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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (April 23, 1874)
THE BED CLOUD CHIEF
THE RED CLODD CHEF.
RATES OF ADVERTISDIG:
On hKh. Srt lanrtkti. j
rch .utm-iorut lof rtUa.. . . . JO
- UtrrttK)Olb. , J
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" ivt)? raeaUu .,. jj4ii
Qcxriez oehitua. thrv mantle. jlw
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" " tn4pitnlli. ... .. 3M.tl
ILiif e5ains, thrr wmjIU. ,yu
" " tt r.Wk 3.U
" twrlvi nnmtfcA. tnn
0n cJktbh. thrr maJ& 1
" lxnonUw U.
" :! mu:ii. lau
MArria a-wt ObtJttsrr Stlcc4 free. LortU c.
tkr KVr j-r lie. TMMmi wwl Lcil .Vtrrrtl..
incut jviyable tu ftUxsAW. Xtrlj i.Uintrru.r.u
I . mmm i
TIIK IHttUAUKOK URWlt.
Yon think I hv it t If iM vntie banal
C-mM pain JWinawtal !rTtll ItkU tcTY Wir
IM tp llw fcMO trafW- f tHt Hi Ian.!.
Aad taru.U H Uitfiittus. iuMatu. niUttuar
Yr, lr, with 11 my U!rt, alflnij bravitb.
m cur the Uux tint Jrg. ts Ln t ilwaUi.
. RED CLOUD,
Wbter County, Feb.
$2.00 PER ANNUM.
Devoted to the Interests of "Southwest Nebraska.
C. L. MATHER. Publisher.
RED CLOUD, WEBSTER CO., NEB., THURSDAY, APRIL 23, 1S74.
Two Dollars a Yoar, in Advance.
TIIK DEACOA'.S COXVKUSIOX.
1!T JLX. M. CASIKIO.V.
Jjracon Hodpe jimt walk to-nIiM;
He lut up time to wait or dally ;
He la exported early ami brifilit,
Iiy the widow scrout the va!i y.
OM euoiuth, nay I triple, in be,
Ionj; sko to Jim h li ft Mich foil';
Hut as wise on a ar 1 be.
And a a maiden bright and Jolly ;
Gay auidbratninf.', good and tlml, .
LaVlen tilth forty wintrre only.
Bbe Ik a Jtebt to bin gloomy mind,
Making hi downward etejHi lcea lonely.
Each In the ramo opinion clad,
Kach the name Rood I uture m fluff,
nicy ' the matti have i( ldom had
Kven tho iort of diugrfclns.
But a the Peaeon wsdn hW way,
,&3f4ac JUo riryVfat dark'nluc-axure,
-He in potiarrtiif; of tho day
When he Incurred her flrft UlHi.Ieasnrc
Talking concrmlnj: life and death.
And the iniiiortanccof comwion,
Khe wan tailing of her Rn-at faith
In the ordinance of inum-ndou.
And, an men In an evil hour
Olt will do, he ff-.-l.ly doubted ;
Jlut her nrgiinirtitalhu power
Koou lieliLld hlra completely routed.
Till he atwrtfil, if folks desire.
Kucli baptlimi, they might rereho it;
Uut for ItV i mt Im-Iiik repilr d,
rttihu't fool enough to IhJicc it.
Then the widow hail bridled, and aid.
Till 1- had knomii Mich aviug leaMli,
Fhr wouldn't tal.i; it iiM)ii lur liiad
To inarry the lxt man out of htai en.
So the Deacon, a he walk on,
Orietett that iueli idias haw (,'otlier ;
l'or lie hap. In the lojijj year j:ne,
Ki t hi head aboe the water;
And he fel that the rich reward
Of till uldot and li r rnruiniiiK,
l'or a fcacritlce to the Inl,
Hardly would merit heanly Miming.
Int. inot-t KtulilKini or all, bin mil
Mimn mort truiiljlefoiiio attendant
lllda hint ihiitf to hiit old rreed etill,
Ixnt tho widoA Kt theabceudaiit.
he Kiimn ltI-4 roiieliiiau of It,
After tho v !i'1t; jllalr r heart-ing :
Vilon or not. III ne'er niiliuii
To her iloctrluiitnor heriluIllerIllt;.,
Xou fnmi a lirldiv, where lazily llowa
Water full fix ttt t lielow hlai,
(tone Ih a ji'aiik, ami ilon he L;oex,
And for a tnomeut the uaten o'er tlow liiiu.
Jlut lo the ttidnw iin the, i-horr,
ltearhe a cexl Mont Mick unto liim I
And he. In u iiiluute'H time or more,
Land, with the cold ehille er ei:u; throni;h him.
Quick Mie lel hln uutohir honxe,
lrlel him hy eerj' kihmI exertion.
And then remarked to him, ily inouxe,
That hn wait a convert to immcrMon.
Vain hlx objection vain rach doubt ;
Vainly he arcueil, mixed and changed it ;
No odds how It nine nlmut,
Khe iutdided. the Ijrd at raUK d it.
And full many a marital draught,
llllter and t-wei t, the Dcaco.i drank tiji,
Kre l.e ilhroxen d that, cri ature of craft,
t?ho mm the one who milled the 'Iank tin !
AX EXGIXEEU'S YAKX.
I jim-n practical mcclmiiical engineer.
