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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 17, 1878)
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THE RED CLOUD CHIEF.
non t uprixoer, Ka.
!. Jg i
li fk or cock Boanc.
ALVA . XZWCOMB.
Cari'li-M Cock Kobln tip in m n ,
Merrily all the day wlilrtletb he;
- Uu--.M.nt twig,
filnpa it out blithely, boldly and itrv.
LovitCVicIc Robin. reklnjja mate,
"Wooing Jit earncatly. i-arly And lat.
Sweetly chantc melodlr oft and low.
That with tile pat-ilon t-hhand flow.
Happy Cock Kobln, building a nest,
..Wbiapcrt fate love UMm. KcdWe t; . .
uieriuiiy ninga at mc top or nit voice.
Till the Klad cchoca replying, rejoice.
:. Hland Cock Botitn uanllsfeU fpotjse.'
.'Tender he bnxxte fa her aaug little houae, , -Klve
little orgs, no fragile and blue.
Patient he watcher, loyal and true.
Father Cock BoWn. .feeding ! brood. -. ;
Five llttleinoutb wldr open for food;
Busy they keep him the livelong day,
No time for singing, uo time for play.
The summer In gone, with warmth and clow.
Coming I wlrifer, with Ice and idow.
Lcaflcoi the trees, and autumn wlnda moaa.
Cock Kobln and family Houthward have flown.
- i Frvm Youth Companion.
Venice is a city of enchantment, and
its spell was on me irora me nrst mo
me.nt I left the the railway station and
stepped into a gondola.
There is one only Venice in all the
J world. Think of a great, populous
city, where the rumble of wheels is
never heard, and not a single horse
4 m withjn;its limits. .
J JYoxvr sole carriage is a gondola.
These gondolas are all painted black.
This is in accordance with a law pass
ed by the Venetian Republic, when,
long ago, the rich merchant princes of
Venice were beginning to adorn their
gggv: gondolas with. uchr lavish licaase
g& ggT luxury as offendedlbe Republican safe
t.-msk - plicity of their rujersi .J -"
Since thattime only black gondolas
aw to be seen; bat some of tnese are
very luxurious. ' They are long and
slender, with high steel beaks, and very
j " . many of them are exquisitely carved.
In the center is a little covered house of
one tiny room, with glass windows aad
door, cushioned inside, often most lux
uriously. It is something like a carri-
age-top set upon a boat.
The gondoliers are not the captivat
ing, brigand-looking fellows you see in
pictures. Those who are in the service
of the rich wear elegant boating cos
tumes; those of the large hotels, too,
wear handsome sailor-suits of blue and
white; but the ordinary gondolier, who
hangs about the quays, is a very shabby
Of anything so utterly restful and so
delightful as this water conveyance of
Venice, 1 had never dreamed. And it
' is, .moreover, the cheapest luxury in the
worm. iuu get, a gonuoia wun one
rower for twenty cents the first hour,
and ten cents for every subsequent hour
or you can have him all day, from
morning until midnight, for ohe dol
lar. In addition tethis low tariff, he ex
pects of you a small trifle for a pour
boire, or drink money Sometimes he
asks you for this boldly, sometimes he
points with a pathetic finger to his open
A lounger or two standing on the pier
have helped to draw in your boat, and
they also appeal to you. If you give to
tnem one cent apiece iliey say "grazzla
(thank you, with an air of sad resig
nation, and a look of sweetjpattence set
tles on thembronze faces as they turn
away, but if coppers are plenty, and
you endow each one to the extent of two
cents, then, indeed, do they smile on
you, and dolt their shabby hats, and
beam and glow with pleasure.
In no place have I ever s'een such a
charming variety of color as in Venice.
The waves that lap your gondola are
; green, except' when the sunset crimsons
or the moonlight silvers them. Some
of the houses are white, with the pure
whiteness of unstained marble; some
vivid yellow, and some pink, and some
which were white once have turned
absolutely black with time and tide,
grand oltl palaces, these last, dreaming
there, above the waters at their base, of
a pat which all the arts have combined
to make immortal.
Browning spoke "of Venice as a" city
" where the sea the street is;" and it is
the best description Lknow. Imagine,
$? instead of Wasliingtotf streeQrTre
niont, or Broadway, or Fifth Avenue, a
deep canal. Imagine houses, in front of
which is notfen a sidewalk;-but to the
doorsteps of which' Ton iter? from your
gondola, the first floors being often too
damp for occupancy.
It was a Yankee pilcrrim who said he
should notniketo live inVeniceVibe
cause it was too wet there; but to"me
these highways and byways have an in
expressible charm. 1 should never' tire
of drifting down the grand canal, with
its stately palaces on either side, or of
winding around among the quaint old
houses by way of the smaller canals,
catching sight, at. every corner of some
Why there are no accidents, I cannot
imagine, for at every turn some gondo
la shoots out, unexpectedly, and they
are so long that it requires the utmost
dexterity to handle them.
Don't think you can never walk in
Venice. You can row up the grand
piazza of St. Mark, and find entertain
ment there for hours. Shops are there,
full of wonders, of the superb Veni
tian class, the art of which waalonir
Ton can also walk on the little narrow
back streets, if you wish, but usually
you don't wish. They will take jou up
to the back doors of the houses, and it
is auch pleaannter rowing up to their
stately front entrances in your light
These black gondolas are the boats of
romance and mystery. You think that
Ujct onght to convey no freight but the
dark-eyed Venetian girls, or the stately
cavalier on his way to some deed of
dariag. It impresses you curiously to
see them loaded with potato and caul
iftower. But your butcher employs a
gondola, and your baker employs one
to carry around his loaves. You g? to
the postoffice for your letters, by water,
and you goto church in the same man
ner. But, indeed, yo peas mnch of your
time is the churches in Venice. Nearly
every church is a superb art gallery. In
one you see the best pictures of Paul
Veronese. In another, are the master
pieces of Tintoretto. Some priceless Ti
tians adorn a third.
la ona church, Titian himself is bu
ried. He was past ninety years old when
he died, and no one can say that he
might not hare lived to be a hundred
had not the plague carried him off. He
was the pride and g lory of the
tians, and in the midst of the reign of
terror, when the other victims of the
plague were hurried to their nameless
graves like dogs, they stopped to give
their painter a funeral.
