The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923, November 04, 1875, Image 1

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genhkal m-ws.
At Helena, Ark., Oct 22(1, Turn Darby
u carpenter, was stabbed and killed in a
saloon by Torn Hcncy,ftlK is in jail to
answer for the deed.
The boikT in the mill .f Morrison,
Bare fc Co.. at Heard ng Springs, Pa .
exploded, Oct. 2.1th, destroying the mill
and r eriottbly injuring ton men.
Wm. Delaney, convicted of the mur
der of Opt. Lawrence, on board a
schooner near New York, has been sen
tenced to le hanged December 10th.
The Chicago Insurance Agency Asso
ciation, which has formerly done an ex
tensive husinci-s in the Northwest, has
failed, and its eflects will le disposed of
at fchcrifTs sale.
Elisha Baker, tin old and respected
citizen of Cedar Ihipids, died Oct. 2.'5d.
During the early history of Iowa he was
register of the State bank, and tub-e-quently
National bank examiner.
Ben. Boyd and wife, notorious coun
terfeiters, were captured at Fulton, 111.,
a few days ago. With them were fouifd
a large amount of counterfeiting appara
tus, and $5003 of bogus money.
A few nights ago, Mr. and Mrs. Mur
ray, at Chei-hire, Connecticut, who had
Ik en married but a few wcekc, were both
binned to it dining a tire in the
home uheietluy veie staging.
The NorlhvkuMcin Gas and Water
Ii pe Company ot Bay City, Michigan,
hits failed. Liabilities, i:ft,000. Baily
fc Orton, haidwuio merchant-, of the
same place, have :dso c!oed.
In the town of Mercer, Maine, Octo
ber 22d, Mr. Wultoii, the divorced wile
of yiram Walton, Mho was living with
Grecnleaf Tracy, was thot dead by Tracy
iu a fit of jealousy. Tracy then fled to
the woods and killed himself.
Geo. B. McUehee, a plasterer, fell from
the fourth $toiy window of the Courier
Journal building in Louisville, Ivy., n
few days ago, and was instantly killed,
his neck being broken. He was at the
time suffering from epilepsy.
Prof. Atchison, an aeronaut, while
attempting a balloon ascension at the
fair in Calhoun, Ivy., a few days ago,
wa seriously injured hy the burning of
ins balloon when several hundred lect
high. He was precipitated to the earth,
and so badly hurt that his recovery is
considered doubttul.
A fire at Verseilles, Woodford county,
Ky., on the night of October 24th, burned
Wilson's livery stable, with contents, in
cluding eighteen horses; also Bailey &
Co.' livery stable nnd a dwelling, the
occupants of the latter baiely escaping
with .their clothing. Losf, $1 5,000; in
surance, $3,000.
Hon. S. M. Fite, representative of the
4th congressional district of Tennessee
in the -4-itli Congress, died at Hot
Springs, Axkausas, Oct. Sod. John W
Head was elected in August, 1S71, and
died in a few weeks afterward. Fite
was elected to fill the vacauc'. Neither
one occupied the seat to which he was"
Tw i failures are reported in Lyons:
J. K. P. Balch, wholesale dealer in boots
and shoes, with liabilities over $.10,000.
He sold off his stock and left the city.
The other wss L. Klcinsteiu, furniture
dealer, whose liabilities are $3000. His
assets will probably pay twenty-five
cents on the dollnr.
The detective force engaged in the
arrest of the counterfeiters at Ceutralia,
IlL, took to SpringOeln as prisoners,
Nelson Driggs and wife, Nicholas Stan
tine and wife, and a brother of Mrs.
Driggs. All except Driggs are Germans.
The officers also secured the outGt of
instruments used by the counterfeiters,
and about $150,000 in countcrlclt money.
B. S. Wilmot of Epwortb has com
menced juit against the Illinois Central
Railroad Company for $4,500 damages,
under the act fixing rates of passenger
fare- On the 20th of October he ten
dered the agent fare at the rate provided
by law, from Epworth to Earlvillc, sixty
cents. The agent refused to sell him a
ticket at that rate. He then entered the
car without a ticket, and tendered the
conductor the fare at the rate of three.
cents per mile, which the conductor, he
claimed, refused and forcibly ejected
him from the car.
