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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (April 6, 1876)
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JRats of AcLverfisinff.
THE RED CLOUD CHIEF.
Oor .... ttn, on? ?ar 3'3-QU
Half - 0-00
Qsirur" " '
thTt nlTrtsenU.'jil i!rtL3jtnUfor
l'.lsuf tiian oci yrJo 3trjct to a ;" LU
Ical aaJ KturUl KUe 10 ctt a lts fot
ir.: lanrrUos, a! 5 ecs'. for each tabteaeat
Lk: lTrtlta at Utet pr!c.
j:-tlurs csnls $$ per jar.
Tit?? a;o our lotJwCsi rate, asi roolhr
FUBLISHED WEEKLY AT
'fiEIl CLOUD. Wr.nnsH'
1 iS 2
. 1 JL- UC -. ' --l-i.-
im:. a:. VT'jLS.isrEK,
RED CLOUD, NEBRASKA THURSDAY, APRIL G, 1876.
Keillor and Proprietor.
Ferdinand Frciligrath, u,c German
poet, died in Wm tenlierg, March 17th,
being nearly CO yearg old.
Michael McCorrcll, the murderer of'
kelson Mills, was hanged at Hamilton,
Ontario, March Mth.
Roberts, the ex-President of Liberia,
died at 3Ioravio, February 21th, and was
juried with military honors next day.
On the 20th of March, the ofiice of
the Jitpuhhrjue Fruncaiz newspaper in
Paris, was entered by burglars and rob
bed of $11,000.
A block of shipping warehouses in
-Manchester, England, was burned March
IflV wftb a 183 tf several hundred
tbcusand pounds sterling.
Tlie expedition of the Governor Gen
eral of the Philippines against the Soo
Joo pirates has been successful. Tlie
Spaniards lost ."500 men during the opera
tions. A relief fund has been establi bed in
Spain for invalid and wounded soldiers
and families of those killed during the
war. It is believed that the army will
bercduccf to $100,000 men.
The Surgeon of the Turkish army
lately in charge of the Hospital at Ga
betta, estimates the Turkish losses in
Horzegovinia during the insurrection to
htvR been not less than 5.",000 men, a
lfc?gu proportion of the deaths resulting
from maladies incident to the war.
King Alfoni-o on the 17th of March
entered Madrid at the head of 25,000
troops, where a triumphal crown wu,
pKfentcd to him, a dinner given to the
Eoldiurn, followed ;by fire works, illumi
nations, bull fights, and the distribution
of medals and crosses. A hundred
masses were said for those killed in the
A dispatch from Alexandria, Egypt,
fcf March 12lh, says that n the 8th the
Abyssinian army crossed the river !);-
cassadeppa aud attacked the cntren lied
camp of the Egyptian army, when severe
fighting took place. Ne.l day the Aliy
iir.ians were repulsed, an 1 ret routed to
Adowa. King Ivi-ssii, the Grand Vlser,
x chiefs and five thousand Abyssinians
are reported killed in the trenches. The
Egyptians lost heavily, but their victory
Jjkr.Nr.ItAL NEWS i OXDKNSh.,.-
The Democratic State Convention of
OHo has been called to meet in Cincin
,. May 17th.
t . -00 George Lewis Cook has declined
- r:cratic nomination for Governor
ot Khodo Islsnd.
Fillmau & Son's woolen factory at
Foxboro, Mass., burned March 17lh.
Loss, $S0,000: insurance, $7,000.
The Republican State Central G'om--Jaitteoof
Ma."sachufetts have decided to
hold a State convention in "Rost'jn, Aniil
D. Curry, convicted of assaulting Ed
ward Iloscwater, editor of the Onnha
Bee, has been sentenced to four yeais in
Mary Ray, an actress, pud her infant
child were fatally burned in New York,
by an explosion caused by the careless
,se of lamp, on the evening of March
A United States marshal a few days
ago arrested near Hockvillc, Indian.!,
Henry A. T. Commaud, who is charged,
with the murder of Peter Remy in Rel-4
gium in the winter of 18711. Ttie pris
oner fled that country after the murder,
and for the past six months has been lo
cated at the place where the arrc:t was
"As a freight train on the Northwest
cm railroad was passing over a trestle
work at Milwaukee, March ISth, the
0track gave way. throwing the train into
the lake. The engineer named Berry,
aaA the fireman named Lynch, were
The Opera llouso erected in Spring
field, J11., about ten years ago by Jacob
XJjjnn was totally destroyed by tiro on
tho morning cf March 17th. Three
other buildings were badly damaged.
Loss on building about 30.000 and
other losses ' occupants foot up about
$30,000. No insurance on the building,
and only f 3,800 insurance on cont nts.
3 Mansfield French, popularly known as
as Chaplain French, a prominent Meth
odist mini iter, widely known as a friend
o the colored race, died at his pastoral
charge in Pcarsoll, Long Island, March
'5th, aged 06 years, lie was born in
Vermont, and began his theological
tudies in Kenyon College, Ohio, in
vbich State he preached for some time.
