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About Nebraska herald. (Plattsmouth, N.T. [Neb.]) 1865-1882 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 19, 1882)
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1 qr... 7oo $7m f2 IHW I3W 100 12
Jsqra 160 3 00 S75 btl W 1000 1 M
Ssqra. soo its 4oo f to too 13 00 loot
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30l.. 100 13 00 1600 H00 2600 4000 MM
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PUBLISHED EVEUY TUrjEiiDAY,
Oh: Vti St., On Bioek Nortli of Mala,
'""t. of F-nri Street.
n Advertising DB1 Dn Quart rl.
JNO. A. MACMURPHY, Editor.
(TERMS : $2.00 a Year.
Traaafeas Advert meats most to rsf
Terma In Advunea:
One cop. oit yea
r-eeopy, six m-r.iCo. 1 M
One ropy. ?Jm e li.outL, M
Extra Co plea of the Hsbald for sal kf
PLATTSMOUTH, NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 19, 1882.
J. T. Tov5, al the roet-Offioo Wewe Depot,
H tel y d rt ?! H
ilsi rsler to
15 not forget the pBae !
J t. HrC'KKA,
U'VTPVl MIC PHYSIf.-IAN. Offlce nrer V.
V". .'i fhi !i..rl!a:-e Store, riattmoutU,N
lUi. . SALISIU KY,
jnic ovrr Muiili. Black ik Cn'n. lruK Store.
First cla donMstry at reasonable prices, irjly
DB1TTIS T .
OH)ren Mai) Street over Solomon A Na
AanS Store. S'y a
Hit. II. MEADK,
PHYSICIVN And SVUOEOK. office in Fitz
f rraltl Biotk. whtcli will te open day or night.
. IS. ItOUtiK, M . .
PRACTISING VHVSiriAN. Office and Drug
Biore. M.ln M. neux Xbird PlatUiueutn. Neb,
k. it. i.ivi..Toaf. n. i,
IMCV.-ICIAN A fVROJIOjr.
OPFH.'E IIOL'KS. fiom 10 a. in., to 3 p. n.
Kknnr UiUr haifct-oc lor U. S. Pension.
ATTORNEY AND SOLICITOR. Will trac
tl in the Si.iia A&d Federal Courts. Residence
' STly PLATTSMOUTH, NKB. .
" JAM. 31 VTII RW
AltOKNKV AT LAW.
Otf:e over Pake r Sc AlwoodV store, south Hid
. C Jlaia betweeu r'lD anl etn street. 2ltl
XS'IKIa M. WISH.
. C0L LECTIO AV M 3JCMZTt.
ATTORNEY AT LAW. Ke;J Estate. Fire Tn
imxq(.f uuJ t.'i!ifiilia Aecncjr. Oio In Fit.
Kfrslo's bio K. i'i;k:tsinouih, Nebraska.
11. B. WlSUHAM.
1), A. CAMPB
ATT&HSKY8 AT LAW.
PUttsniontli, - Nebraska.
" r.o. . hjiitii.
-JLTTOEJfKY AT LAW a;. d Real Estate m
! k.er. rpei:'J i.'tirui'ii i;iven to Coliectioua
and tl Matters aSectnvp the title to real estat.
Jt:M n d tii over fwat Of.lce. rUlk.niotuli,
iK Si. WIII.KI.fcK & CO.
L,W OFFICh, Real l-tato. Fire and Life I-SHJ-HiiCe
A rit. latlri'outU, NehraMka. Col
ltors. tax -paver. Have a complete abstract
tt tiUe. Buy "and sell ral estate, negotiate
vUus, tc. i5yi
: JA:ur.8 x:. uoitKiMOX,
" ATTORN EYAI LAW. Will pra: i;ee iu Ca
anrt jid'otr.ir? Cum n ties ; gives sjn'cia. attenticn
t eolleermiit and afsir:cts of titl. wil-o io
Fity,;cra!d i:'.;v k. i it:--m.nit;i. Nebraska.
D'ii f. HiI.Ll lt.
P H Y SlI'lAX A N S C K ii EON,
Can ii.1 f Jim-; by caljus at Iii olurre, Hont:i side
f Min etr'
t. ljt':ui-a itll ;u.d heveiittl.
' hmi-NOir uure especially to t'vvn
Tiic LJiiiail Ceiilral Hotel
. A f JSOtjrjI JJENI), NEB..
T3Y DE. 131. ICIEMCJU,
IIou!., lu uij flted up. Everything now and
neat. Meals and Lodging at Iteacona
. l rates. Caii and try u.
b. asi.n.R. house;
WJ CORNER MAIN AND SECOND 8TR'S,
Near B. & M. Taseenger Depot.