Dispatches of Oct. 23d announce the
following failures: Joacliin Davis, lum
ber merchant, New York; Warren 4
Winan, dealers in books, New York;
Hoffman & Co, dry goods, New York,
with liabilities set down at $200,000;
Cumberland G. White, Chas. H. Ward,
R. F. Fuller, and Howaid Ivins Minor,
nMrators in stocks. New York; the
Towas Mill, at East Towas, Michigan,
with liabilities placed at $93,00$, and
assets $280,000; "Wicks Bros., foundry
ttea, at East Saginaw, Michigan, with
liabilities stated at $50,000, and assets
$150,000; McDonaid & Co., Hianufactur
ers of agricultural implements, Wooster,
- Ohio, -with liabilities stated to be 9500,
. 000; AesTlow Co., Boston, with liaUl
tim it,aowBj4218,S47. and assets
54a Mrf2nhrf TiifnnM wwil maoufac-
!t i .announced that the French
Aa.eciiilf!y will convene n the 4th of
November. "
G. D. Ncnmlson Sz C.., merchants of
Loudon and Manchester, have failed.
TJnir liabilities are slated at 2:,0,000.
The brig John ann lsawi, wns imnlly
loit near Stone Hjvcii on the Scottish
coast during the n-cent gale. The crew,
numbering 12, perished. Two larc
vessels in the eriiiu vicinity were lost
with nil on board.
A meeting of the principal manufac
tuicrs and merchants was held in Paris
ou the 22d of October in regard to Vxc
Centennial Exhibition at I'hibidclnhii.
The President ot the meeting stated that
the exhibitors who intended to partici
pate, numbered 800, and he hoped it
would be swelled to 1,200.
E. L. Hicks ol Wyoming, Pa., sur
rendered himself to the police on the
evening of October 21st, stating that on
the previous evening he had shot Archi
bald Anderson, for several years engineer
of the Diamond Mine. The parties met
at Trip's Bavine, and Hicks mistaking
Anderson for a desperado, and without
the exchange of a word, tired at him,
inflicting a wound from which he died.
.tl rni urn nil a.
A new dciee for controlling the ten
sion of the thread in sewing machines
has been bn.ught out which has some
features of interest. In place of the
usual terfcion is a horizontal disk fixed
to a standard placed at the end of the
machine opposite the needle, snd at the
operator's right. This disk has a slight
up-and-douu motion, and is connected
by a short aim that is geared to a small
wheel on the shaft under the table. At
each revolution of the wheel the arm
raises and lowers the disk, alternately
biting nnd holding the thread, and
throwing it loose at every stroke. By
this simple device the tension of the
thread follows the motion ol the needles
automatically, and adjusts it to what
ever kind of work is passing through
the machine.
In the straw burning engines now in
use, the it raw is fed to the fire iu a Iooec
stream, and consumed as fu'tas it enters
the fire box. The consumption is there
fore rapid and continuous. A device for
retarding the combustion of straw, and
for the utilization of a vast supply of
fuel in the form of dead leaves, grass,
etc., has lieen brought out, nnd good re
sults arc claimed for it. The grass or
straw in the stove is compressed into a
solid mass by a movable follower or
weight that rests upon it. By thus ap1
plying pressure to the straw only the
sides of the mass can burn, the top and
bottom being protected by the follower
and grate. By regulating the draft the
fire may then be placed under control.
In place of a needle in ships' com
passes two concentric circles mounted
upon a cross piece of aluminum arc
recommended. Tlio maximum of mag
netization is at the north and south sides
of the rings, and decreases to the neutral
points east and west. The advantages
claimed lor this ring compass, nnd
recommended by the naval experts who
have examined it, are greater sensitive
lies?, a less sluggish motion, aud more
freedom from the motion of the ship.
Komance is a Restaurant.
In the year 1773 there died in the city
f Copenhagen an eccentric merchant
who had once beeu wealthy, but whose
fortune had, l3 unsuccessful specula
tion, been reduced to 3,000 rix dollars.