The ovening of the loth of March Mr.
fielding came into Fort Fettcrmau from
camp at old Fort Reno. On the 7th
fien. Crook left the main camp at Fort
fieno taking a pack train aud iiftecn
days rations for the cavalry, and struck
out after Inaia imown to be north cf
that place. Since that date nothing was
iieard from him. On the way to Reno
ihe command was attacked several limco
Ly the Indian one" herder fc was. wound
3, but is alive yet Au infantry man
Waa alto wounded ; no other casualties.
THE XLIVth CONGRESS.
Senate Thursday. March If.. Bill Jntrodncrd
for vMatiliFl.lt;; tit- Tcrnturv ol Temblna. Atcfo
lction na adojitf-d r (juctiInK tb Stcrctary of
Iho TriaMiry to iuriili-Ii lor irifonrution of the
-Sesatu thisnmour.iif rirodart of po'd atid diver
lnhe United .s:cu-t Irom :.", t ifcT5. inclaElve:
alf o the j.idoi nt f'f "o.il and Filvcr in other parts
of tlii wor.d Utr the -arm; jftarc, srid an cptinnte
,r. Tplld nd i-ilvtr in th United Slate at the
present iirnf. Senator CoiikIIiik, Ioan and
CaBerun di-nied charcce saaie hy certain rewrj-lianer.-.
FintiiiK that they have kept private vvcre
uriet who wre paid an clerkc. The Benito
.. ...... ...i i... ...... t.i.... ..f.. ..r . i. t.ti .-
i-uiiii:ii : .iiji-iwuiiiLJnji in urn ijui iti provide i
lor Hid resulite the counting of TOte ot I'resl-dt-nVnad
VJce-r.-ecident. The hill va- ili-cn?Fed ,
ty ctlft:orI' i tiunnan.t tinHtiancy,r relliii;huyieri,
Jolini-Uiii, Howe and Morton. After executive
Fe."tini the Senate adlonrncd till M- nda.
lluf-E. The lloufc went into Committee of
the Whole on lh hill to tnpply the deficiency in
the currency printini; unit rricravln'.' bureau ol
the Treacury Jlepartinriit. and tor the i-ueof
silver coin. In tn- plar of Iraciloiial currency.
Th bill appropriate. 1-J.W. and directf the
Secretary )l the 'frca-ury t ItMie eih'ereoln in
redemption of a. I trciioiml currency outrtandlni;.
!r. It-uidal!, CJialtman of the nppropiiation
Committee, proceeded to est'am and advocate)
tlif bit! Me-F-r? W-ird, ll-wittand Kcilv ptioku
a-aln't the Ufae-f silver ce. In. and Mr. Iteaau
in advocacy ef it- The re mmittec roun without
Sknte Mui.dny. March -M Senator Wright
denied 'he charge made In ce-rtain ncwpap r
p.iraivaphs eif huviu Pr vt-' Serretan- paiel by
the(eivirnment. IIo Faid he hud no private? Sec
retary whatever thit the on'y person uhoeliel
any work with v hie h he via- rimrierted wa the
clerk ef the C'omnnfe-e- em Claims, who doe-.- iho
work eif the 0ti.miiee. Se-jiator Wit lien from
the- Apairepriatiejti Ciininlltff, repnrte'd the notice
deflcietcy bill for It viJiurr the Sie.ux IndiniiF",
and moved to ftnkc en Jjo'i.Mii) and Insert 3150,
000 an thf ajipieipriatloii, v. Inch watt a-rted te,
and the b'H pacFed. cnateir AUiioii calleil up
f-ir ccm-ieleratii :i lie lull proud n er an ar
jne.it uith th'-Moii-t aa'itui in re.-ard to portion-)
of their re--r:itnii lor oMut ptirpei-en. The
matter wrf briefly d're iF-.d ly Sena'i.r Hitch
cock, who :ml lie w-ih oppOM-ei to any further
apprortrintion for the-c InditiiH or for other Com
nii"i"ii' r-. lie r.-iiei then was one man emt there
nu-.v, ; n. Crook. , who a as able to make an
hi;! ii!ii n' v.ith the-e Iiidlant af any ComniU
-:eii-iv i. bo ro'ild lie fi nt o it. The debute was
loniiii.'d ty Scnatiir i5or.'j, Ilnimlton, AlHron
and ICiiimiud-'. enator .Morton called up the
bill fur count!.-; . : Tor I'nvtdent and Vlce-I'.-e-id
-nt. -n:.t r Ualidolph iii1ure-aed I 'ie Sen
at- in FUpjiort e f httaiuel.ili-it nt, liriividlii" thai
-hniild tlie iMo I on-ei of Cein-ire-F, apiirjjj F,.jia
ra'ely, fail toa..vti a toulnetiii the true and
ali'l r.tn n- of a Mr1, then, and in that e-.ent
oiilv the rriFideii! e.f tne Se-nate rlir.il render a
eb-riFieiii i f lnej:e-tion, and FUrii renditor -ha'I
be m lavor e.f . '. . return ot the Mate which h ill
li:ve riiiii 1 uiMijoriynI all the ve u-f ea-t l.i
IhiIIi hiei-i i,t ( tiure-r', coijMid.-n-d .- if both
hoti-e- had e-a-l their vole- in jviiiu uicetini; afl
ecmbled. F-eim'or Mortein eiifi red a re.-olnllnn. wiiirb w.'.s
a;r(,i (i t.i, alli.'A.iiT tti Coiiiuiittte e u rr.vili'i-
aud lilee-tloii-. to s-!t tluni.u tie fer -ion while
ley -.re inve-itruli:.-; t n- e jfo eif beimtor
Si., lie r. Tne chaii laid before the Senate the
mii.iary bill froujrtl-t SIoum. vtjtli Miliiication
Ilia it-- lln'.i.-e jail el iiiiiMitur in the :imrnd-in.nt-eif
the Sia'r The Sena'c a;rve it to ad
iieie in i MRLiiilmenT!1, aiivi a-!;ei n Conifittee
nt Conference. e-!iBtir i-iref:it. Cocke-n-l, and
Ilirvey. m rvai'pm.iii 1 em fie part of the Senate.
