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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 24, 1876)
THE BE!) CLOUD CHIEF.
Uali's of l nMisinn.
TheRed Cloud Chief.
rUBMSIini) WKEKT.T AT
KED CLOUD, NEBRASKA
M. H. WARNER & J. S. GILLHANI,
r i v.-- " '
VOL I'M E IV.
RED CLOUD. NEBRASKA. TIILRMUV. AU;UT2i. Wi;.
IMItor- nml I'rnprlrtoM.
I I i
rnnt ami the Haiiibui-":
Wa-III.t-. !.,'., August 1. Thf
following message w.ls ieceived bv the
.n:U' fioui the Picsident t-dav: "
To the XvitnU- "fth I'nit'd .StaU: -In
lesponsf to a resolution of the .S"ii
at July 20. calling iiJmjii the Piesidfiil
to oiiiiuiiijif.il' to tin ."v natc, if, in bis
opinion, not incompatible with public
interest, any information with icgard
to tin slaughtfr of Aim-man citifiis
at Hamburg, m. ('., I have the honor to
submit the following mclostucs: IJIfif
follow a mmilj'T of papeis lelatr.e to
Tin Pifsidcnt sayB: Thcsf inelosiiie-j
embracf all thf information in mv pos
session touching thf latf disgraceful
and hrntal slaughter of inoffensive men
at thf town of ilatubuig. . c. .My let
ter to Governor Chambci lam contains
nil tho comments I wish to make on the
subject, -As allusion is made In thf 1ft
tfr t thf romhtion o other Mates, and
partn ul.uly to Louisiana ami .Missis
sippi, I have .uMh l thf inclosurcs
- IfttfiM ami tfstmi'thy m legaid to the
lawless condition ol a pi i lion of the
peoplr ol thf l.tttfi Mate. In icga.d to
Louisiana aflaiis, murdfrs and m.Lssa
eres of iiiiiK-fiit infii foi opinion's i.ikc.
or on account of i olor, h.if hffn ol too
recent il.itf ami too fieijiifniocciiiieiice
to lequnc ifCMpitulatiou or testimonv
here. All aif familiar with tin lr hor
rihlf (IfL'iiN. thf onlv woml-r l.fmt; tliat
w) many jiistily the m or apoloir- foi
Jhfin. l!ut ifCfutly a committee of the
.onate of thf Tinted Ntatfs viiitfd the
tatf of .Misiisiijipi to take tf-timon
on the. suhjfet il liaudsaml Molfiicfin
flfdion.s. '1 heii n-pm thus not hrfuinadf
public, hut I await il.sloithcomin4 with
a ffflmof coiitidfiice that it will fullv
.sustain all that I have si,itcd m ielatioii
to framl ami violem m thf Matf of
.Mississippi. I'. . (iiavr.
Tin: l'Kr.-im.T m .. i i-m.i: n m
Till tolhwilIZ lSlllf l'l Cedent's Ifltel
to (lovfinor ( hauibcilain. leffiied to
IIri i ti i: M nmi. i
-iiiN.ro I .(.'.,. lulv 2t. i-,r,. s
1i:ai:Sik: 1 am in icccipt of oui
letter of thf -'Jd of ,lul, and all thf
mclo.surfs c uuiiif rat fd Ihfifiu. irnini;
nn account ot the Kite haihaioiis m.i
s.icif of innocent nifii at tin- town of
Haiuhui. . ('. ThfifWs whuhvou
'pic.,s a.s tothedut jmi nvc In jniir
oath ol oilicf and to the citieim to
m-mii- to all then i iil iiht-. im ! inline
tht nht to it.tf accoidiun to the dic
tates of the II own coicciencie-. ami the
fllllhfl duty of the I'lxecntn-1 of th-
ii'itiou to j:ie all needful -ad when
piojierly called on to do mi ! cnahle
you to eii.suif thii malifuahh imht. I
fulh rnliriir in. The .scene .it riain
hurjr. cnii-1. llooilthnt, wanton, un
prooked. ami uncalled-for :ls it w.ls is
only a lepctition of the couie that has
hecn pur.iiicd in othiT Southern Mates
within the l.Lst lew ears, m itahl in
Mississippi and Louisiana. Mississippi
is o fined to-da 1 oilicials choxfii
ihioii'h I'l.tud of io!f nee. such a
would M'arcch heacet edited to s.i aije-,
niucli less to ciihcd and (hutian
peplf. How Ion;; these thinirs aif to
continue, or what is to bf the Iin.il
lenifdy. theCie.tt Itulfiof the unifise
only knows. 15ut I haw an ahulinir
faith that a icmedy will come, and
come speedily, and I earnestly hope that
it may come peacefully. Then has
never been a deMie on the paitot the
Xoith to humiliate the South. Nothing
is claiiniHl for one zslate that is not
freely accoided to all others, unh-ss it
be to kill neiji oe.s and Ilepubln ans with
out fear of iiinishiiieiuand without loss
of caste or reputation. This has eemeil
to bea triihire claimed b a few Mates.
1 lepeat airam that I fully aun e with
you :us to the iut:uuie of your duties
in the present emeiirency.and :ts to my
duties, (io on. and let eeiy ('omtiioV
where the au damjeis thi eaten the
jieacv of his Mali' iro on m the consci
entious disciiaiirc of his duties to the
humblest a.s well as the proudest citi-
ren. anil 1 w ill t;ive every am ior w nicli
I can tind law or constitutional power.