Two thirds of this amount be invested
'for the benefit of his descendants," and
provided by will that neither principal
nor interest should be drawn for one
hundred years. Long before the expi
ration of that time the singular pro
vision was forgotten, and Ins descend
ants, even if they knew his name,
thought no more of him than any other
remote progenitor. About two years
ago the will was discovered by a lawyer
who had occasion to examine certain
old documents on file in the Register's
office in Copenhagen. The lawyer took
the matter in hand, and diligent inquiry
found the heirs scattered through all
the countries of Western Europe, and
thai one had found her way to America.
The latter was a Mrs. Julia Knochendnp
pul, a native of Hamburg, who came to
New York about twelve years ago,
where she was married in 1SCS. Knoch
enduppul is a waiter employed in Mou
quin's restaurant, on Fulton street or
rather, he was employed there until a
few days ago, when aa official note from
the Register of Wills in Copenhagen
informed his wife that sne was heir to
$80,000, and directed her to present her
claim m person as soon as possible.
Knochenduppnl lived in indigent cir
cumstances in Hoboken with his wile,
two children and his wife's mother. He
was in arrears for rent, and hai been
threatened with ejectment from the
.house he occupied; bat ob the strtagth
ot his letter from Denmark ne was able
to borrow eaoug h aaoaeT to traacoort
ki-Bsell and laadly to Copezihags, aad
Maintain taem then until the lahen
taace tua be collected. JT. T. Herald.
Iewa YvlBBtrer Heather Station.
Htte HYatlit-r l!part.2U Iirraric. October,
The weather during the second decade
(11th to 20th) was, in the Stats of Iowa,
decidedly cold, dry, aud rather cloudy.
At our Central Iowa station the mean
temperature was six and a half degrees
below; the cloudiness was ten per rent,
in excess of the corresponding values for
the same jieriud during the past three
The great cold is due to the fact that
two high pressure areas traversed the
State (11th and 18th); a secondary high
barometer, with cold, occurred on the
10th. Brisk, southeasterly winds pre
vailed on the 13th, when the barometer
fell one half an inch; the equally extens
ive and rapid rise of the barometer on
tne 17th caused the brisk northwesterly
winds of that day.
On the 14th and 17th low pressure
areas passed over 200 miles north of the
northern limit or Iowa, to far away that
but little rain fell in our State. But a
few drops fell in most of the central and
eastern counties; the rain on the 14th
was heaviest in the belt extending from
Jasper and Hardin to Dubuque and
Clayton counties, amounting however to
but little over one-tenth of an inch.
Tiie closing days of the decade were
lemaikably dry and clear, with haze,
introducing the Indian Summer of the
first days of the present decade.
Though the piist decade was more
cloudy than normal for this part of the
year, it was nevertheless clear end fine
In comparison to the pteceding decade.
The cloudiness in the eastern parts of
Iowa was again considerably greater
than in the western portions
A meteor ivas seen on the
evening of
the 17th from Jasper, Union and Craw
ford counties; if it was one aud the same
body, it fell west of the limit of Iowa.
In this connection I would request the
volunteer obseivers to lock out lor
nhooting stars during the first half of the
second decade of November, especially
on the 13th and 14th of November. I
shall also be obliged lor reports of ob
servations of this phenomenon from
others than the regular volunteer ob
servers. Gostavus niNiticiis.
Iowa Citt, Oct 23, 1875.
A Fearful PictHre of Human Wretch
edBess. The woman who, it is believed, jumped
from the canal bridge at Waterford and
was drowned recently, is named Mary
Pendegraat. She went to W'atcrfoxd
from Albany some months ago, was in
temperate, had no friends, and boirded
with a fimily named Priest, living some
distance above Waterford. She has not
been seen since the night when the
woman on the canal bridge disappeared,
and this leads to the suspicion that it
was she who,, wandered on the bridge
ana deliberately jumped into the water.
The Albany Argus details a long cccount
of u visit to the Priest "family and the
wretchedness with which they arc sur
rounded. The AryuM says:
The house is a regmlar shanty built of
coarse logs. Thore is no chimney in it,
and the smoke was issuing through sev
eral crevices in the roof. We entered,
and such a sight! There, in that one
single room, lay Mrs. Priest and fifteen
children, some of them squatting, some
lying down and some of them standing,
but nil of thei smoking. There was
but one room in the wretched hut, in
one corner of which was spread an old
rug and some old army blankets. The
room was covered with filth and dirt,
and all the inmates were dressed in
nature's garb, with the exception of Mrs.