lYiiiiiii e'in i:s-mu tne Senate went into Lsecu
tr.i Sc--ioii a:.l tlien a:iour:ied.
Ho: --B. AlCFrr-i. liauniu!; and Sa lor pr.ented
the pet'.'ilil:- ol Willi l'. ell.ti'l It'll! Ohio. Ken-
tucky. Indiana .ind Illinois ; rotCFtin, a-;jn-t
e.tiy ciian; in the !ire-ent pliu of co:.cctitn
tisi-f ichrreu. A bill wre lulroeluced bv Mr.
l!ii;ik.nj. to re.'iiiate roniim rrc ami to prohibit
iii ju.-t diM-iiiuin -tioim by common enrnerp. Sev
ii il e '.irrency lull-were ,i!m introduced. The
b.FiutF of the I)i-tnet of Ceduaibi.i was then
laLea up, and -ooii aliei the Uoti-i adjourned.
Ssnatk '" !, Match il. - Senat-ir (.'am
tr.ni. of V. .fvi . - -i, pre-eiited a ioliit rio'stion
of the I. -!-l of Wi-ror.-Mi, ai'aui-t i-rid;-
ini tin- ". -- . ,.i Hi ver referred. I'elition
.-.i. jire-e-T.'.-; 'v Senators Wright, I.ocan.
i-iiw. e".x;i. r, Satiman, ( hr'-tiancy, l!i-aljp,
iiiiil-am t.he;s. Irom Hood Templar- and
oilier ti ni'iPRince r,un:zatIou?' ii tl. eeveral
stateei s.ll i.rainjr lor tLcpatf-isv of jiroliib.tory
litinor lhWi m the I) Ftrii t of i 'olumina, unrt a'so
f-r'!ie i a-Fu-i of a I i proliitntlnR tiieiisef
liijiior r.mone; eillicial-t in the civil, military ami
naval -e.-vice-referred. Senator Alli-on called
up the Finale hill proUiimt; for the azrei-mcj t
w ill the SJonx Inilt.niH. Mud jiemliai; itcuMd
t ia ion thi) im-rnir; In. it expired, and the Senate
r. -iimeel the eoniidoiauoii if the bill to count
! o e e.t l'reident . nu Vice-I're.tident. Tins
!. Ftii.n wa- taken em ihe atneni'mert of Senator
liel:ni.hiieli to Jn-cit the foliovvir.tT: "The
rCr. ret -hall be immedintely referred to the
Chief .IiifIicu of the supreme e. ourt, pre"idin'
ollirerel the Senate aud Speaker of the He'n-e.
whore derl-iein Fla!l be final. If the Chief Ja--lli
i" nIiFent. or unable to i.Ttend, tlie Ft-nior
a-Feie Ute .Iutlri' tt t!ie Supreme Court preect
l.i the caMt.l orei.her i':uc ol in.tintr "linll act
in hl place." Amcm.mt.iit loft. The debate
1 eoiitii.iieil by i naiort steren-i'ii, Ttinnnan.
Vtitlu-rF and Morteiii. sensteir .Mcxey pnij)eFcd
au ..meiidr.ieu', which he asked to have ptined,
proviuin'; that the ".'resident of the Seirue, acl-ln-r
a- the jri -le'inj ilie-r of the two Iiou-e in
ji.ua i-ioii, tliFli ditnle whleh is tin valid
n.tmn. IVi.ritn tl.e d.FttiF-ion tlie Senate went
lain t-wivcitiivt -e-ion and fioii after adjourned.