. .Newly relltted and furnished throughput. At
lordinnan excellent view of the R. B. Bridge.
ltt ctiiveulfbtly located, prcially for the
The tU-s always supplied with the beet of
ii connection with the house. Lunch baskets
CUed at all hours. Termn reaouable. Ptf
ST tt EIGHT & 311LIER
aAd all klflds of harness ato?t, constantly
Repairing of all Kinds !
HE A TL r DONE m SHORT NOTICE
NEW 'HARNESS !
TURNED OUT IN SHORT ORflJSR
And -Satisfaction Guaranteed.
jyFerriulvr tle plnce. Ojiposite Ileur
fUuTk'" Furuttuie toin. on Lower Main Street,
21-l.v TRFIOHT d- MILLER.
W A CON REPAIRIN'
All kinds of
Neatly d- Promplp
Hji-m Jlulctk Ox Shoeing,
In short. 'll shw anything that his
:t;r htt. from a Zebra to a Giraffe.
Come and see us.
ii Ki.th 5t itetween Main as A Vine Street.
-.cros . e corner from the hw HEKAL
:. .it U- mAwi.mM rt mm piWI, wt.i
- l. wtl ULmIu, Wlli tlB
ri. ft i.i i iCMM- tfifft jMlkus AatlM tr.
close out oisi caatlr
OF PLATTSMOUTH. NEBRASKA,
fOHN FHifi r'KA LD .
K. i. DOVKV
A. V. M Lat,JHI.IS.
JO'H O KOCttlE
.. Assistant Cashier.
rhis Bank in now open for buoines at their
-iew room, corner Main and Sixth streets, and
is prepared to transact ueueral
Slocks, Bonds, Gald, Govsmment sad Local
DOUGHT AND SOLD.
Deposits Reoeived and Interest JUoro
ed on Time Certificates,
Vrailable In any part of th United States and
la all tLe Priuolnai Towns aad Cities
AG FOIl THE
nman Line akd Allan Line
Person wishing to bring out their friends from
a u rope can
PUltl HA!E TICKETS FOM VS
Through to rUttniHOUlli.
WEEPING WATER BANK
This Bank U uow open for the tranactiou of a
Banking Exchange Business.
Kooelved. and Interest allowed on Time Certi
Drawn, aud available la the principal tow ts
and cities of the United States and Europe.
A'jentsfor the chbrattd
Line of. steamers.
f'urtl.iw your tkts froiri us,
Through from Europe to any
Point in the West.
IiKEl) Hi;i)SM pur WeppLig Wter. Neb.
. " DEALER IN
ra'i -a x 9 T n
mwim ma', -m. b mSmm
1TC, ETf ., FTC,
Of All Descriptions.
METALLIC BURIAL C ASEf
of all sizus. re.idy made umi sold cheap for cash
MY FINE HEARSE
r IH KOAV READY FOR UER ICE.
With nR&y thanks for past patronage,
invite all to cidl an J examine my
LARGE HTOCK OF
IStf. Pl'Bm'1 AKD COFFIXH
(h a a .
C S ss o
trj p3 3
P. J. Hans v.st. C. E. Chassot.
HANSEN &. CHASSOT
GrewrU'S, Provisions and
AG K NTS FOR TUE
GERMAN IA LIFE I NUANCE COMPANY,
GERMAN FIRE INSURANCE -COMPANY.
MILWAUKEE MECHANIC'S MUTUAL,
- Milwaukee, Wis.
WKSTERN HORSE AND CATTLE INs. CO..
. Omaha, Neb.
HAM BURG AMERICAN STEAMSHIP PACK
. . NORTH GERMAN LLOYD.
STEAMSHIPS BETWEE57 HAMDUEG.
BREMEN AND NEW YORK. IS'.y
AUKXTH W A TI fortbePesrand Fast
steUiBR Pictorial hooks and Bibles. Price
rfdueed z- itr cut. Nalfoual PubUsbiM "o,
kSjso a fall line of TLWJJMEHiWEAIE, 3FILAMEJ3BIL ZHnUSITS, EOSi JACIIiEirS, WUKJTIHJEl
22LffayffEWS, we will for the next Thirty IDays sell KTISW ITQEJIS: SIP I
n.ttor. Neb. City.
A I. VI v s r . i -.M.s. IT. r. hcii.it or. Omaha.
E K. V A I.'t.N 11 , !', i;i:i'i stiit:it'e. West Point
AI.!;INI"S J A M !:. Coventor. Lincoln.
