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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (May 10, 1877)
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THE RED CLOUD CHIEF.
M. Jj. TOOMAS, E4ltar M4 Frprf mtmr.
The BtTa r Stata-la'tk-Saee,
BT JTESRT W. IvOSOFSLLOW.
Id thsi desolste Isnd anil lone,
Where the Big Horn and Yellowstone
Roar down their mountain pstb,
By their flres the Sioux Chiefs
Mattered their woes and grief,
And the menace of their wrath.
"Revenge!" cried Rain-in-the-Facc,
"Revenge npon all the race
Of the White Chief with jellow hair!"
And the mountains dark and high
From their crag re-echoed the cry
Of his anger and despair.
In the meadow, spreading wide
By woodland and river side
The Indian village stood;
All was silent as a dream,
Eave the rushing of the stream
And the blue jay In thewood.
In his war paint and his beads,
Like a bison among the reeds,
In ambush the Sitting Bull
Lay with three thousand braves
Crouched In the clefts and caves,
Savage, unmerciful !
Into the fatal snare
The White Chief with yellow hair
And his three hundred men
Dashed headlong, sword in hand,
But of that gallant band
Not one returned again.
The sudden darkness of death
Overwhelmed them, like the breath
And smoke of a furnace fire;
By the river's bank, and between
The rocks of the ravine,
They lay in their bloody attire.
But the focman fled in the night,
And Rain-in-the-Facc, in his flight,
Uplifted high in the air
As a ghastly trophy bore
The brave heart, that beat no more,
Of the White Chief with yellow hair.
Whose was the right and the wrong?
Sing it, O funeral Bong,
With a voice that is full of tears,
And say that our broken faith
Wrought all this ruin and scathe,
In the Year of a Hundred Years.
TI1EMAN WHOSK YOKE WAS NOT
He was,a spare man, and, physically,
an ill-conditioned man, but at first
glance scarcely a seedy man. The in
dications of reduced circumstances in
the male of the better class are, I fancy,
first visible in the boots and shirt, the
boots offensively exhibiting a degree of
polish inconsistent with their dilapida
ted condition, and the shirt showing an
extent of ostentatious surface that is
invariably fatal to the threadbare waist
coat that it partially covers. He was
a pale man, and I fancied still paler
from his black clothes.
He handed me a note.
It was from a certain physician; a
man of broad culture and broader ex
perience; a man who had devoted the
greater part of his active life to the
alleviation of sorrow and suffering;
a man who had lived up to the noble
vows of a noble professiou; a man who
locked in his honorable breast the
secrete of a hundred families, whose
face was as kindly, whose touch was as
gentle in the wards of the great public
hospitals as it was beside the laced cur
tains of the dying Narcissa ; a man who,
through long contact with suffering,
had acquired a universal tenderness and
breadth of kindly philosophy; a man
who, day and night, was at the beck and
call of Anguish;aman whoneverasked
the creed, belief, moral or worldly stand
ing of the sufferer, or even his ability
to pay the few coins that enabled him
(the physician) to exist and practice his
calling; in brief, a man who so nearly
lived up to the example of the Great
Master that it seems strange I am
writing of him as a doctor of medi
cine and not of divinity.
The note was in pencil, characteristi
cally brief, and ran thus:
"Here is the man I spoke of. He
ought to be good material for you."
For a moment I sat; looking from the
note to the man, and sounding the "dim
perilous depths" of my memory for the
meaning of this mysterious communi
cation. The "good material,w however,
soon relieved my embarrassment, by
putting his hand on his waistcoat, com
ing toward me, and saying, "It's just
here ; you can feel it
It was not necessary for me to do so.
In a flash I remembered that my medi
cal friend had told me of a certain poor
patient once a soldier, who, among his
other trial and uncertainties, was af
flicted with an aneurism caused by the
buckle of his knapsack pressing upon
the arch of the aorta. It was liable to
brcjBtat any shock or any moment. The
poor fellow's yoke had indeed been too
In the presence of such a tremendous
possibility 1 think for an instant I felt
anxious only about jnyself. What J
should do; how dispose of the body;
how explain the circumstances of his
taking off; how evade the ubiquitous
reporter and the Coroner's inquest;
how a suspicion might arise that I had
in some way, through negligence, or for
some dark purpose, unknown to the
' JUTTf precipitated the catastrophe, all
nasnea oeiore me. Even the note
with its darkly suggestive offer of
"good material" for me looked diaboli
. cally significant What might not an
intelligent lawyer make of it ?