Priest, who wore a man's coat, nothing
else: one of the youngest of her daugh
ters wore the remains of a plug hat, and
one still younger wore a pair of old
rubbcr'boots. This was all the clothing
wonTby the family, though there were
ten of them there, some of them young
girls nineteen years old. They seemed
to hait mo idea what modesty was. John
Priest taw head of the family, is about
Ecventj-cight years old, and is consid
ered one ef the best, if sot the very
best educated man in Waterford. When
ever he works, which is very seldom, he
spends what he can earn in rum, and
ncvor taiBks of contributing any
thing .towards supporting his family.
A few days ago Dr. 3. F. Sherman
and SaflaBel Barker, cirJzeaa of Macon,
Mo., wast to Bevies, and while ther
visited the drug store of Dr. Shanks.
After ha-riag the store they had not
procecdedlBB red when Parker fell ob
the street in oaawahuoas. Ja five min
utes Dr. Sber-aaBa was similarly affected,
and in twentamimtM both were dead.
It is supiKudTBBey were poiaoaed.
The sew aiMM of Michigan shows an
aggregate BBBBBUtiom of 1,344,031 aa in
crease of 141111 state 1370. The cea-ms
of Iowa jest aaaMJaBBBi shows a total ot
1,353,118. F ilj BBBM.jji T !
part of the tcmh&rfMkfcigiB Raw
Bhehaa cau4!ftt iasM the Bwfhertate
tad -w-pasasd ii
Simoa NBMglwB-lj a jaut
aad wealBlaiVrtBr aT Mnwa-tkae. coam-
ardate-1 a-fcMe, Octohar Mi, hy ahtiag ProfeaaariTfhiihiloBt
ViBiMilfBBiBHh thehaa-L I October Jtth.'
.JlaU or A Ureas."
Some three vcars agnjlpihilc engaged
upon a magazine articleclatlvc to the
I5fi nml tim nT rtrronjfwe nbsprvi-d m t
an lnglish paper tt brief paragraph
simply stating that Tlljrza Black was
, , ., . ",. , . A1 .
K'd-ndden, and in a state oi destitution
. . . n . V . .
in i:ie oiu ci:y oi -vimchs. iiiouk:i in
constant reader
of both foreign and.
American paper we failed to notice
anything further relative to frs. Black,-
and the plausible conclusion at which
we arrived was, that slicpiad passed to
that ''bourne from which no traveler
e'er returns." Quite recently, however,
the subject recurred to uii and August
1, lSTL we wrote a letfetQo the United
o a . . --Jgy"---!- --,
questions nnu ioiormat;on icisuvc to
Mrs. Black, and hist week we were in
receipt of the appended communication
from Anthony Martelaus. bearing the
desired intelligence:
Athens, September -5, IS75. Dear
Sir: I rcceivccryour kind note of Au
gust 1, by which you desire me to in
form you about 3Irs. Black (to whom
the great Lord Byron addressed that
beautiful little poem usually distin
guished by the "Maid ol Athens"),
whether or no she is alive. After having
read your note I asked information
about her; asking lor her house be
cause I knew she was alive. Indeed I
found the li nise, which h in a quarter
of the city of Athens not of the most
central. I entered her apartment and
found an ol i lady of about seventy five
3 cars of age, iu good health, and dressed
iu the old Athenian crstume, as she is a
native of Athens. Together with her I
found a young lady ot about thirty
her daughter, not yet married. She is
lovely, and of exquisite manners. I
addressed myself to Mrs. Biack, asking
her about her health. She told me she
.was very well; that she lost her husband
some ycu.-s ago; that she had lost two
of her sons, and that bhc lives now with
her only daughter, who sat by me.
Miss Black told me that lord Byron
asked the hand of her mother; but her
parents did not agree with her request,
as her mother was'then very young, and
had two sisters more aged jthan she was
After that refusal Lord J3yron wrote the
poem "Maid of Athens." I have been
moreover infornitu&hy othcr persons
that her late husbabafMr. Black who
was in the scrvica of her Brimnic Ma
jesty at Missolongi (Continental Greece)
asked the hand of the Maid of Athens,
after he had heard that she wa3 the sub
ject of a poem by Lord Byron. Mrs.