S. .1. ALICN V Mi! I.', Scci. tai v State.
.JOHN WA LLK'MS. Auditor, Lincoln.
C M. HAL' 1 1 . K i I". Treasurer. Lincoln.
V. V. .lu.M'S. s:iiii. i'iiliii- I ii!t,ruction.
A. C Ki:il !.. '...tinl 'ooiMiifMoner.
"..!. lILw1;Tti. MOr:.fV II.MieMl.
Ki.V. C. '. K.:i-.Ci5;.:.!mi .t Penitentiary
i;;. ii. p. -;a i't'.ii-:vsu, i-pt Hospital for
S. :,vXV. ;;i i . '.'l.i-r lusrifr, Frasnont.
AV.i:A C !i.
J-t.r-jHtt .I'lt'firial ?Mt!ricl
S. II. PO'.WD. Ji: ! .-.h, Li'i. o:n.
J. C. WATM'N. i'l 'secutiii-Att'y. Neb. City.
W. C. i-Hiiv. a ii i;i;, ti.iK liiri'.t Court,
l'latt -in iu:i.
JOHN O'Eol'RK !:. Mari.r.
i. . PAT! l:KsoN. Treasurer.
J. 1. UM I son, city Clerk.
UICHALl VIVIAN. Police Judce.
K. B. WINDHAM, City Attorney.
F. E. Willi E. Chief of Fire Dept.
S. II. lUCIi.Yi'M, Ch'n Hoard of Health.
lftWard--F. CORDER. J. M. SCHNELL
2d V.tri I. V. V. KritBACH. J. S DART
3d Ward I '! 1 1. . '.!, A i tKW. 1. M AN.
h Ward-!'. ;! ' ' V LLAN. C. S. DAWSON.
s-. i;.nL. r.'MUil,
V. V. I.KOS
!.. ( K. .'. N. WISE.
i:u. u ,i. WIN IKRTEEN.
e:j. ci;li sk i
IS vAC WILES,
i.V). V. Al VllSilALL.
W. II. NEW!-".;.!,, c.nuitv l'reniirer.
J 'v. JEN IM.s, vituiitv Cb'tk.
A. A. !.Vl.:ti '. County Jude.
U. W. HYKhs. --ri!.
CYLL'S Al.l'iN. s i-l't of lui. Instruction.
ii. W. FAlili'l i J.i. t'cu;.!i Survt-yor.
P. 1". (J ASS, coroner.
ISA4C vr;i.E.s. pia'titno ith Pr.cluet.
J A M FS K I- ' : l! . S j t h I lend Precluet.
SAM'I. Kit -ilATlTON. Mt. PU-ar.tit IrM!iBCt.
Ttrtits Lavifi- tislue-s with the County
Co:i-'ii.'t:'j :t-.. . :i! iind tlieni ia session the
! iist Mon;'.;c a;:.i Tuosd;:y of each month.
lire iv.ff -s in January, 1533,
; is then to ui- elected.
and il'.S. so
"..Ill (. !. '
P.a'i a. in. 1
3.:m . in.
1 i.i- a hi
7.. ''1 i hi.
in.:;-.! a .
I:.'.' ;. in. i
ll.ni a in.
tu ti;:i'.ts;TtT;i: F
-tiVl t "lAIL.
I s.ixi a. nt.
) 3. (mi p. ni.
l c.M a. in.
I C 16 p. iu.
Z.fSi p. Ill
0 a. m
7 " a. in.
oo j. rn.
:. I.W p. ni
i.. I.ijo p. m
I I I! i .
lir n s.
i: 1 li.
lt c i;
i; O' lliM's ii ('V--
Utr -!. an : .. i
aiiiount ii. ;.: ';o
liiii -T net ci- ;i ' -i.
I"t class ma'. ; . r U
2d " ' ( :
Sd " " I ;
liook1' ci i
ea'l i i ih"
4th cl-iss inci' ii.n,
. 4):dr l:r
- - lOcetit
- - 15 rent
- - jo cent
- - ::5 cents
y incUide ar.y
V dollars, but
It'll l to ti
i r : iio
- KO!t I
1 part of a cent.
.its per i ounce.
i!ji!ii-r'n rates i i cts per lb.
.n-ieor Nev.t- papers and
-cr tlii- i-iavj I c-v'iit per
nt per ounce.
Makshai l. P.
Nod 0. 1881.
I avi' 1 :
I.evvs s :
.' ; ?:.'. PL, i rsMOUTII.
i i. An : vt-s 4 a. in.
4 :1 p. io.
V :4'i .i. HI.
in 'La JV.SMOCTH.
A :v lo :0.' a. ia.