But from church or gallery, or
wherever you have been, you drift at
last, into the grand piazza again.
There is the column with the winged
lion upon it; winged because he repre
sents commerce, and must fly to the
farthest corners of the world. There,
over the entrance to St. Mark's are the
four great bronze hones which the great
Napoleon stole, once upon a time, and
carried off to Paris, but which were
brought back again after his fall. There
is the high campanile, or bell tower,
fromjUaajtop of which you have a view
of near city and far-off Adriatic, such
s the) world can hardly match for
beauty. Here congregate, not alone
the people, but the doves, the dear
doves of Venice which the Republic held
in such honor that she decreed they
should be fed forever, at two o'clock
each day, at the expense of the city.
How do the doves know when it is
two o'clock, I wonder? It is the very
strangest thing, but the instant the
clock strikes two, you hear a wonder
ful whirr of wings, and as if from the
four quarters of heaven, the birds gath
er together. They come in clouds, they
cover the head, shoulders and arms of
the beautiful child, dressed all in white
and blue, who feeds them. They eat
their fill, and fly away, and all the
hours of day or night may strike, but
no sound summons them till two of the
clock on the next afternoon.
I almost wished! were a.dove myself
to dwell forever in the shadow of beau
tiful St. Mark's. No city in all the
world can have the same charm, made
up of art, and romance, and mystery,
which belonged to this one only Venice,
unique in the world.
Louise Chakdlkb Moultox.
directions the final result is a loss of lice to compraiaV' us entirely for the
arts themselves in which formerly men lost arts whichpare gradually fallen
have won some of their most signal away from us in the coarse of our pro
triumphs. Take, for instance, the sew- gress from savagery. In another shape
ing machine, undoubtedly a great ben- the question is riftnaps already preseat
efactor of the hardest worked part of - to us: What shall it profit a man to
the race. It has been in use scarcely gain the whole world and lose his own
half a feneration, and yet it has already . soul? Is not his own individuality the-
. . r .. .- .?! i .
destroyed one of the moat beautiful.
one of the most humanizing of arts
the art of needle work, in which our
mothers and grand-mothers excelled,
and from which they bad comforts as
well as occupation. To oar children
this urbane art will be entirely lost ; to
the present generation it is alread a
puzzle and a mystery. The "band and
russet and seam1' of poor Hood were
indeed evils and tortures of prof
al workwomen ; but many a little hand.
The Clack af Clacks.
lte-Vehetiarigom worksf of "mosaics;
of wonderful old lace; of fascinating
photographs; of all manner of antiq
uities. , .
. TBt - r ' - W. 1 - J. -r Jm
In Mengle's building is now on exhi
bition in all probability the most won
derful clock in the world. It was built
by Stephen D. Engle, a watchmaker, at
Hasleton. He is about forty-five years
of age and was about twenty years in
nrtrrting th clonk. Mr. Reid paid
Engle $5,000 for it. Engle never saw
the Strasburg clock. In fact, he has
not traveled more than 200 miles from
home at any time. This clock stands
11 feet high. At its base it is about 4
feet wide and at the top about 2. It is
about S feet deep at the base rraduallv
less toward the top. Its colors are
dark brown and gold. The Strasburg
wwm ,a v ice. ugu, jCb Ilo iuecuHn.sm
is not so intricate nor has it as many
fgures as the Hasleton clock. The
Strasburg clock's figures are about 3
feet high and the American clock about
9' inches. Three minutes before. the
hour a pipe organ inside the clock plays
an anthem. It has five tunes. Bells
are then rung and when the hour is
struck double doors in an alcove open
and a figure of Jesus aoDeara. Double
doors to the left then, open, and the
bows, the apostle turns again and pro-
cccw itmro me aouDie aoors in an
alcoye onthe right. As Peter ap
proaches Satan looks out of a window
above and tempts him. Five times the
devil appears, and whan Peter passes,
denying Christ, the cock flaps its wings
and crows. When Judas annearn Sa
tan comes down from his window and
follows Judas out in the procession,
and then goes back np to his place to
watch Judas, appearing on both sides.,
As the procession has, passed, Judas,
and the three Marys disappear and the
doors are closed.. The scene can be re
peated seven times in an hour if nec
essary, and the natural motion of v the
clock produces it fur times per hour,
whereas thaiStoasn'proceatioii is-
msue out onca -a' av. at 12 o'clock
Below the piaza is the main dial, about
thirteen inches in diameter. To its'
right is a figure of Time, with an hour,
glass. Above this is a window, at
which appear figures representing
Youth, Manhood and Old Age. To the
left of the dial is skeleton- represeMt
ing Death. When the hour hand ap-
piuacucs me arse quarter lime revers-
co uio mmr-atus ana sxriKes one on a
aposues appear slowly, one by
5 recession. As they appear
esus they turn towards' hi
iiiojj, ihc ait ui vjuiv;u t irrnr &., ..-. - .. : r
lostSbut wmSnlviaAiml mamtM t; w?nJ"s ytte, when another bell
dwfcue rs-a.i. ar f ,-i-.:- ?iaej
: Twj'jr, vsB - ? T - rw -"T"s 'nM
o;it.tn.:..-i. 13 ..: s -i -r i
Then vou Lcan5 w
Sl 1 . -- V - - . - r j-r. T3
aii me entireties I hare ever seen; and
the one dearest to noeta and'nainaan.
gOr, still7ontheaapa, ofcsSt. MarkV
and feast your eyes on marvels of art,
and adornments of the most superb
The great Piazza of St Mark is the
he?rt,pf thecitv. the.centre oL all.iU.
band plays for half the summer nights,
..and hundreds nf amnrln1aa.anot.Jran
upnear at hand," that their occupants
"v usien to ine music.
