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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (May 13, 1875)
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RED CLOUD. KEBASKA.-
C. L. MATHER i: M. II. WARNER,
BED CLOv69 NEfeASKAfiBBXIRSDAY, MAY 13, JS75.
Editor ami rroprletora.
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Gcncntl Williams has tcn
rchignation, to take fleet
Bush's flouring mill in Cincinnati was
destroyed by fire on the 24th of April.
Loss, $8,0Cfl; fully insured.
A destructive fire occurred in St. Louis
on the 2Gtli of April. The losf eg fcotup
from $80,000 to $100,000.
Lewis J. Leech", aged 19, at New
Orleans, April 27, thot and killed Win.
J. Miller, ncd 18. Cause, personal dif.
AtBtrin'iown, Madison County, Ky
on the 27th ot April Reuben "Walker hot
andkilled his brother William in a quar
rel over a bottle of whisky.
, - JesjPj?Tairj6 cotton niiisayPg
" ille Okiowa danfaged by fire io Ue
extent of 25,000, on the 22nd' of April,
Insured for $15,000.
The paper mill of Geo. Benton & Sons,
at Bennington, Vt., was destroyed by
fire on the 22d of April. Loss, $75,000;
Charles C. Lewis, of the firm of Web
ster, Lewis Co., which recently failed
in New York, ommitted suicide at his
hotel on the 22d ol April.
Johnton, the Ohio murderer who was
to have been hung on the 28:h oi April,
has had his sentence commuted to im
prisonment for life by Gov. Allen.
Both Houses of the Louisiana Legis
lature has adjourned tine die. But few,
if any of the reform measures were
finally passed. The bill appropriating
11 7,000 for the i xpenses of the extra
session, was passed.
A defalcation amounting to between
five and six thousand dollars, has been
dUcoTered in the Western Union Tel
egraph office in Philadelphia. The
Chief Clerk and the late Superintendent
Late reports to the Courier Journal
give more favoiable information as to
the t fleet of the recent unseasonable frnst
upon the condition or tobacco plants
throughout Kentucky. It is now be
lieved that no serious injury was done.
James Latterly, of Knckville, Alle
gheny county, New Yoik, April 23d,
killed his grandmother and robbed her
house, and subsequently shot Mrs. Van
Noy, who had refused to marry him, and
her mother, and then killed himselt.
The widow of the late Thomas Emery
projioscs to build for the Young Men's
Christian Association, in Cincinnati, a
structure adapted to their wants. The
building will sent 1,200 people. Mrs.
Emery proposes to give fiom $75,000 to
$100,000 for the object.
A fire broke out at Herman, SL Law
rence couny, N. J., on the 27th of April,
which burned the whole of the business
portion of the town, excepting a hotel,
one small shoe store, and a small grocery.
Loss estimated at $100,000, with in
surance of $53,000. Several persons
severely injured, but none killed.
Suit has been brought by the United
States Internnl Revenue Bureau, at the
instance of a special detective, against
Walker Mann, Vice President of the
MechatB, National Bank at St. Paul,
for obstructing nn officer m the discharge
of his duties in absolutely refusing to
allow a special agent to inspect the paid
and cancelled checks of banks, searching
- 'for uBtaped checks.
Information from nil sections of the
State of Missouri, regarding the crops,
is to the effect that about tin eequarters
of the fall wheat has been destroyed.
One-half of the wheat will be plowed
np and corn planted in its stead. The
peach crop in Missouri and Kansas, is
nearly destroyed. Apples and jwars are
reported as not injured.
Advices from Coffeeville, Kansas, state
that a largJ band of Osage Indians have
ascaped fiom the Osage Agemcy, aad
are ovi8g-towaid? southwestern Kan-
sas, TFbeictit is said, they will .tare re
venger ibr the killing of four of their
tribe by the State militia last August
, The settlers are fleeing to the towns of
Kansas for protection.
