercury is the
youngest member of thn solar family.
I'm)'. Ihtmtl i'tiutjhttn in fopulur Sci
ttwe Monthly for SticHiitT.
A Sen Prophet.
According to a story told among the
Mohammedans of Northern India tho
prophet has lately visited a priest at
Medina atnl informed sa'd priest that,
contrary to tho accepted belief that ev
ery Moliammctluu killed in battlu goes
straight to paradise, only seven Mus
sulmans have attained to eternal bliss
since his own admission. This statu of
tilings is so unsatisfactory that thu Al
mighty has decided that thu sun shall
rise in the west instead of thu east, on
July 11, 187'J; and that on that day all
who call themselves true believers shall
bo struck with blindness, and dis'olu
tlon follow immediately. "If there lie
a word of falsehood," adds the priest.
"In what 1 have stated, let my face bo
blackened forever." He will "probably
have to leave Medina on snort notice.
1 Frnjers of .Saintfes.
, The "stunt Indmri. ntiiing tin ir
fin-Hi bpirit tor tiding thi-ni tnrni.
or thu hitiiiMiditl urging Hulk for
liming rrcvtil 'I"' 'u 'i'il iiti o liltfll
and ihr tri .nils ripul. i (... m it.)
of llioiigtii ttla';iiif to the fi. h Mob
I? mil difficult I" r.eonct'.p ith th-l
SM ' lutfltll il dieiwl nf th-Ul. Ilt
wile li i ! wi-ll itiuhi'liticfttid In ml
mil of doubt IntiMttl ssw rt I 're
liilliler tie nl. offcruig (H rot Inn hulld
'kefehief. binding g' !. till pill, smile
J riliHMi nml to 'iiiiii in the ilue of ,'u
skins roinid in, tiiiiiiftgc nf the X'"l Ke
J IMXH'liikilii, ut the siiliie lone prtvilig'n
llllll III It I ipilt lttoO"l")inis ti.iie to lie
piop'lllnuo. 1 tplfilllltig to h III the Villite
of his ptosiiiiis, mid linngly Ofliitiiiunig
him aifilii-i iiigriitiiiule ' if nil the
itruyeis mid presents nindn In their goil
liy thu T.ihiliuiis In mtvo their chiefs
from dying proud 111 vuti. his imago
wmniiie xorahlj bmiished from tliu letn-
ple lllll! destroveil. 'I he O.Iltk- of ,S-
Isria. if things went Im.lK with them,
would pull iliiuii iroiu their place of
hotmr iu Cie hui mid itieverv wuy 111.1I-
ttellt the idols they gettetitllv lli'liorei!
so much; thr idols, whose mouths were
always so diltgeiiily siiicaictl with ll-h
(at, mid within whose reach a i! int
stinply of Miull lav alw.ivs ri'iuly. Tlm
('hlnese nie said to do the siitm by
their household g uls, if for ;i long time
they are deaf to their pr ier, nml so
do tlm ('lligh.llesc. .o tlcil the prtletli e
is mote tliull nil impulsive lit'itiifestii
tiott of merely local tooling That sited
feelings oec.i-iou.illv crop out in civ i
I'ed I'uthulic i oiiutries is u matter of
more surprise, but il li an aiitlmntie
historical fact licit the (rood people of
(.'iHielhmiicii. in I'orttigtil, were once sn
nngry with St. Antlioii lur letting the
.spanlutils pliiiuler their low 11, contrail
to his itgieeliiilil, lh.it they blokn iiiiiiiy
ol bin s. atlltes in pie, es, and luklllg the
head nil one ol the spi niullj revered,
sitlislitiiled for II the head of St I'talo-is.
Ne.lpolituu lisherineii ate . inl to this
day to throw linn - nuts overboard If
they do not help tlnin ut a storm; utul
if oci iisiou rails for it, the images of
the Viigitt or of St. ilaniiarius, worn in
Neapolitan cups, are in danger of being
t I'm tili'ti iiuilei tool mid destroyed. And
oil c during a fnuiiie the latter saint
rcei ived very clear intimation thai tin
less corn came by u certain lime he
would forfeit the siiiittshlp. t is, per
haps, ti reliiieiuciit of thought when a
present becomes un advisable accompa
niment to u simplu petition; hut the
priiiemleof exchange once entered into,
the relations between man ami the su
pernatural lead logically from the of.
