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About The Red Cloud chief. (Red Cloud, Webster Co., Neb.) 1873-1923 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 26, 1874)
EATB6 OF ADVTRTISDrO:
Ob tarh, flrt t&rrUon. f 1
& ofciuBt UwrUoo, ... jc
t&r nontiw. $q
" t ibosUu. . ".". .1
twi tocat&t jpo
QaarUc cctamn, t&r rooataa. ,,
Ealf column, Uirr taoull '.
ats nantha. a
" twlT Rntn miK
0e column. Uirre mnjt! M.l"C
M " attracaUM aO.ua
twvlTd mentt4 . ......... 1QO.0S
Karri anil Ohttnarr Notice fr. local oo
Ucw 10c prr lino. Tranent aatl Lrtt .Utrrrti.
t&tnt rrt! tn ajtaucr. Trarl; aJrvrtlMeKcta
WeWter County, Vts. '
$2.00 PEE ANNUM.
Devoted to the fipreste of Southwest Nebraska.
C. L. MATHEE. Publisher.
RED CLOUD, WEBSTER CWNEB., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1S74.
Two Dollars a Yoar, rn Advance.
TIIK OLD CIXCIC IS TIIK COItXKR.
Theloafletm trH-M aru brown and barr;
The enow JlaltM khwji Ibrougb tbe frcnty air.
With tbo wintry wind they eport and t.lar,
As It wearily whittle tho nlgbtawiy.
The time-worn clock In thr enrnrr aland.
With faded dial ami rtiKtl hand.
With carh-m motion ltd jx-ikIuIiiiu NwjnK,
And thin 1b the doleful coug it plug:
TicV-'jrlt tick ! Thorp ar omlli-fl and Uara
In the mournful Ule of a hundred year.
The voice of Memory, aoft and low,
whliw.rn to-uiht of the Uuu ao.
There are friend you lovl, thero are hoi inot
That are dtad and Kne with the old, old year.
Kpiderfi hae woien their ilkcu thnad
In thedlugy corner ow-rhiad.
'Mid the endl( dunt of the biwy day
That handn now ulel(-aii havenwrpt away.
i Thoughts and drrama rf the old and, new
J?-'ee before ice In 7oudjrrtrh'" -'
1 llAVA lLfttfli.1 tlio 1.1. o 9 . w-Mr ..1.11.1 .
And the tender k of a youth that smiled
i aiiuirn iiht a iiiciiirr lair
rind a tiny curl of Roldtu hair.
lai raptiircn owr a picture fair
1 have wen him look with manly pride
On the fair, nweit face of hla ncw-mdo bride.
I have bcurd an InfantV plaintive cry;
And a careworn mother' weary nlh ;
Aiitl an ai-d father, old and gray,
Talking of ear that had gone away.
I hate wn the hadowy pall and bier.
The lifeletui form, and the mourner' tear;
And hae heard then wonlc, no often aaid,
Tenderly, oer the dear one dead :
Anhr to ahe and duct to diiKt
Life In fleetiliK, und lod Ik jurt.
O Memory, fond Memory ! thou phantom of our
Thou Hwoot reminder of the hopes and dreams of
Thou living Khadow of the noul, that ever comes at
Whtn human iijx haereaed to npeak, and human
liearlH are xtill
A MYSTERIOUS LODGER.
Tho upper apartment of our boarding
hoiiRC, that ih to nay, a portion of the
garret, was hired at an exceedingly low
price of tho landlady, by a young gen
tleman, who gave his name as Barnabas
He was about twenty-five years of
ago, dressed in a rusty suit of black, aud
the unfortunate possessor of a counten
ance which would have secured his suc
cess as tho poor apothecary in " Romeo
pud Juliet." He seldom had any com
munications with tho other boarders,
and thero was a certain air of mystery
about him that puzzled every body in
the house: no one could tell tho naturo
of his business, nor givo any informa
tion of tho slightest circumstance
touching his general course of life. No
ono ever inquired for him at tho house,
excepting at meals, at which ho was
punctual, and which ho devoured vora
ciously. He remained, while within tho
walls, secured in his apartment the
partitioned portion of tho garret above
The landlady, who certainly possessed
us much curiosity as any member of the
fair sex whom it has ever been my good
fortune to have smy dealings with, had
sounded everybody, in order to gain a
clue to tho mystery which enveloped
Mr. Stoller, but without satisfaction.
Sho had oven propounded many circuit
ous inquiries to tho gentleman himself,
but received only vaguo replies, which
but increased her excitements. Ho
regularly paid his board every Saturday
night, and always in coins of tho small
est discription, which he drew from a
well-worn leather purse.
He had resided in the house but a
single mouth, when the landlady discov
ered tho following astounding and in
Every Saturday afternoon, about tho
hour of four, Mr. Barnabas Stoller en
tered the house and proceeded directly
to his apartment, aud, having uudibly
turned tho key in tho lock, would re
main secluded for full three honrs.
This proceeding oooured regularly every
Saturday, and by divers mean3 did Mrs.
.loues, tho landlady, endeavor to solve
tho mystery of his tennxrary retirement.