Not ono of tlicHO 3'oungstcr.s who go to
n scientific school for a fcv jenrs, who
tnko a C. E., M. K., c;r oniothing of
the kind, ami then put on airs about it.
They always affect to snub us practical
men, but wo rather get into them vhen
it conies to real work. Of course, these
chaps aro well enough in their way (ami
that isn't mine) in getting up aitistic
drawings and models, mid all that sort
of thing. And sometimes they are of
some account. There was young IIop
pin,vho helped me with that toggle
joint. I originated the idea ; ho put it
into shape. I mnde enough to retire on
it, audi did the square thing by him, if
ho wat a "scientific man," so I feel
perfectly freo to speak my mind about
tho lot, always excepting my friend
But this isn't telling my story.
There's my wife Uessio (bless "her dear
little heart), always saying that I can't
come to the point 'nithout as many
twists and turns as my own old machine
ry. Perhaps she is right. Uut then,
this is tho lirht time I ever tried to ex
press myself in print, and I don't ex
actly know how to go about it, so you
must excKsa mo. That's reasonable,
isu't it? And besides, I am getting so
Htout and logy -like, and I ain't as shaqj
as I used to be. My joung acquaint
ance, who is an editor, has roped me
into this scrape,, and ought to help me
out; but he decsu't. All he says is.
"Fire away, old man, and nuiko it
short and sweet." I'm afraid this isn't
telling my story, either. Prolixity
(that's tho word) comes sort of natural
like to mo now.
LiPt mo see. Tt v!is siTtopn vpivj nm
this summer that I canio to New York in
search of employment. I had been run
ning au engiuo in a big tannery in the
western part of the State, and doing
first rate, till the company failed, and 1
was thrown out of work. So I was
looking about town for something to do.
Money-gauge fo low that I was ready
for anything after a fortnight of Ecarcli
ing and waiting. I happened to be
walking through a down-town cross
street, when 1 saw a placard in the win
dow of a paper-box factory "Engin
eer Wanted. Goon Salaky!" "That's
just me," says I, so I went into tho of
fice and asked if I would do. The man
ager mid ho would try me. He did trv
me, and it seems I must have satisfied
him, for he told mo to stay.
Now, it is about this manager and
this paper-box factory that mv storv,
such as it is, will bo ; and to make
things all straight and plain (a soit of
oiling up at the start), let me attempt to
describe them both.
First, then, the manager, Mr. Samuel
Harkness also sole owner of tho fac
tory. This Mr. Samuel Uarkness was
the greatest villain I ever came across.
He's dead now, poor man, and I hate to
speak of thoss who aro gone, 'eau;e,
you see, it's much the same as chinning
behind a man's back ; but he tra.-? a vil
lain all the same. Not one of vour
story-book villains, cither. I have read
lots of novels, romances and such stuff
lately, but I haven't seen anything about
, their villains that applies to my villain.
Theirs are invariably thin, dark men,
of lithe, serpentine motion, with vellow
..faces, straight black hair, and deep-set,
fugitive eyes.' Something of tho evil
ono cropping out at everv point. "Wbv,
Lord bless yon, you'd recognise this
kind of villain soon as ever vou clapped
eyes on him, jnst as yon would a patent
machine, with every bit of metal la
beled. My villain wasn't tall, wasn't
dark at all ; was tolerably stout, in fact,
and weU-to-do looking ; didn't squirm
3 bit j and, to cut this description short,
was just like most anybody elso you
meet. When I engaged under him", of
conrso I didn't know anything about
his villainy. How could I ? ne wasn't
' Aud now for tho factory itcelf. Jt
was a somewhat dilapidated five-story
brick concern. Engine in cellar (most
every manufacturer had his own power
then, instead of just belting on to the
one big engine of the block, as they do
now); office and samples, first floor ;
clipping and folding machines, second
floor ; girls pasting, 'sorting and trim
ming on the third floor ; stock of all
sorts on the fourth and fifth. Wo used
to turn out an immense deal of work
with very few hands. There were about
twcfly-iivo tar so. girls, Uicjnpnager, Jiis
clerk and office-boy, n man to hoisFand
do odd jobs, the fireman, and myself.
Except when stock was taken in, or
work sent out, there was nobody else in
I generally kept to my own bnsiness,
and stayed down in the cellar, nursing
the old engine. She sadly needed it,
being as rickctty and patched up a con
trivance as one cares to stay alongside
of. She always reminded me of Borne
old people you see, who aro always in
need of a pectoral for a cough, or a lin
iment for rheumatism, or something or
other. This engine of mine was in
such a state that she always wanted
easing somewhere, a rivet here, a ping
there, new stufling, more felting, or a
band around the whole boiler. From
boiler to fly wheel she was rickctty,
rickctty. Jut there was no present
danger to be apprehended all was safe
enough with proper care and attention.