Io. ' :t.J n. 111.
io. " 7 :J". . m.
'.. '!!!: VMST.
.' i i Ji. .. m. - Arrivei Lia-
, if vts . 7: 40 p. m.
rt i ,
Leaves V( . ; -,
COl U. 11 : ii. ; .
l.t ;iv" C p
. 1:1 ; :illl't c i.ia.'Ool 9 ito p. UI.
.a it a. n. .unit at 8 :15 p. m.
r re lit le.it.v
Arrive at i.i.iou;n ;.u : m p. in. ana x :o a, m.
FROM THE WEST.
Leaves K. nrney. 6 -.30 a. ia. leaves Uncoln,
1 .W t- ni. Arrives Plattsmoi.tli. i ulO .u
Leaves Li.u-t'in 7 a, in ; arrives Plattsmouth
a :iit a. in.
Fieigiit If.iVt-s Lincoln at 12 :05 p. m. and 9 :)
p. in. ai i iv s at i';altmoutli al 5 ;i5 p. in. and
2 :50 -a. in.
COl Nil E VST.
Passenger trails leave riattsiiiouth at 7 00 a.
m.. it i a. in., a 4o p in. and arrive at lac it) c
Junction at 7 a. m., u 2J a. in. and 4 10 p. m.
1T.OM THE E A ST.
" Pascenpt-r ;i :iii!' leave Pacific Junction at 8 33
a. ni..fi :& p. m., in a. in. and ariivw at Platts
uiouth at :' a. in.. G -.) ii. in. and 10 40 a. in.
ft. V. U. II. Time Table.
Takiny EJscl Suwl'.rj, Xovemler C, 1881.
WKST. STATIONS. EAST.
6:l.pm IiASllNoS. s.sopm
6:15 AYK. 8:55
1 :25 1! I K II 1 1.1. j 8 :1s
8 :i'0 ot'.VI.IX 7
80 AMi;i)V 6 :
:M' UHO CM'T 1). rl W
10:15 INAY4LK. i UiO
1':.5 !-Vl!,l:. 4:00
11 :4rt ' FRANKLlN. 2:50
Ji:1fpm , lii.f i 'i! s .. AtS. I 2:45
lii:40 N. oM.. i;45
1 :-' Lt iT HI.ICAX 120
2 :-'0 ALMA It :56am ,
3:11' oiilKtVs 11:25 !
3:10 11-23. 1
4:'0 j oXFOiUi 10 ":20
6 :-0 I A ; V I'Alii E 9 :1S J
MONARCH BILLIARD II ALL I
la the b.isi-iueut of Merges Store,
PLATTSMoUTii, - - - NEBRASKA.
i:e door east of the I. O.
Rooms Newly Fitted up With !
-mv Uo v 1IU II TABLES.
.Cigars l Tjinpsrane Drinks
a. tin counter,
it is a wide .a:'l p:cioi4S Hail ; plrtity room
foi I i.- :.:.! seals lor viitois.
H. Ii. MURPHY,
"tf I Top.
U . t3 o
I ' o Sack Ii
lip.-ilf i- in
. Ill I II 1 Hl I!
I uu uu u
MANUFACTURER OF -
On Maiu Street, opposite Court Bouse.
made to order. Also a rood line of Smoker's
Articles of all kind, Tobaccos. &e., Ac. 35m3
that the Cheaprst and Bf.ht Place to buy
Staple and Fancy Groceries
First-Class Dry Goods,
IS at TII
OLD RELIABLE ST0REI
Jfy?- f fferhbiteff,
Cor. Main and Third St'e. Plattsmouth.
tStock alwaos fresh and new. and prices
always ar the bottom. Call and convince your
rick Yard !
Uoed Brick, for pale a soon as burned, at
Plaft month. IVet. 9tf
Succes-or to Schlegkl. & Niemax.)
And dealers in
SMOKERS' FANCY ARTICLES, SMOKING
Jpeeial I) RANDS and sizes ef CIGARS made t
order, and satisfaction guarunteed. Clear
clippings seld for sinokin" obacco.
Ma'r Street, one door west of J. S. Duke's store
Opposite iPust Office,
Plattsmouth. Neb. 1to3
EE AD! HEAD!
again comes to the fiont with a mag
nificent line of
. for his winter trade.
Mr. O'Rourke is known far and
wide as a first-class
CUTTER AND FITTER.
Every garment warranted to suit
in every particular.
Every one who really wants a good
fit, calls on him. ' Go thou and do
Shop opposite the Court House, on
lower Main St.
NEW FURNITURE STORE!
