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About Nebraska herald. (Plattsmouth, N.T. [Neb.]) 1865-1882 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 13, 1877)
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY
lw.l 2 w. ! 3 w.
In, 3 n.
On Vino St., One Block NortH of Main,
Corner of Fifth Street.
3 siirs .
1 col . . .
SI oo i 1 1 J t oo. 2 ,V) $.r. )' M 1 0
lf0; 27Si 3 1! CilO00
2(K1 2Jh 4 0(1
2 7fl 4 on 4 r"i : K.-.-i i.i no
h (Hi inoo1 i?mi -2001)1 at not if
12 00! AtHio; iix. ym 4ooo mho
is on! si im. its ' 40 mil w no' 10 i-o
LARKEHT CIKClTJ.ATIO!V OF AS!
1A'U1. C.iS COISTY.
JNO. A. MACMURPHY, Editor.)
(TERMS: $2.00 a Year.
rCAll AdTertlsIpR bills due o,urterly.
t-Trarslent adTertlnement nuurt b pnld
for In advr.ncu.
Terms, in Advance:
One copy, one year f 2.00
One copy, six month l.oo
One copy, three months 60
PLATTSMOUTH, NEBRASKA, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1S77.
J XUMBER C8.
Txtrar. r-I" the nan aid for mis by J. T.
vi y fUiw.t un1 k 17 -
son.comrr of -Miiiu autt FUtU Sln-eK.
OF PLATTSMOUTH. NEBRASKA,
TOOTLE, IIAXX.-l &. OLA RK
E. ;. Dovf.v
A. W. M Lai:;hi.in.
V ice President
for business at the!
t prepared to transact a general
J lus liatiK is now own
new room, corner Main and Sixth
Stock, Bonds, Cold, Government and Local
BOUGHT AND SOLD.
Deposits Received and Interest Allow
ed on Tim Certificates.
Available in anv part of the United State and
In all the Principal Towns and Cities
AGCXTS FOR THE
Inman Line and Allan Line
Person wishing to bring out their friends from
rUKCn ASE TICKETS FROM US
Throngli to riattaraontli.
m- - CD 3
Excelsior Barber Shop.
J. C. BOONE,
Main Street, opposite Saunders House.
Sbiivlnf? and Shampooing:
F.SPIXI.VL ATTENTION t'.lVEN TO
Cutting Children's and Ladies'.
CALL AXD SHE BOONE, GENTS,
And ci a l-oi.ne In a
a vri n
vir S22.. iLUOVllAO,
, e.it f First Nat. R.u.k.)
NY rtAli IS CI'II.IF.l WITH T1IK
EE3T WINES, LIQUORS,
BEER, ETC., ETC. -hlyl
CIIAPJf A. A MPICAUUi;
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Ami Solieitorsin Chancery. Office In Fitzzer
lay I FLATTSMOUTII, NEB.
I- II. tVIIKKLKK A CO.
LAW OFFICE. Real Estate. Fire and Life In
surance A.-nls. I'lattsmouth, Nebraska. Col
lectors. ta'-payer. Have a complete abstract
of titles. Buy and dell real estate, negotiate
loar.s, &c. 151
WILL CURE RHEUMATISM.
MR. ALBERT CROOK ETt, the well-known
anicgisi and apotnecary, or Spnugvale, Jle, al
ways advises every one troubled with Rheuma
tism to try VEUKT1NE.
Read His Statement:
THE PKES.IDENT'S MESSAGE.
ATTORNEY, AND COUNSELLOR AT LAW.
Office In Fitzgerald Block, I'lattsmouth, Neb.
JAMIM K. 32URRIHOV.
ATTORNEY AT LAW. Will practice In Cjvss
and adjoining Counties ; pives special attention
to collections and abstracts of title. Ofiive with
Ueo. H. Smith, Fitzgerald Block, Plattatnouth,
UEO. H. HMITII.
ATTORNEY AT LAWandRealF.stateP.ro
ker. Special attenrion iiiven to Collections
and all matters affectine the title to real estate.
O'tlce on 2d floor, over Post Office, llattsmoutb,
xieuraskit. W I.
SPRIXOVALK, Mtf, Oct. 12. 1878.
H. R. Stkvkas :
Dear Sir, Fifteen years aso laBt fall I was ta
Ken sick with toe rheumatism, was unable to
move until the next April. From that time un
til three years ajro this fall I suffered everything
with rheumatism. Sometimes there would be
weeks at a time that I could not step one step ;
these attacks were quite often. I suffered ev
erything that a man could. Over three years
Bi?o last spring I commerced taking Veoktine
and followed it up nntil I had taken seven bot
tles ; have had no rheumatism since that timo.
i always advise everyone that is troubled with
rheumatism to try Vkuetine, and not suffer
for years as 1 have done. This statement is gra
tuitous as far as Mr. Stevens is concerned.
Finn of A. Crooker & Co.; Druggists and Apothecaries.
