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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 10, 1878)
THE BED CLOUD CHIEF.
BOKIX A SFKIXCEB, TA. Frfc
THE BLUE RIDGE.
In the early autumn of the year 1849,
in about half an hour of sunset, I drew
rein in front of a large double log-house
on the very summit of the Blue Ridge
Mountains of eastern Kentucky. The
place was evidently kept as a tavern
at least so a sign proclaimed; and here
I determined to demand accommoda
tions for myself and servant, Bose, a
dark-skinned body-guard. Bose and
I had been playmates in childhood, and
I need hardly say that the faithful fel
low was attached to me, as I was to
him, and on more than one occasion he
had shown his devotion.
There had been a shooting match at
the Mountain House that day, and as I
dismounted, I saw through the open
window of the bar-room a noisy, drunk
en, and evidenly quarrelsome set of
backwoodsmen, each of whom was
swearing by all possible and impossible
oaths that he was not only the best shot,
but could outfight, outjump, outwrestle,
run faster, jump higher, dive deeper
and come up drier than any other man
on the mountain.
"I say, Mars Ralph,11 said Bose, in a
low tone, as I handed him my bridle
rein, "I don't like de looks ob dem, in
dar. S'pose we go on to de next house,
"Nonsense, Bose,11 I replied; "the
fellows arc only on a little spree over
their shooting. We have nothing to do
with them, nor they with us. Take
the horses round to the stable, and see
to them yourself. You know they've
had a hard day of it.11 And throwing
my saddle-bags over my shoulder, I
walked up the narrow path to the
I found, as I have intimated, the bar
room filled with a noisy, turbulent set,
who one and all stared at me without
speaking as I went up to the bar and
inquired if I and my servant could have
accommodations for the night. Receiv
ing an affirmative reply from the land
lord, a little, red-headed, cadaverous
looking specimen of clay-eater, I de
sired to at once be shown to my room,
whither I went, but not until I had been
compelled to decline a score of requests
to "take a drink,11 much to the disgust
of the stalwart bacchanalians.
The room to which I was shown was
at the far end of a long, two-storied
structure, evidently but recently added
on to the main building, which it inter
sected at right angles. A gallery ex
tended along the front, by means of
which the rooms were reached. I found
my apartment to be large and com
paratively well-furnished, there being,
beside the bed, a comfortable cot, half
dozen split-bottomed chairs, a heavy
clothes-press and a bureau with a glass.
There were two windows, one along
the side of the door and the other in
the opposite end of the room. The
first mentioned was heavily barred
with stout oak strips a protection, I
presumed, against intrusion from the
porch, while across the latter was a
heavy woolen curtain.
In the course of half an honr, Bose en
tered andannounced that the horses had
been attended to, and a few minutes
later, a bright-faced mulatto girl sum"
moned us to supper.
Supper over, I returned to my room,
first requesting to be aroused at an ear
y hour, as I desired to be on the road
by sunrise. Thoroughly wearied by my
day's ride, I at once began prepara
tions for retiring, and had drawn off one
boot, when Bose came in rather hastily,
looking furtively over his shoulder,
and then cautiously closing and lock
ing the door.
"Mars Ralph, dar's going to be
trouble in dis house afore mornin,11 he
I saw in a moment that something
had occurred to upset the faithful fel
Why, Bose, what is it? What do
you mean? I asked, barely restraining
"I tole you, Mars Ralph, we'd better
trabble furder,11 was the rather mys
terious reply. "You see dat yaller gal
dere tole me dar would be a muss if we
stayed in dis bounded ole house all
By close questioning I elicited the
act that the girl had really warned
him that four men whom I had noticed
talking together were a desperate set of
villains, and probably had designs on
our property, if not our lives. The
girl had seen two of them at the stable
while I was at supper, and, by cautious
ly creeping into the stall next the one
in which they stood, had heard enough
to convince her that they meant mis
chief. Subsequently to this, she also,
saw the landlord in close confab with
the entire party, and from his actions
judged that he was urging them on to
their nefarious work.
"I tell you, Mars Ralph, dem white
trash ain't arter no good now you
heard me,11 persisted Bose.