There are the best cafes in the city;
and in front of them, of an evening,
fe set out scores of taoles, for no one
ttunk8 of eating ices under a roof.
All Venice is out of doors as soon as
tfte sun has set. Can you fancy how
the graceful gondoFas rakiwfin T the
S- ynach of gaslights iUu-,
USS'y tempting squares of
SlSr?1 cheerful saluuti?ns from
gondola to irondnl- 9nj,..nn.j -n t
mirth and music, the soft mystery of
?255KSS2th to air of Sdm
then Childhood ap
pears iMtantly. When the honr Tiand.
approaches the second (quarter or half
nour mere are neam Ue strokes of two
Delis. Then Tonth appears, and the'
organ plays a.nymn. After this Time
strikes two and reverses his hour-glass,
when two bells respond inside. -One
minute after this a chime of bells is
heard, when a folding door onm in
the upper porch, and one at the right
of the court, when the Saviour eonies"
waiamgout. meat as apostles appear
m procession. The clock also tefis of
the moon's changes, the tides, the sea
sons, days, aad day of the month and
sWRflpw tignsof the zodiac; and
oti torarsoldier in armor is constantly
on guard, walkaback.ahd fbrward.
As the hours aarance, ManhoodT Old
Age and Death take part in the pano
- - v
The Last Af atCMMsallaa, vv
Man, the individual, has topasome
thinr for whatcolleciiva manKkui
gains by tMjsTeBs4t of the arts
amsjartae inanencc of qvilixatkm. As
was .at one timelJl tha saaahiM-iii as
become only a part a band 'a cog-
wheel, a motjrs power, a joint in many;
machines. Somaiaf hss awn machin
ery ha cog-wheel, a metrre pawar,
joint in may aaeoma oasoieta ana, is
laid aside in favor of
that now lies idle in the lap or.
to less fruitful emplojTBsealonJd "he
glad to have occasion "for exercising
'back-stitch." What will women find
to supply the essential- void camsad by
the lost art, needle work?.
The planing, turning' and .morticing
machines, again; with their various ap
plications, have converted the skillful
carpenter ;of forty years back into a
commonplace joiner and framer. There
are no carpenters any more monopo
lized machinery; the long apprentice
ships are of no. use, and the journey
man's chest of tools is confined now to
his hatchet and nail pocket, his glue
pot and saws. All that delicate work
which so exercised his eye and hand,
which created grades in his metier, and
made the skilful carpenter really a
man of accomplishment all this is
now transferred from his hand to the
jaws of the unreasoning inexorable
brute machine, which needs little edu
cation to serve and tend it, and which
no human arms' can-contend against
and must therefore submit to. This is
not merely a sentimental matter.
Wherever machinery plays' a large part
in any trade there is necessarily a dimi
nution of skill in the human element
connected with it, so far forth, a trans
ference of intelligence from that trade
to some other walk where intelligence
is in better demand and in higher ap
preciation. Unskilled labor suits with
machinery, and unskilled labor works
for less wages; hence machinery will
always prefer it, and will consequently
always discriminate against intelli
gence. The mowing and reaping machines
have made those beautiful arts, of form
er times, mowing with the scythe and
reaping with the grain cradle, tot be
almost absolutely lost arts. The farm
work which as yet cannot be vicarious
ly performed and still demands skill of
a higher order, is that of ploughing.
The plough, too, is beginning to make
way for the steam engine, the flail long
ago yielded to the horse-power thresher,
and that to the steam thresher. Here
are moredost arts, and intelligence and
skill are being gradually pushed out of
the most necessary and universal of all
occupations, thrust forward to seek
work on a higher plane, by the compe
tition of the priced labor with which
machinery is content to operate.
Return again to society, and the arts
which have contributed to cement to
gether and harmoeize its elements.
The penny post, the daily newspaper,
the postal card and the telegraph have
signally combined to dismiss forever
that cheering art of letterhvriting, which
has dropped out of existence as com
pletely as if De Levigne, and Cowper,
and Bussey, and Southey never had
been. Who gets a letter nowadays?
If a man has anything pleasant to say,
he "shapes it up" (Anglioo butters it
over with affections) for publication.
Is the chuff card, the instantaneous tel
egram, the scrap enveloped "if not
called for in ten days return to John
Smith" is this scrawny chip-work a
substitute for those delightful amenites
of graceful correspondence which our
fathers enjoyed? De Quincey used to
say that the well of idomatic English
pure and undefiled was to be sought
and would be preserved in the every-
aay aomestic correspondence 01 .Eng
lish women. The girl of the period
scratches you twenty words on the
back of a card, and ten of them are
slang caught from the last play or the
"newest agony" of the race course!