The (Jovernment that cannot me pro
tection to life, property, and all guar
anteed ciil riirhts m this coimtiy the
greatest is an untrammeled ballot to
the citizen is in so tar a tailure. and
every enemy of the oppressel should
be exerted i.ilways within the law and
by constitutional ir.eans' to retrain lost
pri ileires and protection. The denial
of sxuar.inteed ii-rhts is sure to lead to
revolution, bloody revolution, w here the
sufferinir must fall upon the innocent
as well as the nuilty.
Expressing the hoe that the better
jiulixment and co-operation of the citi
zens of the State over which you hae
presidtnl so ably may enable you to se
cure a fair trial and punishment of all
offenders, without distinction oi race,
or color, or previous condition, and
without aid from the Federal Govern
ment, but with the promise of such aid
on the conditions named in the loreco
inir. I subscribe myself, very respect
Xullv, vour obedient" sen ant.
I'. S. Ct HAN'T.
To the Hon. 1). II. Chamberlain. Gov
ernor of South Carolina.
-vMissJane Jay. -who died a few days
since, in Baltimore, at the asre cf
seventy-three, bequeathed her entire
estate, valued at over S20oti-o, after
paying a few small leiracies. to the
-Jane J Jay Home for Joys." an institu
tion incorporated by the last Legisla
ture, for educating and trainins: orphan
and poor boys.
There is a clock in the Centennial
building which tells the month of the
year, the day of the month, the day of the
week, the hour of the day, the minute
of the hour, and which is sai d to run
for 100 years with one winding.
According to the official exhibit for
August 1, the reduction in the national
debt for the month of July was Sl.lSs.
00:;. The total debt is novg3tl,Tno.in.
"What ails this nation is want of con
fidence, and it suggests a train of very
painful reflections to see the mother
of a familv of religious boys so scrupu
lously particular in locking the pantry
door after her.
During the race between Dakota
Maid, Aldine. Bay Hauler and Billy B.
atjiidora, an Irishman remarked as the
fTvers were coming in on the last mile,
"Be jabers, see the gray! Tie's driving
the whole herd o tneni fore him!"
TiMcti'- Letter of .cf ptaisef.
All;.sv, N. V.. An- t.-Tildfn's
i J'tt-i is ;lj loilows
j i',i nti.kmi.n- When I had the honor
J to icccr.e th" personal leliery or vour
lftn-r on behalf of the Democratic
; Xational Convention, held at M. Louis
' on the 2-th of .June, wlvisini' ine of mv
j nomination :ls candidate by that body
lor the olliie of rrfsidfiitof'thf r-v-'i.
I".. ."" " " -""""'ui'- .-'..cr
M.itfS, l answereci that at mw i,.olV
nif occunaiions to in im t '.i'.r.ifu
meiit. 'I he convention beioic making
its nominations adopted a declaration
of piimiplfy which, as a whole, seem
to uif a wise exposition of the necessi-ti-s
of our country ami of the leforms
needed to bring back the goveinment to
its true functions, to restore the puritv
of administration, and to reie-w the
plospflity of thf people. Uutsomeof
thesf ifioims are so urgfiit that th-v
hum mue than a p-tssim,' appiov.il.
Thf iifesity of a iffoim in thf scale
of public cpe rises, redeial. Mate, and
uuiiiieijul. and thf modfs of l-Vib-ia!
taxation, jiHtuics all the iromiUfm
iriven to it m tin declaration of thf M.
Lotus Couv fit; ion. The present d-l-iession
in all the business anr indiis
triesof thf pcopjf which is depnM,jr
hdi-ol us employ me nt and can vim,'
want into so many homes, has its prin
cipal cau.sf in fce.s.sie''oveinmentai
coiisumptjon umlfr illusions of a spi
cioiis piospfiity Miiifmleied bval.ilsf
policy of reieiaIgofin:nfjit. A waste
of capita! h.Ls be c i uoiin,' on ever since
Ihepe.lceof l-lIT. W lllcj, CllM oil!', elld
in univ-frsal.hs.Lstf i. Tin- redfialtaf.s
ot the l.Lst elevfii y.-ars n-aili the m
UMiitic sum of .tO,:.!Hi.ooo,r.o. Local
taxation h.Ls amounted to two-thuds
as much nioie. The vast airirie-rate is
not less than .-?7.".io.oo.oo. Thisen.ii
moiis taxation tollowed a civil c.mhct
that had giMi impaled our ajiejratf
vyalth. and had made a prompt i educ
tion ol exjiense indispfiisaldf. It wa.s
ajr-'iavatfil l.v most uuscifiitiiic and ill
jinlgfil meth.Ml.s of taxation, thai m
cieased tin- sacril-cfs of the p If far
beyond the receipts of thf Tlf.lslllV.