I had begun to think so myself; but
what was to be done? The situation
was full of embarrassment, and I felt
that nothing could be done save to
wait and watch, and, by being on the
alert, defeat their plans by a determin
I f oiind that from the barred window,
in which there was a broken pane of
glass, a good view of the stable could
be had. Then for the other window. I
crossed the room, drew aside the heavy
curtain, and, raising the sash, looked
out. A single glance was sufficient to
cause me a thrill of surprise, and I gave
alow exclamation that instantly brot
Bose to my side. Far below I could see
the faint glimmer of water, the low
murmur of which came indistinctly up
from the depths, while on a level with
what should have been the ground, I
dimly saw the waving tree-tops as they
gently swayed before the fresh night
breeze, and knew that the window over
looked a chasm, the sounding of which
I could only guess at. In other words,
the house, or that portion of it, was
built upon the very verge of a cliff, the
solid rock forming a foundation more
lasting than any that could be made by
the hands of man. I leaned far out,
and saw that there was not an inch of
space left between the heavy log on
which the structure rested and the edge
of the precipice; and then I turned
away with a full conviction that if es
cape must be made, it certainly would
not be in that direction. There was
nothing very strange in this; there were
many houses so constructed. I had
seen one or two myself. And yet when
I drew back into the room, and saw the
look in Bose's dusky face, I felt that
danger, quick and deadly, was hover
ing in the air. Without speaking, I
went to ray saddle-bags and got out my
pistols a superb pair of long double
rifles that I knew to be accurate any
where under half a hundred yards.
"Dar! dem's what I like to see," ex
claimed Bose, as he dived down into his
own bag and fished out the old horse
pistol that had belonged to my grand
father, and which I knew was loaded to
the muzzle with number one buckshot.
It was a terrible weapon at close qdar
ters. The stables in which our horses were
feeding could be watched, and by events
transpiring in that locality we would
shape our actions. I found the door
could be locked from the inside, and, in
addition to this, I improvised a bar by
means of a chair leg wrenched off and
thrust through a heavy iron staple that
had been driven into the wall. Its fel
low on the opposite side was missing.
We then lifted the clothes press before
the window, leaving just room enough
on one side to clearly see, and, if neces
sary, fire through; dragged the bureau
against the door with as little noise as
possible, and felt that everything that
was possible had been done.
A deathlike silence reigned over the
place, broken only once by the voice of
the colored girl singing as she crossed
the stable yard. I had fallen into a half
doze, seqfctd in a chair near the win
dow facing the stable where Bose was
on watch, when suddenly I felt a light
touch upon my arm, and the voice of
the faithful sentinel in my ear.
"Wake up, Mars Ralph; dey's foolin1
'bout de stable doo1 arter de horses,
shuah,11 brought me wide awake to my
Cautiously peeping out, I saw at a
glance that Bose was right in his con
jectures. There were two of them one
standing out in the clear moonlight, ev
idently watching my window, while the
other and I fancied it was the land
lord was in the shadow near the door,
which at that moment slowly swung
open. As the man disappeared within
the building, alow, keen whistle cut the
air, and at the same instant I heard the
knob of my door cautiously tried. The
thing was now plain. While those be
low were securing the horses, those
above were either attempting to gain
access with murderous intent, or else on
guard to prevent my coming to the res
cue of my property.
A low hiss from Bose brought me to.
his side from the door where I had been
"Dey1s got de dorses out in de yard,11
he whispered, as he drew aside to let
me look out through the broken window
"Take the door,11 I said, "and fire
through it if they attack. I am going
to shoot that fellow holding the horses.11
"Lordy, Mars Ralph, it's de tavern
keeper! He ain't no 'count. Drop de
big man!'1 was the sensible advice,
which I determined to adopt.
Noiselessly drawing aside the curtain,
I rested the muzzle of my pistol upon
the sash where the light had been bro
ken away, and drew a bead upon the
tallest of the two men, who stood hold
ing three horses out in the bright moon
light. The sharp crack of the weapon
was instantly followed by a yell of pain,
and I saw the ruffian reel backward and
measure his length upon the earth, and
then from the main building there rang
"Murder! Murder! Oh, help!11
Like lightning it flashed across my
mind. There were three horses out in
the open lot; there was another travel
er beside ourselves. A heavy blow
descended upon the door, and a voice
"Quick! Burst the infernal thing
open, and let me get at him! The scoun
drel has killed Dave!"
"Let them have it, Bose,11 1 whisper
ed, rapidly reloading my pistol. 'There,
the second panel.11
With a steady hand the plucky fellow
levelled the huge weapon and pulled the
A deafening report folio wed.and again
a shrill cry of mortal anguish told that
the shot had not been wasted.
"Sabe us! how it do kick!11 exclaimed
Bose, under his breath.