Black is a tall old lady with features
inspiring reverence, and showing that at
a time past she was a beautiful woman.
She asked me different times what was
the object of the American gentleman
who wished to know about her. As I
did not know the wky, I conld not give
her a satisfactory answer. After nn
hour's interview with Mrs. and Miss
Black, I took leave and departed. I
have the honor to be, sir, your most
obedient servant.
ANTnONT Mautelaus,
United States Consular Agent.
Iowa Patent Office, )
Des Moines, Oct. 23, 1875. S
The West is represented in the list of
U. S. Patents issued Oct 5, by the
Lap-Ilobes. Fredk. L. Blakely, Clin
ton, Iowa.
Metallic Packing for Stufling-Boxes.
Philip Sage, Dubuque, Iowa.
Automatic Cistern Cut-Ofis. Harvey
L. Wells, Burlington, Iowa. The chute
is held in horizontal position by the leaf
spring outside of the tank. As the
water gradually weights the external
tank it slides down the ways, and at the
same time a projecting pin pulld out the
spring, releasing the chute, which, by the
weight of the water, resumes a vertical
position, discharging into the cistern.
Hinges. Lewis E. Bolton, Des Moines,
Iowa. The hinge is made reversible by
the use of slotted end projections, com
bined with a detachable collar and a
slotted sleeve, winch fits-upon a suitable
web formed on one of the leaves, the
construction giving ready reversibility
as a right and left hinge.
Drait-Equalizers. J. M. Backncr,
Salem, Neb. The single horse lever is
coupled to the two horse lever between
the fulcrum and power.
Harness Pad Presses. Wm. Dippcrt,
Des Moines, Iowa. Two pad forms, two
hinged crimping rims, anu a screw press,
arc mounted and arranged relative to
each other, upon a base plate, in such a
manner that two pads can be simultane
ously formed by one operation of the
Corn-Planters. Aibt. Z dgson, Hum
boldt, Kansas. The adjustable portions
of the seed slide are made oval, with
their ends next to the dropping holes
concaved and Inclined. Over these fits
a concave cut-off.
Seedlingh-Pullers- John S- Swsney,
Marengo, Iowa. A fixed wheel upon a
revolving shaft forms a (fbmnterpart to a
scries oi jaws, wmen are caueca xo open
and close by cam wheels, to seise aad
hold the seedlings, raise them from the
earth, and deposit them is a receptacle.
Steam-Hamsters. Stephen D.WUsott,
Des Moines, Iowa, assignor of oae half
Ids right to William Stela, Baste place.
The throw of theTalve k adjastodbja
wedge, which is coBaectad by rsaa
throBgh the hollow truaaioa with the
Carriage-Jacks. A. W- Richard,
MascatiBe, Iowa.
lut tat of iBelteitJ.
H ralheit Kite at a Cli Ornvtery In
San t'raacicu -Straus? and Outlandish
I The Chinese .Autumnal Festival over
the dead of their race, which commenced
, , ' , .
on Sunday week, reached it most in-
. . . , . , ,
. teresting imjiui hut Thurdav. From
, ,. . . ...
davlh-ht until uoon the road to Lone
Mountain wnj literally alive with pedes
trians and express wagons, packed with
the cllt.CJ. and rabble of Chinatown,
roasted hogs and every description of
Chinese provision. The old trick of
the Hibernian exprcssmau of occasion
ally capsizing a vehicle and mixing pig
tails and pork in an uncomfortable mass,
L",aii in two cases, successfully tried.
loaded by Madam Lc Chong and eight
rosy checked chattel, hilarious with
expectation of a day of rest, in endeav
oring to weather the corner of Dupont
and Geary streets, alighted iu an un
ceremonious manner, and the mulam
sustained some severe bruises, to judge
by the play of her tongue and the shake
of her fist at the horse, cart and driver.
They, howevcr.'climbcd in again, and,
hanging on by tooth and toe nail, went
oil" at a three minute gait, to the great
amusement of the sjtccUton.