There was the rub. I had to exercise
the same proper care and attention all
the time. Uut if I was so occupied, I
could not help meeting the girls now
and then in tho passage-way. Most of
them were of the common sort coarse,
vulgar creatures, that I never could
abide. But there was one little pale
faced girl I took to straight off. She
wasn't n bit like the others, and seemed
as uico and quiet and lady-like, as they
were noisy and common. As 1 said, I
tool: to her, and she well, she didn't
altogether snub me. Wo got to be fast
friends soon. She told mo the tale of
her sad lifo ; how her father had been a
prosperous mechanic, and they had
lived in such a dear little homo; how
the father died, oud left her, a mere
mite of a thing, in charge of her feeble
mother and baby f-ister ; and how she
contrhi'd to get along and keep grim
famine from the door on the pittance of
her earnings. Whenever I could, with
out making a fuss, I helped them along
a little. And when wo got well ac
quainted, I used to hurry through my
work so as to be ablo to too her homo
every day after six o'clock. Somottmcs,
too, wo used to go to concerts and lec
tures together; and very often I found
time to visit them all of an evening. I
hadn't said a word of lovo to her yet,
but was waiting till my wages were in
creased enough to enable me to keep a
home of my own, aud then ask htr to
fill it. Of her state of feeling toward
I know nothing, except that she
nnd trusted mo as a
One thing used to rile me, though,
aud that was tho sneaking sort of liking
that Harkncs3 seemed to have for her ;
and, worse, he showed it plainly enough
by the way ho persecuted her with his
odious attentions whenever ho got the
chance. She told me she would leave
the place if she could only get another.
I have said that it was sixteen years
ago that I eutered tho box factory. If
you will take tho trouble to subtract,
you will find that makes 1SG7. It puts
us just in the year of tho great financial
crash. I had been in tho factory about
three months, aud was getting used lo
tho general run of things ; and though
it was out of my line, and uouo of my
business, I could not but notice how
slack trade seemed to be. Humors of
failures up the street, down the street,
on tho corner, at Nos. Ilo and .'17 over
the way, met my ears. Kumors of fail
ures past and failures to come. Rumors
of distrers East, West, and South.
lUimors of a threatened general smash
up. Money men tell me that when tho
market is tight, it only needs such a
wholesale pauic to biiug down every
one. It is tho apprehension, not the
reality, that does tho work. But this is
not telling my story, cither.
Well, old Uarkness kept on with his
manufacturing, though 1 could see that
day by day fewer calls for work were
made. He always wore a cheerful smile
through thoso troublous times, as much
as t j say, " Look at me, if yon want to
see a model man of business. don't
speculate. I don't get involved. Mark
my consequent prosperity. " Now when
I seo a man with a good deal of bluster
aud swagger about him, I always make
up my mind that he is a coward at heart.
And when some peoplo parade their
financial soundness, tho Wall street
animals snuff rottenness somewhere,
Tt must havo been on this principle that
I began to suspect that Uarkness wasn't
so stie after all.
Ono night I was delayed by an unex
pected break-down ui gearing, and
stayed in my cellar long after tho girls,
tho" cleik and the fireman had gone,
hard at work tinkering at the engine.
No one was in the factory but Harkness
and myself. I do not think he suspect
ed my presence. As I was taking off
my overalls aud nxmg up, I lieard a
heavy dray come np to our door. There
were four or five men with it, who were
not our regular cartinen. They jnmped-
out, were let in tlirougu the half-closed
doors of the main floor above me, and
were led up stairs by Uarkness. Pres
ently they reappeared, bearing cases of
varions kinds of stock, fancy paper,
gilding stuff, ught machinery, and dif
ferent odds and ends, withwhich thev
loaded the dray and then drove off again.
All was done in such a quiet, mysterious
way, that it was evident that something
wrong was being done. What coulil it
be? The men were not robbers, for
there was Mr, Uarkness, and he sole
owner of tho factory. A man does not
commit a larceny on bis own property.
Iconldu't make it out at all.
1 started to go. Just as I entered
the office from below, Uarkness came in
by the passage-way door from the floor
above. He started perceptibly -when
lie saw me, bnl instantly regained his
composure, and said, as cool as yon
"Ah! you're late, Bill. What's
wrong to-day ? Hope you won't blow
us up for a week or so yet. We're do
ing a staving business; Bill." (I think
I see him now " washing his hands with
invisible soap in imperceptible water,"
with that self-satisfied, hypocritical leer
on his face.) " Just sent a load of fine
boxes down to the Winged Arrow. She
sails to-morrow, so wo had to ship in a
hurry. Fine boxes; and a beautiful
vessel, Bilk Good night to yon,"
" Good night, sir," said I, and left.
As I wen up the street, another dray
Eassed, driven toward the factory. I
ad tho curiosity to turn and watch to
nee whether it, too, stopped, there, Jfc
did, and when I reached the corner of
Broadway, I stopped and looked back
once more. There, in the darkening
twilight, the same process of hurried
loading was being repeated. It seemed
to bo all right. Uarkness was there,
bnt, somehow, I wasn't quite satisfied.
Trimming machines are not fine assort
ed gilt edged boxes, by any manner of
means, yon know. And I knew it too,
though, very likely, old Uarkness didn't
give me credit for being so well posted.
Well, if I couldn't Bettlc the question,
the next best thing was to give it up.
And give it up I did.
Next morning I went over, as usual,
to the factory. Jim, the stoker, opened
tho doors always, as he hud to be early
to tend to tho fires, which we banked
every night. I expected to see Jim,
but was much surprised when I saw
Harkness. This time it was he who
came up through tho cellar door and I
through tho other. As before, we met
unexpectedly. Now it was my turn to
be surprised Ho was intensely pale,
and seemed much agitated. With a
strong effort of ho will ho strove to
conceal his strange manner. Ho en
deavored to speak calmly, and half suc
ceeded. "Bill," said he, "Jim has tended to
tho engine, it's all right ; come outside
with me I want to talk to you."