The blow had fallen like an unex
pected thunderbolt upon the bandits,
and a moment later we heard their re
treating footsteps flying swiftly along
the corridor. '
"Dar'll be moah of 'em heah before
long, Mars Ralph,11 said Bose, with an
ominous shake of the head. "Jpect
dese b'longs to a band, and if- dey was
to come an1 find us heah, we gone up
This view of the case was new to me,
but I felt the force of it. I knew that
such bands did exist in thes moun
A hasty glance through the window
from which I bad just fired showed me
that escape in that direction was impos
sible. I looked out and saw a man with
a rifle in his hand dodge around the cor
ner of the stable. He was on guard,
and then I knew that they had sent for
reinforcements. Stunned for a moment
I turned around and stared helplessly at
Bose; but he, brave fellow that he was,
never faltered nor lost his head for an
"Boun1 to leab heah. Mars Ralph.11
he said, quite confidently. "An1 dar is
no way ob gwxne' cent fro dat winder;11
and be pointed to the one looking over
I merely shook my head and turned
to watch the window again, hoping to
get a shot at the rascal on guard at the
Bose, left to his own devices, at once
went to work. I heard him fussing
about the bed for some time, but never
looked to see what he was after until be
" Now, den, furde rope,11 1 heard him
say, and in an instant I caught his
He had stripped the bed of its cover
ing, dragged off the heavy tick and the
stout hempen rope with which it was
corded. In five minutes he had drawn
the rope through its many turnings and
then, gathering the coil in his hands, he
threw up the sash and prepared to take
The rope failed to touch bottom; but
in nowise disheartened, he seized the
cotton coverlet and spliced it on. This
succeeded, and the cord was drawn up
preparatory to knotting it, in place of
In the meantime the silence from the
outside had been broken more than once.
A shrill, keen whistle, such as I had
heard before, was given by the man on
watch, and replied to by some one who
seemed to be a little way off. Then I
heard footsteps soft, cat-like ones on
the verandah outside, showing that the
robbers were still on the alert at all
At length Bose announced the ladder
ready. It was again lowered from the
window, and the end we held made fast
to the bed which we had dragged to
that part of the room for that pur
pose. "Now, den. Mars Ralph, I go down
fust and see if um strong 'nuff to bear
us." And he was half-way out of the
window before I could speak.
"No, Bose, you shall not," I answer
ed, firmly, at the same time drawing
"You must "
The words were lost in the din of a
totally unexpected attack upon the door.
The dull, heavy strokes of the ax were
intermingled with the sharp, quick clat
ter of hatchets as they cut away the
barrier, and once in awhile I could hear
deep oaths, as though they had been
rendered doubly savage by our resist
ance. "Here, Bose, your pistol. Quick!" I
whispered, and the heavy charge went
crashing through, followed by shrieks
and curses of rage and pain.
"Come, Bose, hurry, or all will be
The brave fellow now wished to insist
upon my go down first, but he saw that
time was wasting, and he glided down
the rope, gradually disappearing in the
The fall of one of their number caused
only a momentary lull, and I heard the
assault renewed with ten-fold fury. I
dared not fire again, for I felt that ev
ery bullet would be needed when affairs
were more pressing.
It seemed an age before I felt the sig
nal from below that the rope was ready
for me; but it came, and I let myself
down, pausing an instant as my eyes
gained a level with the sill to take a last
look into the room. As I did so the
door gave way and the blood-thirsty de
mons rushed over the threshold. I knew
that I had no time for deliberate move
ment. They would instantly discover
the mode of escape and either cut the
rope or fire down upon me. I had ta
ken the precaution to draw on heavy
riding gloves, and my hands, thus pro
tected, did not suffer as much as I ex
pected. With my eyes fixed upon the window
I slid rapidly down and struck the earth
with a jar that wrenched every bone in
Quick as lightning I was seised by
Bose and dragged some paces to one
side, and close under the face of the
All this was done very quickly, but
not an instant too soon, for down cane
a volley, tearing up the ground at the
foot of the rope where a moment before
I had stood. ,
"Thunder, they will escape! After
them down the rope!1' yelled a voice
almost inarticulate with rage.
I saw a dark form swing out and be
gin hastily to descend.
"Now, Mars Ralph,11 whispered Bose
significantly, and with a quick -aim 2
fired at the swaying figure. f
Without a sound the man released kit
hold and came to the ground like a lump
of lead, shot through the brain. An
other had started in hot haste and wm
more than half-way out of the window
when suddenly the scene above was
brilliantly lighted up by the' glare of a
Again the warning voice of the watch
ful black called my attention to the fig
ure now struggling desperately to re
gain the room; as before, I threw up
my pistol, and, covering the exposed
side, drew the trigger. With a convul
sive effort the wretch, springing clear
out into the empty void, turned once
over and came down with a rushing
sound upon the jagged rocks at the foot
of the precipice.
A single look to see that the window
was clear we knew there could be no
path leading down for a long distance
either way, or they never would bvre
attempted the rope and we plunged
headlong into the dense forest that lined
the mountain side.
We got clear, it is true, but with the
loss of our animals and baggage; the
next day, when we returned with a par
ty of Regulators, we found the place a
heap of smouldering ashes, and not a
living soul to tell whither the robers had
The Qneens Engnmnent and Mew It
An inquisitive contributor to the Fi
garo, who writes under the name of
"Ignatus," has apparentlv been diving
deep into the secrets of Balmoral and
Windsor. Some of his discoveries (?)
would considerably surprise her Majes
ty, I fancy; bat, on the whole, the rev
elations of "Ignatae" are sumciently
sober, and, if unreliable, at least charm
ingly recorded. The following extract,
in which he tells the story of a Royal
courtship is, I think, as dainty a bit of
writing as any I have seen in a paper
in many a day:
Certainly the young Queen thought
less of England than of marriage. The
ministers would fain have made her
marriage a sort of international treaty.