Once or twice she had been detected by
one of tho lodgers peering through Mr.
StollorVkcy-hole, but, being obstructed
on tho inner side by the key, it was
somewhat difficult to obtain an accurate
viow of tho premises. Nevertheless, by
dint of waiting with her ear to tho door
for many minutes, tho worthy damo had
overheard strange, indefinite Bounds
rising from withiu, which although they
convinced her that something was pro
gressing, cast but little light upon the
r-.ubjoct of her investigations.
f "Hetty," she remarked to her maid-of-all-work,
ono day, after one of these
visits to tho entry above, "what can he
bo doing every Saturday at this particu
lar time ?''
"I'msurol can't imagine, ma'am,"
f plied tho girl, thus adjured, unless
e's a counterfeiter."
"A counterfeiter!" exclaimed Mrs.
'.Tones; " very likely, Betty, and most
probably a counterfeiter of half dollars,
fc ho pays mo even- Saturday in small
lge, lor which he must have ex
changed his spurious money. But then,
Betty," added tho landlady, "he eould
hardly make a living at counterfeiting,
if he works at it only three hours in the
ty "No, ma'am, that's true," answered
Betty ; " but still I am satisfied he
must bo doing somothing horrible,
The landlady cogitated some time
deeply, and then, shaking her head
.lowly from sido to side, spoke again :
i " Well, Betty, he may bo a conspira
tor : he niay havo some horriblo plot in
his head, and, I really don't feel safe in
tho house with him, unless I can dis
cover what he dose so slyly evoy Satur
day, so to-night 111 ask Lfm boldly at
'supper in what way he employs himself
-reirularlv once a week in his room."
The resolution was warmly applauded
by Betty, who, being the only female in
the house, excepting her mistress, was
of course her principal supporter. They
uoth finally concluded that Mrs. Jones
plan was a gcod one, and the conference
At the first sound of tho bell, the in
mates of the house flocked to Bupper,
and among the foremost was the un
conscious Stoller, dressed in his only
sait of black. He seated himself and
ced wiui iiis usual veracity
a me proYimoaB Htiore nun; we
. ? m . "
boarders were all seated and well
engaged ; Betty was standing behind
her mistress' chair, with a face upon
which anxiety and curiouity were deeply
blended ; no sound was heard save tho
clatterint? of knives and forks, with
now and then the rattle of a teaspoon in
The landlady, feeling that this was
her time, made a btroug effort, and ex
"Mr. Stoller !"
Now the mere mention of Mr. Stoller's
name by Mrs. Jones at the tea-table
coul 1 not certainly attract extraordinary
attention, but tho manner and tone of
the lady startled many of the boarders
sitting around ; many dropped their
knives and forks, and cast their eyes
rapidly from Mrs. Jones to Mr. Stoller ;
tho latter trentlcman suspended his at
tack3m jtljjs jppp ,. ? cilfc frf i
agitated countenance- at tho head per
sonage of the house.
"Mr. Stoller," said Mrs. Jones,
speaking slowly, in order to give every
word its duo emphasis, "you are pro
bably aware that I endeavor to carry on
tho affairs of my house as honest and
circumspectly as possible" here wiw a
paube ; several lodgers nodded, and one,
who was noted for being remisa in pay
ing his board-bill when due, intimated,
in an audible voice, that the domestic
economy of Mrs. Jones was not excelled
by that of any similar establishment in
"Mr. Stoller," continued Mrs. Jones,
"will you be kind enough to inform
me, if you can, what business detains
you in your room every Saturday be
tween the hours of four and seven in the
All gazed at Mr. Stoller, anxious to
have the nil-important question settled ;
his agitation had been increasing to a
fearful extent during Mrs. Jones' re
marks, and, upon hearing her inquiry,
ho started to his feet ; his face was deep
ly crimsoned, and ho strove for somo
minutes in vain to speak.
"Ma'am," cried lie, at last, "yon
you I cannot now !" He stopped
suddenly, kicked over hiB chair, and
dashed out of tho room.
No pen can.describo the astonishment
of tho spectators at this unexpected exit
Mrs. Jones started to her feet, and when
sho at length found her voice, addressed
"Now, gentlemen," said she, "I am
satisfied that Mr. Stoller must bo en
gaged in somo horrible plot in his room
regularly every Saturday somo coun
terfeiting scrapoor forgery; at any rate,
some matter which will most likely de
stroy the credit of my house. I'm suro
you must all agree with mo when I say
that this horriblo secret must bo drawn
from him by somo means or other. I
know, from tho fright which seized him
when I asked him tho question, that
there is something going wrong."
Hero Mrs. Jones hesitated, and wait
ed to bo assisted from her difficulty bj
somo of tho boarders present.
"Suppose," said ono, "that tho next
timo ho shuts himself up in his room,
we all go in a body and break open tho
This brave proposition was immedi
ately put down as being too belligerent
in its general features.
" Couldn't somo ono slido down the
roof of tho house and peep in tho win
dow?" asked another, doubtfully.
"That might do," said Mrs. Jonos,
looking round upon tho company in
hopes to discover homo ono who would
undertake tho task, but no one moved,
for tho roof being a slated one, and very
steep, was consequently too hazardous
to bo trusted as u foothold.
