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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 13, 1877)
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ffiD CLOUD CHIEF.
M. K..TII03I iS K.lltur.
It EI) CLOUD.
A Si rip oriilue.
BV LDCT LA ItCOM.
I do not own an Inch of laud.
But alt I see Is mine
The orchard n.l the mowing fields,
The lawns and gaiMen fine.
The wlns in tax -oli tots are,
They bring nio tithes divine
VI'l scent and ub:ie etences,
A tribute rare and free;
And, mo e magnificent than all.
My window kef pa for me
A glimpse of blue Immensity,
A littles rip of tea.
Richer am f tl-an he who owns
Ore tt fleets airl argosies;
I hiveahar- In evtry ship
Won by the Island 1re-z
To loiter on yon airy road
Above the apple trees.
I freight them with my untold dream",
Ka 'h hears my own plckel crpw;
And no tier ca eoes wait for them
Than ever Iru'la knew
My Milps that sail In o the East
Across U at outlet blue.
Sometimes they seem like Ilvln? shapes
The people of tbeky
Ouets In whl'e raiment romlng down
From h aven which Is lose by,
I all them by familiar nam s,
As one bj one draws nigh.
Eo white so 1', lit, 8') sp rlt-llke.
From violet mists they bloom!
Theschl g wastes of the unknown
Are half reclaimed from gloom.
Since on life'.-, hospitable sea
AH souls And sailing room.
The sails, like Hates or roseate pearl,
Float in upon the mist;
The waves are broken preclous6toi.es
Sapphl'e -ml anietlijat.
Washed fr mc lesiUl basement walls,
Ky s ins uns t Ing kl-sed.
Outtbroi.gh the utmost sates of space
Fast where the Kay tarsorlfc.
To the widening Infinite, my soul
Glides on. a ve'Sf 1 swift;
Yet 1 s not er anchorage,
lu yonder azuie rift.
Here sit I. as a little child;
The threho!d of God's door
Is that clear bnd or cliryFoprase;
Ntw the vastt mp e floor,
Tbe b.indlng glory f the dome
I bow my head Before;
The universe. O. God, Is home.
In helftln or depth, to me;
let here upo. fy footstool green
Cue it am I to be;
Glad, when s opened to my need,
home sea llkegllmp eof TIioj.
Til E DKATH TRAP.
BT O. T. HARBAL'On.
The ringing sound that came from a
blackened smithy told that the steel
was sruithening steel, and the smith
who swung the ponderous hammer was
a man of no common muscle. He was
young and remarkably handsome; but
there was an evil lurking in his cold,
black eyes which would have repulsed
the close observer. The light of his
forge lire rendered ghostly the objects
in the remote corners of the shop ; but
it fell brightly upon the strange looking
piece of steel he was hammering. It
resembled the jaw of some immense
trap, strong enough to hold a bear, and
the wonder was that the strength of
man could prepare it for its prey. If
any man in Middletown could control
such a trap, it was the man whose
hands were fashioning it.
For a long time David Thrall had
been working of nights, with his shop
barred to visitors, md the clang clang
clang of his hammer had sounded in
the furthest corner of the growing vil
lage. Ho was a man of strong passions,
the first to resent an insult to a friend,
and the last to give up an argument
when he found logic against him. Ko
person had bothered him while he
swung the hammer over the terrible
steel trap which he was making. It is
true that a few boys looked in at the
window at the inauguration of his work,
but bis maddening threats against them
had kept the prying urchins away.
"1 told her that she should never
laugh at my love and live to boast of it
to another maul" David Thrall said
aloud, one night as he paused to wipe
great drops of perspiration from his
"She laughed then and told me not to
let anger get the best of me, and thought
I would forget it. Forget? Xever!"
and th hammer came down vengef ully
upon the glowing steel.
"I am making this trap because you
tejected my love, Agnes Temple. But
shall not tear your pretty skin. No
-no! I would not injure one of your
golden hairs; but I am going to teach
fou that there is one in Middletown
whose heart cannot be trifled with."
Thus he talked to himself, while he
stood over his anvil and swung his
hammer, whose every blow told on his
horrible mechanism, and hurried it to
ward completion. That night he fin
ished it He held it in the light of his
coal fire and pronounced it perfect;
smiled upon it with pride, and showed
that he had strength enough to master
Now, my boy, we'll try it."
David Thrall put his trap into a sack,
smothered the fire, and left the smithy.
ne walked rapidly toward the outskirts
of the village, seen by no one, for the
night was dark and the wind high. It
was in the fall of the year and the
yellow leaves of the time fell around
him in a golden shower. But he did
not notice them any more than to brush
an occasional one from his long beard,
begrimed like his face with the soot of
his shop. He did not come to a halt
until he reached tho iron track that ran
over the road which he was traversing.