Col. E. M. Yergcr, loi merly of Missis
sippi but for several years a resident of
Baltimore, died on the 22d of April. He
TU proixietor and editor of the Ettning
' ' Jevrndl. At one time he was prominent
bf ore the public in connection with the
killing of CoL Crane of Jackson, Mis
sissippi, for which he "was tried by a
' The troubles of the Northern Pacific
Railroad Campaay have culminated is
m the appointment as receiver, the Presi
dent of the company, who will take im
mediate coBtrol of ail propf. The
Msditio of the financial affair! of the 4
, -copBJ jMimjrov .wiikBW,
g f a4 the eiforts of tho who -were Hyiig
kj. bHd tfce 'reed were hampered, it i
eeid, J-creditora. It i umlersteod co
.w mafiiriil chi will take jalece i tks
of oBcratingthefpertioB oTtbej
zoed already constructed!, or is the
. . vMOt&M for MW employed. Joj
- compwj k pieced cm wchbeme the
uwey-cea oe oorrewee er mm
Adjutant G ei.tr a! N. B. Baker has
been apjH-iatet a metnlier or the Board
of Visitor to the Military Academy at
West Point. The TJoard wilt meet at
the Academy June 1st.
Tiic expenses of the Insane Asylum at
Independence for the quarter ending
March 31st were $9,506.02. Tiie cott of
Slate patients havinjno residence, wae
The National State Bank at Dee
Moin cm, some time ago made a sutfender
of its commiFition as a depository for
government funds. The Secretary of the
Treasury has granted the request, and
the bank has ceased to be a government
depository, having held the commission
ten vears. i
John JDolen, tlu man who wnEr
dared near Avoca, was from Oregon,
Ogle county, Illinois, and unmarried.
The man James H. Crawford, who was
lodgtd in jail on suspicion of toing the
perpetrator of this horrible deed, was
released of this charge, but wu sen
tenced to jail for .twenty days on
several charges of jetit larceny. It is
thought now that one John Hcaid is ttic
man who committed the deed, -as he was
seen in company with Dolan the same
niijlit he was killed, near where the man
was found aead the next morning, and
they had b'een together several days in
this vicinity. Dolan had some tLrcc or
four hundred dollars with him and be
yond all probability he was murdered
for his money. Heard was under arrest
here the next day as being the perpetra
tor of this crime, but owing to his slick
tongue lie was released and has not been
heard ot since. He said he and Dolan
were intimate friends and had bunked
together for many years.
The dead body of a man was found in
WcbtNisliuabotauy river, near a railroad
bridge about a mile west ot Avoca, Pot
tawattamie county, on the 24th of April.
The Coroner summoned a jury. The
man was found to have been shot through
the temple with" a gun loaded with shot;
was also struck several times on the
head with a hatchet, or some instrument
of the kind; then dragged through the
bushes and mud to the river, and thrown
in to conceal the dead body. The jury
rendered a verdict of murder, in ac
cordance with the abnvo factsT
the pocket of the dead man wu feend
two deeds fur land in -that section of
country, and from what information we
c:n gather at present, his name is Jas.
Dolan, and was apparently of Irish birth.
He is about five feet seven inches in
height, mt.-dium build, with black chin
whiskers, and wore durk clothes sup
posed to have come from Ogle county,
Illinois. A man who gives his name as
Jas. P. Crawford ha3 been arrested and
lodged in jail on suspicion of being the
murderer, and so tar the evidence is very
strong against him.
- Western iBTeatiee.
(;iKrtca lrom the Iowa Patent Office, DC
Mower, by Thvisa Q. Orwi:, Solicitor o
Issued March 30, 1875.
Pruning Implements. Charles B.
Cannon, Keokuk, Iowa. Consists in
combining within a double grooved and
slotted handle two operating shafts one
carrying a saw and the other the cutting
parts and in the use of two or more
sleeve rings fixed at intervals" on the
handle for convenience of operating the
tool at different distances without adjust
ment. Horse Collars and Hames. J. J.
Schneider and Alexd S. Meek, Bedford,
Cut-offs for Steam Engines. D. H.
Smith, St. .Louis, Mo. A single cut-off
valve is used between the two steam
chests. As steam is cut off from one
engine it is admitted to the other.