Fellow Citizens of the Senate and House of
With great gratitude to the bounti
ful giver of all good, I congratulate
you at the beginingof your first regular
session. "You find our country blejsed
with health and peace, and with abund
ant harvests, and with encouraging
prospects of an early return of general
prosperity. To complete and and make
permanent the pacification of the coun
try continues to be, until it is full r ac
complished, and must remain the most
important of all our national inter
ests. The earnest purpose of goodciti
zins generally to unite their efforts in
those endeavors is evident.
The Southern rolicj.
JO IIX XV II AIM. 8
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE, anu collector of
oeots, collections made from one dollar to one
thousaud dollars. Mortiraires. Deeds, and oth
er instruments drawn, and all county business j
usually transacted before a Justice of the Peace.
Best, of reference given if required.
mce on Main street, west or t oun House.
JOHN W. HAINES.
B. D. STOXK.
WHEELER & STONE,
ATTORNEYS AT LA W,
HAS ENTIRELY CURED ME.
BOSTOX, Oct., 1870.
Mr. II. it. Stevkms :
Dear Sir, My daughter, after baring a se'vere
attack of Whooping Cough, was left in a feeble
state of health. Being advised by a friend stie
tried. the Vkgktine, and after using a few bot-
wes was iuuy restored to neaun.
1 have beeu a great sufferer from Rheuma
tism. I have taken several bottles of the Veo
etink for this complaint, and am happy to say
It has entirely cured me. i have recommended
tho VEUKTiiiK to others with the same irood re
sults. It is a great cleanser and purifier of tiie
blood ; it is pleasant to take and I can cheerful
ly recommend it.
JAMES M0KSE, 3GJ Athens street.
It It LIVI.VtiiSTOX,
PHYSICIAN & 8URC.EOV. tenders his nro-
fessional services to the citizens of Cass county.
Residence southeast corner Sixth and Oak Ms. :
Office on Main street, two doors west of Sixth,
IR. . II. BLACK
attends to calls tn the country as well as city.
mice at J. 11. JJiitterv's drug more. Cnrnntedis-
ease made a specialty. ltheumatUm cured.
UK. J. M. lVATEBSIASr,
Physio Medical Practitioner.
LffitisvOle, Cau Co., X'eb.
tSAlways at the office on Saturdays. 40yl
SSZ?XA?X3f is t SI3SAS2 it ti EL0C2.
The blood in this disease. Is found to contain
an excess of flhrin. VKfiKTlNKacU by convert
ing the blood from Its diseased condition to a
healthy circulation. Vkcktink regulates the
bowels which is very impoitant in this com
plaint. One bottleof VEOKTiJtKwtllgiverelief,
out to effect a permanent cure it must be taken
regularly, and may take several bottles, especi
ally in cae of long standing. Vegktink is
sold by all druggists. Tryit. :nd your verdict
will be the (anu; as tha. of thousands before
vou, who way, "I never found so much relief as
from the use of Vkoetiji f.," which is composed
exclusively of Hat kg, liixtU and Herb:
O. K. SALOON.
, - I keep constantly en haud
Best's Milwaukee Beer.
which can be had at no other
PLACE IN THE CITY.
Also the best of
TTIXKS, LKjUUIiS. AXD cigars.
ST.nis F.d. Itdsrnbanin.
"VKOKTiXK."says a Boston physician, "hid
no equal as a blood purifier. Hearing of its mans
wonderfnl cures, after all other remedies hay
failed I visited the laboratory an J convinced my
self of Jts genuine merit. It is prepared from
barks, roots and herbs, each of which is highly
effective, and they are couifounded in such a
manner as to produce atouisUiiig results,"
LENIIOFF d JiOXNS,
"lorn ins; Dew Saloon
One door east of the Saunders House,
keep the best of
Beer, Wines, Liquors & Cigars.
3:.in9 Constantly c.i Hand.
AGENTS I S150
'- . n.ATT9MOCTII, EIl.,
Reimirer of Steam Engines, Boilers,
S'aro and Grist 31 ill
UAM AM) STEAM FITTlIiS.
Wrought Iron Pipe, Force and Lift PiMs.Steaiu
Gauges. Safety-Valve Governors, and ail
Kinds of Brass Engine Fittings,
repaired ou Short notice.
Repaired on Short Notice. 4!yl
YO UNG !
Can alicays be found at Halt's Old
Stand, ready to sell the best Meats.
YOUNO buvs fresh fat cattle, sheep, hogs e.
direct from the farmers every day, and his
meats are always good.
UAH E, FISH, AXD FOWL, IX SEASOX
ETC., ETC., ETC.
Ono Poor East of the Post-Office, riattsmonth,
Tract ical Workers in
SHEET IROX, ZINC, TIN,
Large assortment of Hard ana Soft
Wood and Coal Stoves for
HEATING Oil COOKING,
Always on Hand.
Fvprr yarietv of Tin, Sheet Iron, and Zinc
J 'ork, kept in Stock.