I tore up instantly, and with feverish
courtesy begged him to be seated.
"You dont care to feel it ?" he asked,
a little anxiously.
He sighed, a trifle sadly, as if I had
rejected the only favor he could bestow.
I saw at once that he had been under
frequent exhibition to the doctors, and
that he was. nerharjs. a trifle vain of
flrfm attention. This oerceotion was
corroborated a moment later by his pro-1
ducingacopy of a medical magazine,
with the remark that on the sixth page
I would find-a tfill statement of his
Gould I serve him in any way? I
It appeared that I could. If I could
help him to any light employment,
something that did not require any
great physical exertion or mental ex
citement, be would be thankful But
be wanted me to understand that be was
not, strictly speaking, a poor man ; that
some years before the discovery of his
fatal complaint he bad taken out a life
insurance policy for $5,000, and that he
bad raised and scraped enough together
to pay it up; and that he would not
leave his wife and four children desti
tute. "You see," he added, "if I could
find some sort of light work to do, and
kinder sled along, you know until "
He stopped, awkwardly.
I have heard several noted actors
thrill their audience with a single phrase.
I think I never was as honestly moved
Dy any spoken wow as mat "until or
the pause that followed it He was
evidently quite unconscious of its ef
fect, for as I took a seat beside him on
the sofa, and looked more closely in his
waxen face, I could see that he was
evidently embarrassed, and would have
explained himself further, if I had not
Possibly it was the dramatic idea, or
possibly chance, but a few days after
ward,meeting a certain kind-hearted the
atrical manager, I asked him if he had
any light employment for a man who
was an invalid. "Can he walk ?" "Yes."
"Stand up for fifteen minutes ? "Yes"
"Then I'll take him. He'll do for the
last scene in the 'Destruction of Senna
cherib' it's a tremendous thing, you
know; we'll have 2,000 people on the
stage." I was a trifle alarmed at the
title, and ventured to suggest without
betraying my poor friend's secret that
he could not actively engage in the "De
struction of Sennacherib," and that even
the spectacle of it might be' too much
for him. "Needn't see it at all," said
my managerial friend ; put him in front;
nothing to do but march in and march
out, and dodge curtain."
He was engaged. I admit I was at
times haunted by grave doubts as to
whether I should not have informed
the manager of his physical condition,
and the possibility that he might some
evening perpetrate a real tragedy on
the mimic stage, but on the first per
formance of "The Destruction or Sen
nacherib," which I conscientiously at
tended, I was somewhat relieved. I
had often been amused with the placid
way in which the chorus in the opera
invariably received the most astound
ing information, and witnessed the most
appalling tragedies by poison or the
block without anything more than a
vocal protest or command always deliv
ered to the audience, and never to the
actors, but I think my poor friend's
utter impassiveness to the wild carnage
and th6 terrible exhibitions ef incendi
arism that were going on around him
transcended even that. Dressed in a
costume that seemed to be the very soul
of anachronism, he stood a little outside
the proscenium, holding a spear, the
other hand pressed apparently upon the
secret within his breast, calmly survey
ing, with his waxen face, the gay audi
torium. I could not help thinking that
there was a certain pride visible even
in his placid features, as of one who
was conscious that at any moment he
might change this simulated catastro
phe into real terror. I could not help
saying this to the doctor, who was with
me. "Yes," he said, with professional
exactitude, "when it happens he'll throw
his arms up above his head, utter an
ejaculation, and fall forward on his face
it's a singular thing, they always fall
forward on their face and they'll pick
up the man as dead as Julius Caesar."
After that I used to go, night after
night, with a certain hideous fascina
tion; but while it will be remembered
the "Destruction of Sennacherib" had a
tremendous run, it will also be remem
bered that not a single life was really
lost during its representation.
It was only a few weeks after this
modest first appearance on the boards
of the man with an Aneurism that,
happening to be at a dinner party of
practical business' men, I sought to
interest them with the details of the
above story, delivered with such skill
and pathos as I could command, I regret
to say, that as a pathetic story, it for a
moment seemed to be a dead failure.
At last a prominent banker sitting next
to me turned to me with the awful
question: "Why don't your friend try
to realize on his life insurance?" I
begged his pardon; I didn't quite under
stand. "O, discount, sell out Look
here after a pause. Let him assign
his policy to me it's not much of a risk,
on your statement Well I'll give him
his $5,000, clear." And he did. Under
the advice of this cool-headed I think
I may add warm-hearted banker,
"The Man with an Aneurism" invested
his money in the name and for the ben
efit of his wife in certain securities that
paid him a small but regular stipend.