By 11 o'clock iu the morning, the
wooden niter, near the center of the
cemetery, wa? turrounded by a" large
heathen hiuui, and a liberal store of fish,
llesh and fowl, not to mention stacks of
rakes and candies. On one side of the
alter, If so it might be called, was a
large stove, over which a prominent
functionary busied himself in making
tea for the entire crowd. Jos sticks
were burniug upon the alter, and on
three sides candles burned, illuminating
the figures of three deities the one on
the west representing what answers in
their tlieology to our devil, and whom
thej eridently think it necessary to
propitiate before proceeding with their
worship over the individual graves.
Towards the East, or rising sun, another
less hideous figure, representing the
mighty spirit of God ; and on the South
an insignificant, good natured, porce
lain image, representing some local
spiritual functionary. Provisions wcr
heaped before seven of these figures, and
an incantation performed before them,
severally, by these four -rata, of Ur wlaUlt,
to the horrible music of a small celes
tial baud, they repaired to the individu
al graves, the relations of the deceased
at each tomb taking a principal part.
The oldest female relative (if there
were any females present) danced about
the grave several times, as though stung
by a hornet, descanting on the virtues of
the departed. Af.ter this she deposited
on the grave narrow strips of yellow
paper (yellow being the imperial color),
and upon this the provisions brought
by the relatives were placed, if relatives
were present. If they were not, the
spirit of the peison had to be contented
with slices of the hogs which had Itcen
brought out for that purpose. The male
relative then poured some wine on the
grave; the priest stuck up some lighted
joss eticKs and muttcied and doubled
himself up, and tticn the fantastic pro
cession passed to another -grave. A few
individuals, who indulged in the mean
time in a quiet smoke, were stationed
at different points in the cemetery to
protect the alter and visited graves and
engage the hoodlums, who seemed im
bued with the idea that the ceremonies
were instituted solely for their amuse
ment. The policemen had been char
tered for the occasion, but not being
omnipresent, the playful denizens of
Tar Flat had many a sly shot at poor
John, aud in one instance struck the
arch fiend at the alter with a big rock,
upon which he bit the dusi amid the
simple but plaintive wailings of the
heathen and the triumphant crowing of
the hoodlums, who seemed elated at the
thought of cobble stoning the devil with
After visiting as many graves as prac
ticable, In accordance with the require
ments of a Celestial day of labor, the
assembly met at the alter and enjoyed
a simple collation of gritted cat, chow
chow and cold tea, during which time
the ladies reposed under parasols, which
protected them from the sun's rays and
cobole stones. At the end of the frugal
and recherche banquet they gathered up
the provisions, that there might be no
free lunch at the expense of the nation,
scrambled into their express wagoar, aad
returned to their firesides a little faster
than was compatible with the solemnity
of the occasion and the safety of their
persons- San Fracico Bulletin.
The Shields' woolen mills at Daren
port, closed a few days ago. Mr. Shields
became hesTily involved by the failure
of a merchant of that city, aad wa
aaable to carry the load. Liabilities,
$73,000; assets, $33,000.
employnteat to front 50 to 7
A vesical aaaodatios has jaathsaB
fanned is MjnhalltawB, coaipriBBBf a
barship ef ahowt forty n btbbbm. The
is to have weakly aksetnaBi for
kd br the beat tahatt to be
to hold a
tinrfftla City Nrarlr lctrejrl hj Firr.
A destructive conflagration visited
Virginia City, Nevada, O ;tober 2Gtb. A
dispatch from San FraccIco ays: Tt.e
fire broke out aUmt daylight In a dwell
ing on "A" t-tri-et, near Taylor, a jKiint
at about the sauihwis'cin limit of the
business and thickly r tiled jortion of
the city. It sprend rapidly, extending
eastward toward a ravine in which are
situated the works and mills of several
piomineut mines, reaching as far as F
street northwest. Northward the flame
crossed Union and Sutton streets, cover
ing a space of about ten block, com
prising, in the language of one dispatch,
almost every decent building in town.
At the fire worked up C" street, the
offices i the Territorial nterpri and
Chronicle were destroyed. Pijier's opera
house was next in the fiamer, and it be
came evident that the railroad depot
and the hoisting works cf tie Consoli
dated Yirgiuia were in danger. The
rater supply was inadequate and the
engines of little use. Recourse was hail
to blowing up buildings. It wa too
late, however, and in a lew minutes the
depot oud hoisting woiks were on fire.