HARRIS & UNRUH,
T"TTn TTTrrvrTTi ti ad n-iiiiT.T r
F URITITURE 3 COFFINS,
and all kiudu of goods usually kept in a :
nnT clahi fi rmtirk store !
i' sf? v(v. .
Also, a very complete stock of
Special attention given to the proper car ef
the dead, nijrht or day. a first -class hearse aad
carriages, with personal attendance whenever
!eircd, Chakges always keasoxabuc
South Side Lnwr Main Street,
4tl3 PLATTSMOUTH. NEE.
U. Fo Mathews,
Hardware, Catlery, Nails,
Iron, Wagon Ptock,
STOVES ani; TIN-WAKE,
Iron, Wr ' stock, Pumps,
FlF'& HARDEN tiEEDS, ROPE,
-x?? ALL KINDS OF SHEET
J -iON WORE, Kept in Stock.
' 3Zuk.inz and;ltepalring,
Alt ,'vric Warranted.
-tT'l s.f-? ,Ad
r --ir r
THE MARCH CONSPIRACY.
How Garfleld'ii rrograuime was Wrest
etl from Its Original Wise aud
Prudent Part Purpose.
New York Commercial.
An interesting story, which promises
to be the first of a series of revela
tions of the inside workings of the
Garfield administration, appears in the
ilerald. and its reading cannot fail bat
produce a feeling of anything but ad'
miration for those persons who set
themselves up as the especial friends.
supporters and spokesmen of that ad
ministration. It clearly shows the in
nuences which controlled it, and how
weak and flexible General Garfield was
in the bands of strong men. who never
permitted him to forget that they
were his heavy political creditors. It
shows bow his adm nistration was
doomed to destruction from the first
and that these men exacted the heav,
iesc aues, ana maae tne president a
lasn wiin wnicu to pumsn .tneir en
emies. The country will remember
how during the long contest in the
senate the .New York Tribune con
stantly repeated the command to
"stand by the administration," and
held up to scorn and bitter contumly
whoever refused. In the Herald's let
ter there is a communication from
Whitelaw Reid, which accounts for
the Tribune's zeal. That journal
kept the president up to the rack, in
the meantime bulldozing republicans
wherever it could to stand up for the
administration. The Tribune and its
riends, we see frem this letter, were
running the administration. It was
not Gari eld's administration ; it was
theirs. The president was a mere figure-head
; they pulled the wires and
commanded him, as they did thous
ands of other republicans who surren
dered their convictions at that time,
Of course, the Tribune wanted every
body to stand up for the administra
tion, and was ready to open the vials
of its wrath on whoever refused. If
the president could be kept up to the
mark and made reckless of the fate of
the republican party, which then was
splitting in two beneath his feet, this
clique would have him well in hand
till the end of his term. Mr. Reid
I wish to say to the president, iu my
judgment this is the turning point of
his whole administration the crisis
of his fate. If he surrenders now
C'oukling is president for N the rest of
his term and Garfield a laughing
That was Mr. Keid's opinion, who
1 also khew that if the president could
be persuaded to overlook the conse
quences of that act, which was then
threatening the perpetuity of the re
publican party, he and his friends
would be in supreme control, and the
president would be putty in their
hands. According to Reid's letter, it
was Conkling or Reid & Co. Now the
world knows Conkling did not provoke
this fight. It was wantonly brought
on by the clique that had General Gar
field in band, for the simple purpose
of bringing about the very complica
tion that was reached that of antag
onizing Mr. Conkling and putting him
in the position where they could say
what Keid did in the letter of March
27th. The whole plot is so plain that
a blind wan almost can see it. But
the Reid interest was net the only one
that exercised its baleful influence over
that unhappy president. Through
others Stanley Mathews' name was
sent in for the supreme court bench.
This was a nomination the presi ent
desired the sesate to reject; but he
could not refuse the demands upon j
him, and sent iu for the highest court
in the land the name ef a man he mast
have known was unfit to sit there.
I What a story of weakness, infirmity,
irresolution 1. But the truth is be was
; never free from the malign intlueuce
j that attached itself to him as soon as
eieuiiou was assureu, an innuence
that is responsible or the long succes-1
sion of acts of duplicity and double
dealing which began at Mentor and
were continued until March 23d. 1880.