But he still continued upon the boards
of the theater.
By reason of some business engage
ments that called me away from the
city, I did not see my friend the physi
cian for three months afterward. When
I did, I asked tidings of "The Han with
an Aneurism." The doctor's kind face
grew sad. "Tm afraid that is, I don't
exactly know whether I've good news
or bad. Did you ever see his wife?"
I never had.
"Well, she was younger than he, and
rather attractive. One of these doll
faced women. You remember, he set
tled that life insurance policy on her
and the children; she might have
waited. Shedidnt The other day she
eloped with some fellow, I don't re
memoer his name, with the children
and the $5,000."
-And the shock killed him," I said,
witn poetic promptitude.
"No that is not yet: I saw him
yesterday," said the doctor, with con-
.... - -
scientious professional precision, look
ing over his list of calls.
-Well, where is thepoorfellownow?
"He's still at the theatre. Jam, if
these powders are called for, yoall find
thess here in this envelope. Tell Mrs.
Blank 111 be there at 7 and she can
give the baby this until I come. Say
there's no danger. These women are
an awful bother! Yes, he's at the thea
ter yet Which way are you going?
Down town ? Why can't you step into
my carriage, and 111 give you a lift,
and well talk on the way down ? Well
he's at the theater yet And and
do you remember the 'Destruction of
Sennacherib? No? Yes you do. You
remember that woman in pink, who
pirouetted in the famous ballet scene?
You don't? Why, yes, you do! Well,
I amagine, of course, I don't know it's
only a summary diagnosis, but I im
agine that our friend with the aneurism
has attached himself to her."
"Doctor, you horrify me."
"There are more things, Mr. Poet in
heaven and earth than are yet dreamt
of in your philosophy. Listen. My
diagnosis may be wrong, but that
woman called the other day at my office
to ask about him, bis health and gen
eral condition. I told her the truth
and she fainted. It was about as dead
a faint as I ever saw; I was nearly an
hour in bringing her out of It Of
course it was the beat of the room, her
exertions the preceding week, and I
prescribed for her. Queer, wasn't it ?
Now, if I were a writer, and had your
faculty, I'd make something out of
"But how is his general health?"
"O, about the name. He can't evade
what will come, you know, at any mo
ment He was up here the other day.
Why the pulsation was as plain why
the entire arch of the aorta What, you
get out here ? Good by."
Of course no moralist, no man writing
for a sensitive and strictly virtuous
public could further interest himself in
this man. So I dismissed him at once
from my mind, and returned to the lit
erary contemplation of virtue that was
clearly and positively defined, and of
Sin that invariably commenced with a
capital letter. That this man in his
awful condition, hovering on the verge
of eternity, should allow himself to be
attracted by but it was horrible to
Nevertheless, a month afterward, I
was returning from a festivity with
my intimate friend Smith, my distin
guished friend Jobling, my most re
spectable friend Robinson, and my wit
tiest friend Jones. It was a clear, star
lit morning, and we seemed to hold the
broad, beautiful avenue to ourselves,
and I fear we acted as if it were so. As
we hilariously passed the corner of
Eighteenth street, a couple rolled by,
and I suddenly heard my name called
from its gloomy depths.
"I beg your pardon," said the doctor,
as the driver drew up on the sidewalk,
"but I've some news for you. I've just
been to see our poor friend . Of
course I was too late. He was gone in
"As Pharaoh! In an instant, just as I
said. You see the rupture took place
in the descending arch of"
"It's a queer story. Am I keeping
you from your friends? No? Well
you see she that woman I spoke of
had written a note to him based on
what I told her. He got it, and dropped
in his dressing-room, dead as a herring."
"How could she have been so cruel,
knowing his condition; she might with
woman's tact have rejected him less
"Yes, but you're wrong. By Jove she
accepted him! was willing to marry
"Yes don't you see ? It was joy that
killed him. Gad, we never thought of
that! Queer, ain't it See here, don't
you think you might make a story out
out of it?"
"But, doctor, it hasn't got any moral."
"Humph! that's so. Good morning.
Drive on John." Bret Harte in New
Extinction of a Prehistoric Race.
The extinction of the partially-civilized
race who once dwelt in the Rocky
Mountain region was probably the re
salt of some great geological change.
The country is naturally arid, but
doubtless, when this nearly-forgotten
people dwelt here in the numerous cities
whose ruins are still to be seen, the
conditions of life were more favorable.