With photography and its develop
ments must come the destruction of
painting. Portraiture is alread almost
a lost art, landscape will follow, and
the higher forms of historical composi
tion must soon die, because it will be
impossible for them to stand alone, and
in the presence of a taste which is grad
ually becoming educated to be satisfied
wiui sun pictures, wnentne artist is
expelled from art, he will: not-.be.oen
tent to seek his subsistence by photogra
phy his is a higher, more cinielligent
skill which machinerjjenhbtwtneieaser
intelligence" to compete with anddrrre?
out The plastic arts azHicarohkectartf
must in the same war wield to maHriw
ery, just, si inevitablr-'asr the "Geneva
watohmaker most te way Defore'morB
improved ' works. When an artist'cm
cast yon a thousand copies of a moaldi
ing, cornice or frieze at once and of the
same pattern; "the chisel will not dare
attempt to compete. x r:-f
Surveying all t the' art in this light
and we s that a-revolution k going
on, how, betore:oar eves. This, evo
lution is favorable, to human progress,
it is itself pi-oe lees, aince the afcrr U a:
divert the most intenigant persons con
nected with any art from employment
in it, and to drive thenrio seek employ
ment in connections with.aomeJughar
art. It is progress too in that it con
tinually free a larrer number of ner-
sons from ryhsastinr tofcJanLvaa
them increasing time to .seek culture.
But neverthele,thwi5oividaal snfiers
while the class improves. "Thought
ipj;butlame,".in this regard as
in so many others. Self-reliance is di
minished; the jacks-at-all-trades disap
pear, jso Hoxer aoeeramoaeri
island would have anv chance to
opintoVRobinson Crusoe." No silver-'
smithof to-day would rentnre to try
nm aana mwu, m Sfeetf in nronm, in
wood, in marble, as BnvtnatojCellini
did in all. - Thn Rnstisn sssssaf whii
w -. rcigius, ok saKwmm aamrjoa.
Waldimir, can vet take youf his1 sthgle
hatchet and build yon n honse out of
standing timber that will tarn the wet
and keep out the cold: with the same
rude toula axe he can do no end of feats
in joinery, oarvinev
and the fike. Our own
who go West can spell
in five syllables, read. writ.mher?aad
want hoases.;can ge to the agant at ih-'
laiuvwi ucpv mhout BKWCMB imnrjr
made: Bus, turn Jhem infto the wilder
ness. awav from deaots 'miin
lyasjsX Wit will; aeon he ioW
tney nave ieet an art nay; a
which their father had in 1
ami by means of which they ccawneresl
the wilderness upon which ear cities of
to-day have been built. The emestion
still remains to be settled whether we
may not yet come to a point when the
village improvising hi .ong. Aftrr
dinner the son of the Hodtcba bowed
us the house and iu treasure.i. consist
ing chiefly of costly carpels and oma
mente of Caucasian mlvcr filagrre work,
scarcrlv.to be excelled br thf tno-.c:
The art of the once so famous Circa.-
J oaght U be kpl M an hfirlonm In tho nral grwth rora bmg ifcw V b
faraiW. for it bring good luck. A bp- " Unkrd upvn i her reprm v
henl In th Suabian AIp one fonnd f-ntUsi, aad thum k.v etcijniti
uch a dih. and he nr.Tr alVrwarda but lit:l' urpn mimfw! waw -lot
a ahrp. An unfortunatlvn of Iltu-J x known tktt tbtrx h hm form
bach, who sold the treurr at a hlh lv ncal lat wtairr TV W n
ncr. w axrucK uuiaa on io p mt i mni iir ii- ,Hti!vi,w(H; ui jr.
JDmil Advertusr.. 'c ' -
A pleasant remneseence of the gal
lant officer was recalled by an article
m-tae llluMrmUd Christian Weekly on
vHewaeatCaite. bnstty engaged in
getting ready fbtftint fenice the feet
.of feaboats withwhfch he afterward
cancorea rort rjenry, ana m4 fjen.'t
Grant in capturing Fort Donelsoe,
1 Spending a few -days there, including
rmosHwaia. x najaan opponunuy or con-
yersing with URrCsmuiiodore,. He. told
me that when JsV was converted to
Christ, while a.youth in the naval ser
vice, he at first thought that he must
abandon that profession. So unusual
was it then for j, naval officer to be a
Christian that itseemed scarcely prac
ticable. A more experieaced friend
whom he consulted said to him: "If
yon consider the naval service wrong,
something which ought not to be kept
np, then certainly you must leave it, if
yon wish to follow Christ, But if you
consider a naval force a proper and
necessary instrument of the Govern
menta police ef the seas then your
purpose to be a Christian is not a good
reason for leavBar it." He soon saw
the consistency of this with the scrip
tural general rifle, "Let every man con
tinue in the same calling wherein he
was called;?1 and on prayerful consid
eration he did not find any sufficient
reason for regarding his own situation
as an exception to the general rule. "I
did, however, suppose' said he," that
in determining to be ah avowed and
faithful follower of Christ, I gave up
my prospects of promotion in the ser
vice. I expected the prejudice to which
my leadinsr a. life of Dietv'would sub
ject me to be decidedly in the way of
aavancement. uut, on the contrary,
all my life I have been, receiving pro
motions more rapidly than on ordinary
qrinciplas Ij fcld exqect them, and I
have been yf TISuccessfull." He said
this in nx- jLane, but very rev
erehtiy,jaEt&Wf7eshed to honor
Christ by testifying that He' had found
godliness profitable for this' life. In
the same conversationi when reference
was madet to;the aad prevalence of pro
fanity in the army, J found that he had
no more idea of tolerating profanity on
board a vessel on which he was in com
mand than in his parlor, in the presence
of bis family. He of course.knew that
the "articles of war" forbid profane
swearing as positively as does the third
commandment, and he saw no reason
why a faithful officer should not enforce
that prohibition as vigorously as any
other emanating from the sjwne au
thority. He was a man of small stature, and of
exceedingly gentle mnners and speech,
reminding me of the late James S. Sey
mour of Auburn. Yet there was in his
quiet presence a most impressive air of
authority, I could never think of diso
beying him. I used to have the same
impression of Mr. Seymour, and I ven
ture to guess'that every man who has
been accustomed to do "business in the
old Bank of Auburn, understands what
Admiral Foote's religion was mani
festly "an inward principle"- and that
principle was, indeed, "the very main
spring of his activity, affecting his
whole life." This is not too strongly
stated in the notice of him in Johnson's
New Illustrated Cyclopedia." That
notice ends thus: "The loss sustained
by the navy in the death of that gallant
Admiral was almost irreparable, for he
had long been looked up to as the best
type of a naval officer. An humble and
devout Christian, endowed with the no
blest attributes of humanity, and dos-
sessed of unflinching moral "and physi
cal courage, he taught those who served
under him, by both precept and exam
ple, not only to fight but to pray, turn
ed many a profligate from the error of
his ways, smoothed many a dying sea
man's pillow, and finally laid down his
life with calmness, and resignation in
the full faith of a blessed immortality."