"I think," said ono of the centlemen
at tho head of the table, "if wo should
all get together next Saturday afternoon
and cry- hro in tho entries, wo might
bring him out, and then discover his
"Ah !" exclaimed Mrs. Jones, "that's
a good plan, but it would be liable to
raise tho neighborhood; but I think
wo'll close all tho deors and windows
and try it at any rate, it can't do much
In line, the lost was considered by tho
company to bo a most excellent plan for
tho detection of Mi". Stoller in Ids dread
ful plots, and tho requisite arrangements
were mado on the spot.
Nothing was said to Mr. Stoller dur
iug tho week, and when Saturday after
noon arrived at last, tho greatexpart of
the boarders wero in their rooms waiting
for his arrival. At the usual hour of
four tho suspected lodger entered the
hou c, and proceeded, as was his cus
tom, immediately to his room. His
door had been looked alwut h-ilf an
hour when a large party of the board
ers, headed by Mrs. Jones, was stealth
ily formed in the lower hall, and differ
ent detachments wero then filed off to
separate portions of the house, and two
gentlemen; more courageous tlian the
rest, stationed themselves closo to Mr.
Stoller's room, ready to glide in and ex
amine the apartments as soon as he
should open the door.
All these preliminaries being arranged,
Mrs. Jones and her servant Betty raised
a heartrending shriek in the kitchen,
and then dashed up to tho entry. The
party in the lower hall slammed the
doors, and at the top of their voices
The united efforts were completely
'successful, for suddenly Mr. Stoller's
door opened, and out rushed the gentle
man himself. His coat was buttoned
up about his neck and his sleeves turned
up, leaving tho lower portion of his arms
bare : in his hands ho held a white ar
ticle dripping with water.
"What is the matter, Mrs. Jones?"
cried he, looking with astonishment
upon the crowd that had collected about
No cry of "firo" was now heard, and
a dim licbt broko unon Mr. Sfr,lW
mind he saw the trick.
"Ah, gentlemen," said he, slowly, I
see how it is ; will a few of vou gentle
men have tho kindness to step into the
room with Mrs. Jones and all the myu
tcry bhall be explained ?"
u i J,crowded -adhdy taking
the lead, and his room was completely
"Now, gentlemen," said he, slowlv,
"you have all taken so much interest in
my aoairs that it is but just that rou
should all be indulged with the kaowl-
e- -- ocvxvfc wjuca aas so
much harassed your minds. You see,
gentlemen, that wash-basin, and in the
chimney corner you will notice a few
burning embers, and in my hands you
will notice an article concerning which
I hope there can be no mistake ; and,
gentlemen, by putting all these things
together, you will easily discover that at
an appointed time every Saturday after
" That you do what ?" cried several
voices anxiously, as 3Ir. Stoller paused.
" Wah und dry my own xhirt for
Tho room was cleared in an instant,
and tliat night " the mjsieriouslodger"
paid his board and left tho house forever.
Three women burglars
arrested in New Orleans.
The cultivation of jute in India is
almost entirely superseding that of
Many of the Pennsylvania farmers
predict an entire failure of the fruit
crops this year.
Berlin has the reputation of being
one of the worst governed and dirtiest
cities in Europe.
Germany and Italy are now large
consumers of American corn in the man
ufacture of alcohol.
Key West is the only place in the
United States which never has frost,
which produces cocoa-nut.
An excellent cement, we read, may be
made from rice flour. It is only neces
sarv to mix tlin rice flnnr intimatnlv
with cold water, and gently simmer it
over a fire, when it readily forms a deli
cate and durable cement. When made
of the consistence of plaster, models,
busts, relievos, etc., may be formed
The pay of members of a Territorial
Legislature has been fixed by Congress
at $6 a day, and of the Speaker
of the House and President of
tho Upper Honso at $10 a day. Many
of these men ore worth as much as
members of Congress, and are as self
sacrificing in devoting themselves to
Oire of tho most remarkable coses of
desperate madness on record, is that of
an Italian sailor who was lately shipped
on board a vessel at Leghorn. He
stabbed four of the crew in their births,
attacked tho mate and watch on deck,
drove them to the rigging, fastened tho
cabin doors, steered the vessel near the
shore, jumped overboard and swam to
Germans are not very numerous this
winter. The "kettledrum" has been
found a moro economical and far moro
satisfactory entertainment, both to
guest and hostess. Somo of our social
leaders, however, in their anxiety to
kill two birds with ono stone, combined
tho German, and kettledrums, and get
the credit of ingenuity.
The Bichmond Enquirer says tliat
hundreds of well-to-do families in En
gland are preparing to emigrate to
Virginia in the spring, thinking it bet
ter to purchase land in tho Old Domin
ion than to lease them in England at an
annual rental of $25 per aero. A num
ber of English families havo already
bought $60,000 worth of lands in Amelia
county, and are highly pleased, with
Joe Smith, tho son of tho founder of
the Mormon church, and the leader of
a sect of Mormons which repudiates
polygamy, is about to establish himself
and lus followers at JNauvoo, Illinois,
tho town from which tho Mormons were
driven a good many years ago. As this
sect is not only monogamous but gener
ally well behaved and thrifty, Nauvoo,
which has 1,600 people, where she once
had 40,000, is glad to welcome the new
comers. Some people's ide of geography are
a trifle mixed. Tlree foreign letters
recently received at the New York post
offico illustrates th's pretty sharply.