MAKING AND REPAIRING,
Done on Short Notice.
Or EVEUTTIlIXa WAUHA XT ED ! !X
riticES iow hows.
GO TO THE
AliE MOT roMn.r.TEIA liEI-iiKSSNTEDIK OUIt
ntxts ro5n;iSATio prom-
I lATl X bv sample oases, bindings, illustra
tions, etc. Tney are jo;ular works of every
kind, and 'ire Mttrrras for Canvassers. All act
ually wishing cmiltume ut. and no utlier, address
. 26ni8 SCAM.MKLL & CO., ST. Louis, Mo.
SALE, FEED & LIVERY STABLE.
On Main street nearly opoiIte the Court
Huupc, I'lattsmouth, Neb.
HorsES foR Sale.
The buying and selling of c-d horses made
the specialty of the bu.s.iies.s.
New Horses & Carriages,
and gentle horses, for Ladies to drive ant kept
at this Stable.
AIko a carry all. which runs to the deriot. and
wili cany passengers from anv nlace in town on
FARMERS CALL AND EJTAMINE
MY STOCK FOR SALE.
Syl E. PAKMELE.
NOTHING EQUAL TO IT.
South Salem, Mass., Not. 14, 1S76.
Mr. II. R. Stevkjks :
D?ar Sir. I have been troubled with Scrofu
la. Car.keraud Liver Complaint for three years ;
nothing ever did me any good uutil I commenc
ed u.iug the Vkuktine. I am now getting
aloui; nrxt-rate. and still usinir the Vkoktims.
I consider there is nothing equal to it for such
complaints. Can heartily recommend it to ev
erybody. Yours truly,
MKS. LIZZIE M. PACKAKO.
No. 1G Lagrange street. South Salem, Mass.
II. R. STCVEXS, Boston. Mass.
Vegetins is Mi ly all Drnnists.
. PL ATT3M0 UTH, NEB.
C. HEISEL, - Proprietor.
ITS BENEFICIAL RESULTS.
There wa3 a wide-spread apprehen
hension that the momentous results
in our progress as a nation marked by
the recent amendments to the consti
tution, were in imminent jeoparly:
that the good understanding which
prompted their adoption in the interest
of a loyal devotion to general welfare
might prove a barren truce, and that
the sections of the country once en
gaged in civil strife might be again al
most as widely severed and disunited
as they were when arrayed in arms
against each other. Any course what
ever, which might have been entered
upon, would certainly have encounter
ed distrust and opposition. These
measures were, in my judgment, such
as were most in harmony with the con
stitution and with the genius of our
people, and best adapted under n cir
cumstances, to attain the cud in view.
The beneficial results already apparent
prove that these endeavors are not to
be regarded as a mere experiment, and
should sustain and encourage us in our
efforts. Already in the brief period
which has elapsed, tho immediate ef
fectiveness, no less than the justice of
the curse pursued, is demonstrated,
and I have an abiding faith that time
will furnish its ample vindication in
the minds of the great majority of my
fellow citizens. The discontinuance of
the use of the army for the purpose of
upholding local governmnt in two
states was no less a constitutional duty
and requirement, under the circum
stances existing, than it was a much
needed measure for the restoration of
local self-government and t. e promo
tion of national harmony. Tho with
drawal of the troops from such em
ployment was affected deliberately and
with solicitous care for the peace and
good order of society and the protec
tion of property and persons
and every right of all classes of citi
zens. The results that have followed
are indeed significant and encouraging.
All apprehension of danger is remitting
those states to local self-government is
dispelled and a most salutary change in
the minds of the people has begun and
ism progress in every part of that sec
tion of the cointry, once the theatre of
unhappy civil strife. Political turmoil
and turbulence have disappeard, use
ful industries have been resumed, pub
lic credit in the southern states has
been greatly strengthened, and the en
couraging benefits of a revival of com
merce between the sections of country
ces of the people and the wisdom of
their government can accomplish it.
There is a much greater degree of
unanimity than is found to occur in
the specific measures which will brills'
the country to this desired end, or the
rapidity of the steps by which it cau
be safely reached.
Upon a most anxious and deliberate
examination which 1 have felt it my
duty to give to the subject, I am but
the more confirmed in the opinion
which I express in accepting he nom
ination for presidency, and again upon
my inauguration, that the policy of re
sumption should be pursued by every
suitable means, and that no legislation
would be wise that should disparage
the importance or retard the attain
ment of that rcsuP. I have no disposition
and certainly no right to question the
sincerity or integrity of opposing
opinions, and would never conceal nor
undervalue the considerable difficulties
and even occasional distresses which
may attend theprogress of this nation
toward this primary condition to its
general and permanent prosperity. I
must, however, adhere to my most
earnest conviction that any wavering
in purpose, or unsteadiness in methods,
so far from avoiding or reducing the
inconvenience inseparable from the
transition rrom an irredeemaDie to a
redeemable paper curreney, would on
ly tend to increased and prolong dis
turbance in values, and unless relieved
must end in serious disorder, dishon
or and disaster in the financial affairs
of the government and of the people.