Ho turned to the cellar door aud
" Jim, come up, como up at once.
Run over to Mr. Brent's private house
you know where that is and tell him
not to discount that bill to-day. Be
Yes sir, coming," sang out Jim, leis
urely. Suddenly he toro up tho cellar steps,
nis face was ten shades paler than
Uarkness', an expression of horror was
fixed on his features an expression of
agony and fear that I shall never forget.
It haunts mo still. It will stay by me
till my dying day. Poor fellow, he's
.one, too, since then."
Jimdiardly Btoppod in-liis wild flight,
as he hoarsely whispered, rather than
"Hundred and ten on the steam
gauge ! Safety valve clogged !! Run
for your lives !!!"
I took in the situation at once. Ter
rible the danger was. The old boiler
was registered at eighty pounds to tho
square inch, but we never dared run
higher than thirty. And a hundred
aud ten ! We arc standing directly over
it, and while-1 hesitated, the pressure
must be steadily rising. It flashed upon
mo that there might bo no more danger
in jumping down and pressing the
Safety valve than in running awav, and
in spite of tho awful panic, I Lad a
prejudice against running.
I looked down from tho doorway
upon tho trembling, panting, struggling
steam demon beneath. Tho safety
valve apparatus was in plain sight.
From the end of the lever hung seve
ral hvrjc link of chain.
I don't think I'm a coward usually,
at least, I know I am not, But that
evidence of villainy took me all aback.
I staggered aud clung feebly to the
lintel for support. The words seemed
forced out of me, and not uttered with
" You scoundrel. You'd steal your
insurance, would you ?'
A sudden vindictive push sent me
headlong. As I fell I heard a demoniac
" 'Peach if you want to !"
And the door swung to with a click of
the spring lock.
At the foot of the steps on open trap,
tho sub-cellar hatch. Tho distance was
so great that I had time to notice all
this. Would it hurt me much when I
struck ? Would it kill me outright?
And that was all.
When I came to, I found myself in a
well-remembered room. Bessie, my
Bessio now, hung tenderly over me,
waiting for the light of recognition to
appear in my fevered eye.
All was soon told. The boiler must
have burst the very instant I struck.
Uarkness was killed by a flying piece
of machinery: the would-be-m:irderer
had exchanged places with his victim,
for I, strange as it may seem, vras dug
out of the ruins alive, "and got off with
only a broken arm. God forcive him.
Bessie insists that if it hadn't been
for the accident, I should never have
" spoken out." So, after all, it was a
blessing in disguise.
The following is the list of royal in
comes given in the German Dahhrim
Kalcndcr for 1S74 : The Emporor of
Russia, S,230,000 thalers ; the Sultan
of Turkey 6,000,000 thalers ; the Em
peror of Austria, o,500,000; theEmperer
of Germany, (as King of Prussia) 4,500,
000 ; tho King of Italy, 2,500,000 tha
lers : the Queen of England. 2,500,000
thalers. la proportion to the national
income of these countries, the Queen of
.cuguiuu mttK iut lowest civil list
namely, 7-10ths per cent.; the Saltan
receives the highest, 11 per cent. The
second chamber of Saxonv has fixed
950,000 thalers the civil list of King Al
bert A thaler is equal to about seven
ty cents of United States money.
Bittebs. Take bonecet, wild cherry
bark and poplar bark ; make an infu
sion by adding a quart of warm water ;
let it cool an t drink when thirsty. This
is a certain euro for fever and agne. I
received it freni an Indian, and found it
to be the master of ague, If. C. tit
The "Door Test" aa4 Character.
A correspondent of the Scientific
American gives the following novel
manner for measuring men's char
During the last ten years, in the win
ter season, according to onr daily re
cord, we have noticed the manner in
which one thousand persona who called
for work have opened, fthat, or not shut,
cur store door ; this you may say is a fu
tile and useless undertaking, but we eu
tertain a very different opinion. What
are the facts and what tae deductions ?
1. Out ef 1,000 persona recorded, 3,'U
opened the door and fhut it carefully
when they came in andVwhen they went
out, withont much ricx-t v
2. Two a'JnrtrrU aec .flTy-su openo
it in a hurry, and made 'an .attempt to
shut it but'did not, and merely pulled
it to when they went out.
3. Three hundred and two did not at
tempt to shut it at all, cither on coming
in or going out.
1. Ninety-six left it open when they
came in, but when reminded of the fact,
made amnio anoloev and shut it when
they went out.
5. One hundred and two opened it in
a great hurry, and then slammed it to
violently, but left it open when they
G. Twenty came in with " How do
you do, sir?" or "Good morning," or
" Good evening, 8ir,"aml all these went
through tho operation of wiping their
feet on the mat, but did not shut the
door when they came in nor when they
Deductions. The correspondent
goes od to say that ho has employed
men out of all tho above classes, aud
during that time he has had an oppor
tunity of judging of their merits, etc.