One of them is directed " Care of Town
Hall, Broadway, Massachusetts, State
of New York." Another reads, " Mon
tevideo, Florida, South America, United
States, N. Y.;" and the third has it
" America, Washington St, New Jersey,
Illinois " We rejoice that we are not
Prescace ef MJmL
The Boston AdrcrtUa- says that the
inmates of the Winthrop House, in that
city, were startled, on Monday morning,
by the rushing of a woman in flames
through one of the main halls. With
wonderful presence of mind she opened
a closet door and leaped into a bath tub
of about two feet in depth, turning on
the water from both the hot and cold
faucets, and curling down into the
mingling smoke and flame before any
one could reach her. The servants has
tened with water to quench the embers
which wero catching the carpet in all
directions, while a gentleman occupying
a room on the same floor leaped for the
closet door, which she had closed. On
his opening it she fell forward in a
swoon. The flames were extinguished
and she was taken to a bed, where it
was found that her injuries will keep her
an invalid for many days. Her hands,
wrists, body and lower Umbs were badly
crisped. She was preparing to go out
for a walk, and, in reaching for some
thing on a bureau, caused her clothing
to come in contact with a gas jet. Not
noticing it at the tiae, she sat down on
a sofa. On rising, after a few momenta,
tho flames burst out, completely envel
Oxc of the stations on the Selma and
Meridian railroad is named Cab. Re
cently a train with an exaigratio a-rent
and party of colored aex goiag West
rescued mat pout, aad tfce- brakeman
put his head in aide the deer aad shouted
" Cuba !" Oae old colored xaaa rose,
and as his hair straitened oat with sad
den, fear, said: "Dar, I knowM it!
Heah we is in Cuba, an dai ar white
man's gwine to pat bs in de wax or sell
ns 'fore day. Pse gwine from heah,"
and followed by abovt thirty others, he
bolted off the train and into the woods.
leaving the ftgeat aiooe in his glory.
', A5D GABDEN.
icMef of th natitm
fceyoaA ether- nJrtatlon,
mad from ear? now free :
(rrasted in Eden,
. tlte farmer for er
TktMffcMM for the pa4e, plow, and hoe
The P$jklarxScicnce Monthly says
on a piece ol a
that was covered with
it mado them let go
Sun recommends bus-
top of a
I sheep-killing dog from the
:so that his lore-xeet will
from, the floor, and
oldeAbiMkin the flock'
Eli. . sx
jdV JftmmmWVm.lmvBv srB7VE4lmmmVmmmSmVmmVBRikW' W
Now thtmany faraers' havo better
arrangements for wintering milch cows,
they should arrange for having more
fresh ones for winter. A plenty of milk,
cream, and butter for winter is a luxury
no good farmer should do without. A
family that toils through tho drudgery
of the summer should have something
during the winter a little better than
An English scientist has discovered a
fact important to farmers. It is that
sulphite of lime appears to exercise do
cided influence in arresting the spread
of decay in potatoes affected by the po
tato disease. In one experiment tho
salt was dusted over some tubers, part
ly decayed from this cause, when they
were stowed way. Some months after
ward tho potatoes were found to have
suffered no further injury.
I have known persons on market-day
to go out and kill twelve or fifteen fowls,
and to bring them into n room where
there would be half a dozen women and
boys pulling a few feathers at a time,
between thumb and forefinger to pre
vent tearing them. Now, for the bene
fit of such, I give our plan : Hang the
fowl by tho feet by a small cord ; then
with a small knife givo one cut across
tho upper jaw, opposite the corners of
the mouth ; after the blood has stopped
running a stream, place tho point of the
knifo in tho groove in the upper part ef
the month, rnn tho blado up into the
back part of the head, which will causo
a quivering and twitching of the mus
cles. . Now is vour time, for overy
feather yields as if by magic, and there
is no danger of tearing tho most tender
chick. Before he attempts to flap, you
can have him as bare as tho day ho
camo out of the egg. Journal of Hor
ticulture. Comparison of Breeds of Poultry.
Isaac Lynde, of Ohio, writing to flie
Poultry World, describes an experi
ment tried by him last Reason-. At tho
1st of September ho took ten pullets,
each of five breeds, each within a week,
of being six months old, and placed
them in a yard forty feet square, with
comfortable houses. For tho next six
months ho kept an account of their food
and egg production, with the following
The Dark Brahmos ate 369 quarts of
corn, oats, and wheat screenings, laid
605 eggs, and weighed 70 pounds.
Tho Buff Cochins ato -106 quarts, laid
591 eggs, and weighed 7J1 pounds.
The Gray Dorkings ate 1109 quarts,
laid 524 eggs, and weighed 591 jounds.
Tho Houdans ate 214 quarts, laid 783
eggs, and wciglied 45 pounds.