Middletown had not been honored by
the steam cars, which, as if to taunt the
place, left it half a mile to the west .
David Thrall threw his burden down
and a sigh of relief escaped him. Then
be struck a match and looked at his
He passes about nine," he muttered.
"The passenger gees by at ten, then the
He spoke with a fiendishness almost
foreign to the human heart, and set to
work fastening the strong chain at
tached to his infernal trap to the iron
rails. He had evidently studied this
part of his work, for he performed it in
darkness and then rested. But the end
was not yet
Throwing himself upon the spring.he
pt the trap, and the terrible jaws were
ready to close upon their victim. The
wind threw leaves over ine trap, as
L"TW t ?A I
nt on aiding the jealous DiacKsmun, j
m clouds scurried iwestward,
he saw the star gleams fall upon th
leaves that covered it
It was a picturesque place which
David Thrall had selected for the deed
upon which he had set his heart The
road was narrow, indeed not more than
a path that led to Middletown, and the
home of Agns Temple. He knew the
man he hated would traverse it before
dawn, and he knew too that h:3 trap
would hold him to the iron track. It was
a revenge almost too terrible to be re
corded. "Then !" exclaimed the smith, as he
removed away a pace and triumphant
ly surveyed the result of his night's
toil in the sooty shop. "'Xiwlet the
prey com?! The trap is ready. I wish
you a pleasant time of it, Julian Wing
fold. To be plain. I should like to know
how a man would feel between two
Then he picked up the sack and start
ed back to Middletown. But he had not
gone ten yards before he halted. "The
trap might have been set a little easier,"
he said to himself. "It has not been
worked much, and the easier it is set,
tt-e surer I shall be of my prey."
Intent upon readjusting the devilish
invention, the blacksmith retraced his
steps, and for the second time in that
lonely and beautiful spot he bent over
the cross-ties. He placed his knee upon
the spring to prevent the jaws from
closing and catching their maker, while
he tampered with the trigger. He was
in the midst of his work, when from
some unaccountable cause, his knees
slipped from the spring, and oh! hor
ror! the mighty jaws closed on his
wrists! With a cry, indescribably full
of agony, the entrapppd man tried to
spring to his feet, but the trap, fasten
ed as it was to the rails, held him se
curely down. The sharp teeth seemed
to cut into the very marrow of his
bones, and he was experiencing the hor
ror of a human being caught in a trap.
He tried to crush the spring, but it
would not yield to the power which it
had lately owned, and then he tried to
tear himself loose. But the pain occa
sioned by his IT rts was so great that
he was forced to desist lest he should
faint, and in that condition be caught
by the train.
"If it had caught my leg!" he cried,
"I could tear it loose; but oh! these
precious arms of mine!"
It was a terrible moment for the en
trapped man. All at once, in that hour
of terror, he thought of the man for
whom he had prepared the jaws of un
yielding 3teel. He would doubtless
reach the crossing and release him be
fore the train was due, for Julian
Wingfold was not a vengeful rival.
All thoughts of revenge against the
beautiful Agnes Temple had left his
mind; he looked up at the stars, and
they seemed to mock his misery; he
cried for help from the terror stricken
depths of his heart. But no footsteps
sounded upon his ears. God and man
seemed to have left the hater to his fate.
Suddenly David Thrall started, and a
cry of despair welled from his throat.
The shrill shriek of the locomotive told
him that the one dread hour of his cap
tivity had passed away and the end of
all was near at hand.
"God in heaven have mercy!" he
cried. "Da unto me as I would have
done unto another!"
But no deliverance came, and the
sound of the whistle died away with a
mocking echo. Within five minutes the
iron monster would be upon him, and
the most terrible drama ever enacted in
that lovely country would have reached
its tragic finale. He heard the rumble
of the train, which seemed to approach
on the wings of the wind. He raved,
he cursed, and tried to wrench his
wrists from the jaws of steel, tried to
break them off, and bear life and bleed
ing stumps away, but in vain. With
the tenacity of death itself the Samso
nian trap held him down. The loco
motive shrieked again and David
Thrall paused and looked over his
shoulder. He saw the headlight now;
it dazzled in his eyes, and he could not
shade the precious oil3 with his hands.
Then he shrieked at the top of his voice ;
but the cars came on.
"No deliverance! oh, heaven!" he ex
claimed, sinking back in the few sec
onds he had yet to live. "I have merited
this. What a terrible thing retribution
is! He will be happy, and she will
smile upon him with all her dazzling
beauty. But I I oh, God, pity me!