Hot -E- Mr. Clarke, cf K niucky, lreim the
Committee on ftailro- il- ami I'-uial". reported i
bill auiht'riiinj' tin U'a-hinjton. Cincnnali ,t
St. l.o-.n- H. 11. Co., to coii-tni' t a narrow ran-'e
r.i!io.til fiom tide wa'er !. st. J..)ui aim Chicico
reoummitted. ilr. Heavan, fremi he Commi'tee
on Commerce, reported a bill to amend the law
for the regulation of commerce ami navitation.
ami tor leiii.-.iion of Fteam e?i li made tne
-pee'iai eirel. r f.ir TueFday. Mr. l.ynde. from the
.ludic aiy Ce mmifce. n pored ai erel on the
liill provtdint' for the piintliiL' of -jpetciieF aud
remrk- of member-ol Con-ire-- and Fe:iator.
in :h- lar.-u.ii;e tn whleh tie-y .lie delne-n.il laid
on the tihe. Mr. Caiiltleld, irom the Fame rout
mittve. reported a bill niakiu-; it a mi-demeamir
lor any je.'-sdii in the ervtco e"f the Ini'ed sta.e
t' -o ictr or contrlbu'e funds for election jnr-po-e-F.
or to ranwiF- in any state, comity or dig.
trie;, in the United State-"." Mr. Hoar offered an
amendment, providing mat the bill should no he
coiiF'rued let prevct.t veuui.iaiy contribution) for
th. pti'p - i cireulaiini; dncument-, or o! jro
cur u-z public addre-Fi.-" on iae.-tion of jitiblic
intere-t some eleb.-ite en-i;ed e-n the proposition
to include senator-, ami l'epreentat!eF. Ir.
Canltieid moved to reconsider Hie vote by which
the m-in question ua- ordcri'd ea- I'll-, nav- 4.
Mr. IW.il e itii-n ortVred an amemlment to Inc'iHde
"Sei.ateir!-. Uepre!eniativc and Uelecate-" in
Conjtre'," and to add the vvord "jiid ihe c-n-tribut
ir of monty eir other valuable thin? as
herein prolrbited by am senator, Kepreenttte
or Delegate it C onre-T while hew a- a candidate
for Cotii-re--. Fhail m additiiin to the penalties
benin pre-enbevt opera'.e sf a liL-qti-ui'icatlnr. to
hoUltn-; hiF eat.' Ameiumentt were al-o offered
hy lieaiian, Hewitt ot Alabama, and Itrown of
Ktntnrky. which are to be considered hen the
til! next lomeF up.
Mr. Heche oflend a reFoltition callln: for a
Statement eif the account- of the Navy Depart
inent with It1 ti-cal aseut i London, for every
ear elnce ISttf - adopted. The Honse went into
Committee of the Whole on the IcslFlathe and
judicial appropriation Mil. SneechcF were made
by Iluhbeli acaiiiFt the Mornson tuiiff bill, and
by Fouler of Ohio, in .riticiFm of the redaction
uropo-i-d in th lesiFlatHe approrriatijn bi.l.
Farther ettb-ite followed in which MesFr. Blaine
and Herman t. ok part, and ihei. the ceimmittcc
roe withjutrction on tlu bi . Mr. Wei!, of
MiFFiFSippl. introduced a bi'l topav bounties, to
coK.xvd foldlers and their widow? referrrd.
Parton ivaa not the first man -who
married his wife's daughter. Some nftj
years since, Eli!cr Anderson," h well
known Baptist prevclier ia Csnaecricat,
marrieil a widow. ianieBiDouqlass, with
two children a boy and gitl. When
she died he married the daughter, by
whom he had a son, whosa father was
his grandfather, and whose mother was
A Paris dispatch ol March 17th says
that aa arch oi ;he railway bridge over
the river 111, nesr Larterback, gave!
way uLder a passenger tr-iin irom ilul
house for Strasbourg. Tiie irain was
precipitated inio the river, and the cars
failing on top of each otLer, ? ere dashed
to pieces. Owing to thi.- iolence of the
stream none ot the passengers could be
saved. " All wero either crushed to death
or drowned. Thirty bodies were recovered.
FAR3IS GAUDEN AND HOUSEHOLD.
The preference for colored cheese is
one of the strangest commercial infatu
ations we aie acquainted with. T!
Yorkshire people, shrewd as foxes in
things generally, .have a notion that
plain cheese is not genuine for some
reason or other, that it is not so rich as
the other, whereas it is really the colored
cheese that is not genuine that is,
actually adulterated with annatto to
produce the deep tint which they un
wisely prefer. If these good people
were to tasto just a teaspoonful of
annatto, such as is used to color cheese
with, we venture tjredict they would
eschew colored cheese for the future.
However, this fallacy is gradually being
extinguished. London AyricuWl Gazette.
What would you think of the cabinet
maker who should undertake to make
furniture on a large stale by mean3 that
were used eighty years ago, sawing out
aiL the parts by hand, instead of by
machinery, carving bedsteads and bu
reaus by hand instead of molding the
saw-dust, and all such thing? How
would a tinner get along with the old
fashioned tools, disregarding tlie use of
diea and stamps? How would the wagon
maker succeed shaving spokes by hand,
morticing hubs by chisel and mallet?
Or, how the shoemaker, di-daining peg
ging and sewing machine. f Well, they
might possibly make a living as they
turned out their clumsy jobs, while
others, working by improved and best
methods, are getting rich. The old
fashioned farmer, with poor tools, and
disdaining book-knowledge, and the
modern farmer, with the best of tools
and with a head full of ideas, are paral
lel cases. Micaicber.
I'uiopklns for Cow -i.
From a peck ol seed droppod and
covered in the gaps of a corn field, a
dairy of nine cows has been kept up to
summer milking, and the quality of the
butter is super-excellent; and six heifer
calves raised from the above are as fat
as moles. The cows are fatter, too, than
a majority of tlie cattle slaughtered.