The Leghorns ate 231 quarts, laid
807 eggs, aud weighed 36 pounds.
It will bo seen by the above compari
son that tho Leghorns laid tho greatest
number of eggs with tho smallest
Hoos and Corn. Tho Commercial
Jieviciv publishes a table from correr
8pondents in Blinois, Iowa, Missouri,
Kansas, Ohio, and Indiana, in regard to
the number of hogs likely to bo sent to
market, tho present condition, probable
timo of marketing and condition of corn
crop. Of 97 points in Illinois 58 report
a less number of hogs than last year, 27
about tho same number, and 12 report
more. Tho corn crop is universally re
ported short in Illinois from one-third
to one-half. Of 58 places in Iowa 27
report fewer hogs than last year, 20
about the same and 11 more. The con
dition of tho corn crop is about the
same as in Illinois. Of 21 points in In
diana 11 report fewer hogs, 7 abont the
same number, and 3 more. The corn
crop is better in several localities, but
generally short In Missouri 12 points
report fewer hogs, 8 abont the same
number, and 3 more. The corn crop is
short one-third to one-half. Ohio
makes the best showing, 4 points report
ing an increase in hogs, 15 about the
same numler, and 8 a decrease. The
report of the corn crop shows equal to
last year, except in Illinois. The con
dition of hogs appears abont the same
as at the same time last year, but many
points in Illinois report them not so far
PARLOR AJI O KITCHKH.
Pickle for Hams. For one hundred
pounds of ham take six gallons of water,
nine pounds of salt, one quart of mo
lasses, three ounces of saltpeter, and
one ounce of saleratus. When ready to
smoke they can be soaked and fresh
ened to taste, if too salt.
Sponge Cake. One cup of sugar, one
cup of flour, sifted, four large of five
small eggs. Beat the sugar and yolks
nicely together. Beat the whites to a
stiff froth, add to the sugar and yolks ;
then stir in the flour. One teaspoonfnl
of essence of lemon. Bake in a quick
To Make Shirt-bosoms Glossy. Dis
solve three ounces of clean, powdered,
white gum Arabic in one pint of water.
When thoroughly dissolved, strain it
through a piece of cotton cloth, and
bottle for use. One tablespoonful of
this gum water, added to a pint of
starch, will give a beautiful smooth
gloss to cotton or linen fabrics.
Washing Powders. Dissolve two
poands of soap in five and a half gallons
of nearly boiling water, aad to this add
three large tablespoonfuk of ammonia,
and one of spirits of" terpentine. In
this the linen is to be soaked for three
hoars, when it is readily cleansed, re
amiringbat little rubbing. Ammonia
does not affect lines fiber as soda does.
Cms rB EoACMX. Ch3dresi at
sometimes afflicted with earache to an
alarming extent, and there is sometimes
a difficulty in obtaining an effectual
remedy for tho disorder. A writer in
tho Household says that she takes a
piece of salt pork an inch or more long,
and half an inclusquare ; cut down ono
end to fit tho ear, and insert it, taking
care to have the piece too large to slip
in. Tie" a handkerchief to keep it in
place, if tho child will allow it She
also used pork for soro throat, croup
and lung colds. Cut slices half an inch
thick, dip in warm water, sprinkle on a
little pepper, and sew on a flannel. Sho
has used pork for earacho especially,
and always found it to give instant re
lief. , Bice Ptddixq. One quart of new
tHrwrdra cnpfnTot nee. Keep it hot
in a saucepan on the back part of the
stove for two hours, or until the rice is
soft enough. Then add one quart of
milk, ono cupful of sugar, and when
cool enough, two eggs (tho yolkes and
whites beaten separately until they are
frothy), a piece of butter tho size of a
walnut, and a very little salt Mix
carefully, 6o as not to break the rice,
and bake about half or three-quarters
of an hour.
Care of Canary Birds. Hang the
cage where tho drafts do not strike the
bird. Ghe canary and rapo seed,
plenty of fresh water, cnttlo fish bone,
and clean gravel on the bottom of tho
cage often. Also, givo the birds fresh
water to bathe in every day. After they
havo bathed, remove tho dish, which
should bo shallow. The room should
not be over-heated. Do not give them
cake or sugar. When moulting, feed
them on rape seed slightly moistened.
Hard-boiled egg and crackers grated
are excellent Bed seed will kill birds.
Cabbage and sweet apples are good for
them, and new and then a fig. Plan
tain seed is also wholesomo food for
them, and thoy are extravagantly fond
of it, often eating that when they reject
most other kinds of food. When you
go out for a walk, bo sure to gather a
sprig for your pet, and before frost
gather and dry somo for winter use.
With moderate caro the little songstress
will repay your attention with sweet
notes of joy.
David Livingstone, the soldier of civil
ization, the missionary of humanity,
has died in tho midst of his discoveries.
Tho element of sadness alont his end
cannot eflaco tho glorv which attaches
to a life's work well tlono to a career
of real heroism and self-sacrifice, closed
amid tho scenes of its greatest triumphs.