Nut Locks.Orrin P. Welch, Topcka,
Car Brakes. Henry F. Bice, Jas. M.
Rice, and William B. Rice, Dubuque,
Awls for Sho2makers. S. A. Smith,
Muscatine couaty, Iowa. A eotch is
ci.t On each "side of the awl. -.The opea
iBg on one side is toward the pelet, aad
on the opposite side toward the bead, so
that when the awl is forced through the
material, it will carry tbroegh with it a
thread, and -when withdrawn will pull a
thread through from the opposite side.
Combined Cupboards aad Sieks.
Henry Cull, Marshalltown, Iowa.
Modes of Making Emery Rubbers for
Burr Millstones. E. C. Hauey, Iowa
Bee Hives George H. Mobley, Ne
vada, Mo. The honey box of eqaal
length and width with the broad cham
ber beneath, has a spice beaeath its bot
tom, bti bottom does not tosch its
sides, qmassage way for the bees aad
fer the rf&nt of air k thse provided.
beed Planters, rVarree fast
Masoa Colbert Warsaw. Mo. The
which act upott tne seed slide are set ia
a metallic ring, which is fitted ia a oea
centric grove in a woodea wheel.
Railroad Pinch Bars. C. Raeaa. Wa
terloo, Iowa. The bar works oa .a fkl
crum sia oaseinc through tnuiw.
whieMs swe4ed te a plate carved to
emarace the. rail.
Car Brakes, ; 'Stewart, FortMadi
8oa,Jowa. 8ectieael sleeve easily
clampii oa ordiaary ear axel, aad her
ia screw thread ia which works aaetat
attached to the ead of a lever hemae;
DoiBTerncaiaaa lamm May,
aected tlraach reek with hraheaataae
!m mmrnf- KaSmmm rrlil a
tfamlah eomeeaai aeent " 'MMmmmtxtmmwtMm mmmmummm n. If T. IkaiJ (Ifrr IraaTkVlfTl - - -T-sZ Vr: -- . . iHJiik Memar i"? a ttltm iJBv-'ttiFZj&nA
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Yesterday flee. Shermaa arrived ia
towa from the East, aad dariaf; the
eveaiag was visited at his home by a
OUhe reporter. The Geaeral was very
cordial, aad immediately plaaged into
the topic, and told fraakly what his ia
teations are. He premised by first stat
ins; that there was little or ao gold ia
that spur of the Slack Hills maaihg
into the Sioux Reservatioe, aad that the
spar is the object of solicitade on the
part of adventurers simp'y btcamee it it
forbidden Iruit, aad becaase they kaow
they have ao earthly right there. He
spoke earaestly, aad showed ia every
word that be had tboroagm'y examined
the subject, aad that be had fully ftade
up bis miad what coarse to portae.
-Ma sleserihed the Mack Dllla raace as
a long one, of which but. a small part
enters into that terntoiy known as the
Sioux Reservation. In order to demon
strate bis position, be hunted up a map,
and following the Hoe of the Hills with
bii finger, showed where they entered
the forbidden ground, and pointed out
also a long stretch of mountains, extend
ing from 600 miles north of the reserve
tion, down through the Cheyenne
country.and as far south as New Mexico;
"and," said he, "there is more gold in
any part ct that range outside the reser
vation ihaa there is in the whole reserva
tion put together."
In an article in the Globe of Suuday,
Capt. Carpenter made the statement that
his objective point is the Wind River
Hills, but that to reach there be must
pas3 through one corner of the reserva
tion. Gen. Sherman says that such a
route would be the longest aad the most
impracticable be could take. Hk best
and shortest line would be direct to the
Wind River range, avoidiag the Indian
country, which lies well to the east of
his course, and reaching his point of
destination days earlier thaa if be pur
sued his present plan. Ia fact, if be
tries to get across that ratervatloa, with
his present views of the forces that will
be brought to contest hu passage, the
chances are largely in favor of a hole ia
the ground as apalnst any Hills aay
wbere. From Sherman's stand-point
these expeditions all mean the Indian
Black Hills, or those comprehended by
sefapart for the red skins.