Beyond all doubt, Victoria was the fin
est match in the world. The Queen,
however, was full of a host of little pro
jects, ever shifting and changing, like
the little heaps of sand the children
raise in the Garden of the Luxembourg.
She told her mother she would wed no
one whom she did not love. The Duch
ess of Kent reported the speech to the
Ministers, who thought it revolutionary
in the extreme. Coronation day came,
and next day the ball at Windsor.
Among the dancers was a tall, hand
some, slender student from the Univer
sity of Bonn her cousin, a Cobourg,
like herself. The Queen noticed him,
and Prince Albert did not return to
Bonn. Even had he not loved, he
would have stayed; and he loved. But
his cousin was the Queen! Here the
woman had to make the advances. Vic
toria, deeply touched as she was bv this
love (which was never more to leave
her), could not easily conquer the maid
enly timidity due to her severe educa
tion. Nevertheless, a morning came.
I assure you I invent nothing. Although
the Queen has not consented to relate
these delightful incidents. Prince Al
bert has told them to his friends.
Nevertheless, then, a morning came.
They were riding together, he and she,
down the great avenue of oaks at Wind
sor. Those oaks were younger then,
but old enough already. After a gallop
they found themselves alone. We know
how dadgerous it is for a man and wo
man to ride together. Suddenly the
Queen took a sprig of honeysuckle from
her bosom, and, stooping, offered it to
Prince Albert. Bending to reach it,
his lips touched the tips of his cousin's
gloves. Perhaps 'twas the fault of the
orses. The woods of England and of
France know well how many loves the
noble brutes have been the cause of.
A silence followed, more sweet than
anything ever sung to the heart by Mo
zart. Next morning Prince Albert still
wore the honey-suckle in his button
hole. He kept it even when it had fa
ded. A fortnight after that ride, the
Plenipotentiary Minister handed King
Leopold of Belgium a tiny letter, closed
by an enormous red seal, as though it
hid a mighty secret of State. It began,
"My Dear Uncle," and was signed
"Victoria." A month after, the Queen
mentioned her intention to marry Prince
Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, to her
Ministers. She asked their counsel
but with a pretty air of decision which
caused them to reply with a unanimous
"Yes." The wedding took place on the
10th of February, 1840. The Queen of
England had married for love like a
bourgeoise, I was going to say, but the
bourgeoises marry but little" for love
now. Lord Melbourne was right when
he told England that "The Queen's
marriage was the Queen's romance."
OnrEx-PresMeafai and Their Fertanes.
General Grant's long absence in Eu
rope has called attention to his pecuni
ary resources, and to the wealth of the
Presidents who have preceded him.
General Grant suffered a good many
losses within the latter part of his ad
ministration, but has income enough
probably to live moderately without
annoyance. His children who are mar
ried are able to take care of themselves,
and the younger boys are certainly
bright enough to do it. Bat this was
not true of all the Presidents. Jeffer
son died rather poor. Congress pur
chased his library at a very 'extravagant
price, and without that it to said he
would have found it very dimcult in the
last years of his life ts have subsisted.
Madison saved considerable money out
of hit salary, and died quite rich. Con
gress gave his widow .990,000 for his
ssanuscript. James Monroe probably
died poorer than any other President.
He had absolutely nothing, and was
buried by the1 charity of his friends.
John Qnjncyiat was always thrifty
and prudes :aad left quite a fortune.
Hk heirs ownjscisiderable property in
Washington to-day. Martin Van Buren
died rich. He always kept his eye open
for the smain chance, and pinched pen-'
niea.very closely. He spent scarcely
anything for politics, Daniel Webster,
although never President, spent a sum
of money which would ha ve been nopal
to a bay 'fortune, the reenlt of his pro-
tohors nhd M JM poUtfcal
He lefta Bttie estate to hk
fairs very prudently, and left an estate
estimated at about 100,000. Polk, al
ways economical in omce, saved 950,
000 out of his term, and kit to his heirs
9150,000. John Tyler .-was a most
thrifty persmi in the Prealdcnriil emce.
When he entered upon it he was bank
rupt, and he saved money in it, married'
a rich widow and dkd rich. Zachary
Taylor left perhaps 9100,000.. -Millard
Fffimora was wealthy, and left hk heirs
a considerable sum. Ex-President Pierce
died leaving an estate worth not over
950,000. Buchanan left but a moderate
fortune. Hayes k rich, and is saving
money on 950,000 salary. Troy
- .-?" .-"; v'-s SW- f. " M
- jk v - JW AL ! " --
nmch InWaehington. wanigwd
EXrUSIN AM FML
A TerriMe Calamity la Sew Term.