These cows have been "taking about six
pounds of butter per week, besides sup
plying new milk and cream for a gentle
mau's house with sixteen inmates. The
pumkins are chopped up in the mangers
with a spade, morning, noon and night,
about half a bushel each time when cut
into pieces. They eat while being
milked morning and night, and they
come to the yard and go into the stable
for half an hour at noon. Beets, car
rots and some other roots and small can
of corn will follow, so as to keep up the
milk during winter. Correspondence of
.viie-oe-.t in I'l-iilt-Raisinc.
We copy the following interesting
item from the proceedings of the Horti
cultural Society of Western Xcw York,
in the Country Gentleman.
"Mr. A. M. Purdy, of Rochester,
called attention to the fact that, while
farming might be advantageously pur
sued in every part of the country, there
were only certain localities where fruit
growing is attended with the best suc
cess. It is important to select the best
places for raising fruit. On a farm of
his own jcontaining 112 acres, he had
formerly been unable to raise mote than
$1,200 or $1,300 worth of farm products
in . a year, but as this appeared to be
specially adapted to fruit-growing, he
had planted it tt large aud small
fruits, and had since sold between $5,000
and $6,000 worth annually. A member
present read a detailed statement ot the
costs and profits of the celebrated Rath
bone orchaid, containing ten acres. The
whole expense was a little over $1,000,
and the net profits since planting over
Fragrant Follajfo Grccliouse Plant.
Gerniums, apple, balm, rose, lemon
nutmeg and pennyroyal, lemon verbena
Aloytia citriodora), cinnamon tree,
myrtle tree, Laurus nobilis or sweet bay.
Plants notr now in bloom having
fragrant flowers: Heliotropes, Olea
fragrans or sweet olive, orange and
lemon trees, Gardenias of several varie
ties, Daphne odorata, Stcvias a- d Eupa
toriams. Tne following plants are also
usually found in the greenhouse at this
season, viz: Hyacinths, sweet violets,
English primroses, mignonette, gilii
flowers and wall flowers. The Jasmi
num grandiflorum and revolutum, two
shruboery greenhouse climbers, should
be in full bloom at this time.
Among the rampant growing and pro
fuse blooming vine3 commonly trained
upoa the rafters of the greenhouse, will
be found the "Bignoma venusta, which
produces an abun ance ot brilliant
orange colored flowers throughout the
winter, and the Bassiflora which is of
rapid growth and blooms very freely.
The flowers are of various shades, pur
pie being the leading color. These
two vines are tmoug the very best of
our greenhouse climbers.
Treamr.TD.ent of the Soil.
The soil is the farmer's bank. If he
would Keep his accounts good and have
his drafts honored, he must take care
that his farming operations do not im
poverish his land, for that i-frl! inevita
Mv impoverish him.
There arc those account4trgood fann
ers, because, in the main, they are rea
- nably successful in their management,
j yet who, nevertheless, blindly pursue
I methods that are futile in accomplishing
desired results. There is much working
in the dark, and sometimes a great waste
of labor. There are some things that
ftre hard to be unlearned after they have
b.en long practiced with apparently
beneficial efleats, out which really had
littlrt agency iu jjrounciij uigsu effects.
A hundred years and more ago Jo thro
Tull believed and taught that, by suf
ficient culture, the soil would produce
crop-i year after year, without manure.
His theory brought disaster upon him
ultimately, but there was a reat lesEon
in his experience which farmers failed
to apply, to wit: the value of tillage in
aerating the soil. Cultivation, lrequent
stirring, admits the air, and when it is
recollected that vegetable ind mineral
manures are useless until decomposed
into their original elements, and that de
composition can only go on by the di
rect agency of the atmosphere, the im
portance ol the knowledge is at once
recognized. Organic matter possesses
highly fertilizing properties, but these
lie dormant and useless until decom
posed, and rendered fit for plant food,
by aeration of tl.o soil to which this
matter hr.? been applied. Pulverize the
soil and keep it mellow, for then it can
breathe freely, so to speak, and the more
productive it will be rendered. Herein
lies the benefit of repeated 3tirnng of
ft;!l plowing, which insures additional
pulverization by the action of frost, in
suring finer tilth. And hence, too, the
beneficial ellocts of draining the soil,
carrying off stagnant wnter, and per
mitting the air to take its place.
We mast not lose sight of the fact
that with properly aerating the soil the
couatituciits removed from it must be
returned, and that in the Uho of manures
it is well to consider uot only what is
desired for an immediate crop, but also
the condition in which the 301I will be
left for succeeding crops. Judicious
culture and proper rotations will insure
good crops, and at the Eanj time the
land will not deteriorate in fei tility.
Si'ET Prniirxu. Take one cup of
suet, chopped fine; one cup ot raislnp,
chopped; on -half cup of English cur
rants; one cup of syrup; one cup of
sour milk, two even teaspoonfulsof soda.