The aature of the expeditioBs, the coarse
mapped out, the general talk of the
leaders, all combine to make him believe
that the forbidden ground is the object
"It's the same old story,n said he, "the
story of Adam and Eve and the forbid
den fruit. These people kaow they have
no right there; they kaow the Govern
ment prohibits any treachiag oa that
ground, and so they have made ap their
minds to go there, whea tfeey kaow as
well as any one that that particular spur
of the Hills prodaces less gold than aay
other part of the raage, and that all the
rest is open to them."
The question then arises, what will the
Government do? The Geaeral raised
himself slightly upon his toes when the
question was propounded. The Govern
ment simply proposes to use its entire
force, if necessary, to stop the raid.
Every effort we made, and enough
lorces will be sent thereto capture every
enthusiastic and adventurous miser
caught loitering ia that vicinity. Gen.
Sherman says there will not be aay
shooting or killing done by the troops,
unless it becomes unavoidable, but all
trains aad teams will be captured aad
coafiscatnd, aad their owaers tamed
adrift to find their way back to the set
tlemeats as best they can. More thaa
this, the despoiled miaers wilL be pre
lected Jy the troops from the Indians so
loag as overt acts are committed ia sight
ot the soldiers, bat the army will not
take apoa itself to avenge the death of
aay lorklees raiser who may be slaia by
the red skint apoa their preset vet, pro
vided the festivities are aot carried oa
while the troops are ia that vieieety.
"Of coarse," remarked the GeaersfM
-mi coarse were wm ae a great aeai ef
scalp! ag done by the Indiana, bat we
caat help it if we dent see it, aer eaa
we aveafe it, If these ansa go there,
they stand ia the aatttioa of so many
hargiars forcibly eatariag another mean
property. This Passu n has been given
to the Indians by the flsiM am talis
eeymeatfer almeet limitless tracts ef
other lead, and the TJsnssd Metes will
protecting the jnuaarty they have thaa
pVaTWawaetaBV eaesmsmtM eMsTexWHtTaae S VWelv
the amy win areeset the ssiaers agaiaet
death ae tor as it can, far Ha Is versa
is kaied, aha Oeeeraasaat will
coarse ef ta
Inaaewer to tha eneettoa what aha iTjeha HUtoa (nWlish) Mai - " .-'a"aii ?" TTTl. FrT .T' ZZtJP ---".. Vftim-JX' 7 'J H
" m- aaaaaa weaBaaaaty ae, . jaw msaanaaaaMsaMi....v....zsa3s m j., - - . .. ..... aW erataras k sat la fsaanaat aam aar f$- weamav ;u II
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ae asanPsvaa lasK aasTwaenm aewaaay i zZ a......aaa ....- z ' . Bm f m-- - . ,w aenaTQtmav-VU .t -g- -Ann
. - A. . yaw ia were all kiltoeV ngiM wana, im. aaaae) ef aaaa easnt antjar ia. mwm JZ aar, to ch1 r- t -nnW
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add. . . J-?Lhktor.......itTi f?maaaaaaf th-ratiak f "Igas V . cfi3:i' M 'f' - lUJWF:'anl
"vbbb bsbbbbbbbbbbbbb "m. mzL .a .& . v immmwBmmm , - atrsti FaaaiaBam bbbbbbbbi bbbbbbbbbbw bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbf sbbbt BsaaiBBBBBaBi aa a maaaa aramaBBaa namamar a aaasBm mr. ma ''aaaaaBa. J- -faBBBBBarii3--. rt- ' :t issr b- 'aar'ai
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"Why," said he, MfMie fellows can't
make aay. money thsStJ In tlie first
place, they will beasvfrom markets
Uiat food will eoetglbem a dollar a
poead. It wllle jaetfci it was ia the
earlier miaiag daysr 'la niight dig
$15 a day, bat his aaatt cml him $3
apiece, or $9 a. day, aarery thing elae
ia proportioa, so
It will beJMtso
made a cent.
may be, as I have ae
there is, gold
in -those hill, it ia-
cessible from the.
oa difgiag; it oatn
The reporter askesl
again as to the
exittence of the metal,
of the Mi rU. 9
' u j i "J r Vfr
TIre jively KaKKltorthere,M he
ziiU, .'.'iallwrPatejkiTe ca
dence yet that there is any, and yet these
men insist on working those few hundred
miles, all jammed ia together, when they
have a range 2, COO miles long to work,
affording plenty of rooin for all. I tell
you, it is the same old case of forbidden
fruit. They know that they have no
earthly right in that particular part of
those mouutains,and for that reason they
all insist on going there. Bat they are
not going there now, you mark my
wordo;" and again be raised gently on
his toes and camo down again.