A a4y Factory
ws apt statf
i . . afc. ruiifc .
fcy t Tmutmg WM riian.
boiler, which wu u ruler the nidewalk
nn R.rrl.v .tr....t l,Un.t. tenrin.r nunv
-' -- --. - f, "
the entire front of the
scatterinir the ruin in all
A large number of girls, of all age.
were emploved at the time in the build-
. r '
The wall fell within a few minutes
ftr tkf. TTilrMiMn The huililiiii'. five
stories high, fell into the street. Fifty-
, i .i i .
six wounueu anu one ueau wure repun -
ed at Chambers Htreet hospital at 6:4:.
o'clock. A number wen- s1m mrnt to
Bellevne and other htnpitaN. It is en-
., .....,, ,f mi i
timatedthat the wounded will reai-h
125. About fiftv escaped by the Col -
book-keeper, who was on tin; Ilnrclay
street side of the building, ww blown
through the window to the street and
badly cut on the head. Several jumj
ed from the second story and escaped
with slight injuries, the fall leing brok
en by policemen and citizens on the
sidewalk below. The particn employed
in the factory were principally young
girls and boys from 8 to 20 years. Ow
ing to the approach of the holidays,
double force was employed, one work
ing the day and the other the night.
The number in the building at the
time of the disaster is variously esti
mated at from 100 to 300. Some of the
girls had their hair burned entirely off
their heads. The greatest sacrifice of
life was among the young girls, many
of whom from 8 to 16 years, were em-
ployed in selling, ashorting and picking
candies. On the first floor, over the
boiler, which was situated in the base
ment of the rear of the Barclay street
wing of the building, and not under the
sidewalk as first reported, none are
known to have escaped.
The building occupied by Major &
Knapp. engravers, on the opposite side
of College Place, eaueht on fire from
the snarls but the flame were extin-
.. . ,..- , (
mushed with but trifling damage. The
total loss is probably 250.000. The
news of the explosion spread over the
city very rapidly, and the wildest ru
mors and great excitement prevailed.
Large crowds hurried from all quarters
to the scene, but the police kept the
crowd several blocks away from the
place. Many persons having children
or relatives working in the factory, as
evening wore on. and they had not re
turned home, sought the scene of the
disaster, and the hospitals and police
stations, in search of the missing ones.
Mr. R. Kleinn, of ,rtt Leonard street,
states that he was in the building about
ten minutes before the explosion and
there were a great many persons there
at the time; he passed in front of the
building two minutes after the explo
sion antl saw on most of the floors, as
the front wall had fallen, a great many
boys and girls rushing alout in an ex
cited and confused manner, but they
became obscured to the view by the
smoke and flames in a few seconds.
There seems to have been no possibility
of their getting out alive.
The fire was one of the quickest ever
seen. In less than three minutes the
. , , , , . . . ..
flames had ascended completely to the
roof. Peter Staudmiller gives a vivid
description of the affair. He is cm-
ploved with Rodgers & Co.. and was
within forty foe, of the doorway wh,n
the explosion occurred. It seemed to
throw up the whole sidewalk, and the
fmnt nf tho tinihltntr foil tn the afreet
There was a two-horse truck of the Del
aware & Lackawanna Express Compa
ny passing and the wall fell on the
hones, and the driver said he believed
there were nearly 200 persons occupied .
in the building at the time. There t
were not more than a dozen girls em-
ployed on the ground floor, most of the
boys and rirls being' engaged on the
second and third floors.
Staudmiller says he is positive that
nov mure uuut six gins anu a uuwnuien (
A si 1 1 - .1 '
came out alive through Barclay street
entrance. The elder Mr. Greenfield,
was about the irst who rnshed out, and
he was much scalded. He saw about a
doaen waking their escape by the roof
to adjoining roofs.
The scenes at the Chambers Street
Hospital were heartrending in the ex
treme. Ambulances were quickly at
the fire and were kept busy in taking
the wonnded to the hospital. Thesta-
tion honee and Chambers street hospi- - Z - Zi - uu
" uwiw. w.m "-vui ..-, .
. . ,. .. ,
ehOdren, all anxKMuly mqmnngfor
On the evening of iVc. 20lh. an rx- ffl lm. Wrtic..nM.Wt.irt. tttwlh of tlbr.u w. fabric.
plosion followed bv tire occurred in the tracU from hl nntrd orW- ,h" J -ir- It V.