The mischiefs which I apprehend and
earnestly depreciate are confined to no
class of people indeed, but seem to me
most certainly to threaten the indus
trious masses, whether their occupa
tions be skilled or common labor. To
them, it seems to me, it is of prime
importance that their labor should be
compensated in money which is itself
fixed in exchangeable value by being
irrevocably measured by the labor ne
cessary to its production. This per
manent quality of the money of the
people is sought for and can only be
gained by the resumption of specie
payment. The rich speculative, the
operating, the money dealing classes
may not always feel tho mischiefs of,
or may find casuabprofits in, a vria
able currency, but the misfortunes of
such a currency, to those who are paid
salaries or wages are inevitable and
Closely connected with thi3 general
subject of the resumption of specie
payments is ono of subordinate, but
still of grave importance. I mean the
readjustment of our coinage by renew
unlimited legal tender metallic curren
cy of the country, are justly payable in
gold coin, or in coin of equal value.
During the time of these issues the on
ly dollar that could be or was received
by the goverument in exchange for
bonds was the gold dollar. To require
the public creditors to take in repay
ment any dollar of less commercial
value would be regarded by them as a
repudiation of the full obligation as
sumed. The bonds issued prior to 1873
were issued at a time when the gold
dollar was the only coin in circulation,
or contemplated by either the govern
ment or the holders of the bonds as the
coin in which they were to be paid. It
is far better to pay these bonds in that
coin than to seem to take advantage of
the unforseen fall of silver bullion, and
pay in a new issue of silver coin. The
power of the United States to coin
money and to regulate the value there
of ought never to be exercised for the
purpose of enabling the government
to pay its obligations in a coin of less
value than that contemplated by the
parties when the bonds were issued.
Any attempt to pay the national in
debtedness in a coinage of less com
mercial value than the money of the
world would involve a violation of the
public faith and work irreparable in
jury to the public credit. It was the
great merit of the act of March, 18G9,
in strength ing the public credit that
it removed all doubt as to the purpose
of the United States to pay their bond
ed debt in coin. That act was accept
ed as a pledge of public fa th. The
government has derived great benelt
from it in the progress thus far made
in refunding the public debt at low
rates of interest. An adherence to the
wise an just policy of an exact obser
vance of the public faith will enable
the government rapidly to reduce the
burden of interest on the national debt
to an amount exceeding $20,000,000 per
annum and effect an aggregate saving
to the United States of more than $300,
000,000, before the bonds can be fully
paid. In adapting
THE SILVER DOLLAR
as an element in our specie currency,
endowed by legislation with the quali
ty of legal tender to a greater, or less
extent. As there is no doubt of the
power of congress, under the constitu
tion, to coin money and regulate tho
value thereof, and as this power covers
the whole range of authority ap
plicable to the metal, the rated value
and the legal tender quality which
shall be adopted for the coinage, the
considerations which should induce or
discourage a particular measure con
nected with the coinage belong clearly
to the province of legislative discre
tion and of public expediency. With
out intruding upon this province of
legislation in the least, I have yet
r lOlir, lOm Jleal, H t CCU lately embroiled in civil war are fully thought the subject of such critical im
Always on hand and for sale at lowest cash
prices. The highest prices paid for Wheat and
Corn. Particular attention given custom work.
J.S.GREGORY, - - - Proprietor.
Location Central. Good Sample Room..
Every attention paid to guests. 43m3
PLATTSMOUTH, ... NKB.
J.J.IMHOFF, - - - Proprietor.
lu the State. Always stop at
The best known and mo?t popular Landlord
CM Z , Ji T
Feed and Sale Stables.
Corner 6th and Pearl Sts.
DORSftS BOAltUKD BV THK
j . -i sa iiii
SOLD OR TRADED,
For a Fair Commission.
TEAMS AT ALL HOURS.
Pai ticular atten tion pai d to
Driving and Training
Ata A hearse furnished when called for.
INVENTIONS ft - PATENTS.
T. C. WOODWARD.
Attorney ani Conssellor at Law
1003 8th St.. W., (I . O. Lock Box 171).
ashington, D. C.
Late FTaminer-in-Chief Cnited States Patent
Omit : MemlH-rof the T.ar Supreme
Court of the United States.
Patent Law Practice in the Patent Of
fice ana the Courts a Specialty.
r.UKNTS OBTAIKFH 12 THK UjflTF.D STATES,
CANADA. tSGUSP, fKAKCF, UKltMANV,
Ri'ssia, Bkluium. Italy, &c.
Rkfkrentfs : Hon. W. B. Allison, V. S. Sen
ator : Cor. 8. J. Kirkwood, V. S. Senator:
.Indue Wm. Iouchridge. Ex-M. C : Justice
SamT Miller. U. S. Supreme Court ; Hon. Jsw.