It vas aL'iavatfd. moieovt r.bvalinan
cial jhiliev which temied to dimmish tin
eiieir, skill, and econ..mv of produc
tion, and the fiu.ihiv ot pnvaif ioii
siuiiption .unl imliiie'd misiali ulation
mi business .unl .; miifniuiifiativf u-.f
-I capital and labor. Lvn in piosj.ei
iis times the daiiv wants uidustn-
ills conillUIIUtles I.less closelv OI.oli
hen il.mv eainms. 'n,f. nia"rgin ot
t.ossii.ieivm-s is at hi st a small pei-
fiit.U'f ot thf national earnings: et
.low Im these eleven t-ais the i;ov e"l ii
uiental cousiimjition has been a lar-'ei
poiuoioi lMe national eauiiugs than
the whole jieojile can possiblv save,
evi-n m prospeious times, tor aH new
.iivistinents. Thf cousriiem es of
:hesf errors aie now a piesent public
'alamity. but they im-ic UfVfrdoiibttuI
-n.-vei invisible. Thi-v werenecesaiv
int I inevitable, and weie foieseen and
deputed when the waves of that ticti
tious pispeiity Kin lu-het. In a
speech made by me ,, the L'tth ot M-jf
leinber i-;Nll UUssaid of these taxes:
-1 hey bear heavily upon everv nun's
income, upon even mdiistiv aiid upon
eveiy business in the countiV. and vcai
by year they aie destined t press 'still
more heavily unless thev an est the .s
tein that i:ives iise to them." It was
comparatively easv when values were
doublimr under repeated issues of leiral
teiider paper money to pav out of our
mowing ami appaient wealth these
taxes, but when values iccede and Miik
toward their natural scale, the tax
gatherer takes from us not onlv eir in
come, not only our pronto bin also a
portion of our capital. I do not wish
to exaggerate or alarm: I simplv sav
that we cannot afford the costlv and
lum.ius policy ol the Hadical m.ijontv
of Congress. We cannot atbud tha't
policy toward the outh. AVe cannot
affoid the insignificant and oppiessive
centralism into w hich our gov el nnienl
is being conveiteil. We cannot afford
the piesvnt magnificent sc.ih s of taxa
tion. To the Secretary of tlie Tieasiirv
I said, early in l-j."i. that theie is not a
royal road foi a government more than
for an individual or a corporation.
What you want to do now is to cut down
your expenses and live within your in
come. I would give all the legerdemain
of finance and financiering. I would
give the whole of it for the old. homelv
inaxim. live within your income. This
lefonu will be resisted at ev cry step, but
it must be pressed persistently. We
see to-day the immediate representa
tives ot the people in one branch of
Congress, while struggling to reduce ex
penditures, compelled to confront the
menace of the enatc and the Incen
tive, that unless objectionable appro
priations be consented totheoperalums
of the government thereunder shall
suffer detriment or cease. In mv judg
ment, an amendment of the Constitu
tion ought to be devised, separating
into distinct bills the appropriations for
the various departments of the public
service, and excluding from each Mil
all appropriations for other objects and
.11 independent legislation. In that
way alone can the revisory power of
each of the two houses and of the Ex
ecutive be preserve 1 and exempted
from the moral duress which often
compels assent to objectionable appn
priations rather than stop the wheels
of government. An accessory clause,
enhancing distress in business, is to be
found in the systematic and insupporta
ble misgoverhment imjHKsed upon the
States of the outh. Besides the ordi
nary effects of ignorant and dishonest
administration, it has inilicted upon
them enormous issues of fraudulent
bonds, the scanty avails of which were
wasted or stolen, and the existence of
which is a public discredit, tending to
bankruptcy or repudiation. Taxes,
generally oppressive, in some instances
have eonhseated the entire income of
property, and totally destroved its
marketable value. It is impossible that
these evils should not react upon the
prosperity of the whole country. The
nobler motives of humanity "concur
with the material interests of all in
requiring that every obstacle be re
moved to compb-te and durable re
conciliation between kindred popula
tion once unnaturally estranged on the
basis recognized by the t. Louis plat
form of the Constitution of the United
States, with its amendments univer
sally accepted as a final settlement of
the controversies which engendered
civil war. but in aid of a result so be
neficent. The moral influence of every
good citizen as well ;is every govern
mental authority ought to be exerted
not alone to maintain their just equali-
ouuf s, i answ fr.u mat a: my i. ..oKVhtical and pfr..nal ni;ht. Jb
convfiiifme ami m contorn -Vi':JLxJ'1 hh-. arv. dedarfs the M
usiiL-f, I would pifpan-and tr.i ( .t''.ouis Convention.' to establish a sound
you a loimalaccfi.tame. . f f rurrenev, r.-store public credit, and
myself of thf hi-st if V .;..,;:. -... maintain national honoi ; and it '.
V. U'fore tiii- law, ) stl.kfwi-i-t- -tat-
lish .i crdial fratermtv ami -ix-l will
anions citizens, whatever their race or
color, w ho arc now united in the one
destmv of a c iiniion b-lf-i:ov eminent.
II the dutv shail be assigned to me I
--" --.- s-.
should not tall to exercise thf jowers
with which thf laws and Constitution
of ourcountiv clothes its chief m:nris-
trate to tirotM-t all its citifn-. whatev -
tnen irmer comiition. in everv
.lmc.-il ?m.l T.r...fi:d n-f).? l.L
on to demand a judicious svstem of
preparation by public economies, by offi
cial retienchment. and by wisefm'ancf,
which shall enable the nation soon to
assuie the whole world of its perfect
ability and its perfect readiness to meet
any of its promises at the call of the
ci editor entitled to payment. Theobjoct
demanded by the convention is a" re
sumption of specie payment on legal
tender iiot sot thf I ni'ted .Mates. That
would not only lestoie the public credit
and ma.ntam thf national honor, but it
would establish a sound (tiricncvfor
the j pie The methods by which this
object is to be pursued and the means
by which it is 1. 1 be attained arc dis
los d by what the convention de
manded for the futuie, and by what it
denounced Hi the past. Ib'sUIilptlon of
specie payments by the government of
the I "inted Mates on its legal-tender
notes would establish specie pav
ments by all the banks on all tlie'ir
iiot'-s. The official statement made on
the Uth of May. shows that the amount
oi o.uiK notes was f ,oo.ooo, -o.
b-s.s $-Jo,t m r . f i held bv thcm.sclves.