Chained to the track caught in the
trap made by my own hands for a fel
low being. It is just. Heaven forgive
me, and comfort my poor "
The roarof the coming train drowned
the sweetest word that ever parted his
The rumbling of the train had scarcely
died away in the distance, when Julian
Wingfold, returning from the home of
Agnes Temple, crossed the track. He
stepped where the instrument of death
had been placed, and passed on without
noticing its handiwork. If he had but
glanced down he might have seen the
two battered steel jaws, closed now,
upon the lifeless hands only, of his
rival, the blacksmith.
The remains were discovered on the
following day, and the presence of the
trap told the awful story.
David Thrall's widowed mother soon
followed him to the grave.
The little smithy still stands in Mid
dletown, and the superstitious say that
at night David Thrall can be heard
beating steel with steel before his forge.
Julian Wingfold is a happy husband
and father now, but he never thinks of
that one night's walk without a feeling
of thankfulness as well as horror.
An old citizen in a country village, on
having a subscription list handed him
toward purchasing a new hearse for the
place, thus excused himself. I paid S5
for a new hearse forty years ago, and
me and my folks hain't had the benefit
of it yet"
The Kings ot Holland,Belgium, Swe
den, Spain and Portugal have engaged
residences in Paris for the period of tl
Exposition in 1878.
The Bones of Monsters.
"Nature has born strange children in
in her day," says Shakspeare, and he is
not far wrong if we may judge from
some recent discoveries in the rocks of
Colorado. While exploring some rocks
in the white sandstone hog-back of the
cretaceous period, near Morrison, Bear
creek the same stratum as at Colorado
Springs, a few yards west of old Colo
rado City we came suddenly upon a
huge vertebra;, lying as it was carved
out in bas relief on a slab ol sandstone.
It was so heavy that it required two
men to lift it. Its circumference was
thirty-three inches. We stood for some
moments looking in astonishment at
this prodigy, and then hunted round
for some relics. Presently one of the
parly, a little in advance, cried out,
"Why, this beats all!"
At his feet lay a huge bone, resem
bling a Hercules war club, ten inches in
diameter by two feet long. On digging
beneath it a number of smaller verte
bra; were discovered, and at the base of
a cliff two enormous fragments, remind
ing one of the broken columns of some
ancient temple or a couple of saw logs,
lay on the ground, possibly thigh bones,
fifteen inches in diameter at the butt
end; in the cliff above them was another
fragment sticking out of the rock like
the stump of a tree. "With the help of
a sledge hammer and crowbar the rock
was removed around it, and underneath
lay some rib3 three inches in diameter,
with other bones. The rocks in the
vicinity were full of fragments. Se
lecting one of these, we lifted off a
large cap of sandstone above it, and
disclosed a perfect shoulder, ulna and
radius, of another somewhat similar
animal, the thickness of the bones aver
aging about five or six inches. This,
lying as it were like a beautiful sculp
ture on the sandstone, we succeeded in
removing extctly as we found it. Sev
eral smaller bones of animals of vari
ous sizes were discovered, but as the
sun was fast setting behind the moun
tains we deferred moving our trophies
till the following day.
During the night it snowed heavily,
but next nnrn ing we succeeded in drag
ging our prizes on a temporary sled
down the cliff to the road, and bringing
home to the neighboring village a wagon
load of bones and depositing them in a
shanty, preparatory to packing them
off East to Professor Marsh of Yale
College for identification. The monster
to whom the bones belonged could not
have been less than sixty or even eighty
feet long. In the cliff above the bones
impressions of leaves were found (Da
kota group) of dicotyliedonous trees of
very singular shape, some resembling a
lyre, and others tho leaves of a tulip
tree, willow, conifers, etc These trees
grew probably on the shores of small
islands in the cretaceous ocean in which
the marine monsters roamed, and not
far off oysters, (ostrea congesta) clams
(inoceramus) baculites and ammonites
and other marine shells were found in
Along the shores of this ancient sea
pquatted and leapt the dinosaurs or ter
rible lizards, one of whom, Icelaps, was
twenty-four feet long. From the length
of his hinder legs it is supposed that iie
was able to walk upright, like a biped,
carrying his head twelve feet in the air.
There was another still larger, thirty
five feet long, and of the sahie habits.
In the air overhead, huge bat-like crea
tures, comprising a lizard, a crocko
dile, and a bat flapped their leathery
wings twenty-five feet from tip to tip
over the sea, plunging every now and
then into the water for a -fish. There
were birds, too; a diver, five and one
half feet high, and some, strange to say,
with spinal vertebia like a fish, and
armed with pointed teeth in both jaws.