The annals of this interesting race have
perished with them, and the history of
their downfall is now matter for con
jecture. Mr. F. S. Dellenbaugh, of the
Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences,
describes as follows the course of
events which resulted in the extinction
of the Shinumos: When the change
occurred, "the inhabitants, not under
standing the science of irrigation, be
held their crops slowly but surely fail
ing every year. The inevitable result
was famine. By this their hardy con
stitutions were weakened, and the way
was prepared for some great epidemic
that swept away thousands, and left
them in a melancholy condition. Then
the epidemic was, possibly, soon fol
lowed by the appearance of the Indian,
so entirely different from the Shinumo.
He was ferocious, treacheroun, cunning.
Lying, cheating, stealing, murdering
were his pastimes. Then, it is no won
der that the Shinumo, in his emaciated
condition, was compelled to retreat be
fore the impetuous attackof such a foe.
He was no warrior no hunter. He
had depended almost entirely on his
knowledge of agriculture for his peace
ful existence. It was impossible for
him to act on the defensive, and at the
same time successfully till the soil. The
Indian was constantly on the alert to
surprise him. He must fall back and
yield more territory to the exacting in
truder. Vanquished and discouraged,
he fortified himself in places extremely
difficult of access; built cliff-houses;
lived in caves, and finally became ex
tinct The divisions on the south side
ef the Colorado fared somewhat better,
for the stupendous chasms of the river
form a barrier that can only be crossed
with success atseveral widely-separated
points. Consequently, when the India
reached this obstacle, his easy progress
southward was Interrupted. The cross
ing points, too, which of course were
well known to the Shinumos, had been
strongly fortified by their soldiery, and
thus a double check was presented to
the invasion. The people then en jo; ed
comparative peace, till, in the course of
their nomadic wanderings, the 1ml Una
discovered thai there was an end to the
canon barrier.and were once more able
to cope with their antagonists under
favorable auspices. The Shinumos were
again slowly driven back, and. at the
dawn of our knowledge of tx region,
we find surviving only a mere handful
of their kindred, in the Pueblo tribes,
who were still defending their fortress
homes, as they had been for centuries.''
Popular Science Monthly.
A War Romance.
A LlttU Uabe atSalloh What tUram of
The following letter has been received
at the oflici of the Adjutant General
Charleston, S. C , March e, 1S7T.
Sin: In conversation yesterday with
an ex-Confederate soldier, I learn the
following facts which I deem of suffi
cient importance to lay before you :
At about 8 o'clock on the first morn
ing of the battle of Shiloh, after the
Confederate infantry under General
Breckenridge had driven a body of
Federal troops from their position to
ward the river, a battery of Georgia
artillery following close behind, came
upon the dead body of a lady lying out
side of a tent in the rear of what was
supposed to be the camp of the Ffty
fifth Ohio Volunteers many of the
dead of that regiment, dressed in Zou
ave uniform, being on the ground. By
the side of the dead lady was a little
shild, beautifully clad, who seemed un
conscious of its mother's death. Some
of the men of the battery covered the
child with their blankets, and placed
it in charge of two of the Federal pris
oners and then passed on. What be
came of the child afterward cannot at
this time be positively ascertained, but
it is thought that the Confederate di
vision surgeon saw to its welfare. The
breastpin having the lady's likeness on
one side, and that of a gentleman in
citizen's dres3 on the other side, is now
in the keeping of an ex-member of the
battery, who 1 am assured would be
glad to return it to the husband or rela
tive of the deceased lady.
I do not know from what part of
your State the Fifty-fifth Ohio came,
but the records of your office will show
that fact A knowledge of the above
made known to any of the surviving
officers in the district in which the
regiment was raised may bo of interest
to some of its living members, as would
a knowledge of what became of the
child to the survivors of the Georgia
battery. The fate of the child interests
me, and I should be glad to know if it
ever came into the possession of its
relatives. Very respectfully,
Formerly a resident of Circleville, O.
To the Adjutant General Stateof Ohio,
The Theory of Evolution.
Sir Wyville Thomson said, in a lec
ture to the natural history class at Ed
inburg University, that the great stum
bling block, from the natural history
side of the question, in the way of an
acceptance of the evolution hypothesis,
was, that any such passage from one
species to another is entirely outside
our experience. The horse has evi
dently been the horse since the earliest
hieroglyphs were engraved upon Assyr
ian monuments and tombs; and the
same held for all living creatures.