Against these SjxiHurifMiif Holes the
banks held -Si lljvi of legal-tender
notes, or a little more than .in per cent,
of their amount. Int they also held on
deposit m the 1'cdeial Tieasiirv, as
senility for these Iiofs. bonds of" the
I'mted Males woith in gold aliiut s:;o,-0OO.0.-0.
available and mm-nt in all the
loifign moiifv markets. In lesiiiniiig.
the banks, evi II if it Wf If possible foi
all their notes to he piesctited foi pav
liiflit, would hav .. hi.in io.ooo of spe ie
funds to pay jsjo.ihk,hmi of notes, with
out (oiitiacfiug their loans to then
ustoineis oi calling on any pnvate
deb oi for payment, ."suspended banks
uudfttakiug to iesiinif have Usually
been obbged to eollei t f I olll III edy bol
lowfrs thf me ins to ifdccut i essf
Issues ami to pi oV idf lfsfj Ves. A V.lglle
idea of dls'ies-, !, th'iefoe. often a.ssi-
ciatid Willi the pmeessof icsiimptiou.
but the conditions which caiiseo dis-
ties.s in these jointer instances do not
now exist. The Covernment Ills only
to make good its own promises, and the
banks can take cue of themselves with
out lisliessing anybody. The (Io em
inent is. theiefoie. the'sole delinquent.
The amount of legal-tender notes
of the I'nited States now outstand
ing is les.s than iJ.oO.o-io.ooo, besides
?.:.( tiio.toii of fiactional currency.
How shall the Cov eminent make
these noles at all times :ls good as
specie r It has to provide, in lefcrcuce
to the mass which would be kept in
Use by the wants of business, a central
lesei voir of com adequate to the adjust
ment of temporary fluctuations of the
international balance, and ;ls a guaranty
against tiaiisient drams aitificiallv eie
ated by panic or by speculation, ft lias
also to piovide for the payment in com
ot such fractional currency as mav be
presented lor redemption and such in
considerable portions of legal tc.ders
as individuals mav from time to time
desire to conveit for special use, or in
order to lay by in coin. To make the
coin now in the TrcJisiiry available for
objects of this reserve," to gradually
stu ngthen and enlarge that reserv e.aiiil
to provide for such other exceptional
demands for coin as may arise. does not
seem to me a woik ot' difficulty. If
wisely planned and discreetly puisued
it ought not to cost aay sacrifice to the
business of thecountry." It should tend,
on the contrary, to a revival of hope
and confidence The com in the Treas
urv cin the ..oth of June, including what
is held against com cert Uicates. amount
ed to neailv -eventv-four millions. The
current of pi ecious metals which has
flowed out oi our countrv for eleven
years, from July l. w,:,. to June .;, lsTu.
averaging nearly 7;.ooo . a year, was
Ss.vj.ooo.imio, m the whole period of
which iJi7.'Oo.ot' wie the pnnluct ot
our own mines. To anniss the requi
site quantity by intercepting from the
current floating out of thecountiy and
by acquiring from the stocks which ex
is't abroad without disturbing the equi
librium ot foieign money markets is a
result to be easily worked out by prac
tical knowledge and judgment." With
respect to whatever surplus of legal
tenders the wants of business may fail
to keep in use. and which, in Older to
save interest, will be returned, for re
demption, they can either be pant or
they can he "funded. Whether they
continue as currency or be absorbed
into the vast mass of'securities held as
investments is merely the question of
rate of interest they draw, even if they
were to remain in their present form":
and if the Government were to agree
to pay on them a rate of interest, mak
in them desirable as. an investment,
they would cease to circulate, and take
their place v. ith the Government. State,
municipal, and other corporate and
private bonds, of which thousands of
millions exist among us. In the ierfict
ease with which they can be changed,
from currency into investments lies the
only danger to be guarded against in
the adoption of general meastiies in
tended to remove a clearly jiseertained
surplus : that is, the withdrawal of any
which are not a permanent excess be
yond the vyants of business. Even
more mischievious would be any meas
ure which affects public imagination
with fear of an apprehended scarcity m
a community where credit is so much
used. Fluctuations in values and v icis
situdes in business are largely caused
by temporary beliefs of men. even be
fore these beliefs caiuconform to ascer
tained realities. The amount of neces
sary currency at a given time cannot be
determined arbitrarily, and should not
be assumed on conjecture. That amount
is subject to lxth ermanent ;uid tem
porary changes. An enlargment of it
which seemed to bf dumbFe happened
at the beginning of the civil war by a
substituted, use of currency in place of
individual credits. It varies with cer
tain stages of business. It fluctuates
with considerable regularity at differ
ant seasons of the year. In the autumn,
for instance, when buyers of grain and
other agricultural products begin their
operations they usually need to borrow
capital or circulating credits by which
to make their purchases, and want those
funds in currency capable of being dis-
tnbtill m sin.ill stir.-.i:
sellers. The ad-Ke i t'
. -l i f i .r-
r n.. re j.fr
rency at su h times is '.
cent, of the w hob.' Vf' :zne
and if a sur-
' Plus bfvond whntfis re, ..if.1 'r rdi -
" T . .'