V . i..f cute lecturer, with hU pare. bent form. In- nh i. W ajJ.l t. iih! am! vn-
great candy factory of t.reen field A Nm. mil ...!,.. uU. .umI m W W n rtt-
No. 63. lUreUv street. New York. The t'Higrnt fare, black mu-tache. full 1Lj 4w , l,, .
lege Place entrance and a Miiall mini- j -even. 1 impiy prjK..e to mv. oi t,,iuunr. and Mr ,hmnU.r. a Kit,
ber got out through the skv lights, i every-day fai-i. by monogram. ea- conjointly defrn the . Th-
ii i .l i ."i - .i tin! nniii Th.. Vmerirtii uniit hh projected o age ill ! ectw nnl tm.ni
walked over the roofo and got down the and quip., lht Amman want hi, J yA.ulm tM.. t,. srt.
sky lights of other buildings. The humor caiMic on the half-hell, "ith..- Wn U ,, 1.,hni.g Mm, f
sunace is rtouoieu tne ctioe is quauru- or fat partt av everx- four inchm. cul-
The Bev. Dr. Cuyler publishes in the Pj nnd mballwn of 4W feet diameter, u thrmih ,V leJn. which prevent..
... .... , ...of copper boiler plate will lift up a man ... .
IndcpendaU his annual appeal for total of wsbp antj i awav wilh (u Wjth ctintraction and increa.-. its tenderness.
abetienee on New Year's Day. He says .jCb a balloon, stocked with bombs and Have a bright fire and the gridiron hot
that coffee and lemonade will satisfv the other destructive munitions of war. before putting it on- turn it over to pre
demands ft, hospitality, and he appeal SSbSi The" . " -
to women not to be tempters. He takes miision of bJoon raon? for a.half thick will 1 co.kl in fniin sv-
groona against Jttooay ana Murpny.
who claim that piety will obliterate the
appetite for alcoholic drinks, although
he thinks abstinence is easier for Chris
tians than sinners. He asserts that in
ebriety is 'on the increase among wo
men. Corned J?ee1 Boil precisely the same
way as a ham. Boil the water away to
what will barely cover the meat; when
done set the vessel aside to simmer slow
ly. The juices that were extracted by
the water will return now, and your
beef be almost like jell is tenderne
JOSH BILLHt;' nton-RHs-
Mlltr " If"
The Academy of muMc f-trly
filled last errning by an audience a
ambled to hear Jh Billing (Hrnrx
i W. Shaw) lecture on "Sand ich.es an
Z! oww iw mK. ... -
"wR " M hmiMer. ap.e.-ired all over
Mimuuer. aji-;ir . ,..-
the tvnical Yankee, anil hi npH-.nrancf
w ' emphasized bv the quizzical. 1 am
i t a !&
. " n 0 nT iroill oeiiejun
I "I ()k linJ tirdiMtti tik ihhL nil tli
i ' Y ' .
It art, he naid. "the ne ami de-
dims of the Human Umpire, the pur-
cha" of l HritWi Mamt b Sevn-tary
Kvart the third tfrnt ..r of the ell-
, h. turd arm. or f in. 11
I '" ' hat the eight h,hH taU. the
cayenne jH-pper. while the KnglMiman
is sati.-dicd to take hi- fun -mothered in
mint sauce, and wait till the next dav
to dige.-t it. Hut if on want to mak
an American laugh or convince him.
you have got to do it quick. Kugland
has more wit. and America more hu
mor." The lecturer then Iwgau hi
readings, from which the following -
lections are given:
"This life i- like a game of card-.
We mo-th plav the hand.- dealt to u-,
and the credit i-not .-o much in win-
ning as in plavmg a poor hand well.
, . "
"Uhen I hear a man bragging about
what he did la-t xear and about
what he U going to do net ear. I
, can tell pretty near what he in doin
I "IWt de-pi-r jour poor relation-,
I They might get rich some time, and
tln it would he mi hard to explain
"The reputation a man gets from hi
ancestors wants about a- much alter
ing to fit him as their clothes would."
"There n no woman stationed on the
, ... .. , . i i .
'- " earth who tries o hard to
do right and fails oftener than the av-
. "All enthusiastic i- all individual
.... . , ,
who believe- about four times ns much
as he can prove, and can prove about
four times as much as anytiody else
"Falling in love is like falling down
stairs: it's hard work to find out just
how it was done."
"A man who ha- been waiting for
the last fifteen years for .something to
turn up, is .still in the same bu-incNs."
"A poodle is a woman's pet, and I
have seen some I would like to swap
"Mice can live anywhere comfort
ably but in a church: they fat very
slowly in a church. This proves that
they can't live on religion anv more
than a minister can."
"The worst tyrant in the world is a
woman who is superionr to her hus
band and lets everybody know it."
"Love is like the measles. vu can't
have it but once, and the later in life
' we have it the tougher it goes with
"(Jreat thinkers are not apt to nr
great whistlers. When a man can't
think of anything he generally lw-gins
"The nian'von can have to work on
t , . , . ... ,.
. a farm for nothing and hoard h.m-elf.
just about earns his wages."
"Neatness, in my opinion is one of
I the virtues. I have always considenl
j it .win .i.t.-r ... ctaUly. bm no work
" rd the- victim oi ecstatic neat-
a neat person who '
rearv llv rest Ion"
n,"s- ' havi. seen
, WOUld tlOt let a W
enough on their best wail paper to take
' ' .
breath. and who would chase a single j
cockroach up and down stain until his
legs were worn jff." I'hiluilfljthin
Fljlnr by Balleen.