Italian, Ex-Secretary Interior j Justice J. F.
I'illon, IT. S. Circuit Court; Judge K. L. B.
Clarke, Chairman Appeal Board, Patent Ofhce ;
Col. T. M. Vail. Sup. Railway Mail Service;
Cen. J. XI. Hedrick, Ex-SupV. Inter. Rev. ;
Judge E. S. Sampson. C. C. : non. Geo. W. Me
Crary, Secretary of War ; CoL L. D, lneersoll,
Chicago Post. 3ttn6oe
Good fresh milk
DELIVERED DAILY !
E VEIl YliODY'S HOME IX PULTTSMOUTli
IF TI1EY WANT IT, TtX
J. F. BEAL3ICISTEII.
BF.JfD IN YOUR OROFRS AXD I WILL TRY AND
4t'yl and serve you regularly.
I-arsreNt and finest Hotel be
tween Chicago and San
GEO. THRALL, - - Prop.
A Great ICedaetion In Prices of
GUNS, REVOLVERS, &c.
Trires reduced from 2i to SO per cent. Write
for Illustrated Catalogue, with reduced prices
for 1877. Address,
GREAT WESTERN GUN WORKS,
01 Smithfleld St, Pittsburgh, Ta. 18yl
H. A. WATERMAN & SON,
Wholesale and Retail Dealers In
ETC.. ETC., ETC. '
Main street. Corner of Fifth,
PLATTSMOUTII, - - - NEB.
Still Better Rates for Lumber.
STRE1GHT & MILLER,
and all kinds of harness stock, constantly on
enjoyed. Such are some of the results
already attained, upon which the coun
try is to be congratulated. They are of
such importance that we may with
confidence patiently await the desired
consummation that will surely come
with the natural progress of events.
PROTECTION OF THE COLORED RACE.
It may not be improper for me here
to say that it should be our fixed and
unalterable determination to protect,
by all available means under the con
stitution and the laws, the lately eman
cipated race in the exercise of their
rights and privileges, and I urge upon
those to whom heretofore tha- colored
people have sustained the relation of
bondman the justice and wisdom of
humane and liberal local legislation :
with respect to their education and
their general welfare, a firm adher
ence to the laws, both National and
State, as to the civil and political
rights of the colored people, now ad
vanced to full and equal citizenship.
The immediate suppression and sure
punishment by the national and local
authorities within their respective ju
risdiction of every instance of lawless
ness and violence toward them is re
quired for the security alike of both
races, and is justly demanded by the
public opinion of the country and the
age. In this way the restoration of
harmony and good will and the com
pletes protection of every citizen in
the full enjoyment of every constitu
tional right will surely be attained.
Whatever authority rests with
me to this end, I shall not hes
itate to put forth. "Whatever belongs
to the power of congress and the ju
risdiction of the courts of the Union
they may confidently be relied upon to
provide and perform ; and to the legis
latures, the courts and the executive
authorities of tho several Stages I ear
nestly appeal, to secure by adequate,
appropriate and reasonable means
within their borders, those common
and uniform rights of a united people
which loves liberty, abhors oppression
and reveres justice. These objects are
very dear to my heart. I shall con
tinue most earnestly to strive for their
attainment, and the cordial co-operation
cf all classes of all sections of the
country and of both races is required
for this purpose; and with these bless
ings assured, and not otherwise, we
may safely hope to hand down the free
institutions of government unimpaired
to tho generations that will succeed
Remember the place opposite E. G.
on Lower Main Street.
STRBIGHT & MILLER,
The National Currencj.
president's financial VIEAVS.
Among other subjects of great and
general importance to the people of
this country, I cannot be mistaken, I
think, in regarding as pre-eminent the
policy and measures which are design
ed to secure the restoration of the cur
rency to that normal and healthy con
dition in which by resumption of spe
cie payments, our internal trade and
foreign commerce may be brought into
harmony with the system of exchange
which is based upon the precious me
tals as the intrinsic money of the
world. In the public judgment this
end should be sought and compassed
as speedily and securely as the resour-
portance in the actual condition of our
affairs as to present an occasion for
the exercise of the duty Imposed on
the President recommending to the
consideration of Congress such meas
ures as he shall judge necessary and
expedient. Holding the oDinion, as I do,
that neither the interests of the gov
ernment nor of the people of the Uni
ted States would be promoted by dis
paraging silver as one of the two pre
cious metals which furnish the coin
age of the world, and that legislation
which looks to maintaining the vol
ume of intrinsic money to as full a
measure of both metals as their rela
tive commercial values will permit
would be neither unjust nor inexpedient
1 must ask your indulgence to a brief
and definite statement of certain es
sential features in any such legislative
measures which I feel it my duty to
recommend. I da not propose to enter
the debate represented on both sides
by such able disputants in ccvigress and
before the people and in the press, as
to the extent to which the legislation
of any one nation can control this ques
tion, even within its own borders,
against the laws of trade or tho posi
tive laws of other governments. The
wisdom of congress in shaping any
particular law that may be presented
for my approval may wholly supersede
the necessity of my entering into these
considerations, and I willing avoid
either vague or intricate inquiries. It
is only the certain plain and practical
traits of such legislation that I desire
to recommend to your attention. In
any legislation providing for a silver
coinage regulating its value and im
parting to it a quality of legal tender,
it seems to me of great importance
that congress should not lose sight of
its action as operating in a two-fold
capacity and two distinct directions.