The latter were recently completeJ at aa
expense of several hundred thouatod
dollars, and were the finest on the Coas
stock lode. Continuing to theaorth and
cast, the partially completed mill of the
California mine and' the Consolidated
Virginia mill were noon in flames, which
spread htill further north to the Ophir
hoihtlng workf, destroying them alo,
which is about the limit of destruction
IB that direction, the fire dying out for
want of fuel. From Tyler street, near
which the fire originated, it spread
SHUthwurd against the wind, destroying
the Branch Banic of California aud
Wells & Fargo's express office, and ev
erything in its line. At this point flic
Gould & Curry works were in imminent
danger, but were fortunately saved. In
short, nearly the entire business portion
of the town is in ashes. Hotels, church
es, county buildings, newspaper, tele
graph and express offices arc swept away.
Over 10,000 persons are homeless. The
wind is piercing, and much suflerlng is
anticipitcd before temporary shelter can
be prepared. It is impossible at present
to conjecture the amount of the loss.
Th dmriinn of the mills and hoisting
works, aboe re'errca to, will prooaruy
entail a loss of $1,C00,000 within a radius
of a few hundred feet. Fortunately
the shafts of both Ophir and Consolida
ted Virginia were bulkhcadcd, and fire
was kept out of the mines. Ophir men
Bay that pocsibly their loss may be less
than at first supiwsed, as the building
was ot light frame, and might burn
without destroying the machinery.
The loss of buildings and merchan
dise in the city must be very great,
although covered to a great extent oy in
surance. It is not known to what ex
tent the mills and hoisting works were
insured, except in the case of Ophir,
where the loss is placed nt $150,000 to
$20,000. Insured for $00,000. In this
city the news created the greatest ex
citement. Owing to the , contradictory
nature cf the private dispatches received,
California street was full of wild rumors,
and the telegraph and newspaper offices
were lcsicgcd with eople anxiously
seeking intelligence. As might have
been expected, stocks at once felt the
effect of the disaster, and when the
board opened by the call of Ophir there
was a tremendous rush, the stock selling
as low as 38. Cousolldated Virginia
dropped to 2:10, and subsequently ral
lied. Talk on tbc streets is very gloomy.
At first it was supposed that the dis
aster would entail the necessary stop
page of all work on the Bonanza mines,
and that the recently reported breaking
of water would flood the mines, aad
central panic and depression ensue.
This, however, soon gave way to a better
feeling. "It was soon ascertained that
the Gould & Curry works were all right,
as were also the Savage works. This
was considered the key to the position,
as far as the stock market was con
cerned, as tbc Bonanza can atd will be
worked through the Gould & Curry shaft
while the works of tbc Consolidated
Virginia arc being built, and the Savage
and Gould & Carry pumps are available
to free the miaes from water. It also
transpired tnat the sew hoistiag works
on tbe Consolidated Virginia aad Cali
fornia mine, known as tbe "C. C.n
works, were unharmed. Inquiry also
gives out the fct that the iasttraace
companies, though many of them ssfler
heavily, will come up manfully, paying
all demand. J-
A large pottios of the Inavraace k
with foreiga companies, well able to
bear it, aad the local companies also
claim that bob will go to the waJL
It was given omt by those knows to be
insiders that the Consolidated Virgila
woeld pey a dividend, as Bsenl, thcMagh
srebably at redaced SgBrea. All these
dos had the elect to
the task of toeliac. mi mem the
-ia that while the
acrnooa m.taBaBeMiossaMT a
, its effects ea the inaacial Se
el Calitoraia will fee bwl Mamttoi
b the street, after stocks
have rallied, and the frehnc; in btuinc-u
circlet 1 greatly improved.