Enormous tortoises and turtles were
the boatmen of the age. One discov
ered by Cope, in Kansas, was fifteen
feet across the end of one flapper to the
end of the other. Huge clams, also, lay
scattered over those ancient shores, 20
inches in diameter. Our saurion did
not fall short of the bigge3t of these
m msters ; he could not have been less
than sixty to seventy feet long, and was
probably either a m isasaurus or lizard
allied to the elasmosaurus.
The ocean in which these creatures
lived was gradually enclosed by the up
heaval of the sea bottom on the west,
and soon became almost an inland sea.
As the elevation continued, and its area
was contracted, ridges would rise, iso
lating portions of the sea into salt lakes,
and imprisoning the life in them. The
stronger soon destroyed the weaker till
the water by evaporation becoming
shallower, all life finally died, became
skeletons, and, in course of ages, fossils
Old Time School Customs.
At the recent meeting of the Georgia
School Teachers' Association, President
Mallon read some very amusing ex
tracts from the diary of Judge Junius
nillyer. Mr. Mallon had been a guest
of the Judge, and during the evening
he became aware of the existence of
the record, the use of which he asked
for the delectation of his co-laborers in
the Association. Judge Hillver cives
a very graphic description of a school
which he attended near Lexington quite
60 years ago. The teacher was a
Frenchman, who had two assistants.
No books were used, but each boy.
ranging from sevn to ten years of age
the Judge was seven was required
to go out into the yard and fill his pock
ets with little rocks. Returning, the
the boys were seated at a large table,
and the teacher began at once to teach
them how to count Having been in
ducted into this mystery, they were re
quired to exercise in mental calcula
tions, each boy as he obtained the
answer whispering it in the teacher's
ear. If the answer proved incorrect
the pupil was struck on the head. As
the pupils progressed the work became
more and more difficult the simpler
forms of arithmetic being succeeded by
examples in mental geometry. These
Litter were so trying that several of the I
pupils fainted at the black-board irbile
making strenuous endeavor to write
their conclusions in geometrical forms.
The school closed at the expiration of
the year, so that the course the teacher
wculd have pursued as his pupils be
came older and stronger is conjectural.
Judge Hillyer remarked that the in
struction he received proved to be
highly beneficial. The mode of pun
ishment was cruel, in some instances
approximately brutal. The teacher
would draw on the ground two rings at
such distances from each other as to
require a boy to stretch his legs pain
fully in order to place a foot in each
ring. Occasionally a third ring is drawn,
and the boy, holding his position as to
his feet,vas required to rest a hand
When a man begins to go down hill,
he is apt to betray the fact by his ex
terior appearance; he wears a long face,
allows his clothes to leok shabby, and
acts like one bereft of hope or pros
pects. Now thi3 is very poor policy;
the sy mpathy and assistance of friend,
is not gained by wearing a dirty shirt;
and unless a man acts as though he had
confidence in h'maelf, he must not ex
pect to inspire it in others. And so
with the external appearance of every
thing. Neatness of appearance does
not end with a man's credit, but often
enhances the va'ue of articles which
he may have for sale. This is especially
true upon the farm, and we will ven
ture to say that a farmer who attends
tJ the exterior of things in ger.eral,
such as clean stables and animals, clean
yards and buildings, and fences in good
repair, will obtain five to ten per cent,
more for the products of his farm than
one who neglects such simple matteis.
If any one doubts the effect of exter
nal appearance upon values in market
or elsewhere, let him try sending butter
to market in an old weather-beaten
firkin, no matter h w good the butter
or clean the vessel may be inside. If
this does not satisfy, try some stained
or dirty epgs, or half plucked poultry.
Producing a good article is one thing,
selling it to advautage is quite another,
and the good salesman generally makes
the most money of the two. The im
portance of a fair t xterior can hardly
be over-estimat d. This principle is
potent in any branch of trade, and in
every grade of society; therefore it is
too important to be overlooked or
passed unheeded. Kx.
What Professor Iiayden and His As
sistants are Dolnjr.
Mr. Stevenson of Prof. Hayden's sur
vey, passed through the city yesterday.
He infoimed a Herald reporter that
news had been received from nearly all
the divisions of the survey now at
work, intheli-jld.and al! have met with
the utm st success. The party under
the control of Mr. George B. Cnitteu
derr, working northwest of Stambaugh,
reports that they have made, up to this
time, sevent six main topographical
stations, and numerous auxiliary points
have ben loeatd. Air. Cnittenden re
ports that within three weeks his party
will return to camp Stambaugh. By
that time he will have all the mountain
work of his district completed. He
will then move down the Sweetwater
country to work up that jortion of his
district This division had 10.000 quare
miles assigned for examination, which
will be finished by the 1st of October.