If the United States government were
free from a public debt, its legislative
dealings with the question of silver
coinage would be purely sovereign and
the government be under no restraints
but those of constitutional power and
thepublicgood as aHected by the propos
ed legislation. In any proposed legisla
tion of the highest concern, the obliga
tion of the public faith transcends all
questions of profit or public advantage,
otherwise its unquestionable maintain
ance is the dictate as well of the high
est expediency, as of the most necessa
ry duty, and will be carefully guarded
by Congress and the people alike. The
public debt of the United States to the
amount of $729,000,000 ' bears interest
at the rate of six per cent, and 703,000,
000 at the rate of five per cent, and the
only way in which the country can be
relieved from the payment of the high
race of interest is by advantageously
refunding the indebtedness. Whether
the debt is ultimately paid in gold- or
silver coin is of but little moment,
compared with the possible reduction
of interest one-third by refunding it at
such reduced rates. If the United
States had the unquestionable right to
pay its bonds in silver coin the little
benefit from that process would be
greatly overbalanced by the injurious
effect of such payment, if made as pro
posed against the honest convictions
of the public creditors. All the bonds
that have been issued since February
IS, 1873, when gold became tho only
THE NEW SILVER COINAGE
to the ordinary uses of currency in the
every day transactions of life, and pre
serving the quality of legal tender to
be assigned to it, a consideration of the
first importance 6hould be to so adjust
the ratio between the silver and the
gold coinage which now constitutes
our specie currency as to accomplish
the desired end of maintaining the cir
culation of the metallic currencies and
keeping up the volume of the two
precious metals as our intrinsic mon
ey. It i3 a mixed question for scien
tific reasoning and historical expe
rience to determine how far and by
what methods a practicable equilibri
um can be maintained which will keep
both metals in circulation in their ap
propriate spheres of common use. An
absolute equality of commercial value
free from disturbing fluctuation is hard
ly attainable, and without it an untried
legal tender for private transactions
assigned to both metals would tend to
drive out of circulation the dearest
coinage and disappoint the principal
object proposed by the legislation in
view. I apprehend, therefore, that the
two conditions of a near approach to
equality of commercial value between
the gold and silver coinage of the same
denomination and of a limitation of
the amounts for which the silver coin
age is to b a legal tender are essential
to maintaining both in circulation. If
these conditions can be successfully
observed the issue from the mint of
silver dollars would afford material
assistance to the community in tho
transition to redeemable paper mon
ey, and would facilitate the resumption
of specie payment and its permanent
establishment. Without these condi
tions I fear that only mischief and mis
fortune would follow from a coinage
of silver dollars with the quality of un
limited legal tender even in private
transactions. Any expectation of tem
poary ease from an issue of silver coin
age to pass as a legal tender at a rate
materially above its commercial val
ue, i3, 1 am persuaded, a delusion. Nor
can I think that there is any substan
tial distinction between an original is
sue of silver dollars at a nominal val
ue materially above their commercial
value and the restoration of the silver
dollar, which once was but has
ceased to be its commercial value.
It is because of my conviction
that a disregard of these conditions
would frustrate the rood results which
are desired from the proposed coinage
and embarrass with new elements of
confusion and uncertainty the business
of the country, that I urge upon your
attention three considerations. I re
specfully recommend to congress that
in any legislation providing for a sil
ver coinage imparting to it the quali
ty of legal tender there be impressed
in the measure a firm provision ex
empting the public debt heretofore is
sued and now outstanding from pay
ment, either of principal or interest, in
any coinage of less value than the pres
ent gold coinage of the country.
as the public censor of the performance
of official duties, witli the prerogative
of investigation in all classes 'of dere
liction. THE BLEMISHES AND IMPERFECTIONS
in the civil service may as I think be
traced in most cases to a practical con
fusion ot the duties assigned to the sev
eral departments of the government.
My purpose in this respect has been to
return to the system established br the
fundamental law, and to tlo this with
the heartiest co-operation and most
cordial understanding with the Senate
and House of KepresentatiYes. The
political difficulties in the selection of
numerous officers for posts of widely
varying responsibilities and duties are
acknowledged to be very great. No
system cau be expected to secure abso
lute freedom from mistakes and the
beginning of any attempted change of
custom is quite likely to be more em
barrassed in this respect than at anj
subsequent period. It is here that the
constitution seems to most prove its
claim to the great wisdom accorded to
it. It gives to the executive the assist
ance, the knowledge and the experience
of the Senate which, when acting upon
nominations to whicli they may ie dis
interested and impartial judges, secures
as strong a guarantee of
FREEDOM FROM ERRORS OF IMPORT
ANCE as is perhaps possible in human affairs.