The first class, of 335, were those who
knew their trade, and commenced and
finished ttcir work in a methodical man
ner, were quiet, and had little to saj- in
their working hours, aud were well ap
proved by those for whom they did the
work. They were punctual to time,
and left nothingundouewhichthey wero
ordered to do. They did not complain
about trifles, and in all respects they
were reliable men, and were kind and
obliging in their general conduct.
It should bo appreciated, in this con
nection, that tho simple act of closing
a door may combine a largo number of
qualities, and so be really a manifesta
tion of personal character. Tho de
scription of the 335 just given indicates
that they possessed well-balanced tem
peraments, with large cautiousness, ap
probativeness, constructiveuess, large
perceptive faculties, with a good degree
of firmness, benevolence, human nature,
niul comparison, while the black-head
was but moderately developed in com
bat iveness. Order is evinced by those
who open and shut doors with ease.
Alcohol as Food.
A popular medical writer makes the
following practical points :
Liquor fattens ; whisky is a good
tonic; bitters aid digestion. These are
statements made every day with con
siderable confidence, and in a manner
well calculated to impose on a certain
class of minds ; hence, it is well that
the friends of trno temperance should
have at hand th weapons of their war
fare against the liquor traffic. If alco
hol is food, why not give it to our
If liquor fattens, why not give it to
our beef cattle, our turkeys, and our
pigs ; a good dram of it night and
If whisky is a good tonic, that is,
gives a good appetite, why is it that so
many whisky-drinkers, the men who are
always full and never empty, eat so lit
tle, and, on the contrary, almost live on
whisky? Give them plenty of whisky,
and they want nothing else but leisure
to drink it.
If "bitters" aid digestion, why is it
that those who toko them all the time
are never well ?
Bnt suppose that in some cases spirits
do fatten, it is a watery fat ; gives no
strength, but increases the inability to
work, aud tho susceptibility to all prev
alent diseases. In cholera and all epi
demics the liquor-drinkers are the first
If liquor fattens, why is it that we sec
so many spindle-shanked drunkards?
Whisky-drinkers are often long, lank,
and lean, with so little flesh on their
bones that the skin seems almost to
cling to them, and so tottering are they
in their step that tho wind is jrcady to
blow them away at any moment, and so
shaky do they become in the end, that
it requires all the strength anti-steadiness
of both hands to-enrry a glass of
grog in their lips. Jlxchangc.
Opinions in favor of cremation are
gaining ground in Zurich. The discus
sion of the question is forced upon the
citizens by the peculiar fact that some
tombs have been opened in which in
terments took plaoe when the cemetery
was established in 1818, and the re
mains, instead of being decomposed,
present all the appearance of almost
complete preservation. The cemetery
is now nearly filled. A meeting is to
bo held to disenss the subject. A
Leipsic professor has designed a fur
nace specially for the purpose of crema
tion, which will do the work efficiently
in twenty minutes at the outside. The
body is to bo placed in an upright posi
tion inside of a fire-proof receptacle,
through which artificially heated air is
forcetl in a current, carrying all the
noxious gases np a chimney, and leav
ing after the process a small residue
only of snow white ashes. The cost at
which the furnace can be constructed is
2,250. The cost of cremation for each
body will not exored nine shillings.
Br means of the drill wheat is sown
regularly and all the ssrae depth. If
the seed is good there need be so al'ow-ar:-.-e
mede for wastage as in sowing by
hand. One bushe 1 and a. peck per acre
i plenty, and. if tho gnir.s be small,
o e busheL It is planted regularly and
at a proper diptb, and it has an equal
chance to grow and to fasten its roots
firmly in the foD. By drilling, ft rtil
ixers con also be cown at the tame
Sin Samuel Bakeb's African expedi
tion cost the Khedive of Egvpt over
Three of the nine Judges of the Uni
ted States Supremo Court are natives of
The last day that Henry Clay ever sat,
in tho Senate was Charles Sumner's
first day in the Senate.
Gheat BniTAiN and Ireland are about
as large as New Mexico, but not as largo
as Iowa and Nebraska,
It is said that Donald McKay and his
band of Warm Spring Indians, who did
such valuable servico during the Modoc
Wftr, are rnmirir EctL,tmimrJHbitiou
tour. - v" ,
It has been decided in Delaware that
a man is not necsarily dniuk because
ho tries to unlock the front door at
midnight with the butt end of his to
A California farmer, according to a
rural press, cut sixty tons of hay from
sixteen acres of lucerne, pastured fifty
calves three months, aud harvested fifty
bushels of st ed.
A female graduate of the Medical
Department of Iowa University has ta
ken the first prize for the best 'perform
ed dissection in surgical anatomy, in a
class consisting of twenty-four young
men and one other young woman.
A " FAsmoNAHLi: " christening party
in New York was jwstponed last week
in consequeuce of the non-arrival of a
steamer from Europe having on board
the lace dress (made to order) in which
the baby was to havo appeared. Tho
clergyman engaged was disgusted.
The gravity of the situation in India
is shown by tho fact that a loan of $50,
000,000 is announced as about to be put
upon the market for the relief of tho
famine. It is said that the necessities
of tho suffering natives are such as to
requiro immediately tho sum of $15,
000,000. A few days ago a Now Orleans horso
railroad company suuk 47,000 counterfeit
nickel coins in the Mississippi river, the
receipts of one year. The counterfeiting
coins is earned on so extensively
Orleans thutthe J'icajimr esti-
mates that 1,000 peoplo daily pay their
fares on tho horse railroad with bogus
France pays her embassadors fairly.