Mr. Gannett's division, which has
been exploring the tributaries of Green
river and the western branches of Wind
river, reports similar success. Mr. Gan
nett writes in glowing terms of the
grazing and fanning resources of his
district, stating that it is one of the
richest regions in timber, water and
grass, that he has ever e imined. This
party had the same amount of territory
assigned to it for examination that Mr.
Chittenden's had, and the chief of the
party states that he will finish it by the
Mr. G. It Bechler's party has been on
duty about the sources of Snake river,
west of Fort Hall, in Idaho. Reports
from Mr. Bechler indicate the fullest
success. The two latter parties will re
turn to Ogden about the 1st of O.-tober
where they will disband.
Mr. A. D. Wilson, in charge of the
primary triangulation party is now at
work along the line of the V. P. K. It,
between Kawlin's Springs and Green
river, locating the principal peaks in
sight of the road, and connecting his
work with that of the 40th parallel by
Clarence King. Mr. W. has already
located all the prominent mountains
north and west including Fremont's
peak and the grand Tetons.
Prof. C. A. White, late State geologist
of Iowa, has a special party at work
identifying and locating all the forma
tions between Cheyenne and Salt Lake.
These formations are as yet quite un
defined, geologically, and considerable
discussion among geologists has arisen
in reference to these points. Prof.
Hayden, in company with several emi
nent scientific men, is making special
inquiry of the distribution and growth,
as well as the climatical influences of
our western forests ; he is also collect
ing information and data, and making
personal investigation in regard to our
western coal measures, for the purpose
of indicating them in colors on the
sheets of his atlas.
Prof. IIaden is also making a care
ful study of the extent and economic
value of agricultural lands such as
irrigable cr'zing. eta, which he will
also place in appropriate colors on the
ecDnomic sheets of h'3 atlas. It is
thought that the extent and value of
the latter lands have, west of the Mis
sissippi, been greatly underestimated.
The various divisions of the army will
be ready to leave the field by the 15th
of October. Omaha Herald. Aug. 24.
No Bones in the Ocean.
Mr. Jeffrey has established the fact
that bones disappear in the ocean. By
dredging, it is common to bring up
teeth, but rarely ever a bone of anv
kind ; these, however compact dissolve
if exposed to the action of the water
but a little time. On the contrary,
teeth which are not bones any more
than whales are fish-resist the destroy
ing action of sea-water indefinitely, it
is, therefore, a powerful solvent Still,
the popular opinion is that it is a brine.
If such were the case, the bottom of all
seas would, long ago, have been shal
bwed by immense accumulation of car
casses and products of the vegetable
kingdom, constantly floating into them.
Dentine, the peculiar material of which
teeth are formed, and the enamel cov
ering them, offer extraordinary resis
tance to the chemical agencies, which
resolve other animal remains into
nothingness. Muinds in the West,
tumuli in Europe and Asia, which are
believed to antedate sacred history for
thousands of years, yield up pefectly
sound teeth, on which time appears to
have made no impression whatever.
Speaking of spelling reforms reminds
us that a reformation in pronunciation
is imperatively needed. The number
of public speakers who know how to
pronounce their own lauguage is very
small. The pulpit every week slaugh
ters its mother-tongue by its pronun
ciation. It is true in a literary as well
as a religious sense, that he who t fiends
not in word, the same is a perfect man.
We convert dipthongs into vowels by
substituting bile for boil, and rile for
roil; we clip our words in such pronun
ciations as lat'n for latin ; the vowel u
is abolished altogether, and for it we
invoke the double o in such won Is as
institootion, latitood, Toosday, and the
same double o is also compelled to do
service for ew in such words as noo,
doo, etc.; we convert i into an indis
tinguishable and indefinable vowel in
such words as quanterty for quantity,
abilerty for ability; and the r.of which
the Frenchmen make so much use, is
rarely or never heard with us, xcept at
the beginning of a word; we stop our
bottles with cawks and eat our dinner
with fawks; while certain consonants
drop out of line, as in govei'ment and
Permanent Silver Minus.
In his treatise on silver mines. Ful
ler says: "Wherever in any part of the
world silver mines have been worked,
they are worked now, unless liom war,
invasion of I ahans, etc. We know
of no silver mining regions in the world
that have given out. Mexican mines
worked by the Aztecs before the-conquest
by Cirtez are still worked as
profitably as ever; the old Spanish
mines opended long before Uann bal's
time, are still worked with enormous
pnfis; the South Amirican mines
have constantly yielded their wealth
for more than three hundred years,
and are as productive as ever; mines in
Hungary that were worked by the I Jo
mans before the Savior's time, still
yie'd abundance of ore; the silver
mines of Freiburg, opened in the
eleventh century and worked continu
ally ever since, yield their steady in
crease. So in Norway, Sweden and
Russia, and indeed wl erever silver
mines have been opened, we believe
without exception, they continue to be
worked at the present day, and gener
ally are more productive than at any
time in their past history."