In addition to this 1 recognized the
public advantage in making all nomi
nations as nearly as possible imperson
al, in the sense of being free from mere
caprice or favor In these directions
and in those offices in which special
training is of greatly increased value.
I believe such a rule as to the tenure
of office should obtain as may be an in
inducement to men of proper qualifi
cations to apply themselves indus
triously to the task of becoming pro
ficents. Bearing these things mind
I have endeavored to reduce the num
ber of changes in subordinate places
usually made upon the change of the
general administration, and shall most
heartily co-operate with congress in
better S)-stematizing of such methods
and rules of admission to the public
service and of promotion within it as
may promise to be successful in mak
ing thorough competency, efficiency and
character the decisive tests in these
matters. I ask the renewed atttention
of congress to what has nlready been
done by the civil service commission
appointed in pursuance of the act of
congress by my predecessor to prepare
and revise the civil service rules. In re
gard to much of the departmental ser
vice, especially at Washington, it may
be difficult to organize -a better system
than that which has thus been provid
ed, and is now being used to a con
siderable extent under my direction.
The commission has still a legal exist
ence, although for several 3'ears no ap
propriation has been made for defray
ing it3 expenses. Believing that this
commission has rendered valuable ser
vice and will be a most useful agency
in improving the administration of tho
civil service, I respectfully recommend
that a suitable appropriation be imme
diately made to enable it to continue
its service. It is my purpose to trans
mit to congress as early as practicable
a report by the chairman of the com
mission, and to sink your attention to
such measures upon this subject as, in
my opinion, will further promote the
improvement of the civil service.
It then treats of the Cuban Insurrec
tion; Turkey commission, Venezuela
awards, our relations with South Amer
ica, increase of Foreign trade, Mexican
matters and Samonia Islands.
position that might be made of desert
lands, not irrigated, west of the ono
hundredth meridian. These lands aro
practically unsaleable under existing
laws, and ttfc suggestion is worthv of
consideration that a system of loaso
hold-tenure would make them a source
of profit to the United States, while at
same time legalizing tho business of
cattle raising, which is at present car
ried on upon them.
MISCELLANEOUS MATTE Its.
I also earnestly commend the request
of the regents of the Smithsonian In-
Btitute, that an adequate appropriation
be made for the establishment of a na
tional museum under their supervision.
The request providing for preserva
tion and growth of a library of con
gress is also one of national import
ance, a the depository of copyright
publications and records. This library
lias outgrown tin provisions for its ac
commodation, and the erection of such
a site as the judgment of congress may
approve of, a fire proof library build
ing to preserve the treasures and en
large the usefulness of this valuable
collection, is recommended.
I recommend also such legislation as
will render available and efficient for
the purpose of instruction, so far as is
consistent with the public service, cab
inets or museums of invention, of sur
gery, of education, and also of agricul
ture and other collections, tho proper
ty of the national government. The
capital of the nation should be somi
thing more than a mere political cen
tre. We shovld avail ourselves of all
the opportunities which Providence has
here placed atVur command to enhance
the general intelligence of tho people,
and inrTeaso the condition most favor
able to tho success and perpetuity of
SignedJ It. B. Hayes.
December 3d. 1877.
FOR THE HOUSEHOLD.
Bureau of Agriculture.
REPORT OF THE COMMLSSIONER.
The report of the
The Civil Service.
agriculture contains the gratifying an
nouncement of the extraordinary suc
cess which has rewarded the agricultu
ral Industry of the country forthepast
year. With the fair prices which ob
tain for the products of the soil, espe
cially for the surplus which our people
have to export, we may confidently
turn to this as the most important of
all our resources for the revival of the
depressed industries of the country.
The report shows our agricultural pro
gress during the year, and contains a
statement of the work done by this
department for the advancement of
agricultural industry, upon which the
prosperity of our people so largely de
pends. Matters of information are in
cluded of great interest to all who seek
by the experience of others to improve
their own methods of cultivation. The
efforts of the department to increase
the production of important articles of
consumption will, it is hoped, improve
the demand for labor and advance the
business of the country and eventually
result in saving some of the many mil
lions that are now annually paid to
foreign nations for sugar and other
staple products which habitual use has
made necessary in our domestic every
The organization of the civil service
of the country has for a number of
years attracted more and more of pub
lic attention. So general has become
the opinion that the methods of admis
sion to it and the conditions of remain
ing in it are unsound that both the
great political parties have agreed in
the most explicit declarations of the
necessity of reform and in the most em
phatic demands for it. I have fully con
sidered the declarations and demands
to be the expressions of sincero con
vistion of the intelligent masses of the
people upon the subject, aqd that they
should be recognized and followed by
earnest and prompt action on the part
of the legislative and executive depart
ments of the government. In pursu
ance of the purposes indicated before
my accession to office I endeavored
to have my own views distinctly un
derstood, and upon my inauguration
my accord with public opinion was
stated in terms believed to be plain and
My experience in the executive du
ties has strongly confirmed the belief
in the great advantage the eountry
would find in observing strictly the
plan of the constitution, which impos
es upon the executive the sole duty and
responsibility of the selection of those
federal officers who by law are appoint
ed, not elected, arfd which in like man
ner assigns to the Senate, the complete
right to advise and consent to or to re
ject the nominations so made, whilst
the House of Representatives stands
PRESERVATION OF FORESTS.