There was not a shadow of evidence of
one species having passed into another
during the period of human record or
tradition. Nor is this all. We have,
in the fossil remains contained in the
rocks, a sculptured record of the inhab
itants of this world, running back incal
culably further than the earliest chisel-
mark inscribed by man incalculably
further than man's existence on this
planet; and, although we find from the
record that thousands of specimens have
passed away, and thousands have ap
peared, in no single case have we yet
found the series of transitional forms
imperfectly gliding into one another.
and uniting two clearly distinct species
by a continuous bridge, which could be
cited as an undoubted instance of the
origin of a species. Mr. Darwin's mag
nificent theory of "natural selection"
and "survival of the fittest" has un
doubtedly shaken the veil by pointing
out a path by which such an end might
be attained; but it has by no means
raised it Still, even if we never found
out the precise mode in which one spe
cies gave rise to another, there could be
no further hesitation in accepting gen
erally an hypothesis of evolution.
Popular Science Monthly.
A cotch Story.
A certain minister having become
much addicted to drink, his Presbytery
had to interfere and get the minister to
sign the pledge. The result was, that
the sadden reaction was .too much for
him, and he became so ill that the
doctor was sent for. The doctor said
he must begin to take his toddy again.
This the minister said he could not do,
as he had taken the pledge. The doctor
replied that he might get a bottle or
two quietly, and nobody but their own
selves and the housekeeper would know
it "Man, said the minister, "my house
keeper is worse than all the Presby
tery put together, so that would not do."
However, it was arranged that the
doctor should bring in the whisky and
sugar, and that the minister was to
make up the toddy in the bedroom with
tit A lint" i4 t V ma w kikM!
arc uw wn uc guw iui auA.uig pur-
poses in the morning. The result was
the minister got speedily well; and one
day on going oat, the doctor said to the
minister's housekeeper: "Well, Mar
garet, your sinister if quite himself
T3-wsnae doubt of that, sir,"
she replied ; "he's quite well is the body.
but there is sewsethin fan wrong wf
his upper story." -What's tbr. Mar
garet r asked the doctor. "Wtei. sir. I
dinnakn,but he asks for shaTin water
six or seven times a day."
Washlsgtea as a HaaMMit
The following letter Is a copy of one
from General Washington to his brother-in-law
Colonel Bum ell Bassett of
Eltham. Virginia. Colonel iUasett
married Anna Maria Dandridge, the
sister of Martha Dandridge who was
first Mrs. Custis. then Mrs. Washing
ton. This letter has been treasured by
Colonel Bassett's grandson, who, until
now, has refused to allow it to be pub
lished. It is the only letter we know
of in which Washington Indulged in
anything like humor.
Mount Veiinox, 2Sth August, lTtM.
DkakSik: I was favoured with your
Epistle wrote on a certain 25th of July,
when you ought to have been at Church,
praying as becomes every goal Chris
tian Man who has as much to answer
for as you have strange it is that you
will be so blind to truth that the en
lightnlng sounds of the Gospel cannot
reach your Ear, nor no Examplrs
awaken you to a sense of Goodness
could you but behold with what re
ligious zeal I hye me to Church on every
Lord's day, it would do your heart good,
and fill it I hope, with equal fervency
but hark'ee I am told you have lately
introduced into your Family, a certain
production which you are lost In admi
ration of, and spend so much time in
contemplating the just proportions of
its parts, the ease, and conveniences
with which it abounds, that it is thought
you will have little time to animadvert
uion the prosiect of your Crois, fcc
pray how will this be reconciled to th.it
anxious care and vigilance, which is bo
escencially necessary at a time when
our growing Property meaning the
Tobacco is assailed by every villain
ous worm that has had an existence
since the days of Noah (how unkind it
was of Noah, now I have mentioned
his name, to suffer such a brood of
Vermin to get a birth in the Ark!) but
perhaps you may be as well of as we
are that is, have no Tobacco for them
to eat, and there 1 think we nicked the
DoS, as I think to do you if you exiect
any more but not without a full as
surance of being with a very sincere
D Sir, Yr Mo Affect A. Obed.,
P. S. don't forget to make my com pis
to Mrs. Bassett Miss Dudy, and ttie
little ones, for Miss Dudy cannot be
classed with small People without of
fering her great Injustice. I sliall see
you, I expect, about the first of No
vember. To Coin. Bassett, at Eltham.