The reporter suggested that perhaps
there might be gold there after all, and
the probability is tha t if the rest ot the
range yields quartz that particular part
may not be exceptional just because it
happens to belong to some Indians.
"Well, suppose there is? The Govern
ment is making arrangements for a sur
vey aad examination of ttat district,
and, if there is gold there, the land will
be purchased from the Indians and the
country thrown open."
"Then the Government doe no: pro
pose to bold that part to itself.if gold is
No, sir. It will be thrown open to
the people, and then they can go in there
as thick as they please."
To the question when operations would
commence, he replied that they had
commenced already, and that one party
bad been turned back. He said there
are, and will be, plenty of troops there
and forthcoming to protect that reserva
tion from invasion on the part of adven
turers. Sheridan has his orders and has
perfected his arrangements, and it only
remains for the miners to present them
selves. It will be futile for them to
show fight, for, while they will be measly
turned around so long as they are quiet,
if they manifest any billigerency, down
they go like a row of ten-pins. Suer
maa speaks very earnestly on the ques
tion, and means every word he says; and
it is extremely probable that ws shall
receive some startling news from the
"Black Hills" before the restless element
has been entirely cured of the gold lever.
St. JjOvU Globe.
All Figared Oat.
The Chicago Adventists who were so
disappointed to find that this old wdrld
refused to come to an end at midnight
oa Monday, the 19th of April, had made
all preparations to go up to New Jeru
salem. Their leader, Eider Thurman,
even mathematically demonstrated the
amount of house room each Saint was to
have next day, as follows :
St. John says: "And I saw the Holy
city, New Jerusalem, coming down from
God out of heaven, prepared as a bride
adorned for her husband. (Rev. xxi., 2)
"And the city lieth four square, and the
length is as large as the breadth; and he
measured the city with areed,12,000 fur
longs. The length, ud the breadth, and
the height of it are equal." (Rev. xxi.,
1.) If leaving one half for those
golden streets, which are as "transparent
glass," we divide the remaining portion
of the city into rooms 83 leet square,
and the same in height, it would coa
aia 30 quadrillions, 321 trillions, 843
billions, and 750 millions of rooms.
It we allow bat tweaty-ave years to a
generation, aad could suppose that dar-
tbere had lived
lr0,000,OOQ pence, we would oaly
have a66,14MM,aX)0. Therefore, if every
person that has ever lived oa the earth
saoald ha saved, there will be more than
room aaoagh for each oae to have 105, -m
rooms. .Thaa Christ has well said,
ia my lataers noase are many maa-
CetaJag ef Christ.
. Arthar Scott of Atkatk, Iowa,
aasfsUewiaf; dates at which vari
etal false prophets have ptaiMetsi tha
ef Christ. Two ef she
x-. a &.
i b , mmm we
ami see whether Setaael Kal-
ate bis own exMeaJtaa.
-"- iBHiHiiiLitar aaa sarnw mia I'af . . . i. wfeua iinmiiiii - ! a. i i. . m a , . tt -, ? --
SM. . . T.."i fT aw,m saaaa wan aave aec ocea at tne w " r -1 vmtwm ea .faa? " "2 ,?MiI
weak Jlniar predecessors amoasr false n rw -- . r, taistnu. Nkreaeaa anatnar la eaew 1 a? La7 Z , aet . "11
. . m 'j- wj ai i mmu. . s ITW m W.i. smm " -r --
ibaL at w
Warfa! Lom or Life.