I nary na Uofs not napp-n : lave turn
on hand at the money cm:, r- a scarcity
ot currency ensucani ais.. i sirinercy
in loan markeL It w .d m reference to
' such evpenencei tnnt n. thf discussion
oi mis suoie-i in my n.ii'.a; n-ssa-e :o
tin- Ww- York .Le-'islatnrf of .I.m .-.
ls.'f, the suggestion .waa made 1 hat the
Federal Government i l-.und to re-
leem every jMnion oi i;s issit-s wn: n
the public do not Wish t" use. Having
assumed to moUQpoLe the stipplv oi
, ..:.T . . . . .
currency, and enacteI ex( Ii.sivjii agjunst
everylMwly else, it is botnd to furnish
ail wfiicii the wauiaoi iuis,ms rejuire.
The system should jt.Lssively allow the
volume of circulat
ri1 i!-'ho ill ind
if i t rlinn'rifif
wants of bu3influTrU sh ruld-Uwt.Ue.v3
rifely jus ioss:b' -Ific r.;nm:ti laws of
t?ad which it has sujifrcsied bv arti
ficial contnvam f-s. In asimilan'lscus
sion m mv message of Jan. t. I-T't. it
W.LS said th.it lesilUiptlotl should b-
efft cted by such measures .id would
keep the aggiegate amount of currency
self-adjusting during all the processes
will out creating at anv tnnf an am-
ncia; scarciiy, anu wiinout exciting
public imagination with alarms which
ZT1 1 .
' " r I
impair coiiJiiieiice.cf.ntrartmg th w hole
laige machinery of creilit, and distTirlv
ui'.' the natural operations of busiie1-1-
I'ublie fcoiiomies. official retiench
ments.andwi.se finance ate the means
which the M. l.ouis Convention indica
tes a.s thf pmvision for i rs, mi i ccs and
ieiielllpllons. 1 lie Ik l its. tlie is a
reduction of thf expenses of the Gov -finiufiil
bflow its income, for that im-
poses no IltW chaigf oil the people.
If. howevir, the imprm idem e ami
waste which have comhictsI us to a
period of failing ifVfiiiifs oblige us to
supplement tlie ifsults of economies
and Ietleliclllllellts bv some iesort to
loans, w-f should not hesitate. The
Govfinnif nt ought not to speculate on
its own dishoiioi in oiihi to sav m
tflfst Oil It blokfll pi onuses, whu h it
still compels private dealels to accept
at a fictitious par. The highest national
honor is not only light, but it would
prove profitable f the public debt
.is.-,,h,,h ben inteiestat pel tent,
m gold. and .7 1 '." (."o-1 at erint.
in gold. Thf avfiage mtfiist is :,.Vs
per cent. A tin. tin l.tl pobcv whxh
should secure the highest I lisllt Wisely
availed of ought giadu.iliy to obtain a
lediictlou of 1 pel (eltt. Ill the intfic-t
on most of tlie loans. A saving of 1
pel cunt, on the avt i.igc would be 17.
ooo.ooo ;i year in gold. That saving
rtgulaily invested at l1 percent, would,
in less than thnty-eight yens, extin
guish the principal. The whole .51.
700.000.1 -oo of the fundeil debt might be
paid by this saving alone, without cost
to the people. The proper tinif for ie
sumption is the time ivhen wise prepa
ration shall have npened into a perte t
ability to accomplish the object with a
certainty and e.ise that will mspiie con
fidence and encourage theieviving of
business. The earliest time 111 which
siuhaiesult can be brought about is
best. Kven when preparations shall
have been matured the exact date would
have to be chosen with ieference to the
then existing state of trade and cn-dit
operations inourown country .thecourse
of foreign commeice. ami the condition
of exchanges with other nations. The
specific measures and actual date are
matters of details having reference to
ever-changing conditions. Thev belong
to the domain of practical administra-
tiv e statesiiian-hip. The cantain or a
steamer about sailing from New Yolk
to Liverpool dees not assemble a coun
cil over his ocean chart and fix an angle
by which to lash the rudder for the
whole voyage. A human intelligence
must be at tlie helm todiscem the shift
ing forces of the waters and winds: a
human mind must be at thf helm to
feel the elements day by day and guide
to a masteiy over them. uch pn-pa-rationsare
everything. Without them
a legislative command fixing a dav. an
official promise fixing a day", are sham-.
Thev- are wmse. Thev aie'a snare and
a delusion to all who trust them. Thev
destroy all confidence among thought
ful men whose judgment will at h'-si
sway public opinion. An attempt to
act on such a command or sin h a
ptomise without preparation would end
in a new suspension. It would be a
fresh calamity prolific of confusion,
distrust, and distress. The act r fop.
giess of the 14th of Julv. i-7. enacted
that on and after the 1st cf Januarv-1-7!',
the .Secretary of the Treas
ury shall redeem in coin the
legal tender notes of the Frmed
.Mates on presentation at the
othceof the Assistant Treasurer in the
city of Xew York. It authorizes the
.secretary to prepare and provide for
such resumption of specie pavments bv
the use of any surplus revenues no't
otherwise appropriated, and bv reissu
ing in his discretion certain classes of
l)onds. More than one and a half of
the four years have passed: Congress
and President have continued ever since
to unite in acts which have legislated
out of existence everv possible surplus
applicable to this purposs. The com
in the Treasury claimed to belong to
the government had. on the Sutlf of
July, fallen to less than $45.oC-j.i -3 as
against ?."y.iv.o.jO on the 1st of Jan
uary. 1-7.".. and the availability of a pan.
of that sum is said to be questionable.