It is possible for the religion of Christ
to be lived, in a bank and on a 'man-of-war.
I doubt if there has been, in the last
half t entuiya" better school; in which
to 'be educated unto Christian manli
ness than that samcoM, Beai-of-.Au-bunCandkhy
war vesseF unr?ceit
mana t Anarew Mull f oote. Auburn
staasToId and silversmiths ha not quite Mnall maad rold coin, marked with , uarr. and ihr ll h- iTtfW
perianed during the warn. In one room ' oro or tar, are t rriat!v foand la : ih" And dUplar nittIfey;
tne youag man opened a doitiab. one of
thoe large closet such a are to be
found in almost all Ori ratal hoiiM-.
What a sight presented itself! A pale
girl, with red eyes and light hair.dre
ed in European fashion, wai crouchtrd
inJt. At first she took no notice of our
presence, but suddenly some thought
Suable, aad the peasant declare that
thi-x: wrrc manufactured from rainlw
dihr by the Korean when thy Invad
rd lrniany. In the HlacK Korrt the
rainbow ued a golden goblrt. which it
afterward dropped. A h( thrown in
to a rainbow comw back filled with
irold. The Servian have s theory that
may have passed throagh her brain that pavin beneath a rainbow change tho ! alone can tell.
ihJ4eja:eretEuropeaaa. In a huskv I sex Tlie vHin-t ehtld I Mi Asmt
voice she said a few unintelligible wonCi I When a double rainbow ft en. Sua- renowned alreadr fr riuart abJ
f-rperhaps Russian and thea called out bian peaanu ay the devil would like ', of the keenest. bnht.t vat N --rench,"Sr
moiT' Immediate- t to imitate the rainbow, but he cannot of the children bar trrB mnkn
monv .Mi r. Iitft tat" 1 vr pr.
tteal, nletrn on tH- mvikimi K
tnarrt.'ixr ?he will a'ti hr UxVprtJ
ence f all ihni tiihu dWbtwi ht -t
rrctin hern wU in t)t matter -f
lfL-d Tb-re nT t 1 w IhthK-
maiU. for otc thiay waai H-
innovation he nnT imtubr m. tun-
ly tne younar
She was silent, and
drew his handjar.
the aovlab was
The Hodjcha's son told us that about
a fortnight before a troop of Lazes at
tacked a Russian village, murdered the
old; men, women and children, and car
ried off theyonng girls and boys into
slavery. The yowng Lazian had re
ceived the Rnssasn maiden as his share
of the booty. During the first three
days of her imprisonment she had done
nothing but weep, then a knife was held
to her throat and she was threatened
with death if she made a sound. Siuce
then she had been1 quiet until our ar
rival. She had been sold the day pre
vious for 2007 an enormous price now
to go to Diarbekir. On the journey
they are all dressed as Turkish women,
and put on board the boat at Batoum.
It would be unjust to make the Turkish
government answerable for the contin
uance of the robbery of human beings.
The real guilt lies with the St. Peters
burg cabinet, which pursues the same
perfidious policy toward the 'Lazes a-
toward the Kurds.
Hew te Lean to Swinu
Every boy and girl should learn to
swim. A writer in the American Agri
culturist offers the following suggestion x
by obedience to which the art of swim
ming may be readily acquired:
When I was a boy, I learned to swim
by means of a swimming-board. ThL
is the safest, method possible. If corks
are used, they may slip from around
tne breast down beneath the body,
throwing the head below the surface.
and putting the wearer in danger of
Some country boys get two bladders
and tie them together with a short cord
and use these as supports. They are
the most dangerous things possible for
a boy to have.
The board is perfectly safe, and one
may learn to swim in a very short time
by using one. It should be over four
feet long, over a foot wide, and two
inches thick, made of soft, white pine
To use it,, a boy wades into the water
up to his shoulders, then taking hold
of the end of the board, he pushes it be
fore him, towards the bank, and not
into deeper water, springs forward
with his feet, and throws himself flat
upon the water.
This movement carries him along a
few feet. He then draws up born" his
legs at the same time, keeping his knees
as far apart as possible, and then strikes
out with both, not straight backward,
but sideways, as a frog does.