New Orleans, April 23. About 4 p.
x. a fire broke out in the hUckmitli
shop of the steamer Johu jTylr, which
was lying at the foot of Poydras street.
The Kyle lay between the l$c?ie Taylor
aad the Exporter. The Rodinan Uy
above and next to the Exporter. Soon j
after the alarm was given the tug Iwat
Ella Wood came up and commenced
throwing water on the burning ateamer,
but without any effect. Capt Hudson,
of the Kyle, was standing on the front
deck when the fire broke out. He
promptly notified all on board to leave,
as it was apparent from the first that the
boat could not be saved. Capt. II. thicks
every OBe on the Kyle was saved. Win.
B. Brown, the chief clerk, who opened
the safe and took care ot the money and
pajMjrs, was the last to leave, and h was
severely if not dangerously burned.
Captain Hudson says the cabin of the
Kyle was enveloped in flames in leas than
two minutes from the time when the
alarm was given. When she was cut
loose the eddy drifted her up struiui, and
those on shore seeing the danger cast off
the hawsers by which Exporter and Rod
man were tied up, but all three boats
drifted into the stream. So rapid was
the progress of the flam-s thut the Ex
porter took fire the moment Kyle touched
her. The people on board the Exporter,
having no other refuge, jumped on the
Rodman. In less than a minute the
Exporter also caught fire, and the three
burning vessels drifted together into the
stream, where they were soon burned to
the water's edge. 3Iany persons who
had gone on the Exporter and Rodman
as spectators were on board when the
boats drifted into the stream, and had to
Jump overboard. Some of them acre
rescued, but the larger numlcr aro be
lieved to have been lost. The nnmler
lost is estimated at from 20 to 1C0. The
commander of the United States steamer
Kansas promptly sent out his boats, one
of which rescued thirteen pertons. The
jobbing tug boats made no effort to
rescue those on the burning boats. Thete
was an excursion party from Cincinnati
or Pittsburg, many of whom, it is feared,
were lost. The Rodman arrived this
morning and had discharged most of her
cargo. The Exporter was to leave this
eveaing, and had about 400 tons of
freight, all of which was lost. Among
the lost is a daughter of Capt Reese of
the Exporter. Capt Shinkle of the
Rodman was much burned about the
face and hsds. A son of his was re
ported as among the lost Tfce Exporter,
owned by Jas. Reese, Sr., of Pittsburg,
was valued at $45,000; John Kyle, owned
by Capt. John Kyle and P. S. and W. F.
Davison, was valued at $60,000; Chas.
Rodman, owned by Capt O. P. Shinkle
and others, ot Cincinnati, was valued at
$75,000. All are supposed to be insured
in western offices.
On board the Exporter was Captain
Reese, the owner from Pittsburg, who,
with his family and, a number of friends
from that city were here on a pleasure
excursion. The ladies of the party were
all ashore except Mrs. Reese and daugh
ter and one other lady. Mrs. Reese and
the other lady were saved, but the daugh
ter was drowned. It Is impossible to
night to give the names or ascertain who
is lost. The hulls of the Exporter and
Rodman were towed across the river to
Clycs' Tard, while the Kyle Coated down
two miles ana sunk.
New Oeleaks, April 24. Lost on the
burned steamer, Exporter, Mrs. Bettie
Musgraqe, daughter of Capt. Reese, of
Pittsburg, is the only person lost from
the Exporter whose name has been ascer
toined. The Rodman lost Joseph Case,
Newport, Ky., First Engineer; John
Ferrard, Newport, Ky., Second En
gineer; Alfred Goodpasture, head cook,
Cincinnati; Mrs. Bartley and Mrs. Brent,
chambermaids, New Richmond, Ohio;
Bill Akeri, deck band, Cincinnati; and
several colored cabin boys and deck
hands whose names have not yetbeea
Whea the Kyle was discovered to be
oa are, many persons from shore rathed
oa board the Rodman aad Exporter to
get a better view of the baraiag steamer,
aad were still oa board whea the vessel
were set adrift. It k sappeeei that
nnite a aambar of these shore people
Captala Henley, aadcr date ef Anri
J4th, oacially reports the perticalxrs ef
a fight with the Csmyeaaes,of watch the
following k she aabstaace: Attacked
feck 'ef I as str creek, a aartv ef
sixty Oheyaaaes, waieh I believe to he
ethanes who nave net been at the
Cat eaT twenty
Baralag er Three Staa
Chens) !Uraas aad Sagar.