?ow did he resist? The story told to-
dav confirms what the Commercial baa
declared from Lbe first, that is, that
, General GartieW was in the hands of a
band of revngful politicians who
were determined to make use of every
possible a 4 vantage which their ascend
ency over him perrritted. They had
some vague belief that they could in
sult and humiliate powerful mewbers
f the party and yet not destroy them
selves. , They were implicit believers
in the power of the spoils, and with
the government patronage behind
then) they tbeught they could buy
their way to secure power in the re
public .n party. For a time it loeked
as thoi igh this estimate of their fel
low co untrymen was correct, as the
struggle in Albany showed. Now
they are defeated, but the JSew York
Tribmne cannot reconcile itself to its
posi tion. President Arthur has de
spoiled that paper of the patronage it
ex ptjeted to control, and in its malic
ious attacks ion him cannot conceal
the. rag it feels over the changed con-
ui tiou of political affairs.
In a brief paper suggested by the
Centennial Celebration of Daniel Web
ster's birth, W. C. Wilkinson in the
February Century gives an impressive
sketch of the "Great Expounder per
sonality and nis services to his coun
try, and regrets what he deems the in
justice done to Webster a fame by a
wrong appreciation of the motives of
the speech which called forth Whit
XJ iC7..il slal vl.jl Ji. m.m.WMU. fce
For the IIerald.
What great changes have been
wrought in the school system of our
country since the days of the Pauper
schools? Wka- huge strides of ad
vancement and progress. Ilew dif
ferent the character of teacaing and
the teacher? There was a time when
pupils were watched and trapped into
misdemeanors, and then punished
with a severity only palliated by the
ignorance of the teacher; when to
smile was a crime and childhood the
wickedest period of one's-life; when
ferules and rods and fists were the
instruments with which knowledge
was driven into the pupils and the
schoolroom was to the scholar what
the prison-cell is to the convict, with
out a single ray of sunshine to smile
in on the darkness.
This system of teaching may be
aptly illustrated by the following
verse on "Old school punishment:
"Old Master Brown brought his ferule dewu.
And his face was angry and red.
"Go seat you there now, Anthony Blair.
Along with the girls." He said.
Then Anthony Blair, with a mortified air.
With his head down on his breast
Took his penitent seat by the maiden sweet
That he loved of all the best.
And Anthony Blair seemed wbiasperlag there.
But the rogue osly made believe ;
For he peeped at the girl with the beautiful
And ogled them over his sleeve."
The duties of the modern teacher
are onerous but not sj varied as those
of the ancient pedagogue. In 1771.
the duties of Portsmouth (T. II.)
school masters were as follows: "To
act as court-messenger, to serve sum
mons, to lead the choir on bundays. to
riug the bell for public worship, to
dig the graves, to take charge of the
school and to perform other occasional
duties. And even then, as Josh Jill
lings remarks. "He hadn't a friend
on the flat side of the earth. The
boys snow balled him during recess ;
the girls put water in his hair dye and
the school committee made him work
for half the m.ney a bar-tender got
and boarded him around the naber
hood whero they gave him rhy coffee
sweetened with molasses tew drink,
and kod-tish bawls three times a day
for vittles." Moreover he led a more
lonesome and single life than an old
maid. But the old routine of pedagog-
ism has given way to the onward
march of civilization, and to-day our
Free School system stands a monu
ment of pride to every true lover of
It behooves us as teachers to remem
ber that the scholar is not an enemy,
that every post should be guarded
and sentried lest the exuberance of
youth burst forth. The class room is
not a battlefield, save for the good con
tentions of intellect, where mind
against mind shall flash out the bright
thoughts of cultured genius. The
scholar is an embryo man, and as hi
teachev: we should be his best friend.
His mind is in our keeping and we
should culture it and develop it, a
flower to bud and bloom and blossom
under our care, till in the beauty ef
its development, its fragrance perme
ates the ait around, and spreads a high
and holy influence to the uttermost
circle blessing us and our work, er
hangs ' upon the stem. a lifeless
withered thing, devoid of beauty and
fragrance, a monument to our indis
cretion er want of heart. There is
something more in teaching than the
paltry dollars and cents received for
services rendered. Our compensation,
as all teachers know, is little enough,
and too often grudgingly given, but if
this were all the reward of our work
t would be only that of the daily la
borer, if tbera be no higher encourage
ment, then our motto might be: "The
ast amount of work for the greatest
sum or money. Jiut it is not. we
are preparing our pupils for the great
work of their lives: we are brighten
ing up the weapons witn wnicn tney
shall fight great battles and achieve
noble victories; wo are writing
thoughts on hearts that shall in after
days develop in nob'.e gelden deeds;
we are engaged in a work tnat is
grand and important and in this, the
day of work, of earnest persistent
effort, when the. sluggard drags in the
race and dies by the way side, if we
would succeed in that woik, we must
be earnest, we must be industrious,
we must be cheerful and hopeful, re-
uuunberiag that from the ranks of the
school cnildrea are to come the fath
ers and mothers of another genera
tion.' the eloquent men who bear the
messages of God. tho orators, the phy
sicians, the scientists, the merchant
princes, and masters of skilled labor,
the men into whose hands shall fall
the government of this common
wealths and greater, aye, far greater,
the future mothers of this republic.