The revenues are falling faster than
appropriations, and expenditures are
reduced, leaving the Treasurv with di
minishing resources. The "Secretarv
has done nothing under his iower to
issue bonds. The legislative command,
the official promise fixing a dav for re
sumption have been made. There has
been no progress. There have been
steps backward. There is no neoro
mancy m the operations of the govern
ment. The homelv maxims of" eTerv
day life are the best standards of its
conduct. A debtor who should promise
to pay a loan out of a surplus in
come, yet be seen everv dav spending all
he he could lay his hands on in riotous
living, would lose all character for hon
esty and veracity. His offer of a new
promise, or his professions as to the
value of the old promise, would alike
provoke derision. The St. Louis plat
torm denounces the failure for eleven
years to make good the promise of the
legal tender notes: it denounces the
omission to accumulate anv reserve for
their redemption : it denounces tlie con
duct which, during eleven vears of
peace nas maue no advances toward re
sumption ; no preparations for resump
tion; but. instead, has obstructed re
sumption by wasting our resources and
exhaustinc all our surplus income, and
while professing to intend a speedy re-
V i . ..
:: :.. .. t
! .ir r : -
:. ; I
, J .v.r.
J of the pr
f a tlav
. it nt deuounct- tliat larrrn irociur
Mil h;nlran-e to resumption. It tb :
.- " .
demands its repeal, and nlin demands
j the Ctetal-ihnient of a judicious svstrm
' of preparation f-r rwmupsmu. ft can -
not t-dubtcU that the nuustttutiou of
a system of preparation" without thf
roiiiiseof a day lor the worthlfa prm-
ise o! a Iav without a .aU-lu
i aration w.axld be th
gain or ine ut
! . - - .
suuue ! re&uiupuoii in scn.uig' rr
its shadow. Xor is the t!-tit:n utti.n
j unmerited of tlut Jtupnvidei-- vhicfs
i in eleven years since the jt-ace h.ir.;, -
J sunit-d S--.'.. and yet could nj;
j ailora to give the HipSe asuml ;xnl
i staple ccrrency. Tvvo and a half p-r
i t ,t f i. .
heexpendituni'f these lf veil ! rtstn t"n l, cAn!itator .in-eveiile-,
would have pi -v :.Jc! I hr-nigh th.- U mi.'tT o-jI c
. w--rv r
all the aildiliunal com iiei!fu! to r
sumption. The distress now felt by tli?
ptsple m all their buslis-s tun! tnditb
tries, though it Ills it-' pniu-qml cawh-
m me enormous wasie oi camiai iom
siontl by the false Jn.Iu i.s ,,f ,ur g.v-
eminent. lias ieen great iv aggravate!
bv the mismanagement of the urreiu
I mertamtv is the proht.- jtuent of
:nis-l iefs m all lawnes. N'vr w.us
I. 1 J.. k
lis evils m r m; man now. .Men
nothing hfc.iu-e lhv are uriabl-
make anv calculation on w Inch the can
-afely ielv. Thev undertake ijoth 4;
because they fear a ios- in everything
thv would attempt. Thev Mop and
wait. Tlie men haul dan- not buy for
the future consumption of hit cut
t"iiirs. The manufacturer d.ues nt
make t.l! us which mav not refund he
oiitlav. lb- shut.- up lits factory ar.l
disihaiges lus workmen ( apitaltst
cannot lend on seniritv thv toiinnler
-alt . and their fund- lie ahin-t without
lllteiest. Me With eliteri'llse. who
have cirdit or ss-unli- t pledge, will
nt Imrrow. ( ousiiinptfti r.t fallen
b low the natural limits of a 1 .-ax .li
able ecoiioluv ; prices of ni.tltv thligt
.tie undei their range In tie fiugal
spe f-p.lVIXIg time-. b foe th IVIi W.II
v.lsI m.L-s es of urreiiey Would !i in
thf banks luiil-cd. A vet: and a half
ago b'gal lendi rs were at their laigest
volume, and si:r, . itne iftitej
have been li placed bv the flesh lskiiH
of I o.o-. ol bank note. Jri the
im antime banks have been sitireudei
lllg .llmllt .;.o-t.-l a llf'llth. b Olse
thev cannot fmd a piotitable use nt ..
nianv of their uot.-.s. The public mind
vi!l no longer aci ept shams. It Ills
siilTeied enough from illusions. An n.