Her new minister to London, the Due
do la Rcchcfoticauld-Bisaccia, gets
$10,000 a year, tho highest sum paid to
any diplomatist except tho embassador
to St. Petersburg, who receives $50,
000. The embassador at Vienna re
ceives $34,000 ; the ono at Berlin, $28,
000. Ok the announcement of the death of
ox-President Fillmore, in the United
States Senate, Senator Sherman asked
if there was a precedent for adjourn
ment. Senator Anthony replied that
Congress adjurned upon the death of
General Wa-hington, and it was upon
that day that the phrase, "First in
war, first in peace, and
hearts of his countrvmen"
first in the
Senator ScMMEitnever kept a carriage
during his long residence in Washing
ton, but generally walked on fine days
and patronized the horse cars in unfa
vorable weather. Ue sometimes ex
pressed the wish to be the possessor of
horses and a carriage, but would add:
"I cannot afford it. I either must givo
up buying books and keep a carriage,
or forego the carriage and keep myself
posted in literature."
A case of misunderstanding occured
up in the country last week. Riding
up to a hotel in Courtiand county, we
saw tho big, smart landlord, with his
boys, smoking short pipes on the bal
cony, while his wife was sweeping oroud
" Hello ! Do you keep this hotel ?"
"No, sir, I reckon not; this tavern
" I mean are you master here?"
"Waal, sometimes lam (poking at
the old lady's broom), bnt I gues3 the
boys an' I run the" stable ; take vour
"Yes; every thing drinks around
"Touch of the rhcumatiz myself;
folks generally healthy, though."
" I mean have you any porter ?"
" Yes ; John's our porter. Hold his
" I mean any porter to drink."
" Porter to 'drink ? Why, John can
drink, an' if ho can't drink enough, I
kin whip a right smart o'lickcr myself."
" Pfhaw .' stupid! have I got to come
down and see myself?"
" Yon kin come down, Shaw Stupid,
and see yourself, ef yon want to ; there's
a good looking-glass in the bar-room."
One of the greatest comb manufac
tories in the world is in Aberdeen, Scot
land. In this establishment there are
on immense number of furnaces for
preparing horns and tortoise-? hells for
the combi, and between one and two
hundred iron screw presses are con
stantly cmploved in stamping them.
Steam-power is employed to cut the
combs, the operation being performed
by this means with great efficiency.
The coarse combs are stamped or cut
out, two being cut in a place at one
time by ingenious machinery. The fine
dressing comba and all 'small tooth
combs are cut by fine circular saws,
some so fine as to cut foity teeth in the
space of one inch, and ' they revolve
thousands of times in a minute. There
are about Lwo thousand varieties of
combs made, and the aggregate num
ber produced, of all these different
forts ri comb, is about nine miiTons
annually. The annual consomplion of
ox bora-, uoof s, tortoise-thell and bnf
falo horn, is, of conrse, prodigious;
even the waste, consisting of horn
shiving and parings of hoofs, amounts
to hundreds of tons in a year, and this
becomes a valuable mat rial in the man
ufacture of prassiate of potash, etc.
Brain Weight or Different Kace.
An eminent German professor once
assumed that, as a certain sizo and mass
of brain is essential for tho cternse of
tho mental faculties, therefore all the
human race must b? furnished with an
equal amount of brains. This truly
Teutonic theory has since, however,
been effectually dissipated. Au elabo
rate paper was read not wry lun ago
before the Royal Society of England, m
which the existing ovidence as to the
weight of brain among ditllrent nations
was analyzed. The average brain weight
for the English is stated to bo 47.50
ounces ; for the Froueh, 4-1.5S ; for the
Germans, 42.83 ; but there aro diserep
ancieh in the results of different oL
Berverj. soLio glriuj; greater aerago
than tais to the uettniuis. 5ha Italian',
Lapps, Swede', Fritnns, aud Dutch
eouse into the category with tho En
glish. Among tho Asiatic races, the
Yedahs of Coylon and tho Hindoos gve
a mean of over 42.11 ounces. The
skulls of Mussulmans afford a slightly
iurrt-ased average of brain Weight over
these of the Hindoos. Two skulls of
male Khonds one of the unquestioned
aboriginal races of India show a braiu
weight of only 37.S7 ounces. The gen
eral avenge of tho Asiatic table shows
a diminution of more than two ounces
when compared with Europeans. The
gmer.il mean of African rn-cs is less
than that of European races, although
there are great differences ; the Cailre
rihiug high, and the Ittishuuiu sinking
low in tho scale. The average of the
whole of the aboriginal American races
reaches 41.73 ouuees, which is 2.11
ounces less than that of tho European
races. Tho Australian races show
a braiu weight one-ninth hss than
that of the general average of Euro
peans. The Malays and others of the
Oceanic races, who migrated baldly, for
commercial putposes, over the North
and South Pacific Ocean, and occupy
the islands, show a tolerably high aver
age of brain weight ; and, on iiriiuug at
this section, we return in some measure
to tho largo braign weight of Euro
peans. A Dog Carries the Mail once a Week.