Or What W Hat war tirUdlCmkm,
Within the last ftmr months I have re
wivcu ior cnemicai analysis aoout a f
dor:n stccimens of sirup. Some of the
person who acot them complained that
"it made the throat aore;" others, that
sometliing was the matter with it; while j
two or three suspected an attemut at '
jxibonoug. Each pecimee, which I
have thus examined, hat been found to
be sirup made by the "sulphuric acid
process," which is as follows :
A warm (131 deg. Fab.) mixtare of
starch and water of about the consisten
cy of cream, slowly poured into a boil
ing solution of 1 per cent sulphuric acid
(oil of vitriol), the whole boiled ior
some time; then the acid is aeetralissd
by chalk and the mixture set aside.
When the sediment hat settled to the
bottom, the liquid is dipped of! and
tailed down to a sirup. This sirup may
be boiled down to sugar, forming what
is known as grape sugar of glucose.
Woody fiber may be employed Instead
of starch. For example: take of lines
or calico, cut into shreds, two parts, and
add gradually three parts of aulphuric
acia, and let stand for a day. Dilute the
mixture largely with water and loil for
a few houra; add chalk or carbouats ot
barium to neutralize the acid, and let
the chalk sediment settle; then boil
down to a tirup or sugar.
There are numerous eatablishmeuts in
the United States wliere old starch,
filthy rags, and various kinds of refuse
matter arc utilized (!) iu manufacturing
this kind of sugar sirup. A knowledge
of these simple facts will, no doubt, en
liven the picture, familiar to all, of the
rag picker gathering from the sbeetx,
gutters, and lanes in our large cities the
scraps of cloth, papers, etc., from among
the cigar-stubs, quids ot tobacco, old
bones, rotten vegetables, and the like
the sweepings of stores, bar-rooms, and
kitchens. Especially does the scene
become interesting if we reflect upon the
prouability of having a portion of thete
doubly distilled poisons, rectified sweets
served at our boarding houses, with oar
tea, co flue and buckwheats. But there
arc simple methods of determining the
presence off grape sugar, alter which tlte
only rate way is to let it alone; for un
less the acid used is completly neutraliz
ed by the chalk, it remains free to pro
duce sore throat, indigestion, and in
flammation of the stomach.
A delicate test for grape sugar is to
dissolve a teaspoonful of the saar or
sirup in an equal amount of water. To
this solution add fouror five drops of
solution of sulphate of copper (blae
vitriol) and a sufficient quaatity of the
solution of potassa to tura the llanid
dark blue, then beat to boiling. With
cane sugar or sirup, no obvioat change
takes place; but whea grape tagark
present, a yellowish-red or coppor color
ed precipitate of "oxide of copper" k
A second test is to add to asolatum ot
sirup or sugar, a considerable quantity
of solution of caustic potassa, and warm
the mixtare. If grape sugar is there,
the liquid is darkened to aa amber or
brown color, according to the amoaat
present. A piece of white atanao or
other woolen cloth, which has beea dip
ped in a solution of chloride oi bib, aad
dried, turns brown or black whea dipped
in a solution of grape sugar aad heated
before a fire.
The sirups made by the salpharic
acid process have often the finest appear
ance of any ia the market White, dry
and well crystallized sugars are always
the safest sad best to bay, altheagh they
are sometimes doctored with marble
dost, fljar, or kaoDa.
There are very lew brewa er raw
sagars that are free frata itapazitiea, ef
which saad is probably the arhsejaal
oae. However good aa edge tt asey
have set to oar teeth, it k aot vary de
sirable ia oar eake, aad may readily be
detected by dkteMagthe sagaria water
aad eismiaaag the seal eat
Woody fiber frees tha crashed cane k
often found ia large qaaatities, aad
sometimes can ha peeked eat with the
fingers. Of coarse it is ladigeetible.