Mix tlie suet, raisins, and currants well
into the syrup; then add the sour milk;
next, the soda, pulverized and well
mixed iu a handful of dry flour. Stir
until it begins to loam, then add flour
enough to form a stiff batter. Steam
one and one-half hours. For a large
family double the quantity will be re
quired, aud should be steamed two hours.
Snow Puuuino. If there should be
fall of snow, somo of your readers may
like to try this receipt. Where cold
dry, fresh-fallen snow is usod it gives a
ligntn'iss to the cakes all its own; no
amount of beating can rival it. Make a
still batter with four ouuees of floor,
one-fourth pint of milk, or more if re
quired, a little graled nutmeg, and a
pinch of salt. Divide the batter into
any number of pan cakes, and add three
large spoonfuls of enow to each. Fry
lightly in very good butter, and serve
quickly. ,Tho uau cakes should bo about
half the size of a soup plate for the in
dicated quantity of ouow.
Charlotte Russe. First, iin your
molds with sponge lady-finger; you can
buy them at any bakery, and, if fresh,
are very nice and save much trouble.
Pack them around the sides of the mold,
which should ba about as deep as tho
fingers are long, so thsi thoy will keep
in place firmly. Second, pour a teacup
of boiling water over one-half box gela
tine and di -solve it thoroughly and leave
in a warm place until ready for it, but
don't keep it boiling, only warm. Then
take one pint of thick cream from the
ice, stir it until it thickens, the: pour in
briskly the gelatine, two teaspoonfuls of
vanilla, the whites of seven eggs beaten
to a froth, and one teacup ot powdered
sugar; fill the molds to the top of the
lady-fingers and put in a cool place.
This will fill two good-sized molds and
Cony Dodge:5. One quart ot corn
meal, a tablcspoonful of lard, two eggs,
a tablespoon ful of salt: scald the meal
with the lard in it with boiling water,
cool with a little milk, add the eggs
(beaten lightly) ; beat very hard lor ten
minutes; make them thin enough with
cold miik to drop off the spoon and re
tain tbeir shape in boiling lard. Serve
hot. Have tne lard boiling hot when
ycu crop them in.
The Grand Jury a: the recent seiision
of the District C-riUTt of Jefferson county
failed to return an isdicuaent against
W. W. Jnnkln, Eiq., for ahootiag Hoc.
Edward Campbell, jr. The Judge or
dered the case to ix taken up by the
next Grand Jury.
Some Old Letters.
There has lately been purchased by the
Trustees of the Bodleian Library, Ox- ;
ford, England, a rather curious and in
teresting manuscript volume. It com
prises various letters, memorials, Ac , of
the Fairfax family, copied into a book
by Mary Arthington, daughter of the
great Lord Fairfax, Commander-in-Chief
of the Army ol the Parliament of Eng
land during the famous civil war. It
is a shabby lookiug Tolume, in dilapi
dated calf binding, with marks of lost
hasps, the paper being very coarse, the
ink rusty, and the chirography consisting
of perpendicular letters, about a quar
ter of an inch long, much blotted. The
oontents evidently transcribed from
the original letters, Ac, &s a
means of preserving them mainly re
,late to births, deaths, sickness, and do
mestic transactions in the family of the
Puritan General ; though there are some
allusions to the "parrilui times." The
writers are nearly all Fairfax'js, or rela
tions to them by marriage ; as, Frances
Widdrington, Elinor Selby, Dorothy
Hutton (daughters of the General),
Charles Fairfax (his brother), Thomas
Widdrington (his son-in-law), and
Frances Legard (niece of the copyist).
But the most interesting portion of the
correspondence ia that by Lady Fairfax,
the redoubtable Presbyterian and Roy
alist dame, who accompanied her hus
band to the field at Adwalton Moor and
was captured and sent back to him in
tho Marquis of Newcastle's own coach,
and who subsequently appeared at the
trial of Charles I. and cried out, " He
has too much sense to bo here!" when
the General's name was called, as related
by Clarendon. There are live letters by
this lady to her husband, all curiously
charactcriutic of her wifely affection,
Puritanism, devotion to her domestic
duties, aud tho simplicity of the times.
We append tho two most interesting,
printed verbatim U literatim:
good sweet heart
I haue lived in hopes the parlament
would hauo been short but methinks it
hath becne long & I feare the worst yet
it may be you will get leauu to come
downo but I feare not long anough. I
pray god send you your health and us
a joy full meeting both in this wot Id &
in the world to come. I percieuo yeur
care of rac both by your letters &, other
wayes for which I haue to thanke you
which I will lay up in my heart and
will study to deserue it if it please god
to giue me leaue. 1 haue rcciued the
rent of Billbrough & of my father the
causes of cxpcnccs hath beene much
your land-lady had for rent 11. Ss & I
am to buy a cupple of kio tho rest I
shall mako you a reconing when you
come home & please god according to
my simplicity I will sand you nothing
but what needs must. I am at this time
with my father & urslay with me,
Frauke & the mades at Skough the lit
tle one with her Nurse, I thanke god
she mends very well good sweet heart
tend me word whether ,ou would hauo
mo at home for I feare our charge is no
less for my being here & our household
afares goes not so well forward as they
should, for my owne contentment I
should be as well there as here till your
coming home though I be made more of
thanl deserue, your horse mends very
fd3t about a fortnight hence he will be
ready to go to grasse if you please, for
he hath spent a great many of oats be
sides annisceds & bread but it is well
bestowed on him for he likes very well
thus hoping that this will be the last let
ter till I se you remembering my loue to
you e& desiring your blessing to your
little ones & your louo to myeelfe I
Your very loulng and duty full wife
The second shows the true wifely na
ture ol this notable woman:
For feare you should thinke it for
want of loue or lorgetfullness I write
these few lines as wintnes of my true
louing affection which I hope to god he
will ever giue mo grace to carry myselfe
as a dutifull wife to you thus hoping
you will take these few lines written in
good part & desiring god to aend you
your health & giue you grace to serue
him with an vpright heart I commit you
to god's protection fe restcth
your louing and dutifull wife
Gilbert Stuart's Later Life.