There is a difficulty in defining mod
erate drink ing, as Sir Thomas said.
And it is almost equally difficult to be
moderate in speaking about this sub
ject though we are convinced that
medical men will do good in proportion
.is their speech is judicial and scientific.
We doubt whether it is right t say
that moderate drinking is the parent of
excessive drinking. But what is mod
erate drinking? We can best get a
notion of it by saying what is not
Drinking early in the day is not consis
tent with moderate drinking. The man
who begins the day with a "soda and
brandy" has very little respect for his
constitution: and if he does not alter
his habits they will alter his health.
Nor do glasses of beer and glasses of
spirits in the forenoon come within
moderate drinking. They will show
themselves in some rotundity of fea
tures or figure, or alteration of color,
some dysjepsia, lithiasis or rheuma
tism. That is not moderate drinking
which adds fifteen or twenty beats to
the pulse, or which flushes the face.
Finally, all casual drinking is bad, pre
sumably, and no moderate drinking.
The system will not receive food as a
matter of conviviality, at all sorts of
hours, still less will it receive, with im
punity, drink in this way. Drinking
which disturbs sleep, either making it
heavy or driving it away, is not moder
ate. For want of thought on these
points many people w'io would beshock
ed to be considered immoderate, charge
their blood .and tissues with dnnk so
continuously that the system, though
never saturated with it is never free
from alchohol. Moderate drinking
is that which cn.si3ts with a clear
tongue, a good appetite, a slow pulse, a
cool skin, a clear head, a steady hand,
good walking power, and a light re
freshing sleep. It is associated with
meals, and is entirely subordinated to
more convenient and less objectionable
forms of food.
Influence in the World.
"Who can estimate the power of per
sonal influence? The careful, indus
trious mistress of a house has an influ
ence on her circle the extent of which
she harslf cannot calculate. Sj has
that fast and frivolous wife, to whom
pleasure is as the breath of ber nostnls,
her fine clothes dearer than her chil
dren, and of all sorrows work and duty
the most sorrowful. How mai y young
minds has she not warped bv her per
nicious example, so brilliant in its set
ting and so seductive in its lines ? It is
so hard to work, so pleasant to play.
Has a bold, slangy girl no inflaence
over her comrades? If a good, pure and
modest girl, who neither, " nor idles,
neither talks slang nor af -
subjects ; who finds no pleasure in silly
little intrigues, ami abhors all degrad
ing little falsehoods: who believes in
duty, and acts as if she lielieves if
such a girl as this is the friend which
every wise mother desires her child to
make, so, on the other hand, is the bold
and idle, thriftless and undutiful girl
the one whom she would wish to be
avoided, because of the power of influ
ence. Kvery mm and woman living
has influence for good or evil. Our per
sonality has influence; our habits, our
modes of thought, our toshi-m of dress,
our method of speech, each circum
stance of individutlit. makes its mark,
and either rope's bv the distaste oral
tracts by the admiration which it in
spires; there is no one so small and in
significant as to be destitute of the
power of stirring, to .-ome t tent, the
world in which he lives.
A person cannot have tnuht a half
dozen terms without being surprised by
the sina'l amount of knowledge in the
land; the simplest facts in nitural sci
ence are unknown. As fr as the
parents are concerned, this cannot be
helped, the only hope is in educating
aright the children; and here there is
danger of giving them too little, of con
fining their time to certain studies to
the utter neglect of others of t qiuil im
portance. A few studies should be obli
gatory on every pupil ; others should
be left to the discernment of the teac:.er.
If a scholar shows adecidtd t;iste for
a particular branch mathematics for
instance and there is a pn liability for
his continued attendance at school, then
by all means urge him onward, but it".
:u in a majority of ta.Ms. he w ill leave
school in a year or two and dn p study
altogether, don't gne it too much time.
List year there w;ts a young girl of
sixteen m my school; sdte had beet
through with -IJobinson's Practie.i
Arithmetic." and for two ears hat
been ktudying the higher; this, with ;.
little knowledge of geography, and stil
less of grammar, comprised all she hau
acquired. She was to leave school at
the close of that tern., thenceforth to
assist her mother in household matters,
or do the .same in a house of her own
I would not seem to underrate the
mental discipline of the stud v. but as
far as this pupil was concerned.'?, would
have been ;ls great in some other biaiuh
and of what practical benefit was it?