lei'ings of truits ami (lowers to the sue
I'llice of minimis and uf itieii .Some
Algonkiu Indians, mistaking once a
missionary for a god mid petitioning
for his iniucy begged liim to lot Hie
earth yield them corn, the rivers lislt,
ami to prevent sickness from slaying or
hunger Irom tormenting them. Their
request they bucked with the oiler of 11
pipe. The "whole of the savages' phil
osophy of sucritiee is contained ill this
ridiculous incident, l'rescott, coming
with some Indians to 11 lake they Were
In cross, saw his companions ltglt't their
pipes mid Miioke by way of invoking
the winds to be calm. And the Huron,
otlereil u siiuilnr prayer with tobacco tu
11 local god, saying; "Oki, thou who
litest oil this spot, we otl'er thee tobac
co. Help us, save us from shipwreck:
Defend us from our enemies, (live its
good truth1 and bring us buck snfe lo
our villuges. In the island of Tuniiu,
tlm village priest, addressing the spir
its of departed chief (thought to pre-.s-ile
ov er t lie gtowt It of vnins mid fruits),
after the lirst fruits of vegetation bad
been deposited on a ntone, on the brunch
of a tree, or 011 a tilde altar of stiek.
would pray: "I'ompiissionatu father,
here is some food, eat it; be kind to us
on account of it;" and m Samoa, a li
biitiou of ava ut ihe evening meal vvtis
the oU'ering, iu return for which thu
father of u family would begot the gods
health ami prosperity, productiveness
for his plantations, and fur his t ibc
generally a strong ami large popula
tion for war. In Fiji, again, when tlm
chief priestsmnl lcadim: men assembled
to discuss public ut fairs in the ynqiiuna
or kuvu clre'o, the chief herald, us the
water was poured into the kuvu, after
naming tlm gods for whom the libation
was prepared, would say, "He gracious,
ye lords, tin. rods, tlm the rain may
cease, ami tlu miii shine forth;" anil
again when the potion was ready, "Let
the onils ho of a gracious mind, and
send a wind front the Fust." -(iifc-juh'.s
As (ieorgo F.liot (Mrs. Lewes) hus
iiuvor had a photograph taken, the
great majority of her admirers are com
polled to view Iter only through pen-and-ink
sketches. This "counterfeit
presentment" Is given bv a recent vis
itor: "She is n woman who must have
passed her fiftieth your. Her hair is
dark brown, and has none of those
silver threads one might expect where
tho burden of a half a century of years
is added to incessant labor, and exper
iences full of desolation. She is not at
ull humlsoiuu; her face Is long nml very
pule, with ti small, sensitive moutli;
eyes dreamy, introspective, and sad al
ways. Her hair is worn low over her
intellectual forehead, and bet slender
figure has no robust energy about it.
Ueorgo Flint's is tne energy of mind,
not of physiciul power. She is ono of
the greatest living conversationalists.
She is ono of tho must accomplished
amateur pianiste iu Kugluiul.uud a liiot
rate linguist, and seems to know as
much about tho healing art, history and
philosophy. What the witty 'Mrs.
French said of Madame do SUel - that
she Is consolingly ugly - apidys to
(Jeorgo Kllot; but her p'laln features
nru muilo beautiful by iter expression.
She composes slowly 'and methodical
ly, not more than sixty lines a day; and
report says that when she Iris complet
ed a book her nervous exhaustion is
such that her husband takes her abroad
at once to recruit her fulling health.
Whllo writing she must bo scrupulous
ly arranged as to surroundings and per
son. Site Is not only a wonderful au
thoress, but a clever housewife, too;
and her home-life is perfect in all its
Fernando Wood, although a Quaker
by birth and inclination, was at one
tlmo an actor in a small way.
wiiiM nirit.a ITK.US.
When ' lives ar" tiirnrd nut and are
wliollt fed oil g s. the flesh l render
ed nn'r. dfv Ami Muttle. and l iuii
The whjttt crop of thf north tsi, a.s
it ,Jn'iiilhri'rmdl Mmim, out bet
ter tlmn w reported, troth in qu titty
I lie rc tsitlllrv "f .Sweden s)l-isl nil
fi rv 1 ke chii'll). which they bske
oiilv twice it veitr. and which are there
fore generally hard its ship Wi-ctiits
About ,'K) vnrwties of grasses grow
In the limit-uf tlm I'tiltnl S'nte-. So
s is profe-or Cnllycr. nf trm Agiiciil
tu'wl depsrliiieiit. at Washington.
Fngllsh fitrm lftlwirers receive as pity
from it to ?.l per week, including beer.
Wages have udviuii ed ten per cent, in
tlm lust live tears, mid living and cloth
ing netity tlve to thirty percent.
In France the hug I never scalded to
remote tin' hair A large pile of siraw
is tirid. and over this the hog Is sits
iieiideil until all tlm hair is inged oil'
I'lm small pitches are removed by
iimnisof wispsof burning stra
No fiirmur in the older M itoi o.tn nf
ford in ell wood ahe at any price th.it
the -oiip-hoilcrs would pay Where
outs lodge, iis they arc apt to do upon
heavily muniired iuuil, an application
nf uhes would sate the crop
It is not well for the fanner of ordi-
ll.li'V CUCIIIIIstllUces to llteilille llltiell
wilfi fanct poultry, not becuiiso pou'try
Is an iiiiimpoituiil item on the farm,
but lieciiuse it will not pay him to breed
for f.iiiev alone. Mtoiibl hu do so, hu
will collie to grief thereby.