I invite the attention of Congress to
the importance of the statements and
suggestions of the Secretary of tho In
terior concerning the depredations com
mitted upon the timber lands of the
United States, and the necessity of the
preservation of forests. It is believed
that the measures taken in pursuance
of existing law to arrest the depreda
tions will ba entirely successful, if
Congress by an appropriation for that
purpose renders their continued en
forcement possible. The experience
of other nations teaches us that a coun
try cannot be stripped of its forests
with impunity, and we shall expose
ourselves to the gravest consequences
unless the wasteful and improvident
manner in which the forests in the
United States are destroyed be effectu
ally checked. I earnestly recommend
that the measures suggested by the
Secretary of the Interior for the sup
pression of depredations on the public
timber lands of the United States,
for the selling of timber from the pub
lic lands, and for the preservation of
for . sts be embodied in law, and that,
considering the urgent necessity of en
abling the people of certain states and
territories to purchase timber from the
public lauds in a legal manner, which
at present they csfnnot do, such a law
be passed without unavoidable delay.
I would also call the attention of Con
gress to statements made by the Secre
tary of the Interior concerning the dis-
D inner EHiui;rri:. "Directions for
a ceremonious dinner naturally include
those for the family t.ible, as much
form in serving being kept as may bo
"The number of guests for a state
dinner, even such as are given by t!m
President and Secretary of State, at
Washington, rarely exceed twelve.
"Written invitations are always com
plimentary and in finer style than any
other for small parties, but person
who entertain often, have engraved
cards with blanks left for tho name
of guest, and date, for convenience.
The following is the form adopted by
Tiffany & Co. for diuncr cards, a large,
nearly square form being used:
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Hoyt
Request the pleasure of
(date and No.)
The favor of an answer Is requested,
(or) R, s. v. p." Extract from tha
Baked Beans. Mrs. J. II. W Mai
vein, Iowa, writes: I want to speak of
one thing, and that is, so few Western
women know how to bake beans. No
one can do it properly with out a brick
oven, but i want 10 ten you my vmy.
Friday evening I pick over a quart of
white beans, and put them to soak, in
two quarts of cold water. Satur
day morning I put them in a pot of
cold water, and boil until when you
dip up a few in a spoon, and blow on
them, the skins crack open ; then drain
off the water, and rinse with cold wa
ter, then take a pound of pickled pork,
and after washing it, draw a sharp
knife across the rind every half inch :
put this in tho beans and cover tha
beans with hot water; put on a sheet
iron lid to your pot, put it in tho oven,
and bake all day,adding a little water if
they get entirely dry. Sunday morn
ing, while I am making coffee and set
ting the table (of course I baked bread
and pies on Saturday), tho beans get
hot, and, with the Boston brown bread.
I have had steaming all day Saturday,
make a good break fast for any one.
and save much hurry and worry on
that morn. Just try them, and don't
put shorts in your brown bread; put
in rye meal or graham, one cup of ryo
to two of corn meal. Inter Ocean.
Cure of Spinal Disease. "Thank
God, the days of tho humpback are.
ended," said Dr. Sayre, at a recent
meeting of the Cork branch of tho
British medical Association. His me
thod of treatment of spinal diseases is
to give complete and continued rest
day and night at the point where tho
inflammation exists, perfect freedom
from compression, and at the samo
time absolute immobility, so enabling
consolidation to take place. Hii pro
cess involves temporary suspension of
the patient in a peculiar apparatus by
which the weight of the head and the
shoulders i3 taken off tho spine-, and
the application of a fine-fitting shirt,
coated over with plaster-of-Paris. A
sufficient vacuum for tha patient's food
is secured by laying a cotton pad or
India-rubler bag beneath tho shirt,
over the stomach, until the outer case
is hardened, after which it may be re
moved. Dr. Syre exhibited a patient,
a young man of nineteen, who h:id suf
fered from an snjular curvature of tha
spine, the angle of this curvature be
ing about 130 degrees, and was only
able to move about by putting his.
hands on his knees or catching at the
f urniture. After six weeks' treatment
the patient was perfectly erect and
had gained three-quarters of an inch
in height; ho had taken unassisted a
walk of four miles, and the bono was .
rapidly developing. In tho case of
another sufferer, a little boy of seven,
affected with curvature of the lumbar .
vertebra, marked benefit had follow
ed a very brief treatment.
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