The balloon is a grand drifting uia-
j chine, and bv the aid of the trade winds
c should reach almo-t anv part of the
globe: but air navigation, in the scien
tific sense, will Im; accomplished finally
on the bird principle. letter- I have
I . .
recentlv received from vanous part- of
fcurope. convince me that the solving of
me promem is not lar ou. anumwr oi
scienuuu aeronaut uaverr,ie , -
concerning a flying machine now being
perfected bv a dwtingiiiHhed M-i.ntist m
Pans which will doubtless h a,le to
carr cargoes in any direction and aUo
to any d.stance. It h a mere matter of
vx v muhu no.1 ttP(irrtikrf V !
""" . , --" f''- "
snouiu not man ny as v en a.s me eagle.
ine oax.inejMu,rr.n:exe ,.., essay
this mode of locomotion for -10 or J00
"fJr. .. ... . . . . .
I hlIe ?? T ? ,he.!,ubJl? ' the
irnenoe of ballooning, he .!: Bal-
i: ... - . t- i ... .
built large enough, iou know it is the
joons max na maoe oi ooner iron, n
liauie oi cuoes anu sunace. nnentne
scientific exploration. That overshail-
owing science caiieu meteorology will :
VCV piuviuc jus ucuiuiiuu ui in.; use oi
the balloon." Interview tciih Professor
nr ct r...'. rui- n.. .
nuc 3. sjv jwjk, jjr.irvjt.rin.
Btckamel "Sauce. To two ounces of j
butter add a tablespoonfnl of flour and ,
work them together, adding at intervals
a pint of milk: put it on the fire, stir
ring continually; when it begins to get
thick remove from the fire; beat up the
yolk of an egg with a teaspoon of wa
ter; stir this in the sauce, and season it
with salt and white pepper.
. ' r-v PlaniN wmon "' m,w an" u" " ",l ridt..
! al h" audience with hi bright eye,, a . y..r.u.
he arranged the ,Und in order l o- A lwhs lenm-hi. th jr. W
'.,..! hi. b' iHMijrht fr tin- oUk AretfoK.
tain the lt h2ht on the Ix-.k hieh ,uion ,,.,, lk ,., ,lart Htl jwK
THF. WORLD OF$CIE5Cr.
.vt a recent miing of the .Ww York
Acatl-ro of f-Wtil Art. attrnttn
rM fc( a Mroplf TOtHHt of tiltrring
the air f an apxrtment. Th ohjs:
t frr. tb ir frwn du:. -xrriiT..
tj . .iampt.-. a mvmiiv from gmn
of mtxlsn.v the rontrlrAnc cnM
nri, uf cj.V1s dralu. h imu
tinj: ar u. general tt might tot! U,
ur air u gnerai mgni wwi m
jrve the oprea.l .f raUrt.iUW...
j ItMWv lh ,ur. Ot iUr
trel t.v.att Ui the hoivlth of city
fnm, (;thelHirff rh -! k vnrv
t rough built, and en cam rwl
I enough for a nm f .. u4 4m
, U to 1- Mii.nHe.1 Uli iittieienl tinn
. . t jt iht r
iann,i..r uill U- in emtunt. I iiA w
thtru jH.rM.n-. U- l-wrd. t U.
three or four w til etttMe tUe v,l..-
.fio .,.,. Kl i( M, ,,. ,.
(;m. ,',..,, ,War ftkl-n. f ;.
0m.r w-k nnmmi Ai and w th
Suez t'anal Th H1 eirrumnaijjnn
ll" Hunpe and A-ln
Prof Alexander Aga u i ?rUag
for Havana with an a hUtut. th.tr.. t
go on Ix.tird the I '.nnt urx -tenn.r
Illake. whi.h ha- jut -atled on a r
em crui-e that will h-iij thfc wt
ter. in the work t.f obtaining MMindtng"
iu the tJulf of Mcxieo A- th work i
conducted, it t- made no h, it-oftd to
terr.trial ph -Jo- and natural hi-tr
than to navigation lt a -tudv of th
animal- dredged from the totlom of tki
tiulf. 1'rof Aga-U will Im- etiahled to
" ""I , , . , ,
' fimna of the Atlantic, and e-jee:hillv a.
t 0 j.rmx,h. habit-, migration- "ad
make iuiHrtaut c.mpiri-Mn with lh
change- of living fornix found In th
water- near the Knti-h I-laml-. ami th.
Scandinavian IVum-tita The eped
f . !. tlfl.ti.t t lt .iltlttllftflll ixf I ...... i
Commander t'harle- I) .Stg-ln', !'