Any country that has firms with
grovisyf forest trees, with orchards,
with leu'ctalile nml tluvver gardens, is
hc.iutttul and v.iluulile W1th011lthe.se
lm coiiutty, however rich iu sod mid lo
( .it ion, is attract iv. . I'.vcry doll ir spent
in lion ii.nl tloiicr.i will lidd ilO to tho
iiibic of the home.
Leguminous plants Mich us beans,
pc.is, nml l lie clovers contain a good
deal of lime, and flourish he-i where
that mineral is present. They also re
quire sulphur. I'll" article host lilted
for the supply of these is plaster, which
contains sulphuric acid and lime, and
is hence considered the specific manure
for the above 11. tnicd plants.
The access of nir is essential to tliu
fertility of the soil, ami to the healthy
jrriiwth" of most of our cultivated orops.
The insertion of drains not only makes
room for the air to enter by removing
the witter, but actually compels the air
to penetrate into tlm under put of the
soil , nml renew it ut every .successivo
full of ruin. Open such outlets for tho
water below, atnl us this water sinks
and trickles away, il will suck the nlr
after it, and draw it into the pores of
the earth wherever itself bus been.
Those who have not a great abund
ance of food for their stock through tho
winter, should make timely prepara
tions for cutting up a goo'l supply of
corn. I'm up timely mid properly, there
is no more healthy food for most ani
mals, viood corn stocks with thu leaves
are much liked by cows, horses and
sheep. They keep the bowels open ami
ill a healthy condition; they help sltpplv
thut variety of food which all animals
like. Hut they should ,u )Ui up in
shocks that will stand upright and shed
The Custer Studio.
Some time after the killing of (ion.
Ciistur 11 subscription was started to
ruisi) 11 .statue to his memory. Miss
Clara orris, it will le remembered,
raised J.(XH) herself. Judge Hilton gsivo
AM.OOO, Mr. James (Sordini Henuelt,
SWO. and in sill 7.0(X) was contributed,
i'hurlow Weed, tho lute Mr. Hrvunt,
(Jeorgo Hancock, (leu Schoflchl, thus.
LeUlenr, thu artisi. unt) Algernon S.
Sullivan were appointed a committee
to procure the tutue, and the commit
tee selected Mr. IVlNon McDonald to
Yesterday Mr. McDonald gave a pri
vate exhibition of the statue (in clay)
ut his Studio iu Hootli's theater, (ion.
Custer is represented in the uniform of
a niloiiel, lu rank iu the regular nrmv,
mid his llgurc Is of heroic size just 8
feet high- '
Sitting Hull is reported to have said
thut (ien. Custer was. shut down, but
that when the Indians rushed upon him
he sprang to ills feet and fought them
back with his sword. It is in this Atti
tude that tlie artist has represented
liim. The body Is inclined forward, tho
left foot planted liriuly upon a slight
elevation, and tho right foot slightlv
raised at the heel, as in the act of step"
ping forward; tho right hand grasping
tlie sword, is not raised, but is repre
sented as in a position to either strike
or thrust; tho left hand is raised in
front of the chest, as If for defense; the
brows are knit and thu lips lirtnlv set.
As the statue stands the hair Is cut
short, but Mr. McDonald is vet undo
eided whether ho will mako it lom, as
Custer was fond of wearing it. Thil
drapery Is thrown back, us if blown bv
a strong wind. On the ground are the
fragments' of a sword ami an empty re
volver. The Maine will be cast In
brone, and is to Htnnd upon a graniUi
pedestal nine feet high, the face of
which will bu ornamented with hroniw
in buss relief. On tliu front, Custer is
repre.-entcd on hor-cback ascending a
hill, his sword is pointing forward and
he is looking buck as If to encourage
his men. Ou thu right and left fact's
are the heads of a bear ami a buffalo,
and surrounded by Indian weapons.
On tlie buck is a bronze tablet showing
the date of Custer's birth, and battles
ho was engaged in, and the date of his
The wholu work, placed on the spot
designated for it, ii to eosi .ftO.OOO. It
will stand at West Point, but the alto
has not yet been determined. Tho com
mittee is to view tho statue some tlmo
this week, and duvise means of raising
tliu addition! ?:f.000 required.
Mrs. A. T. Stewart, of New York, the
widow of tho lute millionaire merchant,
is small and slight, and very youthful
for her years, having tho bright com
plexion which belongs to light hair,
with a decided tinge of auburn; her
cheeks are as bright and soft as many
it voting girl's and she is ufljblo, un
tffected and bright; she docs not look
i bo ovt r forty-years.
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