In 1793, Stuart returned to An ?rica,
and for a few months remained in New
York, painting the portraits of the most
famous men and women of. the time.
He then went to Philadelphia, then the
capital of the new Republic, his high
est ambition in life," as he declared,
being to paint the face of Washington'
There is a story of hie first introduction
to the Father of his Country, signifi
cant of the characterof the two men.
Stuart's natural ease4- manner-(or iclf-
conceit. as we ray SLdosq to think, it)
had often carried him -unabashed into
the presence of royalty in Europe. The
j man oi genius, had he deiared, honored
kings by his notice. But when Se.t.-ri-tary
DaaJridge brought him int : .
little p.irlor where Washingta s.a"t-
him, he utterly lost his ?ilf-nosssinn
and stood awed and dumb for cdvcral
The President talked to him
until he recovered himself.
There must h;.vt been some fine quality
inJStuart himself, thus to appreciate the
mbjesty of simple truth.
The painter lived in Ocrmaatowu. a
quiet little stiburl of Philadelphia, to
which tho yellow fever tl.at year had
driven President Washington ant! the
officers of state. He turnul un ivy
grown stable or barn in a field near his
house into a studio, and there he exe
cuted the truest and gre.itet work ot
his life, the head of Washington, work
ing at it with a p itient atuf anxious zeal.
Something of tlie sincerity of his fitter
seems to have communicated iteelf, for
the moment, to the flighty artist; and
Stuart's fascination conquered even tlie
grave and impassive Washington. After
his own portrait was finished, we are
told in the legend of the vilbige that
he a ml Lady Washington would often
stroll across the fields and sit for hours
in the stable-studio, talking to tiie
painter as he worked. The portrait f
Washington, in l'ict, was not finished
at all; when tlie head was done, Stuart
declared he would never touch it again,
..... .1:1 ..ii. ......!. 1... :..:i. ...1 :..
nun ucici uin, unuuuu u- iiiiiai-uii in-
. ' . .
iertor copies mane irom 11, sdiu mem,
ami bi-unui-ii:. .u..ui me -ei.iug. i nts
one great picture whs bnttght by the
Boston Athen.Tiini, to which it now
belongs. It gives us, perhaps, our only
true knowledge, of the appearance of
Washington, if we except the best made
by Houdin, who came from France for
the express purpose of modeling it,
for the State of Virginia.
There are told in Germantown many
stories of Stuart - of the great men and
the stately, beautiful women who came
to him to be painted (and otiu likes to
b lieve that iu those first day.-j of the
Republic all the men were great and all
the women fairjjoflns skill, his ex
cesses, iiis mad fury when angered, his
generosity when pleased; at work this
morning, with Thomas Jefferson as his
charmed, attentive listener; this after
noon, kicking a roast of beef back to
his butcher'ri in a tempest of fury, fol
lowed by the shouting, delighted boys
of tho village.
His record after this date is briefly told.
He went to Washington, then to Boston,
and there died, the first portrait painter
in the country, after an old age beset by
disease, debt aud drink.
No boy ever set out on the journey of
life with a argcr capital of health, win
ning manner, friendship-!, or natural
ability; no man ever brought that jour
ney to a sadder eud of disappointment
and loss. Rebecca Harding Davit, St.
Nicholas for April.
Wagner and the Centennial.
There is now authority for the an
nouncement that Richard Wagner has
agreed to compose a grand march for
the opening of our exhibition at Phila
delphia. There is no musician living
whose work would be more likely tn
attract notice in this country thin the
author of 'Tannhauser" and the "Rinir
of tho Nibluugs," and perhaps there is
none who would produce for tuch a
festival a work more richly deserving
notice. Wagner ha3 never written poor
music to order since the miserable days
of his early youth in Paris, when he
manufactured 'arrangements" for the
publishers at starvation prices. All the
occasional works ot his mature years
have been of high and permanent value;
he has not put a pen to paper except
under the impulse of ideas; he gives
nothing to the world which he does not
believe to be worthy of his fame. His
American Centennial March therefore
will doubtless do credit to his own
genius, and we need hardly say that it
is almost certain to be stirring and
gorgeous enough for tho celebration
which it is to usher in.