In conclusion, a few woids on school
government; as in this lies the great
secret of success in teaching. In the
majority of instances more can bo ac
complished . by kindness, by moral
suasion than by severity or corporal
punishment. The dunce of the school
can be converted into a hard working
student by a kind word after floggings
have failed; the dull lad be made an
eager learner by encouragement, when
all other devices known to the pro
fession have been found useless; and
the laggard in the race can be spurred
into competition by a smile when the
unsuccessful rod has been laid aside.
Honest, persistent and earnest efforts
in a kindly way, will win for the
teachers a success in that vocation
that will come in bo other way. It is
true in all the varied forms of life. A
kind word, a soft answer, will some
tto3 fs3 a ctw&cter LotocoUlity
and usefulness, that would otherwise
sink in the Slough of Despond and be
lost in the mire ef crime and igno
rance. Still there are cases of insub
ordination, impudence and contempt
for school regulations that are not to
be reached by kind words and moral
suasion. ucn cases are pernaps rare
and the best treatment the aggressor
can receive. is a thorough whipping
tut nis mind returns to a normal con
Although in favor of corporal pun
ishment, yet I do not believe in beat
ing children like brutes, as boxing ears
er pulling hair, or smashing mouths,
or gouging out eyes, or in any way
disabling their physical organization,
not at all. But I claim that teach
ers do wrong in allowing two or three
obstreperous youths to vex the very
soul and keep up a constant turmoil
and disorder in the school room
Don't worry, and fret and toss your
self upon your bed at the midnight
hour thinking of some untried method
of moral suasion to reach those wilful
stubborn disturbers. Give them a
sound, decent, effective thrashing, and
then instead of dodging missiles and
shunning insults in your sleep, your
repose will bo peaceful, and visions of
happy school rooms and pleasant play
grounds with merry laughter of joy
ous children will visit you in dreams.
Wo give below the opinion of a
rail road man on pools, as he seer. it.
It is worth perusal as presenting an
other phase of the transportation ques
tion. The remarks about large and
small shippers are correct, be the
speaker railroad or anti-railroad; and
also in regard to the effect of state
WHAT IS A KA'LROAD POOL V
Mr. E. P. Alexander, vice president
of the Louisville and Nashville rail
road, in a recent argument before a
committee of the Alabama legislature
gave the following explanation of a
pool, as it is understood by railroad
"A pool is really sn agreement be
tween competing lines at any given
point, about to this effect: That if all
will agree to maintain the equal rates,
which have been generally arrived at
between the competing markets in
which each has had all the benefit of
its geographical position and advan
tages, then any line which does an ex
cess of business, above the average of
former years, and above what would
seem its natural share of the business
shall compensate the line which is de
ficient in some satisfactory manner.
It is hard to explain bow such an ef
fort to prevent discriminations and
fluctuations should become so gener
"Xo man fan study the railroad
problem intimately without becoming
convinced that by far the greatest
good or the greatest number would re
sult from what tho railroad managers
attempt in their pools. The misrepre
sentations of their policy and efforts
doubtless come from individuals who
had been able to turn railroad wars to
their individual advantage. In such
wars large shippers have an advantage
over small ones. Their business is
sought by rebates and private con
cessions, while small shippers are dis
regarded. The large shippers iu
those markets where railroad wars
have been common are therefore often
loth to see any arrangement by which
rates will be maintained, however
low these rates may be. In fact, largo
shippers seldom care a straw whether
rates are low or high ; their profits for
the handling are the same in any case.
Their whole care is to secure rates for
their markets lower than for those for
competing markets or rates for them
selves lower than their neighbors.
The large shippers too, are men of in
fluence and ability, and it is they who
usuallycry out against the pool. So
the position of the railroad managers
is that between the upper and the
nether millstone. The public cry out,
and unjustly, against fluctuat
ions, rebates and unjust discrim
inations, but fail to remove
the temptation to commit them. The
only way to remove, the temptation is
to- make some " arrangement equiva
lent to what is called a pool; but
against the pool the large shippers
have an especial antipathy. The pool
cuts off their rebates and special rates.