The most aapleataat thing we meet ia
k the Bagarasito(Jesras anal art),
which are treeaaatly foaad ia vast aasa
hcrs. BeeJ has calenlated tin there an
MMOQia a single aenmd which be cx-
They barrow aader theskhi ef
tha heads ef those who handle the sagars
mack, aredacaag grocers itch.
Nitrogaaoas asatter exists ia
which sapperts the
may be detected by Its moist, dirty ap
pearance, and it inferior awcettteaa.
There are many other thiags aed to
iccrvAMj the proet on awara beaMa
those taeaticacd, tat tin hasty akctch
has already exceeded it allotted apace.
Any oae wiahlng to oe aome of thce
adulteration, aad witBe the teU fur
themselves, wilt lc welcomed at the
Ucivt-mily, any working afternoon.
G. E. Bailkt.
fIVot. BaIIct U a rrccnt graduate of
the University of Chicago, and aoa of
the Rer. Dr. Bailey, of this city, aad k
now in the State University at Llecola.
Nebraska. En. Tninnxa .Venta
A dUpatch from St Petcrabaxgreperta 4
that the jamais de Cex.,t;inhstil.of -
AOeliaa I'atti, Mad been killed in a
There has ln an unusual lucre of
dementia among the i sautes of the Liv
erpool workhouacs, which Is attributed
to religious excitement
The police authorities of PoacTi havp
aotined all the Ursullne Sisters in tltr t
district who are not natives of Germany,
that they wu leave the country wlthm
A dispatch from Athena vj: Co.
siderable excitement prevail OTrr tlie
approaching elections, and a state of
siege is impending. The gorerameat is
coatracung for five thousand soldiers I
Athens, and it ia uppod it latent)
raising the army to a war Looting.
Lord Northbrook, Viceroy of India.
has iasued a proclamatloa dcposlag
Guicwar of Barada, declaring him and
his issue precluded from all right ap.
pertaining to the sovereignty of the
country, aad compelling Guicwar to se
lect a place for himself and hi
in British India. The Viceroy sa'
measure is baaed independently
trial of Guicwar upon his aotor
misconduct, Kross misgorerameut
incapacity, and furthermore that
restoration of Guicwar would be d
mental to the interest of Barada.
Viceroy will select a member f
branch of Guicwar' familv to e
en. Grant an a IlanSreeeVr. T
Mr. Nat Carlin. the efficient snjrin.
teadent of Gea. U. S. Graut brecling
farm at Kirkwood, Mo., has closed ar
rangements with Mr. B. F. Akcrs, of the
Kansas Stud Farm, for the purchase of
the trotting stallion Rhode Island, which
horse will be placed at the head of Oen.
Grant's trotting stud. Rhode Island is
a brown horse, foaled in 1860, sired by
Whitehall (son of North American, bv
Sir Walter,) dam by Nigger Baby (son
of Tiger Whip;) second dam a mare ot
great endurance and some speed, bred in
New Jersey, pedigree not traced. Mr.
Carlin, who has entire control ef thi
farm, has at various timet nude ran
valaebe additions thereto in the way of
thoroughbred mares, aad has become n
convert to the theory that iadkpatably
good trotting stallions bred to then
mares must tura out trotters. We are
promised at aa early day a fall list of
the stock oa the Preeldeat's fane in
MiasoarL rer, FUli, and Fan.
Iie Siddenward, aged 20, retidiag
ia City Hall Place, New York, while
waiting for a car la Chatham sweat, April
ltth, ia company with a lady aad gen
tleman, was coafroated by Jacob Sfaad
raaaa, a rejected lover, who nreseated
a seven shooter aad shot her k the
coaditioa, aad at a late hoar was aaceav
scion. Btasrisrmaa was arrested, aad
?? H mbt &'
ia brokea Saglkh, "I shoou for love,
hat woald say aotbiag more. He was
Gea. Jee Geiger k, accordine: to
tor Tharsaaa, the lmkkomest maa
America. " '
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