That the great master has been in
duced to interrupt the preparations for
his model performance at Biyrcuth long
enough to write this March for America
is the fruit of the negotiations of Theo
dore Thomas, under whose direction of
course the execution of the piece will
take place. It is owing however to the
zeal of the Women's Centennial Organi
zation, which has pledged itself to
provide the necessary money, that 3lr.
Thomas was enabled to offer Herr Wag
ner a suitable compensatioa. The Iadiea
oi Philadelphia and Boston have agree J
to raise a certain moderat-2 amount, and
the ladies of New York are following
their patriotic example. If the history
of (he Centennial enterprise is ever
published in fall the world will be sur
prised to learn how much the women of
America have done, often in the most
nobtnuive manner, to make t success
ful. J". 7. Tribune.
Ira B. L-ttle, Steward of the Boone
county poor house, disappeared quit;
mTSteriotulT several weeki aero, and hai
I notbea heard from iince.
An Knterpri-v of Jeilm Jacob AtnrV.
Ia t'lt; yc&r l1'. J'hr J.cob Ator
leur-Se I the Ar.:c-.- n Fur Company. the
bctte r tn eniMe i:.rw tn curry 1 tit his d
M'ii -f te:.diw ti. trad mte th in-
.cnoI ,-- ClapcUn;; ViUi tn,! Hritish
Northwest Far Compnr ami llml.a
Bay Conipaay. The out:- of thta
new company stretched tat'" new aad
hitherto untrodden dr!!, draining a
cnuntry stocke. with, beaver. tter and
buffalo. Having aiw, at the uu of
fortyilt, siequirei a fortune ufficioatly
large to sit.tfc.ty the anibtti m f most
men, ho conceived a iHIiior iin:orpric
than any he had yet nndcrtken, whioh
W.13 iiv othvr than to nt'eatp: : control
t:e fur trade woit of the Kooky Moun
tains. To thi end, the tirt pt, A.t
ria, was u-tabiihet ia IS 10, at the'niouth
of the Columbia liiver, by a party of
sixty men, uneit-r the command of Mr.
W. P. Hunt. Comtaotlitift for the Mip
ply of thii settlement wero to he con
veyed iu j-hipj from New York, which
were likuuie to be freighted with vnri
11U articles of rr. rchandiM!, which went
to le exchuagt.el fr furs nt the Ku.1Mn.11
settlements further north. These, in
turn, were to be exported to Canton, nt
this time a favorable market tor fur?,
urn! exchanged for C'oina gooli, tllkt,
tea?, etc., etc Meanwhile, the war with
;:ent Britain broke out. The Tonqutn,'
i , . ... ,, , . .... ,i, ,..,
1 the first, and the "I.vk, the tlurl ou-
1 ... . ,.,.. ,.,.,. i,-
I ! dispatched to Astoria, were lObt.
w..,1,rili.11,q ,ri,.rt of Mr. Amor'
I7 err fc !'--'-' I - J
appears to nave ocen aueimeu im ens
aster throughout. The tort at Astoria
. .. .. 1...1 ...1. 1. .i:
! u-iio iuiOliri .1. nail JllSt tit t!ll! Cleiies eif
I , . , ., . ,, .,..,, ......I
. et... .f.r ... it .vn niMtir to oe reitoreii.
1.. ...... ...
it was koIiI to the aentM f the North
west Fur Company, throuirh the treach
ery of one ot his urtnrr., a Scotchman
named McD.mgal. When the new' of
the capture ot Aotr;a ru-ichul Mr.
Astor, he Miiel. with a cheerful smile, "I
am ruined." From "The Astor Family
in New York;" Fcrihntr for April.
Affection for lli old 31 i.-t re--.!.
An old white woman was arraigned on
Welneday for elrunkenties!, found
guilty, and sentenced to seven tlny in
the Work House. She sat down in 11
corner of the dock, and boon afterward
an old colored man came in, bringing a'
pitcher of coffee and a plate of j.n
.ision", and nppronching tlie Marshal he
asked, in nu agitated voice:
"Boss, is ycr got an old white Iaely in
dar named Kiley?"
Some one replied in the affirmative,
.nd the old man's face brightened up at
once. Turning to a number of gentle
men, he said :
Gemmen, I hecrd dis mornirt' dut der
pcrlice hail 'rested my old mlssi., an' I
cum here to see her, an' dey wouldn't
luuimu in. Dat ole lady, gommen, wan
a rich woman ounst, and was her per
vaut. She raised me from a sum!! chile,
and when I heerd of de trouble hhe was
In I felt-je-it ltko crying; and when I
cum here, an' elcj wouldn't lomme ra:
her, aez I, I-st., she aint had nulllu to
eat, and'I 'took all le money I had in dc
world and fetched it to her."
He then advanced toward the dock,
calling her by name, and, wt n die ap
peared, said : "Old mihsis, here's iiith
ia I done brought lor yer to cat. You
was kind to me ouiibt, jer was, and I'se
gwinc to hetp di:a n wm good to me."
The old woman burst Into tears as hc
accepted the bounty of her former slave.
Wuihinylvn Cor. IJotton Jvurwil.
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hstter Choice to jello
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Birle-J No. 2
Zzt Cattle Fulr to cht ...
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