Xo law could cut them off, because
they can always be made by some
part of the line which lies out of the
stale, so that state law can never
reach it. And oven a general law
by congress Can be evaded in a hun
-There have doubtless been com
plaints of the wrongs made by pools,
but these complaints are universally
that the rates are not positively high
but only comparatively high, as con
trasted with the rates from some other
"Questions of this sort are of the
creates t delicacy and difficulty of
adjustment. The twelve apostles
themselves could probably never give
atisfaction if they had to adjust the
rates between twelve competing mar
kets. It is in fact, to my mind, rather
a doubtful question whether there is
any such thing as justice in setting
such a question. To illustrate by an
examole away from home, in which
none of as have any interest or feel
ing. "Boston, for instancec is further
from Chicago than Xew York is.
Xow, should the principle ever be
adopted, of making all rates a pro
rata per mile, the rate frem Chicago
tn Ttnatan would be SO much higher
' than tbo rate from Chicago to 'ew
York that all the foreiou trade now
going through the former port would
be diverted to the latter. This, ef
course, would be an enormous injury
to every interest of Boston. In fact,
no such principle ever cauld be en
forced, for the lines injuriously af
fected bv it would never submit to it
but would work at rates far below tho
cost of transportation for years rather
than give up their through business
"But whatever criticisms may be
made upon either the purposes of the
railroad pools, or upon the practical
operations which have taken place un
der them at any point, they have been
resorted to by railroad managers as
the only solution hich their experi
ence In these matters has been abie to
suggest; and that any imperfections
or abuses have been the result of neith
er carelessness nor indifference, but of
the inherent difficulties of the problem
And as an earnest of their honest
intent to correct the abuses, and to ar
rive at just and fair solutions of ques
tions between conflicting interests, the
principle of arb tration of such ques
tions, by the most disinterested and
competent tribunals obtainable, is un
iversally recognized and adopted; una
if either the state or the national
governments would provide such tri
bunals the railroad managers would
only be too glad to avail themselves of
CARRIAGES AT THE CAPITAL.
Some of the Equipages Which May
been in nuhlngin.
A Cerresiondent writes from the
capital as follows: The landau is tho
most popular vehicle in Washington,
as it can be easily changed from an
open to a closed carriage, and nearly
every Senator owns one. The hand
somest belongs to Don Cameron, who
has a team of dark bay horses. Mrs.
Senator Miller goes out shopping,
calling or driving in a pretty little
coupelette, which is the envy of those
less fortunate. Senators VanWyck
and Grover both have fine teams and
landaus, and are talking about adding
saddle horses to their stables. Senator
Johnston, of Virginia, is also partial
to a landau. Senators Morrill and
Bayard own the bay teams and landaus
n which they take their after-dinner
airing, while Senator Edmunds not
only owns a bay team and a landau
but has two saddle horses besides.
Senator Pendleton has a private stable
stocked with four horses, two bays
and two blacks. He keeps an English
andau and his coachman wears a
The ladies of Nebraska are now be
ginning to prepare in earnest foi the
campaign ef next year, when tho
woman-suffrage question will be voted
upon. It is yet a good while ahead,
but all interested would be pleased to
s-e the discussion proceed. It is evi
dent that there will be no organized
opposition, and that the ladies them
selves are expected to plead their
cause to those whose votes will decide
the question. This they have already
shown themselves abundantly able to
do. The contest will be interesting, if
enough can be found to advocate the
opposite opinion. Let every one who
thinks he Las a good argument against
the adoption of .he amendment pres
ent it, either in the press or on tho
rostrum, and challenge public discus
sion. The Journal will welcome all
comers, if respectful, pointed and
brief. Columbus Journal.
The fiction of the Midwinter (Feb
ruary)number of The Century will em
brace the continuation of "A Modern
Instance," by Mr. Howells, in which
the author humors still further the he
ro's fondness for flirtation; another
chapter of Mrs. Burnett's "Through
One Administration." containing a pi
quant "morning-call" conversation be
tween Trpdennis and Bertha; a racv
story by Frank R. Stockton, entitled
"Euphemia among the Pelicans,, which
introduces two or three familiar char
acters of the "Rudder Grange" scries;
and the play of -Esmeralda," by Mrs.
Burnett and W. II. Gillette, which is
having a long and successful career at
the Madison bqtiare Theater. The play
will be read with peculiar interest by
those who remember Mrs. Burnett's
short story of "Esmeralda," that ap
peared in the magazine for May, 1177.
Readers who are familiar with Mrs.
Burnett's novels tnay also look.for tra
ces of "Louisiana" in the drama.
Fcr the Cure of. Coughs, Colds,
Hoarseness, Croup, Asthma, Bron
chitis.Whooping Cough, Incipient
Consumption and for the relief of
consumptive persons in advanced
stages of the Disease. For Sale
by all Druggists. Price, 2j cents.