Mr. J. Prosser, says a Minnesota
jiaper, lives at Lako of Two Woods,
Dakota, twolve miles west of the Min
nesota line. Several settlers live near
him, and, as they have no regular mail
service, letters and papers aro carried be
tween the Two Woods settl niont and
"Captain Herrick's," at the State line,
by private enterprise. This service has
for some titno been performed by a dog
belonging to Mr. Prosper. Tho mail is
placed in a small sack, aud tied about
the dog's neck, when he is told to "go,"
and he goes never once having failed
to reach his destination without delay.
Captain Herriek overhauls the mad,
gives tho shaggy mail carrit r a good
dinner, and places the Two Woods mail
about his neck, when he is again away
on the return trip. There is no more
faithful carrier in Uncle Sum's tervice
than "Cuiley" has proven himself to
be. While performing his duty it is
impossible for man or beast approach
Captain Herriek onco met him on the
road and endeavored to relievo liim of
his burden, but Curl-y was off like a
shot, never once halting until ho had
arrived at the Captain's own door. One
day last week Mr. Prosser cune to Mar
shall with a load of furj, and brought
Curley with him. We were favored
with a call from the noble animal aud
his master, and, with several others,
listened with interest to tho facts here
narrated. Curley is a fine-looking dog,
rather larger than medium size, has
long, curly hair, a well-shaped head, a
good-natured eye, and is of the breed
commonly called spaniels. Ho w:w
much pleased at receiving so much at
tention, nnd seemed to understand all
that was being said about him.
Dr. Bell's method of skin grafting, as
performed in numerous cases at the
Royal Infirmary, Edinburgh, bus
proved very successful. Jn proem mg
Iortions of skin for this purpose he
takes them from some soun 1 ixrtion of
the patient's body, preferably from the
arm. A piece of skin is pinched up by
a pair of coamon catch-forceps, and
cut off to the required size with a pair
of scissors. This piece is divided into
smaller pieces nbout the size of a grsiu
of rice, and iH planted amoi g the gran
ulations of tho ulcer by means of a
probe, one small piece being sufficient
for about a square inch of nufcco.
Over each of the grafts is laid a gutta
percha tissne, half a ?quare inch in biz
previously dipped in some antiseptic
solution. The ulcer is then covereil by
two layers of similar piecs of gutta
percha tissue, placed ou curb other in
an imbricated ramner, nnd over these
a dressing of antiseptic gauze end a
bandage ; this dressing is cot removed
for two or three day-, when it u xc
placed as at first. To insure success,
lefore grafting the Tilcew should le
free from fetor, and the dressing
changed under spray.
Don't Sptdl a SnifW,
The Springfield fMvsj JifpubUcan
says : " One may be pardoned fomnecz
ing under any circumstances, in Tie
of the experience of a woman from
this city in Westfield, recently. Iing
in company, and attempting to sup
press a sneeze, she felt a qner soma-
uon in inc ie; auie ci ner iace, wnurii
innn lwn atTrolHr.f nra.1 .Inrn'ttfr rant
of ?hape. A phvs'cau was called, bet
bv the time he arrived her month and
the left side of her face had become
drawn up, disfiguring her to that her
most intimate friends could scarcely
recognize her features, while the found
it impossible to close her left eye. The
physicians say it is a kind of paraljei,
caused by the great effoit she made in
suppressing the sneeze, and give but
faint hopes that her features will ever
resume their liatoral appearance. She
is now in this city seeking medical
Tin: patentee of the punch now nwd
by th passenger railroad coxnp&niex
cakes over $.50,000 per annum ; he re
ceives a royalty of twenty cent a ds
"for each punch ia us
Ia It? I Uutbc it ' Yt I .Iriuk amt IrioV,
AttJ bit- iuj 1. (!? nitfe a t-tbl btU.
tl bate mjlf a tb:nfc-h th lirt I Hm.
TbrploalcT NO.U"! THlatiUaUta
No !!.? I ISvtrtaxl it ll- watrnf bnxtbt
Too late J Tbrrr'a u rrVw fur Ba tmt ilratb,
It tail enough to 4rin ; Xmi to alrlnVr .
lhU -h a train vt cOy brrr wak
A la ub" bxT -xoul.l kaair me !-. t, I tblnL.
Ab, keen wy. y nuit, fur I'tljV !
Tbe rer thought f llttn alffwja taj braiu.
My flu! t.l!i t fcu thay btt cvur a;!U.
bur rum ? 14 lore t bbl tuy hral up bljb
A nil btvatb Otl. air freo rnl farlr. man,
AUl 1V ia HtntilMnal ejr vti earth B1 kj,
W UU st.! iritiw avnai iJ u j(un :
In niiiiir ia.bt.in. brave anil .trowr. Lure ruw ',
If nlr 1 nuiKI cine into .crar Unit
WlMffaanxlrinl i,.hl know, haaw wiliinuty
IM Itajht t!ne- tlreatlfnl torment, of the Jmtncat
That luta h tbe atoiil f bltn who aaoul.l U- ltv.
It it mar.bal up tho srij'l bap- f i
1 o fall a,;at a. I Wr U-furr J o, no '.