-eitiiw policy incie.tM s distiu-t ; an tin
staple policv tut le.Lses unci rt.uiily. The
people m.el to know tliat the govern
ment is niov mg in the dire lion ol ulti
mate safety and piosjieiitv. and that it is
doing so thiotigh piudetit, sale, and con
seivative methods, vv Inch will bf sure
to inflict no new sacntice on the busi
ness of the country. Then the liispua
tion of new hope and Wfll-tounded mi
tuleiii e vvill h.istfii thf lestoiing nioces
ses of natuie. and piospenty will begin
The St. Louis Convention com bide-,
ltsexjitession in icgard to the cuneiicy
by a ilei laratioti of its convictions .is to
the practical iesiilt.s of the system of
nrepaiation it demands. It says: "We
believe such a system. vv-ll devised, and
above all intrusted to competent hands
for execution, creating at no time an
aitificial scarcity of the curiemy, and
at no time alarming the public 'mind
into a withdrawal of that vaster ma
chinery of ci edit by w Inch 10 per cent
of all business ti.ms.tctioiis aie per
foiiued; a sv stem open, public, and m-
siiinng general coijtuleine. would tiom
the day of its adoption bring healing
on its wing- to all our haiasscd imhis
tnes. set in motion thf wheels of com
merce, manufactures, and mechanic
arts, restoie employment to lalmr. anI
renew in all its sou ices the prospenty
of the people." Thf gov eminent ot the
Tinted Mate, m my opinion, can ad
vance to a resumption ot spcie pay
ment on its legal-tender notes by grad
ual and safe processes tending to relieve
the present business distress. I f charged
by tne people with the administration
of the executive office. I should deem It
a duty- so ;o e.erci-o the wers w ith
which it has been, ot may he invested
by Congress, as be-t and -ooiie-t to con
duct the countrv to that bem-bceni re
sult. '1 he convention justly affirms that r'
form is necessary m the civil ervic.
necessary to its purification, neifssaiy
to its eronoiny and it- tlicielicy. iierei
sary m order that the ordinary "employ
ment of public bu-ine-s may not l'a
pri7f fought for at the ballot-fHx,abnef
reward ot party zeal instead of jr.;:-s of
honor assigned for proved com net ncy,
and held for fidelity m thf pnblic em
ploy. The convention wi-ely allowed
that reform is necf-ary ev en inr' 1:1
the higher grides of the public serv ice.
President, Vice President. Judges, sen
ators. Representatives, Cabinet others
these and all others inauthcrity aie
not a private perquisite; thev are a
public trust. Two evil infest'thf offi
cial service of the Federal Government.
One is the prevalent and demoralising
notion that the public service exists not
for the business ami benefit of the whole
ieople, but for the interest of office
holders, who are are in truth but ser
vants of the people. I'nder the influ
ence of this jH-rnicioiis error public e m
ploynients have been multmlied. the
number of those gathered into the ranks
of the o:lice-holders have leen steadtlv
mcre.iaed beyond anv issible reuuir."
ment of public business, while meih-
ciency. peculation, fraud, and malversa
tion of the public funds, from high '
oi.ecs 01 puuuc iwr.ver to tne lowest poj
have overspread the whole service hkd i
ft leprosy. 1 he other evil is the orga: uc -'
zation of the official class into a hulv.'
IKiiticai mercenaries, governing c.11-
ciiscs, and dictating nominations f n--
systematically collected from the .s.alesK
riRS Or fees of ntf!nc)iaa.- 'PI.,. .lL fc
-.,. . Wi vuiv.t-iiumi-13. 1 tic umiii,
cial class mother countries, sometime rOT'
bv its own weight and sometimes ii , "
alliance with thearmv. hw br-f n Mt.ir. tr "
rule the unorganized masses even under
uiuv eisui sunrage. Here it Ii:ls alreadv
grown into a gigantic iower capable o'f
stifling the inspirants of a sound public
opinion and of resisting an easv change
01 administration until misgovernment
becomes intolerable and the public
spirit has bei stung to the pitch of a
The first step in reform is thf pIpvji-
tion of the standard bv which the ap
"n.tl1a' power selects agents to execute
official trusts. Xext in importance is
a conscientious fidelitv in the exercise
of authority to hold to account and dis
place untrustworthy or incapable sub-
uifirown pany. and attempting to cari 2 " 1
elections of the people bv undue int ve,
ence and by immense corfuntion ft-n? if
. --: ; .
t; -t. t:
?-rr-: -f :L
imme.b:iW- ttM. l.
1 .r-"' .
' J :. -. .f Wtt.
w s.! . n U thr Uh. : . I .
an -a. nznl tliudlv !a v:..i.:
, c re t ui orcnnuaUou t U tt r . . ..
r4i- -; m. uihln H trt.
ewt vtm tic!-!- "f jrori cvtuyrttu
&d tklehti V' :; . I il.o
riiui!thrU h Hs-
. ftKxiuraA dfiiiie .:st.:. r,
. . . i -
withl.r.'a t.:r Uir -p:i-. i. of r .
envn tt m tht i.o ref.riu of tl 'til
, sr!t m th.i ts,Untr will U-1 tniib !
- 4nl p-rm..etit tint!', as Chief Ma -
! trt is constitutionals d"jnaln.'l f r
r-c:r tvn. exi-n-ir havun? rep-:
1 fi s-xpor .1 thr futtht of self m Ht
:TtTtu.i!l drhventl fz iu hi ifrciAtrxt
tetnptatioii ? n.lnii- the owftr :.d
jmtrowi Willi whLi&tj litiHruUej
Fdti.atr.! in the Whrt that it t t!
tlrt dutv of a ritutti of U.e nj ub.
t take hi fair aiiot'i.. it .f ar-.:.!
f rtil ! in Millie fT.u. I fuvr t r
f"rtv ver tr a private cttifrn tu'.l .
thaJdutt Ih".sch vupil m an ;!.-.