The "new production," so much ad
mired by Colonel Bassett, to which
Washington jestingly alludes, was a
baby son and heir. Two daughters had
preceded this infant and as the estate,
before the Revolution, was entailed, a
son had been ardently desired by
Colonel Bassett, who was the sole
representative of his family; his father,
grandfather, and great-grandfather,
having each been, like himself, an only
son. "Miss Dudy," was Miss Judy
Diggs, the daughter of a neighboring
farmer and remarkable for her size and
strength. She had, on one occasion,
been induced to wrestle with a young
man, a guest at Eltham, on condition
that he would treat her with all due
respect The trial of strength and skill
went on for awhile in perfect good
nature, but the young gentleman on
finding that "Miss Dudy" was getting
the better of him, lost his temper, and
roughly handled his amazonian adver
sary, whereupon her spirit rose she
tossed him on the floor, and, in spite of
all his efforts, tied him hand and foot
to await sentence from Colonel Bassett.
From "Reminiscences of Washing
ton," Scribner for May.
An Important Decision.
The Supreme Court at its recent ses
sion at Dubuque decided a question of
much importance to the State at large
and especially to the people of Guthrie
county. The title of the case was Grey
against Mount, and it involves the ques
tion of the validity of the election held
in Guthrie county under which the
Board of Supervisors have been pro
ceeding to erect a court house at
Guthrie Center and a high school build
ing at Panora.
Years ago the United States granted
to the State all the swamp lands within
its borders. Subsequently the State re
granted the lands to the several coun
ties on condition that the fund should
be used to reclaim the swamp lands
and for road purposes. By a subse
quent law the proceeds of the sale of
the lands were to be used for the erec
tion of public buildings and such other
public improvements as the people by
a vote should designate. A year or
more ago the requisite number of citi
zens of Guthrie coanty petitioned the
Board of Supervisors to order an elec
tion, at which should be submitted the
question whether two-thirds of the
swamp land fund of the county amount
ing to $20,000 should be expended in the
erection of a court house at Guthrie
Center, and the remaining one-third for
the building of a high school building
at Panora. The Board of Supervisors
submitted the question at a special
election, and in doing so the citizens
were required to vote upon the entire
matter in one prop Dsit ion, and it is
claimed that by this means only the
question could have been carried. At
any rate the majority was hi favor of
such disposal of the fund, and the Sa-
pervisors proceeded to ere the build- J
ing. About this time certain citizens
asked an injunction to restrain the Su-
pervisors from using the money on the
ground that the election was unlawful
Wright, Gatch & Wright, of this city,
were retained by these citizens, and
Judfe Cole was retailed to represent
the Saperviaors. The question
argued before Jttdge Mitchell. TM
ground on whkh th iajaactkxi was
asked, vm that th Supervisors acted
unlawfully In sabsnltlinf thqtxtWxi
at a special election, where lby
should hare don so at a ceneral rJer-
tion; also that the Supervisors acted
unlawfully In aubrsiuln the qnelion
of tb two improvement In one propo
sition, thus making a roter rote for n
IraproTernrnt which he dUI not want in
order to obtain the one which he did
want Judge Mitchell refused to grant
the Injunction, giving a hU opinion
that the SuperTbon acted lawfully In
each instance, and the aw wai ap
pealed. Pending the appnal the Super
visors continued the improvement, and
expended a good hA?e of the raorjry.
The Supreme Court a day or tw lno.
reversed Judge Mitchell's decbdon. de
ciding that the .question could be sub
mitted at a special election, but that the
two questions could not lw voted for In
the same proposition.
This cnange the situation of affairs
In Guthrie county, and may occasion
the Supervhoni tome trouble, as they
have expended most of the moner.
lotcv Stat KegUter. April TL
Oar Fathers' Simplicity.
They say that President Hajrea will
introduce Into the White House Use
simplicity of our fathers. reform of
that kind would be something ambigu
ous. In looking over some old books
the other day. the sketches of the social
events of that period indicated that
the simplicity of our fathers was the
simplicity of pig-wigs. There wan a
Jenkim In those days as now: -Miss
i'fggy Harding appeared, lovely and
radiant us a cloud touched with soft
sun-light, in a white manlua nllk
fringvd with gold, a petticoat of pale
blue brocade, blue satin shoes with
court-heels, and white silk hose clocked
with gold. This sumptuous lady's
handkerchief was also wrought with
gold, and said to have cost not less than
S30. A head-dress of ostrich-pi tunes,
blue, white, and pale-yellow, hair pro
fusely jHjwderrd, gloves of white kid.
buttoned to the ellow and wrought
with cold, fjtn of curious workman
ship, prodigiously admired.
Of the distinguished gentlemen present
the most conspicuous was perhaps Mr.