If she had spent her timeon someother
study, botany, hi.stoiy. drawing, or she
might have been led to at q lire a tate
for literature becoming interested
in any one of these, she could easily,
with her chosen work, still hav. k-pt
up the study; and what a source ot
pleasure and profit it would have proved.
It is not expected thai these should
form a branch of study m c mmon
schools, but there are occasionally cases
where this would becomineiidable.and
in general, summer schools are not
crowtled, so want of tine, would not be
There aie. so many of Ine pupils
whose school days are over when the;
lavo district school, it s is a pity that
their whole time should be tU voted to
elementary branches. It is a question
whether the time most scholar spend
on grammar in common s hoots is prof
itably tpfut On whose ear is sensi
tive would be constantly irritated by
the conversation of the pupils, or ol
their parents- who studied grammar
in the old school house. ( n root of the
ditliculty may be in the fact that those
scholars who do take u the stu ly gen
erally commence too young, before they
are able to a in;ireh"ud auvthittg of tho
science, and const quently 'm tire of
it; and another, that it is to- often mf...
taught, not only the wrong methods
being used, but many of the instructors
Continued lencti ion in daily life or
school leads to one of two things; we
become restless and Io.'e interest or,
as following the sam cure continu
ally n qiire? little t xrtion, we jog along
in a listless way with no ral life, no
vitality. To k-.p clear of this, to keep
up an interest, r q-iires a variety. liven
when a teacher endeavors to make rec
itations as interesting as possible, they
must necessarily be very much alike.
One Iittlething.it is astonishing what
a magnetic iower a teacher may have
by simply being interested herself; if
she is anxious to get through le-r work.
or only goes on with it because she
must, the effect will be manifest in the I
pupils. A teacher could employ ten or
fifteen minutes a day iinl dmit g-t into
the habit of having it c m at te same
t.ima day by d iv -in giving instruction
no different subjects. The principles of
natural science, the leading f.icla in
chemistry and astronomy could b
taught, and in ea;h lesson make fre
use of the blackboard. J.t the pupils
know there is a world l-yoml this little
world in whic'i D.cy luv- hvI so con
tentededly.and probably 'jomrratuJated
themselves that they hHj . :,;h ao
quired all that was worth knowing.
The sul j-ct of philosophy, of the rnot
vital importance to evt-r o'i is en
tirely negbr'H. Such a sirup!-q i-
tion a3 why we eat, not on- in fi 'ty tnoro M,i' ir Ui u aa'l "en put in nWrv
could answer. They eat because they I tmiU"-s- A few cloves, cinnamon root
are hungry, and think no mure about it I or ,n si 'r be usd as flvor
That tb re is n-ed to supply waste in I tn io tllM V i( hJ- When the &
rnoaclet-r n rve. would be to Uh man j '"' PrJy dried, pock In tumblers or
Mtijin-hipc i''a. JiT'fmrifK : J
Silver l'iirur Mfe ihroush
Among th1 can which wrre destroy
ed Saturday msht and Miaday during
the prevalence of the not wer io or 12
which contained freight -h.nr.ed bv th
Penasylvinia Lead Company of Mans
field. It wa.1 rrpnmllv mim-! rhnt
- - - ---. t.t
all of the r.. conr.ainwl ni "of leJ. I da
and in the surfeit of oth-r more valu- J
ide and more sutly traJitponwi g,od,
no one thought of loaltuz himself with
this heavy metal. On Tuesday, after
the fire, it was discovered that three of
the cars contained pure silver, which
had been smelted at the Mansfield es
tablishment and whicb was on Its way
to the Philadelphia Mint mbe silver
was in the form Olmmmmgmmmmmm
than pigs of led. and. like the lei.,
had melted and run down between the
ties and in the gutters. Of course there
was no effort on the p irt of the Com
pany to dissipate the impression that
the cars contained nothing but led.
and as the metals lo)k much alike there
was no attempt to steal any of tho -
more precious substance. On Tuesday
the proprietors visited the rums and re
in ved the metal. The value of the
ilver tha was in the cars is not th fin
itely known, but the amount was sev
eral thousand dollars.
The whole number of Pilgrims tov
Home during the Pope's episcopal jubi
lee was 1T.2IO. The largest number
from any one country was from France
(J.IXM. The 1'nited States sent Thh).
In the past 7 J years, of '2,i persons
condemned to death m Austria, only
."ids were executed, the reigning sovtl
eign having been averse to capital pun
ishment, and having pardoned or com
muted the sentences of the others.