Mial degr- during a!l that isriiI. w,'
rornvrns if pi.ru'ri!, I u ihm
a4Uirt-! the hal:t.f .ih.-.al ltfv U'..
a vear and a half aip I tntrl ttj-
ijm tr-M'tit titrt it vv.-.s in ordfi t ft.
iiimmate reforms t which I !! .1!
readv iUotrl -eVtr.il of th. Uf .;
or mv inc. uriwii,; ;tf 1 ,,. ini-
f"lf. fiofn frfth xiitftrr. how grra!
the diff r nv is x-tus!t jrhdit. '
thioiigh an oii! 1.1I riit;no aatd ftotking
tit .1 rt-foiiu of 'tHi' and !!Mt.
mA it ! ittt-oKit'lf fr me to out m
plate wh.it nfds ! r lon in th F-l
-1.1I Adnmutratfn. with' u .u. atix
ioiih Hftite of thf huVtiltif of thf n
d (taking If iimiif.ml b sufFigi-s
f mv utitrvriift! to iltmi't t) -
101k. I shail tub i..r. Mith (;.'s 1 1. li.
to U tlie ethci nt iiiftnti..-'it -t thvti
will. - i 1 .1. Tit ii n.
To (iMin.tl Johii A b t 'Urn. od.
Chairman (.tmialU ; I't u.kbii, thr
lb. II. J. J Vt...tt.tla Ibli II J .Stattli
If. 1st. Hit , II f LedilfM. Ihf Hot
I". " I.Vott. and ..tlti..f the titiiiut
tee, 1 te.
.kni:i:al nlws ciimucnskh.
ottrell A II.iIn.hL. Hiatiuf.w tui 1 .
of piloting imm . lile f.t'bd. with
li.il-ilitM-s atiiotiiitiiig t'x.Mi a .jiiail.t
of a imllioii dollars A Ine at Kratn
aid. .M .lines .fa. Aug jnd. ihtroye! !
buildings, in the business Jart of the
town. !.tiss. from ?!",")" I" $4 .! ..
The Republican Mate Convention of
Michigan, have nominated the follow
ing .Male ticket: Governor. C. ;,L
Cresswell; Lit ut. (iovenior, Ahno
.-essions; secretary of Mate. L. G. !.
Hohleli; Mate 'fieasurer. W. It. Mc
Creeiy ; Auditor. Gen. h'.tlph L! ; Imd
Commission 1. Gen. Ik F. Partridge;
Attorney General. Otto Kireher, and
Mipeiiuteiident of Public Instruction.
II. o. Taibell .The DeiwK-rat of thf
tlh Ohio disttict have nominated John
Ah .Mahon foi Congress.
On the evening of August 3d. John
Klingneger. of Ihiffalo. X. V . aged -t,
owing todom stu-trotihle.i ut bin wife's
throat and then his own. They leave
thirteen t hildrtn . . .Thf OltfrviHi.M,
tmin robbers ha, e hefii inu'fil loCher
kee. Oxford county. Kans.m. ;uid Charlfs
Pitts Ills been captured. Helrul 6l.-'
n his person and a package of lettfp
consisting of correspondence between
in mbei-s of the iainl in regard to the
lot.bery. Th" h-tlers nnlicatf .1 mii't
ber of men m Ch-rkee who have been
considernl heretofore abrtc suspicion.
The names of the gang are llnu
Younger, Hobirj Coify. t harh- Pitts
alias George Wells. Cah-y Yoiing'T,
J esse James, and Win. Chat v. ell. Thf
three first nane-d have been arrest, d
anu -;,.. recovered .. .News from ?? '
-rat of the Moux war 1- the ffl.
that thf Indians are breaking up .i 1
small w.u parlK-s, with avnvvof b,-
relating the l-.rder setth-merits )
One officer w.ls mortal''.. :
serioiislv v. aunded bv s. n.. .r
Long Hnmch. Angus'. 7'
were taking them to t.
at thf lime . At Oxe
Itli. Purrell II...IJ. v -' ;
son, agnl r,. wl i4 t'.
tectmg tos in : r lr u
Another s. :,, aged 17i
the head wit1 tl e
hand, and ! ft f ri
soil of the .ltj
Terrv s trrv -'J
. Or. ih
Cn ' ?
UOn O " a 5M
tion of?. V
by thei, 'iepiN
Wattei : nieS
atorin nj sbi-
v ! , t :
' .! : .
r? atr t '
Jll. kt V '
j I fv "
! -:t : J .
i;i'. ... i-
litr. : i
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I .. .:
A ! x t
Wh lh' '
I d .1 U
l!w to 1 1
f t 1 1 j . . t . . 1
A ! ti
lt.vH in ;
! 11 t!.
sun l shn t
-'. l !l t. a
a ol udit.
fl.tWIi f tb fli
Stil'th. t ot 1
What can i d
.U lolt'lllg t the v , (
11 . tlie !ttit. t w 1
but lh- faru'iv J
home- froii, , k., '
all H I'USt!' a-i-l i '
that thr Us; ,, .
something 'i x
port utie guvt. N'.-w
dim't do it. oi.t : ;
attendant it 1 ' t
will tas!e :." ' " .
..it V.FlJ h
Immi! . a;
hint a ' 1
v . ir fi:
1 e r-
no h tv- '
la . . an I
f ' :
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