The stroke is made slowly, and is re
peated again, drawing up the legs slow
ly and steadily. The board keeps the
head above water. When the leg-stroke
has been learned, one hand is taken
from the board and the stroke learned,
or the chin may be rested on the board,
while the stroke is taken with both
This is a very good plan, as it com
pels the swimmer to keep his hands
underwater, which he should always
do. By-and-by, the board may be
pushed ahead, and the young swimmer
may swim after it, always keeping it
within reach. When a number of boys
go to swim, they should always have
two or three of these boards with them
for use in case of any accident.
succeed. The Hithonian called the
rainbow "the Thunder (7od ieV;le '
A theory existed in the Middle Age
that the rainbow would eeae to apjMar
a certain number of years befonj the
Last judgment, and Augo von SrlmWr.
in an old German poem, mentions forty
years aa the prescribed time,
Tarklsh Oflsrial Title.
The following explanation of the
official titles used in Turkev mav be
useful to those interested in the war Its- 1
tween that nation and lluia.
Sultan The sovereign of the Turk
ish Empire, the recognized organ of all
executive power in the Stat. ON head
quarters are at Constantinople
Porte The Government of the Turk
Sublime Porte The official name of
the Government, so-called from the
gate of the Sultan's palace.
Grand Vizier The Chief Minister of
the Turkish Empire.
Divan The lurkisb Council of State
Grand Mufti Chief Interpreter of
the Mohammedan law and head of the
"Wise Men" jurist, theologians ami
literati who assemble for consulta
tion on his order. He is mostly styled
the Chief of the faithful. A writer a.)s
Aj'ctwa or decree from him, would sum
mon around thentandardof the Prophet
all the fanatical hordes of Islam to tight
to the death against the "infidels, in
the firm belief that death 011 the battle
field is a sure pas.sport to Paradise."
Panha Governor, viceroys, com
manders, civil and military 'niters of
Deys About the same as Pasha.
Sheik The name given the heads of
Arabian tribe.s or clans. It means
elder, or cldcxt in dignity and author
O.smaudi- Turkish official.
Islam -The religiou of Mohammed.
Islams Mohammedaus themselves.
Mussulman- A follower of Maham
med. Ottoman Empire Another name for
the Turkish Empire, and derives it
name, from Osman. its founder.
Unmaiili The Turks proper.
having tnhoriitnl their fsthr-' p,.
talent, at let not lo ikr- w.rM ?ui
tua be that the nle? -... nt J a- .
ihum" is lo ;n the wnfM -nto w. ,
of the jre. Certain It U tkai ,L
Alice, the eldest f Qw gtrb. b i r.'.
of no mean pmer. and Mts An
ought to be able u hmr .t umh
ErnusU the cond n. shmna
". Worlds lUxtivn ,4iUr of lv Hf.
A Haunted JaM.
rj s j?The Slave Girls ef Armenia.'
' A Correspondent of the London Stan
dard writing from JSaoum,tells some
strange stories about slave girls in Ar
nienieJ Hehad fermerly visited the
Adshara VaUe.-.mtd6m 'curies ia.
fotkm reoeiitiy led him to report his i
. - ovule ouiGcn, in nuanots mo-i
meat; forgetting that he was a Europe-,
an, spoke in his presence of some pret
ty Christian girls being, for sale, at the
low price ox i,uw to 3,000 piasters, in
the neighborhood of the- camp. -He
conkl learn. nothing more, except that a
few day before eleven Greek girk had
seen earned off by the Adshans, as
ejr 'were at work Jn their gardens.
Tbe correspondent determined to make
an mviathMaadrhe wnt;m foot
w:th valley of the'Aasharis si far as
Ghitta, wheUvMTsmailBey; the chief
01 lae mne, wnicJr can put 9,000 to 8,
OMmeninthefiehL He and his escort
were received at the house of the Bey
and entertained with true oriental hos
pitality. - The remainder of she'story
the correspohdeat must tell in hie own
words:"' - .' ij
. Iasnafl Brr. at tk mr I'mmmI
the meet iwwerfulbber .chief in the
worlds ie jme of the most reinarkahes
looking men I Jmre met in the East
Hkfaee is afaaoat white, aad it in
profile is not spoilt by any whiskers or
heard: The effee hooked ness ir
anaawnannnaasBi 1 ansa r 'faaaaaiaai mmj
5rs?r?w . " --.,
.t " l
A Qaarrymaag Remance.
Not long ago a man, whose Angliciz
ed name wasreter Saylor, fell from a
derrick at the Allandafe quarries, at Ca
naan, Conn., and was killed. He was
merely a laborer in a stone quarry, and
received no more than usual mention
incident to such accidents in the local
papers. But for all that a romance be
longed to his life, more sad, perhaps,
than'unusnal, yet still not without in
terest. Many remember how a quarter
ofv a century or more ago the dashing
and' magnetic Hungarian rebel, Louis
Kossuth, came to this country, and how
tees .of thousands of Americans, sym
pathizing' with the spirit of freedom
and ristanee. to tyranny which he pre
sented not only gave him welcome, but
inveta,usAvusuin oonas ana scorned
ito ask security. Many others, also
sought these hospitable shore about
Jhe same, time, having Jed from the
wrath, of Can. angry government. Thev
wore the'black bat and feathers which
became the grand rage, and sported
the splendid military mustaches that
were the envy of the young Americans.
Among these exiled fellows of the un
fortunate chief , "was" Peter Taylor, who
The three heroes of the Bulgarian
campaign who are enshrined in the
hearts of the Russians are Todleben.
Gourko. and Skobeloff. Todleben is
now in hi 60th year, having entered
the engineer nchool in St. Petersburg
in l&'l). During the Crimean war he
conducted the siege operations against
Sitistria, and the heroic defense of Se
hastopol. At the outbreak of the pre
;nt war he was considered an only fo-
Sjy, and was shelved in the Engineer
department os the Minister of War.