Later dispatches pUtc the lo at otw
$2.b0U,00O. Tttc tire (Kvrtmrat hut
It headway, and a wlmt blowing br
ly from the wct earned the flame
through ihc town. Tbc water uppj
gave out. aad the engine and hiwc Here
burned in the trret. A pante M?Urd
the citizen, and the tire on ep:
cnimixnteU to the mill and houtlng
work of the Consolidate! Virginia,
California and Ophir Company, destroy
ing everything In it courc By gxl
fortune the wind thittrtl. and tbc Ku:h
end of the Un was &vcd; but the lire
still swept on northwardly. The tow a
presented a ccae of thj wildest coeia-
aioa aad paaic. The are lileehsH
with goods and houtcbId furelture,
The recent scourge ot tjphoin tcrer
caused the pretence of many help
invalids, who were being carried to
place of safely by their friend. Tne
extortionate demands ot the owner of
vehicle, In one cam at le-ut, a
murder. A man oa 15 street, while on
dravoriug to eBfage a teamter. and be
mg unable te comply with hit demand,
in desperation, drew a pbiiol ami shot
the driver dead.
Hewing Machine latent.
It has rcjwirtcd that tcveral Jrn
ortant icwing machine patents arc
almut to expire. To accrtaiu what
effect nch an eveut would have upon the
business, a Tribune rejKirter called ujion
the prominent men in tevernl of the
great rewmg machine companies. The
number of patent relating to sewing
machine intcretU is large. Some have
expired, and others arc Hearing the end
of the term for Hiich they have U-cn
huued. Ncvcrthelesji, there l n suffi
cient number ol ntw patents being
granted from tirno to time to more than
counterbalance thosa that lnpv. In
ventors arc coutiuually discovering im
provements, and those of any value are
caught up by the great companies, be
cause they can offord to pay the highct
price for such pitents. The improve
ments generally are rnnle by the work
men in different factories.
One of the mcmlcr3 of the Wheeler
& Wilson Sewing Machine Company said
that even If nil the sewing machine
patents were given up, and the right to
antftrfir i tlonm ,n ..
body, Jit could hardly pay any small
company to start in the busincs. The
large companies have made a tcputatlon
by a long and extended effort- A large
expenditure ot time 'and money would
be necessary to reach aay degree of suc
cess at all remuncrntivc. Tbe compa
nies that might control large capita! can
use their money to a letter advantage
than in competing for a share of n trade
that is now none too remunerative. The
small companies would find thcmielvc-i
ruined before they could sreure a trade.
To make searing mtrhlncs so as to sell
them nt the prc.ent prices, the manu
facture mint Imj on a very large rcale,
and the cxjcriencc necessary could
hardly Imj bought. Many machines arc
sold to person i who rxjsct to pay for
them by their work. It te ncccssarjr that
tbe installment! should be small, and
therclorc the final ro-ilizition of a profit
is longer delayed. Under the present
competition, where some secant-; to
anxious to will as large a immln-r of ma
chines as they can, the interest on the
capital expended nearly consumes the
profits. Many of the companies arc
b-ginniug to tcc this, and prefer to do a
smaller bosineas at better rates. V. .
Kesteratlea ef Lire alter Freezing.
A friend residing in Baltimore bad in
his possession a small alligator, which
bad ltccn sent him from Florida. Its
habitation was a tab partially filled with
water, kept outdoor- Ilarlng one of tbc
cold saaps or tbe pait winter, in tbe
night the water became completely fro
zen, imprisoning the reptile in the Ice,
with brn a small portion of Ids body
protruding thacfrom. To all appear
ances the animal was at dead as oae of
the stuffed specimens seen in a msseam
collection. Tbc want of time precltsd
iag an effort for its extrication ia the
morning, it was allowed to remtia fro
zes, aad was soon forgotten in the aaazc
of the cares of the day. Tor forty -eight
hoers tbe reptile thus remained frozen
and lifelrss, at the cad of which time
being thawed oat, vitality became visi
ble, aad ia a short time it was as aai
asotcd as ever, with no evidence of hav
ing is the least sasered by ' rrrlBBgir!
irigcrific caiaeatr-tt. Here in aa hantaace
ia which the vital spark seeaas aet to
hare bees extiagakhed by the fraaaiag,
nor the animal's -rjpinlim toaaeebeea
matilaied, bat that vitality aterelj re
mained torpid or'doraaaat dariae; tike
freeziag. aad ready to -raaaeeji te its
faactiosH whaacTar the
aaMxetaraed to its
At the race track
the Slat of October, 1
aaeTer the weight ef Saw
Mark's eeachta
totally mjared
aUfhtly hart4
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