When we say that Dr. Livingstone mado
great and brilliant contributions to geo
logical knowledge that ho blotted out u
southern Sahara from tho map of
Africa aud substituted in its stead a
beautiful and fertilo region filled with
nol lo lakes, rivers and mountains wc
have only touched upon one side of tho
work of tho great explorer. For moro
than thirty-fivo years, Livingstono has
devoted himself to opening up tho
interior of Africa to civilized inter
course, that ho might secure tho abo
lition of tho slave trado and tho eleva
tion of tho negro race. Tho recent
treaty mado for that end with tho Sultan
of Ziuizibar was probably regarded by
Livingstone as a greater triumph than
would havo been the discovery of the
veritable source of tho Nile. Sir
Samuel Baker's recent expedition to tho
head of tho White Nilo has shod a new
light upon tho endless ramifications and
tke enormous extent of tho African trade
in human flesh. Tho great lake basin
of equatorial Africa to whoso explor
ation Livingstono has contributed by
far tho largest share, teems with popu
lation, and presents a hunting ground
for man-stcalcrs with which no other
part of tho continent can compare. If
Livingstone has succeeded in showing
tho European trader a path and a mar
ket for commodities through this vast
region, and has thus sealed the doom
of tho Arab man-stealers, he has ful
filled what has undoubtedly been tho
main object of his life.
It is toooon to speculate about Liv
ingstone's success in solving the great
geographical problems that formed the
immediato subject of his lalwrs. Near
ly two years of Livingstone's wander
ings remain unaccounted for between
his latest recorded visit to TJnyanyembe,
and the journey thither in the course of
which ho died. During that period he
mayjuave explored more thoroughly than
heretofore the chain of lakes lying to
tho west of Tanganyika, and where ho
hoped to find the last secret of the Nile.
The fact that the expedition which
found Livingstone and in whose com
pany he died, was on the way from Like
Bemba to Unyanyembe a journey of
at least 700 miles seems to bear out
this view, and this also tallies with the
Elan he is said to have marked out for
;mself in the beginning of 1872.
A SseceMfal Battle wita Deer.
Last Monday enening a deer was rnn
off the mountain by some hunters.
Late in the evening tho deer came in
the neighborhood of Dechenl, pur
sued by some hounds which were pretty
well run down. Mr. Mike Madden,
finding it out, put his bounds, which
were fresh, in pursuit. The deer being
pretty well fagged, and fresh bounds in
Eursnit, took refuge in the creek just
ack of Mr. Hockersmith's, where he
fought the dogs off until Mr. Madden
came up. He being a bold and reaolate
man. at once bulged in the creek and
laid hold of the deer, when a desperate
struggle ensued. The deer would drag
him out of the water and back again ;
but after a long struggle, and in great
danger of getting badly hurt, he finally
killed him. The deer proved to be a
fine, large buck, with rather an extra rig
f horns. Wincehnter Tarn.') Jour
nal. Thjs customers of a cooper in the
highlands caused him a gnat deal of
vexation by their saving habits and per
sistence in gcttutg their tubs asd casks
repaired, buying very little new work.
" I stood it long enoBgh, however," said
he, "until, one day, old M'Cawbrie
brosght in an old baac-hok. try which
he said he wanted a sew barrel.- The
I quitted tha North in disjrtia,-"
Ben. Batler, tae Terror ef Congre
Tho newspaper correspondents con
tinue their relentletxi war on tho famous
" Essex statesman. " Hero is ono of the
latest fchots, tired by a Washington let
ter writer: i
The country will bo brightened somo
fine morning with tho tidings that Ben.
Butler has been batted in tho face, may
bo, if the Lord is especially gracious,
killed like Gesur " in the capita!." It ,
will le done bv somo new member
Brown of Calaveras, or any other "
wrathy delegate from tho western sloH?.
Tho seats m tho house of representa
tives are arranged iu a semi-circular
form, with aisles radiating thickly from
the centre. Half a pio cut in slices of
idea or he general plan. There is af
little area in tho center occupied by tho
pages und Ben. Butler. Old Strabis
mus has a seat somewhere back with
tho other representatives, but he never '
sits in it. When not lounging in the
lobby ho is usually hovering in this bit
of open field directly under the speak
er's nose. When a member, new or old,
gainsays a statement of Butler's, the
latter makes directly up the aisle and
fixes his complicated staro straight into
the face of tho talker. Men who have
become inured to this horriblo phan
tasm, haunting tnem in broad daylight
so closely that its demoniac breath can
almost be felt, talk right on with aston
ishing unconcern. Farnsworth used to
go further. He would return staro for
store, and leer for leer. But all men
are not FarusAvorth's, and it is otily
after n severe apprenticeship has been
served that a man can preservo his co
herency within average proximity to
Butler's relentless jowl.