When the staff" found out that Plevna
could not be captured by hurling solid
reguuenuf against me inirencnmeuts,
the veteran was called to the front to
conduct the investment. Gourko is in
his AOth year, and had see service
in the Crimea and in Poland be
fore he made his dashing raid across the
Balkans. He commands the Imperial
Guard, the flower of the Russian army,
and has borne a conspicuous part in the
siege of Plevna. Skobeloff is thevounir-
est Major General in the service, his
age being 32. He won the name, of
dare-devil during the campaign in Kho
kand, and has exposed himself reckless
ly during the present war. On the
evening before the passage of the Dan
ube at Simnitza, having been requested
by the Grand Duke to call for volun
teers from the division of Cossacks un
der his command to swim the river and
rebonnoiter tbe opposite bank, he plung
ed into the water at the head of ten men.
ami succcssiumv accompiisnea tne re
qaired work, fits always leads his men
against tbe enemy. He saved what was
left of the armv that attacked Osman
late in July, anl the desperate assaults
upon the enemy's works, early in Sep
tember, fought like a second Suwarrow.
Sew' York Tribune.
Was yootr'and handsome, but reserved
and sensitive. The adverse result of
this fight for liberty Tied crushed his
jrupu.M luiwiti.o saw sbdiuod am
not thrive in a-straage land. There
cainea tMaewhenhe mbrht have re-
tvjned to Hungary; hut it was worse to
go than to stay: Hie-nearest friends
were dead. The lady whem he would
have married had b-rtoraed to hie
with a conquerinr army was ei-
Tle uttxtr niht an -trnt neiurml
thejiid at ltoitia that HtU lr rrm-n.
txsrrtl h the prisoner U lbs full Irtv
of their eit,-n-H. and vhivk wtn
have appalled tho sUmiU-M hn. twin
in Its nature s:)ctlicnMc and fvasf.
At alKMit i o'lltht T-lev MeK. hI
is contineil in jnd for hinj MnNr i
violation of the )u dttil Uiw 1
of his elothlug nud ot lnu UhL ih.i -ly
afterward utuarthl velU rrt h
to emanate fnuu hi oil. and .sUt n
he brought up whii n rrah again U
tliHir, while, still more frlgbttmr! .
tlrew a U'd qudt ver hU hea.J. r U.;.
ing in pitiful in "Mv UhU I
MualV He hal hnrdh gtMti uttr-sr.
to the ejaculation rre i ehn1r ihK
mysteriou'd) agtttt the twxrrW h
and fell in broken fragnteiit. a Uuet.
htaped forward from th orufr 0 t:
cell, and the foul ti'Mtmi, fuM upt 1
Iierson. the shttekles hnnrus; ' -mil
commenced to lank with t.-rt.
violence, and the mm t-l w itrti.
front itt fastenings mid tb IhJ!.; .
tlcw in the utmott li.t.ti r uhoiu '
cell. As tf to aild to tbodirieottfiki '
the prisoners in the other jmrt f t'
building added deiuomur elUiif alaf
TiKilev, his hair standing on t-aU
hi eye-balls starting fnnn lUvtf ye .
et. leaped about Ins eell bko n tup' f
hyena, and with ivcr leap a rellof a.
tuiy, while upon th walls urHtti K
there ..honi out a rlefily djjHir
light, dancing ii i in hum k.r ( f
terror. Hiimaii fortitude e.nikl kI
this uo longer, ami with n ert lo Pe
tv Galley hr help, he sjinJ. (nuntini
tin tloir. As in broken HM.eitt. 'l
retat4s the terrors of the night, is
enough to maku the hair of it Utla
nist's Indian stand ;mmid oh hi" l .
like a brush fence atllii ted with t It' j
jams. The uri.toiutnt me all llrm, hi '
belief that Mc-td has nturned ''
to haunt the jail -,un .imi (.
A Fortunate Presentiment.
In March lat. white the ill-faied I ..
ted States .steamer Huron wiw yitjz .
the hartMir at Port Koal. h. l' U
Arthur II. Heteher, her x,eiti' ..'
cer, left tl vessel u a twenty-?--,
hours' leave of absence, and. fulling
return at the expiration of hl line
the shij salted for another ort wltl""
him. A few daya aftr Mr Uriel,,
returneil to Port ICoal, r'p.rt.t.
(.'onniHxInnj.I. II. II. Clit. -iiior n i
vat ollirer present,' ' and hiatal t l..m
that for some time pal h had a j:.
sentiment, that, if he went toseafn n..
Huron for the pnrj .! nf tim.sliitip; H -cruise
(two eaptj, he would Im w're. k
ed. This frelin tntk ColupJ.-tr i.
sion of his mind, anil he n -..-.( .. ;
means to el dctai'lunl, but thn N
Department refused to onbr it with"--'
alM-tter reason. When h f.ind .
all his efforts had failed, he left tUMl 1
ron In the mnnner stntd. with thn f.
tention not to return. For thi h h
placed under arrest and tri-l hveonr
martial at Washington Navv Vnrd 1
August last. In ilufme he nuulr
statement, in substance a aiw.v-. aii!
called Commodore flit. ( 'oittmatwi
George P. Ryan, of the Huron, we!
other ofliccrH to prove that. l-f.ir' !.
ing the ship, he told them th d-.-ad
in fact horror he hail of finhij t).
cniise in the vessel. This iiwa!-:
of record. on ItJu iu the Narr Popart
uient. and. though such a lui of d
fense w:ts laughed at when uvul. t
fate of the Huron will cause mnnr
p4?mtitious fM-ople to think Mr. Ytru
er s premonition was fulh irovn U !-
a true one by the wreck of KiUy Hawk.
. apruigficid jicjjubif'in.