Thomas Jefferson, in a long-waistinl
white cloth coat the height of the ton,
scarlet vest. Hack satin breeches,
highly-jjollshed tinted shoes with silver
buckles, with white silk hose. As he
entered the court of Tenlchore, he
removed from a slightly-powdered wig
a eaked cocked hat of the latest fash
ion. Fastened to the lapjel of the hat
was a nosegay of sweet-smelling posies.
Mr. John Hancock also attracted much
admiration. esjH'cially from the fair sex.
He wore a coat of line scarlet cloth,
blue silk breeches, with while silk
hose, a f uIl-iowdered wig a la taiils
fcelze with frizzled side-locks, and a
cocked hat with a black cockade. His
mines were of the finest French lace,
and his shoe-buckles brilliant paste.
Our resisted fellow-citizen. James
Harrison, wore an entire suit of drab
cloth, richly trimmed with silk lace."
Thus, in the days of the simplicity of
our fathers, they followed the fashion
of their day, as we follow the fashions
of ours. Troy Timet.
In his pajr on " Village Improve
ment Associations" (Scribner for May).
Colonel Waring advocates narrow road
ways. He says:
The great expense of Macadamizing
orTelfordlzingputa these systems out
of the reach of small communities
Wherever the original exensecan be
borne, the subsequent cost of mainten
ance will be so slight uml the result
generally will be so satisfactory as to
make it always a good Investment.
The circumstances under which these
costly forms of construction may be
adopted will be generally extended If
we can overcome the prevalent Ameri
can prejudice in favor of wide road.
Against wide streets there Is as a rule
noobjection.though exceptional narrow
and well-shaded lanes have a rural
charm that will always commend them
to persons of taste. A wide street that
is, broad spaces between fences, by no
means Implies a broad roadway. All
we need in the principal thoroughfare
of a busy village is such a width as will
allow of the easy passing of vehicles
in the middle of the road, and the stand
ing of one vehicle at rest at each side.
This will be accomplished even in the
business street of a village by a width
of roadway of thirty feet Under most
otner circumstances twenty feet of
roadway will be ample. This will al
low of the moving of three vehicles
side by side, and will give a leeway of
six feet between two vehicles paasin
each other. In the island of
Jersey, there are many excellent roads
only six feet wide. These are provided
with frequent little bays or turn-outs
to allow teams to pass each other.
Although such extremely narrow roads
are not to be recommended, the differ
ence in comfort and economy of team
power between these and the average
American dirt road is enormously In
their favor. The widest roads in Jer
sey, leading from a busy town of thirty
thousand inhabitant into a thickly set
tled farming region, where business
and pleasure travel is very active, and
where excursion cars carrying thirty or
forty persons are constantly passing,
are only twenty-four feet wide; often
only of this width between the hedge
rows, the road itself being an excellent
foot-path for its whole width. Xowhere
else in the world is the rural charm
more perfectly developed than in Jer-
I MAW ttvtsV VI AtikVmAM A. tla . A.
p " . -" " " " 7
! conspicuous and so constantly sat-
laimivjij mm iw uaiiVM UU CUJUOWeTOU
lanes and roadways.
Not to know what has been trans
acted in former times is to continue
always a child. If no qm it soafe of
the labors ef past ages, the world sua
resaaia always in theinfaacy of knowl-eafii---Cjceio.
fftaea 0 Trwylaatlag.
Tfc art of IraaaplantiTKr. Ire, shrnb.
and Tin I only leroJ by exprlnr.
clc otsTTAiion. am! a strict lv
reno tn Uh U thai nrrrn vestal
; ffrowih. Any BnsiHl Ulaorer car ! ;
UJ 1 rrt ire or a vine, r
ijont tw irwure Hf. hAih arl -ThT
Is wlladjt''d bl mm ' v
twren the root and brarth r re
tree or Tine. Trained pr-wtk-! ru V
er reccjnf thl teU and Ih -
In tranjpJanUnj of rer
r carefully ail th root pmM4r,
racial! r the fln Obrmw m.
take up ami furnlh the nowr.,'
To avr enough of ih- re m t?.
planting larjrsliM irer. It is !t.
la know th habits of erwth f "
and vine. For Iruianor. the v
white pinet with thlr kw?. Vfc t r . -and
comparatively frwiltnm.iam -
the tody of the trrert. nrtj t.fp a.
removing ihn th Nor-) pr-. w
lis mw of tlbroui xtU r tvr.
around awl near the tMy T rt
way Inallcaweststodlg aarr wt
around the tly, some !iLu.- '
live trer, deep enough to jfp r
lower tier of reoU. In ma.
circle, the Hal of the rvle sh- 1
be faced toward the lody if y.