Tho fearful phase of all this matter
is that Butler grows worse as lie grows
older, in congressional sin. Five or six
years ago he could bo endured if not
cured, and even a fresh representative
fish could bo allowed to flounder in tho
shallow waters of a maiden speech with
a modicum of annoyance. Now Butler
waits nntil tho raw member has worried
well into tho core of his address. Hav
ing gradually found that his voice does
not ring a particularly different jangle
in the halls of Capitol hill from its old
time twang in the district schooMionsu
or police court, the new delegato has
partially acquired confidence in himself
and is warming into something liko vig
or. This is Butler's cue. Tho Essex
county fiend drives his hands into his
pockets and starts across the house, os
tensibly iqion a private impulse. Ho
contrives to tako a path which will bring
him face to face with tho victim ; then
abruptly stops as if ho had for tho tirat
timo discovered that somclody was talk-'
A look of utter amazement spreads
over his knotty features, uhich oxpniw
iu tho acme of pantomime, "Why, who
in thunder are you ? How long havo you
been here, anyway?" Then ho twirls
his twisted glare alternatively from tho
half-stranded oratorical craft to tho Hea
of members around him with a painful
look of inquiry. Ho auks, as clearly an
tho words themselves could do it : " Is
this oil right, boys ; docs this fellow be
long hero ?" satisfied, apparently, that
tho poor devil is duly qualified; Butler
flops into tho nearest empty seat. An
interminable oglo of hungry curiosity
is turned into tho wretched being's soul,
nnd at last ho wilts and collapses into
scrrility and slinkH down to his boots.
Butler strolls away tugging at a cold
And so I say that on somo auspicious
morning tho national heart will bo made
f;lad with tho news that his oblique faco
las been smashed into harmonious pulp.
He will corral an arrival from central
Color, do, who, liko Mucdntf, will " hiy
Ages of our Congressmen.
Tho united ages of 72 Senators arc
3,1150 years, or an average of 4l yearn
and nearly ,'$ months each.. The ages of
3 arc not given. Tho actual years in
tho total of them given is 2,1)70 years,
Cameron is 74, Dorsey, just over 31.
There are 5 under 10 years, 2 over 40
and under 50, and a number from f0 to
51), while there arc ten from (V0 to 61),
and 1 over 70. There arc 15 ex-Governors,
18 ex-Beprescntativea, 1 ex-Vice-President,
2 ex-Cabinet officer, 3 ouce
Ministers abroad, 3 Presidential clec-
tors, 3 ex-Lieutenant Governors, and 15 ,
who have seen military service. One of
tho Senatorial soldiers was a private, 7
Major-Geacrals (2 in the rebel service),
and 4 Brigadiers (1 iu tho rfbel army);
1 was a chaplin and another a surgeon.
Of occupations among Senators, 3G arc
lawyers, C planters, 2 railroad presidents
4 who havo been or are printers and ed
itors, 1 lumber dealer, 1 civil engineer,
2 manufacturers, 5 merchants, 1 a miner
in Nevada, and another a coal miner and
banker. Two Senators have been reg
ularly apprenticed to the carpenters
trade Brownlow and Oglesby.
have held high indicia! positions.
have been Chief Justices in their states.
une senator nas neid oiiice ever since
leaving college ; 24 havo received a col
legiate, 19 an academic, and 17 a com
mon school education. Pennsylvania
claims 8 Senators, 3 of whom have "car-
in the nortb, New York claims 6 and
ar i .: ? . -v: rr .i -r-:
claim as manv. teching. furnacea in working condition, capable
J of an annual production of 4,000,000
Iafaat Xertalitv. tons of pig iron, a quantity greater
Ofthepeoplewbodeincdties,a'hlJic f?001'7, eaontmi
trifle morVthan half are children tinder P' nd " txui !F1
5 vears of age. , Tbe disea. that cause j ! demand foriron wuf go
this infant iorlality are manv, but their - TK? Hot? fl.the de
causes are few. Itougbly sUted. they S mkd ?. PPkd wd another oes
are bad ventilation, defective drainage; Btioa wU1 be occasioned.
and adulterated milk. The land-owners "
who build air-tight tenement -hemaes, I the Island of Crete it is enstomary
the city that leaves ita sewerage nsdag for thy friend asd relations of married
and its parks unopened, aad the dairv- cowptes to grva expression to thtr fe
mes who feed their cows on garbage and joiang by firing off pistol asd gun at
then dilute the poisoned flfr they yield 0 tc cosclaaioa of the naptial txnsmosr,
these three unite to plav Herod and L ceti Jhey are gtJseraUy drunk, On
cause the modern slaughter of the iaan- the occasion of a recest wwTlfig a
cent. ItisBOtstrangethatsomanychil- yonag asan who had refcuMd hcMae to
dren die ; the only wonder i that more reokiuah hia powikr flack estfer4 the
of thesa do not give np the ghost of life ' cellar whare the powder was ke4 wsi
tliat dines to their bodies " Mast's
inhumanity to man" is bad enonrii. bat
mint barbaritr to ehHdrra is vorv.
, Tht profits of saloon-keepers' bad-
iwemo us jma.-mmm,
THE CHOW CII1M1KK.
T rfllJJIK UT.
A bntitaman. N-rtnj: hiVgua aM.
Wt at whltUu: tutrtilj ;
Wbn hr brant the t-Urkrot of Mack crv
CaU out fruta a wttbrrrJ tf :
Yoa are going to kill lb thWvUb blrtl.