Ii. if I mltflit hae lunxulwa It oM l-
In thine t M ejjlta- ttj hl aial ;ajr
Whru Art t tlr-ibl tu ;-mtkful rrvrl-jl
How tr tlnu t- imiI the out "
r llier'a ! an.f I w ttll thru ;
Now a-e te trenjM'iMt ha! Tbf eji- Ba !
lbn-k, Aery ejt. t hell. Ue y ivtetii;'
Ml atplA )a alvxtt Ufcar, laktOal " lift tabaawj
Help! Ilalpl They route, a hsbw., ala.HM
llacl.. tjet je l-urla ' Th".! to me ti th Omfl'.
Uiu. rpolnlhaiwt area-lawn In my hr!
llht thetnaiT II. la' TUie lr pcujaarS
Tin: best substitute for coal Warm
A i.ro!.-Ti:sii:u A lawyer minding
A nouiniNO establishment A corpen
A noou suggestion is like a crying
baby at a concur t it should be carried
Tin: last color un artist should use to
complete his picture is dun," of
A i.M'V's fool has been likened to a
locomotive merely because it moves in
advance of a train.
" Bon, how is your sweetheart getting
along V" " Pretty well ; shosays I neod
not call any more."
A ruoM'iutoi's merchant has for a
motto, " Early to 1 ed and early to riso ;
never get tight, and advertise."
' I Ni:vi:it.get trusted for a hat," snid
a spendthrift, "becaii"-' I should then
feel as though I were in debt out head
Tin: Boston W Hays: "Tho de
cline in the whaling business is thought
to bo owing to tins abolition of corporal
punishment in tho schools."
.Triwir. IIrtc H nOYrliliifj t'f taUW
to the court before rciiteneo is passed
upon you 7" Itimiiut" No, Judge, I
had ten dollars, but my lawyers took
" Sin, I will mnko you feel tho ar
rows of my rose nt ment." "Ah, miss,
why should I fear your arrows when you
never had a beau." She quivured with
As rrishmaii engaged in lighting a
duel insisted, as lie was near-sight!,
that ho should stand six fett uearor to
his antagonist than his antngoniht did
Tub following is an indictment
against strong drink:
Umplr maker, tlae Uoater,
Health eiiTtipt-r, Mlr' mat-,
Jtkwhtrf br-aer, Yiee prtitter,
l'r-llt .pMlaer, lia-til'' bait,
,lm-liaiw! btilbicr, pH-r inaVa-r,
Trut liotrjyer, f ra Murre,
p.Htet emptier, Habbath lr'Ver,
Onwlenee Ktlrter. ipiNl'a rraotme.
Miirn Arrt-K mm.
1 Vath: altborl IVtt! de-jil.e!
Al-ozulnate Jiil apple pi" :
I like K"1 breail, I lll( Kl fat.
Or mTiJtlilsiC that l fit ti tat ;
llHt f all tb itrnU 1. iieath lb .VlV,
T8h prre.t in alrW app4 b-.
Oite Mr a ttxt'haebe, or ofB ry.
In prfcrnv. t h ktixl 1 pl.
The fanner UVr hia tarlia--t I rwK,
"Tt worruj, lHttrr. ami baral t Uni ;
Tbay lea.- the bull t ItvAe na rb.
And l'nl te half the J-Hnfl" lt.
Then on a dirty cord they're .tnttnt.
Ami Ifta me rhml-r-fKlr hng;
1 alii they're racily to 1 rI- In pla-.
Tr.t m my me, or Ml ni 1W.
U at ilon't ia roe drkal apjje ptw.
The title of E-quir ( with us frequent
ly abbreviated to Squire) originated m
chivalric times, when four of gentlo
meii, from the ag of wren years, worn
brought up in the ivuitles of superior
lonIg--vhich was an inestimable advant
age to the jjoorer nobility, who could
not otherwise have given their children
the accomplishments of their station.
From fcrcn to fourteen, the; 1kth
were called- page, or valets ; at four
teen, they tiorc tho name of ewpiirc.
They were instructed in tho manage
ment of arms, in the art of horseman
ship, in exercise of strength and acti
vity, to a to fit them for tournament
and tattle, and the milder glories of
chivalrous gallantry. IiOng after tho
decline of chivalry the word wan only
ned in ft limited Jene, for the son and
peers of knight, or Mich as obtained
the title by creation or some other legal
mean. Blsckstone defines esquire to
bo all who bear office of trust under tho
crown, and who are styled cjutrfcji by
the king in their commiB3ions and ap
pointment ; and being onco honored by
the king with the title of crquirr, they,
and only ther, have a nght to that dis
tinction for fife.
A Simple IHilBfcctanl.
One pound of grten copperas, costing
I SCVCII CecU. fUrflolTf-d ID OHC quart of
water, awl poured down a wtter-cWt,
! will tffrxtnally concentrate sod destxor
lise lonjfst smei. un ooaru rmps anu
steamboati". about hotels, and other
public place?, there la nothing to nice
to pnnly tao air. btuiple green cop-
E:ras, dissolved in anything under tho
si, will render an liospiul, ox other
place for the sick, free from anplecw
ant Mselis. In fiAh-markeis, flarghter
hous, sinks, and wherever there xn
offensive gae?, dissolve copperas and
sprinkle it sbont, cd in a few days th
f mell will sdl pass away. If a cat, rat.
or mouse di aUoat the house, and
send forth an offessive g3. place sosie
dissolved coppenui ia an opt?n vcaeel
nr ths place where the uisnc ,-,
iind it will purify the ninvphfrny
'77cn9 keep sll clean.
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