The top soil on the"laii ," arar XX
should U removed by a dig '
othtr Implement that will m r .
Injure the small root. In ca !'!m
or shrub are to bo moved o't a '
distance from wnere they an r' -
as much soil as will adhere
may be left on with advantage
Th second important jnt t
servrd In transplanting u ret ?. -Ar
the roots exposed for a muniT.i t f
rays of the sun, or to a bl itc ' .
which Is quite a- WiJurWn I
rootlets. If not st mit at . 4
roots ought to U kept laittjt a' !
ercd over w tth a cloth, or "& 1 1
Trees coming from ndlaUnn, w he
roots show signs of being left n, -and
the lller are dry and ,"
shriveled, will U much impr- r
nlunrini: them Into a stream r i
water, and then heeling thrm it;,
lug the roots carefully with tin
and so leaving them till ready t
out 1. T. QfIN,lu Ser(ttirr (
A Word to llo.
What do you think, young frn,
the hundreds of thousands wt, am
trying to cheat Ihrmvlven and it! rt
into the tellf that alcoholic dru.k a-r
good for them? Are they not to ?
pitied and blamed ? Do you w artt U
one of these wretched men ? If -
to have drunkards in tlm future, . :.
of them are to come from the Uiv l
whom I am writing: and I ak
again If you want to one of V rr
No? Of course you don't'
Well, I have a plan for outl.i'
just as sure to save you from nt.c 4
fate as the sun Is to rise to-merr
morning. It never failed : it nevrr wi
fail; and I think It Is worth knew t g
iVrrr toui'tt Uijiwr in any form '11 a'.'a
the plan, and it is not only tvorth kr w
Ing. but It U worth putting Into r.v
I know you don't drink now, at 1
seems to you ai If you never w - '
But your temptation will coriie.nt.il
probably will Dime In this way
You will find yourself, some tuue
with a number of companions, and tl y
will have a lotlle of wine on the tal '.e
They will drink, and offer It to y
They will regard It a a manly prarMre,
and, very likely, they will look uj n
you as a milksop if you don't Ind'g"
with them. Then what will you do"
Kh ? What will you do? Will mi r.
"Boys, none of that siufT for ttie I
know a trick worth hlfad-en if
that?" Or will you take the $!as. w'h
yourown common iM'ns protling.r 1
your conscience making th whole
draught bitter, and a fe-llng that you
have damaged yourself, and Ihm go ff
with a hot head and a skulking il
that at once logins to make ail'igJr
for itself just as the soul of (Vilon-!
Backus does, and will keep doing al'
his life?- J. G. Hoi.!.AM. Ht. Xlrhotai
A boat Noaes.
There are three national nwa araon
civilized people, and only threes ihs
Jewish, the Grecian, and the IU m&n
Each is of a description totally d.ff'-r
ent from the other two, and all thre
have a distinct character of their own.
The Jewish is the only national me
now remaining; the Greek and th Bo
man are occasionally reproduced among
modern nations, but as national char
acteristlcs exist no longer. That Ilk
ancient Jews attached no slight ia
portance to this feature Is evidenced
from Leviticus, xxi, 1. where "He teat
hath a flat nose" is ranked with the
blind and the lame, the crook-backrd.
the scurvy, and the scabbed, and is for
bidden to tak part in the service of th
sanctuary. The Greek nose has corn
down to us in the Greek sculptures, and
certainly accords better with our North
ern ideas of personal beauty than any
other. Seen in profile, the outline Is
almost a continuation, without curve or
deviation, of the outlines of the fore
head, and would seem, phrenologically
considered, quite In harmony with the
unparalleled progress of the Greek in
art. science, and philosophy. Among
the moderns the perfect Greek now. U
extremely rare, save on the canvas of
our painters. The Roman new? Is the
very Incarnation of the Idea of combat
itivenesa. and suggests the notion that
it was borrowed from a bird of prey.
The good busdand keeps hb wife In
wholesome ignorance of all unnecessary
secrete. They will not be starved with
the ignorance, who, perchance, may sur
feit with the knowledge of weighty
counsels, too heavy for the weaker sex
to bear. He knowalittle who will tell
his wife all he knows. Steele.
That whkh some call idleaeas, I will
call the sweetest part of my lift, and
tkat ie ssy thinkinf .-Fdtbasa.
, , . ,jy. WWWMwep,::--- .i;Maffiijsea
i t - - , -r
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