AoJ I wulJ.U I r jm:
Hat you mustat touch tay fxiullj-,
lWbalir ela you do !
" I'm only goi&g to kill tbr UnU
Ybat arc ratiuK up aj crop :
And If yuur jotini: vara doaucb tbtuk-,
lie ur tbjll bar to tp "
" Ob." aald tb crow, " my rbUdrn
Arc tbo Nt our rr born :
Tbrrr tint on aicoutf tbrm all
Would tcal a grain of rum.
" But hov abaU t kaaw bich our tboy ar?
Do uwy nwiMHtiii-
Ho off wrut tbr jortmiD, whWtllni;,
Aud off, too, wrut bU gun ;
And ttattartllug rclum urr crr!
Again till tbr day wa dunr.
Aud tbr old crow aat untroubled.
Cawing away tn brr nook ;
For hr aald. " 1111 uvr ktll luy bird
Stnor I told btm bow tbry look.
Now, tbV tbr bav.k. my nrlghWir,
Sbrll M- wbat br will nrr, Hion ;
And tbatvaucy, wbUtllug blavkbird
May bavo to rbangt bl tunr !"
Wben. lo! 1m- aw tbr butitrr
Taking bl botnrward track.
With a trtng t crow u lung a at gun
llangtng down bl l-aek.
" Alack, al.:k," aail tbe motbrr.
Mit In the world br jtxi don;
You jironitM.I to j-aio my ptrtty Mrda,
And youSr ktllrd tbriu cvrry our."
" Your MrH t" ald tbr puszlrd tinnier ;
" Wby. I found tbriu Iu my corn ;
And braldra, tbry arr blaok and ugly
A auy tbatrrr wrrr born 1"
" Ort out of my ight, you tuld 1"
Said tbr augrtrt of crow ;
" How good and talr brr cblldrru ar
Tbrrr'a nour but a lrrnt ktio"".
All ! I iwr, 1 -," said tbr banter,
" Hut not aa )ou do, iiillr ;
It takr a mother to I ao blind
8br cant Ml black from wbltr."
Stuaisino sweetness Kissing through
ItuonBlHitANDwill try aud make room
for u grange or two.
Wanted, a needle to sow a patch on
tho pants of a tired dog.
Why should artists drink paint?
cau.se it suits their palate.
Ah twice eleven in twenty. two,
can twice ten be twenty too ?
A roon family iu Green Bay had to
mortgago their Hix dogs, last week, to
get a barrel of flour. Tho comj is pili
At what timo of life may a man bo
said to Ivelong to the vegetable king
dom ? When long experience has made
What is tho difference between a
farmer and h botllo of whifkyV Tim
1 farmer husbands the corn and thulxittlo
of whisky corns the husband.
The advent of a wildcat broke up n
wedding iu Missouri, the other evening.
Tluo young ladies didn't like the uuw
claws which tho catamount sought to
introduce into the ceremonies.
Tin: father of Brigham Young was a
3Iethodint, but an eccentric man. Ho
wanted his children to bo Chrintinus ;
and, as a means of making thnm such,
ho promised to give a sheep to tho one
who would kneel and make tho Iw-nl
prayer. Thoy all knelt, and Brigham
obtained tho prize.
A cross-eyed man cast u gloom over
a Detroit street-car, lat Wednesday, by
asking ono of seven men and Grangers
on the opposite seat "if he hud any
chewing tobacco lmndy." First tlm
' seven strangers looked at rach other ;
then the seven hands went pocketward ;
and, observing thin motion, each of tho
seven supjoscd his ncighlor tho on
HKken to, aud the seven handn returned
empty. Tho cros-eyed man cast a
ricochet glance of indignation along tho
line, and with tho remark, "A sweet
scented lot of generous roo&tcrs," took
a chew of his own tobacco.
A residence on Buchanan street, In
dianapolis, has tho following coupicu
onuly posted up in front :
"NO tocsqk man AIXOWED
-to cotw 4nd COUKTE my
y baa rX0W to PAY DOWN
on a nocaeaad Isrr
tJaza in VI h 3 trarra
for mm. by nr. WITHIN
Ire Xanafactcre is FeBBjfTlvaaJa.
In conversation with a leading iron
master, a few days ago, a rrporter of
the Allentown (P-J Chronicle Wrned
tliat most of the fnrnac- in tho country
are preparing to go into blast again, as
buyers who have been holding off for
lower prices arc convinced that iron
will sell no chcaDcr for the craicnt. and
are sending in their orders, thus creat-
JUK revival iu iuc irauu. a uo nin;
' authority predicts that next winter tho
dullness in iron will equal that which
wo jst experienced, ami say thero will
be man iron manufactured in the coun
try this coming spring than there will
le next fall. The American Iron and
Steel Association have ascertained bv a
I through canvass of the country, that
ir or a n the. TTnitA.1 rtw RiU hlaat
& urfcted caadle m his html. A
e momumim after be had reached has
a frifthllal sspkxuofl
' bpdrng a4 tbe three ad joiaiag i
i bete blows to frMnae&ta. The n
of the yosaf sum were fnxd ataco
i . .y c "
" -T.- V ; "-
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