N . who ha- had -evetal earV expert
ence on eoa-t ute dutv.and hn- n
liotabh -lieee fill in deep -en -otliol-iug-
The Itlake w a named for lie
late commander tieorge .s Wake, who
who made the -oiiudiiig- for tin eiat
urxe hurt-from Point Judith tot'ajMj
j Max. thirtvtive vear- ago
. ," :''- """'-
i I h" oUUl wlio sttiUV (.cieiiee now.
f ,,,. v,.r f.lMr fwtll
I he votltll vt ho -ttld M'ieiiee
, ,.rs jh,ok- on scientific subject an.
written more -implv. and the expert
, incuts Mlgge-ted are le c-tl than th
older one- . iiiriuer iiupro'iu"iii
' , , i . i . , . 1 ..
ha been dcvi-ed bv preparing cheap
' ..,., 0f ap,,anitUH for the illustration of
( an entire branch of M-icuce In earn -
lnK "ul tnH P,:in u,ln respect to eicein-
cal science, the well known work of
Prof Tvndall hu. Ix-en followed, ami
apparatus is provided to execute each
of the experiment- he describes. Any
of the pieces of apparatus can be lmhl
separately at an average of about a dol
lar apiece, the w hole set for that wejenen
cost i hit J?.V With such apparatus in
j his hands a stuifcut learns to think and
operate for him-elf. far moreetrectiveh
than with costlv machines which he ix
rareh permitted to u-e The vtem
has been developed in tins eitv, and al
ready has been found of good nerxire in
the furtherance of intelligent education
al work; the apparatus being neatly
made, presents an attractive appear
ance, and helps to interest the scholar
in the care and management of the toot
.Xrkriuki.'. t'latns ! m Vl.i..
The last earthquake tit the west was
supposed to have radiated from n point
in Nebraska that ha- been jmpulnrlv re
garded as the site of a volcano. Prof.
Samuel Aughev, of the Nebraska Stab. .
L'niversitx. has recnth made an exam
ination o the ground The ..-at of dis
turbance is on the bank of the Missouri
river, in Itfxnn county, alxuit thlrty-lx "
milea from Sioux "itv A bluff aloul
I. IM) feet long and I GO feet high, slop-
ing at an angle of fill" to H" toward th
river, is at present the place where the
,.IOIIIf.im,Jiri. f,t ...Lbited. but the
f other bluffs a few miles distant, have
t been similarly affected. Two yean ago
,v I"'rtion of thi- bluff, half as large as
jn.arij ,,nMding from the interior, es-
JIJi linn i-i-'llll 1 'J tl til' ! " "
peciallv on placing the ear to tic ground,
Flame sometime- broke forth, ocea-
m it . ' I . I .
M"Ha,IJ ai "'' - ?" .-enp.-u ,rmn
crevices. On digging inU the bluff, In-
u.u,. j.rtl topied the work after pro
ceeding but a few feet Sclejlite. altlttl
and magnesie sulphate in crxstals with
abundant. Prof Aughev regards these
features as not volcanic in the usual ac
ceptation of tfie term, but simply th
reult of local chemical action. Tho
formation i- cretaceous. The bluff is
eapjed bv calcic carlmate. Pe'tie.ith
are are shales containing ferric bi-ul-jdiide
in cn-tal-of pv rites It'low the
-hale i- a -oft limestone, containing ear
lmates of magnesia ami alumina. The
... . , 7- . , ...
ftf t. MiJ lyf.n,r 40ak,.Ill wilh !
iL faH towar,Ilh. riri.r hav.
lm. tU.wmt,ltUm f, tU. ..vrites. th
M!tll.tjon' of MIIlhliric .,1. and the
t tht. a,.;(j ou U, AIkalin. (.ar.
llonat. - ,.at i Jn :h,r iir.t
of tm. r.!M.tif1 of PJUWi v.,rv
l; in . ,aU,.r thi. vioj,nc... 0'f
the perfonnance inusi !.. ,ncr.-a-e.l bv
tr... l.f k..r tflj.rt ftf i.'irtifinii fa n 1..1 .if ..
,AJ, tm. aMth.nfiwlj disturbaiicns are
tbl4 ,.:tlv x.,uini;fL VruL Aughev
doe not connect them with the earth-
quake. He thinks the bluff might fur -
J, alum and other sail, in iinanUties
jm m m 9 m -
sulticient lor profitable rnanuzacture.
to kook nrj9wun.-x. me oulskp
en to ten minutes. To fry prepare in
the same way; put a little butter on the
pan or griddle, and let it get brown be-
fore putting on the meat: cook quickly.
anil whether broiled, fned, roasted, or
baked in the oven, if you want juicy.
tender beef, never salt it before it is
cooked. Beefsteak should be served a
the moment it is cooked, otherwi-e it L
sure to lose its flavor.
Mint Sauce. Two tablespoonfuls o
mint and one of sugar, half a cupful o
cider vinegar; let stand on the ore t
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