A tomb at Spaiti. where explorations
are being conducted under the auspices
of wheat in Minnesota this i
mensurr SI.OOO.OUO bushels, x-
IKW.IHX) bushels will be spathe
Iortatiou to consumers out not
State. The total yield last
exceed ls.00o.00O. .
t'ussian shores of L,4,oua
an infested ny a p!aguc f a0
spniers. wuo.se nileetusiM 4 ,.veU
eral days, and, in soun
fatal. It is supposed tl
of the birds and insects
llv feed on ?liHf !in-
their appearing m .nur'am ""
I t 1 l k A
Da is said to be F)vrmU 0
MexuM. ami is re "'.-t
M. OaiiutH, in f com n 1'ui'a' ion to
the Parisian Medirtl S n-iety. d-clarm
that f.ishionable 'vomeu are seriousrjC'
inj'iring th ir hoitUi by wviriujj high
Cstpt Klt-x.ot v.itia G rtiudeM.TVxas.
is making an aditioti of tU mites to his
' pasture ti-nre. hn-1. will cut lose, altc
' get her, when cfimpleled, li;,(o acres of
I-'fteen vein .ik'" M. Frati'ois Bravav
was esteemed t'ie richest man in Parl
ami his profusion and display equaled
the stories told bv I him is of Monte
Christo. He died m poverty and blind
ness a few days ago.
Charles Francis Adams is rejiorted to
have real tstat worth 51 U0.47t. mt
sonal property to the extent of $1 ;im,
1 '.",. and nstdent bank shares wofii,
I4i.lK 1 -a total v.il.mtioii of SlS4 .M.,
a decrease of Stoji:., from last year. '
The N'er,- York Tritiunr says it bi re
potted that 0'iceii Victoria, the Prince
of Wales, and the I). ike of Argyl- aru
ill invest ga?rs ot Spiritualistic phe-no-neiia,
and it is furthermore said Hat
the Prnice-vs iea'r.ce is a very fre
I'.SKH'I, KK( ll'KS.
Tom m s let e -Take the juice of ''
ii,e tomatoes, and put a pound of HiWr,M
gar to each quart of juice, put It 1,!,"
botis and set it nsHe. m a iw -it
will have tl.e apfeariuc
of pure wine of the besf,LD 3TA1JD.
with uiiti-r. is a ' It I. Tl!
for the sick. JASKA.
wiuinw , -i rfrii " "
it is white with a bluiah cast or with
specks in it. refuse it. Jvcwid.ex wnine
its adhesivenesswet and knead a lit
tle of it between your iingerfl; if it
worK.s soft and sticky, it Is poor. TMfS,
throw a little lump of driM flour
against a smo-l. Hitrf;u:e, if it falls Iiki
powder, it is bad. Fourth, squezi
some of Uie tl mr tightly in your hand .
if it retains th shape, given by tb
presume, that Vt is a good sign.
An Oknamknt.w. Dish. pare -nd
core, without splitting, iwm; small
sized, tart apples, and boil them very
gently, with one lemon to six apph,
till a straw will p.uw through them.
Make a syrup of half a jound of white
!"Wir r'r ,w"h ,,ml of '"'P'". Pt
Ur; apples unbroken and the !emr.n
sliced into h? lynip, and boll gently
till the apj . look clear. T.V.L
them up carefully so as not to .;tff
them, and add an ounce or more of
clarified tain -Ins U the ny nip. and Jet
it lofI up. Then lay a nhce of lenwn
on each appv and strain th sj nip over
Tomato Fi. -The a mull vanKie
of tomato are the Ix-st for ufc.r.;
figs. Make syrup as for urf,ZrlmM.
Drop in lit" torn t?o-s. a few at a tl dm.
awl boil a few moments, sklrn out and
m plates to partially dry in yoarF
fen. or in a cool baking oven. .Lai "?
l tin ovi
the trrtin liil Attum n titu . -W '.
" r kW "' m,
. tpnuJicg auytr plentifully t
.ween the layers. Cover with papM
-rnejtr-d with white of egg. and kp JH
a dry pla:-.
-Ma, didn't 'oah liave b-es in the
! i -. -r- .i . .
IK ' , tuai' m? "';?- Uf cour
lli - tui WJ do you want to kn-wr
j.wu 'ui tun iracuer IH1JJD
about the .uci-nt ark luves.' the vtbei
Iftw?tf f VU'4 . V . i
t V ... .
- v l"l no' l understand what she
"Mamma."" a-iio! a precious youngster
at a tabt the other erenfng. aflcr a
long ami yeorn.ng g2 toward a plate
oi aoczunuis. uo vo?T this r -v. -
stand another of thse? fned hoN
The City of Melbourne now
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