'm -w- m m k Ui.
mmtnnr nsinfar 1
a -jy ri2L-iLr"I
. . t
jr i.- nr i-v-j
tamatt llaf tttfiffLk
hmrmere tlntf recerre tf coneW:
no he remained where he had first fouad
hinmalf aftr'sccmria an sivloai ia this
cmtntryJiWbh fewfriends, and per
haps fewer enemies, he had lived a pa
tient Hie, aad in his death was hardly
to be pittied. for fortune had been hi
at least site can no
, itrva tr
ef the Kslnhew.
Accormng to the popular belief ia
w&mmmmnr tka ! ilim nt m v!kKa.
aaFalways touch stieamavwhence it draws
'jrprrter by means of two lorge golden
wane. xmutia wny n jaina ior ..inree
days after tbe appearance of arainhew,
beeaase the water must fall araia to
mmeiiL .bmaayfairn l the earth. Whoercr anives at thsrurht
iarge renmito tssaraiige:ysaal etflhe I moent on the spot where the rainbow
peace from the Lazian Beys
sy. ' we weie iTiuseo from owr
sinmbers to go tdthe howe of the Hode
ch (eceJesfaetic). who demanded sur
gical aid from,ue My daomen be-
svecessru in a sngnt operation ne
MmeuV there" were great remicimrs.
dinner, hastily prepared, and one of
liW anA tima
(3Po.1 J , . I I I I'M A. -' J il . . . I - . .. . " IV
v icuuur u? mi ite 1 ?-" ?,.MMIIC "f11 roiwiis in a co-operaMve iorces wnjcn we nayf ac-1 the jgaests turned out to be a sort of
wWuW4WIInyairfcHoai,ftce.qr UwbtAmr, WWHlffinif froffi iUage to
is cnnsnng, can take possession of the
golden dish, which refieeteaU ahe eokm
of the rainbow; but if nobody is there,
the dishes are again drawn .upv into the
cloud. Someaay that the rainbow al-
f ways lets a dkh falL This once happen-
e eeee as tieoutngen, w snabia. It
broke in several pieces, but the finder
received a hundred guineas for it. At
Tubingen people used to run to the
rainbow, which appeared to be resting
over the Keeker or Steinach. to secure
the gelaen dish. Usually it is consid
ered wrong to sell the dish, which
The quiet old horn tend in the city of
Cambridge, which Mr. Henry W. Lone-
fellow has occupied so long, and whose
traditions, bright as they have always
been, are dimmed by the lustre his hon
ored name confers, seems likely soon to
witness a succession of changes of more
than passing interest. Mr. Longfellow's
wife died many years ago, but since
that time his household has hardly un
dergone a change, save that years 'have
wrought their silent work, and the chil
dren of a decade ago are men and wo
men now. .The parental roof can not
much longer shelter the family circle.
aad already society here is ia something
01 a nuuer over ine appreacnt8g mar
riage of Mis Edith, the poet's second
daughter ad fourth child, to Mr. Rich
ard H. Dana, third, a son of Richard
H. Dana, jr., the eelehratod jurist, di
plomatist and author.
The Longfellow family has not been
given to marriage, although all of the
daughters are lovely, aad both the sons
very eligible sons-in-law for any ambi
tious mother. Onslow, the eldest, U the
only one who has taken to himself a
wife. The poet's household b one of
happiest possible to imagine. Coa
genial tastes, comfortable and even lux
urious surroundings and that atmo
phere of honor and literature In which
tbe family moves, make their home a
something which none of the children
seem anxious to leave, although offers
of proud alliances have not been want
ing. Miss Edith, who is about to break
from the charmed circle, is now a young
lady of twenty-five. She is of Medium
height, rather slight of form, and her
dJgninea aesa is crowned witn a wealth
of really golden hair.
Her amaaced is a rising young law
yer 01 twenty-sue, tne tmra of the
name now living. He, is rather tall,
fine-looking and a Harvard man, of
course. His grandfather's nintieth
birthday was celebrated a few weeks
ago, and judging from the appearance
of the old gentleman, it will be many
a year before the young man or Rich
ard HI, as his friends call him will be
permitted to end his signature with a The military telegraph line around
jr. ine ouag pcopie aave oeen uie xexas ironuer to r.1 raao and up to
together from their youth up. and their Misula, Jew Mexico, ha been comple
love has been a matter of the most nat- ted.
Gems of ThmiffhL
Passion is the druukennfl f th
The only victory over lore U tltght.
Let thwa obcy.wno.kiiow how to ml-
The neaftnis of bappiuei is a ;rja'
Haste trip-4 up it own heel. ftotr
and stops itself. Seneca.
Impatience dries the blood tm r
than age or sorrow. - Ohapin.
Women are extreme Jn all fMMrt.
They are better or worse than imra
A habitation mdiiv ami uoium hath
he that buitdeth .on the ruJgar hyact.
We are oftra wmre agreeable thruh
our fault than through vur good quali
Evil ministers of gd things are a.
torches a light to other., a wat t
none bat themselves- only - Hooker. t
There is no paradox in pride it mafc'"
some men ridiculoas. but prevents oth
ers from becoming so. Coltor:
Everv child walks into eiaee
through the gobien gate of Ire.
Leok well into thyself; tlro i a
source. whieh will always spring, up if
thou wilt always search'there. Marcm
Antoniu. " -
I know not aay crime .so r-eat that a
man could continue to commit a p
oining the source of eternal truth. -Johnson.
Whoever is In a hurry show, that the
thing be is about is too big for hhn.
Haste and hurry are two different thinjr
Chesterfield. Nothing does so fool a man as ex
treme passion. This doth make them
fools, which otherwiHe are not.antl show
them to be fools which are o. Bbhop
h, ; ., . -7. , . , . . JL.
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